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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 11, 1894, Image 14

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NAPOLEON.
A STUDY OF THE MAX.
THK PRIVATE LIFE OF NAPOLEON. By Ar?
thur Levy. From th.- French by Stephen Loula
Simeon. Two volumes. Pp, xii. wi; xii.. 4.1.'.
imported lay Charles Scribner's Son*.
Napoleon as the man of genius har.Hy figures
In thia bock. The battles that he fought ntra
only mentioned as If by accident. It ls the
man aa he seemed In the more prosaic inter?
course of ordinary life who engrosses tha- a lt en
tlon of M. Levy ami cf lils translator, Mr.
Simeon. Strenuous admirer of the great sol?
dier ami emper.ir ns ll, Lovjr is. li** r-annot pl ve
him heroic proportions In private lifo. He is
content to see in him the apotheosis of the mid?
dle class, the b.mrpe.'is who raised himself above
the level nf kings. Bp common, perhaps im
fonsclous. consent of mankind, certain pei Hilari?
ties nf manner are supposed to be necessary In
a given si'a-ial position. The man of wealth
newly acquired is ridiculed because he da.es not
wear his golden ornament with the sam? well
bred Indifference that characteri7.es the heir of
rich ancestors. There ls a manner for kings
and emperors. Napoleon did m>t have it. Ile
was a business man. a business niau whose oc?
cupations embrace- almost everything which the
civilized world could think about, but neverthe?
less only a business man. If he had been I citn
mercial traveller, he could not have Written to
lils wife In a more matter-of-fact way than he
did In alluding to the prepress of campaigns
?which chanted the face of Europe, if ha hail
been tbe head of a mercantile house, he could
not have been more minutely anxious than he
was about tho character and magnitude of every
bill that had to be paid. It was nn excellent
thine for France to have at th.- head of affairs
for almost a generation a msn so scrupulous ta
money mailer-.. Every one will confess that the
monarchs who had come to their trade by in?
heritance were anything but careful In such
things. They acted as if all that their subjects
possessed belonged to the kim;: Napoleon act.-d
on the theory that bo was only a steward, who
should be ready at any moment for the strict
examination *>f his accounts. "He was, per?
haps," says IC, Levy, "the only sovereign who
never contracted a loan." In ISIS, when his
power was breaking down, and when the laat
complete budget of his period was made mit, re?
ceipts and expenditures balanced exactly at
f200,o,".2,ooo, and |_ addition there was a reserve
fund of JSl.4Wi.iW0 known as the Imperial Treas?
ure. The tribute exacted frim conquered na?
tions contributed to the wealth of France, but
the healthy condition of the national funds was
largely due to the unroyal perversity of tha
Emperor in looking after busine-'s matters like
a business man. Out of an annual appropria?
tion for 1he Civil List of jr..200,0O0, fully $2,300.
000 was saved. In the c lune of his reign, the
Emperor spent $?.ooo,000 on bridges. tlO,MMM
on canals, fl ii. 400,000 on raiads, f20.OO0.OO0 on
ports and harbors, ami |S0,ooo.OOO for the enrich?
ment of museums and imperial resi lences; and
yet when he abdicated, and was carried into ex?
ile, he ]ofr France the richest nation on earth,
"in possesion of a larger amount of specie than
the rest a af Europe."
M. Levy shows how the Emperor came by
this skill in the practical economy of life. Much
has been said, particularly by If. Taine, about
heredity In the case of Napoleon. He has been
described as a portentous example of atavism,
B man bun age* after the time wh<m he would
have se-med a legitimate phenomenon in the
European world. He was exactly the man for
the old days nf civic warfare In Italy, said
those who wished to -stablish a theory at any
erst. To M. Levy all this ls amusing. "It was
as absurd," says he, "t" try to forge a Keneal-'gl
cal chain connecting the man In his h'-rcalitary
"simplicity with people like Ci-stru-c-'o-Cpstra
canl, and other robber chiefs nf thi fourteenth
an'l fifteenth centuries, as to establish his
descent form th.- princes who relgna-d nt Trevlso
In the thirteenth century." lt was easy upon
certain doubtful data lo raise an hypothesis In
which Napoleon figured as a royal brigand by
right of birth. He himself set no value nn the
assumptions that had been made for him. Oh
the contrary, he valued himself socially by the
opinions of th'ise anmnK Whom lie Anally found
himself. "He attached to the doctrine "f divine
ricrht an Importance which was almost simple."
and nothing surprised bim more than the fact
upon Which he observed' "The Pope is actually
resisting the Dourbono as he resisted me." lie,
for one, never recovered from th'- pa.;.ular mad?
ness of Europe which for many ages contem?
plated prim es of the blood royal "as made of
peculiar material." Like .very man who finds
himself in tin- eociety "f people who mai- have,
as he suspects, some occasion f.r depreciating
him. Napoleon was very susceptible to grievance
among kings. He complained on ono occasion
that the Emperor and Empress nf Austria never
asked after him; and when he fell in 1814, almost
his first thmiKlit was. "What will the kings say
now to this termination of my reign?" On the
other hand, that there was a side nf his nature
which revolted against this Involuntary conces?
sion to antique reverence for hereditary rights
is attested by the enjoyment which he sbow-.l
in satirical reflections mi royalty, a belated
courtier excused himself at the Emperor's levss
by saying that h" had "the misfortune lo get
/nto a crowil of kings" from which he found lt
Impossible to extricate himself in tini". Every?
body who h"ard the remark laughed, for Ihei ?
were, indeed, several Muirs if Paris st iii" time;
ami the Emperor, much mollified, merely wa ned
the offender not to let the accident oct ur again.
"If the bourgeois sid" of Napoleon's character,"
remarks M. Levy, "had not been made Kbund
golly 'lear to us during lh,ls study, we should
have found a startling revelation of it lu hil
??elations with sovereigns who were born kings,
he used to say-?the only people in whose pres?
ence he tried t-> put a restraint upon himself,
'he only people whose criticism of his private
life be dreaded." If li" had f"lf within himself
any assuranc" of a birth tight, however remote,
he could easily have converted himself t.. a dif?
ferent tone nf thought. It was what he himself
had attain- d. and tb" defects timi "*t*ccssarily
attend'-d a man wh" rose as be bad done, which
figured In his thoughts Thus when tim
marda-*"* with ilario Louisa was celebrated, he
experienced "intensa.- satisfaction, not unmixed
with a keen feeling of pride, that li'-, of sn li
ordinary birth, should be unlt.-al to the daugh?
ter of one nf the oldest snvi-niign houses In tb' i
world." On the other hand, the supp Stftlon, j
more or less capabb' >'f proof, that Bonapartes j
had once reigned at Trevls > furnished the Em?
peror Ot Allastiia, with sou." gralil'i' atli.ll. "I
would rot give him my daughter," was the
Old monarch's remark, "wen- I not c invimeil
that his family is as old and as good as my
own."
Prejudices such as These, which would have
been the natural result of n royal tradition in
the Bonaparte family, wuuid never have made
of Napoleon such a ruler as he became. Heredi?
tary aptitudes Tor royalty as lt had been under?
stood would have made u klug Ilk" Ennis XIV.
who was the model for all the courts of Europe;
snd Louis XIV would have been helpless in the
presence of the Frame thal was ]cf: |>y tr..
waves of the Revoiutl ni and tbe Reign of Terras.
It was Taine himself who sahl of the Frame
which Napoleon iiad to tl.-;,I with that among its
millions of atoms there were no two In Cohesion
an.l no signs anywhere nf a r-turn to a stable
equilibrium. He added?and Mr. Levy tak?s >)??
light In quoting nd drayrtk a critic of tbe Em
pcror? that "It frag as Impossible for civil Frame
to reconstruct herself gi it would be |g build a
Notre Dame or a St. Peter's with the mud and
dust of the roads." I^ouis XIV took p isseaslon
of a political mechanism which waa In running
order; Napoleon had t<? create a mechanism be?
fore he could do anything else. Practically he
bad nothing but the raw material of government
to start with. Aside from all questions of genius,
the coming Emperor In childhood and youth had
the very training rrwst likely to be useful to him.
lt was a training rn which the foremost prin?
ciple was t.i make a. little go a gnat way. The
i whole fortune of rharl-s Buonsparte, th High ii"
j was a prominent man in Corsica, wis ari estate
which yielded ab .ut |300 a year. He was an
' easy-g .ing man not likely t" in xease bis revenue.
? ll was left to his w;f" to mal." tl'" *:;"" J" f"r
a lnrg" family. Prom lier Napoleon learned
thus- babita "f frugality which followed him
thr.iugh lif.-. How much ot bis astuteness in the
most dtfOcUlt affairs was duo t ? ibe skill a -
; quired in tin- game Incessantly played in youth
between himself anil poverty, only tha- most
minute and exhaustive criticism "f every act
and every writing of his could show. Tills much
is certain. A man thus trained could nit ex
? pc-ct t,, -pave th.- finical delicacy a.f those lum in
th" purple. He had a heavy band and nobody
was mur.- consc.'aius nf the fact than himself.
Contemplating Napoleon Pimply as a business
man of tin- mid.Ile class set to organize and rule
an empire because this was a w.irk that needed
t,i h.- d,m" uti'l li" was th" only man on earth
that could do it, too much bas certainly been
meda of bis relations with his family, if he waa
himself, so far as manners w.-re concerned,
rasia)j! the prosperous dtlxen, what wera they
i expected ?" be? M. Levy devotes m.mi chapters
i to discussing what Napoleon did fur each of his
brothers and Sisters anal what each did in return.
j Ile makes a good case of beneficence on the part
! of the Emperor and of ingratitude "ii the part
'of his relatives, lint it ls n..t shown nor, If
one may Judge fraim the general sspect cf Hie
literature of the subj vt. can lt li.- shown?that
this ingratitude was premeditated. Napoleon
wished to look mi hims.if and on tho Bonaparte
family just as he i ...ked on hereditary royalties.
ll- could not convince himself; and it was n il to
be expi-a't.-d that where he was unable to make
his own actions harmonize willi bis wishes, be
should persuade his "relatives, notoriously less
penetrating than he. They got vastly more fun
out Of*Europe than he did; and after nil, bis
mother was right when she presaged a turn lu
the wonderful fortunes of the family and thu*
exciisftd habits of parsimony which had bc ."nie
second natur" with her.
As a partisan pf Napoleon, M. Levy sharply
criticises the conduct of his wives, Josephine
and Maria Louisa, Ha Insists that Jose?
phine never loved her husband, but lt was
hardly necessary ,lo reiterate ths gossip of
"?nain people against her character In or?
der to excuse the fact that Napoleon at
last turned against her. Whether Maria
Louies ever felt any affection for him or
m.t, she must !>-> considered as the victim
Of International politics. On every side M. Levy
shows that Napoleon was a benefactor ta. others,
bul he betrays th" fact, too, that th" great man's
gauid deeds wera rarely without some addition of
bitterness to the recipient. When bis mai shuts
turned against him they certainly Incurred the
contempt of th" world. But they wera only
human, af'-r all. in resenting th.- spirit which
took such a vast deal nf credit to itself for
discovering lb" good qualities nf others. He
never forgot t? > help his friends and ic- never
allowed th.ni to forget that they bad been
helped. Naturally memory on mia- sill" <.r lbs
other, soona-r or hiter, was bound to resent the
burden. If Napoleon bad cherished high notions
on the subj-ct of gratitude, he would surely
never ba v.- kepi Talleyrand in his service; f.-r
that sharp-witted political philosopher obvi?
ously valued past favors merely as the earnest
of favors to c.mi''. M. Levy alludes lo scenes,
such as have been described in detail in the
recently published memoirs "f (Chancellor Pa,
outer, in which Napoleon's violent rebukes
threatened ihe ruin nf Talleyrand. Ya t the
latter continued t i be of ure. In considering
Napoleon's relations with men winni he bene?
fited either In military or rlvll hf'-, we munt
remember If. Levy's definition of him ns a
bourgeois As such. If he obtained from rn- n Ihe
Service for which be paid, he got all that bia
training and knowle.Icc Of th.- world led him tai
expect. It ls doubtful if ingratitude ever cost
Napoleon any wakeful nights. Ile waa too well
seasoned for mich nonsense.
HAILY LIFE IN ATHENS.
REST" 'KIN
THE ANCIENT OR
VITAL ACTIVITY.
To
THir HOME LIFE OF TIIK ANCIENT GREEKA
Translated from the German ot Prof. H
HlUmner by All-re "Slmmern. with numerou,
Illustration*-. Pfc xv.. M. Ths Cassell Pub?
lishing <" 'inp.my.
1'erhaps the title of this book should have
been "The Everyday Life of ths Ancient
Greeks," for it Includes much thal la only re
motely connected with the household, lt en?
ables one to restore, ss far as may be, th. u
pstlona of an Hellenic man or woman as child
and adult, and to follow eacta t > the grave.
The <iia-u baby In ths classic period although
that period was in general culture and set I vi ty
m.a^t like the present sge lookafd not unlike an
Indian pappoose. ll was wrapped In swa l
dllng bands thal wound every limb, Tins wrap?
ping was of soft woollen material, snd ll was
the proper .?.veting of the Infant f.r months
for as much as two years, if Plato ls to be
trusted. Uncomfortable as a baby i oks in
the pictures thal have been preserved, tbe
banda seem not to have been tightly drawn.
Over this .-o.v.ii Ling a second garment was put,
snd thus protected the little Cn.* slept
through much of th.- firs! period of bis ur.- in an
osier basket, bung up like a hammock. If the
child were a daughter or weak or deformed or
burdensome t . the father's poverty, ll might,
even In tbe best ages of Hellenic civilisation, ba
exposed to <n<- or to be rescued by the tender?
ness a.f strange-*--. There ls still extant a fain.nu
Greek novel of a very late period which turns
upon ;i <i .ul.'.- Incidenl of this aort. Bul
tlie practice was --are am,itu; Athenians,
While tii.-r" was ni such variety of loya as
that known to modern times, tba lit::" Qreeka
did nol lack such things altogether. They had
their tiny wheeled carts, their rattles, their dolls,
th. ir hoops, h ibby-tt-oraes, kit-.s. whirligigs, balls,
seesaws and swings. They bad toys by which
tli"v could Imitate thc graver occupations of their
elders. Th- little girl had beds for her dolls
and utensils with which she could play keeping
house, while her brother cxild be a soldier with
sword sad shield and bow snd well-Ailed quiver.
Bli* Ki- girl grew up within the house, learning
nothing beyond ber household duties. On Ihe
otbej hand, the boy began al six years of ag- the
outward life windi be usually led tin he died.
An old slave, who was probably good for little
.-is" and who had b.-'-n much with th" I a < 1 al?
ready, io one eventful day gathered up nih
things as were needful and foi!,.weal bis young
master to school, He was always expect! i t.
carry the b .y's booka anil cithara and his play.
things and to wall either In the schoolroom or
n.-ar it until lesson time was mer. Ila- was not
always exemplary in his manners .,r his morals;
but he must have improved in Roman times,
when slaves, being Qreeka, were spl to know far
mora than th'-ir owners, f.,r th- name lie went
by, thai of "pedagogue," has become quite r.
apectabls since his day. Hs was supposed t,.
iiav?- charge of his young master until the latter
reach'-d his eighteenth year. As for the School
to whick the lad went, it was simplicity it elf.
if bs were tbs non of poor parents be might
resort to a teacher who merely gstbered his
pupils sb ml him In the open air. Bul even those
Who taught in roams ha I m-iiKr.- quart, rs. The
author of this i?,.,k ipsaka of benches f.-r lbs
boys, bul there is .-. pasaags lu Aristophanes
which would Indicate that th., hui,, reliowa hui
i. . | I. ii comforts, a vase painting which h.- baa
raprodured does Indeed represent a young lyrial
sitting on a bench; but this may be a picture .f
Just oin- ,.f thOM luxurious Ochooia already men?
tioned, ii- this as it may, elementary education
was practically universal in the Attica of lbs
daggle peri,.ii. f-.ipie wh., ,-,,?],i nether rea l
nor writ.- wi- les common in ancient Greece
than they gre at the present dav |? m,ny pnris
of the civilized World.
When boys reached their Sixteenth year Behool
life usually came to an end. Rut (heir education
was not supposed to be complete. They now
gave themselves np largely to the gymnastlc
trainlng which had ben begun long before.
Th?y were ranged in classes according t.i age
ami proficiency, and having complete] the
course, wera at nineteen sworn In as citizens
nf tin- State. Hitherto tnej bad worn the usual
dress of boy.-:, the chiton or tunic, and the wide
pl.c,. of cloth, which when wrapped around the
body was known as the hlmstl m. Bul now they
threw- off th- blinni m snd i'l,; "ti sh" Theses
lian mllltan cloak called the chi imys. They had
th.-ir bair cu* mil b--iin- th" honored guests
at a family festival. Then they received In the
theatre arms and wpre presented to the people
formally as the c imingdi fenders of tbe State. The
youthful p'-ii d ended arith a term of service as
cavalry guarding th- frontier. The young man's
marriage bad usually ben provided for by til"
foresight of I.is fatber or guardian, and In nins
cas.-s out of *. ii bis wedding I - l; place about
the last of January or ti!" beginning ..f Febru?
ary. Then be had to muk.- his wife's acquain?
tance, lt ls remarkable that under such con?
ditions titer.- I- any reflection of true love In
th,- literature "f Greece. An Indispensable pre?
liminary "f tho marriage ceremony was that
both brid" and brldegr.n should bathe in wster
brought from sonia- stream deemed sacred. The
bride sacrificed ber dolla ami locks of her bair in
honor nf some goddess. A h..table Incident,
which connected Hf" at Its l? st a' Athens
with that cr wild r.-i"s. was tic requirement Ihe
young wif.- was under to b>- foin.ally admitted
ililo her husband's clan. Mer life was barely
bss secluded now than when she waa a malden.
For ths husband Hf.- went on much as before;
ib.it is, be was as little at bom" as possible.
Rising almost with th.- sun h.- bsd a scanty
breakfast "f bread and wine. Ai sn Athenian
fi.-, ni in ii- could not be a handicraftsman, and
so lie spent his mornings usually In visiting
friends, tailing a turn in ihe gymnsstum, ami
talking politics lu places of public resort es
I.lally iii barter shops, which wera favorite
places for discussion In literature and theology.
About mid-day he vv nt home to a light repast
that wis like th- m.ail,-rn luncheon; mid again,
unless h.- were a man of learning or of serious
purpose, ra-tuniail t.i th" public places f.ir gossip
and annis, in. M. Kat.- in th.- afternoon I bath
Indicated bis intention of going home .,, dinner,
which was served sboul sunset Exi-pt for his
duties as a citizen, whick were h'numerated from
the tim" of pericles onward, Ihe Athenian free?
man was usually an idler. Everything was dopo
for him by slaves, lia- could meddle with no
tiiid.- unless merely aa an employer and master.
The useful arts were thus left lo th" servile
class, and to Immigrants like tbs areal orator
Lysiaa, who could nol hope for the privileges <.f
citiz.-ns. Nol only waa the Athenian gentleman
thoroughly ? man al.t town; ke was also a per?
sistent diner-out. Hospitsllty wenl far In His
Atti'- capital, as one may see bj passages here
and there; for example, In Plato's dialogues. Not
only did private banquets serve ?.? kill s great
ib-al of time, but lhere were also Ihe public
feasts Besides Ik.here were varied public
performs nc -s of _ rvllgl ms i h.r. a< ter The Gre*
religion was one slmosl wlthoui .a priesthood.
An Athenian had n i i om eptl ii ? :' ? n) thin.* like
regular attendan.ti religious exercises In a
temple. When he thoughl th it he needed the
help of a deity, h.- wm int > a temple and prayed,
or be prayed wherever he was, stretching his
banda upward, if ii- address" I i keavenly
deity, or sean ird, or I. wnrd Ike eartk, .1- 'iii' ?:
to the god's attributes .t.i supposed ??? it. Bul
th.- dally riles ' - I to the'hom.
Public rellglou -??:?? i- we ~ represt-nl I 01
Ihe great festivals, tbe Panathenal.i, Ihe Thes
mophoiise, Ihe rn; 1 lol les of ] the fra si
of Dionysus, rind above all Ihe plays In Ihe
theatre, which, lt* nol reiigjioua ki their lltei
purp rt, were pi as religious duty. If
w:f? this pious asp t of the air.m. 1 which ?rar
ranted Peril les In ?????;? iparl Thi .ri ?
Fund, th" ? h .?... ?! ? for paving the enti
f. es of ihe people. Oul fl he 1 tn ? r. t of this
fi.11 l grew Ihe Hrs! ? talon fi r :!?? 'ti-- ti k. ts;
and th'-se. 1- ri Ihey were permanently use?
ful wera metal 1 In the fa,rm f what would
now be railed countera or trade tokens.
There was .-tr, . < nae for the Idleness nf the
Athenian citizen In th- limes when lits city wis
a power in tl,.- world ll- was In el I Idler
of th.- Slat.-, always .-.vv Ulm- orders !?? sn tn
war, Neither slaves nor fm ?imi'-: - i-mii?l take
bis pin.-.- in th-- army ??. navj SoMlers ft ?? 1
time Immemorial lei', been Idlers w)i--t: pen ?
r Igned Hui tie- phi -^ il reaaon foi hi-- ?
nf occupation w.iv doubtless his "*om|-ai
nearnesi 1 1 th- primlib ?? sis'?? in va hi. h msn
does nothing bul hint m n-i, ,.t- fight, leaving
all 1 tier ilutl.s !.. wa nan. lu tl,.- mi.Nt ..' this
paradise of the unlahorlous lhere were th se
who burr...1 th., midnight 'il Euripides In his
cavern, Demo ihen??s in 1:1- lonelj Mud'.- and
others fl I most Innumerable Perl les ls renowned
no| les f ir his taciturn Industry ihnn f ?
control o'. 1 a fickle p opie ..- ft his 'iii.il mis
fortunes Hui ihe average Athenlnn citizen was
more Industrlaitis .1 1 talker nnd listener than
as 1 thinker He had as ,- ? - ? 1 > 'un- for i ?? ?
generations as ever fell t. ii..- lol --f .1 mortal
Wbll- h.- lived he !? id Bocraii - nnd I lalo an 1
Aristotle I ' '? irk bim; h.- h id Demosthi 1 ??-?
and Acs-'iln's io preach tn bin. ha- had R*,|ih?>
1 hs anl "wi"'? nh.ii. lo wilt- bis plays When
h.- fell III h.- was treated lc ph? "binns who
v. ere almost s. li ntlfli In th- lr methoda, and when
h" died i?" was often honored with artistic
offerings lt. bis tomb ai.'! over lt that for mere
beauty wera worth) ol ? - * * .?!.---.! preservation.
Th,- story "f bl' bi'- and deatk ls well told
in this v..lum", whick is lo saint" extent Miss
/imm.-rn's 'awn rather than a mere transla?
tion nf Profess -r Blllmn. 1' w il: in flermsn.
MHS. CltOSLANITS SKETCHES.
rn
PEN PORTRAIT- OP PAMOUfl PERSONS.
LANDMARKS OF \ i.ITKRART t.lFK By Mr-.
Newton t'roslsnd K'nmilla Toultnlii-. rp xi , '."'V
I'linti- -i s'i rlbni 1 s Hons,
Til.- auto r .,f "Mrs. Blake" 1 ?<! rood opportuni?
ties fir Katherina up b tr. isi re of III rory uni 1 r
Mori.il reminiscence, Bul s'..- ra-memben tie- cl :r
acteristlca of th- people whom sh* knew beater
thnn their saylnss and doings, Her book, 1 ?? no
means a largs ons, ts a little gsllery -f 1-.r? ?
si.Tii- Anlsbed, aome m'-r. ly suggested in b few
lines well drawn. She dates lier own direct memo?
ries from sboul ISO, Ihoush tin- iir-,t public event
which sin- remembers wi-* tbs con nation nf 1 ;?? ?>-,.
IV, in July, IIB. Her parents were Intimately ac?
quainted arith :i Moasieur V . ui... was called
ths elerie of the kitchen al the Carlton House, , ?.-1
doubtless through h.r childish Inten 1 In bim ske
remembered arba! ske heard sboul iii:: ncist.r. the
Kum, psrtlculsrly one Incident which Monsieur
V-must bs ve told with triumph, "1 ne ?! ti..
Klin: l think it was when b- iv.1- Prince Regent
H-nt fir Monsieur V . srlsblng t.. apeak tai him.
Amsnd,' he exi Islme I. sd tressing him by his <"hrls
ii.m nain-, always with Qeorge IV a mark of favor,
?| have been told thal to enjoy a beefsteak in per?
fection lt i-iiaaiiM h.- eaten 1iir.1t from the gridiron,
ia) I am thinking of bringing a frk ni or two to
niip off un., in ih.. kitchen.1 No doubt, ile.* eonver
-ati ni was iii French, though I beard lt reported
ti English. I think tin- scene waa at Chriton House,
Un- foHosring evening being the am., appointed, sm,,ri
is tin- ilma- was for preparation, Monsieur V
SPSS able lo hav ilia- kitchen dunc. With Cllmi iii
-loth .mi otherwise decorated, until it appeared
1 handsome sail- ft manger; univ the grilling rook
ilsoa in the presence "f 1)1- prince and his boon
?omp-inl.ins. Wini other rlands were added lo the
I'uneiv Bleak I know n.if; hit 11,.. supp r waa
.ronoiiiii-.-.i a great success, sad tks rev Iry of 1;
sst**] for hours."
Tlie author remsmbers also un
lbs ha-anl fraan on- v. lia ii 1
mi i -t -. whick
it. of Ike (In-1
Kng.'lsh brunch
HOlSChlld, "HS the fall.lille!- !
? f the fainllv ue.-'l t.i.- calls I
In those early day* ..f" George Th- Fourth's ????n
knew well a stockbroker ?: some eminence, vii.
I ll , VV 11. ? Wis .11 .i 0| -||,. ??, li,,--!, leciil-*,"
ind, like some othei.-. -r ii - "notion' whom l nave
"??-ii fortunate enough t-> know, > man f m-nk- i In.
egrit) '""' aciiv benev>-l nee tVnen he ass ii
-erj young nun I.rten transa led affairs with
totkschlld, hut 'Hi one occasion th.- niulnesi on
ie- exchange whick ke ind i. tnn.--.i-t <? ia on *-..
snail a scale that se took it io ? >*n famous
muse. Somebon or other, Rothscnlid beard mat
.?? had done so end the ni \- time they :n.-t re
?ul:"l him lu asking "hy be bsd net . ine Pa him.
"Oh, ,ir." replied Mr. D, II-, -i tho-:*tht a
natter of IR ponce too small tr, larina-; h?re."
"Ah. but hishn-ss ls bi-ahn-^s." returr.el the arent I
n,n
As a youthful ca'titrihutor tr, ??The Annual,." e>
nucn the fu-ainon ja ara ugo, Mis, Toulmln waa a I
1 not Infrequent visitor at th" house of Lady Dleae
I in-rton, and ls Strongly Ini'lln-'l to d-fend the mem
I c.-y of that much malign?.1 w-ajman. ll was at
Lady maaalngton'a that sar saw Count d'Orssy, i f
whoa :-;?:?? remarks critically that "hi! t-seth hid
gape betw vn tkem, wHIck csuoed his smile to de
? ? erate Into something spprosehlng a "meer; and
kia kai ls, large and white iTn-i apparently soft,
had nol tbe physiognomy which piesses Ihe critical
| observer and student of haoda" Sha-saw there also
I Louis Napoleon, then lately esoiprd from liam.
' She thought him one of tbs ugll -' t"-" ?h? ha'1
a -.-? r Been,
His no? seemed enormous, snd his eyes s-inken
j and small. Mis complezlon waa bo darkly st.r.ow
1 thal it reminded me of Carlyle's description ?.f the
"sea-green Robespierre." Nevertheless, 1 admired
his simple manners, wiil-h were maire "Ike those
nf an English gentleman than what we ? t -- ?? 1 to as
, i >'i it.- with ? Frenchman. There was na more *-*?*
tlculatlon or emphasis of ?p?J > lh-?n wu bedim
; lng-.
Another maji whom -.he had little liking f.-r was
: L-iirh Hi.nt. whom she saw wh.:: bs was most
| famous "He dwells in my memory," she srrites,
j "as a thick-set man of nearly sixty, with tine
dark a-v-s and whitened hair, with his portly person
encased In a white waistcoat which was ?. mply dis
plsyed by bia kabtl of throwing t..i.-i_ tbe lappela
of ,'.s coal and Inserting his thumb In tlie armholes
of the waist.-oat. ... I must confess thal he
seemed th" va ry type of self-satisfied, arrogant vul?
garity." She knew Iiouniiis Jerrold, nf Whom she
i na thal h- "was st his best when most serious;
hut th.n be iras nat always tn the m-oi io talk
f -ri lusty." Her acquaintance Included aJso rot a
f.-.v Americans. Of Bayard Taylor she Bays:
"Ther- ar.- people whom you may like much, and
kn -v lo fl considerable extent very quickly, and
Bayard Taylor was, i think, in ? of th---." Like
everybody else, she observed Hawthorne's painful
shv-ii'-- "he ulm..st -resented tte- r.omage thal was
paid kim " sh- saw Mrs. Harri,*! Be-wher Blows
in th- glow of fame, and remarks: "I luppose rho
w.is under forty yatara of age, but her ikln itoked
dry snd withered, ss if by n lettled lan. Her
countenance waa distinctly inteil'-ien", :?' I can
fancy certain commonplsos people ranking her is
one of themi In * snd rather a/oniertng bow she
could have written Buck a book."
Th"-"- ar" bul esamples of Mrs Croslaad's r-m
Inlscences. Phe looked si everybody v.-itii keen, yet
sympathetic, Interest, and thia book ifcowa that at
four-s. re she his still a faithful memory. Tbs
front (apiece i^ a port ra I ( cf ihe author in Ihi i -
lilma of m.iTij years ????v.o.
LITERARY NOTES.
Mr Swinburne's "Nota <>n Charl.ute Hr ant-."
Which bas long been oul "f print, la iii he repub?
lished Immediately. This is tbs Mt of criticism In
whi.h tha- poet praises tbs author "f "Jans Kyre"
al the e-apei se of tbe author of "The Mill on the
i avhlch bi a very foolish and inartistic tklng
for s critic to do.
Hr, Bret Harte's "Silly Dows" <hs story of a
Southern Kiri -has swak ned the wrath of the Muth?
ern resder, who calla lt "rubblah," and says in
"The Bout hern Magazine" unpleasant things about
Mr Harte's "shallow- perception," "poverty of ethi?
cal Insight" and "California rounterfetta." More?
over, this weary crin.- holds that he ..ni his have
"suffered In patience" a pestilence of st >ri"s of the
Routh "from lbs Grub Btreei writers of B aston an i
Ki w-Vorb "
"Life's Lime ironies" ls tba striking title of
Thomas Hardy', forthcoming volume of eighteen
? -torlea lt is to be brought oul by ii:- Harpers
\ I ok which once belonged to Que -n Marv St ii ,rt
nri which bas "Marla lt Scotorum" stamped rn
y . \ on ihe corer is , on to tn- sold In Olaagow. lt
la a ropy of Bess's "Confesslone della Fede Chris?
tians," and bi on.- item In fl collection of *.i? vol
. relating to Mary Stuart.
j .. r-bja ?? ??' all rrttlclsm, says James Bussell
?. || in the plea ? inl Utile paper publish, i in lbs
curra ?:( "i'- ? lui ? nol to i rill Ise, h-it r , under?
stand. More than this. Aa >'?u a ll (ind ll more
whola*, fl id ii re salutary ?? your own
chara tera ? tudy the vlrtuea thnn the defecta "f
ir frten ls, so In I llersture li seems t i me wiser
? . I ? >k f ar .ri .iutli .r's strong i-"ints than his wesk
bi I ? ? . islder thal every man, ti1* the French
liable t ? Ihe di facts of hi* qualities.
A'.-iv ? "ii ls useful In Inducing s Judicial
Imbil ?-' mind, and leaching us t-> karep our In
t.|..-t-iii temper, When Mr. Matthew Arnold
-? tkespe-rtre with exaggeration, lt shall not
: . ? it pul in-- upon honest Incjuli y
.1 .. ii when er ll ? I tull la In tba gre it
. ? of i-'.-ts ,.r in one of the subtlest of uni. - Hy
. r exactly what he means, and this
ii-1 in helps me to s kn ivrtedge of his own limits
lions a- .i critic I think I ??>?? that bis love of
? has carried him t >? f.ir. and that
? .> exclusli. iv lotellectual i mein
il we mus', ns Shakespeare himself s-.iv,,
?pla) with oui fai I and believe we aee.' "
im.- of ihe quain! remembrances of Bobert I.onls
s%??.--,-.i. - South Sea lift, H thal of kia Honolulu
mouse \ small shelf hung over ik.a h whereon
be U--I to Ile when ill and tryon- to forget bia pain
In "tooting" -.ii his Rageolet Out on thia ,h-if tba
mon,, w nhl ?? ? nture, an I bo w b van ? -
t a-n- na t . delight i-i th- ii-.- ? ? . iresae, ir it
i.mm i ??? .if-n'i.ii it v. nil scratch on Ike
shelf and make a little whine or song t.> attrs
I, bi i after a time ll actually persuadi l bs
spouse tn | i dall) visit to the musician In Ka
i .i.i| itiv.
The lady who, ..-? Ml a Duncan, used to writ*.
newspsi r letters fr .ai I'.m.il.i and who produced
'?i "A -' lal Departure" sn uncommonly sparkling
i> ok of tr ?. ??!. ti n wi .ti. n a n eel. lt l" to I..- pub?
lished soon under th- title of "A Daughter .>f To
i' i' " Ml i ? ? in ls now Mrs ?\.r. -, and tires la
In Ila.
"Books ?f Beauty" and "La b-"' Keepsakes." tb.it
twaddling "literature" of Bfty and sixty years ago,
li iv* gi ???? ii - ? rare thal lt n a *
roller-ton ni.. not been taken with a
passion for th m. "Tbe Saturday Bevies '
'?iii ??!' tba m Ihe i ther day: "lt is quits cer?
tain that gom . binding ind exquisite prints were
a'fi--n Illustrative <-f exr-?llenl contributions rr..i:i
re i!li emin ni uithor*, such as the flrsi L..rd Lyt?
ton, Savi. I.it. in, Benjamin Disraeli, the ts >
I lo wi tis, Mr Buskin, Mi llemana and L ll. L.
1'robahly depreciating ai I unfavorable comments
may ha vi i.i provok"*d bj the Introduction of other
and third rale corni.Illona In prose or poetry, th.
latter somewhat of th- following type. A cynical
cr,in- rulghl w. il I..- templed ta forget si tries by i
brilliant n vellsi ..r -,-?. 11 verses bj a rising politi?
cian if bis eye fell, Iel us say. on th.- following ef?
fusion in Ike "Book of Beauty," by tbe Honorable
Matll li Dimity:
Oh! ya. I will cherish, I'll cherish
The ., \,? thai yo i m.il- long ago,
li,:.: broken-h. irti 'I I perish,
And in tba- cold Ki-.iv.- be laid low.
. >r, again
t?h. ye-,, i remember, September,
In Sa pt. inlier we mel la the val. :
I remember, September, September,
in September you told me your tale.
Mr .h.. , ph r. oneil la preparing for the Macmillan,
a volume on "Modern Hank Illustrations." lt I, t.,
ba Included in th- ex-Llbrta Series Mr. Walter
Cranafa volume, "Ths Deoorstlva Illustration of
Hooks," is in th." pre a
H. ll. Crockett, th.- author of "Tue Btlckll Min- ,
later," has written .v book, which ihe Mac
indians will soon publish under the title of "The
Balders." Mr I'nai-k-it, who is a .-*.-,itch clergyman
ShOHl Uilriv liv yean old. Waa Induced to try his
linn l at Action hy tbs sxhortstlona of Mr. Steven?
son.
Hundreds "t" K'u>-sts h."I lust ri-*.-n from the dining
tables lu the salon of th- Academy of Arts ia st.
P t-i ,ii,rx 'iii. members of the Ministry, tte- Grand
Duke Constantine t'onatantovltch, the Prince of Old
? nhill l,\ the most famous military men of the Em?
pire ami th.- hu,hrs In the Russian world of poli?
tics, literature nnd an. were all standing in groups
about the room. Suddenly entered a mini rind in
th- costume ...' tko lower i'leases Looking al-out
iiim f.r ii moment, ba walked rapidly toward tbs
i; .air of honor, near which al.i a kandsome ?r.iv
t-.alred man upon whose bn i I bad been placed .i
f.-iv bonn before tba Insignia of the Stanislaus
tinier. Kneeling before il.ll man. amid lbs pr.
found Bllenca ..r tba gathering, be ..-led:
"i thank rou, Dimitri SVaastljerltcb, In tbs nama
of tbs pssasnta i am a peasant, tha s.m of Anton
Goramykas, i kiss your feel "
Thi, unusual trlbuts wsa paid lo Dimitri Wim
T-iijevit'h Qrigorovltch, lbs Russian novelist, st
las recent celebration in hain.ir ,?r tba fiftieth imnl
Vsrssry of lu, appearance a, an author It gave
him (treater pleasure than al! nth?r tribute, from
colleagues, friend, and nal.nlrers. for lt came from
a class of people which had always excited his
,vmp.?..y ?,'mm mt ****? "* "** *"" m"c'
,?.. ?.?'-'f'.lu*_,.!nar.',;?"? Sa-MF-.'
_y?7?S^-__Se_5
allt-1.,r became known as lbs ' , , tn,
Downtrodden." Uh. nppotatseenl aa dir-ctor of tn.
... tenburg School of Art and Museum assur-.
J2 Tn Scorns and allowed him < > devote span
,.,... Z literature. Ona of his latest books, th.
Cronus of Charity." -s devoted tomMf JJJ
pleturs Of the misery of the proletarians. The bool
5 the tim.' excited the enmity of many peopfc
who haal been his frien.ls. but this, has bee;, for
gotten an.l the whole nation Joined In the celebra
tia.n "f bia anniversary.
Trade kath its poetry-oi- at any rate the resllstk
novelist thinks lt haft An aspirant for honors lr
tbs school has come f.irw.ird with a "Komanc- ol
. Drygoods Drummer." Was it this sort of u-.n,
that Victor Hugo had In his mind when he talkec
of the author's power t.i add a new shudder to Ul
srsture? it i* all very wall to erect an altar t
Cupid beside the bargain oounter. Ko doubt th.
signings of Borneo will take on a more harrowln
ahade ..r grief when they are Intersperse.! by th<
berolne'B Impassioned cry of "Cash!" But
Concerning Carlyle's judgment Of other anthon
an Km-llshma-i of to-dsy cleverly says that thejj
w.re orton t.BMtntlog to bs trus: "they asemotl
h. search and BUh their victims-anJ come out a
tong way a.a the other side."
?,-.?? otherwise Mr. Qulller-Touch. lovss ihe
author's trade. "My calling Bes me to no ofBei
' he writes, "mik"., na no man's slaw, com?
pels ms ti no action that my saul condemns. I* SStl
me free from town life, which I loathe, an.l ailOWl
rn- to breathe clean air, to exercise limbs as weil si
brain, to tread good turf snd wak- up every morn?
ing to the sound and smell of 'he sra sad that addi
prospect which to my eyes la tba desrest on earth.
All happiness must be purchased with a price,
though people seldom recognise this; ami part of thc
pri." is that liviii-- thus a mun caa never smsas a
fortune. But as it is extremely unlikely that I cou;.!
h.ive done this In sny "thar pursuit. I may claim
that I have the better <>r the bergala."
"Q." saya that his desire to mil a story was
awakened by tbe reading of Stevenson'a "Treasure
is:,mil." Tba youth wsa then only nlnet,->en anal a
sTudent at Oxford; nnd the germ of his tlrst book,
"Dead Man'a Kock," he found In a bit of family
Mr. i;:,i l.-i me's alleged Intention to learn the
Basque tongue at Blarrlts la an invention of a c ir
respondent .if tbs "Figaro." Hi learned French
when elderly, but he found In French llterattir.; an
Incentive to study that teague Hs made s speech
ai I a Wonderful om- lt was ni French when ks was
eighty-two years old. lt was almost an Improvised
one for lt was .hil-, r-1 at a banquet hastily ar?
ru ge I, Where strain most abowsd Itself was on the
, ? r's face, the brow being knit and the nostrils
compressed, ll" mid" the s.im? evening another
speech In English. During Its delivery ths coun?
tenance t..ok a quite different expression, because
be waa speaking in a familiar language. Th"r*e ls
n . Basque literature one of th-* few books pub?
lished In it is a transl.itl.ni of the "authorised vcr
bK n" a.f the Bible, the tran ilator of which wsa Prince
Lucien Bonaparte, who died a few yeara ago in
Bayswater. And now it appears that the Basques
do nol understand the dialect which th-* Prince
mad" um of. Voltaire, in speaking of Basque more
thnn a hundred years before the Prince Attempted
h ? translatl. rt, said "Tke Basques say they un.ler
atand each other, but I don't believe them."
The playful "Bill Nye's" "Comic History of the
("ni teal si-if.;" j-, ;.? be published Immediately by
th.- l.lpplncotts, A surprising fact not heretofore
Lt-cv a t. people "f this region ls revealed in it?
that General Howe deckled to a-.ipiure Brooklyn
tlr'f bo that he mlirht have a place tai sleep in while
taking New-York.
TENNYSON'S YOUTH.
t_
RECOLLECTION.. OF MPS. W. II. BROOK?
FIELD.
'rh.- recollections of Tennyson's youth, .lust pub
lisheJ In "Temple Bar" by his old friend, Mrs.
lirookflel'l, are full a.f interest This lady, as the
? ? ?;sln of Arftmr Hallam and the wife of th" po->i's
college friend, W. ll. Brookfield, knew Tennyson
r .r in-iiiy yomrm as well ss any worn ouatstSa los
own family could know hun. finding him always,
she says, consistently loyal toward those wh.ini bs
ii.i 1 once.pied as lils friends. Her flr*t irllmpie
. f lum rame before i.^r marriage, when her be
t rot bed brought him to cali upon h-r um! upam
her father, --"ir Charita Piton, himself a poet ot
i ima reputation. At this period the young Tenny?
son was wonderfully han Isome and of tall and
Stately pr's'::.".
"Although alwaya courteous," says Mrs. Brook
'. I "he was on this BM visit to us reserved and
silent for some time, until ks gradually Uiawsd
under th- lympathetlc Influence ..f bis fri.-nal Hi\>ok
iiii. lo arbom be was greatly attached, an.l the
conversr.tlon I.ams generally Interesting sad
agreeable, Har when B sllrht |>ai!,e occurred Ten
nv.-a.in slowly r>S" from his .-hair, and with grave
deliberation laid his hand mi my father's remarka?
bly tui" and Intellectual head, Baying; 'Yoi must
? i ? a greal many f""i;?h things, sir, with this great
bump of i ? n- rolenee of yours.' My father answered
genially, 'l dare say I do'-and w,> \vre all much
amused, though a little awed, at the same time."
i .ii-- of the pleasantest things Mrs. Brookfield says
sboul the poet bi thal he was thoroughly kind, com
p --iiTi.il" .mi sympathetic with all genuine trou
ble or perplexity, ill** sen--- ..f humor, she de
c la res, w.n always Ilk" a reserve fund, ne.ir at
hand In dally Ufa?"and the exe eding dignity ami
seriousness of his usual demeanor mads the,.- fre
quent hashes a.f amusement th.- more welcome."
In blt younger days he would allow his friends
to laugh it. sa well as arith bim, and receive u
with only playful Indignation; sometimes, perhaps,
he would wilfully provoke th.-ir criticisms. On one
occasion, aft-r the) had l.-ft Cambridge, mv hus
b.in.i retnemh red dining with Tennyson, Oeorge
Venable, and others al tke Beform Club, lifter
Jinner, In con tempi of all formality, Tennyson
persisted in resting his f.-.-t on the table. His friends
remonstrated In vain, until one of them sai.i- "Take
cu.'. Alfred; the* will think v,.u are Longfellow."
Down w.ht the feet. . . . Although with his tntI
ii'..t.- friends his conversation was full of depth
iii.l rarnestness on ail serious subjects, he would
from tim- to time greatly .imus.- ih.-m with hum.ar?
ius nights of fancy, amounting sometimes to hyper?
bolical exaggeration, which those wko knew mm
av.'il iMuid never misunderstand, but which might
?cly perplex a nea acquaintance.
\ very delightful .ui.1 highly cultivated friend sf
nra. who belonged to a strictly conventional sec?
tion .'! society, hail gladly accepted an Invitation
to meet reanyson al our house. Bhe haal real his
".'?try wini great admiration, and was prepared
to make bis acquaintance with reverent enthual
is'ii. Il" was, hov. ayer, SS retiring as usual, when
sith absolute -urangera, and the graceful deference
.i our d.-.ir rriends demeanor toward him did n.>t
it tlrst tend t.. dispel his sin ness; later In th.- even
mt. however, when Alfred had realised thal this
ady was an Intimate mend of oura, and Hun we
articulacy wished that bs should make himself
igreeable to h-r. be went up to ber with good
i unreal friendliness, saying: "I could not lind any
bing t.. ny to you before .limier, bul now that
! have a bottle oi oort lu ni,- i ,-an talk aa much
', you Uk.- My friend was al Ural rather
Harmed al this playful announcement, receiving i'
is a literal aaaertlon. But she was soon reassured
yy the-serious Interest -r hi, oonveraatlon, which
eal ted all her expectation. Thia l, bul a trifling
ncldent t,i recall, bm ii is one of those early
em nlscences of hla bachelor days which Beams to
ii" lo acquire interest from its very Blmpllclty.
-Mr--. Brookfleld, In describing a visit at l/ir.l Ash
lurton'a place, Ku,s an amualng picture sf "Ten
lyaon'a coming Inl i breakfast rather late one morn
ng, wini a perturbed expresses* of face, and bis
vinci., in his han.i. saying with grssl gravity, 'My
vatch hus atopped, What am 1 t.i dof We all felt
? ii-. rn. .1 for a moment, until, l think it was Mr.
Fairbairn, who, aa a practical maa. with saual
-rarity, rose from kia a-hair. to,>k the watch from
Mfr-d's band, asked for bis key, wound lt up, and
llenily returned lt ts its osmer."
When hi, friend of a llfethne, Mr. Brookfleld,
lied, th" poet wrote t.i tba widow a nate at tba
nd of which he Bald: "For i believe that the .iej,i
Ive, whatever pseudo-savsnta amy say," and ta
nasa tourklai Unas ka reasllsd ike eld days at
'ambridge wltk Hsllam an.l Brookfleld:
irpok, ror they caird you s,> that knew you best
'??i lo Mk- who loved s. w.-ll to mouth mi rlivm-s
io* oft are two have heard Bt. Marv's rhltnra!
mw ..ft tue cantata supper, hoal and gussi
ysubj ecko helpless laughter t.. your Jc,t!
low ..ft with Mm we paced that' walk of llmes
Mm. th- i >st light of those dawn-golden time,.
\ Bo lovel you wei! Now bo'h are gone to rest
"U man of humorous melancholy marri:,
, .POP* ?! v?m< Inward agoh>?ls It so?
?ur kindlier, trustier. .Jacques psst away
cannot laud thia life, lt looks ?o dark:
tua *"?? *r?e*--Dream of a shadow, go
*od bless you-I shall Join you In a dayl
THE CHRONICLE OF ARTg,
EXHIBITIONS AND OTHER TOPICS.
Tilt*" SKASON AT ITS HEIOI1T-AI.I. TUB OAl.bg^
in* BOOT TIIK SOriKTY OF INDEPENDENTS,
TKTVHHH OT MOM Tl'HNKIt AND M. W.
ItANOKR-THK Mt'XH'lI'AI. ART .SOCIETY
AOAIN-MINOIt MATTHUS.
There ls more than enough t.i occupy the attea
i tlou of the amateur In N'ew-Vork Just now. Vari?
ous minor exhibitions will be found touched upeg
below, and there are others, great and small, of
i posUtVa Interest. The Fine Arts Society has a val.
uable attraction In the Dutch, Swedish and Xor*
I wegian pictures from the World's Fair. At tba
Academy the American Water Color Society has
an exhibition of unusually good character, and tbs
diaptey of the Etching Club, at the same placa,
abo maintains a first rate standard. Mr. Durand
Huel bas on view some pastels by Degas. Th*
Avery gallery, now occupied by Mr. Smlllie's land?
scape,, ls before very long to have an exhibition
Of the works of WT. B. Tholen, a Dutch artist of
considerable reputation. The Woman's Art Cfc*
opens an exhibition to-morrow at the Klackair
Gallery, N'o. 7 West Twenty-eighth--*.
The sales at the water color show have hem e?.
couragtng. W* have already "received memoranda
showing a sum total of UJmto, and this repres?nta
only the first few days of the exhibition. Hollow.
In* ls a M**t of the principal works galil "A
ghsrUTa ?ale," by w. T. ?madlay, Rsa; "Hon
Jour," by ff. O. Smith, HHS; "Wh-re Are Voa
(Ia lng?" by L Moran, $175; "Nina," by V. Day,
(HM; ''Hsckeaaack M.a.lows." by C. H. (Balsa, tai;
TOT Him." by P. Moran. VI; "Hubbies," by Jg,
Humphrey, Vtol "Home, ?greet Home," by A l-*r-d
. ricks, SMS; "The First Attempt." by Alice Hirsch
berg. BS'. "Friends," by Arthur Lumley, p*-*.
"Afterglow." by J. V. Murphy, BR*', "Messap
from the Bee," by W. Satterlee, (BS; "The n_*>
lat," by V. <l. Ht-Ipevlch. |MI; ".spring Time" by
h. P. Smith, .BMi "Autumn," by W. Batlsrlss^
MM; "Fr"" from care." by J. ?!. Drown, pot;
"Afternoon in the Woods." hy IC v.m Btes, ka;
"A Mountain Home," by J*. M. Shurtleff. IMS, ft
may be added, apropos of these figures, that, al?
though the cry of "hard times" ls nowhere heard
mair- frequently than In the field of picture buy.
lng, th"re ls still no lack of activity In that very
Il.-iil. The Seney pictures rsslMsd, on the whoU*,
all that they were worth, and the result of the
sale of thd Wyant collection was very satisfac?
tory.
Tbe terms of the Municipal Art Society's first
F-oinpetitlun. which "Sst* publl?ln- 1 in Th" Tribune
on Friday last, have th- matt, r in such shape as
should appeal strongly to artists anxious to enter
the contest. Beery clause ls the d" aassnt hu
) been conceived In a spirit of fairness, and the
schema sf awards strikes us as entirely fast Th,
winner of the Brat prise, who ls to carry out the
work for njMS, is to bs paid IMI on seconal ira.
nii'diately after th" dsetMOB has bees r ohed. The
second prize amounts t.i $."00 and the third to IMO.
'The work of decorating the courtroom will be un?
dertaken." rays the society, "as soon SS the f-in-ls
In the treasury warrant it." and this snugest, a
delay which might prov- WSSriSOSaS ts th- B-CeSSS*
ful competitor. Hut lt ls unlikely that the society
WOUld institute this competition If it were g. I tol?
erably sure vt f'lltllllng Its plans In the n".ir f itur*-,
and it is to bs presumed that if a competent artist
i in be secured the courtroom will not walt lone for
its adornment. Th" Jury, by the way. has been
most admirably formed. It comprises three _rch".
i tects, five painter,, two sculptors and five laymen,
i all representative men in the best sense of that
phrase.
The oM Leavitt gallery at Nc RI Broadway ls burg
at present with pictures contributed by S"H*mbera <-f
the lodety of Independents fer their Bret annual ex.
hlbltkm. This organtsatlee, as has already been an?
na uTic-al In The Tribune, dlspa ns.-s with a Jury and
allots spa'-" to any uri"! who chooses rn koceme a
member bv paying s certain fee. Within the space
assigned him the arti*! is privileged to -xlilhit -iii
work as lu please,. Ta'.- plan is ,i good I rn-, ls >pite
of its sseoring of the dcuhtfal atmcsphaia of a "Sal n
of the ReJ-creai," SUOh as Paris l,a, prodatSd. It
gives an artist an opportunity to say his say without
any fesr "f restricts ns conventional, -.meal, per?
sonal or otherwise; and If whet be bas to gay la ari rth
anything, the public cati only be gratified bv bia inde?
pendence, of course, thal last point le the cr-K-lal
one, and, t . sji-nk qui!" frankly, there ls very little
In the collection under notice which might net havi
been left in ohscusUy, with no los.- rn any one hut the
young exhibitor, themselves. There is -tr-ni;-1. ff
modelling in seme portraits by Mr. lt. H. Brand-gee,
who lsslsospiritedM btestvrk,snd stoaesfor rp-'-uy
of tine by animation and truth as to expression. The
stud!", of children by Mr a. H. Davies are delightful
In sentiment, and they eh.irm In the fae- ,-.f technical
?liorteomtii^s sv iii.-h linv.- not b-?-ii a-., rbvicis lat
other picture, by the same artist shown in other ex
klMtloos -a Cse* whick might ks takes aa justifying
the Jury system. Ther" i, seme clever figure work
by M.s. Swinburne and Miss Adams, a few h!.i"_
ami-*-, hiles by Miss Maude Cowies and Mi,, dene.
Stove COWles are nicely drawn, and the landscapes
by Mr. Bdward Brooka and Mr. Charles F.ister have
g -od qualities. Ma.re than th!, in praise ..f the pi-t
ur', shown it ls not ne.-e?sary to say. For the sim
of the sa cl.-ty, however, thera' is, we repeat, nothing
but commendation, la time the Independents may
v. ry pBeelbiy exert a beneficial influence. On ths
thr.-sh, id rf their career they command rei-pect and
a cori lu I greeting.
Mr. Kiss Turner, who has an exhibition of writer.
colors at the Wunderlleh gallery, ls a Boston artM
; ivh.i hus been known here from pictures Sb -wa
from time to tlni". uni as tbs t"aa*her Stt SSSStal
BspaMs water coiorists. The eollastloa of watrr
colors mad" in New-Eaglsad and Bermuda. which
, be noa- brings forward, gives a new and mor- strik?
ing Impr-sstun of his ability and shows especially
that he baa a wi.le rang". In the two large plc
; tares whi.-h head the catalogue, "Spring Time" and
1 "May," pictures of a rural homestead with appia
blnsanma lighting th" greens and grays of the'.end
sap.*, as etystslllsea the -retry spirit of Nsw-BsgN
land. In all the ei<ht Herminia, sketches, and es
p-lally in ll,''Lemon Hill," find A. "In a OardSB**
h.. sspressis list as aeeurstaly the warm kev sf
ths South. Mr. Tumar'a method w fn-e and de?
cisive, he use, his medium with a sens-- of
n*1 limitations, and lhere are such freshness and
directness In his pictures th it they are rea'lv en
1 .alible. We have named the laest of the New-K'.g
luiid subjects, bul theresre some others-No. 4. "To
the Pord Across the Uiver." an.l No. H. "A I'.-r
cuplne." the latter a bold coast sa'a-ne? that are very
nearly as artistic.
Mr. II W. Rsagsr*S landscape work grow, m*rS
and m .r- in authority and .lepth. Wa greate-t faull
f..r several years pa-M has be mi too Clos- an ama .i'm
Of some of the effects of the Dutch school uni of
Corot liven In the exhibition which he has Just
opened at the Macbeth gallery he has on" or two
wuk* No. 8. "Willow, al Berthier." for example
which ure in OSTOt'a rather than In his a'wn
mintier. But upon this occasion his mSSSIBlS of
module 1 Individuality are happily few. In the
main his art ls his own ur..I lt Is remarkably ae
CompllStH 1 He has truth, feeling 'and a Ueea
taste iii composition. H;s color ts bsauUreL At
times, in ;i picture like .No. 6. "Moonlight Pastor?
ale, or like No 1,1. -\ Shepherd Mt Night." he
ls seen to have eserclaed a warm, noetic imagina
tlni lu tla>se pictures, in ail hi, landscapes and
merinos, in fuel, his treatment of atni'Sphere IS
very sensitive ami accurate He has a further
degree of refinement lo attain in his skies. arhlSB
mlght have more tenderness more s;iavlt\ la the
modelling of clouds, a thinner Impasto. Bul his
def,.cts ure fewer than his merits ile touche, a
oapllvatlng minor chord In No. ;.. -'The 1'assing
Shower," anal one of energy and aggressive, forceful
character in No. ll. "A (assam of oaks in West?
chester County," and between these two he Warks
along a varying scale with unvarying success. Tbs
Vitality ami progressive nature of his w.-rk have
never been so clearly demonstrated b.*fore, and Ihe
presence of a cumber of preliminary sketches shosrs
that his development ls his-d on earnest. Industrious
study. The exhibition deserves popularity.
Th" Fifth Avenue Art Galleries will b* tilled
until the latter part of this week with a collection
of Am Tirari palntMga an.l Oriental porcelain,. The
latter, ol'ecied by Mr. Edward Hung*, compre
henal many fine pisces sf single color and decorated
work, rare tea leaf and red glazes, an.l some
splendid yellow crackles. The collection of pictures
ls aif mixed value, with nothing In lt of Imrvirtance.
bul with quite .1 gr.iu-i of paintings that are of S
rasa inabCy high irr.nie. guck are the Venetian
?"'ene by Robert Blum, the study of a ca' by
Mr. Ue.irge B. Butler, and the landscapes of
.\ia-H?rs. Wv.mt. Ti-aivon and Murphy. Au sorty }_?
trl.r with Figures hv Mr linne-. "A New-Bug
liin.l Bchaoolhouae," la Interesting !n ii persons! w?y,
HTial sa. |a ihe landscape (So. lt) painted by Mr.
Inn's, in ia*;, Ability of a mechanlcnl or.ler ls
visible In the figure pieces of Mr. C. X. Harris
Had Mr. I,. Mottler. The p.-arre'.alns in thU eshl
billon ere to be snld n?**t thursday sad Kr'.daV
afternoons, and the paintings will be dlBpassi ot
am Friday ev Miing.
We have received from Mr. Dur.nl Bud a copy
of "La Itevue Kncyclo|i*ii!ou-'" f.ar Dec-mber ll
cmtalnlng a long ll lu st rs teal nr:!-le on Impres?
sionism by Gustave OetTroy. We mention the
essay In the Interest of those who would vs'.ue s?
interesting account of the school by a sympalbsus
Frenchman who knows his subject w*_.

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