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FRIDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 2.
XT Gen. Com. Dens. Whig Young Jlen.-A
Regular M**-nn; of ihit Cotmntaee will beheld ai the
Bread* ay House on Fri<l?v evenine. 2<i December, 1342.
at 7 o'clock. ADDISON DOUGHERTY, Chairman.
9. D JaCKSON, } a^rn,T\e\
C. R. Taylor, \ SeereVirie^ rJJ0 3f
CP Job Printing Office.?4.11 kmds of JOB
PRINTI H<*i *OrU a? pAMPHLf.TI, CATALOGUES, CHECKS.
Cards. Bill Heads. Insurance Policies, Hhow Bills
Bills of Lading, Circulars. Ate. itc. neatly and expetii
tioosly executed at the Office of Tbe Tribune, 160 Na??su
si reel. _ ^ 020
CT Perwns wishing 7>.e Tribune left at tbeir residen?
ces or places of business in tbe city at an early hour in tb?
morning, will 5 lease leave their name-, or send tbemjn by
note through the Post Office, at tbe publ.cat.oa; office,160
Nassau streei, opp-.siie tbe Park. Terms, ntne cent, a
xoeek, to be paid to tbe Carrier.
CT Tb- Editor of The Tribune-;., bilged to request those
who wish to see biro personally to coll between the hour*
o l Sand 9 A. M. or 5 and 6 P. M. U they can conveniently
do so Tb? absolute necessity o! devoting some hours un
Interruptedly to bu duties coi strains him to make this re?
We had no Mails from either North or East
yesterday, ?wing to the snow-storm and gale of the
preceding night. Of course, we are without fur
tber advices from Massachusetts, except that a
friend who came down the Housatomc Railroad
reports that Becket and one other town in Beik
shire County elected Whig Representatives on
Monday, Dalton a Loco, but the return is disputed.
Springfield polled 200 more votes than before, to
no purpose. We still think the chances best for
Davis and a Whig ascendency.
It was supposed last evening that the Norwich
boar with Wednesday evening's Mail from Boston
must be frozen up in the Thames. Of course, sh
will be in this morning.
Two or three boats came down the Hudson Riv?
er yesterday?from Poughkeepsie, Catskiil an,:
Hudson. The Columbia left Hudson at 2 o'clock
the evening before, made Catskiil, and lay there til;
morning. The River was obstructed by floating
ice above Rhinebeck ; none below. Wo hope the
Swallow reached Rhinebeck, if not Catskiil night
before last, but do not suppose last-night's host
will get much if any above Poughkeepsie.
What shall Congress ?lo ??The Exchequer.
Orange Co , Nov. 26, 1842.
To the Editor of The Tribune :
Since the result of the Election in this State
has been known, my mind has labored in searrii
of a reasonable cause for such a revulsion in public
sentiment?for it must be deemed as such, wheth?
er produced by Whig apathy or not. It is man:
fest to my mind that the Whigs, us a party, hav<
been greatly discomfited and disappointed in their
high expectations of relief from prevailing distress
in business, through their chosen Representative
in Congress, whoso acts have not come home t<<
the business or the bosoms of their constituents;
and that a despondency is creeping over them as u
party, which nothing short of some prompt and de?
cisive measure in Congress to regulato the genera
Currency and internal Exchanges, can dissipate
Such of the Whigs as have had leisure and ability
to trace the causes which have heretofore embar?
rassed the Whig Members and divided the part)
in Congress may find an excuse for the waste ol
so much precious time, in the face nf so much pub?
lic distress ; but nine tenths of the Whigs through?
out the country are dissutisfied. They iealtze
most grievously that, long as the late Session was,
it produced no measure for the relief of the people
occupied in industrial pursuits?in productive la?
bor?except the Protective Tariff, which was ol
immense importance as a first step toward a resto?
ration of order in. business; but was neoi/ssarily i; -
ert of itself, without the establishment of a general
Currency under the guaranty of the nation, around
which Confidence might rally and be ultimately
sustained. 1 cannot but think ihat this is a Bound
view of cause and effect, and that it rationally ac?
counts for the astounding revulsions witnessed in
the Elections this Autumn. If tho view I ha\c
taken is correct, there appears to be a reined)
quite within the power of tne Whigs in Congtes
at the approaching short Session?h.nd that is, to
take up at once, and establish by law, tlx* Nation?
al Exchequer, us recommended by the Cabinet
to be adopted by Congress in December last. We
are assured that its provisions were a subject ol
deep consideration by some of the ablest men ol
our countiy who compose that Cabinet, concurred
in by every member, and was urged by them on
the consideration of Congress as the ready and
only practical means left to rentore a National Cur?
rency, generul confidence, and tho*c facilities ol
Exchange for our wide-spread country without
which we shall soon become a divided people?
open to anarchy and revolution. All th? objec?
tions to that measure were anticipated and most
ably answered by tho Secretary of the Treasury in
his Report accompanying the bill: and more re?
cently it has been most powerfully advocated bj
Daniel Webster?a name that we ull honor, and
associate with all that is ttreat and wise as a states?
man?honest and patriotic as a citizen.
After full reflec ion on the bearing of the pro?
posed National Exchequer on the business and in?
terests of every man in our Country, I feel justi?
fied in the opinion that the establishment oftha'
measure at tbe last Session,i.s connection with tin
Protective Tariff, would have secured the Whig as?
cendancy at the late Elections throughout the L'h
ion, and that the prompt establishment ol it atlAt*
Session, forms the only hope of Whig ascendancy
for the future.
I cannot believe it possible that Whigs can be
found in Congress who will oppose it because it i?
u Cabinet measure, advocated by Mr. Webster,
and not emanating from Mr. Clay. \ have lone
viewed Mr. Clay and Mr. Webster, as the grea'
men of the Country (if not uf the Age.) and i feel
assured that either would heartily suppwrt the re?
gular nomination of the other for the Presidency,
as n Bgnanimously as Henry Clay sustained the
nomioa'ion of Harrison. These tiion have mind
altogether above the narrow partisan views and
pitiful jealousies which rule the conduct of too
many Whigs at this time, and which their politi?
cal enemies labor to propagate to the ruin of ou:
party and the advancement of their own. That
party played that game successfully at the last Ses?
sion, but I trust that all Whigs in Congress at this
Session, will rally on the old and true ground?
" Union for the sake of the Union."
Your old friend, W.
Remarks by ihe Editor.
KJ* We publish the above article to show that
we do not fear discussion in any shape; but we
must assure ? \Y.' and ?11 who think with him that
this kind of talk will not hasten but tend to pre?
vent the adoption of the Exchequer project by the
present Congress. We are in favor oV that pro?
ject ; we will do all we know how to secure its
adoption at the earliest moment; but we feel that
the man who undertakes to precipitate its passage
this winter by abusing the very men by whose
votes it must be passed, if at all, is either insin?
cere or a very green band at the business he mj.
dertakes. It is false, unjust, and villainous u
blame Congress for the imperfect success of theii
ardent, persevering exertions to restore Prosperit;
to the Country. The majority did more for th
lasting good of the country than any Congress eve
before assembled; but their atTorts were in goo<
part baffled, frustrated, by tbe perfidious Vetoes
of John Tyler. If tkat man had signed the second
Bank bill, as he voluntarily promised to do when
he urged Congress to frame and pass it, all would
have gone well, and we should now be enjoying a
better medium of Exchanges than any Exchequer
will be likely to furnish. The New Tariff is of it?
self worth to the Country all the Legislation of
the preceding ten years; and the persevering
efforts, the bitter sacrifices of dignity and feeling
made by Congress to secure it, entitle the majority
r. j ardent gratitude instead of undeserved re?
proaches. So with their effort* to secure the Land
1 Distribution?a measure essential to tbe ?table
Protection of Home Industry, to the relief and
recovery from deep disgrace of many States, and
to the permanent prosperity of the Country . So
with that most republican, equal and salutary
measure, the Single District requisition of the Ap?
portionment Act, so treacherously and unconstitu
rionaliy assailed by John Tyler. And now, after
a year of such labors, eo beneficent where success?
ful, so treacherously defeated where otherwise, it
is too much to have a professed Whig come for?
ward and undervalue all that has been done, abuse
the Whigs for not doing more?for not surrender
ing every thing to John Tyler, and allowing him
to dictate not merely the purport but the precise
shape, tho very details of every act of legislation !
The man who can do this has no heart, no remem?
brance, even of the fundamental principles of the
Whig party in regard to Executive power.
That many persons have ignorantly, blindly
blamed Congress for the evils which have been
experienced as the natural and bitter fruits of
John Tyler's treachery, we do r.ot doubt; it has
been the game of the whole Loco-Foco and Tyler
;>ress to mislead and confuse the public mind on
thi3 subject; and it would be strange if some im?
pression had not been made. But the ground of j
it is a lie, and a lie cannot last. A W'hig, instead
of bending to it, should exert, all his energies to
counteract and refute it by spreading the truth.
All that 'W says directly in favor of the Ex?
chequer is well enough, and we trust the project
will be candidly and profoundly considered by
Congress, with a determination to adopt it if it
promises any relief to the country and threaten?
no danger to the Public Liberties. What is sai 1
about Messrs. Clay and Webster we let pass, with
the simple remark that it might as well, for the
ostensible purpose of the writer, have been left
unsaid. But the talk about the "division" of the
Whigs, in Congress, in reference to Tyler's con?
duct, is absurdly untrue. The split-off is notrela
lively so formidable as was that in the band of
Apostles when Judas Tylerized. ' The Guard '
are and have long been Loco-Focos, nothing more
nor less. ^^^^^ \_Ed. Tribune.
rj3* Messrs. John q. Adams, N. P. Tall
MADGE, FRANCIS- GRANGER, D. D. BaRNARP,
Trdman Smith, and several other Members of
Congress, have passed through our City on their
way to Washington. Messrs. M. Fillmore and
R. D. Davis came down the River yesterday, and
will probably proceed Southward this morning.
The Message.?With regard to the forthcom?
ing Message, a correspondent of the Boston Post,
who at least pretends tobe well informed, writes as
follows of the Treasury scheme that will be pro?
" By certain immaterial alterations, it can be
made to approximate very closaly to the inde?
pendent Treasury. He will adviac such modifica?
tions of the present tariff as may produca greater
revenue, with less opprobrious inequalities and ex?
cesses, and will adhere in principle to the terms of
he compromise act. He will also, besides other
suggestions of public "import, recommend that
justice, though so late, be done to the claims and
reputation of a former distinguished public ser?
KJ3 The Bribery Investigation.?We un?
derstand that the Committee appointed by the
Common Council to investigate the burning of the
cupola at tbe city prison, tbe attempt to bribo the
Sheriff in relation to the execution of Colt, &c,
are actively engaged in the examination of wit?
nesses, and will probably make a report in the
course of throe or four days.
Letter from Mr. Clay.
The following letter was written by Mr. Clay
in reply to uu invitation to attend a public dinner a;
Dallas County in Alabama :?
Ashland, Oct. 12, 1842.
Gentlemen:?I have received the letter which
you did mo the honor to address to me informing
me that the Whigs of Dallas county had formed a
Club, to which they were pleased to annex my
nume, and inviting me to partake of a dinner on
the 30th proximo.
I am greatly obliged by these testimonies of at?
tachment and confidence, and offer to the Whigs ot
Dallas an expression of my profound acknowleds
ments. I thank them for the kind interest which
they take in me, and I should be most happy to
meet and exchange friendly salutations with them ;
but the remote distance of Selma from my resi?
dence, and other considerations to which I need
not more particularly advert, deprive me of the
satisfaction of accepting the invitation which you
Do me the favor to assure the Whigs of Dallas
that I cordially sympathize with them, in thfir
laudable endeavors to disseminate und establish
political truth. I need no: say to them that, wher?
ever the true patriot finds himself, he will perse?
vere to the last in struggling for those principles
and measures, on which he is persuaded the cha?
racter, the honor, the happiness of his country de?
I am, gentlemen, with high respect, your friend
and obedient servant. H. Clay.
Messts. Win. Seawell, Henry Taun, and T. J.
KF" Some months since, when the dissolution of
the firm of Arthur Tappan & Co. was announced,
we said?what we then thought was true?that
Mr. Tappan had retired with a competence; and
we felt disposed to congratulate him upon the
supposed fact, and to intimate that the knowledge
of it would probably give pleasure to a large part
of tho community. By an announcement just
made that this gentleman has gene into bankrupt?
cy, we perceive with deep regret that our belief
sva9 unfounded. On inquiry, we find that the
ample fortune of which be was possessed has been
wholly sunk in endorsements for other firms, and
in largo, unprofitable parchases of lots in Brook?
lyn; and that, finding it impracticable to make a
settlement with his creditors, he has been obliged
to avail himself of the bankrupt law. Having
heard of a rumor that, some years since, Mr. Tap
pan settled upon his wife and children the sum ot
$100,000, which they are said still to enjoy, we
have made inquiries on this point also, and find
that it is wholly without foundation. Mr. T. gives
up every farthing, reserving nothing for his famih
or any one else. Our best wishes attend him i'n
any new business in which he may hereafter en?
Philip B. Winston, Jr. a citizen of Louisa
<-<>? ^a. was recently killed by a fall.from an un?
The R?tgers Institute.
Lecturf .- By Dr. Hawks.
The course of Lectures for the season before the
Rutgers Institute was opened last evening by the
Rev. Dr. Hawks, who delivered a most beautiful
and finished Discourse on the Life and Character of
Cape. Jobs Smith, the leader of the first English
Colony planted upon the shores of America. Trite
as the Subject may saem to the general reader it
was invested in a new and most attractive garb?
by the graphic skill and eloquence of the Lecturer.
A full report of his discourse of course will not be
expected. We shall present mereiy a brief and
hasty outline of the prominent events in the his?
tory of the man who formed its subject?following
merely the order of the Lecturer and preserving
tbe general sentiments, though not the language of
He commenced by some very appropriate re?
marks upon the difficulties which wait upon every
attempt to colonize a new country : and especially
those which were peculiar to tbe earlv history of
America. It was a long while after the first at?
tempt was made to plant an English Colonv upon
our shore? before the effort proved successful; and
this difficulty arose not from want of funds, for the
munificence of Raleigh supplied them in abun?
dance; nor yet from the character of the Colonists,
for they came from a land which had furnished the
noblest tbe world had seen. The great want was
that of a capable leader; and in a successful leader
of a colony sent eut under such circumstances,
blind must he be. said Dr. H., who cannst find a
character worthy his contemplation. Considered
as the man who had made the first permanent Eng?
lish settlement upon this Continent, History re?
cords few more honorable and spotless names than
that of Smith. In tracing his history, Dr. H. said
he did not flatter himself that his hearers would
rind the charm of novelty; but his hope of enter?
taining them was based rather upon a delineation
of his character than a narration of his deeds. He
who Beeks to embellish history with the interest of
a novel may gratify the imagination, but at the ex?
pense of truth.
Born of a good family, left at an early age an
orphan, without the means of support, we find
Smith possessing a heart longing for great adven?
tures. His friends sought to make a merchant of
him ; but this did not suit him, and, at the age of
fifteen, we find him with a brave heart in his bo?
som and ten shillings in his pocket, on his way to
France in the traveling train of an English noble?
man. But six weeks proved him useless for the
services that were required of him ; and he was
furnished with funds to make his way back to
England. But never once did he think of teturn
ing home; he was now where he had long desired
to be, and he was bent upon the bold adventures
which had so long formed the day-dreams of his
At that time Netherlands was fighting with
Spain for the independence which she finally
achieved ; and there in the cause of independence
Smith fleshed his maiden sword and learned to be
a soldier. Before he had attained the age of
manhood he returned to his home and soon be?
came an object of interest and curiosity to his
neighbors, from the perils he had undergone and
the exploits he had achieved. But his was not a
spirit to brook the unwelcome intrusion which this
occasioned. He felt that he was not born to be
a show to his fellow-men. So he resol ved to leave
them and built a hut in tho woods, where he de?
voted himself to the study of military tactics and
history. Of course the youthful hermit attracted
more attention than before, and it was resolved to
train him for a military life. An Italian gentle?
man, employed as his teacher, succeeded in per?
suading him to leave his hermit life; but not to
eturn to Willoughby. For the simple scenes of
English rustic life he had no taste ; and he soon
returned to the Netherlands and once more stood
?ide by side with his fellow Roldiers.
At this period an inveterate hatred existed be?
tween the Christians and tho Turks : and every
follower of the Cross found, us he supposed, a
natural enemy in every one who rallied under tho
Crescent. This gave a new field for Smith's
activity, and he resolved to try his fortune against
the Turk. He proceeded to join the force in
Hungary: but he was robbed of all he had; and
at the age of nineteen he found himself landed in
France, penniless, ignorant of the language, and
forced to surrender his cloak to pay for his passage.
Vet he found hospitality, and all his wann were
soon supplied. Wandering in France from place
to place, his strength at last failed him, and he
stretched himself upon the ground by a fountain
in tht forest?as it seemed, to die. But a wealthy
farmer found him, took him to his home, nursed
him and relieved his wants.
He finally embark?d at Marseilles for Italy ; and
on the voyage his religion seriously endangered
his life. There were on beard many Catholics,
on their way to Rome, and a terrible storm aris?
ing, they found a sufficient explanation of it in the
presence of the heretic. So the bold adventurer,
like another Jonah, was cast into the sea, and es?
caped by swimming to an island. He was still
desirous of going to Egypt and engaging in the
war. He accordingly sailed and landed at Pied?
mont, as he says. " with 500 sequins in his pocket
and a little box which God had given him, with
nearly as much more'"?probably certain jewels.
He was soon enrolled among the Europeans against
t'tie Turks, and here he bore himself most gallant?
ly and soon rose to the command of a troop of
They soon entered upon the sieg? of a fortress
in Transylvania, and performed exploits so won
deiful us to stagger credulity, if they were not
proved beyond a doubt. The Turks, secure in
their well-fortified position, laughed tho besieget?
to scorn; and soon one of them, high in rank and
of great prowess, sent a challenge to the Christian
host, offering to meet in single combat any one
whom they might choose. The challenge was ac?
cepted, and it was left to lot to decide who the
Christian champion should be. The lot fell upon
Smith, and preparations were made for the fight.
The Turk entered the lists with a suit of armur
glittering with gold and jewels, with two janiza?
ries by his side bearing his lance. Smith came in
with a single page, and both took their stations.?
At the sound of the signal the warriors met, and
the lance of Smith pierced the helmet of his foe,
whose head he bore back in triumph to his camp.
He was soon invited to a second encounter. A
particular friend of the slaughtered Chief chal?
lenged him to another trial, and his challenge, too.
was at once accepted. They met, and at the first
encounter with tbe lance the Turk was nearlv un?
horsed. They then rushed upon one another with
pistol*, and while Smith was slightlv wounded,
the left arm of his enemy was shivered, and Smith
soon bore back his head also in triumph to the
It was now his iura to challenge ; and his chal?
lenge was accepted. The weapons chosen were
pistols and battle axes. When they met both dis?
charged their pistols without eriect, and they rushed
to the encounter with their axes. The Turk knew
how to use them better than Smith, whose axe
dropped from his hand and he almost fell beneath
the well aimed blow of his enemy. He rallied,
however, drew his sword and continued the com?
bat. His skill in horsemanship saved his life, and
soon he returned with the third Turkish head in
tiiumph to his camp.
Tbe truth of these incidents cannot be questioned;
and he always after were upon his shield three
heads as bis device.
The biographer of Smith now comes to a sad
reverse in his fortunes. In a bleody battle in
which, of 30.000 Cbratians, only 1,300 escaped
with their lives. Smith vas left wounded upon the
field. Tbe Turks, from tue splendor of his dress,
thought him worth a ransom, and soli him into
slavery to a Bashaw, who stnt him to tbe lady of
his love, saying that he was a Bohemian noble
whom he had taken captive in war. Pleased with
his beauty aad his manner, the lady became en?
amored with the captive, and, being abie to con?
verse with him in Italian, soon learned his history,
and "'loved him for the dangers he had passed."
She gave him her heart, only to add another proof
to the fact that " the course of true love never did
She resolved to send him to her brother, who
resided at the Sea of Azof, and told him the story
of her love. Her brother rewarded her confidence
by treating with bitter cruelty the captive she had
entrusted to his care, and he became the slave of
Timour. Here was a chance for the manliness of
his character to shine forth. He had known ad?
versity before, and ho knew it afterward ,?? jet he
never sunk under it. because he knew what be?
longed to his character as a man. He had an in?
ward strength superior to them all. Such a man may
be checked for a time, but can never be made little
by h:? fortune. The task assigned to Smith was
that of threshiing grain; and the tyrant in whose
power he was. never passed the place of his labor
without stopping to give sora? new exhibition of
his brutal cruelty. Smith for a long time endured
it in silence, but soon lost all patience, and beat
out Timour's biains with his threshing bat. Cloth?
ing himself in the garb of his former tyrant, he
mounted his horse and set off upon his journey,
fearful of being discovered, and wandering through
the wilderness for many days. He finally, how?
ever, struck the great road leading to Russia, and
after sixteen days of incredible toil, he reached an
encampment of the Russians on the Don, and
again found himself aaiong Christian men. On
his return to Transylvania, the Emperor Sigismund
conferred upon him the title of nobility, and gave
him L,500 ducats to repair his losses.
One would think he had now seen enough of
adventure and would desire repose. But repose
was nor. made for such as he. He traveled over
Spain and France, till he heard that a civil war
had broken out in Barbary; and he soon found
himseif on the African shore. But when he saw
that the contending parties in this civil broil were
equally unworthy his aid, he sheathed his sword,
left Africa and returned to England.
Before proceeding to speak of his voyage to the
American continent, Dr. H. gave a vivid portrait?
ure of his general character. He represented him
to have been a man of decided action, of accurate
observation and of judicious reflection. At tt-,e
early age of 25 he had passed through all the
scenes already mentioned, and had studied the na?
ture of man in all conditions, and learned it well.
From habits of clear observation his mind, natur
ally strong, acquired a habit of independence and,
without the usual guides of thought, he yet reached
the most correct conclusions. Never was a man
more self-possessed?or capable of greater facility
in overcoming obstacles and reaching the end at
which he aimed. He had been a traveler, a
soldier and a slave ; and we shall soon see him a
ruler and legislator: and in all these positions no
man acquitted himself better. Whether he la?
bored wirh his hands or with his head, it wa? no
matter; John Smith always labored well. His
enthusiasm was linked to a most sober judgement,
and his courage was unquestioned. He was a per?
fect stranger to fear, and j et, in the heat of conflict
was as cool as he wa? courageous. In him cour?
age was a principle. Not insensible to peril he
yet looked at it and felt no fear, because it became
a man to feel none. No man belter understood
the difference between blind fearlessness and true
courage. There was not a selfish spot in Isis
soul. He planted colonies, enriched kingdoms,
nerilcd his life and ?ncour?wr?J all f-nnrnivuhle
dangers?and yet reaped never a farthing for his
On the 19th of December, ltjOli, a squadron of
three vessels, of which the largest was not more
than one hundred tons, sailed from London for Virg.
With them was Smith, and for his companions
he had Gorwald,.George Percy, Edward Winfield,
nnd one of the humblest and best of men, the
Rev. Mr. Hunt, who had embarked for the two?
fold object of ministering to the spiritual wants of
the little band and of bringing to the savages the
blessings and truths of the Gospel. The company
was divided into two brunches?the London and
the Plymouth : and under tbe first our adventurer
sailed. The Council that ruled the Colony was
appointed bv the King: and on the departure ol
the fleet the instructions for the Council had been
sealed in a box which was not to be opened til!
their arrival: so that no one among them knew
who of them all was invested with the slightest
authority. Still the frank and manly character of
Smith marked him out as the man born to com?
mand : and even the villains around him felt a re
spect for him. because they knew that in times of
difficulty and danger he was fitted for supremacy.
Still he h?d many enemies among his compan
ions?for although his honor and uprightness had
received the respect of the good, he bad never
stooped to " win golden opinions from all sorts of
men.'' Winfield, on the voyage, accused him of
an intent to murder the members of the Council,
seize the government and on his arrival in Vir?
ginia proclaim himself King. Fear is apt to
make foolish charges ; and never was one more
groundless than this: for Smith never in all his
life thought it tcorlh his while to murder such
creatures as those among whom he was thrown.
On the 2Uth of April, ltj(J7, his tleet sailed up
the James River 40 miles, and on the 3(Jlh of May
he laid the foundation of Jamestown?the oldest
English town on this Continent. Since then 235
years have rolled away, and there is only left of
Jamestown the ruins of its church and the tomb?
stones around its base. But Jamestown is not for?
gotten! When they landed the box was opened
and Smith was found to be named as a member
of the Council. But he was excluded and Win?
field chosen in his place, for reasons setfucth in an
oration mr.de before the people. His active dis?
position, however, was not gone nnd he set off
upon a tour to explore the river. At the end of
six days he had cultivated an acquaintance with
the savages and held an interview with Powbatan.
When the vessels were about to return home
it was determined by the Council to send Smith
to England for a reprimand?thus assuming his
guilt without a trial. But Smith demanded a trial
on the spot; and he was triumphantly acquitted
and the Council put to shame. Winfield was fined
?200, which was paid to Smith ; but he scorned
to receive it, paid it into tbe treasury, and took
his sea: in the Council. Scarcely had the ships
departed when famine and death overtook the
colony left behind. In the midst of ail this misery
Winfield, by embezzling the public stores, escaped
the famine, and when the suffering was at its hicht
he formed a plan to steal the bark and escape to
England. But Smith detected his plot and foiled
it at once. Radciiff was elected President?
though Smith was in fact the ruling spirit of the
colony. Just at the moment when starvation
seemed inevitable the Indians came in and sup?
plied them with all they wanted. This event, so
sudden and unexpected, filled Smith with aston?
ishment, and was always acknowledged by him as
Adverting to the religious character of Smith,
Dr. Hawks said that in all his writings be gave
evidence of a decidedly Christian character, and
his actions confirmed the fact. He succeeded in
entirely suppressing in the colony tbe vulgar sin of
profanity; and the day was always commenced
with acts of public devotion. In all the duties of
religion Smith was must exemplary ; and his char?
acter is so far removed from all suspicion of insin?
cerity that Dr. H. said he conld not help entertain?
ing the convictien, produced by his writings, that
be had conscientiously become a Christian. Upon
this point he wished to insist, because Smith's
biographers hare neglected it; and also because
tbe conviction seems to have become too general
that all the visible religion of the early settlers of
the countrv was found with those who landed upon
the barren rocks of New-England. This, he said,
was not so; for the colony of Virginia enrolled
amon.T it3 members many men of ardent and de
voted'piety. Both had prothgates among them,
and both were blessed with those of the highest
Christian characters. And it was worthy of re?
mark that the first duel that ever occurred en this
continent was fought in New-England within a
%ear after the Pilgrims landed upon the Plymouth
Smith commenced the work of budding Jams -
town. He provided for all comfortable shelter,
and it was in perfect keeping with the gene?
rosity of his heart, that, though he built a habita?
tion "for every other man in the colony, he made
none for himself. Provisions becoming scarce he
went out among the Indians?-with whose language
even he was entirely unacquainted. But he came
back loaded with corn. Again he foiled a scheme
of Winfield and again he procured food from the
savages around them. At leogth he became involved
wirh some of the Indian tribes; and being once at?
tacked by p. great number he for a long time kept
them at bav. but finally sank to his middle in a
morass. He then threw away his weapon and
surrendered. He expected instant death, and yet
stooped not to ask his life. He produced a pock?
et compass, and they gazed at the needle with
wonder and astonishment. But be was bound to
a tree and their arrows aimed at his heart, when
suddenly the chief held up the compass and his
life was spared.
He was brought to the Court of Powhatan. In
all his peril he never for a moment betrayed fear
or lost his self-command. The savages threatened
to burn Jamestown and fer a long time he endeav?
ored to dissuade them from it?but to no purpose.
He finally asked to send a messenger there to which
they assented. He wrote to the peopie there a
full account of the dcsttuction threatened and
asked them to send back some sign by which the
Indians might know he had made a communication
to them. They did so: and the Indians were over?
whelmed with astonishment, declaring that he was
either a prophet or else could ' make paper talk.'
Still he was condemned tu death; and then occur?
red the preservation of his life by the interposition
of Pocahontas. Verily she was a Princess of God's
own making ! He returned to the Colony after an
absence of seven weeks and found two factories
existing, and the stronger of them about to take
the bark and sail for England He rescued it from
them and then a conspiracy was formed against his
life; but he speedily had the conspirators in irons.
Ail the colony feared him?and the Indians feared
him even more than the colonists. Jamestown was
burned : the energy of Smith rebuilt it. The In?
dians committed robberiesupon the colonists ; they
ceased when he took them in hand and adminis?
tered the wholesome discipline of the whip.
Still he determined to explore the Chesapeake:
and with a company of thirteen men set out on
the 2nd of June from Jamestown and returned on
the 3d of July. He was then chosen President of
the Colony?but soon set out again with twelve
men, and uu the 3d of September returned again
after a voyage of 3000 miles, making a map of the
countrv he had explored, which has never since
been surpassed for its accuracy. On his return he
was formally inducted into the oftice of President,
and the Colony became orderly and prosperous.
The English Council soon sent out a ship with
seventy more colonists and an order that they
should not return until they had done three things
?two of which were impossible: I. to discover
the South Sea: 2. to bring back a lump ot
gold : and 3. to bring one of the lost company who
hud gone out with Reliegh in 1537?only 19 years
before ! The manly sense of Smith was roused at
these exhibitions of folly: and he treated with per?
fect contempt the idea of accomplishing either of
the three matters enjoined upon him.
Dr. H. related severu! anecdotes of Smith's
adventures with the Indian tribes, wun some of
whom he became involved in war. On one occa?
sion he ventured out among the Pamunkey Indians
and was induced to visit the hut of the chief,?
under pretence of friendship, and promises of a
supply of corn. When they had arrived within,
the house was surrounded by some two hundred
Indian bowmen. Smith wns not one wbit dis?
mayed at the prospent of almost certain death:
but marching boldly up to the chief, he told him
that he perfectly understood his treacherous pur?
pose, and that he defied him and all his men.
Drawing a pistol from his belt, he twined one
hand in the locks of his savage foe and presented
the pistwl to his breast with the other. He then
led him forth before them all, and dared the whole
Pamunkey tribe to discharge u single arrow at him.
He told them he perfectly knew their intent and
would take bloody vengeace on them if they dated
to injure a hair of his head. "And now,', said
he. "ye Pamunkies, there lies my ship: you have
promised to load it with corn ; if you do not do il
within two hours, I 'II load it with your dead car
cases! " The bows of the Indians were laid
aside, the ship was loaded, and Smith set sail for
The Company, having obtained a new charter,
Lord Delaware was appointed President,and a large
fleet was out ; but only seven vessels arrived at
Jamestown. Those in which the new officers of
the colony embarked were wrecked upon the pus
snge ; and on the arrival of the remainder a scene
of great disorder was presented. It was known
that Smith had been suspended, but his succes?
sors were not there, and. though he still properly
continued in office, they refused to obey him. At
length misrule threatened the destruction of the
colony; the more sober portion entreated Smith
to assume the control of their aftairs, and he ac?
cordingly resumed command.
Smith soon resolved to leave Virginia, and in
the autumn of lf)09 be bade her farewell forever,
and at the age of 30 took his last look of the
colony for which he had toiled so faithfully?the
first permanently planted on the shores of America.
Let his name he held in honorable momory ; for
John Smith was a nobleman of Heaven's own
The above sketch presents barely the outlines of
this veiy interesting discourse, which was heard
with marked pleasure by a very fashionable and
Mechanics' Institute Lectures.?Mr. Laugdon Hunie
lectures this evening, ou * Tbe Romance of Chemistry.'
IZT As the weather for overshoes is fairly upon us, we
would remind those not already provided of the establish?
ment ?f H. D. Day, Maiden Lane, where every description
of India Kubber goods can be oblaiced at the most mode,
rate prices. (See Advertisement)
D" Tbe plan of a Dry Dock for the Navy is now under
consideration at Washington. To those who have seen the
complete success of the Floating Dock at ihe foot of Rut
gervstretrt, and are aware of its great advantages over any
other plan, it would hardly seem possible that there was
any room for doubt on this subject. The Navy Depart?
ment would certainly act unwisely to go on with the old
*\stem of a Stoae dock, when the new plan is regarded by
so many ef the best judges as far better, as it is well known
to be much cheaper, and can be fitted for use in much less
time. At any rate, as an auxiliary at the Navy Yard it will
be invaluable. At present we want something economical,
efficient, expedient and adapted to the immediate demand
of the Naval service at this station. We are satisfied that a
tloat.ag dock is die thing for the present age.
JOT The Whig Almanac and United States Registsr for
1843, for sale at this office. Single copi?s 12J cents, $1 per
dozen, $7 per 100.
Geology and Revelation.
Mtssrs. Editors : As one desirous of the dissemination of
knowledge and truth, it would give me pleasure to have
you auend two or three Lectures to be delivered by the
Rev. Dr. Barret, at the Lyc? um of Natural History. Broad?
way, commencia? on Sunday evening next, and in which
you will find tbe subjects of Geology, Science and Religion
bf autifully blended, and that exciting subject at die present
lime?the Destruction of the World?bandied in a most mas?
terly manner, overpowering, as I conceive, all the enthusi?
astic datnaeo thai Is dealt out by a race of blind aealots
devoted to die cause of ignorance and error m the present
day. Yours, truly, An Admire* or Truth.
LS3 No mail South of Philadelphia this rnotning.
Nieholna Biddle, Ac.
Correspondence oi" The Triboae.
Philadelphia. December 1,1342,
In my letter of yesterday I premised to ray a word or two
tnreluioo to the letters lately pat forth by .Mr. Nicholas
Biddlr. reviewing oar State Debt, the oiaaser in which It
originated and the resources that can be employed toward
its liquidation. It may be hardly necessary to observe, that
like all ether productions ofthat gentleman, the letters are
models of vigorous ami polished writing, fall of sririt, en
eryy and perspicuity in the arrangement of facts and argij.
menls. The Ioqairer ef ibis morning contains No. 4 ot the
series, which is mainly devoted to a consideration of the
means wh-rebyoar annual expenditures can be redoced -
showing figuratively that ibe yearly expenses of lae Stale
Administration, in certaio items, may be reduced froaj
$317.000 to a little less than $300 CoO, a neu saving of $500,.
000 per annum.
It is not ray purpose :o examine die accuracy of tha
statement, for Mr. B. would scarcely be guilty of such gross
negligence as to commit errors in figures dial a sebool-bey
could detect; and. moreover, Mr. B. his seldom erred in
tbe use of bis multiplication tabie, although it mast be con.
fessed he has not exhibited equal correctness in those branch,
es of Arithmetic compreheuoicg ij?6rroctien and division.?
The inquiry is, what object has Mr. BiduL- iu view io thus
emerging from tbe delicious retirement arfcrued at Andalu?
sia, againM engage in the strife of political economists and
financiers' In his opening letter.be slates that be is not
the owner of a single dollar of State Scrip, and tkat, there?
fore, but design is not the result of pecuniary promptings,
but in oheoieuce to "the duty which every citizen, no* ever
humble, owes the State when in difficulty,'' be proffers bis
assistance and experience.
Now, no one knows Mr. Nicholas Biddle, and at the same
lime is ignorant of the inordinate and reides* ambition
which has given rise lo ?0 many glorious bubbles; mil nc
one can be ignorant that, however, deficient 10 jadgemtot,
his mind is one of no ordinary cast, but capab.e
ing va?t and comprehensive projects. To an unlimited con.
ridence 111 Iii? own abilities and a firm reliance upon His own
resources, he unites a strength of nerve and intrepidity of
purpose no opposition can subdue ; and, whether the con?
certed forces of the General Government, marshaled by
the veteran ot New-Orleans, or the stockholders of his
mine 1 Bank who relied on his judgement and submitted to
his dictation, are ihe assailing powers, he slants undaunt
e l. fearless, and foremost iu the struggle, with the smile of
complacency playing upon his handsome countenance,eve tt
while standing amid the wreck and survey tug the ruias hi
ow u measures have accomplished. s
Whether his object be simply the restoration of the State
credit, in order to profit by the consequent ri?e in her
slocks that would ensue ; or to direct attention from the
disastrous issues of his improvident administration of the
aff.iirs of the ' Dead Monster;' or, as i? the most probable
supposition, he designs to effect some startling; political
move, lo which these letters are the prelude, his underta?
king is eminently characteristic of that boldness which even
extorts the admiration of prejudiced and host.le minds.
His letters are regarded more as curiosities than as valuable
aids; and people manifest more anxiety to learn what he
will say of himselfand his past affairs, li.an of the remedies
he proposes for the rebel of tine State. This is natural.
Having lost confidence in bis judgement, they attacu but
little Importance 10 ibe abili?e? winch can support a dozen
different theories at will, with equal ease U> himsalf.
That Nicholas Biddle intend* lo suffer himself to be laid
upon the ?belf, or to pass tbe remainder of bis 1 ife in inglo?
rious obscurity, though his enemies were ten limes more
numerous, 1 for one very much doubt; nor that certain
consultations held with Mr. Webster (wb? probably
thought he could at least "go there") and the Princes of
die White House were for nolWing, will an ? one acqaainted
wiib him for an instant believe t
The trial of Alexander still excites much attention, and
will probably be tke absorbing topic of conversational Iu"
quiry up to the finding of a verdict.
December appears to us this moraiog in her while man*
tie, while her approach is mhered in by the merry aecom.
paniment ot ihe sleigh-bells. A continuation ot ibis weather
for a day or two longer will close our River. Some af our
boats have stopped running in con?equence of the accumu?
lation of ice. Our ice-hotues are being fi led rapidly, their
owners not forgetting the pranks played by grim winter
the last season.
A rnee?ng of our citizens interested in French spoliations
prior to 1800, those just and long deferred claims, is called
for to-night, but, as I fpar, with little prospect of accom?
plishing tbeir deserving objecL No change to note in stocks
Yours. _ _ CRITO,
Another Steamboat l9i?a*ter.
?nA f.lU.vi.5uM,i? tKo Detroit Dai?
Alleujn, Nov. it?, IE42.
Mr- Bates,? Dear Sir,?Ihe ship Milwaukie
came ashore yesterday morning about two o'clock,
two miles north of the mouth of the hlalamazoo.
I hero were of officers and crew fifteen persons on
board, of whom but six are saved. Among the
lost are all th?J ofiicers, the cook, and two hoys. I
have not learned the names of any except the
Captain ( Wetmore.) Her freight was mostly Hour,
of which she had nearly a full load. Report lays
she took on board .'300 barrels at St. Joseph.
She came to Kaiamazoo Wednesday nftereoon.
Dnring lhac night and Thursday afternoon, she took
900 barrels of flour. She had just finished load?
ing, when the windcommenced blowing hard from
the south-west. The Captain attempted to get
under weigh, but could not. Before dark it blew
a giile und was accompanied with sntiw. The night
was a very cold one. About 9 o'clock, she com?
menced drifting towards shore, and struck at 2
o'clock the next morning.
The captain, first mate, and the cook, the two
hoys and two sailors perished of cold upon the
ship after she struck. She lay about four rods
from the shore.
The second mate and seven sailors left the ship
and swam for the nhore?in the attempt one of the
sailors was drowned. The six remaining sailors
made their way lo a house two miles distant. They
left the ship about 9 o'clock iu the morning.
The snow fell so fast that ic could not be ascer?
tained from the shore whether the ship was at an?
chor or not. She is said to be broken in the mid?
dle. The cargo will probably be saved, in a dam?
aged state. Truly yours, A. L. Et.r.
N. B.?She lay LJ miles oat, while loading.
KJ* The Treasurer of Now Jersey, Mr. South?
ard, has received from the Federal Government
the dividend of tho sales of the public domain for
the six months ending in June last, amounting to
$13,000 42. The proceeds of the sales from
June to August 30th, when the distribution was
suspended hy a clause in the new tariff bill, will
be divided in January. The share in this sale
will probably not exceed three or four thousand
dollars. [Newark Daily Adv.
Fatal Casualty.?On Saturday morning, the
19th Nov., Mr. Joseph Hobson, of Nashville, of
the firm of Hobson & Jones, who, with three or
four other young men was out hunting, was acci?
dentally killed by the discharge of his own gun.
Bible Anniversary.?On the 24th ult. the
anniversary of the Jersey City Bible Society was
held in the Methodist Episcopal Church in that
place. T. Edwards, Esq., presided. The meet?
ing was addressed by the Rev. Mr. Goddard, of
the Protes'ant Episcopal Church of Brooklyn;
Samuel A. Foot, Esq., of New-York, and the Rev.
Messrs. Brigham and Janes, Secretaries ef tb?
American Bible Society.
Mail to Texas.?Several papers forwardid
to a person in Galveston, by way of New Or?
leans, have been returned from New Orleans for
want of payment of postage. This notice maybe
of use to those who have occasion to coramunt*
cate mail with Texas. [Boston Adv.
[CF* Tho Grand Jury of Delaware County yes?
terday presented the Hon. Thomas F. Marshall,
for fighting a duel. Colonel Webb escaped the
like notice, by reason of his having occupied*
position on the other side ef the lin? of the Stttfr
during the fight. [O. S. Gazette.
O" A very valuable Private Library is to be sold by
Bangs, Richards it Platt this evening, at their sales room la
Broadway. It embraces many rare works, CUssicali ff**
torical and1 Poetical; and a large collection of very start*
and valuable Catholic Books. The sale i? worthy of ?
IT Powerful novelties nt Uie New-York Museum. Si?
nor Blitz and a host of other attractions, Picture vxaiwrj.
4tc.?all for one shilling.
O* Decidedly the roast entertaining performances inj**
city are to be seen at the New-York Museum- ?
Blitz and a host of other attractions?Mermaid, Alba?**?"
?all for one shilling.