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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 16, 1897, Image 6',
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Auction Sale? Real Eatat?_
P uslnoa? Notice? .
. Hankers aad Rrokera .
iMrpet meaning .
City Hotel. .
Board BJia Room?.,
cnuntry Biard .
nomestle Situation? Wanted .
Ijrefsmakttig . 1
H-lp Want'Hi .
Horse, and C.irrlag** .
Marriages and IVath? .
Planes and Organ.?.
Watrhea and Jewelry.
Auction Pntea Ftn^nrial.
e?\>^or]i eOa?i Snttinf,
POTJNDED BY HORACE GREELEY.
SUNDAY, MAY 10. 1S97.
TBE .VEITS r/77.1? MORNING.
FOREIGN".?Tho Sultan has Informed the
Powers that ho cannot discuss their proposal for
?n armistice until after the Feast of Bairam;
Turkish cavalry appeared hefore Domoko, the
Greek position; the commander of Preveea lias
offered to surrender to the besieging force of
Greeks.-It is feared that the presence of
the Sultan's son In the Jubilee procession In
London aril] lead to disorder. == The prices of
the necessaries of life have doubled in Havana
v.ithin a few days, owing to the depreciation of
the paper money. . .. Serious trouble between
France and Morocco Is feared on account of the
raids of the tribesmen into Algeria. mr=^ It was
discovered that the terrible lire of May 4 in
Paris was caused by the carelessness of a work?
DOMESTIC. ? The Washington Monument
erected by the Society of the Cincinnati In Fair
mount Park. Philadelphia, was unveiled; Presi?
dent McKinley made an address and reviewed
the parade. ". .? Further reports from consuls
In Cuba tend to confirm the reporta of starva?
tion and distress among American citizens In
the Island. == Governor Black signed the
Civil Service bill. : Oilk-ials and others con?
nected with the r?'cent wrecking of the National
Bank of Illinois were indicted In Chicago.-r?
Th?* mine owners of Leadville have decided to
puni]. ..ut the flooded mines of that district.
a Judge Gibbons, in Chicago, rendered a
decision declaring the American Tobacco Com?
pany an Illegal corporation, s~?? The Senate
committee which Is Investigating the workings
of the Civil Service law held another session in
Washington.- Alfred P. Edgerton. formerly
president of the United States Civil Service Com?
mission, died in Hicksvllle. Ind.
CITY. -Thomas F. Bayard, lately Ambassador
to England * arrived from Europe. =rz^r The
new boathouse presented to Columbia University
by Edwin Gould was opened at the Interclass
races of the university. :?=-. Winners at Mor?
ris Park: WothUTSt Previous. Lake Shore. Oc?
tagon. Premier. Peconlc. ss=ss Sticks were weak
THE WEATHER?Forecast for to-oay: Fair.
The temperature ysterday: Highest, 74 degrees;
lowest, 01; average, ijT.1,?.
The Tribune tc-day <on<uts cf Three Tarts, ccntdin
ittg thirty-tvtt pages, and, in addittcn, "Twinkfrs," *
coined pictorial weekly cf sixteen pages. See that
j?Xxr newsdealer tut flies you with a complete copy.
GOVERNOR AND CIVIL SERVICE.
A blue pencil could be used to advantage In
the Kxeeutlve Chamber. The Governor needs
editing. The memorandum given out yesterday
with the announcement that he had signed the
Civil Sorrier bill for which he -was the sponsor
contains the substance of nil the argumenta
that have ever boon advanced against the strict
competitive system. No additions -were required
to make it, from the point of view of those who
Agree with Governor Black and approve the pur?
pose of the act, a satisfactory statement of their
position. A faithful ami comp?tent mentor, such
as Colonel I.nmont was in ?he days of Gov?
ernor derstaiatTs inexperience, could have con?
vened the Black m?morandum by a short and
simple process of elimination Into a tolerably
Bkllful plea In defence of an attempt to avoid the
Constitution. In the form In whleh the Gov?
ernor issued It the document Is not a state paper.
but a stump-speech reduced to writing. It is
defaced throughout by such manifestations of
temper as aro commonly suggestive of n feeble
mind, and they are doubly unfortunate in this
Instance, because they are unbecoming In a Chief
Magistrate and do Injustice to a man of superior
intelligence. Without them that part of the
memorandum which |g perhaps fairly entitled
to be called an argument would not have been
conclusive, for it has been met qnd refuted many
times. With them it is not less offensive to tho
general sentiment of the State than to those In?
dividuals Whom it Is apparently intended to hold
up to contempt.
It Is a singular fact that the Civil Service is
the only subject which Governor Black Is in?
capable of discussing in public In s calm and
decorous manner He has not kept himself in
seelu.eion since ho w.'is lnsialled In the Execu?
tive office-, nor been particularly reticent. On
the contrary, there are those who think that he
lias riada h sonn what excessive use of the great j
power which a Governor can wield when bfl
?hocs"s. and has tetetfeted too much with the
Course of legislation. That has not been our
opinion, for in most cases he has so employed
hi? influence as to justify himself to the g.ind
people of the State. But. nt any rate, his de?
meanor nnd methods of operation have not lacked
dignity at any time from the date of his flrst
message to the Lssdslatnr? to the issuance of
this memorandum. That first message, more
tres*, vas temperate and se?al?se in Its treat?
ment Of every lopk with which it dealt except?
ing only the Civil Service. At that i>olut the
Governor seemed to loss poassaaloa of himself,
ind indulged in CPfesoions Which produced an
effect of utter incongruity and a dlsngrcenble
surprise. So again in this paper relating to the
same subject, after mouths of sobriety, he sud?
denly bet ray h extreme excitement and speaks
after the manner of g president of n County
Committee rather than a Governor.
This extraordinary perturbation on a single
aubject Is like the mental vagnries with which
alienists are familiar. Jn the case of Governor
Black it is wholly unaccountable. It would be
foolish and false to attribute It to a feeling of
IMSJrtBMBt arising out of any disagreeable, per?
sonal cxixTlenee T'io Governor has never had
any fault to find with a Civil Barrios examiner
Inquiring too curiously into his (iiiulilicatlons for
office, and his motive therefore would sagas to
be magnanimous rather than selfish. We cer?
tainly make no Insinuations ugalnst his sin?
cerity, lie doubtless believes that the Civil Ser?
vice regulations are objectionable from the pub?
lic point of view, and thai la unquestionably
an opinion which it Is his privilege to hold ?n
opposition to a vast majority of the citleena of
New-York. But they have a right to insist that
It is not bis province to amend the Constitution,
and they trill not hesitate to condemn the ut?
terances with which he accompanies nn Execu?
tive net in furtherance of stich n design.
PtRMlBBIOE TO s am: tuf. BTAEVIVQ.
Current ptosmosttcatione, probably correct,
are to the effect that tlie forthcoming Presiden
Hal message on tlie Cuban question will bo dis?
tinctly peaceful in legte, It will not recom?
mend, nor even discuss. recognition of beUiftaf?
ency or oiTering of mediation. It will merely
(nil at trillion 10 ilic destitute and deaporate
condition of American citizens in that unhappy '
Island, nnd urce the rated Of affording them r ?- j
lief. Whereupon il is announced that Spain
win lateepoea so objection to the distribution
of Bsjch relief among the pet-tahing p. opta if this
Government decides to send it to them.
Without regarding such concession on the
part of Spain with chorilahneea, it may nol i>c
amies to see what cause there is for gr.itlind?.
Tiiose people are suffering and siarving becauae
of >.c acts of Um Spiinisli (?overnment. They
liad properly, hut it has heen taken from them,
or they have heen Involuntarily remorad from
it. They hail means of rmstenanee, but have
DOSS ih'iirived thereof. They had profitable in?
dustrial occupations, hut were compelled '<? j
abandon them. Why? Not boestjsa they were |
rebela, for they were not; nor even because
there was fear they would l>e, for liiere was
none. It was simply batanan General WYyh-r's
whole policy in Cubs is to crush the rebellion,
not by defeating the rebel armies, but by deso?
lating the island and exterminating its inhabi?
tants In classic brief, to make a solitude and
CSD il pence. And now Jt is Intimated that,
if the United States Government wains to save
a few of the people- such of them ns are Its own
(itizens from destruction it may do so.
l'nglnnd did not deliberately cause the Irish
fem?nea of 184S and 1S7?*. nnd she did not ob?
ject to the sending of relief to the victims of
them. She did not enusc tlie present Indian
flaming, nnd she does not forbid the distribu?
tion of relief from this and other lands. Prance
did not enusc the l'aris bazaar lire of a few
(lays ago, and she docs not prohibit the offerings I
Of benevolence which are pouring in. oven from
her enemy at Iterlin. Spain hns canead the aw?
ful destitution which now prevails in Cuba, so
by analogy she might object to the sending of
relief to the victims of her own ru'.hlcssnos?.
Bnt she will not; wherefore there is ca tae for
satisfaction, If not for thanksgiving.
"UICTITY INTERESTING READING."
The reader who shuns all Slate reporte and
other official publientioiis ns lit only lor an in?
somnia euro makes the mistake of his life if be
thus treats The bulletins of tlie Xcw-York State
Library. For they are often full of tlie juiciest
of mental meat and crammed full of practical in?
formation nnd suggestive facts about this and
the other States of the I'nion. such ns nro cal?
culated to Interest every reader and to enable
every citizen far better to understand the pub?
lic welfare nnd the trend of Governmental nctlv
itles. Here, for example, is the Mnreh bulletin,
marked Legislation No. 8, It prenante in classi?
fied analysis the receipts and expenditures of j
all the States m IS!?) nnd In 1895, spanning .1
hnlf-decnd? of inigliiy moment to this country.
Oh, says one, gucb ligures must he dry gg dust;
besides, we know it all; it was with the States as
with tlie Nation a surplus in 1890 nnd n deficit
in 1SX>. Quito true, as to the last point, in the
nggregate. Then was an Increase of -- per
cent of expenditures, nnd of only 12 per eeut of
income. Hut did you realize that th" Nation
receives and spends about four times as much
as nil the States? That the budget of this city
of New-York amounts to 40 per cent of those of
all the States put together? Or that tlie State
of New-York, npart from the city, spends one
ninth as much ns all the forty-live? And that
I'eiinsylvnnin stands second nnd far-off Cali?
fornia third, while llllnols-a provinco of the 1
city of Chicago -is only eighth on the list, staud
Ittg below Indiana and Texas?
But these are only a few random Items, ad?
dressed to curiosity rather than to argument.
?If greater Significance Is this, that year by
year taxation on ordinary property is growing
lc*s. nnd taxation on corporate capital nnd in?
herited wealth is growing more. In these
live yenrs, ns we havo Raid, the gross rev?
enues of tlie States Increased by 13 per cent,
while taxation on ordinnry property increased
by only S per cent, nnd on railroads nnd other
corporations by no less than 38 per cent. Well
Worth Snowing and considering that, in thes,?
days, when the "power and privileges of capi?
tal" are so Inveighed agninst. Ho much for the
whole of the Slates. Bight here In New-York
the fncts are still more Impressive. In these five
lean the r ?venue of the State Increased. But
the taxation upon fencral property -upon the
"masses," as Mr. Gladstone would say?de?
creased by mow than ?$,909,000, or from WJJ?DB,
?;.?,i) In 1899 to ?M.r?21.024 In ISO.".; whilo the taxa?
tion upon railroads and corporations nnd Inheri?
tances the "classes"-wns nenrly doubled, so
us 10 make up the deficit. Mon? than half th?
tcvenue ( f tlie State now comes from these lat?
ter sources. With expenditures for roads,
schools, libraries nnd the general public good
Increasing, and taxation of the general public
rapidly decreasing, the burden being shifted
to corporate capital, the "bitter cry" of the
Populist and Socialist would seem indeed to
be a rotee and nothing more. And this, too,
In the State that contains Wall Street nnd the
Neither ;s il devoid of suggestive interest to
observe thai a gnat share of tills Sine's m
ironsod expenditure is due to lis bating as?
siimed caiv of the insane, an additional cost to
the Siate of $1,609,000, of wb-cfa the cities and
countiea are relieved. The eoal of maintaining
prisons has decreased, and that of reforma?
tories Increased a propttloui change. The
State debt has practical.) vanished, only i< few
hundred thouaaud dollars remaining, and'that
In bonds held by endowment funds of eiltna
tlonal institutions. M that New York, though
by far the richest of the S-nles, has the smallest
debt of all. wive only Vermont, New-Jersey,
Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada and Oro
fl n. Expenditures for schools and colleges n?i
increasing, ns they should. Por local libraries
tl is State pays much more than all the others
put together, And finally for tlie pr?sent pur?
pose, though we hare scarcely begun to dip into
the abounding Interest of these pages -up? i?,|?
hues for the state Librar; Incrcaacd in threw
five years from 838,090 to S4T.000; a fact which
no ore wiio appreciatively examines tins one
output of that Ubtary will for a mon ent grudge.
A 0OOD BEGINNING MADE.
The High School Committee ,,f the Hoard < 1"
Education took the right poettloa in the lupin
ring In insisting that candidates for appoint
mettt as principals of the new high schools in
tiiis city must have had Buccegaful experience
!n the organization or natUMgOmenl of schools
of that grade, and tlie Board ins now backed up
the committee in the most gratifying way. Two
of tlie principals have been selected, nnd so far
as cuu he judged from the accounts of their
work which have come to hand the appoint
ments are excellent. Both Mr. Buchanan and
.'dr. Wight have had extended experience in
high schools, ??mi lmve taken high rani; among
tlie fducators of tlie country. One is a West
fin man; the other comes from ?he I'.ast. Both
have the organizing faculty well ?i? geloped .1
matter of much importance, Unce New-York is
now to havo Its first high schools, and 110 mis
take fhould be made in starting them. We con?
gratul?t? th? Board of Education ou securing
two men so well qualified for this dellcnte nnd
responsible work. In particular, thanks are due
lo the High School Committee for the strong
stand li has taken and kept, and for the care
nnd patience ii has exercised in Um selection
The withdrawal of Mr. ChlMs opens the way
for the Board of Buperlntendeuil to make an?
other Domination thai Will I?' at.?itable both
to t'ne Board of Education nnd the public a'
large. The adoption by the Board of Educatio'i
of the liiir'i School Committee's resolution de?
claring that only men With experience In high
school work shall I.naldered as candidates
supplies a rule for th" guidance of the superin?
tendents which ought ??> bare been needtesa,
Under this rule they hare no recourse but to
nominate for the third place a competent an i
experienced man; and that, we presume, they
will promptly do.
The impression bas gone abroad, ami bas been
diligently disseminated in some quartern, that
because of the high standard set up by the lligb
School Committee us res].is principals it is
the purpose also to appoint as teachers in the
I ew schools "tily thOM who have li.-id experience
in schools of this character. So such purpose
! as been announced, ami no such purpose is en?
tertained, if competent teachers can be fou id
in the public .school system of th?- city they will
in? selected. No prejudice exists in the minds
of the committee against New-York teachers,
The only purpose Is to Insure the selection of a
thoroughly compcteni stair for each of the
SChOOla, which bid fair to be started umler fa
ro?anle auspices nnd with an assured prospect
THE EXECUTIVE LIMITATIONS,
What la this Administration forl The peo?
ple have elected a President and a Congress.
Was it to put one man in tho place of another
Sherman in place of Olney. Gage in place of
Carlisle, Hay in place of Bayard, .uni BO on? A
good thing, so far, but was It all? The appoint
ments count for little. The people want to know
what is to l?e done for their Interesta Govern?
ment is really nn intensely practical matter to
Americans, a government which makes them
poor- as Cleveland's did?they bounce. Has the
new Administration the wit and the power to
do better 1 if it can do better, the soreness of
politicians Who do not get what they want will
count for little. If It cannot, that soreness will
catch Its semblance of Justification from the gen?
The public is apt to suppose that a tariff bill
which pleaies the Adminlttrntion will pass, and
one which offends it will fall. But the Admin?
istration cannot be held responsible for the
preferences of Senators and RepfesentattreS, and
it WOUM he quite likely to fail if It should at?
tempt to control them. It can and does express
preferences. Just as it has expressed opposition
to the sugar schedule of the bill reported to tho
Senate; but tho responsibility lies with the Re?
publican Senators nnd Representatives. If they
were to send to the President a bill better than
the present tariff, nnd yet a bill disgracefully
bad in many rc;pe?ts an extreme supposition
yet It might he the duty of tho President to sign
it if he believed that no better could be passed
this year. The men in Congress must frame the
laws, nnd the influence of the Administration
can rarely bs exerted with wisdom in trying to
dictate their form.
About foreign affairs men are prone to say
that the Administration is solely responsible.
But that is not at all true. Behind the question
what ought tn be done is the question what the
country can do with safety. If it has at any
moment a lack of resources, what sense would
there be in n foreign policy which would Involve
the risk of a vastly expensive contest? That
was the foolishness of President Cleveland's be?
havior in foreign nffa'rs. Just when the Treas?
ury was in great need ho proclaimed a foreign
policy which seemed particularly likely to In?
vite n war. Charitably It may be presumed that
lie did not comprehend tho situation; but the
business world knew, and thereupon dropped
Mr. Cleveland from Its list of safe men forever.
It will not do for an American President to court
war with Great Britain or any other foreign
Power nt a timo when the Treasury of the
United States is, by his own admission, on the
verge of bankruptcy, no matter what ihe cause.
The present Administration has urged that the
raising of an ad?quate revenue must go before
any action on International questions. The cuse
does not admit of argument. But the Adminis?
tration is equally right In urging that the rais?
ing of an adequate revenue must go before any
action on the currency question. Thero must
be, first of all, tho entlro security which ample
resources In the Treasury will give. Not one
hour sooner can financial changes be considered
which in their very nature might disturb the
business of the whole, country and the revenue
of the Treasury. It is not venturesome to pre?
dict that the President will watt some time be?
fore he invito* any such disturbance.
A BRITISH PLOT EXPOSFD.
A Chicago paper, "Tho Tlmcs-Herald." has
discovered n remarkable British plot against the
liberties of tho American Episcopal Church. In
speaking of the Lambeth ('(inference of Bishops,
Which is to meet in England during this coming
summer at the invitation of tho Archbishop of
Canterbury, it declares that "tho growing ten
Mdency to make the primates and metropolitans
"of this country In a measure dependent upon
"tho dictation of the See of Canterbury is nrous
"ing opposition determined and bitter In the
"American hishops." But it assures its readers
that tiiis high-handed attempt t" destroy the
liberties of American Episcopalians will not he
tolerated. Every fibre of Americanism In the
bishops ?s already in revolt, and If the Arch?
bishop of Canterbury doesn't soon back down
liiere is no telling what will happen, indeed,
there may bs war anyhow; for. according to our
enterprising Chicago contemporary, "the bish
Mops representing the Church of America are
"beaded for Lambeth Pals ie with their armor
"on. and are in fighting trim" Dr. Temple had
better see to It at once that his bishops discard
for the lime tin ir kit. o lr.the? and funny
"shovel" hais and d ;n BOUM more warlike at?
tire, otherwise they may get soundly thrashed,
and that too, by a lot of Yankee prelafc
While we would not dispute tl." riew of "The
Times-Hern!?'." we coiif?-ss that it is hedged
about with difficulties. ? ? 11 r - :< t, > or Chicago the
Lambeth Conference of Bishops is regarded as
a purely voluntary body, with no power to legis?
late even for the boms Church in England. Once
in ten years ?lie Archbishop of Canterbury in?
vites the bishops in communion with the
Anglican Church to meet and tali; oret ques?
tions of general Interest. But nothing th.it be
doe.?-., ami nothing that th" Conference saya ?s
binding on snybodg in tie- Church, If tli.it view
of til?- matter is correct, it 1- not easy to onder
Btand how, by means of the Conference, the
Archbishop of Canterbury H going to enejare
tie'American Episcopal Church. Tint Episcopal
Central Conrention Is popularly supposed to be
tiie supreme lawmakluit body of tin? Church,
and. s<> f.ir as tin- oublie kUOWS, it hSS never
surrendered any of i i rights and prerogatives
io t;..- Archbl bop of Canterbury. No.- N it gen?
erally know n la : i- ?.. 1 of the country that ths
American bishops ; re going to England in armor.
Certainly Bishop Potter wore no armor when be
sailed the other Any. though, of course, he may
have bad a suit in his c-ibin. ready for any Mid
of one thing, bowerer, we may be certain, if
the informatlou of "The T:mes Heruld" ahoiild
turn out to be correct, the Archbishop of Can- j
terbury will find no Tories among the bishops
of the Bptacopal Church. Masterful ns Dr. T? in
ple Is when dealing with hapless curates ami
British colonials, he will tlnd that the Ameri?
can Dishopearc more than his match. They like
to visit the old country, and two or three of
them have adopted the English Kpiscopal ,
haMt, thereby exciting tho risibilities of the
barererent American small boy. But they
?re all Americans, and they all love the Hag.
They ere not hi receipt <>t" as large salaries ns
their English brethren, but some of them prt>
si'l?' over <Ii<.sea ns large ns the whole of Kng
land, and they have breathed the air of Ainerl
can liberty and independence so long that they
WOUld 1".me somewhat restive under foreign
dictation. On the whale, we would suggest toi
?riie Tlmeo-Herald" that things may not t?? us
bid ?is tiny seem. T>r. Temple may reconsider |
hi-- fell purpose, or, if in- persists in it. the Ainerl- !
can bishops will speedily bring him to telina
in ih" meanwhile, ?i deserves thanks for sound
Ing the note of warning, for otherwise the Epis?
copal Church might have waked up some line
morning to lind Itself praying for "our Sovereign
1.adv. guten Victoria, and all the Royal Family."
The Japs will compose a valuable clement of
ths population In Mexico, where there Is room
for hundreds of thousands, and even millions of
them, nnd where none of them are lik?ly to be
turned back nnd sent home, as they have Just
Lern nt Hawaii.
Pllvcr has been minted In Peru for nearly three
nnd a half '-enturlea, turning forth nn enormous
flood of that metal, being, Indeed, with Mexico,
Its principal source during the seventeenth nnd
eighteenth centuries; but the mint has Just been
closed, g historic incident of much interest in
that country, though the Institution hn.s not been
run even on half time for a long period. Its out?
put gradually dwindled away till Its continuance
v>as no longer of any practical use, and so It
pats up Its shutters nnd poos out of business,
leaving a proud record behind it. At tho same
time gold dlaCOVerles are reported In that coun?
try, perhaps to pour out wealth like Potos?, In
Which case the Institution may have to be re?
opened on a new basis to add a new chapter to
The Ice cream ptomaine Is getting in Its deadly
work at an unusually eariy date. Medical sci?
ence ought to let in more llRht upon the doings
of that little fiend.
So far ns the Turco-Oreek campaign is con?
cerned. General Miles arrives the day nfter tho
fair. He will, however, take a look at the Eu?
ropean armies In general, by way of giving some
color of usefulness to his Journey, though he Is
not likely to see anything so significant or spec?
tacular as ths evolutions of tho Am lent and
HonomblS Artillery of Boston or the gallant.
Caracoles Of the staff of the Governor of Illi?
nois. Really and seriously, the r,enera!-ln-Chlef
mlnht as well have remained at home, so far
as any advantage to the service resulting from
his visit Is concerned.
Tho utterly erroneous assumption that those
who do not live in proximity to the forests have
only a sentimental Interest In their preservation
has made a great deal of trouble.
The world, says Senator Allen, knows the facts
as to Spanish cruelties in Cuba. Yes, and it
knows a good deal more than the facts, if its
knowledge is based on the sources of Information
to which the Senator appeals. As Brother Shaw
was fond of reminding us. It Is lutter not to
know so many things than to know so many
things that are not go,
In London Is a sect which keeps up the worship
of the Greek divinities, sacrificing an occasional
bull to Jupiter In the back parlor, for aught that
appears to the contrary, nnd keeping alive all the
rituals with which the numerous Olympian hie?
rarchy was of old wont to be Invoked and pro?
pitiated. At the same time there |g a small se?
lect order In Paris which worships the devil,
erecting shrines to the arch enemy and altars lit
with his own fire. The balance sheets of both
societies show that they r.re in a prosperous con?
dition, nnd Rive token of the liberality of rellg?
Ions belief and practice prevailing In these clos?
ing years of the century. It is evident that there
are finite a number of people left who think tho
Old gods and devils laid on the shelf for so many
ages aro still deserving of Incens? nnd propitia?
tion. For the former It must be said that they
appear to have vacated their olympian throne
In perpetuity, Inasmuch as they exerted no in?
fluence whatever on the buttles which have Just
been fought beneath It. It Is not easy to Infuse
fervor Into the worship of deities so out of the
way and BlugJglSb in times of crisis, but perhaps
their London votaries may Und ways of doing it.
It Is a pity the Postal Congress could not see
Its way clear to approve the scheme of an Inter?
national postage ntamp. Such a device would be
Hosea Blglow told us, years ng->, about the
swallowing of principles; but It takes a latter
day criminal to swallow the evidence ngainst
him, as the fellow did the other day In bolting,
half-chewed, the greenbacks ho had stolen, mi?
crobes and all.
The revolution In Honduras having Just blown
Itself out like a email and localized tropical
Squall, another speck of war appear? along tho
Is'loaraguan nnd Costa Pican horizons, nobody,
Fo far, knowing what It Is all about or whether
It Is likely to amount to anything. Little wan?
dering wars, revolutions and Insurrections aro
always on foot In these Isthmian countries,
most of them hardly important enough to be
beard Of OUtSlde of the countries Immediately
concerned. As It is reported that tho Xicara
guan coffee plantera are mostly doing business
on capital borrowed at the rate of from 1 to Ity
p.-r rent a month, it is no wonder that they want
to go to war with somebody. If they light
they must fight on credit, so the campaign does
no-, promise to be a long one. ar.d it Is Ju?t pos?
sible that it may not come off at all.
"Thi Boston Trnnscrii.t" snys: "An Interesting
delegate to ths Postal Congress is ths Postmaster*
General of Egypt. Hs calls MmseU a Syrian Catb*
olie, aad was pleased to Bnd la New-York City a
church of Ids own faith, uml that th> servir.- ?TM
e ndw tad iti Arable, tie> leagues* his mother had
taught him. Hs siiys, however, that, although a
Christian, h< i the greatest resp? tl for th? Ma?
hometan religion, and that if th? Turks ?ire cruel
and fanatical tiivy must be unlike the followers o?
:... sama religion In i ---;..-?? ?. * *
A earreapondtal of "The Birmingham Pi l"
points out tho reel that no English Journal baa
printed President Kr?ger*? amende honorable In
tho mutti r ?.f his notorious phrase, "Ben kwaje
vioinv." "My disposition," he said, "l.; not 10
offend s friendly Oovernment i would rather co?
op?r?t? with Her ICaJeety*? Government When I
used the words 'kwaj- wmiw' I refem I U? the
Queen'? Oovernment, aad aol to th? Queen per?
sonally, and l need the word Itwale' t?> mean
punctilious, exact, particular. All Afrtkandei ?rill
?tend it. I hope the reporten win put down
properly whal 1 say this time. I am aol learned
in languages, and if any on? wlshe? to r?-p. .it aty
word h? must civ? tin? mumlng that is usually
given lo tli'iii"
Th.- u.V. Dr. I!. Allen Tapper, jr., who tins ben
caned lo the pastorate of ths Baptist Church of
M ..-. ?r. N. i., whs formerly paeter at the Sev?
enth Baptist Church of Baltimore, but ha? been
'nguged for a rear In literary work. Two years
ago be made s trip around tim world.
Dr. William Jodklna, of Cincinnati, has resigned
from the Hassane lootety of that olty because*.
v in ti h?- wished to experiment en a vagrant dog,
In order to demonstrate lo io? student? al the medl
? -;ii coiie;.:.? n di U at? abdominal operation, on whoae
? iccessful performsn ? hum.m Ufa often dej.Is,
m., aoelet) t.>fu .?i to lei him us? th? dog for auch
vivisection. Hi ?ays thai worn sa whe wear i'ii-J?
or w|i.k.. nrnt feailicra of birds on their bate, and
who Urlve horaea with Uocked talla and uro thua
partaker? in utterly needless and unprofitable
cruelty and murder, have no riant to object to tue
uso of anlBUla In operations which are made pain?
less and which ore In the direct interest of mell?
en I asneaos
"The Boston Transcript" says: "The Appointment
of Colonel Edmund nice to be United SUtSS mili?
tary attache la Japan place? a shrswe nnd *en
Boasd soldierly observer where he enn watch and
note the military development of the rising Power
of the fur K.ist. <'oio iel Rice, who eon mnnded the
li.iii Massachusetts on many bloody Relea, ix now
?i captain In the 8th United Btatea Infantry, Qear
< i ni sfllei '.i nid regln nt."
THF. TU.K OF THE ?I IT.
John G. Marshall, of Baltimore, has I farm BB
Talhol ?'ounty, Md., which he has made a refuge
for birds, They seem to know tint they will be
safe so It, nod large nuaahers of them have aiads
it t hoir home, reeae of them having income so tame
thai th.y teed with tho ehlekens. ,
Tlie Lady- I'M ?ive you a good meal if you win
(lit up sonic of that wood.
The Tramp?Sorry, bat I esnnot accommodate
"Too la-r.v to work, I BUPDOSet"
"\.it that, madam, not that I would l.e false to
my trust roa see, I'm s member of the Society
for tlie Preaervstlon or the American Foreste, and
we never cut any wood" (Yonl; rs BtStesmen.
A eorrespondent of "The London Saturday He
view" ?ays thai there are thousands of able-bodied
Uritls'.i subjects In the United States who nro out
of work nnd destitute, nnd he thinks timt many of
them would be glad 10enlist In the British Army if
tho British Government would pay their transporta?
tion horn". II" regards his Stmwelhni ns practical
la view of tho difficulty of frettirj? rserults for the
I called on n prominent hardware merchant some
months ago, mo aeemed very Kind to seo nie, and
after a timo the conversation drifted around to
bores, "They don't stay lonK with Bao," asid th.?
in ere 11.-I II I.
"Ilow do you get rid of them?" I nrked
"I Just touch a hell l.urton wltii my foot," said
he, "ami there is a sudden call for me, nnd I sMp
out, and Stay out."
Jual then a red-headed hoy thrust In his head and
said: "Mr. Blank, they want to .?ce you In the hack
office right off."
I left, i Hardware.
Augusta, Me., will celebrate th? on?-hundredth
anniversary of tho naming- of Its town on June 9.
Th? Presidie* Klder, who has fifty-six circuits ?
meaning appointments?on his district, told of the
dear <?i>I stater who prayed "Lord hies.? our Presid?
ing KIder as he goes from circus to circus.'- It was
a sad-IOOSing ?Ilk hat that came to town with tho
meek-looking brother who arrived over the Lock?
awnnna. Ha SZplSlned that ho had placed his tile.
crown down, on the seat In front of him. Un?
noticed, a stout woman came in and squatted on
that piuir, telescoping it as flat aa a below-tbe
Terraca pancake. While she was apologising the
divine broke In with: "Well, madam. I mlg-ht have
told you that that hat wouldn't fit you."?(Buffalo
II.ro Is an ex-tract from nn Iowa girl's com?
mencement oration: "I nm a human being, placed
in tha midst o? a groat world. Far and wide it ex?
tends on every side. Ma'eatlc in Its VSStnosS, be?
wildering in Its ever-changing forms, It overwhelms
by ItB immensity. Over it bend the eternal heavens,
and far away In tho Infinite realms of space gleam
the UgbtS of other worlds. And I, what am I? A
drop In the sea Of life. An atom In the universe of
It Is a custom among the Methodist preacher* to
open thoir annual conferences with the hymn:
"And am we yet sllve
To up each other's face?"
In a certain town where tho conference was held
the preachers were treated with extraordinary hos?
pitality. Every h lusekeeper had the tabla groaning
with fried chicken and yellow gravy. All the
choice fowl? were killed off to satisfy the white
crsvstted epicures. The day after adjournment the
evening paper of the town had a picture showing
two scrawny looking young roosters peeping st
each other ont from under the barn and then, ornss
Inp their necks, saying:
"And nre we yet nllve
To see eseh other'? fnc*?"
Havelock Kills has spent some years in tabulat?
ing the r?f?rences to colors in literature. TellOW I*
rarely mentioned In tho Bible, and blue not at all.
Blue is not mentioned in Hotner; red rarely, but ho
mentions yellow twenty-one times In a hundred.
Since tho Christian era red nr.d yellow are men?
tioned most frequently, but blue Is referred to twice
as often Stase the sixteenth century ns before. Poe
mentions yellow twice as often and blue about one
QUarter ?* often as any of his contemporaries in
the list. That til? color sonso is a late development
Is shown by tho fact that the natives of South
Africa, .an distinguish only white and black (which
are not colora nt nil) nnd red. Blue they call black,
and yellow red. Oreen they cannot distinguish at
uK?confusing It with yellow nnd re.l both,
it is strong? that while Dr. Talmago is appealing
for funds to aid the sufferers fr.un tlie Indian fam?
ine, and Incidentally advertise his newspaper, the
great Protestant missionary so. i. ties that are at
w,,rk In Indus know so little of tha sufferings on
their mission fields, in one- case, of which wa hap?
pened to be cognisant. ?">.*>? ?<> was sent to a mission?
sry society for the relief of tho Indian famine suf?
ferer*. .tn,i there was r.. little occa Ion for it that
the officers of the Society did not know just how to
use it. The picture ..f the emaciated inhabitant of
India ?Spiling under a Norwegian pine w..iio tur?
ki'.,- hussards and wolves wait for his death msy
be very effective to draw contribuions, but unless
Kir Charlea Elliott and the British authorities gen?
erally aro in a lesgu? of lies It Is a pitiful Iravi ity
upon the magnificent skill and abundant n sour? <
with which tho Hritlsii Government is mee ?lag t'-ie
situation. ?(Watchman (Baptist).
The Women's Baptist Home Mission Society will
meet In Philadelphia to-morrow. <'.'n Thursday tlie
Baptist Publication Society Will meet in the same
city. The eighty-third anniversary of ths Ameri?
can Baptist Missionary Society will also occur to?
morrow evening In Philadelphia,
rn.WG TEN noox IN WASHINGTON.
UK BYnSfOS A BUST DAY IN' YIcITINO OLD
Fiui'Nns ami SIOHTgKBIMO.
Washington, May 15 (Special).? ?'hang Yen Iloon,
special Ambassador of China, who will sail r;i
Wednesday to represent his Government at tho
Quern's Jubilee, came over from New-York lar-t
evening for a day's visit la Washington. Ha was
SCcompsnled by the Minister of china, Wu Tlnpr
Fang, who Will bo bask with him to-morrow und
remain to. seo him off on tho steamer. Mr. Chang
dined at the Legation lnat evening, and to-.lay he
has been on a "social rush" aver ?inca 10 o'clock
tlii? morning, In fact, this In tho object of his
Visit, ns he Wanted to see Ills Washing! in frlend.s,
evi n if all had to bo crowded Into one day.
It is eight y?ars since '"hung Yen Iloon was Min?
ister of China at this post, where ho remained sK
mouths k*nggr than tha recular term of. three
years, awaiting with punctilious etiquette the ar?
rival of his auceessor. Mr, Chang was a popular
diplomat, entertaining handsomely, mid "Stewart
Castle," then the Legation residence, was the SOSOS
of many flee parties. One, of his old secretarle?, the
! >m.-> Liang Chung*, now First Becretsry of
tho special Fmbassy, is hero with Mr. Chang, and
he finds SS many old friends in official clrolss as
the Ambsaasdor himself. They desired to seo
Washington after their ? Itrht years' absence, and
took :i drive early tills morning- all ubout the city.
Th > Ambassador'? dreKS was of pale MlM brocades;
on his cap was a pink opal of great size, and ho
Smoked his clairette through an exquisitely carved
ivory holder. I.lang Chung's drees of raby?eotored
brocades was scarcely less rich than the Ambassa?
dor's. The latter ha* changed little except that his
? ?.irk mustaebs Is now snowy whtta His memory
is remark.tide, as ho remembers everybody bo has
.ver seen before in otu uai eir !,--.
After his drive Mr. Chang made c.iiis or. Secretary
Bherman, the Ambassador o? Greet Britain, the
Minister of Mexico mil other members of the Diplo?
matic Corps whom he knew when ha a is Minister,
nnd also called on old frlenda la ths Senatorial circle.
Mr. and Mrs. John \V. Poster gave a luncheon In the
Ambassador's honor, and s?aeng the guests asked to
meet htm were Mr. nt.d Mrs. JeSSS Grant, and the
Minister of Mexico nnd Mme. Homero. This aftcr
nooa Mr. Chang was a guest at the Karden party
itrsa by ex-Senator and Mrs. Brloa to the del?gales
of the Testal Congress. Here, of course, the ex
Mlnlster mel nny number of ..i l friends, and ho <i<>
clsred thai It was like old times to see them again
Mr, Chang hsa enjoyed his little visit Immensely,
and aaya be Intend* to ?top .-. u.-.k or two In Wasn
m . n his reiurn h une from the Queen's Jubilee.
There are sixteen members of the Embassy, nn.i
a.'t.r the Jubilee festivities they will spend some
time travelling on the c ntlaent,
COURTESIES \(>T RETURNED Bl GERMANY.
Washington, May li?Tho S-eivtury of the
Treesury has raeetrcd through ttu> state Dopait?
meat a letter from the United States Consul at
Dusseldorf, Germany, la whleh he leports that
nn Invoice of consular supplies Issued by und under
th? seal "f the State D?partas?at had ben refused
admlsslea Into that province by the Oleesssa eas?
toma oillcials, except upon the payment of the
regular duties, it la said that by eourtsey of this
Government like suppli?e for German consulate?
?re reguiarl) admitted Into this country fri ol
duty. An Investigation discloses the fact ihsl th?
German officlsla do not, mn rule, recipr?cate theaq
. ..in (t-des of tho United States, und It Is probable
thai an order will be lsmied discontinuing them.
f INVEfiTI0?T?R8 STTEPItlEED.
RVASIONS OF THE CIVIL SERVICE" LAW
IN THE OOVERNMENT PRINT?
Washington. May 15 -The Senate committee which
is Investigating the condition of the Tlvll Service
resUBBSd its session to-day, Senator? Prlfchard,
Chllton, Klklns, I.odf-e nnd Mirria fKnn ) snd
I'lvll Service Comml?sloner Proctor. Public Prltver
rsliner nnd a number of officials of the Oovern?
ment Pilntlng OfTb-o Irin? present. Auditor llow
ii rl, Wbe tins Jurisdiction of th? occrint? of the
PoetOffiCO Department, presented a ?taterrent
BhOWlBg the eondPlon of his office and the polities
of oaVtala. It Showed W per cent of the employe?
10 be pepublkans and 40 per cent Demo? rats, th?
other? unknown. Hs seal the offie? had formerly
l.r, | known as the "Uot.iny Buy" of the Treaaury
Department, being the deaepteg ground for the as?
Ji.-tlori.'il.le material of rh.it Department. Th?
pressas, sdmlalstrallen of ths Trssasary had gtrea
the offlco Juat recognition, and the service had hern
Improved, The sleeks brought la un<ier the ?"ivii
gervlOS had been an Improvement over old e'erks.
Public Printer Palmer said in the course of an
examination by Senator i>odgo that he believed It
wou'd tie advantageous to abolish the Civil Servie?
System aa applicable to the. Government Printing
Office, and jro back to the former syatem
Commissioner Pro? tOf SSM that th* examlnatlona
were not prepared by the Ctvtl Service Tommlaalon,
but by a Board from the Government Printing
Office familiar with the requirement?. The, publie
Printer nominated the Board, ?o that he retained
discretion over the examlnatlona.
At this point William II. Collins, chief rlerk of
the Government Printing Osaka* ssauasj a mild
sensation by statin?? that he held a commission a?
a nvmber ?if the Board of Kxj minera. But he dl<l
not know- the other members, and had never acted.
After being appointed be had been -alU-d before
Altert Maker, secretary to Public Printer Benedict,
and advised that It would be desirable for him not
to serre until ?o directed by the Public Printer.
Mr. Proctor and the Senators expressed surprise
Bl this statement, and the Commissioner said he
would learn the names of the members of this
Board with a view to tret Un?? at the facts.
Mr. Blklna brought <,m what h? regarded aa an in?
consistency that tie.- mechanical force woiked eight
hoirs :i day while the clerl?-il fore? worked six
snd .i half hour? at greater pair. Clerics i.. banks,
etc . worked nine nnd ten hour? a day. The law re
?lulreii seven hours a day from <iov? rnrrcnt clerk?,
and Mr. Elklna estimated thai tue Government lo?:
$if.,oou to BO.000 a day by short clerical service Mr.
Klklns ttald it was strange th? Civil Servie? Commia
slon had not ?ailed attention to this lose to the
Oovernment and Its injustice to the labor of the
After extende?! discussion, the members of the
committee agreed that the Public Printer had the
ri?'':it to arrange the lists of skilled labor, omlttlr g
?tablemen, charwomen, doorkeepers and other?
heretofore clashed as skilled help. Mr. Palmer aald
If be had this power ho proposed to exercise It, but
lie felt that the Civil Service Coafmtisiua would
Interf?ra with his action.
".Suppose they do." asked Mr. Blklns, "what can
they do to you? They are not above the law. You
have as much r!f;ht to construe the law as th?y
h.ivc. The trouble is every one 1.4 afraid of thi?
c.-iptaln II. T. Bryan, foreman of the Oovrrt.mer.t
PriniinK Office. testlAea to the need >^f a modlflca
tlon of the Civil Service rule.-- I >...? t Wltnssssl gav?
The committee then adjourned until r.*xt Satur?
WA 8HINQ TOR NE WE NOTES.
Washington, May IS.
VALUBLBM PATENTS.?The Commissioner of
Pnt.-iits has. received X largt number of letters since
taking charge of ?iis new ofll m la regard to the
value of patents th.u have been Issued Many pur?
ple have secured patent.; on tnelr invent.on?, s.vl
Unding them commercially srortbleas have become
balignaat that they ha i api at their money tad ?vers
unabl? te receive anything ... retura for it. Commis?
sioner Butterwarth to-day remarked!
'The Patent Office IM M Btany patsatS that are
known as mnrjcinal patents, They cover an ld?a
that Is slightly In advance ot anything taxai has
been patented before, yet In themselves have gttte
or no value. Patent attorn- ys may advise the t
clients that their applications do not cover enough
to have any commercial value, And then allow the
claimant to xo ghasd or not. as he sees fit. But
that Is a matter that this office has nothing to do
with, and in no i a.-? does it give any opinion regari
mg th? valu? "f the n.it? nti; it i.-.- tea.
STARTING A GRAVRYARD.?"The xraveyard la
Georgetown. CoL, w-.< ttarttd," explained a colors'' ?
polltl i.in. "by burying a man who was lynched. He
iv-is a bad character, and made hlmseif dtsagre?
chic in many ways. Finally h?> ?toot a ?aloonk i
therp, and the beys, supposing that the salo
keeper was dead, Organlsi 9 a lynch court and ev -
CUted him in very short orl.r. After the.v returne l
from their lynching bee the ?sJoonkeeper show, i
some i-'iKn? of life. By the most careful kn.l el
nursing be recovered from his Injury, though it wa
?everal weeks before he was able t-> sit up. and se-.
eral months before he could attend to his siloor
The boys then saw that they had m? le a mUtakc;
that a life should not have been taken except in re?
turn for a life. un?l they ra'sed a large sum of money
::iil sent it to the fellow? parents. Thoujrh th?
body was ilrst planted in a gully It wa-? afterward
taken up and properly buried |n what is n w George
town'? leading <-em.ry. Tiie aaioon man alwayj
ke.i: t:ie ?rave grc-ti."
JUSTICE PIELO AND THE BKP' >RTER.-Th?
correspondent of a gri.it K.ist'-rn daily BSWSpaper
narrated In a group of friends to-day how a ?Up of
the tongue destroyed his chancea of obtaining acme
matter ho was seeking earnestly, and Involved hlni
in aa unpleasant experience with ono of the gu.
preme Oeurt Justices. He received a letter in?
structing lilm to ser. tho Chief Justice and the As?
te Justices of the Supreme Court and ask
each of them to contribute to the columns of hi*
paper a short essay on a subject pertaining to the
history of tho Supreme Court. H<- glanced e.ver the
noto of Instructions hurriedly, ?m.l when be nv:
Justice Field a short time later he was not certain
of its contents. To refresh his aaentorp he dr. w
the letter from his pocket and began to read from
it to the Associate Justice the instructions which
had been sent to him. In the body of tr.e letter
w..s this sentence:
"tif course, the old duffers do not expect to be
piel for this work," the correspondent read hur?
riedly, and he ran rlxht into this sentence before
li - knew where he was. He stopped In the middle
o? It and wax about to omit tho remainder, when
Justice Field mi v i :
"Hold on?What ?s that? Let me aee that for a
"Oh, that's of no conseo.uen^e. Judges ?.it?l the
"Just let me look at it for a minute," said Jus
tlce Field. He glanced over the correspondent?
shoulder and reed ths sentence. Then was a
twitikle in his eye th it showed that h? r,?? rectated
th?^ humor of the situation, bul the correspondent
' ?aid to himself: "This ends my search for SSSSjrS *
It did not end the search, bul ft nii<ht as well have
; ended it. for nope ? f th? essays were ever written.
Justice Field appreciates a Joke, but he does not
like to encourage It at his own expense.
RUSaUBT LKATHBR 1IOBSK KQl'IPMENTS.-w
Oeneral Miles, shortly beforo starting for Europe
00 bis tour of milit.-iry hUeStlgSllOII. submitted to
the So-retnry of Wir a recommendation which will
interest all Officeri of the Army. Cene rai Mlles
advised that tho leather ?>r Army brlSisa, asflfllss.
harness, etc., should be Shailglld from the present
color, black, to russet. The proposition la a ??>nie
I what radical one. as the Amerlca'i Army has never
need other than black leather for horse equipments.
The length of time that customs ot the Army i.av?
been observed la not, with General Mlles, a conclu?
slv? reason why g cha?es should not be made, hi?
rule Is that, If that winch is in use |s not the best
obtainable, the fact that it has !.. n the regulation
for many years should not stand In the way of the
adoption of something new. '?\> conservative oSsV
cera, <>f which th-* Army la largely composed, C?en
eral M ?tea's recommendation will at ?list pause sur?
prise, but it is probable that, upon reflection, they
will agree with him that russet leather is better
for military purposes than ?da? k. General Miles
says, among other things, th.it all the armies of
Europe now employ ruseel leather f.-r h->rsc equip?
ments, having abolished black leather seme llms
ago. The General regards russet leather as cheaper,
? cleaner, easier to keep in k-<x>?i condition and fully
, aa durable us black leather In service. It can be
cleaned with soan aad water, without using ? s| -
dairy prepared dresalng, which M >> k leather r?
Ql 1res, Washing with water tii'.y tend to hard -n
the leather, h<- ?aye. but thla objection can be ? ver?
come bv occasionally rubbln? tic equipment? with
i ':. sp.-cini attention is called by General Miles in
hN recommendation t.? the fact th it. with 11 k
bi res equipments, the u?e of some dressing to give
them a polished appearance hi ?ndlspensabh when
the equipments n?-t wet, as they must, of course, ?io
In ?ervl-e, the uniforms of officers and men aie
?oiled from contact with the leather. Many and
emphatic havo been the complaint? of officers from
? o ?
ARMOR SATISFACTORILY TESTED.
Washington. May 13.?A five-Inch plate represent'
In? the oasetsntS armor of the battle-ship? Kear
rnr?e and Kentucky wa? tried at Indian Head to
day. Two sh.ita wars ired at the p?stt wit;? a five
lach gua, and aacb waa rmsrhrl without injury to
th? pute, which was pronounced mtlsfactory, Seme
time was spent In .?xpcrlnienihig with the Oathmag
shell, a device Intended for the tafo use of mtti.
cott-m to blah-powered rit!?s. but 'he test* w.-r. net
curled to the point of ictually i'"!1^' Ike snaeottoo,
NEW REVOLVERS FOR THE ARMT.
Washington, May 15. Hy n penoi'al rirotiUr sent
on t<i the Army, all the revolver? In liai huida ot
the troops have been called In. to be replaced by a
later model In which the a l.lltion of a aaf?ty lock
prevents the hammer from beitift cocked sacept when
the cylinder I* titmiy cloael and locked. Seven rexi
meniS of cavalry bavs already received the now
weapon, and now the remainder ot th? Army la te