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NOTES FROM CUIX\. f
LI ?G?? CHAKO'i ENEMIES JEALOUS ?
OF THE HONOR! PAID HIM
IX THE WEST.
Poking, July IA
t?neral interest continues to he manifcs?-?
in the telegram? from abroad relating t?. Vi? ?
rny Li Hung Chang's reception at the various '
courts and mercantile (?entres <?f the Weal The
envy of hie enemies Is stirred up ovw the de? ? -
ratlins ho has received as well as the dtstln- ;
gulshed manner of hi? reception. Instead of I?
Ing pleaaed at the h??n?ir thus shown t ? his
country and theirs, th?-> see only the honor done
Id him personally, and an? Jealous ol it. Borne
have ?aid that he will he ?bought now body and
sou! by the foreigners, and will be unsafe to in?
trust with th?? entro! of foreign relations upon
his return. Others of the better and more, patri?
ot!? element say that now th?\v will hav?? a man
Wll ' has met the crowned heads and rulers of
the gr-at foreign world, wh?? will he aide to ad?
vise knowingly in reference t?> foreign matters.
Dut it is by no means certain that his enemies
are not in the majority, and cotmequently It'.;
position <>n his return is anything but 'lerinit??.
The friends of ?'hina as well as the friends ol
advance, which includes the mercantile gnd
missionary i>..pulation of China, sincerely hop,.
to man. him reinstated as Virer?* of ?"hi-l.i, with
command of th?? Army ami Navy of the North,
for he is head and shoulders above any other
man in office, and the only ?me. Indeed, who can
be ?railed a statesman. A member of the Tsung
Ll Yamen yesterday denied that there w.is any
truth in the Renter's telegram saying I.i Hung
Chang had ailmltte?! that Russia had ?receive !
th?? cone?aton to build a railroad through Man?
churia to the sea. Whether true now or not it I
will undoubtedly be so ln the near future. Rus?
sia knows China cannot prevent her ?building
the road if she wants to, and the whole civilised
world knows that she wants t?>.
A letter reco!ved to-duy from Corea deplores
the unsettled state of that little kingtlom. and
states that the Japanese and Russian Ministers
are in joint discussion looking to a proper polle?
ing of the troubled districts by a Russ??-Japanese
I olire force. ?Soma plan will then hav?-? to be ?!?
vis?? 1 t . police the police, unless there is more
friendliness existin? between the men ol the
respective countries than between their officials.
The French Minister here, M. Oeraud, has
blundered a little more than usual recently. He
has become .ieal?<u?* ol th?? Influence the Rev. Oli?
teli Kei.i. ??f New-York, has exen ls*d In helping
UM reform element of China by means of fr??- '
cjuent Intercoiirs?? with the high officials and
princes. Th?? Rev. Mr R,-td. although formerl) !
connected with the American Presbyterian Mis- ;
sion, la now not under any minion boaro, bul :
is mpported by friends at horn?' as a missionary
to the higher classes of China. His success in
obtaining acc?s? to these men has rouaed the
ire of some of the Roman clergy. M. (?eraud a
short time ago paid a visit to the Tniteil States
Legation, an?! deman?K-?l of the United States
Minister that Mr. Reid be deporte?l as dangerous
t > the dignity of the diplomatic body, as he,
without diplomatic rank, was mietine; the htidi
officials of China and ?llscussing with them dip?
lomati?? relations, as well as giving th?-m advice.
He also assured Mr. Denby that if the United
?State? L?gation ?lid n??t deport Mr. Reid, he
would see the entire diplomatic corps of the city
and ?????? his expulsion. Mr. Denby replied that
Mr Reid was her?? in th?? capacity of a private
citizen, and entirely free t?? visit wh m lie
please?! and see whom he pleased, as well as to
dis'uss any topic he saw fit. and that the Hon?
orable Minister of France couM n?>t ?secure hla
expulsion through the 1'nlted Btate? ?Legation.
Terr much discomfited, the French representa?
tive sought other aid, bul doubtless it was
equally disapp??inting. as no more has been sai?l
of the matter lat-ly
Railroads are supposed to be held in abeyant ?
until Li Hung Chang returns, bul this is ? it
necessarily BO, as Wang Wen Shit" an?l Chang
Chih Tung, the committee app Inted by the
throne leverai months sine? t?> deal With the
Canton syndicate, would like to give a contrai I
before Li's return. Shcng Tao T'ai, the former
Grain C ?mmissioner nt Tlen-Taln, Is feeling
about in Shanghai for some foreign syndicate
that will consent to have th? ir contract made
out in th? name of a Chinaman. In order that
the letter of the Emperor's ?edict authorizing
the Peking-Hankow line may be kept, while, of
?lb curs??, the spirit of it will be entirely broken
KB F reten capital, however, is shy of this meth 1
%W of doinK business, and rightly so
The condition of the streets of this city Is
?Ontethlng appalling. Lakes ?>f tilth "ii every
tide, children dying by wholesale from malati,tl
fevers, enlarge?! spleen or dysentery, ??mi yel
no means of any description Is being use?l t ,
abate the trouble Sin? e the time of the hon?
ored sag.?. Confucius, things have gone on th*
same, and doubtless the twentieth century will
be M longer a b iy before hygiene will rei elve
any attention ?from China.
The eleven days' official mourning of tbe Em?
peror for his mother have pass???!. ?Soon her
body will be carrle?! on the shoulders of t ?
hundred men, in a ?richly embroidered hears???
called a "gong." to ???-T?on. past the residence
of the Emnress Lowager. and thence to th"
tomb of th?? Seventh Crine?-, th?? Kmper?.r's
father, where she will be buried. ?From the
time of her death each day the Emperor r ?de In
his sedan rhair, accompanied by a large retinue,
to the palace of his Inte father, to visit th?? im?
mense casket which Inclosed his mother's re?
main? Embalming t'e'.ng an art unknown to
th? ?Chinese, the body, to be preserved ?some
davs or months, is placed in a wooden coffin of
immense boards six to eight inches thick. The
aeams are then hermetically c!<>se<i with a pr< pa?
rution of wax and rosin, after which th?? entire
casket receives severa.1 C Uta Of heavy black
FOR BETTER TENEMENT-HOUSES.
?'???.?G'??.G??? I.KAPS OTIIKR CITI ??.
A decided niov.m? nt toward the Improvement of
the condition of tencmeni-housrs has ju^i l>? ? ?
made by the f'lvle ?'lui?, of Philadelphia, ;? proml
nent woman's organisation that has already ?Hone
magnifient work In minilctp.il affairs Tiie cluh
propose? to purchase th?? poorest lenemente in Ilo
City, le.-islng those that cannot !??? ht.ught. and frotn
the WIOtthSdntSB uf these buildings evolve home?
as near perfection as possible. BVM if perf??? tk>n
cannot he obtained ander present conditions, the
club has decided that It Is entirely possible, without
tLTty tremendous outlay, to furnish romfort to
those who stand In dir?* nee.i of it.
The ?f'lvl? flub Is made up of well-known Phila?
delphia women. They have studied the question
of municipal government, an?! they thoroughly
understand Ihe condition Of their city. Aft? r
carefully Studying the work of Miss Octav?n Hill In
London, they appointed ? comattt?M ?ailed the
?Octavia Hill Association to procer?! to carry out In
Philadelphia Ideas that have ??cm successfully
realised in England. It Is ?aid that their capital l;
?1,004 and work will he begun in the fall.
It ls a well-known fa? ? that Phlladetphls Is al?
ready, in the matter of te?<?mcnta, f.u ahead of
the other great ?Hies of ??<! United States. The
proportion of people in the Quaker ?City who own
th?lr homes Is perhaps ?greater than in ?my <>ti,?r
city in th?? Cul?n. Hut the l'Ivi?? Club has ?glade
plins for a more ?perfect system. It will not tear
down all the tenements, perhaps, bul It will lut ? o
duc?? sanitary Ideas Into them, aid will give Ihe
people who live In th? p an opportunity t?i enjoy
those comforts thni Ihe mor?? fortunate conskler
The Civic Oub 1? In Itself cxtr'mcly lnt?pstliig.
It was organi??! January 1, 1SH and ha? u mem?
ls-Tshlp of Jtye hundred prominent and elevet
women. It? ahn Is "To promote !>> education "ml
active co-operation a higher publl?? spirit and a bet?
ter social order." Sara V Stevenson Is its president
and Cornelia Krothlnghnm its secretary. Among
the well-known women who have helped to make it
the Influential Organization that It Is ??re Mary i;
Munrford, former vlce-pr?>sldent of the ?general Fed?
tratlon of Women's ?'bibs; Emily Hallowill, Bophli
W. P.. Williams, Elisa ?. Klrkhtldge. lallt h
WethertU. Frances Clark. Mina H. Eyre and Kath
in? 8. Davi?, The club has worked In co-opt ra
t? m with the Municipal League, the Public Bdnea
tlofl Asaoclation, the Permanent Relief Pimd and
the Charity Organisation. The members of the club
have not only Improved th-emselvcs by genuinely
hard study, hut by th, ir literature have exerted an
excellent and far-reaching Influence, The) have
also tuki n .m nctive pan m elections. The divisions
or the organisation cover munlcliml government,
education, s?<.?i.?l ?eli m ?? and art. ? lie departmeni -
?now by their name? thi ?copi ol the club'? vvok.
1 ? ci ih wa? one of th? lirai to have a ?lui.house.
? ? v. is ih.? tirst to entertain the tleneral Federa
"":' "' v\ orni ,'? . 'lubs, wh >?? civic ?l? part mi nl
"'' Inspired by the Philadelphia organisation'?
The action ol th? Civic Cluh ha? a t lm.iy Inten ?I
for New-Yorkers, considering the unusual Interest
f.lt it present in the tcm-mcnl question, especially
I?) Ihe wop,,., ,,?? tni ,,,, i, w-?|| i?. remembered
that ihe design for a model tenement lhal won the
prise m t< recen! competition was the work of Iwo
young woman architect* Miss Hand? und Miss
Gannon. Thi Anti-llasemrni Boctety of Hrooklyn
Is trv ing to keep p? ople from burrowing In Ihe earth.
while .,11 the Charit* organisation? ire becoming
mor?? and mor?? int? ? ?ted In condition? of lit? among
th?? ver) poor.
Philadelphia is often laughed al as "slow.?' in
this matter, as in mam others, she is leading the
l'nlted Stat.s. ami p ?- to be hoped that New-York
women ?ill not be leas progressive or lesa altrui Ile
than their Philadelphia ? Misters.
AN ANCIENT DISPUTE.
THE IIARTLAND-WBCT VIRGINIA BOUND?
IT WILL 1:1: PAHSED IPUN BT THE sil'pi.M?'
??' ?: ? G ORIOIM ? G Tin: DIFFIfVLTT.
Wi ?hington, Sept. I. The l'nlted States Supreme
? soon after it reconvenea will be called upon
t.? ai itle u dispute between the states of M iryland
and West Virginia which grows out of an error
committed by Lord Fairfax when he laid out th.*
boundary line between Maryland and Virginie ISO
'? ' ago. Th? question is as to the ownership of
a ?trip of land three-quarter? ot a mile wi.ie at ihe
*hl< ? part, thirty-seven miles long and tapering to
.. point and now claimed as a part of Garret ? Coun?
ty, Md. It has trulv i.een, as lawyers have termed it.
"a long drawn oui <-.i?e," ?and. on account of the
length of lime which elapsed before Maryland un?
dertook to aseen her rights, although it is claimed
there Is no doubl of her right? lo the strip of land
In question, the Judgmenl ??f the court may t.e
..?. Insi lier.
A."ding to the ?vidence gattered on the sub
led bj the various attorneys-general? of Maryland
who have handled the ease the mistake appears to
have arisen through the aettlng up <>f ihe i.??rd Fair?
fax ?tone in iti?: near the head of Ihe north brani h i
of the Fotomat River Inatead of Ihe south branch,
m di r Ihe Impression thai the former wa? the longer I
si??,.m and prop??? headwi 1er? ??f ihe river, nnd !
? ' the knowledge or assent ot Lord ?'...'timor?, j
who subsequently protested agalnsi the boundary j
line as thu? established. No further action wi
taken, however, until 1771, on ? count of Ihe raging
of the French and Indian wars during Ihe Interven?
ing twenty-live year? It? 1771 ll ?? Govern il ol M irj -
land up].'??! a commission under which ? survey
w.,s inaile by Thomas Presap, who found that the
?.?? westerly fountain ol the Pototna a ?? Ih.
Another delay \\; s canscd by the i: volntlonary
War The Stai?? of Virginia I ieri took ? ?"?" ?1> u
of her territory, nnd, n? claimed, cedisi to Mai '
all land under her charter (tubsequentl) Ihe con?
troversy was resumed between lh< two States, ;??
appear? by various resolution? of the t.? ?Mature
of Maryland and letters which passoni between the
Governor? ?>f the iwo States I?? tw. 17:?. nnd ISZ.1
Virginia .?1?. passed an ... t In IS33 having for It?
object the settlement of Ihe lioundnry line and ihe
appointment ??: Ihe commi ?loners who were to
meet similar commissioner? on the part of Mary?
land. In IS34 the State of Maryland flled a MU In the
Fnited Btati Supreme Pouri again?! the Siati of
Virginia to settle Ihi case which, however, In Ihe
belief lhal the uuestlon could be nmlcabl) settled,
vv..? subsequently withdrawn Hui no settlement
wa* rei ched and th? piest Ion then Iny don
Ixteei years, being revived In ? Kl, when both Slate*
passed act* for ihe appolntmenl of commi
to I. ,v?? the line surveyed
Nothing wa? done under th.se a '-. and In '- *
Virginia passed an act providing for ? lolni con
mission ton.-? ihe lutbern
point to the At! intlc ? h ? an. and Ihe w<
era boundary f';,':i "the Fall fai loi io ? Fi
sylvnnla line ' The Mary lami ad ol '.?.?. provided
only for the appolntmenl of : Join! ?*?? ?
from Ihe Fa Ir fat lorn wltM the
exprei - pr< \ islon l hai ? ? ' ? ?' '??
both l ' gislai un - ? hould ??? ti,?? bom d ir) b?
? vv - ??? Iwo Stati ; bul .I no ? rovl
??ion roncerning the ?etllemenl of the southern
bounder) ? ' ?nmb ?loner ? .1 I.? ??. ol ? ?
tu" Colonel Angu? W M? Donald, <'?.?????? loi er ol
Vlririnia, and pro? eed? to carry out ti icHon*
In ? f? -r? ? a e >?> tl ? v.? ?tern bpund ir) The ? rvl ? -
of !..? u. S Mb hier, Pnlt? ?? Slut? trmy,
were obtained and a lln? wn run from Ihe Kuli
? f ,x stoni '?? ' ? Penn Ivanla line, ab ? I Ihre?
fourths of h mile vv t ??! Ihe I >? aklm
would ? ?? Mar) land Ihe w? dg< ??: land
now ? | im In thi control ?>r j The ?.?-.?.- laiure ..f
Mar?, land |>r imptl) ral lfle?l Ihi ? lln?, bui Vin li In
did noi passing lnst?*ad Iwo resolutions, oni lo
mark Mlcliler* lln. . and in uthi r lo ? nd ? ? I
to Kurope lo colle? I ???>? im? nl irj ? vid. ? ? "to ?
and ? ? lablish Ih? ini lin. ol l.oui
et? ," iht . ? ' UH o|x t.. ind
the State ol Maryland no? ?daims, leaving hei
i-l.-ati. ? mitt? d to I ? ? ?..:?? : rl* ? midi r h? r
, hill '? G and Ihe ? : Oil ill ll? I ?
,!.,ri, s thei der b) the \ IrginiH ' "on tin.'ion of
177?;. The v. ?t prevented further ? ? ?.??!, of
t?,, question and afterward the Stai?? of Wi ?
Virginia, which wn* forme?! during th?
, lana? ?; thai 'he v\ .- ?.??! Iioun?! bj Hi? Ml? ? ?? ?
?,,,. .... Virgil ?- hail n< v? r ratified It West Vii
glnt'u In !i*H ;?? ??? ?1 nn ??? for p j??in' survey, bui
non?? wa? m??le, and Maryland look no further
step until 1MB, when th? Governor wni requ? ?? ?
to bring Ihe matter to ihe attention ? I ll ?;?,?..?
nor of W'.-st Virginia, and lb?? l-eglshitur. of the
latter Stale ih? ? t?asse?| an a? t ratlf) lug the Ml? h
|f.r ||n< but s Ih - ??? restriction! a? were noi
acceptable to Maryland The pr?>senl ull was after
! wanl .oner.?.? b? Attornej General William Plnck
' ney White and John ? Poe. his su. ?? ?soi Attor
: ney-General Harr?. M. i'labaiigh, having ??? ??? ? ????1
Mr Po? In ?f\ ??. will iry the ???? ?? !?? i?>r?.? Ihe
is ? preme < '??ur?
THEY PREFER THE 8M0KING.CAB8.
A woman in black ?.d in tl" streH at ihe
northeast corner of Duane-at and Brondwny ?.?
lerday, She ?eemed about forty-flve v?.,rs old,
? || and thin, wore ?pectacli s, carri? ?? h Mai k
? ?,1 shut uptight, and looked defiant She had
her eye on a Broadway cai which wn? approach?
ing md which va" bound uptown ?- ihe ? ar
.an,.? la-ar the grim vlsaged womi ? mad. a " ' ?"
ai It with h'r umbrella and then atarted for the
vehicle. Strange to narrate, she was on the upper
side Of the street. Ihe rlK'ot side f??r ll.merge?? ?
Hut the .t.r did not stop: Ihe gripman Ignore?]
her, i!ic conductor apparently, was looking els?
where. The woman did not wait to io?,k "mad?
der" ? :\ hornet." She did noi have lime. Sli>
hrard ? found, and tnt'i??! |US| i-i time to make a
long lump and ?ave herself from being trampled
upon by a hors?? attached ?? ? recklesi driver's
wagon Sh? >" ?.?p.?.! unseat h?ed When he
rea eh? ?1 ?.? -??????. ??; she looked up Ih? -ti? ?'.and
her face flushed ?till mor.? with anger aa sh.? sa?
th? ?a.r .?? block sway, end rxclalm?*d, "Prai It!"
The conductor unlajeom???! himself to .? passenger
j In thi?. way: "Whj do ??<? many ?'omen ???????? on
' getting ??? ? smoking-car, nnd that, loo, when the
i ?ar i?' crowded and all in?? etandlng room I?
? The pi cenger, who did noi havi :i seat, but did
' curry a cigar, though! ? moment and then replied:
1 "l give ii up." ll? dl?! not even glance tit th?? de?
I mure-looklng ysajng woman who hsd a --at direct
, |y in front of him He counted up the number of
; women In th.? car, smoke or no ?moke, and they
nutnl? r? ?I ten.
HOW MAW OF Till" CREAT FORTUNES
?\N AMIABLE ' "MilIN \Tp.N ??!' PACT AND FANCY
B8TIMATBB OP THK lYRALTII IN
An Anonj mona Am? ili an In Th? Cornhlll Mug islne.
Although the American millionaire, as a distinct
class, I? of r.- ?tu and rapid growth, In the langu?
age of his land, "h< haa come lo ?tiij ." and, as a
permanent feature in transatlantic life, i no? wor?
in ? study, l'or one ?.? th? meat clearl) marked
fc.it UM?? Of this in. y da-s I? ll ?1? sir? ?? t.?, ? ml a
? unii) , t?, L-t\. the II?? t.? th? old Id, ?i thai In the
United States "from ?hlri sleeve to shin sleeve i
tlit,?? generation?." Lloth in the .'underbill and
Astor famille? th.? tendent?) ha? hecti for nevenil
? ? ? ition? io i. ave ai I? usi iwo-thlrd of Ih
mone) to ?,?;,. ?on, while m Ihe OouM will Ihe r? -
mar kahle provision ?- made that no ? hil?l ahull mar?
ry without tin consent of a mai. rit) "f all tin? . ?ni?
di > ?; an.I all th.? children ir. proti Idled from will?
ing an) portion of their Inherltar c? tonn) hut their
own I? sue.
The National wealth of Ihe Republic In ,v"?? Is
placci ?,? mo*? ubi, ? ??! ? on ? , ntloii rx| ? 11
ahoui hcventy -?\ thousand ml'llon dollars or, say. ?
sixteen thousand million pound: terllng it I;
claim? ?1 iiiat the millionaire ?I .-s numb? rs 4.""?? If
W? . r. ?lit each m.m h. thi:? dna* \<- Ih ten million
dollars, and deduci the "citas millions" from Ih,?
??i'iori.i] wealth i' mill ?how? ?< per capila wen
lisen? of the Republic equal to il"", which is
an Increase of 66 p? r cent over the ?urn? |?er cnpli .
wii.lth forty-flvi year? ago, The mllllonnlr? ?
it would Ihn* appear, lut ? ol growi rich h) miikl ig
other classe? t??.,.r? t . it ha? onl) -<????????? a larger
shan? of new wealth, wilth which it nlrte?! largely
in creating As a class, then, it cannol falrl) he
railed sn evil, l..t us then |udge by Individual rec?
COMMODORE VAKDER1 ILT8 ?START.
Commodore Vanderbllt, who mad? the tirs? Vim
der bill millions, was Lor,? lust a century a?". Ills ,
capital was the traditional bare f??!. empty pocket
and belief In h's luck th?? foundation of io many
American forum?? Hani work, from six \?? ?- of
ini?? ??? sixteen, fornisti??.I him with ?? secon?l ???? ?
more tangi?le capital, namely, 1100 in ensh Thi*
money he Investe,! in a small boat; and with thai
hoal '.pened ? business ol his owi Ih? iranspor
tatlon ol vegetables to New-York At twenty years
of age he mai rled, and man and wife both turn? d
money-makers He ran u. She 1
n'hr. ?? wars later he imi- v.??rth $1".'??' Aft-r Ihn!
h,s money came ripidi) ?o rapid!} hat wh?
civil war broke out the bo) who ? ul larted with
one ? 1.11. ?nine IHM was ihl? ? ? ?*? ? ?-nt to t ? ? ?
tl.iti on?? of his to its. \ ? tit? IWO.tOil, ami ?.?? feel easy
about hi- liiiati? ? - and : Is p. ? ? Al savent) year? ??G
ah? was ?-reilltcd with a fortune of %'"..? '. und
was ? hupp) man bei one sorrow hl ,????< I
Tliat -..? h? never m?ntlnn?-?l to hl fri? The
l".y, in hi? father's opinion, win stupid, las.v,
lest He would never wake up He had n?> brain no
aml.lth.il ?? ?'.,??.?.?. ,?.,?. k? ?a ?'-. ?on nut of sieht .
farm. O hai a
?? ? ??? iipld now forty-thru
"trnded" hi? hr. W?l old father mil of l
speculation This wa I In liai,pi, t moment of Com ,
mc?or, Vand? rbllt'? llf? \\ III! im II. \
"I he ?tupi?! ?,??," w is ci III ?1 horn.
ami in ihr? ' moni ?- w.i li full control ? I
.?.??,,, t m< III mil? I farm llf? Ii ul
i;i\ ?n him ..?:.:? ? ? '
pin it?, for work In Ight v?
death he double,! rlted fortun? ind
r? -p. el.?l h ;,|| , 1 , ... ?.left . ? ?? ?
?It ?. ul .?.'?.,?-?" ? ?: : ? I >bl son ???
t ? i-,. ? , ? ... \\ UH .:?, K. Val
eh ??! tic ?l? r? m lining ?
Hit ?. i?1 ,u ? - pro?. Id? d ?.?. Ith H veal ? In ??in? >'f
???. and gli .ti th?? o-? fit I
. |..ii ?, nt fr. ? Sit?.? e th non
b? ? n well ?? magi ?. mid to-. ?? p |?r? ? ? ?
nil . orni In? ,1 al I? asi ?'?.? ?.
ALL "G ''?'" ?H ?????'G?? ? \\ 'MTV
? .? ? eciillarlt) "f tin' Ynmlerl Ill ' or) :
The old Commodore, lii Son William II., and hi
gramlsor. ? - ornell . and William K Va ml.
have all po ?seil mark? ? illv?? abllli ?
tripp? .1 ..I th? Ir inillioi - each woulil have
found it . ?? ? lu ?acure
|IM) fol ? ?
nt,?wt.. it ?- true ? th Ih? g?? wth i?l New ^ oi I
Ih? It? pul II like ? lu A Moi mill!? Hut
the \ snd? ? i-ll
? I ! - : ? I
, I ,, -. but ? - ili,.- tt
milii" fot th?? Am? ? ,ln
record? ? ' t ? ih? Vantici
? way about ???,?? ?
w h?,? mi th? ? ? r ih?
-lew a str?ng?
?if two brut her? ' p tul ?i?
The ?.?????? ..f t:,, form, r I
???>.. which cost wit
lut I'd It cus? ?
' ?' The w.
?la? II? G?? of 11
, ; ? . ?
. if fifi
ft (Ul feel ?
fill I'!? ; ?. I'.t, ., I. Till
mil getting .?'it nf I l|
g tu?? preset ? . ?.
X enr I h
a t? i.i.i- ?" ,? ' lu maki al
leet thick ami
towll I? feet wl?l? ' ?
. ? . ? . ?. ' -
? ??il ?'f ?,:,l l-'r ,?,. ? ? ? ? '
. ? . . ,.,(
? ike Ih? r tu ' ?????
ul? t.? the ?.? '?i ? c hand ','? tl ?
? ? ? .? ?? will repr? ' ' ?
? ?- ; nul, It ?
I . ?
Xorthcrti millionaire, for I In th??
nclgl bori '.?"! whl? h for tin
fall? n Im lu? |l*. '??? , We? k. I,., .??? pill
in. ?.?, p." U<"
HR? iWTII ??G TI1K AH i ' ?: ?' ?H 1 IM.
The "Vstot furl ne ? ? ? it ?
' ? 111 .?..,?,.! ?
I . ?Ii \ tut ? man In funi
? I tun* .? ?? ?? ll real in, ?
h?? made, a*
? it?, prop? rty; l
limit? ,|, us the ell ??..?.
. tl?? growth o|
t'iti? ul lb.
fori un? ?f tl
and last Ai Or wot Ih? ni ?tini 1er ?
?ui a lh?l f??r?. John III? id? \ l??l ?? I.?,
of ? i- \?..tU .. ?,? I p. r ll
In Waldorf ? tu ti
lM.-k m to?? X, a w oi l?l .?? ? lp In r? ill?
? ? ,?, nuule to- .? hui. ; a? ? . II? m< ? m ?.M fui
lr;t?!?T ?, ho ixihted hit
tra?!.in: Thl? ' ? '??!?? he look up d n*a? ?
Th? ' he mai ri? ?I Murali TihI.I, ti ?hi? wd ? tu ?
?.,, o g ? ??man Sai n h and Jo rupp??,! tutu
?: - , , ' ?
- hop K?rting pelli ? h? ? lived lt. mn I mu nini, ?
f '-ii..n m. r t hat ?h ?? S ? h Indu M ? . ml <
oui) n a ..'-v. .?. ititi?., uri ah?..?- reward???! In
UM? . n ve in lohn I ' ??? ? nid H irati hl w Ifi II ,.? ??
cumula te?! <. ,?? .??? Am! Ihen the m- ??!? ? ?? coup!?? ???
. Pi? ?| ih? . ? nubi tiftonl t" reni r mail bous?. und
Ih? ? mo., ?? ?? wir froni ? li.? itovi ? h< Imp
,\ io, k) ??. oi .'ion In ? ? II? ? Mtat? ?? tomi . th. n
\? ? I? w In ??.? I' ? ?limbi? ?! John Incoi? fort ?
Hin! ?? w< alili all w? ni Into r? 1 ? Inte wl
11 ' ?- ? ? ?,. . fil. 1111 ? 1
.r.,hii Jacob Astoi dle?l in IMK; lilt ?on duiibl? d th?
fortini? chi? Ih l s ?? l'I ig ihln? . Ion? . ami ,11? .1 In
is?', ll? ? Id? ? "ii. who ? "t Ihe bulk "t il,? prop
, tl?. .a ul.I? .1 hi? mie tit. ?,? ? I?) lb? ?nine |Mil|c) uf
"hold fast Improve and hti? ?. real? ? it,
???. ?i In HBO wnii m \v nidori \-??? ? .,??
ha? ih?? largeal end, perhap? fnur-llftha, nf
?h.? A i"f million?. ????1 I credltctl ? Ith
:? ? ..????<? t.. . ' il m ii.
??. ?.,...v.,,,., Th? Astoi million? have al
W ? been well ? ? ill? ?I. unii "i, .. eli irli mai k? ?
Una ?.! polle) Xo property wan lo lie ?old
r. n. ration, out "f III In -orne, ? h ? lo ndd lo thai
ptoi ? n?. Th? '?? w . - lo bui ?i on II? own land,
und i'iii such building?. And no properl j In Anici
Ica hai . ??> ? toen k? pi In m? h ?pi? ndiil r? |i di In
An i-rlca H shoubl ? said? li ? r? pairing ? don? by
th.? In milord, ? ??t the tenant The head of the A ?lot
family ha? slw.-i) ? been n gond eiligen The family
linvi glv-n In public charlilei iihoul ?,???,???, snd
? ?a ' ' ? ..? y ?.? ? a ? nn ???. ??? tnber lins been engageai
li, "trade "
To Ihe average man B'in Francisco hai alway?
? ?. ? ??? th? t*liy of ihe Holden dale In a very literal
s.-nse. And It ?Omen therefore, a? only natural t,,
him a certain Unge ol minan? ?? In Ihe ?tor) nl Call
!? ? ni ,n mllllonnlr? Tin are many Rut one
group the Central l'a? in?? Itallwai builder? ?m
t? rve t?. Illusi ? ate Ihe rlaai Inland St,nif,,r?l
Charlea Crocker, Mark Hopkins and ('?Ills I' Hunt
AN AWKWARD Ul.NAMEXT.-i.Lc Hire.
ington all .Irifte.l West on th* gold fever tide of 184?.
? ?\ bu ceed ?! a- money getter? in a small way,
and Stanford had - ured Hi? pcattlon ol Ownwr
..f thi Stati of ?"all'ernia, when thi Wee ?>f nulld
ltiK a trans? ?ntlnental railway -vas conceived. ?
fea y? ira Inter Congre?? wa? persuaded to aid In Its ?
construction by a subsidy of IM.WO a mil?*, in bomis
?... truck laid over the level conntry. and ?**.">> a
mile for thai bull? aero?? th? mcontalna. Ami to
this was idded an Immense land grant
These four nun saw "millions in it." and In ? lew
day* ; .itii.-i ., combination to build the road, each
Un-- m tli on? fourth of th?- work. Stanford
rl ,. ?ded th- building ol 53? mile?,
whl h he compieteli in ?1 day?, although w miles
of iliis road i-osi ?>v t 12.0.etW to construct. The
four ?.? ?, ??? unii? ? In IS?ii u ??. to day credited with !
a combined fortune of }. ?. "-?.'? ??? One of them. If?
In.! Sta ? for?!, had designed lo found ? family, but
ten y? urs ....?. h - onl) Bon died, and h?? then decided
to establish a unlverslt) in memory of that son.
And he -lui li In prim-el) fashion, for while yet In :
ti., flesh" li? ",?.|" to trustee? thr? farma con- ;
lalnlng v..1'?' acres and. ? win? to their aplcndid
?..vards worth ???,'??.?"> To this he added $14,??.?
? ? worth of ? uriti? -. Hnd al hl? death left the ;
university u legue? of <:.'?"."?" ?? total cm. by on,?
man, b? one institution ol learning, ?>f I--.?"n.f|:?1.
which Is said to be a "v orld'a record " Hi*? wife has ?
announced her int. mi?.? of leaving her fortune, ?
?.,,,:, ?;.?... ....?. (o Ih? university I.? land Stanford
waa . lei t. .? , s? ? itor for ' allfornla. Two of his old
partners hn ? pilaces in Flfth-ave. The aecond
? lion of the ('rockers ..r?? able, energetic men,
?.? In? i? a ? .1 th? Ir Inherit? d millions.
Till: ?STANDARD OIL ? '? MBINATION.
<?f mor* ?.?? ni growth than Hie PacWc Railway
"mlllli ns" Is tl..? fa mou? Btandard OH combination,
and >.-t it?- -siim ol millions is nearly three times as
Indeed, bulged by in. ru? of rapid growth,
III the most remark ible Instunce of mone) making
m th.? in ? .???. ol Vmcrli in million?. Thlrty
flve year? ago ti*..- young men, most of them living
in ih? small city of Cleveland (State of Ohio), and all
lompnratlvel) poor iprohnbl) the whole party could
noi itoti ? ol ti"??-", can monetary posslbllltli In
petrolecm. In Ih? emphatic larguage >>f the old
river pilot. "The) went for it thnr and then," an.l
Ih? ?. gol It. To-dii) that sain? party of live men are
worth :.Anil thej nre making monej still
III (limosi th? old rapl.l rate: for in Mav. ISM, the
"Standard till" paid one rjuirterly dividend of 10
p. r cent, ?? . distribution ol t2,?M,0O0. ??f course,
the "S(nndar?l" I* u "wicked monopoly," and has
??...? "nuli " things aid .'i...ut it Rut that is a way
tl,. hmM |, .-. and perhaps .i|w,i\s will have John
l>. Rockefeller, the brain md "nerve" of this greal
"tr ? *t." ? , rudd) faced men with eye ao mild and
m inner ?? geni ? ih .' li ?- ver) h.ir.i t.. call Mm a
; m., monopolist." His "hobby" new Is educa?
tili* hohh) in robust, mani) faah
: ? lie ha taken thi ? iiwr-ii. of Chicago under
!??- wing, md ulreadi Ihe sum of t7.?T?,ono has
; from hi* ???.? k?ts to th? treaiur) <>f the new
? ? ol l.-arning In 1 ond < !t) ol the republic.
nil n ? i\ of sending in his r? mlttances,
and hi* manner will perhaps !?? best shown by quot?
ing thli letter from Mr Rockefeller to the presi?
li, ni ol the unlver Ity lu question. H Is thoroughly
. hai ???!. risili
? I ?.... Si. ? w ? h io eon tribute to th?? endowment
of the universi!) tl ????.??'. in ;, ??t cent gold bonds I
[Special thank Offering to Al?
? ;?.?; t'?r return ? ? health, Ynui s truly,
'JOHN I? ROCKKKK1.I.RR "
Tl ?t? ? it ..? .: ? has written i\ letters Ilk??
(he one qu ?te 1 Thej ov? r little pn|*er At all
way, they dull the edge
?? : " md kill the venom In much talk against
llui 11,- ? wh ? ku>>w - ' the) tua ? tempi
? - to ? i?.?? ktreat
lilt Kins ' I limit, they ..p- ,.?. ?, to
1 ' ??????.? ?" of Ih?? Stand ?r.l Trust ?-? ||
?? ?-?.???? ?. a man who w. ? ' ' ' in Ini honors
ri i.i it wltt) ? umlna million
..t. II?? Is ?. in tb?? woi M t., claim
r< it? . phll inihroplst, nnd yet I hold him to be
Or ? ? ?o in venture*
" ?nd happl
? pui ?? ? Ife a tul ho| ?
int.. ihe peopi?. ,.i . --'? ., ?, t ,,, ,,w ? t .t from the
? ! III Bl ? .1 Of a
? ... paid, nnd a us
:...? ???|? ;. ? u h? ? made t.. ??.,?. ??? ? ??.??. of In
M ? put Imo a group ol
? ? i.i bulli .,? Si
real ? ? ? to many
? ..? \. ?.? . to ibi* millionall ? "hobby,"
da fn?i Uh ml pleasure, a I Ie
ila rroi it ? ?. pi? usure, wntie
? stream of n? u moni \
tail ..? ?? ' .? tn prm
U but,? y la u net h, - man, and
ii?? ?? I.) Kngllsh -?- nd irds \t, able
S, ? retai ?. of ihe N.*i\ ?
In the ?? f'lev. ?tralloi p man amoi ?
" ? ? ' ? ? ??????1 ' em ?even I?} Ihe ?.pie
? the trust 11 ? onlv d iiigluer mar
of the late Lord Alfred
? \ ?;. .i u? .-* ?'|.;?p???; QCAl.tTIKS
'? . - ? pi . u man, ind for
.? - .. \.
? ? ? !. ' ? ? !..
ut I.I- own for
lot ? I . t ?
? wi. keil ? ? .
? ?.,.'...?;-. ? '.. 1 11,. I . :
?. ilutlv* giants
a onl lift! ?even year?
'??'.? ?- known, but I
of Jay ilo ild on
Ol Hi it other ?ioui.I I
? seal .1 Im fot. ,, I.I lalng ???.
? ? ? t a gb< ???*?
niilng ? Near me, li)
I, .1 m a low ?
? ? ?? ???! .u Ughi .,,, a i??,k
gallisi th? blH'k
le . k, ? fln.l ti.??
? ? ? Th? dark ,
11 ! look
? . . :? im? lit
f , ??
? elea* linei
? . ?:? -, ? rt ores ol ? he
?? ? ..? ir. bega to b??
II Nemesis h.??
? ? , ? travail? I ?Uli
.. ? ? . ?:? ????, ?bici al ??
? : ,? pu in,I of "
fare lo th??
? t,, ? im ' ' lireil." and
? ? ? ? -..bl,. ,1
, ? . . I gel nul of
il ? :
I. i? a?-?er. given the
llf, ms ,?, ? a io linai un nil .li
II? of ? stale, ?? ?,? 1
? ? mon?) lo linei a lila
I the consent of u ?
!i..V. TIIK MolHIAN vVKAI.TII IVAS (1AINKD
Il n ?.?. ?? ??? ? ri? ? referen?** ???
? ? er wll few word .? bout
? man ali I ki o?a n lo
? in N'i ? Vork ? Is home Por
th.. Moi r.? the fi nil of I? ultimate hank
i| ? .it reliresenlalll ??
liierei ed bl* lulu rlti-tl foi tune b)
t in I? rlna ???? p \ ?It?? ? II*
nam? . loo, in u.? w ?ri 1 ?1 Wall Ptr< ? t sland* foi
eli u i: ? ? ? ???! -. mietivi linai ce 11 ? all? -
... , ti ? ?.? . ? for I* stimulates ? he n< w
lone," b) showing
? > ; iiild'i "?reel ?,..'' plan I mil the only
:? ? great ?. ? ??? Morgan f??! ? ine
led bv .1. S Mol Ihe father of J IM? ?
pom Mori: ' Horn In Mu ?ichu ctt* ?. farmi-i l?oy
?,? then . |erk In ??
? , ?a* ,1 Ie .ii of I ? Hi?? ag? of
tl.lt tv elj-l.( ' eslalillsli 111 Itosloii ,. . -??????. rolal
M l I. i. ' ' ??'? ? In the Reput?
n Vi fori. f age he vi lied London.
.uni In r? uni ?. ? l'i al?'??l) The Inter Wa- o
. .? ?. Mora in' ibllit) limi he offered him a
? hip ??? ? king lirin of ? ?? orge l'en hnd y
? ? .. ?. ?.e ! nn ibi d? itti ?.f the gr?ai phllan
ihiopisi ??? ? un of ? 8, Morgan * ?'.?
Mi Moricnn lived ,un, years In l.omion, and did s?.
lo In ? th? ? r. ol' ol the ? 'nited States
lhal .at his return to New-York in 1177, a banquet
u.i- given oun ?? which the men there lu-.s.-iit are
-..id lo ha vi repres? ited a total wealth of ll.flOO.Dno..
? ?? ||i i||< rl U Monti ? .? lo In ISM, and his son 1*1 ?
.....,? u '..-? iti * ' ? ? He was at tb* 11in--* ol hla
? Hut's dcnih, however, already p very rich man,
|| ., ? ? ? ? . t . . ? ? .1 !.?, |.m ; a nil bounds.
and he i in.? ? ink?? ... worth from r?l.iW,onfl to
??>",". T?o. . ? hi ? .im?! partner? Krank l>rex
? I md Anthony I u. vi. ? ,. I, l.ft esta tea ex.ling
? ?i toa Hier gli Ing ih* sum ??? t8.non.rno io
f. un.? charitable In titillions In .?r near Philadel?
phia .1 S Morgan, who was mosl charitable
? I'iiiiu- hi life, ..is,, pit .?, large sum ton college nt
bi- . . nth,
Thanks tn the p.?-.- islon of InrgO . M.".s m Seol
l.il"! mid to his piotnir. in "revolver shooting
..nt.?.!-" the source of Mi Wlnaiis's millions ma)
t..? ..f Inter? ? ? Th? y were ? ra? llcalli the sole pro?l
ii< ? ??f one man, Rosa w In ?na, who ?ll. .1 in Raltlmor-?
iweni) year? ??:<> He wa* a farmer lad. and made
hi* first mone} ...it ?>? ., new plough which he In
vi nted Then b?- turn? .Mu Inventlv genius tn rail?
ways, und w ?. the tirsi t.? perfect the manufactura
..f . .mei-i.:..>h ? iiu. ? .nn,,. ,.?,,? ?,, songeai the
uba ni eight wi?,. ? railway car tru k? Russia
u ini.?.I lallw.n . . .itiiiiu ni, a t Ion between Moscow
.?.! !;i Petersburg Win um was vni for b) the
Kmperor, given Ins own terme, and so he made
million Which hi- children hav.? been content lo
let ninne while the) take life b) cas) stage?, This
f??ri. ?- no? taken .. ? showing a total <?f t?..
' THR TRAMYV \ V KINfl "
Th? "trama iy" qu? lion hm been a burning one
foi I..Inn during the Inai few months, ami thla
buds ., n? w Int? real t.. one >.f ihe maal striking ng
ure* m American money.mnklng circles, Charles
? Verk? Hi. "tramwa) king." aa he is often
called ? ik.s Inai ? verj dollar he posee???! In a
p. ni.? whl? 11 . nu? on the he< I : of ihe greal Chi? ago
In? And ,, twenty year? eg.?, With MOU loaned by
a fin ?.?. ?. tarted out. a man of thirty, t.? make a
?? v. fortune Ind he dl.l. He Is worth to.lav ti:,,.
(X??.ono. and with tl, . losing days .?f the nrem m ^,,r
lie ? ill movi Ulto hla new 11 on se mi l'if! h-a \ .? . N't w
York, whieh ? osi. ?lib content?, nearly linni i.m
Y.rk? - had b. ? ? ?? Sto? k Rechange man before his
fulliin am. t- tn it di iati r he (urned hi? attention
io street rallwnyi lie mi the? were badly man
?>etl; needed peraonal aii|M-rvtalon I ??? threw hla
whole beali mio tb?? Work it,,I was at his ofllce I?
fon <> ? m ??? r\ day, Si.ndaya Included, f?.r ten
year? I.aboi reformer sa) no man can work more
ih.m forty-four houi a week and hold health. Mr
Yerkea ha* worked an average of iln hours a week
for year* and yet ?hen I talked with him last ,\,i
v ?nil? r he wa? tho ptctur of health. Having made
Stame millions for him?? If and tils frl?mds out of
Philadelphia tramways, he movili toi hlcajro, where
In? -unii I.,?..im. , power and made new million?, To?
day his party operai?*? and own? over Sno mil,??? ,,f
tramway?, and the ii;.? men wh.. are chief spirits in
that part\ an w ?rlh tl?.?."?i,ii?io When fortune be?
gan to amile on Mr Y.rk.s. ail hi- old creditor? were
invited to in.?? t him al ?limier, and ai that dinner
each received ? ? n??? k for tils orlgtrnl claim, with
compound intere?! at I per cent, although Mr
Yerk?s hnd Is >n freed from liability b) the bank?
rupt net. He gave recently ?:?K).ono io build what la
to be the Lu ?? ???<. tvl? .*. o?,.? in the world. Ilia art I
gallery is one of the ?how pieces of the new world,
and was recently described In one of the London
or? ?is or tram-unes, in sman ..-> ???? ? ?????-. -- ?
hph.rto worked at a loss with horses, arc BOS.divi?
dend payers on a Urge capitalisation, thank.? to
electricity. For electricity in four years has ?tts
pia.e.i lr-o.ori, horses on American tramway?, aimi
? ut of the ILOOO miles of American tramways hm?w
ar?? operated by electricity. The c?P?u},iai!2nw1PI
this renovated tram Investment is nearly *?1,l0?'l'",?;
000, And this Immens.' sum being In a large degree
capitalization of earnltiR power, not money paw in.
"tramway millionaires.? to the number of at least
fi'tv, have been recently added to the long list or
American money monopolists, it is a natural step
from Verkes. who made his fortune chiefly In '-"?
cago, to ti certain group of typical Western million?
aires resident In that ??1?>?.
"PHIL" ARMOUR'S INDUOTRY.
One cold winter morning, having arrived in < "lii
cagfl about ?i o'clock, I was making my way to the
hotel, it seemci Bn unchristian hour for a white
man to ??* in the street. especially when that ?treei
was located In the business centre >?f a great city.
Suddenly mv companion t? uched me on th. ;.p?
ami said "Look, there's 'Phil,' hard at work, ?'ome
In We'll fix up a small game of poker for this even?
ing." 1 had often heard of "Phil" Armour, the
minion.lire pork packer, butcher, grain gambler,
railway director and mla?el!aneous capitalist, and
so I follow..! my friend gl idh up the short (light of
?ton.? steps, across ? large orti, e made to nccommo
date a hundred ? derks. but h?>W deserted, oll. Ott, till
vv?? entered ? small neun and stood in th?? presence
of "Phil." Although it was in the heart of winter,
lie was In his "shlrt-sle. ves." and sloo.l there for
all the w.irlil a se,-on.I I'crkvn Mlddlewlck, butter
man-carefully examining a large hook, in which
was shown the business at all his branches day by
day He Is always at tils ..tli. e two hours before his
clerks arrive; and he always begins the day's work
with ihi? careful ?tudy of th. prevlou? day'? busi?
ness, l have ii'.-ii told bj men sble t?. judge that no
man in America ha- the sam?? exael and rarly in?
formation as tO how he ?tend? and what In- ???.??? ar??
doing, ll.? has live men in his employ to euch <>f
whi ni h?? pays a salary of BO.OOO ti year And all his
em pin ves ar?? weil paid, well treated, bul siso and
her?? lies the se.nl of his ?ucees? all well worked,
bo.lv us w?-ll as brain "Phil" Armour Impressed me
as a big, brainy, active boy, very glad to be all?.??.
and very much alive In brain, eye, ?ar and body
He ??seme?! as nerveless as an old oak tree, and his
eye? saw tight tbrough into your brain al Jeast
thai Is low I felt "l'hll" Armour Is worth about
i ??,????.?,??.?> n? has g|v>n between ?,???,??? and $4,000,
1?1 t?? various <? li:? r111'?.-?.
After a few words with Ihe great "pork pa. k?r,"
my friend broach?Nl the ooki r question Honestly,
from the way Armours raw brightened up and his
.?? s ?mapped, I feared he was on the point of sug
gestlng a gam?? of "draw" there end then Hut h?*
?il?! not ll.? only inviti ? a? lo some to ins house that
evening. He would have "som?? of the hoys there
to m??.?! us." And "the i...v s" who did meet us were '
, most Interesting lot. nil millionaires except two. ;
Judge On-sham, Cleveland'? fav rite Cabinet min?
ister, and ihe writer. There wa? the leading gam?
bler of the t'hlcago Hoard of Trade, Norman H
It am. :ti tall, loo?.?-i'llnleil man With a fa. ?? of Iron
and eye? ifit.t saw far and deep, He has often moved ?
ih?? grain markets, of the world up and down it
Will, lie was always "bluffing." at poker, always ;
losing t'">. for the 'mil. ?ras small: his great ;-? in??
has no limit, and tin- "bluff" often win? There wa? |
Marshall Field, ten times a millionaire, made oui of l
keeping shoo; the one-time partner ?>f Mr. ?.?????. !
no? father-in-law of the Hon. George Furxoi He
)..,?. , iqueak) voice, was timid In play, and when
he . ? - k ? ? 1 for cards l fa ne le?! it was one of his 500
.derks crying, In their accustomed way, "t'ash!"
"?'ash'" 'Tush!" Fullman. of pu Ines and ?!"?')'l!'g j
cm fame, was (here, looking th? ?? intertable farm- I
? r, rather th m uncomfortable millionaire Mi Btead
paints hi m II put down "thr? ?? four ?pots' ? ? tu'
??? it, rather iban pay f.'? to ????? wl at I had. He was
as conservative In poker as In pa'nre car? But tie j
was a winner al tt,,? end ?>r pia; He had a ? il
domineering v. iv even with hi-? btoth? r mill!??
the mannei and method wblch have made all his
troubles with labor; t'??r he is an lion? st man, a lust
one. All tt??? talk about his selfishness and tricky
??ay? is ridiculed by men who krow hi? life day by
d ? md ?< ? ll In all It? phase?
i'otter Fnlmer, the millionaire hotel own??!? and
real eatate m ?? wa? a not h? ? ??f tl ?? ? any. Ill? name
and million? were all thai mad? nlm differ from
th multitude The est of th.rr.pan) w.r?? men
lacking Individuality men a ho ?? id, one might ?ay,
their millions thrust upon them i,\ the Increase n
?. ilue ?if land long held In the famll) Taken all to?
gether, 'lev w.r?- a pleasant, unassuming, compan?
ionable ?, t ??t m-a and ? ich wore hla mantle of
Ill ?U JA MKS l llll.I. BRUAN.
It is very curious, bul I find I have i??;? out the
mosl Ini? r? ?ling man In our urd ? ai t.? Thi? ?? due
lu ?Il probability, lo ih?? ? ;r? illusi.,n, ,? thai he Was
I he Olli) hi. ? w Im did it.?' ?! ?? p??k? ? "? 11 - ?, 11, ?? ? ?
Jemes ? Hill, Ihe ?hrewdesl imi mosl ?uicessful
? ills , ?. m an in the West, "ai ?? rallwav mai
? u joy s this u n,?? u. ?.? ?? hl? piopertl? ? have In the
??..?! paid, and do still pa) larg? and regni ?
?I.?u?ls ??'..? i) . , ? - ..,?,, "Jim" Hill was ., ??????
i" en the wharf In ?! Fuul Minn Th n Is, he
ined l: ?? ??.?> carrying m.? and freight on hia
I'lo-k from the wharf t?. ? ?. ?I? 1- ot Ih? Mississippi
? ? II. ? I" ?.? well thai he ?.?
???,-? that I >oa ? ri, .' ?.??.?? -?.?? m? ?; t?. ??????? other
'"?' with urprislng rapid I) Mone) ci. t?. him
from everything he loucbed Al lasl Ihe Manitoba j
ly, owned bv Hollanders, got Into tr.
Hill somehow .:<?t ihe road out ??f trouble, bul at
th. ?ami time out <>r the possession of those Hoi? I
lami owners To-dd) he Is Worth 170,000.000 In ap?
pi trance he ? ?? ongl) suggests ? lion on two legs
The kp.o of non. In thi financial world the lanTb
o often II? ? down with Insule uuarl? ? for the lamb.
II? haa an underslsed ?... -1 >. but overslxed head,
wears his hair ft la Bnmson it, the ante-bellluli
?lavs, and h s fiat ?? a Ivv a ? ? ! vv ? ?? ?. ? too big for lilla
either ?mokes, dunk? nor gambles, but
I?.a ..f such a ? ? ? ? nl ' minor ? (ti l? ? no "'.??
? v? r ? .IN l in, a ?alni I '-?' Ind Ids million? lies I
? .??! ? ? ? V- hile In? vv,,t !.. foi ? I ? .?. aarf.
h -. fweetheari worked for ??? iges a! tl ?? onl) hotel,
ni ?Uh ? ame lo I m he sent I ??...???
f??r two ) ?ai s to an Kastei ?
h? r To ?! ? ? it- ??? dos of t beli home a
? ??? ?.. bulbi ? the (
M11 tl rf Where h. - - ? v. ked I ?
? t - roof of ? bat st. m
in which long ago, ? girl whose face wa? ?: only
loi ! une, ?,:, lolled ? ? ?el \ h nl
Nell ? of their I amble darl Thi )
w??. r tbeli wealth i-usll) And ??? ????G? necklace
of emerald?*, ihe handsomest In Atrericu, ?1?>? ? noi
look .. n "t pia? ?? on her ne. k. ?v -n In Ihe ?????? of the
? lenirai rllllani badge ? ?
pal ? wai m. ? ? lie he ??" And the ten? "f
md? of do llstrlbutetl each year ?? ?.r
folk and sick show eyes wl?l< oi?eii ? keen sens? ?i
tn ? ? ???-?,? II lily which < ..m? ? w Itti rl? hes.
Mr Hi", ol v\ ???n. I col Irol? a
guai ?? -'?m ol t llwsy? m III w? 'tern section of
? i .? G ni te? I St ,'? a The Wesl Is tl.Id home of gold
: ml ?llv ?r mitili g, and II is ? t.. ? t. , t
transition from ihe ?t??!'. ?>f ih. great ? ? la ?
to ih? nbjeci ?d miner .?t,,l "mlror' millionaire?
Hut the nani.? of ?u. h men I? legion I.? ' me ?< li ?
? ?en?atlonal group wblch will give u? something
in m llloi ? oui l?l? of ih? or?ll
t??: BONANZA KIM.8
Tin Hoi '/? King? will suit our purpose FI.I,
O'Hrleii. Muckiiv and Fair were all In pi? ?-? ?-i.I"
broke, ?t,,?,, broke. Is the Americanism when the
Callfornlan gold fever ?tirg???! .eros? ih>- continent
?? ?? Thej tried th-dr luck with the crowd at thi
?;??;.Ln Hate Th?) falleil Then came news of a
new ?I Horado In Ihe hear! ? ? t the Sierra? To
N'evada Ihe four ill able?! veterans of the "Hold
lampalgn took ihel^ ? ij Thej were poor
stili, imi thev knew something a bou I mining, and
In this reap???-! were far In i.?ivnn??? of ih?? greal ma?
loi llj lo. ..t? ? il Virginia t'lt) Thi Ir pr ielle .1
?? "W |. d;?-? ol mill .?nd liuti? soon en ibled ? ach man
??, engage In |>roHtable ?peculi.lion. Ilefore long
??a??!! Mian was ih? owner of n mine gold ?>t ?liver
Kach man w.?rk?.| with ? ?ncrg) nnd with the -liti
Miai . \p. il? m ? had given hltn
In each of ihe four mine? greal dlscoverle? of the
pre. Ion? metal w? r?? ultimate!) made, and the . ivil
?/..?.| world rang with th? -'? r> of ihui '?? I of gold
and silver wiil?h was the foundation t?. a whole
int.ge of mountains The lirsl wild talk was never
realised, but from (hose four mine? ihelr propri.
tors. Flood, O'Hrl.'ti, Ma.kav and Fair, took out
gob! ..ml silver which sold for fcioo.non.? ?
'111?? lionati?!" ?t>tv .?. sei il mil, I"'.' it ha?
never appealed to mv Imagina ? Ion as strongly as th.
?tor) ??? . ?Id romm) ???-.?. of Montana Frobahlv
th.? circumstance Hi it I knew th. old man before
he in.io? his millions lends '?? bis ?lorv a larg.? part
..r its .harm Then, too, l win admit? lean toward
Tonimi Pruse, hecau?? riches did not work for
rigide. iisnesN in hi? case, ...? the; ?h? with sui h m
dining persisten?') In ?ill mining nrrames VVhen 1
me! Tomni) ti ist his onl) nasci win In lerlous dan?
ger, for his dve underfed and und? rio???.? ponh ? ? ? r?
.,?,ou? t., be seised for overdue lux??? ? could not
help Tom nt) with money, bul I til??,? to win iiilvlee
St ilk? ..hi Sam Ashbv f..r a roupie of hundred dol?
lars," I .iigg?sl.?l Stun Ashbv was on?? of the rich
men of Helena, Mon) . ? : thai period, and ran u
. small ?livings' liank. Tommy I'ruse "tried old Bam
Ashby." All he got, how. ver, wa? some pretty f?? >?
lulk, in which the banker assun-il Tommi Cruse
it...? he would rallier throw pap? ? ? may int,, ih??
home ?if Ills Stilatile mSjeSl) that, loan If |o . ??, h a
dl unken. ?Ill ft le?? fei los Torniti) t'iti?? gol bis
iioiiey however Three weeki Inter he located th.?
gr?iit Pruni l.unimond gold mine He knew be had
n Mg thing, but ?omehon he could make nohed) i??
lleve lu bis mine For years he worked al it how
ever, living at times a dog? llf? im.?,?, while l.lik?
ing ??, a friend of mine, he f.-n forward un. ? iiaclou?;
he had not ?.? a mouthful ??f f?.<.?l for Ihlrty-slx
hours, ami v. ? with dogged perslstenc) had work?.I
on nil he fell in hi? irai k? ?? last fili daj ? am??, he
opened up a big vein, snd had u million dollar? to
Ids credi) in ? good safe bank. Hard Unie? over, he
decided to pos. as a "s.ili.l clltsen." so he opened a
savings bank III Heb na ? Ule of (he flrst hi. ? I?.
apply to Tommi .'ms.? banker, for ti small loan w ???
Hi.? one-time banker. Did 8am Ashby, non less pro
perous. Then came !.. the old |HOS|iector the hap
plesl moment of his lit,?, one thai wiped oui all
me.rv or starvation and privation I'm Tommy
?'ruse, showing his would-be customer to Ihe door,
assuiail lhal ?listoni?T. In languag?? too emphatic
and graphic for Rngltsh ?ars. thai lie w??ul?l . ?
throw paper money into the home ?>f hla Satanic
malest) than loan li t?> such a drunken, shiftless
fellow as Sam Ashbv.
One day Tommy ?'ruse Invited Ihe whole of Mon?
tana t.? bis wedding; and the whole of Montani
came. Tommy had airing.. I I'.u open house in?.
free drink? with every saloon lu II.I,t?a l'on?.
quently ih?? night Tommy gol nani, ?? the who's
mal?? pnptil.nl.ni got drunk, ???.I I! t. ok a week o
?ober the population Into working condition. One
veer of happy llf? follow.??! with his beautiful you ig
bride, ,??.? then death wrote Unis ??? the roman???'
th.? bride ?f a y.ar died, Hin.?.? her death the hith?
erto genial miner has become a <?? bed, miserly old
intu?. Ills money Is only a misery now. for his one
haunting fear is thai ina poveri) he once bore so
bl a m'v will ngalr overtake him. ,
? Is a far cry from the romantic millionaire of
the Western mountain? to the plodding merchant
who, fiom long years of toll, slowly accumulates a
fontine. Hut this class. unplclurcrt.|iic. II is tru-,
In lb.? main, has mad?' for Stability In Ihe State, as
well as nix tlguns in the National balance sheet.
Lei m?? give you the history of one such merchant
millionaire as 1 had ll from an Intimali? fruml.
Panici H Fayerwt ailler ll Is a suggestiv name
for one who found n siiiithlny ol?l age was born In
a -iri'ii ConnectlouI town. He learned tha trad? >u
cobbler and followed it until stricken with o disease
tacy tall In New-England "shoemaker colic? Th.?
he decided to abandon a sedenti? ry life, ami to ??S
effect to this new purpose bought the outfit of a tu.
peder He chose the old Southern Statesa.?
geld Of operation, and for -ve y, ars he peddled (a?
In the bicycling s.ns.i all over the south Th? t??
Pie In his Bew tl? 1,1 ,f h.liur ha?! little ready montt
Fayerweather was able however thanks tn t,?l L
knowledge of leather. to a.?,.-,, la^Vade hld^of-S
kinds. These he resold to .h :.?|Vi,ntage tha |,i
made vcrv lam protlts. M large that on h ? t hirl
with this Mock to o,x?n up a hide shop In New
?ork. i.? h,..i tramped the whole Bouth. G5
kn?w his market as no other merchant knew thS
?market; and he was able, out o' tji.il knuwle h?,
coupl'ii with great Industry, to pile ip ??mo??! fi ;
death attracted little notl?-e. Pccp|e only h-arri ??
It. beyond his tra.!.? circi* whenhl? will ahoWl
ll.aQ0.0W distributed ?moni twenty promlVnt^?
legee, and g..??< ?between fourteen hospital?, ?
was also ?llscov. red. When Ihe quiet, Inoffensivo 0i
leather merchant had paaaed out of the city |!
which he had Ived a ?tranter, that during that
?inlet life h" h,,,? qui -tiy gin ? to the poor over f-oi.
? small army of such nun as Payerweath? hav?
written th.'lr nam.s in v.-rv plain hut very ?,?*?*
letters on the list oi American millionaire? t?,?.?.
was Stephen Girard, th. Phlledelphla mirchan?
.hail these many yenra, bul living still m ? ???
sense through hi- I?.? College" home to-day f2
l.TDO orphan hoys, ai pos? sing, thank? to hit ??. ?
?Toslty. over $n..t productive fund? lohn?
Hopkins the Haiti ?re merchant, with fti ., .,
fruii of long yean ol toll and frugal liv?n? aive? ,i
endow the hospitals and t'nlven.lt) which to??
his nani? . Sanili? I M Inriian, of Atlanta Qa 7C
greatest cotton factor In the world, worth uhUv
$20.000,000, When the Cotton Btate? Bxposltuuiia
Ills own city ran short of mone) |a?l year he nut
his hand In his pocket and caw $100.001 to tj,|,! ,,
???? r t!i?? ?Ir.v perio.l. ami promis?.I a- much mor?, if
necrssary. when h<? moved Into hi? new Immun,
verit?I le little castle, he turned hi? old home into?
free hospital II? Is one of the new men who rr^w?
certain a now llf?? for th? old South, and i,rr ,?
? 11 nesl of a new civilisation and a n< w wealth
All ihese nasse?, and many, man} more, are oa
;? list ..f millionaires who may. In truth, be called
benignant And an open-minded study of r>,..??
pllneely charities shows, it seems to in. . h?,w f?aw
Is the new ld?ea that wealth is twin to wlckfdneaa
and In povert) alone may ? urtt) lie discovered \rL
.h?-s?? men of many millions a menace t<j the R?
public? No Will thev ever combine ? gainai rh?
test of the Nation" Impossible. Th? ? are dram
from ?uch different ancestors, ar?? Item by such
varying local tradition? and Influencrs, 'hit ? 00m
bltiatlon of ??? capital la out of the Itn? ??f possibilit?"
Th- railway lut, r? -t In Americi : it ? ' ? ally- in ?i
feu hands, And yet railway hist en ? "ws but on*
long line of combinations, formed onl) to be brokW
Are Ihe millionaires happy In their millions? Vi
and no They enjoy the game, enjo) ?inning tha
-?tak - noi onl) becauee of their value, Lut as t??.
tlmony of superior play, The men enjoy aleo ?h?
thought that wife and children, Idolized all thro???,
llf??. ar?1 able p???? to gratify ever) wish I'.ir th?m
. they change very little with the ?hangeln
fortune. Cnnappincaa comes, however to many
mllllonalre.i of one generation, si:.,? with weak?
the home circle nearly always break? The wtfn
and children ?-has? ,ft?r what the) . ill 'society**
while husband and father, with the ?on? *.. tin.?)??
wa?.? of work, sometlm? perhaps of '?s-ipatlon
You will Itati few in th? long li il "f millionaire? ?elf.
made, who do not look ba ?< with longing io tb? ol.|
simple life In the old simple horn? a ? a much
ev< n as a mlrag ? of millions had y< ? ? ? cared on tha
FOREIOX Etions /\ THIS <???.
THE VARIETY OF NATIONAL DELICACin
TO BE l'ii'NI? IN NEW-YORK SHOPS.
An one ?' ? to ?do with
tl.implex lif?? <>t cosmopolita ? New-York : th?
faci that ihe foods and delleacle? peculiar to at
:.. ,r ,?:" ?' ? er??.it Car"? ? r:?s?
l'iati'.. Germany, Italy and Bpa re ? idtly to
trchased in this etty It. ?cor, -hops.
T?> hundred? of Americana the cooker) of these
, ??!.,- :.. known, and the foreign restauraat?
s, att.T"! ov?-r the town ar?? w 11 patronised Hut
?,, ',. able to bu) for home une I It? of oth'-r
?at;?is |s another thing, si d the ? ? ol doing
thi- open? up a new II? Id to l er *
-.?ri.- of novel dinner, breakfast and ?upper jro?
I?V : mm? -
While tome of these viand? may Kern strane?
and doubtful to the Inexperienced palate, they all
h.,..me ? ?- ? ?..?!'. their ?own, and among
the meats, vegetabli - and sw?rete there is in mor
...t?? ty Merely t?. mention the names of all
the foreign delicacies of New-York would r. -pire a
i? ,k In comparison with the ordinary American
?. thi Oerman, French or Italian "food
?hop.' less? n." has ? far tri"re varied
stock. Along an ? reside of one of these shop?
extends s counter laden ?'own with plattere enei
-.? ? twenty ??r thirty different sorts of prepared
Btrange vegetable? and row- of causa
goods with rurtou? I ?reign nani? s (III the shelves
and ?ov.-r he If tie Boor ?psce, It is only i\v con?
-taut experiment thai one <?:?? discover the t.atur?
of all these dalnrte? This much is ?rertaln, at all
event?, that nearly evetry delicacy of the Conti?
?..-tit is en sal.? in New-York, iitid for the ? "mfert
.,t the hou?ekeeper ? ?? it added that the most of
them ?"1? foodi m? cheap, <?\??? the most m.u'iou?
The German "pr? s?>i v?-." now aenl over !.?r?sby
the thousand mus, sre nearly all novel In narotuun
and stand competition with home-made pastry
$.l- Favorite? among the flavo
heidell ? ? ?? ? mirai ? II p im re* mbllng er*
ri. -?. W . nui ? ' ; ? .. : ma' y
? ? ?J 1
wi -, -? ..:; chen nned ? -? tal I? - ? und bj their
si?:.? in th.? d< ?? !' ?Pi*? ,nrlr
ocean |oum? y. m I * '1?-!l "r ?*? ,r*
; f.- (the tip ?,G? ?"""D
I? a du """ S?mite?
m.??', inge a sort ol '?? -' '???''I0'
stem.? toit? Hier; ? I. teltowcr r?bsch? ;
airman carrots, and kohlrabi ?Much to l>?? recom?
mended, t.re t hutaeln, at d i
p. a- ? U ? l OC ? al?.?.
round In shape and a de? ? hm?? ? " ??
fot feati) ,ls and gn ?? o astot - Thla ?? ?
,,s hutselbrod. snd tho ? ' ,ioli*
? dy for ? atit ? h?
t> ,,t i- n,, ? -.nv ' ? fon put? :i
10 . II a dl ? ? li"l" i" U? '' '?''" ?'' ?' l,ciu:' ??
I : iiidy, allo? Ing Ihe liquor to M ak w< II in.
? ? " U? rman dainty, howi ver. ??"'1 thil
is Marslpan, ? ? ??? ' lion " ? ? s< a????
. ?? th? Ir eye? i?r> cdll) u|xin A sq ? at ? >?? ?
box about three In? he? ? a? h w '?"'',l i;i
t'.i,?:,?.- co ? 11 In New-York. H I? made?
?tlnioi ? .? ? ??'?* :',:~^?*
n . olor? ? lib ir on its uppei ?urfac, I - }?
w hlch noun w ' it ?. . t ?At ? ?r' ?1'1?
? , h?? i|m ? i?.? arli ? sood, and ? puiar.
In the vv i) 'i in? at? and sa - ? ?;' :,r*
ce va riet lea ? ? -' wMr-t
an ? ivorlte ?'? llcacle ? ar? ? '? imagea
and '?? rv? lat. /.ung? nwursi ?''>' 0I
the stor. s and blutwurst ano liebem - ?r? well
known too.l. thai ha* ? * :'v~r
Cermai - an to be fo ?? ?? ? Iy ever) in
laut district m the Vat, rland produci ? ';
Iy differ? ni vari? I) ol th. heart) vial I?, ani
most of ih? tn an sold h? r? undct sp? ? lai ? im?*
precisely na If they wen- brand? of Herman b?*?
The hest are importe?!, but s?> arcai a demand n*?
sprung up la ? io- countri ? !...
? In New-York have bulli up large businesses
In wtitst ..ti?l the Ilk? in
Italv, Sr*tn ?? ? ' ' ' 1|1, no few? r tawi
dnltitiea than Herman) can ehoa \ ir open?
ish food ?s calamares eu tinta, ?? evllflsB
thai ?- without ?.? and ?- prcpar?*d with a
sauce made oi It? own Ink) Html ?? ?nt North
liai\ reme? inn..tar?1..? l're
in fro!;-. Intende I to be . alen ?.?. I
Trep . I la Milanaise is ti I ? ? ? 1
with -.lit and huiier. pepper and torn? ? -
Ruinad is spiced bl?non made into - - . eaten
brea?! Pan fort I? the Italian plum | ? I?
and nro.-iiitt,. u ham ? ut??" " "'???,''?
? ?? ? is pig'? ?? k. and other dclica? ' !
mortadella dl Rologn ?, the mosl funion - f
1 th? world mnMcnrdlnl, ?nlaa llnorchi, ? sauce tot
j mushrooms, and lorrunl ill Cremona, ? sweetmeat
of almonds ami sun ir, Kuvomi with ? ' ??-i
??r , ho
?'hip?la:, is something thai no I ' ?*
sen ?ton la ever without, it hold? ? hlah place M
the he irta ..? all the I'r? neh. A -'???"
slae harclv lamer than .. -am ill ni? kl? ? mail
of un? pork and i--, r?.,?! with chicken, ? ? ? t - ?. lg?*.
or even saurkraul a? a garnltun Jambonneaa,
or pit's f. ,t knuckles, ha- an unsavor) und.
but l- excellent eating It I- eaten cold exactly
a? n ???ni..s from tin shop, bavins I.p ??.??? ?I and
bread .1 t.. a turn ?here. Some other Fren?'h Atti?
lea now malle In thla elt) In quantit?*? af
frenchmen ,?r?? .iii.it?- .!.? tour, pork thai hm
?... ? fri???! an?! mixed ^^?lh ? grease unni it is .li?
ni.,.-? Ilk.? pat.s de fole gras; rock?' comi..- c.,lk*d
?lUenelle when fried and mixed with ?heiry: and
...??,,,, ,?,. yolallk?, a roll, elaborately ?pi ? ?1 and
generally of veal
I>ll?N"T KNOW IT WAS ?.?????.
M.'Scorchcr My hal.y has had the wind colic fSC
Stklcface What < aused the troul'l?'?' , ,-^a
.McS.oiehcr The poor kid tried to cut It* teew
on my pneumatic tire.-(Truth.