Newspaper Page Text
Vo'? XXVf N* WA
NEW-YORK, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, IKt?.-WITIl SUPPLEMENT.
PRICE FOUR CENTS.
TDK ,\EtV-ORLEA\S MASSACRE.
firpor? cil' the Military Commission.
TUB ADMINISTRATION RESPONSIBLE FOR
THF ( RIMK.
TIk KoiMCre llHMi hy Supporter* of
TUB AUM HU BUNG AS A Slli\AL FOR
Thrtf. Fourth* of the Poliee E.vRebel
"1* AU of Hay?? Brigade ijP "No; If it had
Btfn. Not Out Would Ravr Ewpfd."
AiRUew Johnson'* liefen** of the Massacre
Refnted by the Farts.
?ftCtta DISPATCH TO THE N. Y. TRIBUNE.
'I I - f. ., . : . * titi report of the Militar* Com
?tneion a;, s uf the late
nett, M forai : k1 to lb? v\ 'ai In pertinent:
Nu. The fkard bav.v.p irnMirvh eoaeidatwl the
? vhIplio. wouid respectfully rtporl ?is foil?.
TI,. iMMliHittl CMMI ofUdl riot, ?hieb the Hoard
are (t?rc< ted to investigate, un-, ?n tl.e.r opinion, to
lie found in the violent feeing- ol hMtQttJ towan! the
?Mailed Convention I f 1*0-1, wh?h ha> foi bone time
prevailed in the community, and which va? finally,
by the course of ?vent-, funned into fbf flflMt'rl"t^
a<>tual outbreak of not. bloo&bed. and ?oeeaora.
The Hoard do not i * u^id. r UMOOOoh<?- called upon
to decide or disent;- in M J mann, r tl.e tpie <-tion of the
bsgal existence and powers of tho Contention as raab.
Whetia r .my attempt fit e tficiul i.rliun on their part
would bave been recognized by the ( '< urti- a? of any
legal validity i?? a point admitting of grave doubt.
Th,- however, wa? net the question uuder disc useion
between the civil and military authorities, the de
?moo of which wa* as it ajgpearft, pregnant of the
greatest of consequences to the State and to toe Na
tifii. That question was whether the per-ons claim?
ing to coohtitute suth Convention should le allowed
1? aawnil'le '
The Beard will asdi-avor le slate biiefly aid com?
prehensively, the action of the civil and military
authorities upon this point, and will make a ehort
aoajparitk-n of testimony thereon, with a ria* of
ile* idu.g UM cause, m| f.x.t.tr Um report.lility for
:t. non-arrival of the Cuitod State * troops in time to
?r?vent the blood<hed which t<?'k pla e. The events
?f the day will then be considered in chronological
?jrtkr, the Board making the best rummary in their
power, of the voluminous evidente which they have
taken, and whiv.li ia theil o? inion point* irak irrt^mti
Ut force to tht quarttr Im ?hich t>? o*<ountabilUy for
trim* xtdl It found to rut.
Io the excited state of public feeling before dec
rribod. Mayor Meant applies bj lattei to tiwi.
Pain) to know if he can be allowed io dtsptrtt thti
miitfid unlairfU afstmMy by tht urrtst of ti.? mtmbtr* by
hit fotid. 80S. Baird repl.es, in etiect, (Itat it ii
not for ikt Mayor to dttidt thal ?'icsc cfcatWM art irnm
?muY and ''?al ht teilt not permit tht arrttt. but that if a
not. U attack on tue asM?ui .y be un'., petad, whit h
ILep. Lie may be .oabk tt; quell or prevent, in that
z?t*i, loo wh.ile of the military pow.r will be fur
OMhed. if required, to ass.st ii. ki I peace.
0*1 Mayor Monroe mata no u?'p?uation for military
%id. ?ii ii. Baird a!.-o ??taten his objet .inns to
allowing the arrest by the eberifT, but pronu??? Uj
telojrruph te Weeb?lga He doai eo
telegraph, and rtetiw? %o anftrtr. The other party
lek-grapL?, and are an.-y.ered that the military \s .ii be
expected to ?u'-ta.i. Uw Courte. TMl ian not
ren.ove (?en. Baird's objecSons to the arreet It ii
agtKdihat lae lattifl avail Dot Bake the arretsts, but
that Gen. Band ?hall kodozM bil oaJetUaol on the
warrant, and lorward the wnoi.' ua^- to W?ohiagtoa.
Ko far, nothing said of a not, except Cec Baird'!
offer <>1 tr<K?(?8 shoulu one !e un'u? ?paU-d. (.en. Baird
w unwulii.g ta attVBM UM attitude of protecting the
assembly unlegs called on by the civil author, tie? i o
aid in preventing or sappreesing a not.
l,et us now compare ti' c o when and
by whom he was so called OS.
Lieut.-Oov. Val :
I i'i u a*. i.tiu:i.-U to :? ? i;.... r.-. w:.. ? ni hare
tiof in ti? riclnlty of ::? Meehaalel In-t.tuie i?:Ht .l?y la
Ii!*Tn.t hut dnitiirt^Tif. li s w:i? tr.e iajm\ ? I rM It
sut have bpcn toward !0 o'clock wt.en I made the re>|ne?t.
Cm R?irtl ?.-Died ji*a?(J ?.:t, .1 Ixtu ,-c- eooiintr '?
??'le Hr ?u. 1 he would de h> witti p? aiun kail |BfO inrni.'
?mxt order? Wueu I l^ft I mrp[Mid uj, to the Maf*
to ?w if triK>i? awl u-.'ii wat I rt.d i.i.; aaj vkattreayi I
?nilj iutked for tr?.p- AVi,*j I n..uiv ii...! a >:SOMOl to the
lliiw.r h* ?-faed pleaned w;!L ii
kU a n u(1cm.
lib alw), Lieut.-Gov. Voorhief'i- letter of .tuly SO:
After W?. ' ka w.i?
ftoavtd tolcar of t!. . 1 ,\t- from the will
tar) ft | ,.:-il< i.t
Major Pea. Baird -v u
| ?ter li oclcK-k the Lifntenant-UeTfrnor called opon
m* I tola tfct Gun raaf the dirpoiitioti? I had made of the
troepf 1 w?d alio tl.at If I was not afraid m y action? would be
asWatrrpri ed aad ti.ut It would be stud that I waa (cuarding
tit i .ii'eiinoii I ?"Lid kaw txtnflad to Ua^c potlud a few
axadier? ,o tue ?trc*t. Got. V?ti:h.e? npifoaal pitusure, and
a^rtyod to ttia with pleasure and said ti.it he ? onid !? glal to
kave tt.. ir. aod that he would fee tLat my m.ti. - were not
H.L-ii.t? :, :?!?.; I then .-uni I would k :.d for a few com panie?
Tli,??. :?r-t?:.?.i.p betwe. ;. mc and any one and
Uh- Cr?t j ropontioTi m?il<- ?itV r*r*?<i to h/ivir.r troopx present
atortly after 2 o'etock. Mayor Monroe came in humedlj to M
i' He aaked whan the troopa 1 fpabl "! Saatagkag up would
?arrtTC. 1 ?aid that I expected them ii.at thej oagkt to be in
i:aaal it kf that >.ry tune. He th< u aabaleH Will they be
white Uocp? i mih they act along witt '.!.'' polue T n plied
tfc*t a port o? theju ? ould|l I I t Ii.fm.t'y?
ard that / soould um them ? /%! d( im 'tu ritt no metter t ho
mu temeernttt ?n ,t. At no tiaie d.d lie h?k me for the aciiit
ooo? of troop? wit) Noftbf MfMOl bOfM io
the?? thr?e uterrofat"
Mayor Monroe nays:
los I aaliad on Gen.
Kurd Bj owded
Ikara wara not a i< ? i laatrv?
?jder. knoninti jutl "tu '* " <it a patt/aaNafM '?>>.! Itifiataw
w* pU w nr,<1 ?'
' .. |
to would ?ejaj ?> uaali d. la. i ? t
ll.ul II ,
?tag l?f'>:. tat taw "f IfoYtoet Fti-rtir^ 'hpy
?i.-.ild MM I ritaWI '1 M |
Major-Gcii Boiri Mjfti
'ih? first ooininuMeati'in I had VM u k-tfr from Major
Monroe (on ti!? rbt Tint communication wa* on SatmiUj
t?mt Wtb, ?ffcco M.i.M'r M''i.:(# railed ujxin ni" ard ntnslucd
M? ! itara ?JH aaAi t? m?
for troop* nt that ii ten Ml . '
luton no b minutely flooeriboi by m General
and LtfittBant OiitaWi Its obtaol lu ti. induce
the General to allow the arrest of the (.'invention.
The subject of troops- or apprehended riot was not
alluded to. It will be observed that, the only MMO>
ti ni difference between Lieut. ?Ge?. Toarki? ni Qtm.
Boifi on this point is a? to which fut proposed on
Mo-alay tlic sending of troops. Tb<' agreement is
made. Voorhies goes to the Mayor and tells him of
it, and the htOTM i-, pleeeoi to bear of it.
M.r.or Monroe swoon Uni Om, ffofnfanwohne*owl
agreed to and with lum, on Friday and ou Saturday, to
.? ti troop*.
(?en. H.?nl swears that he never io promisri or ?freed
?? iii bun or tiny oin, 'icptuitk Lim'.-doc. I'oorhut on
the moriiin? of the riot.
Compare um .the testimony of Mayor Monroe, and
Gen. Herron, in regard to the meeting in the Mayor's
parlor, and the employment of pulu M nd military.
Bm eke the testimony of Chief of Police Adnms,
who louth the instructions he re< eivcl from the
Mayor, and his orion to keep the KUM away ano
rearons therefor, but in which appear0 no word of
allm-ion to expected military aid. Tins testimony
was given before that of Mayor Monroe.
S,ippo*ina <in.. Baird and Mayor Monro* to b- of
i(,ual rridibihty undrr oath, tht ecidiini uf 1 uutmnnt
i, ?'mor Iwi'ii", Om Ibrron and Chit/ of ?'?diet
Adam.*, i.\ tuffit n ut tu indicate on which $iii the fihe
Le? i?s now con-idei a little the further evidi nee
tool log upon Oen. Haird's action in regard lo the
Tlic civil authorities' propose to disperse and arrest
the Convention, fint, by the city police, OOZt bj tho
Sheriff's posse, and request the military nut to inter?
fere Gen. Hnird telegraphs at once tor instructions.
Ile receive* no answer. The civil authorities receive
0 dispatch, which they interpret to utan that O'-n.
Boiri it not to prevent the arri p| '. Oen. Haird'. ob*
j< ?tions arc not removed, and it i? agreed that the
Convention shall nu et unmolested, and that on the
Sheriff's warrant, Gen. Haird shall indorse his objec?
tions, and forward the papers to Washington. So
far, no application for troojis, or desire for military
ussistance is mude or hinted at by the civil authori?
ties. Lut Gen. Hai rd thinks it prudent lo bOTS M
that duy votar transportation in iootant readiness t?
bring up the troops if required. Had he, without the
slightest request from the eiwl authorities or intima?
tion that they were not amply competent lo keep the
peace-?had he brought up tht troop* and ttationed them
around the building, the not would hare MM prevented,
bal this MM would ha-, t 1 ?? I si of a.s un?
called-for usurpation, would have beni coootrooi into
taking side? uith the Ci?n\ention, and in Gen. Haird's
opinion, would not hare riccited the apprutal of hu tn
On the morning of the riot, Hen. Boiri is under the
impression, shared hy members of tina Commission,
and known hy them t" have been prevalent, that the
hour of meeting was to [be ti ji. m. MOJM Munroe
states thut in his applications for troop* taj Ml i 'ho
hour of meeting to be \'?. but the nsawaatasSM barr
aire oly f"'' ?i U WMOOMJ for discrcdi'iiig this w11
new, and for believing that such allcgi d applications
were never made.
Atlast, at some time between lo end 12 on Mon?
day morning, G<>v. Voorhies ?MMM to, or Gen. Haird
proposes the sending of troop?. It it at'enttd to, and
now, fur tlii firtt time, (!tn. ?laird han tit rrquitt or
snni-Uon of On tint power for the prtnntt of hit troopt.
H( dor* not watt fur a formai rrijutntion, n?r don hi
atk why the Lieutenant duri mar acts in tin plt.ee of tht
tiorrrnor. II' MMOO M ^**nu' r atonte for troojn, and
till* the Lieutenant-dortrnor hi will hare thnn m the
ttreet an hour brfort the Contention met. Ht tktnltt
that, if the (iorernor noticed thit remark, he mutt hate
tren that there wat an error about the turn, u? ii wat
then nearly i'? o'rlotk. From thut time it eannot be de?
nied that (Jrp. linird und irrry effort to htittrn the arri?
val of the troop*, who did not, vnfortunuttly, tom* up
until the tlaughter wat over, and On not had rented at
On a review of this evidi n< e, the Hoard cannot but
decide tint no blame d.ould be attached to (Jen.
Boire for his aitioii io tht premiscr. I'mler the im
pression that the hour of meeting wa? (six, the troop?
nasl not quitted the barrai ki. and shortly before Vi,
the General receives for the first time the request or
M of the civil authorities for their appearance.
It was then too late.
Ikfore proceeding further in the discussion of the
I event? on the day of the riots, the Hoard would con?
sider some of the exciting causes by which, in their
opinion, the passions of a large portion of the commu?
nity had become inflamed tothe highest point agaiiwt
this so-called Convention, and the negro suffrage
part'y by which it was support? d. They were, in the
opinion of the Hoard, the tone of the prett for $omt time
putt, wiitin hardly concealed threat* pointed rUnrly lati??
le nee. The publithed i barge ofJudgt .ibtll to tht (Irandjury
i Mayor Monroe'? declared intention to employ Al.? police
nguinft the Contention, unlett prevented by tht military;
thi >iieex)itt made at the uniterttd tuffrage meeting of Fn
day night, and tie eraggtrut'd and inrorrttt report?
thinof published in thi paper??all tilth?combined, in the
opinion of the Hoard, to produce a comictiou MMM|
the large class always ready for violence, that thi?
meeting might be eonstderul a? in the condition or
ttatus of complete outlawry, with no right to protection,
and fairgam$for the pitttd and tht knife. With regard
to the meeting on Friday night, there eau be no doubt
that it exercised a highly exasperating influence OB
the minds of the opponents of the Convention. Negro
suffrage was openly advocated, violent speeches wen
made in which "Kcbels" were denounced, and there
can be no doubt that a nu^t ill-advi.-ed appeal wa?
made by one speaker to the negroe?, to "come in
their might " on the next Monday to the meeting of the
Convention. In one respect, this meeting was certainly
incendiary in its effeet. It lind into absolute fury
the smoldering wrath of the classes alluded to,
against the Convention party, and, by bringing a pro?
cession of negroes to the Hall, gave an occasion and
pretext for the contemplated and premeditated attack.
A? an indication ol the iatiOMOty ?f feeling thoo OS?
cited, may be mentioned the remarks of " ladiei " ad
torataig the immediate killing of the leader?. Dollie and
firmierten, in their hourn.
In regard to the expressions MOi by the speakers
outside of the Hail, the evidence is < ouf!?c!i: g. Mr.
Tilton, who listened to the speakers from his I aleoiiy
M the comer of the bl? I k < pfMJtt U> thal "' I
thohtoehonj tor, testifies to the
nio.-t viobnt q potii to " flj .
eoiie Willoi |0 I '
g out for leo 'oi- o i o?
i in -ion- tr.il
the r< ; ' ? ? ? "ii ti.
Othoi hand. Ifr. 81
v ?'. t t ol thfl
. (Ojnj. . . (?
ni inner and appearance, while giring evidence, indi
i lb I almost painfully his lia) ility to the higheH de?
gree of nervou? exeiteme nt: and, without implying
any intentional fal-ifuation, the Board canne t but
think that hi* confosse'd condition of alarm and indig?
nation at the time caused him to greatly dintort the
sense of the expressions which he caught. That his
poeltiofl wa.? not ian a? to BMble him to jndge of
: eebee in auj connected sense, would seem
probable from his own te?tiniony concerning the
events of Monday, when, from the kaOM balcony, hi
watchtd two tpakkan addressing the neeroes, and
inferred from their anti m that tiny we re cihort
ititi thcin ti. dispire. Mr. Tilbm's feelings toward
the Convention are stated with great frankno-a. He
would not have MM what the pola | dal in protect?
ing m.-nibi r ; on the i or.'rary, al I property-holder
aud tnx-tiayer, he wo tld h ave btM fur the killing of
e , cry mau m the room. The uncon?oie?us influent e
which such feelings cannot but exert upai testimony
is well exemplified in tin? (.w,
To return to the) narra' ion of event-. It cews that,
? n ti.e Saturday bet?re, an infeirnial meeting ot the
-M.iji r, eliflc-rrtii iintnti.1- mi tie City Council, the
ci.icf ni pola a and lomaftM paiwaaliiiiiif merchants,
was held for the purpose ?if con-idering the -.??nation,
and deciding on ac(Kii~c ?? ai lion. To tin- BHUag
?m invited i-xIhh y ,T Herron, who amanaini
hi-i op ?lion. Ile r.-plie-, that though politically op
pMll to that parly, ht trould, vrrt ht Mayor, ali?te tin
(onrcnlion to mttt and send hu vhtdr potter force
tht't for if? protection, and lit tht mutltr of arrttt ty tht
Sin riff'.'?'? nfrrrtit to Washington al proposed. This
N ?mon intets with furor, ticiyt from ont ptrton, irho
think* that the Convention should be hung: and Gell.
II- mia leaves with the full ?niprc.?nie>n that suth cortrse
hi ban el? i id. el on?that the meeting will be pro
la lad bj the pi la i, and ii" vic>l--Tie o o< ci:r. Bl T AT
ijnincK, sr spa y nair, ra nan watckmcb
ARK DRAWN OKK TIIK1R HEAT?. ASH HIL!) Al IHK
VARIOl S STATIONS. IS THE MoRNINit. 1H I M HULK
irmroBjRB rauca ark. so aaajaa an? held in
READINESS, WHETHER Hi ORDERS i>R WITHOUT 1)R.
DEIt?, NFARI.Y F.VMIY MAN IS ARMED THFY ARK NnT
?BUT TO THE CONVENTION FOI US Clio 1 Ki ttOft, AH
ADVMBD M OIN HERRON (IN HIE CONTRARY. THEY
ARE SCRL'PI Lol Sl.Y KEPT KHOM APPI lABIfTO ON THE
.?IKKK1H. THE MAIOR. AS Hi; ?1 ATK? RBLTIM OS HIS
I PKOiUMATION III KEEP AWAi THE WHITI-S. ASli ON
THE TROOPS. WUK II. Al HI STAIEv 8KB. li Al ?C l> UAH
pRi'MisEu in nura, to ubi the meoboci in ordem
HE PEAK* THAT THE AFTKAKANOP. OK THE PoLIC E
MU.HT ei\ hRAWIi TUE CoSVE.NTIO!?.
It was during this adjournment, that a procession of
negroes with a drum and fife, and a Tinted States
flag, approached the building. As might have been
<x]??c teel, ,n marching through the excited crowd that
tilled the streets, a cnlli.ion oocanaij the proceeeioB
was insulted, and a ?hut or two fired?it would .?ceui
at the procession, though there is conflicting evidence
upon this point. But this disturban ??- ki qunkly over,
a negro is arrested and taken away. The pr?x< asion
j re-forms and man lies on te? the building. On arriving
! in front, the- Mm I ii a irij i li ?'. tbe i ravi at ngnn
previously there having been addrc^seel by members
ol Iba Convention tal advi-.il to dispers?.. There is
however, a crowd e.f win*.? and MM police, ne-ar the;
?HI er of Canal-it. Wh.le the procession is standing
i there, it is iuaulted by a white bay, ?ho in return 1.1
? Ht upon by the blacks. He ia re? tied bv a police
I man, who takes him ?n the dir.? '..?ui of Canal-st.
' Urn ks aro thrown after them, and a shot fireel,
\* h. el er from ti,.. ... ,.r w !:'.<? ero -d, cm:.ot l>e
decided, a? the evidence ni conflicting. 7'*?? 1? the
<ignel for the trhttr rrotei, consisting, atcordmg to Mr.
Todd s eridtnet, of puroitd tit onjulr tatt soldurs, to
I optn a smur!firt. This was return. I bj I Mb of the
1 n -gro.-s?about ten or | lona?- as lal revolver-, avi
by the ret with br.. k>l || . TMl I aaUnkM for a few
m.ritiU-, until the superiority of fire-arm- of the
* Ml li MM ?ever ii lie grew? to drop de ad or wound
e I. J . a panie, and the Btgiaai run, some
into the building, and nome iuto th?. door-ways in the
, or to es< upe-or hide. A lull ni the lump en?
sues, and the next th.ng ii tht sttnultuniiius aiir.mrt of
j tht Poiice tn thrtt directions upou the building, firing as
i thty adranct. JRjfMM i? (Ar door MM art shot, and
< tht building gurrountltd by mob and I'olict, xeha open drt
\ at tht vindo it t. Som?, of the l'oln <? te-tify that the
' linet tirin-r wa. from the windoA.?; bat this e-vieb nee
the It 'aril consider as utttrty ocerborn* by the mass of
' opposing ttstimony front all partas. NeiW some few
shots, this nninlter stat.-el all the tray from five t?>
thirty (UM last estimate nan bj UM l'olae) are re?
turned from the windows of the- Hall. Hmm shotM
wt re fired hy those negroes of the- pr.Min who had
take-n refuge in the Hall, MM MO ?>r three of whom
it appears had pistol?. They am however, immedi?
ately ordered away from the windows, and as far as
possible, are- brought inside of the- railing and seated,
and the- siege of the Hall commence? in earnest.
It appears that the Convent: ? met, e ailed the roll,
and adjourned for an hour to pro. ure the attendance
of absent members. According to the uuive-rsal testi?
mony, with a single exception no member of the- Con?
vention was armed, and they had not only deter?
mined to make no opposition to an arrest, but had
made- all arrangements for procuring their release on
THE HOARIl AIE RFLltTANfLY ftnTfTIIl TO
MU Hint THE MAYOR. AND TO RELIEVE THAT HE
RRW THAT NOT A SOLDIER HAD BEEN ASKED
FUR. AND THAT. WHEN HE MAS?F.ll Illa ARMED
POLICE AND HELD THEM AI.OHF FROM THE Bt ll.lt
DM, NO BARRIER REMAINED BETWEEN THE HIS
VBimOM AND KKOHOES AMI THF. INFIRIATEII
tlll/ENS WITH WHO-E THIIKATS THE CITY WAS
rai irtififtta exclpt bj paper reocLAiuTtoii.
H. states, moreover, that he knew that thk
IIATHEI) OF THE MOB TOWARD Tilt te.NVENTION
AND THE NEOROF.S WAH SHARED BY HIS POCJCE.
IN THIS FTATE OF AFFAIRS, HHOt'LD THE. NEeilte.ES
ASSEMBLE IN ANY Nl'MHF.R, A COLLISION MIOHT HE
COBIIPEBBO INEVITABLE, AND AN ATTACK BY THE
MOB Uro.N THE CONVENTION AS SIRE Tel FoLLeiW
(?BJ? THF, fULKl tflMffP. ARMED AND READY
ARK LET LOOSE DfOM THE aCENE Te) 'Qt'ELL THE
RluT HOW THEY DID ULELL IT WILL APPEAR FROM
Before describing further operations, the Board
would call attention to the evidence concerning the.
i h a rae ter ofthe mob acting in support and in concert
with the polices, and the rea-on there appears to bo to
infer that some organization*or bands of ti-Conftdiratt
I soldiers, carne by som* pre-arranged pnrpost to thtattach.
The various badge-s or distinguishing marks testified
to as borne by citizens on that day, are: first a cres?
cent and a star; second, a eros--cannon badge, kneiwn
to bo that ofthe Washington Artillery; third, a white ;
handkerchief tied arounJ tho neck; and fourth, a
blue ribbon in the button hole, though there is some
. to suppose the latter to atfl been the mark of
supernumanes or ununifonned police. It will bo
remarked that one witness was himself dihectkd
7 1 CsS(!ME the WHITE HANDKERCHIEF BANlF. HT
A FH1ENDLT roLICEMAN WHO DKS1R1D TO SAVE 111? .
? WbothM the otganltatioa known as ?'Baj
AjaxiltWBt" which 'twas ordered la
M d---vid by Gen. Shuri.lau, wai proent
as a healy, or merely bj tho annan un
pabMOi BJ, ?-annot M M :ta..'ii-.l; but of
1 it? iiilunl prut nci tluri ran b Ml tittie doubt. Many eil
vere member?, and no1 MpMBMM I
'? 1 ili.it. BMI IIa?i.s BbMAM ." "l>AMs\..i
ARE FI'.HM.N. llAV's Hlt:-1APE;" " IS ALL 1Ia'.?S
Bataam rpf "Hoi if n nu. nu .m.t osi
1 ir'..n t>i ttnmgtk
full 1 luy. It 1? ? ?(bin
Of I I ! ? ' ! ; I , '
LhiU) fell ?bl WidCCt ti MMidcrilsU l?ua uviuc
wet ks previous, was for Sheriff nay?, if given a war?
rant against the Convention, to rall upon this Asso
ciatiou as his pone comitatus; and when Oen. Sheri?
dan's order was published dissolving such associations,
the negro paper exulted that nayg's Brigade would
not, as threatened, break up the Convention.
The Hoard cannot bit think that any person ex?
amining the eviibr.ee must come to the conch-ion
that tuch associations were present in puriuance of a
prearranged and preconcerted programme. Direct tes?
timony on the subject of such preconcert can proba?
bly never bo obtained, but the weight of sustaining
evidence, in the Hoard's opinion, tafjgf irresistibly to
In connection with the subject of marks and badges
the Bonni would ca'l attention to the very significant
fa. '. testified to by many witness s. that th : police,
in many instances, had rtrersul their hat bands, and
thereby concealed their number?. On this fact the Hoard
I nieder it unnecf s.-ary to comment.
In regard to the- scenes which now tock place
sronni the building, a?id the manacr in vvh?? h the
allied forces in the streets conducted the siege, the
Hianl canin : undertake to present even I summary
Of the evidence. They can only say that the work of
meittacre was pursued with a cowardly ferocity unnir
pasad in fa? annalt of crime. EoMfiOg negrees were
mercilessly pursued, shot, stabbed and beaten to
de ah by the mob and palien. Wounded men on the
ground begging for mercy were savagely di-patched
bj mob, police, lip men, and incredible as it may
sc.mii, iu tWO instances by WOOJOni but in two or three
! SOjonbbl and exceptionable cases, white men
and nn-mben of the Convention wiro ptOtOCtofl by
members of the police, b. th Sgninst the m,d, ?ml
again.-t other policemen. The Chief of Folice, hy
great exertions, defended in this manner Oov. nahn.
After the attack bad MMOMfJOOi, the I'oliee ap?
peared to be under no control M such, hut acted a?
and with the mob. Their cheers and waving of hats
as they throw the mangi- i Dostio, then supposed a
I ?fOS, like a dead dog into the cart, sufficiently to
show their unison of feeling with their allies, it will
mfficicutly appear from the evidence of thi A sistaut
Editai of The SewOrltan? limet, that it was only by
announcing hil character as such that he saved him?
self from instant death at the hands of the Police. A
BefOftef of the same piper saved himself in a similar
manui-r, but narrowly escaped subsequent maltreat?
ment ou suspicion of having "?um irapc for Lin?
On the subject of the massarro on the rtrcets, and
the share of the police therein, the Hoard would refer
to the evidence of Gen. F. J. Herron, Gem Henton,
Major Moore, Major Frye, Dr. Couper, ('apt. I barn?
ier-, I>r. Heiitby, Dr. New, Messrs. Frasier, Cop?,
Miller, l'oynot, Hire, Hickoc, H. Kuh I'luniley, Fox,
DiplesMs, Stuart, Haynes, Gourdeau, and many
At a little MOJOS one o'clock, a signal of 12 strokes
was ?tr.ii k upon the city fire-bells. The Chicf-Kn
gine? r t? stifies that he had been warned on the day
previous, that -ueh would be the signal for a cone en?
tr?t ion of police in ease of a riot. The signal is J.ot a
fire-alarm, as there aro but nine districts in the city,
and for a general alarm the r. .mber of ?trokes is 20.
thelOM, two engines turned out and repaired to
! the riot. laaUmi WKRK. HYf.1 Ki IM1
AS ASK mi THE POLtcr, MAKIN?) TUB ARKISTs AS
spSilU, !<?LI< H. AMI LMMMI tub amista mck OP
THEIR ISO* WR Kit U?B l*f TUB 00MJOU1 QCOVPA*
tkiX OF DUraTraTMi thi Wiuxdid. Whether this was
in pursuant <? of any prenons orders, privat? st Mb ST
MM, the Boori regard as immaterial. Theu ca<i bb
M IOCBT THAT TUB SU.NAL WAA RICO.NUKI)
TnHOt?iH?>rr thp. ? ity as indi? atiso that thb at
TICK UAH ? iiSMISi II?, ASH AS A CALL TO ass? to
ALL Will" Mitti! T UI.SIRi: To lAKTlcHATK TIIERLIlf.
" I.OOK < TT POR 1I?<T WoHK MM" ? THK CRT OF
Till sTMEITS AS TUB FIRST tUROhlS M TUB BELLS
kESoi ND. It is in evidence that in one instance
onlers were git? n to -top a-aw null on hearing the
signal. It is understood that, duri.,,, <-, nCdcrate oc?
cupation, this number of strokes was the alarm signal
to the military in < a e- ?if unta ipatcd attack, a:. 1 it
would almost sceiu thal the stirring appeal had not
*0t loti Binon?r, stMO, acmrding to the testimony of
one willies?,, it evoked at bust one Confederate officer
in full uniform and ude arms to report foi active d jty.
The SOn?tiM of affair?, and OMMMMM in the
in ide of the building, arc MMrfboi by great numbers
of those who were present. The witnesses corrobo?
rate and support each other on all essential point-,
the different?? being such M must be expected in the
an cunts given by tie actors in scenes ol'excitement
aud terror, and which variations, in fact, strengthen
the general case, by showing the absence of any com?
parison or pMMMMJMMnt <'f testimony. The
important facts are, that when the first fighting in
the street had closed, und the fire of the besieger.?
was directed at the window, prominent members of
tin- Convi-ntion nfMOOti and ordered all spectators,
white and black, to come at once within the railing
or bar of the house, and sit down. This was
effected. Those who could not find scats
leated themselves on the floor, and the doors and
windows were onbred to be clos,.,1. H, f. re this was
effected, it is probable that the return shots, so vari?
ously eatimutcd, WON tired from the windows. This,
how ever, was MM itopped by orders from those of
the- whites who retobjl I their pre-encc of mind. The
DoBm thi :i mad. their first entrance, by btOShttg
open the door?, and. according to almost univ*-rsal
testimony except their own. opened an indifcriminatt
fire into the room. Ihi? was mttantaneoutand preceded
by no demand or call for ?urrender. When they had
emptied thoir revolvers they were driven out with
chairs by the negroes and an attempt nude to barri?
cade the door, but unsuccessfully, as they again and
repeatedly gained au entrance, and the same occur?
rence s took plao?the police emptying their r?volter?
and bring driven out by the negroe?. The Ret. Mr.
llurton wa? ?hot while imploring a cettation of Jin from
Hiring these repeated attacks a few shots wore re?
turned by the few negroes of tho pTOOMaiOl who, as
lu fore stated, had revolvers, and two policemen were
wounded in the building, though whether by these
shots or the careless and Mi ted lire of their own
? MM doubtful. The police testify that fire was
opened upon them first, in ever} liistunce, but with?
out considering that any different testimony would
have the effect of criminating themselves, a-id regard?
ing their credibility as equal to that of the other wit
nesses, yet the mass of opposing testimony is con
sidered as so overwhelming, that the Hoard feel MM*
polled BpOO this point le reject the police OfbhMM M
invalidated and worthless, lie g neral \.i!.ie of their
te taiMtiv ma be estimated bj the Ibcttbet, out ol
the large number ."lamined us witnesses, hit Tnutr
ARK VVIUINU rO ADMIT BATIM A1 'ITALLY I 1! R FIRK
Aim on ?HAT oat oanjuie oi until nu roua
At mom point of tie daring
? the Hall. . s lut?- h ?i f/ ?? i ?i.
lr??in one of the w odsWfl. Tl
I n to I..,' king the tir
t m m1 . < orung lo t '
s Ol'..mi II and lOOtber, tht pulue. itt'taiMinif
'? t .1 rui n on llit promise of ?rvt>. liai; i
if. 'n th turClDUl* US bl
fjre. ! .i 'Um- ti,at on
leu? vwoc.oii. ia* MaOMj u-t) BIN *???? u*<-^ ?-*? uv? j
the Hall. In nearly all the ,e irruptions into the Hall,
tho police were accompiuiul by the mob. ?,nd s
member of the State Legulaturc, Mr. James Phillip?,
is identified as prominent m the attack.
Finally the assailants obtom full possession ?>f the
building. Tht negroes in the hiding are bronght ont
and dispatched; other? ptr'iitd for taftty on crois htami
and rafters are pwkedoff luke game by well-aimed >hoU:
the whites taken to the itatun-houirt with blow? and
abate, and at last, justas the advanring bayonet? are
seen ta gluten on the Letec, the " riot' u ortr, for lack
On the subject of the character of the negro pro?
cession, whose ill-timed and unfortunate appearance
was tho immediate occasion of the outbreak, the
Hoard axe unable to see any evidence in support of
the hypothesis that it was anything deserving the
name of an arm? d organisation. Hoot of its mem?
bers had such canes and clubs as negroes carry on all
holiday excursions, and perhaps a dozeu ha?l pistols.
No doubt many ol' these were carried with the idea
that an attack upon themselves was by no mea:.s im?
probable; but that the procession itself could be re?
garded a.- a body organized to light would seem to
P? rions of military experience to have been dis?
proved by events, over thirty negroes being shot dead
during the firing, while the ?uppotrd or an mullion ran
not succeed in killing in return a ?ingle attailant?
young Cenas, the only man killed on that side, being
suppo?ed to have received a stray ?hot from his own
party. It is true that, according to one witness,
armed organisations are alluded to M existing by Pr.
leslie: but if this procession may be con?idered a
fair specimen, the Board caunot consider the civil
Government of Loui?iaf?& as in mnch danger of
being overturned thereby. The only ovidence tending
to bhow a previous hostile intent on the part of
the negroes il that of Mr. fcauve, the
planter, who, by the way, is tbe only nitness who
hears tho screams of ?' ninrder the white men," and
who testifies to having been told by one of his ser?
vants that a white man bad been on the plantation
taking names and tolling the negroes to " prepare for
war;" and that the ncgioes of the procession said
they had been ordered to come to defend the Conven?
ed . Whatever the purpose with which these ne?
groes cAme, it is evident they intended no offensive
action. The Hev. Mr. Hen.y is told by the proces?
sion of negroes that they ure pledged to have no
tronble on their part.
On tho personal inspection of the Hall by this
Hoard, there were found on aud urouud the door, the
marks of six pistol-shots which had been fired by the
bt -?eged upon their assailants. That tho arms were of
small caliber, appears from the fact that two which
struck the pine panel of the door, but one had suffi?
cient force to penetrate it. On the opposite wall
which received such bullets of the ns-ailants as missed
tho.r aim, 22 shots were counted. The fact repeatedly
testified to, that the police when emptying their re?
volvers were attacked with chairs and driven from the
Hall, the Hoard considers as establishing beyond the
shadow of doubt that except the two or three pistols in
th? hand? of the proettiuin of negroes the besieged party
were totally unarmed.
Of the further occurrences of the day of riot, the
Hoard would respectfully call attention TO THE brutal
TRHATMKNT, AKD ALMOST INHTMA-f ?EGLR? T OK THI
WOC!H>KD A!?D DEAD PRISONERS AT THE VARIOC8
STATION HOl'SEH, BKFORE THRY WERE, BT MILITARY
orders, REMOVBi' to th ii iioseiTALs. The evidente
of Lieut.-Col. Crosby, Major Hheridan, and Dr. Avery
on this point, shows as horrible a rcfxe OKgrFFBR
INO ARD NEGLECT AS Cut. LU HAVE BBRH I RUhKTED 05
A LO?T BATTLE-FIELD.
They would also t all attention to the evidence on
the subject of Die reuewal of the attack on negroes,
and the shooting of them in their dwellings by both
ottaMM and police, late on the same night, in Vic
The Hoard will state it as their firm conviction, that
I BfT for the declaration of martial law, and tub
i PBFSF.NCB OF TUB TR00F8, F1KE AKD RLO'PSHBO
! Woi-t? HAVK RAOED TTJR0C?.II0rT THE DOS! lu ALL
?EUKO tit ARTER? M THI CITV. AK? THAT THB LIVR?
. ATO r-ROPBHTT OF UNIONISTS ANI> NORTHERN MBH
WOtLD HAVK BBaR AT IHR MERCY OF THB MOB. Tni
I 0OS8IRVATOHS OF THE PEACB LEIH?. KM TnB TIME,
! THB ISSTIOATORB OF VIOLRRCB, KOTHIHQ WOLLI?
have MMAJJtn arr ii? arming for sflp hrfbhsk,
AND A MMB MIOHT HAVE RNSUID I NrARAlElLED IK
THB history OK THB AGE.. As m the Gordon riots in
Ixmdoii, and tho more recent draft riots in New-York,
the affair would have pa?sed beyond the power of the
originators, into the hands of that tlass whose only
Objoet would have been plunder and destruetion irre?
spective of party. In the Board's opinion, the prop?
erty of the Southern merchant not less than the life
of the negro and the Unionist, was that night under
the protection of the Federal bayonet alone.
On the subject of the action of the Grand Jury in
the indictment and arrest of the members of this
Convention, and their subsequent investigation into
and report upon the causes of riot, the Board do not
feel themselves called upon to express an opinion,
but would merely call attention to the evidence.
There seems, to say the least, tobo a direct opposition
in legal opiuion as to the validity of such action, and
the presence upon the panel of one who, so far from
being a registered voter, was a registered and unpar
doned enemy, only three months returned, would
i-ecni to ea*t some suspicion upon the mannerin which
i that panel was made up. Hut this Hoard do not con?
sider themselves as anthoriied orcalled upon to revise
the action of the Grand Jury. Whether theirmanner
of action was according to law, and the substance of
their reports supported by facts, ure questions which
the legal profession and the community at large will
decide for themselves.
Finally, the Hoard would ?tate that, in their opin?
ion, the whole drift and current of the evidence tends
irresistibly to the conclusion that there was among
the class of violence known to exist in this city and
among the members of the cx-Coufederate associations
before alluded to, a prtcomerted plan and purpose of
attack upon this Convention, protided any plausible
pretext therefor could be found. Threats to members to
'? prepars their coffins." warnings to friends to keep
c!?-ar of the vicinity, anonymoui letters dissuading
those whose purposu to bo present was known, all
theso taken together, the Hoard regard as of a signifi?
cance which can hardly be m?iuterpreted. Though
not in evidence, it is within the personal knowledge
of the Hoard that a mock obitnary notice of the de?
mite of the Convention on the 30th of July, was some
Wiieks previous pt?sted in this city.
Whether, and to what degree, Mayor Monroe can
be regarded as an accomplice iu, or knowing to this
purpose of OttajOh, will probably, by direct testimony,
MTW appear. Whether any definite instructions were
given to the boum the Boori ngnri as immaterial.
Bi knjw theil (eelingi toward thi party of negro
infftngnti be ientieoJ with there of the nob. Three
mi or ram wm ix Omimmomsi soldiebs,
A ?TI AT I.RAs; "NK Of THEIR 0FFICKRS. APPOINTED I1Y
aUMIgV, m .NO1. Liol S TBCO, AsH\SSIN, AKI> FORMER
UAMBI Oi' IHK VEIIY ME* OF HU-'D Wliu MIOIIT Bli
TIP TO Ka FOREMOST Iff THE ATTA?K.
n ti thepol ? been uni to the hall in advance wfth
, loi the atluck the Convention; on ti
Baili LBS] ?.*. Luve ?.UJ ?*? tti onteMi ibu* ??,
was the advice of Geti. I?erron. But if the police are
kept away until au attack is m.uio and lighting en?
sues, then p.veipituicd in masa upon the seoae, it M
easy te? foresee what will bo their action iu quelling
tho riot. The Conveution and its ?uppe,r.,?m bava
'seen Jong held up as outlaws, revolutionist? and coo*
spirators against law, and the police would have
acted by the order of the Mayor, bnt for the inter?
ference of (kn. Baird. As it is a maxim that a maa
must be presumed to intend the legitimate cou
nea of his acts, the Board ara reluctantly forcead
to the conclusion that, although the ir-tance ol
Lieut.-Hoy. Voorbis and other? were fiuc?e+?fui ia
causing the issuing of the Proclamation yet that
mayor monroe well kuh that before the ex?
cited passions of the mob, it wol'ld be as a bar?
rier of straw to fire ; hut notroops had bteh
a-jktd for. and w1tholttue presence of pouce.
violence was inevitable, when, therefcre. hu
withdrew and massed his armed police, ard o*
the break1no out of the riot. precipitated turm
ito? the scene, the board are compelled to ton^
cll'de that he knew what their rcfjoi wol'ld
be, and that he intended the inewtaklb i onse
OjDBbXBI OF HIS OWN ACTS.
The Board would call attention to the avuleoM
which seems m many instances to indicate clearly the
identity of parties guilty of muribin Tht impossxbtl
try of bringing suth criminals to justice uru'tr the Citti
(iootrnment a? it note exists, itould be in thtir opinion,
ttntrertallij acknowledged by this community. Keiliablo
evidence would seem to fix the identity of erne of the
murderers of Captain Loop, the ox-United States
Officer. The evidence against the notorious Lucien
Adams, though direct, is that of negroes. In thie
connection, the Board would respectfully call atten?
tion to the small proportion of negro testimony taken,
and to the fact that all imjMtrtant points re?>*rutd a?
established, rut upon white tattmony tUone.
Attention is called to the manner in which, suica
his advent into office, Mayor Monroe has made bia
appointment: and changes on the police and his die
regard of the reeominendations and ad\ ice of the
chief. Hit appointment of Lucien Adams as a Strgtont
i* considered hy the Chief as outraging tht fttimgt oj
the community. But the Board are compelled U> stat?
that, io their opinion, it is tho party to which such
men as Lucien Adams were leaders that Mayor Mon?
roe owed his reelection, and that he now fears to dis?
obey their dictation.
In regard to the Chief of Police and hit share of
the responsibility for the riot, it will be remarked that
he was but a subordinate carrying out the orden of
his superior. The Board are inclined to regard him
as well disposed in the main, and only regret that ho
should not have thought it his duty to resign, rather
than to aid in executing a programme of which bo
must have foreseen the result. There is but one point
on which his testimony may be regarded as invali?
dated. In common with the Mayor and the pol.ee
generally, he denies the giving of any orders to arm.
If the evidence of tho policeman Dorsey. aud the
clerk and telegraph operator Cax-aux is to be cr?d?
it?e], such orders were sent oy the Mayor through tha
chief and subordinates, on Sunday.
In conclusion, the Board will state that it is by no
means their opinion that hostility to Northern and
Union men so prevails in the community at large, aw
of itself either to endanger their life or property pro?
dded they refrain from claiming freedom of tpuen con?
ti ming subjects on which, like thal of SUtrry btfort tho
tear, no diff?rence of opinion is tolerated. But in re?
gard to tho party which elected Mayor Monroe, and
which through him, now controls in a great measure
the municipal government and city police, this tarty
the Board do consider as most thoroughly imbued
with the spirit of hostility alluded to, and so soon
as the lapse of sufficient time shall
have conduced them that no punish?
ment is to be anticipated for past offenses, and thal
they need be no longer "on their food behavior,"
then, in the Board'? opinion, a period of inseeunty for
Northern life and property will recommence. Tho
recent success of this party at the polls, i?. in tho
Board's opinion, due, nrst to the fact that Us ?at?fatela
vai peculiarly identified with the Confederate const, and
secondly, to the unfortunate apathy of the best e lassoo
of the community ou the subject of municipal elec?
tions, which appears to be the curse of large cities,
and results in throwing tho Government thereof into
The Commission have thus endeavored to give, M
concisely as poeaible, the conclusions at which they
have been i OBaBOlled to arrive on the subject of tho
causes of and responsibility tor the recent tloodsJicd.
What, if any action is called for, is for the ?lec,s.en of
jos. a Mown
Brevet Major General, V. S. A.. rre*??l?rt.
S M QUINCl
Hrevet ll.!L'-i.li.T-Uene:al, IT. 8. Yol. i ... ^
I IRVIN tiVeoO, j Ueinltf?
Hi-ut Uri if idler tienen,!. USA I
GtOOOlBui'T Ilre>.t Ilrig tien., V.U. V.l. K.?.,,!rr
To Colonel Os.oa.iK UBj
AtruUtnt Adjutant (?entr?t,
I*yiir'rm .it vf tht Out/
.Va? Oriearu La.. Sei*. 5, ltotS.
ANDREW JOHNSON' IN DEFENSE OF THE MOB.
?V-.-H Aw Speech at the St. Lou* Banquet. Srj.L S in<
The time baa come when, it seems to me, ttiat ali ... .pit
to he prepared for peace, the Rebellion beiag suppressed
and tho shedding of blood stopped. The sacrifi?e at life
being stared, it seems that the time has arrived wheo wt
should have peaco? when tho bleeding arteries sheuld be
tied up. (A Voice?"New-Orleans," "Goon. '] Perhaps
if you had a word or two oo the subject of New-Orleeu?,
rou might understand more at?.at it than you do [Weihte?
and cheers] ; and if you will go back (ones for Hewar?] ? J
von will go back and ascertain the cause of the net at
New-Orleans, perhaps you would not be to prompt
in calling out ?'Now-Orlean?. ' If you will tala
up the riot at New-Orleans and trace it back
to its source, or to ita immediste caui<e, yea
mil find out who was responsible for the?
blood that was ?bed there. // ye? teilt take up the not at
Sew-Orleans and trace it biuk to the Radient Congrus,
[Great cheoring and criea of " bully.' '], you tritt fino that
the riot at Sew-Orleans tras substantially planned. If
yuu will take up the proceed!'g? inthe.r caucuses rou will
understand that they then knew [cheers] that a Conven?
tion was to be called which waa extinct by ita power lav?
ing expired?that it waa said, and the intention waa, thal
a new Government was to be organised,and m the organi?
zation of that (Jovorntuent the iatentiou wss to i-afraa
cbiae one portion of the population ?called the colored
populationi, who had just been, emancipated. aud at the
ume time disfranebsu white men. (Greet cheering.)
When you begin to talk about iSeu>Orleans [confusioa],
youougktto understand mhal you art talking ?hw'.. Wheo
von read the speeches that were made, or take tue fact ob
Friday or Saturday before the Convention sat. you will
then and toe speeches war? made incendiary ia cbaraeter,
en iting that portion of the population (the black popo
l.itioni to arm themselves and prepare for tha shedding
of blood. | A vaice ?-" That's so," and cheers. ] Yoa will
also find that Convention did assemble in violation of
law, and that the intention of that Convention
waa to supersede the recognised authorities in the
Stat? Government of Louisiana, which had been recog?
nized by the Government of tho United States, and ev?n?
man cngsged in that Rebellion, i* that Convention, with
the intention of superseding and upturning thtetvU Qoo
t-n.menf u-hirk had been recognised hy tie (Jooerument
of the United States. I say that he waa a
traitor to the Constitation of tho United States,
j Cheers.] And heneo you hud that ano thai Rebel?
lion was comiiioaced, having itt origin ia tht Radioai
Congrue. Thus? tuen were to go lhere, a Government
was to be organised, sad the one in existence in Louis?
iana was to be superseded, set aside and overthrew?. You
m iy talk to me about Site-O Irani. And then ti? esjiesa
tf n was to come up when they bad established taeir ?Jov
eniment, a question cf political power winch of ti? two
Government? was to be recognised?a new Gevorunem
inaugurated und?* this defunct Convention act up in vio?
lation of htw and without tho will of tko people. Then
whod thuy had established their Government and extended
uuvcrsalor impartial franchise, as they culled it (tbiscol?
orid population), then this Radical ton greas wa? to ?ts
tcrmine that a G .vernmeut established ?n legro
votes, wss to be the Government of Louisiana. |Volce?,
?? Ni-Te," and cheer? and hornih? for Andy.| so Msai
fat th. Sete-Orlrans not, and there r M Me '-um*? and the
Origim of the blood toa! Has shed, and toery d>vp of blocd
tait u,/. shed rests upon their skuti and tk yan re
if,<)>tlibU for it. [Cheers.] I could traco this thiRg a
talk aboot Ne? Orb ans. aud talk about the enm-eei u:<d
? ? i?i re- Red trm i \ root ?Ming? of that kn.d,
! rhnps. ?a 1 have t nu Introdt.t keen, and you lav?
t rovoki d y ? ?' ?* I ?'' s ll"1" lt"'*-.-h -- <*??>?? not iro
tukoma), I oillu-ll \ui a few wholesome tliug? IU4
U.t Uu? ?ki* bj ibu K?dke> Coacrm? .u*?*e.i