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TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20.
__P J-CK Hurrow, ??tomplete, f >r only 57^ cents, may be
bad at this office This Morning, at 10 o'clock. A discount
to Agents. ????_? _
We publish upoR the firs?- page further particu?
lar? of the mutiny on board the U. S. brig-of-war
Soraers, which, since it was finit made known, ban
been the aimait universal theme of conversation in
From Orb account, which beyond all doubt is in
the main correct, some conception may be formed
of the black horrors prevented by the prompt,
efficient, and, every intelligent man must add, hu?
mane action of Commander Mackenzie. In look?
ing at the transaction we trust regard will not be
had meicly to the wretches who suffered death
for their crime?, but that others than the criminals
will .'?-ceive some sympathy and attention. There
??ems to be a very prevalent feeling just now to
shed profuse and most pitying tears over the fate
of every incarnate devil who suffers at the hand of
Justice, and its minister the Law, for his black
and damning guilt; and it is with the greatest dif?
ficulty that the slightest consideration can be se?
cured to the rights of Society, the security of life
or the wrongs of those who have fallen victims v>
the spirit which destroys both. In thia case we
hope to see none of this mock philanthropy, which
can only be indulged at the cost of justice and
which is as contrary to every true feeling of be?
nevolence and humanity as it. is to reason and
oornmon sense. The mind shudders at the thought
of the unutterable horrors which would have fol?
lowed the success of thia daring and desperate at
"*sL tempt. The Somera is the swiftest vessel in the
service, was fully manned and equipped and capa?
ble of the greatest efficacy in any belligerent cause.
Suppose this vessel had beer, converted into a Pi?
rate Ship, sailing under the black flag which de
_ounces war and death to the whole world, undei
the command of so desperate and determined a
ruffian as Spencer, and acting in conjunction with
, a confederate of similar character. Who can tell
how many of our packet-ships would have faller.
victims to her prowess?how many hundred* o
worthy men would have been murdered in coiri
bleoa?how many women would have been devoted
to a fate infinitely more horrible than the most
cruel death that the hellish ingenuity of devils
could devise, and what inconceivable horrors vroulri
have made the thought of an ocean voyage a dread
and terror to the heart of all the world ! The?<
atrecities, and not merely the suffering of the vil?
lains who Intended to perpetrate them nil, should
be taken into the account ; and we see not how ii
is possible, in this view of the case, for a single
instant to entertain other feelings than those ef un?
qualified admiration and of profound gratitude for
the decision and the firmness by which they were
all prevented. It seems to us most evident that
an attempt to bring in these men in irons would
have been the higbt of madness. A bold, desper?
ate mutiny had been detected; but how extensive?
ly the craw were implicated in it was unknown,
though there was reason to believe that a great
number of ihem were sworn to effect its consum?
mation. Would not the presence on board of the
ring-leaders, in irons and under guard, have acted
as a constant stimulant to these men to effect theii
rescue and accomplish their piratical design ? Up?
on their arrival in port their execution would have
been certain, for death is the punishment for evei
a concealed cognizance of intended mutiny. Who
then could bave justified Com. Maekenzie for put?
ting in peril the lives of thousands of men, women
and children, the interests of navigation, and tbr
safety of the commerce of the world?merely oui
of dsference to the form of law by which thes<
three men were doomed to suffer death7
We agreo with the Courier that Congress should
adopt some measures to signify, in a marked and
emphatic manner, their sense of the gallant and
most praiseworthy conduct of the Commander o
the Somcrs and the Officers and Seamen who re?
mained faithful to his command. Immediately
upon the discovery of the Mutiny the Sergeant o
Marines, who had been upon the sick list and un?
able to serve, left the list and performed duty wit)
alacrity until his arrival in port?when he was con
veyed to the Hospitnl?dangerously ill ; and all
the officers and seamen behaved in the most lo\?'
and exemplary manner. To Mr. Wales, in par?
ticular, through whom the box rid plot was first dis?
covered, the highest praise is due. The Couriei
ndde that " Capt. Mackenzie accompanied by a!,
his officers and crew, attended Divine service or
Sunday at Brooklyn, to return thanks to an all?
wise Providence for the it escape from the danger?
to which they have been exposed.,?
Alabama.?The Legislature of Alabama mei
at Tuscaloesa on the 5th inst. Hon. Nat. Terry
was re-elected President of the Senate and John
Erwin, Esq., of Greene county, wan choser
Speaker of th?' House. The Message of Gov?
ernor FiTZPATRiCK is quite long and is almos'
entirely occupied in ihn discussion of State affair*
The Revision of the Statutes has been completed.
The condition of the State Banks engagea a goo.i
part of the Governor's attention. He recommend*
the winding up of the Mobile Branch and the re?
duction of the capital of all the State Banks. He
r-commtmds also modifications in the proceedings
of the Courts of Law, economy in all public ex
penditures, and the division of the State into Con?
gressional Districts?though thii he urges, as lie
says, "in obedience to the declared wishes of a
majority of the people of the Slate, legally ex?
pressed, and not in pursuance of the unauthorized
mandate of Congre?," against which lie protests
with great warmth. The action of Congress in
establishing the Tariff, he trusts, " will receive, a?
it merits, the most unqualified condemnation of
the General Assembly." He recommends Direct
Taxation, commends the Umveraity of Alabama to
the favor of the Leg sWure, and expresses doubts
of the policy of the law by which owners of slave?
executed for crimes are entitled to recover their
value of the State.
D_T Geo- Bascro?t, Esq., lecture? this evening
at the Tabernacle before the Mercantil?, Librar\
Association. We understand that the Lecture ht*
will deliver was written for this especial oectuon.
'XT lu another column will he seen tbe Constitution *..><!
Laws of the s?ylvania Associ?t'?.-. Tht* persons cng-?^<*<
in this utultriKl. is<*, we are informed, have so eoasti uct?-?
their ay ?em a?; to Weep it entirely free fr. m theTraoscenden
taibni and vagueness in which the ?ys-tern ol Fourier i
supposed to be involved. Tt.? Office of the Aatociaxion i
at ?5 Pine ureet. Andres* T. W. Waitley. Ali letters ma?
XT GcoauE Bahcxott, En?. \?dl lecture at the Tab?
nade to ni?*ht on a subject prepared expressly for the Mer
candle Librar}* A_?o?ia'-dn. We anticipate a rich ioleile?
??jr. Bancroft'* IstXtm*
The purpose of Mr. Bancroft's Lecture befo
the New-York Lyceum last evening at the Ta
ernacle, was to ?how that the leading principl.
which gave birth to the Revolution, namely, pe
sonal freedom of mind and of thought, had begi
to operate with power among some of the natioi
of Europe?though hindered in its developemei
by the abuses and corruptions in which it was e;
veloped. He introduced it by reference to an ii
cident in American History. In 1754, he said,
small regiment found themselves beyond the All?
ghanies m the Great Meadow. Washington ha
managed to throw up good entrenchments, an
had prepared what be called a charming field fc
an encounter. A small party sent out to recoi
noitre returned without finding any enemy. By t??
rales of the wilderness, a party that hides an
skulks is a hostile party ; and at night the arm
became alarmed and remained under arms from
o'clock till sunrise. Next morning it was ai
nounced that about five miles off the trail of th
French had been seen ; and at 9 o'clock an ej
press came in declaring that the French wer
close at hand. Through a storm of rain and a
dark a night as can be conceived, Washingto
with 40 men, marching in single ce-lumn and i
"Jtlence, discovered their lodgement, surroundei
and surprised them. The French sprung- to thei
feet and seized their arms. " Fire ! ' ?aid Wash
ington, using his own musket as he gave the won
?and that command kindled the world into Uames
It was the signal of the first great war of R?volu
tion. There in the Western forest began the cod
test which inflicted on the establishments of thi
middle age fatal wounds through all the continen
of Europe. After a brief action of & quarter o
un hour, Washington achieved the victory, ten o
the French, including the commander, bein*
killed, and 21 made prisoners.
When the tidings crossed the Atlantic, and the
name of Washington was for the firsttime heard ii
the valons *f Paris, it was pronounced by the par
tizans of Catholicism with the deepest execrations
It foreboded to them the loss of a Continent, anc
struck terror to the hearts of the flatterers of Louis
XV,?the panders of royal lust. What aspirant
then, to the favor of the King would have chang?e
places with the despised, the hated, the calumni
ated Washington 7 At the very moment when the
Fieach were weeping over the tomb of iheir Cum
?riander, who had fallen, was born the man win:
A*as one day to stretch out his hands for tlie reliel
>f America, to aid the triumph of American Free
lorn. Huw did futurity then brood over duties and
nonorsfor the youthful Washington, and how man)
hopes clustered around the cradle of the infant
The war which we call the French war, which
m the Continent of Europe is called the Seven
Years' War?was then begun in America, on the
Ohio. Humanity was thea about to organise it
?elf here; it was then to be seen what America
would do for Freedom, for Humanity, for Equal?
ity. The way for it was prepared by the last war
of Protestantism, which, as a European question,
nad been intercalated in the progreso of American
Liberty. The American question was whether
i he Continent should continue to be colonized under
he auspices of Protestant England, with its com
?aiative freedom of mind, or under the influence
>f absolute monarchy and Catholic France. The
A'ar of Protestantism against the Catholic power,
.vhich followed, was one in which was illustrated
tnoie than ?ver before that moral power which
?ways controls events and guides revolutions. In
?ho previous war of '48 principles had been lost
?ight of and tVierefwre it was sterile of results.?
ftie Seven Years' War was a war of parties?o?
Reform against Establishment?, and it was prpg
iant in results. England then sought an alliance
A'ith despotic Russia, and strove to induce the
voters of Ausrria to elect Joseph the Second, King
?f the Romans. Austria sought an alliance with
France and all Europe stood upon the eve of" a rev*
?lution. Under such a consciousness that the Mid
lie Age with all its abuses was approaching its end,
did the despotic powers come togeiher?feeling
?ure that the dissolution of Legitimacy and Chaicli
-Yuthority was close at hand. For the first time
sine?? the Reformation the three great Catholic
powers, Austria, Spain and France, who had al?
ways been at variance banded themselves together
to arrest the progress of free inquiry. In vain
they led superior numbers to the field. The heroic
?hivalry of the middle age had lost its strength.
In vain vast armies crowded to the field over plun?
dered towns and pillaged cities?for no God ot bat
?les breathed his spiiit in?o their hosts. A wide?
spread suspicion of insincerity ruined the influence
of the priest-crafc ; and Catoo.icism looked for
defeat in its struggle against innovation. From
i ho pulpits of Paris were uttered sighs over the
?'ornis of Christianity and for the last time the ar?
mies of the Catholic world were arrayed against
The Protestants had already waged successful
war ugainst the authority of the Church of Rome,
but now the analysis was made of all existing in?
stitutions. By Luther and Calvin the authority of
he Bible against the Pope and Prelates had been
sstabiished ; and now the appeal was to be made
to rwason alone. The spirit of doubt was diffused
throughout Europe. Old institutions were doomed
to fall l?eforegigantic Skepticism. But skepticism
was no result m which humanity could repose.?
Philosophy hail declared for Humanity what Cal?
vin had for the Elect, its tendency to perfection.
But skepticism differed as widely from Freedom
as from a creative power ; and though the peace
nf 1763 placed the right of private judgement be?
yond danger of being impugned, no one in Europe
liad yet applied the principle to the affairs of na?
tions, and ffeen that all national authority must rest
on the will of the governed.
In the Northern Protestant Monarchies there
??pi'ting up a disposition for free inquiry. Prussia?
.he disciple of Luther, the child of the Reforma?
tion and essentially plebeian?offered a home to
Voltaire and an asylum to Rousseau. She inspired
Lessing to be an apostle of free inquiry, and to open
'he widest views with tegard to the education ot
die race. She gave up fier youth to be taught phi
?osoph** by Enianuel Kant, a philosopher, in power
of analysis [and universality, inferior to mne
?ince the days of Arist-tle. Germany and all Eu
iope hailed the peace of 1763 asa victory of Free
lom of Mind. In an age of gigantic skepticism
Frederick ths G.eac, ever bold and resolute, set
nis foot upon the neck of privilege, and in every
question of public law held the well-being of the
?tate to be the paramoont rule. He dsclaredpven
justice to the humblest even against the highest,
and projected a code of equal laws.of which the
glory of die conception belongs alone to him whiie
its faults must be chaiged to the lawyers of bis
time whose genius was inferior to his design.
His ear was ever open to the prayer of the poor:
and as in war he stood by the side of the Common
soldier, so in peace, the meanest peasant who
Kti??cke??at his palace was sure to find a welcome
audience. A3 a man. he loved the lineage of he?
roes ; but as a monarch, he said. ' I love the line?
age of heroes, but I love merit more.' ' Pat- nts
of nobility, said he, ' ?re but phantoms ; true worth
u wuhtn. And to hi, brother and his heir he de
? relthate&11 m?n Were cfaildrea of one father,
&?f",,M,f' '*** >'ou stand above
1 ?v! tV, *' aDd V1UUe' His -"flexible wi?i
! Kj&'f ?"?*??- - ?* character
i i r } ol violence to the means he em
. i& ssa* ?_*_r?'5?
. Ju??t??"nient. lhus he prepartd fur
his successor a str?m? and-oow??rfn' ? SIJl
??i -, ,, & **"" poweriui eavernment.*?
. b?eptica; as tooid establimViTT???.. ? V
? .1 , . ':aoa*??ments, he yet distrust?
ed the people ; rejectmg Athoi.m ?, ? absurdity,
he yet never attained severity of conviction : satir?
izing the hereditary right of kings, be yet doubted
th? capacity of the multitude ; questioning the
past, he knew not how to reform it; doubting
philosophy and religion, he appears the collossai
genius of skepticism.
How truly the mind of Europe had embraced
freedom of i-quiry may bo seen from the fact, that
Russia recognized the principle of intellectual
freedom. A new light had pierced the Russian
nation ; and the Empress blended favor for the new
philosophy with the magnificence of Asiatic despot?
ism. That this period marks the moment when
free inquiry began to be acknowedged appears from
the fact that, in 1764, Germany, the creature of
the middle age, elected as successor to to the im?
perial crown one who strove to bring the pride of
prelates down to the simplicity of plebeian apos?
tles?to raise serfs to an equality with nobles be?
fore the law, and to give to the outcast Jew the
privileges of Humanity. This again became ap?
parent in Spain, which had at her head the feeble
though honest-hearted Charles III., into whose
Cabinut, superstitious as he was, the new idea*,
found entrance, who restrained the ferocity of the
Inquisition and extinguished ira fires, and exiled
from the land of Loyola the Society of Jesuit? he
had founded, and confiscated their estates. To
battie the Protestants the Society of Jesus was es?
tablished ; and now from oae Catholic kingdom
after another the Jesuits were expelled, till at last,
for internal reasons, the Roman See itself capitu?
lated to the spirit of the age. The Society of Je?
sus was abolished, and the fugitives sought ?heiter
from Catholic persecutior
But nowhere was the triumph of Skepticism so
manifest as in France. It there was infused into
every department of Literature and ?Science ; and,
though not yet commenced, the Revolution, hushed
in grim repose, awaited its evening prey. Au?
thority fiad grown so weak as only to provoke
licentioasness of opinion. Descartes had intro?
duced, and Leibnitz and Malebranche had exer?
cised, the spirit of free inquiry; and while the
Protestants plead the Bible as authority, Descar?
tes, at one bound, reached the principle of the
freedom of the individual. Once advanced, it was
speedily applied to analyze all the constitutions of
the past. Free thought became the mistress of
the world, and every body in the saloris of Paris
pretended to be a philosopher. Ail were agair.st
the Church, and many attacked Christianity itself.
Some even opposed all religion, and prepared for
the ruin of all social order by denying the validity
of existing institutions, and the reality of those
great principles of morality on which all society
rnu-it be based.
On the one side was Voltaire, the Prince of
Scofivrs in an age of Skepticism. His power per?
vaded all Europe. He excelled in seizing the ex?
pression of Society. He was the spoiled child of
Society?the glass ia which the brilliant but
licentious aristocracy of the day reflected itself.?
He sunned himself in the light of Society and daz?
zled it by concentrating its rays. He was its idol,
and he loved its idolatry. Far from liking the ex?
isting authority, he was willing to forget the mass
and remain content if the Government would only
favor men ef letters. He scofl-d at the Church
but courted her priests. He had high notions of
?he power of letters but saw not the essential
power of truth. With all his professions he 3erv*ed
neither the Sorbonne nor the People. Abhorring
the cruelty of Superstition he never saw the footsteps
.?f Providence along the line of the Centuries. In Po?
litics he sought to be the counsellor of the Estab?
lished foim. In Morals ho raised profound ego?
tism to the dignity of a theory and made the su?
preme love of self the foundation of ull morality.
Montesquieu, on the other hand, discovered
the title-deeds of Humanity lying buried among
the rubbish of Privileges and Charters. His was
\ generous nature, discarding alike Epicurism
*nd Skepticism. He demanded freedom for all
opinions, and was tolerant toward and quick t??
la'horn principles of civil and political liberty.?
He saw, with exulting hope, a great nation of
An?lo-Saxo!i8 springing up in the forests of Amer?
ica ; and such was the life of his thought, so ob?
servant was he of all the laws on which society
reposes, that all Europe rose up to welcome th?
great work which swayed the mind alike upon the
New-England coast and the banks of the Potomac,
for it was the favorite study of James Otis and 01
Jean ?lacques Rousseau soon made his voice
heard from the Republic of Geneva. He found
that he couid no longer flatter the great for a re?
turn of favors. Shallow and inconsiderate, he
?et possessed an infinite feeling of humanity;
tossed from faith to faith, by the light that Cal?
vin had kindled, he read the death signal to the
past establishment, and in tones of sadness but
not despair, clinging to faith in man's nature and
noldiog an infinite trust in God, he breathed out th?
spirit of revolution in words of flame and awa?
kened a!i Europe, by his voice. Voltaire led the
cry against him, that he was setting the poor
against the rich ; but without learning and with
no profound philosophy, he spoke out the secret
that the ancient institutions of Europe were struck
?vith the hand of death, and that if there was life
in the world, it was the masses alone that lived.
In France the monarchy and hierarchy stood
like isolated columns from jwbich the building
has crumbled away- The publie rnind had en?
larged the sphere ot action and the Court had be?
come narrow and contracted. The treasury of
France was exhuusted and yet her extravagance
was on the increase. The Monarch was buried
in voluptuousness and his ministers were weak,
ephemeral creatures, who brought into the cabinet
their petiy quarrels and selfishness. While the
Church, by the mouth ef Massillon, declared that
the King should be elected by the people, Louis
at the same time assumed power mere despotic
ihan before. His mistress, Pompadour, was ca?
ressed in public and conrted by the great, and at
her death he chose her successor from a house of
public infamy, gave her a noble for a husband an??
introduced her into the highest circles of his court
?insulting all that was sacred and decent in *?o
ciety and religion. Thus did licentiousness pre?
pare the grave for monarchy ; and France stood
read*, to attend its funeral?the dead to bury their
Rousseau published to the world that the right
of sovereignty belongs to the people?a truth
which, once pronounced, never could be hushed.
But Rousseau lost sight of the great principle ef
the age, the right to personal freedom of the indi?
vidual. The forgetfuluess of this caused all the
bloodshed of the Revolution. Swedenborg, Hume
;md Voitaire all predicted the Revolution, the lat?
ter in a letter to D'Alembert, though little did he
:t.i;:k that he should live to welcome the American
Embassudor, a Boston mechanic, to the Parisian
But society always advances towards its end,
and humanity, like the tree of the tropics, is never
without i's biossoms. In tae West, a new move?
ment was in progress. In Europe, not a single
writer had reached the idea of a Government of
the People. There it was the literary men, the
aristocracy, that upheld the frredom of the mind.
In America, it pervaded the mass of the People?
it was sheltered in their convictions, and expressed
:n th??ir Iawr.- It existed as faith in truth, and
therefore it had power to create States.
In Europe, the remains of an old tradition led
the p?ople to believe that in the regions of the
West was a fountain, whence gush*?d water that
had power to renew the youth of man, and bring
back the freshness of his early life. And the ira
aition ??poke the truth. There was such a foun?
tain, but the life it renewed was the life of Hu?
manity, not of the individual. The youth restored
was the youth of Society not of any single mem?
ber of it.
." O Freedom ! thon an cot as Poet's dreaHi,
A lair young girl, with light asc delic.le lioihs,
Ao?l wavy tre-??es _ usbing from the cap
With uhicb the ft. nun master crow iied hissiave,
When tie look, off the gyve*. A bearde-J man,
Armed to tbt teeih, art thoo : one mailed baud
??t.?p. t_e broa.i shield aii.i one the iword : thy
S?*?? In beauty Uioagh it be, i*. scarred
v? lib tokens of old nun. thy massive luubs
-ve nroi.g with straggling-. Power at thee has launched
Hii bolts, and with bis l?E-1-tnir.gs nnitten thee -.
Thevcoald not quench the life ihou bast :rom Heave
Merciless Power bas dajr thy dunifwns deep,
And his swart armorer??, by a thousand fires,
Have forced tby chain : yet while he de*__ thee boot
The links are >hiv?red, and the pri?on walls
Fall outward : terribly thou springest forth,
As springs the ?ame *_?ove a hurnin? pile,
And shontest to .he nations, who retnrn
Thy shoutings? while the pale oppr?*ssor fiie*
As th??*, m o no en tous contest of Liberty drew ne
the whole world was hi_h?_i in tranqaility as
to hear the first sigh of the coming biast. T]
arms ef Russia were ?tay?_lin their encroaehmen
on the Ottoman ; Spain, France and Portugal we
dumb with tranquil expectation. In the Easte:
Seas the waves were calm ; the tempest that ht
wrecked E*r?"pt subsided as if the voice o? Heav.
had lulled iti latest surge. Peace reigned throug
out the globe?and every nation stood on tiptoe '
gaze upon the issue?to see if the men who wei
to America for room to say their prayers would b
come insurgent for a principle and go to war for a
Attempted Mcrder and, attempted Sc
ctDE.?Un Friday morning, about 3 o'clock,
Mrs. Lynch, the wife of a weaver, residing i
Black Horse Alley, at Philadelphia, made an a
tempt, while in bed. to cut her husband's throa
He escaped and ran down stairs, when she mad
an attempt upon her own life by inflicting a seveT
gash across the neck, nearly severing the winr
pipe. She was conveyed to the Alms-Hous?
where she lies in a dangerous state. Jealousy i
said to be the cause of the acts.
Mr. CltHOUK.?The Legislature of South Care
lina on the 13th inst.. voted to accept the resigns
tion of Mr. Calhoun as L*. S. Senator, and on th
15th to proceed to the election of his successor.
K?fThis evening Mr. Mooney reaches, in hi
fifth Lecture, a lubject which has been the them
of much inquiry with the Historian, and is full c
deep interest to the Christian?the Mission of Si
Patrick. This lecture will also embrace a reviet
of the state o\ Letters and Science in Ireland be
fore his coming?a subject of great importance i
its action upon the results of his labors. See ad
French Language.?We would refer person
who wish to study this language to the advertise
ment of a teacher who has employed Manesca'
system with great success.
Severe Dispensation_Abraham A. Keyset
Esq. of the Schenectady Reflector, in the shor
space of eleven days lost all his children, four ii
number, between the ages of three and eleven years
by that dreadful scourge the scarlet fever.
[_r Dorr has addressed a letter to a gentlemai
in Providence, recommending his friends in Rhod
Island to register their names to vote under th
Constitution just adopted by the legal party. H
says he is about to issue an extanded Address t
the People of Rhode Island.
(XF Mr. Edward H. Macy, formerly of Hud
son, and son of Selh G. Macy, Esq., ?was instant
ly killed on the 2?2d ultimo, near Battle Creek
Michigan, by being thrown from his sleigh again?
the fence. Mrs. Mary was in company with he
husband, but escaped without injury.
KJ3 The steamers Missouri and Sam Dale cam
in collision on the Mississippi, a few miles abov
New-Orleans, on the 9th. The Dale was sunk
and the Missouri was considerably injured. N>
lives were lost and a good share of the cargo wil
?_P A man named Schmid has been tried am
found guilty of fighting a duel in St. Martinsville
La. The Judge fined him $50 and costs?declar
ing that for a second offence he should enforce th<
rigor of the law.
[CP A man named Williamson, near Jeffsrsor
Barrack?, Mo. was shot at on the 8th instant ar.c
wounded in the face, but not killed. Little hope
however, is entertained of his recover}'.
Four Persons Burned.?A most calamitou?
tire occurred near Croyle's Mills, Cambria couaty
on the night of the lit inst. The buiMing destroyer
was a small two story frame dwelling, occupied b\
an old gentleman named Balloe, his wife, son 8nd
two grand children. Mr. Balloe and wife and th<
grand children slept on the ground floor, at.d the
son up stairs. The son we believe is a young mar
of 16 or IS years of age?he was awakened In
i he flames bursting into his room. Ail escape b\
the stairs being cut otT, he jumped from the win?
dow, and immediately attempted to force the door
below, in order to rescue his parents and the little
ones ; but failing in this, he sprang through the
window into the apartment ?in which ihey slope
(which was already filled with scorching-heat and
smoke,) made one grasp upon the L? d, but his pu
rents were gone?the little ones too had left their
bed?and now, almost overcome with the smoke
and heat, he wa?i forced to fly for his life through
the window he had entered?leaving hi-? parents
and the children to their fata.
When the flames had consumed all and left th?3
building a smouldering heap of ruin??, the crisped
and blackened bodies of the fsur were found.?
They had left their beds before the entrance of the
young man, and sunk down, in all probability, from
suSbcation, in attempting to escape by the door.
From Texas.?By the way of New-Orleans we
have advices from Galveston to the 3d instant,
but the intelligence is scanty. The principal item
is a report from the West that the Texan forces,
about 1,000 strong, commenced their march for
the Rio Grande about the 20th of November. If
was more generally believed, however, that the
soldiers were dispersing, and that nothing of a
military nature would be effected. The crop of
cotton was expected to be very large. President
Houston was at issue with his Congress touching
the Seat of Government, he being for Washington
and many of the legislators for Austin.
A Duel ?A duel whs fought an the G-enrilly
Road, about half a mile below the citv. yesterday,
at 1 o\:lock, P. M. Pistols were the weapons
used, and the distance was ten paces. The par?
ties were Captain Wright and Mr. Brown, and
after shot? were exchanged ??nee, the affair was
compromised.?We understand that the bullet of
the challenged party passed through the hair ef
his adversary's head. [N. O. Tropic.
LevE and Scicide.?A young man named
Simeon C Woodward, aged about 33 vears, of
Easton, Mass , was found by his brother on Thurs?
day afternoon last week, suspended by the neck
from a beam in an old barn, his father's residence,
dead. No inquest was held upon his body, but it
was supposed he put an end to his own existence.
The cause which led him to commit the rash and
foolish act, was discovered to be, from the purport
of a letter found in his trunk, disappointed love.
Narrow Escape.?Seiden C. Warner, mate of
the ship Montreal, of the London line of packets,
laying at the foot of Wall street, and John Ashal!,
cabin boy, were found in their berths early yester?
day morning, nearly suffocated and entirely insen?
sible, caused by inhaling the fumes of charcoal,
which had been placed on board to destroy rats.
XT General Tom Tt-urnb, the greatest dwarf and small?
est man that ever lived, remains fi* e ?lay*- longer at Ui?
American >Iu_nm. All of oar ?rst families are calling on
blm. He It lively, lalkauve and intelligent, and none should
fail to net- him.
XTThe m_t wonderful feat we ever witnessed lock plac*
last night at the New-York _r_ear_. Nellis, the -freal?. ?
cariusiiy *?t the day, born without arms, performs wiih-hii
feet wbat hundreds are caab.- to accsmplt?? with tbeii
bands. He plays, winds up a watch, writes and shaves cnu
of the audune*. Jenkins, ibe ?-ornic sin-er, kc, Diamond
the Ethiopian dancer, Wright, the vocalat, Qaeen Victo?
ria's Dresses, kc all to b. seen for one shilling.
L_wter'?? Diart.?- This Day, D?xrmber 20.
8t;rEaioRCooaT-Nos.l,2,6S? ??, JO? ?8.5?, 23,49,51
"to3?.1 oii P-__AS.-Part 1-No?. 21, 23. 25, 27, ?9,?I, S8, ff
37% totlZitlO o'clock-Nos. 22,24, 30.32 M,S?V?,
" Monday, December 20.
Board of Aldermen.?-Monday, Dec. IS
1342-The mir.ut-s of the last meeting were read and a;
Pbtttioms Piesinted AM) REr_aaKD ;-Ot D. Beldei
for correction of tax ? Corns. R? Di**o~ay, for reducnon :
tax ; John McVicker. for building a floating chapel for se*
men; Wm. G. Ward, for reduction of tax; Fire Ergin
No, 42, for a new engine; Hose Co? No. 7. for a change r
location ; C. Vauderbilt, for pier at foot of Pike-street : E
T. Baldwin, to change the name of Greenwich lane t
Greenwich place ; owners of Houston ilreet and William!
burgh Ferry, for renewal of lease; C. V. S. Rosevelt.lo
redaction of tax ; Richmond Tnrr.pike Co. for leave to pi!
dieir ferry dock ; American Insurance C?. for correction c
tax; Firemen and citizens, for the restoration of Aloot
W eed as a fireman : New-York Fire Department, to hav
Firemen's Hali lighted with gas ; Corns. Bogert, for relie
frcm tax ; Seabury Treadwell, for correction el tax ; Sam!
Pack wood, compensation for hi? building being irjur.'d b;
Wasting rocks: Saml. S. Howlaud, for relief from tax
Henry James, for o rrection ot tax ; M. Reeder, for leav
to lease lot No. 4 Chatham ?treat; Archibald Robertson
for correction of as?essaent ; Engine Co. No. 16, to em
ploy a bell-ringer; J. Arent. for correctiau O? tax ; of ii
citizens, ax-payers, asking restoration of wage? of bell
REroRTs-Oi'tbe Committee of Assewntnts, in tavor ot
reduction ot tax; of Anna Stryker: adopted.
RtPoaTS?Of the Committee on Road?, _c. In laver o
closing part of 15th street :?adopted.
Of the Street Commissioner, in favor of paving part ?
loth street-.?concurred in. In favor of flagging a poruoi
Ol IKh street:?adopt?-*!. In ????r of rec-Uung S7*ii ?t : -
adopted In favor of paying Grarge Galla??b?r for diggin
a well, kC?adopted. In favor of allowing Associate Re
firmed Church in Stl? street leave to erect railing in fron
of said church :?laid on the table. In favor of settling cou
tract with Kdw. Donnelly :?adopted. In favor ot flaggin?
sidewalk in 19th street,-adopted. In favor ol flaggin?
sidewalk in King street :?adopted.
Of the Alderman and Assistant ol the 3d ward, agains
erection of building by Eli Hart on pier near the Jersej
City Ferry :?adopted.
Or Committee on Assessments, adverse to granting reduc
tionoflaxio John H. L. Van Cracken :?Committee di*
charged. Adverse to granting reduction of tax to Wo, M
Tiletsou :?adopted. In favor of relieving Geo. Townseni
trom payment of tax:?adopted. Agaiu?t granting reduc
lion of lax to Jarnos AacUJnclosi:?adopted.
From Dep.ikt.mb.sts.?Communication from the Comp
troller, asking temporary appropriation for 1*43. Referred
From the same, with estimate for appropriation and tai
bill for 1843. Laid on the table.
The quarterly statement of the President oftbeCrotor
Aqueduct Board, of receipts and expenditures, was receive?
and laid on the table.
Papers from the Board of Assistant?.?Report of ill*
Com niiteon Roads, l?c. in favor of alteration of grade o
7ih avenue. Referred.
Report of Committee on Wharves, lr. favor of granting
leave to the Messrs. Brash to extend bulkhead foot o! Clark
t-.n .?treet. Ite.'erred.
Report of Committee on Laws, ?kc. relative'to public wells
pump.?, ?"-c Referred.
Resolution tbat the Superintendent of kteers Ix* author
izeil lo procure covered caris lor collecting ashes, in plact
of those now used. Referred.
Resolved, By Aid. Purdy, That the Market Commitee b?
required lo propose a plan of an alteration into ?tores ant
tenements, all uio?t; paris of the markets unneces-ary oi
uno?cupied ; and, also, ihnt they pui-chase places for th?
erection ot such a number of small markets as will me?
dic wmi? ?it the people, the income deriviug to be paid loi
the lease or purcbasf.'of the ?..rouud. Referred to Marke
Preamble und resolutions, That it be referred to tin
Commitieeon Finance to inquire and report the expediency
of making application to the Legislature for authority ti
levy a Water Tax o I one-fourth oi a cent on the sale of nl
goods, wares and merchandise; al?o, on commission arisiu?
from n?gociations, i.e.?sales ol all foreign exchange?on al
sorts iif erections ol buildings?on snips or vessels?on a:
other manufacturing or mechanical pioduction??on al
salarie?, fees, or peiquisites of all professions, when ll?<
?auit? shall amount lo $700 and upwards, all of which to b?
accounted lor lo the City Treasurer, under oath, on the Isl
July in each year, under certain forfeitures.
And a resolution io penuil In consideralion thereof the
inhabitants la introduce at. tbeir own expense the Crot?n
Water into their respective tenements free of charge. lie?
fet re>i to the Crot?n Acqueduct Board.
That it be referred to die Committee of Public Officers
and ft(*pa;rs to inquire tnto the expediency of removing the
? team engines in Thirteenth si. to the Public Yard. Re?
Tkatitbe referred to the Crot?n Aqueduct Committee
to inquire into ihe cau?e of the breaking up of ihe pave?
ments where the waierp pes are laid. Referred.
That it be referred to the Committee on Markets to in?
quire into the expediency of declarig a portion of the Public
Markets free for all country people bringing ?n produce.?
That the Committee on Roads, ke., be instructed to in?
quire into the expediency of keeping the roads in ord.tr by
contract, f&r a term not exceeding 5 yean?Adopted.
That it be referred to a Special Commute to inquire
whether the duty of lighting ihe ciiy may n?*t be trans:err?-d
to the Watch Department, the lighting of ibe city now
co?tiiig $400,000over and ab.ve the cost of oil, and by
uniting ilit? two Departments in one thereby siving a ron?
sideraUl- sum yearly to the city?Referred to Special Com.
Report of the Committee of Police, ice, on the communi?
cation of the She; itT respecting the bribe in the matter oi
John C. Colt?Laid on the table, and double lac usual
quantity ordered printed.
Unfinished Business. ? Report of the Finance Cowiroit
tpe on petition of Thomas S. Cargill ami others for le-ueol
location for baths at Castle Garden?Referred back to Fi?
Adjourned till Tuesday of next week.
I'ulice Office.? Unprofitable Passengers.
? Francis McGui-e, r.wner and driver of cab No. 151, wa?
employed ?in Saturday evening last, while on his stand**,
ihe corner of Broadway ami'Canal street, by a person nameu
Wm. Valentine to convey him to a porter house in Water
street, and from tneitce lo ?he leot of Slanton street, East
river. Al the porter house he took two friends, and while
on the way to Slat;???] street the driv?:r discovered tbat hi-?
passengCTS had lelt the c-d?, and on his looking into lli<
vehicle, he found that all ihe trimmings, cusbious, curtains,
itc. io lue valu- of $15, had been purloined. Valentine wa?
arrested last evening, but his companions, the name of one
8f whom was RJker, the other unknown, have not yet been
Burglary ano Stealing a Carpet.?A colored man,
named Beojanin Slater, was arrested by officer Sparks, for
having on ?-.e 28t.: October, stolen 3cJ yards curpetin",
wnrth $5 IS from ihe premises of ?Samuel Martin, 159 Grand
Street, which he burglariously entered by means of la.'s
keys. The carpet wa? recovered in Church street, where
the prisoner had leit it, anil was committed to answer.
Steali.nc Valise, _c?Ben'arain Rogers and Peter
Menus were arres.ed and committed for sttaling a valise
and vest from Wiliiaai Hume, corner of Greenwice and
CoR?N'?r's OFFICE.?DEATH FROM D.3EASE
and want or medical attendance.?The Corwner held
an inquest to day at the corner-of 33ih street and Ninih
avenue,on ihe oody of Bridget Gil-n, a native of Ireland,
who had bee? ill for some weeks without medical attend?
ance and died on Sunday morning. Verdict, came to her
death bydisease and want of medical attendance.
Death by Accidental Bi.-r.ning.?The Coroner held an
inquest at the house of Elizab.-tb Bedell, No. 164 Mott-*t.
on the body of her daughter, Susan Ann aged 3 years. Tu.
deceased on Saturday evening was l<*?t alone for a fvw
minutes y her mother in an upper room where there wa.?
* siovf, from whicq ihe chilli's clothes caught fire. Sue ron
down the ?lairs screamin:;, and her moth?-r came and extin
guishrd the li?mes, bat the was so badly burned that sue
dif-d ?*u Sunuay evening. Veruwt, De?lh by accidental
Superior Court-?Decisions.? William S.
Hoyt vs Benjamin H. LUlie?Relative to where Grand Gulf
Money had been paid on collection. Ordered, thai in ad
justing the verdict no interest is lo be allowed.
JFi'.iam F. Haynes vs. Monmouth B. Hart, sheritT? Ver?
dict of enquiry s*t a?ide.
Charles Adshed ct. al. vs. FreeCk. Johnson rL aL?Motion
for re-taxation ot cosis denied.
Those in III Heath Read This!?Winter is now upon
u?. an?: it becom- s requisite that we should preserve our?
selves from the approach of sickness. Hov? many of our
population are ?uiject to that most to be ?ireaded of all dis
easf-s, consurr.ptiOH. Men, woroea and children fail victims,
and thousa. ds lollow after without attempting lo be saved.
And yet one of the most effective remedi-s is at hand, and
wbicn jfuxf-d in time can save lile?that remeily is Peter*'?
Coairh Lozenges. Pleasant to the ta?te, they can be taken
by the most dUU_ued. If the lungs are ulcerated ?r dis
t?-.???d, they s-'totbe ihem to such an extent, that the most af?
flicted f?-el their p->?er and useiulne-A. Like Peteras Ve
gruble Pills and ?hillinr Strength *.iing Plaster, they have
g-ainnl an env able reputation ihroucbout the Unioa, Pria
pal office, 125 Falt?n, corner of Nassau-sl.
Christmas Holydays.?At this festive season of the year,
when lads and lasses interchange civilities and glances, it
behooves them to look as handsome as possible. To all
tho?e who are dlstigured with hairy excrescences, either on
ihe upper Up of the f*ir, or raotes on gentlemen's cheek, we
say purchase a bottle of Gouraud's Poudre Subtile, Ibe
roost potent exterminator of superfluous hair ever yet in?
vented, besides its use is si easy and so safe, that really there
is no excuse for a lady having her face ?ilsfigured by hairy
excrescence?, or her beautiful hrow concealed by a mass of
hair. To be had only at 67 Wal_er-?treei, one door frota
Broadway. $1 per botijc>
Ha?<dy Asdy, by Saxcii. Lotsr.?-This
laughter-provoking story i? now complete. The
publishers, D. Appleton Se Co. have quite _:...
isbed us by the surpassing cheapness of this vol?
ume of upwards of 400 page?, Sv_, g-jod type and
paper, with two steel plates?50 cents. They have
also issued an edition with 2'2 plate3, gilt cloth?
price $1 ?25, as well as an edition with all _o
plates, half bound clotb, for $1.
The " Literary Gazette," good authority in such
matters, says of this work:
" The fatality which attends every* thing to
which Handy puts his hasd, is not only exce.*?siv_
ly droll, but highly dramatic, without tn-aoingup?
on natural conduct and its natural results. Unlike
other folks, his very blunders wiil make his cour??
prosperous ; for who that can read H?ju!d be with
out so entertaining a companion a? Handy Andy."
It will be ready for delivery to agents andothsra
at this ornee to morrow morning.
?lain their thousands, bat Scroiula has si?a its lens ?no-*,
sands. This very ?uniting aflecii??n appears a_:er a treat
vsriety ?f forms.; from the ?-lightest deviation irom hea.ihio
U??* most Citai ot' local aud gmerul diwase. One oi th?. most
ciuii_oi) forms is tubercular phthisis puluioualisoreo.i ntmp.
ti not the luii?;?; diseases ot tte hip and knt-e J-.ii?t a_i
white swelling; al*o ibe glands of the neck an?! other p?tru
o( tb* b?-xlv. Experience ?.a? shown that Sands'* ****)r>apa
rilla is a cure lor this m? inveterate complaint, a:? ia ua?
nierons instances it has brought returijiiin bealtb a; d I.fa
where the vital spark bad ahr.o?l fled. Krom its prepara?oa
and peculiar couiiunauon w lib other vegetable >?'?-...- ?
it operate? t_ removing in the _r??t place unhealthy act'b.n
fnim the ?li?ea__ organs, sub?lituling healthy action lu its
place, aud giving lone lo the gent ral energies ot the syst^
for particulars ot its curative powers, >?*e dinerenl ac. _r.
tisement*? in tl?e daily pjj.ers.
Prepart-a and sold at wholesale and retail, and for export?
ation, l>v A. B. S???.!? li Co. No. 273 Bl_ui*-?--kr, ((?ranlte
Bui din?.,) corner of ClumbersStreet, New York. Also ?ou
by A. B _ D. ?tads, ?ruirsisLs No 79 and lft- Fulton??. ;
David Saudi k Co. So. "7 Sut Broadway. Puce $1 per
bottle, six botltes tor ??x _
KING'S MEDICATED CANDY.
XT This well known and valuable medicinal preparation
has enjoyed a high degree ot public coutideuce tor over
three j ears, and, unli-c ephemeral ine?Jici?:e? which are
coming lit-iore the community with extravant claims King's
Candy is now more sought alter and u?ed than iver before.
We submit the following letter from a highly respecuble
physician, without farther comment :
New-York, December 10th, 1843 )
_y Pearl-;!r_t. )
Mb.. C. H.Rinc. Dear Sir,?I have great pl?'a,ureincc>ra.
plying with yonr request desiring my opluiin ol your
Medicated Ca dy, and as my cxperi? nee u.is been very ex?
tended, lb?* public may be benefilted by its publicity.?
Although 1 cannot go to Taraste say ?at pitients iuthe
?It stage of consumptiou have b?*en cured, yet 1 can cob?
scientiou'ly aver that not aaiy bas your candy proloeged
their lives oui ensured them ease, sleep and a;-petit?i, which
do other remedie* that I know oi could effect, an 1 can ooly
attribute it lo the scientific coiubinaiien of medical ?gieci*
eut.? in its manuaclure.
It is over three years since I first employed Wag's Medi?
cated Canly at the suggestion of l?verai of my me?_ic?l
friends, nod sincerely say that its virtues ban: worn welt
as my opinion, and that of hundreds of pby.tclans In the
city of New York i? still the ?ame. I Inliy believ?* that if
this extraordinary remedy were timely employed, that con.
sumpiioo would be banished from our country : for tht-re is
not a single case of Inflammation of the ohe.t in which I
have been co: suited that after bleeding 1 did not employ
Ring's Candy, ai*4 ia every' case was ?teces.ful, whereas
formerly such diseases?say 1 patient out of 3?would be?
con e consumptive in ?pite of bleeding, blisters, and the
usual parnphuralU of rrmedh*.
I am, de-ir sir, yours very respectf-tlly,
J. B. WEAVER. M. D.
Sold,wholesale and retail.by J.O. WiDLKion,4.?9 Bm?i1
way, N. Y., who has been appointed sole Agent lor ibe Upi?
ted?tales. .??old wholesale at _? Ann street, and C9. fr'ultca
O" Orders from country Agents will be promptly sop
plied, on lb?* niosl liberal term?. (2) dl9 Iw
PREAMgLE. CONSTITUTION AND BY LAWS OF THE
9-XTAJfIA Is BU A __.:?,?..
We, the undersigned, member-?-I the Sylvantl Plinlani,
deeply sen?lbie ot Ibe Ii;iiDtiien?b!r t-vil? which nfll ct nil
d?s?_of Society, and dapairing of deliverance ihroui'h
th? wisdom of tb? liaie sand Kepi*.?.entati<esni ibe People*
believing, al-o, that our Systems <?! Ln.v, Cmnm? ire and Pn
Ihicsate d<*ea*?od ami fonnde.i on faJM principles. t?r ralber
on no prlnripirs; and belog desirous ??f "-??curia;* 'or our?
selves eonsiant and, as lar as possible, agr?>? aid.? ??? copa*
lion?, jiikt ?liridfiiifs and lb? ad**an;*i**?*s of economies only
Uta realised ia Asocia? ion, ?id to establish a complete
systeinof E-iucniion id all n*H*lul ami elevaiin?- h-.-inrlnmof
physical, inteileclu-l usul m ral iclcacc, togi-mer with lit?
m_t ample provislou for the ag?d ami iiffl.ru-il-iiave
agreed lo unite in A. 'iclainn, and to purrtm?e .?nd call/.
vjie a domain of r'rotu 2,?_?*> to 6,c?:o wan* of land ; to prose?
cute such branches oi aiec- anieal, scleniiric, a?.'ricu'.taial
and liorticultui.il employments us ?l??l he cuiMici'Mn
our cd"?' ; 10 ?livide the *ir_Juct of labor among oui*?h?
on a di>criiiiiiiatiii?r ?ale, l?y whieb ?-hcU .???_?il, is nearly hs
possible, rt'i'.p what he m.i> ?*>w, to abolish the distinction
of m ister anil servant ; lo pre**ere? hidividualtty ; u? cberUh
an?! strengthen nil the t**:i?U*r ties and relations gm-vrgout
of the inmily compact ; lo ? nlarg?? the fr- p?loni ot tin- ?;idi.
vi?lu??l by graailMg i<> all vaiie.i occupatino. ar.d the x-irc?
dan of the ??articular branch of n:.iu?:t> for wldcli they
m*y terI m, attraction; ami loaAbnl ibe utmost >-coruy
and privacy i?? ibe mo i ?lilfideotBud retiring.
Wc Iip:???v?? w^ Ajii.li ,hj.? I.?* runhieii to ji*..-!> our ?i.?y? re?
?ea-i/?l tiom armions car?* fur lit?- luttire; ar..-i. uodet in ta
ofsecnritv ?nu >?. ibe hope of high Btuinmeats, d avoid ?Lc
perpfiiinl conflict ?-. lii.ii r?'.ni?-r. toclety, a> n now w,little
else lb?n Paodemociom ; i>-n!, :r,or?'??v?-i-, to rrnin.H _ mr
as p?.a?il)lf all ?lause at ofl?ne?. tti:ougi? the praciieidop.
ration ?li'ibc Goldi n it?_e: " As ?e would tliai men shouiil
doto you.d.? ye al o toibem."
Wo it.-ive farther a.-e? d to be governed by the foilowinff
Constitution ?.d _y ;.???)?.?
1. Tim As?ocl-itir.ri ?hali be cade?! ihr. Syleahl?r Phalanx.
2. The Cau til Sue. shall i.- SlU*i,000 (with pr?til*?i*eof
Increase,) divi.jed irj-.o.?!i?r*-? of??veniy*fi*e dotUrseach.
S The ?.fl.c'.'rs of i?-- Associ?t I ?i? ?un?! I consist oi a Pre?i*
?lent, Vi e Pt_i?lei}t, Tiensur^i ami ??ecreiBry.
?I. There ?hail ii^ xr, Executive *_)Docil,whli*ih shall hav?
the gei<?:rjl supervision of toe -iif.iii? oi the Phalanx.
5. Ownership of t> tuck and permtneni r? ?,??'i)'?'on lb?
iloiiiHin.sfaall be necessary lo cot.su.-jie a p'.rswn a MKM8B*
of the Pfialaux.
6. Labor ilia l be pain on a ETTadnated scale of compr-ma
tion, according as it ?baJI be con-iilered more or less rep?l?
ale, r?ece?ary, u.?*f?:l or ?_;r?*ri?hle.
7. Meml.-ers ah_i be at lihertv to pur:?ue anv branch ?if
employment ibey m .y s?-l^ct ; btit a!! labor performed ?.halt
he for U.e ben-fit ol the Phalanx, ami ilwll be c^rrifd on or?
the donuiii, or uoilfr the direction of ti;r Ai>?ociat!on.
?. All ('?spotes shall be i>e:tied by arbitration; euch pnrty
choosing one, and ibe two thus cuo?_i ?hail select a .hird
referee. Au i?f;peal may be made to n (Supreme Com ..con?
vened lor the purpose, who??? d?cision shall be float.
9. Children under 10 yean: of aye shall be at the cbarire
of the Phalanx, ?id under the direction of the Execuuv?
It?. Worne? shall receive five ?eighths of the wages ofmer.,
and children, boni the age of JO to J5o!ie-ilnrd,i*r>d troni 15
to 18 years of age, one-suftbe wages ?i men.
11. Al balance? due t<? members aL llie annual settlement
of the affairs of tlie Phalanx, shah i?e credited ibe parties -?i
12 Euch branch of industry ?hall elect a Chief, who st?jJl
be, ex 'irticlo, a member of the Executive Cooncil.
13. The Association ?hall provide?? Library a?id otbei
suitable apnrtmeuts tor public exercise? aud ??.uuvrmeuu.
14. The le??al interest accrjing on Si??.?, snail l?e panl an?
nually; bat no dividend arising from incensed value of the ?
domain ?hall be paid in cash, within two vears after . > ??'?',
i?os?e*?sioii of ike domain, .-uch Oivi?jenits hall, however,
Le de?:tared annun?ly and cretlii?*?! t'-e member?, pro rats,
a? Mock, daring ill?- so?p?'iisi_j ot e_h?l.viiic?n s.
1? This Constiiutnn shall be regarded us a provisional
government, to be al-.ere.t ?,r a mended by a luijoniyof
1. The President ????be the repr?sentai! reef Ibe Phy
lanx.and shall, in canjanctioo wllb the Ex?*cuii?e i.'ouncil,
exercise a ?jereral supervwion over the ?lairs lii-ieo.''.
_ The ?-ecretary shall keep B record ol tf.e transactioal
of the P.?*iUnx, and li -ve charge of all Its papers lie >bati
make a chronological entry of all matters ?lee.ued r/ortby
of note by the fcliecutife Council. But Igt ?ball not Ls?c
any thing to do vnth its pecuniary malteia.
3. The Treasurer shall re.eive^all moneys pal?] lo ?*
Phalanx, and place them ?i< directed bv die ?SxecatiV?
Council: and n?> money shall be p_ii except by order fri_
thesaidCouncilcour.tersigne.il>? the President.
?}. Ail approp latioe* of money exc?-e?lif.? Ihe samoftM
hundred o'oll? ?, sbsll ?_? appiove? by a v-ilr. ol a ui-jorir/
of the Stotkbolders, vo-.n-guccording -.oibe nuj.bi_*rol thea?
5. The Clerk of ihe Awor.Utin-i shall keep the accnoi?
of the Phalanx with the World,and lho*.e between i_eir aod
the mem_5_ lhereof,a_l ?.liaii, at ihe exj;i?a?ou of t_
year. pre-eut a full rep?-;?*t of the ?bole.
6. The Executive Council maya r. point au In-jpector G***?"
eral of nil the property ot ibi- Pbaj^ix, w??se duiy il*f.??
be to wjtch over ?t aod provide against lo?s or damage.
7. The Executive'Council ?hail, at the r?-qu?-*** of a msj'?'
tly of the members of the Phalanx, appijint perso.? I*?*.
side over ?.arh r_rpa_ateat?l as are not ??tkerwise provi'li?*
for, and ?;iii fix their c_npeiis-.ti.-n according 10 the naisit
of the ?-Uli? in, p. .ed.
X The Edifice o: the Phalanx shall be leased accora-fli;
to an as-5.'??.i?e.vt of th" variou* apanmeuf, yielding in ab ***
annual rent of ten per cent-on it: _??t. .
9. ?embers de?iio*_of taking dieir meals in tbe-r-""* j
apartments may do ?o at sucn extra charge as the *?ieet' I
Uve Coanefltball determine. r f
l?. Young women Hhali be entitled to vote at th? Mte ot
18, and you..-^ men at the age'?f_. .?__
IL A group .Lai! be appointed every week for the ?J"* f
charge of conlingtmtor u texpected du'.?<?. ?rt.
12. AKed and infirm memuer?, aul those who f aU,_
ceive irj-j.-y bv ace ?b-nt, shall ue. al the charge of ?he J?
lanx, provided the Siluc? o ?. *?d by every such penu
shan not exceed the ??am of fifty dol'ar?. :te \
13 The officers of the Association an?! of the E-?"' . I
Counril slialt l? electe?*! by the members b> baiiot aanw^??
tb? first eh-oon to take place alter forty pen*o?.s ?w*-* ?"
become as?c aied. /????Pha- '
14. There saall he regalar monthly meetings ol t-?- * "~
?p'ecial meeiings may be calle?! by the Presi?!*-?*??^ k
request of five me_b?.rs of the Pna.aiix.
XT Mi.-enblc winter conipan.oi-s ?re r.lwpped ha^' rf '\
face. Kid vour?lves, as we bave done, by us.r-ir ? f A. j, ' J
tue really wonderful lialian Cbnuical S(jap,50l?i u> 7 \*
Jones, sign ot the American E&zie, ?tl-^*"%
Y. or 13a Fttlton.sU?3rt,Brookl>'n, or ?No. ^7 ?_?!??-*-"?