Newspaper Page Text
WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16.
iLT The Editor of The Tribune is obliged to request those
?who wish to see him personally to call between tse hours
of 8 and 9 A. M. or 5 and 6 P. M. if they can conveniently
do so. The absolute necessity of devoting some hours un
interruptedly to his duties constrains him to niak<- this re?
O* The November number of the Southern Literary
Messenger arrived last evening and is for sah at this office
Price 50 cents. Ageie^s supplied at the usual ditcoupL
ET The Wh'g Almanar and United States Register foi
1S4S, for sale at this office. Single cop;e- 12J cent*, $! pet
dOTea, $7 per 100.
' P.' who objects to any publication with regard to mux
ders and other revolting crimes, is over-ore. tSue.i pujwi
t atiomare necessarv to ensure the dwecucH of murderer
and other felons and <o keep the public on tbeir gaan
>tgain.t desperate riliany. Our care i? to Mate the tac,
hriefly as possible, and so u: to inspire a prop-r horror o
'Jfe?cbast' is informed, for li e se venth time. t!;;t w
< BOM* publish long tots of Importation, into our port; !><
cause not one tenth of our readerstake any interest in them
and we should be compelled to disoblige the larger to <erv
by far the smaller number. Besides, every Merchant inter
Astert in Importations takes, or should take, one or inor<: o
the large papers. These papers have a special rlairn on lh<
patronage of the Importing Interests, and we do not vt i*l
ro interfere with them. _ _
The Fraud and the Ruin.
We hope Messrs. Webster, dishing hi. I Spen
e?r are careful and genetttl leaders of the Loco
Foeo journal*. If they are, thcv wiil learn fron,
rhem that one of great issues derided by the lau
Election* was that of Free Trad" vs. Protection,
and that the triumph of the Loco-Foco and Tylei
coalition was in effect the overthrow of the Pro
tective Principle and Policy. That snrh ir wonl<
be we have nil along asserted and proved; hut
Messrs. Webster, Spencer and Curbing have de
nied it, assuring the friends of Protection that thil
was no party question?and that Tyler and hi
Loco-Foco allies were as good friend* of Protec
tion as the Whigs, if not better than they. The?
men and their abettors have perverted the vote o
thirty Whig3 against the surrender of the Lane
Distribution into hostility to a Protective Tariff,
while they have cited the votes of four-and-f went-.
Loco-Focos in favor of a Tariff for Keveuue, ex?
pressly disavowing and execrating the idea of Pro
tection, to prove that Loco-Focos as well as Whig,
are friendly to the Protective Policy. By these
gross and guilty perversions, they have contributed
essentially to the triumph of Loco-Focoi?rr. and
British Free Trade. And now, when a Loco
Foco Congress shall repeal the Protective fen
tares of the Tariff which the Whig" ha^p estnh
lished, and the deceived nnd betrayed Farmer?
Mechanics and Laborers shall be aroused to -ay ti
these men, " You deluded us into this position?
" you assured us that Tyler and the? Loco-Foco.
" were as friendly to Protection as the Whigs?
"yon have brought down on our heads this new
" avalanche of calamity"?how sbnli the betray?
ers make answer7
How is the Tax on the Croton Water Def-t to
be paid T This is r question easier asked tb'i^
answered. Various methods have been nirgested.
none of which seem to be entirely free from ob?
jections, or, at any rate, none appear to have pro?
duced any thing like unanimity on the public
mind. A gentleman of great experience, ami one
too, whose extensive property renders him deeply
interested in the prosperity of the city, called or
us a day or two since, and requestnd us to submit
for consideration something like the following sug?
1. The water introduced into oar city is for tin
benefit of the public.
2. One public hydrant at least should be placed
on every block, free and open to all.
3. Persons wishing it introduced into theii
houses should pay for the fixtures, but nothing foi
4. The Assessors to make out h roll of die
houses in each ward, and the true value of end
5. The Corporation to charge a certain per cent
age, say half, three quarters or one per cent, oi
such other sum as upon accurate calculations ?hall
be found to be adequate and proper, on the valui
of each building and to insure that amount to tkr
C. Any person wishing to have personal property,
goods or merchandise covered by the Corporatiqi
shall signify the same to the Assessors, and upon
the payment of the same per centage he shall he
indemnified by the Corporation against fire to thi
extant of one half of the actual damage.
The advantages of this plan, if carried out, up-**
pear to be very great. In figures mark the result.
30,000 houses valued at $3,000 each.$90,00Q,OC0
Merchandise and personal property, the losvest
amount which would probably be insured at
any one time, say. 50,000,000
?ne per c?nt ou this amount would be .$1,400,00)
A sum sufficient to pay all lo>-es by tire, the in?
terest on the debt and the debt itself in about ten
or twelve years,and not cost more to the People
than their Insurance alone now does.
The Irlndnest* of Party.
Gor. McDonald of Georgia, in urging the Legis?
lature of that State to nullify the Single Distil.-!
requisition of the Apportionment Art of Congress,
makes the following assertion as an argumer.i
against compliance with the law :
" Under the District system the Government oi the Union
may be placed in the hands ot a minority ot the people;
under the General Ticket system, a majority of the people
must havea majority of the Representatives."
Let us test this bold assertion by a ready appli?
cation : Gov. McDonald says a majority of the
People, under the General Ticket system. mu?t
elect a majority of the Representatives. Let us
suppose each New-England State to chose by
General Ticket, and to vote as follows:
States. Whig vote. Loco Whig Mem.Loco.
N. Hampshire.2*2,000 32,000.4
Massachusetts?, 55,000 50,000...~.IQ~...[
Rhode-Island . 5,000 4.500."!.* ?"
Connecticut...30,000 28,500*.*.*. 4
Vermont-.26,000 24.000*.".**. A....
Total-173,000 154.000 20 7C>
Hero it will be seen that the party which is the
minority by 11,000 in these States secures fwe
eighths of their entire representation under the
General Ticket system. Does anv roan believe so
gross a misrepresentation could probably take
place if each State were divided into as many Dis
tricts as it \* entitled to choose Members??
Clearly, the smaller and more uniform the Dis?
tricts the more perfect the Representation. Da
men resort to such arguments a* this of Governor
McDonald's in defence of a good cause'
CP The Evening Post complains of the Ap?
portionment iu New Jersey, and gives table* show?
ing two of the five Districts Loco-Foco by over
C00 majority each, and another Whig by less than
30 out of 11,500. In the face of its own returns,
it declares that but one District is Loco.
."Mercantile Eibrary lecture*.
Rev. H. W. Bellows lectured before the Mer?
cantile Library Association last evening, having
been suddenly' summoned to take the place of
Richard H. DaKa, who is confined at home by
sickness. [Of course, all the Associations which
have been expecting to hear Mr. Dana tbis week
must make other arrangements.]
Mr. Bcllows's subject was the Mercant ile Char?
acter, and the necessity of Moral Integrity to Mer?
cantile success. The pernicious yet common error
that a Merchant who would be successful cannot
be perfectly honest, was combated with perse?
vering earnestness and force. He insisted that a
stern integrity must be the basis of all enduring
success; and that, while instance* have doubtless
occurred in which a knave has fraudulently obtained
>ra fool stumbled into a fortune, yet. the rulernust
?em-rally hold go?d that capacity, perfeverance.
economy, forecast, wisdom, and above all integrity,
jre not only essential to a genuine and permanent
juccess, but that, with large exceptions of course.
th< -*? who possess these qualities do not and hardiy
can fail, and that failure is an evidence of incapa
citj or vital defect of character rather than of fa?
tality or misfortune. Of those who succeed in bu?
siness he maintained that nine-tenths have distin?
guished themselves by fitness and worth, while
nearly all of those who fail should attribute their
defeat, to their own improvidence,mismanagement,
extravagance, heedlessness, incapacity, or any
thing else but misfortune.
[We thought this portion of Mr. B.'s disccurse
less profound and just than his teachings usually
are. In the first place, it deferred too much, or
seemed to defer, to the popular estimate of what
constitutes success, apparently acquiescing in the
common error that he who has acquired a fortune,
and little else, has been more successful than his
srhool-mat? who has obtained the barest compe?
tence, but with it that elevation of soul, that true
appreciation of the means and ends of life, which
lead him no longer to covet or need a fortune, but
to derive his happiness from the All which God
has given to man rather than the little which he
could make specially his own. In the next
[dare, bis argument assumed that Commerce as it
is is just what it .should be?that there are no
vices inherent in its existing constitution and pur?
suit. But let us suppose that one-half of men
should embark in Commerce, and conduct their
business ever so prudently, must not most of them
inevitably fail from the excess of competition in
;hat pursuit ? Again : suppose mankind should
speedily find means of dispensing with two-thirds
)f the commercial functions now required?that
producers of various articles should interchange
;heir products directly with each other without
>ending them through the cireuitous channels and
?ostly navigation of Commerce, would not many
nerchant- fail of acquiring, from the mere reun?
ion of business?the diversion of Traffic from
hose channels beside which they await, it, into tho<e
nore direct and simple which Production had dis
?overed or created < Revulsions in Currency and
Business, too?but why need we speak of these ?
avery observing man mu?t admit that the great
tcean of Commerce abounds in shoals and rocks
10t distinctly pointed out on any chart?we know
hey are somewhere; but while the most wary
'oyager looks keenly for them in one quarter, they
ire upon him from another. We think, therefore,
hat Mr. B. failed to consider clearly all the dan
trers to which commercial enterprise is exposed,
dl the vices inherent in Commerce as it now ex
*ts. und cast the opprobrium of failure on many
vho with less integrity and greater pliability
night have attained what is usually termed stic
Mr. Bellows argued nobly for strict integrity in
.11 business concerns, showing that he who Jived
bove his means, who indulged in unjustifiable pa
ad 0 and ostentation, who incurred debts which
8 could not safely calculate to pay when
ue, who made representations of his own cir.
urastances or of the quality of his commodities,
,'hich the strictest truth would not warrant, was
n truth a knave, and could neither pretend to in
Bgrity nor hope for prosperity. On these points
ic was most cogent, and searching, and hisadmo
litions cannot fail toexeita salutary influence.
Mr. B. maintained with much force the position
hut a had man cannot he a wise man, and that he
vho fancies a libertine a good business man, a bail
uisband and father an uptight citizen and relia?
ble friend, or a scoffer at religion exemplary in
norals, labors under a fatal hallucination. Integ?
rity and Goodness are the obvious dictates of lin?
ierst andingand reason, without which no man can
hope for eminence.
The Lecture closed with a vivid portrayal of
the enormity and rlagrancy of the offences against
,he safety and happiness of society known us De?
falcation, Forgery, False Entries, <fcc. &C, which
of late have become so fearful I v prevalent. Mr.
B. showed that one of these gigantic robbers who,
by deliberate violation of the confidence and trust
sacredly reposed in him, by falsifying his accounts,
or forging the name of another, has despoiled the
public or rendered destitute the widow and or?
phan, is infinitely more criminal than the common
thief, the outlaw, or even the wretched being who,
in a moment of passion, imbues his hands in a
brother's blood. No measure of infamy can be
too great for these cold-blooded depredators on the
property and well-being of a whole community.
who?e crimes tend to loosen the bonds of Society
and destroy faith in Man. It is high time that
Pnblic Opinion regarded their offences with a
Massachusetts.?We suppose the'Old Bay
State, has gone l.occ-Foco this year, of course.
The fashion is so prevalent that it would seem per
verso and churlish to refuse compliance with it.
She always wakes up the brighter for a short nap.
All the Towns we have heard from give the fol?
lowing results, as compared with last vear:
Town:. Morton. Davis. ScaL Morton. Davis. Scat.
Mansrielci_180 47 34 142 36 '2-2
Auleb.orough.321 274 14 192 226 29
Seekonk.272 118 196 95 4
Newtown_1.97 65 l?.'J 80 15
raunton.605 469 49 552 456 67
Worcester .. .539 S28 44 420 S16 24
Webster.37 S4 27 74 106
Dudley.105 105 29 72 1*20
Total ....23?G 199? 196 1831 1935 i?T?
Morton's maj. 416. Davis's mai 104.
It may be that the Abolition votes have prevent?
ed * choice: if not Morton is elected.
?P The Whigs of Mississippi insist that Henry
Clay shall take a Dinner with them at Grand Gulf,
on his way to or return from New-Orleans this
Paitl R- George, (Redwood Fishers
? - rtend George,') who was appointed Naval Store?
keeper at Brooklyn, then suspended, has finally
got toe post, vice Tunis Craven, removed. Luck?
ily tor George, we believe this appointment does
not need confirmation by ?be Senate.
Dr. Smith's Lectures on Geology.
In introducing his lecture before the Lyceum
!sst e%-ening. Dr. Smith said that the facts of which
Philosophy i= made up, when pushed to their ulti?
mate limits, are railed Laws?the Laws of Na?
ture, which are merely the will ef the Creator
impressed upon matter; and the question at once
arose whether this will was always consistent with
itself?whether the-e Laws were uniform, or mere?
ly fanciful. All history, said Dr. S. profane and
sacred, testifies to their perfect uniformity; when,
therefore, we find a shell or a bone which has come
down from past ages, we are at once authorized to
conclude that that shell and that bone were formed
precisely as rhey are found to be formed now; that
the Creator could have formed them differently?
in a minner contrary to that which we now observe,
no on" doubts ? but we have not the slightest reason
to suppose that the ordinary laws of Nature were
varied in the least degree.
For instance, we cannot suppose that the ani?
mals and veget'.bl^s of the Tertiary or other
foi nations were formed instantaneously and for the
express purpose of being immediately buried up
for the future discovery of geologists. In exam?
ining strata were once found the remains of anich
thyosaurus, containing in its stomach the remains
of a fish it had eaten?a scale of the fish which
had been devoured remaining so perfect that the
kind of tish to which it belonged was easily deter?
mined. We must conclude, then, that these ani?
mals lived then precisely as they are known to live
now; and we ran only conclude, with the Presi?
dent of Columbia College, that " the Scriptures
were given not to make us wise in Science, but
wise unto Salvation.'' In the hair of animals
found embedded in ice in Siberia is also found evi?
dence to the same purpose as strong as it is possi?
ble to produce for facts which do not pass un?
der the observation of our senses.
Jn acquiring knowledge we proceed from the
known to the unknown?guided by demonstration
and induction, both of which prove,&nd by analogy
which only renders probable. In employing both
these methods Dr. S. said he would be careful to
state nothing whirh should not be abundantly wor?
thy of credit. All philosophers, to be sure, are
apt to generalize too much ; and from this circum?
stance some of his hearers might not bo disposed
I to assent at once to his boldest conclusions. Facts
in geology; however, have been ascertained with
great certainty, and upon these there ran be little
dispute. This point in Dr. L yell's lectures is to
be noted : that although he had a favorite theory
to support?one which Dr. S. thought in many
points false and mistaken?he never misstated a
Then; are two methods of investigation : one
analytical?that by which we learn; and the syn?
thetical?that by which we must teach. It is
necessary to combine both these methods in order
to speak intelligibly or to understand clearly. In
arranging knowledge for communication to others,
there are difficulties to be encountered?some gen
ornl and others peculiar to the science of Geology :
one arises from the fact that Nature does not gen?
eralize ; she furnishes no genera or species?which
we must have in order to understand her works :
thus granite and gneiss, though opposite in them?
selves, run into each other like light and darkness,
and it is not easy always to mark the line of divi?
sion. Another difficulty arises from the necessity
of arranging different individuals from some one
identical feature. Thus Linmeus arranged together
Man, a Bar and a Whale?individuals very unlike,
bh I agreeing in thi<, that, all are lactescent?feed?
ing their young with milk. Nature, too, is always
e< onomical: she never wastes means or instru?
ments. Dr. S. said he was struck not long since
by finding no valve in the throat of a bird; but
when he rame to reflect that it lived on fish, which
it swallowed whole?he saw the reosr.n at once,
there being no necessity for such a valve.
These are general difficulties belonging to all
studies of Nature; hut there are some peculiar to Ge?
ology. It is a new science and no agreement has been
had among its leaders as to names or arrangement.
Each one must make tho best he can. Dr. S. said
he had been obliged to follow in the main Mr. Ly
km.?whose phraseology he had also adopted?
although in so doing he had gone ugainst high au?
thorities. Again the strata which he should ex?
hibit were never all found in one part of the globe;
in England, for instance, there were found none of
those termed Kocene. In the Niagara District, all
those between the Recent and the Silurian strata
are wanting; find it is not until you approach Penn?
sylvania that vou teach the old Red Sandstone.?
When1 we now stand wc have some 40 or 50 feet
of diluvium, nnd below that there is nothing but
the granite and the gneiss. So that the table of
strata must he made up from these different lo?
calities, brought together and arranged.
Again, in many parts of the earth the strata are
contoited in the most singular manner. In Penn?
sylvania, the coal has sometimes been turned top
sey-turvey, and in Belgium the same phenomenon
is observed. Of these facts, which puzzle obser?
vers, no adequate solution has been afforded.
In this country we have no chalk. The creta?
ceous group, which Dr. S. had put upon the list,
in this country contains green sand, which is the
equivalent of chalk?that is, when chalk was de
posited in Knglar.d, green sent! was deposited
here; the won! rntemporaneous would better ex?
press the meaning.
In this country, the distinction between the Ko?
cene and the Miocene is rleatly marked?lime ex?
isting between them, produced doubtless by some
sudden rhange of temperature.
[Dr. Smith then exhibited and explained the
table given in our report of his last lecture, nnd
aisn the following.]
The Crust of the Earth, divided according to
the composition pf the Strata.
C I. >ara.
[ Animal Remains.
k egetable Rctaauu.
( Bituminous and Anthracite Coal,
^ Vulcanic, ( Amorphous, Crystaline,
IGNEOUS .... ? Metamorphic, and stratified.
( Plutonic, t Crystaline but uti^tralined
The following table was then exhibited, illustra?
ted by drawings, beginning with Man and being
then divided into three departments, the division
being formed to combine the animals that existed
at different periods in the Earth's history.
THE strata of the f.arth arranctd in reference to
Modern?Animals of all existing kinds.
Mi'l-.Kval?The ruder quadrupeds and hiro-.
Prisneval?Fish and Molluscous Animals.
Aiie-Organic?Ko living thing.
In this table we have exhibited the whole histo?
ry of the F.arth from the first cooling of the granite
to the present time. The tertiary formation Mr.
LvtLi. had divided into three parts?but Dr. S.
had cotoented himself with two?the Older and
Newer Piiocene. though Mr. Lyell had introduced
the Tost Pliocene which had only fi\ e per cent, of
Below the Cretaceous group, inclusive, no ani?
mal has survived ; and of those posterior to the
torrr.ation of chalk there are but thirteen remain?
ing. The cause cannot be explained?but the
fact is mdisputed. Cuvier divides animals first
into the certiorated and the inrertebrated. To the
first belang all the animals of the higher class.
Although the animals of the lower classes have
perished, the type remains; the oposum is the
hrst of the mammalia in the order of creation.
?\ e have the best reason to believe that Man is
the most recent of all the created animais; there
is no instance of human bones or the works of
man having been found belonging to periods geo?
logically remote. In France, to be sure, skeletons
were found in a cave with the bones of extinct ani?
mals, and a few other cases have occurred; but
they all admit of easy explanation. The beasts of
preywhich existed at the latter portion of the ter?
tiary period most certainly would not have allowed
man to exist at the same time. Bears were then
a? large as horses, and sharks were then, if we
may judge by analogy. 150 feet long. It is evi?
dent, then, that man mus: be of recent origin, the
last creation on the globe.
Dr. S. then spoke of the materials of which the
Karth is composed. There are IG ingredients in?
to which they may be divided, though chemists
profess to find more. We have G metalloids, the
bases of soda, potash, &c. : 2 metals, irnn and
manganese, ar.d S non-metallic substances?oxy?
gen, hydrogen, eve. LtEBIG finds other divisions,
but Liebig, said Dr. S.. is very poor authority; he
states many things which I know to be false, and
many more for the truth of which we have nothing
but his own assertions.
Of all known substances, oxygen is the most
abundant?constituting one-half of all the matter of
which we have any knowledge. Carbon, too, is
very abundant, and forms 12 per cent, of all th^
marble and limestone in the world, including the
3,000 feet of coal, and a large proportion of ani?
mal arid vegetable substances.
These several elements form what are called
Alluvium Dr. S. would define to be that soil
which has once been under water. Diluvium
means that which has been transported by water,
sometimes called drift. Diluvial action may easily
be observed in any vertical section: as where ex?
cavations for cellars, &c. are made, and even in
ditches in our streets.
This sketch comprises the substance of Dr.
Smith's remarks last evening.
New-Hampshire.?A Loco-Foco State Conven?
tion assembled at Concord on Thursday to nomin?
ate candidates for Congress?Gen. John McNeil
of Hillsborough. President. Although their Le?
gislature ho? resolved to nullify the Act of Con?
gress and refuse to District the State, the Conven?
tion yet divided the State into four Districts for its
own convenience, as follows:
Dis. [. Rockingham and Stratford Counties:
" II. Beiknap, K Merrimack, t\ Hillsborough ;
" III. Chesihre, Sullivan, balance of Merrimack
" IV. Grafton, Coos and Carroll.
From these Districts they proceeded to nominate
their candidate, as follows:
[. John P. Hale, of Dover. Straffbrd Co.
II. Moses Norris. Jr. of 1'ittsneld, Mer. Co.
III. EoMOVD Burke, of Newport. Sullivan Co.
IV. John R. Reding, of Haverhill, Grafton Co.
Hale is a violent Federalist of old times trans?
formed into a fierce Destructive of the Fanny
Wright School; Norris is the present Speaker of
the House, also ultra Radical; Rediag and Burke
are small lawyers and smaller Editors, who are
Members of the present Congress. The two
former we believe are men of talent. It is a plea?
sure to spe the most empty and bitter man of the
presenr Delegation?Ira A. Eastman?dropped by
his party. The new Delegation will hardly be bet?
ter nor worse than the present.
N. V. Lyceum.?The lecture this evening will be
delivered by the Rev. William Hague of Boston,
on " Preparation to see the World.!' This lec?
ture is addressed particularly to young men: and
we trust that a large number of our young men
will avail themselves of the opportunity of hearing
an able -peaker upon so interesting and important
DCT* M. Max Rohrer's first Concert in New
i ork will be given at the Apollo Saloon on Th?rs
day evening. He ha* Leen eminently popular and
successful in Boston.
Cot.. Webb.?By reference to our City Intelli?
gence it will be seen that Col. Webb, has been
again indicted for his duel with Marshall. The
indictment is now believed to be correctly drawn.
Wreck.?A letter in the Bangor Whig says
that the schooner Catherine, for Machias, run
upon the Black Rocks of the Kennebec, on the
10th, and was wrecked. Capt. Randall was lost
overboard when she struck. The crew were saved.
The vessel will be a total loss. The crew were
taken otf by the steamboat Telegraph, Captain
STRANGE.?Some fortnight since, a person who
had been a teamster for about four years tit Alba?
ny, was married to a respectable girl, who had
laid up a considerable sum of money. It proved
that the groom was a woman, anil she was com?
mitted to jail. The possession of the girl's mon?
ey was doubtless the object of the marriage, bu
why the woman should have aeted as n teamster,
in male attire, for four years, we cannot imagine.
Two Lives Lost.?The Louisville Journal says
that on the '2-Ith ult. as the towboat Star was round
ing-too for the purpose of taking in wood, her pad?
dles struck the steering oar of a fiat boat, on which
Mr. Rapfallex was standing, and precipitated him
into the river. He sunk immediately. One of his
friends searching for the body was also drowned.
Not Bad.?The following conundrum, from the
the Post, is decidedly too good a joke to be lost ;
of course it is n't rrue :?
Why is the Whig party like a sculptor?
Because he takes Clay and make? a bur.il."
Short Work.?On Tuesday of last week one
of two German travelers attacked the other near
Mbnococy, Md.. knocked htm down and robbed
him. On Thursday he was tried, convicted and
sentenced to the Penitentiary for seven years and
Military.?At an election held on the MthJ
inst. in the C4th Brigade New-York State Infantry.
F. E. Mather was unanimously chosen Brigadier
Robbery.?A bank-book and pocket-book '.-ere
stolen from the office of Mr. Sproull, in Washing?
ton-street, on Monday; the latter containing a
number of checks and notes.
\TjT The Whi? ticket has succeeded in Mobile.
C. A. HoPPl.t has been elected Mayor by upwards
of 400 majority?a majority of the Common
Council, and all the other City officers are Whigs.
The Advertiser says, " The ClaT Whigs cannot
be beaten here."
[XJ'The steamboat Lawrence, of Charlestovm,
Va., on her passage from Point Pleasant to Cin?
cinnati, struck a snag, and sunk in six feet of wa?
ter, near Burlington.
[CT On the night of tbe 10th three stores in
Hancock, Md. were broken open and robbed of
money to the amount of about $3000.
rjj* Sornerviile Pinkney, Esq. of Annapolis,
Md. left home on the 7th inst. and has not since
been heard from. He had been unwell and it is
feared he wandered off in a fit of delirium.
U33 Fletcher Heath at Ric hmond, Va., hoj been
sentenced to be hung on tbe *23d of December.
A meeting of the members of the Bar op?
posed to the action of the Judges in the case of
Colt, was held yesterday morning. Some thirty or
fortv were present?most of whom were opposed
to the proceedings, but were not allowed to ex?
press their opinion or to vote. The following
Resolutions were adopted :
Rooked, That tbe ritrht to review the decisions: ot' infe?
rior tribunals In ihe Court of last re>art. is a right so essen?
tial to the due ailminstraiioii of tbe laws, that to retu?e a
writ of error, except in cases free ot all doabt. amounts to
a denial of justice."
Resolved, That the qce-tion whether, under the constitu?
tion of mis State, a Court of Over and Terminer can be
held otherwise than by Judges appointed by the Governor
and Senate, although discussed, remains undecided in the
Court of Errors and deserves serious deliberation, the words
of the constitution Wein?." The Governor shall nominate
and, with the consent of tbe S-nate, shall appoint ailfjudi
cial orficer? except Jastices of the Peace."
Resolved, That questions coucerning tbe organzation of
Court-, require, above all others, the decision of the highest
tribunal, inasmuch as if illegally constituted their judge?
ment- atfo.-d no protection to officers directed to execute.
Resolved, That the moral force of every !e_al judgement,
especially when it invokes human life, must depend upon
its unquestioned correctness, and that the execution ?f any
judgement, whose legality is gravely denied by deliberate
and disinterested minds, without artordimr the opportunity
provided for by law, to have it reviewed in tbe Court ot
ultimate appeal, must deprive that judgement of the uni?
versal respect to which, after such a review, it would be
Resolved^ That the execution 01 any convict whatever
his crime, is of no greater importance' to tbe community
than surh an administration of the laws as will produce im?
plicit confidence in the decision* and decrees of our Courts
Fire Districts.?The Citv has been divided
into three Fire Districts by the Corporation, and
no Fire Companv can remove its apparatus out of
the district in which it is located, unless sum?
moned : the districts are as follows :?
L. The first district shall embrace all that part
of the city King' North of a line from the foot of
North Moore-street to the Halls of Justice, and
West of a line running from the Hails of Justice,
through Lafayette and Irving Places.
2. The second shall embrace all that part of the
city iying Fast of the first district, and North of
a line runaing from the Halls of Justice to the foot
3. The third district shall embrace all that part
of the city lying South of the first and second dis?
Earthquake in Can a ha.?We have publisher
brief notices from Montreal papers of an earth
quake which occurred on the 9th inst. in Canada
The following fuller description is from a letter in
The Canadian of the 9th dated at Three Rivers:
"This morning.about 10 o'clock, we experienced
a violent shock of an earthquake. 1 was present at
a marriage. (we omit the names of the parties,) and
the Grand Yicair, Mr. Cook, had reached the
Asuus Pfi, when, on a sudden, a sound was heard
resembling the rolling of a cart over the frozen
ground : this noise continued, perhaps, four sec?
onds, and was followed by an explosion resem?
bling that of a 24-pounder; the trembling of the
earth then commenced, shaking tho walls of the
church, and making its arched roof crack in a
fearful and surprising manner. I thought the
building, which was crowded with people, would
have crumbled over our heads. The scene which
ensued bailies description; the piercing lamenta?
tions of the females, and cries of terror of the
men. with the piteous, despairing shrieks of the
children, were truly awful. A general ru?h was
made to the door by the congregation, the reverend
Pastorand the affianced couple alone retaining their
position, not, however, without feelings of great ap?
prehension H6 to what might happen. The weather?
cock on the steeple spun, ns in a high wind. This
trembling la.-ded for five or six seconds ; had it en?
dured beyond,the church must have fallen,and many
would have perished. Descending the steps,! raised
three females whom the crowd in the crush of their
escape had thrown to the ground, but they were so
affrighted as to be incapable of standing. The shock
was violent throughout the town. Glass-ware was
destroyed, .stones detached from the chimnies, and
window-panes broken in many houses : universal
terror reigned. It was strongly felt at the St.
Maurice furges, atYamachiche, and Point du Lac,
and still more so at Beeane.oui, Nicolet, and St.
Gregorie. The waters of tho Snint Lawrence were
seen by many to be violently ngirated."
The following is from another letter of the same
" Precisely nt. 9 o'clock, A. M. on Monday, the
7th instant, I was sitting ut breakfast, at Bernard's
Hotel, on the steamboat, wharf, at Three Rivers,
when a sudden shock, or concussion, was felt, so
severe as t-> cause my compagnon du dejeuner anil
self to state at each other perfectly aghast;?the
house actually seemed to reel to and fro, like a
drunken man?the floor trembled beneath us, the
table shook as though suddenly grasped by some
one in the act of falling, and ail tho breiikfa.it ap?
paratus jingled again, from the violnce of the
shoe!;!?My own impression was, that some large
steamer, in coming into port, having suddenly lost
her helm, had come crashing against and destroy?
ing the wharf. Dr. Gilmour, who was in the act
of passing along the street to visit me at the hotel,
describes his sensation to have been as though sud?
denly electrified, his legs tottering under him in u
nm-t unaccountable manner. I have experienced
two earthquakes in the West Indies; Loth lasted
considerably longer than ibis, but the latter was
much more violent, than either of the former. I
have no doubt but that we shall find hereafter that
some terribla commotion has taken place farther
Run into and Reported Sunk.?The steamer
Krnma, as she wis going down, met the Tioga on
Thursday nisht, and the two boats coming in col?
lision the Emma was stove in and is reported to
have sunk after the Tioga lefr. We did not learn
that any person on board was injured.
Accident.?We learn that by the breaking of
an a\ie of one of the gravel ears employed on the
working train of the Eastern Railroad, in Lynn,
on Saturday, the laborers were thrown off and ons
man was killed, and two others were wounded ?
The man killed was Michael Waters. [Boston Ad.
Collision.?We learn from a Hurl fiate pilot
that the steamboat Massachusetts, on her passage
up last night, ran into a sloop, off Throg's Point.
The sloop went down immediately, but our infor?
mant did not know whether the crew were saved
K_P We regret to learn the death of James Har
din, of Nelson county, a son of the Hon. B. Har
din. Mr. H. was formerly a member of the Ken?
tucky Legislatue, and one who gave fine promise
of future usefulness and fame. He had already
won considerable distinction at the bar.
CCP The stranger who died suddenly at the U.
S. Hotel last week proves to be Mr. Stan let
Ney. formerly of Boston, who was on his way to
ET The following Works are for sale at the Office?
THE TRIBUNE, fin. 160 iSassau strut, opposite the City(
THE WHIG ALMANAC AND LN1TED STATES
REGISTER for 1843. Price 12$ cents, $1 per dozen, or $7
DOCTOR LARD.NER'S LECTURES on Astronomy,
Electricity, Steam Engine, i.e. Price lb cents.
THE AMERICAN LABORER: a work devoted to the
interests of tbe Mochsnics of the United States, to be com?
pleted m twelve Buniben, eight of which are already pub?
lished. Price ?j cents a number.
TEMPERANCE SPEECHES.?The celebrated Tem?
perance Speeches delivered at the Broadway Tabernacle,
by Tbomai F. Marshall. Price 6f cent*, or 50 cents per
SPEECHES OF HENRY' CLAY, delivered at the great
Lexington Festival; also, his Farewell Speech on retiring
from tbe United States Senate. Price 64. cents, or 50 cents
LIFE AND SPEECHES OF HENRF CLAY, to be
completed in twenty numbers, twelve of which are already
published. Price per No. 12} cents.
LEIBIG'S AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY, also
Laibie's Animal Chemistry, each 25 cents.
DICKENS?S NEW WORK ON AMERICA, best edi?
tions. Price 12J cents.
Discounts to A gents, Peddlers and others on all the above.
From Texas.?The Neptune brings to
Orleans later dates from Texas. Gen. vYofl, $
the Mexican forces, has received a reinforceaiKJlt
of 500 men ; so that he has now 5000 or 60OQ
men and is expected soon to attack San Antonio
The prisoners taken at San Antonio are kept at
Santa Rssa; all except Van Ness and Johnson
have the liberty of the town. It is probable that
a general engagement will soon take place, iboujfc
nothing decisive has yet been done, aad the Tex.
ians seem not inclined to advance farther toward
the Rio Grande. The Mexican head quarters an*
at Gonzales, and all the militia of Mexico are re?
ported to have received orders to march t? the as?
sistance of WolL The spies followed WoU in ha
retreat 30 miles beyond Nueee*.
From Mexico.?The New-Orleans Bulletinhas
dates from Mexico city to the 15th, and from Ver*
Cruz to the 19th ultimo, being fifteen days later
than previous intelligence. The expedition again?
Ynsatnn sailed on the last of the above .late-;, ag.
der the general command of Don Jose Went Mi.
non. General Bravo had taken upon himself the
responsibilities of the Executive office, and Presi
dent Santa Anna has retired to his plantation tor
the benefit of his health, which had become enfee?
In a proclamation to the nation he promises, is
his health shall permit, to resume the Executive
functions in accordance with the expressed public
will. In the Congress, in its session of October
15, the proposed amendment of the Constitution
was rejected by a small majority for the second
time. The Federalists opposed the project on
the ground that its provision* savored too much of
Centralism, and did not sufficiently conform to the
good old Constitution ef IS'24. The second re?
jection was considered a hard blow at the populari?
ty of Santa Anna.
From Canton.?The ship Panama, Capt. Gris
wold, arrived yesterday, bringing Canton dates to
May 27. Of course her intelligence has been an?
ticipated by previous arrivals.
Another Rioter Convicted,?Mr. Birney, of
Minersville, wag tried lnst week at Orwigsburg,
found guilty, and sentenced to six months' impris?
onment and the costs of prosecution, which, we
learn, amounted to about $100 dollars. This is
the second person engaged in the riots in July
last who has been tried and sentenced. The
trial of several others has been continued until
next court. [Miners' Journal.
Melancholy Accident.?The Red Rivet (La.)
Whig says that Mr. Nathaniel Nelson met with a
sudden death on Wednesday last. He was em?
ployed on the plantation of Mr. C. J. Cuney. on
Bayou Rapides, in some repairs to a cotton gin,
and a part of the machinery fell upon and crushed
him. He has left a widow and children.
C30 We see it stated that it is the intention of
the managers of the Reading and Pottsville Rail?
road Company to have ready for the spring busi?
ness about 2000 coal cars, and 30 locomotives.
This number, it is believed, will be sufficient to
carry all the coal the Company can transport over
a single track in connection with the other busi?
ness of the road. [Harrisburgh Reporter.
f From the Sunday Morning New?, ot Nov. la.J
A Gooo Medic inf..?Z>r. Rush's Infallible Htalth Pill*.
?Now we detest quack medicines, and hate anything Its
the form of imposition on the public, especially whers
health and human life are concerned?and would no more
recommend rt medicine which we did not k-nntv to be good,
than we would sweeten our neighbor's coffee with arsenic.
But having our own experience, the word of those who
hav<? tried them th roughly, nnd the opinion of our physi?
cian, one ol the best and most learned men in the city, all
in favor ot Dr. Hush's Pills, we cannot hesitate to say bow
truly excellent we believe them to be. We are informed
from the liest authority that the ?ecret of compounding
these Pills originated with Doctor Rash, and was left a
legacy to a favorite student, Iroin whom Mr. Daggers ob?
tained it. We knou) them to be a safe, effective, and not
unpleasant medicine, Rush as should be found in every
family, and such as cannot fail to attain an extensive mar
keu The engravings, cuts, and autograph, which accom?
pany each box, are very beautiful, and the taste in which
they are got up is superior to that exhibited by any thing
of the kind we ever saw. The General Office ?30 Ann
Sold wholesale and retail, by II. O. DAQOERS, 30
Aun-street. And rrtai! by Kelly, 2S7 Broadway, J. Axtiird,
H13 Bowery, Dr. J. K. Scott,151 Sixth Avenue, corner*f
12th street; Hart, corner of Chatham ami Cbunber*-*ts.,
N. Y.; also, !iy H. Green, at C'J\ Fallen-Street und Thoa.
Dallon, I Git York street. Brooklyn.
Price, 25 cents a lux. ne.itly put up in a wrapper,en?
graved by Diiruml it Co. on steel, with a t.ic drolls of Dr.
Rush's siirnntore on Mich bos. 0>
Sands's Sa r?a pa r i li.a is a combination ol vegetable med?
icines, differing entirely in their properties from the various
preparations of Sarsaparlila, which have at different times
been offered to the public, nnd from die high State 61 perfec?
tion to which the apparatus used in the nrncew has been
brought l?y the proprietors during the many years ofexpa
rience devoted to the subject, a medicine has been produced
which is calculated to he and bus been of more b?u< fit to
the world than any Other.discovery of the present century.
Diseases have been cured,.such as are not furnished in the
records ol time past, and what it has already cone lor the
! thousands who have used it. it i* capable ol doing for the
millions still suffering and struggling with disease. Read
the certificates in this and the other daily papers; what it
has done once it will ?o ngain.
Prepared and sold -it wholesale and retail, and for export?
ation, by A. B. Sauds It Ca No. 273 Broadway, (Cranite
Buildings,) cornerofCbambers-streei, New-York. .-tlsosoM
by A. B. At D. Sands, Druggists, No. 7y and I(K) Fulum-st.;
David Sands it Co. No. 77 Last Broadway. Price $1 per
bottle, six bottles for $5._
TT Truth in mighty and will prevail, Hiid every word
spoken in favor of Dr. Covert's Balsam of Life will prove
trne, every word has been spoken in sincerity and we be?
lieve in truth. For Coughs, Colds, Consumption, A?thm?,
Croup, Dyspepsia, Costlvehess. Brom-hitis.or Sore Throat,
Whooping Cough, a-c. there is nothing better, to say die
least; and when this medicine foils to produce effect our
opinion is that nothing else can. To convince our friends
?F the truth of these statements we Invite them to examine
our certificates up?n our Meiiic.il Bulletin from medical
men of the highest tuler;t, clergymen and Others, who have
tested its virtues. Dr. Coven's office for the sale of Cov?
ert's Balm ov Life, Hemino'b Medicated Worm, Diar?
rhoea, Dinner and Cathartic Candies, HuMfHim.'s
Pile Ointment, Phelp's Female Pills .-?ir a*tlev
Cooper's celebrated Corn Sai.vb, is 135 Naifsao-st.N. Y.
UTRich and splendid performances at the American Mu?
seum at three o'clock this afternoon. The real Mermaid
remains auoth rwetk.
O" The New-York Museum is crowded every night. The
attractions are very powerful. People will not believe ihe
Mermaid is manulactured. They say they are told at the
other Museum that their Mermaid Is a real one, and they
feel quite confident the onv is as. genuine as ?ie other.?
Pretty correct in their conclusion. The Hughes lamUy,
whose extraordinary ?kill upon the harp excites the most
unbounded admiration and applause, give a performance
to-day at 3 o'clock. A host ot other attractions besides.?
Children will be highly delighted to witness such unusual
talent in those of their own age.
RUINS OF CENTRAL AMERICA!
Eight Superb EngraringM !
TT A GLORIOUS NEW WORLD IN PREPARA?
TION.?JYtr; Saturday um shall thine.' See : We kbalJ give
a full review of Mr. Norman's new and deeply interestltiff
work "RAMBLEs? IN YUCATAN," with copious extracts
descriptive of the magnificent ruins of Central America,
embellished with eight capital Engraving*, redeced lor u>
New World from Mr. Normaa's graphic designs. They ire
L The Ruins o* Uxmal, seen by moonlight.
II. The Temple in the Ruins ok Chi-Chen.
IIL Front of the House of the CaCTOOTU, in the Cbl
IV. The Zayi Ruins:
V. Pun of the Ruias or Uxmal.
VI. Plan of the Rci.hs of Chi-Chen.
VTL A Roadside Sketch.
Vitt An LuniAN St rest.
Was ever a richer treat offered to the readers of toe New
World ? And this is but a part of the bolliant contests for
next Saturday. Bear this hi mind, for the demand wiil be
enormous. Agents, send in your orders.
TT Office of publication 30 Ann Street, where a*1
be had Diekens'* work and all the popular romances so*1
scientific books of the best authors, for 12> to 25 cents e*<*.
Gentlemen from the country wishing the best family P*V*[
in America are requested to call and subsenbe. Term* Is
a year. (nlG3t) (2) WINCAESTE5, Publisher.
TT John B.Scole-. F-q. will deliver t?htt?
dnctory L?cture before the Mechanics' Institute at iw
cUty's Rooms, No. 12 Chambers-street, on Friday fcvw?t>'
TTJLife and Speecbeo of Hean'CW**?
12, for sale at this office. Price 12* cents. The bsck cam?
bers may also be obtained as above.
TT Liebig'e AnimsTciietniMtry for HjMSfi
TRIBUNE OFFICE. Price 26 cents. Five copies leTfi^
TT Good Board and pleasant Rooms can beobuiaed
at No. 26 Cliff-street (2) al?v