SCOTT AND HIS FRIENDS.
CONFIDENTIAL LETT-BBS OF Till. QRSA1
FAMILIAR LETTEIis OF BIB WALTER sroTT.
Two volume*, Pp, xviii, 44'.; x\i, Ht HoukIi
ton, MifBln ? Co.
Scott had ii loud* bf that false pride Which
Voltaire caasured In Congreve. It conies out
carly in this collection of letters that p.iss.-.i
between him and latimato friends, and lhere was
Just enough of it to make him argue nome*
what hotly against it. An Instance of this ia
Known in a letter written In 1101 lo his early
-friend. Anna Seward, of Lichfield, who was a
literary authority in her way. and a writer of
very long letters. "Since I had tba pleasure of
hearing from you," wrote Scott, "I have dis?
posed of the property of the 'iionit-r liinatrelay'
for ?500; ami I only mention this drcumatance
that you may hold me acquitted of the vile
vanity of wishing to hold myself forth as one
despising to reap any profit from his literary
pursuits, which I should hold to ba ineffable
conceit and folly in a man min h richer than
myself. The mode of publishing hy subscrip?
tion ls one whtcb In itself can carry nothing
degrading." One can imagine from BUcb pas?
sages as this thnt he only came gradually to
contentment with his relations to the public.
He never did get over a little note of depreca?
tion, something like thal which superstitious
persons use lo avert the evil eye or some an?
ticipated misfortune. The most marked in?
stance of this pretentious humility was not dis?
played, however, upon occasion of any literary
woik, but In allusion to the woman whom he
was about to mari-y. The remark occurs In a
letter to Patrick Murray, then a captain in
the Perthshire Cavalry, a son of Lord Elibank.
"I am to be married to-morrow.** wrote Scott,
"or next day. at the farthest. Of this, my in?
tended deed of desperation, you should not have
remained so long ignorant had I known how
to address you. You may, perhaps, have re?
market! Miss C(arpenter) at a Carlisle ball, bul
more likely not, as her figure ls not very flip?
pant. A smart-looking little girl, with dark
brown hair, would probably he her portrait if
drawn hy an Indifferent hand. But I, jrou may be?
lieve, should make a piece of work of my skeVh
as little like the original as Hercules to me."
Really one would think he might have saiu
as much as was said hy Lady Scott's ci di tem?
poraries, speaking of her as a girl: "Without
the features of a regular beauty, she was rich
in personal attractions; 'a form that was fash?
ioned as light as a fay's'; a complexion of the
clearest and lightest olive; eyes large, deep se!
and dazzling, of the finest Italian brown, and
a profusion 'if silken tresses, black as a raven'a
wing; her address hovering between Ihe re?
serve of a pretty .young Englishwoman who
has not mingled largely in general Bodety
and a certain natural archness and gayety
that suited well with the accompaniment of
a French accent." The frigid way in which he
wrote of his betrothed may be an Indication
that the future Wizard of, the North took him?
self very seriously in youth. Certainly his
bride knew how to rebuke his solemnity, only
a short while before his marriage re- wrote her
a letter in which he alluded lo a certain burial
place, "lt is one of the most beautiful and
romantic scenes you .vcr saw, among the ruins
Of an old abbey. When I die. Charlotte, you
must cause my bones to be laid there; but we
Shall have many happy days before that, I
hope." This funereal sentiment appealed, not
to Miss Carpenter's romantic feelings, but ti?
ller sense of humor. 'What an idea of yours,"
replied she, "was that to mention where you
Wish to have your bones laid! If you were
married I should think you were tit---1 sf me.
A very pretty compliment before martial.'.-: I
hope sincerely I shall not live to see that day.
If you always have those cheerful thoughts,
how very pleasant and gay you must be! Take
care of yourself, if -rou lovo me, as 1 have no
'wish' that you should 'visit' that "beautiful1
and 'romantic' scene, the burying-place."
Scott hated slow and laborious composition
and remarked humorously that h<* reminded
himself of a drunken man who could run long
after he could not walk. Spf king. In 1^12. in
a letter to Joanna Baillie, of the poem
h^ "Rokeby," upon which he was then al work, be
*u said: "As for "Rokeby,1 I am now working at
pr lt in my old Cossack manner, after destroying
a whole canto, in which I attempted refinement
and elegance." Again, alluding to the "Kay
of the Last Minstrel," he wrote to Miss Seward:
"As for poetry, lt is very little labor to nv; 'in?
deed, 'twere pity ff my life should I apend
much time on the light ami loose aort of poetry
which alone I can pretend to write. Were all
the time I wasted upon the 'Lay' put together?
for lt was laid aside at long Intervals I am sure
it would not exceed six weeks The last canto
was written in three forenoons, winn I was
lying in charters with our yeomanry." Ills sub?
sequent achievements In prose show the ra?
pidity with which h<* worked, but one must
always remember that the fashion of the period
was to pretend that elaborate poems, novels
and romances had been completed within a few
days. One thing is certain. Scott's poetry
reads with as much rapidity as if it had be n
an improvisation, lt was only in the matter of
editorial business that he boasted of labor and
research and time OOOSUmed, and it is just
here that later writers lind him to have been
too hasty, and too ready to depend on his
memory. The passage Just quoted respecting
bia poetry was only a pendant to this bit of
boasting: "For two years past l hav.- beeo
occasionally laboring on a complete edition of
Dryden's Works, which have never been col?
lected. The illustration of the poetical and
bistorlcal passages has cost me much labor.
"From my research the boldest spiders Bed,
And moths retreating trembled as 1 r. ad."
He endeavore 1 also to meet even harsh criti?
cism with a smiling face. His "Marmion"
rather pleased his own Casey. To Lady Aber?
corn he wrote In 1K.8: "I have finished 'Mar?
mion, ' and your Ladyship will do me the honor,
I hope, to accept a copy very sun. In the sixth
and laat canto I have "MSMOdOd better than I
had ventured to hope, for I had a battle to light,
and I dread Lard blows utmost as much in
poetry as In common Hie." And to gurteea he
wrote: "When you have read over 'Marmion,'
which has more Individuality of character than
the 'Lay,' although it wonts a sort of tender*
neaa which the personage of the old minstrel
gave to my first-born romance, you will be ?
batter Judge whether I should undertake a work
which will depend less on Incident and descrip?
tion than on the power of distinguishing and
marking the dramatic personae." The reply of
Surtces reassured him. for h>* wrote; "I am v. ry
glad you like 'Marmion'; it has nee.) ?,f tome
friends, for Jeffrey showed me yesterday a very
sharp review of lt?I think as tight a one aa
he has written since Southey's ff-__*_' As 1
don't believe the world ever furnished a critic
and an author who were more absolutely poco
euranti about their craft, we dined together
and had a hearty laugh at the revisal of the
flagellation." One would hardly think lt, but that
criticism was really the beginning of a long
estrangement. Scott had always good-natured!;.
defended Jeffrey. To Miss Seward he wrote in
I think, were you to know my little friend
Jeffrey, you would perhaps have some mercy on
hla criticisms; not but he often makes his best
friends loee patience by that love of severity
Which drives Justice Into tyranny, but, in fact, I
have often wondered that a man who loves
and admires poetry so much aa he does can
permit himself the severe, or sometimes unjust,
Strictures which he fulminates even against the
uthors whom he most approves of, and whose
works actually afford him most delight. Hut
What shall we say? Many good-natured country
Tories (myself, for example) take great pleasure
In coursing and fishing, without any Impeach?
ment to their amiabilities, and probably Jeffrey
feels the same Instinctive passion for hunting
down the parda of the day. In common life
the lion Ilea down with the kid; for not to men?
tion his friendship for me, now of some stsndln*.
he had the magn.nimtv (absolute!* approach?
ing to chivalrous reliance upo'1 th* ff!,n "f,a
f. to t.ust himself to Southey's guidance in
a boat on Windermere, when it would have cost
the poe| nothing but a wet jacket to have
overset the critic and swum triumphantly to
shore; and this the v.ry day th.- review of
-dadoo' was published.
Il will be observed thal Jeffrey is here credited
with a love and admiration for .ny. Two
yean later, srlttl tbs Witting OP Of "Marmion"
still fresh in his memory, Scot! wrote to Joanna
I hasten to t.-n you that I never entertained
f.?r a second a notion so very strang.- as to
dedicate anv j.rn to my friend Jeffrey, nor can
I conceive how so absurd and .ans -tess a rumor
should hav.- arisen. ... I hav.- great per?
sonal regard for him, and high estimation of his
talent*; I have seldom kt...uti a tuan with
equal readiness "f Ideas, or power of expressing
them. Hut l had tm reason to be so very much
gratified by his review ..f "Marmion" as to pro?
pitiate him by a dedication of any work of
mine, I have no fault t.. lind with his express?
ing lils sentiments frankly and fairly upon the
poem, y-t I think he might, without derogation
to his Impartiality, hove couched th tm in
language rather more civil t<> a personal
friend, and I believe he would have thought
twice before he had given himself that slr of
superiority in a case where I had any chance
of defending myself. Besides, I really have
often-told him that I think he wants the taste
for poetry which is essentially necessary to en
Ji.y, and of course to criticise, it with Justice,
He is learned with the most learned in its canons
and laws, skill*-.I in Ita modulation, and sn ex?
cellent Judge of Ihe iusti.-.- of the sentiments
which it conveys, but he wants that enthusiastic
feeling whi.-h. like sunshine upon ? landscape.
lights np every beaut-,, and palliates, If it i annot
hide, every defect. To offer a poem of Imag?
ination to a man whose wh.de life and study
has been to scqulre a stoical Indifference toward
enthusiasm of every kind, would be the last, ss
ii would surely be the silliest, action of my life.
This is really my opinion of jeffrey, nol formed
yesterday, nor upon any coldness between us.
for there lias been none. He has l.n p..s
seased of it these several years, and it certainly
never mad.* the least difference betwen us: bul
I neither owe him, nor have tin- least im lina
tinti to offer him, such a mark of regard as the
dedication of any work, past, present, or to
Two years more and Scott's "Lady of the
Lak.-" was out, and Jeffrey's review was ready
to be published. Again the little critic did as
he had done before with Scott?and with
Southey, too, for that matter. He submitted
his article for the poet's approval or disap?
proval. Bul whereas in the case of "Mar?
mion " the two men read the criticism together
and dined In apparent harm.my, now Jeffrey
felt obliged t" write to Sett and t.. Inclose
proofaheeta ot his article on the "Lady of the
Lake.*" He evidently did this with some reluc?
tance, "having," as he said, "told the truth, ac*
curding to my oath of office." Hut h>- Wi ri' on
to make smenda as fully us he could for tbs
I am now s.-nslble thal there were needleaa
asperities In my review of '"Marmion." and
from the hurry in which 1 hav.- been forced
to write I date say there ma) bc some here
also, i have bungled your r.Meal characters,
too, by beginning my sketch on a scale t...?
large for my canvas, and the mere unskllfulness
of thesrxecutlon, I fear, has given it something
th.* air of caricature. Bul l think you have
generosity enough lo construe me rightly In
stating all these things. :"''l '" believe me when
I tay thal I sm sincerely proud both of your
genius an.l your glory, snd thal I value your
friendship more highly than most either of my
literary or political oj,ini.ins. And now, pre
j suming that this article will break no squares
between us, I nave two favors to ask one,
that you would, if possible, dine here on Tues?
day, to meei Allison Playfair, and two Ameri?
can ladles, who ar.- very much your admit.-is;
and the oth.-r. that vmi would dine h<*r.- ru.*.un
on Thursday with .la. k Murray and two friends
of Sydney Smltn, who sre Just returned from
The mystery In which the authorship <-f the
novels was shrouded is shown throughout the
letters In these r ilumes from the time they began
to appear, Tn frequent letters to Lady Aber?
corn, Scot! ahowed ids desire thal ahe should
understand nla relation to Ihe booka which ex?
cited the wonder of the public. Bul his
language, as well as that ..f her replies, ls su.-h
thal i; c.mid nol hav.* been clearly understood
by coo temporaries rue would almost think
that Scott had formed Ihe plan'of a prose ro?
mance and had confided it to Lady Abercorn
i mg before he abandoned Ihe poetic field. In
one of his l.-tt.-rs to h.r in I**."', he wrote: "I
have a grand work In contemplation, bul so dis?
tant, so distant, thal Ihe di.-t.iv ?? between Edin?
burgh snd Stanmore is nothing to lt. This is
a Highland romance of Love, Magi- snd War,
founded upon the manners of our mountaineers,
with my stories about whom your Ladyship was
so milch Interested." Another friend who gras
allowed to divine the secret was Lady Loul a
Stuart, and h.-r numerous letters ar-- Ulled with
admiring criticism, s bright mirror of tho
fancies awakened In the minds of *.pie in
those daya by the works of the "Oreal Un?
known." The fri-tid Whom Scott trust.-.I fran
tl.utset In Ihe matter was Robert Morrill, of
Rokeby, whom h>- seemi to have mei for the
lirst time In !*i|w*. Of him Ihe poel wrote to
Lady Abercorn: "He is a great friend ..f Mr.
Payne Knight, deep in Grecian lore, of course,
which led him some years ago to visit the very
?.?round where Troy stood." When "Th" Bridal
of Triermaln" appeared Booti and Morrl tl laid
careful plans to hav lt reviewed. That was In
1813, and Soot! Wrote Cautiously to Lady Aber?
corn: "Jeffrey lauds it highly, I sm Informed,
and la one day to throw it at my bead." Bul
later he wrote aomewhsl mournfully to Morriu:
"I f.-ar .mr match has missed dre, and Trier
main' win nol be reviewed"; ami Morritl re?
plied: "I f.-ar.-d for the Buccess of your schema
of Triermaln,' from all I beard In London.
Th'-re was a strong suspicion of the author, and
Borne of those who knew you inst were not to
be deceived." Thus it went, nol only with the
first book, but with all th'- rest; and yet Scot)
did manage to keep his countenance over the
matter, and people never were quite sure until
th.-y were told.
Another topic which gradually gains as?
cendancy In these volumes Is the growth of
Abbotsford. From the day of the first purchase
almost every step in the progress of Scott*!
plan for founding a lamily witii title ami wealth
Is alluded to. It is when he linns to this
theme that the great romancer really Indulge!
his fancy to his own delight A (hart of the
property, gives* in the second volume, stews
how anxiously he studied every detail of his
estate, it was th<- joy, and yt th.* fatal burden
of Ms life. Th- Hist volume <>r thc collection
of friendly letters has for frontispiece a por?
trait taken from the busl by Chantry. Those
who love Scott will not find their affection di?
minished by the private and often ctmfidfnUol
Wilting here disclosed.
WHERE MACAU LAI WAS 1I0RX.
Frmn Tin- Illustrated London .News.
About tlx miles north of tl..- town of Lei? ter,
half way to Loughborough, snd in the Quorndon
neighborhood, is th.- village ..r Itothley, with tba
old manor houae called Itothley Temple, from the
remains <>f a chapel, with a crypt, bulli In Ihe thir?
teenth c-ntiiry by the Knights Templar, itu- Order
of St John of Jerusalem, who established a pre*
<?-piety there. At the beginning ol Ibis nineteenth
century tl:.- owner of ti.state wai Mr, Thomas
Babington, th. descendant ..r un ..id family of
English country gentry noted In the history of
Uueen Elisabeth'! reign tor their attachment lo
th.- Catholic Church anil for an unfortunate shara
in the plots t.i assist the partisans .if Mary Stuart.
Th.- name of Babington, we b-dleve, is now extinct,
font the lineage I" represented, through desceni on
the maternal side, by the if irs of vice-Chancellor
_o. ?_.?___ piirkei
passim away, happened to be lorn ? -u
sir Oeof-ge Trevelyan says, "nannette.
1 from ediing
established by Miss Hannah ">!""'? WH* married to
Zachary Macaulay. seerMsry to the Sierra Leone
CoiDDttiv. of London, who then dwelt in a amati
house st Lambeth. His slst.-r. .''-an Macaulay, had
Income Mr*. Thomas Itablngton. ?f Itothley Tem?
pi.-, and Invited Mrs. Zachary Macaulay to sojourn
at thnt place during her expected ebltd-btrth; and
so it cam., to naas The future great author and
honored peer of the realm. I joni Marnulay. was bap?
tised in the privat. .hep-I ->f the aaaasson bs hi*
uncle, the Rev. Aulay Macaulay, and received the
names "Thomas Babington" fr..m bia aponsora
PROFESSOR JEBB*8 NEW VOT.TMI
Till: OROWTH ANN INFLfENCE OF CLASSI?
CAL OKEEK rOETRY. I_ecturea Delivered In
1K9' on th.* Pere- Turnbull Memorial Founda?
tion in the JoM-J Hopkins l.'nlverslty. By R,
r. .l.-hh, Regius Professor of Oreek In the I'ni
ve] Ity of bambridge. Pp. xiii, ff.. Houghton,
Mlfllln & Co.
Then* are two bits of description In flreeh
literature which seem In themselvea t.. sum
mr rix.' the eonirasl between Ihe beginning and
the end of Hellenic civilisation. One of these
scenes belong! ? <? the Odyssey, and is laid in
the bright Phaeedan fairyland. Odysseus, casi
on tn"' coast ".r thal land and by g.1 fortune
a guest of the King, witnesses th-- gamea of
the young noblemen, and is finally Invited tv
take part In the contests. Ile pretends unwill?
ingness, and lt is only when he is charged with
being I wand'tin-- merchant or supercargo,
such a one as would never seem Ilks s
champion, that he yields. Then he pms the
heavy stone far beyond all Ute marks that had
I.n made by the others In the game, and si
onne challenges everybody on the field, except
his h..st. to a trial of Strength and skill In an>
r> - J11. ?.-1 except ;i footrace. II>> boasts that ht
can handle the bow better than any man living
and that he can throw a spear further than other
men cnn shoot an arrow. Tie* crowd, ha vin*
ha<l ii taste of his prowess, leafs his challenge
in blank silence, and Kirlg Al-Itiotis soft.-ns his
defiant mood with pleasant words The thing
to be observed le that the athletic strength and
skill of Odysseus ere devoted to matters that
l-l,.mr within the rang.- of his daily life. Thi ??
has been as yel no separation between men
strong merely for the sak- of their strength
and tbe ordinary man. Athletic contests have
still all the idyllic freshness of rustic life. The
other scene is In the 'Alcestis" of Euripides.
Hercules, on his way t.> seise the flesh-" ill |
horses ..f Diomedes, hslta for entertainment
at the Jala..' of Admetua Unaware of Al?
cestis's d.-atii, he proc eds to make merry in the
hail of his myal host. Bul he ls no Idyllic char
acter. With his mauled ears and hla huge lists
ind hi-4 voracious appetite and bia clamorous
laughter, he is the very picture of a prize
fighter. Tie Oreek world ns Been through the
eyes of Euripides ha; been utterly I -? ? *d
Illusions The ponderous champion ls seen lusl
as he |?. and people have long since begun
lo wonder why ihey worshipped him so long.
For bs bad been during a long period
teemed as only lesa than i god The gai i
which h.* figured were religious In ti. ir pur?
port, and in i religion which was without s
hierarchy and almost without i priest!.I. bu
preme excel lei. In sny reaped seemed an sp*
proach to the gods "There ls nothing In mod?
ern Hf'*," aaya Professor Jebb, "that can prop?
erly be compared with a victory at Olyi
Th-ii he goea on to say tha' 'the gi .*-\ of the
modern race-winner or athi.-te is brief; it llv< ?
in the memory ..f a few, but nol with th- public.
The t >'\ tupi.in \ |< tor, how.r, a
tlngulshed man fi inn tint moment lo the ? n i
of his days. He had shed lustre on his i
'?ity, sn i v ? sui h hoi ? I
I- Stow. His name p , | |
Ooh here he mlghl ihi o'ughoul Hell i
which he b il won - iffl i I ? j ?
than r> ipe Iful v.eli rn " And oi
i.ii:.ty of i i : pei tful well me i .
thinly disguised roui le thal
Euripides and bl* cont-*mp.lif*iflea -.nt In
strutting, drunken, quarrelsome* .athlei | cham?
pion of th.-ir ..\\ n _ iv brut.Hi*. .., in
a house where he saw the signs ? ?. mourning.
The ? i mi man of the I tl ne was rom
and klnd-heai led. Ile loved mini nd ihe
telling of wondroui tal*- and it ?
\\ Ol dr. - f tlc- poet. BUl ill tie- ? 'id ! .-? iv i
iepla. ed by one sha can 1 i ni) ;' r brawl
lt \< alon.' Ihe ? ? ' ar.i th. se ex' i
t;*at Profeaaor Jebb leads his readers In Ihe ile
lightful chapters of tins volume. Morally tha
passage from Homer lo Ru ri pities -..-??.
downward; bul ll is i, ? i.nam thai ihi
na the sam.* ii tn i literal) p.*int . t
r* rii.ii - oi.uld be m a.- d< finite In
ter if he were .ure ..f the relation In which the
Homeric i.os stood to the civilisation in the
midst of which th.v arose Prol ssm Jebb ..-t
i.iinly gives the lu pr. aston thal the relation was
un.* of cause ratler than result. He S'eilis lo
Imply th tt Hom* r i ree ted, for tx imple, the
dympian cull by Joining together s. attered forms
of woi ship and i*ai led religl ma Ideal 0
ii ls possible tn pul loo mechanical an Interpre
talion upon Professor .!?'.ti's words, foi he .1 ..
concede Botnethlng t.. thal air. long tradition,
whi.h must slwsya be sough! hark of all the
faiths cry talllsed In a literature. "There was,"
he sa.vs, ";i pr.-lu torte chaof of local cults, in
which a h ,st ,.f tribal gods and godd.n com?
peted for each other*! prerogatives, with Ihe
result thal few of such deities posse seed a Iruly
distinctive character. The early mythologies
had abounded In savage and repulalv-* traits
bui h aa the story of Chronoa swallowlni his
children. Oul of all this confusion snd debnee
menl tnt artistic mind of Ihe Hellenes, sj wen
In Homer, has brought fi.rth the dear and
living ty-M-y of the Olympian god-head, Kens,
Hera, Apollo, Athens and the rest," Thal ii
w;is the artistic Hellenic mind which worked
out a mythology so dlfferOnl hom that of the
remaining sntlque world ls plain; bm la Ibe
ll ml tatton, "as s?*en In Homer," Indispensable?
Professor Jebb's opinion ns to the ? .lulu of the
Homeric |.ms is thal they are nol the work
of on<* man. The nw le is, he h.dds, ma) be as
Old as Ihe eleventh century before Chi 1st. end
must have b.-en composed by an Achaean p iel
of Th-- ,-.iiv before Ihe primitive Hellenes wen
displaced. The Achaean emigrants carried it
to lonni. lt was adopted, revised snd enlarged
by Bucc-Salre Ionian poets, s... too, Ihe earlies!
part <if rh.- Odyssey was composed in flreece
proper, carried <?> Ionia by those who n..i before
tin- Dorian Invaders. In tbe llghl ..r tin* view
if the poems, sorely the I Hj mplc pantheon would
have 1.n artificial, instead of living and
natural. If lt had owed its existence solely t.>
ihis sn cession of poets.
Tt ls possible, great ns the cntrast ls betwien
the notions of Ufa held by Ho.r and Kutipi
_es, the two p.ets whom Professor Jebb places,
the one at the beginning, the other slmi al iii
the ? ml .if his study, thal they sra alike in both
belonging to Ihe times which were to be, raider
ihan t i their own period. Thus. Professor Jebb
-.ivs: 'it may be urged on behalf of Euripides
that, without sum.- auch changea ss he Intro
luced, tragedy could no longer hope t.. please.
ric- altered circumstances of the tims demanded
the concession This may be granted, at least
for th.* time Immediately after bis; hut it is only
mother way of saying thal Attic tragedy had
reached UM term Of Hs existence, as Ionian
?pus had dom* at an Miller date. A greel
poet, in whom tin* artistic sense was more
tntrely Hellenic than ii was in Euripides, would
mve refrained from attempting ? compromise.*1
I'o s;iy that Euripides -uh less of I Hellene
han his predecessors ls to Bay thal he was ?
Hellenist, that with him begins the period
-.hen Qreeh wisdom, though dominant, was uo
.niger unmixed sith the lori of other ness.
t is true, the s.-e.ls of thing! thal arere to grow
?nly In mediaeval and modern life wen planted
>y BoripMSO, He had the romance and lh>*
eallsni Of far later tl "BIOL H.* would see tiK-n
md events just as limy were, though lt killed
irt ami destroyed himself. Lonely, bitter, jct
ender and eloquent, a "sensationalist," and yet
i philosopher, u rOClUOl, and yet aware of
ivery movement of hts times, Euripides waa
reckoned with thc antl-pie world, hut belonged
to that which was to come. What Professor
Jebb says of the Greeks who followed Euripides
is prof..iindly interesting because lt puts such
emphasis on this estimate of the lasr great ,
Qreek tragic uiit.-r.
Sanguine and hopeful as the Hom.-ric p.iy
is, lt must be view-d an Blending also |>etwe**n
a world thal waa and one thal eras to be.
Otherwise, how ega one harmonize its almost
i hlldtsh simpU< Ity with its perfection of art.' lt
may ""belong to an age that, in respect of
conscious I h..tight, is related to mir own as
childhood t.. maturity"; bat ii "bears tm traces
of ihe primitive sta..'.- in literature." Professor
.i.-i.i. contrasts tin* Hellenic spirit with that
..f priest-ridden Rgypi find the robber kingdom
..t Assyria, as well as with rtanscril genius.
Hut all this fails to deai up the mystery of
Qreek life with its Budden emergence Into the
full light ..f its own culture, li' we could bm
timi th.- last chapters of iles miraculous history!
Tin* unity ..f Hellenic literature ns it grew up
between th<* ages of Homer and Euripides is
another thing which points backward with pro?
voking stubbornness to th" tlmea of which we
cm obtain only glimmering knowledge. "It
bas been aald," remaiks Professor Jebb, "ihat
th>* man of genius sometimes is such iii virtue
of combining tin* temperament distinctive "f ins
nation with some gift of his own which ls foreign
to that temperament; as in Shakespeare the
basia is English, snd tin- Individual gift a flexi?
bility of spit,: which is n.it normally English.
Hut wc cannot apply this remark to tb" greatest
..r ancient Qreek writers. Th.".- present cer?
tainly ;i wi.i" tang.- of Individual differences.
V.t .s.. distinctive and s.. pot en 1 is tie- Hellenic
nature thal If any two of such writers be com?
pared, however artde tie- Individual differences
maj I*.- as between Aristophanes snd Plato, or
Pindar .'ind Demosthenes?such Individual dif?
ferences are lesa dgnlficgnl than those common
characteristics ..f tl,.- Hellenic mind, which sep?
arate both Hie men compared from all who
are nol H-dlenes." As le- studies Ho- problem
he . aa think onlj .?;' tie- gi ? graph) -d' Gre< ??
;is accounting for the Oreek excellence, and ?
all know how Inadequate geography is in such
a ia--. "There ls te. clew to these secret! of
N'alute'a ah hemy."
I TYPICAL XEW'EXGLANDER.
PRESIDENT POKTEH OF .ALE.
i\ll PORTE!! A MEMORIAL HY FR! KN I. fl.
I: ?? i i.r i ieorge .-'. M ?*rrla m; vith p.r: rall;.
.*?.... pp. '.?*.;. New-York; Charl - Scribner's tiona
v. ni thc r. . ii--, ti in- ml contributions nf many
fiirnil ti . mpllei .f ti..* volum ? has i misti i t< i
.1 m- ii. ? ' rei ills tin- Kpirltual linea
ol i" .'....iii parter, and traces arith surll
t lin I >r tia- p-U" lim ? of hi i
11 bo i lc I d itlngul -i-l ? .I.- i. sud tie- Influ
from within and -lihou' which Inspired his
The t,-,,* may aol have esme f..r an
, . .d' lo. r .1 icr, hm ona of the
i. n itlon, if nol ..ti.- ..:' i'- p ir*
, e exceed .ile- un I lnt.r
? ? . ? v. ? ii i belong t-> -ie ii i work ll ll
! .- ? .-i e and
'I '... ? . n i"l I." al.mid nit and Bl
,: i,,. ;. '.ni! date the task ought to Le un
ken. The t> i.t m in whii li it wou
carce, foi ?!.-? tate of ? li ly in
that I) p. w i mould I, .til i f a lo. h ll araa
'te , , ? ? ? ? an
v.tr-re in th-* world, 'i'll* NVw-Rngl-Bd community
of half ' 'te- ' ".cu. 'i was
? ? ntlonal, i-ir centred, t. wi it< .
i i.v ts- relii s i.i, i reminiscence i
? I.. ., ? : i i i i . -. but
tani to apply them: rigid on tbe surface, bul
.? |t; loo I:-.tie? r.-ri" ei- to develop the
? i- . f menu
I Ini nt from nee n i ic
. illy of hom *t Ihlnklns a hl< h lao
?n mini- of rh-- rl_h: fibre thal
? iunlt: ls <|.*a ?????? I lt I*
. m.div true .. Ml Lowell N*w -
.md ii.is nol h. .-n reft oul In the cold, b il
nd i re ai
? but ll - Un ?
... ,,-/? >;. r .- .uie*-.- than her own soil.
? >n evi i ? where, but the
iii organl m which it once ii::*-1 baa van
. ,f mi ii ? Koah Portei n and amid
' snrh s irr.nm-'oio-- and i'iii"*-ti- ? ?' he grew to matu
ri .- ? i afte I. while
"'ni pro- ess of accretion
I tl .- lu- life, ? ? i li n- fer obllt*
I I . ;.- I"' ?? .i cpitsltli I
lo a eertaii ? ? ineoti record of Ids
, r , . Industry an<l of
?? advancement He t.<..k the foul )
? .i ? ..t Vale, t mehi bl a Nea -ll.iv n - i.
Iwo years, t loins I the collegi luloi an I di
: ? one s- n i h igl ii I
, irish foi m..i" than -iv \ ?? .r- mid >.f another fer
f a th.iii tht'-", was i". ailed I I r
of moral phllosoph) nnd metaphysl speni a win
1.1 ul |ihiloi phil il i ? -?? i.? h and communion In
Iii rim. t urned his ? olli >;?? chair, studied .1-- ply,
t. ,i ? du niii ni*lv. wrote nm.-h. corresponded with
..t men, .un*! ttl* additional obligation*
i ' ., |h< logl .! i i - i-- --.i hip, ." s .ill tie 11 was
I ..r .n ad. mi.- hf*-, and graduall) prea t.. be a large
part nf lt He succeeded to Ihe presb
of Val-, directed lt* pi pm ia, taught
senior dasi ? -. bore it- Anani lal, ad
iii:-ii I ra tl ve and Intellectual burdens on lils mini
aid le m. became the editor of a great uictionury
"baaed oe tofebster"a foundation." and the final
di.f ever) iiuestkm which thal vasl and com
pi-a task Involved, and during all this pr>rtod,
r ? author, defender anni expounder "f ;i great
. philosophical "-lui. -itiiii. i every demand which
the acceptance ol thal reaponslblllt) could make
upon ii vigilant conscience. Sol the less) remark?
able fa. t In lu Porter's can . wu his ability
to perform rill ines, laboi wlthoul neglecting any
1 of them, ani with tr,m.ian enjoyment >>f them all
n !? extremely Int.-r.- Ung, moreover, to note thal
ihe '"nins of this New-England metaphysician for
abut rael speculation Uti] not .-vlad Uss rs.-r
clea .a i .a Ily i ladon-i ? ile t_0k excellent cai of
los pn.p.rty He wa* thrifty, ? good manager
and arlee Investor, and commanded the respect of
illness men In their own field." "He was a type
"' "I- bite Bowering of ina sid Nea Rngtand
The roots of thal stock were fidelity t.. the
' ?' own law and trust in a divine guidance;
| and Hs twofold Mein was p Urtu ki U* on the
material world, side by side with a searching
Innulr) int.i tt,.- mi een."
"( ?'' Porter's philosophy and of his system of
morale ts.mpeienl ludgea contribute tu the
vuluine before us di ?? i Imlnsting ? tims les. In this
,','-r "." ll ls aol possible t.. follow them, lt
i teacher of youth and president of an old
..nd fain.ms college thal his memor) i moa) widely
1 h? rlahed. In both relations he coted the affec?
tionate regard ..f ins associates and of Hie young
men brought under hla author!') and Influence. The
edu.ir of this memorial volume, and some of his
c.nullan..p.. sp. ak with gratitude of the Inspira?
tion which they derived from hla Instruction of ad?
vent ed -indents, win t- he araa able to aaaume a sn
perter state >.i knowledge in tho*,, before him, and
r.-it .put- free of restraint lu the academic class
room wa do not think thal he uniformly produced
the Impression of a ireal teacher, if ha possessed
la a hiKh degree tbs rare faculty of Imparting
knowledge, it was noi generally disclosed rn un
dergraduat. He aaa never hampered by Inablll*
t) to command the attention ,.r his classes, for no
bod) ever felt an Inclination to embarrass or Irri?
tate bim; but ba did not usually communicate to
his pupils au ardor for tba task h.* gel them. Per?
haps be mad.- th.- task too cary. In theory he
was conservative ..r rigid discipline, but In prac?
tice it paiii.-d him lo be severe. No teacher aver
appeared stets unwilling lo convict ., pupil ~r Ik
ii.u.ni..', in fact, ha would not permit an utter
failure if leading questions could avert it. We
doubt ir th.- profoundeat Ignorance ut "Tha Human
intellect" ever seemed to the author of thal menu*
menl.ii work ii sufficient reason for withholding a
ile. tee f|,i||| ,1 Y.||e :et||,,f. Tile i.llllplIlT ll'lillls
ii perfect Illustration nf Um wa; In which Dr,
I'oit.-r Interpreted hla own convictions "1 engaged
bim," aaya Mr. Merriam, "In a private conversation
upon a subject which pressed upon my own mind?
that nf endless puiiishin.-nt as th. penalty Of earthly
ain. Among other I?lags I put h Barlee pf Indi?
vidual Cases! 'Suppose ii limn horn ho and so, clr
ieinstsnrsd ao and so, ae_eg ibua and thus how
??an it h.- just that he should be subjected to ever?
lasting "mnh~hmn~.tr As to cash cam i was
promptly mei: 'Such _ msn would fiOUbtlcSB not In?
cur the penalty.' lu short, ho maintained tbat
there was everlasting punishment, while he allowed
exemption so wide that almost every one would
escape. It suggests to me now his own system of
Old-age discipline?a rigid code with a very mild
This was f>r. Porter's system, not only In the
classroom bul in tba executive tdBea if he could
have followed hla per-.m.il In. Unattona, the terrors
of th<* law would have been almost altogether In
\t; bul when he felt the necessity of BUS
talnlng his colleagues in the (beatty in specific
caeca of discipline li- did soi desert them, though
h.- may have often faltered. He certainly had great
rewards fer his loving kindness, h.* was abie to
Bay a* he was retiring from the presidency: "No
youni tuan h.:s ever treated ma with disrespect."
Whether Dr. Porter waa an id.-iii college president,
or. more exactly, whether be was an Ideal presi?
dent . f Vile, wa- ii question which was often dls
i during the later years of his btcumbeacy.
1 .f course it was lieger settled, for there wera as
miry Ideala aa dispataats. lt ls enough te say
thal during the p. ri.nl wadi the college was ex
pandlng with extraordinary rapidity Into a uni?
versity not by revolution, but by symmetrical de?
velopment h.* waa Vin- head of it In reality as
Indisputably as In name, and that lo him more
than to any other Individual is .lue the fact for
which every graduate is bow grateful, that gale
never for ? moment lost her Identity under the
pre lure and contention of the tim*'.
We cannot linger over this modest memorial of a
beneficent life. It was well deserved sad is well
Win n Mr. Howells t-ays rnncernin"- lils youth?
ful reading that the tlrst authors of his heart were
Goldsmith, Cervantes and Irving; he provides a
Strong argument f..r IhOM who contend thal chil?
dren Should read ..nly a few books and the best
honks Thees lovers of literature say Iii support of
their po Itlon tl al these few strong arorka of s-.nl.t-*.
i ? read an I rare id, help to form the i haracter, to
discipline inni enrich the Intellect, and to refine
and .ular'-, th,, vocabulary. Against tie* omniv?
orous rea.lin-' of the modem ILKid of children's
I..,..ks. tit.y argue that lt weakens th- mind by
Introducing a maaa of superficial and merel) amus?
ing stun* w-hi.-h awakens no original thinking de?
ed..ps no intellectual pow ts, in fact and harms
the character in so far a i ll cultlvati i the yearning
too prevalent arnon*! young peopl^to "be asm ."
to "have ;i i-.1 time" and to shirk dally duties.
.ni" tiri..-; i^ certain, no matter how opinions <>n
liter mi> var) the rending of only the b**sl
literature in childhood does give an excellent
literary style which ll ls difficult to acquire In
any other way. Thi n i' becomes ii part of th
fibre of the man's brain an I nor a thin-< of study.
The biography of -rest Marlborough arhlch
Lord Wolseley is writing is making progress, hut
ti. data has > : i.n flxed for Its appearance,
A number of the unpubllsl l l< tb rs of 8 T. Cole?
ridge will appear In tin- pages of "The Atlantic"
dui lng Ihe coming j ? a r,
The n*>w Kuli" h ? k. wiu.-h is hist coming from
the press in London, win contain a reprint from
riginal MS.-*, of the "Mber Amoris," hitherto
:. letters from Hazlitt to Patmore, and the
? il.uv kept lu Scotland by .Mrs. William Hastitl
while the divorce pro< edinga ..f 1823 were _"ing on.
lt ls n it certain whether the Intimate letters
to Mr p, <; Patmore, i mcernlng the love affair
which formed the BUbJ*-ct nf the "Liber Ann,ri*."
win be included in tm* book. The original! srere
sold al auction in London the other day, the sale
cilling forth from Coventry Palmor", th- son of
Hazlitt's friend, a letter of protest addressed to a
newspaper, ll-* expressed the regret that when the
correspondence was Inherited by bim he had nol
bi ned it. and so destroyed forever 'he "unpleaa
.f Hazlitt's mental and morai disease "
Instead, says Mr. Patmore, he forwarded the
letters to the late Mr. Registrar Hazlitt in order
thal ie- aa Hazlitt* s,,n, might have the
?i of removing evidence calculated te be so
damaging to his father's fame, Mr, Registrar Hai
ipporently thought differently. Bo does Mr.
Carew Hazlitt, the vendor; for, although agreeing
?hi* "the ground fir the suppression of certain
Pa '-axe-, i* obvious," arl iiltliough to pan with
the manuscripta "does great sad sincere violence
to bli feelings, ' \ - t be ls willing to h.ind them over
to the stranger who bids hlgheal for them.
In Mr Coventry Patmore'a comtsuaicaUaa to "i'h.
I..ind.in Tim.--" he a. ; several; ' I presume that,
i- m representative, l could, if I chose,
stop thc publication of these letters, by Injunc?
tion, but 1 feel that there would be BOOM absurdity
in my assumption of a tenderer care for Haalttt'a
fain-- than that which ls shown by bia nearest
reta I Ives '
Th.* Editor of "Th-- Century." **r\ lng concerning
"the unknown author'a chance," -.ivs something
which will not please thal supposed-to-be-abused
I ? "Ixxiklng ha. iv over all the v.-ars of The
?.' I sometimes think thal the editors have
wasted loo much time and energy, have expended
t.iiii.-li sympathy. In trying to fan ..-ebie dames
of talent, lt ia a question whether this method
cannot i.verdone. li Interferes with tbe oppor?
tunity ot strung .ml original genius, scatters the
attention nf the public, and creates false hopes in
"When something la \ r) difficult to understand,"
I ii the distinguished professor of biology, "it
ls called science; when it is Impossible it is called
Mrs Craigie (John Oliver Hobbea) ls said to be
:ii work upon a long novel, h-r industry having
been interrupted of late by serious illness.
These are some interesting letters itt the current
"Atlantic" which were addi ?*-? i to Thoreau years
arco by hla cl ver English friend, Thomar- Chol?
mondeley, < me 'if them coStataa thi-. suggestive
i ige apropos of Thoreau's hermit life: "You
ought to have soi lety. A college, a conventual tito
is fur you. Von ahould ?"? the member of soma
socdety imt v.-t foniied. You want lt greatly, and
without thia ynii v ill be Kable to moulder anray a*
y..u get older, forgive my English plainness or
speech. Tour love fbr, and Intimate acquaintance
with. Nature la ancillary io some affection which
you have nol yet discover I
"The great Kant never .lined alone, Once, when
there was a danger of the empty dinner table, he
sent his valet out, bidding him catch the Brat man
he could find and bring him In! Bo necessary was
the tonic, the effervescing cup of conversation, to
his deeper labors. Laughter, chatter, politics, nnd
-.?.?a the prose of ordinary talk bi better than noth?
ing, Kre there no clubs In Boston? Th* ina.-iv man
i-i a diseased man. I greatly fear. Bee how care?
fully Mr. Emerson avoids lt; and yet, who dwells,
In all essentials, more religiously free than bel
Now, l would have you one of a well-knit society
nt guild, from which rays of thought and activity
might emanate, and penetrate every corner of
ymir country. By .Bitch a course you WOUld SOI lose
Nature, But supposing thal reasone, of which l
ran know nothing, determine you to remain in
'quasi' retirement; still, Iel nol thia retirement be
toa ion.-iy. Take up every man ss you take np
a leaf, and look attentively at him."
Robert Louis Stevenson baa been writhe; a re?
jective, half melanchol) poem, "To My Old famil?
iars," the old familiars being his kinsfolk and
friends in the windy, rain) town of Edinburgh.
As the Hame of lila begins to wane the thought ot
the old home c..iiics back -
v.-t when the lump from my expiring .yes
Shall dwindle and recede, ihe voice of love
Pall Insignificant on my closing ears,
Whal sm.rid shall ene- but the old cry of the wind
in our Inclement city?
An assay on "The function Of the Poet," which
was found among the papers of .limes Ruaaell
Lowell, will be published f?r the lirst time in the
profeasor Huxley is writing for tba forthcoming
"Life and Letter* of Slr Richard Owen," the chap?
ters dealing arith the -dentine work of the gnat
The lust of the Sherlock Holmes xtorles appears
Iii the current nunile-r of "McClure's Magastne."
Therein Dr. Conan Doyle ktlM off his hero with
dramatic detail, and In coiiiniiiv with a criminal
un marvellous In his criminality as Holmes ls in his
Btrangs te say, the latslloctael methods of Dr.
I'.ivie's hero are on the way to become practically
useful. A presiding justice in Halal was heard,
not long ago, to a.Ivis.- the police In the court?
room to utmly the art of detection In the Sherlock
Holmes stories. ,
Senator Dawes has written for "The Century" a
paper on "The Oartteld-Conltllns-malne Contro
INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT EXPLORE '
srr.ss'.s i.AKi-: -riir-ofiv coMMgsrDED- the -g.
<T.NT ol' MOUXT KlM \ PLKXTT
One of the most important achlevem nt ? (); the
last year in scientific exploration w rs tiiat ??'
Dr. J. W. Oragery, of th* British Museum, te
Ess! Africa, who has Just returned home .after g
v.-ir's absence, The expedition w,i* orgaalM
originally merely for hunting purposes. Then*
s.-elng- that lt would afford fine opportunities tap
scientific observation, Its scope was enlarged, and
the Museum trustee! granted Dr. Gregory leam
to accompany it. Th.* other members of thi* part]*'
Wera Lieutenant Villiers, Sir Henry Tiehi*-r_%
Captain Harris and Lieutenant Bennett Stanford.
They s.-t out on November I Of last yeer.
Apart from gBoeral exploration work, i?r. Qrtgi
orv, who ls ;i geological expert, wea Mpeet-dfey in?
terested in Investigating the theory put forward
Boms time ago by Professor Bueas, of vienna..
This theory is that the Kast African lakes, which
form ii chain extending through some thirty-two
degrees of latitude, from Lake Tana in Abyastn-B
lo Lake NgaSBl iii Khama's country, are the ra*
suit of one connected earth movement reaching from
tba head of the Jordan Valley, along th.* Rad Sea,
almost to the Cape of Qood Hope. Dr. Oregon
was desirous of examining tbe ideological ?tractate
of the country about Lake Rudolf and the lakes
connected with It at the north and south, to ?;<?. [f
it confirmed this theory. The results of iii* ob*
s.-rvatinns indicate, in his opinion, that Ste*-. Wi_?
right, and he declare.- hims. If now to ba a BsMsvag
In his theory.
Th.- travellers -Steaded to muk- tie ir start at
K ism..yu. but eventually bogan at Lama, with the
Idea of proceeding up the Tana valley, Then sud-'
denly the party disbanded. Dr. ("r.gory went on to
form an advanced camp at 'Ngatana. lieutenant^
Villiers went off to join Sir Herald Portal In hie
mar. ii to Uganda, and the others decided to return
to London. Dr. Oregory was tim ? lefl alon.', hut he
pluckily resolved to go on, though he had never
b.-foie been in Africa, n..r gone on any such vi atom
anywhere. Ka went back to Mombasa, hired forty
v. mslbar natives, .md set oul for th.- gnat E.*nt.
African "vail y of subsidence." !!?? entered thia
louth of Lake Kaivaisho, an-l v. at to the
northwest as far as Lake Baringo, lb wanted te
BO on to Lake Badotf, but th- natives vv.-re hos.
til-. BO h" went rn ross the iire.it plat-au of l.lki'.ia
to the Kikuyu country. Then h<* trent to Mount
Kenl i. wh*-r,- h.- spent ;i fnrniight, creased th- up-.*r
aratera sf lbs Tann, miking various detoara for
purposes of exploration, and'retaraed i i Momhaaa*
Aside fr.nn hla Investigation i f s tess's th--orv of
the luk.s, his esploratloa >>f Mount Keals was tue
Interesting feetore "f rh- expedition. Tint
splendid pesk bsd only been vtelb I 'wi. ? ir fore,
and bad nol been ascended beyond a lutghl of
it..?"? feet, tha pmnt reached by Court TeMtt Ur.
tlregory, all alon?, climbed some MM feel higher,
"There," be soya, ? i vvas stopped by a snow-?... r d
cornlea At tine sid . there was a aerlea of very deep
crevasses, alni the other -id.- Waa "bvi - U dy s-.v-pt
by avalanchea from tbe cornice. I eras, of cour-e,
alone, and although i made atv rai attempt! to r- ?? ti
the summit lt was Impossible to get nny further.
The glaciers there hav- certain!) si one time
been much more extended than they ar.* nott.
Borne explorers were of opinion that tee summit of
Kellia was a enter full nf r-t..>w. bal I found that
the top consisted of tba central eora of a greatly
denuded old vohaiio, Of which the crater has long
since disappeared." Ile discovered on K'nia a
imimbar of plants found on Mount Kilima ffjaro at
tba sam** slaeaUsn, arMeh he thinks must have
le-en carried across from one mountain to the other
Hi the cold period.
H.- gol along with his Zaasibaris very areli ex.
cepl on the mountiiln. Th.- tempera tara up there
was iit tines M degrees MOW i* ro. and of coarse
th. natives were unable to endure lt li- had to ,
leave them m camps on the mountain Baie, and
ko on toward the summit all alone. Even then
they suff.-reii much from "mountain MchnanaP and
hi morrhaga of the lungs, n d to mention frost
bibs and chilblains. "I should." be Bays, "have
liked to reach the summit of the great mnunt.-iiu,
hut I should have learned nothing more by doing
sa I could nol even hi-** determined Its altitude;
as I had been obliged t.. hav- mv laatruments oa
some mcks in the glacier. As l had to cari
rope, :i bundle ..f w.len pegs, on which W M
th.- rape, food, etc. mv load was rather heavy*.
I tried again next day mi tin- west rut.-. Int was
stopped by some vertical iiiif--. I hoped ti worg
round to the north side and try from th.*r.. but I
was recalled to Im.k aft- r mv men. I was toi i .it
'I'.ast that I oughl not to -'art with l-ss than
Seventy in.-n. thiit numbers <>f them would die
and desert and .-?? on, but i did a it ii..v.* a
single deserter. They were all Zansibarts, and they
behaved splendidly. Th.- Zansibarts h.iv.- a number
ol habits, and these yon must res*.t. bul if you
treal them as they ought to be tn ited, tv re will
bo no difficulty. Mv nun often had each a load
of fr..m 15 t.> 120 p..iiiids. im I carried it from ? :c
in th.- morning till si\ at night, with only an hour'a
t.-st In the middle ,,f the dav, without a crumble,
p.-lng a small expedition, we arere all armed, andi
ai mehi we shpt in shelter t.-nts. Kv.tv night,
however, l got up several limes to >?>? that tbs
sentries were on duty and that the Bree wera ..ll
With the natives of the countries he explored he
did not have*so pleasant experiences. "Th"- Ma.ai,"
'.re says, "are ii very troublraome tribe, aird inter
f.r.sl considiTably with my progresa Th-y con?
sider the l.iklpia plateau th.dr sacred ground, but
I managed i- a rule to dodge them. 1 lad the mis?
fortune, however, to meet with I.OM ol their war?
riors al Lake Valvalsha, and some of tbe bead meg
told me that I must not go through their country.
? 1 saw. however, that they were attempting to butty
m and I bullied h.i.k. and I wen! ..ti to Lak.
liaringo without Interference." The country near
, the ...M-t I* fettil". and le- thinks plantations ther.
I ouxhl to pay. Hui inland for about SM miles the
| traveller ls going ov.r barren, sandy steppes "Ju
? many places there i- very tit11. water, and w ?
suffered i good deal In consequence. The diitleuity
??* experienced in getting food In one district wa*,
I believe, due to the fact thnt Dr Peters was the
only Kurnpe.in who had been over the "nine ground
before, and he had slmpl) tak.-n by force what sup.
pi..s h.- wanted. Th.- country of the Kikuvu i* la*
ti ordinarily fertile and densely populated. Much
of nie low land ls lefl barren, becauae the Maaal ara
continually raiding Here. All the cultivation ia
.inn., un the hills" As fur the wild beasts, Dr.
dregory reports thal he found a few Ilona, Els*
I bants were ntini.-rnus, and he could only get
through the Jungles around Mount Keals b) *>?? p
ing In their tracks. Th- statements current re
t gat-ding th-* threatened extinction of the AfHeog '
elephant, are, h.* thinks, unfounded. Certainly the.
gr.-iit creatures ure plentiful enough In th" region
? he visited. He Journeyed In -til about I.OM miles,
in five and a half months, and brought l?a.'k. a mn
or more specimens, which will I-.* pia ed In the
UKI VEGETABLES FROM CR FF I. FT.
wurs BOMB thin.;*-, ott THERM Gi.T to OttOW*
in; thia FORGET BO STOi*.
"I brought these potatoes from the town bendee
by Horace (ireel-y." h -ail, as he entered th!
oflfce of tbe newspaper f anded by Horses Greeley.
: There were only two potatoes, hut they filled the
haskel In Which they had Ix en carried ts this city
I by Oeorge W. Onie, engineer, from Greeley, Weld
. County, Col. Ona of them weighed tare pound- ant
i ten ouiics and the other was a tritie lighter, lather
looked huge enough to make a meal for an average
"They are lampiee Of what can be grown In the
?oil of Colorado sine the Irrigation preached hy
Mr, Greeley has changed thai part of the country
from a barren wast.- to a bountiful garden." Mr.
dale -ail. "i don't mme that all of the potatoee
grown out ther.* are of the size of these, but some
of them nra much larger. As 1 left home In a
hurry, these were the MggSBl I COUld Bad. They ara
of the Kural New-Yorker varlet) but the Early Rom ,
nnd other varieties grow to UM same Blze. One
acr.* of gr .und will produce Ml bushel! of potatoes
or of wheat in one season. Hi farmer who has a
farm of M acres sold bil crops fnr BUM last year.
(lt., |,-v now is a City of 1,000 Inhabitants, and con?
tains huge atorehouses and elevators for farm pro?
duce lt Ha sight worth Beelns wh. n the farmers
come into th.* city with their Ox-horse iesmi ani
wagons load..! with produce. There seems w r>e
thousands ot th.-in in th.* streets, and the load on
each wagon is enormous."
"U" all vegetables (row large in that part of the
country."' inquired a reporter.
Not ali of them. Pumpkins, for Instance grow
no'larg.-r than in the Hast. We can baal the
world In growing CabbSgOS, however. I ?! one
lead .d eaiibag" thal weighed M u-unds. li wag
? io bi- that it Riled a carl, and the leaves.hung
down over the wheels. Pie-plant stalks an* longer
! Mr Qe& la ov.-r six feet In height The n'"mory
,,r .Mr ii:.ley was held In revereuce la the city
I named after him. Mr Gala said, and .. large **<iuare
I in the city had bett set apart as the sile for a
! monument on which a statue of the great editor
v ill h.* .reeled. The city is mar tile (.'achelepomlre
Klver from which water ls drawn to irrigate tne
farina Wells ure used also for irrigation.
?When Mr, Greeley Oral mw the sit.- of our aw,
; mid Mr Hale. "If was a sandy w.i*te. with h re
! and there a cactus. That was tw. lit'-three ywB
age. He weet with the drat colony, fad tn-or
were obliged to ride In stag.-* three rn Ilea trott
the nearest railway station When some of the
men saw w hat a desolate-looking spot they h*J neen
taken to they turned back at once, and len tne
place for good and all. Mr. dreeley mounted a
box on the sand and made a speech to Ukw> *?
remained, telling them what mUht he sccon-phshed ?
hy Irrigation. Those who listened tohls ?dvJ'""'.^.,l
I stayed In dreeley have become rich men. lt ian i
I at all surprising that the people out there, believe
that Mr. Greeley was one of tht heft ana wisses
men that ever drew breath."
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