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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, May 19, 1860, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030213/1860-05-19/ed-1/seq-5/

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aalf-gCTteiratiiTg nf his " faota of libertv," acattered .
throaah FrCTJCb bia-;. ry. and ia niituraily ap' to in'u
take for s cobtte. I ,1 n l.ition ainrrns th-.-in h praot
aal tVality, the co-aarted .-I.r _VeaHoa <>l thetu bt ,
his book. The ardorol hin political atmtiiiM?nt* ia
pertficai bv their ainet-ritv. und BMCBM ui" olo fBaBBB j
witbout fit-tting hia prohHy.
? nrw M.iuinc oflUchelet'i Hiatoirt aV Frtmr* v
pabliahed thia dav. The general tttle ia Ia>ui9
XIV. et U Rtroration de I'Edtt de Naxte*. Ibe
?itt*eath ai.d iast voluri.I the fonrt.i and <1o
finrtiNe" edition of Heori -*?*?? *%w ,lr
Fraace ianow out of preaa. To aaj that it coni
plete* the ...Kiucationnb.i beat oeawal hietoty ef
fVane* from the btwinntng down to the tne- .nu ol
the blational Aaar-mhly, i* only to reitvnito Uic ver
diot of Biiuvre. onligbtciied entiea of all parti.*,
What ia new and truh tmportarit ia that it ia tu
aoiripanir- hy a nnifonn volmnc, entircU lillotl witb
an admiral.lv-fwmpleto index?a lerv mtKlel ot i-v
eclleoire in'te uaelul kind. tl l_ouia de Yiel-Caa
tol haa juat put forth the tirat two of his puquuuxl
eiaht ortavoa, entitled I'Hittoire de la Kuttuurutum:
not e iperially ""ruarkablc prodaetto?, Shrowd.
tough. old UQpBBBB, Dupii| haa given la thc world
tho third volutno of hia Mtrnvirai, t.-lliug ua what
ha chooivR tn renember of graenu politi?
cal affaire and of hia own parliainentary
eiperienrca, froin IKfci ta 1899, The Oeaaeagai
d'ltmiie by Baruncotrrt. thc otti- iui chronicicr of
tho i-rirneun war, preaenta thc history of the ltnl
_in canipagn, of couret* froai thc Froiu-h offieial
point of vi.-w, with emnniind.-tli1.,' fail-OBfl and ful
Beae. Thc arcond nnd BB-Cladrog voliiiin' rontaina
a detui'cd accoiitil ofthe liitcni.-w betweon Prinee
Kapoleon and tho Ku.poror ol Auatria. at Verona,
where thc moat of the atipulations of Villafranca
were t-xplahied, defined and aettlcd. It ia f_PJ
carioua, intereatine, and, if true. aa it probaMy ta,
provea that many of the aaaorliona made by an
Aaatrian narrator ofthe eircuniatancea of the Villa
fraofa Trcaty n.-n-aiinpli (alae. Whal oiakeat-e
diffcrnicf l? tm <-n tho two acronnta worthy of at
tontiou in, th.it thr Auatrian ta-lb-r of th" atory, IV
braux. muat haie laekea bp nutb.iriii, if Baf af
Frarieia Joaeph himtelf, i.t I? a.-t by authority of F.
.' a nc\t fiikiida. Corrtsammimatt d, fiuffon, part ot
which in here ptlblr-uVd l.-rth'- 1'rst time, v. ith DOtefl
ry N'uUai'r, I&flba'agreat graad-aephew. civola.,
t?vo.): I ir du R. /". Xncur dr l{ttrt%nau,
a lifc of tbe distinnuiahi d futher btavig.
t.-D, by Futher dc Poahwoy, B bn.ther .leauit
(2 vola., Hio.): I.ts lAmrtt des MirmtUt rt aalrofl
opascults di Oflarffl fmttai Oitmirt, tbeBoeoad
voIluk of a earcfully-ieviewed edition ol tliecurioii
btH.ki. af niirucka, ctc, of (Jre^ory ot TaOTB, tran-a
Iatod mto Freiieh; Dm Dmctrimet Rttigitaati drs
Juiff, religioaj doetrir.ca of thc Jewi in thc two
tewuiiVa preeedhig the Christiun cra. by Hkhel
Kirolaa (l aal., EtO.)\ Wstoirr Phtjuvjut. Eron
tmtufttt, rt J'otititiuc dr Pawaguaf, ttc, pbyaicaL
aaaaaaueal, and aeiithal biatoti of Paraguay, aud
ofthe .lecuit eatablishniciita tb.-ic, b] Allicd l?.iiiri
Bay, fbnaerh ehaiged with a acieutiric a_Baioa in
Ktitith Aincr-cii (tho Irfltoftwe taiW voltiiu.B Ifl
publirti.-d?tha work willbo couiplctcd by an flllafl )\
Lea Ckansons Pupulairm <lt lu fVaacfl, I laift. noi
aai.* of popular aotiga, eoDeeftad frotn ;ill BB_tB of
Franee. with literary BOticefl and iiiu-ical acomiipa
ahaeote bj rompotent handa, and prottMB liluslra
tive engni'iinga, froui doni_na hy variou-i arti^ts; :i
rarioua book, tbat would bc withal a finc c -u. -r
table oniaiucntal book, if it were not f<?r the r.tjr.ru
gnulois of too uiany of the MQgi?eaprit gammit m a
cuphuistir- Freiieh nynonyTti for aSfMafltae crossni-K^.
8?ch 18 B part of tbe lir't of tlie booka notabie f.u
their worth in diffcrent kinds, iaaaed fn.iu tlu- I'iir.a
iaaproaa airice laat Fcbnrii_\. There ure i.-t ae~?
rral i.thcra d.-ieriiiiK note-. Cbiefeat aaaoae then
is La Verite sur lu Jmmmt, Bf Pl-MI Mr Dolgor
onhi. lt w uiakiiiii a feritaak fleaaatBM Bflaaag the
KuMuans here. lf it.s rtrvolations on tbe afciti'oi K'is
lia bo hut halftruo, CrarAk-xaudcr aeeJ to baaBBB
reloruir. if heNvould not bo ovcitikeii bf the iciolu
tion whieh tl.e ubrtinnt.' impolicy of hia fatin-r, Czar
Kkholas?that eiccaaively oNorrated godu-*tcr?haa
preparrd. ________________________
AET AT WAMHINQTOJL
MORE MIKAL DKCoKATION-rALVTINGS.
[Artid. Ttireia ]
The room of tLe Committee on Agricultuif waa. we
believe, the firat B888flB8Sd intt..- fltja. on which we
have been conmienting. and on itn approval or disap
prrr*al <WpeicU d whether work of tbia aort abould Im
oentinned. Unfortunatoly no objoeiiou wan made to
il; pmbably it BBSBBBBd to nobody tliat .cuial deeora
tiou _ft*r riiia uiauner would l>c n<> laviably uaed whcif
aatriet idhete-oeto tiie tuIom ofgoodtaala aadap
pf88araateaeea td daatga waa ao imperatively demande\.
It ia remarkabb that no one having authority or iuflu
eoee abould have out'ifest.-d, when Uie apanment wtv.
preaentatl ae a _Bh?ed BfBfll-M tt what ao many
8?1era were la be, that jiainted paaa doora. and pine
window-frairiee, und pino ahuttera ivcrc a cheap and
hnpropcr anl-ctitute in aueh a building ua tlie Capitol
for beavier wood iu Iflaowaeolor' ti.at wa_l >f plaa
ter in aucli a plaee iheald ba ptoleetad Ofttb wiiin
?oot of aufficiint hight; un-i tliat jtxjat-ting arigl.- of
piaati r. aa in pilat-teru. abould never be witl.'-ut ul.ead.
?f wood, metal. or etone, an they are all, wc leliiv,.
in every part ot tbe eaiiice, wiliioiii t-xci-pii-ui. IIoiv
?rer, aahady did, wc auppoae, object or aiii.'Kert any of
theee ihinga; and thia roOfll HpaaWy btfl Ih-cu pioudly
aLow n aa a Blodnl <>f Ix-auty in exeeution and litiic?a of
doeiKii.uiid ina.'iv bo!;. rtly lelieve ir ro l>c 80. Now
were it, in tha tirst placc. Batflfaed in WOOd or 8-BrMa
in tho pfl-B- to which we have just all.ided. it ini>.'!.!
aet be improper, considei inK ita uae, aud tbat Agrh tk
tarr ia uot one ol thc d< part akMtl af (!>vt-rnrncnI re
?airing tbe couatant cotiBidorotioi. of a tjoiiu.iitti e in
perpetual wtn<ioii, to adn.it h> ie 8BBB?1-Bg ? '-re tmtm\
ordiuaiy d. coration. Um if done al all it thoaJd bfl
done well, iu tbe exercia<- flf un acutc jadgnaoH aud
Otve.re Uiatc. Inati-ad, Wfl bave at aaeb aod tWO paint
faige in frr-aeo, one of Cinrinnatna ref?ung to leave hia
plow at tlie call of hi? country. and the otlu-r af Oea.
Pntj.am. who conaeuted. lt ia not caay to underatand
Un- idea of the artiat, if he had any. a\r-- jx-BBfl Bad
agricullnre better than war, and thcref.,;. Cb - innatua
naht aud 1'utnain wr-m. and the old daya b.-tt.-r than
tlie new I < >r ia WBB Mt. r tlum poaoe and agriiul
Bbiv and rntnain ri?ht und th* Koui?u wr'Uig? It
?wara to have U-c-n i.uiaid.T.d aBOOgh il 8B0b fki irfl
h*d aplowiu it. no more aignilicant illaatratioa ol
agriculturo oetvarring to thc daaignerthaa thaaa taro
ta-ill-kiiown hletorit?1 Loeidente, whieh only abow that
thcr* have beOB tWO BOldbrfl who were B_80 BBr?MB.
The frr-ae'-x-a of th. 88?tag betlBJ lha "ame BMBfaraaai
of iuvenEon. They r,jireaciit thc four af-snna, uii-l ai
IM> better than may 88 found in any well-iiliirtiated
Alaianac. Two amall picturea of a harvett-lield are
irae abjUCtiopnl lr, but chietly betaiiae lht-y ai.- k-an ob
U__ve; bul tbe uudallion j-ortrailr <>f Vs/aaB-|gt0a und
Jottt-raou, painU-d in iuiitalion "f BBBBO tam vo, are
juadr iinmeaning, utidiKiiiticd. and abaurd by fl BTOWd
ofllouiie, or Uehoa, or Capida, or Cheroba or whsB*
ever tbt v an ni.-anr r.> '??. W-l whkb ihfl porti
oarrotind'td. The iutervening apaei-a are nlled with
(Copida and flowere-a rerw.uree thai never fa_B Ihe
e_wgr*r. And on the whole, tltin room, wbi.b inu,'ht
bairebein an attmctive and bcautilu) featui-e of Uie
Oatutol, ia wiibuut ortgiuality in conception, or in'-rii
iu exocuU'-n.
A auuii-r paaai waa made for a Coniii.ilK fl BB Horti
culuir.. Tb.? i.ami iim-li in m II eaoagh aa reooaega
h? tbo Cajdtol and ir ur brighl and aa euuiy ia_onm a^
a u"fa.)-'ay ; bnt anhappily Congreae haa no Committ>e
oa HoTticulturr for ita.?. lipati.m. tthaa beeata ? I
ut*t acoordiLngly to tlie Cotnmitt.-e nn tbo l?i-".nct. and
the gentlt-men wbo hava. in ciiarjo- the att?Irfl flf t?fl
taa miloe mjuaro ait in?hi-iii.?l in tbia jra. baajl I ?
Chontba -ii.i Cupidn rrowning ihoir revert-ud b.-inU
witb icai?Jida. aod laniuli/iuK lb? tn wiih ti... hiii.iIu.vu
of all maiim . ol Iubciou". lruita l". ? v<. aud <v. r; or
loabaaaa laataaaa thef baafl haa baaa aaaeagtbaaa
bn^'bt d-iaita aod dallodillu a nhib- thruMting Uwir loii?
hill* iuto il.c natioiial b. <r< of hoi.cy.
_i)?tl.' r :i| ..Mi.cnt, aaa imt often in uae. and adinit
tlog, thi-rtfor,-. ol' more than ordinary dororation aa a
plaee of eahibiikm. ia eai led "The Fr.ai.bnt | Bfl88V"
A aight U> aee it oert-inly ia, for it ia a* brilliant, iw
??-atlirtK. aiA aa BBBBBBe ** a r_i>rantic kaleidowop.-.
Jlero a* every where elm- proyrb-ry and good (4-44. are
4_!.Hcid by tb? nr* of painiod pLne in the
-i,i'-woik, ly lle nbi-once of wnlnHwUng, nnd
Iv tlie lavirb ex|n-rditur.-of color in the atnal 'liril
atyle opnn every incb of pi after. purtly in diateinper
im.! j urtly in oil. The deaiguer very projier'y r> ..- < 'f-\
tl.ut tl.e intr-i-diictioii of bi.toii.-al pnintinp w-"ul>l be
apfroraiataih ribbbrdaTotedta -heaaaof tteCUaf
Miigia'.rute, and I e r! aaa a. aet-iagly, by arbat rala af
choice we know not, to iix upon tl.e wulla thc |>ort.rai_a
of ColnmbiiB. Americua t*CBpat_UBa, l.rv.v-t.-r, Krank
lin, .Yaahington, and aome ofthe nu tnbera of hiaf.'abi
net. Knox. Iluinilton, JefTerson, liandolpb, iuid I ?a
aajad, Beaide Iheae, in the twiHttg ure Blh-giti-nalraaj
reai-ntBtiona of Liberty, the Kxecutive, I/-gialut'.ou.
and ReUaj-On; und (.'b.-iul.a. un uaunl, are (lyinj: about
in .-very dircction. Aa aome of tbeae por_n___a ure BN
tllinlv not thoae which are ack'iowledL'cd to bc thc
beat ofthe i-eraona they rcprvacnt, und na the _BBB-___g
BB tla Hlle.i.rital tleaigu ir- by no BBM?M alwava ap
paront. bcie. aa ererywhereelae, painted beneatii the
Miljctt, ia nn cxplanatory inaciiption. Theagb tbe . f
fect ia laiillllOaa, thr purpi.ao ig praia. vvorthy. for tlu
unlcarii.-d ap ctator?or the apectator whetlur h urncd
or uitiearned?-would BB ut a leaa lo eonjecture whv ihe
roay y< aaa aroaaaa af thc ieaatag roi*-- arhe r?-pre
Bciits Ijivv ahould not be the l.xt riitivc, <>r why e')0
wl o ir aaDad tha r'.\eci>ii\t bbbbM bo. i?? Btdiginti If
ihe gboata ofthe v. neraUc nicn whoae jrortruita c.vcr
tl a wulla evcr viait thie rcene of their gny and bril
linnt Bpoiheor-ia. tla y will inurvel at tbeae inacriptione
intended lo teach the riaing geuerationa tbat tl"- grave
piirpoaiB to whieh thcir livi-e were devoted in the e-.
tal lialmcnt of Lil-crty. BetigSoB, and Law, BOnM
be moat properly typified by these plunip
and lhii-hing, not to aay vohipttn.iis. JTONNi
?aidena, i.ilining upon damp clouda, aurrounded,
c.nie Nt tl.elil, by lurge tainiiii'H of hahiea. .W
traat, however. we are m-t lajRB*. 'litical iu aug
geeting with aaa aahafBaal thnt n aomevvlint dii
tti'i.t atyhtof aVtjoaathaiwaaN baaa beaa BBoreaa
proprinte in a rooni to la- only oceasionally oeeupied
hy the Cbief Magif-tiate r.f lha State und thal what
c\. r portrn-ta of thc enrly iiin-ovciera of thc eoiintry.
or fouudei'Bof onr Lnatitution-., ahould Ik- c!i"-en to let.d
dignity to thc place. ihcy i-houl.lall bnvebad, aa worka
ot urt. Boniething more of merit thun taslongfl to un or
diiauv cloi-cd phototrrapb. Thia irild.-d B_BBN_, bril
linnt ttitb fiuuiful dBaagBB, ita gotgeuaa walU n-llcctcd
< n iv. ry tttk from ___jTora reaabhig from rl"or t-> c?-il
ing. ncet'ii only that ita actnal portraita and im aBBN ip
tive inacriptiona abould he |'iiinte.l on'. to rendcr it
eaitaai tit for thehridal alate laota of a iteaaar, oa
?1 a piivaie nijiper-rooin of aome uiaguilic.-itt tatahliah
ment devoted to the pleaaurva of the aenaea, aa for thc
digrdfled nee to wbich it iu to be devoted. Ita inap
]j..| ralciii ra ia rcndcicd BBBre atriking if OSt |
fi. ra it to thc witbdrawing room of tb?-iv-na..-. WO
anter b.re l.y __aaBrva brrri af ^oli.l _N_a_ajaay, aad
aie glad to bd lafhfo and rapoaa ia a _aar_ia huii baai
thc aiilieiaalaBiUftiiidiiigB, everjNbaia .-Ir.-. ofplaater
ai.d of paint. Tbe wulla ure of marble; tbe ceiling ia
of marble. r-npported by adONBB. row Of tlutcd marhl'
coluinna with capitala of tbe baai cxenrion. A nicbe
he-.e and then- ndinila of <h?corutidii Ly att inaccoid
gnre with ita general character, and v, iii add. if worka
of mciit ______etaf till them. to Iba aunely beauty of
tl ia iioMc NjBBllBBBIll. Wa do ii"! aaean to mv thal t1 a
l'lceideiii 'a KiH'in tbonld Inv. beaa jn.-i ia.-ly like thi.-.,
aa tha extent oftha CRyital aad tba va.-i.-ty of parpoaa
to which ita dirTer.-nt parta an- de voted ad.nit of gieat
vaiiciy of treatniciit. But tbe eiinple dignity and
chaate und a.-vcrc beauty ofthe one ia in vciy Ptriking
cntraat witb the gaudy, ina).propriate, aml nicretri
riam ahaiaeaaraf tha other, and of tbe BBhaaayNt*
tcn.pia nt urt which ure in. an! t.) N_boB_ and ilhiatia'e it.
But aaoagii of thia. Boaaeyeara ibaeoa ___a_B?aiahed
Frciich urchiicci viaitcd thia country to lcarn from ac
tual r.ha-ervntion the prugrcaa Hafaaall had ma-.e iu
lha Arta. und eapecially in that in wbich he
took a profeaeional intt-rcrat. llRpf-Dj it waa
beaare th*- work afaa whieh ?re have baaa
conm.entinp waa bagBB in the National Cupi
tol. lle waa taRBB, hovvevei, to a private houae
in thia cily?tl.e owncr iherenf shall be B____BaVaa -
wicic the atyle r-ince en,pk.yed BtWaahiBglON had
b.-cn BBBBBgllii fl witb luviali eBpenditure. Hc waa
called upon to obaerve and to (idmite, and to enhaiice
that aduii.ation bc waa ___P_J_d, witb tb. not BBBBBBl
nitiiH-ination which diatiiia-uiaiiiH onr couiitrynu n, that
thc ci _t of tleintevior decorati'ti bad bt-en not leaa
than thirty thonrai.d ddlara. " Tlihty taata_N_B_ d"l
baial a_H____aad thc _Prea_ha__ii "it ianiucbmon.y.' I
Ha wua -Bsad to give bb "pini'ii bbbb lha u.eii! ofthe i
wuk. "Ah1" he aiiid. vvit'i un expre-aivc alirng, "it i
la a great deal of tNOBtay. But if v.-'ir liiend i? ricb I !
udviae him |0 think IM BBOtC ef wbat he haa Iaat, and
abHaaaah hia wa_k!M Wa ara a ridi aatfaa, and |
caiihi f.ailow aa aetlaa eoaaael ia n-gaid to lha na aoual
dwellint'-plaee at AN ____I_BR-B_i
If the mtiral paiiitingof the Capitol aeema to br.ve
baea doaa bj tha aara, th.r.- ia nlike raaaoa Ihrbbr
poriiij. that thapau-tiag upon eaavaawaa aoairaetad
foi iv the ri.il. Thc coiiiii r\ ]? faftanata thal lheeoB>
traeta bara ool been large onea. l_aaa w-i-i-k-. >.t att
urt- all in ibe Botaada, and OCB-BBl "t |r-.'ir.iita ?.f l'n -
i.ienta. nnd ciglit large hiat'.iicul paii.iin;:*. OT wh.:'
an- meaiit |e he ro. .Vheu tbe Cupitnl ia tilly mlorn d
wiih worka of art. aa. in due time. it ia to be bflBSd i
will _aB,ao_aa?i ibaaa picturc_ will bd Ihefa peoaan
BaBBB, aalhej an- valuabk- for tbeir hietoricul aaaocia
ti'.i'a.
WhaBa Raahtal wua inviud la Beaaa by JahRa
!_?, |a__ti;-I in the Siatine Chai'.l aome of ll.e worka
?| Um-ff*<?'?'? ><?? lr which |ha l'.>|a-derired bVobM 'x;
rieBU^t, ,l. Among them the urtira! taaaajBRBBJ thoBe
of __gold ?aatef rcrngile.. t" dee'roy w! uh. BB caid.
would be a violation of hia -.wn OOBB-ktaee,aad a
wn.i.g done lo the Hiat.-ry of Art. ___BBOfthO ph>
taiaa ia aha Bfltaada of lha Chpatel un- radauibk (ara
aiiiihirrea-l'ti. ua tbey liilitk ll 8 Bflfljgfeai "f tMi in thia
eoaatrr. Of tbeportmita littl.- aaad be BB^aa_hejr
im-n'ithci attractivc tbr tbeir _____ aa pabitlagi aar
e-|t-(ut!ly vuluable aa BOrtl-lta Ofthe blfl Uatl>
ih al pnintinga. thoae by Oeleaat. Trunihtill. like I'cr.i
^ino'a in tl.e Vatican, ahould be r.-li-'i'.Urilv |BU_Bltaa,
a- thai aih. .-t a-ptiiincna of wot-t of thia t_-_i-__er hy
an American artiat. aa well a-. 1". thc auhjeita "1 arhieh
ti. v traat The moat vHluui.ie and moat iaaa_aau__g "i
tbeaa ia -'Tl., Mgatog Of thc Declaration of In.h
|.? nd. nee." J'r. <ia?ly wl at itr. rueiita or itr (ieinciit
uaapainting may be, it ia diflicult t<> tell in the poai
tii.n uml under the liirht in which it ia BOW BBBB, Me*
ia it n mntt'T of mnrh im ui'nt. a_ itr vulii' ia iraiteia
aeasadaataf iu character na | niere puin'ing. John
Kandolpb called il "the abiu-piece. ' |f ahln BJatN hiul
ll'.t happep'd to bave ctiiick hia BbBBJ, he uii^'ht huve
eaQadh "lciid-pi.cc,' which would have la-.-n traite
aa 4BR__B__aa_l Hlld Iiilich Ii oiti tl BO. Ul. ICi_l"
dolpha aaicaem waa. iu fact, a poiatlaaa w"i
riaaa. Ita tbIbi aaaialaai la n_ bbbbj bb aataal
Beaaa, witb portraita from Iit.- of the men angBged in
il.andin the coatuine ofthe perital; und when com
pundwith liriorieal paintiu.r in Earope of thut. Cf
un carlier time, when men wore breei-luB. tha akill
of the uitiat iaevidei.t in th?- inanageiiieiit of lha Boht.
wlich Mr. Kandolpb Biacte.l.-d in making ridiculouB.
But aaaa apara H ..Uiei .\ i?<-, thut wmid bardly d.-irac-i
lii.in ita value ur a tinc r>-j.ii r>-ii'uti.ii. >.l in, ev.-nt of
Ki iiilich inti r.-at und iiiiporlHi.e..- ui the biel'.ry "f t!ie
com.trv, aud aa a woik pf n t< niu ? '.< t futare Bl.
1 I.i other pieluicB hy Tiunibiill huv. htM Value nr
\Mnkr of art, but j.oia. aa aoiuething of tbe a-ni.e ui.-iit
aa birtorical worka. Other. hy ..: l.er and kttt _!___?,
<,f trhirb hBppily tbeiu are only lo'ii. urv purely iiu
agii.ative aOtBBJrOaJlBta-Nt and it ia not of NBB. MN
oucnrcwhat may becme of th.-m, tb...igb f-ll BB-BB
,i,,nK hellertakcfl their plaif-a ll.ry w iU probublyciter
ihe mmtn they now aaaaaa. " l>? Bata tiiiBvar.Bg
lha Miariaaipp. ia Btriking for ila brillii.t.. >' <-t ...1-.
b..t it laaineiit whi.h uiif-rtiiiiaielydiaa .,"t Udcatg
.iiber to the time or to the occaai'ii. TU Sjaiinirh
aoldicra, liBial alajBed, ragged. ga-ii.t, iv.-ary. BRd
worn, could l.uvc bud i.'.i.e Of tbia gabi"b,y apb-ndor
wben tbey reuched, after their loug and BbbbBBBbB
ii.areh mnmmfjl tbe wildeni.-aa. tbe l>aiika af the gr_att.
river. _ hia faixlful - realiou tt the artiat would far
Better left the trtnmphunt i-ntry into tlie atreeta of
Uadrtd r f tl.e couqucror cf an El Dorado, l,-.i-._m_
in i ia tra'n (i.ptivc kin^a utul 888888. uud i-lavrs Uur
iui1 incioua m rrcla <if gt !d aad ?-ilte.r, and cuno'ia
rtaft of tctv lextut.-, tind gorgeota. dyo, ihan the
er.d i f the ptlrrimage of lhat bomoaick and wrete,he.l
I ;.i d. "Tle Knibarkiition of t'.,e I'ilgrium" in battat
in (ot.dplioii. ai d nutl fal.-ein tn-uluu nt. (tlOBI
H8i|8 lle Pilgriaifl on ll air ('opnrt ure from Ilolland.and
ie uriqiio.ti> tiiibly cuint in c? atii'ne. und viritable
a ititkin _ir of at>-inncafl aud aimplicity which behmgi d
to thoae bran men und wouun. It Ifl waB dra-.vn, and
lha Bgareswell gronped, bnt, nnleaa the light of the
KoCoada den ivea ur. tbe artint haa commit.e.l rhe ain
(.ubir eiror flf portrayiui.' an eieiit which t<>ok phice in
broedeay. aadea ihedaekafa r-bip. iaabadoa laadaaV
OtBBa duik und gloomy aa thoae (H-rvading a diruly
Bgbted ro,.ni. In Ibe tWO other lar^e puiuiinp., tbr,
" I.nt.ding of f'ohimbiir, ' and the " ltnj>ri. m ol P_8BB>
bontaa," there are ii?> redeeming point a, We oouldhava
forghreo Mr* Randelpfa aay BBraaaai arltb which he
mi^liT bara lirit. d, had he ever eeen il, Hiich treatment
aa hnH baaa baatawad in the lurt uf _waa tw,. pictarcn,
npon tlu- Princcea from wln-u, he waa proud t-xhum
daaeaata _
BOISNCM, /SfX'STRV. AND INV/:.\TKt.\.
m
BEMEMEXI lIi<?N AND ftTBEL PR0CE8&
The Friiiikliii Im-titnte .Jmiriiiil lor 11an h, lS'ifl.fon
taina a paier npon the mannfactuie <-f iron an-l a'.ol
by tl.e proeora of Ite-aaenier, w liich four y.-ar.< aioea <x
tltedao?tocb _aaraaj aaaoag aci'iitiiic _ata_argiots.
Tbi-, paper araa read May M, IM, beftaa lha laatka*
ti. it of Ciiil Eagineen., and i* givcn withoal aaa_aaaB,
Bf*extracted fn m Thc London Artiaan of July laal, to
which it ir cro.iited. A 088X888 for whieh co much ia
rhiiiut-d in the article, wbea pfBBBBtod t" thfl Aimiicuii
pul.lic, migbt well, in a aoicntitic juiinial. haveb-en
accom| anicd by BMBB remnrke explaininir wby mctal
hirgiflta cntircly diatruat thc BOiindiiei-n ofthe opeiation
fI r i,. nciniiTtlly ptodaeiag IrOB or Mo-l, und thia n-'t
wiil i-tai,iiiiii_ tlie atat. iiieiit in tbe pap.r nferred to.
that tle new procena ia rapidly extending ilaeU over
BaiBpe. lt ia atat. d lhat in hwc'.en aevi.-ral hnndrcd
tunaof cxceiit-iit aaaal baaa baaa made by it bytha
fiim of Duiii.l Klfrtruiid A ('<>. of Ed.-kcn; and other
manufai torii h huve becn etarte-l in tbeir iuiicdiafla
Bcigbl orliicd. In Fnr.ice, t.Mi, thctinn of Jainea.lBek
aoa ? Baa, n<ar Boaaaao?. are bbM to hav,- iatrodaetd
it in tl i ir oteel w,.ikr, aad were aboal dofaaj bo a' t1'.
lla-; liiiiiuc a iii Ihe Iaiitul'-a. In tlu -.mfli of Franee
iiIm, :t waa toletried; and in Sardinia iuul llcl^ium
praaaiatkaa were irmy**g kt trorhlag lha lyateaL
liu-t-ia bad htii to Laadoa an eagiaear and pro
1.i i-f CI,,miatry to 188081 upon it, and lV"f. M-illi i
11' Vi.-niia. and II. Dumua flf I'aric, had vitited Swc
d- n to inp[aat and re] ort ou thfl WJiking ofthfl new
proci aa.
The papar deaeribafl tlie method of itiB't"***!"? aad
the rcaulta ob'tJiincd in larire musaea of raall'-able iron
ar.d of Bteel, l-otb of which may ba run mit in a Ii,|iiid
I tate ni.d nitivid into BBBB? flf BBflb obj' cta aa it is
deci'iil le to "btain in theao BB?88?__ In |h_ way
boiler ] jatai bave been made of atccl and B_BB af iual
leablfl iron, tle plntcB bfliag af Baaaaal ai/.<- and
rtici.th. A (ain.on nlro of malleiibl,'irmi had bet-n
iiiiule l>y ?uniii|_, and tl.e prOMM W8fl r.-tt-iiim-iidod ._
of iBMM-M iinportanec |0 tl.-' govcriiin.-rla of Eoropfl
in il.i- a) i?!'' :.ii"ii. Ila.t thaafl B-BaaM-ti baeapra.
aciit.-d with..ut a particular deaerir tion of tlie proo-na
and the principlea involved, they BOold not fail 10 BOSB
alive Ua- e_. it'-ment which the lirat annoiincement of
ibe mn aaaaa?aa aaalada Bal tha art?la it.-.-if con
taine a.iundaiit evidence of the aeriotie dit-cahit-t- lying
iu tha way "f itr- BB8fl8BBB? ad-ij tn-n.
The paddb-g proi-eaa in thfl tirat jmrt of thc pafflB Bl
iiffiiuicd to ba defective by reaaou of tho aiirfuBfl 0?Jda*
tion af parti?ea of iron Ihroaghoat tha idm, ami a
cofltinf: <>f parti.laa with hili.-at.- of oxi-le flf iron.
Theee imj erfcetkaa, the author rrarco, are not wholly
removed in tbe proeeaa of a(|iie.-r.ing and haiutncrimr
atid ro far ua tbey remaiiI tl cy injiire the ipialiiy ofthe
iron. and alr-o ofthe ateel tbat may aftcrwurd i* made
of thia iion. Thee_tiruordiiiaiy 4BB8??B>_ fo'loiv lhat
the 0th8l B-flaabll n.etala, " aa gold, eilver, epper.
rinc, tin, and b ad, OW8 tbeir valnablc eaemptinn froin
the. dabetfl univcrMilly fi-i:nd in ptiddhxI iron simply
to the fa.t, tbat they were purified and 188?fld iu
a iluid Mate, aad while atill fluid wan firm.-.l into
ngota, whfli-sf ?aeohflaieaef aaaayaafltJalfl ia the
marc waa inatned. lf, th.-n. the iaf__g flf otlier
iiiill. alle BNtala, while in a Md atat,-, ani their
forumtion into caat ingote reud.-red all aneh metala
more aound and homogeneoufl than ir.-n. while it di-l
U"t li-rr-en their dut lility, why BBOald brOB f-88881
remain an exception to ibe general r uic I" Thfl sdflB
it- ii noiel oaa rl at Ihe BnoxttBaable awtali ar-' R a
fr< m aba aadeeta iadaaai t? tl,.- maai eadd_aala awfla
ni,| Iv baraO?I thap were not aapSBBd to tbe naiue
oxidiring action in tbeir pn paration. From tbir intro
(iuction we abi-uld ix]xct to liud thc 88W BTOeaafl ctni
ii,-ntly free froin any tcinle;i, y to nxidi/c tl," ii'"ii.
From lha daaeriptioa ofit which Baaaaada, it ia arerthj
,1 niiue lhat the 80888881 i.ieall gtrBB - the pa.?T
?? qm, Irarbsg it t<> he inft-md tbat aotbing waaaahig
. tha lha paper wm pBaaaad. Q_aaaflhlan
i dmitti d, tl e eanaoa <,f which are rUU-d not to be
tlnte wbicb liHd been (Oiiimonly ii^ii-'n'd. " Chcrai
ci.i iuTcatigation r??n pointod out thc rcal Bonrce "f
dftitulry,' and aa well aa BBB Bfl BadarBt.1 from
wl at f.-11-iwa it wouldappeai tbat tbia ia thc iinpoaai
bility af Bat-Bg rid flf lha phoflfhorai ami lalphai
pn icnt in ino-t )|g iiorii-, and ivhicb Barioafliy ii.jiin
thfl malle.'ihlc in-n ;.hd Bteal prepaa d from tl. in. H<
n.rt iiaat! cnlorc bad ta ti.e heat U-daef Bwadh? pii/
iron, Which BT8 rn.H. fn>m rhe pnn.t 8888, aad tha
cajucitic-if lha heiuatite B-BBBBf Kin.-lainl aic ttp
cnatitl for pioduciag j,i" iron ihoteoeJd toaBBaVabla
t<- tl.e MOeesa, When rui, out fl'in thc blast 189?8881
thfl BB?I i? ta ronduet tl.e in.lal into tiie con,vitiii_ itr
N'l. That which l.a-l baaa JBBBJbwbIBoilahlaaatta
w! at resaaabled tba Btaaatatortaaadbyahaa-*! kt
diatil!uti"ii. It ^aa awaatadobaaaa,aad ana aaad
nith "Khinrlar," ". ."ad iinii, whb? b_tad ilarfag lhi
convci>i'.ii ol lhifty or forty ehBBgflBBf Bb ' I '("'1 Bn_I
tbea quickly and thaaply npn'red or rew-wod. The
raaad wai broo^il bto au lacDeed poaitioa tn raearn
lha abaiaja efarada iroa,aariag arhiab thaetha Uayerai
u, H- above tl.e Mrfhee ,>f ti.- n..tab aaaaaa uh Uu
vh-.ieehargfl waa raa in, tba reaaal waaawvedon it
aaaa, ae a? lo briiir.' lha tay< raa beiow Um arrel ef tbe
aat?L wbea tbe proeaai waa :it aaaa broegbi into fnll
ac'iviti. andtiicnty unall thBOgfa powerful j-CB of uii
apraag Bpward aaroagb mt fluid a?aa; theafar, e_
I aad-tg in vi.luii..'. divid.d 'um !f i'iro ^obolai or burr!
vi.,iu,tiy ii) wiii-l. carrying wit.i kahVffl 88?Blity "I
the flui.i nietai, wbicb uKiiin I ll haakh-Othfl b8B_BJ
Ii.Iim. beiow.
Tbe oarygM af tke aii aaaaarad h tliia paaaaaa,
liirt, t<> BBadaaa Uic aoaabaatiaa of ihaearhaa bbw
iuiicd in tbo irou, and at tbo saine tnuo to oxid??
the ailiron, prodncing'aiHeic aeid, which, uniting wiih
tl, <xid. <?! ir..n obtuined by t!,c ciirib'lr'i'.n->f n rii.all
ijiii.iitity nf riicUillic iron, thiih produ.cd a Iluid rflflBlfl
of tbe oxide of iron, or cindcr. which waa retaiaad in
lha ii-n-ci, aad aalMad in parbTyiagtha _aaaL The
bMn-aic of u-iii|oniiurv whiih _bfl mctal undi-iivcnt.
nr.d m hii b BM lucd k<> linjinipu-ti88818 ^> tl->' 'i lamiry
'?1 .iiib.-ii md ii'it coiltuiued, wa? donblleia*. t.wiilg l<?
tha Ibmahbi tbiofl?taaaai uuder which flaaahaa-oa
took pluce. TIicm- tinamatanrea anp. a; :o be tlu dif
lilri.-Ii ..1 tlu- (ollil.liatlld. t.'.-ly ihiaagbOBl t1'- Il.ll-r.
ni..1 thc ubwiice of uny " inti rcopting malerial to ub
h.iI, thc h.ut gem rated, and ta. |.revent ita being
lakeii up by tlu-mctal." In l< n nr twclve ininuteB the
m.-mn wan tbionii iuto boiling uili->n, ritinK far abovn
ita iiatniul leiel, forming a a u-t of a|M)iigy fn>th, wiih
un iiiteiirely livid i-oiuburtiuii going ou in every one of
ita numbcrleea, cver-thaiiging cavltiua. A mctcr was
cinployed by which " the ainouul of decarboiii?ition
ofthe metal waa re^tilated w itb great aeeiiiavy. ' Ae
e..idiBgto the nuiuber of culdc foot of air driven ln,
" a'eel af any (juality or teui|x-r oould \m obtained
witb tl.e frr?tti>?t ia-rt.iinty. Aa aoon aa the metal had
reaihi'd tbe dearired point (aa in.litat--1 bytbedialj,
the worbmen movfd the yaaaael to aa to pour out tbe
fluid irialli-oblc in n or BaBal into a fnnmler'a lndl. .
B I ir-ii waa attarhcd to tbe arm of a hydiauli. crane.
lo every one convemant with tbe c^impoaiti'in aud
I rojeiliei of ateel, _BBB_ remarka cannot be regnnl.-d
itlciwiie thun timply ithrurd. _'i_.-.t iron contnina
froin thrce and a half to live per cent af carlion?ateel
tn in ..ne iirrl a half t" two i-.-rc.-nt. It ia one ofthe
IliOtit diffictlll cheinic.ll priihlcma Io ileli'iuiiiie whllt tho
I ,.| ..riiiin ia iu nny iron. Tltia atu.ciiicntnaauii.iea tbat
thc exiict qunntity ia known in the rl.arge, and from
thia tl.e cxact iiiiioiini of air requiied fo conaiiuie it ia
deteimir-rd. Ii tl.en lu-Mimi.t. il.nt ull tbe oxygen in
tl.e air introduccd ia anplied tfi ihe coinbuation ef the
tal'-n, making no iircount of that which coinhine?
i4 ith portiona ofthe iron?acombination wl.ii-b to -oait)
pxteot tl.e author haa already admitted takea place;
and a!t l __N__NBI ihnr aaaa af tbe ox.v-.t-n eacapea un
rombined witb carhon, whieh ia verv likcly to occur,
or it BBtj aOBBBBRI in tbe fonn of carbonicoxide aa well
aa t-arhonic iu i.l. Ti.cae unieitaintica are fatal to any
aticiii| ta ut cxact dowing af the .junntity of ___a/faj_Ro
hc admitted for the conanmption of given -Hiriiona of
carl'n leven if there OOBjU be gtTBB with ncciirttc.y',
afhaa thc aaa*N in to ba ni.-. ly aajaaaH "' bBbbrbj aa>
contumed in the iiuiaa r.f metul un nni"unt of carbon
not varying one-<piaitei- or one-hull per cent from the
I injortinn rcpiired; f..r a irreater vuriation Uian thia
would render it unci-rtnin, when the founder poured
i nt _M nu tal, whetlur he had obtuined tnalleable iron
nr a:< <1.
Tle oxidation of thf iron ia paaned over aa a matter
nf vi ry little BBBB_BRN__8 k thia proccas, tbrOBgh m.idc
of ao much nc.oiint in the puddling. li laBUlBtad tbat
the oxide of iron prodaead ia miull in q.ian'hy, aad
toiiihinea witb the t-ili. a in tbe iron, foruiimr u furi
hle .Ing, which ia ao-arated aa tbe liquid product i_
diavvu i.ff. Tbiu NHaW a nice udjiiBtmcnt of (he
uiiiount of oxide "f iron juaf autfii ient for tha rfBaa
that laay he praaaat; for if aa exeaaa i praaaaad, it ia
m.t _p-art.it b"W tbia ia to _N ?0% ri.l of, BBB why it
ihciaMaii ottrto, cjually _atr_aaa__ w-iih ihat ara*
aaaed in the puddling pnaceaa. Mctallnrgiata ar. gaa*
en.llv rnuvinred there ia B large prndiictinn of nxidc of
imn in tbia operation. The vivi.l tombiiation wbich
goea on, exhibiting the peculiar brilliamy of htirning
iron, ia an evi.icnic of it. an-1 M ia tha intcuae h?-ut
,v h.d, which ir far giaatat thun that vvbh-h tbe
amoiint .'f cuibon preacnt can be conaidered capable pf
prodncing. Accordiugto tbc lepn-acntaiiona tt thoaa
inteii rted, tbc (-(.nibuati'in of taalBB Of f-OT pounda "f
turhi'ii ahould imt inerely keep iu haioB, hut throe>
intonmat vi'-lent boiling actioii, about 100 paaada of
toetal-ini BBR-. which can hanlly he n-garded within
tlie (alorilic power ot the Couibllrtiblc, liOVVeVer l'iiM.r
ahle lha <'irciiin-tiitirea uiiili r which tl.e coiiibiu-rioii
htkea j lace. A loaa of l'.| per cent of m'-tal in the fur
i ;ice, increaaed to 18 per cent in th>- tim him. rolla, ia
a.lu.i'.i. .1 iu oaaof lha trrigfaral paa-ea af Mr. Baaaaaa r.
in whi.h l.e eliiina tl.ut hy thc puddling proceaa tbe
lor-a ia '.? [H-r cent. Beaide the haaby oxidation, vvliat
ever tbir may be, the etlci aftha BNBBaa baat upon th.
iiou ia dea. rihtd by otheraaa detriniental tothot-nuciiy
of the luetill. Tl.e pajer, BBNBIBf, read before the
Iii.-titution of Civil BagtuU-IB, < laima foi tbe prodm I a
greatcr t.-iiurity than that of iron obtuined by other
Uit tl "da.
11..- aero.int (riv.-n >'f the dnriiliilifT "f tlu- v.-r-.-l
lineil wiih " r. ud drift." iu which lha operation h c?n
diuted. mnat 1".- received with much incredulity by
initallniyiata. It is dihVult to b.-lk-vc thai any v--. 1
tabjaetadto the _abaaa htut ofmcit.-d baa ahaoal or
eiitin ly dccarl .mized, and boiling w ith v iol.-u.-e, cun ba
?ada to Iaat through thirty or forty chargea, and then
ba BBBB* repaircd or renewed. In the production of
.yst hie.l hy nn lting witba carbonaeeoua tbix pi.--.-r
ef BBBDaabla iron, n proccaa of manufacture nc-ntly
ealahliah. d in tbia tountn. an a. cmntof wbuhwi
pn-|fOae to give in u BBeeaadhag annl., it iflthe c-.eat
t..rt af lha crut-ibler. tbe beat hltie or i.-rnphite ftAm,
wbii h ia n acriotir ohrtaclc in the aucceaa ofthe operu
liin; nnd auch we ahould expect would h. th.-tuix
wnh tbe taaaali cmpioyci in the BaaBBBBBi peaaaaa.
Tlu- nrxt papcr upon thia auhj. <-t will i ontuin a de
acription ofan.w Tthod of obtaining ad-el from BBJ
iron, recently invmted in thia city. which promiaea to
an ? inpliah by a very eoonomical and aimple proccaa,
puriti.hti. n of tha non from Hiil|.hur and pbosph'ini'.
aa well na th.- h j aiaii' ii <>f any ' xart amoiint ..f <-.ii
bon required, without upplication >.f excetfivc beat?
not t v.-ii tuiliiient to mclt the pig iron.
THE Sl'RlSt! FI8HERIES.
Accounta fn-ui tha Cheaapeak.- B.-iy nprcaent it aa
Bt_Bg iiternlly uliv. with abad and herrmir. Tb?- |___M
aie ahowii... tlu maelv.-B iu hWaiina "1 um xunipl.'d
liiatniliide. eveii l-.r Ibaaa celehr.it. d vvahra. Oaa
Beliing BaBatrr i" aaid t<> bave can.irbt 1.8.00 h.tir.-l? nt a
ainglelmul; another l.ffOO. and many "tbera ure catch
iag fmin .".00 lo rJOO huirela duily. Tht run af B__ra-_g
ia ruid to ba giaalai thaa ba? baaa known for thirty
yaaaa, und thoae enguged iu takin^ them vvill be likrly
lo make amall fortuuet.
Tla-re ure n.iuiy inleretting factM in tlu-biat-iry and
jcculiai i at.it- p| tl,.- h.nine. Thia ti-h ia m-v r
himvvntospiwn in the freab w Htera "f Kurone. 1'ntil
il..- diiM-nvi ry aml acttlement ?.f thia conntry, it wuaan
uaM'lve.i Brahhaa Nhb aataiaHaia aftha OU Weaid
BBtawbithei tbej rtaortad laparfarai thia operation.
Bm it ir rem known t!.n' the vi'-t Bfhaala which tra
v, i,.- lha ' ceiin, viaiting tiie ahoren of Kunqa iu their
progma, ure ..u th. ir aun___l joumej la lha Aaa riaaa
.. aet, in ti - <!?? la and uv.-ra ..t which th.-y (ind ih.-ir
favoritc apawtiing irrnnnd. The herring ia a liah of
paaaagB, it lalaari aav bbbbbbJ reaaa in the aea, ahift
;i?_? iu. cliina'e w ith |ha i*uii. und ii ia the BBBM. aahoal
which hfaaadal oaa l__e iniJr.iii Britato, aadal
i.iii.tber ia Aimri'ii. Th. r?-ia no tiaible ditf.-rciice iu
tl. laheaaajrl ontbeEogjiafa eoaal and Ihataaaghl
<.n oura, < \c. bbbI tl Bl ibe fornur ar. ctoin* wbat fati. r
nnd round. i than ihe luner. Tileil gl-Bl hllfl-Bg
noBBai ir- i.t lha Arctia eircle, amid perp-taal iea, aaa
in in thia regioa they baaa antT--l"j bath, Bat aai
jniiy.to he .iiu.'hi i.mid. vound hyth.- waitin/i.u'iona
on ihe cart. rn rkill ol' the Atluiilii'. Ofl tbeir lollg,
aaddo_b_ei_ aeary Jooraey pf ni.-.ny tho laaad aiilea
i, t.ii- raaduaf lha A_aerk__i eaaat, ib.-y nn- Mdoabt
d.-rived oi ihe aaaalai food wbich eaolar BtalaBB
atir.rd lhaaa, aad baaea they laaahtjaraoaatiaajana
i ..n.liii. n : baa Um y aie abaad at lha Britial i-landa.
'I'l e n.r.M-::.'eia - 1' ihe heniiiL' BptMBBI Bt he BfarVJ
iiutl dcli'-.-niie. BBjrtatBBd hv au inaiiuit which eiiu'dea
ii to diatiaguiah aeaaoa, eliaaale, aad laatpeiRtaiv. lu
.lunc it i-. fouiid in tbe .North Baa, andahoiif tl.e Shet
bind Iri.mila. Here lha taa! auhool ditidaa and LtiaraOy
Burrnuiula ull Kn.i/laiid und In'h.:!d. wh. ie ciiimtlesa
i.iiu.lrri ar.- u.ki | iiti.l. ured. The ppgaaNBBBJ "f thib
giaad ihoal la laat-t4 bj eartahi tagaB, aaai ar* lha
nnmlera rf hirdfl wluch follow to prcy BB them. wbile
it eveii ullcra the very ap|M-anuice of ihe ocean. It ia
d.vide.l inm diatimt i ..luini.a ot tiv.- or ri\ mik-rt .u
Ici jilb, ly time or 1..iir in hrcudth, wbich drive tba
w ut- r l afbtfl tl en, in u pareapdbla ripple. N<,im titaaa
ihcy aink fora few ininuiea nnd ihen riri ai.iin to the
anrfa'c. In lii.e w.uii..-r ihcy rellcit I variety of
i.i.i)< ? u i-?> olore, liki .. Beld ofprecioaa gema, At lha
shctliii"! l-lea.. n. wiag ta-hea la Ihe aaal, aad lha
till irto the wcrTrrn aahi.ria ..1 lii.i.i llritnin, when,'
iheylilleMiy Imy und n.ek witb tbeir |.ridia_i'..ia
i.iiii.Leia. They then paBBlhlQBgb lha Briiirb t'i.anncl,
und thcn mcuauruhij diaapj .-ar. The a ? a_B_eol__NB,
hfter offering itaelf totbe trrti.t Btationary titl.-.iet ?f
tbe llebrida, BBBBM -la t.i ihr B8__b ot In land. when
ii uguin dividiaa, eurroumle tl.e ialn:ul, rej..i.ing an.l
let-ling lha b-NtbhRaaa, and thaa __aaapfajara ? lha
in.ii.ei.aity if the aeBBB, Tbe iiuuilierB taken fn>m
ihaaj BBRNbRb] wl.tle ajKirtiuK aroiind the Britiali
iaburda. muat B8NB| Bf l.y loin..>t u.illiaiua. Kive yeara
ugo thc cutrb uu.i.iiui.-d lo '.HKl.lKXj barrcle. euiploy ing
I'J.OOO Uatite, ii.ariiKd ly 41,000 liabennei. and Inrva,
whiletheUital nuiiiUr employed in tba tfaheriBa wa_
N ,000.
After W-Bvicg tbffle i.lamla, the divi.led eoluuniB
fcgaui i-.uitc in unc vaat BboaJ, and Utkiug a -..uih
I weaterly eoarae, Btrike tl.e eOairt of Oeorgia and Qaaat
j hna towurdtboend of Januitry, and .oaating tb..n fl
; enatward to New-Kngkmd, tliey divide and penrtrate
! the ntimcroua BBfl and rivoir. of thfl OBBBt for tlie pBTa
poioof depoailing their apawn. Thia inrtiuctoi nii
giation waa givcn to the lierringa tl.ar they migbt
.Icpoi-it it bt warrn waton., that would niature und
vivify it more aaauredly than thoae of the fro7.cn _one.
Il ia noi from a deti, iency Bf food that they thm aet
theniH, lv.a in motion, for they reaeh the Itritirh ialanda
full of fat. and on their retuin nortluvard frwn tbeir
apawiiing groaad ara uniicisally ?haBraea'te ba ha_
nnd iiii.a-rni.la-. After apaivnitiK, tl.e lieriiii?-H BJBfB otf
to ile Ar- ti- reaa, leaving tl.e yonng ahoala in the
. ivtrn where they iveie hai. Iied. Hero thc latter re
niain duriiiff the . iimrncr, l-ut d_appaar duriiur the
Auttimn. ui<< 1 rejoin their parenta.
T!,e liah waa iinknown to thc meiflata, 1* ing rarely.
if ever, found in tho watflflfl of tlie M.-diterrancnn.
Yet.tbcadvciiiuroiia Dutch engaia-ed in thc lialiery..t>
early aa llli-l, and flaahad it to BrBBajbB?I ext.nt. If
ia to lh< m the world ifl iiidebfd f?r the invention of
r.ilt.d barriag. laa iaeeator, Jteakeleoa, dted ia MET.
lt gave an iataM aee iaiipi tua to tbe fiahiag intereot, by
eaab?agdbB?BBeflflBBBBBB??? to aae lah aa fooda All
Kurope tiaxat that tinic Komani.-t. and fiah became
ihe great article <>f consntnption am?n>_ milliona dtir
[ajgLeali Tbe Dutch, in conBOi-iionee of thia dia.ov
? ry, long mai^taiw.'d the aacondam-y ia tishing. But
ainrethe llcforo-tion, aud the gcnerallax obrtorvanre
of I.< nt in K.-miidicountrieOa the conaumption of lur
riiiK Iiiih ao diiriiiiirli.-d that it in uow lcaa, on tbe Con
tiiient, than in thfl fbafteeotfa oaiilury. Charles V. rc
gBrded the inveiitor of t-alted herrioga ne a public betv
efintor. rfo viritcd bia irtavc, and ordered a mnKtiif
iaaat Btoaa?aeal lo bc flteeted to hia menwry. Hut
birt.ry baa faill d to prescrve thc memory of hiin who
iuventid tbe ?ekad henbal.
THE BBAB AND ITB EtSEIOEB.
? ? ?
t' oarftM I' h, whfch, Ibij^IM by a woadarfal in
i-iitict, approacheareoaata i rari aaaaai, bbmb to
I % in -lur-b nf u j iBBBOf itt.-Ir.xait for their egga, -.vIi.t
the yonng fry may para their br.-t pcriod of growtb in
the wnrm and thallmi- watBTB which bathe our BBOrea.
Thfl aalmon, the maokerel, and the herring triba,
amotig thoae, are the boat known baaBBOfl the moat
uaet'ul to n.an, who t_k?-x advautaKe .>f thk nutnral in
atinct toenpture them in large BflflB-flffl ar thflflfl m:i
i tm, Miiny other ti. h approach our aoaata alao for the
-an..- | iii j ? -e, but ,lo not BBBBBd our rivera Iike tho
rithiiion aad _B ahad, which aptx-ar to makc the moat
-tiiTiii'.-ir axertioaa to raaob the aetaBl baad flfaarbta*
tion. and iu the flBBB of the t-alition even uo boyond it.
Tl.'- rind. bowerer, pajaai Bfaarrhraratoahlghar
poiot tbaa aay other BBBfliaaafa_ tiitx?, atutiniagfai
tho HadsOB Kiver a d-t-BBfl of one hundn'd and scv
cntyu.il.-a from ihe oct-an It hoh-nga to the divi.i>ii
af ii. b called by aatoxaBfltfl Ctnpttim, trtm tha tdypei,
or t-caly ahielda on thc abdomen. To thia diNiaion bc
b>Og abothe horring, t!i? anchovy, the aardinc, tiie
a] rat, aad rbc w_as bah af BBrope aud lha bbb?_m__,
tbe Fall ahad, tbe alewife, tlie thread herring, and
oil.ti- BB?_ ipa?88 <?f our coasta. None of the fiah of
thia diviaion liave conapicuoua teetb, aud aome have
not any at all. Their food oonrmta of the BBBB?ar BTBBa
taccotiH or crab-like auimitla which are found in vaat
iiuiiili ir t-n tli-- H'iif..ci tt' the i-ci'an in j.ntiTit-.i (Boat
in.and f.oiiingon ntill more niinuto orguniama) and
peil.ap. alro r'.iallov.iii-' the amall jclly-liah which live
in tl.e p.ime manmr. Am thir kiud of food ia imt found
in our rivera or ficrh wateta in any abundance, it ia
ciid.iit that the ti.'b do n< t aacend the rivera in aearch
of a BMB8 abundant Mipply of uourirhinetit.
Th.- (.had. aa ui<,rt Xew-Yorkera well know, makea
iteliri-t ap| earance at tho mouth ofthe BadflOa Kiver
in the SpriiiK, varying iu date from the 7th to the 27th
af Mareh, aad reachiingPougbhaap?a, aoax fltghty laflaa
fr- m tbo BBBB?| about three weakfl aftorward. It, how
over, ir not OBBahl in miy numbcra uniilthe third BH?k
in April, when it ia fometi.u">t mo abuutia.nt that tbey
hava becn cold at ton dolkira a hundrod. In other aca
eona, from BBBM unknoivn ?BBB, it il Iflfll plctity, and
cuiinot bfl bad at lesn than tweiity-rivi; dollara a hnnd
rcd in Uie hight of the aeat-.n. It continuea to be
Iroaght to mark.r uutil .luly, when tho linb become
88188 und poor, and aie no longer teken by the Iflhl i
meti. It ioOfl uot truvtl in emnpaet BC?OOla or awarma,
indewima nbour niid-war. r ?-??twe.-ii the flflB??B and
ott'm. and laiely tai ning ari.!.- to avoid any abataoh
0 itr fi,.- BBBaaga, Fr.m thia p.-culiarity iu itf baBB?
he tiahernien are cna>>led to capt ure it in large num
I cra by meana of tet >,r gdl neta fuatened to poIcb
alaeed tnoat tba atrr-iim. fhaaa mws of f^lea are
< nntirii. r phu-ed din-ctly BBBOflfl tho river channel, and
a riuh aaaabaai hatwaaa ttmm la?ad an.l _Baaay
batkaaeflM aroadafflll howa singlefiah raneaeaie
the ii.-idion-. mrai wbicb beaei their apwardjoaraey.
Th?- tvil tl-Ur don< incr.-a-cK ev. iv year, and BBBBB, 88
forea vei v dirtanr period, eauae thc cntire deatruotion
flf the liah. f'uiria auppux-d, with good r..fcon, that
thc --I ad, Iike rn.- wilrnon. neekaonly toenter theriTflBfl
wh.-rc ii ha-. 1k-oii brcd. The raptnre <>f a ttin^l.' gravid
i.n.alc rn.'.rt aaaaa tha aaaihilaiion of ut laaaitwaaay
Iboaaaad of tbo yonng bj, _Hewdag tbat ofeaah
tiah, li'.in thfl various eneiuicH which paiBBO thom,
only oi >? tiiindi-^d yonng are prodooad, which rt-ach the
a a.i.nd ibatthn fl aaai laia nf lhaaa agahi Bradaroarad
bv other lah in tl l 80 an, ir will bo aeen that one tirh
cut of twenty-iive muat 8BBBBB the neta, in order to
?eep ii)- the uaual run of rhad in each year. Thc eggH
of Iflh818gltfj?lj deiouied by a boat of ditfereiit
aaBa-88B?Balfl, all reekiiigcagerlytoobtainaodcb.ii-.
an inti,].- ,-f food. Otber lieh, fm^?,aud r_J_maudera,
Barbaaa tarteiaBaalBai and aa^ajti?iaaBetB,eajylflk,aad
8TSB water hiid.., all makc wtd baVOfl amuug the beflh
iiio) i ad agp or the aawly batehad fty of tha aiud, ho
Ibat it ra eau ev. n BBIW lona thut a ringli- lirh .hould
880BM ihe cirele of 8?flgaifl w hi< h B8_8flflBflB*a it. At
n a t: >? fnll-_rown tiah BI8 not aafe, ihounh her.- tlu
vc.rt naaaa ofoeaaa wbiflhaiaaotat?ted bp )>reda
rooua tixlx art-ird rheni ? c niparatnely flBBfl anyluui.
The aatpaaBBj the (diurk, the riinni, ti.cbonito, au-l the
blue tit-li or borac-uiackervl, jit;rhapH alao thc ctriped
liu-H, BTB beey thinniiig out thfl -achoolB of abad au-l
harrbag, gmglig abaaaaahrefl witb theoflyaada?t rt- *li
of thflflB uiireaifl-Bg aa- A fingle tiah, howevcr, tak?-ii
in tha river neta, (uureagrcuterdiiiiiniitionuraoiigtheir
rinikx than ull tlu ir iiipiiilie cniiniis tak< n tojjvther,
aud BB?afl che. ked by rcgu?tiona atrictly onforccl.
the haata of EAi aaiaBbli ii"h arbicbat oaa thflicfre
aaeated oar rirefa, munt padaalry uudanrely be dimiu
IflhadtOB )>oiiit ut which ibe ii'.imbi r.-* tiil.eii will it>
longer afford a protitable rcturu lor tho capit?l itivcated
in tle Bppb?Baaa foi their captuie.
Tbe remedy icnn to b- aimple cnoagh, imd with tbo
foliowiiiK flflajpfltkafl lor thfl re?/nlati->n of the ?had
labnaw aajbaaiad ta taa k_apa nf a law by the New
Jeraay und New-York Ltgirlaturea, imd strinly en
forced by the fJ8|i8 1-81118 flf the river conntiea, we
iba all ajaia -ee tbe abad aaaaaa-g aar river in aaaa*.
lera aSBBBan and aBkead for aale at a price within tho
icacb of aM our I Ma Ma
Fktt A (huutiel-way ahonld be flllllftli by au.h
iiu.t.ral laadBMUkfl aa w .uld caaily l?o.ind it unaaaiatcd
bv a inup oi aaah armm m may bv _aaa paapat tor tba
aai.daptbfl at Ibfl rivei -i.i Beaaaaa. from Albany
.low.i,..,.d io -c: or | IgB B8U -tOBid b- B-OWOd IUmJc
Uit wiibuutinciirrmK-i reu*.i.:i.'ile. p888-f.
Btroadlgi Eo i.ei.i abould be ullowd 18 be aet untd
ihe-.tbof April.
Tkhilfi AU BStfl 10 Ih; takcniip uP.erthelin of
June. _
_ ??? i thi.,: No neta 10 be 'taed of a BBBB-M menh than
-lucliea.
Tbi -'? Btmplo regulutionfl wooul not W opprcaaive in
ibeir ol*. rvun.e, and, wirh iii._ler.tte pcnaluoB at
iitcb. d to tb.-ir violuti.m, could bo caaily enforcol. A
pr- p. i BfliaaB in eaih ctiiniy uunhi l* paid by tl?- mjay
aon tOK-c tl.ai they bc oluM-ncd kt u year or two.
Altcr lhat tiuie their advantage would lt. ro apparoul
thut tlie lirhirinen themaelvea would onforce tbem on
oach other. It might alao bo worth while to try the
tl'eit <f itriifn iui piopaKation iupoiala andalrvaina pru
i,i ted from the dettroyera of tbe egga. AUuwing
abont twenly thoaaand egg? to B iitalure fiah roe, ?
few only of tbeec, propcrly batcl.ed, wonld nearly ?
fxpnlat* tbe river. Tlie favor ir.- apawning gnrandri ot
tho al.ad ahonld b? aweitaiied, and no neta or diatn-b
ano abould he au.Tered to apprcai-h ti-in.
To aliow bow easily;:rtiiiiial propagfltion tnay bo
eanicd on, tbe foflawiag imtaoce will biiHc--: Io
April, 1856, niilliona of tbe young fry of ihe white fiah
(whieh ia of the aalmon tribe, were aoen BBBBnd tbe
picra at Huridiudcy,, n Lake Erie, and tbia un?ina1 ap*
jk anuiro waa only to lie aoeonrifed for by the fart that
large numbers of theae fiah had been cleaned on theee
j-ieir the Atittimn prcviona, and the offal thrown into
the lake. The roe* and milt bad thun )>een plaoed in
favonible conditiot.a for tlie production of the yoang
fleh. Thia inode of proeeeding might ln- imitatcl with
tba ?had roea rhia vvry aeafon in the North Kiver.
Iu a aticteeding paper thc bietory of the migrations
of tha ahad aa far aa known will I* giveu, wlth aomo
dctaila on othera of thc bt rring fati ;ly. B.
PROTECT THE B1RDH AS'D FISH.
We thank the Lcgialaturo that but adjonrncd for
Cbupter 3*4 ofthe Lawa of the State of New-York?
an ad entitled " An mt for tho I'reaervution of Mooae,
" Wild Deer, Birda, and Fi.-h. ' I5y the lat aection
oftliiahtw, to kill-nay, tiipiiraue with intent to kill
?a fawn, or the fawn'a motbor or fatl er, or a moaiee,
dnring tlie niontha of .lannary, Fobruary, March,
April, Mny, June, aud July, or U> have in a hunter'a
jna-Mrrioti a tfreen skin of a deer, or a ham of venieoe
ir raaaaaa Hteuka, bctween tlie 1.1th day of Kebruary
and tbe .ilat duy of .July, ia an ofli-.uw panialuthle by a
lim- of ffi& for every 118888 and 8B8ff io mrird.-rcd, and
iv. ry green akin and veni*on ham or ateak ao held in
laarlaaa uud nnaportamanlikc |K>raea?>io?>
liv the -<?< .md aection of thia a.-t, a penalty of $2 ia
BBaOSBi upon the miademeajior of killing, or haTingin
poa?eaaion, or ex|H-eiug t-> ?tle, woodcor.k. bc.tweeii
Jaa. 1 nnd July 4; of ao uba?ii.K partridgea, and the
HlpnitBtilBI of partridgea, botween Jan. 15and ISept.
); thc aame of iinaiiit l-elitceii Jaa. 1 and OcU 15;
und do. of wood, blai k and teal dtn.ka, bctween Feb. I
aad Anir. I. For tbia h .tion, 0 Legialature of uot
good feaue, wc f.iartily thank tbee?
Wc thank thco, to.,, kt puuiahing the crirae of killing
a prairie fowl iu the whole lenirth and breadth of thia
State, for fi ve yeara to cme, with a fino of $5 f?r eaeh
uud every bird _ i kilkd?for puniahing the aneaking
viilaii.y of anaiing,.rtr.ippiiig (juail and grouat, wit>i
a tine of $10?for guardinx tbe bl.w bird, oriole,
firi, h, thrush, lark, aparrow, wn-n, martin, awallow,
rol iu, bobolink, nightingale, woodpockcr, and even
the oigat hawk, againat guna. eagca and trapa with
ii_i-l half-dollar penalticr?tor your merctful e_t.-iir.iou
af *?> pcnaltibaaaer aaeb lha Baa?laat i<pe<-k!,-d u-oot
(hrook or riverl, lake tront.aalmon tnut and tho iuipe
rial muacalonifo dorinff the niouhn and tim.-M in the act
afureaaid ?aatioaaaV-aa?8h_a which will bh?tcr
ar Ld- ra, tirh d. alera and liiaii-?-atora.
We thank the Legialature for " aqnelching' the in
httiuaii and waatoful offctiBe of catehing twh in tho
freflb watera flf thia .State, by book, by crook.and by
nef, dnring thc montha of Decembcr, Janu?ry, and
F' i-ruary? and we feel greateful to that generoue
apiiir of true aportamanHhip. which baa iiuiuced a
nuiulrer of the young gnutleuicti of thia city to organ
i_e ?MMOaHae into a C'lul) t-> euforee the pruTUtioi? of
tlii_ game law wiihiu the Couuty of New-York. Will
the young idk-ra or blackguarda who owu, borrow, or
ateai firearma, uud paflBBBBBfl birda out of MBBflBj unto
diali, and thc dealcni in game out of aoaaon, take
tnnely notice tbat a true apoi-teuran imd aharp lawyer,
Charlee E. Whitohead, Uic .Secrctary of tlie New
York Sport.meu'a t'lub, will havo a aharp eye upon
tl..- vi.lation of thia bumaBB alatutc, and will makc il
both nnplea*ant and nnprolit?blc hk ?J" aa he can. We
eolicit from all good cititena aid aud encoaragemeut to
the New-York Sportenieu'8 Club, and a apeekkl np
holding of ita 8ecretary a bauda by timcly iiifor__li<r_
and aufiicieat teatimony.
KECEST IMPORTAST OIFTB TO YALR
COLLEGE.
The bnilding formerly nacd by the Medical Schoolin
Xew-IIaveu waa bought aome time ago ofthe Medb-al
Department of the College, by Joaoph E. Sholllold,
008., and prencnted again to thc institution, for tlie line
ofthe .Scientine Department, bM_8?_g tbe Sehcnla of
Chflflk?Itry, Agrienltnre, and Enginecring. Within the
j-nr_ year, the ediliccliai" been i_i_.>dcledunJenl_xged by
Mr. Sh.Uicld ata great e.xpnire.andianowalrI o-t ready
to be ooenpi'-'d. Thia gift ifl the largaBt ein/,lc act of
mnnili. etice by wbii h tbe r.illo.e bua lt-en faiorod
aince it.i b-audation, if we fl?eeat the Ellaworth legacy,
from which nothing Laa aa yet NbI received. Tho
liti^ationa eoneerning tbat eSiatc are iu a fair way of
eaaaaaaBB?8 batween tbe rcei.luury logatcc aud the
beira.
ln cniicttion with Jlr. mmmmtt gift of a bnilding
fur lha -BWaB-M School, an ell'orl iu ruaki; g la ra ?' a
fund for carrying on tbe inetruction in that department.
Within a f.NV weeka, Oliver F. Winchcator, eaq., of
New-IIaven, hae made for thia purjxiac thc liiicnil
l_S (.ffi,ooo.
A ht of laud, in a retired and clcvated pOflUaa,
about ii aala north of thc College ba?diaga, bayoad
?? ,.ac!i. mi Wood,'' hae i>eeii atmatatM t. lha CoBaaa
by tha beira ofthe late Jam- a A. llillhouKc, aa a aitc
f.r un Aetronomieii!I Obtcrvatory.
Tl.e (rsllege Library haa likewiae liot-ti the rtcipieut of
h veral uiliiable >nfta. Amongthom may Iw mention. d
lhaaa BBBB volumca, hai.di-'imely bound. coiituiuitig
tbo corroapondence bctween Wm.C. Rcdliold emp, the
di.-tiiii-iii.-licd American mcti-orologiat. ttnd hia fricud
CoL Wm. Raad (aflaiaaid sii Waa, laaa), tteaaaaaa
of Ueimudaand MalU, thc author of "Tbe laaw <>f
HarBB8," and variona iin|?irtint coutiibutioua to our
kuowbdge of the atiuoep'ii rio currenta. Tbia rorre
aj .-lidctic. extended throtii_ii a jn-riotl flf about t?ei,ty
y ara, till it waa terminated by Mr. EmEmWt 'bath.
Ci. Bead lanirad hiat bal a few bbb8BBB> Tha anto
Itapb 1. rt, ia of the?aaaaai laaJbe-Baa anu thc copi.-a
of Mr. K. dft-flTfl Icuern. carefully made from bia own
lctter-book, pre^ent a vaat amonntof acientilic iufonua
li.dflHaahiaa which uill ba higbly pri/.edia all
time torome, byatnde.it- _ thfl deprtru. nt U> whieh
tbaa iier, dev.'tcd. For thia tiui'iuo and valiutbl.- .ria
the (MBBBBl BI mdcbU'il to John H. Redtield, e_.|.,
of Neti-York, who huHioini'ilcd with pioua care this
nietnorial flf hia futher.
Kichnid I, Fellowee, eaq., of N'cw-IIavcn.now trav
dhghi Eiropc. haa aont homc to rhe College a eopy
ofthe gnur illnminatcd work of OwonJouea, eutitU-d
lha '(.i-aniiiiui of OiaaBBBBt." It ifl a haudaonie fol'o,
iidii.irably bound, and of great value ae illuatrtuing tiie
aiii.-ticeultiireofdiH'crctitanciciitaiid modorii nationi.
Not long BgO, the 8BB-fB catne into tb(> jtoaacaaion of
a colleajtiou of couia, aevoral kuudred, which hud liceo
thc ju-oporty of Mr. Johna nf Caiiandaigiia. Tlioae
bave lat.lv be.ii ai niiip-.'d and tbi-wtilittl, i. i.l varioua
flrbiadflflf lha roOflga bave :uitled to tbe number. Vbe
niikrt important of theee gifta, in roai-ect of numU-i.
ii.-itl iiiluc, ia tliat of Mia. Aiitftiatua R. Stn-et, who
liUr |ier4'!itat1 nearly .UKI coina, a lat-^'e )iin-t of them of
ailver, incJnding muny ruro and ln autiful arHviinena.
Xhiadoaatiaaaoapafc > a botba_i i.-nt aad tnodem c--in*,
fi< in u irr.at numU-i of differont tlovommetita, Aakitic
ia well an Barapaaa m.d tktaatkotM, Mr. Fiak l.
Brewer, who ia well icracd iu aueh atudk-a, luia cbargi
cf thc nrruii^i-nient and eiict. >dy of ibe iioiuinuutt??
coll,flflfljan of tha colle^o, Whiflb ia il?-p44Hita*t in tlie B
bniry bailding. Additiotml gifta. of a hUxw or 8
.-ir.llei- amount, will be'becaptabtl a.tmlaitioiui to the
cabiiiet.
These varioua douatia^i.a ahoW tbat Yale Collefr la
not withotit ita geuerotia frienda, at theprtvont timii aa
iniimcK that are pa?t. riuch ejtprariuotia of good will
are gratefully acknowledgod, bnt the chief reward of
tlie donon niUKt bc in tbe eonari^aanoaa lhat tlwir lib
erality in ao beatowed tbat lt w ill alw aya be of tervioc.
diifctly or iudiwcUy, iu Inuaing laigo ntiiubeta o( *d
ucated ma-u for ttaliona of pttb-fl iulluen?f* aod traat.
lV?as-M*as*, M*r 14, lBtv. B?BK-Uat.

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