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ARIR1C ? >" I Ul Ll>K iNSCBANCK COMfABl
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MOTT'a I I . ? cal I'omai'B K-stores (.my Hair.
tol? i' | ?? BttTtat?! r.move?dandruff tttBai
lat "iel ?S. by Bl ?mtob K? II A?t r Hine and drnx.uU.
FLOH '? ..-.??TITt U SBW'|n?.-Ma.( RIRRS
t?t''ewald. rnonascB Uavine Micaisr (one? ?v.
N? Mtv lirtvadwir
UtrROTT - I i-. a.-.*? n n H M A?. H inks tor Tail??? anil
Maa.tr? : ?? vat k lia* ia .?twite Mai Hi.? i Coarin.
tir. ?a Bro?''
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HOWB? MA. HIN! I'OMPAKT ?IrUAt HlilVr.
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WaTRRLRl a*. WlLBtiBt IrtTXTn-fflTTCn BKWllO
Ma ?hi asd 11 maaai Mseaiwn. it?, at a?a?dwaj
' i ? . $'?? per doter*; Duplicntes, *???.
ha aee?tlt?a ? . ?- ' k L 1 tot? Ki ISO ( h.a.?.., ?t NT.
Wtto])o? ??ailo %xi?mt.
Mt?Nl)AY. JULY 30. 18G6.
The Beesit.n <f the IIouj?* clo*<d on Suturdav wiih
tlirtoe cheer? fr "ular Ltole Speaker," rrroposed by
\ai Stroofit, a Democrat, aul heartilj resixinded to
P c1 preuei ? _
lae Army b. J, m pasdoa?*aaaiiy, provides for tlie
ajailition to the t-gular ajniy of 64 companies of in
ian try. two tvuipaaies to be added to each of the el?
s'iii.. 27 (?atfalii.ns: eigbt new rcgimentg of infantry,
iai: of which shall be Yoterar?, Reserve?, and fonr
colored troop?,', and abo fojir additiorattl reglm?*ril>T of
In the last hour of the *e;?:i>n of Conjjros* the Pres
l*e?nt sent in a Veto of the b.li to erect the Territory
i,r ?Montana into a aarve.ving district, ti ecu ti ve
tetctptions are taken to the Bale of l8 alternate odd
a*x:i?'?d of liind to the Now-York Iron Mining and
Mintifactoring Company, at 91 25 per acre, provided
lar ia the bill. The Company ii organized under tho
|?wi of the State of New-York, and the President ob
|e>ctA to granting it extraordinary privilege, and ron
lol of so much property ia another State. To the
fiMt three pccUouii of the bill, providing for the ap
fe-'iutment of a lurreyor-general, register, and re
r* ter, thpre are no objectioni, save that they seem
I? In intmnded only to cover over and carry through
tie Mi mu g Company's land grant Baction.
Oar W^ington coirespondent givee ?n amuiing
?VxiMint of the night Msiion of the Houm, from which
Hw ? find that the political disputes of members have
?aal no permanent effect on personal good feeling
tiiaddens Btereni, who had gat up all night, the next
??ming made aipecch for freedom, a fact which
%7es good relton to hope he will make many more.
jWr. laAJid?ll, a Pennsylvania Democrat, offured the
I .'solution of thanks to tito Speaker, and, with the coat
?reply of Mr. Colfax, the Minion ended. We print to
lay t completa inmmary of the billa and joint r?solu
???.ni pgjeed during the eeiiion, with a review of the
Barb?la work of Congre? from December 4 to July 28.
wrotn thcie documents, which hare been prepared
tortth ?"Teat cara, the legislation of the put eigbt
)fci?*?uUi may ha conveniently surveyed by the reader.
?; - -""-^
. In arder to give our readen the newe from all parta
iba world, wa tbu. moniing luut a tripla iheet. On
jpjie arst, second and third pig m wa girt full and in
detalla of the inoceseful laying of the At
I viUo Cable, with the history of the enterprise from
i tarliMt organixation of the company to the oom*
[?lation of the great work of eatabliihing com
aiijjioation between the contiiiantii ?deo, re?
fit w ol' "Tha Bible oa 8trong Drinki;" on
Bhe tight arid eleventh paget will be found
M'ongreMionil matter, tocludinf t krynopiii of
the itoportaat billa patoed diirlng tha MMion, also
areueral foreign newt and New-Jeraaj l?tame; on the
fnitttli page, additional reporta of the great implement
?trial at Albany, No. V. of Bayard Taylor'i " Trip to
Colorado," icientifio matter, ? Cc?iigreigional Li
aiwary," "New-York and Norfolk,'? and news from
Canada; on the tenth, Mexican newt, letter from
/tHhenandoab Valley, law, tx?rj**j_ercial, and mariue in
It WM remarked before the Board of ilealth that of
I I member, of the Father Mathcw Ittittj iu
^tw&amw m -?? ni mftt\ m.mt?k.?il
. whrit Bamber, if an;. oi OU ivilowp,
, Ajneiioaa Protesta te, Fenian-, .?amii
: bo l (?iTir. i let the
ringla or iiiini!i"ti laflnenea nf bent, bad digestion, or
i la not know, rt:i 11
ii'?iil?' fin |i:i?y "it. 'I ? c,t-nt of the
.1 far baan bo bd ill ?? vtofotil m
? healthy m-nii'"'>: I ? of' tho '
M Baalri ?. lui ti. ? b uabBia el ?????
.?I'li'ii ure ia mai ii tin aaaafaradlolha
,,.,?? ,,.,,.h pg^nitalaaraaab
laaaon from tha li?t ?bet, na pteftfeif gen
Bia] prineip!..-?, WIN H lift tl)"t ii ?ronny of th* victims
t?! the ebolera aro [rieb, aft- th?'. n my aftbe dinciploa
. bet btatbew ara tbahr ?e |M> aft Looking Mb
? ;,: i ? , ? of toatpa-anee ?''piar? hy ?io means
?l-l sanitary precaution. Further, ive might ask
. , I ? cholera, hut the fftea?
t? n y aaeAeea. We ku-nv that tho rum
- li ira decided for King Cholera in pr?f?re nee to
Father-fatbew. Wy kuow that on Injun 'ion iu
I'liviT of thu bone-boilers, the fat-niolters aud
Ibi paet-bauafollows lngicaily an injunction baba?
ii iii ni th.? grog-?hop, thopoor-h'. ; a, and tbe hospital.
Wbj no11 The obaaapl ?na ot delirium an.l epidemic?
ti; it ii what the judicial enjoitiurs Btnoant to in tho
i.iit an .ilynis?areone and the -.ann?. -tftVlonf < ?m even
: HatbftW Btbfti the deadly aft irks BBBftft upen
hi n, ii' he lives ia a neighborhood of mj niiiioiiary
.?botan, fiankctl vs'it.i aoftaboffiag aal fat-uniting
eatftbt-E-BBIrbj and abattoirs, and c-.it.?combed with
: rpe1 Tho rum-drinker? will not be a whit oom
I t<? know that *vir city judges aro their friends
OV'T. to the iafttb?
Oa BatU-daT, for tho fixth timo (lunng tho 80s?ion,
' >r lKHilittla protested that he hal saved the
Uni .it party from annihilation inWiseon :n, and com
1 ?''lined bitterly el the bftM hpftHtftie ftf Baft, party
o .t now nib-ad to ian hint. Poor i>.-oiittle'
A diabolical system of kidnapping has been re
? petto! t<> the Navy Department, the trap-in* of fr.-el
Baal Bft f._iplt<>H"il at Peaaaeola Hay, a'iJ selling them
?a ricrea in Cnba. Dae eftbeaa atare ilnope ern
IbfftUaJtai stale- teaaaltftftd found to bave
on lin.inl l."?0 frecdmen. Ti ' Wl hat? s-'ues of the
Civil iiights bill! Yet The lnWOBSBJ8tbafrc lii-i
inu.->t lo >k to old slaveholdors for j :st o and protec?
tion' It la said that parti?- iu New-York areimpli
1 m tliia (levi?sh hu-inoias-i, anil tindoiibtcdly
pnit-H I li >' baw balpe! ta make aaeb
1 oabftgll pe?attla -I UM South must take their ?haro
! "t the terrible responsibility.
TIB ATI ?Mil CABIM?.
A hop?; often defeTrcd, and by many almost aban?
done-, lia* at length been fulfilled- Tbe cabl ? ar-ros.
the Atlantic, connecting the Old World aud tho New,
is- an accomplished fact, aud we arc able to publish
this inoniiug F.uropeau news ouly tb-M day.old. The
iutelligtcco of thi-j great suecos? will be (aceita- with
i fcetlaiji nf the Diost lively joy by the rronple of this
country. It ii anotl.r-r grand atop In the onward
m ir h '?f civilization; fir th:? cable will ir..p ???
lioiiably prove a powerful agen, y in promoting in?, ft?
national cornitj*, and in farthering tho ends of a
healthy commercial intercourse. Evi ry friend of
progress, of peace, of humanity, w.ll inJoiftO that what
bal been so long a dream ii? now in a f?r way of be?
coming a reality. Trom the ?hire? of tho north?
western portion of thin continent the tolegrxphic win
is l'i-ing carried into Russia; the world will maon lu?
girdled with this instrument for the tr.c.-'.ii?, >n of
IbftBgbl with the lightning's ?peed; and tim? "tho
ends of the earth will bo bltMgbi together," hi fulfill?
ment of ancient prophecy.
The success of lliii fl, I a 11 il IlilgotlB?Inf nUl consti?
tute an epoch in the world's ln?tory, af which th?
record of tho cnterprire will firm ouo of the most
dramatic pages. Fut-te geucratiori, vc .11 real with
intense interest of the steps by which ?nece*!? wa4
ultimately gainod. How tho many obetBfjlBB that pre
?c-nted themiolvea were, by mean-! of a steady p??rde
verance and a noble courage, eventually overcome;
how repeated failure?, u_?tead of disheartening, only
induced redoubled exertion? to accompli? the great
end in view; how at ?en lilac euthusiam and practical
skill combined to ?ustain effort and give it the great?
est possible efficiency, how the iniprovemantaia narai
architecture, of which the construction of th? Cr.-it
Lastern is the proudest trophy, prepared the way for
the carrying out of the enterprise?al! Ibaaa, and
other equally iotoreiiting pn?Lts, w:!! continue to at?
tract attention a? long aa ths human family take an
interest iu the bU^Mive steps by which the world
advanced to that high ?Iat? of civilization toward
which it is now rapidly moving. "Peace hath its
victories," and the Buoce-rj of the Atlantic Cable will
ever be regarded as ono of th- moat glorious of them.
The originator? and promotar? or ti.?? enterprise,
baw? ?ara?x1 the gi-.tit'ide of the world for their noble
efforti in the work. They dc^ervo all hoaor, and
more substantial rewards, it is t>? be hoped, will not
bo wanting for them. Tho American people will re
I leal with satisfaction and pride upon tho prominent
part taken in the enterprise throughont by Mr. Cyrus
W? Field. It ii hardly too n ich to say that hut for
his persevering efforts the cable might -till have boen
among things possible.
A fact moro emphatic than any comment, it that to?
day tee publish news from Europe to the Kit oj July. In
less than a week wo oxpect to print every morning the
important European now? of the day before. It ia
impossible to realiie at once a fact of such tremen?
Til IHK OF JirrKBSOT at a vin.
We na re heard that the friends of Jefferson Das ia
profess their ability to overthrow the testimony of the
witness Lewis F. Bates. Bates, it will be remembered,
swore that when the dispatch of Otu. Breckinridge,
announcing the a-aassination of Lincoln, was received
by Dan ft he remarked: ?? Well, General, I don't
know that if it were done at all, it were better that it
were well done, and if the .?erne had been done to
Andrew Johnson, the beast, and Secretary Stanton,
the job would be completed." Davit's confidants
believe it can be proved that Bates was not about at
tho time the telegram from Brockinridge wa? re?
ceived. They assert that on bearing the news he,
singularly, made no remark. Both vorsions have
pointa of curiosity. One thing, howover, ii not de?
nied?that Doris was in proper person at Batet'?
house in Charlotteaville on the day of the dispatch.
If, as it appean, the Investigating Committee have
established the fact that the Secret Service Fund of
the Confederacy was absolutely in the custody of
Davis, they hare made ?ure of their fin t point. That
a plot waa entertained to blow up Washington ; that
Blackburn, the ?mall-pox Borgia, was oontracted
with to burn the Mississippi steamers; that a con?
spiracy to burn Now-York was paid for and set on
loot; and that the agenta of these sereral enterprises
were all found in neighborhood with the managers
of the a_8a*?in?tion, ia proof preiumptiro that
the agency which embraced such desperadoes a* boat
burners, hotel-burners, and small-pox propagandists,
had also ita paid aseaasini. If Davis encouraged bia
?ubordinates to lioenie the burning of peaceful cities,
be waa no bettor than a desperado himself. If he was
responsible for the inhuman treatment of our prison
era, who ia ready to doubt that he was the most
wretched of -asaasins ? But plfuaible showing does
not end here. The evidence on thi trial of the anas
alna, and memoranda marked Dr. J. W Uootb, found
together with letter? of now wejl-known secret agenta
in the Rebel archives, go measurably to show that
Booth and Surratt wero in theemploy of the Itubcllion.
(.ranted that Blackburn (about whom there ii no
-^?Ja, >?^r?e-t k^iki Hi fti -yy_;v'.iV jg Uj*.
riecret ser-ico of JefiraOR .??ris, what WORM ;
towal Con] 1 s iretary B dinna fat ;.r
tm Manie br ita? of Um ?lima eoarnittel It
IRM 'd R it-, ck! I>u--, ti:- rep irte 11 llolta ?1
ti:.' 11 | af Or vv.iul,l ihr n.
Jatfob ]:. .?n,-.ja bare beta ifuilty, find lu? m ? I ?
1> E 11 iMy biri is Uto believe tin*
the i..-?.;.i iii..n ? . Bodaottd without
n grntl ill ii more money than any of ihn i .,-., a,r Cars
IV'.. kiitvvii la poaMt?!.? m their own it..,i\niuai re
ItRTOeij tod ptttf li entirely wanting to sin??,- th.it
it wa?, an i?ilepeiident coi'sj ir ty, mldy gotten up
by a niiiiii'?i II -i ? li tory te i.-iu? ii? that MMhRMR
do their work uloiio. li >i>th titi I It 1 ti Ins tragedy
in C'lt-thr.i.it company.
Tlio testimony :,o fur gttfctml h?3 bc-en sufTi, ?en!,
after the laps- c4 I yea*, bt k^tlWOglj Itoprtm some of
the i'.l ?I cul fairt'vt llli'.l of til ) I.llltl?aini.ng the ill
Oor. 15 ?:.'..veil H. Jndg'??Aih'ocato Bolt. Such tos
tiinony nits? inevit. ibly eton wtogW willi tho loyal
pe >]i!,', liovvcvi-r min li it intj be i .?nt-nined on the
other hand. Wt ?supposo that every citizen in the
1 IM, is coiiNi'iOiis of .1 mystery in the events of the
assassination that rc:nii:i-. tfl fa I I ?1 veil and decided.
Thu.-e who trtlun Rt iin*?i.r;Aiice whatever to the
Bbntnof Ittt anil hferem- drawn from llie whole^.tl
murder of prison, rs to the taking off of one man in
Washington, ili?crcditcd their country long before they
ce??'l to luspect its enemies. IToof may be yet
wiintinr.' to place Um finger of justice on the prime
mover; but. outside of their task ni th" courts, the
champion-, of the t?omplaiuing prisoner in the Fort
in ?nt Aonfiiiiit history, and tWtnORM the judgment of
men. lu common with ni:?"-tc:ith-i of Um American
ptwple, wt do aaWMt -fujUvly KUfOOi .Jefferson Davis.
WehiveherirJth.it.iljoveallmoiiiii Washington, l'resi
dent.Johnson did not; lint of ti. i' tt ? itttT. ?Ye havo
not failed to demand, in tho interests of the country,
hi. speedy and impartial trial, or, in default of proof
rendering hi? enlarg-in-:it .licig-rtt'ii to j'istice, his
prompt NiMH lik ? other prisoner? held for trial. The
national suspicion which rests on this one man presses
him forward t" a public trial. The Irut? of ?lie invonl
igation givt? renewed emphasis to the demand that ho
sh iU be tried. Further than to enforce this demand,
we h i-e not Jun?te fail tttt.
the Kin it i???is
Wh i? |g ia he don- with our /algal iimrt Mbaring
to put up with tLenr A judge wh.? pi.?dire-, teni elf
to rum and the ptttfltRM is not only in ?hmoorh
liwver a bad j id?'", and a legal inenbu?, but be i?,
besides, a tttRgtaXRM ::'.'?r.l'cr ti MB it} tfbM )- <"
be done w*h him I Bott rum and tim < bolera, as the
eiperierite of half a year his proud, could be
?p-.rrtad "'it of the way, if wa could only get
gaol riddance of some of our juives. They,
alter all, are t'.e r-.il taRMto B, which th- oip? r m.'tits
of the Hoard- "f Health and Bnfto toMR It I"- power
less to tl.-iLi!?'. t. Wt caiiii.it ipriuale their d'
with (!ii.'."'.-id-of !;*n ?; MWkt? ? ? of trv mg to
dissipate epidemii ' The effort? .?f the li ?aid at II? alt li
leud MM way, thee of our city Judges go another.
Health, reason, morals and common sense, working
in the (?:?;. - ! eh tlf, bara fa en me', ti cv-ry minore
?mt tttp fajf an liij-mf:":: It w-u never iii?r<?
nece-ssry than now l! ii Ik? ?roggoriOl si- i'-l
fat (!"-.'l; fall tt ?'?j".?.-t:o:i k.p* !'. :;. IftR. The
; bttltfa is t . ' . .tv. lil? Hi?'
la?t, "'t ti?
ono be surprised tha*. the cirse of juin iel
it .m m .>ur ( ai.v i ..?rta hi? "irmly
fa...ri!>:. It BRI 1'i".'r fir-.t a:i.l bad health
afterward. II twe n perpetuating the pr
aDd 1 ' the bone -boiling and
ft':. wini?? the health of the
' I ?'? r-.ng ?, it t.-v-r niilT-reJ I".f.re, it is n'?t
needful to-how the r?'!it:.?ti. Our r0\ fMfM bare
made it mc 1 doubt or civil that a judge
V.) .. ; i ? | j lill;, r-rtdy t<>
protoot.i"'.'- a by in tajan lion. Ko laoanl of ra?
sp? '. ?"7 j-, -I of t??1 iTAt I ?Q for Icptl
j. ? -r-i'y cin ion? v:'ln* cid tho rv 1? tl.tt faafl
been ni. 1" dully from 'h'- bein.h upon (he pub'.;,.
The war is serious th- ?ORtoM a
vi Um fall? by the epidemic, anti
all ?!. ire bo .??1 to tic.k.mmon
against UM bench. || i? ?Id, in behalf of the rum
j judges, tha? thry are I ..neat men, and are bennd to
in' -prct UM ItW ? . ? la th-:r 1 gilt?, nhi'thcr
their JnOfTRRRal OOR0iott Watt the ?K.pulnr oj.inion .?r
not Wtthtll try ti. ? itimat-th.- pitt i* ?ti worth.
Have we bearii of ?me of our judget running (ounter
to the ?:.t-rest that el-ct.-l bim' III'.? not w '.
of them b-i:i f .r, 1 1:1 dire??'. fc.i.-'.il.ty tt tht public
conscience ' Remarkably, not on?? of their ?vp-al erron
In-." ever loaned la. virtue's sido, while the drift
of their cftry decision, lofficientl** important
to draw peueml attention, boa beeu invariably
opposed to every reform, no rnit'.er Imt will
?"jjyporterl by enactment or approve?! 1-, tia
Intelligent roi. o of tim community. 1
le (ome a judicial atiom that in doubtful. a.?e- I :
btorpraUtion, d?cision ii to be rendered on the eido
traiith i? manifo-tly that of the public g..od. If kui li
I IrrM existed either in the case of the Ktcise law or
that of tin recont ?nj-inttions iu favor of l?one boiling,
t!i- 1'ity of our judges was clear. The student or re vbr
of the lawn against the evcos? in luiuor triiiffic, and in
preservation of the health of the city, cannot believe
for a manient that these, laws were Ineffective
for their ubj.-i I-, wer? our judges in sympathy with
the general good. They have profernd to btraln a
point in favor of the worst cvibt which threaten the
Community; and with do pleasant ant?c?dent! to full
back upon, their reuord for fttn M an account of da
grace loug outitandiug. Whether knavery or stn
piility ioho the problem of judicial iinlitiie?*, the
public is of one mind that they are unjuitod to their
The highest and most eanicit good of every citiien
in New-York demands that the evil? of the bonch
?should be abolished. We speak no news when we
tay what has been u home truth to the rast majority
of thin community for years past?that our judicial
system should be reformed. We may do this by hav?
ing good lawyers appointed to tho bench to hold
office during good behavior?we may consolidate and
chango the business of some of the Courte now
eioriisiiig latge coordinate powers; but wo can do
nothing without an appeal to the constitutional right
of the people to alter ami amend their institutions.
How long tho temper of tho public cm brook suth
decisions as have lately insulted the good sense of
this community we cannot tell. We have only
knowledge of the almost incredible enormities en?
dured at tho swindling hands of tho "King," and from
the grasping greed of corporators, backed by an
imn.oral municipality and bench. Wo cannot long
stand two classes of assailant? in our places of greatest
advantage and power?the batteries wc hare erectod
against evil-doers turned by evil-doers against our
seh >? i. We cannot afford to cheriih a pestilence on
the bench or have our courts an eternized nuisance.
We must be sure that those employed to wrve us do
not make us their slaves, and we matt appeal to the
peoplo to right themselves by the poweri of the Con
Btitution, and put an end ?.o the evils of such au elec?
tive judiciary as now disgracei Bud "ppres-ies New
The riou*e insisted on tho provision in tho appro?
priation bill, increasing tho salaries of members from
$3,000 to |5,000 per annum, and rejected the pro?
vision for the equalization of sol?ici?' bounties; tho
Senate rejected tho salary prorision, but insisted
on tho bounty clause, u:id there was a (lead
lock that pu.mi,.!(_ for a short time to defeat
two nu who measures; but noon the BtMM
entered into an understandm?/, WA M fa other
whereby tile ineillh-rs pli.l thtilll-?'!',i't ?fcJ.IHrl)
m\y\ yAU_, lAUtl iu-.fVitA-.ud lU'J _?,bl?V CmUvUllaXU
over |900,000,OOC to pny bounties to coliliers iu
rauft BB?nf B *3 ?teni thu wiil leave their receipts
about na anaajaal aa tin y ona on-. Mr. Fe ?naen
very properly ?-aid, that " sninel?ody c1.?a bOB-la tim
-'ililiei-. ongbl to be i "ii-iilt.-tl un thi? quotion." Out
.-i.lo of the ranks of the army, the people will bo
I'oiiinl oppoaed to the appropri ilion of bo large i ?nu
af BBBftBJ lor t!i., purjiD.-i-. i'.fty or a buudrcd dollars
will alford but little and temporary eatisfaction lo
the collin r, ssli,I.? the bill will render necessary an
BBBMBBt Of tftftfttioft -bil will be felt through many
T?R Illili? OF li:?!''.
Trlegrnphs have always been clfissed among the
chief apostles of pea. ? and peaceful progress, and ii
will, therefore, be regarded as a remarkable cc itici
loane that on the first day of our telegraph:- commu?
nion with the Old World we receive the new? that a
treaty of peace has been signed between Austria and
1' ?i. The information conveyed by the telegraph
is, of course, meager, but it is sufficiently definite to
!. ive no doubt that Austria has acceded to all the
chief demai.els of Pru?-?ia.
We are not yet fully informed about all theil? de?
mands, but we know, from official ami semi-official
neolarattwaa af the Prnneiaa Government.that tho most
essential condition of peace i? the withdrawal of
?aat-ia from tho German Confederation, which will
now be reconstructed un.ler the nol?1 and nudisputcd
le ni ol' Prussia. It i? equally certain that Prussia will
u?.w BftBf the two Duchies of Schleswig anil HoMetS,
whether as a Prussian provin e or under the semblance
of at'mi-indnpf-ndBOOO reiii.iiiis to be ?<?<? i- Mon-mi-r,
.???mi-official PriH.-iaii p.tours have de? dared, in acconl
anc?' with th.i opinion expressed bf Louis .V-ipnleuu in
lus letter to Dru'!) n ia I.huys, ?li li Prussia must in?
sist on having the western and the eastern portions ol'
(hokingdom permanently BBftft-l Uti Wi I IfB to wait
for later account? to know if this rectifie tatton of fron?
tier is to be effected by means of annexation or by ev
change of provinces. We ure, on the other hand, u-?
stiretl that Prussia was not to (-?aim the cession of Bo
hernia iiml Moravia, and as the ground of ft
' i a fie iioii-t;. mian diaraeic-r of their popula?
tion is ad ino <l. Such a grana! aeeaaa t" ?
that I'm-?:a might desire the annexation, or at li-.i?t
tho s?paration I"; mi A:.stn i, of tlio?t? ?.roi im BO, which
M an**jl| Qanaaa*aa Dpfea and Low..-- \ ,? ?
and Salzburg. It la, liov?i-v?-r, probable that, having
obtained tho i Inef end of bu anihitiou, Pnis.sia will
not ii:?.-t on (li-iiianiliii:f any Aiictri:ui terriior), bal
leave the fat.- ot ii.? (..-tuiain? of AU'tn.i to bl '1" Mad
by the futuro.
However this queel.'?? may be settled, t'.ie triumph
of Prussia is complete. Whatever ll,eii?)inii,al relation
of the aaaaflai 0 mian State? in the reconstructed i
C.itif.-.lemtion may be, virtually tin- n. w Con
I't iel ii'Kill. SSl'.ll It? Jiop-llstil.tl o' o\.-r l'l,IH?l,. 'I
ni j.?ile, will I?- identical with Prus. u, which hence?
forth will not be second, in power and influente, to
any of the great li ir?ip?"an Pnwi-r?.
lill -imtismi'Pi I.BVBK?.
Congress lias se?-ti fit to withhold the BfpC (?ir.ii'ion
of nioner for the pt oust?idion of tho broken levees
on lim lUariarivnl Brrer? ami tbaraby _ri__a
acre? of the most productive l?nds in the country urn
n-sigued to th?-fl.Hids for anotbai sear, and the vast
r.-v. trie from abet. product- lost to the Tn-aaury. It
i, t.? be bena! II it am ??afeaaBntaftrtae Wm% during
wbeta siiiij.?? ' ot th- pentaa*
tion c?l the val?.-y of the Mississippi from oki flow.
II ?ill not attain the -.hj.vt to Bffiaffftlfttl or loan
ti.une;, to t!.- gtal I I ;'?- BBBBft Ball of this work;
. ftfttbaabaai brie! m battu lajn aa! failed. In
I--,, ( - ,.-. . ,-r t i'.-.t t,. the S'.i'fs in the \.?J!ey ot
th- MUaia-lppI ?11 the land.? aabject to ov.rflow. with
that the pnxeeils of the ?ale
tibo-ed ?bead I be ?;?.ii d ei 1 :-.v?-iy, a. fir ii
r.-.-leinung ami protecting ?aid
land- bf -Mam "f |. se.'? aud ?lr t in
i i.e mina .-f tbeee lands wa* BanVeeal at arreo tbe
binV? of tbe Mississippi 30 feet high from th?< Gulf of
Mexico to si Louis, imt the munificent donation waa
BBiaft?nad oal t" ruling poUtielaai who
were thus made wealthy, and ali" ?''b.-eiiuently em
! t!. .- i!' | and carry on
r? l?ellii>n. If miifiscation is to be eufor od, here ii a
psWfBI Jii. LI for i'h appin it: m. At K-ast '.he titlo to
-;i!i por.ion? of these lands as yet remain unsold
Baftftnl bl nt imcil by tin- Cuitcd states Gnvernun'iif,
ami, after tv. l.iu.ation and protection, sold fir t!.?j
ber.cfit of the lev?.; fund.
Ms making IB exception in Mr. Patterson? case,
( ongreM would have been, by Bet precedent, at lib?
erty to make as many exception? to the test-oath
a? it plea'e?. The (-?incurring volo of both Houses
Baajat-Me the folding-door? of almisiion, through
al i? h not evcu Mi. Patterson cutered- Lvery m-n
applicant, who cannot take the oath, mu-t enter by
this narrow opening, ami a good many (?reeks
have yet to find their way into the Senate and H"U?o
before Congress admits the Trojan ln?r.-?' and yields to
i \ There ia less need than ever to n peal the
oath, riftl I Mr. Pattcr.-on on Saturday took the un
iii ?hind nulli, ami v. a? n-gularly swuru in a* a Seua
The Journal of Commerre charge? the Collector of
Customs with having sold the warehouse privile.'i-, M
a monopoly, to a single party for the sum of ft40,000.
It ii ?aid (similar negotiations had be-'U made by
former Collectors, and that merchants, compelled by
law to store iu the d?- njjnatud houses, pay exorbitant
storage rates to reimburse the keeper in the privilege
money, and also to enabl?' lum to realue largo profit?
on his investments. The practice is a fraudulent par?
version of the intents of the law, which should be
suminarly corrected by the proper authority.
Messrs. Ben. and Fernando Wood havoalre nly taken
proprietorship of the Philadelphia Convention. They
di not objict to allowing a delegation of Republicans
to come in, provnled they behave themselves?'? pro
videil," ?ay? the apostle of Peace and Chance, " they
stand squarely on the principles of the Randall call.
If thi-y hcmcstly act up to it wo shall be glad to see
them there. But there must be mt looking one wy and
rowing another." We lieg Mr Raymond's ntUjotioa.
By ?special telegram from New-Orleans it will bo
seen that the Rebels proposo to break up the Consti?
tutional Convention by force. We hope the Pr.-i
dent is pleased with the results of hid policy. The
Attorney-General of Louisiana has telegraphed the
President that the Convention is bogus, that Gov.
Welled ii in league with tho Radicals, against
?orno of whom the Courts aro about to take action.
The President directs that the military shall neither
oppose tho Court? nor the Conrention, which is
equivalent to leaving tho Convention to tho mercy of
The Richmond Enquirer seriously wonder? whether
tin? contest will " proceed to blood." In the first
place, there is nobody who want? to light, and, in
the MM! place, thero is nobody who wanta to bo
fought. The only fightiug nun wo know is Ray
tnoud; and, u he is ono way this week and another
way tho next, ho will be kept pretty busy fighting
himself. And, under such circumstances, vi o do not
think the conflict will " proceed to blood."
Mr. Iiefn-e; has ?len removed from an office which
he . rcditably liIle-.I. to make way for Gen. Steadman,
win? hu raaafttli ban aadba-lig th" duties of a not
v.-n an ditable ullin, N,miman lias stood hy thi
Pre nient, ami ssv mlinii?. ft| promptitude with whlcb
he, hil b?'.'U Qfltwf!.
THE END OF THE SESS8IOX.
The Spirit and tho Work of the Fint Sestion of
the jrTu'ty-Ni-th Cong-esa.
CEVIt?, Of Til rOLirYOFRECON.STUrCTION
Winn tbl Tliirly-11'ulh C-tigress MM?Mtl ni Wa?h
lagttRt I>?'ceuiber 4, Hoo, it f..mid the national affairs in
anaret edeatel confu-ion. S?;ven month* before, ?be 1*1
teal had declared all armed oppo?ition to Hu? Ooverument
ended. For nine mont hi Congress had not I.e. n la
s-tvM.m. When it adjourned, March I, the war still raged.
Sh-rniaii was BWOlflRg ttiron-li North Carolina, omi had
not yet reached Fayetteville. Sheridan waa moving op
ti.| Sli-iiainlnah,!) anng the Rebels under Gen. Early on
his way to Lynchbiirp. Petersburg and Richmond still
brifetlcd with Hebel guns, and ('rant a vast anny lay niud
I,und lic'ure tb'ir walls. I??*c was appealing to the peo?
ple of North Curoliu? tor provisions, ?indat tho same time
the Koi.il.-ni press was loudly boosting that Uiant
and Sberuitn iroilj be be.i'.eii ia ti? * .n I. No
one cecil certainly tty when the war ara?il end,
Ibaagh ?li knew that the cml was near. B?erait?
lie, stun ,1 tt-'l by au overhunging dril', ?j? proc-d
mtr in the North, und the Rebellion pr?s, nte.l g
bold nu.) di finn? front. Abraham Lincoln was still
rre-nl-iit, iiri'l on the very day of its udj ?urnmetit the
Ronato ?dsioiireiied iu extra session !.. take part in his
r-inuuguration. None of the nieu who listened that da}
.to the Inaupiir.il \>idi??? of Andrew Johnson imarin-d
lliat in a ton weeks ho would become the head of th? Onto
citiiii-nt. Th?) futur?? was brimin. The clouds of war were
(lisp, pjjag, and the Thirty-eighth Congress ended its at?
i.?t t.? in ilie faith that our National troubles were nearly
over, and f rusting implicitly lu the ability and Integrity* of
Iba I'c -iil-iit, who l.v I'.i.ir y-iirs of war had batR thor?
oughly t-st-.l und Ltu-'it. Fur nine months the adminis
tr.tii.ii c.f tito (iovcruinciit was to bo trusted to the Lieou
live ulalie, yet no one dreamed that the National policy
wn? la be r-versed.
Ilnnllv had the UK'nlter? of OeRgtoM re,?' lied their
hone l before the whole country wa? filled with rejoicing
at-r iii?' full of Richmond; and. triumph after triumph,
( a:i- Hi. .-.rrender of Lee snd his whole army. Then the
.tra, the tumult, the thunders of a thousand minion,
wer- sil -need l?y the siugle pistol-jliot thitt end'd the life
ot Aliiahaiu Lincoln. Even while his funeral procession
passed slowly thron-h the land, Shermia received from
tho hand afjebaataa th- la-' broken sword of the Rebol
lion. Tiie terms he ?fanted to the enemy were thought
far too lenient by the peopl-, and were instantly roslin,Iel
hy t!i.? in w President. Then a few perilous insulted
Providern- I.;, dedaring that God had remove 1 Mr. Lui
coln bei aus" a sterner mind w.s n.led tor tho work of
reanoiistriiction, as if, like a poor politician, Heaven
was only to ?uceecd in its purposes by the asaasataa
lion of a goal man. Still, tho natiou fuit infi?
ni th Mr. J..han.n. Hail he not said that treason
was a crime, snd must bo made odtoai, and that
i traitors mu?t be p- uislied ! II- would hang- them ia'
? high is H in...!! he ?Bid, bul the rail of the future was cot
? v -t lifted to r-ve.vl only th- foul astasiiu?, aud Wir/, tli
vrrrt< liol tool <?f worse men, twinging upon the gallons.
I No one look-d forward to ti-long, wein?,,mo impri. on
| in-lit ?.I Jeff. I? ni?, aud tho humiliating epei lui 1-ol' a
I <...v-n nu ni ulra.d either to try or to rebaso its chief
I i-iii'iny. The ?xjoplo lind nut yet recovered from tho ?hock
I of Mr. Lue '.L'e death before a President i al proclamation,
' ilntcd Maw '-.', off-red ? re? ed ol' $100.1)1)0 l'or Je*. Dan?,
1 and ( luirimd lum vvitli in. itti.g tr.d proc?:ring the nssnisi
nntion. Hi? orr "t spoedily followed,and the Babel leider
wuplsc.il m Fortrose: Monroe?, and up to this time the
terrible ch.irtr? hris n-rer been withdrawn nor proved.
About th.? time of hisripti.ro, MM Presid.-nt la i -,
?peechet dei land that the attempt to a?sa*si?
r.ite the l!"|'.".i. wai a greater crime than
| th? munl-r of in individual, and deserved ss severe a pun?
ishment, in thii spirit, Mai %% he Apologia. .1 t..r-it>iiil
lagRRRRJ t? c-Kain nusciU-d "i??ns of Liberty' in In?
duna, aud hop?*! tii.it his action would not be constru?'!
into a preference ol' eli?money to justice. His Proclama?
t...ii of Amnesty followed, May v.??J, and exceptad 14
e'eia??. In which were includes! nearly al! Iho influential
li fully c rri-'l out his announced policy
' of dealing ?evenly with th.? lea.l-rs of the Rebellion.
j Kirly iii Msy the trial of the sssassins began, andan effort
! wag made by the prosecution, in behalf of the Uoveru
i meal, to prove Davis prc-.o?*uifant ol the onur. From
all these event? it was reasonably iiiprxieeil that the Presi?
dent woubl continuo to atRMM th. ?i-rn priuciplea which
be had so of:i?n ind to om'.hstieally defended.
Hut befon? tuid-ii'i'.inor a new i*>liev was indieatod. In
Juno delegatet from the South ware Lrst admitted to
private interview! with the President. On the 17th ef
Juni hil pftrclarnation providing fir the r'?t.?ntlon of
civil gorirnment in OtargM aud Alabama was issued, and
it disappointed the nation, by Us deliberito exclusion of
blacki from the category of loyal cilueci entitled to
vote, g'.v, h?.w v-r, were diipoied to ceuiure Mr. John?
son scvervly for this omission, though a majority of tho
Union party held that the (.overnTnent had a Bl rfect riirht
to entrust State reorganization to all loyal ?-itiieua, ?ab?
out the sbghtv'st reference to the dead laws which wura
t'as. .1 -n th- ?lave system. Other intimatious of opposi?
tion to tua established BsiRT iple* ol' tho I'uion party ?.?fe
..?ion. The Pre-..!.:.' - appointment? of Provisional
(??.vernor? for the Southern Slates were raven c1 ?Uli joy
by the into Rebels, aud with lorrow by tho North,
(?overuor Perry, of ?Aoui?a Carolina, ihorlly after hi? ap?
poiiitmeut ??id ia a public ?peech July D, ?? There is not
now in the Southern Stales any ou? who f-e's moro bitter?
ly the humiliation mid degradation of goin?? back into the
Union than I do." Thos? words tlotie.it wu thought,
iii.mid have loeured his instant dismissal from ofliet? but
they were couple?! with ?igniticant pniae of the Proaident
j ?pniae which properly intrqireted was ceniure. (lover.
j nor Pern'assured his peopb? that th I .leith of Mr I.in. "lu
I ?as no loss to the South, while he hal every hope ?hat
Mr. Johnson, at au old ilavebulding Democrat, would b.?
au advantage. Immediately following these events?even
In Alexandria, under the very eyes of th? (?overument?
the old s? int of secession, which leemed to hive perished
with Le- ? Mat?, revived with tie? vigor. Southern
lead-rs (.[mnly followed (Jovernor Perry in declaring
the reatirution of tho Union a degrading noccs
nty. In Alabama tho Convention prohibited uegroei
from ti'?tifyin.r iu th? court?. The people who had
for four vein duuo all in thoir power to deitroy the I ni?n
now coolly began to tall, of taking an immediate part in
its (lovernmeut. Oov. Perry, in November, again eulo
tiling the Prt-tident, coupled with hil complimenta a per?
emptory demand thut, when Congreis met, the Clerk of trio
Home should cull the nira?s of men elected from the un?
reconstructed Stat?*?. lu the same month Mr. Johnson
wrot? to (loy. Perry, who hesitated about adopting the
amendment abolishing slavery, that tho clause giving
Congress the power to enforc??it by appropriate legislation,
really limited Congrenioual control over the subject !
Thus awurivd that Congresi had no right to legislate for
the negro after ho had been freed, Oov. Perry'i fear! were
allayed, and South Carolina adopted the amendment. Peo?
ple wondered at Mr Johnson's strenge exposition of Con?
gressional eua. tinents, and their surprise was not
diminished when he publicly disclaimed any inten?
tion to d?ctalo to the Rebol Slate?, adding that
bo wished only to mildly and kindly advise.
These signs, which alarmed loyal tn?-u, delighted the old
.Northern friends of the Rebellion, ?ni as early as Aueust
a Copperhead convention indorsed Mr. Johnson's policy.
In September tho majority of the Copperhead papers be?
gan to praise him. Sull the Union rarty did not oppose
bim; it ?iiss? nt?d from the tendencies of hil policy, but it
waited, endured, and hoped. Iti organi even declaimed
agaiuit tho Copperheads who insulted bun by utiinuing
that he had deserted the party which elected him, scorn?
ing the idea with anjludignation which time has shown to
have been the mott Intente, though unconscious, irony.
" Mr. Johnson," soid The Tbtbuxk, in reply to theie tor
rible accusations of tho Democrats, " has fittingly charae
t-n/cd the culpable fatuity of John Tyl?r in so??kiug a
taslf-nggraudueinont through the rum of the great party
which .-I.'it.al him, aud no man has ever had a deeper
loathing lhan ho for the character of Heuodic' Arnold.'
o, tober aud November the Piesideut employed in at?
tempting to reconcile hil old policy with tho new one, hut
with los? success than le probably deiirod. We did not
complain of his magnanimity to Rebel?, th.tt we could
?mo heartily approved ii it? tagBRBOl MmIMMIH had
l?.-!i neatraliitetl lu justice to black T'liioais's. The bitter
loUVKtlvil vt al f'.'Uvd "i. m us that thv) ?allia li Ul-l'. ? uv
extended lotto 'n?'* ti Hie ? iiioa was dt'StineJ tob?
-Mitigated i-r- I'-icnd?.
thoa vhaa Cooftreea k_aaeialee?0 peHbea 4, it found
Ilia? urn-1' tiu'i ?? | t.-l beal done ? ri ig UM legislativ* va?
cation. It hid left 'h? war T<J'/: it f>;r. I i*. enderL
It loft .F..flf. |>?virt a t, r?..'!t it Hu ? ? ml; it lound bimi
Prmor">r ia sobt.iry rontiriomont, ??? itftfga! ?I'h con
e|ira?y ki niiirler. It left Abral. - . I the tater al
the nation: || fo-tml-not him, bnl Lia grave. It f Baal
Andrew Jolmsoii (lie?'.co?a?or of hil ?-lace, but practically
tlierepiiilisi.ir.ii'hi-pohcy. H nan? n'ronf. d ?.'i new
mon and new-lull w, wit,_ a poiu'.-ul ?itaation tinprece
dentcd ii. the |? .'.iry ?f ?ft, co-,ni-;?. On the very open?
ing diiy of the s ? j ?a, tay rnpiaientatitna ft"?m tbe Rebel
su!e?iitt.?iiip!.-.i te lake part in U proaeottafi! Forta
iiiitelt- for the nation, Mr. Edwi.d Mci', ?rson, the Clerkol
the lions.- ho! tbaaad-tytannani kail, <nd tix-cnirKr-yto
execate his duty. Th,? Houso . ? ? otg.imzid by the re
preseutative? of tho I ivsl State- ..!..-.-, ??ti 1 the elwtion of
?Schujior Colf.n rem ived all imada ?n- danger, lim the
fui I m w.isil.irk sr. i perita of uni r-m n magnitud-. Ac
I tioii was ftanaad ' L IV? hold k1 wet) fe? .he Unite 1 SUtea
that Thadden? M..-, a? OB that da; Jo. r -Uhe fatnoua ?so?
li I OB BJ wliti li Oeagraei was aa I ' !io:u the di?r?rar:ei>t
having Baboo, in laglalato bjob thi tti-rlltleae of their
own return. /.'-..' / -.- Hi | ? mu ?ay] H-nue el
gnptW-eeJnHrw m Ooejgroaa aaaahljd). That a joint
Committee of 15nhal be appoiated, o!aa of whom shall
be mi ni'tei? nTtbe II ?UM lad ! . mt tilt Senate, who shall
inquire into tin? . o'j lit. >a of tie hi.? - which fortnM th?
sii-?.i!li-d Caalederala States ??'. A i'-rica, and rt^yort
?hellier liny, or i-v of thom, ar- o t ?ed to bo tnfsW?
seule! in ?'ii' ? II . ? ?'. i leave to report,
at any tin??-, by M I Bf ethel - ? and until such.
report shun luve boee a id i Hy aeta! apea bf
DaagBaaa, an -weaber s'aa'.l b* r? lrc?d in eilhai House
from auy of tl-.o 4M-ii:-1 Cmf'd nt ? Fi?tes, and all pi?
pers r? lating to Hi" I. -pn vnta. -1 f tbe saie? .?tutes ?lull
be r?.-f.-iTed to t't i ni I C ?m';.ii ?? ? l is resolution gem
Oaaajnea the bat?a af i paliey fron lb !" riaadagi it waa
peesed in nae afeoaa by x roba o; iSto bt-eaeeiftng tha
approval o'. Mr. H?y:n ad and .t ! wo.hen. who have
?iiiee opitose i i. Thong i ? l_*t
eanaeeWBaeUnekOat hy tho Banale .., efficiency wis ant
11X11> ii f-.-.I.
TiePierideat?aaaaaaa.wblehwm aa!tbe aezt dty,
though m? ?reia ia hal (poetad pUanihlai
a' once in op:> ssitioo to the Cni-'' ; i ;, by Ii
iii?- to th ' fr3?d
men by act ?>:' the President ?' the IMM st etea
must havo been oxton loi to b1. < "1 red men, wherov-sr
found, an!bo 'nus' h i-,-)BBtabUehedaehaaajB of aa-hnji
in the NortVrn, M die, ?ad W - ban Mate*, not bus tua?
rn the ?roi.tlie.-n a?. I iS.)iitl;-\s'i--!?;rn.'' Tu.? areas
meut, ii vilit ia ou> rosp?'<t ?ni valid in a'l;
from thal dty to __n B I oao has da.i , to deny that wanl
of power to ititer'-'e-re wtth tho If" .1 v ates ir 'ii in?
stance? impimi wan. ?f pawer al1 er? We :. ?! 1 then,
na bet! now, theft tba Pree-leni bad pinrieolytha nir??
right ft? ae-beftae loyal Meek riliaani to vote t'.ri ha hal
to apimint Pr-.visn.l < 1 > *-rr-.oi-. IP? argument on.itted
theall-imienrttat tit thal the K- b ill ( :i had j.ls/?vi the
North aud South in v?ry dtlerenl tm\kt MB to tilt? QoeOBBl
Early in the scasio.i th-> s??;r;? of ('-iigresi fonal ex
preesion in naatertMl pr ?posed atti? admenta to the Coast t
; t:??n, providing tor tie anftftb- rilli right* f ?r a'L
ritfaana, erithnnt i v totian nf intor, aa! demand.n* that
; r. ?ire entation in t!ie Ijwer BoBOa Bbaafti be bBBBl up??
| thetiuilillod number of Toter? i. K.ILs pro-?
! hibitiiiif the asi ?;.*.' ?a or pa u' I t of the Rebel d'<bt,
or tin if any part "f ti.- N.i-...:...l debt,
were offer-d sn ! ri-:'-r-.il to Iba * ?;?? ? iva commttteef.
Other- ? ,.a'e;iipUt-d the ostib -' at of in:.ir\_l iuf
Draga la tba 1? ?tri t -.i" Colna-b i. \'i ..f thcs'i moa-urea
received '.he ii'?m;:"1! oppo-: i e D?mocratie
nnui.'.i'v Acoli-rd ff ?renee botwoannaa Pre.?il?*at ant
(rOftgnaa nae aaaed bp his r-r on I al the Pint i-ntl
Oe?vW/ner of Alabama, and lien ot the
sta'e Qn*ntnaaaat to the o?l,t"?ts ?lected by the
people. Tin? ac'.ta was t ?? v.'.eat
to a d-clan'i n abat C- . ii no eoatpjl
of the su'.j-.t, ?: ch was eApccialij Biirj.ru?:-g, ai
it wsi tbe-a #m?>:-?y?! alegiilai.'.; f r :!.?! restorj.i'?n ol
tho 8ta'ci. Deeaanei Myth 9 I r m\f :?> a reao
lati'inreii-.e?'. | tbel :'.ioa
had buen j.i' ia ftoai tha
Prrsideiit. ini"l)4:uf Ipoeial ' ? Bl 0 ':? Car'
KeliurJ! and Oeft. Grant mjm? Babas "f t^s
South. TUe tii?s4if wa? fh . ?' '.?ed bf Mr,
Sumri'r as an attjmpt te? . ' t_i un
i happy eaaJtti-ft of ;. label Hatee, and
many facts wens ei-i! bj bim to 'he ."resident
I was mistafecn ia his ?'.i'.-mi-nt i af nit.onality
wa? su. m1 . . ? ? ; gontba Til?
repor' G tehan ?' ..lisace
that the lat 'il'"'? .'.1 Bl ? unal o bilja
__lnnjl ahlitty aeiitia to cm i:' '."?littc-l power,
audcompT'i!-? M n I na! . - .vory by keep
I ing tlio uvri'i la i'; ' ' - | II - ?? al
; j-iiirn-id Deeeaabaa .1 aatftJai larys Up toth.s pom?
I n? important it.?14 r-shi! b- .-.o'.-.g'.i many
j had boen p* >p >? -1
Jaauary ."?, Congmai Nae I - ?.and aeting*
? upon the brib I l'r- . . . : ; ??Uclial?n
r?piirts ot'? ? 4 ?e?-H Kft ? llhams intro?
duced a Niola: ... \ v'.ariag i: ia 11 ?Uie that
the Halle 1 S'a*.?s hwftpaabaaM ? kbrnwa from
th? South, i. ? . (t ant iho'th i B | ii.'. r-ed this Oi?ux
laft, Ii rtrtaal rapry be Bhia i id lia ' recta Mr. Voor??
heos of I ! s ri-M-y ft :? '-.ri.ii. d i. resolut, -?a de?
daring th.it ('?.- r?ts in I, ? ? ,1 ' ;- of the
i l're.i ! ? -? Hat w ,- r- ? -, ' M ilia Cornu:.'.tee
j N Kee" ".i?'r". . N bf a lar.'e B .. ?tttj 1 n nest day Mr.
' K?-ll??v of I'-" v'-.i?:i Oftns li th at thi Pri
?ideut b?lp>?:s._?<;;'as?Ju-' . livor of negro
, suffrage m tli-j D.s*.;:.'. of <_? 1 I ".?" i mi -i Tenacsiee^
i This ? . . :.-,! to bi I '- . ill Bobah] l-l
| ingimpartials'.frigo ia th- I? s passed the
!ll ? ..- I: . ?. I-i |*0i?J if II?. I ?? M. la the Si-oaU
the nibj ?"t wa.. re;-jatedly t.il?.-:i Bp.bnl :.??t acted upon.
Co-i1 4 were niuile f.oin tine to time to
i obtii.u r lion af g . '. l?'",re??-.it.itirea
I feas Bebri annan, bat bbab eeenentiali ? ..eu ptnaanlBi
I were eit.i--r Ii. !??::'!.? _bMb B ? ? li I OBBBBBB-tBa
i on Rrx-onstri'i i.JJ. Even in Iba ?'-?_ | cf a ?leeiared
I ?Milnv. mab BMft a* il-MS'ic'l N . .1- ' M . ?>' tl.-orgia could
hardly luve h >;>e>d t? gxii adii.it lam-?- f<- the Sonata.
February If, th? Ho:so, by BOeri's ot rercli tions ofTere.!
by Mr. I. la.'viii-?i Mn-'.iir.' - r?i| the ngbt
? es? - ? I ?ti with the ?ii"'.' i ;!j"ti of rec-o-struc
tion. dei-Uriag tha exiiting govt-rnmonts of tho Hobel
States t<> b.i provHuaal and tem?,?o.ary. (und offering it*
conititutio-jl authority to gaarnit.-- bo ?arch a Iiepnb
iusii tirm oi i?->v*.*amiynt. Ititi. ? y. i awl e the l*resi
dent h.id aiow i.r.irviews wit'i ? !?i ' ?! i- ktiona, ?nd a
great many wita Hoaol om!'ft,??i ?-. und lu publishe?!
?poeches iboeod that the nogr?>; 1 little re-eon
to hope for rewirl. wU?e the pBfibinad teritoM had less to
lint Preside-??; oppciition, BBd Uri of tba Democratio
minority, wer? not the only !_DeaItlee ?hieh Congree?
t_isi to VreeaeBftft The Union putts ha!bal one object,
but it was Heile! "pon the beal niisn. to uttain to itT
Three ideas of re?.oaitn:ction vero BB-blde! early in the
session. They may be olautti< 1 tau
Mr. Sumner's ldox, that no Babel Batta li ou'd be read
mitttd to its ol I ?,, t ? in the 1'i.ioa till it bad male ita
bl?ck and ?h.te c:ti.ea? equal 1 ? ter* tba 1 l?.
Mr. Stewart ? ile*, that unis.r-id ??:ii.i?iy should b?
offered the South, ?kal universal suffi.ii, - lapOBeA
The popular i !??_ embodied iu tin-1 ml liigbta bill, ?ntl
the Constitutional ?mondt-en* BB^aEBB-Bgibe basil of re?
To the first of thaeep.an? then- nranll-tl? objection other
than ita impracticability, aod the tttm ed tai* Mr. Suaner
seems to Ikara tiaxliy eeknowledi." I It nn.st bocine-vled,
oven by those who most earn?.-'.') pi1" 'J him, th?t ht?
honeatlyand bravely did his b.-?' be lie?dom, and that
tho failure of his plans wa? not 1MB Bag ?ant of earnest?
ness or ability ia advocating them.
Bet who shs!, le
Wlaae than (io?l. itroognr titan D??ilay P
mt Stewart equiliy ia led in hi? in?BO popular f?li(*T?n
pebof m which we tirmly biiliovi-d bl a Iba -t-t and hera
uot ceased to _?lv???cata. Bat while : len hko Weadelj
Phillip* stand apart ind inlluenco the nation solely by th?
uncompromising d-c'.iration of Prin- Iftae, t'ongrees he?
another duty. It is chanted with the creeth-n of
Measures, and IftheoO sometime? fail la embody prinr-iplea
to the fulleit extent, let it berouieinb.-nd that u>pract?
eal ?tatoiman hal jror yet lucceeded in reconciling factn
with his ideal.
The baekbona of the XXXIXth CoDgreas was the Re?
construction PiaiBjiaill ?* Thadden? Sloven?. Tb*?
(?????,,. a,l l,y isvery truii.ir, And ev"i' man
who i i lus h-? "? ?-** tr.utors, haa I
d?,bit] ?ja-? H _*vv Wvo^rew ? aftftbn. I *