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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, May 29, 1844, Image 1

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?tJf^ASDSOOTn?JERIGAN REPUBLICS.
MEXICO.
Ua10ftfwfo'iow'ns article, beule? Spanish j
M.ivenurriM* ofthedar. nvvry constantrefer
? "h? ofpapen which appeared .n
fJjXd**. ot tin, Detnocrauc Box ?w.)
fti most bean'""-1 portions of the New \\ orld
kine theheritage of Spain from iho enter,
of her navigators ami valor of her soldiers.
Empire reached from Cape Horn tu the
foric 0f Cancer, a?d bc.^iui Lt' ?n l,;c Fa';ific'
Som Brazil u? Georgia on the Atlantic. Be.
-:dt*tfais, lire most valuable Islands of the West
i'adan Arehipdago belonged tu lter. As has
jjee been said of England, the sub never ceased
w8hinc on her flag, and to have spokt n person.
jjr to Iiis subjects, the Spanish Monarch,
?wild havo needed more than the aposto!
j. gift of tongues. Nor wa3 tho possession
dWi vast domain fleeting, as that of previous
caterers had been. Mohamed had acquired
?je as extended, but tie fore his death w<i> pub.
tithed to the world, i:i.s Lieutenants had begun to
Ijjxncabout and dismember his Empire, and
ye Tarioua. Tartar Empires disappeared as
jjpidl? as they had risen. Tho Spanish Empire
jiilcd'fur three centuries, and fell asunder finally
fjoutiu own weight. True, the system of Go
?mtnent was bad and the people oppressed, but
tyy feit it not; for they were degraded, ?nd made
K complaint against their Governors except
wcnsyine ViccKing refused to comply with their
ciiraorous demands for Pan y Toron. (Bread
rod Bullfights.)
The raet region possessed by Spain in tliis
Bemifphere, was subdivided into Kingdoms,
esch of the principal of which was governed hy
j Vice-King, around whom was reflected nil the
^itndorof European Royalty. Each of these
Kingdoms had its own Laws, its own system ol
Jurisprudence, theoretically enacted with especial
relficnce to the conditions of the people to
be goTcrncd by it, containing; us much as
might be of the old Indian or Aztec Lmvs.
The Laws of the Spanish Empire were used
onlr to interpret doubtful points, or to cover
cskb noT""pTovided for in the aulr. A gen
era! supervision of this Union of .States and
Kingdoms belonged to the Supreme Council
o( the Indies, which acted or was supposed to act
alirays in tho name of and by the advice of
the King. It was the Legi^aturc of the Em.
pirc of the Indies, the confirming power of all
ciril and military appointments, and a finalCourt
oi JudicHftirfi from whose sentence there was no
appeal except to the King him sei I.
There wae one great defect in the organization
of this body. It was composed of Pries"- ttUtl
Nobles of Old spam, wno were ignorant of the
condition of those for whom they legislated ; ami
how could they be otherwise ? The experience
of past a?es could throw no light on their labors.
Their subjects were, in condition ami character,
unlike any thing which the Old World had cvci
seen or chrenicicd ; and not a small portion ol
the abuses suffered by the Peruvian and Mcxi
can must be attributed to the ignorance, und
not the cruelty, of their Law.inaJtcrB. The
loudest complaints were but indistinctly heard
across the Atlantic ; and even the Father Tor.
piemada, cruel as he was, would have felt his
foul recoil within him at the outrages committed
by the knightly and reverend emissaries of the
Rfd Audiencia.
Mexico, New Grenada, Pont and La Plata
were kingdoms. St. Domingo, Cuba, to which
w as attached Louisiana, Guatemala, Chili, and
the Philippine Islands, were governed by Cup
tiia* General, and the smaller provinces by Pre.
sidtntt?.
The Kingdoms, Captain Gcncralcies and Pre.
escneies were subdivided into Provinces, or to
tjc the Spanish term, Ayuntamienlos.
The Vice-Kings wen- what their name implies,
representatives of the King, absolute us a Per.
Sain Satrap or Roman Proconsul, omnipotent
Tom the fact of their uniting the control of the
Treasury and the command of the Army. Sul>.
"foucntly, it is true, tho superintendence of the
fiscal concerns ol the Kingdoms was entrusted, as
"*now the case in Cuba, to an Intcndente; but
the effect of this new office was but to impose a
?J'Sht control on the Vice King similar to that pro.
duccd in a monarchy of to-day; when, as in
France, in the last century, the King ceases to
he absolute, and governs hv a Constitution.
These offices king conferred always upon no.
blesand courtiers who, from the nature of things,
and constitution of Spanish society, could be ex
pected to know but little of the science of Gov.
eminent, to each of them were given Fiseales, or
pnvy councillors, whom they were bound to con.
suit. Should the Vice. Ku.g act contrary to the ud.
vice of tho Fiseale, those off.ccrs might deposit
their protest among the archives or the Kingdom,
when, of course, in due time, it ffould come Wore
the audience of the ladies. As another check
upon these high dignitaries, upon the retirement
of each We Kin,j,an officer was appointed to re
cetve all complaints which might be made against
him,and within a certain time he might be arraign
ed for misconduct in office.
There were, beside, what were called .4i/di>n.
rta*. powerful in theory, composed of s'x or eight
Judges, who were the representatives of the Su.
prcme Council of tho Indies. Of these Audi,
tnciat the Vicc King, or Captain-General, was ti
officio President; but, on ordinary ocrasiuns,
they were presided over by one of their own
body. When they were independent, they wore
of vast value, as even the dicta of the Captains.
General or Vice-Kings might be reversed by
them; but they were too near tlie Vice-Regal
Throne not to be overshadowed by it. The
poorer classes, the Indians, wcro practically,
however, forbidden to avail themselves of its
benefits ; as, previously to entering a complaint
before it, a large sum of money was rccptircd to
be deposited in the Treasury, and forfeited if the
decision of this, body were unfavorable.
. Mora than once, however, these Audiencia?
hive done their duty. The Vice-King of Peru
wia twice arrested in his Palace, and his authority
U?umcd by the Audiencia.
The Ecclesiastical Government never, in all
?? Realms subject to Papal Supremacy, waa
BY GREELEY & MeELRAT
VOL. IV. WO. 15.
more magnificently endow* d, and presented the
Features every where worn by Established
Churches. The Curates ware generally kind,
charitable and benevolent-?tho true shepherds
of their flocks, and beloved by ihr-tr p irishionttrs;
while the Princes of the Church were arrogant
and overbearing. Tlic Inquisition exerted its
tc.-rtldc influence over every grade, and, by fic
qoent Auto? tlr Fe, spread dismay among the
simple and penile Indians, ami removed all
doubts from the minds of the Christians relative
to the power of their temporal and spiritual I^ord.;.
The subjects of Spain in America, strange ar<
the assert iou may seem, were not heavily taxed.
The country abounded in the Precious Metals,
which were mure highly estimated in Spain
than in Peru, and which wore demanded at tho
European valuation. The few ??her taxes which
were levied were like those of Spain; und even the
Moorish or Arabic titles were retained. These
however, fell generally uj?oii the Wealthy and
Mercantile Classes, why were able to discharge
them. The principal were the Almnjarifa tgo,
or Impost on Goods; the Atcabala, on J'ran:! er.?
of Kcal Property ; and the Milliones, or tax upon
Neccss trio* of Life. There were some Mcnopo.
lies allowed, viz :?Of Tobacco, Brandy, &c#
The absolute property of the Mines lav in the
Sovereign, by whom they wero granted to indi?
viduals upon condition of the payment of a staled
proportion of llie produce.
Commerce and Agriculture must decay be?
neath the influence of such a tax as the Alcobala,
und they could have bscn kept up only to furnish
.1 provision for the greedy Spaniards who crowded
to the New World.
The Church, too, levied its tithes and raised
large sums by the sale of Dispensations, which
Jovcllanos characterizes us " Periodicals printed
on bad paper, which every body purchased, few
rc;;d, ixr.d none could understand."
Such was the Government?and we think we
have impartially described both its good and bad
features;?und well might tho Spanish American
say, as he witnessed wrong after wrong perpetra?
ted, in the words of the old Spanish Proverb?
'? God is on high, and the King far off"?Thus
showing that ho considered his sufferings almoBt
hopeless.
Spain had acquired possession of Louisiana in
1764 by cession from France. The French,
in 1801, acquired it again; and on the 30th of
April, 1H)3. it was ceded to the United States, as
the Spanish Government has before and since
-tnted, in direct contravention of an express
promise that this should not take place, made bj
France at the time of the retrocession by Spain
The injury Buffered by Spain in the loss of her
Territory was trifling, and therefore she was wil?
ling that France should hold Louisiana ; but she
Imd never contemplated without terror the possi.
blc juxtaposition of the enterprise of the United
States to the crumbling system of decay existing
in her own Colonies. And to this cession may
be attributed all the subsequent mischances oi
the Spaniards in Mexico ; for, no sooner had
?bis cession taken pl?^ t'"n " wa" u'""to
, )t),<t_, hi the United States for overthrow
nig the Spanish Power. The eventful and ex?
citing story of this attempt is well known. Great
Britain had witnessed the dismemberment of the
Spanish Power in America with jealousy, and, to
secure the lion's share, encouraged Miranda at
tirst in his aspirations. But this officer, a true
patriot, based all his plans upon Republicanism, to
which, of course, the party of Mr. Pitt could grant
no aid ; and, therefore, the attempt, which with
such inadequate resources he made from B ilti
more, wus ventured on. Ho failed ; and Repub
ticanism was for a while frustrated in the United
States.
During the turmoil which existed in Spain in
the years of the French Invasion, the Americas
continued faithful. Tito imprisonment of the
King filled them with horror and indignation1;
and the spirit which burned in the sierras ol
Ciislilu and the mountains of Gallicia was not
less warm beneath the Andes and on the plains
of La Plata.
Mexico, however, did not partake of this feel?
ing. The Vice-King, iturriguray, proclaimed the
imprisonment of the King, and his intention to
maintain the Royal prerogative. The establish
inent of the CentralJunta was made known in
the same way, and the People; required to subum
to it. This Iturriguray was disposed to do, but
the Ayuntamiento of tiic country, composed of
Mexicans, refused to acquiesce ; and, alter some
debate, the Viec-Kmg was arrested in his Palace
by the Audicncia, und llie Archbishop of Mexico
installed in his duties. The Audiencia now be?
gan a system of persecution against the members
and partisans of the Ayuntamiento which gradu?
ally prepared the People for an open ruptorc with
Spain.
Atter the dissolution of the Central .Junta in
Spain) :md the invitation of the American Slates
to send Delegates to it, by an uct which declared
them integral parts ol" the Empire, the course of
Mexican Independence could not be arrested.
Into the minds of the Mexican Audiencia this
invitation carried terror und dismay; tor. to the
class of persons who had always composed that
Tribunal, it had invariably been a maxim that.
" Were only one Span-ard alive, he would have
a right to govern tho Mexicans."
But as the difficulties of Government in Spain
increased, the .Mexicans felt their hopes become
greater, in spite of the tirst unsuccessful attempt
of the Ayuntamiento. Just when the disasters
of the Spanish forces became known iu Mexico,
Vanegas, who hud been appointed Vice-King by
the Regency which established itself at Cadi/,
arrived in tho country ; and. ins'.ead of attempt?
ing to soothe his opponents, contrived to cxag
I gerate the feeling awakened by the persecutions
I of the Audiencia, by pushing stiil farther their
i evil policy.
A crisis had arrived, however; and a man Wis
not wanting. Hidalgo, a Curate of the little town
: of Dolores, placed himself at the head of Iiis
: Parishioners; and, with a flag upon which was
j phintcd a portrait of the Miraculous Virgin of
I GaatUloape, proceeded to attack the houses of
I the Fmropean Spaniards in the city and its
, vicinity. He was successful: and, of course,
: his example found followers, so that in a short ,
time he was able to inarch against tho gorgeous
city of t.tianaxuato with an Army of 20,000 men.
He called himself Captain General of Mexico, and
was able to induce three oflici rs of tho R0jal
Army?Allendi. Abasalo and Aldama?to join
him with their commands; the rest of his force
consisting of an undisciplined levy of Indians
Peasants und Ranchcros. or Herdsmen.
Tho people of Ouanuxuato were insubordinate, j
so that the Intendant determined to abandon the !
II.
NEW-YOB*
defence <<f the city. He took, refuge in the
buildings of the Public Granary, which H: !-.!^-')
did not hesitate to storni; and, in the assault, the
Intendant, whose ni:nu was Ramon, ami most of
tho=c with him were killed. Vanegas, the Vice
King, prepared to resist; the Arc!rB;s!i>'p ex.
communicated Hidalgo; and after some delay,
the Spanish troops, few indeed, but disciplined,
were sent against the Insurgents. Besides the
Spanish soldier?, were some Regiments of Native
Regulars, whose power turned the scale. These
troops were commanded by Auguatinu Iturbide.
The two Forces met at a village called Cruces.
about three lc igues from .Mexico, on the road to
Guanaxuaio. The Spanish Forces had the worst
of this encounter, as mich: have been expected
from their great disparity, the strength of Hidalgo
amounting to 60,000; those of the Vice-King,
commanded by the Colonel Truxillo, nor being
more than 7,0t'0.
Hidalgo, however, was aware that his undis?
ciplined force could not long re.-ist this small body
of veterans ; and he therefore retreated to Aca
puico, where he was overtaken and defeated by
the Royalists under Don Felix Maria Calliga.
Hidalgo escaped, and was soon again at Guada
laxara, at the head of another force. Callega,
w ho seemed his evil genius, again defeated
him, and forced him, with some of his ad
hcrents, to attempt to fly to the United States.
At Chihuahua, however, they wctc overtaken
and summarily shot
A series of Partisan Leaders now rose into
eminence, and declined with rapidity. Among
them were MorcUtf, Mctamora6, Rayon, the two
Bravos, Guadciupc Victoria, Torres, and the
wild and gadant Gucrn ro, a descendant of the
Native Races.
A Junta existed in Michoacan, under who*
orders these and other Partisans professed to act.
Lke all the Juntas which as yet had existed in
America, it owned the nominal authority of King
Ferdinand, and attempted, unsuccessfully, to
effect a compromise with Vanegas.
The Spanish Constitution of lfTJ proclaimed
the equality of the subjects of the two Hemi?
spheres : and in October of that year, Vanegas,
at Mexico, gave his adhesion to it, and, in the
Provinces riot in the power of the Insurgents,
put it in force. In the elections held under it, of
more than a thousand officers, only live European
Spaniards or natives attached to the Roynl cause
were selected ; and what had been attempted
.is a means of conciliation served but to add to
the strength of the Insurgents.
Vanegas was succeeded by Calliga ; arid the
course marked out by the former was pursued
without interruption. Tue Insurgents, however,
persisted in their refusal to accept the Spanish
Constitution.
Iturbide, who had vast influence over the Na?
tive troops, ubly seconded Calliga; and success
seemed to be ahmt to smile upon the Royalists.
But just at that crisis, (ISM) Napoleon having
been forced to abdicate, Ferdinand regained the
Throne, and, instead of conciliating his Mohican
subjects, set aside th? n?piwfehtative Cortetita.
(ion in both Hemispheres. To his subjects in
Spain, this announcement gave great satisfac?
tion. It was, however, received far otherwise in
Mexico, ant! rendered the contest there avowedly
one of races?of the Spaniard against the Creole.
Calliga left the country in 18I6, and Apidcca
became Vice.King, who, by his mildness .and
amenity, acquired the confidence of the Creoles,
most of whom returned to the occupations of a
peaceful life.
Just then Minn, a nephew of the celebrated
Patriot Genera! of that name, and exiled from
Spain after the revocation of the- Constitution by
Ferdinand, made his appearance. He burned
with a desire to wreak Iiis vengeance upon an
ungrateful King and Country by plucking from
the brow of Ferdinand the brightest jewels of hi.
Crown. He had collected in the United State
a small body of men of all nations, with whom
he landed in May at So to la .Marina, lie de.
feated tho forces sent against him, in a pitched
battle, and effected a junction with the beasth
Father Torres.
His career was brief and brilliant. From lh(
jealousy which in Mexico has always been uni?
versal toward Foreigners, be found that the num.
ber of his followers but slowly increased, and that
it was impossible to establish any concert of ac?
tion among the independent (.'ire's of the Party
One by one his detachments were overpowered,
and either forced to capitulate und were then
massacred, or fell fighting lor the Country whose
quarrel they had espoused. At length he him?
self was taken at a farm-house near a place called
Lo* Remctlws, in the Baxio of Guanaxuato.
His capture filled the Royalists with joy, and
was celebrated in nil the Churches of the Metropo
Iis. lie of course shared the fate of the unsuc
ccssful in Mexico, and was shot, a few days af'ei
his capture, at Tepala, in s;gbt of the Fort of Lo*
Remedies, where his partisans yet held out. This
fort soon surrendered : and of a!l those who landed
witii Mind at SotO la Marina, not twenty in lt-'l7
were alive out of dungeons. They were confined
in the Dungeons of Cettta on the Coast of Africa,
the Moro and St. Juan de Ulloa. For his success
in defeating Mina, Ferdinand created Apodcca
Conde do Vcnadito.
The hopes of the Creoles were now secminglv
gone for ever. The conjoined energy and hu?
manity of Apadecn, and the judicious elevation ot
Perez, a native Mexican, to the Episcopal Throne
of re'jblj. went far to conciliate tho lower order
of the Clergy and their parishioners to the rule of
Ferdinand. Then Don Augusiino Iturbide first
assumed a prominent position in the world ; he
was now a Colonel Commandant of the Native
Troops, and the favorite of the Vice King, who
[ relied upon him principally to establish again
I King Ferdinand's power.
Tranquillity was nearly restored when news
i was received of the reridopti.>n of the Conslitu
I tion in 1831. No s>>oncr was it published in
Mexico, and the liberty of the Press restored,
? than political excitement was renewed. A new
I Revolution was begun on the 24th of February,
1821, at Iguttla, the moving spirit of which was
1 tut bice.
This personage had commenced life a dcter
mined foe to the Independents. A Colonel in the
Army and Commandant in Guanaxuato in 1S16,
he retired from the service and gave himself up
to devotional exercises. There are persons who
say that he was privately dismissed, and with
some probability of truth ; for, on more than one
occasion, communications, whose purport was a
a secret, had been exchanged between himself
and the leaders of the Rebels, from whom high
inducements had been extended to him to change
his opinions In his retirement he gave himself
up to devotional exercises, and labored by every
OFFICE NO. 1-30 N A S.SA U-ST RE KT
t, WEDIYES?AY ^.OS?I?G, MA
i mcnns tn acquire the confidence of the Clergy.
! He was in this successful. In 1821, agreeably .
to an invitation of the Vice-King, he accepted a i
i command in the Army, and left the otty ostrnsi- j
1 b!y to act agai:;<t Guerrero, hut it is commonly ;
thought tn keep in check the Spanish troops ?
j while the Vice-King riroclaimcd in Use Capita! ;
I tho re???.ab!i?ament of the Absolute Monarchy. |
i S? far we have Stated what were suppe.eed lo lie i
i Iturbide'". intentions. His after actions arc mat. j
' tcrs of history.
The word JPlan, in the S utth American Staus,
means a d mom iratiou against the Government: j
and for the firei time now wc rind that word used, j
Iturbide, by the .consent and acquiescence of his '
officers, published the famous Plan of IguaU, so
called from the ciity where he convened his parti
i sans. This took place on the 24th of Febrn try,
1821. It contained three provisions:?1st. That
Mexico should bo independent, and the Imperial
Crown be offered to the King : and, should lie re?
fuse, to the Princes of the Royal blood in suc?
cession, with tho condition that the person ac?
cepting it should swei:t to reside in the country.?
2d. That tho RomaU Catholic Religion should
continue that of the State, and ?!1 the immunities
and privileges of its Ministers be preserved.?5.
Tnat all actual resident* of Mexico, whither Da.
j tivc or no', should enjoy the same privileges
j and civil rights. These consLitutui ?* The Great
Guarantees,'' or Las TreaSeeuridatfes; and, for
their defence, an Army was to be raised.
This Plan is usually thought to have been
I drawn up by the high-minded and intelligent
Bishop of PucMa, one of IturbidVs firmest ad?
herents. Iturbide himself claimed to have been
the author of it.
These Articles were, eight d.tys after, submit
led to the Troops, and received with enthusiasm.
They immedi itely assumed to themselves the title
of the ' Army of the Guarantees." Iturbide was
before long reinforced by the Army of the chivaL
ruus Guerrero; and the daring Guadclupe Victo?
ria, who had for ihres years been wandering in
the forests of the Southern Provinces, alone,
brought tho influence of Iiis own name and bis
single sword. Gen. Bustamentc, lately President
of tho Mexican Republic, declared in favor of the
PI m, and, with his troops, joined Iturbide.
Miguel Lopez de Santa Aha, too, threw his
weight into tho scale: and the second cities of
the country, and soon .Mexico itself, were in the
power of the Army of the Guarantces.
The Vice-King was supposed rather in favor of
the demands uf the new Party?at least he took
no very active sti ps against it?and was, thcro.
fore, deposed by the troops faithful to the King,
and General De Novella placed at the head ol
the Government. Novella marched against the
Army of the Guarantees; but, before matters
came to a crisis, General O'Donoju arrived in
the country from Cuba. O'Don'.ju saw nt once
lhat nil attempts to arrest, the Insurrection would
be vain, and therefore proposed to treat with
Ituibide. The two Generals met about thirty
leagues from Vnen Cruz, late in August: and
the result of the conference was, an entire ac
quiescence of the Captain General in the Plan .?:
Iguala.
A Delegation was sent at once to Spain and b
Junta formed lo administer the Government until
the arrival of u Prince, willing to assume the
crown or forth*, r the orders of the Imperial Cjrti
There was an express provision that the Spanith
troops Ehould a:: soon ..s possible be sent out ol
the Empire, and tho strong and important points
be held in the interim by the army of the (iuar
rantees.
From the date of the conference between itur?
bide and the Captain General O'Donoju, Mexico
maybe considered us independent. The Bishop
of Pnebla was very properly chvscn President uf
the Regency by Iturbide, whose voice of course
was decisive in all affairs. The Cortes met by
virtue of the summons of Perez in Oct. 13,1821,
and Iturbide was appointed Regent O'Donoju
was forced to witness silently these arrangements,
at which he was so mortified as soon after to
have died of a broken heart
The Cortes had begun its session by requiring
every member indi vidually to swear to support the
Constitution or Plan of fguola. Yet parties soon
arose to distract it. The first consisted ol Repub?
licans who took our own Government as their
model. The 2d. of Bourbonists, who may he con
sidered as faithful to the Plan, und tie: 3rd of
[turbidists who wished to proclaim the General,
issiino EinjK-ror. Against the last party the Ro J
publicans and Bourbonists united.
The news of the Plan and the arrival of the
Delegates of the .Mexican Imperial Cortes, was
received by the Cortes in Spun, (which was then
discussing a mode of restoring quiet to Mexico,
with dismay. The convention between the Cap?
tain Ccneral and Iturbide was declared void and
arangeinents made lo send reinforcements at once
io .Mexico. Spanish Lmbassadors all aver the 1
world were ordered to protest against the new or- I
der of things.
Immediately on the receipt of this determina?
tion in Mexico, the Regency abdicated and Itur
bie'e took the oath as Constitutional Emperor and
was installed in the old Palace of the Vice-Kings,
on the throne of Montczuraa.
Of course his popularity was not universal.
Bravo, Gaudalups Victoria and Go rrcrp, who
were truly patriots, di:.:ppearcd from the army,
and Santa Ana even began to ussc-riinle his
troops in oppositions to Iturbide. The Congress
having become refractory, Iturbide imprisoned a
! member or two and finally closed its doors, and
j replaced it by a Junta of 45 persons, selected bv
himself. This Junta did nothing lo satisfy the
naton, whasediscontent daily increased, until in
Feb. 1S23 Santa Ana and Gaud.thipo V.e'oria
with Iturbide who, though he had defeated Santa
Anna at Jalapa, now acquiesced with him, in fa?
voring a new Plan by whi:h that of Iguaia was
superseded.
This was called the Plan of Casas.Matas?by
it Iturbide was deposed and a Republican Gov?
ernment guaranteed. Iturbiee having reigned
just ten months, was escorted lo the coa?i where
lie embarked for Europe. The Publishers of the
Plan of Casas Matas were very generous to him,
having secured to him an ample provision for
his life, on condition that he should never visit
Mexico. His partisans however persuaded him
to return subsequently and he landed at Soto La
Marina, where he was taken immediately and I
shot.
During the government of Iturbide all :h: troops
of Old Spain had left the Cuur/.r, except a few
who continued to bold out in the Castle of San
Juan de L'lioa at Vera Cruz. On the 20th of I
Dec. 1625, these finally left the country.
The Executive power was confided to three '
V 29, 1S44.
??? n ??? ? ??n?i"' il ? i* a
persons Tini.il n Constittrtioii was tormed, which
was upon ihc model of that of the United States,
saving only, thai the Catholic Religion was aloi;:
tolerated, r.nd there was no trial by Jury, remind,
mg one ot ,nc Tragedy of Hamid, with the
omission of the partthe Prince of Denmark.
The ceunfv ?ras divided into Stiles corrc*.
ponding nearly with the division under the O; i
Spanish Regime. The first President and Vi ??.
Pr->ident were Gtiadafajie Victoria and Pravn?
most unfortunate- appoi?trn?ntS,as neither of those
two Generals, brave and determined its they were,
possessed anv civil talents, Besides this, they
had been rivals:.
Si::cc then the -Mexican Republic has ever been
ruled by factions animate! by no principle intcL
ligiblc to a roreigner.
The first step taken in the United States re! ?
tin; to Mexican afftirs, was a passage in Mr.
Madison's message in 1S11 expressing sympathy
fur their cause, and a desire so soon as they
should have established themselves, to enter into
commerci :\ arrangements with them.
The Congress of Panama met in 132G, ..:
which a!! American States except our own wen
represented. Agents wctc present ("ruin the king,
doms of Netherlands and Urc.U Britain, am:
were appointed from the U. States; death how.
ever and untoward circumstances prevented
their being present. In '"J'i Mr. Poinsttt am!
Mr. Wan! arrived in Mexico as Mimstcrs from
this country and Great Britain. Mexico was
therefore acknowledged by these two powers as
independent.
During the legation of Mr. Poinsett, attempts
were made to procure the recognition of a new
lincof Boundary between Mexico and the U. States,
but unsuccessfully, 'this was afterward con
summated by the Treaty at Washington, in the
administration of Mr. Adams, though liisputcs
upon that question may be revived by questions
now in agitation.
Of the disputes between the Yorkinos and
Escosccses, two masonic lodges grown into p??
htical parties, no one can understand anything
except the results, which were that Santa Af; i
succeeded in setting at variance the candidate ol
the Yorkinos, Gen. Guerrero, and Gome/. Pcdr.t.
7.1 of the Escosccses, and alter the election of the
latter, in raising the banner of revolt and publish,
ing th" plan ol Pcrotc. Santa Aila was declared bi
Pcdraza an outlaw, and having invoked the assis?
tance of Guerrero, with the acquiescence ul
Zavala, an honest and brave man, succeeded in
driving Pcdraza from the Capitol and in Cstab.
Ii*hing the triumph of the Yorkinos. In a new
election G icrrcro and Bustamentc wcrj chosen
President and Vice President, Pedraza exiled, Vic?
toria disappeared into private life, and Santa An <
was appointed to the Government of Vera Cruz
and the command of the very tronps which in tin
commencement of this last, contest he hud defeated.
Since tin n his power in the Government h is been
paramount.
In all the political intrigues relative to this
contest of the Yorkinos and Escoscscs, few i ?'
.=uns were more deeply involved than the Pleni?
potentiary of the Unit od Stales, Mr. Poinsett,
who went so fur as to procure from Do W ittClin*.
ton, as head of a similar fraternity in the United
Stat.'-s, a Charter winch gave a preponderance i"
the Lodge favorable to the views ol" his Govern
ment.
Guerrero commenced the execution of his
functions in April, 1829, with Bustamcnte as his
Vice President. He found the country disturb) d
by intestine commotions and threatened by foreign
enemies. T,.c Mexican Republic was threatened
with, invasion from Cuba, to counteract which a
naval force was placed under the command of
Commodore Porter, formerly of the U. S. Navv
After some delay, Purtcr got loscu, and having
l?>stonc of his frigates, it became evident that the
battle must be terminated by land. Soon after
Porttrand nearly all the foreigners in the Mexi?
can naval service resigned their commissions.
The Ciiptain.Gtner.il of Cuba now landed a
force of 5,000 men, under the command of Ba
rad.is, at Tampico, bcinrc which Boradas did not
sit down, but marched into the interior.
Guerrero s.e-ncd to have lost his old energy
and convened the Congress to deliberate. One
p'crson, however, was more decided, and upon
iiis own responsibility embarked from Vera Cruz
with all the men ami money he cotih! collect, und
landed at Tampico, Be-first took possession of
NcwTainpico,which was garrisoned by2,000 men,
alter some hard lighting, and marching into the
interior,overtook Baradas, who was held in check
by the Mexican General Gurea. Baradas facing
about, uttacked Santa Ana, drove him before
him, but being ultimately disappointed in re
ceiving reinforcements, was, by the conjunction
of Gen. Miery Tcran and Santa An t, surround
cd near the point of his disembarkation. S tnta
Ana, afraid of delay, attacked Ba.a i <s. The
action was not decisive, and in u Conference
which soon after took place, Baradas promised to
deliver all his arms and withdraw Iiis forces from
the country, which wassuon :1><:-j.
This was the last effort of the Spaniards to re. !
gain possession of Mexico. To Guerrero the re.
suit was fatal. The old Chief, who had fought
through the whole of the revolution, saw his
glory postponed to that of a younger rival; and
State alter State having pronounced against his
government, Bustamentc was proclaimed Pre.
sident by the plan ol* Jalapa. Santa Ana was
the moving spirit of this revolution, though his
name was scarcely used to bring it about. Za?
vala soon after retired to the United States.
But Bustamentc did not quietly possess him?
self of the government. During.thchbrec years
of his Presidency, various attempts were made
to disturb him. Among others, one by Guerrero
-,vho was betrayed by theCapl. of an Italian vessel
in which he embarked, and executed according
to the Mexican code, winch condemns to death
a]l ?pponents who can safely he made way with. |
It is'bmen'.abie tu sec that the chief actors in >
this tragedy were Guerrero's old companion in1
arms, Bravo, and his open enemy Alvarez, who, j
it is said, induced the Italian Captain to do as j
he did.
After Guerrero's death, Alvarez, in the South)
keot alive the feeling of rebellion, and in Jan.
1832, Santa Aha followed hia example, and was j
soon after joined by the General commanding
the district of Tampico, who bore the historic
name of Monteznma. By a convention signed
near Fucbla, Pedraza was declared to have been
duly elected in 1823 ?"d installed as Presid-nt. j
Bustamentc soon alter left for France.
Pcdraza's term of office expired in 1833, pre.
vious to which Santa Ana was chosen to sue
^ced h in. P*ria* VaJcnline. a determined fee
jf SanU Aha, was, however, chosen Vice-Pre-1 I
?ident. This person was a friend of the Federal ' '
J
FIVE DOLLARS A YEAS.
WHOLE ft'O. ft'?.
syst? m, for. which Santa Afta had determined
to BOTSl*tii? Consolidation, ana having proposed
j wrr.c Iar?s which trenched upon the President^
. views and the powers of the Church and Aristo
j cracy, Santa Ana signified his. intention of ;:s-.n;
I force to counteract even the d?cuision of them,
I by which the Congrus?, thinking its legislative
! freedom invaded, suspended voluntarily its s.\
! sions about iiio middle of Mar, 1834. Ssnt
I Ana appealed at cnec to the p.*.plc to sustain
j him in Iiis maintenance of the Religion and Ir,.
I stitutions of the country, which be dieted wer.
attached by the Vice.President and the tyranni
I cal majority of the Legislator.'
Prepared by this step, the people acquiesced n
i a new plan from Curcrnavaca, by which the sa ve
j ral Stales were consolidated into one body. V?i
j riotiS of the States resisted ; among others Z&ca
! tccas, whose opposition was suppressed by Santa
Aiia himself. General Bravo now arrayed hitn
sclfagainst the Government. He, howet er, wac
put down, and the Republic became what it had
been declared to be by the Plan of Caentaracal
" one and indivisible."
All power now rested in the hinds of Santa
Alia, (Farias Valentino having been d:s "r-n
chised,) where, with the exception of the inter
regnum produced by his imprisonment in Tex is,
it has since resided.
The forms of the Government require that then
should be a President elected for eight ye.irs, :.
Chamber o: Representatives ;.nd a Senate, k
Supreme Court and a High.Court in each de
partment. Besides this ihc-n is a Conservativi
t?dy, which mayjrevise and annul the sets o
cither or the,other branches, ar. i i- account.1
only to God and Public Opinion; but these pre.
visions exist only in Theory. Santa Ana is a*
absolute as Sylla or Ctesar ever was, and rules b}
r.is oA-ti will, either from the Presidential chut:.
'?r from his retreat at .Mango do Clavo, win
Bustamente as nominal President.
White this Constitution was being formed, ;.
body of adventurers from the United State
established themselves in Texas, where a small
eolouv nad been formed originally by the sanction
of the [Mexican Govi rnment, and in tneuvrcd in
separate that Departmcntfrom ihcMexicanUnion
I'he result of the contest that sprung out of it
the bloody rights of t he Alamo and San J ici; to.
;:rc yet in the memory of all; and probably will
bo too deeply imprinted iipon the history of oui
country ever to be lbri?otlcn. It may be ihn
contest is nol yet over?tii :t the mad ambition o
nur Executive and the covi tousncss of n vast pro
don ol the nation may force us to endorse all lh<
acts of this organised system of marauding, am
not only compel us to prolong the distractions
Mi .von. but involve ns in the terrible mazes of i
war in which the Right may hot be on our aide?
Which may Heaven avert.
D3~ Health, tautet, and Comfort.?Thi Grahan
i!..u-e. oj Hnrrlay-trwf. New-York, prolfcrs rulvaitfages i
Grangers?teppinca few day. or week* inth.ty, Mich as an
rarely ullfcroIL It is eligibly located on .1 eleon ana airy 'tn-t
rcrf near the biKinera port of tlie eky. owl in the iintnediai
vicinity ..f die principal stearoboai raisdiugs. It* npartrnetHs ai
convenient ami uoal, white us table a supplied with the her
Vegetablesruid Fruit? Ufa! can be procured, exeliMlio? entire]
Annual Food and stimulantinf ail kind*. Charges rawwrati
mill sv.'ry ?Wirt m ule to rei>lcr Hoarders cuuiwrtabto. ptgsvn ?
IteUufreo. Ecmeraber.q.Barrsayjjtreet. ji^i'-I
D3* Irish Kiv.i^inii! Society.?Notice.?A
Election lor efltctitsof UiifSocicty <??' Ibe euauuw year, wil
!?> rielil .... M< INDAY, the 3rd day of jn:.e next, at the till ?
of the Society, CO Lila ro it. Polls open from lu A. M. n. tw<
o'clock, 1*. .".I. New. York, loth May, ISM. rail tfcije.ne n..
Skvkntu VVaao Basjc, New-York, May S3. !*<!.
Cty Election.?The Stockhohlen of.th? Bonk are
her. lif ii..tif;eil that in election fur iliirietn Directors for the en
minir year; and lor three(ntpcclbra ?ftho next lueceedini tier
tiou. v. ill be held at the Banking He-use onTUESDAY tie UtA
day of June neit.
'i'he Poll ?rill be opened at 12 M. and clue at 2 o'clock, V.X
15y order ol the Board. A. S. FJIASLR. Cashier;
m2>tJell t _
?C?- Tlie XSooks r.f Subscription totaeCnpim
Stuck >i! ? e New.York and Erie Bailroad Co. a:.' now opun ai
tiieUlBcool the Compocy, No. it WailHtrect, between Uw
boon of 10amis. W.M. iL GOULD. Secretary.
New-York, April 24th. ISM a^'
KJ^- Temperance Honac? -'i Vesey-streot, near the
Ai'ei House.?Mm, F. M (.???-taken this 4%: elitful ..tun
tion, and ..tlrm t> her friends ami thepub?ciurariou*oil
eanrases i n the most reasonabl ? b rms
'i'luj house i? neat mid newlrfurar*lieii?the situation airy,
pltiwmit aij: c .nvenieni tobutiisa? anil the itcarobnal lamlins
A pure \e;;..;^bie diet for those who pieler .t-uurm und r.-i.l
bsttha tree. _ rnySai
fXJ* ?Tuiitnl Life Insurance Company ot
Ntw-Vui k.-This Institution, .!'.ir::i^ the in m?i ol Apn
has Issued torty-one policies, vu:
To t.'lereymei. 1 To Merchants and rrauers.i3
" PbySKiaoj. 3 " Clerk-. '
" Lawyer. I " Manufacturers.
" 'I'eachers. 3 " Mechaaka.
" (lovernmentOrlceis.... 3 traten maker.
" AmifOnleai. 1 " tapkTsrllar.
?? iji.ii.ts.2 ' Civil Engineer. I
?' Student. 1 " Printer. I
?? Secretary to las. Co.... I " clatipoer. t
" Cart man.1 " Builder.
U
lmy4 edtJell Total Use Insured....41
JCST I'UIII.ISIJED, TUE BIBLE STUDENT AND
FAMILY MO.MT?R, a Si?tt-MosTiiLV Psaiootcs.!..
condncred by ?n Association ul MuMteraand I^yinen. and
issued in double numbers alter the iir?i number?einbailisltan
not hy man's art. but with Bible troth. Terms $1 per volume
of3B 'melier., pay ibhr in nilvaace. Wu respssetiully soliai
thatshare'nl j.'ii..ie patronac* wnieh the n.vrits ol uie work
demand. Those who iieeome otir patronj are invited I* call
and nave the first number mailt*! In a friend tratis. Omca
No.9 rfprnee-street.N. Y.,on the2dd.",r. K. Ii. WILL'1 ?X,
PnJ?isher. nits lm
r-|iu STATIONERS, ENGRAVERS AND PRESTERS.
J. Superior knarred led. I'orrtdain Ivory Surhtcsj white and
colored blanks. Card's of every deseriptjou :.s manufactured
at trio S'!w York ' ' .r.t Manufitetory, lor sale at reiiiicod [>:.<??
by I.. SMITH. Iii John street. eppu?itc Cltlf st._niyt
?IRTH x HAM.. No. 1 Frankhn-wiiiare, Inve eonstanth
V , |..., .1 H.-..r-i;.i-ul..| .MUSIC and Ml SICAL
i \STllI MEe.'l r5 of ?II kinds. IMAM) I'< I?1TS ordirTeresM
ayte .... ! linish; CU1TAKB; from the best Spanish parterns,
tor v.:h ?iey ba?e received pmninjiai from the American b>
-; tute over ?Ii '.'.her mrtk' es. ami ;;ie of very superior tone ami
?tyis offinish: I'LUTES. ofell '* nil and ffnish. tor wjiich th a
?orecsavetlrepeal.-' ;.:<.?.... ::: -. < l.AJHUNEj :-, I-.En i
BUGLES.CORN?PLONS.TROMBONES, etc. rdli I the
own nawulaetun ?nd wananted; impotten ol MUSH' nod all
kinds of MI SICAl. INSTltCVKN iV. MAV Ml .^ICr.wiv
cd rwstioi. n.;.ii'.!i.-he.!. JCST I I Itl.lSHEl). alltnessMsnoi
die HUTCHINSON FAMILY; also. BEKTINl'S METH
i :ti for the PJANO: also. Uta ORFHEUS GLEE BOl ?K. w
iij^ a ctiUsctiiifl it iUs-> !'.>r i-.ur mule ruiees, wah pntao aceom
panimeiit, salected and compiled from t! ?: best tserman and En
(Hsii authors, by AUSTIN PHILLIPS. Priea On* Ddhr per
?et. Merchants, n:;d ;:ie Uusical cemmunrty teaawDr, ??ro
specuaUyiiTvaerltocaO. _ mhtiU
TTOCAL MUSIC ?ND ELOCUTIONARY 8CIENCE.
V JIr. F. H. NASH lat.?ated wiUi l*rof, Baoxsos
would respectfully Inform those dasirous ofdeveropfnaana cat
rj.ittiin; their Voior. fbcSmginn and t-p.r:i!c!iiir in e.n elfectivr
manne:, withoutesusins hoarseoetsor exhaustion, that he ha>
e.tab!?ne<! himself al M>. !<i Porsrth-street; in the City of .New
Vorn, to instruct ituUcuiuals and Small <:l.u*cs on ren.ona.
hie terms, lie will also iiasrost C.'..r.z CLtTM and Uioius,
and eive f.-rr.i.v fastrwctUn in all parts id the city, fur pa;
ti'-.:!'ir? and reicr-.ai.-es, vw <. if.\i.at> :'? '?? l> ? k and Music
Stores. r">-l lm* _
FIR S f P11K MI ( M I >A < i I' E !t R E? I V P E S."
DLUMBE DAGUEKRIAN GALLERY OF PATENT
F ??S CijLOREU PHinOGRAPJlS, No. 2 I
Broadway above M^urmy-street. .New Xork?Awarded the
riRsT nutximt and monasT nosoa, by American ami
FmnkJin Institutes, i..r most beautiful colored Daauatreo
tjp?s ever ^x.-.Cj 'eil.
I'lib. establishment has j:i<t l^wn grorrly enlnreini anil irn.
proved.;^ the addioon ol neauy use wboie of the rtrst'Doui
above the street, sad embraces now n.? lev. -r ihanTWKLVI
separate aportments. '1 he wiite uyon which the business
conducted insures ndvantaaei which are no where tu he
met wan: a:?l beoce the repubiti.ia which this concern has
dwayaanjoyed, as hem/ the " ri.--i ir. trie w.r:<;.-'
" The stcainet Caloeenia ein".-.! oat a new and improved
apparatus for tak.iu lei^uertt e-s: Ma. at'ires, ordered br u
sc.e.iunr te'ilteiean >if Edinburgh, from t. e establishment <;!
Ptol. i'tuiiihe^ it is lor sinmrior to an. irtstriunsmtever beiors
inanui?ctnred." !!!iy St if?' n?m.?-ru;.
umbe's Fremiom and Gennan Apparatus, nod Im.rti. ,
Plates, i 'uses. iic. at !owe?t rates. u.2^ I m*
Ci?TT?GE i Fli?TRS ?ND"CABrNE1 Fl RNTTJ RE
i No. \'A Fulton -t:e?f. NewrVork.?Housekeepers desirous
oi parchasing ol o.e Manufacturer,?ill please call at:!* abova
number, nlieie may i* found .".il assortment ol ^liairs and i. nh
inet Wan constantly on band am! warranted. nVM Iweod*
17"AIL. KENSETT &c I O. 37 CATILARIN&ST. would
V inform their f..rm?r costotDers and the public <eneraiiy,
tliatthey bare retaken the shove rtore.aml utfcr ??sa? io> eo
ore ne* stock of SpnngG^ods, wrctawrdloi eashol itoUa
portsrs ntxa Auctioneer., which will he sold at rreaujr Roncra
?hc-r "? A,, which you are invited to call and examine.
m3S2w*_
-CHEAP FOR CASH.
C. V. tVESIPLE,
KO. ^3 eZD.iR. OMC POOR FROM RASBAST-STSBCT,
Li *5*jusi received from Auction a cre?t ronet) .,t Ba'zor
lines Printed l-nur.-.. < h:na Erfeston Girigbams, lliond
^jinjs, .Necd.e-worKed Hands, K;la Gimps. COUOO rrmge.
Jonri-t ftushes. Ribbons. Linen Cambric Handkft. thread
iid Cotton Ed?inrs. Cnnpun Lace, Hosiery. Oloves, Lacsj
,'eilJ, kc. all OTwueh will be sold at great barfaini. mis
'Pt-N iXlLLARS KEVYARJJ -Vu Kfivms luag pros k
? 7 fMBOBfcl lor Ih.rly ?riare? "f V>bfc0Vg Back
:,"ft '?: ">-ns,ix..,ri:,.'t!ir t Peek, and ni,a?-r*^t &a* m th
i "*"ul An.,rTw, fciuirl,,; ?,u i.M Siliadif, i>! March.
i - a* ?te.?*el Ol fee,., .-?4 fc>| tfl ;? tr/Wai; K. Tb?
: ? .-u; ?pud by] KTinsM at Th..;.-,*.*'* otiire. t8W?J
" ? ?' _ _ _ _ i-dj?
, HIE !?! Br^^BtfMrtM u.?t .nT^ ?
i" :r...fN*w.Y..rk. est-dd?????< .-: a
- . ; ' *'.a . . 'ir ?*??*' >o v?, the mutual
v:> > new, ti- wnpn qui My losmed . c< ?-. ?>
m ken :w? fee tl.-e purp-?* ?>< ?img ineo<f a . e
tr; rt/W ? t ti'n'tiit ct<ii;j? ijt't < ia?kiyi?oi,t ln tun* vsusSsm
ufl?t!i?fil.' ol umOs-ty. rid ol lifilnf or.lert Inn ih* city and
cuiuttD iotb-?i>en ..f c-... ?? sn ? 1 and ineel abdojta. ?n?t
??JOo'Ifamactmg all l-a-.wju Mat may lx eg?natts. tolhcn
w :'i e'liy an..' r!?patrh.
Having. i.:lM;ke.t lu lhi? r oterprsM with a determination to
Aob<Mi>*sK openly and ItfaoraMy, ti?- iimlesslgjwd lake thra
nx-tho.) re*r>ectroily I? robot ttx ;>atronate and enounce
11.01.t nt'!% generous business . mm u :.it v. wtfsM ?h:rh toey
do m s Im'ik- t'...- ?:;.-.>-?. We an well swore or the crejudice?,
nrilb wln.-h we nu.t cimtrod 10 an easts*! wol in-? kind , t ut
Ktibtba a ?! of these wo d?a ,-u t.> benwit, wo uuai we tiiall
el: ? t 1 itabbja a bouse :oat i.dl folly mwl ?!*? wSM* ol
bee nnrmitr. AM we ask for ocuatiit* ? a i;-i;..ugh mves
:.k'^r;..:. and a ii r i/uii. If ?? ate njt I0..0J aro?kw, we J.>
not dc*ire ?.:-ce.*.
Off j of business No. 15 Centre^tfrrat. rfir G^ifeber?St.
FAKNSWCIRXH. SEDCWICK, a. MKKK.LL.
\>w.) SI.) 27th, 1MI.
.\. I! K?-l?'.'?"-r? nt" i.. .vt-.Vty w:3 Stf freety
??'\<n r.t Ifta iittice. or ?.c r ppbeatHM) by t-lU-r. DSi ?*
C>UAttU3S PJSTEH ALM. S.nnu:ri n.?tivonl Roapeby
/tfwedoo. mny mtu* tntomiatjoo M?uereR 10 htro rf; ttaa.
..'>? ifaUtT". by I-^vip?- .'11.1. :.ir>??. 1:: jt ^;vlT:n< in pCIVa. at.
?he ?.'i. i...l,i'u- 1.1'li. M. the !.:::? wrwn atai ?.oruay m
New-York. 4.1 Broad-aereet.
IVrwn? uc ;.. iit.M wHli tiie IndtridaaJ aiAivi: deaCTibed will
.?h.ice .um ?;?..! h.? retativea bjr giving .uch infonaation a'xiut,
?-.lui m way lead totbetdaeoeeur. uth &>??j ?3m*
rr^JOURX?YJjJS.\ m;i il-:v.\Kt:i;?.-\\ anted.n tir.'.
A nitj workman, to make scnttemen's ilioe*.
SMITH &; UA?TSHORNK.
n,-> ITO1 u!t. 11-t.-.-t. BruoeJyu.
\ V ^ ,"r;!,~By ? youne l-adj. a rttuatmn t> Tcaceer m a
? e ihe 1. mpanic of leacbias Eire lumiumeotal
?rtuicDcs otna Kncbab ??ueniioii, ai^t would i?ftr ?->iios
Sopta. Adores U p^pald. ni24^:*
Bt?.\IUV-\V th pieeu? t loorasean be had at .No. biti?
?Beet.' tor one ortwo ieuileiuen 01 a irealJesuui an,', ha
wue: rwoiswdlbefumiabe4oi unturoabed al reqidied, or
.i : Ii : I?r ,"-:*inl !>ml. Reference k-ivcn :uil reuotred.
DJ V 1 ISj LTLL If ?*??D LV BR< ?Al)?V.\Y.-Aiow sen'.
Leuicn ()?? 1 ? -. in iMvla'cl with cmv! L.-rr.l ;>.ea>.
..u ruooM by inquinns atir.'-, |tt0ca?av. betweea rteaje ar.J
LXiane. Terms low. Abo. a front Partu wiUi (rare aad bed
idj tu let funibjbed or unfnriiisbed.artth or without
i.i23 lw
I >i (ARU?A eentl unan ;;:..! bslw ife. and a .oral ?mal? sea
IJ tienxu. can be accommodated n-itb UouM at 41 Rant
Hruail?. ajr. _ uty 14 I111
f^.' \ Kl?? A family or a lew tingle rentletnen of trnxi n>o
? 3 tab, .'an ,ia'.c hoard ant] ipacHMU romnsla 1 private tam
:>.tt inj de>imble location, i>t ini'.t. Uonae nmlapart
uent< u>m>ual!y p.. :> ion acii aereeable. n'5." lw*
BOAfJHNli.?Familie* orsingJe irentleiacn eaa be accom
madated with toooui and board at llou.ton -trvet, a
low iloor, lirotal llroamvny. ni.-S> 1m
B?ARIMN? AT -.T COUKTUVXD isT.?Tb? eattd>b?h
mest Ii i? ins been taken oa ? letue .?ready foreceitrej 1 nelo
.cat c::v 1 or uuniLai win maywnh perrooaent lHtapt?%tth
? ?:. :lie apart neat*, tajuireof ila.lrere.?Courtaual
..r.,.. aayiin*
STEAM EXG1XE FOR SALE*?A aeeeeid-baad Bhf?aj
15 bone.power, bo.fm and all complete a;.<t in, sued
rder, havma rrm but one year, fi-r tale 'ow. Iceotre of J. 1'.
Ri ! ."tAN. Citj ruundri, 1!j VVaneu ?tr<x:. _;uljiin* _
\*i fl'ICE ?The partner?hip herctnlore c ttini between the
^?a ?uwpiiiien. under tlx- arm of BLUUT, BURN At* fc
lABCOCK. ? tba day dbsolved bj its own !.cni..u<-ii. All
.> leoofthebti.1 uiil I*.- aeuleil by (?'AINSi'. BUR?
XAP nod NATHAN B.\HCO( Iv. who will cuutinuethe bo
? es under ike arm of B?RXAF A BAinjOCK. attfJoittf
.in?t DANIEL EjUJOl*.
1: \ins f. BUK NAP.
.\.\ 1 HAN B lUCOi-K:
PfewYnrk. May 1?'. l^l. ml 1?. _
IVrOTlCE?ArehibelJ t:: :.-,L? Kinr. hai !hu i'.ay been ad
ruined ia a pan ier, ?y
n ,3 ! u i ? PRIME. WA r.l> tz KING.
DIL II. BOSTWICK,
I'HYSICUN AM> SURGEON,
mfi lm* No. 73Chambeiiat.
? AW C?RI)?John U. Dirwiatr. ? f.Vircr.ez. Mnaaarp.
L?i>i. n Jl Bireral l" legal l'csiao? thai iimv contided t" him
:i tlx- Cirf'.i't I'..ort. of Vliiih al:.! ih* iv';.i.-ei.t .-ri'slw, in.it
i tlio Superior Court? of, i ??? State. A tkvutaMe u. .iimmumiI
MMinei tu.? m lyraiemrra will enable htm to art.[to'tawneM
r.ar.NatebjM llerelatatv?
Jraot.' BrutiNi, Van \<:>W.->. t.'nuMwell anJ
!{ob.Co. bran.arentlbr Brown, VVnniacJb
Ii. IbersCo. Maleobn it.Gaui,
- in. Coehroit, Hetuy Laverty.
iVUliam Kaiu. ?lnlz
l\K. J. G. HEVVETP lirv removed t.. \o. 87 B!eeek??>e?
\J near Broadway, A'ew-Yvrfc. Practiea.eontifled lol)a>lo
ration*, Pfnttnrc?, llip Di?ea>?, Spraina, Contractlona. Pal
??? Ltn;b>, Kiieumati-in, \ervuu?Ar1.oo?, frnderneae In
' ?? m !. nid I iHvaturci ofthe ^pine.lJel?rmeil Shouldena
?VfaileSwalline?, iVeakneai ul the Jiuut.., ur.d IIim-iih-? id tha
jnilai eeoenilly,
Kefera.~ i.11 ppKeal on t?i !>r. M. ml!11m*
\T? ?T?CE OF v BMOVA'^-PIERCB'S P iTENT-nrati
i.X ri.E.MH'M KITCHEN RANGE and Revulyina Rc**
.- : \ .1. n. nt :> reiiivved lo SB Broadway, din doof sb?ve
Iti ? mil!-.met.
Tii.. publM are reapeetlully requited lo coil and cxbioibb a
tew Ranee which lias'be.atnaloeeil ihi? Sprint, which for
lurabtlrty.Mmplreitr aadeeononi) . I?.? m-v^r been nirnoawd.
.V B.?i'ierce'? RonKC*repuiretl by applying nt .".'J Ilm.id
vny. mis tin
f\TL. J. V\'. CK AN E. Dentw?, baa r..m..v?l rr?rn No. 5
J f Ihirk plnce. to No. 11 Laroy Place. Bleeckerar. aJ> lm
'..r I'.M' 'VAi?-'i'l.ei u.' .-c and Solea-Ib.i ofthe New V..ra
tVC ml Ma lul?etoo u removed uoiu ilEuttoa-atieet to lot!
ii. hi. .<-t. OpPttita I inl'.tn. t.
VpnlH). L?U3ml i.. SMITH. US Jolm-et.
I'.M(iYAL.-Ji MIN LOVEJOY, Den! >t. removed from
??^ Prince .treat to ?38 Broad way. two doom lw!..?v Blce.er
^/t i: \P ll(> iX??OOtoat \Vrm?rJit Scrap Iron.on bneudkhip
0 s\ ollingtoii, lor tale by GULNNEIX, MIN 11 RN &C0.
ii !'i .fi Siulii-i^reet.
OAl'Ell of all kind. Cottjtantly on linnd, and i?r ?u'u in lot*
1 ? i urn i urehoaeM. by CYRUS VV. FIELD,
ruhl tun No. v llurirmr.alrp
j i?SE FOR TIIE CK?TUN VVATER.?fllte ?111^1??
tsi. telling ul a reduced price n.tuperioi article ol Ukdia
Rubber How, l.ne<l riml covered with Sheet Robber, and iru.
r mied to wem jongei than any otbet Huaein market. It >.
together ?l a dirfeienrmaniier, and Ming covered neue) not
iot. Ciwipliuaai attached widtoutebarae.
K- r Mile at 134 Uutdeu I^i.-..-, and 8n Broadway, by
ml'J Im ?\ 1.. ROSS.
R
t i/K'.d GUT IRON STEAM PIPES. Jtc.?The.oh.
?V icriberaai.iw prepared to an poly Monulactttien,
Engineen and othen willi ?Vrought und Coal Ir.??? 8umio.
Water and Gaa Pipee, mini, qtuuitity. The Wrnught-lroa
.n length* of Irom 4 inebee tu 12 lect^pm together with .crc??
inii capable "i inttaining ? utcsnure of trum ^.11 r.? lu.Ouu II...
in tl.luaroinch. TheCaM-lron Pipe in uniform wngthf.
und araojomed l>y ietewKfteam tight. Aha; alwaya on hand,
Rrasaaiiu InmCockt, Valvea, EIImiws, It 11.... I*pring?,Teea.
Couplinea, Keduetug Socketa, Steam Cunge*. Meam-Gunga
P.|i.-, ruii'p?, Jluiic- . ii ': 1.in ?. inn! oliiiiikt every ibuitf
used lor V'.'iii^r, Bteatn ""'i Gn...
VV.MAVDKTH ic. NASON,
.ii)'J.'J lin? _NoJ-1 Plntl-iireet, N,_Ynrk. .
Bi ilLEK IRI iN- 'I'' e Subaci ben are pi 1 in .1 to fuTnith
Boiler Iron, >.l lir.t qwdity ji,.) warranted, of any diuwn
riont?ako Iron euitnble 101 Irfieomotivee and kVricaon'i Pro?
peilen wade at Leun I Iron Wml... 1 ii^.rer 1 v. Pa.
mfl_MCR 1)1.1'lC. I.I.AVI'IT fcCO. E3 Wert -i _
jrv FUR HALF..?A dark bay liona that lias always
*-jv?~^ been nt private use, ieen?tomed to double and ?m
.'r?*V'- harness and _.im?I under Ihe saddle. Apply to
CL^jL^1'?<???'.Cornell, -'I IValltl nCiSi*
miOMPSON'3 TRUSSES. Offlca So. 13
.Beekman -inet. About 3UQ ofthe limpby?;.
Iciana and surgeons .if New Y?.rk h ue si?en
-theirdecided pretesence tothr: I hjj.iui you can
graduate ibo ).re..oro from one to rtiiy pounda
iturc. without i. Inn k pad, winch does to much injury
.. ne. .\ lair trial in' iij the besttasi ui m ttrperiant],
it b applied ami six days' triargiven, sndifitdooi net retain
,- , ture, whileperri rming every Irwdof exerclraofeottgh.
and give periei t ease; in a word, ;f it is not ,at?ta<-t.iiy
!n every respect, the money ui-heeifdly retitrn.-il. and thu 1*
ti.e uniy condition ..,1 which rou ?h.,ulo buy any Trues. A per
msneni cu.-e :s cu.-.ly efTectea, .md warranted, if rJiiectioni are
lullnwed.
Thi >? -or '.,r.7, fin UiisTnm ?ml '.r.ly mention the ?ide rup
'.?in.I and Hi'- mta-ure rOOcdUM hii?. as ihey run kTndum?
the uresaure to suit their cute. Sold who.'eaaiu and retud at 13
BeekntOfl.street. m2S lm_
HULL'S TRUSSES.?Notice to Kuptured Psr
ocs.?PenotMi ulBicied wrlii ruvturet may rely
ui?)n tii- best Eraenimentslaid ?)m w nrid uffords,
011 applicuti?!. el tiie Otliee, No. 4 Vesey street,
or to other of the agent* in tlieiinncipul towns
miii: 1 mied "i..'n. Be eateflil 1? r is mine tits back pad of
llolTi i rufacs, '.1 tee iftbty araeadoeied bi lu. Hull in Hnting.
Nona are gsnuius, or t<i be relied upon u good, without his vg
o*1"'*. . , . . , ..
Many persons have undertaken in ?cnd unnatinc! o' liuiis
ceieOmteil i'roj?<. and thousands are imposed upon income
qtience. Theao imtfiliom eannol be upon; tJiey era
solle by unskiltQl meehamca. and are no better Uiau tne ordic
ar> Truces. ... ...
I,..i.iii" have lieen ntted up nt .So. 4 Veiey .freef, eic!>i.iv<.|y
ii.r ladies, having ti xrimra'je entrance from me husira-as urpaii ?
meat, where a kanale n 111 ecastalll Lltendnoce t? wal ,.;^.;i U
maJe palH-nt?. i^tl ll
U"A?.'i.N I'UK SALE ? A ttltmjt, .u!*U?..-tud l."oui4ry
Wagon, excellently . itlculated lot moving a family, or
tor roiiuli roads gem rail). Apply at the Pbemx Bazaar. Ski
c?r-street, neat Bou <oa. m? u
JOHN GALER,
[FORanCRLC J. V. TILYl D.l
LADIES' BOOT AND SHOK sTORK,
bJl iia imam rfTUttT,
Ur. opening the above New Sti re. begs m>f?.ri falle to n.iicit
the aUentlon Ol b? lVxud> and the puuiic ? bki cnoice a?ort
ment of
LADIES', MJSSCS' AMI CilILDJtE.VS
?OOiS AND tellOKS,
of City Manufacture, being of the most approved style, end at
pf ice* corresponding with the times.
Also, Cent'sand Youths'Bouts and Mmes of ever/ dsscnp
lion. ,
Having had teveral y?ir> ?xpen.juce in the business, he eaa
unfhiently ta?ureto purchascn the deacnptioa of weri
IMPROVBMENTS IN BROOKLYN?SMITH Jr.
H IK'J'SIIORN h ???? luppl rug Ihoui uide wak i?U<11 S
AND SHOES which are easy in1 wear, btu>dson?a and
,..!?!. e. :.; ne Brooklyn and Drug i?in?.. and r-hpe
?. .-? 170 folron st. _ n<25
jt .> 1 tui.Mt.ii-i.ir.-i.iAi.""' Flrr lists'(cidi
i *i Bsribr.lerioel Beayesiai lha brv, pr...-oi to rsapenof
-?*& iborti .: i*r ... UoKskm :? : 1 at Huts a;a
. ?: n rlor?bility ..ud histra '" d ? -e add at t4. Ahoan er
..' 1 at Vi ?i. a very neat atr^bot.
l:.? :;;,? BROWN. I'rai-ucui Hatter, 14', I nnal.rt.
' i. ECONO?IV ?ND FASHION.?The Mi!?cnl)er ruu
I 3 rcsloi ad 1 * mpseiof Imitaooo .M?>skin !tut> on fur ho.
?esU me low price .d ?2
'lmtabure are meiegsni frreraHot. and will compare ad
tatag . r. ' m .mi sd. Al~., cuauntly
najianu wring 1 ??' and c.i* 1 Ui? ixat u^aicy. must y?tu-ra?.
r,a at the lowest prcea.
N.Ik Utmutry daqien .uppiied by Uw enw as I...v. it not
jwer Lhao any ot:;.:r bouse m tin- cay,
J. W. KKl.l.Uf;<;. 122Can?l*t.
iar-? dm* corner of '1 twwjeuQ -t.
VOODWORTH'8 PLANING MACH/NE8
ll YKA R9 evpenen'-e. together with many rahi
ahie intpriM emonb and ?ddrttons 1? jsts Iwnner u?r>l?
enable* the ubsenberto furm.li. al >hon notico. acd
ofthe meat pert ? te?ii'.lructmii,n:nt?rria!jBiid wvfk
11 airship, .\,:ici..i.e.u>pianc v.und m ail <t? varseliaf.
.1,1 bos puiniiig ortartaeuig a-y. or cutting tuouid.
i?ia agi
uf^il A m,plamng,tin .??jrmg.ino grooawrig^jainusagf
*v-^.Ue orrahbetung, .. ?1 HtppbOsitJ*.
yr?? j8 ' Application muj i made to Hi'?ul?.-rtierst h^_
Oa/i (cstu .....:: ??: t n to >n/,,?rot hvathcB,csirmtrol
ttf&W IConarierclBl and Lev. t-stnet. Uueu-n. where Ma
Wii lrh irt. may la.- wn, ui .1 an; inforrotUou rela?ve
(Er? ? lull?, -al. may I* oL Unned. nr well es M Jotraii
bjBb Blockwell jc Co. New-York.
^-*%> Letters of mere inquiry ?dm be post-paid.
II SAMUEL B. SCUENCK.
SI Foxt-rf'.'. Mass- Apul bu. ??.
a?3o*

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