Newspaper Page Text
AR ICBM AT THE. NORWICH CONGRESS-*
MR JOHN m'RNS AS CENSOR Of TDK
PRESS AND OTHERWISE ?MR
CHARLES FENWICK. M. P.-MU.
DELVES. AMALGAMATED EN
? JINKER AND PRESIDENT OE
THE CONGRESS- MK. TOM
Lond"n, September 7.
A side light is sometlin'S as good ns u full
light to show you the real rImrai t.-r of the man
you are dealing with. If the man turns lt OB
himself, go much the better. Mr. John Iiiirns
has don" us that servi.??? in the Trades-Unl il
Congress at Norwich Thc C.Slgroos Itself has
shown plainly enough thc spirit in which It
works, and Its own clew of Ps relation to thc
rest of the community. The rest of the com?
munity does not exist, "r exists only lo bo lev?
ied xipttn for the benefit of the particular dasi
or class SS represented \n this COttgr****. Tho
ardrit of intolerance pn-vails. The Intolerance
is general enough, tin,] perhaps natural enough,
among men who believe that lite world woo
created lor them and that everybody not a
workingman who has any shnn- of this world's
goods ls a robber and an oppressor, on whom
lt ls the duly of the trade?-union to make war.
And the Congress, among other enemies on
Whom Wnr ls to be mad", has singled out the
I'riss It passed a resolution last year Which
holds go".i for the pr agent year, excluding re?
porters representing non-uniofjlot newspapers.
That is an expression of enmity nnd resent
?tent, and something moro. Tin se gentlemen
wish nm only to punish those newspapers
gullly of the crime of disagreeing with them,
but to take care that no reports of their pro
ceedliurs shall reach the public except th"s?
friendly t.. the Congress and the Trndeo
Unlons, an! drawn np In their interest. This
puts tho unionist newspaper* in an equivocal
position. It discredits the accuracy of their
report?, lt mnkeo them the mere agents nnd
tels of the Trad* s-Tni'.ns. If tiny are content
to occupy that posltl n there ls no more to bo
said, bo far as they ar.- c incanted, but a gnat
deal lo be said on gcne-al principles.
Mr. John Burns did us the service of putting
the question. 00 his habit is. in s concrete
form. He told the Congress that he had been
Informed that among those present was tho
representative of the "Scotsman."?"a paper
which had treated the workmen of Bcotlnnd in
a shabby and scandalous manner, and which
I had the pleasure of denouncing in my well
known vigorous style during tho Scottish rail?
way strike." Then Mr. Burns, who is a mem?
ber of the committee to which lie refers,
If the Otmgroo* leave lt in the hands of
the Standing Orders and Parllomi nt,irv C >m
Bnltteo to see that that gentleman gets out,
they may dismiss th.- whole matter.
There M* have Mr. John Burns to Die life;
autocratic, domineering, intolerant, Incapable
of respecting an opinion which differs from his
own. or to pee that anybody has ? right to
express an opinion of which Mr. John Burns
disapproves. He is the oracle who dencrlb**
the workingmen of America as not differing
much industrially from African slav s At the
same time, he wants to make slaves nf the
newspapers. Tin- "Scotsman" is tin- leading
journal of Scotland, lt has formed tin opinion
about the railway strike, and expr?ssed it. For
that, and for employing non-unionist p'lt.ters. it
ls to be punished. Its reporter is excluded fr- rn
the Tradts-l'nlon Congress. How childish lt is!
There is, how. vcr. this to bc said of Mr. John
Burn*. He turns his bark upon himself with
very considerable facility. Hw mak"? a pr..;.'.'al
and drops lt, and pxpeots never to be remind'-1 f
lt again If lt prove unworkable. Such was his
proposal for a general strike in all trades In Lon?
don?one of the wickedest suggestions that ever
came fr un a human mmth. lt is thought (Tue!
to refer to it now. Its author was then learning
his business, we are told,?at the expense of the
community, ll" has said many wild and foolish
things since, and Inflamed the minds of nrm of
less sense and less prudence than himself. They
are all to be forgotten. They are all pr news's
in Mr. John Burris's education. His Intentions
ar? excellent, and th-re are so many working?
men leaders worse than he, and he doe* not al?
ways behave badly in Parliament, and he ira*
Lord Rosebery's "honored poll segue** in tie- I. -n
don County Council, and he has t . li? supported
by public contributions in order that he rn I.
Vote his whole time to agitation and to lil.-, in?
valuable work in the House of Commons and the
London County Council. His little mistake about
the Press, and his queer notions about freedom
of speech must therefor- SUM be forgotten and
never be brough: up against him.
Mr. Fenwick ls an Interesting Retire in the
Congress He has been during the loot four jw ars
Parliamentary Secreta-y to the Council, and he
ls now bitterly attacked because he has not been
content to be the mere delegate of the Tradeo
Unlons in Parliament. You perceive that, wheth?
er in the Press or in the Legislature, indetiend
ence is offensive to a gnat body of the Trade
Unlonlsts. They attack lt as a form of Individ?
ualism. If Collectivism ls to become the con?
trolling influence In this country, the right of
private Judgment is at an end. EJecauoo Mr. Fen?
wick holds office und-T th" Council or Congress,
or as member and secretary of the Parliamentary
Committee, he is therefore?such ls the argu?
ment?bound IO be guide! and governed by th*
wishes of the majority, not mandy as their ag* nt
and secretary, but in the discharge of his Parlia?
mentary diitl.-s to his constituents of the Wans?
beck divisim of Northumberland, ami to the
But the Trades Congress do nd elect Mr Wi n
?jrlok to tho House of Commons. Th y ar* n >t
his constituents. The electors of Northumberland
are his constituents, and Mr. Von nick is their
representative and in no sense the representative
of the Trades-Unions: nor could he be, for they
have no StSOtOTOl existence. But, in their view,
be ls to do their bidding. t . vd- an 1 speak In
the House ..f Commons for them and f ir their In?
terests, and not for the pt pit Who .-cut him to
Parliament, nor for their Interest*. If the two
?conflict, as they maj and do. Mr. Fenwick la to
betray his OOaaOtStnenta and I..- thi tool of the
Trades-l'nl'ns. To state that Vtew :s to refute
lt. or to refute lt for al! but the blind and bigot d
panlHaim who a-sen ldc in a Trades-Colon Con?
The man who is thus assailed for fidelity to
bis constituents, to his oath, to his Parliamentary
duty, and to his ow n conscience, was him?
self In early life a working collier, and the
s?>n of a working collier. He haa all his
life long been identlfleo with the cause of
the workingmen, and with Trades-l'nlons.
At the time?18?0?wileri he was chosen
Parliamentary Secretary to the Trades-Union
Congress, he had already bern for live
years M. P. for Northumberland; where he has a
majority of something over two thousand. Ho
was a working collier at the time of his election
The House of Commons knows him well and
respects bim. He ls. on some points, an extreme
man. an advanced Liberal, a Home Ruler, and of
course extreme on most labir questions. If he re
fu-ed to support the Eight Hour Miners' Bill, lt
ras on a comparatively narrow point?that the
bi.:, unlike the general Eight Hours Bill, pro.
vlded only for a day of Eight Hours and not for
a week of Forty-Eight Hours. IU? may be right
or wrong. Ile la. In either case, entitled to his
opinion, ptid he told th? Congress, in language
which Insures him the respect of honorable men,
that Ms opinions were bis own, and not tor sale
nor at thc disposal of any body of men. They
knew his opinions when they elected him their
' Parliamentary Secretary. The opinions wero tho
same nev aa then, and much as he vale-1 his
position he was not prepared to chnr.g.- th. tn
fir any honor which the Trades Congress ir any
oth.-r body waa willing I ' offer him. A manly
man. Mr. V< nwii V:, for ail his industrial and
Mr. Delves, di? year's chairman, is perhaps a
new man t i fame, or to th" general public. We
are t lld thal he bc..mes chairman, not by the
choice of the Congress bul by the unwritten low
law which oiTi rs this post to him aa pn aid ni ? I
the Norwich Town Council. A young roan of
thirty, or not much more, an Amalgamated En
gtneer, and f r macy years leader of the Trade
Union movement in what it la tbe fashion to call
East Anglia, of which Ni rwlch la a sort of
capital. OT one capital. That does not say much
for lilin. T.'ie Trode-Unl rn causa in East Anglia
has never been a fl lurlshlng one Ii ls a rxsnser
vatlve country, sluggish perhsps, not qui k, cer?
tainly, ' - take up with new id'as, or new m rvc
ments. lt is noi Industrial in the monufactur
lu j sense, hut agricultural.
Mr. I' Iv > is a SoclallBl wh ) thinks that there
ir a s sriol quest! in and n I other. Sympathy with
Anarchism hi- diselolms; strongly for himself,
rather doubtfully for thi Congress ns a whole.
He thought thal the Congress Sf ? d "perhaps"
be unite I (a "repudiating Uie cruel aol vicioua
us.- of gunpowder, dagger, and dynamite." His
political views ar* what you might expect. The
House .fl..rds |a the ancient and natural enemy i f
the workingman, "r perhaps only of the working?
man in hi* collective, or one might say coagulated
condition aa Trades-Unionist. Bul Mr. Delves
will ali iw n ? Second Chamber et ail. The Mouse
of C mroons may become a useful body when
its constitution has been Impr rved, and especially
when they, the workers, assume their proper
place In the "c ntrol" of its counsels.
A< ec nomlst, his mind is saturated with tho
heresies dear to the English trade-unionist; but
for which I auppose he w >uld not he a trnde-un
i- nlst. Tln-te is ore tl.lng which makes indus?
trial organisation "s travesty" probably s trav?
esty of what it ougiu to he, bul Mr. Delves does
not say?namely, that markets dominate men
j Instead of bach controlling marketa Adam Smith
' has lived in vain. The British workman does
j firmly believe that li" can control markets and
1 prices and production; by legislation, whether
j of trade-unions or Par'iaments, by violence, by
1 refusing to allow men t-> w rk except at thc
pleasure of the Unions, by picketing, by other
j means. The retrain- ration of the worker ls to de
? pend not on demand or the state of the market or
j any such anti.in.itel considerations, bul on Its
' "valued' and the worker la to determine for him
j self Its value; and find BOmeb 'dy to poy it.
Th" only ultimate B dutton of everything ls,
j accorJing to Mr. Delves, Colli rtlvtom. Steps
mast i'" token to "relieve the labor market."
v.'om. n must not I"- ollowed to work except ot
! Ibo ."arie wag ? as men. Whether tho woi en
j can earn the men's wuges d tefl ri il matter; they
must lie paid the same. The principle ls the
i same which governs the trade-union mind with
referetteo lo mea. a bod workman must !><? pai^
! ss much ns b %.l ons; the weak aa much as tin
j strong: the unskiii' i or half-skilled as much as
tin- skilled. Whst D properly women's work,
arl what exclusively men'a w rk. is I i be di t.-r
mlned, of course, by the men. "And as th-* pr rper
j work of s great many w im< n now In mill or fa -
lory liy at home with their children, thal would
lead t >s considerable rqttrf i:i the labor market,"
says the President of thc Labor Congress,
i Mr. Toni Mann i* another Trade-Union cele
. br.-.y. Tin- world waa told som* time ag" thnt
Mr Tom Minn waa going Into the Church. I
? d-m't know what is mean: by Ihe Church. Here,
lt commonly algnlflea the i: lal llshed Church.
but it can hardly i.. Buppoaed thal Cote aros a
question of his t.ik.ng holy orders M re proba
l bly he thought ol Joining soma ns -f the tn i
or three bun Ired si 'ta known as Str.r infoi
' But h.- has relinquished thal purp Be, and ls
now trymg to gel Into Parliament Meantime,
lu- .1. "iri ? t- be Parliamentary gi -.t.try lo tho
i Trads s Congi - salon to Mi r- wi tk.
He is an .-uti,': - enthusiast, per?
haps; certainly sn enthuaia ? i r Trade-Un! a
and for Socialism and for C Ivlai ai ii' b
ably for otl r mon ? . l sa itlractive Iori
:> insense, Like Mr. I telvi -;. he ma ki si
figure* He I ld thi C ngres* that the workers
of this country wen- "fleeced" b) thc >aplts t
i class out of Thr." Thousand MU lons ol U
every ye ir \ :. t uni li . ll) ? ? s itu
scribes Mr, Tom Mann aa an exit mely ei
.?nd excited speaker, '1 ithii .? ? ul .. H icinllsm
| with such fiery breath bb mada tlc passionate
vehemence of ii; i res and express! na qui)
painful t' witness.' ll attacked Mr. Fenwick
only io be b .vi- l ovei and crumpled up by l
cool, hnrd-beade I. practised debab r. But he does
not much mind being bowk l over, He bas '.-'n
president of the Dockers Union, and um-l lo
rough w .iii.
Hs baa now taken up, ai: mg oth< - causes, tlint
of the agricultural laborers of Norfolk, lb- ri -
riled them for i. .'. getting hlgnei p y. Somebody
had told lilin thal nome ot ihese agricultural la?
borers dil no! get h.or- than twelve or thirteen
?hilling* a week. "Very well, then." cried Mr.
Tim Mann, "you freeborn citltena of Norwich ur"
su bala ting on lee* than it tak--- to keep i pauper
in the workhouse." I . - not know how much it
takes to k'-.-p a pauper in the Norwich work?
house, nor wln-ie Mr Mann gm his figures, nor
does it matter. A few Shillings one way or th'
other ,ne nothing after thal magnificent Three
Thousand Millions of hollar-. Bul wh) pour out
this contempt on the agricultural laborers? poor
souls, they g.-t what they ctn.
?DON'T KEIR HARrAhV
London, September ll
Mr. Punli, who ha* often a very clear notion
j of the real value of things and of p'-rsens, long
? sine christened Mr. Keir Darla- "Don't Keir
! Hardie." It was the spirit ? t nippon) irre?
sponsibility In which h" speak* and acts that
gave him this nickname. In the Trade Union
Congress at Norwich he did his best to Justify
It, as you suv, and he has riot relaxed his efforts
Fit:,". Tin- Independent Lah r Party, aa they
'? call themselves, seem content to be repres nted
? by a man of thi* stamp. He would perhaps t<-||
y m that i ?? created this porty; and that for a
I time he was the porty. Now he boasts that lt
: ls between 40,000 and r.O.OT.O strong. The Trade
! T'nir,-, Congress Itself accented lils leadership.
. Bat f..r Mr. Keir Hardie they might ncc i have
passed that amusing resolution in favor of "na
; tl Noalhtlng" nil tho land snd all the w sith < t ths
j country, it wns he who moved the amendment
t ? ? i-i- everything as well aa the land.
Mr. Hardie tries 1.1 < best I I present him?! if to
the country as a theorist; perhaps an a thinker.
Ti th's i-.-: uti* bo has no pretensions; ths
former mae describe him well enough at odd
m.menis whin DO is laying down som" general
proposition of which he opp. ,irs never tO have
comprehended the scope, Bul the Trade xrnion
resolution had, In all probability, fl specific as
Wei] as a general object Tie C cure*:? avowedly
went to Bael Angil* t i win over that barren
land to Trad" Unli niora, io orgonlos lats r, t"
attract laborers into 'be fellowship of the Trude
I'nl'.ns. This resolution was one moons of at?
tracting them; perhaps the chief moana There
ls but one sense in which lt could be understood
by cn ignorant peasantry; perhaps bul on-- sense
In which it could bc understood by anybody. It
ls a proposal to transfer the existing wealth of
this country from its present owners to other
owners. The n?w owners are to be the people,
including the peasantry of Ivist Anglia. They are
tempted with that enormous bribe. The agricult?
ural laborer, with his present pitiful wage of ten
or twelve shillings a week, ls suddenly assured
that he is to inherit th- earth nnd the fuiness
thereof. The Trade Unions offer him that; Mr
K<ir Hardie offers him that. It ls one of ihe
most splendid Instances on record of generosity
at other people's expense.
Since the adjournment of the Congreaa Mr.
Don't Keir Hardie haa been stumping the
country. He ls the new Evangel of the New
Unionism, ani especially of the Independent La
nor Party. He claimed for that body "without
fear of egotism or contradiction that lt was
teaching that Christianity which Dod left bo
hind Ulm." The figure of Mr. Keir Hardie as
Vicegerent Of the Almighty ls an impressive
one?-no! leos so that of th" labor party which
n-gards picketing, persecution, coercion and vi?
olence, all of which lt habitually practises, ss
Christian. "Practically speaking." continued
tDin new Christian, "the members of the Inde?
pendent Labor Party are Socialists." To be a
Socialist was thought no lung time ago to bo
tolerably advanced, but Mr. Hardie ls some?
thing more Durn a Socialist He aa- Bl
I have more sympathy with the wild md mad I
enthusiast, the Anarchist, who aacriftceo his I
own Hf" and I bore (,t" bis comrades tn order to
brim: about thal Idei 1 stat" of society Which
tho respectable Christian man said could Dover
be realised, tims allowing the suffering and
misery to continue.
It is but tho usual ascending seale In thin
country of recent years. From Liberalism, n
nobie creed, to Radicalism, which ls an ignoble
on": from Radicalism to Socialism, and from
Boclollam to Anarchism. Mr. Hardie ims taken
thc steps a little more quickly and more openly
than some .tilers, thal 1? all. He lias Staggered
even tho stanchest Socialists in the press. I
Speak of Mr. Hardie ns the true author of ihe
prevailing conaternatlon among those Radical
Journal? which have not yet wholly cast off
lindlcnllsm for Poclnllsm. He ir- the author be
cnuoe he was the lender of the Congress willoh
adopted Socialism, and Socialism in its mool
Sweeping Collectivism as a platform. Vet there
>i "s seem to be nn unaccountable heoltatloa On
tim pf>rt of the advanced Journalism nf (Vreat
Britain in acceptim; him ns loader. The very
organ nnd mouthpiece of nil the Socialism t!" re j
ls, or hitherto bus been in England, shrinks
back from the sudden yawning of the til-' I
that opens at Norwich. The nntionnli;-ati..n
resolution is timidly described ns "a tolerably
large order," and "Tin- Chronicle" odds:
On the face nf lt there would Feem to be noth?
ing now to separate the Tr.nl"s Congress from
any s Kdaltst Congress in Germany or PTono*
There would 00t indi ed. Tin- Trade Union
tata iri the mild paraphrase of their bes? friend
in the press, "have pul mi record their belief In
.1 form of commonwealth which ean only be at
t lined by the highest concefvuMe ord-r ..f civic
beluga" D ls quite clear flint tli" better
trained and mor" prudi nt intelligence which pre
Md b over ti-..- counsels . :" Flee! Stree! looks
aghast upon the indiscretion of Norwich. Tlc re
may not !?? mu'-h real difference between tho two
wings of ile- Socialist!?? army, bul tho disclosure
of the wh.:- "pr gramme" is thought prema?
ture and dangerous. The British public, and
even the priMsh workingman would I"- taueht
in Fleet Street t" take bis poison io m derate
doses Whereas, Norwich would pour a bottle
fui rf prussic a'id down lils throat nt a gulp.
The purely political papers of the Radical or
Liberal sort leave two ways of dealing With
emergencies such as w--re emoted for thom at
Norwich. Tiny take refuge In silence, or they
climb upon tin- fence and sit there. There ore
always people, .ord pome >f tie tn are British
Journalists, who think you caa best deal with a
crisis by Ignoring it Tie lr p lley is a pollcj
..f masterly Imbecility, On the morning srhen
ono "i" the most powerful organisations in Eng?
land announces Ita purp ?se to "nath nnllse" ali
tho wealth "f ti..- Klnj i un, "Tb* Dally \ rn ?"
.- naldera lt a good lime to dla "u a tie- n
of Bnglon i an I Fran ??, the Bl iv< i ?? Ti ii at
Cairo, Rugby football, nnd Lynch I.aw m the
Unit* I Btati - 'ie- latter lu its n I ; ir! ?'?
i ni tl..- topic of the da]
\\..rd. nor bas there !???. n ? ?.- ali ?? Te ;
\ incl.il J- in ? .r, ?? . ? b II- i Ti,, yd t ' ; '
tb. ir inads in a bo ii They ????? thal Kora
is a v it foci . ? discuss lt, and
not perhaps tol l B*v< ri l if they
refrain fr un taking i lea I atronglj I" r
then- ls no doubt that lhere t- .iii through th"
tills N rwleh buslneos, a good deal f polll
Tl,.- Congi ? -.it \Mtli i un d'. | . .".ri
as fri ly os with I hemes s. \ ti,.
what oro tn ;??? tie- future relstl
tween Labor, tn tts organised Trad Uni ? I i
Ibo Liberal ps ty, or anj political pan;., l
i vi rj grove one.
'i .-? i. - ? .: party, sold Mr Ki ir Hardk
B in lay afti rnoon iti I.- ndon, had lold them,
and um r-- sun ti liing tb< m. that theil
part) of pr igrei - Of tl -li-. Ids I au
led "So it ls." and tlie ..tb..r half, "Nonoenai "
Thal ?as ones his opinion, but he non thought
thal something more powerful than ihe weapon
wielded by the Liberal party was needed lo
bring about a bet tel condition of the ll;. of
the workingmen i t thia .- luntry. Tl.. Inten?
tion i of the Li berala were good, bul their meth?
ods srere obsolete, il- offered them the Inde?
pendent Labor Party and the Bo lallsm of Ihe
Norwich Trades Congress instead That party,
said Die organiser and leader of lt. had not
among its members many of the rich and very
few of tho wise; a remark willed was received
with laughter, "Therein," continued Mr. Har?
die, "lay the strength of the m ivement They
had no lender to betray them " That is a lol
rrsbly frank avowal >,( th- suspiciousness with
which the mind of the British workingman of
tin- Socialistic and Home ..tiier kinds, is satur?
ated. They are like tho french In their readi?
ness to h.-ouse of treason either a leader who
I* def.-ated or B leader who doefl riot fol?
low them whithersoever ihey ur- minded
to g.. But With or WlthOUl I'aders, the
new porty has votes, and there ls som., founda?
tion for Mr. Hurdle's clulm thu! t)"V polled
most of the 4,lu2 given for tho Socialistic Labor
candidate the other day al Leicester, That is
what alarm* ths Liberal journalist and the Lib
? ni caucus-mongers from Mr, Bchnadhorot
Downward. Tiny Kee th., possibility of being
sonfronted with n situation tn which they may
have to choose beta.n accepting the Norwich
|.rogramme and losing the labor vote. Either
would be fatal, yet th" dilemma may nfl forced
Upi ti them.
They might escape lt if they had tho foresight
?md courage which Li rd Ros. bery showed In bis
Bt, James's Hall speech last spring Cautious as
the Prims Minister la, bo showed himself then
ready for an alliance with Lab ir of s \. ry I trge
kl;.d. lb- mode his appeal. Ii was respond .t to
neither by bl* own porty nor by tbs workingmen
srho probably waited, properly enough, to ace
wheller the Liberal leader could be sure of his
foll .'.v.-ts. it is n ii yet too late to renew his ap?
peal or t . lay the foundation of an understand?
ing between Liberals and Labor In a aoil very
ll ff erm I from tho! of Norwich, Ppr Norwich,
nfter all, i.- not England, nor do tho Ti ide
Unions Include ol] tho workingmen of England.
They are no! even a majority. They ar. not o
third of tho whole number. I tak" tho figures of
Mr. Tom Munn. Ile cannot I... suspected Of un
oerotatlng them. n? is Mr. Keir Hordte'a coad?
jutor, and was his candidate f r Parliamentary
Excretory of the Congreaa; an unsuccoosful can
Mr. T.m Mann gives tho total number of odull
male workers in England as 7,f*h\0M, <>f these,
no! fiore than IMO.OOO an- member! of any Trade
Union. The hope of the Liberal porty in thu fut?
ure Iles with the other ...ono.om. >;,,t all of thom
ire voters, bul a now Pronebleo bin whether tho
so-onlled RogioiraUon bill of inst session or Bom*
ither-wlll OOOfier or Inter make them all roten.
Mr. Mann. In one breath, speaks of the Trade
I"nions of Oreo! Britain as bettor organised than
those of any other country, and yet, in the next,
?horgOfl some of the largest of them with apathy
md indolence because they do not enroll more
tnembei B, They will have, he says, to reverse
the figures above given If they are to keep
ibreast with the New Socialism and, apparently,
vlth the mighty Independent Labor Party of
?0.000 with Mr. Tom Mann and Mr. Keir Hardie
lt their hOOd.
Dut can they revers** the ilgures? It ls nm at
ill certain that the apathy nnd indolence of
nhlch Mr. Mann complain* are fairly chargeable
to the Trade I'nions. They have probably done
their best. It ls among the outside Five Millions
of British workingmen that thc indifference to
Tra.:.- Union membership really exists. Enid nt
organization, constant propagaud, and constant
lUsB . f th- whole power of these vast SSSOclS
tiona, violence Included.-all have been brought
to beor on the outsider, yet he remains an out*
LABOR PARTY SOCIALISM.
London, September 14
No doubt it is possible to make too much of
puch a phenomenon ns Mr. Keir Hardie, but lt ls
also possible to make too little. If tli" man him- |
?elf has neither ability ti ir force of character, bis
infill"". ?" ol Norwich ls all tho more remarkable.
If- then becomes merely the Impersonation >f an
idea, and lt ls th- idea and Dot thc tuan which
h .s token poBB'Bfllon of th" Trade-Union mind.
But the idea is Confiscation of all property for th*
benefit of a parti -ular els SS, under tho more or
less specious name ,,f Collectivism, lt kv, more?
over, a van! extension of Collectivism. "We sholl
wuk," .-aid Mr. Hardie, "for th" collective own?
ership and control of ail the means of produc?
tion, distribution and exchange." That ls thc
formula under Which Confiscation is liissjutsed.
in plain English, th re is to bo o general grab.
It l* n A th?> donner that any sn h BChi ni" will
ever be realised which makes th" announcement
..f lt Important. There la, of c mrs ?. no such
danger. Th.- very magnitude of tho Bcheme i>iits
lt ..ut of the catagor) of proposals thal require
to be s ri moly c a; lb re I. Wron ls Important 'a
the fact tba: such o body as the Trodoo Con- i
gress should vote for lt. Socialism may stop far
short of general confiscation and ye! do Iran ? ?
i. rtage. if tho workingmen aim al the moon, it
is in the bot.f ranching tbs laouueb pa If
they mit tb>ir hands to o proposal of universal
robbery, lt is in pursuance of their s.-ttle! poHcy
of effi tin;- i partial redistributl -ti nf wealth, or
a very considerable modification, In their own
Interest, of the system under which prof!)
now divided between Labor and Capital.
They hav- done something by organisation
and something by strikes which wens the sim
and the result of orgnnlsatl sn. Bul the pr .
nos t s slow, Remember what leisurely trans?
formations unionism underwent from tbe Old
Unionism to the New Uni inbrm, and the sud?
denness with which the New Unionism bi
rash Socialism. "Ten years ago." sold Mr. Torn
Minn. "I sb.iild hardly have been allow.! ti
raise tb* question of Collectivism In any branch
of my society, the Amalgamated Engineers.
N iw the :,oo branches of that society ar.- regu?
lar!) discussing th" principles of B tlallsm, and
many of the member* ore sturd) Socialist work
era." His . ?..ii- t bad bet n from Ihe beginning
t- gel a *r;ip of the Tra.bs Congress, as ta.;.'
I. ol prcvl . i 'ne of many of th" trades c (un?
dia Last year, 'or the first time, a roll*
resolution was carried in the Congress. It re
lated m land only, and the vote was it to ft.
Tills \eir v.ar . irrl'-! the resolution In idling
every k'a I ' property, universal Con!
by a v le of 211 to fl, i r i maj rity of IBS, Mr.
Mann makes it perfect!j clear thal this v tts f r
Col lee ti vi sm and th's great maj.-ruy wore in n-.
the result nfs sudden Impulse or ? gus! .-f
passion. He and bia aasoclatea hil been plan?
ning ani pl-.tfliig for this Cdt ir during tho ' I ;'
len year* Th.-. I IW Just What they wanted
ind saw b:-' where Ihey were going. They
\ itch - f for I opp rtunlty. They h ti i
the furns ?? and heall I th< lr n, and struck
was hoi And tli'-y have left upon
I . T.-.i ;? Uni ? n of <;re,ir Britain the in
l. Ubi- brand f Coi '? l n
lt need not bi ? i thal Mr v nn or Mr.
II tr li- nf the < ? ? f this plot,
? seheme. or an; ?
dow th I.' :' Thev d . i. .' I
to think th ?-??? thli ??? ? ut li n Iv ??
my ri . t Radical wh wants
lo abolish thi ll i f Lord I ik.-s the trouble
nsld i. rn hi will ah illsh lt. r what sr uld
?? i' he lil. or what, if anything, he v. . i
I an I ? i wi for more
l| part of
i - -,-?..-.?? stitutlnn if Engl ind. But
Ur Hardie, In hi* confused wa: n ts hi<
rand new I- '.-, i I I Labor Party somehow
sith the. ? . nd seems to be
ll in him to organize a new
ipal ' overthr iwlng b >th l i
ng | . a "f the mncblne.
I.- pi >p r rmatl n of a b '?? I nen and
romen the female franchise li s rn re incident
caring ??? >thlng t u partlei In the ordinal
?f th* lerm, who woukl take their pla ea In
? i in.- nt and "ii nil local g ivernlng b .dies, un 1
vi uld. "trr- pectlvely of the conveniem.f any
ierson "r p.-.r y, ruthlessi] go forward until their
.1 ?:.'?. !..- I." Th" WOI I rUl
lt! In well enough with Mr. Keir Hat! - ?
ogy . n tie- Ai an hists, which I qui ted In rester
lay's 1 ;br lb- doe* no! -Iitltik It-en a direct
iop.-,ii t-. cupkUtj He gives statlBtlcs of poor
aw relief and of private charity, the yearly
?il ..f which h.- fixes at l2S.ooo.OOS, and, In ad
litton, lhere .ir" thc sums spent by the Trade
':.! i" In Bick .ind OUt of work p,,y. Then bo
.-.-;-? by Bide with thia there is a small body
d' men who lake. 1*0,000,000 annually from the
..-.|.|e of l.on.l..n. roi f..r rendering .u-y service,
mt for permission t.. live. Surely here are all
he el.-in' nts of an Invigorating campaign.
That ls pntty plain speaking. Begin by
iluinii ring Hi" landlords. Th- means ar" del?
ightfully simple -merely lo gel a majority In
'arlin.ii -nt and a maj rity la Bil local g 'V- ril?
li, nt bodies. l sm Rot sure, bearing in mind
le- attitude of the exulting London County c..nu?
ll to land and landlords, that lt would DO Very
llfflcull to gol such a maj irtty In London Itself,
rou hav only to mi! it Progressive and talk
ib'Uit betterment and untaxed ground values,
ind to BO) lt bas nothing to do is ltd politic*.
"hen the Conservatives v. ii go comfortably to
l.-ep and the Progresslvi . remaining extremely
ride awake, arlll elect their men on ?? pl if.vu
light!, more progressive than the last, nnd tho
lone; or would ii" don* if lhere w< ri no
tch t liing b i Parliament.
Bul for carrying out Ibis Interesting pro
: in me, or any port of it, something mdVe than
peech** by Mr. Hurdle oe yxr Mann li net i- |.
ireal masai i "f p..-n have to be cooverted and
.ba- ellen to the English min I. ai d ? pi clnlly to
he mind of the British workingmen, have lo ba
ilanted and watered, and time allowed for the
.-ed to eoine up ami the fruit, whatever lt may
ie, to ripen. lt Ls, from any point of view, a
? rv large enterprise, and Mr, Tom Mann's pro
1c.1l io "revi roe the figures" and gather 5.000.000
ul of Ihe 7,000,000 workingmen into Unionist and
!...iallst fold* ls one which will require a good
ie.il of mlaslonury effort.
Among tie- strongest opponents ..r Trade
Inlonhnjn aro the great bodies of noR-unionJoto;
t many of them ar--. Thev do roi Uko the dis
Ipllne. They do not care to submll to the tyr
f.ny of the unions. Tiny bad rather be their
io 1 ma tu-s. 1 .'nee heard, on this point, an
nterestlng statement from a celebrated West
End tailor. It was it the tim* of th* panie
bout the Duke ol fork's trouser* which 1 am
ure the incident mus< hive boon fully narrated
a America were sold to hov* boen given out lo
. workman In whoso BOLOS nearie! fever was rag
ng. There was un outcry nnd a demand for
11 efficient system . t Inspection. Th* h- ni ..f
he establishment said there was already hu In
pectlon. Tiie Trade Untonloto saw their chance
nd urged thal ii" Inspection could be efficient |
mless all the workmen Mere collected Into facto- '
les or workrooms Whore sanitary supervision I
CUM he made compulsory. My tailoring fri".,d [ J
Uagbed nt tho Idea, Hi sold: "There are 7-100 |
.-irking tailors at the '..'est Fud. 1'f IhsPB Ob ait '
MEE belong to tho union. What the Unionists j '
vant is to get the other 6.Ono, and they know ' I
ery well that If they wm OBCO gathered Into .
actorles the union could bring prcssur* to bear
i. them, and furte largo number* into iheir I c
J For making fine cake X
i Cleveland's Baking Powder J
< has no equal. J
* Cleveland's, the best that money can buy. *.
gi < Ure and fiaitM? Powd.r Ct., 81 h'uitnn St., JS'rw Yerk. j.
rinks. That is wiy they are so k<?en about
soi Itory supervision. Bul the men are just as
slit' vrd as the 1'nlonist officials. Th'\v do not
want to Join thc Union. They prefer their frce
d .:n. Neither we nor tin- Trad" UnJODfl will ever
get them to work together." The feeling ls not
confine 1 to tall.ts.
On the doy Wh a th- Norwich C ngrrss
adopted its Collectivist platform an Amoricon
deb gate was present. Mr. Harry Lloyd, srhode
i himself a:? a ": nutation" from tho
Amer! an Federation of Labor, and was received
with l.ii.l --hers. Whether Mr Harry Lloyd be
an emissary of Mr. mis i know not. Bo anea
not seem ti toon* mentioned Mr. Doha's name.
H.- may have, for a jealous British press re
portfl Mr. Harry Lloyd in the brlefrr.t form, lt
was ti it merely on the day when the Socialist
resolution was passed thal Mr. Lloyd pres. nod
hi:ii".-lf. bm Immediately after Us adoption; us
If he were r'li amendment to the nnv-ndment by
which Socialism became Trade Union gospel.
His message dil a 4 _hn >unl to much, lt woo
his presence which sra* though! significant. He
admitted thal there was Rot that solidarity th?*r?
ought to bo between English and American
labor. Is there any at .-ill? Do th" w-irkingmm
of America nnd a proof <f their solidarity with
th.- Rnglish ir. Mr. John Curtis's declaration that
Industrially th" Americana 'ire not very different
from Aide,in alavea? Still, Mr. Lloyd believe*
that a tim" is coming when the solidarity Will
be more complete. He u*e* tie- srord solidarity
rather often, "it is a srord." cays Trench,
'which we owe t. the French Communist* lt
Blgnlnes a lill iWshlp in gain nnd loss, In hon-.r
and dishonor, in victor) and defeat,?a being, so
t . apt ik, all in th., same b at." Ia that a r-la
tlon likely t ? be establlsbj i? Do thc working?
men of America real j I :: ? lo find themselves
In Hi" same boa! with thc English? Do they
wish t. share their galt: ard loss, their honor
and dishonor, their vi'tory and defeat? Will
tlc American be l to eeo lils wages fall
to ( ? level? perhaps one-half <>f whit
h n-iv earns? [a he going to start a crusade
in order ' . raise Rnglish wages t-i the Ami rican
level? Or will he divide his own surplus wl'h
his English comrade? If there bo any fourth
way .f . tobllshiRg Mr. Lloyd's solidarity be?
tween English and American labor I do not Bee
a hat it is.
Kui there is a C'Vir difficulty than that.
Th* doctrine ..f English labor Row ls. "Down
with Property." Mo man is to own anything.
Tli- house which th" American laborer has
i with tl- sweat of his brow, bas bought
end (perhaps) paid for, th" farm whieh ho has
i. ..r and mortgaged and Ulled, and which lie
hopes :-. !? i, t-. ins children free from mort*
?io- very toola -.f his ti.ade and tl." cl theo
li-- wear* ri tbe*e he muet forfeit if bc ls t->
? * that solidarity with the Kngllsh Trad"
I'-i n which his r! legate Mr. Harry Lloyd re
i.Mnl.1 a* .:? irable. (J. W. S.
TBE LAST OBBAT Et BOX HERU.
Kron ri., .-'t. Loni* fllobe-Democrat
Th" greatest blow dealt the bl* m herds ot th?
t ? , tl ci of th" Xi rthcrti Po?
ri! traek ???.- ? from RfsmarcK to th" H".-ky Moun?
tain* Th" road pm I I l the h-^rls (for
Ihe i-.* c. arlll e. r, ?? for ?? 1. cr .>s tl.e Iron
- . : id track) .io I ?:-...-? to t ith w*rs
, -n.-ril slausthter Wag* 1
j. it, hide an I t >ns ie hun .-rs, foreign
? n . ? i others >\ o i wera out to kill any
.. ? ?
Tl - ?? ?? luring the winter of 18HJ-S3 Tli- buf
' ? , ? - - aral many - ? itten I *?? ind*.
herd of not les.- tl in 7."., Ol
mi >rerjr refuge ia th"
i Mu lahell, MU tri ar. I
. . ? ? i in Monta and a* y*t they
Ol I.n "smell"-! out" by elti.-r r-l or white
li" they wore as surely doomed ns though nl
kilfed, for Che railroad Iron cul them off
from the aouthen i od th* Indians ot th*
, n northwi I .is arel! .is those ot "ur own
.. 1 ? .rr. 1 tv r reti .? Into thc far north,
- they were hemmed In between thc two, with
: ; .'?-.. r -lr- ell in
To lliuatrate In i few * remarkabl* de
?tructlon nf thr ??? Jone it will only b* n*e*o
that thia laat grant herd waa eons
,i p l ut of exlsten i In les* than four
? ye ir there w*re
- ? rles and pat] lefl ss fugitive* In tho!
? ?-. w'..re but i year or tn-o (?.'.,re they
i iirn tat by the hun lr. !- of
?r: tlc IP -i f-ocn tWO ! Int* I
>?:. tbe 1 ?? I of the *eoa n, (Jil b? I
dive ai Mll< L'ltj ??-??. * sent |
kim . ? k, antcloi
and de r from thi lattei ; .
CALirOEXIA 08TBICB FAEBINO.
Fr 'in Th* Cincinnati Bnqt
"Th.- itrli rnla ar* not an en*
," said C lt i'i'v n "Rome ye ipi airo
a numb r of these mammoth bird* were imported
and ll ned thai large fortune* would b.?
mile raisins them f >r their feather*, but th* hope*
have not I I ted, although lt cannot bs
! ;i complete fallui s larg* amount In the
ha* been ri U.z-l t'r..m thc sal" ..f
rs, but the birds do not Increase a* rapidly
ai w i. pxi " I snd many if them ire so vicious
a* ?> ? tiler tl ? ran ? if the feathers without
k . Ins ti..- bird an Impo ilblilt) They have ti b*
. 1Kb) lariats and ;?- requires an exp. rt
thrower to keep from Injuring them seriously."
v.) BOMBS ha\ti:u.
From Tho Lond n Dully Mews
Rpectal precaution* are being taken for the safety
of ihe VatU-un There ii .i telegraph and tclc
; n tween th In ip* tor of Public Se?
curity it. th- district of thc Vatican and th.- office
nf the Brcretarj of State besides a direct service
evil thi Pontifical gendarmerie for ali communl
thit need n. t pa** through the above
n n med ufllci in the ni euma and picture gal
lories \. llance is redoubt' I, and each \ ..-.tn- is
minutely examined, and should he look suspicious,
li never loni light of. Though the ticket* are
b ught, they .ir-- few In number, an I on fra* day*
more rlr.r ls employed The poi!.-,, are ad
i ad of tl nun ber s,,i.l or liven.
A EUNDAT-ECHOOL HY TELEOBAPH.
l'r ??: Th* Cincinnati Enquirer.
"l'h.- mod imt iue Bunday-achool In th* world ls
in the line of the Nash viii" Chattanooga and s-.
i rt ul; i I." sal ll. v Wami r. "President
rc -a a loni nday-s. il rn in, snd Inau
the tel< graph opera! .rs
ilona the line, > rn ? of the lightning manipulators
it Nj '. and use* the regular
il loosed d the operators
.- tweei '. ishi Uh o'.1 i sn 1 the i- .-tn
. : re pi lent, <?:? >ept
that tl ? I ansi - nt by tele
? - of the teach r arc
the line and the class I* .1. Hissed,
I.. . to their work, the - m .-1 in any other .1..,."
rm: COMTE DE C I BIB'S A XECDOTE ii" I ixeor.x
Prom The i i ntlewom in,
Of wide culture and ?- mp ill y, '? * would talk tn ll
moat sui rn rei il'.ectl uta of his own a i
i n tu rei loth latest di iver. In iel ic*, A story
whl h h- ii???' lo t ll -' Lincoln bear* repeating.
i n u -.i often to come ? ri i . thc headquarter*
? . which th* Prince was attached when serv?
ing In America, and chat for half an h.mr. telling
H..- dotea in his inimitable \\a> One*, when a war
with i:.,;i.uii m- med Imminent, owing ro the
?i . ? d n latlon* ? \.. ting, ioma ona asked Loo oin
im ins opinion
"I r< nu od..t." replied thi President, "when i waa
\ lad. lhere srere iv... fields i..hil- l mir house sepa?
rated bj ,i fi.... in each Held there waa ll bli.
(wildon, nnd t.'..- .- c.-, n *peni :h,- whola day raclna
up and down, snarllni ind yelping ot each other
through that fence. One day ihey both cam., at
th.- same moment to a hoi in lt, big enough to Iel
dthar "f them through. Well, gentlemen, what do
you think th y did? They ins; turned tall and
scampered aa ly ? fast aa they could in upposlte
directions. Now, Mimi.md an I America are like
l.ET VBICA00 l.ooh TO ITS LAVBELE
Krotn The bondon Telem.iph
London will shortly bara tbs sdvantaoo of an
Btber rn at luppiy thi* tim* from Norway which
i ri arrangement* for supplying Vhs
English metropolli arith i much mutton alls* and
lesd ss lt can spar.- for exportation Systematic
?xpertment! war* nude recently under iii* suoVr
io-...i, pf the sta.- ingi r Agricultural Society, and
the result* w*r so satlsfactor. thal hi tn- an.
'roaching cold season ii ls to be repeated on a
',-'1' ?*?'?' l; appear! that eighty nh,*,, Zi_,i_
neighing about 100 tbs. were fattened fora week
"? 1'..\ "J?"' 'w' tUIM''' th" iC*,fl ?' tr?? Ul Tb*
ai in lbs 1 hey were ne,, shipped to London,
sher* they real./ed ?n average price, after deduci?
ng communion, of Ms, :. i, and as the total outlay
Md lien only Ka M. per head there wa* a net
?relit nf *a, id. on each animal, Porty wire ii'-so
lent over, win the skins, hoofs, and interiors in?
let, i.nt mi these ther* was Hn average |..*.s of Ms
?ir heil, partly explained by tb* skins betas dani
iRed through bad packing. NeverthMes*. the
*tavan>.'er Society have como to th> concluaton that
bs los h.-is promises to be ramunsratrro, and the
.ur l.-li people have thus an additional ruarantee
if an ad.- pi iu. supply of muttuu.
A GRANDEE'S SELF-MURDER
THE DESCENDANT OF THF! COMMAND^
OF THE "INVINCIBLE' ARMADA.
nErnnn Og TH!" BAaTnUri I'KSTHfr-riON-A poa
TRAIT OF Tin: DAUPHIN- TRI new
BAULD OF THU ItOVAl.I.STS.
Paris, S"pt*mVr 24.
Every ono who has r*fld Froude's story of the afr
struction of thc Spanish Armada must remember
the corr.mander, the Marquis d' emita Crux. H?
v. ns a hero, and not the l"?n thought nf hy Phillp ll
for hcinn unfortunate (n hf* ?ntcrr>ris<> agafatt
Queen BShmbeth When he trent back to Fpain ht
san consoled by his King Baying: "1 sent you ts
flf.'it against mm and not against the elements."
This was a nice phrase, but showed Phillp to b*
n laodhthoor. lt ls precisely a par., ard & very
nccfCMary part, of seamanship to :i*ht against th*
??ttnenta Spain a fiw years ago Indorsed th*
words of consolation with which the heaton Santa
Cres nos greeted by hi* sovereign in erecting at
Madrid s monument in honor of him. CtttcuU4!
eloquence threw tx I;;?:rc on th" ci rem my of unveil.
In? the BtUtUO of the admiral who heeded the Ar?
mada, misnamed Invincible. Royalty n ia present
But the living lion was lion Alvaro de Silva Itazan,
Marquis of Santa Cruz de Mulela, Marquis da
Royona et Villasut. Count of Hoot* Santo. Loni of
Btaoay, and of many other places. His wife, also
present, was the most noble Dolla Marls Luisa da
Carvajai, vargas y Danaloa Ducbesi of -m Carlos
In her own right, and Countess de Ia Union. Well,
the telegraph ?ashed' yesterday the n- ws that tba
Marquis de la Santa Crua had committed suicide,
by shooting himself with a revolver. Why? Ko.
body could cay. He was the first grandee of Spilp,
who had given himself his quietUO Th* .Marqua,
ilke his ancestor who commanded the Arma la, va*
a >*amsn He entered thc Spanish Navy from *
cadet's school, and was Manged in the expedition
against Morocco In 1SW, and In another to the Phil?
ippine Islands. His son married a member of the
royal family some four or five winters ago, ls ht
diplomacy, and ls known as the Marquis de Saa
i'arius. The Marquis of Santa Cruz was h*;. la
high esteem by hts old shipmates, and In Madrid
;? i.iety he was reputed a fortunata maa But
latterly he became 111-tempere 1 an 1 Capricious Aa
h" and his family stood In high favor at court, th*
Regent before she went to San Sebastian Invited
th- in to make tue during her absence of the royal
country place of Ta (Jranja. San IMsfoaoo. They
and their family went there. The Marquis returned
last Sunday bf himself to Madrid, and urcve to
his nouns in the Colls .\ucha de ste, han Bernara*;
' di Monday morning he got up early and w- nt td
his bathroom, where two hours later the servants
found him with his skull broken and dead. A letter
tn hl.s handwriting stated that he hal come bacic
to town to commit suicide, but gave no reason.
The Carnavalet Museum has been fortunate la
securing the ledgers of the building contractor Pal
loy, who was engaged to demolish the noohsO, a
task for which he was paid BnsXOfB, to say nothing
of the uses to which he was ab.e to turn the ma?
terials. Pallor osed his ledgers In his eld ag" to Ita
fre-h hts memory aViut the events of the moat
eventful period of French, history. He wrote hi*
memoirs on the margins, and in the "observa?
Another relic scarcely |aas valuable ls a portrait
of i>iuis xvii, executed probably la his Temple.
The dress of "Young Capet" marks the date of 1TJI
or 'M. lint th" age and 111*100*1011 Of th* foo* show lt
to have been taken before a cloud of > 1r..-ss settled
OB hi* spirit. A loving feminine touch ls [ .-rceptlbl*
In the arrangement of the collar, of the faJliaf
blond bair that curls naturally. Th* eyes ar*
soft and blue. Little ("aper was of a lively and
affectionate disposition, had a ready and charming
wit, but could be violently ar.gry and intra-tabla.
H" never in the Temple spoke to Eather or
mother of TaTBPllkS or the TulaSliS* This r.-serv*
showed how he entered Into their tccllngs, and how
thoroughly he was In touch with them. One .'.ay
b* gathered In his little garden a Ixmquet to glr?
to lils mother. Ht-fore he took lt to her he with?
drew from lt some purple ll-.ivers cOlli I In Fr'-nca
BOUda or cures, he saying that "mamma has to*
many cares already " The portrait must b* tra*.
Whoever did lt was a master of his art. It be?
longed to Cl*ry, valet of Louis XVI, a reason for
thinking lt was done before January _i. ::?: I 'U-ry
having left the Temple ,?o-in after the execution of
his master. After Clery's death lt went to hi*
daughter, and she left lt to 0 granddaughter, who
married the director of the State domain at < 'narie
ville. This otllclal die 1 last year. His furnlt ire na*
sold at auction The portrait was knocked -1 .wu to
B Cousin of the curator of th-- Carnava.et MuSSBOSj
who has Just bought lt of him.
This Royalist Journals are glorifying tho n 11* qui!
Klan of which the Comte de Paris gav- proof "a lils
deathbed, his private and somewhat bourgeois* vir?
tues, that would have been excellent in gUiet, nor?
mal limes, and end by hailing the L'ue B*< rleOU* a*
tho necessary man. as the I'rince of a Brm aa i per?
severing will, ns the lover of darin,; a. lion, i ^ber?
ate boldness, and aa having a mags i.alitjr
like the founder of thc Hi.urbon dynasty. Henri l\.
The parallel* they establish between nan and th*
Comte de Paris convey this meaning. The COOBO)
il- Paris act,il as a wet blanket; Ins ion WUi act
Uk- a bellow* on Hi" amouldering Hr.- , _ R \.u:sm?
The young Pretender was encouraged by the Cobb*
ti sse de I'nris In bl* father's lifetime to brave tn*
French Republic. 1 doubt whether ah* wUI en?
courage him now. Though on- "f hil honorary
chamberlains, the Mar.pi;.- d'Audlffret Pasquler IB
Aral cousin of af. Caalmlr-Perier, ai .pail*
of Philippe VIII in Franc* would probabl) tie at?
tended with verv serious consequence! to rum-? .f.
ll Caslmlr-Perler trains on to his function inl
Uki s his high station. He ls not going to Iel BhO*
self bc dislodged. The Due d'Orleans led too Jody
a life winn he was In prison to lnteres: a-* i mar?
tyr, if locked up a second tim* st Clalrvous lt
would be for at least two years, and special in-lul
gene** would not bo granted t.. bun. lt would he,
most dangerou* for hui partlaana were he lo try
to disturb France through Anarchistic imitator*.
Th* terrible press law waa voted by thc Doc do
la lt-."hefuii.-auld with th" full s.nvt: c. of th.M'oaUO
.!?? Paris, lt OOUld be very easily used to lash ur?
l bar* said that thc Due d*Orlesn* hates tri*
Jews Tins may be becaua he has ea aa ? b,>r
r wi r -i i "i i . I In .l ??'..? hai l*. II* alao astso
Ducal A" idemlclans, s hom he r- . ii xv dull ? i ?
Possibly in la aol far arong. His ? -. i rec ptlonoi
Comte d'Haussonvtll* wa* .\|,-:-i Nnil.i:i*
pleased him bh?? than to hear hon Drumont ?.-r
Uyp pitched Into the d'ltaussonrtlli 1 should csu
1 Irn Phlllpps Rehoboai ? were 1 di slr i* ' Imitating
Carlyle, lils temper ls masterful, not to aey t>
i "ir.:, .il. When he was s schoolboy ht ussfl '>
b tl .i younger il ter and aay thal srhea b* cr *
up he would thrash Prance In th* s*m? nay. Fr era
tTl" ring of his speech, 1 fancy ti.u In hi* Cl I IM
child wa* tl ie father "f the man. Il "J
Prince Qamelle, ..r porringer, in Fr* ? ? . beoowj
h.- said nhen h? offered himself as a conacrinl thu
Ids ambition was to si..'.re th* fatigue! of thi I rlv?t*
.??lll.r. and to eat lils meals out ot th* reguMhSl
gi luelle. tZ C.
WHAT EMOBBBE VTA STE.
From The Fall Mall Qesttt*.
Tho oilier document was n printed bill In a fTOOSj
which set forth that the appls ant a non ?8*00*0
?With the Idea of showing smokers hov mich
th.-v v.uste.l. had set him-, lt tl.e t..-<k of ptOBJSg
lip nil the cigar end! he COUM lind In seven yara
between Clapton and the London Dock*. Tb* I'"*
lance ha covered in search of these unconelosTN
trifle* was U'flB miles. Thc number of cigar end*
found was 0X1,000. and the average length of th*
pi.?<-.'< was i'i Inches. Putting the average eoaj
of cigars at the low price of li. p, no- each th*
b tal original cool would hs 13,180, and ihe amosat
wi dei be estimates at li BOB, Placed end to rod th*
cigar ends which the applicant found would meas?
ure 1Mb miles long, lt further transpired thal tb**
OOO* were freed from ashes and OlsaBMu Ph*0
they w.-re tightly press-.I Into lan and kept | r
fectly clean. Having exhibited thc .-..ll. .lien to th*
public the applicant took out a revenue license fer
Hie sale of tobacco, and sold the ead* IO tabacco
manufacturers. The applicant said he drew the
magistrate's attention to these fa.-ts to OBOS that
lie waa not a losy man; but try as be wodi h*
could not get work, and he was ' broke.'' Before
the dock strike lie had regular work, but St SCO
then he had been almost entirely excluded froni
HzME XEWS FROU ARROAU.
Fmm The landon Globe.
After enduring Insu'.t and calumny at the hand*
of scurrilous Journalists for many y 'irs. th* ' I r
ers of New-York eocicty have thought lt time tJ
revolt. They have engaged counsel to trass* .''n
act estnhluhlng a "Court of Censorshl','" up-m
news, which they fondly hope will be BIM* IBO)
some day. In the mean time the personalitit* w..l
continue, and-what ls the faollih part of I*-tc.*
purchase of the paper* by the reformer* soil con?