Newspaper Page Text
NEW-YORK, MONDAY, DECEMBER ll, 1893.-TEB PAGES
PRICE THREE CENTS.
THE BOMB-THROWER FOUND.
M. DUPUVSDEATH JUS OBJECT
GLORYING IN THE HAVOC HF- WROUGHT IN
THE FRENCH CHAMBER.
TBE PRISONER A NOTED ANARCHIST.
BADT.r WHEEO HIMSELF IJT TIIK EXPLOSION
-THK MISCREANT. AVOVMTM YAIJ.EANT. TEKLS
' JJO'V HE MAPI*. THK BOMB, AM) DSB3BCXI
inE POLICK TO HIS BOOM?BIB MSREIT
TABLK CAREER-THE CABIXKT 1US
CVSklira anti-anarchist MEABUBEB
-THK VICTIMS OF THK TERRIBLE
disaster Dokita wn.!,.
Paris, Per. 1#.?Auguste Vaillant, alias Mar
chal, te loMflrnl ol tbe euburt Choisy-ie-Roi,
is tbe Anarchist who threw the bomb In the
Chamber ot Deputies yesterday, lie made a
, itettattna t^,R morning.
ah last evening the officials at the Prefecture
of Poliee were verifying the statements and ex
umining the nam-'s of suspects. The first name
to challenge their attention was that of Yail
lant. Several detectives r^mark-il that this man
had long boen known as an Anarchist of tho
extrema type a ranter who ha.l surpass, d all
his comrades recently in the violen nt ot .his
language. I'pon searching the leonis the
officials found B full biography Of Vaillant,
whose career Justified ali that the detective!
had said of him.
Four detectives then went to the Hotel Dieu,
lone of the principal hospitals of Paris,
and sought th? bod on which Valllant lay
suffering from many wounds. In reply to their
questions he said that his name was Marchs)
and that h" lived in Ch.>isy-]o-I..iy. When
asked for more Information he pleaded that
the shattered condition of his nerves incapaci
tated him from talking coherently. He munt
sleep, he insisted, before talking more. When
the detectives pressed him for answer* he grew
angry, turned over in bcd. and refused to
apeak. The detectives, convinced that he was
either principal or accomplice in the ptbt
against th* Deputies, continued th"ir efforts to
draw him out. Aa the French police say. they
"salted" him. Nothing was learned, however,
until well into the morning. At 0 o'clock the
Procureur of the Republic and M. Lepine, Pre?
fect of Police, arrived at the Hotel Dieu. After
conferring with the detectives they went to
Valllant's bedside. The Frocureur said posi?
"You are not Marchal, you are Auguste
Valllant started, hesitated a moment, then
blurted out pettishly: "Po I am. Yes, 1 am
Augusle Vaillant, and I threw the bomb, be?
cause 1 have had enough of this bloodsucking
THF. A NA nc HI ST PKSrRinF.S HIS CUMS.
He then told his story with an air of bra?
vado. He attended the Chamber, he said, for
the purpo3e of throwing the bomb al If,
Dupuy, the President of the House. A woman
(wh.) sat next lo him, seeing him prepare to
throw the bomb, tried to seize his arni. She
failed in the attempt, but spoiled his aim. The
bomb struck the cornice of the public, gallery
and exploded. Vaillant's injuries were so severe
that he fell to the floor. When the panic
stand in the Chamber he tried, aa did many
others, to escape, but was presented by the
In closing his confession Vaillant said: "I
am sorry 1 failed. I hope "thers who follow me
will be more fortunate. Long live Anarchy!"
When questioned in detail regarding his ac?
complices he refused to speak. He admitted
that he made the bomb himself. He took a
?mall iron saucepan, inserted in it a glass tube
full of picric acid, surrounded the tube with
cotton wool and prusslate of soda, the cotton
wool being saturated with sulphuric acid, and
then filled up the saucepan with nails and bits
of Iron. He easily carried the bomb in one
of his pockets.
Valllant further described articles which might
be lound in the apartment last, occupied by him
In Paris. ThiR apartment was in the HOtel de
l'Union, No. SO Rue Laguerre, where the pris?
oner was known as .Mai hal. He tried to fright?
en the police by saying they would do well to
handle the articles with great care lest they ex?
plode. The trunk, he ad led, was especially dan?
gerous. Valllant gave this information piece
meal, interlarding his statements with bragg ?
doclo and self-glorification.
A BOMB Fol'ND l.V VAlLIaANT'S ROOM.
After M. Lepine, the Prefect, was don** with
Vaillant he took MM. Rollier and Meyer, of thc
Police Department, and the examining magis?
trate. If. Clement, to No. 80 Rue Laguerre.
There tho party learned that Vaillant had en?
gaged his room one week ago. In it were a
quantity of nails and a bomb in the form of a
large saucepan. This bomb had been made, lt ls
thought, for use In the Chamber of Deputies, but
?was discarded for the smaller one on account of
Its clumsiness and the difficulty of concealing it,
Vaillant was among th<* spectators detained in
the Chamber after the explosion. .His right arm
was shattered, his nose was blown off and his
neck and chest were lacerated. He still suffers
The prisoner will be further examined to?
morrow. In the mean time the police are hard at
work making in-juiries and searches.
CMS wotKU ju: asvs.smn'.n CABKKB.
Valllant was born at Moziereu, Department of
Ardennes, on December '.'.', l***'l. He is tall and
dark and wears a heavy mustache. His features
?re coarse and hard, and his whole appearance
ls repellant. Home tim" ano in the IfoatmattTe
District, in the rare period! when he worked, he
was employed in a fancy-leather- factory as a
workman on pocketbooks and hand bags. He
has lefl a roving life. He was settled at one
time In Buenos aVyres. Soon after returning to
France he married, In 18s". His wife bore him
two children and he deserted ber. as he was too
laiy to support such a (Bratty. He I.anv ?
vagabond and thief and was convicted five times
of petty crl::i-*s.
He haa been in Anarchist and Socialist poli?
tics since 1S84. He first pr tressed Socialism, bul
that school was too made-ate for him and he
soon abandoned lt to bec_nne an Anarchist, Kt
still retained his membership in the Socialist
group of the Eighteenth Ward, however. Re?
cently he has been managing the office of an
TUE Cabinet in session koi*r hot-is.
The Cabinet sat for four hours this morning,
Premier Caslmir-Perler presiding. An official
note says that the Cabinet discussed measures
to be taken Immediately to protect society from
further outrages. A Cabinet council will be
held on Monday, President Carnot presiding,
when the -Government's proposals will be sub?
mitted by the President in their final stage.
Theee proposals will be presented to the Cham?
ber of Deputies in the afternoon. The repre?
sentative of the United Press learns that the
Oovernment alma at a stringent regulation of
traffic In explosives Special provision will be
made for the punishment of persons guilty of
making, detaining or using explosives with
criminal Intent. Penalties will also be provided
ter those who Incite to murder or destruction
of property br explosives. The Oovernment will
demandI an extra credit to reinforce the police
while they ars repre_rtng the Anarchists.
Ta?!^vW0,rXDED G,:TT1N:; m **"*
IrV Of those wh? W(.,,. v.,?lr(1?(1 in ,h,. rham.
ber yesterday were removed to the HOtel Dieu.
IJ.- gravest case was that of Oulllotler. whose
ttWl was fractured. The skull was success
fully trepanned this morning by Dr. Deja rs.
and unless complications set in the patient will
recover. The Injuries of the other patients are
AolJil^'Tr "?'"?nant Saint Martins un*
,,i .? .,'. *';,inful "I>-ration in the Military llos
1 Ul. it being deemed wise to extract some
hon i trs of. bone ?*?'>"? xu" ,1,**"r:* "f Ms righi
tallon l" obviate th0 nncsslty of ampu
M. Kegnauld, private secretary to M. Raynal,
-Minister of the Interior, and If. Pierre, private
secretary | , jj impuy, President of thc Chamber
01 Deputies, visited tbe wounded tO-day on be?
half of their superiors
Deputy Lemlre, who proa badly injured bv the
?**!*. islon, wan removed from the Chamber to bis
nome in the course of th ? night. His physicians
siy that h.- i.s improving, though at Intervale hi*
is m..ti.mi..ss aid speechless Tb.- woman who
checked valllant's arm when he threw the bomb
was bailly wounded un the face and neck.
Premier Caslmlr-Perier, M. Dupuy and others
nave bera overwhelmed to-day erith congratu?
latory letters and telegrams Many telegram*!
cam" from foreign countries.
lt ls reported that the French Government will
appeal to the Oovernment of England to refuse
domicile to Anarchists,
SW.N UV. HAS NO ACCOM PUCFaS.
Valllant's trunk in his apartment in the HOtel
d'* runion was opened this evening and was
found to contain nothing of an explosive na
ture. Kverythii'g In the room was removed to
the Palace of Justi .*
lt is now certain that Valllant will recover.
Ile Hes al..ti.- in a small room. The persistent
attempts of the police to .li.it th- names of his
accomplice* were received with the Invariable
reply: "It is useless t.> eeeh accomplices: I
haven't any. 1 stone performed the deed ami
claim th.- entire responsibility."
Valllant's bearing is that ?'>! a man who bas
a. complished ins purpose. He n mains calm snd
ref..rs io the outrage as au occurrence t.. which
h.- is an .'uti:., stranger, ii" s.'cins t.. have l" i
a rather mysterious existence in the room in
tlie Rue Laguerre, ile seldom slept there, call?
ing ..nly .it Irregular Intervals, remaining a
short time, an.l rai.-ly speaking tn the other in?
mates of the house Vaillant has lived r..r four
nu.Hills ..n thc secnd ll..i.r at N,.. 17 Hue de la
Ratflnerle. Choisy-le-Rol. The house is small
and clean. T.. a representative ..f the United
Press thc landlord to-day spoke favorably ol
Vaillant. Ile said that Valllant was a ra.ber
and industrious fellow and was employed in the
Petlngen morocco works. Mis rem ..f six fran **
weekly was paid regularly. Vaillant lived there
with a woman anil his ten*] ear-old daughter.
TIIK I,ANI*I.i>!;n's MM) W !*,!>-. FOB VAM.!.INT.
A fortnight ago Vaillant sshed to be allow. 1 to
pny the nut monthly, explaining that he had ob?
tained a pia.e ,-ts foreman in Pans and would be
paid only at the end of the month. "Nobody
here," continued the landlord, "has anything to
reproach him for. He was highly esteemed by
everybody. His wife wis alarm, i at his sb
ali night, which wa*- so contrary to his regular
habits, and came lo ni" this morning to recount
to ni" tier f.ars. l told ber the papers said h.-r
husband had been w iunded in the <"naml. ..f
Deputies Sile said: 'YoU SOS Iv |g a. jj.| that
he must have got wounded while trying to pro?
tect others, for he thinks only ..f the hsppin ss ..f
his comrades. He had told nie he was going to
tic Chamber, his foreman having given him a
card.' While saying this she was weeping copi?
The woman is extremely desf. She first sshed:
"He is wounded, isn't he?" she is not legally
married to Valllant. Sb..- said that the little
girl, whose name is sid t.i". is not hers, but ri
.laughter of Valllant's legitimate wife, who in
in Amcriia. "Auguste." sic- addi.-.!, "pal ed
thr-e months in America tea. liing school, and
still has many friends there. My name is Mar?
ella!. I cannot believe what the pepi., say
about him. He ls so good, so Intelligent, and
always wishing everybody happiness."
It ls said thet Vaillant ls the founder of m.
Choisy-le-Roi Philosophical *??*? I-tv
i.. several Independent sccounta of Saturday's
explosion, Vslllsnl ls said to have stretched his
arm ov?r the division between the sec .nd and
third galleries, seemingly desiring to make lt
appear thst the h..mi. wa** thrown from the third
gallery. Visitors atc admitted to th-- third Kal?
lery only by tick"t.
ROCHFFOKT HALF WRROVrs OF THE OLTBAGK.
M. Roch.-fort, in an article in "L'lntransi
geant," half approving of the outrace In the
Chamber of Deputies, remarks that lt would !"?
a singular means of obtaining smnmty to spread
1 alli among those who had proposed and voted
attachs tbe Minister
all your lauii. ii vu ie... ..e....
cessions, ii would never have happened."
Boll**" requests M. Qamard to reply.
In an editorial "Le Bolr" points ont the slg
nlflcance of Valllant's being a former manager
of tri" "Revue Socialist..,"* proving his affiliation
Hotel Dieu were discharged this afternoon ex
?empting MM. Oaumet and Oulllotler, who re?
mained St their own recurs'. L'-noii', one of
the suspects arrested last nigh', was released
TIIK GERMAN PRESS OK THE OUTRAGE.
UROINO MOUE STRINGENT l'ltir ACTI "Ns A<; UN'-I
ANAIJiHISTS IN 1 I T.'il'KAN CAPH'M.*.
lCtatpttt*t, IM JW TA* loilrn I'rrti )
Berlin, Dee, IB Tia- Bundey nenspspers, bi com?
menting upon the explosion In the French Chsmber
yesterday, concur la lbs ..pinion thst similar demon
Stratton* are likely to be ma.'a- bp Anarchists In
other central sf poUtiesl life, They r.mmend
the general adoption of more stria ..m precautloni
against Anarchists in European capitals The
"TsgeMatt" ssys: "Experience shows that lbs se?
verest punishment do*s ""' aatat from crime such
m. n ss Anarchist*, on the contrary, punishment
s.. nu only to incite to fr-sh critic. The deplor
ubi ? laurels of the .Spanish Anarchists <1.< Dot allow
tli.-r French comrades tn sleep in p.,a.e. The ex
plos'ons Iii Barceloiis Inspired lhe Prench Anar?
chists to surpass anything hitherto achieved any
V*l'li."**I.<.k.il-Anzeie,t" says: ??Naturally, tills i* ?""
.i.i. I.-1 an anarchlsl outrage, as the Anarchists
,.n- especially desirous <.i carrying death into
the midst of the representatives or the hated tapur
K.-dlsle This prrforinaii" ? mast rouse tr." Civil
Ucl work! against these enemies of aoclety." Th.
?*i.ok_i-,\ii_ri^ei'* praises JiiKhiy M. Dupuy a .I
ia ? In tin panic. ,, ___. ...
The "V<i?---i*?? h.- iSeltung says: "Ibis outrage will
excite th.- deepest horror throughout the world, w'<
hope tint the crime will serve to open the ? Y-r
of wavering Republicans t" what stat" of societj
w" may expect If crude Socialistic theories are tc
"ne permitted to prev-aH. The left whig of th.
Radicals with tendencies toward Anarchism ought
to take ,'t lesson from this affair. The bomb-throw
. n undoubtedly are the romradej of tba perpetra?
tors of th.- Csisssu> ant Hue des Hons Enfanti
The two French detectives who came to Merlin tl
sst With the local |*ollce In tracking Anarchist?
agre" with the Germans that the extremist grout
of CJsr.nsn Socialists have no close relatlonr, with
the French Extremists.
SPAIN MAMS IXIKUNATIDNAL ACTION.
?, CABINET COUNCIIa BMABBfaTG THE ANVRCH
I-crs-THE KEEMNO IE *EABBID AM) HOME.
Madrid, Dec. 10.?The news of the Anarchist out?
rage In th?- French Chamber of Deputies cruised i
sensation in this city and led to a renewal of thi
alarm which followed the Marcelona outrage, ami
which was Just beginning to .Reappear. The news
napers strongly denounce the outra*<e and rvltcr
ate the necessity for International measurrs agalnsl
the Anarchists. There will be no relaxation of tin
stringent police precautions In Spain
At a Cabinet cornell held thia evening lt wai
resolved to take Immediate action looking to tr
International agreement to repraas anarchy. Orden
Wi re given that the military and police patrols in
Barcelona be Increased f..r the purpose of de
oin Anarchists snd revolutionaries of all kinds,
whether seton or theorist1*.
Rome, Dec. IB?The sewapspers here and the
publi ? generally strongly den >.'in.-e the Anarchist
outrage in the Er.-nch Chamber. Deputy RsmpoldL
It.eHeal, has fives notice lu the Italian Chamber of
Deputies that at the n?-xt sitting he will mn*" a
vote ot sympathy with the French Chamber. The
Anarchists here comment on thc Furls outrage with
FOB 3CPF8EHIXG ANARCHIST PRINTS.
M>MOOE PAPERS 4tDV0CATE DECISIVE A1TI0N
Ml'.. ABQCtTfl CB1TK ls Kn.
London, Dec. ll.?'The Dally News." comment?
ing on th" Anarchist outrage In 1'arls. says: "This
Inst piece of vlllany will probably mark the turnlns
polnt In the history of anarchism. We can hardly
doubt now that Ihe civilized world ls determined
that something mun be dons." "The News" advo?
cates, as a step toward the desired end, the re?
pression of Incendiary prints.
"The Times" says: "The practical question to be
considered is how society is to mept the attacks
Of the Wild Jurist thus let loone, line thing- ls tol
e. ably clear -the publication of Incitements to t be
wholes;,!,, destruction of li!.inht DOl to be per
milted..The nmes" comments on th* refusal ot
Home Becretary Asquith to prosecute the "Com
monwesl" for expressing Its spproval of the Kar
celona outrage, snd closes as follows: "We owe lt
to mir neighbor! as well sa to ourselves to take
.ar.- that these doctrines shall not be preached
here with Impunity."
"The Standard*' says: "It ls time that Anarchy
and Anarchists ahould be regarded with the due
amount of detestation, and that no toleration?tl
Mr. Asquith will allow us to say so -sh.mid be ex
tended even to an academical propagation of irrs,
CRI3P1 STILL WORKIN ; on a CAIHNT.T.
IN CONFERI N( I*. WITH Till'. J'.AUP AI, LEADEB
?A r\\ WOT IN BU I i.v.
Home, Dee. pi. N',, CsMnet has yet been formed.
The Marquis di Itu.lint hesitate- to accept a port?
folio, snd win probably decline to do so, bul Instead
win ..fr. r io support .my Ministry which nany he
formed by Blgnor Crisp*). Tn- lutter, following out
his Iden nf Hndlng ? patriotic anj non-pa I ' 1- .
lu tlon Of the crisis, hal a I .ni; OOUferei
with signor Colsjsnni, tlie Radical leader, with th*
vi.-w ot securing the co-operation of th.- Radicals
in a programme acceptable to the Bldlisns.
During the session ..." the Communal Coundl st
PartenlCO, Sicily, on Saturday, a crowd of rural la
borers who ..r- opposed lo the nen communal tax
on tbe sale of milk surround".I lhe building crylns,
"1.u live the Klnn' Down \ci:h the tax council?
lors:'' They had Warily depart! i when .1 mob ot
fully (.OM) men in vii.led the Council < 'bamber and
pel tire to th.- pup'rs, furniture and Biting*. Onl)
the arrival >t troopa prevented further excesses
and personal violence to the octroi ofllclala It ls
feared ther.- will I.-- more tr.?.11.1.? in consequence
of tbe imposition of the n> w tax, anl the garrison
has i.e. ir 1 .-Inf-.rc-.1.
WHAT THE PARIS PAPERS SAY.
BEEBOl li.' MEASURES tOAIEST ARABORIBM
DEMANDED- sociaiist di.m'I.iim: IR1
Parts, Dec. in. ? "The Matin" demands the Imme?
diate and tn> rel 1. ss repression of preachers of social
hate and profexaors of public crime. It ls us?le*s,
it says, to strike d iwn the arm that commits crims
without also striking down the bend that directs
Tli" "Autorlt." snd "Uhr-* Psrole" ascribe 'he
outrage to the republic's atheistic teachings, Tl ?
"licha de Paris'* i|r*i lares that th- Socialists ar*
answerable f..r the outrage. Thc "Journal d.-s
Debate" Maroae the Hali.als f..r bringing 1
ti ? defeat ot .1 former mu sgslnsi the Anarchists
'I'he "Figsro's" comments ar.* similar to those sf
the "Matin." Th" "Bolell" says th.- Oovernment
n.1 only apply the existing laws to the An.ir.-hlsts.
The "Oaulols" demands the idoptl *i of eaergetlc
.. 11', nen si ?
The "Petite Republiqui ' disclaim'' on i??-hnlf of the
Socialist* any connection with Baturday's outrage,
and declares lhal the man who threw thc bomb w.is
a .-? ni dees 1
REPORTED PALL OF LYICTHEROY.
DEBTBCCTIOB OF TEE BATTEBT IE HM EAEBOI
-BBOWIXQ BTMPATBT wi iii MU.I.o.
laondon. Dec i" The Lisbon toriespondsnt of
the I'nlted press teh-graphs as follows:
"Alvie*.* irm Rio .ino :ro Bsl4 '? B V. -*? BSOflnS
the report that KlCtheroy was dSitteiSd Rio
Ja.ielro, It ls ssld, wss damaged leas thsn was
expected. Admiral Mello, hiving respected th? city.
WSS Kain!:. In th.- different BtSteS
I".,rn* were expectl '? from th.- m nh to ? Tect n
tandmg tn favor of Mette. Peixoto's provlnelsJ
having bees n.I basard, and libing
with.ut diedpllne, ai.- committing sets >.f ruflt.it.
re enl rely beyond Ihe 1 mr- 1 ot their
commanders. In spite <>f an edict threatening with
severe punlahmeni all found guilty of pillans. Th"
inhabitant*, of Rio .Ja;, no are under itrtel ?
plnnase and ar., afraid to -i-.'k ? scent in I
..f Pelxoto. Tue newspapers publish only favorable
reports, though the; lt non 1 *. - - r 71 to '
"'i'he fore 'i. etpei len ? dlffli ulty in
protecting ihelr countrymen from belflg reci
provisions command * - Cargoes arriv?
ing in f..re.cn ships sn respected * I ng rm they
r mila on -.'.I;'' arl When discharged Int. lighters
?r an- captured by Insurgent I
A REPULSE POE PEIXOTO REPORTED
lar. nos Ayrea, !??'.'. M The latest advices from
ri . .I.- Janeiro sra thai Fr- l teni Pdx4Ho's forces
attacked !?"? .rt Vlllegagnon snd were repulaed. ii
i" stated lhal 'he Insurgents ar- preparing for ?
decisive attempt to capture Santos, and that s fresh
attack upon Bega ls Imminent
TWENTY THOUSAND TONI "F (MAIN
Antwerp, Dee, M.- The Maison Hssssstiejne, a
famous glSSSIl. caught Hr.* at 2 o'clock this morn?
ing, and within thre.- horns wes entirely consumed,
with '."'.'?" tons of grain. Ths loss ls RJN.M&
There were |M bane:* of naphtha upon the onay
,1, .-nt to the burning warehouse, nnd lt wss
feared thsl th* flames would extend to these ar. 1
then to th" shipi.inij. but th.- firemen .blur;. ,1 the
barrels with wster and succeeded In entitling th*
iii.- io th.- warehouse. Ii ls believed thst the fire
was ..f Incendiary origin, and the police ar< look*
iiiK f..r tWO men who are suspected of ho,: .'
start.-1 lt. _ _
AMERICAN ARTISTS* RECEPTION IN PARIS
Faris. Dee, '." The first annual reception of the
American Ari Association waa brid on Bstnrdsy.
The reception wss followed by s ball. Among thom
pi ni were Ihe most prominent members of the
THE AURANIA BWEPT BT OREAT SKAS
London, Dec. ia The gale prevailing in th.* irish
i lianne! rn as sop dally n vere al Que. nstown, ? hers
th.- seas brok- In the hat i.or. wrecking several whale.
1,oats. Immense sens swepl over the steamer
.,,. ,, ir, which sailed from Liverpool yesterdsy for
Kew-York. vis Queenstown, while th.- steamer wa.
,, ,,,,,;? the latter port. Thr.nf Ihe crew were In?
jured Riobard Hor-, a se ima.1, having on.- of his
10.-Tne ca?e of John W
San Fran- i <??>. I >
li|.r of th" I ir.nohu.-l'.llv Hank.
ibeSCll'i;' **1'.J '" ', i*.ii* .'.."-1. idr.y r*..|
charged with entuiwMii.a *.".
I ,, I |tl tS trill "ll Un "ll.lr 1 1
San Fran.ls. o. Dec. IQ th" cruiser Olympia Will
leave hei'- for her ofBdal trial In Santa Har'..ara
. hannel to-morrow morning. Th- trial will take
plai ?? Tue-, lay.
...a... piahn. Dee. 1' T. T Williams, liuvln.
r. and W, A il."list, owner of **'l'he Han
Chicago D'*.*. 10. ?Th..maa Howard. S one-lcpged
ansh. .1 five larc" plate-glass windows, v..c. ti
? A Do. S furniture store, nt Ni
crutch while h?
Ounnlsoii. ('?l ? l}'''- !"??An ore sample WSS
brought from Goose ''reek yesterday that -assayed
?"???'.rt cold to the ton. The excitement continues
lu Intros.er rifty ne* buildings are now erected
In the cami).
Portland, ore.. Dec. 10.?Whitney I_ Hol?<\ chair?
man of thc Republican State Central Committee
and a prominent attorney, and ex-Collector
Mian w-'re yesterday Indicted by the Federal
fi rn nd Jury <>n ? charge of having conspired to
1 unlswfullv land Chinese. Moise says there ls ahso
lutelv no truth In th" accusations and thnt the In?
dictment will be iiUHshed.
Parkersburg. BT. Vn" i_5 *|__^fM"* Raymond,
-a-hii. reimolns oil n-ar Centre Point. In Doddridge
connik tefl "nie * tank filled tvlth oil. The top of
th* tank waa almost entirely covered and ht could
not get out. He was drown-:*,
MRS. rOY'S NARRATIVE
THI HEW LYU-KN E AGAB9T DAKIEL
MISMNf* LINKS IN TRI*. CHAIN THAT COMPLETE*-.
TR!'. fTORT OP TIIK CONSPIRACY TO
KILL DB. CBOXUf.
Chicago, Dec. lo?While the entire statement made
by Mrs, Andrew Foy on lhe subject of tho Cronin
conspiracy may not be admissible as evidence In
the trial of "Dan" Coughlln, there ls no part of
it which ls not full of Interest. It ls understood
the theory of the defence will be that Mrs. Poy
ls a cr.iay woman. Mrs. Foy's narrative begins
with the early part of 'ASK, when Martin Murk.*.
Cooney "the Fox," "Joe" M fKenns and others
called repeatedly at the house where the Foys
then lived, In Oak-st., near Market. Whenever
they called they Inquired, not for Andrew Foy. but
for Daniel Coughlln. Son these persona and
Ooughlta began to hold private meetings in th*
house. At gome of th?se m-etlngs Foy was present,
at others he was not. Whenever the conspirators
came they took possession of S room and closed
the door. What passed within was party over?
heard by Mrs. Poy and partly communicated by
her husband. It ull concerned Cronin. Charge*
were made against him, both in relation to his
standing In the Clnn-na-Guel and to his alleged
treasonable intentions. Allegations tn support of
the-e- charge* pass?d from mouth to mouth, snd
statements purporting to be quotations from letters
from Ireland were made which tended to e.antlrm
v.- suspicions against Cronin. A supposed extract
from ri letter, said to be written by Michael Davit;,
then attending "The Times" Commission proceed
legs in London, was read, to th-- effect that Cronin
.boin to bring certain documentary evidence
reta big ?.> Clsa-na-Oael disputes to London, to
help "The Times" to sui.st un!,it.- its charger.
Th* use of Devitts nam- In this case I- at?
tributed to the fact that h.- alone among prominent
Irishmen was on terms ot personal friendship
witii the most I., tai.... member of th- "Triangle,"
that he hal taken sides agni::*.: lhe nen whorse
cause Cronin bad espoused, loth in th.- Clan-na
Qed and In the Irish National League of America;
that h.- wes, like Murk., foy, Conney and Others
of th. pari'.', a native of Mayo, and that h.- was
rail', kn.un to several ..f them. Bo the con?
ey ts mid to have worhed like _ charm. What
1 lt mont w.is that th" spy I..- Caron was
th"ii diving lils san*.:iional evidence of the Inner
wuk (figs uf the Clan-na-Oael, and he had boasted
that lu- wss not tlc only spy that had cntrnnct*
ti the camps of tlc Clari. The alleged Davit
biter teeing to hav- settled any lingering doubt
lefl in the minds of tc conspirators. From con?
viction <>f cronm's guili t>. deadly vengeance was
un easy step to som., at least, of th.* men.
All Jiad lxs*n carefully selected for som.* special
r?a* ai that titted them I ir the work assigned.
Murk" was an escaped murderer from Ireland,
and was suspected of having murdered Anthony
OMalley, in Chicago. Coughlln was tlie deteetlvt
detailed to Investlgal ? that case, snd '.< is asserted
that he found out enough c incernlng Burke's part
In it to usc it a- a means >.f compelling Uurke to
_**<!*t him In the plot against Cronin Consequently.
? r ling to the Foj narrative, it was Murk., anl
Cooney who wre picked out to do the actual
In th- eotfnge at the .ame tir.l" were Michael
Oannon, who* linger tip waa found In the catch
?.?:?:, Cronin's body, and who tied sine,, of
.librium tremens, and a man n .w on the Chicago
puller force. Concerning Oannon. lt ls sall that
when I..- died Jc un* surrounded by members of
the gang, who prevent I any om ilder from coming
near enough to hear all thal In his ravings he
said about lbs murder. The yt..ry l* that he spoke
..f norning else, and raved so loudly that some of
his allusions were overheard by non-sympathisers
on th" evening of the mt * Ier, Poy to >k his brick?
masons' chisel un.i wrapped it up, saying In th.*
beering ol soma of jos children that it would re?
lieve another Le .'ar. r. Neal Monday morning h.
i ught .. papei containing th account of cronin's
disappearance, and told one of bis boys to take ll
t. his mother. One of the l.o)? afterwarl took
the wrapping from the chisel and examined R for
blood marks. This chis. I was wa weapon used by
Cooney "the Fox" In striking the first blow. All
the Nows were struck by Cooney and Burke.
a /for .v.i iv wonir Bra ma death.
rr.OMIT imon AVERT! A SKRJol'S RCNWVW
ai . IDEET tv Ft. vin IN,
A runaway horse attn.Ted to ? iMe-ber buggy, iti
whlcb Mr* \v it. .Johnsm. ol Backetl St . Bl J*
!\n. with a companion snd her son Edward, four?
teen years ..ld. were driving, .'ashed ?>?>*.'.Hy along
tl 'i-ave. Fi.iti.iish. yesterday afternoon.
The hoy h?ld Ihe linen. Hs v.ns thrown from his
r.ai snd dragged for two blocks hanging to the side
il the carriage. The horse was goaded on by tlc
shrieks of the woman nnd th- boy, who shouted
lustil) f..r help.
Patrick .1 Rooney, Highway Commissioner, who
was talking with a group ..f friends on thc sl.l>>
v.. ik. .-aw thi horse coming, Unshed into th" road,
and sprit ging on the carrisge from the renr climbed
over the seats and rescued ihe boy fr.mi his peril?
ous position. Then grasping th" reins he pulled
the horse bsck .ci Its haunches and bro right lt to
A *h".-t of pap. r blown bv the wind nnd striking
the horse on ths face ema the cause of Its fright.
I NOTED BORSRMAS IX DIFFICULT!.
C. W Wll.l.I \M.*-. THE nv, Ml', ul* AI.I.r.RT'N.
LOSES ?* I.U'.'.l'. PABT OP III*. liillTt Ma.
Chicago, Dec. J" A dispatch to "Ths Herald"
from Independence, Leva, says: C. \V. Williams.
th.- soled horsemen, yesterdsy gave notice ls B
Campbell, who hold*' ii BMrigBgS for JP-miuo on his
property, except his horses, thai Campbell could
have the property. whl< li In. lu les tlc Rush Park
nc.-tr.ick, the opera-house, the electric street rall
iv iv and Will: ins's bOUSC, and that Williams
would st Once make him a deed of the same with?
out fore loewe. This lesvee williams practleslly
shorn of his fortune, escepl thsl he will stiu own
Allerton snd several good eolti and brood mares
The thing whl.-h baa crippled William-, was his
eon true tlon la*t y.-ar of an electric street .-ar line
and '.r a idg hotel and opera house, his total out?
lay lai v. ir li iring him heavily in debt His
races lost him money, and the great stallion Aller?
ton wi nt lame early in tli" season.
Williams gol t..* stan bj selling Astell for HOS.
DUO, and made $3(1,000 in the horse business In two
or three v.-ar- lt has taken him less tims than
thal to loae the mon.".. He ij *MII a young man,
and is possessed oi' Indomitable pluck.
A STdRT ol' POLICE CLURRINO,
TURI.I. PItlMiM.Uv HA KIU VI' BT Vf ITS ESS ES,
DEI I. A RE THAT THEI WEBE SHAME
Policeman Morris Cohen, of the I'i in. "-st. sta?
tion, srrslgned three prisoners in the Jefferson
Market Polio- Court \.ter.lav. whom h? (barged
with assault. Th" thr.e prisoners In turn made
ri irge.s of sassult and Lr.ital clubbing against
Mm. and two or three reputable witnesses cor*
rob rated tidr statements. The prisoners were
Christian nnd Marlin Cerhnrdt, brothers, of No.
tu Webster-sve., Jersey City, snd Henry Klein, of
No. tt Floyd-it.. Brooklyn. The two Oerhardts ar.*
.rr ciov...i by Meyerhsuser * Curtis Importers, of
Ho, 47:* Broome-st . christian being an engineer.
on Saturday afternoon a loud of coal whs driven
up ls front of the store, and the hors- fell In such
a v-oy that th.- shafts of th.- wagon sredged lt
i.wn, end lt wa* necessary to remove them.
According to Christian Otsrhardt'i story, ..'..Jen
.? iii" abms to help. After tlc trouble was obviated,
I'erhardt loaned a hammer Which lie bad l'-nt
r.i Cohan back into the cellar. Thia, Gerhardt says,
led to anger Cohen, who pulled bis dub, UM
with a curse, attacked him.
Martin (J? rlirir.lt arid Klein, who stood looking
on. tried to prevent th.- offlcar from striking him,
when he turned on all of them aid best them
m-.st brutnllv with Ills stick.
Mr. Curtis, ?f the linn, told .Justice Koch that
th.- affair was th" most brutal outrage on the part
nf the otib-.-r he had ev.>r seen. Cobra dented the
story, and said that the men cursed him. Ile ad?
mitted using his dub, but said he only hit the men
on the arms and b uk. Otc m Itu. ss testified In
favor of Cohen.
Justice Koch paroled thc prisoners until this af?
ternoon. _ _
THF. UISSIOX OF A MAMISM F.XC1XF.F.R.
Kansas City, >to., Dec. 10?Olaf K. Morgensen, a
civil engineer of Copenhagen. Denmark, ls In the
city on his way to Galveston, Texas, where he will
examine the harbor works and the jetties for the
purpose of obtaining information to be embodied
in n report to the Free Port Directory of Copen?
hagen. The Directory and hankers of that city are
Interested In the steamship project between (*ODen
hagen and om- of the Gulf of Mexico ports and im?
proved transportation facilities between the Gulf
of M?xlco and Ksnsas City. Mr. Morgensen will
examine all the notable engineering works of this
country and, teak:; report* concerning them to bis
couatms. - -r
WILL Hi: RIQHT-A BOtiT PACE!
THE PRESIDENT MAY THIS TIME REVERSE
HU :>\V.V POLICY.
SAID to rf, CtSIOt ** N >w i-i.;: TBE GOVESE
MEET to Tari; A MOIE PBOMXEES1 PA UT
IN TRI; lll'ILDINfJ OP TIM". NICA
EAOCA OAEAte-A " I5IJII.M ANT
(bt tklegkaiii to the TBUVSB.1
Washington, Doe. 10.?A brilliant stroke of
policy ls said to be contemplated by President
Cleveland, which will partly atone for htr. un?
popular course in relation to Hawaii, and also
to some extent compensate for his former in?
dication of hostility to the Nicaragua Canal,
when, in IMS, lie withdrew* from the BenatS
th.* Hlcarsjgus Canal Treaty whi.h had s taw
m..nibs previously been negotiated by President
Arthur. The anticipated "brilliant stroke" is
momentarily expected, and ls described gj a
wise and popular measure, intended to Klve ma?
terial aid in the construction of the prent inter
oceanic canal across Nicaragua, ami to protect
lhe interests of the American company, which
holds valuable concessions from the Government
of Nicaragua. Becretary Gr.'sham hhs been ac?
tively preparing for this masterly effort, and
has collected a great mass of pertinent material
for an exhaustive report to President Cleveland
upon Nicaraguan affairs.
A marked change is understood to have taken
place since l**.*:. in President Cleveland's views
respecting the Nicaraguan Canal project. Then,
as one of the first acts after his inauguration
as President, he gave a deathblow to the treaty
that had been negotiated, by which the t'nlted
States was Itself to assume the work of con?
structing th? Nicaragua Canal, which was to
be owned by the i'nlted BtatSS and the I.epuh
He of Nicaragua, nnd managed by them jointly.
The treaty SlSO made a perpetual alliance be?
tween the I'nlted States ami Nicaragua, the
I'nlted Stnt."', guaranteeing to protect the in?
tegrity of the territory of Nicaragua.
N'.w Mr. Cleveland finds that foreigners are
scheming to capture the canal, and he has
learned from the report made to him a few days
ago by his Secretary of the Interior Frat owing
to the serious financial embarrassment of the
Maritime Canal Company of Nicaragua "no
progress bal been made in the work during the
last twelve months." Simultaneously came the
published Stal tment that the President of Ntca
rsgUS had given Instructions to abrogate the
Valuable OOnceiSieng tO the American Canal Ci-im
pany. Although that rumor has been denied by
President Zelaya, h" states that he heard that
British ami German syndicates "were about to
make propositions to his Government," and that
he "had telegraphed the representative of his
Government at Washington, Senor Don Horacio
Guzman, dire-ting him to ascertain what ar
rsngsments can be made for the prosecution of
th? work by the American company." These
fa.*ts wre officially communicated to President
Cleveland, and he was thus made aware of the
necessity Of gtvinfi immediate attention to the
question of protecting the interests of thc Ameri?
can Maritime Canal Company Of Nicaragua.
Mr. Cleveland's present hostility to the Nica?
ragua Cann! project ls warmly denied by his
party friends, except In so far as he ls opposed to
"a policy of acquisition of new and distant terri?
tory or the Incorporation of remot" Interests with
our own." instead, they say, Mr. Cleveland is
VSTjr friendly to the oansl enterprise, in' proof of
which they ntl >te from his first message, in 18S."..
when he snnounced that he had withdrawn from
the Senate the tr?a*y negotiated with Nicaragua
by his immediate predecessor "Tor the construc?
tion by and at the tole cost of the I'nlted States
of a canal through Nicaraguan territory." He
then said he was "unable to recommend propo?
sitions involving ownership ot right outside of
uir own territory, when coupled with absolute
ind unlimited engagements to defend the terri?
torial integrity of th" State where such Interests
Ile. While the general project of connecting the
?a ' ...ans by means of a canal is to be encour?
aged. I am of opinion that any scheme to that
end I ' be considered with favor should be free
from thc feature* alluded to."
Just what action has been derided upon by
this Government ls not clear. Some idea of its
nature is obtained from ? declaration made by
Mr. Cleveland in lSs5. in relation to the vital
need of lutero.c.mi. transit across the Ameri?
can lathAUS, .'ind What he said about the Nica?
ragua C.imil in his message last Monday. In
ISSI he snnounced that the efforts of his Ad?
ministration would bo 'ipplleil toward the reali?
zation ..f thc "(Torts of earlier Administrations,
based upon the principles "which wer.* declared
In no uncertain tOttM by Mr. Cass, while Sec
i.taiv i.f Stat..*, in ls.",v*" lu his messag-* last
Monda.'. Mr. Cleveland Stated that thc "Nica?
ragua Canal Company hus. unfortunately, be?
come, financially, seriously embarrass...1, bul a
generous treatment bas been extended to it by
the Qovernmenl of Nicaragua. The United
Btates sre especially Interested In the euccess
mi achievement of th" vast undertaking this
company ba:*, in charge. That it should be ac?
complish..1 under distinctively American aus
pli cs, and its enjoyment ee< ured, nol only to
the vessels of Ibis country as a channel of com?
munication between our Atlantic and Pacific sea?
boards, but P. th" ships ol' tlc- world In the In?
ti.rent of civilisation, is a proposition which, in
my Judgment, does not admit of question."
A noteworthy fact in connection with Hie canal
situation whicn is mentioned, in some measure
Si .Hilting for the willingness and vigorousness
with which Becretsry Gresham bas prosecuted
lils part ..f th" work of arranging for this "in-n
liant stroke" by th.- Administration ls that Oen?
eral Oresham previously took k4*en Interco) In
the Nicaragua Canal wnile he w i*= a member of
I'r widen! Arthur's Cabinet. lb- was then under
I i . I... in hearty sympathy with ihe policy
of Presldenl Arthur as illustrated in th" tr. i *,
the President had negotiated for the building
sn 1 control of the Ntearagua Canal by the
l WWISDLRB WHO CAUBRB UV II ASSOTAMCR.
Baltimore, Dec. io (Special).?Th.- swindler who
lias been Imposing on New-York and Philadelphia
murtho nts by representing himself us th.* son of
Henry Wi ??.ls. a drygoods merchant of Raltlmore,
and as a buyer lor Other bouses in this city, con?
tinues to have go,.da shipped to Ualtlmore on bogus
orders, and to pass (OTged checks in payment for
C.. in. Ile evidently took a trip up lo Boston the
latter part of the week, as Mr. Wessels has re?
ceived notice of the shipment of a case of goods,
and several inquiries from merchants in that
city. Yesterday Mr. Wessels received a C. o. I?.
package calling for ttl, from H. Texler, glove
dealer, at Na 417 Canal-st.. New-York; a pro
tested check for EU Wt, payable to Knmfetd * ?""..
New-Torit; a lilli for twenty dozen pairs of trousers
from .Joseph S Rlatt. New-York, and a bill of J!>1
and a check for IP'S 'J.', from Nathan IcblesoeL Tbe
swindler lias been operating In the business sec?
tion of New-York city for ten days or more, and
the merchants h.-re. who are kept busy shipping
hack goods they did not order, wonder why the
New-York police cannot come up with the fel?
low, Whose reckless manner would seem to make
his arrest easy._
RKPFUSE1) A aTOULO-MM TRAIX ROBBER.
Bloomington, III., Dec. 10.?At 10 o'clock last night
when the Erle westbound passenger train stopped
at the Illinois Central crossing, a mlle and a half
south of this city, there was a crash of glass In
the south window of the I'nlted States Express
car, and Messenger Weakley, of lafayette. Ind.,
looking up. saw a man's arm through the door, his
hand reuchlng for the latch. The messenger JeaDed
for the door. As he moved the door opened ana a
man rushed In. The messenger grapled with' the
Intruder, who clutched the messenger's throat. !
After a desperate struggle, the messenger hurled
the robber out through the door to the ground, and
| shut and locked the door. The spot where the
i assault waa made ls a favorite camping ground for
! tramps, and aeveral murders have occurred there.
: The messenser had UM**) in money packages out of
I tha safe, ready for the transfer at Bloomington.
GRESHAM AND THURSTON,
PLAIN WORDS TO THE FORMER.
WHAT OCCUUKED AT THE INTERVIEWS
BETWEEN TUE TWO.
THE HAWAIIAN MINISTER nOI.DTaY TOLD TM
SECBETABT OF STATE THAT TUPS GO VERE*
MEXT. HAD NO AUTHORITY FOR MED
DLINO IN THE AFFAIRS OF THE
ISLANDS -fi RES II AM'S IVE AK
rBT TKLEOttAPH TO TllE TRIBrXS.1
Washington. Pee. 10.?Another Interestlnf
chapter In the Hawaiian question came to light
to-day. This new information relates to what
has taken place at the recent Interviews be?
tween Secretary Gresham nnd Minister Thurs?
ton at the State Department. There havs
been three of these conferences. In each cseu
they were held nt the request of Minister Thurs?
ton, and not at thc solicitation of Secretary
Gresham. In fact, there are good reasons for
believing that Secretary Gresham avoided tbs
Ihtervlews erith Hawaii's representative.
The first Interview took place immediately
after the return of Minister Thurston from Chi?
cago, a few days after thc publication tn ths
newspapers of the country of Secretary Gresh?
am's BStOUBding recommendations to the Pr??e
ident as to the course to be pursued In settling
the Hawaiian question. About a week later a
second coiifereme was held. Last Wednestisy.
the Unal Interview, for the present at least,;
took place. Hither Wednesday night or early
Thursday morning Minister Thurston left
Washington for San Francisco, intent upon
catching the Alameda, which sails for Honolulu
on Thursday of this week, and urging a vt*s**
Stuns resistance to all Armands whatsoever from
the I'nlted States.
MR. Tilt'RSTOX'S BOLD 8TAND.
Although the details of the several conferences
are not made public, sufficient ts known of what
occurred during their progress to show clearly*
the weakness of the proposition of the Ad?
ministration and the strength of the Provisional
Government's Bide of the case. It also shows
that while Minister Thurston has refrained from
publicly criticising the Administration's policy
toward Hawaii, he has displayed commendable*
courage and ability In asserting the dignity and
rights of Hawaii In his private conferences
with Secretary Gresham.
The first conference between the Secretary of
State and the Hawaiian Minister was long and
earnest. In a manner showing that he was con?
scious of the Justice of his cause Minister Thurs-*.
ton began the interview by expressing his great
surprise at the announced policy of the Admin-'
istratlon toward Hawaii. He called the atten?
tion of Secretary Gresham to the fact that as-v
surances from the State Department to attaches
of the Hawaiian Legation had led him to bellevs:
that no action In the case In which he was so.
greatly interested would be taken without his
previous knowledge. He said that such assur?
ances had been given only a few days before ths
appearance In the newspapers of the country of
Secretary Gresham's communication recommend?
ing to the President the course to be pursued
with respect to the tender of annexation from th*
existing Government of Hawaii. Minister Thurs?
ton then asked to be informed.as to the ground*
upon which the Administration based Its cos
elusions in the case. He said that lt might not
be too late to furnish Important information
which would have the effect of correcting the evi?
dently erroneous Impressions which the Secretary
TEE SECBETABT OF state's BERT.
In reply to this request Secretary Gresham salt
that his mind was fully made up ac to the sound?
ness of his position: thnt he had not reached his
conclusions without carefully considering ths
effect of his anion, and that no further informa?
tion on thc Hawaiian question was therefore de?
sired. Hs told Minister Thurston that he had
based his conclusion upon the report of Special
Commissioner Blount, which he believed to con?
tain full and trustworthy information as to ths
circumstances and forces which brought about
the dethronement of Liliuokalani.
Tho Secretary had nothing to say with respect
to assurances given that Minister Thurston
would be tofornMd as to the conclusions of the]
Administration In the Hawaiian case before the
announcement of Its policy. Apparently ths
Secretary did not regard assurances of the Stats
I Apartment to foreign diplomatic representatives
as a proper subject for discussion. In the pres?
ent Instance he dismissed the point by ignoring
it. To recur to lt would have been undiplo?
matic. Minister Thurston evidently thought, and .
the matter of individual discourtesy gave way'
to the International points at Issue. Nor did
Secretary Gresham make Minister Thurston fa
mlllar with the nature of the evidence upon
which he bused his recommendations to ths
President. At no time during the Interviews did
the Secretary Intimate what the report of Com?
missioner Rtount contained. He contented him?
self with saying that In his Judgment the testi?
mony furnished the State Department In rela?
tion to thc causes and incidents of the Ha?
waiian revolution was conclusive. It will be re?
numbered that Minister Thurston first learned
of the contents of Blount's report the morning
after it iras given out to the press.
Failing In his efforts to learn what Blount had
reported to be the facts relating to the over?
throw of Liliuokalani, Mr. Thurston directed the
conversation Into other channels. He asked Mr.
Gresham If there were other reasons, of which
he could speak, entering Into his decision to
overturn n Republican form of Government and
re-establish a monarchy In Hawaii.
REASONS FOR REVTORlNU THE Ql'f'.EN.
Secretary Crcsham replied that there wei* two
particular reasons which had Influenced his con?
clusions in the casa In the first place, hs
said, according to the terms of Its own proclama?
tion, the existing Government was organized to
endure until terms of union could be negotiated
with the I'nlted State.?. The proposition for
union had, Mr. Gresham sahl, been thoroughly
considered by the United Slates, but upon duo
deliberation lt was rejected. The result was
that the object for which the existing Govern?
ment had been organized ceased to exist, snd
that the Clot ernment itself, therefore, lapsed.
Tbe Secretary placed particular emphasis upon
his words, and endeavored to impress upon Min?
ister Thurston the fore of the argument that
when in the changes of a State's Government
the object for which a change was organized
ceased to exist, the authority in the Stats *ra
verted to the original power or proprietorship.
Minister Thurston was fully prepared for such
an argument. In answering he said that as
Secretary Gresham's premises were erroneous.
his conclusions were faulty and Inapplicable In
the present case. The proclamation of the Pro?
visional Government did say that lt should en?
dure until terms of union with the United
States were negotiated, but the proclama?
tion set no time in which such negotia?
tion should take place, nor did the framers
of the proclamation Intend that there
should be any fixed period in which the con?
summation to be wished should be carried mts
execution. Furthermore, the existing Govern?
ment properly reserved to Itself the right ts de?
termine with res-poet to Its own side of the case
when efforts to secure union with tbe United
States were unsuccessful. Such a union might
te-stilt in on* month after negotiations were be?
gun. It might be years before they were con?
summated. However short or long the period
during which negotiations to thle end wera pend?
ing, the time when they were to be raffUd-**4