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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, May 31, 1844, Image 1

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^SS'ORK TRIBUNE
lvllill ^Aorntmem hm.i. *kw.y?rk.
*T , i, Citt f^tarmbcwfiw Nine Cent? W week.
^?rpStb? can W in advance til Lb. LS5
?'.?''""';,. , r...,r m UM ?n.f nil*. S.o.-te eoptei
&':ViV*nt-4. MailluUcnben I ive Dollars pera?num_
Ait* Mid 3ob.crtptii.oi. taken for Sot >l>nths.
.. ?ri^-r-t insertion.J-;??<????
ffji j, t?,. i iquenl niaeruon.? ,,
JL i,.,ir?.l ovw six?rlist inwrttnn . W ,.
7V"''.. k*oreachsu '.sequentunertioo.--r-? ?
I." ? r or? ac week.i{5 ..
For one month.;
rt*''urV~:??v.,; advertaauenH al pieaiurc,
'<"'"' x erit?-i>i--- ?? insetted m Urn paper appeal botn in
??W-TORK WEEKLY TllllttWK,
LARGE PAPER, FOR THE COUNTRY.
'f HE TK 'x {^
^ , ,x. trtkt Matt Convention of the Whigs
"f pr Aero Jersey,
At TRa.NTes. May 29, lMf
p^tt^'f^
Uvettandance Ik re to d iy 1- nn exception to a
." ral rule of conduct which 1 have found myself
rlbhred ? prescribe. I have found it necessary t..
- etothe resolution of abstaining in-general from
^"' ?n, |nrs:e assemblages ol my fellow-citizens,
tlrthe purpose of addressing them. Disposed, I
kLc, to do mj duty, ?s a good <-:ti/"n. and a 1:00.!
Vklii'*. incarrvin". forward the cause of all good
rrwi and in supporting the acceptable men now
Mb'rc tlie public, I must, nevertheless, as a general
MCtice, sufferthe duty ofaddressing large bodies
iTpedpie to devolve on others who, to at least an
fflual degree ?'f ability, may add something more of
,i?r rind of effect. 1 am cnpisril, rice, nsnrily en?
laced in private and professional pursuits, which
frqaire attention, lint I Luve thought that, under
^circtunstances of the case, being near at hand
tad bfinf wrongly desirous of complying with I lie
?abbs of some friends, I uiisht lorego my general
.(wlution for the purpose of meeting yo? here to
I bad the pleasure ol meeting m<- r-. rcsentativec
?fall the Whigs oil he Union at Baltimore. I have
fincc attended a meeting ot the pcopla of Huston,
jiicmliled to receive tin ir delegates, and I made a
??>ori?i-it ?o my native stat.-. Gentlemen, wiili
?iie and this occasion, I must beg leave to close
graddresses to the large assemblies w hich will oc?
cur ?0 frequently in the progress of the present
rlretinn
We are met, gentlemen, to hear the concurrence
of ihe Whig? of New Jersey in ihe proceedings ot
ayBaltimore Convention. We find that concur?
rence to be, so fur as I know , unanimous and hear
it. There is no disseul In re or elsewhere. The
ftreritcs of the people for the first and second <>iii
tssi are before us; nml so fur us I know or can
Inrn, in cverv ('art ot liiw country with which I am
icqaainted, the will becsrdially supported. Then
p uo mistake about that matter.
The stale of the country is Bomewbal peculiars?
All that we hoped would have been accomplished
bj the revolution of 1840 had no! been accom?
plished. It seems necessary lorenew that struggle
And so f'ir as we can now |udge the struggle musi
br upon tlie same geueral topics of controversy as
iboK we wem upon in 1840. We do not know at
ii hour w ho will be selected to lead those opposed
to the Whigs, mir ilu I suppose it to !?? very mate?
rial. It is enough tor us to know that we stum.'
ppon our own, our oar? old Whig principles: thai
tie mean still to support, as far as may be in oui
power, the true and genuine Whig measures we
bare adopted, and, whether opposed by one, or b?
anotlter man's name, whether the opposition l>
stroiis or feeble, we mean 10 <Io oui duty, we mean
lo achieve it victory, if we can. (A von e, ' we are
toine to.') I think so I
" No*, gentlemen, it would be unpardonable in m*
10 run over all the topics ol discussion, or questions
of-dispute betwes-n the emit parties which divid
tlie coun'rv. Tlu-rr are some leading ones already
adverted to by the able and eloquent gentlemen w In
have preceded me, and I .-hull say a lew, um! onlj
a ir w words, upon them.
It gives me uuleigned satisfaction to find that, in
the adJresscs which have in're been delivered to you
by tint abb*, and distinguished anil popular gciule
ns'ii (rum t-vo uf the mosi iiupoitani Southern States,
upon one ol these leading lopici?the lendiug topic
I think I time si.iv?there was u conviciiou, express
ed on brhall of iheiuaelves and the Whigs of tin
Slates from which they came, a conviciiou of thi
siiuiiil priiatiples and the sulntary leudeuvy of I hi
great oocirjue oi Protecnoii i" Vtio*ricnn industry
Our stsif Iims been eatremel* cbuuged hi tnis res
p.ct !'s tlitevents ??! Out lust jeai; and I sui>pose 1
may congratulate you, geuileuieu, us I certainly
laktLto myself gratulation, in the |h-rsunsiou I leci
ihui v?e have um around n great point??<? have goi
ou-r a ereni liii?culiv??i- have achieved a e,..,.t
purpose and uc. omplishrd a great end in regard t.
toe Tariff policy ofihe coutitrv. v\ hai I relei loi ?
thai at the present session ol Longri.'Sf, in the 11 ohm
of Kepreseuiatives has inj a tiisjoritt ol our politicn
Miversarii s, a propostiiou substantially to aid r in
Tarin" law has ot 1843 signull} and bnally lailcil
Now the causes oft Iiii4 result ?re quite an gratify
Mas ibd fact itself. And whul Hre iliese onuses t
In the first place I think the question has beei
?dnirablydiscussed in Congress ai iis present ses?
sion. Tlie whole subject has been explored will
tew industry and with great taleut, b\ meinbers 01
Cencress from this Stute nml Imm other St?ter-,
among the foremost in debating ami in legisluiivi
taient in the countn. The Bources of its Constitu
tion.il power have been explored. Tin* question
has been traced to the times of Washisoton?in
the times of the Constitution, and 10 the times be
Km the Constitution; and from all this it haabeci
seen ilmr, from the limes of i he distresses ol th
country, utier the pence of '83, to the adoption 01
the Constitution, and afterwards, through nil the
early adniinistraiiouB of the Government, unacknow?
ledged object ni the Conetiiution was the pi.ction
ol me manufacturing and otln-r industry ol the Uni
ted Elates nsainst ilu- cheaper labor and the srreatei
ctpiial of Enro|ic-.
In tlie next place 1 ascribe much of this influence,
anch of thin happy influence, which has produced
the defeat of this measure in Congress, to the gen?
erous, unenlightened, the uianl) manner in which
the 5>ouiherti \\ hi^s has.- come oui uiul manifesteil
their opinion on this subject. They have felt, and
they have become willing to say, to declare, that
they do not see thai all iheircotton fields have been
blighted by the Tariff?thai all the hoj.es of th<
Southern planter, and nil lue comlorls of Southern
lite hast- been destroyed by the system of Protection
to our National Industry, They huso maintained
th>.ir eriitmil in it high, a noble, a statesmanlike man
Der. They entered boldly into the discussion, anil
thry reposed on their own h:;;ii character?and oti
ike merits of thia greai question itst If, and on :h<
wtelljgence of the people of ilu-ir own Slates, lu
?attain the opinions ihe> have held, and lo answci
lor the public policy thrv have pursue.1. And then
reliance is proved not lo hav,- been 111 vain.
1? the third place, 1 believe that since ihesubjeci
ha? been more discussed, ihe great body of the
numing interest of the United Slates has come lo
utidcrriui.il ii a great deal better. It bus been t-h.ir
Red every where that ih<- protective policy favors
tho rich manufacturers, the corporate bodies who
have lar^e investments, the capitalists who hav.
employed operatives under Ibein. .Now 1 (|,i noi
?oppose there is u muri' plain proposition 111 tin
world, a proposition more capable of proof and de
moMtration than this, that in the condition of things
in this country, a policy which in protecting th
nnaufacturing industry gives employment lo per?
rons who are not product-is ol umu iiiuirnl commo?
dities, but who are consumers, i? highly and sub
KantiaSly beuefic'uU t.. all parties concerned in tin
fariiuiiL- interest. Wtthoui going into any itretii
theory on ihls mutter, withuut \u\mz ilown a'nv ?-t 11
er?l propositions, or .Iravsi,.,.. general inferences, lei
me address myself lo thia aseemblv, mosil> com?
posed ot lh<- tarimitg inti-rcsi ?I N. J.'Ti,e en ,'lt ,?(,..
rest of?{. Jersey w a fanning iuu-r.st. Theinteresl ol
next importance is the nianufacturing. There can
be little chance of mistake in assuming that ihese
two interests make up the aggregate ol Xew-Jersev
parsuiis.
The appeal, false nip! delusive us it is, is alwavs
made in the fanning inierest, thai the efiect oi ihe
protective policy is lo raise the prices of those i;rii
cles which the t?rincr has in purchase, ll it ;>
were jiui", it would answi ronly half the question
oecaust- every farmer is interested in the prices ou
both sides, the price of ? h it he has to puicbase and
the price of that which be has lo sell. It it w< ri
true that the Tariff policy enhanced ibe price of dial
wluc!i ha m iv. purchase, that would noi settle ilu
question. He would inquire and usk whether 11
would ti^t have a corresponding or a greater eflect
in enhancing the price <>i ?!i ?i Ac has lu sell.
But now 1 appeal toy ou, and to all men every
whete, w ho will yield ibemselvcs to lact?who will
Rive up dogmas loi imih?I ap|ical. lo every man
here if, in point of fact, those articles wh ch r?ro re
quired ior consumpiion in New J. rs. \ cannot h
procured cheap -r now than at the cotnmence ncol
ot ibe protective pi l ey iuibc United Slates. I-1 "'
tin-cloth you need lot your wives and children a
cheu,.' Cannot y.-u obiaiu nil thecomiwdiiies, all
the comforts ol lite us clveap ! I sopfNise iheri
ibere is uo dou^t of that. The) are cbea|iei
?cheH|M-r not only in regard to the money price,
but in ctaiiiinriMin to want you have to exchange loi
whatyorj wish r.. p irehase. And now, gentleineu,
"hat is the grcut mtercsl of the grs.ut body of the
BY GREELEY McELRAj
! voi,. iv. wo. 47.
I 111 !!? ? MI?.? IWI I ? I IWI
tanner* of the United Stuten? I take the body of
' NVw.Jersey farmers as nn illustration of nil the
n>r.
I \\ lint is tlieir interest " Undoubtedly it ?< to have
a fair price fur thm, wh cli they raise by tiliins their
own lands?n reasonable price? e near and n per?
manent market for tire producta of their labor: now
how i? tlii- to lie Secured I Wo know it c-ntltiiil ho
found abroad. As (or talking ol finding such a mar?
ket abroad, it in nlle, it i? u mockerv. There is nu
such. Where then shall we find it I Where but
in thefo culh ctions of per .(iii< win, hie tint pr-Mlucern
themselves, but who tire consumer?ill. who
manufacture cloths mi l f-ihrios of all descriptions
nu.I bring ilietti in pay for the agricultural products
of other parts of the country I it seems tu me to lie
the most destructive policy in the- world, to ch-rfc
this domesticindu-try of ihe country, to put down
these domestic manufactures, or eeriouslv t.' dimin
ish their success, because it will annihilate, it will
suppress, it will obliterate, ilmt ercn market which
n is most important fur every American farmer that
he should possess. Why is it nothing to the farm?
ers of Western New J.rsey that the artisans ntul
manufacturers of Philadelphia are flourishing and
able to buy um! consume ttm produce they have to
sell 1 1:. ii nothing to those fanners of Ni w Jrrsov
who live near Newark and Paterson, whether the
manufacturing establishments of Newark etui Pater
sun go <m, mid giva to them what they have to but
?uiil furnish a market lor what ihey have to sell '?
.And what is tine in this respect of neighborhoods,
of Counties, of Slates, inual be seen to he as true fur
the whole grain-growing", produce-raising, agricul?
tural part of the community, and ol the whole
country.
I here is more, gentlemen, to be raid on this topic
than I could think of passing before you. Hut there
is one thing I will remark. Taking your ?n Slate
nn example?and it is u f.iir one?Cur 1 consider
New Jersey on the whole an agricultural communi?
ty?her people-living by their industry in the culti?
vation ut the land*, the times, the progress ofevenls,
the general improvements which ?re taking place in
society, in regard lo those who ure engaged in oilier
pur-uits, have made rt peculiar case. Ii has been
well said thm agriculture i- not a steam engine. Fur
in the nature ol funning pursuits, it is a thing incapa?
ble of such improvements a< the progress of the nri?
.mil the use id machinery have conferred on o?ier
departments ol labor. \ ou caunot plow by steam,
you cannot hue your corn, or thresh your grain, or
make your harvests by steam. All the labor of agri?
culture is substantially, as it was a hundred years
iigo, u manual operation. Agriculture thus sharet
not hall the benefits?the ravine of expense and
other improvements eflecli il in the mechanic arts.?
I hope farming industry has been aided hy discover?
ies of science, that there is mure thrift ntul ii liett? r
economy in its details. Bui this great, broad, almost
universal pursuit of sot i' ly. in the nature of the ruse
is not capable of availing itself to the same extent us
other branches of industry, of ihe inventions of sci?
ence, nnd new modes of applying artificial power.?
Hut meantime the general progress ofsociety goet
on:?life becomes more expensive?the education of
children costs more?the geucral habits of lili-re?
quire mure outlay. If it it be true that the agricul?
tural interest ims nut, mill em,nut. diminish lite cosi
of production; und if on the other hand the neces?
sary expenses ol the vast mass of the population of
this vast country, are rather increasing, is ii notoi
the first importance to the general happiness to keep
up the prices of agricultural productions io a reason?
able mill u just roll? u ran- which .-hull afford a fair
remuneration to the farmert Am! ii it is just ami
expedient, if it be the part ol political wisdom, ta
imiiilti'in the rules ol surh prodisi ts s.i n- to uitiml n
nir remuneration lor agricultural labor, ho hs to
?mthle. the l.iliinne inlere: I to liiniiilriiu it-.-if. then I
?my we run accomplish ;hi* only by finding some?
where in our own country, a near market; some
m here in nur own country, n people nol agricultur?
ists, not pitKlucing ?iemselves, lail rend ; to buy ntul
inv a good price for thai which the farmer has to
sell.
I look, therefore, noon it ns altogether n wrong
.iHtemcnl ol ihe ?jje.- ion to say thai a ToritT for
Protection is alone bem ficial, or maiuly hi neficial, tu
inuiiufitcturcrs. I regard it us e-~ utial to the inter
rsts of ugriculiurc, which may be regarded ns the
loundation of the country, iuurniuch us it creates a
uurket im its piodiictious. And I mn disimsedto
,in.->s ih- lew mmol i"- ullnwi (I iis i.e-e, in discussing
lu-se limits win. h lie :u the fmiiidation ol the pros
ifrity of tue country, aud which, it I understand
ii,- inattar, form itie ;ilnt:oim ol ?? big priori.Jos.
W ell, thri.. sbull we have tins Tariff or hoi1 Tie
rariffis settled nu far?bui ii is u party question: ii
as ii. en introduced into the party contents, and we
know that uniting those who ure opposed to us. par
v feeling is strong. There i? much concession,
uuch tenacity, a great deal ol glue to cause
linn to adhere ? What Ims been tiie resoli I?
Vmi observe that nil th- drill aud discipline of ihe
Party is brought to benrupuu it. A farifTnr no
I'u11If i.; the Kreut und leading line of distiia -
urn between the two pin ties, ll not, what is I
Unless, us is now ne.id. ihe questiou of the an
lextition of Texas, of which I wish to say nothing
now, i< in swallow up all otiieis. this question
must still be rt-itnrilcii ns one of those in dispute
iciwei ii the parties;now how do westand in n gard
10 it I Mere ure five or six highly res|tectahle t>-n
tlcmen, some of whom I have the pleasure to know,
representing this State in ihe Congress < fthe United
Ssatus ' How are their votes lound ? We of course
suppose them sufliciently aitached to their puny tu
induce them, so lar us thi y can in coi science, io sup
port tin ir party. Wbai did they do ' Every oneol
hem, I believe, fell compelled, eiihei by conscience
?r bv his responsibility to Ins fellow-citizi ns, his
electors, (which is generally a tolerably good con
ricieuce tor a political man,) they felt compelled lo
give their votes against tiirir I'arii mid in
lavor of their constituents and in" favoi oi
New-Jersey; Thus was the proposition to repeal
this bill lunl on the table, avowedly, I believe, iis
everlasting rest They belong, 1 need not say, lo
?he majority in the House. And now, whal i- lo lie
the result ' What are we lo expuct I l*ii tobe
supposed that these ti' ntlemen, thus honestly voting
igainsl the objects nod principles und .-pun of thru
parly, on their responsibility lo their constituents,
will come home among you nnd urge you to support,
for the llrM and second offici s in the nation, ineu
who, they have reason to think, w ill labor not with
them but against them?men who will be obliged to
advocate views prejudicial lo the interests of New
Jersey I 1 wish to speak with all respect ol
those'gentlemen. I have alluded to them only as an
instance in which conscience, ti sense ol duty and
responsibility, have obliged tuen to differ on great
principles from their puny.
Passing irom this let me say a few words ?n ano?
ther topic:
In iheeontesi of 1840 the currency question form
oil a material element.
I -hail not now enter upon ihe discussion of that
question, with anv view of examining the respective
iiifii.-ines adopted or proposed m any lime by any
parly, Ibr the purpose ol sccuiius a i-ufo collection
of the revenue, or providing a proper currency fm
ihe commercial transactions and general business ol
the communiiv.
I have nothing tosay of Sub-Treasuries, National
Hanks, or Excuequer*. On all these subjects my
opinions have been sufficiently often expressed and
1 have nothing new tu add.
Hut the present state of things is interesting as
well as gratifying : ami abounding hp it does in ma?
ny blessings and much prosperity, it is nol without
its dangers. There are dangers and evils, as well
ns benefits and advantages, in thm mixed circulation
of com nni! p iper which now exists among us.?
Chat.that mixed circulation will lontinuc, seems
certain. That far the greater pan will consist of pa?
per, until there shall come another day ofdtsastei
t(( tin- H inks, seems certain also. That this circu?
lation, in its present state, while the Hunks which
issue paper are solvent, au.I do no: issue, it in ex?
cess, is convenient, and ns beneficial as any local
circulatii n i an be, may he also admitted; Hut
neither ol "these things is more certain, than ihnt
danger hangs round Hie svsiem, culling foi care and
11 scietion, oversight and watchfulness from the
Government, or in the absence of the exercise ol
my powers of the Government, from the Hunks
themselves, und from tin- community.
1 have ever ! eon. :iti;l urn -till of opinion, that tins
guardiai shiji and superintendence of thecurrency,is
"tie ol the Constitutional, appropriate, ?t <i necessa?
ry exercises of the auitjoritv oi ihe National Go
verntnent. Hut that point, I do nol now propose to
nr?ue or l.i luii.ii. Hui I wi-ii tu state what I roll
sider it e denger tu In . und whence it arises, to the
?ml ttiut the country inav nol he led to forget the
xisteuce of that danger, although it be uot at ti e
present moment; standing in an appalling attitude
before iis.
Indeed, I have nothing to civ hut whal has been
often said and better eaid bet?re. The topic, how?
ever, fceenis not altogether inappropriate, as it i
likely to^mmgle ii.-eM", more or L-.s ;v,,i, th? ensu?
ing election, us well s being at all times ol ni-li im
|Hinanca in the public.
What I have to say, 1 shall endeavor tosav, in die
fewest words, and in ihe clearest manner possible ;
without pretending in novelty, or regarding my oii
uioos of iirare value than those of others.
Gold and silver ure the universal stundard of va
rn.
NEW-VO
j urn, and medium <>f payments, among ai! cl\i!ir.pii
J nations. All ibe com in tlie world belongsto all ihr
commercial nation* in the-world; each having na- '
luraljy it share ot if. proportion.-..! ?<> its commercial
! business nml use. It Bills of Exchange were un- |
know n, then coin would exchange hands, from conn
! try to country, in oid- r lo pay debts, mid settle ba
I lances, as the course of trade should hn?e created
; such balance, on the one side or th* oilier. Coin i
the universal soheut ol commercial balances ; the
gem ral paymaster, whose office ii is, to square ac- '
j counts, arising from the interchange of commodities.
] ii produce exported becomes debtor to produce im- j
ported, coin uiuM pay thf ilirTrrf nee ; and where ex
ports throw a credit ovrr import* coin returns to nil- ,
jusi the accounts. All this is as simple, in ihe order '
of things ns is the proceeding ol ? farmer, who goes
to the market town, with the produce of his firm, j
ami with money in hi* pocket, if he wishes to buy I
more than he has to sell, or bringing home mor^nio
uey. if his sale exceed his purchases.
15 ii t in the intercourse of nations, thf-r? ore thins*
which ancci tlie simplicity of this proceeding aud
render it s little more complicated, without chang?
ing its nature. The tu.e of Hiils r.| Exchange is
universal. Bills ol Exchange prevent, in a vert
grew degree, in n sott ed nta<e ol trade, the actual
transmission of coin, from country to country. They
run ti e round 01 the whole mercantile world, bring?
ing nations to a settlement, each one worth all the
rest, one paying its debts to another, by drawing on
its funds in the hands of n third, und leaving coin to
be ca?ed for only whi re balances <>; debt are con?
siderable, or appear to he accumulatingai seme ene
point. London may be regarded ag thz centre of
Exchanges for Klimpe, atw the City of New-York,
for this Country; Put is. II:im!,ii!<r am! .Vn-tt'itlrtm
l.ein;; auxiliaries to London ; and Boston, Philadel?
phia, Baltimore, Mobile and New-Orlea bauxilia?
ries to New-Vork. The -tat-- uf Exchange, then, m
any tune, between New-York and London, shows
suDstantiall) ibe state of trade, in the aggregate,
between this country and Europe, and the balances
actually existing, or soon to arise, on the one side or
the other. Speculations, founded in calculations
respecting future events, Mich ns the probable
amount of the staple artich a, tor tlie year,or the ri -
suits of manufacturing industry, the* probable rise
or till of prices, and other such things, afleci tun
certain degree, the in ttial rate, at which lolls ot
Exchange am bought aud sold, and thus qualift
that which would otherwise be the men: result oi
fact, with more or less, of tho influence of opinion.
Still, the general and the safe index of the state ol
trade, is the stato ol the Exchanges.
To an accurate understanding of this subject,
however, it is necessary to I ear in mind that ihe
nominal exchange between the United States and
England does noi correspond with the real com?
mercial exchange; by reason of the difference
which the laws ol the two countries have estab?
lished in regard to tlte value of gold, mid of the in- j
correct estimate, usually mode here, in th? business
of Exchange, of the value of the pound sterling.?
In Exchange, ihe pound strrlini; is received m
$4 44; its real value may be put at ?1 ? ">: and so
the law ni Congress regards it. This difference
nuioHnu) tot! percent.; su thai when n hill of Ex?
change is bought in Ne*-"l ork payable in London,
in st. rling money, it the premium given for it do not
exceed 8 |>cr cent, itisrenliy purchased at about
par; und in this state ol Exchanges there is no
danger uf the export of specie.
This topic may be thought to be not altogether fii
for discussion lu re. Bui I have made these remarks
upon it ihr n asona which I have already stated, nml
tor the purpose of preparing the way a little for
opinions which I entertain ou th<- subject of a mixed
metallic and paper currency, and ihe influences ot
tins currency on foreign iih.I.-; and which opinions
I wish briefly to staie. And I wi-:i to do this ni
tins lime, h cause I think I tun-re thai in the pro?
gress of no great number ol years, probably sounei
than must men supp the currency question will
again come to be u question of greai interest.
Gold and -ilver, as I h ivo n I ready snid, consli- i
tu tc lin- standard of value, und medium ofpaymeu
among nations. The same is true in effect, in do?
mestic trade nml among individuals, lint her.
comes in ihe modern use ol Bunk paper as the rep?
resentative of gold niu! silver, which supplies tin
plnce of coin, and almost supersedes ii in domestic
iruiistii lions. Musi. mum. reinl .-nuii ri.-s nutliorizi
the circulation ol paper,and llnsci culution isgreui
erot less, according lo cironnisinnues and to I In
luihiis ol the people, In the United Slates and Eng
Innd ii i- Iniac, in Prance ii is less.
I urn no- now Bpeaking ol "Overnment securities, ir?
redeemable Treasury notes, or any t'img. f h .t kind :
I in s|ieuking ol Bank notes promising puymcni ii. i
s|vecie on demand, and circulating ns cash. In ibe
Umied Sin ior. such Bnnk notes ate issued by many I
iiiiiidn d iliflen in Hank-.. Tin j pu^s Irom band lo
hand as money, nml huh- gold and silver is seen in
the duly business ol lite. This, state of Illings i
cniivenient, so far as local circulations are concerned, j
und while the use ol paper is restrained within j isi
limits. But then cmues the question, "A liai sre tin
i;i<i limits 1 and who is lo preserve ihemT What i
ihe standard hy which we ure 10 decide the ques?
tions ol excess, or no excess ' and who is lo sup?
port this standard I
Is ihl r--. or is there not. or may there hp, or can
noi i he re ever he, excess, so ]ous its the Hunks en
able to redeem their paper 1 W hat do we mean hy
excess,or o\er issues, ot injudicious superabundance
ot paper?
To answer these questions, we must remember,
that the tiuc operation oi hunk pap r is u represen?
tative character. It represents coin. But this re?
presentative, like other representatives, sometimes
tnigeis its constituents, am! seis itself up to be some
body, or something ; when, of itself, it is nobody,
and nothing. The one dollar bill which you have
in your pocker, is no beiterihan blank paper, .-.\. epl
so lur us run have confidence ihut it will, whetwvei
; von wish, bring a dollar into your .hands. A hunk
' Hole, proteasing lO represent coin, niul being ? trm
representative, acts a respectable part in the drama
ni commercial affairs; hut when it sets up furiiself,
or offers itself in an independent character, it only
"presents the person ol moonsbine." The security
ot paper, lirst against the insolvency of bunks, nml
secondly, against the general evil of over issues.
! und inflated circulation, consists in maintaining a
just and direct relation bel/seeen the amount vf pa?
per,and the trulil ami silrer uhich it represents. 1 do
not, of course, say it relation oi equality, bui a just
relation, and ti direct relation. In other words, 1
mean to say, that when the course of trade with?
draws specie from the country, then the amount ol
circulating paper should he proportionally dimin?
ished. Bank notes will not pay foreign debts.?
Strangers will not trust this representative of coin.
They cannol judge of his credentials, and tln-r. lore
demand the presence >>l the constituent itself. Here,
I think, lies mi,-ot the great temptations to exces?
sive issues of paper. Then trade is such, that bal?
ances are rising ugniust ns uhioitd, und the exporta?
tion of specie commences. There are those whoal
waya desire an enl irgemenl of ihe paper circulation,
io supply the deficiency,and lo keep up prici s. Bui
enlargement of paper issues, under such circum?
stances, i- the firststep towards a crisis, commercial
distress,antl revulsion. Tuis country is full of .n
terprisc. No people have more. Almost every man
is active, while, ai the same lime, and for the same
reason, capital is less abundant than in older coun?
tries. These circumstances keep up a demand for
loans and discounts, especially in times of activity ;
and although it is doubtless true that a well con?
ducted sy st-.m uf paper circulation may. to some ex?
tent, act as expansion ol capital, and. in that way be
useful in u new country, ycl men are too apt to de?
lude themselves wiili the ideu that paper iscurrency.
Bui, I urn now- considering mainly, paper curren?
cy at home, in its consequences upon importations,
und other branches of foreign trades, and a just limit
to its, or these discounts.
An opinion has prevailed, in England, and I sup?
pose still prevails, thai it is safe in Banks to dis?
count everj good Bill of Exchange, or promissory
Num. which Bill or Note is business paper, as it i
called ; that is, il it lias been given, in a real transac?
tion, ol buying and reilini:. This 1ms been, hereto?
fore, ibe rule wnii the iiunk of England.
Now, il by this im more wen- m? am than thai it
might be sale for the Bank itself, and so far as its
own interests w. r.- concerned, lo discount ?II such
pup- r. the proposition might be admin, d. Business
paper, generally speaking, may be regarded ;i- sale
paper. Bui that ail good business paper may be
discounted by llnr.ks. and ih.- oi nl paid in Hank \
notes, without danger of injury to the public, tr.-m
an excess in die paper circiiluti in, is a proposition \
w hich I do not admit, and which I think of danger
mis fendencyi I um persuaded that enlightened
Bunk Directors.disjmscd to lennrd the pub ic good,
..s well as the interests ol their ow n stockholders,
can never tot on such a principle. It is a funda?
mental er:ni ; und in a country so lull of enterprise, i
und so much disposed to activity as ours, its practi
eel tendency i- to stimulate business to., highly, to t
inflate prices unnaturally, to cause over Hading,
over production, Mad no i action, in all departments
ol business. Ii swells ihe amount ot paper beyond
nsjiist relation lo specie, and exposes ibe country
;.. Budden revnlsnui-. V\ bile specie is departing, to
pav dehts abroad, it is the effect oi this shullow and
ahorl-sighted policv to intreuse the paper circula- I
OFFICE NO. 160 NASSAU-STREE:
RK. FRIDAI fllOKTATTAG,
ti .n at home. Ho* cnn <uch a course of tfiinrp Ir-r
minate, !ui! in disaster nr..I distress '
V, e are no*- ju't recovering irmn a deep nnd bng
continued depression. Ali [tranches of business Ei*e
evidence of revival, nml of healthy action. ,'he
danger is. that we shall not beconteni (o make luste
slowly . tfiit a spirit of speculation m-tv -pringnut
of our stale of prosperity, when i; shall brenne
flushed. The danger i?. that paperwill be issued in
excess, prior*? become extravagant, and the nvmp
tm.'is nf en-is be upon u?. beforexve are aware* All
this may;not happen.; Imr ihe only security that it
shall not happen in :his. vi? : that hani" i-me?
be kept within jn-" hounds. teith direct reference to
the amount <</ troid and ttiieer.
Let iuc illustrate my meaning by a snppos'iica??.
Suppose tlie nmo-.:i:t of coin in the h-.nK? of N."Ebrk
to be rive iiiiiiimis. Siiptwse them to haw i.--ir-j.
in paper, tbree millions tor one, that is to say, ?,;*? t .
millions. I do not intend to say that this b a just I
proport on, Imt i: may !>?? assumed for illustraucn.
Now, suppose ihe holders of one of these fifteen
millions demand specie lor it fur exportation. Then i
fourteen millions of paper remain resting on at
of lour millions, ft k ?eo, .?' r:,I? 1,u of specie he
called for. then thirteen millions of paper ;c?:.? on
three millions ol specie, and so on. Nowi: isew
dent, that if such a process as ihis besinn, nr..I I
threatens to go <>u rapidly, without contraction, scu-1
eral distress, utui ji uimps explosion; ol tie- J': ul,.
Themselves, won!.! be the inevitable nn<i immediate '
consequences.
This catastrophe, ami th.r tendency of things to?
wards it. is to h ? - ii iiitf.l ngnin-t hy just restrcinis
upon the; amount ufdiscounls, by waiting the coarse
oi trade, and observing continually the index ol Ex?
change. It is not sufficient guard to look at the sup?
posed responsibility of paper offered fordiacoanis,
? ?r to impure wheth. r it uruse in any case Ir.irniea!
transactions of sale and purchases. If 1I12 exchan?
ges indicate that exportation of specie tuny he ap
prehended, nioir caution is necessary"; and when
exportation ordinarily commences, it should be.met
by nn immediate and corresponding diminution of
the paper circulation. This-wi!| slacken that ex?
portation, check it. mill dually stop it. The process
umy be inconvei ient ti>r the moment. It mov nn>?e
or lcs? depress prices, :ir. I dash men's hopes a litile.
But it is infinitely better to meet the oecurret.ee bv
it* proper remedyin the begiuhing, than to attempt
to hold up against the natural course of tilings, to
maintain trade in an artificial nnd forced state, lend- I
ing every il.av to 11 final, ruinous, nn.l overwhelming
fall of prices, and loa gi neral prostration o: credit.
Thai which 1 very branch of industry in tnis coun?
try most needs, is reasonable ami steady, not ex
travaganl or fluctuating, prices: sudden changes de
prive men ol emplnyim tit and disticss families.
Steady occupation, with reasonable gain, ccn
stanl markets, with fair prices, with no appre?
hension of sudden change, and ihe security winch a
innii feels that that ii money, which he'has taken
for money, freedom ttutn rtlnrin and panic, and no
fear of disorder or violence, these things compose
the elements of general and enduring prosperity
among the industrious ar.il producing classes ol the
community.
In the present state of things, in the ni.seuco of nil
oversight by Government, tire continuance .if tlie
public prospi r.iy very much depends on the Banks
themselves. Subject lo no control but iheir own
discretion, they ought to feel responsible tor the
exercise ofthat ?ti-t-r. tion.
The great ?-ities nenr to u3, arid other groat cities,
the sources ofn great proportion ol Bank paper, are
jointly called on to guard the country against such
evils, 11- it has already more than once experienced.
There ought to be an understanding among tlie lead?
ing institutions, nnd a just disposition to discounte?
nance every where either 1 xtravnganl len ling or ex- 1
travngnnt borrowing. I do not presume to admonish
ihe Bunk-; h it I hope they will receive these su; - ?
gesiions, as made in a friendly spirit. If in-, ration j
and candor, in iiii.? respect, be nol exercised, oui
[ireseni Hate ot health will itself innig on disease ;
our very prosperity will plunge tisin disorder We
are well instructed by experience; h i us not lie lo 1 1
tu experience. Let not nil ihe good, all ihecomforrs
all the blcssii gs, which now seem in prospect fur all I
classes, be blighted, ruined, and destroyed, by run
uins in 1 is duuger which we may avoid. The rocks
h lure us are ail vi-ilde, ail high out of water. Thev
tili tliemsclvi.- up, woven A wiili tin*, fragmeuis d 11>*?- |
uwful wreck and ruiu of other nines. Let us.avoid |
them. Let the noisier,- and die pilot*, nml the
iielmsmitn, nnd nil ihe crew, be wide awake, in ii I
jive the breakers a good berth.
Gentlemen, there is anoihcr subject comfectcd
with our foreigapolicy,. to which it may begjCropcr i
lo advert as mie of those which will require the
wisest councils of the wisest men, if we succi cd in j
obtaining a change of ihe government. A cnmmi r
eiai reform has liecmoe necessary ; we have heed
lessly and ihnughtlcssly, in the exercise of an ill
judged generosity in years past entered into whal
ure called reciprocal treaties with other nations.?
I'liey are all fallacious. Theic ii no such mine ns
reciprocity in foci, in these treaties howeverrecipro
?cal ih. y mtsy be in principle. There i< nn real rec?
iprocity between us and Bremen, or Li tween us nml
Sweden. They are contrary to all 'he practice liiut
i-< before us. to all former usagi -. 10 th ? great prin
eiplrs of ?11 ourenrly navigation acts and thev oueht
to be terminate,'. I do noi go into detail on this sub
icct, for 1 know thm New Jersey is ni t as mi.eh m
terested in commerce ns other Slates. But the mat?
ter is one of greni public interest, and which must
be 1 oimidcred and disposed of within the next four
wars and on that account among others, the great [
interests of ihe countiy demand tor the j uhli-- coun- 1
1 iis wise, experienced and sate mi n.
There is another matter connected with tlie ad?
ministration ol die Government of a ntture to touch
ihe great principles of tin- Whig party. I see In r
circulated to-day among the people some icmnrks
made hy me some lime lince nu ihe iiier? n-o nl Ex- I
ertiiive power. I am glud to ?e tliein attain thrown
befiira the people I Rlund hy ihem. I hold now
ns I lit'ltl theo, that the Executive power of the
country has he.Inngerously increased, is increns
ing. Hud ought lo be diminished. Now, g? nth mi n,
in the organization of this Government, the great
difficulty with your fathers and my lathers was how
to constitute ihe Exi cutive puwi r. They knee. Iiom
to make a House ol Represcntaiircs, for they Imd
become accuslnmed to pujnilai elections,which they
hid enjoyed lor n bundled veais. I hey kn-v how
to ennetitute a Senate, for ihey might consiiiute thut
as tln-v hud in the old Congress, by members rip
pointed M Legislatoren ol the Stales. For all dial
ihey htnl precedents and practice, ft was a high
road and nn open way. But lhsy never had 0 Su
preme Executive power, with high authority ; none
of the Eun p -.in examples applied. 'Ihe mnsi ol
them In hi then p!ae?s l-y bcreihinry right, and iln y
were only examples of inherent, monarchical, arbi?
trary power. V? ith the ? xceptioii of a few cases,
like the Polish King-, and some minor instances in
the cantons of Switzerland and elsewhere, they had
no precedent tor ihe esl iblishment, by popular elec?
tion of an Executive, with snch power and limiiit
tion as should make the office sufficiently efficient
ami energetic to proteci ilie law, mid yet never he
dangerous 10 ihe liberty of the people, nor encroach
upon the libcities of the other departments.
I do noi sav ihey foiled entirely in their cflbrt in
accomplish this. I think they ih'd not I'u.l. I think
tln-v provided tor an Ex. cutive undci the Constitu?
tion such as would by prudence nnd wisdom and
sober discretion on the part of the people, answer
the great purposes of the Executive and yet nol en?
danger the liberty of the people dot encroach 0.1 the
other departments. Exjienei-.ee has proved ii.?
Washington proved it. and his successors proved it.
Thev showed that the ibing was practicable. They
nhuvicii that by electing good men. men of eminent
virtue and eminent talent, men who should love lame ;
more than office, men wiio would stand upon their
their character-111 their own gi neiati 11 und upon Ibe
reputation they might hi p- ?<? enjoy more ti un the
immediate possession of office, the Executive pro?
vided in the; Constitution might answer all public
exigencies." I do no; say that the Constitution has
provided ?n Executive olwai-s safe or wi-e, placed
111 soevi r inn-Is 11 might he. They expected no such
tiling. Thev looked to the country tt uli time*und
under all circumstani c-10 ti.l ihe high uffices ujiii
men capable, patiiouc; and ot'iujii churacier.
In mv opinion it has come to pass?I co not
stieiik of rt?c^Ilt occurrences-^ but 1 go lack to th?
statu of iliings upon which 1 have b.n uurkimr?
it hascome to pass tiiat the Executive power has ?
strong let rlen rv?a strong ieod?jncy?to the personal
asgrondizemeiii of the um ti who, for the moment,
bnppens to h.dd it?a srroiig t< n leucy to mnk.- him
consider himself, in some vague sense, the represent
alive of the American people, clothexl"with certain
undefined autnuriiy; n? ti he w i re nti..ve the Consti?
tution *?a tendencv to leod him 10 assiune names
not known to the Ccnstiiution. and to forgi t thai he
is limited in authority, us be is lin-if 1! in time, and
thut he is no more the r- presents ive ol tu- Am-1:
cuii pei pie. iban he is the representative of all thi
nations uf the eaiih.
I adhere :<> the sentiments on tbis subject I utten c
seven \ ears ago. There ihey are. I have looked
them over 10 Sav ia the print in which ihey have
been eiiculr-.teif There they are. I believe ?wy
are all true, and I believe tt is one < I the lirs; duties
of the Amen, an people to look with a sharp, 1 will
r.
Si. I ?4 4.
nnf say an extreme jealousy, hur { will a?v to exer?
cise a close wulrhfulness ot" the progress of Exeeu
tjre power. Let ihem see ro it that the h- ad of that
department, placed to exercise the officeoi Presi?
dent, does not make it? patronage the property nf
favoriti s or.dispose ofits power for his self-aggrand?
izement. Let :h*ns go hack to Washington .md his
successors and find there examples tor all who may
come after them.
Gentlemen, we arc assembled here as Whig*; Let
us nnw nik* a short survey of Whig principles; a
reasonable protection to the labor of the countn ?
ihe mi in to nance of n sound currency?a'i practica
h!e reform und e-ten=i -n of commerce?the conser
rati it of the Constitution and the preservation of
their respective powers to the several departraeots
? I "ike it nil these nw art tries ot" rhc Whig (reed.
If thej are not it* articles then I '.rlrhdntw my sul -
scnpliou to that creed. Nnw, 1 n<k it anv ot D .
Illings i' inconsistent with the highest interests of
ihe people f Is there anyone person here who does
tot b.-long to the Whig party?I ask him, it in all
diis, it i'in reason a hi ?? proteetion to labor, a sour..!
:urrency, jealousy of the Executive, he can ?
my tbing nor compatible with the best interests of
:he country ? He will say. perhaps.not: ihe V. his
prim iples are good enough, but iheir practice does
ant come up to tiiem. I have for ibis a r n.u an
?wer. I will say ro him, you just then adopt Whig
principles, carry them out and show thai you me
better Whigs than wa are. und we'll give tnu the
tcad in the government of the country: 'if our
principles be good, sound and practical, then I say
it is the part of a wise man and a good ci-;/.eii to
ittpport them. We have ail the same interests in
promote, no matter to what parry we belong. 1 lie
arms we all cultivate adjoin each ether. Werne
rovemed by the same la vs.?The convention that
f assembled here makes a eon-:;: uion for you a!!.
I'he sun of the constitution, the li rlu ? f eov. r; meat,
alls on all as the light of Heaven and the lighi of li e
imminent. If, then, we have a common interest, u i'
not time tu consider what it i<: is not now an occa
?ion for coming together nnd holding conference to I
o-e if we shall not all mitre in the support of that
lummnii interest ? Why should we always be di
rided bvaname? or why should we lie divided by j
lu ti! My friends. let me tell you tiiar, in my es
eem, men are nothing or next to nothing. In this
?real country, of twenty millions of people, what is
my individual 7 A symbol of good or bad princi
ties?n rallying- point for uniting all who may up
io!d the principles of which he is the champion:
iut niter all, what is am individual?or any indivi
dial's ability and usefulness. Principles a"re cve.-y j
hing ; measures are every thing. Wi ai we do now j
- done for ourselves and for our posterity.
Let its gn into the contest with nil these feelings :
ve haveCL.irand FkKLiSCH?YSE.v,h morednnmrs!
o cheer us onward. Hut our hopes?at least my
topei?mv purposes, are not merely to carry an
rlection, to enjoy n triiiitiph. I wish to establish
treat mensur**, essential to ihe good of the country
md tiie happiness of the people. Lei us do sou e
hing now thai may remain. I would cull nponyoti
?I New-Jersey, and especially upon ihe young men
vim are hcie, lo act upon this and:upon nil occa?
sions with an honest, jiurc patriotic und intelligent
levntion lo duty .
Gentlemen there remains much to he done. I
ike uli this di-plav?ihesc collections of good
A bigs ami of good feeling; I like ihese banners
lying, and all ihe show of ardor und of zeal, be?
cause they are proofs of good resolutions. It vou
i!i use in sny so, they uro the effervescence of a good
?i'iiit: but ihey uro proofs that a food spirit exists.
Hut let m- loll you?let me tell y ou. thai the htim
?lesi ling which shall be found upborne and (looting
ificr victory? ihe coarsest pie, c of bunting, shm
hroiigh, though it may be, like n scive. m,.I all in
rags and tatters, if after the battle it .-till remain
Hunting in the breeze, is worth vastly more than a
thousand glossed and handsome standards, which
uefote th>' battle display ibeir silken lobls lo the
winds. Lei us lake enre and see th it such n llag is
liiirs alter the contest. Let us see someibing tloui
ing when the battle is fought, and not be called
upon to skulk away wirb our beautiful banners
itud elorious badges, and to hide in some i.noble
'orncr.
Now, gentlemen, we have much to do; at:.! you
younger men have much and more than I. You
h ue hi address the well-meaning, the well-disposed,
??ml there nn; lliousnnds such, in ihe oilier pnrtv ?
Vim must them ?In thet ihey do purpose t.i sop
|itul m> n, who, so lur its ihey atid von call judge.nie
opposed in the interests of Hip country, ami whelhei
they will leave what ili-v conscientiously believe
he 'ill' ti e good of lot' eoiiuliy under itit " lulieilinnic
low er of party, Voll most converse thus ninoiig
your neigbbt is. Do your duty utitl do not i onsidi i
die work accomplished till the Whig triumph has
been made st eine, by a strong and decisive mejoniy
in November nexr.
Gentlemen, I will detain yon not a moment by
say ing nni thing of the distinguished men selected
at Baltimore, as the persons under whom you rally.
I need no do that. The lirsi ?. oice ol id-sent has noi
?et been It 'ard. Mr. ClaT has i eon before the coun
ri-v for ibirty years, ami has at several times heiore
beeu ihoughl ol for the same high office. Circum
siauces have prevented an unanimity heretofore.?
l!nt ihere is now thai unanimity. And I not only
hope, bin I believe, thai this unitedcfibrl will result
m his triumphant election. Still less nei d I spenk n
word to jou of Mr. FKEi.t>"6tiorsE>"* he is known
lo von as well ns lo me. A native of your own
Si?te, n (?!)? rished son ol New Jersey. he l!t worthy
of all conlideiice, and b.joys it.all. I can only
say, fur one, that if it were m liiy power to-dnj lo
remove him from the plncc If holds as nomimiti d
for the \ ice Presidency, ami in put any other man
ai my pleasure in hia place, I would hold on upon
him with both mv hands and all my heart, and kei p
him just where lie is.
Gi ntletnen. we nreassemhled us Whigs.on ground
ilistitiguislicil by \\ lug cm dm i, hv \\ fig oi.durum r.
Uv \\ ni_- auflertns, by \'. big bravery, ai d by U bit
Victory in early limes, Pol uns. It i cla.'ntliing;
but os n uiembertd the great Whig party I do claim
? participation inn noble and glorious ioheriiM.ce.
I claim to be of that parly, and one id tin m by ireij
lar descent from Washington ami ihe Whig? of ihe
Revolution. And it t::eie be anv Whig- ar ihisduy,
who sei themselves up as wiser, than Washington
and hi.- associates and copairiots, Hiev i.re Whigs
with v* hem I do not associate. 1 believe consci u
liousiv that if we were now to appeal lo every Re?
volutionary man oil 'he face ol ihe whole continent
? w ho had seen those perilous liuh s?ii you were in
rake every living man who hail n scar lo sh w from
the Revolution, every one who limps Iroui the lose
??fa leg in Revjlutiooory limes?and pul to them
the question.uni' ty -nine i ut oi every buudn d ol ibcm
would erv out si.cct.-s lo ihe Wing cause! Goto
ihr ne gbborhoi d of -mv baiile-tlehl y?.u please. I
have tried it ai Bunker Hill; at Concord and Lexing?
ton, ami I say ihnt none ol the men th- ro, whom God
has preserved lo us from the Bceues ol ihe Revolu?
tion, does not new Icel nil bis sympathies and ail his
allectious running, voluntary and copiously, in favor
of the Whigs.
You live, gentlemen, in the neighbor! ood ol sc. ne's
renowned in the history oflhegreal Whig part* tiutl
its immortal leader. It there is any ihm? in local
associations, it tne mind is moved ty what the eye
sees, if it is touched by what recollection brings ro
memory, I know no place more calculated loi xeiie
ihe feelings, to animate the patriotism, "r lo console
Whigs fur whatever disappointment ihey may if
fo'ceil to undergo, than the scenes which surround
us. Here at one rime die whole Whig force "t the
country wns concentrated on thai .-otii ami l !o Ay
winter of "75 and '76. Gentlemen, I never read to
mv Ii e, f caunoi read now, ihe history of the trau -
actions of I'renton during T5 and 70 without a Ihrill
of emotion. More than thirty years ago, in the early
part of my li'e, and w hen I was not known lo ten
persons in New-Jersey, 1 was led to go through ell
ibis - one. so memorable lor lhat campaign, to
eratifv, I will not sav acuriostiy, but an anxiety, a
patriotic feeling, ns I may calj it. lotiace the opera
lions of the suffering patriots and heroic minds of
our army. I followed the march of Washington
from the ferryeigbt miles above, down ibe ii?er
road at d the Pennington road, to the bir.ib; in which
ti.e Hessians wen captured. 1 returned with him?
examined the bat?e fields, and treed his Steps to the
White House, am? so along the Utiokcr road to the
Friends1 Meeting House ai Princeton.
I examined alone the field w here Mercer feU?iho
ho ise to which he was curried?the house in which
he died. All tois I did when I was very young. I
.:id it under the direction of a distinguished citizen
m New-Jeisey,ever honored among you while In
lived, eminenVfor serv'Ces in boib Houses of C n
gresa?I m?-an die iure Richard Slockron, of Pi.
ion. nnd a s..n of tbat Richard :>ti?ci.ion who set
his name t" thai immortal instrument the Declara?
tion of (hde{ieudence. And, gentlemen, ?heu 1
consider how neart'ie whole eau.-e ol Revolutionary
Wnigs was to being lo.-t by the complete captme
of the whole American armv with is in,mortal
leader at its bead, and consider tl -ir Prbvideuiial
i... ,.j>- iroin superior f- re--. I teel in ihe tirsi place a
devout sentimeni ol gratitude to Providence for so
leuiarkiihle a preservation, and r-.xt an overwhelm?
ing regard i-nd admiration lor that <*il\ a;ui fidelity
mid judgment which guided their leader, and tor
ihe steady attachment, the loyal devotion to liberty
of thai gullor.t har-d.
FIVE DOLLARS A YEAR.
WHOLE NO. 97*.
Ifsn sJnri.-.;:* rv?.,!:s followed Washington's more
; menu in "75 und 76", what battle-piece more m.<>rih\
i tn lie ii rallying-ground tor Whigs ol the present day
! lhs.it this ! I'he dnv is not so dark as then. On the,
dVk day the patriotic efforts of the Whigs tin I ligh
j upon thi< bright day. Lei iha . [for:* ?.t tfie Whits(
I this day spread over it a still greater and bright!
light. and B superior lustre '
I shall not have the happiness soon again to sei
! such mi assembly ol V?. Jersey people. For on
I rejoice, I sincerely rejoice, at the opportunity ol
j baring met you. Let ua return to our homes.
o rplaces 1f appropriate ?iuiy, n:i i determine thai
for us and our household; we will adhere to tin
Whig faith of our an estorsjtbat we will give ii
not at all to any temporary puryose, to any person
al ptirpo-e. to any p irtizan purpose, the lee?i g thi *
we have a country, that we h*ve a public liberty
hpugrtt by i i- blood ol our fathers, transmitted t"
our nan is Ibrsafe keeping. Lei ushaod it down t.
our children : let us teaeti them its value, and lell
them what to do themselves 7 let us have them i.
parents' blessing, connected with a parents' Mem:
injunction, never to desert the true u.te e-ts ol the>
country.
.Mr. Websteh s.it down amid the repeated
cheers of the assembled multit ide.
BXetltodlsst General Conference,
Reported Pit The Tribune.
twexty-SIXTfl day-Ttitm*iMT. May 00.
B shop Hkdui^g occupied the Chair. Conference
oyeue>l -?u*ual.
!>'. Peck, from iheCommittreofCorresponde ice,
reported a . answer totue address of tihe Rrn-h *\? icyat.
lerencc, whith ? as read an.: re comcn tied tor antcndinent,
Air. RVaPEK, trom the ? outuiiit>-e on die Boo'.
Concern, presented a report which was laid oa the table uc
?!er the tule.
CASE OF BISHOP ANDREW.
The Gonli rencc having resumed Ihe cons ide rat) >i
of the case ol Uishop A.tOBXvr.
IV. i sri.Hs, of S. 0 made an able speech. Ooi
of tun main point, on which he ii~i*te.l in,.. that the Church ,
?toe in lier menibersli'p and ministry., nu,| heingso, the N. n
Mraaas much nivolved iu .Muter, through rn- mim.tr> ?.;?
iiirniUer.leu oftbe South, ?? thceouhl he ihr ii?-:i a slave-hold
log H -It 10. If Use arguments on tin. other ?:??..' NreiC run out t
tlieir leaiUmme results^ thei hurch nuwt be thrown i..t i uite
e>uifusion and ou t ir ibty nmkeu into trugm-M-. lie c uM n?
-?v a .! i.e-li iiiiiinr Bishop would eat.I Stivers one thi
North, and he ?i? urld thai ileauterisni n would I e ulti r
at l?uft in sUcmptiig to actualize the idea. He .p >ke ??( tit
in.to the colored people, und ..m-rcted it a. in. si den i
...a el ..t.". t tJiesuspeiu nn of tile Bediop. would ettrri, lie
.-?..- .> them, He begged and entreated the Conference to lor
uenr. After he bad concluded,
tin. Uukbi.' Su d tri.t one remark made by bin
yesterday had l*en mi>uiider-luod. He bad been u raters torn
lossy that bt*Southern brethren when ?t homo prenched ii
favor Slave->. lie ion! Saul no such thing, ami beilid ihm be
Iteve it was true. Ilerecogized bis bicdiren ufiheS utli ..
Christian* and Imnc-t men.
I'k. Pkck* having among many competitor
gained the fl;>or. said that if the Conference was di-posed t
...i t nue the discussion, be des red to tjn ..k ; but if they cbos
to ti ka the question wi?mut furtlier ueliute lie would sii
down. .
.nr. Hobart moved that the question he now
taken. Sinnet Inaction being maiie.
Bishop Axiihkw expressed a d< sire that the cpies
tion .lioulii la- decided without further delay.
it liaung been di-tei mined that the quest ion
?' Shall the main question be now put :" should Ik- decided bj
res* m il nays, the i 'onfcrence proceeded to vote, and Jfl votee
in the affirmative and 8D in tit- negative. As toe motion re
quired a n ijor tr of two thin!., it was lost.
Bishop Hki*i?i>c ihcn requested that tlic <'on
fetencc inieht not lit this alb moon, in order that the Superiti
tewleiits niicht have an opportunity to consult u selber with
a view to lixinc upon a no to promise; and he requested the
Conference to revive the Commit!.f Nuitheru and Southern
brethren, ilisclinrred wme days since; ihn' they micht meet tin
in council on this important question.
Dr. Durhis hailed the proposition with delight,
but he suggested that it would tie better in the circumstance)
not to revive the i Vimnnttee. Let the tsaifiop meet together-;
liixhop Andrea as well as the test?and lei them invite an]
brethren to inet with them whom ihey pleased, lie wouU
give them Pkruiputcnlian pouersin ?ioeo??. Tins HiggestMia
vi?, asieed to.
t ? r. OtlJi thi ii mm ed that the case ol Bishop An?
drew lie rtefcned all to.morrow morning, Vgrned to.
The i "oniereiice then took u Bepon from the i Jom
mil tee on *iie Book Concern, which cot lumed ?w remainder ol
the session._
i E.MPLE OF BUHDD \li,
HINDOO "lllKACLES,
v \m i.\ \ riON,
ASIATIC J?CC LERY;
at Tu*
fa Kilt i ?: AVA,
Ever v E veinng i h i a w e c k, a t
U VSBINGTON 11/s.LL. BROADWAY.
Programmes attlie Mn-icStore-. Botrh and I In ii. *dmis
Sioi-tiiet-, Upen nl T:..? coir.t.ieiicc titS o'clock. lui'jf
Tl ~?r it;:; ISHKO, the bible STUDENT A Nil
?I KAMILV MO.MTUR. a Si.>n IIontiiia I'aaionicAi..
cumlueted by un a.mtion of Munsteis and Laymen, no.
tatued iu double number, aller the lira nunusgr aiabotbahei
mjt bs man's mi but. with llitiie trutit. Terms SI per voiiitt?
ofSB iMioiiier,. parable in advance. Wo rcspecUully -o.ici
that share ol public paminaga ?hieb the um r;.- ?I the ? ri
dem.mil. Thoao who beeonio our potmns are invited bical
and have Uie lirst number mailed tu a friend gratis, tllhei
No.9Spm< e..t:cet,.\. V.. on ?ieSd door. e. II. n 11A i?X.
Puldidier. mis Im
Tu STATIONBItS, eng HAVERS am; PItLVTERS
J Superwr EnnnwIlM, i'oreelaui Ivory Suibice while aw
colored blanks, Car/*, at every deseriiitioo as maoulaetuaa
i,l the New York i lard Momiraetory, locsaie al loaiieod prjoe
lit I.. SMITH. b? John .Ueel. oppo.it.. I Inf St mil
ITBRTH Sr. hai.i.. No. 1 (?'rankbn-squnre, hi I cunstantli
t* on hand anextensivi.rtiisnil of Ml SICand Ml'sn AI
1 v s l it I MEN'iSuf nil kinds. piano euutes ofd
.;y es ai d finisli. iH ITAKS, from ti?. Spantsli p uterm
fbi wbii h ll-ey nave leceiveil premtnms from the American la
mtula ?vorau mher mnkeo, und are of vary superior lone am
,tyl? oriinish ; ll.l THS. of all kii ds and ntiish, h.r winch tliei
? lvi uireceiveilrepetiteilpren.its; CLAKIUNLTS. KKiVl
Iii HI,I s. C< IIUVOPIJ TROMBt INES, eti, allot uaiii
own nmniiincture ami warrnnled l impurtcn nf SI L'SIC ami al
? Iii Sil ? L IN .-I Rl MEN"! s.M.W Ml SICi.?
..;.,. maspublislied. just hi ULlSIIED.nilthesiNinol
the III 11 111N S> i *? KA *l 11A : ab?., IIERTINI*s mew
i ill tin I'lANO; i:' o. ?io 11 rph El S glee III M 'l\. be
big a collect ion id cleir- liti bur male voice., with piano BCOSM
? mm incut, ?dected mid compiled from the bwi German and l.i
gbsh authors;uj AUSTIN PHILLB'S. Price One Dohm e
let. Merdanus. aud the Musical community generally, am re
spectfiilly invheil to cull. mnttt
i 'in \i. musk; and rlocutioS' vrysciem b
V Mr. i". Ii. N \sh 1 lately associated widi Prot Itr.osstiN
would respectfully iidi rm itu des runs ofnevehiplnganil eel
rjvobng their Voices lorSingmg and Speakim: in on .-ire, bsi
mam -r. ? ithoal causing I.i.r exbnustiiai, that beim
e-tnbluned himself at No. 93 For?yth treat, in the Cit) ol .*?< w
York; to instruct Indietdmalt ar.d Small VUuwti on i.na
till ? ras lie will al.stand Glkk ClCBS and i iioiks,
?,.,! w Private Instrnctinn in all parts nl iiie city, for i> i?
Ucalar* and references, see Circulars at the Rook sod Math
Sioie.. _ nt}-l!l Im*
Fills I I'lfKMII m HA'il i.il l: l-.o IA I'KS.
DLCMBE hagl'EKRIAN GALLERY of patem
i I'KEMlOl COLORED WloTOi.RAl'BS. N?. S?
i Broadway, above Murray-street, New Yiak?Awanled t?
! t:n-T psknicsi rind iiiobrst itosoa. by American aou
rraokiiii In-t i'.to., t.,r the iimisi beautiful eoloreil Uagsjgirsw
1 t) ties ever cTloluti.nl.
This estaUbhme t bos ju-t l>cen greatif enlarged and on
proved; byusaaddrtinn ol nearly trie whole of the tir" it.
?hoveUie street, and embracei now no lew er tluxn TWtxvs
..p .oiie apartments. The .cale upon which ihe hnaineM -
eotidueted ursum sdvaolages which are no where ehe to Is
met with: and hence tlie reuutation which tin. concern bio
always enjoyed, es being the " rir?i m the world "
" l'l,e tteamei I nie. ?nia esrr im out i new nn.l ei prcvei
apparatus for taking Itaeueire-type Miniatures, urdenrd :tj a
? i r gentleman of Edinhurgb, trom f e astalilisl meat ol
Proll Plombe. It is ihr superior to any.instnure lever btfort
mnnulactured.*1 .!!?> StateDeuiocrst
Plumbe's Premium ar.d German Apparatus, am: Insinn Dun .
fh.ti-.. 1 i.~~. &.C at lo?,-t rutr.. mwlai*
\:.\ii.. kenseti' .-.tu.::: iatb \: ink >t. *?> ? v
\ inform tlieir firmer customers aud the public reueridly,
that uSey h ue retaken the above Horn,ami nmrliirsale at en
i re new >t?.-k ot bpnng GmmIs, purchaseil lor cosh of t!:c Im
IKHters awl Auctioneer., ?Inch ?* ??!< I..-?. I.I al ereatl] r. ihieei
prices, amona whh h may bo Ibimd liie K Hawing t a bxrge as
.ortmeotuf Ualzarines ami IIa raget lruin&.to 4-. cofii i aw ns.
Primed Jnconctt ami ' lambric Muslin., le.o bazines, :.!/. nui
Colored tli Paeo: l^aares; a Urge assortment ol Viusha la
Lanes frum I?. i'.I to3a.; Ilaiage &lk aa>l Cnshmere .-h??l
blk. blucsblack and col ire.1 Silk., i.men Cambrick HdkC
liaiiihrnotts. linens and a good assortment lor men's *ear,
t<rgelher w Iii Silk Parasols, Prints, Mi..In and ? var.et/ ot
oilier roods, which you are invited to coll und examine.
qdSiw* __
CHEAP FO CASH.
C V. IVEMPLE,
no. 73 i itUsK. nXl poou FKOM ?assac .TRKKT,
HAS just receised front Auction a great variety ol Balmr.
ines, 1'riiite.l Lawns, < Innu E'!e.t .n Ginghams, Itlooil
Edginp. Needle-worked Bands, ,-iik Rimpa.Cotbin Krniee.
Binnet Rushes, Kibhuns. l ine: Cambric Bandkft I hrtni
? I Coitou Eiljais., Cirr,,.un Erne. Ilo.er/. I...ives, Ijih
Veils, kc all oi winch uiil i?. -.Id at ereu' bargains. mm
VNTBRACITE PIG IKON??00 tons, Itir sale low to close
nu-ccount. by MUHJXM K. LEA VITT et CO.
C'AMU.HS? I.?int.netmrsh Reliu^t Mould?Ht) U...-. Par
'me!ee'?i^M.o!ted II2es, lorsab-at mmon.ctiirer'. pncflt
Bfi M It ICIiElt'lS. 11?- VVe.t .rr?^_
f IOTTAI.E CHAIRS AND CABINET FURNTl I I I .
No. 1T4 Fulton itmat. N' ?-i orit.? BousekeitpersiMwoa?
ot purchasi s of the Mormucturer, will please call atib? ab we
number, a'here may be Gaind an ossortrrseot oft.hair, and I ah.
net \\ an ctrinttin"!1 on hand und warracted. n.'-'l Iwcod*
I ,) i w o i T( i I.' IAN?I in Prot..'.-.-1 .
??) 1 ^,l/i/?* .: ? \>- turns, al b r ceni -.,.r. I
smaller amounts. To l^i?A n?at I wo-ttory Boose n 19th
-iieer." Applr lo SAML. S. BlNMAN, HI Fulton ,t. I .u3f
BEAUTIFUL CBATE APRONS-B. &. S. BAVN?R,
Bowery, have the i.ir- ii assortment; and must elegant
pattern.ol Grate \; run?. to:.- found in any -t..re in tie. city..
Ilru;s;ry. lor lx>.kirii Ida.tCt 'ind P.cture Framf?"??
colo n 3)
I \IVTDEND.?MEtjfi VN!??" BANKING ASS CIA
{ f I'h IN. New-Yi -k. Mn 2<?n. IbU -Tie i! aid ? I I are*
ton h ivs this dot declared a remi anaqal du- d'-nd "If thru and
imt half let cent ?a the cap til ?tnese, rjarableon und aller in-;
7th day of June next. 'I he.Transier-ltouks win be eJo-ed trom
? S t.. !,..;:?. bi] ofjane. JOHN IE CORNELL,
inUJ a*_ _Cotbier.
L->K SALE-A good DoobleOjun: ? R *S?,r
I mli> tX W. *i J. T Tsl'sl'ill I'. ii IVe? ?I 0
HnrTi |l IFFEE- 9??? *ii--- Pf.green, mr ?
. ?ix <?HINNEI.I. MINTHRN *? i >'
rSjIPBENE. aifMIGAi;ogj AND BURNLNGTLU
L id. f..r-ax., who..-,..j.7i'v>;>,,K<yrl!KH t
No. ?J* hp stTMt. New York, an.'
?. Hicks ?r-Tt. Itn?.klvn
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.-VintWCTto Bis-/ Srot-g
-A r-r finite l- r thirty : \ ck?ba * Hunk
^soek in Um name of Barki?y & Per?, mat nund?*Ted AtSi with
towered Ata-rney !)t'ri<-h?i u *< l.at on Saturday, Zll Marrh.
. -21 " " u""rtorn ?*> it? way to Was ?t. The
552? h7 ^?mi it at Thoniii-m-. olLce. 6J Wall
?'rp*;:_ mhS
P" PETER ALM.Seaman,nal r?ol Roooaby,.:
V-"*, s?ln"JT lajbrraation ?. interest to him in ram
^r?k^t^^KBS? l" 8? Si Norway ?.
P..~.m ?r,,n.nt?J with the bdMdnaJ ,hoTe de-rrbed w.il
oblige h.in Hint nr* ?hlurr, by giving ,wh ..-,! -rm.-.tion shoot
?ms. I y ,~oi To th.. dru-ov-yy. _ mh? ..?1 Tm
OARTXER IV ANTED ''Mapeterit u. take the roure
I csirtfi* sr..l .!.y of r-i..ot a cni-itr- to ?,lh
Frora to ..i .v..,-,;..t.,i. -in*
Aitli n n:aiiutartur.nr e*lalM*shirierJt S.-ts-* ?t ? .
? irb w..uU be fn ?, ? - d. " i?reot ^dV-T?
-?r v> ill ;mt in sn equal amoaoc rise hmhu ?i ar*t u<Kr? ?r?
coostantlr raCTeas;:..;. V:..-t-?s KI.Ntl. :.: Ti.uure ih">?
rn303t* ?_- **?"****?
U'ANTED immediately ?>i> y.mne own. \nwnran?~,~to.
c.'i .i wbatraxvoyage*rnrrru*&r*?; niinirinlai) in
is-nrer?, n>..per? ami bin ?srieih?, to whom extra pav will be
ehren. All Clothing nn.1 ..tlirr nerrksarv articles will be. fur.
? edC4ltJ*ee*coUlof the voyage. Apply at 16*7 g?ejthjriw;t
opvtair*. n>30 IwD JttieaW*
U* AN I* I -1 >? A r,v ?ni. ii - i "i ?! '????'I |?ry Inns!?
sore, ?tw that rjioroughb nnoerstannathe City trade
and can '???me ?s;| recomn-ertdr.i l.i capability roxi rnteenfty
-!,..!.-i-i.. . 1 .., . : 11 i ? my30J*
UVNTED*?By a respectable lemaJe lately from Europe,
a .Host.o.i to Mpennicnd the Straw Hal bu? .???>?,
which ?he ar-Jer-tanda m r.it it. rarioo* hrancrie-i nf?napiiiaj
Kleeel "? Blackia?, IMnc.e^etc.havirurdcaMliariaeMMC
inote. Ineprtm?oct'ktu?*?io l^iadoa; jtmrtrrtandi the
t" nnli- ."..n'tuient of the tur trade. .No i.l'jmlion to any of the
lei State?. Addies? br Jelter, pre.t?id. U> A. B,-rfl Ton.
cordsireet. Brookljrn f:y. m?3r.?
\aTAXTED?A?tiia?on br o rcpeetabli. toiinr Woman
V in a nnall private tamfln a k-i?id c.?ik, wa.ber >ad
n.ner. Appl) V -A Tin ?t. iie.ir toe i: Me.w iikj0 3t*
U^AXTE?? X ??our .'lent tir>t bund >ii.llen?r fr?m the
Westeniol Lo don wadM* .m em ajieuient. draw
E. <i. I'. .' T >. nna Street. ti-ai3t*
?P (JOURNEYMEN SHOEMAKERS?Wanted.a atet
I tnie workman, to u;a?>' rv "?e....-u ? rhoea,
SMITH k Ii IRTSHORXE.
' ?_ l? t uit. ii .invt. Uro. klyn.
? i ? ?' Mj M n uraduate, wtabea naplnjrnent in
? * ;" "' * r2.>r3h<Hir.n daf iiixime <eh.a*i ?>r faindf
'!'? * eity lor a sin .11 coinpenutH.'n or his boanl. He wahet
Ian to make up a c(a? in Latmanri Ijreea tooeenpr an hour in
he evening, Eue ira Ulh.Candee, No.3) Park Place. atiBat"
UMXTED? \ . tuition by two cirb one to do rookine.
Washirur and Irontne, the ntber n? Chamberarai 2.
lyjaxbrrand Ironer or waiter?they caa prodiiee the best c iy
reference. Please tn call at 81 Uownuij ?treet corner of Bed
\.rd street,aecood t'.s.r. siJ^at*
? R VRE < 'IT"K .r\n Y b now ..:r.-rr.|. . ??!! a
.""Vrir-st mle Manularturmcand Ka rj Biuaneaaoi tone: ?tahd
ag Tbehv-ntl * :> ihelajjl that lheot| ntt'.rd. an i would
lotbe-obtiftaePrin i> Iwasin r-s?i hrvith. Addrax A.
K. at the Tribun? othcevw tli rerd name, which will ta?con.
de if. n-nl i?r .met'v .espom1!*'to DiSSlw*
'J,.i ; in-. Pleasant Eunoahed Ronnu ?.'!i Breatfaataad
I. T-s.. ii ns|oi*e.i. '. .|il> st ? nr.nidwwy. inS titeod**
? >.';',. i.: ? Ml; i . . us:. I -ik.in. I.ir ?.uj|e ijent!?.
1.1 tuen or rentlernen and theirwivea at .No. 3w vew>) >t-.s<t
??oni ?? ??' ' loir, h._i.JO 3w*
i> ? ttti. \ .? eman and he? wife, ami ieveraJ attiale cea*
D tleinen, can be accomniodaled ?i?i .'?...!. at it K ,.t
IroidwB) myU Im
BiARIt?A taimly nr? lew ?..e!e reotleinenof cood aao
rais, ran linv 'aianl ind time out r .si.n private fain.
... i very de?iiable locainm, 88iTirT?t. Hotne aedapart*
ueot* unuauolly pleaaaut and asr.enlile. u^r !??
!>?' V 1)1X15. Familie? or ttagle centlemen <\m'..<? nreom
Ii naalated w th moms and board al sifc; Houston ?'reel, a
.a door. I fin Broadway. in>'J> tin
UrU ii.i'l .-ii ill PIPES, tir.-The? utv
-1-riI.rr- nr.* now m.t'P'ired to lupply Ma-'ulaciuierj,
feiiirtacer*andlalhera with IVruuahl und i'i.?t Ir u Sieatu.
iVatei ind *i?? Pipe*, in any qiwntitv. The Wntaehuiron
? i ieiMttlu i troni s mnhe* to 12 leet?pul toiretlier w.th
ind eapalile >.t ?uatainma ? preaaure ..i Irom *v ro iu cui Iba.
i theaquaaa inch. The CaaUlroo Pipe in unrtorm leutttbi,
ml ?l~.j..-n??l by aerews.staeai lunt. Abo, aiwsy^ on band?
Iras* and Iron Cocks. Valves, Emww*, lt. - da, -Jprii Tee*.
??uplines, Urdu'- M( Socketa, Stenn ftUarea, ^!.?alll i.n.ico
Pipe*, Pump?, Expansion Tubes, nu.i aliuot every thing
ised lor \\ atet, bUrOUl "'"I GtU
U ALWORTH ,?s NASON,
in>23 Im* No, II Phot ?treet. X. York._
BOILER IROX?The Stibscriberi ure prepared toTundah '
Boiler Iron, of tir-t qjaality aral warrantcii, ??i any don*n
?oi.s?uIronaoitablelm l^icmiotive*and Errieaoa*! Pro*
eilen madeal Laurel Ir-" VVo i be>>?i Co. Pa.
Ml 1,'H'ii K I.EAVITT&CO 27 We*t?L
?VI
\, mi.i.a bd v> *.?H case, very mperioi niralrty lor fil?
wh lesaki and retail by JAs. S. ASPiN WALL,
niii^t? Sti William sinvt.
ijlIEATllLVO COPPER?100 case* ue*t brand*English, 16
i5 tu i? oz.,
?,|s UHIXXKI.L MINT! RN I'".. ?South?C
i ~i u\ illOSI l!AR?SI hbdson board barque Genera]
. Ilarriion, lot sale by
iii i.K1NM-.i.I.. MI.M'IKN k fi) TS South ,t.
\ 5 VMiX? l.'i HiliAiik???.ih Manilla ('..rau^j. nil ii
>{?, I.by M .1 Hi iUKU'IS tlsVV-s..ir^, .,;
XT' rTICE ?The partnership heteinforeexisting l^twinin tlm
? > ?ul>?crilw. under tlie Itmi "i ELLIOT. Ill KNAP k.
HAHcitCK. ?thudnyd.Ivedby it* own liuubiuon. All
?i-,n.thelatelirm ?ill be .ntle.1 by RAIXSC BUR.
\ %P ami NATHAN BAIU^I " 's. ?ho will rontmue the bu
lirieta under lb" i rmofBURNAP *s It VBC'MrK, ?i 43 John
.,?.,. DAX I EL KLI.P.IT.
a MNS C. BL'KX'AP.
NA1 II \N BAltO a'K:
Mew York, May K 1*H. Ira
iTICE?Areliilmld i.'rncie Kuu. hru tin. day been ad
, .oitteil it, a partner, by
?i in ? PRIME WARD tt KLX'Q,
DK. II. BOSTWICK,
PHYSICIAN VXD SURGEON,
rn6 lm* _Xjt. "5 Chiiinlier*-*!, _.
C AW i iltlr?Jolts M lb rnvi.i.. ? ,'Ntr. nrz. Mi?iksi|s
|_ini, willoiiend lo egal bui fmi irmi beesmmled tvpira
in the Cirenit Court* ol Adanw aml 'be BdjaeeMe*Nindea.'ajid
in-th'! Superior Court* ol Ike State A favorable proteaMoaal
??in i'tionin Uvutsiana ?dl enable Inm toatlemlu>buaraaai
..... i. live Part*!*? oTtlnl Stale, ueaj Natchez, lie rrirn lo?
Irioit V Iti.il.'ii. Vioi \r-i!iilr. Ciiuklivel! and
R<di.t%m*brnn,arenl.ior llr-.wn. Wuruork,
It iners si Co. Malcolm At Hr.ul,
-inm. i oeliran, llniry Lavettji;
William Kaip. t.l6ty
DR. i. G. HEWETTha?removeil In So.87Blerscker-tL
near llruadvt i>. New. York. Practice confined to ufclo
catio -, Fracture*, Hip Dneine*, Sprains, Contraetionk, Pal
ot^i Uniba, ki.ro.null-in. Nervous Anection*.Temlerneta, In.
HammatiiMt* and i tnrvature* til the spin.-.I tefiirmed Shoulder*,
IVhiteSwi limes, Weaknea ol UieJoint*, natl lb.cu.se? of tho
I .imlis generally.
Ruler.? given on application to Dr. (I. ml8 lm*
,V..;i. K i?P REMOV \L.- PIERCE'S PATENT (first)
iMpKEMII M KITCHEN RAXOK.I Reviilving Rout?
er B-tablishnient is removed lo-'i Broadway, one tl.Mir above
Re id".?treet.
The public are respectfully requnjted lo eall and examine a
new Range which mi- been introduced Ihii Spring, which liir
durability .simplicity nmi cco*M*my. hai never l?.'ca iiiimi?il.
V B.?Pierce'* Range* repaired lij applying at Wi Brood
ii iy mla lm
j > EMIIV I'l r "If -r und S:,l,.,.|:,,om ulrlie .\cu-York
\\< aid Manulheiory i* removed Irom 71Eulion-*treei to luti
Jolin -t-eet. oppw-ite ( liir-Iieet.
ApriDU. loll 3ml I.. SMITH, KB John-**.
>> EM?VAL.?JOHN I.OVEJOY. DenUst, removed Iroiri
. k. -s Prince ilreel to rJ38 Broadway, two door* balow Bleeker
?trta-t. 'i.l .Jm
wJ< Ii W IRIix - -'? ton* Wrought Scrap Iron, on board*hiip
0 Wellington, vn rala by CKLNXEIeL, MIX fURJS (l 00.
Dilti **f Soulb-OreeL
|> VPER ol all kimh i mtantli un h ind, und tor *ale in Iota
1 m suit purchaser*, by CYRUS W. FIELD,
rahl >.m No.l?BorlimtfJtp.
? ^ TH" IMPSOX'S TRUSSES, Office No. 13
" ekroan u.t. About ? u of the tint pbyn
riam andsurgeun* ol New York have given
Ii, ri. ill . irl. ?<?..? k to li.. ' I ii..-...,,.Mil
luatethe presiore from one lo nfiy p?iuntl?
on the rupture, witlioul a back imii winch doe* m moeh injury
? i Ute -n r. A lair tnal bc.ng Die ier?t tr-t ?t us ?oi?nority>
it is applied and siyrtiny?' Inafgiven, ?udifitdoea not rrtam
ibe ropturi , \, mir perlonmng every km.i of .lei-.v; or cough
i.o ? v i?ri .1 .?:.? : oi i> word, if it ?. not mwlacUWJ
li every ie*poct. Us* mooe, r* clieortHlly relumed, und thi* ta
?u? only ? omi Uou on ??i? li J'"" ihoilbl buy any! ru??. A per
...,.r,.i eon r? ? j-..> mUm irJ.uo.i wanruitcd. il direcuuM are
"t"???? ?anding for thraTru*a need only mention the ?.He rup.
lureti ind the nwaaure rouudihe hip*.a*iliej can grjMuata
ha pruaura to *uit their cme. Sold wnole*ai? and retail at \z
ttcekupjui-ftreet. mSBiYa
?x Ht LL*S TRl'SSl^-.N-'sf'" RuptQ-ed Per
l'i i- n. ii 1 " "si wkh.ruptUK nu.y rely
apoiiiiic >estinstrumeiitalaidthou ridadixda,
uu appheouoM QtU.H i '- x?. 4 Vesey ?treet.
..j to either i I iheogeiru in Useuruicipal town*
i lie i Atata*. bt?ear?luJ lo eaamiM me back pad <it
lull Tru>h>. to see I ihey ?reendor*ed b) Dr. Hull in writing.
are genuine,or t?I* relied upon a* good, whhout h*t ttg*
i in. ?. , ,?
?\;, r, ^ j,, ,.,,?? have umlertagen to rend imtlaUon* w Mull*
... run- Tri ,??. ami th" ? ??" ,;* ?r- impeaed up..n in Cunaa
. ,,. juiRauoni eaiioul oe ivia-ii upon : they are
.n> in s .? ionic*, and are mi I tetter titan 'he ordin.
'co'iuo ba*? '? un ''' ?,i"- * y***" ITtm, e*clu?vely
ol ift.ne-. havBig ? "?paral? entrancerrooi ibe bu.uie?? depart
uajtit, wherea 'emu...-1* m i .iietior allooiiaiice to win upoa t?
rtale potieot* . 1 -I tT
Ur.\'.'i.x FOR SALE?A Mrnng, lUbatai tial Cooiityjr
Wagon, ex etlejutlji caleulatail lol mo* ug t lamdv-qg
ilt ,,,?_?, i..-. .). Apply at the Pbenudrlazaar.Uer
. .r itp ?'. ueai llouatou a?I tf
JUH.N U ALE It,
[fokmh.KLV J. V. TILYoC.]
LADIES' BOOT AXI) SHOE &TORE,
S^ChaI ham id it tar.
On opening dieabove New St?re. is-,;, r.-siier.j^iij, .,,?,; r,-i
Ihn Bltentinn *rl lu* frveod* and the public to tu> eaoiee ai*ort
"TauIES', MISSES' AN:l CHILDREN'S
HOOT** AND SHOES,
?fCity M inulacture, being ol the m.rtt approved ?tyi?. and at
ur.cn coin siMiiioii'i; wd'i tlietune?.
A -o. Gent'* an I Youth*' Booti and Shoeaol every t.escnp
tion. , . . ?
, i i ? d ?eveiaJ years experience in live ouaineos. m can
ointidently inaure to pureJuaarn i?e li?*t ieacnplioo of war?
manship. . ,
N.B ?Boot* und Shoe* of every itylemmli? to ortler. m. Itn
LMPROVEMENTS IN BROOKLYN?SMITH &
HAlt'l'SHoRNK are lupplying Uioosand* ?eh m ?ii ri
SHOES wbteil are et^y lo wear, bunuaoiiic and
ble .?? ibr llr'n.klyn r.im Long bland Boot and Mi.je
j Sr?re. 170 FulrtHi ?t. _-4
" * .-> i r i.MSH l.ls-).irauiii .Nutria Pur Hals "irdt
' i Si nanly temred Beaver al ibe l"w pnc? ..f si'i ?uperior
^Sjta ? .. .? IVu-.uo Mom -t.in M i-L Tlir-e Id's ara
! (TTTTi .:i durability and lu-tre bi Uloaa sold al 64. AI?o an ar
ucle at a?3 W. a very neatdrea* haL
n.4) tin* BRoW X. Practical llaoer. M8Cta>aLet.
ETON. im i AX H F V.?IIIO*:.-T)io snlncnl-er h?
i ii pslu. e.l hi* -iii*ti..r ImiUUo? Mole-kia Hat. on tor bo
^fcdies to the eiUeroe low pnee "l ?3 ?.
ri-. ..i, .??> am uieleearu Uresa Hat.and wul rompire ad
? ? ? iy w-tiM-it. "tld st & 'JO and 13. Abo, eur*stor?ly
.?. rrnrtn* F-.rand sdk ol the be*t quality, latest paturmv
I "\ 'p,'T\,u,,t'ry dealrr* ?upiibc.l by Die case a* low. if not
j *** "l>Xt '""j? W.^KiVi:rH;G. ISCamd *.
rahMto* _comer ol Tboropaua ?t.
WOODWORTU'S PLAN INC! MACHINES
A 'JFtjVl. 14 YEARS ezpet rnce, intb many vain
?- able impcovetuetru amtaildroon* to ha tenner n?>t?
i i.iiblr- ilie lubscnber to furnr/h, at diort rattiee, and
ol'thenrusl .I* ??i.-tri.'Iioii.rti.iteni.boral ?ork
... i mal up. 5 ? hirjeatontanewoodiaallits v?net*e?,
?t.ri.akp'. n eor*ur&exiigoobr. orcorring ?,? u ?.
inr*. , ...
Api ? 1-,'oncue'n?-im! trriHO-inrr.joir.nor.
or rabbeuii g. andplaojoa ' bppborudo.
ApplieaUOfl niaj !?- matte tothe.u! senber at hi*
, ,,,t. r-1 Fl I - r..\ or ^ h .other ronier.'l
Con*rr*srard andL *.n ?treet, Boston, where *ia
, i n ,) i- .1 liny inRrnnarjrra rriiU?o
lotfM -mne. i. " ? htaimsd. Hi well as "I Jciah
Markwell A-? .. New York.
L?et>r. ft a an inquiry most be peat-paid.
SAMUEL B sn:nyjiCK.
Poxboro*. M.,?? . Aunt l?t. Pst*.
ai-'E'

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