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~KKO)t ?Wh** no unreasonable name thia it for
ak# ?,?14 nrl I'?1 ' '??'? as R?m trl?o? wr?!j
" !^"fcut of Ike Baswt material, mo?l fashionable style, and
nMcWrstr ft*"- fM onr m* Spring specimens ?'
fiC n. riw*")'_
sikihim? .'?>?klty in Soft Hats?(Jejun's
I.ATfAT 5tti It The o OfJ' '-lentil *nft H t of >h? sea so
Ogata's < ineiital Ik ro'or is aahee of roses; Ifi mot*, styl? ?'"1
quellty ?W*?1 beyond ill rouiMiison. Thorn tan hp M jueatlon
witi ei v wntrti.tu of taste that Ihr Oriental UkM the leal 1,1
i tieft list 0>|a>itiMi.|. and e?<-*la in Hal u wall aw 6aiab Buy
mm Hat ?r< r nsi.ortod i r snsnafac'ured in thla coaatrv. Ti>*
atstsef lie I Is! ? is varied to ?uit different a(*s AtOgM*?
will Ufftuxl prefisely the style of Hat etiisbi* ??/br'''',1^
j nib an.l middle age. Sold, wholeealo and reiall, at Ur.Mtu s.
So. 214 Bioadwsj, nppoeite St Paul'*,_ -
"(iKNTLKMKii'H II AT? IX QtMRTERLV 1'**??**
-Tbe eatahliALed tltttlaaw a-dl^.e of oar r*"''^^ .
Gentlemen* ?ar i. ,.,i. r. H mgt*[fc ? jf? "mmZ
Ibeqosrterly iesue fur Marrb. IB** 1?u^la,.,
Inlr. doroMot Kaebtoaiafor Gent*. Hat?. a.tor House, tin.a sy
Bnxnm Kelt JH?
ItARRn*'- Old Stand
fa aow Wrar? O.a-tar,
and Hoaatrj. Th. best goods al tha lea^t*icet. ^ ^
No. KM Bowery.
The Approaching Anniversaries.
ft iuiim TJaylob's Saloo*. No. Ml Broadway,
Between Spring and Pnsye ats.
Tbl? feleon offe.s indnermeuu to the ladies and gentlemen
attending the Aaiiivarsa-iee, anturpessed. Every accommo
datier, will he elTortled, and refreshment* of every variety
BarveC io the beat manner, and at ?h?rt notice.
Small pejieta of Bafgefe will be taken charge of.
Bad other luxuries m gieat variety.
IHHIIII ?UtTD jfcoLlAN PlANikS at ?rreat
bergan s at Watebs's Piano MeSodeon and Music Kootne
No .13 Broe.lv Bv. One Hilbert Avdian, coet *4u*. lor + 250 ,
o e K ..chat's My'mn, coa' *1V> for *?i n; do. withont .rlolian,
for #>.*", $?0. Bia*, *1V and t>li>0, and uew Piano? for * , ? ?
Piano* lor real, and rent allowed on pu>chaeo, for tale on
monthly paimei, *
D. Dbtun A. Co. beg, to state that their Whole
aale and Retail department* are now completely stocked with
Ute? late and elegant etyle* of Sraiac and Summkb Cloth
me, and their Custom department Issvoud floor) with the
on weal tmpr.rtati.wia of Caasimebes, Vbstinbs, Coatibci,
he., at Noe. tSt, jab and ?0 Broadway.
Splendid Caaaimere Huaiaeta Coata, various
ahadea, 05, rich Moire Autiqoe Bilk Vea'e, faehionable
haark i 1 il CeaU, t'; etiper blue !'??.? Coat*. BIO; Caaaimere
Pant*, Bl oO?n.' upward, he,at Evans's Clothing Warebouae,
No*. 68 and St Kulton st.
Smith 4e I?ors as a bv? No. BM Broadway, are now prepared
to eahlatt Uieir New Setitc 8tvlks of Rich Vn v?r,
TArtsvav, BafsstLt, Tmrrnv ?? I iNCtsia CAarevise.
Atninng the saenrtmeut will be foond a large nnmber of New
Heoigtij aad Styles never before offered; alao a large stock of
Dil Ci.otbj ot every width, and all other goods connected with
' L. O. Wilson & Ctx
Invite the atten'lon of buyers to their stock of
StlMMva ? o o d a.
Wo. It Cooitiandt St., aad
No* 11 sud U Dty st
IlANDSOhiE Boots and (?aitp.r?.?Watkiss,
No IM t altoc-sL, oflera indoceniant* to purchaaera not ton:. 1
elsewbeie. Hi* Boots are made in thelateat Parisian etyles, and
are warraated to do gtxd aer.tce. Tliere la no place where so
n ? b valae can t>e got for the money as at Watkiss's.
rvo? Fine Carbimere Husinesh Coats, very
aligblly damaged, worth #.12. selling at Evaa?'? Clothing Wars
tit/uae, Noa. b6 and 68 Fnltrm at., at s> V
FlTIIIO) k Hl'msiibbt,
Mo. vi Broadway, : ;??*"* the Rt. Nicholas,
A ? - selling rich Velvet Carpeting from 11/ to 14/ per yard.
Hich Tapestry Carpeting, from ?, to 10/ per yard.
Kith Brussels Carpeting, from 7/ to u; per yard.
Racb J ply, elegant colors, from 8/ to 9/ per yard.
Rich Heavy SoiNrrfine, from 6, to 8/ per yard.
Oil Cloth*, ( mi -in Mateilela, Mattreesee, A.c., equally low
toi c*.h._Prrcsiok k UiMfHatv, No. 52t Broalway.
Low Piice* for English (-..-,- ?
Croaslsy's VelveU, II, : Tapestries, 7/6.
Handaatue Ingrains, > ti; Super do., 5/.
Hibam aVbdbbson, No. 9? Bowery.
Ci.akk'h Spool Cotton.
The genaine article
haa the name of
_ On every spooL
To HouHCKEKPERs.?A rare opportunity ia ion
Ofler.,1 v,\ e h,? lt? i.r,.^, a?aortuient of Has KixtI'BV.S
a\er exhibited in New t ork. We are determiuad to clear them
out duitng the corning thirty days.
W. J. F. Dailbv Si Co.
_Marble Store*, Nos. 631 and till Broadway.
To Wholesale and Country Dkuooihts.?
Raaaiaa Pabk.No. 904 Broadway, corner of Dnane st .N.
Y., toslie the atteutiou ot Jobbers arid close buyers to their im?
mense Btoeh of American and Karopeaa
hy far iKe largest aaarrrunent In either hemisphere at and below
propel, tot's prices, by tbe pack.se dojeu, or lisi gross. Particular
at em i,iu paid to this branch of tha Drug business. Orders ao
Ucit. d ana floods shipiwd with care to any part of the world.
BsBkBt ft Pabe,Maw-Vork,Cincinnati and San Ftanciaco.
Eleoakt and 8i perior Cloi hinu.?
Alsbsb Mi nBok k Co , No. 441 Broadway,
la.its the attention of geiithmen of refined taste to their as
? ?"ir. nl of
?ran* Sobtoi ts, Baclabs.Busibess Coats, Pakts, Vests,
Made up ia aha most stylish manner, from tin finest and bast
ALtasa Mrssor A Co. would alao eolicit tLe atteutioaof
the p. blio to their Blank of
where Parents and (luardians will find every article for Chil?
dren's wear. They have every variety ol thiu Wool, a and
l. t en (IikxIs for Summet u?e
(iRi a i Fire at Norfolk, Va.
Bi bm.'.i. or Auams k Co 's Kai ki . Oirici.
The Wii.i.? K Paiest Salamanueb Saie that stood fhe
rnperelleled To t of W days expoeed to a Red Heat at the
butuing of Adams ft Co.'s Express Office has arrive! (having
been shipped to us and a uew one ordere.'), and can be seen iu
front of oar Warehouse, No. i? Wator-sL, near Wall, where
the public, are invited to examine it This same Safe (Iike
BSaarj others of Wildi rs Patent) was i-lahxed by Silas C. ller
Tingaaooaof llening's Patent ' hampiou Safes, and was ex
hibited by his Ageuts at Norfolk, \ a , as such, but upou inves?
tigation it proved to be the celebrated Wildeb Patebt
A few snors attempts like this by Bliss C. Herring to apply
the credit due the Wh nra Patssv Salam n . h sate to a
new ssfe now made by linn, will soon satisfy the publir that
thete is samethirg "ratten in (keumark " All saget men ufec?
lated by bs wabbakteo ib ee i'bom DAMrMSAa. A full bs
eoi tn rut coastauitly on haiel and made to order and Imt sale at
tbe Warahouae, No. 123 Water sU, near Wall, New York, and
No* 22 Walnat and 9 Oranite st., Philadelphia. Sec ore 1 with
V\ ilosb's Fatest Powpeb anu Bubclab Paoer Lake.
_B o. Wildeb h Co., Pataotaeaand Mauafactureta.
Cristadoro's Hair-Dye, Wigs and Toupees
stand preemineat aboy* all competition. A suite of elegant
piivale apartments for applying hat famous Dye. thegres'est
stasMlard art rle of its kind throaghout the world. His new
style of Wie? and ToirtEs are perfection itself. Woo.eaale
a id i stall at t bistauobo's, No. 6 Aator Hoaae
Fvre Catawra Wines,
From th* Vineyards of John I). Paik.aaq., CinclnaaU, Ohio.
Pabe's SrABELixc CaTA Was, being met* generous, tich and
frnlty. is rapidly taieraediug the Freocb Chauipagu*t.
Tabb's Still Catawsa, lb* rival of the Caroiaa Hock
W toe, warranted anly the pur* laica of the (rap*.
The quality and uuportanca of Auiertcaj. Wine* aa the deval
? >??" ei i of a aew eoarce cf national wealth la feat assuming Its
tiue i-?.tton ^ * refer to Judge Melgs, PraaUant of th*
Amenraa Inalitute, for the vn y flalteririg report received by
bias ftoni th* Ki?ifh Horticultural S.?iaty of Paris, relating to
the Calawha Win**, as ? t ll as t'.n th* opinuu of th* Araariesn
!? atttoie. whose Medal was swsrded as at tha Annoal Kali at
tbe Crystsl Pslacs ia October test. Babses k Pabe,
No Broadway,comer Hume st.
.sTATgN Island Fancy Dveing Establish
?-i at, QflaW No. S John at. two door* from Broadway. Dya
-i,,i Wooleb and Fascv Uoooa of *v?ry description.
Thtir auprrior style of Dyeing Ladiaa' and GenUeuien's Gar?
ments is widely known.
Dyed the most htilliai.t or more grave colors. Ali kinds of
Shawls. CiBTaixs, etc.,
Cleaae J, or Redyed. Oooats reciLed and returned hy
Babbett, Nephe*'* h Co.
No S Jobst St. fwedoor* from Broadway. New York.
Holloway's Fills.?Liff. Prolonged.?
( |Hin the vteor of tbe stomach, tbe regalartty of the secretions,
atsl the patitv af the blood, depends the duration ol lite aad
pine cs! st joy'n e .l. These three eesentisls of longevity and
health are regained ai d perpeleated by the eae of Holloway's
Vergnc's Kijuctro Chemical Bath.?I)r.
Prtnc*. of Brooklyn, peow?starr, and Prot, V ere ras are in attend
aBM at 710 Broadway. They gu ?r?nt*e to cure Rheumathun.
Necralgia, sud all diseases at tu g from the impradant ose of
mertary or olker u,a'al lie aabatance*. SpaciAl dep. latent fax
ladle* r 1
The IIajr.?To prevent its beinic held, and to
?"ep it 6>o*ay tod soft, u?e ItocLE't celebbtateo Htpeeiob
mTSmS^Sf m tolo, hm ?npls**iiig, BceSLE's Electeic
. "J: ilatu,J lU^f4"? ch*ui" '? ?? ? black or browa of tba
? C*?iiJ2LtT**? , romplexion.BoctB'sBALS
lSH!g^??sarl*altal Por ahaving us* Bo-lb's AsiolE.
B^Tisr ?aTb.*tii''',*ili0< S P-o^etor, \\ H. Boule.
Bt savoa^lME^o ^1.. nr^ ?f ?'S"" k P?" f
k Kvaovsoa's, No. r?i BtoaSI^. U ^'"s ?*-*? ?e Kelty
ai d Muaila Cartsii s they BaaZSI:!'Ll*i****. *? ? Lac*
aalKi. Oo^rty Aba, VS U??i?\V! R, ' ~< " ""S?
.V w To-k. iheap. ?tejetgtotk ot W|Lj,w Skadesin
" COO WlUTK CHIN?lilHa^nj^^^
a .o. sa Immense asaaetm* t ofrtehlj at * . ^,.r-t do''
. ue awn impo.tation and inaaatMiae* n-.? *su ?'1 of
I, ?s ihan ever k man 1 ^ st ptU;?
W, J V. n?iL?Ytt Co
_Nos. 831 %uJ ^ Bt\^d,?7
Delights Spanish Li stral w^?^^iaaUiurr
gr ? BB Bald Heada. It is the greaVet discovery of -a. SSS
aeutoiy. For a toilet a/ttcie it is su|?.;ior ?. .???> twtt-s sold
the lav.1 Bs mot-'hs In New England Prepared fro-a t recioe
broeght fraas Aadalaala. Spate, by J. H W?0i bich. l eavra J.
Baa ?*4 ia N.a York by Habv?!? Pabe. *
r , New-Yetk-feeatremes. , fi_ u ?o<*l e tr.inrDA.-ui
es.t cha-mos Sjflf!. It was mtm4 by
beet! Contents are In . Bat*?J ^ ? . , , Un? heat
V- ... reman* >aiu> fc Hebbisc.
?f KfMiM-. founder of the (?N K I'RirK Sv*.
.- ?,.?,??? ?f the esletssive Sprlni stock of
"?,,, tlem.? r.n procure BB |)M? outfit in twenty
n.lnfjlr.. Every garment warranted of the newest cut si.d of
rr*?Baw^e?a?a<^r?sl . (..nJvifU. with equal <*ier.,tch from
? vfnrk 'h?t tatladeevariety wf stv.r c M, mi.fi.il
mftm*W**t l>rk em, wlui I ate gitaraiil.-rd to be IWlp.
nudrr ?rsiket Bveeagr trf ?!l nffUed iu plain fi?nn-? to the arti?
cles, ar'l KB ni viatl.i rai' tie made.
'lhe Oriet In peitn ei.t it slocked with the finest CnOTII?,
Cutwni ' A*., at.d die Clothirg made to measure riri'iot be
excelled in the world, although the priceeere far lower than at
ether esfaUishun nt*. P. U KontBJ.
Tea, Coffee, ami i?i oar.?Unquestionably
thr i l.re to procure these prime articles of domestic cnnaump
t.on at molerate prices it the Bowr.av Tea WtitHoiiii. ft .
Hi Bcwery, or at the (.helska Tea WABBaWOkC, No. 114
M tW, 'J !.' ?'? well ki.owu eidatiliahmenU ari Identical iu their
iN-tin: of management, an 1 by confining themselves to but
triose articles, possess advan'agea over etoree retailing a variety
t( o well ki tin to i red coumiei t Please eiaruine liefore pnr
rhaaing. N. B ?The Bowery Tea Wsrehou'e ii Incite! below
Grand it , No. 113. east side, ai d may be diHingnished by the
" Little t.iaui" in the wiudow. who suryrises everybody by bia
strength and industiy in supplying the numerous )>atrors of tuia
estsblishn ent with fresh giound Corn a, in quiutities to soit
and quality to please.
Rau.road Freight Depot Bcrned.?
New-Yobe, May 2, ls5r*.
Messrs. Steabv? it Mabvib?Genf, i On the rooming of the
1st inst. thr Freight Office, with a portion of the four-story
Fieigbt Deiot of the New-Yolk and New Haven Railroad waa
entirely destroyed by fire. One of yonr Wilder Patent Safes
purchased by the Company. Aug. 1!>, MB, fully sustained its
reputation as a fire proof article, by preservinc in ex-*l!uut coa
d tu n the hooks, papers and other valuables it c ntained.
The test* was a severe one:?toe triumph of your Safe com?
Chabues RocKWEtt, Freight Agent,
New-York and New Haven Railroad.
* Exposed 15 hsori.
Safes ot every deairaMe sire and of improved tin'sri secured by
the celebrated " La Belle" Lock for sale by
St i am' - 1 Mabvin. No. l( Murray it and Ut Water-st.
The pierncr.i'ory symptoms of Dyspepsia are fullness and die
trees after satirg; thin, feverish lips, an uupleaaruit breath, lack
of rest after sleep, sinkir r. of tbe bowels, a sour stomach, dizzi?
ness, pslpitatlon of rhe heart, ronstsnt prostration aud exhanst
ion, a rarewoni countenance, and an awful despoi.de/iiey of
inind. W ith the up; r. m h of this horrid d'aeaae, all pleasure of
life flies; the pleasures of appetite, aoclety. and the external
World sie all tun ed in'o instrumenta of torture. Dyspepeia is
oeia'jored by a foal atomarh and diseased liver; in fact, Liver
Complaint is part of tbe same disease. Since tbe inrltieacea and
tff?eta of these coniplalata have been understood no article has
ei el bei n to certain in 1*1 effects, or so speedy in its action, and
so utiveisailv appreciated as HnnTr.tteb's \ EGKTABtE SrOM
aim Bitti.Ks. Tbly are perlirnlarly adapted to the delica'e
roiistitntion of fenialra It requires no extra stimulant Sold
bv all irr.:. Hotel keereri and Drnggiita. Betii - a, Pabk,
Ko. 3(4 Broadway, New-York; Hostfttib, Hmith k Co.,
Cincii'Cttii snd Mra Havf.i, Brooklyn
Wigs ? ITair-Dte ? Wigs. ? Batciielor's
"fir.g and Tol'sei.s have lmprovemente peculiar to their
goiiae. They are celebrated all over the world for their grace
'q, beanty, ease and durability?fitting to a charm. The largest
tmd best stock In the world. 12 private rooms for applying his
faiioasDYE. Soldat Batchelob'i. No. 23S Broadway.
SATTBDAY, MAY 3, 185G.
Ho notice ean be taken of anonymous Comxootilcatloua. What?
ever is internier* for iniertlon must be authenticated by the
name and address of the writer?not necessarily for publica?
tion, bat as a guarantee of bia good faith.
We oaijiiot undertake to return rejected Cornmunicationa.
t.nvet nor Si-h nrd's Nperch.
The Oreat Speech of Governor Sewabo ou the Immediate
Admission of Kansas, Is now ready, in pamphlet orm.
Price rer dexen. 3*>eente.
Price per 100*.m\ ??
Price per 1,000. 10 00
Orders lncloaing the cash will be promptly artendod to by ad*
dressing lUUsftY it McELRATH, New-York.
< on ten i? of This Day'a Pap?n
Fibit Pace.?yldrerriiiaifitfs?New Publications; Flue Arts;
ilerses, Csrrlsies, ie.; Lost aud Fouiji'; Kmployment
Wsuted; t'laLces lor Business Men; To Whom it Msy
Sr.cosn Paoe.?Ad; trtutmenti? To Whom it May Concern;
Suuio.r BltlwalS\ l'sris Adveili.ements; Bosrd arid
Rasas!) Houses to l.el; Real Pitate; r .partnership No?
li,..., Millinery, ha ; Pafai lianginas, a.-.; Piueucial (
PietBsslocsli ClsMhlusj \ Baaary Laad WattHtata.
TniHIi PABBt? Idie/li.emrnl.?lasli-jclioii; I'UnoK ut-s and
.1 i r I Msrlilnery. Ac.; Cutlery. Hardware, and Iron;
Paints, Oils, I.lass, Ac ; To Farmers and Others, I'riutn.. .
Stationery and Kane. Hoods; liioceries; Furniture; i'sper
Warehouses; Building Materials; Removals; Ocean StUBBs'
ire, Ate ; Steamboats and itailroadi; Medical; Hater Cure;
Kol at h Pacb.?Poefry? Frances. .Vete PnbU<rali>tn? The
Ialaiid of Cube; Life of Sciiauiyl, and Narrative of the Cir?
cassian War of Independence sgslust Russia.
Ell 1n Pace?AVw Publication!? Married, Not Mated; Jali'io
and other Tales from tbe German; Hood's numerous Po
ems; The Hunter's Feast; Home Slimiei; Shakespeare;
The May Msgrzlnes; Booki Received. The Turf; The
Iskatderoon and Graue Railroad, Lecture by Mrs M. L.
I.itlord; Auieiicau Bible Society; Maiina AUsirs. Ctt%)
lttmt?May Day in New York; Sicred Concert; New
Wing of the Brllevee Hospital; Railroad Map; Killed by
the Falling of a Wall; Tbe lale Ksrricen and Matthews
Affray ; Keck lees Riding, ate ; City Item Advertisements.
Brooklyn /resss? Tbe Csae of Malprsc'ice? Ceniiiie of the
Jury; Police Justices; Corn! Park; Skeleton Dug l'p, Ac
Ktxr-Jmey Html? The Camden and Amboy Accident; At?
tempt at Sinking; The Courts, i.e.
Sixth PAiir-Buiiliess Notices. Ltading ArtsVlse?From Kar.
aas; Diu?a From Watkinoton? Bounty Laud Laws? Kan*
iu Debate; Revision of the Revenue Lawi, Land War?
rants; Pansma Biot; Our Foreign Relation*
SrviiNTH Pace?T*l*yrajJik Stwt? Congressional Proceed?
ings, People's Convention at lndianapolia; llliuoie Dem ?
critic Convention; Democratic Meeting at Philadelphia;
Brutal Prise Fight; Tbe Fire at Oowanda, Ac.; Affairs iu
Nicaragua? Letter from Gen. Walker; Losaes by the Phi's.
dslphinEire; Connecticut; Rhode Island; Eire in Eight?
eenth stieet; From Kauaaa; Mexico.
Eighth Pace?New (irenada; HaytL PnMsr iltttingt?Pro!
ceedb ga on the Death of the Hon. Ogden Holtman ; Ms>
tisnth Winl Know Nothings; American Inilitutt Farmeri'
Club ; Cfcinibet of Conimttce. The Camels; Slavery aud
Sixth Paoe.?National Academy of Deeign; City Ioprovi.
ments; Moial snd Religious; Another Murder.
Trim Pack - Intercepted Letters, Nc. IX ; Gossip from
Louden ; S'svery iu Cuba; From Califoruia; I*tt*rt from
fAi I t,.;,>-lie Wool Uuestion; ' The Tyranny of Sha
Ei.r.vrsTH Pacb^?l.tttrrt from A* Poopli?Population of
Mlchigsn; Tbe Straiuboat New Jeraey?Excitement at
Ceinden; Clerical Pleasure Party , From Vcnejuela, Tie
Test of Democratic Orthodoxy; Law Intelligence; Mar
lieges end Dseths; Commercial Matters; Markets; Shipping
Twatl'TH |r?.. i - i <? ..ro ? nReliguius Notices; Specs'
Nolle?s, Auoaeuieuta; Sales by Auction, Dry Goods, Mw
ccllai eoua ; Ctal. '
aMjlNCS l\ COtCHKNa,
fUATB, May . '-'.?Mr. Benjamin made a Mpc.vh cm
Kauaaa oflaira, depreeatiDg; the atriUtKin of the Slavery
ejut rtiori. Mr. Cbm oomplime-nted Mr. H. niarn n.
There wa* a little erat between Mr. Hale and Mr.
Clay, i? which the latte r ?rot ab^htl-f excited. We
thtultl Jadfa, from a remark wliioh he made, that he
ill (a Tit altogtther like Mr. Hale. The Senate ad
je im Ca J to Monday.
Hot .?e, May '-'.--Thirtee-n private bille were paaaed.
at.d the IU:.-. adjourned to Monday.
FRO .VI KANSAS.
We publiah a \ariety* of letter* from K-tnaaa,
niainly from our own con^iHmdent*, brinsrinK
down our advice* from iAwrence and Leaven
wonh to the day aiter the ?hootitia: of Jonea.claiming
to be Sheriff of Douglaa County UDder an appoint
from the bogu* Lei*i?lattjre. Theae a.vount* ahoa;
that thia outrage wa* the act of some unlnoirrn
miscreant, and ia utterly condemned by the Free
State parly, who offer no reautaace, and will suffer
rone to hi made, to any proceai' aerved by Federal
? fficere, or emane.tinf from Federal authority.
They cannot reconnife the botiu* Legulature a*
valid, for they know it waa couatituted by invasion,
?JtjhaMM1, aid ipuriotta voting; but they will obey
?ny precept, ni y mandate, which emanates from
the Ftderal Uovernmeuf, whoee authonty they
reei'tttilie*. as mprt n:e.
We trust the aaaaaein of Jones will he detected
?cd brot.Rht to justice, and tba, no dvvicc, uo
machinations, will at; (Roe to defeat the invcetiga
tioo directed by the Hotue of IlVpreeentetire*.
If the LW rJ . Huffien officials or Kansas are
anxious to give their pretended anth??rity an tiring,
we r?n to 1 them bow they mar do it without dan?
cer to themselves, without any rink of provoking
oi Ofition from the Free-8tate men, and with the
g? narnl approbation of the whole, country?at leant
of that part of it who bnve any teapect for law and
LH them arrest tbe man eharged with tbe mur?
der of !>?>w, try him, and if, npon the evidence, he
?pttear? to be guilty, hang bim, if they cbooee. We
have no doubt they may go even to thia utmost
length of civil anthnrity without meeting with the
least resistance on the part of the Free-State set?
tlers. Let them take like proceedings against
the three or fenr other persons?United State?
officer* included?charged with similar murders,
and barg them too. They will meet with no re?
sistance in all this, we will venture to say, on the
part of the supporters of the Lew State Constitu?
To pass by these flagrant cases, aad to imist
open arresting I man charged with the compara?
tively tiivial offense of taking a prisoner from the
clutchea of a Sheriff whose authority to act as such
the rescuers d'd not acknowledge, especially con?
sidering that the man rescued had been guilty of
no offense whatever, and had been arrested on a
false charge made by a fugitive murderer?auch a
proceeding looks much more like a desire to pick
a quaint, and to provoke a collision, than to pro?
mote the cBds of justice. It cannot even be said
that "Sheriff" Jones's object waa to get a judicial
decision aa to hia rightful authority; for, ai several
of the alleged iepcuersof Branson bad a long time
ago tuffeied themselves to be arrested, with the
very intent of trying the question whether Jones
was a 8heriff or not, that point was already on tbe
road to an adjudication.
Under these circumstance*, the whole procedure
looks like n deliberate attempt to get up a revv and
a quarrel, with the intention of putting obstacles in
the way of investigation by the Congressional Com?
mittee, ftud the fact that a body of United State?
troops Las been obliged to submit to the miserable
necessity of acting as a posse, excites a strong
suspicion ihat the whole proceeding was planned
Napoleon cetecmed it a cardinal principle uf &a
ait of war, to be alwaya strongest ou the point of
actuul conflict. Let your adversary N three to
one, if Le will, everywhtre else: it suffices that you
are three to tw o on the pres. nt field of battle. Thus
he w* n many brilliant victories; thus he lost Water?
loo? Wucher artiving there at nightfall, and tail?
ing upon the exhausted and decimated French
battalions, while (irouchy remained miles away.
If it be wise thus to be strongest on the actual
field of conflict, it would teem obviously deeirable
to fght the battle if possible on the ground tchere you
ate positirdy strongttt and your adversary reiatictly
utahst. Waa not Wellington justified in de
fending the lines of Torree Vedras until he found
himself in force to justify an advanee to Badajor,
Salamanca and Vittoria'
There are many just grounds of oppoaition to th ?
policy, measures ard ascendancy of the Slave Pow?
er in this country, which have, to greater or less
extent, attracted the attention and aroused the in?
dignation of the country. But the one question on
which all earnest opponent* of the Slave Power
are united and determined is the Kanaas CjuestioD.
The Amt rican People are fa-niliar with the main
fact* wbieh underlie this cnae. They kaow that
Kansas was organized from territory solemnly con?
secrated to Free Labor forever by tbe Missouri
Compact of J??0?that the Slave States gave to
that compact its principal support, while three
fourtlis of the Northern Members resisted it to the
last?that the South demanded and received a valu?
able consideration for quitclaiming th s territory?
that several Slave State's haw since been nurtured,
organizt d und admitted in virtue of this Missouri
Compact?that the South proposed and carried an
exte neiou of its provisions to Texas, in the Annexa?
tion of that country, and was ready to extend it to
the Pacific, in tbe acquisition of New Mexico and
California. But the North said "No: we will
abide by what is established, but we are not wil?
ling to extend it;" whereupon the South a:.d her
Notthern servitors repudiate tho Compact of 1820,
and demand the opening of every acre of the Na?
tional T< rrib ries to Slave-laUr and Slave-breeding.
The conct saion of this demand is embodied in Sena?
tor Deuglas's Nebraska bill whereby Kansaa ob?
tained a distinct existence: the efforta of a large
majority of the settlers of Ktntaa to make her a
Free State, in defiance of the purpose but in a;
cordance with the provisin.t* of the Douglas act,
form tbe greuud of the present controversy.
At the time of the paasag- of this act, itaNorthern
supporters geiit>rally commended and eulogized it
aa embodying the principle "f Squatter Sovereignty
?ea i?flitriling and guaraideeirg the right of the
Feople of any Territe.ry to determine whether
Slavery should or tbould not be tolerated therein.
Gen. Caaa has always maintained, and atill insists,
that Slavery cannot 1? gull*, exiet in any Territory
until the People thereof shall, through their Legis?
lature, establish it. But the South now unani?
mously insists, and moat oi the Northern Douglaa
itea tacitly admit, that every slave-holder hat
an indefeasible right, guaranteed by the Federal
Constitution, to take hit slaves into any Federal
Territory, and there sell, work, and lag them pre
citely as in a Slave State, and that the People ? j
aaid Territory, though ten to one hue?le to Slavery,
have i o right and no power to obstruct him. Nay i
they are held ta be bound not merely to acquieace
in his planting of Slavery in their midst, but to
actively ateitt, by legislation and bv personal
elicit, to msUDtain his authority over his negroes,
to reduce them to tubjectioo ii they resit', and to
help him recover them if they run away. When
tie Territory, after yean of tubnetsion to Slavery,
shall be allo- ed to form a State Const tution and
apph |ee admission into the Union, the may ex?
clude Slavery if the seeafit: but, as a tlaveholding
Territory alwayi beessmes a Slave State, and a
I Free Territory invariably becomet a Fiee Stete,
I thia pretense of guaranteeing liberty to expel
I Slaver* at some indefinite future day. heeomes a
mecki ry and a snare. The triumph of the princi
plea embraced io the Nebraska bill ensures the
establishment of Slavery in ever* present and
future Territory into which slaveholders ntav
choose to earn ir.
Before us to-day stands Kansas, the vietim of
gigantic frauds perpetrated by invadera from
Miasouri in her I>elegate and Legislative Elec
tiort?trampled under foot by the Slave Power,
through tillanies which demon* ahotihl blush for,
but which the President and Senate, with about
half the House, either eagerly uphold ? sneakingly
ci nuve at??ud demands adn*irsion into the Vtaiou
Unless soon admitted under her Free-State C?n
' stitution, she must snreumb to her invaders and
perturutori, barked si they are by the Army,
TipmrUTj and Judiciary of tbe Union. At present,
wr fVnd tbe Slatery Party deliberately provoking a
collision with the Frrv-8ta")e men io Lawrence, by
rtndirx bog in officers into that city to serve pro?
cess n ne'er the authority ar t) arts of the Miaaofiri
invader*' Territorial Legislature, which it is noto
rii ua that the Free-State men hold to be fraudulent
and invalid. It in p'ain that the Slavery pirty in
K ir.-.;- and In Western Missouri are ?b-tertnined
? n providing a collision, in the hope of thereby
breaking up and defeating the investigation which
the Heute of Representatives has ordered and
"4M Ka*$a$ be a free State tM Her people
desire it; her Convention has decreed it; good
faith and our country's good name among nations
conspire to demand it. To subjugate her now to
Slavery would expeae tire American Union to the
ext crations of the liberal, just and humane through?
out the world. Vet to save her, the Federal Ad
mi nit I rat ion must be changed, the Senate improved,
aid she admitted into the Union aaa free* and
-owrcign State. By no other means do we aee
how she ia to be saved from the pit which Atchison
& Co. have dug for her, and in which Pierce and
Douglas are plainly conspiring to engulf her.
Why not, then, make her inimed.ate Admission
as a Free State the sole question before the pub?
lic, until such Admission it accomplished ' Are
not her and our adversaries plainly gratified
whenever they can entice us into discussions of the
Fugitive Slave Act and all manner of abstractions
respecting Slavery f Shall we be weaker for any
other r< nflict after we shall have fought and won
the battle of Kansaa, adding her to the number of
Free States I Can we better refute the slang
which makes us the associates and ?? worshipers" of
i egroes than by lighting the battle of a Free Stab;
which, through no act or purpose of ours, is des?
tined for the homes of white people only I Can we
make any issue so tit or so fivorable as that which
looks to the fate of Kansas alone ?
Othtr questions must have prominence in due
order. Let us first grapple with and dispose ef
this ' i:e. The simpler and clearer the proposi?
tion on which we take issue before the people, the
more ipeedy and ccitain must be our triumph.
And beside i;ls alwajs advisable, where practica
Ve, to do one thing at a time.
?' Ore by ore the ssnds sre flowing;
One bv one the moments fall:
Some sre coming, some sre going?
Do not strive to grasp them ail.
" One by ore thy duties wait thee .
Let tby whole itiei jtb fo to each.
1? ' no future dreams eiste thee:
Lesrn thon first what those tM teach.
?? Honrs sre golden mit OsftMaa
Hessh.r g Hessen; bo? wC? kv ?"e
Tata tbetn, lest ths ehenn bt I ..'?? ??
lie the pilgrimage be done."
That Mr. Douglas, the great originator of the
Squatter Sovereignty fraud aud the Border-Ruffian
invasion and subjugation of Kansas, should think
the present Government of Nicaragua?that it to
say, the fillibuster Government?"legitimate," and
our own Government greatly to blame for not
acknow ledging it as such, is perfectly consistent.
Why a Government that backs up " Sheriff" Jones
and the Border Ruffians in Kansas, should beaitate
to acknowledge. Walker in Nicaragua, ia by no
means easy to tee; and, as in the race after Southern
votea, Preeident Pierce followed Mr. Douglas's
lead in tbe one caae, we do not perceive how he can
well escape do ng it in the o?her?unless, indeed,
General Writlker should aavc him from that neces
tity by resigning his office.
Had not Walker just as good a right to offer his
service's to the "Democratic party" of Nicaragua?
for ao the party celled itself by which his aid was
invoked?ss the Missouri Border Ruffians had to
voluntee r their services to aid the '?Democratic"
I'ierce und Douglas party in Kansas in organizing
the Covernment of that Territory an a "sounder''
basis I And are not he and his fillibusters ju-t as
much citizens e>f Nicaragua, and entitled to rule
that State, as the Miasouri invaders were citizens
of Kausas, and entitled to choose a Legislature
for that Territory'
A correspondent resident on the spot, who has
personal knowledge of the tact, being himself a
MitsotiriuB, informs us that land in Miasouri, twen?
ty-five miles from Keoknk in Iowa, and looking to
that town for a market, can be bought for $3 an
acre, in any quantity, while land no better is worth
in Iowa, at the same distance from Keokuk, $V>
to .*2i' an acre. Seventeen dollars an acre as a
tax to support the institution of Slavery is
pretty liberal, axd in a good many instances
sublimely disinterested, too, aa the owners of the
land very often own no slaves, and have the ad?
dition al mortification of being looked down upon as
an inft rit r class by those who do.
BOUNTY LAND LAWS?KANSAS DEBATE.
Krem Our Specie. Correspondent.
Washington, Thursday, May 1, 1856.
The new Bounty Land bill weut through the
House to-day by a heavy majority. The fifth and
sixth aections of tbe Senate's amendments were
struck out. These f eetion* refer to various exten?
sive classes of ttveritorioua individuals whom it
seems hard to exclude from the now long and com?
prehensive list of the beneficiaries of Government
Among these classet thus excluded are thoie who
have blacked the boots, lighted the candle*, or
c' pied the letters of subordinates on board of rev?
et ue ? utters cruising during some one of oar l**e
bletdy war-, that of Gre)to\>n we presume includ?
ed. And . lso (still ranker injustice ') all that large
clast of individuals on our frontiers who have beeu
told, at one time or another, that Indian* were
lurking round the settlements watching a chance
for plurder. and that they must look out; and like?
wise all other fellowa in every direction who have,
at one time or another, been told to have their fire?
locks ieady against armed invasion from some
bloody foreign nation. Why these men,
who are our fellow-citizens, and entitled to the
thanks of a grateful country equally with
other classes provided for by these gratuities of
public lands, should suffer this marked injustice at
the hands of Congress, teems hard to comprehend.
It it to be hoped that another bill to be introducel
*i no distant day, may right their ur paralleled
wreegt. Indeed, we hope a bill may not be long
wanting which thai] include every fellow who ia
willing to swear that he ever saw a bltsody for?
eigner, or ever bad a shot at a "red skin, * whether
nan, tquaw, or baby; or who, In short, ever
pulled a trigger with his gun aimed in the direction
of Ban foreign country, or across any Indian traila.
It it high time that something ctmprmeniite ws
done t n thia bounty land l.u.iness. The rewards of
that heroic patriotism so gloriously displayed in
kill in.? and mairriicg ??r fellow beinf ? have bfti
*harru?fi;Il? inadequate, and thekrve for that ?peeiea
of rmplotrVrrt m:ij be exacted to dwindle and dit*
if lo more dcvfrrrr.inrd effort* are made to rnjcwiratT?
the occupation Thcr* is. to be surr, a delicious
?low ?rising frtu th<- pannit and tomahawking, of
frifht* ncd and flfrirg ?rrrjaws and children on ta*
pvarrks. but still ihr? -'sport" of our ?rair.>oi?
lvt?rfa-r.fH wearisome after awhile, and needs the
atianilan of l?ountiee, like tbe destruction of all
other wild animals. Let thru* bounty bill* fh.-a
bo Bviltrplied and be br.?u?ht fc.rward uith i-serv
r< ear?trie: session while an Indian remains on the
coDtinest, or a foreign natioa -int. toward wh-ch
a bluuderbnss e.in be pointed.
Mr. Maxwell of Florida made a speech on tbe
Slavery question after the Ilouae went into Com-,
mittee ef the Whole. Mr. Maxwell recognize*,
the fart rhrat the North and South are at odd- on
this subject, and of quite opposite ways of think?
ing. He aapposes that neither ?i<J> will give way,
and concludes th t endless hostility is insupporta?
ble He therefore cast* about to- Ind -tome in nie
of hivrraoaizing these discordant opinion*. He
think* he ilnds it in a common coasent (if all par?
ties will aoly agree to it) that 81avery shall be per
mittid to go into all the Territwies. Let but
both side* adopt this reasonable ground, and he
concludes the country will be paci&catcd. We are
very niueh of Mr. Marwell's way of thinking.
There is a email i/ however, which prevent* the
realization of his very original plan. The North
i* not quite ready for the subjugation of both ita
ides* and it* territory. Thia, however, may
Ik- a prejudice it will yet conquer. The
iougeface* and Nebraska traitors ure mak?
ing a great strain toward tbis end. Tin*
Norman of thu eleventh century conquered th*?
Saxon, choppi'd off his hands and put out his eyes,
and ntnt him out among has countrymen to show
the quality of the conqueror. The Saxon qiuxiled
and submitted?became the slave of the haughty
Norman, while wife aud daughter were prostituted
before hi* face. It is a favorite philosophy of
Southern gentlemen of a ?peculative turn of mind
that the Southern man is the Norman of our day
and the Northern man the Saxon. In any contest
between them, it i* confidently anticipated that the
Northern Saxon's hive of cash and quiet will
occasion his peaceable submission to the loftier
and more chivalric Southern Nornitn. Iu the
subjection of the Free State* that has been
tbreati utd on the floor of the Senate, we have not
been told bow far the old Norman example i* to be
imitated. Thus far it has only been vouchsafed to
the pliant Saxon to know that he is to be " sub?
dued." It is to be hoped that he may not excite
agitatii n, or endanger the Union, or damage trade,
by any improper resistance to his predestinate
c? nqueror. J. H, P.
REVISION OF THE KEVENFE LAWS.
Special Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
Washington, Thursday, May 1, 1-^6.
I referred yesterday to an important and moit
voluminous bill reported by Mr. Fuller from the
Committee? on Commerce, in reference to our rev?
enue law* and shipping. Hoovers avast deal of
ground, and i* deserving of especial attention. The
'2d chapter refers to the appointment of the collec?
tors and other revenue officers, and establishes the
amount of their pay. It prescribes the nature and
amount of the bonds to be given by various official*,
aud regulate* the detail* of their appointment anal '
duties. The following virtue-conaerving aectioa
ia to be found in thia chapter.
Sectio*. 30. No sen uul for the compensation *Jf services of
any cepnly, sssislsnt, weigher, geuger, measurer, Inspector,
clerk or other person employs.! In soy duty relative to th* col?
lection of tlie pafuaae. sbsll be allowed, until such peiaous
shsl! hsve certtti?.!. anderosth or sffirniatsin, that the services I
SavebesB sctuslly performed; that he bis received the full
sun, iberein charged to hlaown use- and benefit, and that be has
not i aid, deposited or assigned, nor contracted to pay, d -porlt
or assign, any pert of such compensation to the use of any other
person or persons, lor In suy wsy, directly or indirectly, pa d or
I ???>.. for cot traded to fay or give, any reward or compensa?
tion for bis i ffice or employment, or lor his co-tinueuce therein
or the emolument thereof.
TLi* w?ara the appearance of a very grave
trorality touching the aubordinute appointments.
Hut a cart and oxen can be driven straight through
ita provisions. It would not do to say in at many
word*: " No contributiona for electioneering pur
" poses shall be exacted of subordinate officers,
" and any levy of thia sort shall work the removal
" of tbe party making or intimating the exae
" tion and be punishable a* a misdemeanor."
1 he clause in the same chapter touching the New
York Cuatom-Houre ia eapecially loose aud aweep
ing. It converts it into the most enormoua elec?
tioneering aceney in the country. It permit* the
appointment of inspectors without limit as to num?
ber at $4 per day. It aleo permit* the appoint?
ment of clerks, "night inspector*, laborer*, and
"other person* in aid of the revenue" to an en?
tirely unlimited extent both a* to number* and
pay. Not even the formal restriction ot' a "necea
**ry" or " competent" force abridges the exerci*e
of tbis right. A profligate collector operating on
an eaay-goini; secretary can establish an army of
electioneering followera under thia bill and draw
their pay without hinderance from the National
Treasury. The politica of New-York are eo noto
rioualy and infamously corrupt that no point
should be so well guarded against political abuse,
yet none in this bill is left so open. Is this wholly
an accident I
Chapter 3 relates to the registry of vessels and
the regulating of the coasting trade. The second
section of thia chapter contaiua an important and
radical proviaion to which special attention ahould
be drawn. It ia a atep toward the admission of
foreign-built veaaela to American reentry. It look*
a* though it wa* intended a* an entering wedge to
tbe project permitting foreign veaicla to participa?
tion in our coaating trc.de, and ia aa followa:
" Cititeus . f the Ci.iied States, sole owuers of foreign-built
vessels, shall have a right to have the bill of aale of such vessels
recorded in tbe ; ropex collection district and certified by the
Collector In lieu of regiaterirg. and to eng ige In the foreign or
coasting tiade, upon complying with the lews of the I'nited
S'ates in relation to mas*er and crew, and the payment of an
aacaal tutnsge duty, ia advance, of one dollar per tun, I'nited
Sis es m a-un ment."
We are in hope* there ia tome mistake about
thi* provision, and that it haa been smuggled in
without the knowledge of the majority of the
Ctu.mittee. Neither can Mr. Fuller, a* the rep?
resentative uf a commercial District, be supposed
to desire to strike any insidious blow at the in?
terests of hi* own constituents. J. a. p.
LAND WARHANTrt?I'ANAMA RIOT.
From Oar Own Correspond*at.
Wahhkctok, Wednesday, April 30, 1856.
There ia no k.1 d foundation for the *UMnent,
circulattd over tie country by telegraph, that
f irgerie* of land warrant* to the extent of a million
of ucrea had been discovered here; nor, indeed, ha*
any information been received authorising even
such an impreaaion, except upon the looae knowl?
edge of a single fact, which will be explained.
Si me time ago, a gang of the partie* who hai been
ergaged ia forging warrants were detected at New
Orleans, snd their whole apparatus, with a large
steck of warrant* in blink, were seixeti and
deatrojed. No pains were taken to ascertain their
Lominal aggregate, and the opinion that it repre?
sented a " millioa of acre*"?whieh was caaually
exprewed?wa* wholly conjectural. This ia an
old trau-ii tier, and was <xly revived by a refer?
ence to some more recent disclosurea to which it
i? not pn per to a'.lnde at this time.
It ia undoubtedly tnie that extensive frauds have
been p* rpetrated, and that others are now in pro
gresa, to which the attention of the public author
ile* is actively directed, for ?ufficieul; n*av>ar>
They were fre-qaeat under the t.'<*t sat 1**7, when
thr? jtlates Ufr? not only to well executed, but the
tignaturee *or*3rfect, that detection #waaonlf prac?
ticable by the clerk*, who were in laPtiriy famU
iuiit) withtbero. t aderthe eiiatinf ??i*rd$ end
regulations they are now limited. Ialettd, it ia
difficult to visit the Gov*rnmeat with rnaen loa* at?
the system now workt. If a eiaim it allowed at
the Pension Office, tit* number, name, kiad
of sen ice and date are ail regUtered aod~~a
ttiintcript tarnished to the Land ?HTtee. Wheat
?n entry Latbeen made and she warrant presentee*
for the issue ef tbe patent it rv compared with ther
Registry, arH it' foind tocomvpond it is issued, it*
not it is rejected. So that in o*der to sefraid the*
Government it weald be neccieary, net oal> to
forge th- wart* its and tignat'ireeaudateignmeata,
but to have aroea* to the registet in order to com?
plete the procesa.
Individual* aae the real victim* n most ef these
frauds, and mainly by mcaus uf \ ?>ni.r*jnentt.
With all the endeavors and expedient* to protect
tbe publie againat such depredations-, they are eon
stantly committed. The ingenuity of villainy ia
superior to the precautior.a of houiaty. And th*
frequent warnings which are given to the publie
against the dealers in such wares, operate with
little advantage in saving thousands from plunder.
A great defast of the law has materially con
tributcd to entourage the operation* of the rascal*
engaged in tho business of forging latkbwarrants.
I nder the present statutes, unless the prosecution
be perfected within two years, a limitation can be
pleaded, as il has successfully snd ottoo been dur?
ing tbe last rkree years. Their plans are so well
devised that it generally require* ail this time to
trace them, and hence, when irulicttnents are
found, tli ?> are quashed with a 1 gal exception.
Another iitficult} has proceeded from the deubt
entertained whether there is any lt?w for the puo
ishineat of this particular offenta. Judge Leavitt
of the Vuited Statea District Court at Cincinnati
so brld in a case which came before him, aud, it ia
understood, with the sanction ol" even higher ju
Iu order to meet this maaifest omission of the
law, the efficient and able head of the Interior
Department. Gor. McClelland, called the atten?
tion of Congress to the subject two years ago.
But as the suggestion wss eminently practical and
useful, it received no attention. Nebraska engi?
neering ruled the whole Congress. After consult?
ing with the Commistiouer* of the Land and
Pension office*, he has proposed a bill intended to
cover all these cases, which hss bet n communi?
cated to the appropriate committee*. A prompt
action upon it would be of value to the public, anal
save tome of the innocent and deluded victims of
these iniquities, whose uame i* legion.
The uewa from Panama has produced a stirring
sensation among all parties here. I'pon the im?
perfect knowledge of facts which now exists, it
would hardly be just to express any positive
opinion as to the origiu of an att'ray which cost so
much iunoceut blood. No official information has
been received by the Government, owing, it it sip
j posed, to the limited opportunity before the tilling
: pf the steamer. Mr. Ward, our Consul there,
who is very unacceptable to the) Governmeut of
j New-Granada, owing to a previous difficulty, ap
j pears to have participated officially in this affray
i in the capacity of a mediat >r. Put he has, as yet,
j forwarded no dispatches on the subject.
I Of courte the Government cannot interpose in a
' case of this kind, where another Government may
be involved, upon loose statements. Hut as tha
csse seems to be an aggravated one, which de
manda the fullest and sternest investigation, Gov.
Marcy at <?ce advised the Presideut to send ?
trust) and discreet agent to the spot, for lb* jpur
I ose of inquiring into all the tact*. The partisan?
ship of both parties w ho were engaged in the out?
rage will - nder impartial suruffay difficult at berat.
Tba I'r.-> dent agreed this evening to adopt thus
?uggection of the Secretary of State.
Gov. Mercy also recommended the Secretary of
the Navy to order and atation veteeia-of-war, pro?
vided with a large force of marinea, on the Atlantic,
and l ac tic termini of the isthmus, for the purpose
of reitraiuing a possible recurrence of sachacenea,
aud of furnishing material aid iu e ase of exigency.
A precaution like, this would have checked this col?
lision, if it had not prevented it.
The question of reclamation of loaaea here aus
ained, will necessarily depend upon the facts.
Kvery Governmeut is bound to provide a certain
degree of order, within it* jurisdiction, when it
enters into a contract with another Government,
for the protection of life aud property passing
through ita territory. In order that the nature of
our treaty with New-Granada, made by Mr. Bid
lack in 1H46. may be understood, I cite the 3T>th
article, bearing upon the Isthmus connection
which everybody can interpret for himself:
" The I'uited sjia'ee ul America end tbe Repuhl e uf New Osea
sds daahasi to make as durable ss possible the relation*
wblcb are to he eefeblisbed between the two parties by str?
iae of tiiie treaty, be?e declared solemnly, aiul do agree to>
th- folkivlig points:
" PseSt I Kor the better understanding of the preceding arti?
cles. It is and his been stipulated betweeu tha bigh contraction
tarties, that the citizens, vessels and march U'.dlee of tha United
states shsll enjoy in *he ports of New-(>rea*/ia. including thoen
of tie part I f the Oranadiau Territory geuers ly lieuumiuete?!
Isthmus if Psr.sms, troin Its southeromoat estrsmlty until thu
boundary of Costa Hies, all the exetnpUoos, privileges sud im?
munities coueen.irig commerce and navigation, which are now
or hereafter may be enjoyed by Uranadisn eitigens, their ves?
sels, si.d mercl.ai.dise , si d this equality of favore shall be made
to ei'e-Ml to the passengers, correspondence, sud merchandise
ot tbe L'mted States in their transit across the said Territory
from one see to the othsr. The Oovert meat of New (irauede
gi.aranties to tbe Government of tha United States *hst tba
right ol wsy or transit across tbe|Isthinus of Panama upon any
modes of eoeumuuicstion that now exist or may be hereafter
col stfuittd shall be opeu and free to the Ooeeruioent and clti
sens of the United States, and Bat the trsnsportatioei of any si
tide of pr< dute, manufactures, or nterchandise. of lswful coudf
mere*, belor ging to the citizens of the United Stste*; that o |
other tolls or chsrgee shall be levied or collected upon the eiti?
gens of the United Slates, or their said merchan?
dise tbus reaving oei-r any road o: canal that may
be made by the (government of New-Orauada, or by
the authority ot the tame, thsu is. under l?e circumstance*,
levied upon and roUerted ttem the dranedian citisens, that ana
lawful prodci e. manufactures or merchandise belonging to eitf*
I, us of the United States, thus passing from ore see to the other
in either direction, for tha purpose ot es portal loo to any other
foreign country, shsll not be liable to any import duties what*
ever; or, having paid such duties, they shall be entitled (e draw?
back upon their exportation ; nor ahall the citlxeusof the United,
States be liab e to auy duties, tolls or charges of any kind ta
which native citizenssranot subjected for thu, passing tbe stWl
Is'lmus. Aad is order to secure U> themselves the (raneusl
end cens teat enjoyment of these advanta|es. and as an ospee
cial compensation for tbe said ?srvsntagea, and for the fevers
they lave acquired by the 4tb, 5?h aad bth articles of this treaty,
the United States guarantee positively and etteectoaaly to New
(iianada. by tha prsaeut stipaiatiot, tha perfect ueairallty of
the before mentioned Isthmus, w'.Ut th* view that the free
trsnsit tTom the obm to tha other aea nay not ha interrupted er
embarrassed il an* futare time while this treaty exists; and In
M t.ae<,uei.ce, the United States also guarantee in the earn- man?
ner the rights ot so\er?Unty aad property which New tirsosd*
has and possesses ovtr the said territory. INOKX.
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.
From Our Own Correspondent.
Washington, Thursday, May I, MM.
Eventa are hastening concluaiona ia our foreign
affairs. We can see the end to be not far distant,
eveu if eomew hat obscured. Nations, like men,
find comfort in getting out of their miseries. There?
fore, the prospect of any t? rminatioa is consoling.
Let us be cheered.
My Lord Palmerstoo, atVr two months and a
balf of cogitation, has promised an answer to the
demand of this Governmeut, made on tbe 2*Hh of
December last, for the recall of Mr. Crampton,
and the dismissal of his three confederate Cootul*.
So far so good. He was even gracious enough to>
say, on the occasion referred to in Parliament,
(April 1?,) that the reply would be- communicate*
to Mr. Dallaa during that or the entuin*? week. If
thia purpose ha* been fulfilled, it may be expected
wi:hin the next ten days. .
It it hardly worth while just now to expend
conjecture upon the probable character of U*
forthcoming document. Certainly, the guarded
pbrsiea of the Ptemitr, in giving hie atsurauce to
the Home of Commona, furnished no warrant lot
some of the coicluaions which have already bee!
drawn, or indeed for any of value. sP*cuU.tl^
at bett. is but a feeble expedient of pojley. <-n,?
fact is worth a cargo of auch commoditiee.
Unless tbe poliey be changed on the other side,
sirce certain unofficial suggeatione were thrown
out, the pre bahility is ,u*t ihe Bnu*JtGvventawuv