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New-York daily tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1842-1866, August 18, 1861, Image 4

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SUNDAY, AUGUST 18. 1861.
National I'ast.
A PROCLAMATION.
By the Fmident of the l'nitfd Statt, 0/ tmtrica.
Wktrta,, A Joint Conimittee of both Hou.ti of Cot grew
fen waited en the Prealdeiit of the I'rUted State?, and requested
biro to SBSSBaSnad a day of Public Humiliation. Prayer, and
Faetlng. to be obaerved by the People of the United State? witb
letlglooiloWinnitiel, and the offeiitig of fervent ?tipjlicalior.? to
Almighty Hod for the eaiety ?ad wolf.r? of theie State*, BBS
b.MKinf* oa their ?rmi, and a iprdy re?tor?tion of pace ;
aBBd ?r*ere?ai. It I? fit ?tid becoinirg to ?11 people et ell timei
to acknwl?dge?nd lever? th? Sai'ieti'.- 6kW4 rnniriit of God. te
tew la humble ?gbuil.il >n to III? cha tfaement., to confeti and
deplora their ?tot ndtonsBjnMtoMM Ifet f'dl conviction tha
the fear of the Lord I* the beginning el" ?iadem. ?nd topt.y
?rith all forvency ?nJcontiitlt. for ?he pard"? of their put of.
feoae?. and for a bailing upen tb.i. prcicnt anu pto.prttive
action ;
Ami ?.??tm., Wher. our belovtJ country, ?t.ce, by the bleue g
?f OotJ, anite?!, pro.peiou. ?id hSSffV, i? no? ?iHlc'.ra with ta:
t?o? and civil war. it i? pcciheily tit for ui M rrrognlr.? the baud
?Bf ?awo?, In ?l?a al-ita'lon. led at .'.rrowfnl rt-rnen.hre.ic?" : I "
ewn f.ultt .1.(1 erin.?* a? a nation and a? Individual?, to humble
?Weite, before lliti., ?ud to pr?y *N Hi? inrrcj-lo pray that
we may bt. ipired further purl.linient, th' ngh .m-tly dcerv. d ,
that ear arm. n*y be bleated and in??lr ehVctiial for tin- m--tab
Biboiont of U?, order, ?nd pearr throughout ocr cu-dry. ?nd
that the ine-1.nn.blr bom of civil ?nd religion? liberty, ran? ,',
under Hitgui?li.rt??:db!eiaiii.^: St th?toboi.Btid.i?n*ii-,?*o? our
father?, 0,?/ be MJltlBtl ki ??? BS riiriiial iir< ft S N 1 b. ief..rr.
I, ABKAIIAMM.IM"OI.'N, hwMaal o! the t 1 i'.c.l ?Stutea, do
appoint the iMt '1 hurtdex iu kWntt Btbn next M a day < I Hun ilia
tion. Prayer and fatting for .11 th? peopl? of the Ne'u.n, and 1
do eirneatly rerontine ud lo all the people, and itpcci.iHy to ?li
MIniaterl ar. 1 |BM fe?flt ?? nli-i .11 ' f ?U d. nondt nti na. pud to
all he?d? o: laini?ei??oob.eTvo ?mt ??*?? that dty ?-cording to
their level?'e.-?mIi and mode. ?>f wnr.bip ia all liuniiiity. and
with til religion? ?oltuini'y. to the end that BBS unite 1 prayer of
tfceNation 11 1. y ????.?:.: t tin- Throne of lira??, and Irin-down
I leaali r' upon ? ur Dili cn.udry.
In t. ,;i ?any ? lu 1 . f I hare aereaiila ???! n.y hir.d ?-..1 tunrd
the ; eat ?..?, ??( tin Hatted 81 l.-mbe tOaawS, thi? Ittfe
A I t, A. I". 1.? I, ?Li ? ' tl, ? b ,:-:.'.?. ,,e..f t!,e I ,it?<l
S'?' ? ?t ^., ,?
g? Hat r- ABI IBAM UgCOU ,
VV 11 1 . ?n ,i. <? v t?',, -.
Vie pu'livli 011 ui.other page Mr. J. K. Haivev's
reply t?i a Rtatemei t which tippcaretl in our col?
umns BtUiio time since respecting alleged tr?? 1 -
aotiable i-ouduct of bis in (ialwav, Ireland.
-?>-,
If the venerable editor of The HtrrnU will
kindly step over to our olTu?e any line day, we
will lay before bim, in confidence of course, tie
most conclusive evidence that the letters ttom
North Carolina, whit h lih.e appemed iu Till".
TkTBI'NK Of BBBB, weie BOi ?'"I) written but
rauiled in thut State, and fei the town? where
they are respe!ively datel. To cominee him
that they are BOB ire-mliHry legten i? more, per
hfip?, than we can in ilertah?- to do; but we
suppose that nobody but he w 11 ever tee "any?
thing i (iinli.i.y in thin. To ?ay that the
cegroeo of a Slav,) Slate are very restive and
unusually ?rereuardl to nu.k" trouble to their mas?
ter? is nothing very B88J or particularly eoloB*
lated to pre. eut a vi-.tory of the National tuns
and the restoratiou of tho Federal authority
over the Reftl*.
THK 1. AT EUT V/AK MiW?.
Our (?ispatcl.es reve.il what is pretty well
known i> BO the real object contemplated by the
next move of the r??b< 1-?the embargo of the
Potomac, an inva-ioii of Maryland, tl.e laBBaj ??I
the Sece5-ioiii ts of that State, with the sur?
rounding and capture of Washington. It it a
bold ?iroke, but Davis is doubtless de-perat?
enough to attempt it, if be sees a chance of
?uccess.
We prit t till? nirr.iii.ti from our own corre?
spondent a very full and interesting account af
tho sntVfMraga biit'ic "f Batatorjosa. The moie
we leara of that unequal co.itesr, the more we
are BbbM upon to ndmire the bravery of our
noble i.tt'.e ar. y. Wits, the immci.su odds
a 'tiii'?t them the wonder is tl at tin y e.rapcd a
complete defeat. As it is, the action cannot ha
counted leas th?.u an absolute victor) for our
troop?.
Maj.-Ci?. Fremont yesfcrday seized 8^58,000
it the Bmk af Bi Qttmi.-ve. M?.., wbich waa
?titeidtd BBC the BAM ?'1 :1m I.el?. 1?.
Three of ti..- .Maryland blidgo BMIIkMI MIIB ar?
rested th; ollar day ??t Wcstemport. There is
?aid f,i BB a force of S? i-es-ionists at lfomnev,
aid oart I Mop? at Kew-Cnek liridge expect an
attack /,( m ihe a?, x
Wa bava tatonating but not important new?
flolll loues. M'.itoe. Stnrifi ?f nri Btta?!.
from me i ?nfodewtoa tvera again in circulation,
("ly r?. 1 e ?J, ,.ied. Mv. Whteler. foim.-rh F itcd
tS.'aite.- M u -t?r to Nicaragua, was there, and
had br? n BBMBOd vvi'hin the L'ebel im. .
Th.- (.?;-.BBBM cut La* appointed H-nry AV.
BBta U a Idadsw-Csawral of Volunfoer? for Cal.
aaVfeda. 1 Btate la getting alivo t?, mm
Mwti on hand, a.id ia ready to furn':>h a large
foe? gl kardj wMiera. lit. ilali.rk la a \\'tst
Fo-tit officer, ond il,d inueh ?en i, e in the or
BBaaanaxVaa ol California a? a Territory aud a
t?ate.
I'.l'1''* I- Vi?le i? appointed Hrigadier General,
and i. to be psj| at Qm head of n ( ump 0f In
itrifltioB to be llllllllilkjIBjTglMI this city.
The J;. bel force near Dm l'otomae is rCfOflad
to BMVg retired to lairfux Court-Hoii.-e, al
ibugi. th? picktt? on both ?idea occupy their
C i positions.
TUB < ?DA-I'IHA? V ACAIcVMT THE
AHirlY.
Wo learn from a reliable source that emissa?
ries are bii-y in sowing mischief ami fomenting
discontent in tag o*?grj of the Potomac. Thi? is
nBBMdafl) true ,,f the Ifew-York regui.euts. The
?e!iu->.cees,oniet.,, who are laboring to disorgan?
ize tn??ii?, are Democratic p?,liticiai.? of our own
Stute. They ?eize upon bomm real cause? of
?;onipla!it iu regard to food, clothing, and the
like, and aggravate and magnify them. They
try to induce troops that ?ire calle?! into the
?jverrice under tl.e New-York two ) ears' act, to
intist h]?oii their discharge at the end of three
mouths. 80 far ha? this spirit of evil permeated
the army, that some of tho officers and soldiers
of Deniedatic politics are beginning to talk
about tie war Laving gone far enough, and that
ire ought now to compiuuiise our difficulties ami
make peace. These mischief-makers in and
around the* camps are set on and backed up by
?)mpathiziug politicians at borne.
Ifoyond all question, this effort to demoralize
the army of the Potomac is part of a well
organized plan to discourage enlistments, to fo?
ment ('"iiiplttiiits among the troops now in the
field, and geuerally to embarrase tho Government
and eil .er ?ecure a disgraceful compromise, or
force the war to a dishonorable close. Evidences
of tSia conspiracy among some portions of the
] 1 o .I'-y ?ne breaking out all over the coun
try? Tb) a.'o too palpable not to strike the
?*.o?t ?uj'?.ii?e?4i ' ?.?*'? '*?-? cuJiumatiDg poiu? at
which the conspirator? are aiming is wnttemioiii
to and ]>eace with the Jeff. Davis rebels.
The remedy for this order of things is obvious.
First, these prowlers about the camps in and
around -Washington should be arrested and pun
ished sccording to tbe military code. In th.?
next place, these Northern sympathizers with
flinihl. wherever snd whoever they are,
should be mad? to understand that, in the aense
in which thov intend, there will never bo nny
compromise with the Southern traitors, and for
the conclusive reason that when the loyal North
becomes 10 debased and dt moralized aa to pro?
pose any terms to the Hebels other than uncon
ditional MMMMMMM to the' Federal (Jowrnment,
then it will have become so crippled and weak?
ened that tbe Confederate conspiratofi wi.ll
spurn nny concessions winch coiit?'mplate their
retention in tbe Federal Union, ni d will dwnnnd
an acknowledgment of their absolute inde|?eiidttiice
as a separate (Jovemnieiit. This ultimate result
is so obvious to ull reflecting minds as to war?
rant the unqualified declaration, that whoever
does not urge a vigorous prosecution of the war,
without ih oigbt if eoiices.-ion or compromise, ia
at heart in favor of a ditsnlutinn of tho Union.
PROFIT Ol' PIIIV \ I ti iiim;.
It has been asserted by some writer? that pri?
vateering, like gambling, does not icMilt iu pnuit
to those who indulge in it. One of them has
gone hi i,n aa to d-clare that during our lust
war with Fngland, some eiti/em of Salein,
Massnchu-etts, were the ?mly Americana who
made mot ey by tbe ?iperatnui. It would Aillo*
that al1 other participants either l<>-t moiicj, or
?lift clean-d etpi-ns-s. Hut Ihe mere stam?ng
?act that all nations, which possessed ships and
seaports, have, Irmii time ?inmemorial, hastened
to einh?lt m jirhateerin? linnc,hatch on the
breaking ??ut af war, goes la show that maritime
plunder is unit ei sally regarded as a speed? high?
road to fortune. Our own people entertain the
?tuba idea, ns was demoiiatrated b} tbe amazing
futur with which liny embarked iu it iu 181t,
ami by ?he zeal they manifestad in continuing to
btiiid und tit out belter v.?sel? during tho three
years ov.-r which the lice?i?e. extended. Their
natural ihrewdami soon Itdtftd the questioti as
to whether it was a Ml)ing business. Had they
found it to be otberwi-e, the? wi.nhl have ItoBM..
tnentit ?Hupped it. It is BtWtaTala that Lngland
feand it to be ?ieifcc',1) ruinous to her. Though
the sen?: fle, ts to bin. kadi' our harimr?, yet our
piiTi;t?'ir? were Mastaatlj sli|?|.it.g out to sea,
?lint as the rebel ?.rivate.-rs are doing now. Her
press dci.o'inced the Minirtry for tbe iiiefficu-nc)
of He blockade, und the people of every Knglish
seaport, in MMNMafJ culled for tie purpose, unit?
ed in tbe condemnation. A perte t punie pro
tailed in mercantile circles. Tni'ty-two nier
ebantmeii were c.'iptured off the Tni?us within a
toit .cut. The lnabter of a ve??el, who was cap
ttiri-d three times, Bad aa o'ten recapturcil, re
putted in London that he hud seen no less MBMj
twenty privateers during Ins vnjag*. They in
fe-te.J every British inlet and harbor to such an
extent that thirtien guineas premium on ?'HX1
was charge,1 at l.l"\d - to ?n.-uie ve.-t.els across
Hie Irish Channel. .Such rat? s were wholly un?
known in Kugland. At Halifax, iusirance paw
miuins IBM eiioinauifly, while iu many case? m?
liif'irnuco would he g.anted. All this time three
frigates and Ion.teen sloops of-war were actual!)
cruising for the protection of St. Qtwrge'l Chan?
nel. Tl.e Linden n,??chants, memorializing the
fjlo.emment for pnite.-tion, ?tat.-d that more
than eight Inn died vessels had been captured
" by that power whose maritime strength toi
" in-*.e hitt erto iiiipililicull) held in contempt,"
und eliiiig'd the Admirait/ with |TMI neglect.
Vet this wua two years alter war bad Lieu de
eland.
Such n recital will afford some id?a of the
iiatMtnal bum jimiv which privateering ma)
oc- agjfeaj. Hut mote reniai kahle tt.au the ?-sca|?e
of pii\:.t*eis to sen, wat Ihe fact that prizes by
bandied? srnv.d sufely in port. A small por?
tion only, of the whole number taken, wee
recaptured. Yet tu? double e.asou ot a general
b.o.-kadc bsWMI how gn-atl) the vigilance ol the
put BteetSMM wa? ?harpened by t km.vt h-d.,* M
its e\i?teui-e, as nottnng but coii-uiiiin.it'' rknl
an I duriig c aid aeh,e\e auch general inip.initv.
It uiu?t be rciiienibereil in e<.i.iiectiiui, that tu.a
effort at bio kading our ports was nuile aj
Kngland when in the z> n;lh ot her naval power.
Neh-tm bird but ItoBM t y swept bott. Imme and
>l'Util ,'i'om the ?neun, leaving biT nothing bat
?'Ur jniiiy niii\ ol M'ten frigate* to contend with.
When the war oaaaned with n.i bJm bad more
'han a thousand flips a.loat, >et the found it
iitijosrihle to make the blockade of our poit*
coaiplcte. lier itetetnitM remember these lucts
BtMM < ?' them |,,.w recently de, Ja pad it ei|iially
iin| n-s i.le for i.s to do so. Hut they forget that
while their tark ?inbran-d lb? whole coast from
Ft.rtlund to NYw-t Jilcaus, oui? is limited to thai
p<,item which la-? south ol the i'otoniuc. M
Lnglund. then-Ion?, with powerful llceta at eiery
harbor, ami uumetoiis frigates eruising along the
roust, found it utu-rl) iiupua-ible to prric.it our
privateers leaving port, ??r their prize* lioiu
entering, no surpririo should be excited if a ?iiiii
lar state ol things exista at present. An absoluto
bloc).ade of such a coast us ours cannot he
established in a duy. But it ia fast becoming all
that can be desired.
The facts which govern the question of the
profitabb-ness of privateering, cominee us that
Americans have invariuhly found it to be an ex?
tremely lucrative employment. It ha? iu iiiiiu
beriera iiiHtances rewarded insignificant ventures
with aliiio-t fubulon? profits. Tho .Spanish plate
ships of o:d times, bound from Mexico to Spain,
bore cargoe? infinitely moro valuable than nny
California steamer, and were tl.e i-onti.ual spoil
of British freebooter!. But tb.y left port but
twice a year. Carrying MM treasure collected
duriug lis months, th-ir v/ilue was proportioned
to their rarity. But this century opened with
the commerco af the world more than amia?
tupled. If carg?ieg w,re not so eitravaguntly
rich, they were bve times as numerous a? wh?m
the plate ships were afloat. British commerce'
especially, experienced an incredible augmenta?
tion ?r.im the very year after that country
aboliabed the slave-trade, ao that wEen the war
of loi!, broke out, every aea, both far and uear,
waa alivo with her ships. In thirty days from
the declaration ot war, our privateers bad start?
ed in pursuit. Borne men, regarding war as
certain, ?had vessels ready armed and mannod, so
that wheu Ce decluration camo, all they needed
was the paper authority of the (Joverumont to
smk, burn, and destroy. This had, aud they were
off. Mere cock-boat? thus fell upon homeward*
bouud Iudiamen, who, ignorant of the war, sur?
rendered taucir priuefciy cargoes without resist?
anee. These cock-boat? went out ?warming with
men to ?erve as prize crews. Thus a single, in?
significant privateer was often known to man
and semi in a dozen richly freighted ?hips. The
cost of tho enterprise was very ?mall?the re?
turn enormous. Some men grew rich on a single
cruise. The Government admitted prize rargoe?
at n nominal duty, and allowed a bounty of $10
on every prisoner brought in ; but thit bounty
was considered of to little account, that ?MBBBM
captured without cai?pne? were fillexl with prison
ors and released. Instance? occurred of other?
being taken, which, with the entire cargo, were
proved to be the property of widows, ?hereupon
the .captors relen-od the whole. TLrtir profit?
w.-r-e KUi-li that they could afford to be generous.
Whoever will turn over the files of paper? then
pirblieheil, will find them elo?|Ucnt with cards of
tbykiiks from taptured Captain?, General?, Gov?
ernor? and Indie?, all to.tif)ing to the good treat?
ment ree?-i\ed at the Laud? of gentlemanly priva
teersmen. Having made themselves comfortable,
? they could afford to make their impoverished
I prisoner? e?|iially so.
Some memorable instances of luck are on
recoid. An American gentleman residing at
Paris fitted out the True-1 Hooded Yankee priva?
teer. In a cruise of 117 da)? ?he ctptured f)
prizes, great and small, on which tho owner?
net profit exceeded $? 1,000,|;?tMl. Two Philadel?
phia privateer? captured "?'i ve??el? iu a ?ingle
crm?e, all which were ?cut into Drontlieim.
I where one of the Captain? remained to dispose
of their cargoes, the value being too gre.it to in?
trust tho business to other?. The ?Surprise of
Haltiniore, in a single cruise, of lid da)?, took
J and sent in ?Ml sail of merchantmen. The Kemp,
also of Haltiniore, when only two da)? out, fell
in with a tbet of eight vessels under convoy of
! a frigate. She skillfully deco)?d the. frigate
? away froui the fleet, dodged her in th? night,
1 and next morning captured lour of the eight
vessels, all of which bad full cargoes of ??flee
j and sugxr. The llrutiis of Hotten sent in two
1 ship?, whose eiirgoe? were worth ?}('.' 0,1*11?, being
?ml) a p?,rti??n af the ?poil? of one cruise. The.
Salein privateer? win? remarkably fortunate, a*.d
some BOsaWg?B| to thi? ?it) enriched their owner?
Bj a single capture. In fact, the naval annals
of the last war abound iu instances of this kind,
pnviiig beyond doubt that, ?hen favored by cir
I cuinstniice?, privateering n an eminently certain
mode of ?iiddenly acquiring large fortune?. It
' 1? true that the purr-nit is lull of ri-k??wound?,
I
captare, death ; but all tMM a.e < heerlully en
t-ouiite-iil on the battle-field, where the pay la
?mall, and the pro?p??ct of unusual gain ex
treniel) uncertain.
The Southern rebel? have a keen eje for the
main chance. Having st- lea all there was on
laud, thev are tmw casting about for what BBBJ
bo stol? u at ??-a. To the lioverument s? well a?
to the mercantile community-, th.? ?ubject i?
?urrouiided by ditficultie?. We have s-?-n the
damage which a single ship may do ?Inn per
??mal gam ?mly is the motive. It ha? alr>o been
?iiown that even the Kritiib (?ovsrnmeiit, wuh a
eloii'i of armed Vessel? at roinnitnd, wn? not only
unable to blockade (>ur port?, but even to prntrct
lier own. Such an evidence of Lncompetency m
the then lnisties? of the ocean, ?nicht t.i work
tofb. aiaio e in the pub,m in nd. What Fnglsnd
tailetl to accompliah after three year? trial with
an overwhelming foire, we may ?urely be ex
cused for not hating achieved, with inadequate
meai s, wi'.bin Ihr???? months. Hut inceisant activ?
ity and vi'.'ilanc? alone can ?ate us. 'Ihr probt
<d privateering it enormous. It is the la?t glit?
tering Loit at winch the rebels are clutching.
'Ibis placed bevond their re;ah, and their cycle
ol tt ??iving ha? been completed. The Oovero?
meiit is aoques'ionably ?tmug em ugh to foil
them here a? elsewhere, and the people, while
ifi.po ,ed to patience, expect it to 1? doue.
CITY t M? 4 4>? > I lit
No one doubts there heiug thousand? of idle
meu among u?, not from cLoice, but from stern
necessity?idle because they can find nothing to
do ben?. They once found sale in this market
for their labor, but ju?t now the market i? over?
stocked, and no one want? it. Iu?t?s?l of labor,
?ii|i|m e?? it eorn, or fish, ?ir lumber, or some par?
olmvie commodity, that taaOJ bad for Bala, Doe?
not a OBfarwd trader, vvln.i caught in a ?uiulir
t(ti|', ca-t about and seek a iuark<?t elsewhere'
Heeaijie men have alvvav? ?old fish at a good
price in New-York, must they keep their ?took
on band in 'he ?ame placo until it pen?be?, be
Bgana N?w-iork, at any given pcriotl, happen?
to haie so much that she can buy no more '
Would taaOy Ilot g'i to other ?itifrl f..r customer?,
' B '
erOB if there compelled to ?.'II at lets than tl.e)
ex pe? ted, rather than lose ull fey storing it up in
.N,w-Voik, for wh'ch th.?, bad th?- sole ??irme
that us here the?) alvv?)s had n murkel, ?u there
ciaiiil be BOOM in any other place ' And ?mild
not the business c .mmiiuit) write down the man
win? woiiiJ be guilf) ol such lolly as a decided
BBB I New-York may bo crammed with li-h;
but what folly to take it for granted that ail
o'her communities nre e?|iially gorged. It wonM,
no ?foiibt feg more convenient j,, H,.\\ |?.rr?i |?..
came of old habit and acquaintance; but the
market ha? change), the diinand ha? ceased,
ami though not by any mean? convenient ,,r
agreeable to seek customers in new market?
where one has no friends, yet the nece??it) for
selling require? th?? ?aerifico of both ft-vling and
convenience. The sale must be made or the
goods spoil on tho owner's bauds, and t dal loss
ensue?.
Now, it i? of no consequence, for proseut
purpose?, whether it be ti?h or labor that a man
is anxious to soil. Not being iu the cotton trade
and sugar line, wo know little of the current
price? lor it? km J ?id staples, cod and mackerel;
but of labor we can ?peak?there it more In
this market than cau bo sold. Th?ro i? no price
for it, ??"boily wants it. Owners iu this city
Lavo had it mi hand for month', nird they have
it on Laud yet. It is not only daily perishing in
their gnBjgBjBM?, but great bills with baker and
grocer ore being contracted at the same time.
They are. running into debt, in tuet mmtgagiug
the product of tbe sale of future labor to pay
lor that which they aro now la/.ly wasting by
persistent inactivity. If the labor will not ?ell
iu this market, carry it to another. If no man
will employ you here, go where some one. will
emigrate?quit New-York, it is crowded with the
uneinplo)ed, thousands of whom aro wanted iu
otb.tr places, the Wett especially, Tho. cili??4
uoed depletion, the earth needs cultivation. It
wa* only the other day we published what ap?
peared to be reliable information that iu Central
Ilithoi? there were .not band? euough to harvest
the crop?. Those who had sown them had gone
into the army, leaving uva? tu take tlitir uIkos.
Beaidei, they bad lowed s third more land thsn
tiaunl, 10 that even if sll had remained at home,
fresh help would have b?*en require??. Tbe ab
sci.tecs were mostly farming hands, and the
scarcity of help was such that laborers were
getting $2 50 a day. ?Some refused t<? pay such
extortionate price?, while othen had deter?
mined to lose a fourth of their crops, gather?
ing only what they could with the help
they bad, aud letting the rest go. August
close? up the wheat harvest, but then fol?
lows the plowing for the text crop, and cut?
ting and hulking a corn crop of hundreds of
million?, of btuliels. Thoso who planted it will
still be in the army, and more are going daily.
It cannot be otherwise throughout Ohio, Indiana,
and other States. Fartncri are willing to buy
at $1 BI a dav, the labor which thousand! in
this city cannot sell for a shilling.
In all the West there must be a permanent
demand for just such labor as is now idle here.
Agriculture has made no pause there. The
Children's Aid Society can bud homes in the
Watt) for more children than it has means to
st ni away from tin? reeking tenant-houtes of
this City. Tins is ?imply becau?o the children go
alier the BBMMB, instead of waiting for the
holms to cu?n" to them. What a lesson tbi?
fact ought to be to those of strong arms among
ii! who are now unhappily without work. It
may go hard with man) of them to part with
old associations here, and to ? ?tal,hah new ones
among ?triiiiger?. Hut the time? are ominous,
and a Lleali Winter ?till toon be upon us. They
. hate but the single commodity of labor to sell,
which the\ oiler in a market ImiM'lesel) over
it? eked. They should carry it to one where no
such oterstot'k exirt*. By sttUsaBf now, while
labor is in mo-t urgent ?1? mai..I, they will secure
bomei for the Winter. Can limy do half as well
by remain,ng lore ' Taking the ball-price cars
to Pittsburgh or (Imago, they can reach the
In art of the labor-needing region with only a
few ol their remaining dollar?, ami thence spread?
ing themselves ?nit through tbe country among
tho tanners, they will find that a fair day?
wngt-4 lor a lair da)'a work can even now be
had lor tko'i/arids of th in. M",t of tin m will
there catahliah permanent homes, uc ??. ? r .tig torus
of their own, aad will liro to hlcm the seeming
i al sxBadj whn!. drove them hence Irem ?diene?*
and poverty to work and independence.
It-it ve grant that there an? multitud?-? who
cannot readi'? pack up their good* and emigrate.
Thi? ringle men ?hot.id nut heritate a da), but
with th"??? having families it mu) be oth.rwi-e.
liven to them, the future will be as bright with
Impe as the BMMml may be clouded with gloiin.
A most inconsiderable capital will secure eighty
arris ?>f Innd, build a temporal) boute, ami
Mm'k the farm. OttM fair.) clear of city trials,
gra-f?, temptation?, and intl-ieucos, t'a?re will be
no hat.hoi mg? for the prit ?lego ot pi- >t?g a high
rent in a mean street, and of closing each ?ear
as MBB as at tho beginning. Such BBBMsSMMM
man will feel that be occupies bis own laud,
lives in hi? own house, and is really monarch of
all he sim?is. 'Ihe West ia crowded with
fhurche?, ?. li'.o'.S, Blid a highly cultivated people.
A? regard* s??.\i ty. h? ?MM nothing, but a
mu ii. Thi luirning paper, i'. ia t'Uc, nicy not
nach bun nut.I a ?lay old. but ?till he find? it
at n g .lar tuere aa lure. When a crash like
the pre*? i.t Ml BW-itskei thi country, Bt even
a MxMM Conviil-ioti ftn-h as we hate twice wit
BjsajaaJ fftfBiB t?n yeurs, where is h?: ' No hot
r??r of the notary toda); no apprehension of the
landlord to morrow. Out of MMMMM?, bo may b?'
?aid to be out ot danger. II any on? fact can
be moro apparent than another, it Mtoat bo that
of the superior cuid.tion of the (arming intctc-',
not only in average tunes, but timre parti'-uluil)
now. Agriculture alone will go unscathed
tlirotjeh Has dit..?tn?us ordeal. Though iu multi?
tudes of cas??? too humble to feed ?ts cattle ou a
thousand h II?, }??'. it leur? neither notary tnr
landlord; t.cither do ?heurts grow r,-!i IBM the
iuesger apoil it allonlt them. To break nil thus,
we know, will render necesaar) the sundering ?-I
many tender tics. Hut weigh the pre-ent; cal
cultite the future; take co-irnge tr?.m tho robust
tu 11 b of tho?n legioii? of bravo foreigner? who
leattj all, ????a eountry itself, to come among ua.
Not a title ??f them ever regret th? change.
Our <-iti?-a ore M oi ererowded aa the?. It it
acre not to, why this wide-apreud anxiety ami
?uilonng '
We observe that ?om?. ol' the journals which, for
month* pa?:, Lave been e.u.tending that the Union
wn? ilsaidrid ferever, are now accusing the IY<|
eial Ailii.iiiiKtiutioii of a derign to biing about itl
di??i.|ut:on. ( ;r.-ii!iirtauc?'S alt?-r coses.
THE SIMM: DEMOCRATIC COM EST?OS.
Tin? lleniiMracy hs? split t'gaiu. They assem'iled in
I?. I.-..a llaM < "ii\ saetea M Au. u*ta m tVatteeBdaj,
ana aannebd .n.u.i-ly til i\ny 1- ajg trfott Ibsfe reso?
lution,. Tbe C? ininii'ce, by a majoniy of one, re
I ? ri fi iu fio or of aantafetaf the (?.?voriitnont M Ml
et'otts to put sown rebellkm. The n?|oit was ?et
hsulf, in full Convention, by a vote . f M? to 1-0. >.? |
a ?'iiirtiiiiie adopt? ?I,'' opposing the war uud ncoin
.lending a National Convention f??r the purpose of
nih.pling BSMMMI that will pacify the rolellio.it.
Thereupon the Cnioii I leiiioc nU of tho Ci.nveilli u
lef?, ir ?u disgust ami formed a new Convent Lagt, which
adopted pat i ?Otic reaolul ions, ami nominated Charlo?
I>. Junaron ot Hunger for Uovernor?the Col. Jame
sou who diatiiiguUbed 1 intaelf for ?kill and bravery at
the head of the Main ?M in the battle at Hull Hun.
The sympathizers with tr-iisoii nominated John W.
lbina of r rynurg, who was tho " wild cat '' tlovcinor
of Maine iu iHp.i, and Miuister resident at Bolivia un?
der Fierce and Huehaniin.
The old huniers that supported Itrerkinrlili-e at tho
late Presidential election, though constituting but a
small poition of the party (they gave but 7,M)
votes against lio,000 for Douglus), have almost always
dominated in the party councils. They include the ac?
tive, forcible, und practiced politicians that have fur
yearn served us lbs retainers of a Government pros?
tituted to the purpose? of tie Sliiveocrucy. ?They com?
mand tbe machinery and uppliancs for ''rimming up
delegates to control their conventions. They mudo a
concerte?! rally <>n this occasion aud achieved a short?
lived triumph; foi Ihe groat body of theii organization,
who am really patriotic, though they have allowed
traitors to go to conventions sud minropresent thorn,
will iu ?September vole for the gallant Jameson?leav?
ing the nan e of Mr. Dana to bo forever associated, ?u
fitmoiisly, with a faction which, in the hour of their
country s trial, extended a f? v imbecile bauds in fra?
ternal embrace toward thos?? who were prosecuting
th? work of murder ggaiust it.
Da Bow.?Prof. J. 1). B. Be How, the compiler of
tbg Digest of ?be Ceustis of IHoO (in which tho Ninth
wa? systematically disparaged, and the South a/studi?
ously glorified), hits been appointed by Jeff. Davis to
tbg high office of Superiiiteudeut-iu-Chiof o? tbe
Cotton, 1'iv,?ami aad ?v'ucul ?upyl/ L.atu.
THE WAR FOR THE UNION.
?????a?
ISSUE OF TREASURY NOTES.
COMPARING FOREIGN TARIFFS.
Resigning Officer,?? Not Taken Back.
A Major-General for California,
CAMP OP iXST??CTIOit NEAR NEWTORK.
TIME FOR ACCEPTING REGIMENTS.
PROOF OF FAIXK-XKII'? TBEArBOft.
Special DUr-at, h to Tha It. V. Tribun?.
Washington. Saturday, Aug. 17, 1861.
SIX PKR CI'.NT TKKAMRY NOTKS.
No more 6 per cent Treasury note? will be
ia.stieil. The eugrnvers promise to hare the
7 ?Vlv per Cent notes ready at thjti end of next
week. They will then be immediately paid out,
but of no denominations le?* than ?$50,
I'ORKK.N TARIFF.*}.
The customs tariff? of the principal commercial
nation? of Lump* are now undergoing thorough
examination by WiUnim Elder. The results will
be made available for C'ongreswional u?e, and in
dun time made public. Already has Mr. 1-llder
demons!i.-?tod that the (Jobden treaty between
franco and England, to which our l'ne-lraders
have so impudent!) appealed, is a? thoroughly
protective of F re ich indu-t.-y against Kuglish
competition in the French market as the Merrill
tar.If justly am;? to be lor u?. The Zollverein,
also, is seen to guard tue industry of 11'?,0(10,000
of Germans more efJectually than any tariff?
America has ever bad.
IIKillT Of ?NMatBaawM,
The minimum standard for enlisted men in the
Regular Army is reduced to five feet three in?
ches. There is no ?taudard for volunteers.
IMi'ORTANT TO III.M(.MM. Ol Tit Kits.
Annexed to the (loneral Order which constitut
?ng tie S!a?es of Kentucky and Tennessee a
?ep?tate military cotiiuiaud, are the following
important order?:
ti.-,- aaal olticer? of Volunteer!? will n"t be permitted
I? ?!??? t their i.nif - u, i amp fi .in tLe olticer? el the
K?'gular Am y.
All (?eiie.nl and ?taff officrs who have come into th?
?ervi e ol th? l'i.it s?i Slate? under the call ?t the I'resi
d-ut for th.-e? month? volunteers aro hereby ii.u-tered
out of BBt*vka<
(?liitei? of volunteers wbo resign tbtir rommisiion?
will not BO reieivtd into the servi e of tho I'nia-d
S'at? ? a? officer? ot other volunteer organization?.
The last regulation will blight the progpects of
many who thought that they could hide tho dis?
grace of deserting their regiment under a new
connnii->ion.
A ?TAI UOKNI?? MtJOR-t.f.NrRAL.
ITer.ry Wager Hall-ck af Calilorn a we.*, mad*
a Major (?ener.-il of Volunteers to-day. lie it a
New-Yorker by birih, aud gra?luate<l at \Ve?t
Paifed i" I?daav9. II.? is th.? author of several mil?
itai) vvoik-, win brevetttd Capta-n for gallant
mailucl and mi'riforiou? services iu California in
I'IT, wan Secretary of State under the Military
(?overiiiiu'iit of California, under Gens. Kearney,
Mason, and K?ey, from 1-17 to ?Mat, and Chief
of Commodore Shubrick's S'at.* during a portion
of thu ?ame time. It it ?aid that to Liu mainly
.4 due th? territorial organization of California.
A 1A.MI' M'Ait NIAt-YOHK.
EgsaMl La Vide of New-York, has been ap?
pointed J'rigadier-liei.eral, aud will be put in
chare,?? of a camp of reudervou? aud instruction,
to be e*tabli?l.ed near New-York, probably on
I.mi?; Island, potrihly on Staten Island or in
V, ? ?tch.ati r l'ou? tv. Mr. Viele is an army
oflieor, und resigucd in 1653?
(Ulllill AK.VIV AllMUNTMINT.-?.
Oliver D. l?r?'?:ie of N'ew-iork, A??*i*taut
Adjutant-Genera!; ( I.?irles .1. Spragne of (ali
(oraia, Morgan mil M.irtiu of WatMOtMaB, ad
ditional Paymaster?. Lieut. Col. Nugent, Capt.
Kelly aud Lieut. MeMsuus of the ?Sixty.ninth,
are appointed (.'nplau.e iu the l?th Infantry, aud
join the ngiment at St. Louis.
? (>MVtl-.-XltI...?. Off M IlM-TENCK.
George M. Adam?, Wui. W? Hums, John
Kellogg, QoorgO Hell, Michael I'. Morgan, John
VV. Turner, .John 1\ Haw km?, A. l'arker Porter,
Michael 1'. Small, I Lomas C. Sullivan, Guilford
.1. Hailey.
OtaansBtion or time.
TLe ?ta'ement that the time at whi?h the ac?
cepted Now-York regiment? mu?t be ready, ex?
pired vceterday, and that, consequently, they
must be consolidated under State law, was in?
correct. I{?-giinei:t? urn accepted, to be ready at
dilfoicnt time?. A number, the (?erman K;tnger?
for ? ne, have had extension?. Moreover, |,? the
BOM giin ral older, tl.ey can bo muslered iuto
?eiv:ie uiau by man.
TIIK i.\M; Off MR. FAII.KNril.
Ex-Miuitier Faulkner wat indeed arre,ted at
n hostigo for tLe return of our (.'ongre??men and
other?, but proof of hit trea?on isnlieail) in band,
and the State Department holds the e!ue to over?
whelming evidence of his guilt. Letter? which
he has written since hi? incarc?rai ion, containing
-rave uiisrt'pieHent'.tious of his arre?t and its
cause?, were uot u.fovvtd to go to their destina?
tion.
THH ISM ?ORDINATION.
Twenty more, of the 71>th are confined, a few
of whom may, with the thirty-seven published
)e?terday, be tried by court-martial. Win. Leo
and Jus. Thompson ?re baudcurled at the guard?
house with tho thirty-?even. One Matthew Kell)
of Company 7, vociferate?* threats. He Im? thrice
at tempted to encape, and once got oil' bis iron?.
Others uro Well behaved.
To tLe A?. -i-'-J I : -i.
Washington, Saturday, Aug. 17, Ibbb?
Iix-Miniotcr Faulkuer ia not, aa has bet-u stated,
merely detained u? au h?atage for the teturu of Menis.
llniiir" aud Magmw, who went to the Confed?rale
camp for tho purpose of recovering the body of the Lit?
Col. Cameron, but for good and satisfactory reasous
to tho Government, apari from any such coneiderations.
The reporter of the Aasociatcd Pi eus at Washington
learns that a ?tateuieut is published in Philadelphia,
and perhaps in other papers this morning, as coming
from him, that Se< ?rctiia'jVak.auicri u is to he removed.
Nothing whatever of this kiud was transmitted by the
reporter, who, by this publication, desires to relieve
him?elf fiotn even u suspicion of giving currency to a
statement utterly destitute of any foundation in fact.
PllIVATEKKS AT WORK.
PiiiLAUiLiiiix, Saturday, Aug. 17, 18C1.
The Charlatan Courier of the nth inat. annouuee?
tho itfuvtU lugre of till ^lUc?is of vh? Lau ? Uwuna,
of^Philadslplila,froin Lagoayra, ?nptured by a priv,
The Courier also ?t?te, that the privatoar Jeff Day
ha? captaren a large Phi-adelpbia brig fron H.t.b
and taken ber into Bron?wick, tltvorgis, to th? ?bwnt
of th? blockading brig Perry.
MOVEMENTS OP THE CONFEDEKAT*
FORCES.
Washington, Satnrday, Aog. 17, lpgi.
The Confederate forces hsve nearly sll fallen back \
Fairfax Conrt-Hon??, tbns widening the distarte? tm
?rating the hostile forces. The picket? ?f lx>?h ?rmto.
however, occupy nearly th? ?ame sdytawsed jx-aitioa
tt? heretofore.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE,
Foktrkss MoNitor, Friday, Aog. M, >
via BxtTiMoRit, Aug. \7,186?. ' f
General Butler yesterday anumed the r?np<nmbirsi
of pay ing off th? New-York ragiinenta About gWO.Oa'
had been deposited for soiu? tiine at Old Point for tl
want of a Paymaster.
The ship Fair Wind, of ?tostm, with a cargo a
guano, was this morning burned up the Road? by vks |
K. Spaulding, iu a disabled condition. She ran aaho?
on Hog Island.
The British brig-of-war Gladiator was y?Mterds|
cruising off the capea
A Hag of Um? yesterday conveyed Mr. Wheeler
formerly I'nited Stats? Minister to Nicaragtia, to tk?
Confederate j?ickets beyond Newmarket bridge.
A Hag of trace is jnst ia from Norfolk, with Corpore
Hurlhut of the CoiiLecticut regiment, released by tat
Confederates, for Lis attention to Col. Gaidoer, afta
the Battle of Bull Run. Ho state? that a considerahk
number of released prisoner?, including ?av?rai cha
laine, will reach Old Point t?>morrow.
In bi? opinion tbe Confederates are actually praps -
ing for an atfa?k upon Fortress Monroe. That met?
lire is now popular in the Confederate camp? aud a
pn* i i '?? material (a being collected in Urg? quaatiii
at Norfolk. The attack iq on Form u Monroe will ?
made within one week, he thiii*??.
Baltimore, Saturday, Ang. 17, 18C1.
The report about an intended attack upon Fortrsn
Monroe i? a perfect absurdity.
FROM BALTIMORE.
ARRKST OF SI f l.>S|ON llJtllK.I -I'l IlNFliH?A|
ATTAIK I'PON 11IH r'EIJIRAL TROOPS AT NEW
(Rr.r.K I'.KIIK'r' EXI'r.CTF.D.
Baltimore, Saturday, Aug. 17, I8fil.
A letter from WeMeruport, Maryland, oppoaite I*iei
t noli I, dated the llith in?t., says that th? Federal scou
BMt Siimbiy night succeeded in capturing Ihres notori
on? Secession bridge-burners at New Creek.
A force of 1,100 Seceaeionist? i? reporte?! n?ar Rm
ney. Tb? Federal troop? aia at New Creek Briiig ,,
and expected to be attacked by them. The Fedet?'
have been re?nforced.
A large number of fugitive? from Virginia, ireo,
women t. nd children, in gierUdiatree?, are daily paariag
through Weiternport neekiu? refuge.
SEIZURE OF 858,000 BY ?. S. TROOPS.
St. Louis, Satnrday. Ausist 17, isW.
A detachment of United rat?tes troojo fron C?p?
Oiraideau ?ei/e.l $."8,000, belonging to tbe Bank ?i St,
Genevi?ve, yeaterday, by order of Gen. Fremont, sad
brought it to this city to-day. It is understood tha
money was !?eing u.-. .1, or would be nsed, for tLe be*?
eht of ihe Secetwion cau.-e in that section.
Tbe statemeut in tbe late new? from California, tbat
J. C. Palmer bad left tbat State for tbe purpose ?g
takim/charge of the Cointiii-aarv Department nmlM
Gen. Fremont, is untrue. Mr. Palmer has no wuntre?
tiou whatever with Gen. Fremont.
St. Loi is, Saturday, Aug. 17 -p. m.
It appear? now that tbe $-~?<*>,000 seized at St. Oera
vieve, ie?ter?"ay, wm at the request of the Direct,?)?
"f Mm parent bank here, to whom it was tratbfeired te?
day by Gen. Fremont.
Dispatches re? lied here today tbat a train convey?
ing troop? over the Hannibal and St. .I<j*?ph Itoilrtxad
was tired into by the 8eoea?inn'a?ts near Paint) ra, sod
one soldier was killed und several wound?-?!.
Gen. lape immedia.tely sent order? to Gen. Ifnrlbn
lotake such force as he deemed neoetaaary to M ri.*
C miv, quarter tbeiu en tl.e people, sad lew aBBBBB"
butioii? of hoiae?, mule?, provia?oo?, and such ot??n
t! ?tig? as are useful to soldier?, amounting to $.i',i'??
on th? inhabitant? of tbe county, and lo/??! BM ? a
the cuiz-?bs of Palmyra, as the penalty for mis outrage
??, ? -
. HOT. JACKSON S FORCE.
Kansas Cur, Mo.,8aittrday, August 17, Isn't?
We lea?n from reiiable ?our?*??? tbat 000 State ?roo?.a,
well drilled and equipped, leave Fayette, Ifov ?ir-l
County, M??., ?"-day with tbe intention ot joining Go-?.
Jut?kitotia forces in the'sortthern part of tag aTBBtM
iOO of them are ?hid to !?e mounted.
SOUTHERN ITEMS.
RATTIr'. AT I.OVI ITMVII.K, FTC.
Lot is?. II i i SoiLi-.lay, Aug 17. 18b*.
ft is denied Hlonir tbe N.sliville Kailioad fen? ike
Confetlerat? autliorities take ni'Dey from tho#e pH-.i?4)
northward, but it is known tb?? they Tek? all ?tat grid
iu iriun-itii, in ?orne ca?e? giving the owner? ciiTeiuy
theiefor, which i? at a diitcount of at lecvet eight t -r
cent.
A despatch from The Hsmmmm Union and Amer te ,0
to Tie l.o'iitrtile Courirr tmfw tbat Preridcni l?i? I?
has iseue.l a prH'iamaiion ordering all rerie.-ni? <>f i,ay
Confederate S'B'ea, who d ? not recognize ibe Coot? e
racy to depu.it within forty ?a\ ? ander pufo of to g
condemned aliens and enemn- -.
The ?mne dispatch correct? yet-terday'? anpflgoa M
?living that 11 b.t.le took j hic at l.i'.ei'sv ii-. Va., a*
?lead of Lceeburg, whei.in '..'?II Federal? ami 88 C B
federates were killed, and "?.?O iedeiu!*made pri-o? ?
the latter not lieiug able to iduum tbo liver, il ha? 4
ii ?..iiwhil.? swollen.
J he gTirlnmd Examiner ?ays tlutt official ?otu ??
indicate that 210,(?JO Co.!*e?Ura*e? were in the (let. ?*
ihe time of the pugaage of the bill authorizing JM
Pieaideut to call oot 10t?,<?'0 Volunteer?.
Tkt Richmond ?HsmsmOi i? advocating Norfdk a? t>e
gnat Atlantic port ot America.
Tbe Confederate Congress has rxsolved to adjom a a
the 1 Jtti inet., to meet iu November uext.
THE SHU* ALLIANCK-HKR PROBABLE DES?
TINATION.
Boston, Saturday, A4igu*t 17, I88i
A gentleman just arrived from Si. J??Ln?, N.B.,
stales luat tLe ship Alliauco, (apt. Do Foreni, I ? istvr
ly of Charleaion, S. C , but 1.0 v umler ihe !> 't*k
ting, railed on Monday last (01 Havana, ll-r in* ?Ms?
tiimtiou 1? well known to f-e Cbarlcat?<n. Tie ?-?euata
boHHted that be would run the blockade wiU" il ???"?
c-ilty.
The cargo con?i?U of W tuns of pig Iran, a 00001%
of pig lead, W aafboya of qinckaiiver, h v. I
rules, a large quaut.ly of si/*'?-cotton, pin?, m ? l
thread, perciitaiou caps, ma? lnna\ mm Mr. Lxuiit
Gnntootoa cum? from m\ Join, to Portland on to
?tinnier Eai.'crn City yesterday.
THE SIXTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REt
MENT.
Boston, Siturday, Aug. 17, l*"??
TIm likh Maswirliuset.s Kegimeni, Col. WvuM\
will leave Camp Ciuueron ui noon lo-day, ia?n'b M
liimtou, and pr?>4>ad via Fall River aud New-iork to
the ?eat of war.
P. Af.?Th? 16th Regiment left ?t 3J p. n., MB ?are
River.
A regiment of cavalry is being ralsod in Mi-iiM??**
setts for the war.
TUE BOSTON BANKS, Ei'C, AND THF !.0Al*f
?MOVEMENTS OF COL. LANDER.
BosroN, Sgtunlay.Aug. 17, i^1 ?!?
The Boston Bank? agree to take toa nillions ?Ml
tbe oountry bank? live million? a? the Lrtt fogialUasal
of the (joveriuueut Loan.
Col. F. W. Lander i? ou a vitit to his lather iu LyBBt
yvlit? Los at llo point of u-.-.nlu
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