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MIND IN ANIMALCULEB.
?B THgRg A. SOUL IN P-^TOPT-ASM ?
tSI WYCHIC UFE OF MICaO-0__ANI_U. A
gtudy ln VUpertmental P-ychology. ?y Airrea
Binet. -T*_s__?d from the Freneh hy Jhoraas
McCormaok. 12mo. pp. 120 Chloago: The Open
Court Publl.hlng Company.
Tbe physieal basis ot lifo ls beM by modern
biologtsss to ha protoplasm. Aa to the phy-teal
basis of tnind there is less agr-ement. The prob
Jra ls one of ths flrst importanoe. Pending con
oluslve evidence certain working bypothcseV have
been advanced and provislonally aooeptod. Ot
these the most generally reeelved is thst whieh
placea tba nerve-eell at tha -ounditi-n of meut-l
evohttioo. The belief that un_ifferentiated pro
topbusn oould exhibit any evldence of psychologic
Be-kaD, while never in tend* rejected, haa until
reeeatly been practically di_regarded, the tenden
?l_s of modern thought favering th* tbeor.* that
some complexity of eon?1_tution in ths organirsm
waa neeeaaary' to tbe evolution of mind. Mr.
Romanes, whose work on ? Mental Evolution in
Man" The Tribune reoently reviewed, presented,
ln bis preoeding volume on " Mental Evolution in
Animak," a chart. intended to show the growtb
?nd linutations of mind from the lowest to the
bighes* organisms. In this cbart the pro
t_f-la_rmlo organlsma are credited with exoitability
nlone, and " protoplusroio movemcntB." To th?
uttio-Ilular organisms conduetivity and diserimtna
tion are assigned. It is not until the ecWnoderas
and the annelldas nnd larvae of inseets are reaohed,
that the germs of memory, consoiouaneaa, and
a prhnary instinota" are euppoaed to develop. Now
the conclu-ions to be drawn from this theory are
far-tea-hing and importent. If Mr. Romanes ia
right, mental evolution does not inhere m th*
phyaical baaiB of llfe, but is slowly evolved by
prooes-es of protoplai-mic differe-tiation whieh are
unable to produce mental operations s?ve through
a more or less complex and elaborate nerve-system.
But suppose that Mr. Romanes is wtongi sup
pose thst evidenoes of physieal action are to be
found, not only in the ec-unodorins aud annelides
and larvae. but in unicellular organk-ma?in thoae
_ii?-<8 aml microscopio forms, l.tiudreds of whieh
may be seen moving in a drop of watar-in the
pseudopods whieh to all appearance are simple
lumps of uudifferentiated protoplasm f Could
thi* be proved it would clearly have mest im
?portant and deeply interesting resulhi. It would
nutrk another step in the slow but steady progress
of seienee toward tho estabbshment of unity in
nature. It would oompel ua to look for the
physieal basia oi mind, not in the nerve-cell, but
in tbe protoplasm iteelf. We must not say tbo
simple protopLaara, for we know as yet too llttle
of its constitution, and the tendeoey of modern
analysia is so strongly toward tbe resolution of
aupposed simple substances into oompound onea,*
that all referenee to elementary mattera muat bo
characteriied by extremo oaution. AU that it is
safe to haxard i. tliat. so far :?s at prcaent known,
lirotoplaam constitutes the physieal basis of Mfe.
Sbould it be demonotrated presently tbat it is
also the phyaical basis of mind, we should flnd our
aeKes approoching (and not for the flrst time
in thia eentury) hoary theories whieh
ninrteenth eentury scienoe has evineed a disposi
tion heretofore to dismisa eontempteously as tho
onids speculaUons of an ignorant age. Tbe hy
pothesia of a primal -ubstanoe has indeed beou
rcgainipg plausibility for many ysars. It is held
flrmly to-day by many men of seienee. But
tbougb if it be true it clearly involves the initial
identity of that whlch we eaU spirit and that
whlch we oall mattor: and though, if tbese are
fundamentally one, we shouM expeet to flnd traees
of sptrit no less ln the loweat forms than in the
highrr, auoh u possibility seema to bave ooourred
to very few seicntists.
M. Alfred Binet is a distinguished rrench man
of seienee, who, in conjunction witb M. Ferd, re
oentJy wrote a luminous book upon Animal Mag
- iieti_m, whioh has been translat-d f<#tbe " Inter
nat-onal Soientiflc Scrio*." He has for some time
been stadying micro-organiems and he haa ar?
rived at concluaions regarding them whieh he seta
fonh with admirable lucidity in the volume under
review. M. Binet traverses the theory of Mr.
Komanes, whose ebart of psychologic evohrrton
he deelares to be ine*_rre.t and misleading. He
?_serts and undertakes to prove that " psyeholog
ieal phenomena brgin among the very lowcat
el? ***% ot btings*. they are met with in every form
?f life, from the siuiplest eellule to ihe most eom
plieated organism. It i? they thot art the essential
phenomena of life, inherent in all protoplasm.?
The last sentenoe possosKes, o. will be perooived
at onee, broad and deep impUoatione. Life, ac.
| cording to Mr. Binet, or " vitalism,*' as he some.
\ tlroes puts it, is characterized by psychological
'/ properties, whieh are not something added to it,
bot something native to it and inherent in it. If
this be troe, we must be prepared to flnd theae
psychologic properties not only in the protoaoas,
tbe mlero-organisms of various kind., hut in the
worm and the spermatozoid?and in effect Mr.
Binet haa found them there, and he fortiflea hi.
theory by such a wealth of exact observations
and experiments tbat the reader who follows his
demonstration corefuily can hardly fail of con
Of course it is necessary to have a eriterion of
mind before it ean be argued about profltnbly.
Tbe flnit question tberefore ia: What ia to he oon
ai-end valid evldence of mental evolution? Mr.
Romanes proposcs tbe foiiowing test: " It ia
BdAp_ive action by a living organism in oases
where tbe inheritcd maehlnery of tbe nervou. sys?
tem does not furnish data for our prevision of
what the adaptive action must neoessariry be?it
ls only in auch casea that we recognize the elemrnte
ot mind.'* In other worde: " EJeotlveiy oooaid
er-d, the distinctive eiement of mind is conacious
neas, tbe test of eonsclousness ls tbe pre-ersce of
eboioe, and tbe ?videne? of cboice is tbe ante
eedent nncertainty of adjustlve aotion between
two or more alternatlves." ___s exactness of
__fl__it-on is rendered neoessary by tbe difflculty
Of d-rtlngaishing between reflex aotion. and voli
aA*ffM*i Mtion. in many casea. M. Binet aocepts the
eriterion propoaed, aud undertakes to show that
_ilOK>-org_niflins exhibit, psychological phenomena:
tbat they exerci_s choice, that is to say. and
manlfest volitio_rand consolousneaa. Now tbe
organisms referred to are what is termed unioellu
lar, and tbey hav,e no traoe of a oervous system.
I*. is the theory of Mr, Herbert Speneet tbat nervca
are evolved from what he calls " llnes of dis
eharge*; that is, the lines upon wbioh waves of
sa_mulation projected through tb? bomogeneous
protoplasm b?-e acquired the habit of proceeding
most easlly. Tbe tbeory of a diffueed nenous
ayatcm la leas suggestive, but it is perhaps more
?trictly in accordnnoe with obaerved faots. It is
M. Binet's object to prove that in effect the un
dHrerentiated protoplasm contalns much more than
tbe ? p-*omlse and potency" of higher power; thal
lt not only oan but does perform fuootions and
produce pbenomena bitberto supposed to b* im
poasible in the Bbsenee of aa anatomloany differ
anti-tcd nervous system.
, I_-eJ_ of sBoos'Iorhlds us to follow tbe dis.
tzn^nlsbad author through bis deeply interesting
examinatlon of the paeudopoda, the vibratile oilio
aad tne flagellum, and tbe aome reason compeb u.
ta pa** over his stndies apon tbe organs of Beose
la mlcro-organisms. It ean only be remarked
tbat these reseawhes all tend to stteogtben the
damonstratioa ot tb* psychologic properties of
naked protoplasm and its adaptability to what
bave been consid-re- tbe special funet-oss of ad.
vanoed organisms. Tbe pbenomena of nutrition,
are 8.a-lly fn& of instruo-on and saggestlon,'
aad from tha ehapter on tbe paythology of nu.
trltion some passages msy be oited. Thero are
various modes of nutrition among ths mjero-or.
jWBffW-, but tbat whieh ls most impoxtaat fat tbe
aarpuees of M. Binet's argument is ani-sal nu?
trition, "wbes. tbe n_cro^iianh-B -cises
aaBd elementary partt-lea and nourlahes
.nieM after ths faahlon of aa ani.
m-i, wbs-bst it be by means of a psma
omt moutb, or bjr means of an adveatttioua *a_.
. .___prov.s_d at tbe moment of Beed.*' We bave to
obterre ll) tha eboios ef food, aad .?) tbe move
tAAAtA ?eoeaatq. ttt tha ftebi?aiaai ef t*9u. 0?
tbese pointa M. Binet observes: "The micro
organiama do ned ttoarlah theiaaelvee indlsorlml
i_tely, nor do tbey faed blindly upon every sub
stonee that ohaocea ln thHr way. Alao, wben they
ingest food through aome point or otber of their
bodies, they understand perfectly how to make <i
ehoiee of the particles tbey wiah to absorb. This
choloe la sometlmes quite well defltted, for there
are speclee whioh fecd excluaively upon particu?
lar fooda. Thua there are herbivorous Infuaoria
and car-lvorous In.usorio.'*
The question of cholec ia obviously not leaa dittt
cult, tbau iraporrant to determine. Not all scientUt.
are wi'iing to aJmit the iuferenco drawn by M.
Binet. For ex-iaple, M. Maupes eontenda that
? the ehoiee of food is not the result of individual
taato ln tbe mioro-organisms, but ia detormiucd
by tbe organic atrueture of their buocal apparatus,
wbieh doea not allow them to reoelve other form,
of nutrlmcnt." It may aeem to some
readera that the objeotion covera too
much ground; that it ls capable of
ao wlde an epplioation a-k-Jmintabes lta eogeney.
In that view wa are inelined to agree, bot ML
Binet. After eandldly atating the argument of hta
opponent, la only Btimnlated by it to make bls
demonstratfon the more eompletc and ooneluaive.
Observation of tbe modas in whlch the Infusori..
aeak aod take their prer. follow, and from theae
Btudies one er two exearpta may be made:
In a large number of animalcules, the prehen.
sion of food ta preeeded by another atage, tha
aeareh for food. and in the caae of llving prer.
bv lta cepture. We shall not inveatigatc these
phenomena among all the Protozou, but Bhall dlre.t
our ettention aepeoiallr to tbe ciUnted Infuaoria.
1 _elr habite are a remarkable study. If a drop
of water contalnlng Infuaoria be placed under the
mlcroscope orgauisms ara seen swimminc rapid ly
aliout uud traveralng the llquid medium ln whioh
they are in evetrr dlrection. Their movementa aro
not simple; tho infuaory guidos lt?elf while ewim
ming about; lt avoida obstaoles: often it undcrtokci
to 1 oroe them aafde: lta mo verncnta aeem to be de
sirned to effeet an end. which ln moat Instancea
1k the Bearch for food; it approaohes certain par?
ticles suapended in the liauiti, it fecls them wlth
its cilia, lt goen away and returns, all the while
describing a zigxag course similar to the pnths of
eaptlve flah in nquariums, this latter compariaon
naturally occors to the mind. In ahort., the aet
of looomotlon, us seen in artoched Iuiusorin, ex
hibits all the marks of Toluntary movemont.
Here is an account of the hur.ter Infusoria:
TLe hunter Infuaoria are oonatantly runnlng
about in queat of prey; but this oonstant purauit
is not directed toward one objeot any more than
another. They movo mpidly bitber and thjther,
chnnging thelr directlon every m.ment, with tho
tiart of the body bearing the battery of trie.hoeysts
beld in advanoe. When chanoe lms brought them
in contact with a vlctim, tbey let fly thelr darta
and erush it; at thls point of the aotiou tbey go
through oertain manoeuvrcs that are pro_tpt***d
by a guiding will. It very seldom happena tbat
tbe ahattered vjetim ranains motionle&s after
dJrect oolltaion wltli the niouth of ita aaeailant,
The hunUT aocoK-ingly alowlr makes hio way
about the seone uf aetion, turnlng both right and
left in aeareh of hia hfelesa prey. This aearoh
lasts a minute at the most, after which, if not,
mccessful in flnd Ing his ricthn. he atarta off onco
more to the ohase, ond resumes hia lrregubir and
The Dldinium is armed wlth a number of
fHamentO'ia darta, whloh lt. di*ohr_,gea at ita vio
tims like javelins, aa deaetibed in the next ex
Tbe prehension of food by the Didinium ex
hiblta inteteeting aapeota, whinh have not aa yet
been obeerved in any other Infuaory. M. Bal
biani, h_ his flrst observations, had often been
surnrised at seelng anlmalcala that the LHdinium
had passed by without touobing auddenly atop as
if violently paralyzed; whereupon our rarnivor
ous apecimen straightway iippronrhed, and aelied
them with aeemlng faclllty. More cureful ex
nniinatlon of the Didinium's aetions boou fur
nit*tied the'key to this enlgma. If, while ewiftly
turning in the water, tbe Didinium bappcris N
che naghberhood of an anlmnioulum, aay a IM
meoium, whlch it ia going to eapture. lt oeglns
by oaatang at it a quentity of becilJary e<*rp_ae>s
whloh eonstituty its phnryngeal arrnature. TM
Parameojum immediately stopa svdmmlng. Md
*.hows no other sign of vitaUty iban feebly w beat
the water wlth lta vlhratile eibn: an eve?- aidc
.f it he acattered the Uarta that "*****?
strike it. Its enemy then approaehes, and qniekl.
thrutrta fdrth from ita moutb an orgnn ?h**l>eU
ike n tonguc, relaUvely long, and resembliug a
__Mpam?t c^Mndncal rod; Uie free, ex^nrled
extaemity of this rod it faatens on Bome part of
ollr broogbt n?*r ky th? recea_lon of thla ******
Bb_Jc-Kl^r_an towai- tbe buecal aperture of tl*
iffiium %*ich opens wide, aas-nmlng the shapo
Jf a^'fn-nel. m which tbe prey ia awallowrd
The Btudies of which we give Rpeelmens are
not, $8 M. Binet ta careful to point out, conclu
slve,- but tbey ar* stronglv eorroboratlvn of hls
hypo_M_ta, and taken in consider?tJoT with his
remarkable ohsenations upou the funcSions of
tbe nucteua and upon fecundation they point to
new and most signiflcant conceptions npon the
psvelwlogy of the lowest organlsms. The general
belief has been that the senaiMHty or irritab.hty,
aa it ta not very hapP-b' termed, of the micro
organisms resides ln the protoplaam itaelf. The
reM-arches of M. Binet bave eonvinced him thot
the. nucleus is the true seat of sonaiblllty, and
of what msy be ealled the higher phenomena
generally, for be has discovered by experiment
upon flseiparouB organlsms tbat wben divjsioti
takea placa, and one of the fragmenta is im|u-<r
vided with a nucleua, capacity for propagation
ia loet, and death enaoea.
The main questton is then put by M. Binet.
-The question now remains; whether the eom
pliented experlmenta made in muacubr physiology,
which M. Biohet generalirea and extends to the
phyaiology of aU cellnles, inclode and eompre
hend tbe whole psychology of an independeut
organtam, and whether we may aay wlltJ. M
Kiohet that irritabillty represeuta all of oellutar
payehology." Thla ta hta answer: - Plainly not.
Tiie numerous facto whloh we bave olted ln the
feregoing eaaay tmnaoend the too narrow limita
within whieh it haa baen atMmpted to conflne
the p^chologT of the eell. We sball reatrlct
ourselvee to the mention of one of theae
phenomena, to ahow the eomplexlty of tbe paychio
Mfe of mioro-organtan.?; ?t Ia the cxlatence of a
power of arleotlon, e_eroiaed eitier in tbe aeareh
for food, or in the manoeuvres attending oonjuga
tion Thta aet of eelaetion ta a capitil phenomenon:
we may Uke it as the. charaoterIstlo feature of
functiona pertaining to the nervous ByBtem."
Again be aaye: "We may reaume all tho fore
going Into the atatement that every micro-organ
itm bas a peychlc Mfe, the eomplexlty of which
transoends the limita of cellulai*irritabillty, from
the fact that every mloro-organism poaseases a
facuky of aelectlon; it chooeea ita food, aa it
likewiae ohoosea the animal with which it con
In concluaion lt may be aaid that, though the
isa-es joined between Mesara. Binet, Blchet and
Bfllfpa- are yet undetermlned, the eaaay here
*re\iewed ia an important contaibutlon to tbo aetr
tlement of all tbe pointa in diaputa, and that it
constitatee a powerful and maeteely argument,
thoroughly aupported by obaerved faota. Ths entire
subject ta one which ahould interest thinking in.*n
atrbngly, for the probleme involved have a dircct
and cogent bearing upon psychical and religloua
dootrinea-, and the directlon taken by M. Binct's
disooveriea and reaearohea ta that of the rehabilita
tion of that apiritual aide of hfe which the current
roatertaltat tendenoi.a of phyaical acience have ao
miachiavoualy and aerioualy obscured.
A eorrespondetit of "The Atbenaeum" saya that
early ptinted booka relaflng to Amerlca ara itaadlly
Increasing In valne and ahould .UU Inoreaae. "The
same remark aaplles to work. prlnted In SeoUand
during the atxteemtk and aeventaanth oenturlea. Art
booka are deereaalng In vaiue, tbe works of Ruskln,
Hamerton, Turner, and a few othera belng exeeptlons,
and lt ta predlotod that they wlll fall ?tlli lower.
Old Kngli.h works, whieh derlve thelr Interest from
typograpboal eonsMeratlnns, ai.pear to be atatlooary,
so are tlluataatad flrat edttlooa of modern autbora,
meh e? Alnaworth, Wckens, Lever aad Thaokeray, the
probabiUty belng that theae latter have at last
reacbed tbe cenlth of thelr fama and vaiue. Old
Blblaa ara. aa u.ual, much .ought after, but the
prices pald aie .tatlonary. Booka on wltehoiaft,
nrngte, and ktadred auhjeets, reallae high priaaa, and
a tow years Leoeo wlll be ntfflcult to proevre at aU,
unUss, indeed, Mr. Rcdway or some other aatute
purehaaar eaeaa te dupiieete hta atoek whlle there
I. aa>\ aad keep tt under Joek and key for the aene
?t of the PAtt generation. flrat editlons of modern
aotbor. whleb are not Ulustrated-suob, for ln
.tanee. aa ths srorfca of Brron and aoott-have, aa
a ruie beeoJelllng for a few aalUtng* oaoh. bat a
.._*T oimotmAsaAstmy ia elenrty obsarvabta In &.?
?t laeu* *
rROFESSOU IIARDY'S SUCCESSFCL WORK.
PASSE IK'bF. By Arthur Sberburn* Hardy. 16mo,
pp. 5fll. Houghton. Mlfflln & ? 8,
BUI'KETT'S L'iCK. Hy M. G. McClelland. lOnus
pp. BY*. C?s>*ll _ Co.
A romenee aet In the tlmo of Cbarl*ra*ine I* a dar
ng -xperimenl. yet Profewor Hardy ha* made lt ?
moeeaafal one. " 1-.ae Ro*e? le a preullar and a
f.srlnatlng .tory. Much of lts attraetlvene*. ls due
m all prob-Mllty ro tt.e faraway *tmo*pbere, whlch, In
lendlng a certain cloudlnea. and IndltUnetne*. to both
icene and action. avolds Ihat feellqg of anachrenkm
whlch tbe attempt to gtve modern vlvldnes. and sharp
nes* of outllne to .rchale flctlou almo.t Invarlably
produce*. " Pat-o R??e," from one polnt of view, U
a .tudy of Mml-h.rli.rous socfety; frem another lt I.
a .tudy of a bealthy, pure, unsophlstlcated woman.
rhe time ot Charlem**?e was a rude ono. The Chureh
waa mo.t worthlly occupled, when at lt* beat, In
restra.'nlng a feroclty wh lph.even under *o reUUvoly
?dvaueed and enllshtoned a ruler, oocae-onally brobe
forth ln exoeuea, the mrr* mentlon ot wbleh now
eau-ea a .hudderlng .n.a.ement at Ue Implec-bl*
eruelty that marta them. What may be IlteraUy called
aadon.l mawacre. were .0 llttle uncommon a. to
exelte, out of the Chureh, no horror and llttle cora
punctlon. Cbarlemagne wa* far more humane than
the majorlty of bl. rontempoi-rte*, y*? h* wa. oap.bl*
of wholaeale slaughter., undertaken wlth no other
.xonae than Uie extlnetJon of the .plrlt ot freedom.
But, In fact, Uie destruoUoo of human llfe from
-ae**r to Charlcmagne, ln and upon tb* border. of
Osul, and among all ihe people* and ttlbe. who**
resUe*. aggreislon madr them bad nelghbot-, was on a
colo?_-l seale, and only to be eompared to the
Dutcherto* narrated tn the hiatory of the Jew., or the
.evaat.flon wrought by tho more remote A?l*_c con
1-ero-. Tho Chureh, wben not per-ecutlng on her
own account upon the .core of hereay, dld good _ervloe
oy her Intoroea-ton on belialt of Uie heaUieii tribes and
naUon. tbat fell under Charlemagne'. yoke, and thU
mterventlon no doubt kept allve .ome remnant ot
oellef ln the sancUty of hnman llfe. Q la ln .uoh a
perlod Uiat Uie .cene of " l*a__e Robe- 1. laid, but the
poetlc Imaglnatlon of the author ha* ?oftened and
oe*u__-d a partlcularly hard, unleveiy aod repuhlve
epoch, tn order to lend attractlon to, and form a fittfng
baekgroand for, the tender charm. of the horotoe.
Chureh and Abbcy and Court, and soroethlng, though
not mueh. of fhe llfe of sturdy buigher and .ullen,
iiopelo.. slavr and serf, are represented In tbo story,
and Nature, the pcrennlnlly reaourceful artl.t, I. en
llsted In Uio work of tran.formmg and maklng
pleturesque and plra_*nt .11 the ciudcnes.es of the
picture. " 1'ass.e Kose"* herself I. _ sweet and whole
iome ereallon, who ls sepnrated from fhe other kmmkt
of the book by her Bohrmlan tralnlng and expcrlenoe,
whloh ha* opened and broadencd ber mind and
.trengthenod her _elf-rellanee ?nd inltlatlve capaelty.
ahe I. not the ordinary belples. woman of conven
tlonall.m. Contaot wlth the world ha- -ivneord her
wlta. Contact wlUi Nature ha. exp.nded her Imaglna
tlon. She I. a rhtfd of Nature. hut not an un
*ophlatleatM one. Shr know. how to proteot herself
wlth all the vlgor BOi promptltudr exacted by the
;xlgenclea of every day llfe In her Ume.
Tba re-der follow* thl* brt_dhf and kively flrl wlth
tnereaatng Interest and pleaaure. Ile m*y object
Ihat Ihe atory of tho plot against Uie llfe of tbe
Klng I. not told wlih qulte .uf-clent clearnea*.
He may flnd tho dearrlptlon of the lartlr. of the
Klns's court not alto_ptt.er In keeplng. The amblUon
of Prlor _*r_ul? and the Sazon BoUilMr m.y srera
oeeaatonally to fol'ou neer*l?-??ly drrnHoo. llne*; bnt
whenever Paaae Ro*e her?e4f appear. a!l eom
pl.InU aro cartaln U> bo fbr_olt~. Tbe ep4f*ode of
poor .eanne'. m?Ine... ?nd ol tbe penltent glrl'*
remoi"** and regret because of her amat of ron
?weratlon for Uiat falthful, lovlng soul. I. full of
deilracy and patho.. Indeed. the quality of drllracy
ls ehar-ctorlstlc of the whole romanre, wl.leh I.
wrtttcn Iti S nvii.jli'ftil .tyle. Just .ufflcl-nUy .rrbalc
lo axetudo all l?Ic* c.f modernl.aj and to .uggeet
reraotene*. In thr nrene. Tbe lover of Paeai Ro.*,
young Oul of ______ mlght have occupled more .paee
wlih advantage to fhe tmsr*s*Ivrnr*a of the pJot.
A* it 1?, be Is iho* n ?o sllghUy aod seldoin Uiat ll li
sc.rcely poMlble to form ?ui opinion aa to bl.
eharar.trr. The flgure of Chwlemagne hlmself .tand*
out vtvldly toward the rnd. and there I* nutlilng
etronger In the book than tbe scene In tbe royal
oratory hot-een tbe great monarrh and Veaae
Ro*e and Agne* de Soller. We reg.nl Profe*.*or
nardy'. rom.nc- s. a dedded .uecew In a mo.t
dtflleult braneh of Imaginaltve IBrraiure.
The anthor of " Obllvfon" ba* In " nurkett*. I-ork**
return.-d to a Wgher level than wa. marked ln
? Madaine hllva." In ber new novel ?he I. d^allng
_1th coruiiion and matvrlal exiierlenceH, and thrre har
abaeTvullon *tul reflecilon tcrve her falilifully enoagh.
** B-rkett'. Lock* I. the atory of a homely drama
cnacted In aral about the home of a Ist-tbei- B* b
kreper on a canal. It I. a .tudy of rural llfe aod dla
leri. Tlie hemlne, Iir t?-r, Is a glrl of aomewhet
pecullar type, Inhrrltlng * ronventlonally unfeminlne
nBtleencr. po.tea.lng a mtral con*Wrrably .tronger atid
more llberal than thf* avcrage of her lo<*llty, and glfr*d
wlth aliiioat ma-cullne staoillty and _nnr_?* In many
naperla. Il.-r .Bter. Ix-lin, I. a aharp rontraat to her;
a eontraat, It must be sald, whlch rw-all. BMSB U1-1
one _l?u*llon ln flrtlon nf a:i earltor groarth. Della Is
pretty, valn, frlvolou* ?od selfl-i. Her eharacter re
?emble. that of Metty, ln ? Adaai nrde," and she fol?
lows much the satne couiw, t?e chlcf dlflerrncr be
tweeu tbo atortra lx-lng Uiat iu " burkett's
IjicW Uie vlllain court. boUi the ?l*tora
at the same tlmo ainnlng tho alTecUou of Uie
ktror.gc. an<l befraylnR tbe we-aker. I*oor Ik-lla
rome* lo a sad end. whll.- Hob ltcdd, the snduccr,
pavtea off tbn *ta_e ufisrathed. h*vln? Imvii .aved
from the Ivnchlnir proj-ctcl for hlm by the father
aod italwat-t broUier* of hl* vlctlm by tho glrl who
ha. deepe.t cauae to reaeut hia trcach.ry and falae
hood. In thl. aot He.TJ'r scem* to fall short of her
.laodard, and perhaps it la becauee sbe doe. m Uiat
the reader r. le*. inrllnrd to proirat agaln.t an md
Ing of _? book whlch leave. the atory unflnlsbrd and
very few of tbe prople arcounted for. Thsre I. .ome
good analyUc and de?criptlve work In th*. portralt.
of Mrs. Redd atid hT ferklesa hu.band, and the
?ketche* of aeenery .re freah, grapblc and aympa
thettr. The fault of tho book Is one far too eommon
In theae day*. namely an appan-nt prerlpli.\Hon ln
wrltlng whleh etows through fhe pages, and glve.
an air of carelea.nr.*. not to tay .lovenllnes*. in .0
many novel. whlch ?re good enough ln eonoeptlon to
deservo patlent elaboratlon.
The llfe of J?ne Au.trn I. Ui h ^rlttrn by Mr.
0*e*r Fay Adams, of Boston and C .ubrldge. Ue ls
golng to England to study bl* subject.
It I. cald that one of the F.ngH?h novellst* ls ahlr
to repeat from mrmorv every word be ha. wrltten
and he la Uio author of many book..
The tnerno? of thr IMe Mrs. fi. i\ ITall wa. not ?
markahle. Tr.vrIIIng wlth her hnsband mim Uver?
pool to London. about IrtilO. Ive bonuht .ome llght
llterature for her to read ln the traln. One of thr
serl.l* *h* peru?ed wlth very rloee attMitlwn. and
Hnally bandrd tt ov.-r t? Mr. ITall, wlth tho rrmaik.
"Read Uiat; It I. a rapltal lrlsh -tory," 8ha was
?truck wlth turprfse. when told It wm her own. On
another or___1on, after rradltig tho beglnnlng of the
" Wblteboy"?whleh I. mrntloned as Uie oniv tolerable
novcl she ever wrote, .ho wa. qultr paa.led to thlnk
bow the author would K?-f tho hero out of thr oompll
caUon. A. It iraa ? frat nf h*ra to wrltn a long Irl.Ii
sketch between dawu and du.k of a aummer dav. .uch
tap.ee of memory are not to bo wondered at.
Mr. F. Marlon Crawford I. trylng hta band at
blogiaphy, _. well .a at ftction?two thing. whlch are
-ometlme* aynonymous. Ho ls wrlUng s book on
Slr Jobn Hawkwood for tbo " Engll.h Men of AoUeiP
wiies. Mr. Walter Iieaant wlU prepara the volume
on Captaln Cook, and Mr. Clark Ru.m11 that on
Damplnr. Mr. Archlbald Forbe. la wrlUng tho
The ? Further Rrmln^cenrc*" of Frlt*. Ui* artl.t.
are to be pubH_hed next week by Uie llarper*. Tlx-y
wlU bring out at Iht- sani<- ttme Mr. llowrn.'. book.
"Tbe ?Iou_e-Trap aud Other Faroe*.*
A beauUful llttle edttlon of "The Poem* and
Plav. of Oilver Oold.mlth" 1. eomlng from the
preaa of the Macmlll-n*. It .ucreed. " EUa"
a* tho aecond volume of the "Trmple
Llbrary,* snd ha* been edlted by Austlu Dobaon. It
I. noted Uiat .ome of Oold*mlth'* own opinion. |on
poetry are prlnted a. an appendbt to the poems.
wblle bl. esiay on " Laughing and rietitlmeniai Com
ody" naturally foUows Uie play*.
Charlet F.llot Norton will deplore tha lack of old
home* ln Amerlea In Ut* May ? BcrIb?e^.,,
Hans Chriatian Andersea, aeeordlng to Mr. Ooaae.
wa. a pecullar and decldedly unplaa*ant eklll. Whan
ba waa pl*a**d h* pl.vrd on hl. hat Mhe a tambourlna.
Wben banh words were .aid to blm ht. taar* and sobt
cam* a. raadlly and coploualy a* tbo** of th* lmmortai
raartts ln * Alsss tu Wo__*~iaa_l.* Hia poetlc imagtna
Hon _?t* fod on a long course of Idlenr..; but th*n
Mr Oosse tells u? thst ? to be idi? Is mest and drink
to .uch temperameiiU. The sonlus of the youthful
Andersen wm .tlraulated by wecdlng In U?e garden of
a Minatte asylum and by Inveutlng lltUe tales for the
bcr.cflt of the old ladlcs In the parochlal workhouse. At
an early age ho dctermlnr-d to become an opera danCOr.
end. maklng hl. way m Uopenhagsn, caltnly lntroduced
hlmself to the prcsence of a great dancer, asklng her
patronage. To better Impress the lady wlth an Idea
of hls powety, the young Andersen, without belng
asked, took off hls Welllngton boot.. The lady, how?
ever. wss not ko grailfled as she would have been
had abe po.sc.sed the true poetlc temporaoionU Mr.
Oosse also tcll. us that wbeu Anderaen camo to F.ug
land, Baronea. Burdett-Coutts h'welf klndly walted
on him In her house, as Uie great Scandlnavlan eould
not ablde footmen; and that tho lady brought hlm
botUe. of -oda-water wlth her own hands.
Is the Marquls of Lorne the author, or really only
tho editor, of the romanco whlch ls eomlng out In
London a* edlted by hlral It ls called ** The Knlghta
of the Llon."
The eecond and thlrd volumes of Mr. Cl.yden*.
"Llfe of Kaniuel Rogers" *re announced. They ar*
to be onUUed " Kogers and hl. C_ntompora^le?.*,
Dr. Maodsley hss wrltteo an article on " The Double
Brain," deallng wlUi tho questlon of tho separat* ae
tlon of the twO hrmlspliore* of the brain. It will ap?
pear In " Mind.*
Mlss Betba-i-F-w.rds has edlted Arthur Young*.
? Travel* ln Fra-ice," and lt wlll appear as one of the
volumes of Holin's " IJbrary." ?
BTOBIBS ABOVT TEXXYBOB.
London lctt.r to Tho 8an Franclsoo Chrtmlcle.
Absent-mlnded to a dogree, Tennysoii ofton torgots
to whom he Is speahlng, and onee when In full con
versaUon wlth Kobert Brownlng sald, appareutly
apropos de botle. : " 1 wonder ho- Brownlng1. ?ttlng
on t" " Why I" e_ilalt.ied Robert, " I am Brownlng I*
" Non.rngo r rrpIlM Tennyson. wlth almo.t an at?
tempt at rogulsh ralllery. " I know the fellow well.
so you can't tcll mo you are ho."
A few year* aga some cnthu.la.tlo admlrar. oi
Tennyaon gave a large dlnner party ln hi. honor and
Invltod all their cholccst friends ln tho world of llt?
erature and art to mect hlm. Tennyson, who raraly
Beeefts an InvltaMon, dld, for a wonder. put ln an
appearance on this occaalon, but durlng thr flrst half
of Uie dlnner rausod the groatest dl.appointment by
rem.lnlng Ht.soliitely sllcnt. and as lf lost In tho most
prnfound rovcrle. The guesti, who had expected to
liang 011 worrU falllng llke pearls of though V from hls
llps, gaied M.mewhat wl.tfiilly irpon hlm, when sttd
dt-nly rouslng hlm-.lf, he e&clalmed In a loud sten
torlan vnlrc: ?? i llke my mutlon cut ln rhunl-. I
cannot help auspectlng tl.at there was somethlng of
mallt-r pn-pente ln this b ir*t of eonlldrnc.-, and ihat
the poor man frlt a not tinn.tiiral Irrltetloii at belng
jrarw-d at, and a corrcspoudlng dcslre to punlsh the
Aii aiicotloto told me not lonir *fo by hl* rlaught/-r
In law ls amii-ln., In that It show. how tbe great?st
are not Iw-apal'h- of stooplng to llttle we*kne**e..
Boite very dear frlends of Tennyson'., who had been
spendlng aome vr-ar. ln Persla, returned to London,
and. an-lous to rcnew old tlee. wrote Invlilng hlm to
their house Hut Tennyson mlstook t_? day, and ar
rlvlng af the domlclle found tho l.lrds flown. Slttlng
down fo wrlte a note of rxplanaflon, ho had thr mts
forfune to throw tho cotitcnts of a well-fllled Ink
boSUe ull over Ihe beautlful nr-w wblte Perilan c.rprt
The m_hlservant. In an.wcr to hl. summons. appoarcd
wlth a largo Jug of new mllk, whlch shr poured over
the olfendlng Ink-staln. " 1*11 glve you _ shllllngs,
my good glrl, my very good glrl." ronfldod Tennyson,
In much agitatlon. " lf you'll only get rld of that
abomlneulc- Ink before your maate* aud ml.treaa eomo
home ? And tngrthrr on thrlr hands and knee. port
and AblgaU ruht.ed and rulibed at the wr-rrhed carpe.
uiiill not a ?pot rT_i._|ned. The gtrl e_m*d her 5
shil!ln_s and when a few wrrhs afterward Trnny.on
went to dlnr wlth hh frlends he had every reason to
believe tbat she had told no tale*. At any ratr hls
ho*t and ho*tew dl.played theli- gorgeous carpet wltk
out any *lgn. of oon?rlousne<i*.
VB. B_.VC_01T_ HAS PBtVAY.
?i was born In the la*t year of the elghteenth een?
tury, OitobT _, ISOO. [| nnanti lllaatt, hl* man
Frlday, I-- d.tenulned that hl. ma*t?r .hall live tlll
1001, thu* tpaunlng part of three rcnturlc*. flt career
fnr th" anttii.r of foaiicroft's IlUtory. Heruiann ls
a famlllar flgure to al) u athlngtoii and .11 .Wwport.
Ue l* autort-t of tbe Ii.t_n.ft front door and ante
chamber. Poor luck to those who dlsplrue Hermaun
lf they expect aught of the veteraa hlstorlan. The
stal-art .a--totuni ha*. been known fo say fo people
of hlgh ofliclal dlgnltv : " Mm. Ilancroft I. In, but .he
c.nnot aaa you. She don't eare le aee you. snd you
don't reellv want to aee ber, so yoti're sultrd on both
sM-s (auf Widen Selteni." III. l?te rnlstre** wa. ex
tremely am'i*ed to hav* this Joenlai- remark repeate.1
to her by an Intlmair frlend t<> whom the oui-pok.-n
and overfaMhful d?orke?per hsd r-fase<l admf.slon.
boon after tho death of Mr. Coreoran hl* b<*ly
servant began to look anmnd for a place. Meetlng
a promiiieut offiiial ln Uir Druartment of Justlca, who
had been an Intimatc frlend of the phlhtnthroplst,
thl. nian asked for an apiiolntment of v\me kind. The
i-Mrlal, afier n.uie refleetlon, .aid: " I can only thlnk
of one varancy Jn*f now In our department of gov?
ernment, that I. tUo Chief Ju*tlce?hlp.* " Oh. air:"
repllcd tbe appllcant, " 1 had not thought of that,
bnt ?lnre you aro *o kind a* lo suggesl lt, plea** bear
me In mind." __
rranshi?*l fr?.m thr "haiMl h| 0. Itouglss.'
I plante-1 vlolet* on tlir gr.ve
Where >.!>-ep.- niv lovo alonr;
Nn swretni-*- tl.es' psle floweret. bave?
Ha beauty, llke her own l
The longesi wlnter'. night must end;
T!.?- earth, frmn death s.-t free.
Smilaa a\A awakes- ala.! sweet frlcsid,
i ume, U.crn no spring l<> me f
Tlff LOYIXG HEMOBY OF DOOXi
From The Zoophlllsi.
The late Sir. Kyre, a clergyinun, left a dop, whlch
waa v<-r> mifh atlached to hlm. at Ui<> c.uintry-house
of a frrend vkllt !- Lfl Kngl-tid for a long sojotirn
al.road. AfU'r tuo ySBIS Mr. Bjt* returned. artivlng
?t bla Irsead'a bowaa lata at night, and rotiring with?
out bariag thedog called.
Ni-xt niMinmg, Mr. F.yre was awakened bj ttn> d.'.
btirstlng Into hls be.1n.oii> aad leaping upon hlm with
thn wlli]r_t demonstratL.il* of dellnht.
?? II,ni- nn .-arlh dld his hnow I hml arrived r" s.-ked
Ihe gcntlrmnn of Uie *crvaiit, Wbo bnuiglit hot water.
"<?h, slr," tho man replM. " lt t* tho m?*t euiioua
thingl A* J aaa cleanlng vour boOSs th" doc rec
ok'tilred them and N-ranie excit/vl lievond mexsure.
and I havo not been alilr to qutet hlm untll he taw
wherc ; was rarrylng thfm, and r-.isbed up alun_r
wlth me to your Aoar."
A eorreapondent of the same Kn-'lKh pvprr r*latr-?
? hat he gave. away. at a yaar old. a dog whlch he wa*
tinable to kocp m hls London home. After right
year* the, dog w<t rrttiraed to lt. flrst owner.
" Tlie do;. met me," aays the eorreapondent, " at
flrsl .* a stranger, and then, wlth llttle anlm.ted
snlff. of Inqtilry. golng round and round me. I re
matned ttlll for a few momenta. while .he grew mnr*
and more exclted. At la-f I stoope<I and pattrd her.
and called her by her n.ine. 'Dee.'
" l?n l?aiing mv volre the poor beast gave what.
I can only de.cribr as a errcam of rapture, and
Irapnd Into my arms. From that moment .he at
?.che?1 hcr-etf M me as If she had uevcr loft me. atid
wlth the tendereet devotlon."
BE DWS'T BER
From The Boston TrauscrluL
Tho LNtom-r was almut to wrlte a rhantnrnn ihe pro
fi-.slonal men whn t*"loii? to tb<- i huiili for DlufSsalonal
puruose* only. art who outii* to reifard tbelr chunih as
their oooullar uii'serve. BBOa whlch othor u>*u of Ihelr
trade have uo rlirht lo mmrh on sccninl tUuu.ht. hnw
B~_r.BS has d.-idjixl not u. wilto tho chaotcr. but slmply
to InU a storv.
Dr. I'liigham, an aid" dentl*t, who has hl* ofllce ln that
handsouio thumuuhf-io whlch. from rlu- frcoin-nev of
lt* denial e-iablUliiui-nU. I* cumliiir to ba called Molar
Avenue (Flughaui, of course, llke Ihe rest of the dentlst* '
In tbat aiistix-ratlc seeUon doos not itlvn * htnt of hl.
oceuuatlon In hl* SBJB, but slmi.lv dreorate* hls door
wlth a vory modest plato l?-ai ing only Uie logend '? Dr.
I'lughaiiTi, belong. tn * felrty faahlonablu chuiTh and
U verv faithful Induod ln hls devotlon*. Ko Sunday sn
stormv that It does nnl Hnd hlm lu hls dow : he tcaclu-s
a olas. In tho biindav-sehool. aud takes a promlnent
part ln all <?hurch and soclotv Broeredjngs.
The o'hi-r Kiimlav kovoral of the cougregatlon at
I'lut'liam'. eburch ootfeed a wi-11-dre..rd .trangn- at
ehurch. bbob whom l'lueh.m bestuwod a vlanoe of
-I'lttit irco_nltlon: and altir fhe nervlce lMugham and
the .ti-ti-et- wris- ..-.-ti In ennversatlun for a moment
ae two ln Uio vo.tlbulc. After the stranaer had ua?od
out. one of thr member. of thn chureh .tepn.-d up to
Dr. Pltiehaiu .nd remarked?
" Whn was that strati-er that vou were Ulktng wlth,
'? Ile?" s.ld Plueham. as a wowl d.rkened hls h.rul
some farr, "oh, that was Dr. fin.^.e. tl.e dentlst. and I
don't. seo what In fhuruler ho'a prnwllu. around here
H_ LTBD, BVT XOT VXDEB OATB.
From Tlio Ho*ton Clarette.
An KvangellceU rlorgyman, ln a town not far dls
tant from liuatou, wm reconllv '.ummoned as a wlt
uos. befoi-e ?_ legi*!aiivo rommltlee on the questlon
of a town dtvlslou. Uo wa* _ is?Idont who objcied
to havlng Uie town dJvL'ed, aod lio waa also a rostdeiit
on that .ibrtion of territory whieh .oiight to be set otf.
In tbe xe.l of hls te.tlmony, and undm the eorew* of
in aoeomplUhcd rros* oxamlnlng coun.el, hc ttatc.l
that th* capUUn of a .team IIro englne company In
tho town ua* on ono occaalun, while ln tbo ditchargo
of h's dutle*. uninlataliably InioxlCHted. Tho man
alludrd to, readlng the twtlmony, at onee went tn ths
houso of Uie divlne and a?_i-d blm, ln the preeeuci
of hls wifn, why bo, a minister, .houid tel) such a
fl.gr.iit itntruth. Th? clfrgym.n hesltated bnfj?
the indlgnant remon.tr*n,e o' the captain, ?ho It
well known a. a strlct tertotalb-r, and then aald:
- I wa. preascd to It by the perslstent nuestlons of
Ihe lawyer. 1 know I told a fal?*hood. but you .oe
I wai not under oatli."' Hlt wlfo Jolned lu and ex
cUlmrd, "Oh, no; linsband wa* not under oath."
Thl* lt a remarkabl* case of oa.ul.try. That miniater
niubt have an artnor of braas when he appear. before
hi. llttle mlsalonary eongregsflon Kutiday., to *x
l*jund tho ho.utlrt of truth and honesty. III. pre
i\ee??*ur. whn. hy the way. was ono of tho genuln..
salnt-, ought lo rl.e ln i-ahuke. There ls only on*
exruae for thl. a?t, and lt _< found In a remark mad'i
jear. ago hy fhe venerable Lymab Beecher. P. D.
lie said theie were In aU cn.ntntniitles con.tltutlonal
llar*. and though they mlght recelve thr reprener.tlt.g
liiflunnce. of tbe Hoi* Gthoet, the Med would remain,
amb there would be an A_a_la*, aud a bapphlra lo U>e
end of th* chaptor.
JLN AMERIOIN WOEK IX LONDON AND AN
AMERICAN BINGER IN PARI8
Mentlon wss made In Tbe Trlbune at -hO1?*.?_J
the pcrformance of Mr. Dudley Buek't ? Ught flf A.ia,
at one of the Novpllo Oratorlo Concerts In Londoa,
under the directlon of Dr. A. C. Meekentle. on March
10. The London newspepei- of the followlng day are
now at hand. and afford an opportunlty to ?'?*>'"'?
imprcsslon tnade upon English araateurs by thta BBBB
American composltlon of large dlmenslon. to be heard
ln Oroat Brltaln. In general the eomment ls decldodly
cotnplimentary to Mr. Iluck. and holds ont ^courega
ment ta hlm and hla compeors. - The ftenday Tlme.
In Us dlseusslon has some observation. to make on
the general subject of American oomposer*. It quotes
a ren.ark from Mr. II. E. Krehbtel'. "Revlew ef the
New-York Muslcal Season." to yie effept taat **h?
are the producta. of imltatlon, begotten bp ei-BStve
artlsta of strong Indlvlduallty and concelved oiHoi
Uie deslre to achleve mueh by llmltatlng tl* **?**?***_
of one of tho?e artuu who has hlt the gstblte |*ta.
" Wo are not hoplng for an Amertcan sobodrln a SSF*
or even ln a decade," sald the Now-York wrftor; "tf
some day the .trong. ?ucces.ful writer *jjic*
and the school wlll qulckly foliow." "TkJIF
Tlmea? aocepU thls deflnltion and horewSK. out
urgea that there Is no need of waltlng for a strong,
successful wntet- on th. part of F.BgBshmen before
becomJng acqualnted wlth American muilc. Tbe>
havo fought shy of It heretofore. but now the leo bas
beon broken. An Englwb oratorlo eudionce has
appreolatod aa only such an andlence can appieciate
tho seholarly counterpolnt and flgure ln Mr. Bucks
ehoruses; they enjoyed hls messlve, flowlng harmonle.
and graoeful, expresslve melodles; they admlred hls
reflned lnstrutnentatlon and marked many a dellcate
toueh of fancy ln hls enserable wrtttag." On the
othor page of bls tedgor the crtUo plaeos want ol
"dramatlc power, .haractari-atton and looal color,
but flnds extenuatfon for the compoaor In the f?ct
that the book ts not drsmatlc In form. He thtaks.
however, that Mr. Buck has used repreaeDtatlve themes
a llttlo too freely._
Thero Is a pretty general agreemeat among the
eritles that Mr. Buck*s sobolarshlp ls admlrahle. that
ht. fancy Is fertlle. but also that tbe work ?uffers
from monotony. Here are some expresstons:
"The Time.**: It la curJoua that the composer
ahould have svotaed "local OD.or** ln hta work. Not
a slngle Orlental quallty U to be tourid ln tt. H wo
except the aeoauoua beauty whlch la Its euief ment.
and the excess of whlch I. lta chlef defect.
"The TeJegraph": The fea-turea above potnred ont
mUltato, ln our vtew, agalnst tbe work, but not to a
fatal or even to a serious extent, for one rlses rrom
hearlng " Tbe Llght of Asle" wlth a .enae of chsrm
and safisfaotlon. To wh_,t le, thls fooHn* dueT ln
tiie flrat plaee, to truth of expresaton* The mnslo
and the poetry blend, and thelr hwmony-we attaek
no Importenee to an oocaslonal exceptton-is .enslbly
comploto. Next. the expresslnn never goea beyond
the necessltles of the caae. and tha. a most Important.
thougii much neglected. law of art is obeerved. . . .
Then the work is essonyaJly melodlous, being full of
tune whlch, lf not strongly chararnerisfle. dellghm the
ear. wldle the chorel wrltlng. .ometlmea vlgorouilv
rleecrtptlve. has often a graoe aod eleganee that ean?
not be reatsted. _ .
" The Chrontele": There I. nndoubtedly very much
ln the composltlon to admlre, enough. Indeed. to ereatn,
the hope that Amertcan musiral productfcins, when
r-achlng the same standard of merit. may no bmger
he stranger to us than the latest produotton. of Franee,
(Jerm.ny or the far North.
"8t. James's Oasette**: Whlle *lt wonld be tm
pos*lMe to clalm for the present work orlglnallty of a
high order, It must, neverthetoss, be arknowMged
thst the hand of a clever aod cultured musklan la
dlseerned In tt throughout.
The prtnelpal stoger In the perfonnance of "The
Ught of Asla" was Madarao Nordlca. an American
woman, who Is rldlng on the cseat of populartty In
I.ondnu. Stmultaneously, Mlss Rames, of Bath, Me.,
Is enjnylng the favor of Parietan*. whlch .be con
qttereil by her slnglng ln Gounod's ** Romeo and
Juttet" at the Orand Opera. A private letter from
Paris brtngs thls report of the Amertcan glrl's triumph :
Mlss Kames ha. had a glorlnus soecesa. She looked
perfectly beantlful, an Meal Jultet, gr-eeful, dressed
lo perfeetlon, raffcer pale, and?.he acted! Had she
heen on thi* stegs for year. she cooM not have done
bettor; she acted much better than Pattl. I
don't know when tefore I uv sueh a
vlslon on the stage; tf ?ho keep. ber \olce
she will h*? a -reat aeontalrlon io the Opera. Tho
Amertcan colony was all (here. hat. lt dld not a'one
make her success; bundreds, of the Fcnch were most
enthuslasUe. **!?> In*.rtr"d I>e *-"*.?_>-. ar- he d|r| much
hotter than on the T_trJ nlght. The French paner*.
sald: " II d'etalt emballe avec Eames." Madame
Matrhesl had Nevada and Melha In hT box, her two
young stars: Mclba had eome from BrusseJs exprcssly
to sttond the dehut. M?d.m? v?rch*si wss rMehfed.
ss you may siippoae. Emma Nevada sald sh* never
saw a deiiii'ant.- so easy on the stage. and her acdng
and slnglng were sbnply perfect.
Ml per*ons Intererted tn a preservatlrm of a reenrd
nf the miiKlcsl drSncR ln the prtnetpal ettlea of the
t'nltryi Statos and Canada wlll be glsd to learn that
Mr. n. B\ Krehblel's ?* Revlew of the New-York
Mnxlral Season" and Mr. Q\ H. Wllson's "Mu?leal
Year Dook" wlll appear fhl-t spring as th?y have done
regulsrlv for sever.I JOStt, Mr. WH'on's book ls
loeal In Roston. but gtves a revlew of the seawn ln
about-flf y e'tlos of thls eountry and Canada Mr.
KiehbtaPt book ls de\-oted to New-York. and euntatns
rrinel?ra< m well ?. Ihe reeord. An appendlx thU
>ear wlll roenrd tho prograrome. of the ptlnei^l
rhorat organteat'on. of Amortca Mr, Wtlson ls hta
oun iiuiili^licr. Mr. Kreiibiel's bot k Is tssuM by Nr?
vello, Kwer A C*.. ot London and New-York.
Ithnde Island ls tn havo a mn.lc festlval during tho
ls?t two days of Aprtl and the flrst day of Mar. A
cholr of OOO eataea ealled the Rhode Island Choral As
aoetatkNl wlll meet on thoae days ln Infantry nall.
iTovldenee, and ?ing naydn*. " Cp-atlon.*' Bruch's
" Armlnlu." and nvorakN ? Patriotlc nymn." b-sldes a
few smaller composltlnns. under the directlon of Cart
/.errahn. The solo porfonv.rr. wlll be tho.e of the
Kitimn Juch Concert Oompanv. and an orche?tra wlll
bo brought together from New-York and Boston.
The last concert of the Phllhermonlc Boclety wlll
takf peaee ?ext b*mrday evenlng. and the programme
wlll be a. foliow. : Overture. " Oorlolen" and 6ymphony
Ko 4 Beetboven | Cencerto In E-mlnor. Chopln-Teuslg
(Josefiy); " BachanahV and ? KaHermarch." Wagner.
At. a concert of saered musle ro be glven In rhlcker
Ing Hall "a April 15 by the eholr of 8L S.ephen'a
Chureh, a'd'd by WiUlam I.udwlg and the Van der
Muck-n or,-hcstra. Mr. Frank O. Dosserfa new ma?s
m K mlnor and Rhelnbergor's coneerto for organ and
orche^tra wlU be performed for the flrst Ume ln
WHAT IGS0BA8CB AXD YASDALLSM UAX DO
l,'0n:?riori;C.earrago. when I. Ihe Ad.rond_,k
STt o1*vJatMBmtfXtaa] ojaast ihe ta$8$Md
woods, I ^a,""\7, two feet ln dopth compo.e-1 of
S___ twta- losv- -5 mSss thui inaklng^a htpe
Ipong. u, hold a l.rge amount of water for the usa
01 ___ i_ ^^'^'loiomo^y' to the correctne.. ol your
vlew.'lfoiu '-J^erUf/to the untartunata eondilion
rfte.^-0^*53 Sl mU Bmaa -th. .unny
i.n, of Pm" euce?- 1 dotcrtntned to try ^thercln b
,,ni ,1,; i ur Thi strong wind from the north,
,?., oatrlat tour. ine s?* equlvalent io -the
N_r$er** ol our ftm'them Blafes, wis bl.mliig strongly
a. th ? tlm. snd driving before lt clouds oi du.t, for
?hey told im*"ner- IvaS been no ralu In thvt part
l0Vor\una.e.yhI Sm g..l.g ***?X**iJ? W
???? iiinwii Int;) my nc<h lnstrad of my lace. rtio
while country wm errlblv ba.e of trees and tho
iTnuth wa" terrlble. When I reached Av gnon I
?_Vr__tued to make a .hort excurslou to the F.unulu
?f^_ue._li whieh Pelrareh has made *0 Inieresttng.
I loimd ihat Jtae stroam Md shrunk to no .Ing, and
_?t he onlv water to bo seen wa. a small pond at
Ihe bottani, of the openlng ln the hlllslde, wbere It
U*Tr!e* mistn'strlktng illustratlon, liowover. ol the
tcrrll.le sterllltv caused by the devast.llng hand of
mU was that one Aar. bosldo the road, I saw a man
1. 1-lg somo l.alf-wllhered leaves from a dust-pow
Sored tree. and throwtng them on a sheet ji.re.2^ on
thrgwunrl. Seelng from the shape of ths leaf that
|t was a mulberry tree, I sald: _._ __
'? Are you gathering those leave. for the .llk
W"' oh!" no, Monsleur," sald he, " I ara eavtrrg
them for our poor sueep thal are dylng of hunger and
i"his Dltlful plotuje eonflrm. all that you have sald
of the rfoKiilatlon caused In *bi? Tince falr and fertlle
land by the ruthless devaatailon of lta, trees.
war WB CXI.EBBATB TKIB XOSTB.
from Tlio Albany Kxpre?_
(?ne of the brlght young teacher. In the modsl
tten.rtment of the NoimaJ School dedde.1 /rec?*n_ly
that .ho would Interest her class ln the hlstory of
the home of tho free. ete.. by devotlng a porOon of
one bour to a dlscusilon of the centennial eelabratlon
whieh I. to ocour In New-York on the SOth of thls
month. A. a .tarter .he aceordlngly aaVed: "Now,
who can tell me what It Is that Ihor aro golng ta
celcbrato In New York on the 30th ot thi. month Is
There wm a nrofound sil''in-o among the rhlldran,
but at last one llttle foliow put un hla hand ln a h.il
tatlng .ort of way and sald: " l thlnk I know."
Tho vouth was e'loouraged to nnfnld the uuhnown
Informatlon to the class. and pro'nptly si|d: " Whv,
lt'_ J'ln't on. bundrod years ago that (ieorge Washlng?
ton graduated and they're golng to ool.brate lt i"
- ' * ?
OKimr- it dowx fixb.
From The Buffalo Courter
Marguerlle, a blue-eyod cherub ol flve years, know.
how she want. th. gas turaod when she la ready for
ileop. After she had aaid her prayer. a law nlght*
ago, and sa her mother wa. prapartng to lowar the gaa
Jet. .1- ssJd: "Mamma, tnrn It ta Just a BlmBleT*
snd then closed her ejra. ta omoa oaA atoon ot " Ftaa
KCI~-_A CAJt KC CVRBxt.
The Hoat A_--l*l*?. Ite_*__, B-nrt**, aa- Blee_la_r
Krzeat* ta tt* w*r*t atntjeja. A rsw a*?* frwaa h-ad t ?
feet. I_elg _-*"*? BmetotaamB bma**HmH A*b\ Ttbatt
a-eryt-tag. Cared by tbe Cwdc-r*; atas.SI.e***?.
I sm cured of * loatbaom* dlat.e*. eerema, la lts worta
.tage. I tried dtfferent doetor* snd been tbreurh Um hos
pltat, bat all to no purpo-t. Tba d'scase covered aiy
whole body, from tk* tep of my head bt the a-las of __v l*ek,
Hy hair .II eame out. leavlag ma a complete few ?..*_,
After trying everytblag, 1 b**rd at year CIJ-ICCBA.
RFJ-IDIES. and atam mtmt three b*ttta* et CUTICURAi
BESOLVENT. witb CUTIOUKA aad CtTTICURA SOAP.
I find myself cured at tho ?o*t of .baat 88. I *r*?ild net
be without the CTJ_-CtJRA REMEDISS la my hejtm. k* t
Und them uaeful in many eaae.. .nd I thlok they ar* tba
only skln art blood modlciae*.
T8AAC IL GERMAZs, Wartsboro, N. T.
A M*at W.n_erl_l Cure.
I have bad ? mo.t wonderful cure of a*lt rheum (Ea*
_*___>. For Bva yeara I bava _______ witb thl* dlaeaae.
I bad It on _dj? taoe, atma aad ban?a I waa ua.ble to d*
aaytblng whatever witb my haad* tat over two yaera. 1
tried handradt of -mediea, and aet ene had tb* least. effeei.
The doetor sald my mm wa* lucursble. I atw your a_~
verUa-roent. aod eoncladed to try the OUTXOVIU rkm _?
DIES; <nd Ineredible .. It may ae*_. after aataa aaa box
?f CV _TCUBA_ ?na two eake/ef GVnCVBTSiAF. and
iwo bottlea at (JUTICCRA RBSOLVENT, I ftadfam ea
(Irely cur*d. Those who thlak tbl. letter eitc*er_te4
m__* come and aee inefor tb*m_.Ivcs.
ORAC- F. BARKHAM. Belle Rhrer. OaSari*.
Cure every .peolea of torturing, humlllttlng.'ltehina. burn*
ln* scaly and u?_ply dlse.-s* ot tba skln, acalp aud bl<x-_,
wlth Iom ef b-Ia-aS aB huruor*, blotckes. eraot'o-*. e-ia*.
Ki.la. and crutta, when piiy-elaot .nd .11 other lemediea
Sold evorywber*. Priee. C^nCUBA^Oc ? 60A?
25c.; R__*>LVK_IT, 81. FtatMred by (** POTTEE _**.
AND CHEMICAL CORPORATIO*. Bo?ton.
Band tor " Ile- ta Cara 8S- *********'' ?* mtea,
50 liluatrstlon. snd 100 te.tlme-la.*
50 llluatt-tlon. ?n_ I0O- dwaot-s _^
i'fMPLES, hbekhead-. red." rowfh- ehamssd and cAtal
skla jr*v?ni*jl by CUTICUBA 8QA**.
art paln*. baokatbe. weak kldaeya. rbemn*.
ti-m aad cheat p*Ins rolUv-d lu oa* mfB
uw by tbe Cutleura tuU-Pala PIa?-__
The flrst .nd only lnatantaaeou. nain-k-l?k
A 1__BUTE TO THE ACTOR."
At a midnight supper given March 30, lsaj,
at Debnonico's, by Augustin Daly und A. MJ
PBlrner, in honor of Edwin Booth, the foiiowing
speech wns deUveted hy Winfam Winter:
It waa my furtiine, many yeara ago. to be present Ir.
the old Boston X_eatre oo a night wben Uiat famo-a
Amerlean actor, Kdwln Forreat, at the eloae -t an ex*
ceedlngly brllllant engagement, lepresentad Hamla*
?nd dellvcrrd a farewell addre... I can Me hlm now,
aa I _aw hlm then? not the most inteUectual nor th_
mort brllllant flgure In our theatricai btstory, bul
rrrtalnly the mott 888-8*-. th* mo*t Impoelng, tba
most deflnlte, Imprewlve, In.plrod anlmal la-viduaUtyi
that ever ha* been seen upon th* Amerlean ftage: aod
I can hear hl. volee as I then heard It. when. a* ba
gaaed around upon a vast auemblage of tbe publl*
and upon the ???*? Uiat wM'ltterally covered wltk
flowers, he .ald-ln thoae magnlfloent, vlbratlng, orgaa
lone* ot hls, whleh never m opr day bave boen equUled
or approeohed,-" Here, Indeed, ta a mlraele of -Ulture
? wlldrrness of reaea, and not a .Ingle Iborn 9 To
night It Is my fortune to b* preaent at thl. memorabl*
foast of trlbutg. t? genlu. and vlrtue, and to behold
hl. great and f.mou. _ucce??or ln the leaderahlp <4
traglc art In Amerlea. aurrounded by frtend. who greel
hlm with affeoUon no hs*. than homage, and who honor
tbcni*elves rather than blm by every donotement of
respoet and 'appreclaUon tboy posalbly ean glve to
Edwin Booth: and I can Imaglne Uiat he al?o. looking
upon your eager, happy, afleettoual* faoa*, and _lt?a
Ing to your ganlal eloquence?ln thla tcene of light
and perfuro* and Joy, of hlgh thought and -weetlr
.enous feellng and gen?? mlrth-r^sy utter the tamO
exclamaOui of grateful prWe-" Here. Indeed, 1. a
mlraele of culture-a wllderne-a of i__o?, and not a
For lf a man emtneut ln publle We and UluBtrtou. ln
the rcalm of art may not lodulge a aendment of bone.1
pride and grateful exultaUon at such a moment as
ihU. I know not whon be may indulge K. Honor*
?re -ometimes given where they are not due; but, la
tbo?e casea, although they are accepted, they are nol
enjoyed. In the preaent laatanoe they flow a* natural
ly and as rightly to the object of our e*t_.m a. rivera
flow to the eea, Edwin Booth adopted Uie profrt-lon,
of "tbe .tage wben he wa* ln hia aUtecntB year, aod h
ha* beea an actor eloae on forty years. Lookl-ig
back upon that long career of unbltlou* aod nobla
lahor aml achlevement. I thlok he must be eonacloue?
I know that we svho have observed and *tud-ed lt ar*
conselou?-that he has been anlmated ta every minute
of It by Uie paestonate de.fre, not to magnlfy and
glorlfy hlmself. but Uirough tho mlntatratlon of a
great and beautlful art to sUmulate tke advancement
of oUier*. to Increaae Uie ?tock of harmleas fkafcur*,
to make the world bappier apd nobler. and w leave
the .tage a bettor InsUtutlon than It wa* when be
found |t. Speaklng jvlth rrferenoe to actors In gen?
eral, It mlght perhap- JusUy b* tald Uiat It H
the Inflrmlty of eaeh one of them to co*r_?_er
hlmtelf as tbe centre of a wlar .y.tera around whlch
everythlng else ln the creatlon revolve.. Xot ?o wlth
Uie gueet of this ooeaston, the hero of thH festal hour
?tha favorlte of our fancy aad tke comradr of our
love I For he " ha* bbrne hls faciJtie* to meek, h*?
been .o cloar ln hl. great of-ce," that whether on tbe
golden siiramlts of prosparity or ln the valley of Uie
shadow of los. and sorrow, hl. gentla humlllty of
dltposltlon, hls simple fldellty to duty, bis solld ?tn
corlty of sclf-sacriaclng ch.racter, and hls ?',wlutely
guilelees and blamele*. conduct of llfe have been
equally consplcuou* wlUi hls supreme dramatic genlus,
hls artlstlc .eal and hl. glltterlng renown. d^lwln
Booth*. famo I* a-sured, and I thlnk It ttanda now at
lt. hclght; and no artlstlc fame of our generatlon can
be accountcd brighter"; but, to my mind, ibe crownlng
glory ot lt I. the plaln fact Uiat an oceaalou 11k* thla ?
represenutlve to hlm of the unlveraal Mntiment and
.ci'lam.tlon of hl. time?Is .Imply Uie spootaneous ac
knowledgment that grateful slncerlty award. to
genulne worth. My own word* about hlm, on ar.othe.
f?.t(val occaaion ln Uil. Mme plaoe*) may fltly be re
Though side. mlgbt gloom and tempeet* i?ve.
Though frlends and bopes mlght fall.
Hl. constant sptrit .Imply brav*
Would meet and tuffer .11?
Would calmly .mlle at fortune'. frown,
Supreme o'er galu or Iom ;
And be the wortnt-rt srears the crown
That genUy bore Uie eros. I
Tt was not to tell Edwin Rooth that fcg fs s great
actor, .nd It was not to tell hlm that he 1. dear to the
hearts of hl. frlends, that tht. assemblage hat been
convened. The burnlng ot incenaa I. a deligh-ul!
.nd ofton a rlghteous occupaUon, and of all the duU*.
that your Shakespeare has taught there I. no.one thal
he urge. wlth more .trenuou. ardor than that of wbole
hearted admlraUon for everythlng tbat I. noble and
lovely In human nature aod conduct. Hlm, at le?tt,
you never flnd nlggard and reUcent in hi. ptwla*.
But, a. I apprehend lt, the moUve of UU. _cca_I*n.
wm the deslre to espreas. for our own sake, oar **bm
of obllgatlon to Edwin Booth for the leaaon of hl.
llfe. As the yeara drift away and th* Madow* begln
to tlope to the eaatward and the flrat f.mt mlsts
mlbgl* wlth the light ot the alnklng aun, nothing Im
presaes me w> much m the Imperatlve need that w*
should prrserve the Illuslons of ? %oulbful .plrlt and
look upon thl. world not In the eoM and barren llght
of fact, but thraugb th* goWoa-h?e of the tmagtna.
tlon and Uie pental foellngs. To some men and
women tt U granted tliat Uioy tu dl-UM thl. radlant
glaraour of Ideal charm. Uke a delleate perfume tbat
auddenly come. upoa you froa; a wlth- *ed roee, or a
btt of ribbon, er a treu of b*lr, long haUowed ani
long preaerved; Hke * falnt, far-etf atreia of
musio thst floata oa * summer breese aot?* tbe
sioonllt toa, they -touch tba aptrit wlth a aevte ot tba
beauty aud glory, the myttery and tbe patho. ot o*?a
extatenoa, aod wa are liftad up aod haUowed aad
atrengtbened, aud all that I* Mttar In our expertaoca
and sordtd In our .urroundlugf ta soothod and aweatw
ened and glorlflad. They teaoh ua bope and bell*.,
Instead of doubt aud de-po-doney; aad thu*. la a
world of trouble aud aorrow, glvlng to u. Uie humaa
patlenee and the aplritual nobillty wblob. mor* thaa
anytblng else, wa need, tbey
" Shed a somethlng of celettlal light
Uound the famlllar fane of every day."
It la because Edwin Booth bas beea In tty? w.ry %
ble-.lng to hls genaraUoa tbat wa are met to tbank
hlm; and, furtbormore, It I. _ec*-n ln a perlod tbat
greatly requlre* nobillty of praetleal exarayle. be i*
a vltal _ud iuHuenit-1 aud cot.olu.lv* proof that aa
,-u-ior may know aad may fulfl! hls duty to hls tfaa
What tbat duty ls yoa wlll aot axpeot any *T?ak~r
,oi* to dwicr.be. I wm but Mk you to reoall what
ihe Amorlcan .taga wm wben ha eame upoa ft t-lrty
year* ago, and to rouatdrr what It ta uow and to whM9
inAueucfl malnly Ita _dvanc.m*_* ta dua ado t
wlll but *dd that ahen you ataud bea-atb the et?p*o
soo* majeety of kl- Paul'c CaUiedral Md look epo*
me ssai-ole wbleh oonimomonbtea lt* f_*^'_r*_r_,!!__;
you may read ono mmimm that la tbe T?_*f^J_JTi
of _l_.pi.city aad 1o_uaae* "If p*n weuM bsauM aa
nio_Mi_Mt, toak arotua* __ul?