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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 03, 1893, Image 15

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MILITARY ESPIONAGE.
WHEN* IT IS HONORABLE.
WHAT AN KN(.I.ISIIM\X THINKS ABOVT IT
IOM-E notahm: IXSTAXCF.S.
Surely the tirne has come to revise our dic?
tionaries and to eliminate therefrom the term
"infamy." which is associated with the wold
"spy," now ,hat Nathan Hale has In the City
Hell I'aik of New-Tork ? Btntus betokening
the renard in which his memory la held by Iii-.
t-ountt yinen. and formitjg BO Aiiiei-ic;iii coiinter
,,;ut te the beautiful monument which the Eng
linh nation hiis erected lo Major Andre in
?Westminster Abbey pantheon. --instituting the j
highest form of honor that England concedes
tr. her IBUStrtOUB dead. And by a curious
...incidence, the '-'ry nama newspapers that
contain the account of the elaborate ceremonies
attending the dedication of the memorial to the
Revolutionary hero whom they justly designate
n.s the "patriot spy" publish cable dispatches
from lierlin announcing that tho two officers
of the French general staff who, disguised ns
Bngttsli yachtsmen, had been arrested at Kiel
ea a charge ol making uss of the Cowes yacht
InMCt, which they had charted, to obtain
data concerning th.ms! defences of Germany,
had made a complete confession of their guilt.
Ia it guilt? That is a question which must
always command a certain degree of popular
Interest, more particularly, perhaps, at the pres*
ent moment, when each European government
ls enacting severe penalties, either direct or in?
direct; when every nerve is bring strained to
se< ure at any cost military secrets, especially
with regard to th>* Invention of scientific in?
struments of warfare, and when the project to
abolish the system of military attaches to the
varinus diplomatic missions is occupying the
attentim of several of the great powers of
Kn i ope.
"All deaths are lfonorable when one dies for
such a cause as that of my bleeding country,"
1* the reply which Nathan Hale ls reported to
Jive made under the gallows, to an English
captain who had expressed regret and sorrow
that an officer should end his life in such a
manner. And in Nathan Hale's dying remark
may he found a reply to tho entire question
as to whether .-spion tere entails Infamy or
not. Provided the spy is working for his coun?
try, and is imbued with motives Of patriotism
and of obedien-e to military or naval superiors,
th<*re can be no Imputation of dishonor; and a
deep gulf separates spies such as these from
those degraded beings who arc* grilling to aell
the Information which they may have secured
lo the highest bidder, and who ar* prompted
aif,ne by mercenary motives. This view was
set forth hy the famous French Marshal, Hu
geaud, whose writings are to this day standard
works of military education, not only in the
army of France, but in those of several other
European nations. In his volume entitled.
"Ape rc Ul sui- l'art de la Guerre." he expresses
himself In the following categorical manner:
"Knelish. American and Russian officers do not
hesitate to SSSUme disguises as regards name,
nationality, profession and spposranoc, in order
to secure Information concerning the designs oi'
the enemy. In acting thus, they are no more
guilty of dishonorable conduct or crime than
ls the soldier of murder with regard to the foe
whom he kills In battle. They risk nu only
Imprisonm -nt as felons, but also a lllagln< I fill
death, solely with thc object of serving their
country-; anti the motive by which they are
actuated removes any taint of ignominy from
their action. Our french officer- should be
encouraged to follow thcir tzample."
That patriotism and courage of a high order I
are needed for the profession Of a spy ol' the
character described by Marshal Tinges lld Is
sufficiently shown by the fact that missions
Involving espionage are almost invariably con?
fided, not to ordinary soldiers, but to officers,
snd to those, it may be added, of the general
Staff?that is to ny, those who may be re?
garded as the pick of the entire army, both by
reason of their intelligence and their erudition.
Both Hale and Andre wera gentlemen by bil tli
and bleeding, its well as commissioned officers.
60, too, wa. Coh-uhon ("rant, the famous spy of
the great Duke of Wellington during the Penin?
sular campaign. The Bama may lu- sahl of the
majority of the spies who were shot or hanged
as such by the French and the Germana during
the war of 1S70, and it is a notorious fad that
nearly all the espionage that is now being
carried on by the Russians, the Gormans, the
French, and, indeed, by every military power
of the Old World, is in the hands of commissi. ai. d
officers, who may or may not make use of
traitor" in effecting their aim, which latter, it
cannot be sufficiently emphasized, ls solely to
serve their country'. Even the lat" Marshal
MottlM did not hesitate to adopt a disguise
when he visited, in 186*.. the district in which
Germany fought her first battles in Franc; two
years later. A French detective kept at his
heels, and his report was among the papers
found in the Tulleries In 1870. In 1880 the late
General tie Miribel, who, up to the time of his
death, was chief of the general staff of the
French Army, was expelled from Germany for
having displayed too much curiosity concerning
military matters. At the present moment there
sre a considerable number o. German officers
In French prisons and of French oAcers In
German prisons, serving terms of penal servi?
tude for infraction of the laws against espion
sge. Quite a number of them have been In
jail since 1880.
While there Is no doubt that espionage of
this character ls free from the stigma of infamy,
lt must be confessed that the general feeling, not
only among the public, but even among the offi?
cers themselves, ls one of antipathy to those who
engage in this branch of military service. 1 re?
call in particular the case of a cavalry captain,
the Karon de K., bearing one of the most ancient
snd illustrious names of Hungary. Lik>* many
of his countrymen, he had a remarkable talent
for languages, and aware of this, his command*
lng officers ordered him to assume the disguise
either of a Servian bOTSBdSQlcr or of a wood mer?
chant?I forget which?and to cross over into
Russia for the purpose of securing certain in?
formation needed by the War OfBoe. The Baron
accomplished his mission with much success,
earning thereby the good will of his superior!
and a decoration. Bul BO constrained was the
behavior toward him of his messmates ii nd com?
rades when he returned to his corps to resume
regimental duty that not only did he abstain
from wearing his cross, save when specially
Obliged to do so, but he finally, in sheer despair,
obtained an exchange to another regiment.
There too, however, the character of the services
which had earned for him his decoration became
known, and so intolerable did the situation be?
come that he committed silicide. .V.r is this by
any means a Solitary instance. There ate sev?
eral others of the same kind that I could men?
tion?notably one where a Frip-'sian major was
ostracised in a similar manner by his comrades
on his return to ("ermanv, for having availed
himself of the hospitality accorded to him by the
officers of a Russian regiment, to suborn some of
the non-commissioned officers to furnish him
with certain secret information coner ruing arma?
ments and ammunition.
There ls no difference between espionage
in war or espionage in peace, and all argu?
ments to tbe contrary are set nt rest by the
standard works on the gnhjsot. notably by
those of the Capitaine de Chilli, Montesquieu,
Buntachli in his Codified international Uw, by
Frederick the Or*at and by Marshal Kergeaud.
The only distinction between the two Is that.
Whereas In war time espionage usually entails
death to the spy. In peace it ls followed by a
long term of Imprisonment; and Napoleon I
found himself in contradiction with all other
military authorities when. In 1812. he complained
bitterly of the behavior of the Russian Colonel,
Count Csernischef, who had made use of the
friendship and hospitality accorded to him at
thee Tulleries and by the official world at
rans, to corrupt certain subordinate function
number lt iSl,DpP*?*-'?nt. and le obtain a
rn .vernenLs .n^""'',1?1 f,ata w,,h ****** ??? "?"
i,?i ..m., ?vi1 __~ '???. lha Count had violated
nut univ ?k. . '" emin n,li| vioiao-n
;Vrnan!o1at*h,;_m.<,s!.':,',"('-'^'- Principle, of in
law: ol" h
ternatlonal law
was determined to loee lt aa s
M ii spy. ?
And this brings us to th.* question of military
? 'laches, whose acknowledged duties carry them
uh','-".usiy near to the border line separating
lawful from unlawful military Information and
Investigation. Only some als or seven vars
h;t\.* .-lapsed sine the Herman General de VII
.aitme had to be withdrawn from thc Embassy
si i iiris owing to ihe fact that ('.en.-ral Bou?
llanger, while .Minister of War, had sim.ded In
.i.s.-..v.-ring pro. fs ,,f the German officer's having
corrupted several employes of the Gallic War
1'. pattin.-nt an.l obtained from them valuable
information. General de Vlllaume wss after?
ward appointed military atta.-h.* to th" German
Mnbaasy at St. Petersburg and before he had
J." ???'*?"" very long he was for.I in aelf-de
r.-n. .* to begin libel suits against several ?f th
M
newspapers, which bael openly charged
him with having been recalled from Parla In
consequence of the French Government having
broughl lo light the elaborate system of trea fi?
ery, corruption and espionage which he had
organised there In behalf nf his Government.
The lawsuits ncv.-r came to anything and by
lolnl accord between the German snd Russian
Governments wei-.* allowed to drop?not, how?
ever, before th? Mos.ow newspapers had, with
the Object Of justifying their assertions, midi
arrangements for the presence nt the trial of a
number of French nrltnesses to prove the guilt
'f the General.
More recently. Captain norup, the military at
tot '???? ..I the United States Legation, was with
Irawn by the American Governmenl In c mse
Hieti'"'* of a similar charg* having been brought
against him. Nol thal this charge was ? fer
proven, although he expressed his readiness t i
waive his dip!,.,oatie privlleg" and stand trial.
in on., wa- it would have been perhaps politic
i<> have permitted him t.> ,h> so, as he would
have been able to show to the satisfaction of
his accusers that while hie may posslbl ?
.in .has--1 Information that was offered to bim t?
iis own c ivernment, he bad never c immunlcate.]
Il to the military attaches of Germany or Italy,
which was the principal offence Imputed t.. him.
One <>f th.* principal members of the French dip?
lomatic s.-rvice. the Comb de Mouy, who for rn
many yeats represented France as Ambassadoi
it Rome, In dis usslng the subject of ml
ittaches, defined ii hypothetical csse such a
thal which subsequently be ame ;i reality In the
?ase of Captain Rorup, as follows: "The military
itt ache," he declared, "mujl not se< k t.rrtipt
for the purpose of obtaining Information, but he
is at liberty to purchase Information ottered to
him. He mus* nol provoke ni organize espion
ure. bul ls permitted to pr..lit thereby." From
ibis ii will be Been that the border line between
the Iwo is exe.tingly faint, so faint Indeed, thnt
lt requires tact and diplomatic casuistry de?
veloped to an extraordinary degree, to corfe ily
ippreciate the definition This. Captain Borup
univ be said to have possessed In the fullest
tr,..tuier. and although certain organs ..f the
French press, falling through misapprehension
to take :i correct view "f the matter, have lu?
sted public opinion against the Captain, yet, ac?
cording t-> diplomatic and military .-thies ..f th.*
French authoritiea theme.-ives, he cannot b ? said
to hav.- been guilty nf any transgression of -
lawa of honor or violation of thal h wpltallty
which France so gracefully sccorda to every for?
eign mission, ani particularly to that ...r the
C"nlted States. EX-ATTACHE.
rm: BACRIPH i: OP I WEE.
' vr.i'.ri" OP TIIK son ny 'inn wv t-.Tn I EST *.i xo.l
KOOLI ?'..". VN
The r-portei death of linke Gaetano di Ferrari
?it Padua, Italy?li happily proved tn be unti ie
recalls a career full of unusual Incidents. Oaetano
was the son nf the lute I>nl;o of I '.ilii.-i-,,, a rich
nobleman of Genoa, who Increased an Immense
inheritance fr.on a long line of famous am.lora
hy speculations which were denounced as rubi., ry.
rhe son, a young man of lln<* appearance, a gradu?
ate of one of the best Italian universities, con?
temned uni esei redly the means adopted by hi
rath tr to Increase the family fortune Bo strong
eas his indignation that, ui>on attaining his ma
lority, he left the magnificent home of hi* pir.-nts
uni th.- certainty of a brilliant Career In the army
t diplomatic world and set out to make his for?
tune, lb- went t.. Parrs, and th.-r" became -i
tutor oi mathematica, for which hil training had
prepare*! him, and lived modestly bul hom I
ju a si.ian Income.
The old Duke was greatly affected by Ihe deser?
tion of ins only i and I* lr, ..-r I ? nd avoi. il in
?very way to brim- about s rec nclllation. I
i.p. ol Inducing his son to retnn he became one
? f the greatest benefactors that Oenos hr- ever
mown. He gave W.OOO.ttn lire to tho city to per
'.-ct the great harbor, and more than io.noo.000 lire
., charitabb Institutions ol his i tl* Ity. No
me in all thi neighborhood appealed lo him In rain
for aid People began to und hi pral es and
orget his former Iniquities, liul thi rn r maim I
iodinate, and tbe lather wenl lo hil grave sith
.ir seeing his face again.
Young ('a.-t,mo declined to lay claim I i the
mmenae fortune to arhlch he had fallen heir, .-.r. i
continue.; to follow los corni ratlvely humble
Miling in th'* French capital, Hut ri change al
?'ist came over \:A:i. <-w.tr^: t-. his name lu- 'v.c.
admitted to tie- hlgh< ? society ol Carla and ti"
itmoaphers ol romance surrounding him, add. I
to his accompli 'an*-rt- made him a hero "f the
<ilois which he visit.d. Voung men who pn
r..r< 1 to Uv.* in poverty to accepting one ..f
the largest fortune* of Italy were ur.- !:
I'.ut antony the people he met was i r
princes . rich, b autlfut, and poi easing all the
ittractioni "f the hlgh-clai i Tartar. Ile fell In
love with her, and, to pleaae h< r. laid claim >??
the parental millions ii- had renounced hi name
nnd title, hew. vii, and declined lo bear .-ith.-r
again, knowing tha* while hundred- blessed his
l.-rid faller, thousands curse"! Inn; for the ruin
which ha had brought them. Through Ins Nancee
the Emperor of Russia lesrned ol bis sacrifice
nnd creat.-i him I'i:!*-.- il Ferrari, a lille equal bi
rank to that which be hud given np. The mar?
riage tool" place bul it proved lo be unhappy.
Aft.-r three yean the couple decided lo live apart.
'rh.- man lag* bad been childless. The Duchess
purchased the group of islands opposite .\i i i.???.,.
formerly known as laola del Fratl, cl
I- ila Ferrari, and erected then a magn
.,,. and gardens, There shi pa-net] all bel lime,
devoting her money lo relieving the poor and
ministering to the ?,<;.. Among the Inhubltant
ahe ls knowe, as ile- "__nta lonni.' < ?n..a. a
year but onl) fora f s hours, the i>uj->* pays bera
visit Otherwise they live their liv. apart.
The link.- -p-nds mud o' his lime In Padua
ami Rome, caring little lol Genoa, and uaea hla
fortune in aiding bis I-*-, fortunate fellows, He
bas on.* hubby the collection of postsge stamps
and his collection ls slid by nany experts to be lha
im.-st m tiiir-pe The i.r i.pl- of Padua ?
happs In th- knowledge that their benefactor ls
still sllve.
_
un: rsi: OP nu: BICYCLE.
WITH -"Mr. REMARKS OS ITS AP.'Si:
lir. Curran Pope la The Internstlonal .Journal of
Surgery.
Tr;it th.- bicycle demands recognition from >h"
medical fraternity lr- becoming more and more ap
par. ???: The "safety" >?- nol a .... |, noi I lt a pie.
of foolishness, but, to use old It. Johnson'* ei
sion, "it ls ;i potentiality." The use ol the bicycle
a . .i :n ans in' rxerclai ranks. In my opinion, as
foremost among the beni fl-lui forms of exercise thai
m.i- P.- t?k.-a. lt ranks equally with horseback rid
i:i rowing. Bwlmmlng, and ls superior to wa kin
i? ii les this it ls a means ol r.<j-ot tran ?poi tatton and
lores the rider Into the open ab*, it ls an active
exercise thal can be proportioned to thi weakest
and the strongest He who desires vi urous ????? i
else can obtain it. No one can ride a bicycle und
nol have hla thoughts taken out >.' himself, and
at the aame tim,* have his attention pleasant! ? n
gaged The eserctee is fairly distributed bver the
boo-,, affecting principally tba leas, tbe ante and
secondarily those greal systems, tm cardiac, glan?
dular and nervoua After a careful study I believe
th.- following to be Its effect in health: in.I.r mod?
erate sensible use the respiration ls not Increased,
but deepened; the heart beal slightly Increased,
ami th.- blood by th.-se neans and the alternate
contractions of the muscles receives .i larger pro
portion of oxygen and is mer.- c. nly distributed
over ih.* bo.iv, preventing congestions
The effete materials in the tissues ne rapidly r<
move.i aiui oxidation, v. hi. h ls essential to health,
ls more perfectly performea. I pon tne stomach
ami the intestines there is a secondary, bul nottc
iii.ie effect viz.. Increased digestive power with in?
creased capacity for food. This in Ita lum enriches
th,- blood Th,* increased circulation t)f blood
above mentioned glvea additional mat.-ria! oul ot
-?hleh to manufacture gastric Juice, I pon the liver
Ita effect iB not so noticeable, though the writer
ls Inclined IQ believe lt is similar to that of Ihe
stomach, viz.. Increased functional pow.,
rpon the muscular system lt lim*-*, direct effect.
Increasing their size, their hardneaa and p..wer.
Secondarily it trains the great spinal centres to
perform complex movements, and ac** u a bal?
ance to over Kpllilid action, give* Increased co-ordl
nation with lessened expenditure ..f nervous force.
The acts become automatic.
Its effect upon the brain ls of great benefit, lt
develops the motor area of 'hehriiln ?.,,, |n ||
permits of a combination of intricate muacolar acta.
Air-in take a m-n who has exercised his int- -
tv*mi toc_lttea to the utmost has a. . eoaee
oien.-e ta-*r-*ased circulation m in the Intellectual
_V_.nf hi* brain Itv means of his muscular move?
ment" Tnd by bringingu Into play the muscular
SSS"emotive centres ol bis brain, be changes the
force and direction ol tbe cerebral blood currrnt.
relieving and resting th.- hard-worked totelleetuai
c-ntt- And ii gives ihat elasticity and
. Hiv of galt, which bespeak the
h< iltl y In Ih Idual. ? I expression, animal
spirit- ano ro ? . .mph il n i n verj great con?
trast to tbe uncertnln mo\ ments. sicily smile,
pale, pasty, greasy-looking -km of the recluaa
and ..vcr-...11k? -'. i
These two katti i are subject
to headaches, pin-. ? poor appetite,
and are always talking about their "dyspepsia.'
in ;!"? ? i.i ie i ? o thal l dally see,
tie- omplalm ar- common, What we need la
? ?
?| ... re ! "te- thing acalnsl v hi -h I wish tn take
tm unquestioned and decided stan I thal ls the In
c rreel position a* urned by a..un riders. This
position i- :'? resultant ol i compressed vanity,
ur iruk nf knowledge, and I i- ?.. 1 ? i i.r.ich un?
favorable . itnmenl to be bestowed upon tWs silent
steed, lb..-, often have you seen itr>- pawlo mid
would-be "r cers" ii.b.-n ulong with their body
hump! 1. t'.ei, ... I. ..!..| upvv,it'd, and their
luis at im angle ..f I.", degrees to th- body. If we
musi race, u.. t-. the fticeti -. and lhere assume
ti:.- true racing position But theae men never
i.e. simply iii- tin uulr tn.- streets, gaining no
torlety from the derl I d' . >mmon sensi 1.pl.*.
getting tie- 1. . . froi iheir mends, and afTor.ling
am-jK, men) to 1 ';<? falrei s.-x
t:,.- entre,*, position i-r ihat of a modined posi?
tion of th.- 1 .; lier a position of command grace
and perfect muscular control The rider ahould
have ms hand;, bar- so adjusted thal when he sits
perfectly erect the palm of in. hand rests upon
"..- i.m w;;. .; tension upon the arm muscles.
Th.- arms should be comfortably extended and tir?
lta:.k .. far as posslbl-. luid erect without being
stiff. The legs can then be extended willi com?
fort, and with.mt Interference with tie- return cir?
culation from th.- low r limbs, if ..ne will stand
perfectly erect, the anns < los.- t, th- body, and
th- forearm flexed ai righi angles, .md th.- lower
limbs separated about elghl Inches al th- beela, be
will understand thoroughly what I mean bv a
tn. dilled position ??! thc soldier.
A BRIDE-HVNTISQ PRINCE.
DIFFICULTIES Willi WHICH VICTOR I.TMAN
I ll. OF ITALY li\*. TO CONTKSD.
Tie long search for a bride made hy thc
Crown Prince of Italy iii- ended, according !??
reports ft..1:1 Vienna and I:.? In tic ch.1
tl"- Archduchi Marla Innunclat.i, tie daurrhter
..' Archduke Karl Ludwig and ti.. Archdn 1,. -
alarie Th. reae of / 1 nie prim ? 1 born
In ISM, and li in- si ter ..f tie- Archdii ? - Mai
gereta, who mi:;: 1 i".k- Albrecht o.' IVuert rn
6
A0Bk
tr)
J
f Hi r
.-?
ts ii,'J\\?'iy-"\ .0.
1 -It^
*Ski
__?*-_>
b- rg 1 ? It ls sus d that the ri
if Count M ira '?. \ . ana waa ma l< 1
te ii-.ti with the rumoi ??;;,' ..f the > "Uiu
I
Prince Victor Emanuel 1* now "a mj foul
..; i ll-- i- "t im llum h 1 -in. prrhei
lil below ll and "f -. rn.:.
f..r him, while nol homely, h. has ie.; Ini
tie- tai >.ii I., auty ? r lu- 1. vet) moi ? 1. ? .?
Margaret
in Europ >. To the regret
their son a tri ? I . ka r.| ,-,i: i. ?? hf.ii
thal it waa aim.mi* Ide t-i lndu<
attend even ?. .rt n 1 pl. 11 ii" app, ... ? .
all .il I of 1 vei > vi ?', 11
TWO V" .!!. '.-. 1 I M
ment Stall- -....,- N 1; cr Ul
hla fear ol tl fail ? 1 un .?
bi i.i.- hun) :? ? is, fail
? I '? h lc
visited. I lt ? thal ha
v. ..11 ; . t ititi .
?. ?
Ihe litrsl ? bat the I ? \
would ?
? . ? . : .
j .. rn ram
the vlsit lo I ? . ? .
r< ? .iv ?? i with .-i. ? -c ?.- 1. n, 11: '. tie
wi. t 1 hi . 1 t . : 1 ? I
!?? 1 rein 1 1 ? I 1 lint titi
> ? ... 11.1.11....
.
....
:.
The failure I I ? rn .* ? ii :' ?
royal mali In ? Kural"* hu been
.' . 1 ? . ? 1 . .1 ? !
I man)
I 1 - ? mr Fi . eon
- ld. 1 ? I " ? '. ? ?? lin* I Sf
1 ? . 0
picton .ii- role I! -ri
v. Iii t:i and the toutl 1 u \ ! nt
? a.- un III
,u ,.r ti,.. - ?!...?' Vlctm Emanuel
maj 1 '? ol Hged lo 11 Ide hunting pll
B ri ma_
LO) E CHARCOAL AXD BFOSOK-CARB.
Parti Letter In The London Standard
Certain Journals id:: h an exeei tingly romantic
r-t,,i y, worn of a ? '? ?? 1 - >' Ional novel A
r, named Mad-'i na, a ii".-.- fathei was
li n Hm, ll - nie.un;. I id fuji, n de -| -r.it. Iv lu love
with .1 voung lad) whoae identity was onl) In
,lli nb I hy Inlll I h 1 who was described as be
. j,. .,t tie- 1. M f uiiiii"- In Vt nee H.
lng great .11 - was said lo have been
.; ,.r one ol tie t. u.ivvr ?? 1 Pi em h painters
wh>. frequented, li was on leaving this
studio timi young Maderna first ~..i\\ u.-t He rr
tuiie I every ilaj al the hour when the young
Ind) lefi for h.-r parents' hume, and was ever)
. 1 ?. h.m.- captivated b) h.-r Al last he .-p..k".
and Ins burning declarations, though rejected foi
... i .1, vv ? k Ilnall prevailed .,\ er the ? Cl pl<
.,( mis high-born lady She became his mistress
bul after .. few months v! ..Lilli's i.'.il.iusv cru- .1
her tn break -ir her rein lion with ooo. Por tbrei
whole divs Maderna watched outside h.-r hons-, ?
and when .' lasl ?? ? mi -.ii and entered a car- I
ni- walling al Mle do be forced lo* way Int..
ti,, 1 irrlage, and tier.- during a promenade effe, b 1 ,
a reconciliation by professions of ardent love and |
promise- not to give way again lo any unjustified
I t ni iel.- lay.
Ti..- connie wer, r. tn ? ? i-*i 1. 1 :, > having proceed eil
t., Madrrna's bslgings In the Rue de Herri <m ai
riving there the youiiM lad) was terrified by thi
preparations which had l>een made. Eli charcoal
ir ,\. . 1 ri t ?. prepared lo eau-.- prompt death
bv r.sphyxln. Maderna,*entirely changing hi- lone,
ii.-.-i.H-. 1 ti, ii nothing .'..id ho better tuan lo ni
loge!hei As, h. wever, the lady protested strongly,
he *-? 1/ -l s revolver and tried lo shool her, iyln?
I... would sh..' 1 lilmr.eli afterward Kui Instead of
killing lu- Intended vlei lin, he hlmseli wes slightly
wounded In ihe lefl arn ihe young lady bevin,
ih- revolver aside, Thereupon, noi exact!)
knowing hov t<. .stiicii. herself from thiv alarm
Ituat ' - lende 1 10 agree a Ith Ma?
derna.1 lid thal nothing could (??? better than I
for them t" die together. Bhe added, however, I
that shi wlshi 1 e.r. r io return hom.- tu burn <
tain pap.-i ; w bli .1 nu 1 tarnlsl her m< moi y .1 :
found .-if:- r death M.ch tua ngni*d t.> thi . and ao- 1
companied the young la.iv t.. the door of ber fa
house, and there a w.i lt *_ h-r return. Mean-I
while ..- the lady bad made n confession t.. ber.I
father, Ihe police were sent for, and Mad rna waa
iii;-. Stl d.
This wa- tin- sensational story, but it appeal thal
(lie .-.111,-4. lady of noble birth isa painter's model,
and thal Mad. rn 1. n ??? id if 1 . i.r.- thi heir to 1
large fortune, ls a deserter from the Italian Army,
whose 1 ii une is Teodoro Oaragaglla. A sh->t
fr.un ;i revolver waa p.,liv ilred in the apartment
in tic Rue de Herri, cud ti.. wenl up
to lt t" ascertain the cu 1- Par from nu.ling the
occupant 1 . ?? state ol alarm, it was the young
lady iii sell Who <>| lo lom. Bhe was
. ? ni ??' 1 ak", md told him to go away,
F-.\iri-r that no shot had been (ired In the room
The police have, however, discovered tbe bullet Im
bedded In the wall.
Miss s\L'IA OORT'S WRDDIXO,
Prom The Pall Mall Budgi'.
Mlaa BylvU Orey tha neatest ..f th" Oslety dane.
lng-* girls, inok part In s ne* pas de deux on Mon?
day morning olio waa married .it st. Bride's
Church, Fleet-st., t" Ft'.rhanl Lewis Fenwick, a
Kentlernan of large estates lu America cr Ana
inila) Th.- Rev, n r. Hawkins, rector of st.
(-ride's, ofllctati-d Henry Charl-s Pitsroy Bomerael
?., p.?? t r The only other persona present
?",.,.,. the mother and elster ol ihe bride. "Susie
w j. gelt." and nol "Sylvia Orey," anas the name
tieit 11.i.ear. d on the register, lt war- intended t..
.' [he quietest ol little weddings, ami so. Ind.I. Il
mi,'ht hm ? be 1 expected to be tit the quiet little
_iir.""a one ol the Pleet-st backwaters
Mut 1- H happened. Miss i;re>- only lu 1 escaped
-.?vin* th.- Prince ol '.v.ie* ii- 1 witness of the
., on,nv and being mobbed al the church door by
the .adv.'." ?i:"1 Bheriffi ,,f the city of London,
?md lia If the newspaper people In Pleet-st. For Mr.
. Mrs Penwlck aud tt.-ir Meads had only Jost
; ',. ,;?,',,- n,- church when the bella basan to ring
out merry peals < goori f honor of th.- .id Lon
Miiniiic, before basti nina aa ,-nairtnHii or tre gov
!X.h_v.( ih.- Bl Url l.-'s Foundation In*tltut ?
'to receive H II. H '?*?" f,r,_rP 'if ****** ?'ho *?"
visiting the city In order to-By the memorial stone.
FROM MR. GREELEY'S PEN.
LETTERS ni- EA Ii LY DATE.
ADVICE, OPINIONS, "TIIK KEW-YORKES."
AM) PLANS Fd: MIS MIT. WORK.
DISCrASIOH np POETRY ANO PROSE BHUKESfl
IXTF.RKflrn OE "TUE NEW-YORKER*
TRIBCTE TO v lKUM' UV Al
BCUOOtfl OF MEDICINE?
KAIlI.V DAYS ol' TIM'.
T tIKt'XE.
A few more of Mr. Greeley's letters, hither! i
unpublished, are printed below. They bear
carly dat s. and wei.* written partly while he
was editing "The New-Yorker'' and partly in
the first years of The Tribune
A ipnii) lUSiNi.ss PARTNER SEEDED.
New-Tork, May .. UM
Mv Hear Hansom: Yours nf the 24th Ult. wis
handed me this day by our friend Neale, who will
tell ynii in what a state ,,;' md.--.nl Me dlsordei
and bustle ie- found m.- consequent ia moving our
larKe printing ..th." on Friday and Saturday, down
fr,un ii third st..ry. across town, si. t"i- back
through an -vet-.' way obstruct-*! ii-??'?'?? passage,
up inp. a fourth story?our publication '.'lie.' ;?>
?lay. et,-, lint v., de p is my in' ires! in certain
topics alluded to In your letter that I must ask
y,ui t.< pardon an Immediate, though but 4ncoher
ent r.-i.lv. i..-t m.- Ural reply to the miscellaneous
? pi' rtlJba cur,.lined in your letter, before they are
crowded ott the sheet ..r forgotten.
Vmi are rh-ht In supp..sim; Hint I expected ?'? sc *
you much sooner than you noa propose tu vis;t
!???? .ny. gnd deferred nuking anv written com?
munication "n that uer nu-,! .\s |., youl lilip.lii
llshed stsnssa thi alteration I wished to wnsuli
you. . inuit ?.* is tin suppreealng of the satirical por?
tion, aa I d.' nol approve the mingling sentiment
arith -..te - lt rn iy sometlm. re niel in arti, le
..f Itself racy, bul ll mars th- gm, i d effect ol
poetry, and gives the vulgar sn Idea th-.t ail sentl
menl is either a pretem.r a gross exaggeration.
Hut a truce tu criticism tn; i iee .... snd then
i think we sh iii find tm limcult) in agreeing on
I ..int. some waj or othei
You Inquire, Who ;j tbe Wandering Willie <>(
Benni t ' I pn sums he bi a -' ribb'er ? I ?? hom
yon hiv- heard little or nothing. HI.- name la
William ll Attree, a Londoner by birth, >; i i
i.i- md speech n porter b> prof ? lon, b ii
known here a-- . shrewd, active -i.tA unprincipled
penny- ? ll .- r. mainly rm' ll ?? email rt lill* H
ara* I irtlng for Louisville and N'ai I
by a '. "I Nii'ura -.v'i -n I laat mw him. l
,. urned t" ihi- city, but I soon leard o' him
iii Texaa; and I believe be waa shipwrecked ..a
the Florida coast In returning from that country*.
iii,l -it!'... peilabi ; v. i'h the res ?> ..r waa mur
. ,. ! ',. thc Indians, as he h .s not sim - been
ital i ..f I wni in pi:, for n.m tbe next hair hour
I have,
\- t, the csae ..' Robin -no. there j- tome differ
? ace '.r opinion here, ..u i I believe tbe m
with ni,- thu h.- is unquestionably ..nt
.?I- lously guilty, and ought t<. waik up inc lad
i.r. And yu, If money, influence aad splendid
counsel (Ogden Hoffman nnd Hugh Maxwell) can
i.un li- will cheal the -.iii--..:, .ml I bel.
that arlll be th result. The great contest will
t.n disallowing Mt Townsend's testimony on
.i.e.uitit nf hei cc ir.i'-t*-r. I wish I could stl
the trial.
\- now i- lo matters Immediately eoneernlng
von .md I i . .a sssure v.iii thal I am quits us
,i,.v ilisnosi I i - ? ? i t. the arrangement
t; ni sin,*- sugg, sti t by you. As to I
perhaps the sooner the better. If ever, though i
iud nevei hoped thal I could illalangi) you irom
Meir : . i - in- I.r- I- t. le ll ?|
\iid vet ihe.-e are circumstances which would
favor an lmme.ll ie lemonstr.ttlon. My -
i. .: n-r Jan ? M Wilson, la absent, committing
matrimony, snd would sell n a much moi rt
.mi rei nabl) ttian at an) former lime, I thing.
!? Ililp!) OWnel ot -re ti.lr I ll "The Nett -
yorker" an ! has no I ? I the nrli Un
i. whlih i- ..wiled bj ?;,?? U ? .-. W bi -?? -'? i
. to bel la| ni ?' -
t,r--aiit "f fl W Benedict A- I'o.'s printing ???
lire, .ml attended rn pir: to "The N'ew-Yo ker's"
I I hiv I N ? ? '.v. ? ? i
iv:'i infer he ?ani . ' this time t'->r domestic
i? n,i?,-? and told m the otliei <:.,\ that be
. . - n, ..ri.m., menl ?? ? iM be elf. 'I whl< h
. relieve him of the personal lat-or and re
s-w?nnlMlli) whicri ? ,- hitherto ilevolv, I upon
i .,, . if .ui -?-. i h...- ?' ?'? hi ' i de nan I thal
? lui i r tn fa iror of . mon ? '!
i nd I i resume there would be t.ti of
? I liv u|i fl : iq ttij much, and In ,*ei mod
, ,'.. t, rmi He h . - pal I In >" ?> or H 0 toward
Ihe ??? I given his Bl
the I ? ? nff| for : i ire th m
nd a hall and n >*a I **i;.ik I could bu)
i .s mi t | the hts ? for ll ??- Wo ... i..,
-. i . ? your a .' i: i j'- i.. rig ht I).
!- not 'I" si' ins m -nt which, ns a
..- . would ? r my wi ihi? or
? - r I waul th '\ . n Collei ni pi in' -
? ? i , I, to I tu and I, ard to
igi il bel w "ti us, I \\ mt you to
? . . ? uni':.ind I: th.- pu bl lea 11" n -ft.ee, hou',,1
li i.. i i- ? liv thin ; I-. do with ur- :
? h pi Inti ig on., -. it**) In a ih n i tim re
i , ?? i rn a a.,,, bu in, - lo a system. Th i I i
?. i -p.:.tmenl ' i b, u but hall at
I to, and th ? mee i ~ thal we ha) >?
i isl a great deal b) bad ?? .
. b,rs, te To remedj t'us p requires a man
Mte.diiv ..t the publication office who not only
knows whal business t-. bul who feels _ un
ii't-r.--; ir, the pi ? lerit) of 'ti ???:..---.:i. lt tv- In
sm!.te- wbo k.v- ever* tgenl i the state
,,f lil* aci ni "it tann, .l'.\. 'til WllO call nil"" I I
? the n nie - ni ' ii uh crib, I
To !,. this hs in i-t mnke Bil the entries iii the
I. ?,k- him If, and k< ? -,? th? a. mts; bul i
r >? ri - rib ???? a ll n,,' pr ?'? ihly 'tee I ion p i
k, the discontinuances twenty-live or thirty,
ii , in- changes as many more, 1 believe all thc
ii lu. ? including the making ml nf bru (except?
ing, <>f course, ihe writing ol malls which ls done
b) -i clerk), might well be done by a thorough
appropriation of live notrrs p"r day al leaat. aftei
one hud become practically familial with ll As
I Should 'till have tn do a shir.- .it the OUtdoo
business, besides taking the entire charge of 'lu*
printing .'dice, ? ahould expect vou to a-si-- me
In i.l.t..rial department al h -u In the easier
portion ol lt, su.-h .i- examining exchange papers
uni takii.; il.ntlre charge ? ?: Ihe city and do?
rn, tlc news afterward, aa experience in ibis de
pa rt men I and system In lb? other would nllns
? ,ii mure tim.* t<> d-> so, In th- more eapeclall)
literary departmem ..f th.* paper My -.-hen,, also,
embraces .. partner, a-lth whom I could eventually i
lind a leane, and thus possibly reduce * mc-u lett
the expense of living respectably m this city,
HUI much of this i- "ii!' -peculation. 1 hope von
will visit ti* soon, lo ik ov.-r the whole ground
v i'h me. and determine whal I* for the best. I
think if rou caa feel confident of clearing ll.'1"")
bj remaining another year In Poultney, thai
might b- for the l>.**t If not, and sou enid com?
mand >.iur resources al an earlier period, an Im
medlate arrangement mljrhl be advisable,
i-,u may ai well understand tint my nearest
partner, J. Winchester, will bi averse lo an) ai
rangemeni which will throw him mit ..f the eon
.-?rn on an*, t.-rms. i can only effect lt by insist?
ing on a dissolution of partnership and division
of property, sad thus Riving up to him the rn isl
lucrative portion of our buslnesa the printing of
the lotter) men, D D, Gregory and 8, .1. Sylvester,
which he it pr, len! superintends, iud which yields
ic a clear pr.dit ..f <P.i per month. 1 think the
money you would i?- required to furnish to pur
chsse one equal hair ol "The .Wv*. Yorker." sub
? ? ptlons, dues, printing materials and everything
belonging t" H. could nol be less than 14.000. 1 do
nol expert lt ever to become remarkably lucrative
I think il may yield us together nut higher I ti > n
?I.'1" above ixp.n ?-? for the present rear, and
" ',?! pei year, with s slight annual Income, after
ward, "everything will depend, however, on th"*
'?.I management ..f the publication .lillee. | am
certain I can increase tbe patronage of tba paper
? viv year of Ita existence,
We have now. I think, very nearly or quite ".con
subscribers ta the foll.litton and I.OM) to tbe
quarto. I do nol expect and hu,liv wish t<> make
.my great addltl.n to the folio list I think thal
the .|unrto may be Increased 1,000 p.r \.-ar for five
years to c..me nmn- than that for the remainder
of this y.-ar. I may I ?? too Sanguine. I have writ
tea a treal deal here winch may nol Interest you
bm I wished you io see as mu.-h of the ground
as possible, I eatlmate the subscription "f "The
New-Yorker" as worth B.OOO and iii", accounts due
it tl.non. Very truly yours,
HORACE GREELEY.
it. f. Ransom.
ANXIOUI TO SKI.I, "THK NEW-YORKER."
New-Tork, .lan. it; pei*-.
Old Friends: I know this ls a Shabby way of
putttag you off with hair a letter iipl.-ee. when I
awn Back nf yon ncr. than a wh.de ona; bat I am
BO overwhelmed With cares, perplexities and af
t'.lctlons that I could hardly write a decent letter
if I was to try, and I hive neither tims nor spirit
to attempt lt. I want to Klve you a little id. a of
where I am and what I am doini-, and that will
be Just nu well In one letter ns In B dozen.
Well, then. I am In trouble en.in-h. that's cer?
tain, and on the point of dipping into mun* I
cannot live by "The New-Yorker." BS I am about
ts ?mbark in another operation, which will probably
injure the nrst. I begin to despair of eyer making
"The N.\v-yorker" support Itself, simply because
I cannot get g dee-tit business niau embark-d In
lt. That "llfllculty will be my destruction. Th re i_
in.w at |e?-t Mon fairly due the concern, of which
tl.uOO mli-ht have be.n enlisted before this time
with proper ni inavm-nt, placing us above nil
troubles foi, with this large amount due us, we
have not reallied for the last month so much hm
I-oO, against an expenditure ?f Jl.uuO. Of course,
you know this will not answer as a general rule;
and yet lt ls the way I am obliged to do through
the winter. Hurke Pl*h^r served me downright
rascally last full. He went away the last of Sep?
tember to collect our Western hills, which he did
not begin lo do, but first played away a month,
then fooled away another, an.l next gave me over
as a hopeless case and embarked in "The Pittsburg
?atttlday Visitor.'' M)' disappointment In receiving
nothing from him when I felt certain of at least
IMM bf this time baa bass severe.
j I have now nothing left BM but to sell at some
rat-, and I would gladly -ive away tba whole con?
cern to-m..rrow. with MM Bubscrlbera and MM
june it. lo i,nv i.ian whir would pay its del.,ts,
: i.. antin* to M.0CO. 1 have been trying. struggUna
.m.; i Ivertlatng to effect som.* change which would
give nc a ruin ur. five i ie money for th.- last
two months, but io fa:- without full success. I
cave bargained to sell one-quarter ' the estab?
lishment 'o n young man named Page, who went
Karl i moa!;. ... . to in- relative, to ^,-t money.
and has not yet returned. :'?'??> absence has been
prolonged In *..mo measure irom sickness, but I
f.r partly from Inability tu raise th- needful,
i hope he will come, and believe lu- vail, for be
- ir m.- eco as a beginning inst week. I have been
neg mating vith .1 inn Edmonds, late "f "Tba Port?
land Advert..' and with a young Virginian
camed Hentley, bul each after fair prospects hus
turned out nothing. 1 hov now on my hands s
nan named Hrh-g.-; bul my trump is a young gen?
tleman "f considerable fortune n med Eldridge, who
:...*. consulting hts mends in relation io em
harking with m.*. rmi is t.i give me at. answer soon.
ii., i. medical by profession, and has made th
tour of Europe within th.* last war or two. and.
thouth somewhat embarrassed in his Immediate
means l.v thal operation, ls worth perhaps 110,000.
If 1 eau get him engaged with BW al'd put a de?
cent business man In the publication oBlce, I shall
hope lo r. ? ih, el. I h'.v ? lint less than l.'?>" BUb
.rs thus far bv my advonce <>f price, i nave
,:?,;.ht:.--- i,nicy more ^?: to los.-: but the falling
off does not exceed m) expectations. \\'.- shall proh
p.bly lose anoth.-r thousand belora our new price
-hall hav- bee: *st_bllshed, li' we manage to R.-t
a decent Secretary if ti*- Treasury I mean to nain
as many before winter sets in upor. ii" for another
-i n ion.
Cut I hive not ? d 'o', i you cf my n?w operation.
I have engaged t. .ii* a small Whig emissary for
the ye ir p. lg, io i- publ 'n.-d at Albany, and siiall
probably tt ?;._....I there throughout thi yeal
'-,r a portion ...' the Hm-. I hardly know how
? ..n I shall go; bul I cannot go yet, thal ls very
evident. If I im not forced by my troubles here
to disappoint my friend.'., i shall probably go up
in a week or two, and be lhere for a month al
flrnt, red afb r th, rlvei opens h ? b icV an l foi ward
>?> rr) v?? ? lt. so as to se* ? ich paper pul io press
I mn tn be assisted li ' rh.- New-Yorker" by Psi*
i:.-,,mri ol "Th- American Monthly." besides
I those Interested with me. We shall maw Ihe lit
i.i.iiv half of "Tin i'orker" stronger an i bet?
ter than it hes ever I ? ? .. i do nol se ? so mu. h
room for Improvement In ihe other ball of Ihe
team i hav.' no doubt the paper will iii"- better
than ii hii* .I,-. r I .-..-iv t. > mi- h to be use?
ful nu I pi.i. ...-.,' ind lhere I" nothing that bores
li opie like , i :, iciioi - lt Impli, s that liv jr do
not in, v r-verytrln ? '* a urti ls very humil?
iating. The papei will be more talented, original
and triking than lt his hitherto b**en; I have nol
d.-a. ? ? rf - In f '? '. Il i ran carry oul
the arrangem i.i I have rev in my mind's eye, l
? !m.i havi greal hones of ultimate prosperity.
link you '
I s. .? thru I :.,n al onv mt* a pri ne- for the
Verir |KM, .'. ! mS) lot h.'J,.- IO see Ver",.-i". ttlflUgh
I , .p... i t<> no somewhere n irer i than I have
;?? -n ? in*-. i'.u: I sh ii: - h il i of rou doubt
ind hear frori you often hy lett** and friends.
i; ve ic ? a uv .'tv 1. r ii,-- Ills -i ? you ms) havi.
.md i. Iii ve m.- youri e. r.
IT. \.'K OREELEY.
P, B. Mears, -lil you fi : thi Brnest Msltravera I
? e- you? lei1', i- (tulwer. comes out this week.
I -.1 Send il
T ' S. M .r's. Esq., and B. I' Ransom.
NOT TOO SLEEPY TO Pit A181. HI8 FRIEND.
Albany. Aug. 8, '.-.>. IO o'clock p. m.
My Dear Pitch: I am overw! elmed with baslneaa
and tr,h.i.l.-s tired, deepy and rather unwell, and
have Just nm :-,. ; a long shed if hitter politics
for av-, llb : ' I frier en ct antics off. an i
I have a double day's work for to-morrow; but I
can't help snatching .. few moments to say ih.it
the j.tn I i.-1 In my ito: when I came up > t*
mini; li imf ign ll) magnificent. You know
I I sm not ri fa'terer, and I have never pronounc.-l
.???ur eerller efforts . i,,r? tuan pretty good, but
this has really excited m> Tthuslasm, I read ll
! ti.i evening t.. a ;:.1 friend v.ho dropped In on
me, ..ti i he waa lu raptures with it. Now don't
! think I admire it Just sa he dbl becauss lt has
good thoughts well expi used; I know letter how
poetry mun be written a hundred fellows might
have acetdently hit off something ..s good In gen
j e.-al effect, without ever doing a memorably clever
' thing afterward, lt ls rh.- compactness and finish
! of tha poem thal delight me Every Hne has a
j meaning; and 1 know- thi* cannot h.- attained tin
connection with harmony) without labor and patient
ight. lt la thia that ':iv>*s me high hopes of
your future efforts. Depend upon it. that the best
: eulogy lr.it COIlld he passed ti a y.-un>', poet would
I be ihi- "He composed bul eight lines a day, and
1 compressen ihe Jewels ol that .lavs reflection an.'.
observation Into them." I hope you will continue
j tn write wh.-never your pursuits will allow, and
! favor me with itu* results. They ran hardly be
1 more km liv appreciated (and In this Instance highly
I appreciated I elsewhere 1 have poems on hand bv
Mrs t-Ugourney, MIbj Lucy Hooper, Mrs. J, ll.
Scott tall favorites with me), anti not one thal I
pris" above this Mist heartily I thank von for lt.
I not add thal the effusion of your friend
will i>, treat.-d with all kindness. If retouched by
you it will bardi) fall ol bein*, ? .rei wful. I have
half i mind to icnd j >u this we l< a *opy ot each
,,f the papen l write foi con amore (ste),or rather
fr, m love of Whiggery and of my young friends
who have |usl engaged In ihe editorial line. Do
y u see the Vergennea "Vermonter"? lt is . li'--1
:,. .' headstrong young friend ,,f mine, for wham
I .un now writing < series of articles bearing on
I thuik you would Ilk.* th>- paper if
;? ?-. - :.: your way, I o\poi t to sw him here
to-morrow
I nm ettti | dong b> hook ini I-* crook in New
York, .md ha) ? I ???? - of teeing better times by and
by l mi n i" make an arrana menl with I'.irk
lienjan n foi Mai ?>-, for my load ls getting
loo heavy, for Kldridire has been laid up with ii
sickness which kept him at death's door for sev?
eral days; and now, aa soon n? he i.; able, he must
go Into the country to recruit. Page has also been
rick the lam we k. though that ma ken little dlf
terence. I havt the bulk of the business to do
nnyhow. I mean to arrange v*;' 11 lien for perma?
nent aid In the literal*) departin nt; though I
don't exp, i to be detained hei.ily till the hrsr
,.f K* Pru uv. Next year I mean to make "Tba
New-Yorker" ru- b* st weekly going. If that is in
m<.
To morrow l have "The Journal." vice Mr. Weed,
win. m,i-i be absent, my "Jeffersonian" to write
ir re I proof, etc., .-md a g".'d deal to do, so food
night, and ipi bless you. Ktnu regards to your
inly, your mother and all who may deem them?
selves friends of yours, moat truly,
HORACE OREELEY.
, lt. I". Ransom, Esq,
ADVICE TO A PORT.
Albany, Jan. 26. 1R"9.
lt W Hansom, Esq.
My Friend: Your favor of Thurs.liv reached nie
this morning, for Which many thanks I have lit?
tle to t.di, bul l caa only answer letters at all by
replying on demand, and I certainly shall not maka
yours all exception.
As io "The New-Yorker" and such matters, i
close m>- engage menl here on Wednesday, February
7. and make tracks forthwith f.r New-York. I
do not intend to back out of "The N'e-w-Yorker"
tm*- year, though I may. Thor** la some prospect
thal it will beela to support itself (all but tha i l
ititlg, which must be done for lovel, nnd if lt will
ev rr do this 1 gm content to do my share toward
editing it rot- nothing, and pick up a living by odd
Jobs of editing, letter Writing, Bte. I expect to
tak" chane of "The Dally Whig" whereby to earn
my Johnnycake after 1 gel down to New-York. I
must do something ts live by, for "Tha Jeffer?
sonian'' has supported me and something more
this v.-nr, and that resource will imw cease.
The Whigs here would uk- to nave "Th.' Jeffer?
sonian" continued, bul I really am weary of this
destruction Of mind and body between p multiplic?
ity of places :,.'. well ns duties. I write for several
papers besides my oana two; and I hav-to write for
"The New Yorker" now al areal disadvantage to
th.- paper as well aa myself Moreover, my wife
ls in bad health, and la left utterly alone in New
York through the worst part of th.* year a cir?
cumstance which pleases neither of us. 1 got sick
of the sight rn' a steamboat this laat season, i
mean to take my journey in the summer, and hope
lo take Poultney In my way. though I am nol
sanguine thal l can go even. I think I shall enjoy
th.- pleasures of anticipation at least, though ail
.-ls.* should be denied me.
Uh.-ii you write for "Th.- New-Yorker." write
to me. I will tiike .-.ire of all beyond. I meant
to have sent voil two or three transcripts of vour
Uki Year verses, but I suppose I have forgotten it.
They were fair, but nol so vigorous nor so Onlahed
its "Ill-pah." I think lt. by far the h. st universal
v.-rse thal has appeared in "The New-Yorker" this
year, Eienjamin'a excepted; and ne writes terribly,
His St Paul Bonnets were execrable. I think voa
m.i> writs a volume Of creditable verse in a few
yens If yon p'-r-i rare, "Vere I you, l would write
arith great circumspection and care. Quantity ls
rather a hindrance to reputation ami emlneme;
and as there la hardly p possibility of pecuniary
advantage, lt ls far best to bring every effort to
tha highest attainable perfection. I think you may
win distinction If you have perseverance and pa?
tience. 1 wish you would look with a Critic's and
I poet's >'Ne on the tale of "The Onyx King." now
printing In "The New-Yorker." it is selected after
mv own heart, and 1 think it rather extra. To the
mob it will seem too metaphysical; but I relish lt
v,iH?ly. and think you will. The author has a
Cr rm.inl/e d mind, but a full one, and he writes
with purpose.
Why don't you send me some Poultney newii?
I leiths, marriages, courtships, or even scandal
would be better than nothing, lt can't be thst
von merely vegetate like oysters (aa Murphy would
Siiyi up there. In, stir up something.
As to book*', there in a verv cheap and decent
set:-* of the British inlets published In live oc?
tavo voium.-s by Qrlgga, Philadelphia. I think
Wordsworth. Coleridge an.l Southey (perhaps It's
Coleridge, Southey and Lamb), one- in one volume,
which hiis no necessarv connection with other..
No, it is Coleridge. Shelley and Keals, which ls bet?
ter than Moori-, Campbell and lingers, tn unother
volume, anil ao on. These ought to be In Poultney
Library, If that venerable institution had not gone
to seed. Kryant's poems are published in one very
neat volume il .;*, or ti), anJ so are llallerk's, only
Ihe best of H's are left out. I will some time
send you Halleek's Fanny, If I can get lt. Per?
cival's ls a volume I do not remember to have met
with. If you would like uny books, send me word
by sotn.-boily next spring.
The Amerlc.n Anthology died before it was born.
Had lt lived to nee the light lt would have been
enough to physic a horse. This embalming all Uta
trash that ls written ls atrocious. The editor should
have been condemned to read ms own proofs.
I have -irung out a. great .leal of nothing Yours,
HORACE OREELEY.
EARLY DAYS or THK TRIBUNE
New-York. Nov. IS. 1M1.
My Pear Ransom: Yours of the 2d found ms
some days Mnca ov**rwbelm*d In business and poli?
tics. I have conquered fifteen minutes at last and
hrist.-n to answer yours.
I do hope you will continue to write, and to writs
verse, too. though that ls a matter In which you
most r. ly more on your own Judgment than that
Of others. If you are not in the spirit, don't writs.
If a theme does not open Itself Ix fore you. If ap
proprtat* thoughts uo not rise up unbidden, don't
write, whoever would penna le yci otherwise. I
speak frankly to you. as ever. I think you have
poetic capabilities and thai "Rlspah" especially
giv.-s promise of eminence, if le ..arc should be
afforded and vour thoughts and studies tend that
way. l have submitted thal piece iwith two or
three others) to lit.rar>' friends, whose judgment
seconds mine. I th.uk lt v.ili appear In "The Poeta
of America." a superb, sterling octavo, which ls to
appear next -'pring tr.un Carey &. Hart's press. I
believe on- or two of yours will surely be In tho
"Hems of American Poetry," which appeals soon
in Phlladelph-S?two small volumes, mab- and fe
iii.i.e. I ri., nu know whether "Rlspah" ls in
Keeee's new American poeta or not, though I think
lt ls. Th.- book is n it yet published, though printed.
1 hav- taken some interest In these matt, rs. think
lng v >:i might le encouraged ii you saw your writ?
ings ia good company. A dozen pieces like "Ria
pah" v.ouid give you .: decided rank among Ameri?
can poetS.
As to prose, lt is not worth writing, except for
bread. To live it must be poetry, only unmarked
bv ihvme. I have written ai ret of it in my tread?
mill way, and sometimes a gool paragraph, but
it can never live a year; and a good pros- work
can hardly survive a lifetime, Where are the
American pros.- writers before Irving. Wher** aro
t!"* British novelists before Scott? Yet Shakespeare
and Milton live forever. Knough.
I am rejoiced to hear ih..i you aro so agreeably
situated; surely yours h." been a fortunate career.
You have attained al once, cn completing your
studies, what I struggled twelve rears for?a po
sltion in vour chic n profession above the fear of
want. I do not like your trade, but you might
well return the compliment, as I fear my health
will nol long withstand tba excitement, turmoil,
late boura and intense application of my business.
Tor \\."-k-< together my hour of <<ult:ln*{ work has
varied lr?m l_ t< 2:i6 a. ni. This ls killing, es
peeially to one whose hours have been regular
aa I seasonable like mine. I hope to iiiak.* lt better
in time, but not much. Steamships, will come in
ns ii happens, snd the announcement "I'reat West
.-??n coming up" only calla up editors at 1 or 2 a.
m.. the .same ga surgeons may be called. It ls all
alike, By the way, we burn sn abominable prep
aratlon In our <>a v camphene by name-which fills
it with smoke, [s th'- very prejudicial to h.i.lth?
Ar.* all ga-es not Whnt are least noxious? Drop
me a hint when von write.
Th.- Tribune .s now doing a fair-just falr-busl
n-s*. with no hopea of Improvement befbrs ?pr!ng,
if ibm I think we niall-realize I prod! next sea?
son, bul am not sanguine, 1 shad try to do mod?
er.h.p. n ii. and hope t" take a trip w--'ward
negt .Inn.-, but am not sanguine. If we have a
political contest, I shall not be able to 1-ave
th- city.
Mrs. Greeley ls In her usual bad health. Remem?
ber us to Mrs. it.a.som. Toura aver.
HORACE QREBLST.
Dr. B. P. Ransom, Canandalgna, N. Y.
Ml irs Wus ivn Inie last w.-k. Ile appears to
be tl -dig wall. N'.ai,in-- new in Poultney. Pr. Por?
ter (the elder) ls here, .-..tending the lectures of
the New-York Medical School attached to thc uni?
versity. George .(ones ls si*tt!cd In Albany.
i.p:t F.VI--KY man Bl A WORKER
New-York, Sept. ?>. isa
friend Hansom: Yours of the 2~,th ult. has but
reached me to-day, and I write a line in reply,
aa you rsqueet, though 1 have little to say.
I have b.en waiting a week the arrival of my
brother from the West, which will enable me to
depart on my annual trip. I have to go East, then
West, and I greatly fear I shall not be able to
stop over a train a' Canan.laUua. aa I must be at
Akron, Ohio, tha Mtk Inst. If my brother had come
B v..ek ano, as he would have done but for the
Btrlndllng butchers of Huffalo, who will neither
buy his ten or a dozen cattle, BOT let him 30 away
arith them, end here he has been detained In H. a
fortnight, In expense, and I hara anxiously await?
ing him from day to day, unable to ga away be?
cause l have expected him from day to day. I am
not yet out ot my misery.
My health ls pretty pood, "xcept severe pains
through the boca and shoulders caused by exces?
sive work. Tor the in<rt six weeks, my chl?f assist?
ant. Raymond, has leen off at plav. and I have
worked from I 3. m. to ll p. m. daily, and nearly
'he same Sundays as weekdays. This ls too har-.,
arni I have often ben unable to sleep after lt.
Bill a month of country air and ease will put all
rii,-hi arith in*\ I ttusi. and enable me to rctttack
my editorial 'little- with increase! ferocity. I shall
try to see you somehow, but may fall.
As to homo, opathla. I have an idea that lt ls
rather les* a humbug and sw.nile than the old
pr.etice of medicine as genera ily administered;
where one man give, calomel, another quinine, an?
other this thing, another that for the very same
disease Homoeopatbts appears to nie to lie more
ol' a system than medicine by guess |n; but I
have only faith enough In either to pray heaven
to :;??;> m.* out of the clutches of tin lr practi?
tioner-, so far as my sins will permit. Yet I
strongly believe that homo.-.iprthia ls gaining in
Euro|>e, as areli as here, and has performed MSM
remarkable eur-.- there. I hrive known Instancea
of eminent BU cease and disastrous failure In Its
practice, ai*'! 1 have a great deal lesa faith in lt
than Infld fifty in the orthodox practice.
I snail be much obliged by your paper on hy
rlrophobla: s nd i' soon. Bs th** way. I must ask
my friends. Hull 4. drey, what ls tl..* hem.pathlo
remedy for hydrophobia. If lt is letting another
mad dog bite the patient, I trink I should take it.
Or would biting a well dog. or being blt by a
sound one, i." the thing? My science, you see, la
d.-ii. 1. nt.
1 tlimk I have already notl^M fir. Pitney's anti*
homoeopathic manifesto you sent me. The doctor
la .1 great 'rend of mine, but between you and I, I
wouldn't recommend him for a Champion to any
system.
I must stop soon, or I shall make out a regular
lett.-r. t'nderst >nd me to dislike all your profes
-1 ni:-, physic tout of all, though I think lt has
che longest share of asses 1 believe in good, solid
work, nothing else. Why don't you help us estab?
lish association? Lat every man be a worker, pm
f, * Ional or not, and then the God made physician
would be (level .ped. nnd the college-made murderer
of dlseaaed men would h.- kept doctoring wood?
chucks, rattlesmScea and bljr weeds, as he should
be
Rainimbrance to your mother and Mrs. R. Yours,
H. OREELEY, 160 Nassau-st.
PLAYS AB Til FY ONCE WE RF ri. AY FD.
UI'.YIVINti TIIE MEYBOM OF SH VK KSPKAREt
PAY.
From The London Chronicle.
At the Royalty Theatre the members of tho
shakespeare Reading Society are carrying out their
promise to plav "Measure for Measure" with some
resemblance to the conditions that prevailed when
th- nu les 01' works that an* th? glory of our dra?
matic literature were penned. To uive these playa
exactly iis tiley ale supposed to have been then
given would b? almost Impossible, even If any edu?
cational ben. tit or satisfactory entertainment could
be thereby furnished. i~or in; lance, no one would
care to see tin- female characters played by boys*
while the fickleness of the climate prevmts per?
formances open to the sky saw in settled summer
weather. Nearly all that can be done to afford
sonic idea of the way In willer a Shakespearian
play was given In th" poet's lifetime has been ac?
complished. The limited stag.* of the Royalty was
Increased by a platform thrown forward even with
the private boxes, I-.I,zn h- than costumes Were em?
ployed throughout, scenery wa* dispensed with, and
groups of spectators In jerkins, som.* with long boote
and some willi woollen hose, curiously hilted
swords and divers shaped hits mot doffed) and
stiff ruffs, were mute spectators of the action gonn
through by their fellows. A few of these "gallants"
seated on stools smoked pipes, some of which wera
stated to be origin .1 "clays" of th.* sixteenth cen?
tury. Th. th'-.itre vvas supposed to be the Ko rt ti mo
lind at the Bide of the Stage 'Vere b.-iiconlis In which
nu ladles masked, whUe the musicians were below.
Th.- pi rfoi mance look place before simple dra?
pery, a portion of th?> stage being covered, and
having a balcony In the rear. This covered por?
tion could be shut in by curtains, and when thia
wi- done th.- inters stepped to the front thereof
snd continued the action. Only hy this means
was an important change of locale noted, scene
following scene without appreciable interval, ao
that there was no division Into net*. When the spec
ta tors were aaatad two performers came on and
delivered an Induction written by Mr. Arthur Dil?
lon, but as no copy of this was apparently ob*
Ulna Ide, and as there was a little confusion re
gpectlng what was meant by the same, we may
be 'iccused further reference thereto. Far from
coi. nive to enjoyment of the play was the ex?
tra-.Military pace at which two or three membera
of the nudely recited their lines. In a small pam
phl. 1 bj Mr. Idllon, entitled "The Stage of tho
(Sixteenth c. tit'iry," something was said about tho
"two hi irs' traffic" of the boards and lt cer
tuimv seemed as though the performers were anx?
ious 1 . iel through their work as quickly aa poa
slide. .\ moils' the few who ->n Thursday spoke
with clearness and sijmo approach to elocutionary
ability were the representatives of the Duke, of
Isabella and o' Kscalus, but no names were ap?
pended to the list of characters In the programme.
Following the ancient practice, the performance
closed with b prayer for the sovereign. When tha
last words of the play had been spoken all tho
characters faced the audience and plumped down
on their knees. The principals were In front,
and, commencing- with the Duke, they deliv?
ered "The Queen's Prayer," taken from the
play. "Ralph Roister Po later." The "Am-n" had
a strange effect. The rather small nudlence award?
ed hearty applause, and the chief actors came for?
ward and bowed.
Too Much Concord of Sweet Sounds.?A thief
broke Into a Madison a ts mansion early the other
morning and found himself in the music-room.
Hearing footsteps approaching, he took refuge be?
hind a screen.
From 8 to 9 o'clock tbe eldest daughter had a
singing lesson.
-."rom ? to 10 o'clock the second daughter took a
plano lesson.
From 10 to ll o'clock the eldest son had a violin
lesion.
From ll to 12 o'clock the other son had a lesson
on the flute. . .
At 12:15 all the brothers snd sisters assembled ant
studied an ear-splitting piece for voice, plano,
violin and flute.
The thief staggered out from behind the screen
at 12:46 and, falling at their feet, cried:
""for mercy's sake, have me arrested!"?(Vogue

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