OCR Interpretation


New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 11, 1894, Image 15

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1894-02-11/ed-1/seq-15/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 15

PROTECTION IN EUROPE.
FRANCE AND SPAIN?A STUDY IN RECI?
PROCITY.
Paris. January 19.
in France the policy of protection as against
free trade ls not distinctive of any political party.
/?* Thus, in the present Cabinet, which may bs
0 classed as Moderate, Republic.an in opposition to
Radical, two professed Free Traders are faunal
among the ten ministers. It is true they have
places thnt do not allow their Ideas t.i Influence
la any way the protectionist policy which has
prevailed In France for aeveral years. It ls the
express wish of the country, ns shown by the
result Of the lata* general elections, tai stand by
a policy which has accredited Itself after a loiix
trial Of the free trade experiment The majority
af the Deputies In the new Parliament ls si
strongly In favor of protection thal any reform
of the tariff in the sense of free trade ts not even
a matter of practical contdderstion. Only yester?
day the vote for the members <>f the Committee
on Customs Duties, thirty-three In all, resulted
In the election of three Free Traders, of two who
wlsli to keep the tariff np lt ls. and of twenty
eight who are known to be for Strengthening!
the protection already Riven by the State to
agriculture and wine-growing.
Tha material prosperity of France under tho
regime of protection has gone on constantly in?
creasing. Yet at home there has been a tre?
mendous drain on the country from the necessity
of keeping the armed force at the head of Euro?
pean nations; and the growing competition of
Qerman manufacture has cruelly tried the
foreign market. The financial crisis of the world
has also touched the French revenues, which the
tariff** indeed do not profess to secure; nnd there
are peculiar Industrial ind social complications
which, In America at least, would at once be at?
tributed t"> protection. Rut tfca policy has had
a fair trial, because lt has been persevered In
nnd not thrown aslle lightly with the advent of
each new government. Anal Its plain outcome
has been the present prosperity. In spite of all
obstacles.
In the face of this, the advocates of free trade
have been reduced to the strangest arguments,
to which lt ls needless to say the French peo?
ple unanimously refuse their attention. Rut
lt should he of great Interest to the American
people, most of all In the present conjuncture, to
attend to what protection ls alolng and Free
Traders are saying In France. It will be found,
ss I remarked in a letter to The Tribune on
this subject over a year ago. that the experience
cf the one country* ls repeated In the other. In
accordance with their very different circum?
stances. Only lt ls reserved to the politicians
a t the American Repulillc to tamper by sud.len
chanRes with an entire economlo policy, without
respect to any one of three solemn facts.
First, any economic system will be mollified In
Its results by every financial disturbance g'inir.
while the financial disturbance it?elf will ? <f * - ii
depend on causes with which the economic
policy has little or nothing to do. The varia?
tions of the price of wheat in France durini
the many years of the protective regime will
?serve as an example. In Fram-e, || ls under?
stood, the tariff ls intended In the main to pro?
mote the home consumption of the country's
agriculture and the exportation r,f her Industrial
m.
manufactures. The reverse might hold go. 1
In the United States. In fact, without som..
p-.easure of protection, lt ls difficult to pee 1 w
1 rench agriculture could be maintain",1, fertile
tad highly cultivated as the country is. Ir ls
a *-etall cultivation, si tn speak, on small hold?
ings and by labor of banal. Now this can never
hold Its own against the harvests s..wn and
??eaned on the prairies of "Western America or
Ihe plains of Hungary and Southern Russia and
even India, by wholesale processes that ar"
almost mechanical and are complete.1 by modern
/acili'les of transportation. Perhaps Interns
t.oiiaJists and Free Traders might calmly c .n
template the ruin of French agriculture. It
is certainly difficult to see how they could r.
organize present production to meet an unre
stricted competition from abroad. Even If lt
were possible, they could not reorganize, by any
brand-new tariff reform, that peasant p sputa
tlon which has always constituted the bona an'l
einew of the country.
Wheat, therefore, has b-*en naturally an ob?
ject of protection; and even in th- list few
dava extraordinary legislation has been talked
of to prevent speculators fr..m anticipating an
increase of tariff-whloh is now proposed. Mean
while, the legislators can la.ok back I ? ti." ,-x
perlence of pome twenty years In th" lise nnd
fall of the price of wheat. These prices, sea?
son hy season, hav- Just been minutely com?
pared with the similar gtatlstlcg "f free-trade
England. The variations haw* been found ex
acily parallel In each country; and. moreover,
each period of financial disturbance marks an
influence on th- mark"t which cannot be a'
tributed to any economic r'uline.
This result is not without Importance, as it is
only In very recent \w-urs that economic theory
has been taking into account this disturbing
element of finance. Protective tariffs ought
not, therefore, to be asked to save a country
from financial disturbances, which do ndl de?
pend on the nation's Importation uti l exporta
tlon, any more than a meat axa should bs
asked to play the part of a razor. Protective
tariffs, to use the Itidd expression of their chief
elaborator in France. M. Mr-line, "sre established
in the interest of tlie national producer." And
prote-tion has mads lt posslbls for th.- French
I -asant to continue producing biri wheat profit?
ably In whatever f.tate of tbe money market.
A second fact to be faced ls that customs
dalles, to be effective nf pea] good, must be Im?
posed with one principal snd lu view, nnd not
?avlth two or. worse Billi, with no definite end at
all. Of course, th'; Ideal state cf tilings would
be the gaining of til! posslbls ends bv on., get
of legislation; but human affairs ali not admit
of this. Prince Blamarck, lu til- s'rai'ig system
of protection which he estsbllshed In ISTs, sct
Ually succeeded for many years In providing
at once for tho Imperial revenue nnd the pro?
tection of German agriculture and Industry.
But, as a rule, the European view ls that reve?
nue ls only a result by the way of genuine pro
tactiofl Which Should ba primarily in tho Inter?
est of th" producer.
French students ? f American politics havo bad
more than one occasion In the last. f"iv weeks
to express their astonishment at th- coutradlc
tory tendencies of the lata-st effort after tariff
reform. The McKinley tariffs are to be revised
to the detriment of tbe National revenue, which
ls already suffering from financial complications.
And the new tariff, which does not secure the
revenue, in not even primarily In thc Interest
of the National producer!
In France, unlike the T'nlted State.,, protec?
tion ls not needed, at least directly, for pur?
poses of revenue, the riches of th" country be?
ing so disposed as to adml*. of other forms nf
taxation. In fact, the customs rec" Ipts have
been gradually decreasing since the application
of the present tariff. Tlie decrease of importa?
tion, which ls responsible for this, lias alao bean
accompanied by a real decrease "f exportation -
s fa'-t which the Free-Traders have not hesi?
tated to proi-lalm without attending to its tTUS
meaning. Tha- cmplet" facts of the case, which
have only now beam published, Show tWO things.
One Is the gradual rr-uailzatlon of Importation
nnd exportation. Comparatively few millions :?
mailling In favor of the former. Th's.- an- sp.-.it
fer the most part on the materials lo bs v.'orl-<-.i
up by French Industry, and therefore ghoW as
real an Increase in the Nation's general trade us
might be derived from an inCTSasod exportation.
Time was when political economists would have
considered this balance of trade a clear Blgn
of national prosperity. "Without Insisting on
this, s second fact, which shows stronger than
?ver In tha last yearly report on French com
?erce, la the increasing self-sufficiency of
?Vranes to her own economic life? the horns con
sumption of home products In all the principal |
branches of Industry.
As ls well known, Just the opposite tenden !eS
declared themselves in th" sixties, under free
trade, it should slso be remarked tii.it the d-- |
crease of exportation la prc laely In those prod?
ucts for which protection has secured a betta-r
market t.i home production; while tln.se articles
whli-h France provides superabundantly for her
own needs find an Increased mari;.-; abroad. The
growing activity of French trade In Africa and
ths Mast la "ii" si'.::! of this smong many others. '
It is significant that the French Free-Tradera
hava been arguing from all thia thal the only
class of the population which eventually profits
by protection ls the owners of lund. lt la ii
mltted thal French manufactures sell betti r than
lief..ra-; bul "ii" reason .,r another is assigned io I
show- that it ls the farmer who really i ? ; eta I
the Increased profits a.f business. This Btate?
ment of the outcome of protection, where bon- '
estly tried, la respectfully recommended to
American Free-Trad ts. It comes from their own j
party, and nny particular application ll may
have in the United Btatea ls sur.-iy nol the faull
of protection. They are al?*o recommended lol
study :!ie declaration of M. Alglave (a pro?
tectionist, lt is true), who luis stated that Ihe
Ural -ti". : of Ihe McKinley tariffs on foreign j
natl "is waa * i raise the wages of workingmen. :
Thus, protection would seem lu brim; prosperity ,
all ar mud. ,
Th.- (hird serious fact to tie taken Into ace amt j
In deciding on the policy of protection ls ita vital j
connection with the country's existence as a
nation. France for the French America for ihe
Americana -may be Watchwords expressing either I
a (Thlnese exclualveness or a patriotism ,.f ihe I
highest type, in the matter of Industry anal
commerce, it is evident 'h.it the nation Itself I
is like a business . irporatlon of which ihe rltl
gena are the members, and whl h bus unavoid?
able relatlona with ..thor business associations
like lts.-lf. lt ls too late t . reform the world In i
this regard. The waaral by which questlona of j
national production nnd consumption are now
universally designated?"economic" originally j
pertains to the regulation of a household. And a
true hons.di.ilal does never allow the unrestricted
roming and g Ing and Interfering of competing
neighbors.
This is well shown in another deportment of
the French i.iritTs, which ar.' now most under
discussion. Tins ls wine-growing, one of lbs
principal branches of French production. Here
we h:ive a wry pretty sample a.;' ihosa conflicting
Interests smong which legislation ati.l Irealy
making of every kind, and n il protection alon*,
mual seek a compromise. Protectl rn can no
ni ire prevent thc conflict than ll nan hinder !
financial disturbance lt k ts ,i me Its work whi n
ll has se Mired In its own way the greatest hap- >
pincus of the greatest number, thal is, when lt
bsa secured the Interests of the greatest num
ber of national producers wit hom neglect ng
tbs general welfare of the nation itself.
In France the greal trouble of the wine- j
?.-I iwers has come from ihe competition of the
wlnea of Spain. The latter ba v.- one greal ad- !
vantage which, th iugh mainly a resiili of nature ,
and the qualities of the sdi. ls positively un- ,
fair tn Ihe French winos In th" uses of arti
flcial life. Th- ni -ii ??;? strength ol the Span- ,
isl! wines is far super! ir to that ,-r ile- French.
This practical!; .! - - -1 r. ^ s any profitable sale ? :'
the latter in competition with the former, with ?
iii" Bingle exception of rholce wines of luxurious .
fame. There are two simple reasons for fus
inf. ri .r;-v. One is ;i'..- use made of wines In the ',
fabrication of brandies and refined al uhuls.
Here evidently an equal quantity of Spanish
wine is worth much more than the French;
hence iii" distillers of France iii" nxalnat pi
lection "ti thi-i sci-.-. Then ll ls easy lo maka'
a greal quantity of ordinary table wine (such
i's lt may bel from n small quantity of Spni h
wine by the pro-esses ..f "moulllage" (watei ng
or "coupage" mingling with Inferior grape
- gie manufactured rompoiindi; hence, ihe
wholesale wine merchants are also against Ihe
tariff At-.I ihe Spanish wlr.e, with all Its
strength and valuable qualities, ? in undersell
the choicer bul feebler French products. Tlni-. ,
without protei lion, ii ls hard lo see li iw i ? ??
French wine-grower . mild pr lu ??? wines t ? any
profit or Ihe ? rdlnary Frenchman of rilli - be
likely ;,, drink Kn rsh ? ii ??
T. .ill this mus) be added ihe facility of i hai g
lng Spanish wines with 'he,ip (iarman p.,tain
brandy, and so Importing lt Inl i Fran ?? fri
the special duties f.ti distill-l liquors, ind then
subjecting it to sn "iindoubllng" process whb-h
singularly cheapa ns the m inufa< lure ..f al.
So far the conflict of Interests I- b lwi-en
Frenchmen themselves between iii" wlne-pro
ducers on the one hand and Ihe distillers and
wholesale dealer* on th,, other, Th" remedj
demanded by the former ls a special t.,\ on un
ported wlnea down to 10.9, as th-- degr.f
alcohol, while ihe native product would rm
tlnue to I-- rate I ai ti..- old degree, from l".
lo IT.
But a more Important Interest of ihe whole na?
tion la at atake. Sp iii,'a p: its tlon of her a-wn In
tereala requires thal her wines .1 .lu-: ir!
"f the national product', n shall n ?: i"- sh il
oul from iii- natur.ii market in France. Now
ler own pr..!. :i\.. tariffs give her .1 stan l fn-m
which to force rc-lproclty 'much a* iii ih?> 1 11
of Rumania versus Germany, of which I wi ??
last week). To French manufacture In -..???
'?rai. and especially I 1 the n iiltltudlnoiis "ai :l 1-s
de FiTis." the Spanish market ls a* .-,, -., ?
na is thal 1 f Franc ? 1 . the Spanish iv: Tl
conflict of national Interests baa now 1 ? n
settled fora year bj the modus vivendi "i
signed !-. ???.-?? ti ? he two 1 un trie* lt ls an ea
ample of prote tlon forcii g '.iii- trade. lt ls ha I
t ? Imagine w hal free trade s I have done
under the ? . -. . v . |.' lu cripple lie
ei >n >mi ? life ol ?? 11 h - nu 1
Ai other Inter, tiing les* .11 fi >m this it. I
' ' genuine pn I. il m . :?? rn* lin- j,, Hie we ip
- ' - With V'.liim .1 Bllpplh s Ul" ;? -..- run ? ' :
"'..untry when d< tiing with th, Im-vli ihle
competition of .1 n-'tl.. 1 li, thi-a way the Kn ,i- li
' 1 IV. mmenl v. a 1 ? ii.i bled li, 1
t. te-.- of the Spanish ? lalm I ? a lower than
I'* r.gnlzed minimum tarin Tu gi ? tl
would require In Fran'-e h new Intervention of
the legti lal ? ?? 1 nly, ii. 11 w .nhl constitute a
? ? ' m...Mi. allon of ')..? existing tariff lut?
on ll.ther hand, th- F.x< nth ls nuth nixed
to concede the minimum larlff wlthoui re. lura
to Parliament, This hus been done during ihe
prescnl ; . ar In fa >i . I American pen ? '. mi
tan example I hat ?? n >w her ? .-?? en noticed),
which ls no longer obliged lu pay twl - Ihe
duties of ti,.- Russian product. This waa als..
Ihe final reason whj Spain has accepted the
French minimum la ri ff rathei than 1 ti tlc
ilslv of th-- maximum tariff, If 'li- mittt.-i were
I'M ti legislators, whom sympathy with Ihe
extreme demands ..f wine-grower* might over?
balance ihe?r ambl'lon of spreading th?i "arti?
cle* de Paris." Tims the modua vivendi, while
H la not ;, failure for Spain, i" a decided mici-osh
for France uud hos been mnde possible in both
countries only by the policy of pi ?'???? ll n.
The foregoing waa In the line of reciprocity.
The treaty which I* und.'onalderatla-n be
tween Spain and (P*rmany gives an Instance of
Ihe ii;-es of autonomous protection. I Hiring the
present week the manufacturers ?.f Catalonia
almost the only part of Spain 1 nj< ylng any high
degree of Industrial life have declared that Ihe
new treaty would allow (lerman manufacturer*
to undersell them In their own country by .'?"
p.-r ''--it. They even ssserl lha.1 Herman com
menial travellers sro slrcady beating np the
country to Hie tune "f such prices, if this be
true, it should require the counterbalance "f i
greal and Impt ratlve national Interests to Ju tlfy
the Spanish Government In relaxing its present \
prohibitory protective tariffs. This |s but a di?
rect eonsequenc. of spain's crying need to <l"
velop all tin- resources, too long l"rt Idle, of her '
population and natural advantages.
A flu.-,I word m.-i\ be said "f the constant com?
plaint brought by French and other Free-Traders j
against the policy of protcotkm thal it N *
step forward in Hm direction of Stats Bodsllam. ,
Now each Instance so far -'iv n luis concerned 1
tbs life of the nation sa s nation, which is evi?
dently bul the prop.-i- object "f government. It I
is free ira l" which would really break down the
consistency of nstlonsl economic life; and free
trade la therefore tb- real ally of Hocislism 1
Which, In all Its for;n?, winds up in an un- !
patriotic Internationalism.
THE STRANGE TRINCE OF WALES ISLAND.
From The Ban Francisco Chronicle.
.lam's Millar, who les long reallied on 1'iince of
Wales Island, and who. i.-- reason of his being the
Put white settler and nos controlling thi 1., 1 k* st
Interest ls referred lo ai Ihe monarch or thal I 1
and has strive*] here. Mr. Millar is located al
Hunter' it. . where he has been fair four years In
the business of catching eml railing salmon.
'-,-],. strang! Islsnd il ihe Prince F'f Wales, on
which Mr MIM't ha* elect 1 to mike his luau-.
o.s at th.- month of Idxnn' eniranc and ont)
ni , ,1 h.i.e miles from ihe northern il.t Url tish
1.. umida 'ihe lslan?l li rboi TV mlli, I mg and
rion- ten to Hiirtv ? ? fun; io !? 1 wi.. i- |, sin
auia'i in Ita mah ? up, ha vim a fringe of : >wl n 1
ill around Towa.d th.iti ? ar. ridge, ol -noun
,.,1 -'. -.on- of them reaching loft; hetghla and
,.',.'.,'.. 1 -villi j,-ip'I'i.il enow There ls magnificent
timber rn great quanti!!** M eon*l?ta ..f spruce,
ii", hemlock, splendid yellow ceder and a rery bu
' '"Tii'e hi ind ha's n< v-r bean surveyed nor explored,"
ul,] Mr Miller, "and Bome.day li must prove, I
nil k. most Inviting held for ?Pl?r?tlou The
indians of whom there are probably "rame 1,000, ara
-, .-Vi a. u: 1 the leland shores In llttl* villages.
... -'"v of ..ion; 100 Inhabitant, each. Their con?
sist of many different tribes. Most of those I came
n c nt.ct with are Hydnhs. Th. re are between
au .,<1ISM of them at Hunter's Hay, and the* aro
o Ute indus nous as fishermen and railers of tbs
salmon The Hydah Indians came up from the
n,2rn Charlotte Islands many years Bgoand Blade
_&_S_ss?d^bsg tb* native tribe out The former
are very'superior Indians. Th*v arc- Intelligent, and
Pick up nnythln-r very Quickly, I think th*v orlir
maily cam- from Mexico, n, they mich r'S'mbl*
h* Mexican rac". Some of then.'. I have noticed.
nave .1- fine faces as any whit- man. and aa full
anil ur... beal I
"Though 1'rln-" of Wales Uland has ni mv re*
source* 1 do nol think lt will b* ol ant us- for
agriculture. When l left, December 11 there waa
"tome anow at Hunter'* Bay, bul still it waa not
; '? '? Mj tl ir ? white neighbors are at thc Prea.
oyter.an missionary station of Howkan. t* nt! H ??
mi.es away. Al mj place there are 1 1 whit* per?
sons, except mv v. If- and children and they are
away tor the wlnta r."
Mr. Millar ls of mi idle age, and hi" a pronounce.!
"cotch iccent. II* ls a type 0f th- hardy pioneer
"'"?'?' lo '.* in"t with .i; such faraway pw ts.
TAM n is IN NEW. YOB E.
A MEXtCAN DWI WIHC.I Wii.t. n:.l I' TO KEEP
OPT Tin-; .-iii.i.
Il wit not ii Mexican who paraded down Broad
way op,, day last week clothed from top lo los In
a suit of a lean white duck, nnd in a sin?-*ong drawl
telling every one w1'.! heard him thiit he was selling
"Tamale* chicken ta ma lei red hot." A Mexican,
to <? -me up to the N'ew-York afreet Ideal, would have
worn a wlde-brltomel sombrero, had a gaudy aerape
thrown over hi* shoulders, bad the u-^n ot his
trousers slashed al tha bottom with a gora of
crimson velvet outlined by silver buttons, and on
Ibe beela of his 1.ls bad a pair of Jingling stiver
spurs wi-ii rowels an inch long and sharp n<
lee iles.
This tamale seller wa* long and slender, clc/hed
In white, and bad a bead of "lsme-culored hair and
i ? _*
Iii > ' .--V- .
J
??t\t?\ r
"MOT TAMALES "
a keen eye for ni kels Ills outfit Incl
copper io-'-;.. 1 bout two feel lot ,- 11 I ten Inchea
arro**, w hi. .1 wai llvldei] Into I ir."ompartm*nts
The lower one had b little gasoline 1 ?'?!. wh! h
k.-pt the water In the a. ?? 1 ? mnawmenl bolling,
'he Kearn 1 pins Ihe ihlrd comp 11 ':i'.--i I
hoi ..-.1 :.. isl Tl ?? partitions s-rc ot I.
This wan carri I by a handle In th* ipper end, ind
to 1 dance Vt weight the whlte-i ? rarrled
? ie other han I ii l>n*k*l f- il of pa| ? r box.
.ii 11 bi vi 11 ii! -hea 1 in 1 anal an Inch anal a hal
aaj ira; across the en 1 Tha se were lu pul th.
t i-ii.ii- Into so tl ? ? ran I away, on
ll ' taite 1 ? 1 ? In a 1 ox" 1 lan
When t!.rei ? : ? 1
"f SI* Iii bl 'A a? : V, .,' ] >l . ? .- I ? ? ? | ?
looking ? nllke tl th >kln' 1 1 rn
famlll ir ta, N a '. 01 ;.? rs. There
1: . 1 til ma! wan ;, ba,ut I ? ? ^
in 1 .oi Inch .'iii- k, ai 1 wa* wi ippa 1 I
? ; ? ? -. 1- ? : ii. ?
Im-k were th, n iM.iin I 1 ?-?? I mall ? 'rip
of husk, tl who! rn ikln n-li a 1
six Inch"* vv i"i.
p.,nt. 1 en ls, .11 , ind ". - ??
pro-. oking morsel.
And ihl* lona l< tl ' ' ' ? 1 told a fib
They vv. t nol hick' i. ' ivi il* bill ll
vv. re maale of ?.?> -? prepare-1 thal v un tie- ra I
im pu, r an.l I 1 ni 1 carn
husk 1 i^.ir were swallow I on* ? isri
with ri ? ? ? : 1 li* ? - 1 minni 11
... , .
a' irmi'
.-!- ;i li iy and I
?. ntia.n ti-- wh> li -a 11 ! - ?
. ? 1 conni ? ? -i . . ?
can v m. cos ls to N . ?
in-.nt lo . ,irr-. .1 . raid lo pr.
v. nt those -.'Ti ii. ? from
11... 11, in who mad 1 ? ? ' 1
hot ns the genuli Mex Vnd If h,
lol 1 ihe trull t!.- -.1 lain il. hun n '?? 1 1
, .,11 f.i ., . inp, r lin* I throat ai " .? ??-" iron ill ? I
,.rn ni-1 Ht " ? wi ? anal . li-- ip,
uni. if N<a Vorh t ? ? . - ? fm
.3111,11. .- . ......
in ihe f.u Knuth un 1 In 1*1 n Krai - ?
I'allfornla
[lui >!i,: tam il* "? Her was 1 ". Il il
? . ? ? ie
?
HOW l FSSl 1 ? ARI N IV I il
til): <l'aVrl'*.M!'.*.T !' v wiiai: p. \v<;i
IS- TIIK i'll" >i< 1: ? ?' ' ? 'M
A "Illili!' IN ? ' ?
Ps -pla ..... . ? ?? a . ?;. 1 up ii ? . name ? ?
?? ? imes nave strang'! . .? ? < a* lu ihe dim ol
?nd tha I-' 'f nc rrhant v*sae!? il <
or t! -atlng or being pushed ? ng un lei
Ihe V mer lean fin rvs h-.w a ff. gi tltu.le,
;. il prel ? ". Imaginatli n and hu
. ? : ? . 1 irnl ii 1 ima i fut Ililli* crafi - I
I p, only bv 1 a- ? : ?? ? :
f them, even the big f thi
Am. ?:. . ?' ihe New-York id Parla, hil .
Ken name.) licf.i thi Kial
.-'?a-.1.... ?, ?.'v . ? ' when thal In?
tel 1 ra-mony took 1
at ric 11y A mei 1 v< 1 Inn li I
I .? I ls In th* case of I ith.-rn I Bc fi -t.
.; 1.??? v. ? ??-. thia . in-l New-Ui
names ol the st 1111*1 it ll hegti nlng with Ihe
.Spanish "Kl." ?. li le Hie u in .-:-- nm hip 1 'ompani.
running 1 . Snvann ??.-??;.; :- li
ol Ui rgta for na ... - for Its v.
v. hlli ? a 1 imp ir itlv. ly small number of Bl inn -
Dying the Am' ri I !-i '?' rr*.it
I itltu 1" i-i n -fi- nr'atiir* 1 ?? Railing Heel m ik' ?
up for t? .'? ?!?: ? I. ney, --. nn i
with tl t part ol ti..- Natl 1'- 1 .mi *i lal ?
ti..- ri ime ll r Ind a 1 ? ne
j ? ta of bia efl ? VI - ;??? il
? I 1).fi- -? -.-. .. ri waa or not, asks I he ?( .- I
by naming his little fl vi ? ? 1 ?tn 1
?? 1 ne iii .*.'? .nd.. I'oni . ill ? n I lie Pea-u .1
? lin 1 pamr ? 1.1-4 little ts in 1. r v-.
00,11 k ,\ man In Westerly, lt I., had a 1 'in. and
n ii li 1 ll by c il Ing his s'.o p ll rk-i he, whl ?
1 ,. ? -. Justl - 1'. p. I .liv 1 Ihe name 1 f a Bl 1 rp
hi liing from -1-' lg Harbor Soi t< il; I'oiintj, Va
calla o'ii-r days In .">? .v *, --r lt bj callina 1 si. ip
ti ? Fleli ti los phi ie .Mn rh d, 1- il who Fll. 1 1
I'lccaluga, wno h.i- 11 "cliooner mimeal aftn her,
may be ls pn.bsblj ki,..nu only 1.. t'.- man wini
wrecked ,1 pr''tv Italian nam* when he ehrlslemd
a ''"w Bay, S. V . ch .ci . Uullj Elm 1
< 1111,1 .:--., _;? i> Va., ha* a man vvho I* nrohab -. an
lc, ns hi* lack of Knowi."!."- ls blazoned un
his Bchooner'* stern, whldi bean the nam* and
Information, I Don'l Ktvrm Pori Hun.11, Mich.,
ha* a Him- whl ii 11 la well io 1-1 .ill when a collar
button 1- lost, lt la on an eighteen lon schooner
called Ibe Oro |jook lieors* W. I'hlld ha* ilfu
tons of shippim- named after bim; Oeorge li
McClellan wa* goo?l enough for four vessel* aggr.
guting lea* than I" lona; the Mills John Trott
flo* I around rrlsfleld, Me., the Oval Agitator
innis from .iil-'.'i: >. while the Mississippi Uiver ..t
N.-w ?irl*an* floaia a liable*- called th. puddl
clnedds < 'Hr.alu
WelMeet, Maa*., rejoice* In * Bloop which la
known aa tin- <> They Know Me, and the other
end i-f the country Ina", al Pori Townsend, Waah.,
a 1111111 who bad a narrow escape, and celebrated
lt by naming Ma Bloop Ibe Never lotn-h.-i Me. I
How near Deer Isle, Me., and Norfolk. Va., kilned
hand* I* shown by iheMalnsboal Nawteswaw. and 1
the VirKiiiii.n Maitaawaddus. Ns mea where Mun.
? ther alon* or <n combination with other word*,
appear* -ir- borne by more than BOO I'ntted State*
sailing era fl ,, , ,
The mutineers of tho Bounty ere recall*,! by
ti,.- name Pitcairn, horns by a vessel bull, so the
record asvs al li'iiirii. Cal., bul now balling from
Detroit, Mich, wini Proof QUlm ls is probably
known t.. the N.-w-Volkers who own B airton Of
thal iii.in". .ni- ol I'oopei ? works '? !-e-,l|e.| ?.
Ihe Baltimore sch.??r Wlshtiinwlsh, and a Michi?
gan man struck a mmblnatlon of Petroleum V.
x.st,. snd Josh Billings when be called his two
inii-it.-r the X I" I* ?.
ROME HTflONR TARBIONS IN JEWELHV.
Tr ,in The Jewellers* nretilsr.
\ rea*- nt peep Into a H wei boa of twenty-live
. brough! lo Ugh] ? "n;?J curious design
. ,,-.;..?? namely, a horn of plenty made ,,r
-lilaree icold long -ii'."ch lo aim -t reach the sh ml
der. and ihlcklj encruBted at the opening ..f the
horn win. precious ?'??"?-' "f-'1'".' ,', "'., ? '"''v
Alihou-rh al tlrst glan.ne trembli 1 f, . the v. ,
.,?., comfairt wini ibe ?.o.n-wi.1.1 overpowering .....
Ina urnamenl dangling from ber ear, upon laking
t In the haml :? proved lo be very little heavier
than he sold goM ???'" carringa thal afterwanl
,:'!II1! m popular M-.--I. " were also worn a bam t
ihl* time, and some wera marvela of anlatta work
nThih__f BWld-imk. 1 'hain fr..ni whick hum.' nu
enormcsiagold i...-k.;i. wss the onlvn. ck lace wor,,.
while tbe nmrrow"Stovt band bracelel pf.gokl
tlgbt lo the wrist was consldere,] Indls
,.''lill., to ii"- toHel 1-adli |r tho.* dava
aioiii/ht aaODhlre or "-merald rltmv set with dla
; ,?',,, I'vv.irn ..n th* first flnce, 10 be '"qulie
tba thins" renrla were the favorite stone*, be
.-?ma-'" perhaps, bv 1"" Jsmoua nscklscs owned
i.v th* Countess Dudley^.This necklace ama com
,>oJai nf a mps of p*aria Which w*nt six tlm.s
ar-und the neck, sack n*ar: \?\VK si absolutely
Serfect that six or eight would have raaltasd a
small fortuna.
LOVELY CHARLESTON.
QUAINT SOCIAL CURTOMa OF THE CARO?
LINA TOWN.
MIXES DRAW TUB STRRET CARS TRANQUIL
pi;a.si'i:i:nv HOW i > \N'.i:s arr CON
DfCTEO SERVANTS IirsiK__t_
AFFAIRS
Charleston. B <'. I'->'? W (Special). This place
la certainly utterly unlike any other American city
? quain! leaf "'i! o' ''?" t-'-' ''' sn age ot uni?
versal progress lt seems to ba- alone unprogreaslve.
No ela*ctrlc or cable cars hurry one along h-r aisle*
;N (treeta aa:- oul lo h-r suburban precincts No
"land imi Improvemenl companies" have cul up
her adjacent territory Into enticing lots No mod?
ern, Imposing hotel offers luxurl .us delsy to
Florida travellers. And yet aCharleston cants ,,
potent lind abiding spell >ver every Northern vis?
itor. Travellers Btop prepared to laka a meal and
perhaps a drive !?> tbs ra rio na points of inia-r.it;
they begin by lingering and en l by Btaylng In
.i.-iiniia-iv. in man) cases by renting a bom.i
the "Battery" and spending the winier months,
sn l writing their friends '?? come st once and enjoy
with them the serene beauty of ths town nnd cu?
di it.-.
lt is only necessary t.> croea ths it Lswresca
River nt Pointe I.-vu and enter Quebec and atay
there .ri hour or so to feel thal one ha* in reality
stepped "ut ..f tbe busy, rushing; nerve-tiring
w..r!i of ibe day Into .1 sweet and quiet spot
where ona ess res! and dream undisturbed over
the rom.itiiic psst In ni equally romantic pres.-nt.
It ii tlie vry same repose thal descend* upon the
Vlr.it.ir hera-. < 'Tl lbs "S 'lilli ltatti-rv." Finder tbs
historic ...ik.-a. the iiir I- warm and tempered wltk
faint breeses from the sea, blowing up psal Pori
Sumter, which lies hasy In Ike distance, un either
lida flow ihe rooper and Ashley rivers Behind
at- tba stately mid venerable mansions of aa
aristocracy arhlck haa permitted no Infusion "f
new i'i ..?.| for over SR years l-egare-st. ts only a
coi pathway between Rowen and green lawns
Ttl- air ls heavy vs::: 1 ike perfume "f rosea snd
Jasmine. Th* curtalna of hanging mose sissy
faintly n :i 1 drowally Ths Msgnolla Osrdena up
Ibe Ashley ure gorge ma with -iz.iie.is and Japonlcaa
of a thousand hues. Ths cemetery on th* Cooper
affords nol "..iv a qulei and tranquil resting place
for the deed, tit a rn wi Inviting anal csre-dls
1 a Ung retreat for Ihe liv in/.
.Charleston la 1 most prosperous and opulent city.
Cyclones snd earthquakes and tidal sraves may
disfigure her f.air bornes and itartle ber people, bul
they have never b *n able lo Interrupt iu-r pros
I ? 1 '" "I- ii - -.-..:? : ? -r i:\. 1 p -i; ? ? ' . - ... - 1
and t . !"? i-..tiif !?? il le
I ke -ie ? 11 i i., |y of Threadi.lie Stn et."
rleal yet a Brm believer ls> things which
i nol ??? I f v. 'i it has i.i la i: i si sn l
i i >l)table, w hv ensay th- cares and doubts sn 1 un
' 11 linties of Inn ivation : liv er r. ti ? ? h.
tl ? nen! ll e cit* h 11 rn ilnta ne I her ? : I Kngllsh
i. 1 I In: i-:i-.? traitlllons. Failures are few; va
ai ii I-. alm?-a| unkn mm: I ? ph illty, :?' nierly
.11 !? ? it.'.- I. confidence, once gained, is
. t ? ? extended If disaster* . erl ike her
n.'lKhbors thej ran alway* rel) upon hei r .i prompt
..?il adequate relief ir hurricane* overwhelm I ?
gea Islands, Charleston I* Ihe tir-' t.i re*|.1 with
? .a-, i food -I. I ?h. lier. If financial ruin
Hu -.ii-ti. .'oliiinbl.i .ml Augusta and Ravai
their banker* know where meal money, uni.-lc."it
? ?? i ii ! .-.v. ii rate- ..* irrri rest, can be secured.
i. ? own prosperoua and ??.?iii status, the
. 'hui !i lon n in wi i n? If ll i or that el
i ? . I want to progress ba. 1 w.rl," can
.?il' ? ?.
' u.- falls ta, (Ind ir snd i iblle cha rpi of
?"hurl, ion ia j ? ??? i t i e In the country, and ibe
f . - a to ni njern
i roar. entirely ci eryiblng thal h is
her what ?!.- I* nhl lanalmark* dlaappear so
rapidly elsewhere 'id h' nea arc torn down, rem
if I i ?!';?;?! off iii! I rel
li ickc I up In) ? in ? . ? i rhai Iw i rn h is sge .it: l
; ??. liTii: it ri white!) Bgali it all < >m< .t
I 'Kl Miena. gravi an' he b mes of Lr flml
.- .. ? i ; , ta still n ? inallsiiirl I, and one may de
? Ipi i-r am their I ? ho* ? i aihetlc and
Ing i rlptlona ln*plred of a simpler n k-??
cit) im ? mi-h lileah) bul one style of archl
' plasxaa. tir lt, ? ? ? t. I, ,-.. :i third
and foul plassa* ill facing toward Ibe
ann bree* Man) hom re an I v. a i -
bear still in. hanging Binna of freq ii ni
? their walla, ami i irry In them Ihe
r bombanlmeni The tree* whl h cover
Ihe "Halter) Bud line Meeting-*! .ir-- old, very
? il The can ng and framework of lbs houses are
i ,i time a i en -'.irv ..ti I d gi
,.pi.i t. ,n* nf th* builder's .. I
Koch ? .- . ? it all n lera In ? 'h iri'-^t .n Ths
? th- < 'ti irle.'oti Club Sh -vv .Ir.iw :i
latin.! ' ? th '- ii v er r. -ii th- cusi im
lhere t ?! men to all .i- tte iii ,iti i watch and
Ihe women n-* :h-v pas* lu lb* ~ur.--t.
i' .i ?:.' m. -i- i Barde i as Bn unpardonable
br o ?! ..f etiquette even (?? mention ?? a .man's
ii.ni .? in Hi- ,; ii, Hie HI Ce. i Boole t) . mt
mbei . I the arlatocra ? ul the city
i' :i- w oul I be lety" In < "bari stn
i-l mg i ? Ihe Kl Ce 'ills Thia society glvea
l?lin ? .- .i a Inter, and moai i n hanll
ifl ra ihey ar* l.v .-? v thing pro
I L- ? : ..-kw .ri. Tlie ba11 begins al .' o'cl.ick. and I
I ? ? - are swelling the
girls alan I in | -, le and Broun I their
ip-r m* ir.al :. i their caral* for all t'..- dai ? ?? s,
Hom* . i. ip rona have .1-1 ih.it.' aa fifteen or twenty
i-i I In tl a h rrg* Th* men lin I lt
: , rat Ive io i - on hand durli ? I il* t.i si ten min?
utes, ol . i ?' . ??? li li chances I r i a st n. ra In Ihe
ti ? ? are slmpl) nil Stonie Northern men, ee?
na i to drop iii late al the Phlladelpl l.i or
.* ? .v Vorl I- Ila, have done so here once, perhaps,
The chaperons si! around the ball
i cn In ch.- r* arning-*,! on .i ra I seal lals. When
ii lc of a dana-aa begin* all the girls leave their
i ind alli' i. th lr i hap*roi a, w ho
? i up lo i ? iv- th. ia, uti I are there foun I by
? nea partners foi (he approaching dance. This
r ile la ti vi ile Music ali Ikea up, chap i
ar! ?-. debutantes flock round them, partners rome
i.,i. iln ; ? No -:li I . i:i ever be ri. I lin 1
with i ii in longer than one danes nt the st
. .-a-lllai Khe in,iv mgage herself to dance with
i in aa .>f*? ii us the area flt, bul ?.,>-n opening
? ri bl relief. Khe mus! leave him and gu ;.i
brr chaperon, and ii ihe m-xt dance I?<-'<>iik-? to
? Him he mu ' claim h-r lhere again,
vu iii- a-oiiv ? i ill .:i ii ii I ;ii I Th- t.'-i- ft-tote* trans
pi ra? lu ihe same room There are no leafy and flower
in I l h wera Buen aa lovers haunt; no stair*
wa; neat* "Why,thi* 1* a tit*, not a ball." exclaimed
,i lovely bud from aome Northern elly. The sup
p.e- al way a fall al Ihe end of the ball, and wltk
III 1 if. -?? f(S d . ? IS -Tl
Receptions, Pills and progreaatve euchra partlea
.:re frequent si Ihe Hi.11 house* during thc gay
season. Tl.I leal members of aoctety are off!
eera nnd manager* of th.- St Cecil las. A younger
Bel control th.- three cotillons which occur sack
wi.ita r. bul the same precise ru!*.-, of decorum gov?
ern them as give tl.iher functions their severely
local flavor and enchantment.
Ai many of Ihe aristocratic and venerable
Charleston manalona are sel back in and surround?
ed by large grounds, the visit.>r from tho N..riii
will be surprised to Mud tba gals locked and i bell
tha-r* whi.-h he n.nit ring. The Beryan I comes a .n t
lo tbs gate anal receives hi-* c.mi t'lT.* and leads
the way Into Ihe r.ptlon-room. All "f tha sar.
rants la Charleston are colored, snd excellent Ber
v-iititm thev mike. No ons hil*! a keener perception
a.f a r.-r.i gentleman, from kia appearance alone,
thm an "ll heirloom darky butler, ile treat* tha
gentleman wltk the utmost deference anil respeel
ih.it du" to majesty alone, Indeed bul tbe wsy
farer or tbs wolf In sheep's clothing receives j
scan) courtesy si bis banda an l (Inda bia prog-rasa |
Into :i Southern boms effectuslly arresled by ns
discriminating and wary .i st. ivt.-r aa aver guard?
ed imi entrance.
All the well-to-do families maintain a little army
a.r colored servants on their promises. These M-r
v.ihtN umislly Inhsbit a perfect rookery of huts
somewhere in the rear of tha enclosure. Money
univ h.- Intrust.-.1 with stn lluts security to these
darkles, bul thal other kind ->r honesty which
ahould proteel old cloibes ami edibles i-? nol one ..f
their virtu, un.i in-- master who set* ,;.i .,,.,..
vice and al-soluie reatpeci from bia colored servltora
never puahes his or hei lnqulri**s Into the ,n.s.
covery of bow targe a circle of lu a servants' friends
ur r-hitlv.-s ur.- supplied fraiui his tabl.? clothed
Witta his Imr.iiv cast-off gsrmenis. When Ihe Hop?
per thine* are clear.nl up usually about IrJO p, _i
the servants regard themselves as entirely nt ni,.
arty to go whero or do what they choose uxstll time
to gat breakfast r.-n.iv If you csu after >. and
calling Im proper .van BS 1 "?? SS IO p SB. III ''hirles
tain lt ls usually th.- mast.-r ..r mistress wh..
,oiii.s to the door or gat* lo receive you, r,,t- u,,.
lintier and ail hi. myrmidons sre gone. Thia
colored population "f th.- t..wn never seems to Ko
to bed. Reaching the nv al I or ? or ev-.-n i a. m..
and walking through ihe colored quarters, ona
finds thc Inhabitants tbersof as actively |n evl
dence even mon- so than In th* hears of daylight.
Visiting BUCk as ls done la the ?**',r,h /hat I*, a*
frequently us lt ls .iften done there la entirely
[ absent In marleston. During the gay season the
young people of courso me>, each other at th*
i viirious bouses nlghtlv, but piny calls are usually
I put off as laing a* possible. Sunday nights being
usually chosen, wh.u the men go round from house
' to house in droves, a>iv woman sometimes enter
1 tabling aa mani aa forty "r flftv In an evening.
Social visits ure mid" perbapa once in three
week* or a month, and this even In eases where
ther.- is th.- utmost Intimacy, Women lu Charles
i ion do nol go driving oi io the theatre or t.i balbi
with strangers ..r slight acquaintances A man
i ii ust li" long ii ti. i thoroughly and .'avorably known
I..1'..re lie nan make the least progress bey,ill.l the
bounds a.f conventionality. Aa aomebody compre?
hensively expressed lt, "We respect character much
more than genius."
The business men of Charleston usually begin
their d.iv Lit.- This la often rendered necessary by
the festivities of tile prea-ding .-Veiling, ll.lt tlle.V
make up for the lo** -,f ? ..riv hour; by devoting
late im"-. t.i work Pinner is aim.is: universally
j eaten al I p m., and after taking his dinner the
, lawyer m merchant returna to hi-- office and works
> until 7 oi even 8 o'clock. Theatrical performance*
do mat begin Until f i'l air '.a p. in ? and balla usually
1 aha rp at I.
Th" prevailing Btyle of beauty In Charl**ton ls
brunette, the Huguenot type. i<;..iii ?- ar.- rare, ex?
cept in the case of shu- few of the younger mar?
ried uom-n. who come fran other Northern air
Southern towns. The st. t'ecllla* and Cotillion*
are perfect Mower gardens of hearty, an emile**
delight to the artist's ey,, and mind The old ante
I bellum families, with tba nam***, which alone arc
open sesame In all societies, are still active. Rut?
ledge, frost. [{avanel, Prloleau, Trenholm. Rhett,
W ha ley, porcher, ile Saussure. Gourdln, Dawson,
Van der llorst, Plnckney, Miles, Lownde*, Huger,
I Fraser, I .ega re, l-awton, Si.>:u . Klmonton, Kim
j mons. Williams, Middleton, Haaetl .m-l Drill Torrs
! ure names found everywhere.
Th- Herman element is large and Influential in
the city, perhaps more Influential In business and
politics than rhe English nnd Huguenot aristocracy
of th" town. This Herman element mav ba- sai'i t.i
I i-a.ntr.ai th.- .-ntlre retail and wholesale grocery bual
I n.-ss aaf t'hsiieaton, ami has through Industry mid
honesty graduated many capitalists, bank presl
I dents snd bustnsss magnates out of Its corner
grocery stores Formerly .iii these corner graiceri.-s
inn a barroom In the rear ami t-x?k back over their
...linters a very large proportion "f the WHg-s ,.f
the m-gm population. Since the enactment of the
Tillman Dl*pen*ar) law this corner grogg-ery busi?
ness has been entirely bi..keu up ana the revenues
of the ilermsn merchant* have been seriously re?
duced in this direction. Hut If thar "man of blood
aini iron" Uovernor Tillman is able to make bis
prohibition experiment a permanenl success Its
eventual effect upon the character ami morala of
< tiarlestoh cannot help being felt an.l being good.
At pr-sent the feeling between the .'im-f Rxecutlvs
mil iii* most wealthy .ital inilueiiti.il cltlsens is
I itter.
The future of Charleston ls entirely problematic.
with every attraction In the world for Northern
tourists, she alo-s na.t se.-in to wish that they should
come down "ti h'-r In swarms, for th" good reaaon
thal a Na rv,- itiiinx -f ii.-w blood would completely
anal unqueatlonably change th-- whole character of
th.- town. The venerable entlbulty anal quaint
customs which now surround Charleston would
so. ti disappear and In their pur* we should have
an ordinary, dusty, unattractive, i.ming Southern
town, still, tbs subject ts a serious one for the
consideration of her most thoughtful citizens As
tings look now, Charleston stan,|s a fair chance
ol being ns completely "frosen out*' by the coast
line aa baa i.n Wilmington left like beaufort and
Ueorgetown to mouin ov r tin- dally fading gloiiea
alf ber past. ____________________
THE TRAINING OF SEALS
'AITAIN WESTON TALKS AUOl'T IMS PERFORM
i:::s THEIR INTELLIGENCE.
Cap! i:ti Weal in, the seal-trainer al Hagenbeck'e,
has recelvi I another seal fr. ni Hamburg, snd has
begun I ra In im- lt Of all the .liff .-rent animals tb.it
go to make up the animal kingdom a tish ls per?
haps tl - ingest thal should be chosen for tr.im
i-ii-. ' ? t the .'cis done by the three seal* under <'.ip
: hu Weston's guidance show thal even a tish can
uo wonderful things, Tho* ? now performing every
day ure the i Ideal seals In captivity. Scala ar>- ex
???;n dell, ite, and they rarely live away from
their : nive sea and rocka for mora than a v. ar,
niel vet these seal* [lobby, [libby and Tommy
have been performing regularly fair mk yesrs,
Th-ir longevity is undoubtedly due t" the fs t thal
th. ? receive greal '-arc
The rxsct spoi of the birthplace of these s-r.s
ls no! kn .'in, bul when they wera youngsters they
wi re I mn I on ? ne of tbs (elanda a If Coashaven In
Uermany The 0 rman Government does all ll can
to protect Ita flahertea, .iti i as seale ure tb.ri
menace to flsta tbe Oovernmeni pays a reward
? f liva, marks for tl- capture of eacb Beal. There
la a f in iou* -.-il tl-herman In ll.rmnny nani>"l
Worthman, and when Captain Weaton, who bad
been aan many Bealing .in I whaling axpeFlltlons In
the North Sea, determined ii.at be would give up
the life "f a sailor and become a landlubber, it
occurred to him that ti-- training of seals would bs
i: v.; ,,- i profitable He wen! t > Wortham, and to
gethrr they captured the three sleek little fellosra
now performing ai Hagenbeck's, There are many
- ,,t. : a o ital le - t rosehaven, and one of the smail
. ?? v..is chosen. In describing the capture .'ap-.un
Wi al -I. -il .
"We stretched Ihe net on one aide of uti- of tbs
smaller Islands, and th-n want to tba others an.l
ahoi off pistols snd ma ls a noise, driving many
Inl ? tbe w cr and against the net We had
to work very quickly, because the -? ila dove down
ami I- i-i- entangled In the net. and a ----?? 1 will
drown if kept live minutes under iv.nr. When we
t i ly pulled tham up we found thal we ta! about
ly Ba il*, bul wi; a they found themselves ..'
i..? thar th.v became enraged and fought among
themselves, biting, scratching and tearing, even
. i- one another, until there were only three i*rt,
and ihe*e three are the same three that I have
!.. lav
One i i- ? ''v a faint Mea of the amount of pa?
tience which if nqulre* a teach a Ash, f.r sucta
a ... ii r-.iiiy .-.. I. look* easj t,, bis ..ne .f my
-? il* pla) the bahia a.r n harp, bul lt t? ?.>k me
three months of hard work every day ;?> teach
?(?in to do thia even In an Imperfecl manner, and
il) ri ia ai that I ? in give ia that thi y have
|. ? i. ii lon.?- i::ii t ? learn
"I i-a ti.t before known a s. ai I- live In <-.p
Tivi:v . . ...- year, and v.i I have had mina
ii -ii -'ti- I am oft. lurprla I al their In
i- :'ii:. !-. i. ? i; .bb). ' ie
clown. I believe ii ii thai tish m. |er->tui I* humor,
because h? does things al tim** which actually
make m* Isiisli to -iv : thing about the audience,
ll- is the best -al I ? v r h.il. the l-est I ever will
lina-, ami i think thal he has ..n affect ion for ma'
a.i ti: it ha- Kt .v, - almost ? cry thing i sa) tj Itlm,
'V. -. ihe care at seals ls a great one. 1 keep
th. ni al llagenb.. L's tn a tai k, i nil above the water
I* a shell l..r inel to Ile ? ? I hen Ihl 1 feel ?0 III
'?Uni i Thia va', r N chang il three i me* .1 day,
and twenty pound* of *- ? 1 - ar.- pul mt" ti'.- water
at each change, f..r a -..ii cann. 1 live In lush wa
1. r. v.,a know The) are .1- plump anal fat iii-day
???v v.-re iv ing in iii'ir native rocks In the
North Sea. and the) Ur >w a greal deal more ah .ut
the w.rl iii. ti the) 1 thenwlse wool.I have known
It mi-, surprise som* people, bul it i-i nevertheless
.1 ? iel that the*. rhr*e a?als ? ai .""" pa unais ? t tish a
Week, i'll*- v vvill ..1 la eui sea fi sb, such a* herring . r
fl..lind 1. .11 I I altrlbut* meir Lim life to the fad
1 ia) 1 nu v.-rv careful with their fa.i.i. The flab ar*
wash' I .nil denni I and the heails . -t oft just aa
rarrfutly and 1 u -1 h .eau'. a< tl ugh golny on a
hotel table, Tl. seal doc* not chew a fl*h. bul
-wallows lt whole, and li would surprise you lo
see how a gr. it mass of fl*h will disappear when
three seal* ?.?>?( al If All the accomplishments .if
these seals ure not sb,awn at HsRenheck'*, air In
fact anywhere They have been ta ugh I aster
nicks [ can throw a ten-cent piece Into a tank
af water, and, small ns the piece ls. and tl.it aa lt
||*s a.n ibe bottom, al .1 w n I of command any one
of my s.-.ls win Jive for t* and gel lt. This I da
1.ot 'how in public, because the tank is an unwieldy
thing tu ke.p ab.an'.
"Have th.-v ever bitten me? Tea; several times,
and the seals bite la a nasty aana. The last lime
was wh.n I placed the tambourine In fr..nt a.f Blbbv.
\\ I'li-iiit waining he grabbed me bv the arin, and I
certainly thought he would 1 1 K<- a big piece pul of
lt before I could make him lei go, and I was obltr-vd
ia atrlke bim very severely before I could g.-i lum
lu let loos.- My s-i's t.i me ar-- great pa'ts, and 1
think lust as nnich of th-ni as 1 would of a cblM,
for their ureai, big. Intelligent eyes i,,ok un Into
no'ie with un expreseloi whian t,.||s me If th.-v
only knew how, thev w. ul.l certainly talk to me."
<>\F or THE danqrrs op MEXICO.
From Ths Kt. Louis Gllob*-Democral
?Tba principal pent ,,f Mexico," Bald 18. P. Brswer,
of Central America, "ts tbe scorpion In damp or
w.-t weather hn ls omnipotent, and in hotels can
be Been to run up and down upon th.- wails. He ls
only niiout four to six in.di.-s in length, an l ls not
particularly repulsive in appearance, bin bis sting
generall) results fatally. 1 was In a hotel at oas
time where ;wa, other rslesmen stopped |q the same
room, Mid as we went t.i go tO bed I saw the
Bcorptona chasing each "th.-r ui* and down Ihe wall.
1 called un feilow-travetiers' attention ia them,
but they iboiight thal they could protect themselves,
and we all vent t.> bed. I pul up a ahleld, aa 1
conimon in that country, but my friends were not
used t.i nils protection, and In the morning tbs
man who thought he waa safe was dead. I never
gu to bed in Meale 1 without thoroughly protecting
every exposed portion of my Univ."
POPULAE STONER Foil JEWRt.HY.
From The Jewellers1 Circular.
Through all changes, winn avery stone seems t.i
h.iv- its aiiy. the album.n,I aland* alone, liio.iu
p.irable. lu these dais st.ams ate brought into
pr,,min. inc t.. mest the demand for variety, anal
snail atones aa the amethyst, the aquamarine, ths
rhry-nberyl, tbe golden carnelian and many other
stone* known as B"*ml-pr-*clous ar.- ? a wonderfully
i-it and eel aa t . greatly Increase their Intrtnsk*
value 'Hies.- staines ara very fashionable.Just at
pi--.ni. s.t iii tb - f.r,,, ,,f collar and girdle. Tbs
turquoise bus been more unlv.-rs.iiiv adopted in
recent years linn a:iv other Stone. The _ gre* teat
number, and som,, of the Bsost beautiful, have
of lute va-ar.s been found In our own oountry. pur?
ing the lan! thra-.- v.-ars |M,0M worth <>f American
turapiailses have leen us.-,|. And the Opal?that ex
onislte stone with Its fairy light daming over Its
delicate surface just now lt ls fndlng Its reward
after manv veins of prejudice. Indeed, si far his
the old superstition regarding this stone been re?
mo'...I that lt has become, when set In diamonds,
one of the chosen stones t,>r th* engagement ring,
nnd th* woman who can claim among her SSSOd
ste* Hie most beautiful opal I* to be envied, not
pitied.
BURIED ALIVE.
A MATTER OF COURSE TM CHINA.
TIIK MiifRN'ER AT HIS OWN" KrNERAT--A -TORT
OF PA I tl>*.
With regard to the om tn iv.''rsv now In prog
ress between tbs Roaaaa OsthoMs clergy in
Qresl Britain and Mr. Hider Haggard over ths
i description "f th* Immuring, or burying alive, of
I a nun contained in his recently published novel,
".Monia /nina's Daughter," it will doubtlers sur?
prise th.- disputants to learn that there ls at
any rut.- one country In the world where people
ar.- to this .liv buried alive. What ls more, the
Victim ls md only a consenting party to the deed,
but even i;ikas part In the funeral as his own
i hb-f mourner. The country where this practice
remalas In existence is China; and the people
ulm are thus buried alive .ir.' usually those who,
lither .ni sccount of their Incorrigible mlscon
duct .<r Incurabls msladles, have come to be re
gsrded as burtle IS tn their relatives nnd ns con?
stituting not only a nuisance, but also a danger
j to the community to Which they belong. Theos
Interments nf living men and women are gen
arally th.- result of a dseras "f a sort nf family
.aauiia'll conaposed of all the principal relatives
i nf tba* victim, anal they araj _o far regarded as
legitimate that the local aulhorltles do not hesi?
tate to attend the obsequies. Saimetlmes, too,
the decres Ix pronounced by g vigilance commlt
? tee, or "Vehnig.'rh'hf." an institution that flour?
ishes (|iiite as extensively iii China at the pres?
ent day as it did in Qermany two and thres
! centuries ago. The French mlsslonariea estab?
lished in the district of Tcha.ng Lok have on rec?
ord u 'as.- where a tuan had become such a
slave tu the opium habit that he had not only
: disposed <>f bin busina-ss iiii.l of his entire prop
a-rty tu procure opium, but had even with a
similar object gold his children Into slavery.
His neighbors and relatives endured this. But
when h.? began to remove the tiles that
roofed the temple erected to the memory of his
ancestor*-!, with thp object of converting them Into
cash, the leading Inhabitants of the place, hor
rltleal by tbsspsCtadSOf, to Chines,* eyes, so hor
1 rtUs a sacrilege, decided that lt was necessary
to put an and to the scandal, and that the only
mea ns nf doing so w. nilli ba? to bury him alive.
Accordingly, ti committee of five was delegated
tai call upon bim and to Inform him of the de?
termination of his fellow-citizens. Not a word
of protest did he utter, not a complaint did
he make, but followed his visitors silently to a
neighboring valley, where he gratched his grave
being dug. Thereupon he, of hts own accord,
atretched himself af full length th.-rein. proffer?
ing only one lust r<'i|ii.-st, that his face should be
covered arith s thick hayer <.f fresh grass and
h.-rbs before tbs earth was battened down over
bim.
Ordinarily', however, the obsequies of live per
si.ns sra sttended by much mort pomp and cere
j m..ny than this, especially when it ls not mis?
conduct, but merely disease ur old age, which
causes the family snd ths feltow-cltlsens "f the
candidate f"r fut:, ral honors t" desirS his de?
parture for another world. Kverything that 13
posslbls is alina, to smooth the way an.l to eh"er,
if mi., may bo showed to use the expression, his
last moments. Relatives and neighbors combine
to purchase the most expensive coffin that they
ran afford, th" prices ranging from $10 to $.VX)
and even fl.MO. At th.- funeral repast that pre
cedes th.- Interment he is thS guest of honor,
i ami as aoon as the feasting has bern br.iught to
! a conclusion tbs procession to the grave be?
gins. It ls led "ff hy the empty coffin, which
In fairm resembles tbs trunk of a tree, the boards
being thres or f.mr in.dies thick and rounded
"utsi.ie. Immediately following th" coffin walks
. ths "moribund," magnificently arrayed, generally
in tho superbly embroidered garments of a man?
darin, and bearing a fan in one hand and a
prayer tsrritten am a piece of paper In the other.
Then follow- tbs members ,.f the family, the vll
, lag" or town authorities and the neighbors. On
? reaching tho border ?.f the grave, the principal
a. tor in this extraordinary per foi manes takes a
solemn leavs Of all those present, arrange, his
garments in the most convenient and comfortable
fsshlon, lakes a last lug swallow of opium, and
thereupon assumes his place in the coffin. A
piece of allver having been placed M his chin,
the lld is placed "ti the casket and ls nailed
down by his sons and nearest relatives; the cas?
ket then being lowered Into the grave, the earth
is battened down and all is aiv.-r.
These statements may seem tu be mere travel
his' tales, .-."tn.- of ila.se absurd exaggerations?
em broideries ls perhaps th>? most appropriate term
ti which people who have Journeyed far are
popularly suppos.il to li" addicted. Hut I have,
when lu China, frequently heard th" matter dis
cu*?ed by pe rple Who had actually witnessed
ceremonies of this kind; end further confirma?
tion is .(forded by duly euthentlcated Instances
tl, - >rlbed In one of tit" recent mimbi rs of the
Austrian "Oriental Review," one of the most
erudite and weighty of ali publications dealing
with Asiatic aff.ilis. b,ing edited under the
auspices ol the wi rld-renowned Imperial Oriental
A adi my si Vienna. There can be n<> doubt as
ii th.- absolute authenticity of tha> aas.-s de?
li rib* 1 In "Th.- Review," "tie of willah in par?
ri, ul.ir t.ok place only three or four years ago
ai a place called Tchlm Kong. Th" object in
burying people alive In tills manner is to get rid
of them in a manner i al ulated to frc those who
have taken part In tbe affair from all respond
billtv in this World, and at the lame time t.i save
tii>. v I 'lim from the odium i f suicide In Um next
world; for, theoretically at any rat",.the pers.in
Interred is :i consenting party thereto and his
relatives and neighbors are merely executing his
ii-: and therefore Mcred trishes in nailing down
lils collin anal burying him. Strictly speaking
(that ls, from a Chiii"Sa> point of vi.-wt. lhere is
ii a murder, no execution and no sub-hie. lt ts
merely s sort of min.ml arrange menl affair.
satisfactory alike t.> all pat-th-s. the occupant of
;h" coffin complying arith th.' desire of his reta
lives an.l neighbors for lils departure for a
better world, uni they, am thadr aide, l_4eavc<"
Ing by every means in their power tai render
ibis departure Sgreesble and easy.
China is. I believe, tbe only country where this
ancient custom <?f burying people alive still ex?
ists. That it used In olden tunes to bs practised
in many of the countries of Rurope ls an ac?
knowledged f.x-t. the mediaeval survivals of the
custom taking th" form of what may be described
us immuratlon, or tbe building up in a wail of
tb.' victim. A loaf of bread and a Jug of water
were generally placed in the niche, and Mr.
Hi'i'-r Haggard describes several ancient mon
Bstertes and convents, notably cns in Mexico
and "ii" at Waltham in England, Where skele?
tal-- anal pitchers built Into the walls were found
by the workmen engageal in either tearing down
or repairing the building. And there ls a dis?
tinguished priest, whoas name at the pres?
ent moment I cannot ra member, but who
was one of the most fsmoiM pulpit orators of '
Prance, who luis placed OB ravord ,i midnight
visit that be paid s.'m.' thirty years ago to ad?
minister the last aacrameut to a man of evident
education snd birth who was being built up Into
the wall of th" allning-hull of an old mansion
in Carls, ami to which he had been taken in a
carriage blindfolded. The priest could give no In?
dication as t" whela tbs mansion was. except
that ll was located on the la-ft bank of the
Si-liia'. a fact which he ascertained from the
carriage driving across a bridge, i am per?
fectly aware thal this oft-told story is regarded
by many as u^alry tale, but its author wa* a
man of too greal eminence and piety to admit of
any suspicion that In* was rom.lining, and far
too clever t.i allow the supposition that he had
i.n til.- victim of .in hallucination, cf course,
tlie se ii-t of the confessional debarred him from
t.-lliiig the rina which tbs built-in man had on
Ids conscience with ii view tu establishing hie
Identity; but th" reverend father permitted
enough lo become known to lead to the Infer
a-nce thal tbe man had been guilty of some
terrible offence against society, which could
not have been punished by the tribunals with?
out bringing disgrace upon an Illustrious and
time-honored nam-. KX-ATTACHE.
Tin: ATHLETIC CHAPLAtH OF THE Hors M.
From Tbe Huston Advertiser.
Washington. Keb. 4 The n.-w chaplain of ths
Mouse ls un., of Ihe greatest athletes In the l-ody,
and would muk.- an admirable s.-rg< ant-at-arm*..
Chaplain Beeby la tull, slight and Leanness, and
he miik.-s the shorti-st prayers that have been
lia-upl In the House fair years. Ile ls the young?
est man who has been elected chaplain In the
|aawa-r branch, and ls only twenty-eight years old
now. He ls a Southerner to his finger tip*, but
with any amount of real Northern activity. All hi*
life has been spent In the South, except during
the few year* that he studied theology at Yal*.
He ls a splen Hil tennis plaver, snd . wields ths
racket like a Hovey. His speciality ls revival work.
and he haa had wonderful success In awakening
religious enthusiasm. Hut he does not try te coo
vert the Congressman,

xml | txt