Newspaper Page Text
Agce .Sitterer.- Cured Without Poison'
KfW Fat*cin.r' New Remedy ? Tbe enirerswl cease of
fever ?od ?ffte ? Malaria, aad th? perfect aatidota U> that
attnoepheric puuoa, laled " Ravodi U Kevbb asd A.u
Coax," oarer fail* ta lu*mre parfeec health. Every other
medicine, \ ill or njiatar? to th* market eoataio* Aroetur,
Qoiolae. Mercury, Htryi htiioa or other noilou* drop which
though they Bay * break tb* chill* " temporarily, are sore to
break the eotjatitotioo " nf the poor iufferer at the came tlmn ;
?hey are tbe crffjpting either c< falee medical pr'octple* or tner
eewaty avacLa. Nose of them can offer *uch teetiraony a* the
feiiowingj. from th* most ceiebra'e 1 cbemut bj the United
" New-Tobe. Jone 11. 85S.
" I bar* made * eh> m.ea eKamiiMtion of 1 Bhodcs'i Fevkb
sau Aevr Ccar,' or 'Aaf **??? to Malaria aad hare
teated it fur Arven? Mercury. Qmutne and Strychnine, bu'
here not found e particle of either in it, nor hire I foand any
auh*<ai><? In it* c.mpo*rt.uo that wov. il pr \ - in,url us to the
Cvnatttniion. Jams* R Chilto*. M. p.. Caemk*.''
Oeo. H. Batei, Wholesale Agent, No. 1S3 Water-*!.,
aad for ?nie by C. H. Kins fj V. Chiken-t a Ci, *nd drugxit'*
A Wok rnx Season.?Look to ftMt wardrobe
In time. Snneaei ha*ecaae at test. Ton can. if ftr* aall eoso,
fear* a splendid choke from oar large *t?.ck of Cloth i v.. f r the
ee*s?/b at oar usually low prir/w Di.iLtk A J?.??i >',
No. 33 and 36 John-*t , corner of Nae*ta (t.
Ksov \M. Hmi'V-By buying your IftT-of
the former yon will ?eve the latter. K.vox ha. in hi* u?w quar?
ter* th? u o?t -uperb collection of e'ogant " mounting*" that we
everaew. Frit Kar an1 Mraw?*JI ar-?-lo*jaut. all faaBionabl*.
all aosafortaMa UaiaacLLas. Caarrt Bau* and other neat anl
taef'.! aoieieafnr the irav- >rhr al*o k -rp? eoaa'antly on h.-.d
at No* Wtnd Iii Broadway?for K?oi yon know drfv-i t
Panama Hats ? Wp have prepared by prr-asing
Into ?hapea popular with young getit einet w-ar -n our entire
etook o? Panama Hera, whieh to cloee off we off-r at unprece?
dented low pricee. a few Si a Shoes Hat? only reiaain on
band. Yl?iiora io Watering-Place* abnu d anuii? tbein.
Leabvb Co . ilattera, Astor House, Broadway.
BM h PfflTaT at I ii Cwn m Yard?Just
received two caseaof iku limited BaBri.Es, which we op?n on
Mosiiay MaSMiaO,** 1 Htnrf, theeame a* uaually eo'.d at
*/. Also aiiur rich Hakece K?ai ?, r.paaoi cb>.p
K. EL Leads, atka k Co . No 347 Broadway.
Fink Lawns at 6d. per Yard.?Juat received
from auction and will fx off-red for ?*> mm Monday. Jaly 1*,
3,C0C yard* of fine printed Law*?, yard wide and ta*t colors, at
the low piice of 6| cent* per yard, th* ?am* aa u.aaily aold at
i If E, H Ll Alier.ATi b k Co . No. ill Broadway.
BlACK BAREGES AT M C'EMS.?Wtl wiiJ oio-n
oo Mos da a*, one caae fine Ui.a'.k Baskgcs. a lahtly damased
on the t' JM'i at tt lor ya-H ?roith 41.
E. iL LraosKATS* A Co., No. 347 Broadway.
Li?.in ( i.ni hin?, mi.) be bought at BOGEBS A
Co.'?, corner of PulVm and aa*?n *t?.. at hall" pric?, in cona.
atAfji of the *|i>r<*?hin? eloae of tbe aeaaon. i lid atoek inuat
naeke roarm for n> w. Thia plan wi 1 be pur>U4.1 erery aeaaon.
Only ba'f price will be aakej when the *ea*oii b*. hn.f expired.
Mew'* .. QUioiri Coats and Vrsrs. *>l and ei X) ?ach. Hotm*
(jammer Coats St) rents, aud Vr.tT? SO cent*. No dens'i>n
from the ticketed pricea. I
AmntT II Nu ni IT'l If i '.i i ah Si mi-Wf.F.KI.V
Augno* Halb? of Stock* an l Komi* will take place Tin?
Day et Ix?) o'clock at ihn Merchant*' Kzcbange. For further
parii.u.*'* see hi* adver oeoi in mother c .luuin. Cata
Iccnr* can b? oblained al the office, No. il Broad at.
Tit T4. ?' I E m p o r 11 m
Enirli*h, Kreuch Oermen and American
flier Oooni, Notki Till a k o Tori,
No. S-tf Broadway.
Mkuideonb.?8. D. & IL W. Smith * Mi i.h
?">?>, tnned the e^ual teropeiameut, to wliinh was recently
awarie.l the 6r?t prenilmn al the National Kair, \Va*hln*..iu,
D. C, can be found oniv at No. 333 Hroadwe). A liberal 1m
aour.t ma.U for cash. The trade euppiied on tiie moat Hhatal
?etma_ Hokack Watebs.
Bohton Pianos?H on At e Waters, No :m
Broadway, ha* the eole aaency of T. Git.tir.kt A Co.'n Pua is,
with ai.ilM ithont tl.e .?? ,,lian, Jacob faUCKUaiNO, H.iiiit
?aCVMSTON'handWootiWAKiiA BaowaM'iiv ., all if*
hare the Iron frame aud will at ami any climate. They are the
beet Boston make* and wtll be *old at tactory price*, ?rbolo*ale
and retail, with a liheral diacoutit for caah.
Hekrino's Paikm ( iivmi ion FtRB-PROOV
Bares, with Hall's Pati st Powni k Pkooi Locks, tbe **ine
thai were swarded separate meilai* at the World'* Fair, Lot, 1 at
ihm, and at tbe World'* Fair, New-York, in l ... and UM,
and thia bj the Lock, and the only I'uwderT'rool Lock, that
rarehrd a medal at the London World'* Fair, thoaxh otbera
were on exhibition, an.I a-e n.w adrertlaed a* ''World'* Kair
Lock*." Ihe anfmcrlberii aaid their axent* are tbe onlv persou*
aniborrred to make and aeil Li* Patent Champion SaVe, with
Mall's Pati nt Powni.a Pkuo> Lock a
S. C. Hekbinc A Co..
Oreen Bhek, No*. 1*1, lt7 and 1J? Water at., New-Fork.
81NOERS SrwiM, M\< ifioK'-.?It is a fact
known to thouaar d* that one nf the (real Clotmino ilel'lfs lo
New-York i* m?kln? nxtena.re aal.? of Summbb Coats au.l
Vest* made in a aryle of |ieri.-ct excellence nerer approached
before. Tho*" Coat* and V'eata are maile throuxhou' ? ? pt
button hole* by SlNCXB's Si. wing MadliNra. It Taunt atrana
that the Pirm roferrxd to iViu il haina ru?li of bualmtaa and
obtain better piirei than ana uf their competitor.. Thej hare
taken the nxht moan* by empioyina exeluaivelT Sikera'a
Mai him t.
Thtae Machlna* h?Te jtui been b'eully improve 1 ao a* to run
without noire and with vny Ibtls eaorlion of the operator. All
other Machine* are liable sb *ui|a for inlrinneine.it of rali.l
patenta. SlNi.eb's only ran be bought with aatet 1
I.M. Sinueb A Co.. No auf Hroadway.
Tio Lime ami ( M^ i n Hiiu DTH rcn lor the
6bre* isTtiie bead as haiah a* horse hair CaiSTAOOas/SEX
CBLklOB I>ve. beaide Mimninnicatin? au uuna-alleiud black or
brown, nouhabe* tbe root< of the hair, an.i only it piire. tiie
minute* to fix the color. Sold and applied at No. ti Aator
$ in Wh;.?, ash I ni tee.- ? The best and cheap
e*< are nanulactuiad und aold by Mi niii k^t .v Co., S .
Maiden lane. They ar" unequaleo for natural appearance and
durability. Warranted not to ah link or change color. Oo sad
try iheiu an.I at** mi D-y Beware nf ex'raraaant Broadway
price*. Bark aud From Braid*, liaod?. Curia, he. Copy the
Dr K 8. Kuril, author af " Six Lecture* on
C-manmptiou," te., Office No. 714 Broadway, open daily (Sun
day excepted) from If until 6 o'clock, treata consumption, Aatli
au, Duveaaesof the Heart, and all Chruuio Diaeaae* rf Male*
and FeuMl**. Ccn*ult.iiiou frno.
Ft THI am> a1.1 1 The proprietor of DCSH?
LP*'s Feveb and Act'e PrtXS doe* not feel obliged to put! hit
own ifjanedy. Every mall In in*" tiding* of cures offected by
Uu* new. mi d and taaleltaa medicine. Kea.1 what patient* ?av :
NkWAKK, N. .1. May a. 1BVV
0, I>. Deahlkk?Dear .Sir. In lha early part of thia mot
i had a violt ut attack of Kever and Ague. The fever eipevtsl
ly, wa* elinoat luanpp rtal.ie Having seen voura.iver:i?eiii ? ?
i puirhaaei! a box ot yout Pi,la, and uaiu* them according to thi
direction*, I bad but one ohill after commencing their uae. I
cheerfully recommend them to all who are ?uuerlng w.tli that
reattiuu* and tedlou* onmplainL
Respect Sally. SrspHSB L Baldwin.
For aale by C. 1). liKaHLFK, Agent. No. (II Kr,,adwav.
A - bv C. 11 Ruw. C. V. Curasao s k Co S P.u 1 A Co.,
F C Wil l ? A Co., A. b k D. Sanu*. Stksbiks. Mox..av a
Alles, aad ail aaalora.
THE (IREATEST DlsiDVERY Off THE A'.
A WABBaKTED RkSt.Dt -1)1 ToHI?? > VllklriAN i.imw. | ;
ia a certain cur* for Croup, Co'da, Cough?. Khrti'uat..in. I r
Throat, Headache Tootliaehe, Muuip*. Cut., Kid Sore*. 4.c
FroBD Mr. John Warrtu, Importer of Neexl.e*. Klahing-Tack'e,
kc . No. 48 Maiden-lane:
Having uae 1, lor aeveral veara Dr ToBlAt'a Vimtian Li\t
MEkT in n y lamll.v 1,1.d iefll*ailllBB*BBd it to my friend*, vnthout
it* ever faUn* to cure the many rouiplaiiita fag which it ha*
been tiled, ll sltoi.l* tue pleasure to testify to the am?, m* I
fe?l aaauied h will aoraiiiplt.h a 1 that Dr. Tobias ?tat?* iu his
pamphlet Jjhn Waaaik.
New York. Jan 4. 11?.
Ne?-\ aac, Feb. 10 livt
I ltav e uasd Dr. Tos VrMTl an Lim mi \ r for three year*,
and have found It a cr i nn remedy for l lit tii,- Rh Miiiialum
Dyeentny, Ceafha, Vomiting, and Paine of all kind*, and
reeotnm.-od It e* an Invaluable article. I am never without it,
Bor dc 1 intend to l-e, if U k to be purcba*ed.
.Iosksh Nicnoll. Nj. l? E-aev-at.
From Mr* W K. Comi*h
Ma Tobias?Str. Ose of uiy childreu wax aeverely attacke I
BT Ith Cramp, and i uwd vour VEBITIAB LiMVENT, which gave
Itnuiedia'r re.ief and I really think It was !he mean* ot aaung
u<y rluld'a lite lu.lrr 110 ronaidetalioii would Ihe without a
bottle in uij houae. 1 id*o conatder It am w' certain rrmedy for
s? *Jd? ai.o Hiu ?. ?, h?> ma thorough.y teatcd il for the aan e.
Nev.bi.rati, N. T March 1K5A. SaBAH CoBMilt.
Pricea, 3 aud V centa. I>ept>t No 00 Courtlau It ?t. Sol.i by
HoiiowtY?. I'ii I shave the greatest a.ile nf
slv me-lleine? tn tbe w?rlii. Thev act upon tbe vital organ* ot
tbe body. Burkf/ the >*aod. give a baalaby lone ta the ?toinuch.
Bad vlg.r t.< the mBeu*. Sold at tl.e' macuacutiiw Nj. kj
Maideai lane, N. \ , and No. t4t Strand, Londoa and bj a.
dmxtut*. at -Ac"n'? S.'j rent* and ?! per box
Ht i Rlltr.' M in vKONi- For drltcaei of ttftvar
and ?u|>'ti"*t' 1 it '? b*aafaaaa* the .to rtad article, rec
ommci J* rt' if at IAMB for Iabt Uy asa Pu aplakoaeeel
each tv ,111,111 ft Hbothbk. Crvto* Mill*. Na *>i 1 ?
ry-*t , New-York. A d >couut on pureh ?*<? of ton and twenty
Hct KEUs' FARiNA.?Thia at all times wholrv
?oueatd Jeliclou* foc-d.bn: parttea'aily in Si-on.er. an I It
eii/'Jreti i,biu hcwel con.plaint* pteva.l or are appre.hen.l-i.
I* a. Id tv KamlN Or. o*ra grne-allv . aad wholesale hy Heckcb
ft Bs, 1 h 11 a. Crvtoa Mul*. No. All 1 beny ?t. Scw-Y'ork.
Artifk lAi Lr.tis ?"Palmer's Patent" for
av*rifa'~ras ttib'j. rnnifort and natural appearance, are aari
valed in America or Europe. i iffice* and M ana tact''lie* *' S >?
J7S Hoo.lway, No. 3^> c hestnut at., Fhlladelpaia; and Spring
aVeld.Maaa Pal mi a a Co.
Thru Hi'sphep am>Fi?ri H e tag Ht rnt.?A
stater frotn Bargen, ia Norway of the %d tnst., states
that or tbe previous night a tire broke out at that t ity.
by whii h upwani of three bundre.I and fi'ty hoiises
were degtroyad; so rapi<lly did the tlauies extend t!,a:
the uitnalo* were obliged to et-cai>e in their niirht
drraraes, 1 ot having time to save a single arti>!. .
Three of tbe finest districts of the town have beet, p
atroyid. and it was ouiy by pulling down houses in dif?
ferent ?i roc bona that the other part* of the town were
saved. By the exi rtious ol the firemen, sevorol of
whom are said to hare '?ecn kJaOtd, tl.. hoursi*. the
bank and tbe royal museum were saved. Tbe am >utit
covered by insurance is tts.gjo erowna, 'about
f31 500) but that sum is fv,uai on> to a tweutioth p?'t
of Ujc loaa.
MONDAY, JULY 9, 1965.
Io ?noMnrorr of the enormous niaMr of eoptre now printed
on The Vvelelt Tbisise, we are compelled to reqiaeet our
frW-ndj to iwr.fJ In rhatr adveirfcementi hj to-morrow noon, In
order to secure their Loeertion In this wek'i tens.
The attempt to prevent the use of Caatle (Jar
den by the Commissioner! of Emigration has
failed, the Jndg? s of the Superior Court having
refused an injonetion for that parpoae.
Bj the upsetting of a yacht yesterday morning
in the Bay, three young men lost their lives.
One of tbein was the Marine reporter of The
Journal of Commerce.
We give els' where a tolerably complete ac?
count of the doings of the Pennsylvania Know
Nothing Convention so f?r as relatet to the sub?
ject of slavery. It seems that of the 2$
votera in favor of the National Pro-Havery
Platform ?i were from the City of Pwiltslel
phia, leaving only six unmitigated Dough?
faces among the 160 country members. The
great point ti the Platform adopted is, "No
' -Slavery north ot the Missouri Compro
"mise Line." Of the U Doughfaces who
receded when Freedom triumphed, 10 were from
Ft.ihdelpbia ard two from Montgomery County.
The other repres? ntati'.e-. who h Totti
ngainst tbe Platform gave in their adhe?i<>n be?
fore the adjournment, so this* of the ]!>T) dele?
gates who toted on the main question, 1-1 repu?
diate tbe Pro-Slnvery National Platform and
strike boldly for Freedom.
Ihe New-Hitmpshirc Hoii?e of Representa?
tives on Friday passed reeolutions declaring it
tl.c d uty of CoOfTOU to prevent Slavery in the
Territories; ripudiating the interference with
the Mis-otiri Compromise, and demanding its
restoration; asserting non-submission to the in?
troduction of Slavery into Kansas, and the de
tei mination to use all Constitutional efforts t>
prtTTOoi further aggressions of the Black Power.
On the same day the House, by a vote ti 119 lo
60) i naetcd a most stringent prohibitory Liquor
The Northern Light, which arrived yesterday
afternoon from S?n Juan, brings us California
dates to .Mine 16, two weeks latt r than our pre?
vious intelligence. This steamer brings gold to
the amount of nearly QM?\000 on freight, beside
a considerable amount in the hands of pasaen
geia. The I nited States Land Commissioners
had decided in favor of the claimants to a large
amount of re;il estate situated in the heart of
the city af San Francisco, and prompt and ener?
getic measures were at once taken by the set?
tlers to prosecute an appeal, (ireatexcitement
w?s produced by the decision Our accounts
from the mines are highly favon.ble. The elec?
tion in Oregon bus resulted in the triumph of
tbe Demofratio ticket against the Know-Noth
SI.AVFlti KKSTKUTION ROT SKtTIOVAI..
A faint aad feeble wail of opposition is raised
in certain quarters to tho mighty gathering and
Organization now going forward, of the free,
M lf-ilirecfing Democrats of America. The at?
tempt to rescue the administration of our ben
eral ("overnment from the usarping hauds of a
rlnve-diiving Oligarchy and their miserable
doughface traitor tools is denounced as sec
tional. The party which it is proposed to form,
or which, to speik more truly, silently ami
secret It formed in the hearts of the people, h i-,
like Minei \a from the head of Jupiter, leaped
suiliUflly fottli lim at! for battle, casque ea
head and sword in hand, in so many Northern
Stfites?tliis new -born party of Liberty and Jus?
tice ig stigmatized as sectional, and by this mis?
erable bugbear it is attempted t > frighten the
honest end patriotic but ignorant and unthink?
ing from joining it.
I ?f those who raise this cry of sectionalism
there are some doubtless who do it in all sinvri
t\. Every despotism has among its victims a
certain number of timid individuals in whom the
buuip of veneration is developed In such excess
that they cannot regard as at all short of treason
any and every combination for the overthrow of
UM very tv runny under which they groat,
li e greater number, however, of those who
strut this objection are persons bound to object
.it U J late?so long voluntary and abject politi
i ;il --Lives as t? b.ave become infected with a gort
of fanat cism for making poUtioal ?daves of oth?
ers. Thi ruse! > e?. emasculated, eunuchs as it
were in tbe Sorjthcrt) political seraglio, they
look wit) the envy a id hatred cbar-eteriatie of
that unhapj v cl..ss upon eveiything manly in
others and williu.'ly wo ild, if they ctuld, re
dui I e\erjbo(\\ cl-t' to the same pitiable condi?
tion W ith themselveg.
As to this c.-y, Lowever, of a sectional parfy,
theee poor p'ople, the.-" ?mean whites'* of the
Free BtatOf, mat as w*ll give it over, and
seek ?oit some e her better adapted to their
pnrpo-e; for to this charge against theopponei;t I
of the slave Oligarchy, of attempting to found
a party ou a sectional bagia, there are two little
objections. In the first place, it is not true;
and in the ?eco:; I place, if it were true, there is
nothing t*l it ..t whit-ii anybody even w ith the
heart of a mouse need be frightened.
A party, to make itself obnoxious t?? tbe
charge of sectionalism, must be one which has
in view the peculiar interest of some one sec?
tion to the sacrifice of the iutoresta of other
gectiora. Such is not the case with the oppo
M tits of the alave Oligarchy. What they seek
to ptomotc is the growt", of republican, demo?
cratic Freedom?tbe doctrine and practice of
equal rights thronet .t the whsle Fnion?\
thing needed enough, || true, at the North,
wl.ere we have so long been .r.ider the hitfffu!
rule of the slave-dri hg t>: garcby. a-ting aal
represented by M'. Deputy Doughface: but still
more needed at the South, cursed, bl.i-.tod aud
tutiden under foot as the South hat been and
a till is by the still more hateful despotism, be?
en.so bidder and more relentless, of the Oli
g- rcby in person.
How then cau this upris'ng for Freedom and
I on oeracy against the tyranny of a slave-driving
Oligarchy be called asectional movement' H?s
t ot the restriction, the curtailment, the tiu.ii
abolition of Slavery been always tae cherished
atpiratioD, the wish, the hope, the Imging de
sire of all the noblest spirits of the South I
Were there no longer left juv living man in that
quatter Sat the Fnion to respond to and to take
a share in this great republican aud democratic
niovimcnt. aj least there are thoge there who
f:cm their hoeored graves would and do about
out to tu i hearty and earnest G >d *p?e.l
" Would any one believe " wrote Patnck Heory.
"that I am a master of slaves of my own por
" chafer I am drawn along by th? incon
" venience of tiring here without th?m. I will
"not?I cannot justify it. I believe a time will
"come when au opportunity will be offered
"to abolish this lamentable evil. Every
"thing we can do ia to improve it
" if it happens in our day; if not let ui transit:it
" to our descendants, together with oit slaves,
"a pity for their unhappy M and an ahhorrmrr
"of Slavery." ?T can OLly say," wrote Wash?
ington, "that there is not a man living who
"wishes more sincerely than I do to tee a plan
" adopted for the abolition of it. (i. e., Slavery;)
"but there is only one proper aid efT<*ctual
"mode by which it can be accomplished, and
" that is bj legislative authority, and mh\ at far
" et my luffraer mil ?0. thall ntrer b< yran'tnz'
In the earlier and better days of .Jefferson, be?
fore h? etioc.'il ambition bad spoiled him, it was
his great and leading aspiration to set on foot
(and in this Madison sympathized ani cooper?
ated with him) tome such legislative measure
of emancipation as that for which Washington,
in the letter above quoted, pledged his influence
and bit vote.
With this evidence before him cau any one
doubt that at least these four Virginians are to
be reckoned as Anti-Nebraska, Missouri Pro?
hibition men I They are dead, to be sure, in the
flesb, but are they also dead in the spirit' Will
anvbnd) undertake to atiirm that among?we do
cot say the people merely?but among the very
slaveholders themselves of Virginia th? ideas
the sentiments, the feelings, the aspiratious,
tre hi pes of Patriek Henry, of Washington, of
Jefferson and of Modiion are totally extinct I
\V. know that by the natural progress of in?
iquity tie slaveholders of Virginia have gone on
hardtning their hearis, from slaveholders and
slave-buyers merely, becoming al.ave-breed
ers and oltve-nllors. Vet one Jgliteous man
was found even in Sodom, and we eonfid ntly
trust that in the South tnere will yet b<i found
even the ten righteous men needed to save it.
It is very true that the fmt decisive move,
meuts in favor of the new Republican ant I?MLtt>
eratic party have been made at the North. An l
soli Was in ii.f """f? ?f tne devolution. The
tutburst against every despnt'sm takes place
at those points where that despotism is the
weakes?, and its presence the most keenly
felt. It is true that the ferocious domination
of the slave-drivers?suppressing as it does, so
tfar as opposition to Slavery and slave.driving is
concerned, the liberty of speech, the liberty of
public assembly, aud the liberty of the press?
has thus far kept down any movement against
Slavery and its extension within the limits of
UM Haw States themxc]ves. liut how long, we
beg leave to in-k, is this system of suppression
likely to be kept up with effect ' If the slave
holding Oligarchy, with all the force of the fed?
eral Ooverement in all its branches to back it.
added to a whole army of volunteer Northern
doughfaces, clerical and lay, bar been so signally
beaten in every Northern State, ho?? long, we
should like to know, is this same Oligarchy
likely to maintain its domination un?
shaken in the border Southern States '
Is if perfectly certain thit Atchisnn is to rule
forever as dictator, with Stringfellow for his
master of horse, in the Mate of Missouri and the
Territorial adjacent I What Southern State of
tbe whole fifteen presents at this moment to the
friends ol freedom anl Republicanism, and to
the opponents of the slave-driving Oligarchy, a
tuore unpromising field of labor, a more discour?
aging profpoet than New-Hampshire did, or Uli
i'ois did but ? tea* years ago ' It has turned
out. however, tb.it the iii'ijonty of the voters in
New-Hampshire and Minoi? are very far from
bt ing either Pierces or Douglases. New-York
and Maastchusetta, it has been proved, eai fur?
nish somebody not only to set off against their
Mitreys and their ( ushings but fairly to drive
them out of the ling; and the litt!- b<>rro^
bantams of the Southern coekpi' having been
thin plucked of their tail-feathers, who can say
that the native-crowing cockerel?quite as
great at crowing as at fighting??ball not yet be
driven even from their own dunghills, instead of
lording it from those dunghills over ns f
Let the insolent slave-driving bullies who
I av? so long domineered at Washington, to the
infinite terror af men ready enough to shoulder
their muskets to marcfi against rebellious slaves
fighting for their liberties, but without the cour
iH'corthe spirit to strike ablow for themselves?
let these bullies be grappled with at Washington,
a* were the bullies from the same quarter who
lnteiy undertook to domineer at Philadelphia,
and let the doughfaces in Congress, the small
fquf-.d of them sti 1 left in the Senate, he served
as the New-York doughfaces were on the same
occasion, and we may expect soon to aee in
more Southern State? than one the long sup?
pressed and fhmp'.t d I "emocracy taking courage,
ami daring openly to v indicate their right to act,
to speak and to vote with the great American
republican anti slave-diiving and a*rti-slavery
?jten?ii g part) Already we have the secret
wii-llei aDd heart) prayers of thousands in tbe
ver> mi 1st of ti e slaveholders, even among the
very s'avehtdders them-ielves. Let us persevere,
and we thai I soon Lave not merely their prayers
and their wishc, but their voices too, and th- ir
IHK t M1.IMI UWWiJn STAMP.
In rhe days of Charles I. and the S:.,r Cham?
ber the method of dealing with outspoken
journalists and pMi.phlettts had ?M merit of
simplicity. Tyitu .>t the cart-tail. '!? ggiug, put?
ting iu the stock* or pillory, shearing off the
ears, slitting the nostrils, branding on the cheek
wiih the letter? if I |seditious libeller;?tuese
w ere the daubers ;. .??? r the path of the mis
. i.'ih'e publishers of the t.ih century. The hu?
manizing teudtiicicg of a progressive civiliza?
tion which melted the iron barons of on I age
into the silken lords of its ?'ic;essor, replace I
these forceful and ferocious procedures by
tines and imprisonments. The revolution of
WBfj brought with it a Free Press to the F.ritisb
cation. The year 16:*3 saw the last of the On
W r^Lip. 'l ie succeeding eighteen jears were
? eiuparatively halcyon days to the Fnglish jour?
nalist; he was free from the C ensorship and at
fmi knew nothiag of the >tamp. He might, it it
true, be prosecuted, reprimanded, fined aud im
pr.-uned for impertinent allusious to members
of t itt er House of Parliament, to mi ntion whom
disparagingly was " a breach of privilege."
Apart from this the journalist was happy aud
tbr ving, and it wss during this genial season of
eighteen summers that the modem newspaper
(with home news and commenti) was really
born; this was tbe epoch of Addison aBd -
of Tkr Tatlfr, SfXtiaior, Guardian and FrttkolJtr.
Carl j le has wittily remarked, taat the revolu?
tion of 16*? substituted for the divine right of
kings (which it knocked finally upon the heal)
tbe ditine right of squirts. Wu a press so fir
free c nsistent with the undiniinished sway of
an ignorant and besotted Squirearchy ' As long
as the Whigs w< re in power, this question re?
ceived no answer; but when Harley and the
Tories came intooif.ee they decided it was not.
But Lew to stop it' The old methods of repression
had become obsolete. " If f iree can-jot be use f,
"we can at least employ fraud," and the meas?
ure ultimately bit upon was eminently charac?
teristic of the fraudulent age from which it
sprang. The development tf the Press w-.ts to
be checked by fiscal ru'-m-. Accordingly, in
1711, an Act was passed for raising an Excise
tax upon new commodities, and at the tail of
clau-es relating to soap, calicoes, and a multi?
tude of other miscellaneous ari'cles of use, th-re
was quietly smuggled in a clause taxing every
newspaper with a stamp duty of Id. the whole,
and Ad. the half-sheet. In addition to this, a
duty i f l-'d. wa< levit d on every advertisement,
and a gross t?x of ?>*. to tbe sheet on every
pamphlet for the whole impression. Tbis Act of
Oaecn Anne was the origin of the New-ptper
Advertisement ?cd Pamphlet duty. It pnved
effectual in stopping Addison'? Spectator, which
wss then in course of publication; and Swift,
writing to Stella, said; "I>.?you not know that
"the Stamp Act has ruined all ('rub-street'"
Tbe poor publishers of that time managed to
mitigate the operation of this tax by paying
for their w hole Jnil) impression, at pumpVr.'i,
the grots tax of or 3s., according at the
sire of the editirfTi was one or one-and-a-half
sheets; but the next Act upou the subject, dated
in 1791, put a stop to this evasion by providing
that newspapers should not be passed as pam?
phlets. The next Act belongs to the year 1757.
An additional duty of A 1. was laid on newspa?
pers to help pay the expenses of the French
war, making the duty on the whole amount t?
lid., aud an additional shilling was laid on ad?
vertisements, making the duty on each adver?
tisement amount to '.'s. With the same end ia
vitwMr. (.'r nwlle shortly after this endeavored
to impose .a stnmp Act upou the Atiittricau Colts- j
nies, frof? which infliction we were happiiy de?
fended by the vigorous resistance of the colo
Qtiicq-n.! delirsut rss.s |>l*i fnornr Acluvi.
Whenever the Government went wrong th*
newspaper publishers were sure to be fleeced;
so in 1776, in the second year of our War of In?
dependence, jolly Lord N'oith levied another
id. upon newspapers, observing by the way
"that it was a doubtful question whether news
" papers were not a curse, but there, was n ?
"doubt at all that if tolerated they should be
"made as expt-nsive as pos-ibln." The Ameri?
can War was long and the expenses were heavy,
so in ]7f)0 Lord North demanded and obtained
another fid. upon each advertisement. We now
come to the times of the second Pitt, adored as
"the heaven-born Iflnilter" by OOUstTJ squires
and clergynn n, but in his disposition towarl
newspaper proprietors (as we shall see) giving
token of ii quite il;fjorioit de-edit. On Augu<t
I, 1780, Ll the first golden days of the French
Revolution, just after the fall of the Hastiie and
w ben < 'allican sympathy beat strong in England,
the In nvon-born came down to Parliament and
ii additional Ad. levied on newspapers and
rtaji ther f.d. oi id I ert i semen'tl There beiug a
eie?t tl.ir-t for news at that time and taxed
newspaper* being deaf, a habit had grown up
nmong the people of lending them out at so
much an hour. Therefore to lend out a news
piper for hire w as declan d illegal and visited
with O toe of X'5 for each olTetise. The heaven
born and his master had got into a war with
France, and in 17'.*7 the savage tax of an ad?
ditional I Ad. was laid upon the journals, raising
the amount of the Government tax on each copy
to Id ' Newspapers then sold for 7d. a copy.
In IBM the duty on mall pamphlets was im?
mensely increased. The peace brought no re?
lief to publishers. I ?ii the contrary, ('astlereagb
increased the advertisement duty to 'fa. 6d.
and augmented the duty on large pamphlets,
liven this did not suffice for Castlereagh. In
1819 he peJOOj an Act reciting that pamphlets
were published in great numbers, "tending to
" ? \cite hatred ami confe rpt of the < 'overntne'.t
?' tud ( oristitution ol these realms as by law es?
tablished, and also vihfving mir Holy Religion,
"and it is expedient that the svtne should be
?' ti strained," ther? fore rmall pamphlets were
declared to be newspapers, and subject to news?
paper dut) '
Here we pause to take breath. The taxes
on knowledge, have now reached their cul
n ii Hting point: Id. a copy on newspapers and
smhll pani| hl? ts, and :ts. ti 1. on each alverlise
niet t, aided by fierce Government prosecutions
all over the Ri'tish Isles 1 It must be admitted
th ii the British Press has had a hard road to
travel, jet it slowly progressed under all these
restrictions. I he vigorous plant of freediscus
sit ii never ouce dwindled down, but found
nourishment even in the worst of times in the
bos.,m of the l'.riti-h peoide. Retter arid -?fter
?eirs are now at hand; henceforth we shall
ahronicle the successive emancipation of the
journals Irom tbeir fiscal shackles The first faint
step in 'his directioi was taken in 18893] the res?
triction on the size of a single sheet was repealed,
and the ilnty ( n the supplement was reduced fiom
Id. to 91 Then came the tbrccday?of July iu Par?
is, the drey Mini.-try, and the Reform IUI. One
ol tie r.rst acts of the Reformed Parliament,
(1831 I um to gnat relief to the publishers. It
totlil) repealed the duty on pamphlet*, fpaui
pMl t? i rte| being a nt*Utl tf cie* of literature,)
and lowered the advertisement duty from 'Is. oM.
to Is. 6?'. Rut when newspapers applied to the
House of Common* to be relieved from the Itl.
.?tnnip, that House refused the relief, denied no
longer for reasons oi public safety, buton ti-ual
grounds alone. However, an importuufmovemeni
had beer, going on outside Parliament, w hich wtas
ultimately to settle the question, Iu l- '.l begae.
what is MU known to History as -'the Battle
??of Um FutlampeJ," a battle which ragod for
lour years, aud terminated it* the retreat ofthe
Goverinuut and the decisive success of tha
Unstamped. There sprang; tip in London and all
the large towns a number of men who published
dai y and weekly Newspapers, in utter defianrje
of tbe Stamp Act; th*?se papers reached an im?
mense circulation in spite of all the obstacles
which their illegality threw in their way. It
was in vain that Sir Thomaa (afterward Lord)
l>tnman, the Whig Attorney-GeneraJ, prose
euted, fined and imprisoned th* mi*demea,n?nva.
They multiplied them*elves like the Hydra's
heads, sir T. Denman was tired and di*g u*te?I
with his task, and his Govermneut at last con?
sented so to amend the law as to make it praeti
' cable. On the motion of Sir Edward Rulwer,
then an ardent Liberal, th- Commons reduced
the Id. stamp on newspapers to Id., and contin?
ue J to them the privilege of free postage. The
size of the sheet was, however, restricted with?
in certain limita. This great and memor?
able change became operative on September
15th, 1S.T6. On that day the fiscal accumulations
} of a century were wiped off from the uewspt
' per sheet, the penny stamp alone surviving.
1 The daily journals then reduced their price
from 7d. to 3d., and the weeklies (with the
, exception of Tke Spectator^ from 9d. to fid. The
pre*- of theRritisb Isles his inc ?nfestibly dour
' ished under thi* arrangement. Iu 1S55 the ag?
gregate uumber of stamps issued was Ifci millions;
;n it was more than 111 mi'! ons. The pres?
ent body of newspaper proprietors, so far from
regarding it as a burden, have coveted the stamp
as a monopoly. The next alteration of the law was
made in IrV.o. We have seen the pamphlet duty
swept away, the advertisement duty reduce!
from 3*. Cd. to Is. 6M.. and the stamp from id.
to Id. In 1S53 the remains of the advertisement
duty were repealed and the size of the sheet
was enlarged?that is a single sheet supplement
was allowed to pass free of stamp duty and a
double sheet burdened with the duty of Jd. only.
Meantime the House of Commons, ratifying the
report of its committee, had declared that th?
' law relating to the stamp duty on newspapers
was in an unsatisfactory state. The Hoard of In?
land Revenue had been in the habit of reg irding
" class " newspapers, that is musical, legal, lit?
erary, horticultural and such professional pub?
lications, as free from the operation of the Act,
although these papers were in the habit of giv?
ing incidentally to their main object a certain
amount of political intelligence; and the
Botli wad also defeated in most of its prosecu?
Last year came the war, and along with
it a new " Rattle of the Costamped " at home.
The popular thirst for news w.aa intense; to
tatisfy it unstamped papers, oilled Tht War
Jtltgrapk, War Stirs, and the like sprang
np in LMM* lf?ehester, Glasgow. Edin
burg and many of tbe -?rg* ***** 1Vv
were devoted solely to inteilig.M'0^ -r"Ui
the seat of war, and their courageous publishers
ibsiated that they were therefore "class" news?
papers and outside the scope of tho Stamp Act.
They defied the Government. The Attorney
General, Sir Alexander Cockburn, was in the
same fix as Sir Thomas Penman twenty years
before; they were both above their business,
anl for tho sake of both an impressible Waig
Government gave way. Although the Govern?
ment was in great w ant of monev, ami tho repeal
of the Stamp duty put in peril ?450,ihn.) of an?
nual revenue, a bill to give effect to this resolu?
tion was introduced by the Chancellor of the
Kxeheiiuer thia setaion. The measures of ",\<\
and '"5, be it observed, are due entirely to the
people; it was they who, taking the law into
their own hands, by rendering it inoperative ne?
cessitated its amendment. Sir Edward Uulwer,
speaking now as a Conservative, put this poiut
well iu an oration copied at the time by a large
portion of the American Press: " While we dis
"cu-s, the law for all good purposes is virtually
'?dead. I see only au Attorney-General who
" does not prosecute and a Jury who won't cou
" vi et. You may adopt this amendment; you
" may postpone the question; you may retain
"the sword for I time in your nerveless hand.
"Idefyjouto reanimate the muscle. I defy
"ton to strike the blow."
The bulk of the Tory party in the Common* ,
? i posed the measure on the ground that at such
a time no sacrifice of revenue should be made;
but they were beaten by considerable, majori?
ties. In the Lords the Opposition let the bill
pas* in moody and sullen silYnce; at such a
time and ou such a question the Lords felt they
could not afford to put themselv.** in antagonism
with the Commons and the Ministry. Tho last
arrival conveys to us the nets* thai on tho
15th of June it received the Kbyal assent. On
the 1st instant, by tbe terms of the new law,
the Newspaper Stamp Tax ceased to exist.
Thus from 1711 to 1855?a period of 111 years
?we have traced the origin, gradual growth,
culmination, gradual decay, and Matt of an insti?
tution. This chapter of events present* a beau?
tiful example of those attributes of unbroken
continuity and steady progressiv - development
of which the history of Hrititb civilization is so
richly illustrative. The New spaper Stamp con?
nects the names and times of Addison and
Steele with those of Rulwer and Dickens.
Ware Addison now on the earth, he might con- '
tinue his Spectator with a fsir prospect of profit;
if the shade of Swift do still correspond with
that of Stella, it may now write: "Do you not
" knew that Grub-street ha* beert made happy
IKMn SHOT IN TIIH MX*KKR.
The m< n who aro beginning to bleed freely
against the Maine Law are not naturally worse
than other men; neither are they ao bad as the
business tbey defend. Wonderful a* it may
seem to some, many, perhaps- moat of them do
what they do ignorantly. Surely mo*t of
the to must be ignorant of tbe hopeless char?
acter of the war they are. waging, for they
are net the sort of men to throw ttieir money
into a business sure to los?, when they know it.
If they w ill listen to us en this point of their
case ft r a few moments, tbey will iu due time
acknowledge ua their best frierul, and if they do
net now take our advice, be **?iry they dtd n't.
It is our vocation to look at tho progress of pub
lie opinion and gauge the ih p-h. and drift of pop
\'.at currents, ax d there fort without &rrogatinr
to ourselves any natural superiority, we may
claim to he capable of instruct'ng on such mat?
ters men whose lives have boea passed bek'nd.
private mahogany, miadiug tiobody'a businesa
Iu the first place, it do*'* not follow that be
cause an Ant; Liquor Law has not been carried
in the Old World?a world which is now thought
to be some six thou,-a*.J an 1 odd years old?that
it wiil never be in the New World?a world
which, may be said to be aboui four hundred
year* old. Nor ia it even oertoiu that the Old
World itself is to escape a Prohibitory Law.
That Old World has lately given birth to new
thing*, aud these new things beget other*.
Cbtmical science wat in fact born within the
memory of men ngw living, and this science,
I '.tting it in the power of capital to produce
alcoholic beverage* many tinvt rh?*per tbau
ever before ia the hiatory of the world, ba* la
fact preoipitavd the Temperance quettiu?
upon thia age. The world tauat atop aad thisk
or be drowned in drink. The political queatioa
rannot rest where it waa before the iaipretel
method* of distillation, by whieh alcohol oao ha
made to flow like water freui almost every to (a.
table ?ubitance, and the great manufacturer
can allow hia customer* a margin which wiH
endow a gin-palace and enrich a Ronifs.ce at
every *treet-corner. Thi* multiplication af
temptation, or a* tie algebraist* won id say,
raiting it to the higher powers, is what society
cannot bear. Great Rritain i* at tbia mom at
suffering more from it in her army than frort
Russia. Her profoundest conservatism will at
last have to consider the question.
The newness of our country and it* necessa?
rily fast tendencie* have naturally brought tu up
to the question a little in advance of the rest of
It ha* two aspects, the physical and the moral.
First, it has been established a* an incontrovert?
ible scientific fact that the consumption of alco?
holic beverage* is prejudicial to the general
wealth and welfare, immensely beyond any ben?
efit* derived from it. In other word*, in tha light
of mere political economy, the stimulus is more
destructive than productive. Had the pubtin
thought stopped here,Legislative care might have
assumed this form. The capitalists of the busi?
ness, or all who derive a pecuniary profit front
the sale, might have been call'd up in tu contrib?
ute, in the shape of a special t?X, t ? th? publisj
treasury sufficient to make the public wh*>2e
against the damages it might suffer from it.
Thu* before touching a cent of profit for tbein
selves, the distillers, importers and retailers
would have to provide for the chief ex penal of
criminal courts, jails, penitentiaries, an 1 poor
houses, to reimburse many heavj losses by
tires, shipw reck* and othercasualties, m ike com?
fortable prevision for numerous orphans, widows
ami aged dependents, and so forth; in short,'
bear the greater part of the expenses of civil
government tad almoit the whole biird"ti which
now rests on the shoulders of private clarity.
If they should have a red. t*s*j |,.ft, as a motive
to continue. business, it would be because
the scientific induction before referred to i* er?
roneous. Hut as sunshine is not sun r, we tak*
it this simple requirement on the trade to tntks
geod in. damages would be tbe death of it.
Tut the question MlH l>0t stop at this stag*
ai.?t produce legislation of this ?ort, tir*t, be?
cause It has a moral mpect. Wo aT" ? 'ou
gious, or a( least a religiously desceii Jod p*3.**oIsj.
The moment one of us bo. onu s couvinced by
scientific induetiou that any business, be it lot?
tery gambling or rumsellmg, produce* damage
as its average result, he prenounee* it wrong,
regard* it as a crime, and his motive* of justice
and religion tend to see it punished and pre?
vented. This may be regarded by some lib-ral
people as a misfortune of the age, but it it nev?
ertheless a very stubborn fact, aud it accounts
for the Maine Law, which can hardly be called
au invention of the State of Maine but a neoes
sary consequence of a moral conviction which a
large portion of the people had arrived at in all
the State*. A* this moral conviction is the
necessary consi quence of the physical fact, it
must inev tably secure majorities in all the Htatee
ns these facts are agitated and considered; aad
as moral convictions are prov erbially durable, it
will take n great deal of money spent in feeing law?
yers, supporting newspapers, and defending ruta
eases to subvert them, .lust so long as a majority
of the people believe ruuiselliug a crime they
will prose cut.* you with a law making that busi?
ness u finny, punishable as such And beforeyst
can convince theui that it is not a crime, you have
got ciihcr to set mM*J facts and figure* that are
as fixed ami certain as any other physical law*
of the univ erse, or o \ or whelm the logi* on which
all their moral convictions are based and couvert
them from ( hiistlMiity to something entirely
Thr* brings us, gentlemen, to au aspect of the
case which it is important for you as busioeM
men to consider. Tbe pb> steal laws of the nti
verse von cannot abrogate, change or conceal.
Vour only chance is to coavince people that
doing mischief is inno tent. [| this you may
succeej. What tlv-n 1 Why, simply this: the
penal laws against you will give place to
the other species of !e,;.slation which we have
above described as the certain death of your
traffic. Why then continue in a war whioa
must absorb all your profits while it last*, and ia
which your first decisive victory must be fatal
to your cause f
The journals aud the people of the Free State*
have already prettv gem rally expressed their
opinioua on the platform adopted U> tbe National
Council of Know-Nothings, at Hula ii-lphia. Il
most ; arts of the North and West it has been
indignantly repudiated by members of tbe < >rd?r.
though in New York the leaderaand many of the
lodge* regard it with delight aud eonfidenae.
H:tlnrto, however, we have nail fjsj positive
declarations from the Soatb respecting; thi* re?
markable platform. Oue such, however, ha*
reached us in the Address wbioh the Order .*
Geor?*ia has just put forth to the people of that
State, In the view of the Georgian* this plat?
form surpasses ever-thing in that hue ever da
vised before, in its thorough tubaervienoy total
gre^t cause of slave-breediag and aiggor-dri*
ing. We extract from the address,:
' Tl.e Platform tri i | at BfUaaut t*> the c ountry ??
lha subject of Stuve. y i* tiighor and bcuavior than aar
th.?t baa over been reared by any national party. D
?ojnsaend* itself to the patriotism at' tho S ath, aad
wdi u vindicated bj the ? i.lighiotinl friends of tat m
... in ever)' s.?ii >. i f tbe iduisib. Neither ?!
Whig DOT tat 1 fai itx ran :?arty Ivw* at any time bet**
ofore, in any Natiounl Couveutimi, taken as bigt
grounds?urnundi which toncerfotothe South aU*\9n9
she can ri'btfnll/claim. The t"jiadol|thia pjstf**
(;\. ?. ? I? mi ? ? f the rssrsssutioa of ?ifci*'*
itataa ii tl at I etrj \ Hta /rent State of
fork, and tbe Aim m m i'uty of Pen sylvavi* a*l
ratitii d it. Now, if it bo the oiSject, as it un (***0*"
al ly is, of ii u Souther., Su>t*u to maintain ths l/WIJ*
while they Picintain mtaet their slave ri-'\ <s. waaa?
in all coning time is it to lw expected that a'ty
ration wRI i mimarsJ suekv rrrtneii'.s of powsr t* <^
t!ir. grea: ends ' Sound on the questiiin which, *^
us, ir i nr?|i.i,unt >o all oitvn* a-id upon all other*
rral and s in-ervative, it ia diitkult to irjagaa* *?*
.e acc^tab'.fc'o tha peot leof Ovorgia. -r**
it all jinni. a can, rt they will, ui it j. and ?I"*
we bew'bve the suffrage* of tbr P^*^*
??? rar-.,:rate. It is rich ui the protB-se ol uaj
good, ami uiiYra tl.e means of '"*v,,1*>flsi
pp. Mem of the age. to wit- How shall tire I j**"L.
preserved, and at the same tune, taa ?jf"J*5isf
With l/c maintained. F pretwmit* utiy ?IP*f'S*T
opinion as to the poaer of tongiess to.<****5is
prohibit Slavery m tbe l^rritonos. to***} XLft
free njion that stity?et. '.-4? oug'it it to be feit? mwjSff.
opinions or that sn1 | the laooth ar* ^|
etU Rut I? caprcs.,iy decl*-es that Cvmgimgfc
not to leg slate u, ,)n the subnet of Slavery *Tyar
1 Territorv of the, fnited States, and that ?TJJju aw
V^^groa* with Slavery a*