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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 16, 1897, Image 32

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MORE THAN THEIR PARTS.
THE ACTOR'S EVIL HABIT OF "GAGGING.
ITNLXCENPEr? JEPTINC, WHICH SEEMS TO PERVADE
THE WHOLE HIPTORY OP THE PTAOE.
The season of operetta and burlesque Is approach?
ing, and consequently the season of liberty and
unconvcntlonallty for the comic actor. To be sure,
operetta and burlesque have pretty much nil srr,
eons for their own la t!i?i?c times, but the time
now near is the one In which no other type of play
la attempted. To be ?urc. too. tho llhtrty of the
actor In pieces of thl? sort bord??r? upon license at
all time?, but now again the dread period I? com?
ing when the author of tho werk ha? no rights
that tho actor Is bound to respect, and when the
audienco has no rlchts of any hind. At the pres?
ent moment the sl?ns aro that the ro imer enter?
tainers will be Just as mercilcs an they ever were.
In ths rcof gardens? and such theatres us remain
Open through the summer, It Is now believed that
the liquor law, In spite of the wear to which It was
subjected last season, will still he the subject of
frequent reference. While It Is feared that ihc
Greater New-York charter w.ll be somewhat dwo'.t
upon and made to nfforjl material for Jests. Ths
evil c\p*rlc!?.(e cf the New-York baseball team ha?
not yet driven the National game oft the stage,
and that, to.?, Brill doubtless reappear.
A spectator ci a recent burlesque who happened
to know (hi nAtiaser Ventured to speak to him
disparagingly of the author of the piece for put?
ting Into It an Intended witticism which was en?
titled by Its aga and Infirmity to completo rent and
quiet. "Oh, ths author didn't write that," said tho
.manasen "wo let ths stage manager and tho
?/actors put In the? Jokes."
"Then why don't they?" was the next question.
and the manager seemed to think that It sounded
nesMMBpUmentarr?
fa deed, tho composition of many a stage ple.ee
when It Beta I fore th? public BsBlNS the hearer
wonder h.-w much of It was the work of the man
whose nanio appears en the programme as the
author, how much was add?d by anybody who
happened to be ?round to suggest at the time of
the rer."irs^ls. ar.d now nVBCh T?'as Put ,n h>' *?*?
actors en tho ?p-ur of the moment. The last proc?
ess 1? t.".? one known on the stap? as "gaggirg."
and everybody says that It la wrong. Yet a good
many actor.? do It upon occasion, and sometimes
tho play 1? really to bad that anything that the
actors can think of to say when the time- comes 1?
sure to bo better than the text.
NOT TO BI KNOWN BT ITS AUTHOR.
A few years aso there was a farce that was re
markably successful. On the programme appeared
the name? of a person called the author, but tho
manager said that tho pieos as it eras played was
a'.moc-t all the work of himself und the actors.
Nor did ho make any protonos that it was a poM
piece after nil. Hut the antics of the actors and
tho sor.irs and the dances and the funny sayings
filled a New-York theatre for months. One night
the alleged author of the pico? came In an?! asked
tho manaccr for two seats. The manager gave him
two tickets, and when he presented them at the
door the doorkeeper told him to po up to tho bal?
cony. The? author returned to the manager In a
race and a*ked him what he meant by giving him
seats upstairs. "Oh. I think those seats are plenty
good enough for th^ author of this play." the
manag? r replied. The ??tory says that the angry
man went in and saw the play nnd then agreed
that the neat? were ftnod enough for Us author.
If it could only bo foui.d out who he was.
Tho great trouble with "gags" is that they often
make the audience laugh, nnd the theory of a
great many person.- who ought to know better Is
that anything that makes the audienco laugh Is
Just the thing to say. Therefore many cheap
writers put thinps into the original manuscripts
o? their plays that are Intended to sound like :
"gagu." Wheel the stage manaccr nnd the actors
do not find an abundance of such things ready for
them they J>ut them in themselves at the rehear
sa'.a. One of the strangest beliefs of modern oper?
etta Bsaaufacturera la that ail clang is humor.
6uino of them go so far. almost, as to believe that
all honor la '? u g, or at least th:it is the Impres?
sion gained from observation of their work. To
dress a man and a woman aa if they lived in the
court of Louie XIV, and then to make them talk
a? if they lived In t ie liowery is to the comprehen?
sion of these gentlemen quite es amusing as the
audience has any right ;o expect s plaj I i be, In- ?
_ eengrulty i~-, to be : ure, a [on of humor, perhaps ?
I a large part, but the .??.mio incongruity for break
w fast, ner n I supper, rear In lyid yi ar o it, n as
tli :t).' as a steady dlety of t?ftfy. Then ii no
need to cits Instances. Tnere Is not on? operetta
In a i'v.?< .? that has any attempt at humor In its
i. .? ie except tl.stant introduction of slang.
Operette companies of the highest class. In whi'.h
Induciimli ? rig" nroulo not be allowed for
an Instant, ? hesitate to a ?? < i ; vrorsj that
are almost litera It nu.-l.- up or fl.-.np. Anl ?1
though to alloM "gagging" would rioubtli:?? de?
moralize .i com] ? ? waa trying to do good
?things, y - the d< .'??? lion of rehearsing oil this
terrible vulgarity makes the sin all the more U?^;?
and r? preh? nslble.
FITTINii T1IK JEST TO 'NIK OCCASIOIY.
But there are other kinds of "gags" and occa?
sional Interpolation? than puro along. They usual?
ly have reference to ; ?met! Ing that is in the pub?
lic mind, so aa t i be undi ratood, and are sufficient
3y apt in the situation In which they ar,- introduced
to have some pretence of point When, for in?
stance, a Boclety ci- convention visit? the theatre, i
if the play |i one fWi admita it, tho actors are
extremely lik?-!\- to study "some dosen or sUte??n
linos" for '??.? occasion, Let a crowd of botelkeep?
pic, ^o t i a theatre together, and the
Whole audience will com.; away knowing more
UhOUl hotel? man anybody but "a hotelkeeper or
an actor ever km w bol ? .
It Is the euat m foi- the cadete at Weal Point to
mal:? an annual ?tait to a New-York theatre, and
then "gagging" usually reaches its lofti?-st point.
But It is not true ' gagging," because it is not im
promptu Th. actors get somebody who knows all
about West Point to think of "gags" for them, and
then they study them for <iays in adranco. West
Point has a .-:? u, varli i and extensiva ayetem of
alang ail it? own. it is never heard anywhere eise,
except at the theatre on West Point night, and,
strangest of all. It Is always the same, the s.aiifc
that the cadets of to-day use being exactly like.
that Which was used when Grant was a cadet. Bo
Die purpose of the actors is to surprise tho visitera
liy the use of expressions which they thought were
known only to themselves
It la not to be supposed that true "gaggirur"
would be permitted at I'l.ly's Theatre, vet. in Tlie
?"?rcus Girl." when tho Commlasalre <?f Police Is
? worr;. lr.?r about an expected sl_nal on a bull?
somebody a:-ks: "Is it "Die Mysterious Mr BugTtTT'
That ?i not much of a Joke, but it must have been
agreed upon. An actor on that statte would scarce?
ly venture to ??ay such a thing on bis own re?
sponsibility.
A?7tors do tnke liberties on other stages lu s
.recent mrfornuu.ee of "Evsagoitne" the gigantic
(reorge ]? ortcsque, who playa a woman's par: In?
stead of majting his usual rep)?? to a slight from
Kvangellne. "There are other glr!? In this room
?l-esid?-??? you." said: 'There ar?. other ?rlrl? in this
? room besides Evangellne Rice" It sourxled funny
to those who r? membered h"W many years ? 1*
l?ce had owned and comroll?! "Evangellne," but
,lt is hardly likely that .Mr. Hie?, who was sitting
.In tho conductor's chair, hud connived oA the
"rag. ?
It la r.-.it of town ?hat the actor who delightp
.In "rae" 1? In hie glory When ho gets to a new
,*towt> he lo.-.ks for local affairs that will b?m?'
comment on tue stage, and when he gets one li"
,makes the audience laugh with It, largely because
e remark on a local subject is the more unex?
pected from an actor who is known not to belong
?In the town, ?t..? pe? i .. im- of "r.iK.-." is ihrr cf
a.11 cla'-st.?: of Jokes, they win th?.? ic?tst boar fa?
tpeatirg. Bocne times they convulse the audience,
nnd tho man who i??,i the moot amused of all at
?.hem fnds to hts dismay, when he tries to tell hi?
friend? .-.. ?ut th??m. that they fall utterly fat.
This. I- may be remarked, is the re???on why ropv
thou.?aid or th? m ,ir? noi Quoted lure, The reader
Is really escaping rm re than he realises.
If "?.agf'lr??-" could be tironihlted eltoirether It
would doubtless be a puMlc gain. It is cltoir ?thcr
'reprehensible. Knd usojiiy. to any auditor of ?-err?
.end tante, an ?,yff?n<.e ;.nd a nuisance. Hut the cus?
tom is not new. Hamlet ?ays to the player a: "L??t
those that play your clowns apeak .10 more ?.h,m
?Is set down i,?r ti.em." That shows that playera
in ids timo .were !n the habit of npenklng more
?than was f??t down for tli?tn. They still do all tf:e
other wrong things which Hamlet ?ensure?, end
?thev Will probably ?ontlnue to do them all, "ga?,
'glng" Included, as long as there are uny players
Sind any "barren ?ip?-otiitors" who en
a ugh at them.
fan be set on to
A-DOG 1?7/0 RACES WITH TROLLEY-CARS.
?From The Chicago Tribune.
It is pot oft4>n that a dog Insists upon the right
tot way in opposition to an electric-car, but thl? lit
? what a smell biivck dog did not Fullerton-ave. vea
?erday afternoon, nnd for a considerable distance
?eld doggedly to his way, despite the clanging of
Ithe csr gong- the shouts of the tnotorman and tho
rurdbllng of tho car, which at times threatened to
jrun him down.
I His appearance did not convey the impression
?that he wan extracting any particular ??njoyment
If rom' the affair, but, however that may be, he
'k?.pt tlio track dlrsctljrshead of the car for aearly
'h mile, sni wlion he did llnally draw off It was
.'evident that w?5arlnee? waa the Impolling motiva
There v..* something about the dog's actions.
.however, thaf auggeat?d he thought he possessed
?quite' a? much ?peed as the car, and was anxious
'to tryconcluslons with It, for from the moment
/he bounced on tho track ah?acd of the car until h?i
'finally drew out of the way he maintained an tx
'?t-fcudln/ly high rate of spoed. In fact, for a con
?<deraCi?? dietance he easily held hie own, but after
about half a mile hud been travelled he began
4o lag a little. Then the car began to draw
nearer to him, and a little further on began to
crowd .him, but be held to his way and never onco
looked Is hind.
goon he began to show signs of distress. His
tongue protrudt-d a lorg way and he faltered oc
Icaslonaliy. but still he showed no signs of quitting.
rTne clang of the car's gone and tho ahouts of the
knotorman attracted tho attention of people ?long
?tho street, who atopped and viewed with amused
Interdit th??> at-?*.**;e nice. Several time? tt seemed
??a If the Aoft w-iubl certainly be run over, hut at
the laut moment ho would 1st eut another link
ami an* out Of danger.
whenMf ho had completed the distance he had
laid out for himself, or concluded that the c;:t
was too speedy for him, mist be a matter of con?
jecture, hut. in any ?rent, just before Clybourn
ave. WM rea-heil he pulled 0? the truck, stopped a
moment, shook hlms.lf. gave a glance toward Lho
passing e.ir. and walked over to the, Rldewrfik.
where lie lay down and rested, with every evidence
of satisfaction with himself.
THE HOME OF*THE DIAMOND.
PRODUCT OF THE KIMEERLEY MINES.
Til**: woNT>**p,**r-. Ant*N*nANi-E op nfffll IN*
A VrRY ntALL AREA.
The fact thai the African diamond fields, at pres?
ent the world'? chief source of supply of the high?
est-prized of penis, have heen discovered and de?
veloped entirely since Queen Victoria ascended the
throne associates the dnmor.d In a peculiarly fit?
ting manner with Her Mi.testy's Diamond Jubilee.
Before the Klmherley mines were discovered most
of the diamonds added tr? the? world's stock came
from eltli.-r Hindost?n or from Brazil. The largest
?leposlte were found In Oolconda. in the Hyderabad
territory, and In Minas Gerne?;. In Brazil. The
African discoveries first showed scientific men
what the on?ln and nattes place of the diamond
really wan. In the? Indian and Brazilian fields It
was plainly not native to the soil, and was picked
up out of differing formations. In South Africa
it was found In a rotten rock, apparently forming
part of the earth's crust, and not a mere s'lpcrilcial
deposit, as the others had neon. The great mine? in
this region, according to a correspondent of "The
London Standard," or*? situated within a circle
about three and one-half miles in diameter. There
aro flvo principal minea, tha largest hein** only
about forty-five acres In extent; they are the fa?
mous Klmherley. Bultfontetn. Be Peora. Pu Toi's
Pan and Waaealto** mines. They are of fabulous
richness. Here the town of Klmherley has spr?in?r
up, and mining for diamonds Is carried on on a
vast and systematic scale.
The district Is about four thousand feet sbOTS
rea level, and lies at the northern ede-e of n plateau
which extends from the Bokkeveldt Mountains,
near the Cape of Gond Hope, to the? birder of the
Transvaal. There art- m.m.'s In the Orange
Free State, two being of consldetrabls note, Otis
thirty, the other sixty miles away, with several
more of les3 importance both there and In tha
Klmherley district. Th? river waehlnga fir? still
continued, but tho yl?';<l of poms from them is not
very rich or steady. Mining In the rock was carried
on nt first In a rough-and-ready fashion, but all
thut has been ehanRcd. In mo?t parts of the dis?
trict, after clearing away romo feet of surface soil.
the excavator comes upon a dark ?only Shela a
hundred feet or mire thick. Beneath th!?_- lies a
mass of igneous rock, allied to basalt, more than
three times as thick, and that Is Bueceede-J by a
bla"k!sh ehale, with bands of hard sandstone. But
here and there. Instead of the shale, though sur?
rounded by It, like a pond In a field, Is a mass of
curious rotten stuff, In which sometimes fragments
of shale and sometimes hard mineral trains can be
seen.
THE DIAMOND-BEARING ROCK
This at Mm Is ot a rusty yellowish color, then,
in about one hundred feet) It turns to s dull
green end be -nrn*? a little more solid? sometime?
distinctly harder than dry clay. Tho two rocks ar.
Identical In origin, but the upper, or "yellow
ground," is mjre decomposed than the lower, or
"blue ground." Gradually the rock ceases to jrlel !
to spade or pick; It has to bo quarried In the usual
way, and la quit*? as hard as a bit of good lime?
stone. It has now quite a different appearance,
seeming to consist largely of fragments, varying In
shape and In size, somo angular, sons rounded,
from at least two inches in diameter down to v? ry
small prut;.;-. Some, evidently, ara pieces of rock.
others srs minerals (often broken, but occasionally
looking like crystals). All th?-?o cr. set in s ??ark
greenish-colored matrix. This, then?whether rot?
ten or solid??4 tho diamond-bearing rock, it seemi
to fill bugs Pipes or shifts. Which somehow or otile,'
have been driven or "punched" through the shale
and underlying rocks; and thi as po vein, all)' down?
ward, to what distance Is unknown, but certainly
not less than fifteen hundred feet. At first tin ma?
terial was "pegged out" in | number o! small
claims, and tno t-oft stuff was comparatively ?
to work But by degreed many difficult!, a area A
the sxcavatlons wers deepened, the claims were
with difficulty kept separate; slip? and falls of ma?
terial wars constantly occurring, not only in t!:e
"pipe" itself, but from the "country rock" :.t Its
??lu.-, wai'-r became troublesome and working ex
pensivs; co-operation snd command rf capital were
soon absolute necessities. About UN th?? mines hau
been soojiilred by companies, snd th? y srs now
united wmkr tin. name of the De Beers Consoli?
dated Mines. Deep shafts have been sunk through
the "country rock," from which levels are driven
to the "pipes." The diamond-hearing rock Is quar
ri?-d away, ni- It wer?, layer by layer, ?n-.ii I? t-k*n
up to the surface During this process a diamond
may le discovered, but that is i mera chance. Th?;
ro k is then conveyed to an Inclosure, where it i-;
exposed to atmospheric action, in order that, if
possible, it may crumble naturally to pieces, -".ml
the risk be avoided of spli'tinii the containtd ili.i
tnonds by crushing It up. This, however, is som -
times necessary. At '.as*, after being subjected to
various proet-s-es, Including washing, the min? ral
residue is pick-id over for dlamoiffia. All son? of
Erecautions are necessary In order to avoid rob
arr.
The. quantity of diamonds which have been pro?
duced by these mine? is something sstonlshlns
Indeed, the directors find u needful to limit the
output, lert they should glut the mark? t. jt ii sal i
that !>)? the <v?d of ike about ten tons of diamonds
had leen yielded by these mines, valued at sixty
in.Hi..ns sterling. They would fill, as CrOOkOS,
the well-known English scientist and lecturer.
stated in a reoent lecture on the diamond
and these mines, a box tive feet square aed six fi ?
hiph; the annual product is now about half a ton,
and some eipht thousand persons, of whom rather
more than one-fifth are? white, are employed In the
works. Tho above estimate includes diamonds ot
Oil kinds, bad and pood, for one stcim may be? lit
for nothing but .-tittlnc- purposes, while another
may be a gem ol the llrst water. Th?? ?"outh Af?
rican diamonds very frequently appear to be
broken; colored specimen! aro not lare, and a
slight yellow linge Is commonly pecepttbla Differ?
ences exist between the diamonds found in the se,
? ral minea, so that an expert can generally identify
the localiiy from which B stone has come. Larga
Hpvimer.B are not uncommon. The biggest found
at Klmberley, in ?jhapn a doubla pyramid, measured
? rather under two Inches from point to point and
I weighed nearly four ounces Troy.
L'NBETTI?BD POINTS IN OBOLOOT.
What Is the rsal nature of this rock, and how the
diamond has been produced, ere points not easily
determined. Geologists have not yot settled the
former point, or whether the diamond "grew"
wher*? it Is now found. The rock, as we have said,
la full of fragments, many of them being minerals,
such as f.liv.ne, garnet, mea, an BUglte, ate, to
gether With serpentlnous ro<ks and Bhala The
matrix aeema to be- mainly a mixtura oi serpentin-;
and carbonate of lime. Tho late Professor Carvill
Lewis believed the rock to he ono of Igneous origin,
a sort of serpentino like that found in some part- ..f
l?nglend. He supposed thai the included fragments
hud t-eei: broken off by and einbt dded In the molt? n
mass as it forced its way upward. Th.- majority.
however, consider the ro? k to 1"? s peculiar kiid -.f
volcanic breccia, produced by a aeriei ol rxplosloi -
of tas and steam, and afterward modified by tlie
passage of hot Water?In other words, thai the
pipes" are the throats of volcanoes which only
diHcharpe broken rtx-k, steam and wster. Again,
many geologists thliik that the diamond was pro?
duced where- it Is now found. Others believe it
like the pnrnet, augiti. etc., to navs been formed
deeper down In the earth and brought up during
the explosions with the other fragments, l'rof.-- .,
Lev. in hehj tha? It was formed by the action ..f the
molten magnesia- rock on tha carboi iceoui shi ; -.
Diamond undoubtedly la only one form of pun
bon, of wide!? tho bobMly bol useful carbonado
another, and the no less homely, nor li? ??? useful,
but soft, graphite or "black lead, li a third Tha
abund?nos of ollvina and other ferro-msgn?
minerals may be Significant, ;'or diamonds I.e.
also been found in meteorites composed mainly of
Ollvlns and iron. Here, though thu carbon cannot
have como from a shah-, the association li
festive. The maklnp of lbs diamond is a compara?
tively recent triumph achieved b) Si Mi ?sean; this,
though It has not revested tha natural pro...
some extent points In tha same direction?vis., ti e
co-operation ol heat, pr.-ssure, an?l -. bass like Iron
or magnesia. By using the temperature of the
electric kre he fused together carbon t nd in
cooled the mass so nr to produce grant pressure <.n
the Interior. Tho carbon crystallised out in tiny
diamonds Instead of graphl". According to l"ro
feasor Lewis, the diamond was formed where It
now lies. C>thers, who think that hit id-a of ?is
genesis may be correct, are of opinion, Bl Stftl -l
above, that the manufactory was deeper down in
the earth.
LINCOLN AND THE COLORED TROOPS.
From Facts and Fan'l? s.
While visiting tho Union fores before Peters
burg, President Lincoln wa asked l-v Qenera!
! Grant to visit the colored troops that had dlstin
i guis) ed themselves in Bmlth'a attack on tha .\ ..'k^
In front of Petersburg.
"Oh, yes," rci.lied Mr. Lincoln, "I w.. ?i lo t.-.ke a
I look at tiloso boya, i read with the grfiiti I
light the account riven In Mr Dana'a dispatch t.?
th?? Becretary of war <-f b??w gslUntl) fhey be?
haved. He laid tbey took Bt*f ?mi of the Blxteen
guns captured mat day. I was opposed on ncarl
every si?io when I first favored Ins raising of col?
ored regiment?, bal they have proved their effi?
ciency, and 1 am glad they hav.? kept Mee wlin
tho WBlte troops In the rennt sssaulta \\'hen Wfl
wanted every able-bodied man who could be spared
to go to 'he front, and n.y opposera kept oble? tins
to tin- negrees. I used lu till them id luch times it
was. *ust as well to ho n little? color-blind I think,
(le?era!, we ? an say of the ble. k boya s bat b coun?
try fellow, who was an oid-tlmo Abolitionist In Illi?
nois, said when he went to a theatre bj ? '*
and saw Forrest playing 'Othello.' Ha w;is noi
very well up In Shakiopeare, and didn't know that
the tragedian was a white mas who had blacked
up for the purpose. After the play was over the
folks who had invited him to go to the show want
cd to know what he thought of the actors, and he
?aid: 'Waal, lavin' aside nil sectional prejudices
and anv partiality I may have for the race, dcrned
If I don't think th? nigger hell his own with any
on '0n.' " Tho Western dialect employed in thi?*
story was perfect.
- e ? '
THE BOYBRNOXB JEALOUSY.
KB WAKTCO to know WOO IKJKSD A DEATH
WAIUU^T.
Omaha letter In The Chi -ago It' cord.
Half a dozen of us WON siring In "The Tlee"
office r*rt Omaha talking about thla thing and ;iiat.
and after a whii? ?!.onversstlon turned upon the
. \. cut Ion of ih" murder ? ? nf Pi ? r I Bryan In Ken?
lucky and then li was thai I irter earn? Into the
running. Porter bad been sitting silently al his
d.?sk working sway on a specif? ?ii?;'.U'-!i to an
Eastern newspaper, a i Ispatch concerning the high
water or the militia's descent upon Ihn Supreme
Cotrt, or something of thai kin?!, and had appar?
ently tail little heed to our talk. Dut when the
Sim?? of Kentucky wae mentioned in connection
with a hanging he looked up In ??? guilty fashion
nnd gave attention, Perdrai, perceiving this and
knowing th? story which wsa bel.lt ?! It, told:
"Porter's sfraid of Blmon Bolivar Buckner ?very
time be h? are about capital pui lahment." Which
wsa a moat pussllng thing lo sa*/ about a special
correspondent and which demanded an explana?
tion. After soma persuasion Portar agreed to give
th< explanation.
He had been employed on i Cincinnati pape;- nt
the senlth of the Hataeld-McCoy feud In Kentucky
ami West Virginia, lie ? ltd, : na believing be could
s.rvo hh journal to advant ti.e by going up Into
the heart of th? enemy's com.try, he hnd pSOked
up and had drifted Into the ?nn'i of the McCoy*
which la to say Pike County, Kontnoky. Acrosa
the Big Sandy River, In L,.p.n.n County, West Vir?
ginia, 111? IlStflcldfl held BWOy, ;niererer.-dn?,- ?.'id
minciini; the manufacturo of moonshine whiskey
with the assassination of a McCoy h??ra and there.
it was an even break, however, Porter ?rid, for
whenever a Hat field was caunhi by a MeCoy force
there wsa an Immediate reduction In th* v?stalo
supply of Hatfli Ids.
"i don'I suppose." said the correspondent, "fhvt
people who have read the newspaper accounts of
thn; (amoui feud have th? slightest conception or
Its extent Why, the whole of Pike County was
one vast McCoy <? mp At the sound of ,?'a?-m
every man and boy capable of carrying a Win?
cheater wsa Immediately under anna to go out
against th" Ilatfie)ds, and over the river In uogna
County, West Virginia, thi flotAeld ?-'?an wa?
equally ? imi ou ' equally rlgilant. The count)
officials ?er made up entirely "f McCoys In P'V?
and of Hatfleld? in Logan, and trie old rule of 'ha
win? i.-. no? with : n mo' prevailed la the
evto'it that the man who w.is not a?i o'..?n. avowed
and loyal McCoy adherent In Pike or :i Mattieid
adher nt of the thirty-third degree In Logan, was
s di ni man. and unmounted. I don't know hew ;<
stsrted, this feud, bul it wsi fsr-reschl ig end took
in everybody. When i struck Pikevlile 1 nss a.
firm and dovout McCoy, .van may bs assured. If I
ha.in-: been i should have been s linn end dsvout
orp
"As Perclval has spoken onlv of th? tim? when
circumstance? led rn? In opposition to the wrath
of Pinion Bolivar Buckner, I shall tell only of tnat
: nee it was tin culmin?t! i sffalr of a brief
season full of the hortest events one cjuM wish I
may say in parenthesis that 1 had a few McCoy
relatives up there who vouched for me, end my
errand grew from that of a ncwsi aper corrcspon?
?Unt to th?. publisher of ? local newspaper? "The
Mountain Monitor." it ought to have been c?ii?d
"The Alpin?; Apologist.' for there wi re five columns
of apology to on?? column of ?tale news ellppsd
Cincinnati papera. Actually, I found that
these people wer? ao touchy that the merest three?
lino personal Item Was taken a:: a studied Insult
a?il one requiring an explanation in the, vtut Issue,
ath. I always politely explained, it waa ??.n
easy Job. I didn't hav? to Ik ther hunting news.
\Vh.?n my one printer demanded copy I had only to
si: down and write another apology. They cleaned
me out a few llmei for luck, but that is nelthar
h?ro nor livre. ?
'1 bed been there long enough to bave the ?on
. without the bullets of tlie M ' Joya when one
January night a ging of Hatflelda, led by Dovtl
An.-'- end ?lston Hatfleld, tho Isttsr a son of one
of th? West Virginia leaders, came over, wearying
of six months <'f peace, nnd burned the hoilSo of
old Randall McCoy, kl"..-.?: his daughter and a
little adopted eon. The next day the McCoya were
out man hunting.
"Old Randall had marked on? of the a ! ??ai??Ins,
Klston, by putting o i ullet through his wrist as hi?
hand had been shoved through the hslf-open door,
With that to gutde us?for I went along r.'i'h one
of tin- parties, comforting myself with the idea that
I was there merely es a newspaper mon?we
crossed the river and beat up th.) mountain Mde. A
man named Frank l'hililps was at th? head of o?ir
hand of nine or ten men On the e?? ond morning
out wo saw a woman climbing the hill with a
basket and we know she Waa taking provisions to
some hidden HaUteld, Sh< law ?is, too, end gave
the alarm, and the concealed men, one of whom
waa old "Cap* Hatfleld, an ex-Confederate of ti eer.
broke. We got one of them, but 'r.-ip' found
refuge In a dense and almost unapproachable un?
derbrush, from which, sheltered by a gr.-at trie,
be sent cursory but effective bull?is nt our party.
The only approach to the b?rrl?ad???l man was
n?ross a clearing, and as he was a dead shot, this
routf. seemed uninviting, especially to me, i being
a perfect representation of a man Beared to death,
B ? Phillips, with nerve hardly conceivable, de
' ir< d that he wmld run across and rout the game.
He did, too, successfully daring tlie o'.d man's rain?
storm of bullets, and In thi race of th?? fa.-t that
In? was a crack with a \\'ln''rte?t..r. 'Cap' cjtno
from behind his tree and started to run. A min?
ute later ho was a dead m in.
"This was Just an Incident. The nett day we en
countered another party, and on?, of tue men takon
was Klston Hatfleld, or Mounts, the murderer of
'.n<? fciri. \v? met these men to th? r..n?i mm there
w.is nothing to ?lo but stand and fight To t ni?
day I feel tnat I owe my life to a skittish, dsnclng
horse, for as the bullet? bagan lo s":,g my Ti--e
leaped and waltsed, fairly curliculng ma out of
the linea ?>f lead, Some day wl en l am great and
wealthy I nm poln? to build a monument to that
?'?i i. Well, tu? few Hatfleldi at ? did not s-et
away Store killed riitht thvr?, with tli? exception of
Elaton Mounts, who wsa aaved for hanging.
"We were very I ssl We took him ovor to Pike?
vlile and gave him a Jury trial, bul I may say
that tii?. moment the Hherlff legan summoning
the Jury work ?ilso began on tho scaffold. All legal
forms were complied with, however, and the death
warrant was sent to Governor Buckner for hie
signature, as |? th? requirement In Kentucky,
Nov.. for some foolish reason, Hie Governor do,
cllned to si: '. tii" warrant, and !t was returned
with a severe roast on Pik?, County methods,
Bometblni happened over ninht. however, for tn?
day of the hanging found the warrant hearing the
signature of Simon Bolivar Buckner. Who had
lo.-ired tlie nuii'i 1 never knew and never cared 10
inquire
"At the foot of the scaffold th? Sheriff and
Frank Phillips, quarrelli! ?* over who should have
the honi.r ..f hanging Mounts, were disabled,
and as ti.e Sheriff was the only man pr?sent asid?
from myself who coul i read writing, they ;nsi?te.i
that 1 should rerni the warrant, i never before
felt how smbarrasslng Is education, but it w?< no
time for fooling. It is enough to Bay that I read
the warrant. Mounts. ..r Hatfleld, was banged, and
wa thought thai would be the last of it. But Blmon
Bol?var Buckner I? actually Inde, eut in his Jealouay
or lbs prerogatives of a Governor, snd when he
iieard of th?? algnlng of that death-warrant he e?t
t>-.<? whole machinery of the state in action to find
v. iiat It nu-..nt and who had been the leadars In
the ent.-ri.rise. I felt tiiat as the man who had
read tin document i would com?- in for unpleasant
fame, bo 1 went away. I went by nicht On hcrs
back. i have never gone back, ami I don't want
to it ?s too bird a country for a noo-oombataat to
net along non-combatantly in.
"Leal .'ail I wsa in C-'hv tgo trd ?aw -x-Governor
Buckner reviewing? political demonstration, i.ock
?ng up and ne>tin;* e\cn tro.n th?t street the de?
termined flash ..f that hnwk?ke eye of bis I some
how Lit rather glad thai he wasn't Governor any
mora and Gmt I wasn't in Plka County, Kentucky,
any more, taking i.i: nami 111 vain at the end of a
death-warrant for the execution of a Hatfleld."
CHICAGO'8~~DE~G1 DERATING SALOONS.
THE ritBI LUXCH TAKEl THB rLArr* i*>F THF*
nun coKCKitT.
Krim Th? Chli Bg i 1:- ord.
one of th" local newspapers recently printed a
v-r-. Interesting article on the decay ol the f | Ion
of provUlnn :'r-. n. . ic \.i-:. tha liquida sold over
Chicago bats. Ail made to the o!d days
when i sonata weni with every glass of whl
while ti..- toll r, homeward hound, drank in ..,--r
ture ! and .. ? ?. rtgi while leaning
up ;.e. ? ? : ?!..::. ngagi I In watching trlgl
iantiy ti-.it ti. ? barkeeper did : >t make too mt -.
fo.mi bloom ? nd blossom In the tin dinner pall,
Those wen days when every saloon blared a kind
of music which wo;. Intended to perform the feal
noa undertaK n by tie ever-present pretzel?thai
is. to drive m n to drink. But those -: ya are
and where onse the bass lorn ?? ... .i Its hi .rt
away tin- plan of Indi tructible liver - usng. anl
ti..- platter of gypsum bread hold fon . Ilk* , ?orI
..: h..Hi-, itlble Lorelei, luring msn'i Boula t-. ruin
ami their stomachs tu instruis. These ors oegen
. : sta davs. Th* musl ? of the Bph . ! ?
way to til-- eiatt. 'i::c -..o,- ?! mndi by tha tin, man.
who it. untidy apron, waahei ;: ... .? m the
ro..m to ?li.- r. ar of tin- bar. Th. t.- i-; nothing SOUl
fnl in ti.-- ? a! ?on of the pr?.-. ni day; for, ;: y ai
hard es one '.m. i; l? Impossible t.. believe that
there Is i k-fty thought in a plate of frankfurtei
and '?- bb??i ?. -a- thai : . !.-..? not lost i --..\lly
i!,. substitution of pickled pig ' feet for f*Tho
Turkish Patrol" pi four persona variously
,i little Addle, a bip basa ?.!.!. sn accordion
ai.u a mouth organ,
117/1 '/'///: SKY IS ULI E.
!-"r? rn .\ n?wi r.j.
I > s ? i it ever strike you to Inquire why thi cloud
eptha of -i' if-ove us ere so delicately blu?**
It i n't that thi ?us ? call air Is in Itself blu?.
As far as wi know, it la quit? irai parant and
absolutely < li ; ? v-- blu.n ii om re?
flected light. AI Is never pure. You couldn't llvo
In 11 If II wa i a mi I? i millions of : ln> pai b :
? ?: ?? ? ? nd< .1 In n a i ?!
t!,. ??? arrest the fre. pa sage of light, _uch parti
els has a doubla i.-;., ion on Internal, the other
external and -?? th. reflected raya suffer the usual
result of what Is called "Interference," and ?hou
color. You win notice tint !,'.<? iky appears much
bluer if you might up timn if you io..k
a-rroM toward the horlson. Th? reason la that, In
the Oral Instance, you are naturally looking through
B much thlnn i la yet of air than in lbs 100004.
If ih?rc were no air ami un i|U*-ntli m waterj
vapor and nol hing to Interfere with the fi???
_-. of light, even nl midday the *k\- abov
would look 1? if. H) black, and all the mir.
plain? r than at present they eh. ut midnight.
For the (loo.i of Humanity -"f?o ma knew a
good tonic for nervoua persons, Slmnklns?" "No;
what I want to find Is a ?ood tonl: for people who
have to Uva with them.' ?(Chicago Record.
J. W. COLLIER'S BENEFIT
A TRIBUTE TO AN OLD ACTOR AN1
MANAGER.
"-'ALI, BTTlEnT SAJABA ON THE STAGE?THi
*.VT*nK'S ajsHHIJllliail AT T1IR THEATRES.
Th? announcement of a benefit for James W
Collier recalls days th.-it the present theatrical ?en
eratlon ?an scarcely remember. It was forty yean
ago that .Mr. ?'oilier began his theatrical career b;
playing the part of Raoul, In "La Tour de Neste,'
in Newark. f"*on afrerward he played with stoel
companies In Albany. St. I.ouls and Chicago. Ther
he supported Miss Charlotte Cushman. BdWla For?
rest, Kate Bateaaan and Haggle Mltehell. Ri
was her manager, as well as an actor In her com
pany. Afterwarel he became associate il with Sherl
dan Shook In the direction of th?: Union Bcjaan
Theatre, Jt?-? was also at about thla time the
partn. r of B. E. P.lce In the production of (.ilbert
and Sullivan's "lolanthe," which ran for over one
hundred and fifty nights at tha BUou Theatre, In
I'.nston. \vi:>?n siiook .?.- Collier's lease of tha Union
Square expired Mr. Collier retired from the
theatrical business. For many months Mr. Collier
. J&Eha*tB\WL
has been seriously 111. and he Is now ?aid to be In
need.
The benefit which ha? been planned for him will
1? given at the Herald Penara Theatre on Thurs?
day afternoon of this WBSk. Many exce!!?nt
nrtors end companle? have volunteered their ser?
vice? ar.d th? entertainment promises to bo an un?
commonly attractive one. The trial pc?nu fr.m
"The Merchant of Vox.l ??" Is to h? acted by IflSfl
Mr.rv maw, Joiin Je K?n?rri. Pranh Cavrlyle,
George l\ Nash. Charles il H; are!. Walter Craven
and Joseph Franken .1 H Stoddsrt, Mlaa Maude
Harrison, ES. M Beil and Reuben Fas are to ?
th? one-act play, "One Touch of Nature." Miss
Kate Claxton nnd rharles A. Btevenaon will
appear in s one-act play, and I1. H. Harkina will
recite "The Hanging of th?? Crane " Among
others who are expected to appear are Miss Lillian
Russell, Jefferson l> Angells and Miss Delia Fox;
some of the company playing "The Man from
M'-xlo/?." Ivan Oreboff. plantet; the Black Pattl,
John K. Inca and Miss Km ma Premian, the
"Whirlwind De Poreeats," Harry It.wrs and the
???'iirl nom Paris" Company.
"THE WIDOW GOLDSTEIN."
A PLAT PAID TO TEAL WITH WAIL STRSBT
AFFAIRS.
Almost the only new production In town to-mor?
row night will be a play entitled "The Widow Gold?
stein" at th? Fourteenth Strepf Theatre. It Is said
to caricature persons and customs In Wall Street.
Two of the characters, a man and a woman, aro
understood to represent two persons well known In
the financial world of New-York. Th?r.-> is also a
Yank?e farmer, who er,nr?s to How-York to buy
machinery for a gold mine, and he naturally meets
THE CIRCUS GIRL.
with adventures, one r.r the principal scenes Is in
a broker's ..ill ??? and nnoth.-r is in s restaurant
The following east is announced:
Sam Brittle.William J. Ferguson
Russell. R !?' Cotton
.t.-.y Plmpklns. ' e ?
M/n ?liiipklnt. H?r: son Arm i
Babv '1 ?a .Hal Ott
i'.i Rudolf.lei ?
I'sef ii i. i. Phil nil
T. H tVlthll. ' On " r
Put!? r. .John D .'?? i
Hellt? rjoldateln. Mil I nnl l. Iffnrth
I/..1.Mi-. Usura Hurt
.b.??.,-... M .-?? Hai Ci m
Cera.Mis? fieri i? R
NOTES OF THE WEEK,
"The circus (?hl" will begin Its fourth week
at Italy's Thsatrs to-morrow nicht. This compound
of frowns and sonirs seems now to be pretty well
trstabltshed and in bave a chance of an excellent
run. The- sttendsncc has grown from the begin?
ning, and the freshness and brightness of th?. per?
formance have remained the same.
The season at th.- Emptrs Theatre has b.-en ex?
tended, a.-? wm announced a few daya ano, for
another week Opportun!Usa t.? sss ('Under tha
Red Hoi..'* will therefor?- be continued till Hatur
day nicht Tins piay i.as had a re-niiy remarkable
run. t.ikinc up as It has th? whole of the sea on
..r the stock company of this theatre,
mi-is a.la Rohan ai.i Augustin Daly's company
w ill be seen at ti.. 11 i ? m Op rs 11 tuse tbts week,
aid they win then leava New-York, not to return
till the middle of nesl Dsoember. Tin? fallowing
list of playa baa been announced for the week;
Monday evening, "Much Ado About Nothing":
Tuesday evening. "London Aesuran.V; Wednes?
day and Thursday ?.-.etilnj-s. "The Tempest"; Fit
day evening and Saturday matinee, "The Wonder";
Saturday evening, "The Magistrate."
The etoalng performance of "The Serenade." by
the Bostonlans, at the Knickerhocker Theatre,
will bo given thin week. On Tuesday night the
one-hun?lr?'dth performance of "The Serenade"
will b? given and Victor Herbert, who wrote
the music, will be In the conductor's chair. On this ,
evening the 22d Regiment will occupy a hirge share '
of the Heats In the house. The liostonlans will be ,
followed nt this house, as has been announced, by
tho summer Offering, "A Hound of Pleasure."
Ther? seems to be no flajrglnir In the popularity of
"Never Again" at the Garrtok Theatre. The audi?
ences are large and apparently well p.eased, and
the far.loes not seem likely to be r-hecked by any
tiling but hot weather.
"fncle Tom's rabm" will occupy the stage of the
Orand Opera House this week. There has been some
tslk of late about old and new versions of this play,
and the version to be given at the (Hand Opera,
House is sdvertlsed as the old one.
Another week remains of the run of "The Wedding
Day." presented by Miss LiDlaa Russen, mis? i?e:ia
Fox. JefTerson De Angclll and their company at the
Casino. The company will th??n ko Into retlremen;
f'ir the summer and will !"? succeeded at the Carino
by "The Whir, of the Town."
With the vrrduro of summer overspreading Its
charming surroundings, Terrace Gardon will open
its doors for the warm season on Wednesday even?
ing post The varied bills for tho coming two
months will Include operetta, native and foreign.
comedy, vaudeville and concert In turn. The open?
ing attraction will lie "The Wlsard Of the N'lle."
victor Herbert's opera, whh-h recently closed a sea?
son at the Broadway Theatre. It will be given in
<;> no in.
The confident talk of keeping open nil summer Is
I also heard at the Lyceum, Where hopes of that re
I Stilt Bra inspired by the popularity thus far of "The
I Mystsrioua Mr. BugU." The farce and the acting of
I It are received with such favor that the managers
are at least likely to keen up their courage as long
as tho weather la ressonably cool.
There were so many ri>of gardens In town last
summer that they all were sorry afterward, ex?
cept one. Tho rjof garden-goers could not possibly
Ml all of them, and, a- a matter of fact, they fill, d
nono except that of o.ympla. There does not seem
to be nearly so much enthusiasm about roof ;rar
der.? thi? year. Mr. Hamrr.ersteln's Is the only
one open as yet, and th? others are not only not
open, but they are scarcely heard from. Among
tho attractions on Mr. Hsmmerstetn'B roof this
w.-ek are Miss ,Io?ie I>o Witt, violinist; Mclntyre
and Heath, tho Manhattan <'omedy Four, Qalettl'B
monkeys, Bonnie Lottie. Van Anken. McPhee and
Hill, ?'harks R Hu. Jos?phine Banu, Lt7.z'.a H.
Haymond and Arras and AHco.
"Tho Man from Mexico" continues to amuse the
nudlen<?es at Itoyt'a Theatre, and the mnnarrcrs
exprese the a?rions conviction that the run will
still be considerably prolonged. "Dan" Mason
last ?reek replaced John D. naher in the cast.
Tho Black Patti's Troubadoure win provid? the
entertainment at the Pleasure Palace this week.
The Black Pattl has long been distinguished among
her rac> as a linger, and ths present organizan.m
of which she ?s the head is entirely unique, in it
aro "Bob" Cole, "Billy" Johns in, den rlptlve singer-,
the I?-? Wolf Staters, duettiste; Lloyd Gtbba, tenor ?
sol cist, and Cooley ?'.rant ami Maater Rastua, 1 uck
In Bddltton, there is B chorus of fifty
voices and a halle: of twenty. Tho llrst hour of
the evening Ie devoted to a musical sketch called
"At Jolly Coon-ey laland." There are selections
from "il Trovatore,.rravlata,.!avalleris Rua?
ti u.a..Phe Chimes of Normandy," "Bohemian
Girl." "The Grand Duchess,.Phe Daughter of the
Regiment" and "The Tar and the Tartar.'' There
will be two performances dally. Por to-dsy*a con?
certa the apeelal i>l!i includes the Bohemian Bur?
lesguers, "Billy" ? an. Viva Nobriga, K. s. Abeles
and Helene Lowell, Charlee H. Duncan and some
thirty others.
At Proctor'e Theatre. Tw.nty-thlrd-st., the bill
for the week Is headed by "HOgan'a Alley," wlln
Oilmore and Leonard and "Tom" Harrison, and
then follow Thomson and liunnel!. George !.. lib
end Frank Manning, Minnie Bland and Lillian <
Bhlrle* duettl ts; Malay it..we and Stella Kin?,-, ';i
songs and icrobattc dances; ths I??- I'.ige ??1st, rs.
In en ra ter changes; i-'oy snd Vedder, M. 1, Fen
ton, dancer: the Kleins, and Mayna and Nellaon,
In popular songs. ? ,
T. ny Pnstor win this week offer to the visitors
at his theatre tha following attractions, made up
Into s continu us bill: Fields and Lewis, Canfleld
and Carleton, sketch tesm; ths Washburn Bisters,
and dancers; Hench? n's klnoptlken, Maud
Raymond, serio-comic; Wlnnlfred, electric dancer;
! ihn R Drew, dancer; James Richmond Qlenroy,
i:d and Rolla Whits, Horace Oolden, Mabel Cralg,
the Austins, with stereoptlcon-lllustrated souks,
and Usher snd Thomaa
Thi! \\> k will end tin? nm of "Ciyest Manhat?
tan" at Koster ?*?? Blal s mus??- hall A complete
?,- u - peel 11*v i m will be presented this w.-.-k. The
three Mawi sra lo return, with a rep??
. ? i. ? ?? i ii i danci ? Tomoirow nignt
??111 i Isa mark the first appearance since their re?
turn i r..m Europe of Miss Leola Mitchell, "the liv?
ing; doll," .-mo the Bisters Nichols Others In tha
bill an thi Di Flllpp i, In ? hau. ter danesa, and
1.1.,ms Swiss Tyroleans.
The new St N'!. bolas Music Hall, at Co'.nmbus
?iv.- and BlXty-stXth-Sl . will b.-gtn Its second week
to-tnoir?'W night On th" programme? prepared for
ths week?are Misa May Howard, Mil--. Qosana,
\, uid OOOdrlCk, I'.-xa and ASOOt, In B comic
tumbling speclsl y; the I'rltne slst.-rs, ths trick
cycle rider, Bsroer: the Meyers-Bassett Operetta
Lompan; Gram unit Vuiighn, Phyllis Rankln, Dor
oth) Draw the Gardners and the three sisters
Lane, tiayne'i Beth Regiment Band has been sn*
^.in'-d for tha i
The Moth performance of "The c.n-i from Parta**
at tin? Herald Iquara Theatra is sot down for May
li, uml, jum by way of variety, the eouvenlrs will
not be clocks. They will be mirrors, with some
silver somewhere about them. Souvenir matinees
are announced for May 1?? and "?A.
The wax ngures at the Eden Mus?e have been
putting on their summer clothes, for they all have
summer clothes as well a? winter ones. There
have also been some rearrangements of late. The
exhibitions of the cinematograph and the concerts
are continu?'!.
Complete arrangement? have b*en made foe the
ben'flt to be given for the Actors' Fund at Roster
& piafa music hall this evening. Prominent among
the performer? who will appear are Miss Adele
Ritchie, Victor Herbert, Hos? and Fenfon. John W
Raneone, Leola Mitchell, Mar!.- Mather, Edward
H At"'l?s. Mark Sullivan. Holeomh and Cuihman
Marlon Giroux, Maude Raymond. Joule De Witt
Jacauea Kruger, Hii-nor Talarando, Sullivan and*
Sullivan, the Lore br'ifhers, th? Angela ?Istor?,
Jennie Whltbeck. S'anley Whiting. Eleanor Falk
the Nichols sisters and Math"ws and Bulger.
NOW THE VACATION SEASON.
HOLIDAYS POR BUSINBM MEN AND EM?
PLOYES IN NEW-YORK.
For thoso peoplo whose business allowi them ?o
kSSp Sunday as a holiday th?Te aro cnly about 113
working days In tho year, and this number becomes
considerably redti?~ed in c;i*e? where the person
can take ndvantag" of all the lej?al opportunities to
be Idle. The number of legal holidays Is not ur.i
form throughout the country, because only a few
of tho ?Sgal holidays BIS S?bsarVOd In every Bta'e.
I- dependence Lay. July 4. Is a legal holiday In all
th.- St..te?, ai,d Mentortsl Day, May 30. Is observed
in nearly all the Northern State?, ?hrlstmae Isa
legal boil lay In all tho States, and In South Caro?
lin c th.- feast la obssnrsd in Oriental style by mak?
ing th" two succeeding days holidays. Put January
1, ?r (few rear's Day, Is not a. hrdldny In Rhode
Island, New-Hampshire or Masea'-hu?ett?, and
Washington's liirth'lay is a holiday in all the
States except Iowa, Arkan?as and Mlssl??dppi.
Ooneral Election Day Is a legal holiday la New
York, and every Saturday after 12 o'clock noon la
a l?gal holiday in New-VoTk, N? w-J-rsey ax.d the
City of Ncw-Orloars. Aside from the?v\ there are
a numb<-r of church holiday? which are r?v?i>gr.lsM
by many employers, nnd thousands of "days off"
are charefd to th?? aecounts of Good Frl'lay, Rosch
ha-schonah, etc.
VACATION TIMK IN BCSINESS.
But When winter garments ar?. stowed away,
when the first Mads of grass, makes its appearance
and gives warning that warmer days are coming,
the great majority of the population makes plans
for reducing th<? number of working days still fur?
ther, and adding to ths list of legal and "tr.rch hol?
iday* the annual va.?ation. The vacation system
has found Its way Into nearly every br_n?A ot
busines3, and employer and employe take advan?
tage?, of tt. While many commercial Institutions
give their employ?-?? a holiday with pay. there are
?=<->m?> where th?? vacation Is ?in enforced one. and It
Is only a measure of economy. In th*? factories
where orders have bean tiled and business for the
next season cannot be looked for, head? of depart?
ments are frequently put on half-pay for a short
time and allowed to remain away. They fare bet?
ter than the worktagmen, who are "laid off" and
become dependent on tlu-ir .-mall savings till work
Ifl r. ; if.. .?.
In tha large commercial institution?, tho clerks
are usually asked to designate when they wish to
take their two or three wat ks' vacation, and eae'i
m in s< nds .? m< morandum to tho managing clerk,
who ust-tgns the vacation time, giving preferenca
where dates are duplicated to th?? ?enlor or nao?it
valuable men. This system is foil..wed In the
majority of '? anks and counting-houses, and man?
of the wholesale merchants arrange the dates Cor
their employes in ths same way. But the great
department stores follow no lix-d plan, and etica
concern has Its own method. Sum.. >?: the largo
Bi ree, like the factorlea, give their help no va a
!?"'.. hu? when the dull season begtna they lav off
:|!l the hi ip th v can .-pare and conduct their busi?
ness "short-handed." In som.j stores there Is a
gri l-.i va. atlon system, bv which a clerk who has
been in ti.- ..-mploy of the cone? in a certain number
rs becomes entitled to a certain number of
days vacation every year. There is one concern
in which, under this rule, the list shows that clerks
receive from two to eight weeks' vacation every
year, and -?l with ? y.
THF. BUYER! ON THEIR FOREIGN TRIPB.
"Of course." said th?? manager of one concern,
"when wa Bend a man or a woman to Europe
on a buying trip we do not give them a vacation
when they return, because wo think that even if
tl..?re is nome w?,rk connected with the outing, a
trip to Taris, Berlin a:..I Vienna; to th?? lace or linen
centres, or to the Oerman hosiery headquarters
i- vacation enough. But our regular help, the pea*
pie on whom \?e can .1.id and who have been
with us a reasonable leiiKth of time, all have their
two Weeks With pay, and some receive an addi?
tional week. It Is natural tli.it we should not re
Quire bo much help during the warm aeaaon, whoa
our customers an away, as at other times of th?
year, snd we can well dispense with much of our
help We. are c.impelled on that account to put
some e.c, . nforced vacations, but we manage so
that it is cv.-niy divided, and that none aro hard
hit."
Business houaea cannot manage themselves, and
r.-> matter how perfect tr,.- .-\r-tem may bv the
large merchants ?nd it to their advantage to be
on duty. For that n taon, some of th? vacation
rules whli h era made for clerks, bookkeepers,
and other employes ...r.? applied to the
proprietors, and they agree early in the aeaaon
as to when each will tak.- his va atl -n Where
men have country homee near the city, the prob
. m la a comparatively easy one, but otherwise
the vacation Question is ? more vexed 0:10 with
the employer than with his subordinate.
EMPLOYERS' IHORT v.m'ATH >N9.
"Ft is a curious facts" Bald -1 prominent business.
?nan. "that the New-York m?-r.?h:int takes little
vacation. Ha ni.iki s BhOTt trips away from the
city fraqui ntly In the course ??i the summer, but
th.; popular plan of renting s country pi?*-?* on
th?. seashore or at some Inland town within easy
access and going there every evening and return
Ing to bualness it. the morning la growing in favor
everj -,, ar "
\l , ? people ?-?' so far sa to ssj that among tns
men whom one meets at Saratoga, the mountain
md ti'- summer places on the Atlantic.
? , -. n ta,,r.- .te.;,: y, ? than employers
it is diit? r?'iit with the Sea Vork professional
,,,,,,. xhi doctors lawyers and clergymen erebe
llevcrs In th va itlon system and they ?re largely
nn ,1 in the iss a '?" el Mear?
Y..tk during, th? mmmer seaaon.
There can be no doubl that ?? change from the
city to the country during the heated term and
release from bu-lness carea ind trouble? for sev?
er .1 ?a., k? must be beneficial, and still It is fre?
quently .? negative pleasure, b sum most people
iak.? their summer holiday too early. They go
away In Jm ?? snd July, when the weather In Near
York is delightful, un.l roturo In time to be pros?
trate,I b) thi - \ esslve heat of August and Sep
t.-mb.-r. But those wh.? make the ?nor of ?,'1**0'*
Ins. the wrong time for tr?. ir outing cannot M
1.iim.d, and mi-takes win always be attributed to
the erratic summers of this latitude.
REPAIRING A BEOEEN EEAET.
From Invention (London)
fp to the pi, -?eut tin? reparation ef broken hearts
has been a psychical rather than a physical opera?
tion, but times have changed From Berlin comes
the announcement that, at the surgical congre?;
recently held there, a gnat sensattiM? waa ??uus.-d
by the announcement ol Dr. Rehe, of j-rankfurt.
during a lecture on the treatment -t wounds of ?h?
heart, that hs had treated a case .successfully.
He slated that h.? applied th- general principles
of ari.st . ;' bemolThagS to wounds of the heart,
which wss to freely espose the wounded ornan
and -.?.?- the severed edges together. He Hhow..l a
, nient w!io bad been Stabbed In ths h.-.irt. and
won!.1 in the ordinary eouree ha vu been allowed to
?lie m hospital, lu Rehe laid bare the heart, and
found that the sits of the wound was in the right
shit-. 11- sewed the wound up. Tho heart worked
most violently during tho operation. But In ?pit,.
of this stormy commotion (st?rmischen Bewegun?
gen) tho patient recovered.

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