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MR. LODGE ON THE TREATY
iMKsmaam EXPLAINED by THE
KOT DICTATED BY HOSTILITY TO ENGLAND.
HE SAYS. FUT NECESSARY FOR PRO
TECTION OF AMERICAN INTERESTS.
rra*h:ngton. Dec. 2L— Senator Lodge, who
ju<s charge of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty in
the Senate, to-day made a statement regarding
the amendments adopted.
•The Senate amendments," he said, are very
jj-portant. but they are also very simple, al
though there seems to be some misunderstand
ing in reran! to them, owing' to the fact that all
f>je debates on the treaty took place behind
closed doors. Now that the amendments and
votes have been made public by order of the
Senate M may not be amiss to explain them
Lei me say. first, that the amendments were
rot dictated by hostility toward England, and
*tG! less were they in any degree a reflection on
the Secretary of State, whose patriotism, pur
ity of purpose, knowledge, accomplishments and
high achievement in dealing with our foreign
reiatior.s. r la'.ly in China, are fully and cor-
Qafly recocnized by men of all parties and all
Fhafles of opinion in the Senate, The amend
ments were made by the Senate solely because
in its opinion they were necessary for the in
terests of the United States, for the avoidance
of any question as to the control of the canal.
and! consequently for the sake of peaceful and
jiarrnonicus relations with the rest of the world
en that subject in the future. The vote by
¦which they were adopted shows this. The sec
ond. or r-' ' c . amendment passed by a vote of 65
to 1". ana the other two were adopted without
fUPERSEDKS CLATTON-BULWBR TREATY
"Th- ¦•"' amendment is a simple declaration
that the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty ceases to exist
taS is ?uperseded by the Hay-Pauncefote
Treaty. The object of the latter was to remove
the lorn" as an obstacle to the construction of
jte isthmian canal. Some good Judges thought
that the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty did this com
pletely as It stood. Others believed that certain
portions of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty still re
nAjned in force. To allow this doubt to continue
»ou!d have been a grave mistake. The Ameri
can people desired to be rid of the Clayton-Bul
ger Treaty finally and beyond question. This is
a reasonable and proper wish, and to fulfil it 's
the purpose of the first amendment.
PURPORT OF DAVIS AMENDMENT.
"Under Article II of the Hay-Pauncefote
Treaty a? It stood we were clearly bound, if en
l^ired in war. to permit a hostile fleet, if it suc
ceeded in petting inside the three mile zone, to
pass unmolested through the canal. This may
cr rr.ay rot he a practical question, and it is of
no consequence whether it is or not. It was a
nlonr. promise to permit a hostile fleet to use
the canal. That promise we either intended to
keep or else we made it knowing that under the
ftress of war we should break it. If we meant
to keep it, then it was a promise no nation ought
to make. If we knew that we should not keep it
In tlir.e of war, then it was only honest and fair
to relieve ourselves of the obligation in the
treaty itself. This was the purpose of the sec
end, or Davis, amendment, which entirely dis
poses of any such promise, and which follows
exactly It principle, and almost exactly in
*or<sm,./LTLirf:> X of the Suez Convention, which
reserve! .similar rights to Turkey, whose inter
•*t §.}£• S'j'-z Canal is trivial compared to ours
In that proposed in Nicaragua.
..TO AVOID ENTANGLEMENTS.
"TTfce third amendment strikes out Article 111.
It which we «nsaged to Invite other nations to
adhere to the treaty, and thereby become parties
to it. Had there been no Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
v c should have negotiated with no one except
Costa Rica and Nicaragua as to building the
canal. With England, owing to the Clayton-
Bulwer Treaty, we were obliged to treat, but, as
we expect Europe to keep out of this hemi
epfcere, it seemed to the Senate unwise, however
excellent and liberal the intention, to invite Eu
ropean nations to share in an American treaty,
and thus give them the right to meddle in
American affairs at any point.
"Such are the purposes of the three amend
ments, which in no way derogate from the in
tention of the United States that this canal
thai: be a neutral highway for the world's com
"Do you think England will accept or reject
these Senate amendments?" the Senator was
"That is a question," he replied, "that I have
been asked many times, and on which I do
rot think it would be right or proper for me
to express an opinion. But I think I can
with propriety say a word as to our view of the
eaiendments. It is well recognized in Interna
tiona] law -that when "• the conditions under
trfcich a treaty has been made have radically
changed and new conditions and new demands
have arisen this fact is an ample ground for
f»*k:-.r an abrogation or modification of the
original instrument. The American people de
eire to build and mean to build and control the
Isthmian canal. They recognize that the Clay
toii-Bulwer Treaty, made fifty years ago. under
conditions no longer existent, stands in the way.
They have no desire to clear, it from their path
fa a violent fashion by formally denouncing It
er by passing laws and taking action in contra
vention of its provisions. They wish to remove
i - by amicable arrangement in a suitable and
becoming manner. The Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
*'is framed for this object. The Senate is part
c? the treaty making power, and treaties sent to
It for ratification are not strictly treaties, but
projects for treaties!. They are still inchoate.
In the exercise of Its undoubted rights, without
the slightest reflection upon any one and with
out a shadow of hostility to a friendly nation.
the Senate, continuing the negotiations begun
by Mr. Hay. offers three new propositions to
England They ask her to omit the clause in
viting other naiions to adhere, which does not
touch her at ali. They ask her to conform to our
tfefires by agreeing in unmistakable language
*p -the E-opersesslon of • the Clayton-Bulwer
•treaty, by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, which is
the whole purpose of the negotiation. They ask
fcer. finally, to accept'in this treaty the reserva
tion of rights in time of war which she granted
*o Turkey in the Suez Convention, and of which,
*• tfce present possessor of Egypt, she is now
I>er*if th* beneficiary.
FAIR PROPOSITIONS TO ENGLAND.
"Th*s» propositions are all essential to Ameri
een interests, ani are fair, reasonable, friendly
ted in no sense offensive. England's Interest In
having the canal built, be it great or small, is
•wed or.!- to that of the United States, for she
tione has. like the United States, large pos
sessions in North America and both an Atlantic
** d Pacific coast. We agree that all vessels of
commerce and of war shall pass through the
£anal on the same terms as our own, and in
*er between other Powers we agree to preserve
me neutrality, of the canal toward all belliger
¦¦ >' deference to the wishes of Nicaragua
*aa Cost a Rica In regard to this treaty, and not
*° ar.j we may hereafter make with them, we
rt «aqui£h ,-, . right to erect permanent fortiflca-
If your km is coming out by the
&£a£ful. you ire losing from 500 to
>000 hairs a day ! You are bound to
W thin bur or no ktir at all very
soon at this rate, aren't you ? Better
stop this falling at once by using
Aycr's Hair Vigor. It will make your
grow, too, grow thick and long.
Ii you at) not obtain tbe ben«-fit you desire flam
Meof tie Vigor, write the Doctor about it. He
will tell you justj ust the right thing to do. Addrest,
In. J. C. Area, LoweU, 31*8*.
tJons and. sltfionch there is no need of such
fortifications, the right to erect them Is an im
portant right, and its rellniuishment goes to the
last verge of concession. The vast expense of
Uje canal is ours, the maintenance and defence
t are ours. a»d the American people will
never permit a canal there which they do not
control, because the defence of the United States
overrides ever> other consideration. In building
and maintaining the canal we assume a great
burden, by which the whole world will benefit.
and if we bear the burden alone the power and
the control must be ours alone also.
"We desire to dispose of the Clayton-Bulwer
Treaty in the most friendly way possible. We
are most averse to any other disposition of it.
England does not intend to go to war with us
to prevent our building the canal, and if it is
physically possible to build it we mean in any
event to do co. Under these circumstances we
are ver> clear that it is *s much for Eng
land s interest as ours to accept the new proposi
tions in the friendly spirit in which they are
offered, and thus end a controversy o cr an out
worn treaty which is only a stumbling block t.-»
both nations It is rot to be doubted that the
English Ministers, whose ability, experience and
reputation are known to all the world, will duly
weigh all these considerations and rightly com
prehend the purpose of the Senate amendments
and the spirit in which they are presented "
ACRID BRITISH COMMENT.
WHAT THE LEADING WEEKLIES SAY OF
THE TREATY SITT'ATION.
London. Dec. 21.— The responsible weeklies will
to-morrow discuss the Hay-Pauncefote Canai
Treaty at considerable length. 'The Saturday
Review" will devote a pag;e to the "Nicaragua
Scandal." saying uncomplimentary things about
the United States Senate. President MeKinley
and Lord Salisbury.
"The worst of It is." it will say. "that we ha 4»
only ourselves to thank for the whole pother.
The policy of perpetual concessions to the United
States and of overstrained eulogy upon her
statesmen meets with no response from the other
party save fresh demands and Increasing inso
lence Our own statesmen have brought upon
themselves humiliations which it is conceivable
thfy may at last be induced to resent."
The worst thing "The Spectator" will say Is
Apparently the object of the United States
Sf-nat^ has not been to attain a particular ob
ject so much as to insult a friendly Power, and
to make it difficult for that Power to negotiate
In a conciliatory spirit.
•The Speaker" will go into the canal question
historically, citing Nicaragua's treaties with
Ppain in IRHI, France In 1860. Italy in 1868, and
England in 1860, neutralizing the projected
canal, pointing out that these are all In force
n<-,w except the treaty with England.
•We foresee for the United States," "The
Sreakor" will say. "grave diplomatic complica
tions with other Powers, unless they support
America with the object of achieving Great
FIGHTIXG HAIL WITH GUX POWDER.
FRENCH WINEGROWERS' NOVEL SCHEME TO
Washington. Dec. 21.— The prevention of hall
storms by cannon firing Is an all-absorbing topic
among the winegrowers of France and Italy. John
C. Covert, United States Consul at Lyons, France,
ha<= sent to the State Department a report on this
Important subject in answer to many requests and
Before the present improved cloud destroyers
were in use winegrowers shot powder from a sheet
iron case fixed in a strong box on the trunk of a
tree. In some parts of France they ring church
bells at the approach of a hailstorm, believing that
the vibrations In the atmosphere serve to break up
the storm clouds. But these methods have given
way to a system of combating the elements by
means of a novel artillery service. The guns are in
the shape of inverted cones, the opening at the
mouth being 2SVi inches. They are about six and
one-half feet in length, made of thin boiler iron.
and stand upright on tripods three feet high. At
the base is a forged breach, which holds a forged
iron block. In the centre is placed a metallic car
tridge containing eighty drams of blasting powder,
wadded with a cork and tamped like an ordinary
miner's blast. It is discharged by a needle on a
lever attached to the base of the forged iron holder.
Winegrowers generally. Consul Covert says, are.
emphatic in their belief as to the efficacy of ti:*rfT
ing hail with gunpowder. In localities where grent
from hail have been incurred every season
the camion were used last summer and no hall
fell. Tv.-o or ihr«- miles distant, where no cannon
were tired, the hail was very destructive. A single
cvsnnon. it is said, will protect nearly seventy-five
Bcres of land. Time and again, it is stated, ap
proaching hail clouds have either had their direc
tion changed or been broken into shreds, bringing
a copious fall of rain in place of the threatened
Dr. Paul Cazeneuve. a well known French scien
tUt, believes that th* question of the Infallibility
of cannon is still in the domain of experiment. He
thinks that no amount of cannon firing would in
fluence great storms, and asks what the cannon
couid have done apainst the terrible cyclone at
Galveston. The«r doubts, says Consul Covert, will
not, however, prevent many thousands of cannon
from being used in the vineyards of France next
summer. In Italy the number of cannon used in
cloud shooting Increased from 2,000 in 1899 to
15.000 last year. It is reported, says Mr. Covert,
that a vast defensive alliance has been formed In
tne French Alps foi the purpose of buying- cannon
and powcer to waee war against hailstorms next
OLEOMARGARIXE BILL ATTACKED.
Washington. Dec. n.-The Senate Committee on
Agriculture to-diy continued its hearing on the
Oleomargarine hill, the only witnesses heard being
opponents of th* measure. The first of these was
W. Miller, of th" Armour Packing Company, of
Kansas City, who attacked the creamery organiza
tion as the authors of the pending bill, and accused
them of furthering their own interests by taking
part in politics
J. C. McCoy, a member of the Kansas City Live
Stock Exchange, said that if the fat of beef cattle
could not be manufactured into oleomargarine there
v.ovid be an ave rape loss of $2 a head and on hogs
10 cents a head. On the beef cattle of the United
.-- a^S. s^ at this rat " then would be a total loss of
fco.ooo.oou and of J7.000.000 on hogs. He said that ex
perts had tt-stifieo that the ingredients of oleomar
garine are healthful and nutritious, and that the
coloring matter used in oleomargarine was used
for the same purpose in butter. He declared that
v !?_ *Y as s f ]n ' h and unjuet and an effort in
the direction of ultra-class legislation.
THE XEW-EXGLAXD SOCIETY DIXXER.
The annual New-England Society dinner will
take, place at the Waldorf- Astoria this evening,
and the capacity of the large hall of the ho
tel will be tested again. The dinner is to cele
brate the 280 th anniversary of the landing of
the Pilgrims and the ninety-fifth anniversary
of the New-England Society in the City of
N«-w->ork. Among the speakers are expected to
be President Arthur T. Hadley. of Yale Univer
sity: Senator Albert J. Beveridge. of Indiana, and
Professor Woodrow Wilson, of Princeton Univer
sity. William E. Dodge will preside. The Com
mittee of Arrangements for the dinner consists of
Edmund C. Stedman. George H. Robinson. Thomas
H. Hubbard. Howland Davis, Austin B. Fletcher.
Mr. Dodge and George Wilson.
W. C. WHITSBTB ADIROXDACK LAXD.
Albany, Dec. n W. C. Whitney at the
neeat State tax sale bid in some forty
acres of iand in the Adirondack*. He already had
title to the land, but desired to secure an addi
tional- certificate from the State to clear the title.
H< paid ahout 70 cents an acre. His holdings in
the Adirondacks, it is said, now amount to about
eighty thousand acres.
IWAUGCBAL BALL IX PEXSIOX BULDIXG.
Washington, Dec. 21.— Secretary Hitchcock to-day
pn the Inaugural Committee permission to hold
the ball :ind entertainments Incident to the cominp
inauguration of President MeKinley in the Pens.on
Building. The spacious court of the Pension Office,
with Its afhiiectural beauty and enormous pro
portion?, i* well fitted for the inaugural ball. It
haf b<=>en UF«-d on former occasions.
STATEHOOD FOR ARIZOXA URGED.
Washington. Dec. 21.— Senate Committee on
Territories to-day heard arguments by Governor
Murphy and Delegate Wilson, of Arizona, in support
of the bill for the admission of that Territory as a
State. They dwelt especially on the marked In
crease In the population of the Territory and urged
that It contains both population and wealth suffi
cient to Justify the change in form of Government
for which the bill provides.
FREE DEUTEMT OX STATES IsLAMt.
W.-.s-hlngton, Dc- 21.— 0n April 1. 1901, the Poet
oftV<- Department will establish free delivery nervlre
at /'on Hirhnvrid. TompkinsvilU- H n<l Staple
ton. N. V.
KVKK HUNT FOR .IN APARTMENT?
Yes; but "Never Again." What's the use, anyhow,
when The Tribune presents each Sunday pictures
and class of the best In town?
YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. DECEMBER 22. 1000.
POR RIVERS AND HARBORS.
i THE PRINCIPAL. IMPROVEMENTS RECOM-
I MENDED IX THE HOUSE COM-
I •, ' MITTEES BILL.
Washington. Dec. 21.— The River and Harbor bill
' was • completed to-night, and Chairman Burton
1 made. public? a statement showing the amounts ap
. propriated. The total is approximately $60,000,000,
i of which about 133,000.000 is in direct appropria
tions and about $37,000,000 in the authorization of
, contracts for continuous work. Compared with
' former River and Harbor. bills, the present one is
the second largest on record, and after the Senate
has added amendments it is expected to bo well
;up to. if not ahead of. all previous records. The
j hill of 1900 carried $39,958,165. and that of 1897. which
, was the largest on record, carried $72,275,954.
The appropriations arid contracts over $25,000 for
; the Eastern States and the largest Western Items
j shown' by the statement are as follows: .
. HARBORS -
Carver's 1 Harbor. Vmal Haven $39,000
I*l* of Shoals .TO.OOO
Burlington Harbor 25.000
Boston Harbor, new project 600.000 $3,000,000
Boston Harbor, general improvement . 163.000
Nau tucket, harbor of refuge 30.000
Sandy Bay, Cap* Ana, harbor of
Gloucester 100,000 202,083
Xew-B*dfr>rd 37,7<V» ¦
Fall River 38,000 117.411
I>ynn 25,000 • ¦
: Newport '. 39.200
New-Haven, breakwater 44.000
New-London 25.000 120,000
I Buffalo 50.000
| Oswegro 48.000 i
New- York Harbor X7..V10
Tonawanda Harbor and Niagara River 2*7.700
Buttermilk Channel 300,000 1.M0.000
Buffalo, at Brie Basin and Black
Rock Harbor 200.000 614.643
Cape Vincent 4R.000 ¦
Rarltan Bay 45,"0rt
Kill yon Kull and Arthur Kill 100.000 JW.OOO
Spring Garden. Southwest Baltimore. SS.OOO 221.000
I Norfolk harbor...'. 20.000
| Norfolk, removal of Hospital Point.. 10.000 183.957
Middle Ground Bar. Newport News.. 10.000 215.000
Savannah, new. project „„.... 1,000.000
Brunswick, outer bar 25,000
Apalachicola- Bay t 41,000
Key West, Improving entrance to har
bor .. : 25.000
Hillsborough Bay ...: 150.000
• v ALABAMA. >-.'}'
. LOUISIANA. . : : ¦•'
Southwest Pass. Mississippi River.... 550,000 2,950,000
• TEXAS. 1/ " - »
Gal veston harbor' ...*. 600,000 1.000.000
Sabine-Pass „ ....-.•. 100.000
Aransas'Pass • .. 350.000
, Ohio. ;•;
Cleveland 600,000 2,200.000
Cleveland , harbor dredging 125.000
Conneaut ' 75.000 342.000
', ILLINOIS. • ¦•
Waukegan 100.000 245.000
; v MINNESOTA.
Burlington Bay 200.000 235,000
San Diego 50.000 217,850
Lubec Channel " 25,000
NEW-HAMPSHIRE. • - ¦
Cocheco River 30.000
Mystic River, below the mouth of isl
and end of river ..- 50,000
Merrimac ¦ River 30,000
Survey of Connecticut River 25,000
RHODE ISLAND. ,
Pawtucket River ', ¦>; 28.500
Providence River and Narragansett-
Bay 1 ..... ....;:. ..<v, 75.000
.. . YORK. 11' . ¦'
Hudson River ...'. 1 ....•....;. 200.000
Harlem River > ,r...... 100.000 ¦¦¦
East River and Hell Gate.. ........ ;r 200.000
Graase River -•>.;• --v> i.\M»
Passaic River 15'55S T^H
Rarltan River ~'SSa ZZZ
Mantua Creek . -5.000
Delaware River, New-Jersey and _ tino 000
Monongahela River 200.000 436,913
WASHINGTON. D. C.
Potomac River 75,000
James River :...:.... =50.000 '
Rappahannock River ....:.. 25,000
Cape- Fear River at or below Wil
mington - 1400 f— —
Pimllco and Tar rivers 25.000 *
Ashley River 25.000
Chattahoochee River. Georgia, and . '
Alabama, below Columbus Ss.ooo
Flint River - 25.000
Coosa River between Rome and Rail- -
road Bridge V 59.000 174.845
9t. ' John's River from Jacksonville «C«!li»
to the ocean 35.000 850.000
St. John's River at Orange Mills flats 30.000
Warrior River 350.000 400,000
Trinity River - 150.000 . 600.000
Galveston ship channel and Buffalo
Bayou 310.000 300.000
Cumberland River above Nashville.. 105.000
Cumberland River" below Nashville.. 180.000
Licking River 100,000 207.000
Ohio River $400,000
Dam at Cu'.lonVs Ripple 100.000 $©50,000
Locks No. 8, 11 and 14 150.000 750.000
Detroit River 5500.000 $1,250,000
St. ("lair flats canal 380.000
West Neebieh 500,000 4.000,000
Survey of deep waterway $200,000 —
Reservoirs at head waters $300,000 — — —
River from the head of the passes to
mouth of Ohio River 2,500,000 $5,000,000
Harbor at New-Orleans 110.000
Between Missouri River and St. Paul. 1,300,000 2,600.000
General improvement between Sioux
City and the mouth $300,000
Mouth of Columbia River $400,000 $1,500,000
Lower Willamette and Columbia riv
ers below Portland 225,000
Examinations, surveys, contingencies • . ¦
of rivers and harbors. Inspection of
bridges, etc 200,000
The statement does not cover in detail the sur
veys to .be authorized and general provisions of
legislation, as these features are not yet com
pleted and probably will be given out to-morrow.
The appropriations made for Sandy Bay. Cape
Ann. harbor of refuge and Galveston Ship Canal
and Buffalo Bayou arc not to- be expended unless
the projects receive the approval of a board of
engineers to be appointed to examine and report
PITKIX'S RESIGXATIOy ACCEPTED.
Washington, Dec. 21.— At a meeting of the bonds
men of the New-Orleans postofflce yesterday Pur
nell M. Milr.er, of New-Orleans, was designated as
their representative to relieve temporarily J. R. G.
Pnkin as postmaster, Upon receipt of this selec
tion the Postmaster-General accepted the resigna
tion of Pltkin and temporarily appointed Mllner
postmaster of New-Orleans.
PRESIDENT RECEIVES IXTITATIOXS.
Washington, Dec. 21.— Senator Foster and Repre
sentative Jones, of Washington, called at the
White EtoOM to-day and invited the President to
extend his trip to San Francisco in May so as to
include Seattle, Tacoma, North Takima, Spokane
and other towns in Washington. The President
readily assented, provided nothing occurred to pre-
Anvmg the other callers was Senator McComas.
who introduced a delegation of colored men. who
Invited the President to attend the coming emanci
pation celebration In Baltimore. In case ne should
be unable to attend they asked that he send a letter
which might he read on that occasion. It is prob
able that the President will comply with the request
for a letter
XEW-HAVEX ROAD TO FIGHT TROLLEYS.
New-Haven, Conn., Dec. 21.— 1t Is announced that
the New-York, New-Haven and Hartford Railroad
Is about to equip the Waterbury, Mlddletown and
M«-rl<l«ii road with electricity, using the third rail
system, and that a similar change Is contemplated
on the Derby line. This step has resulted from the
Invasion of the territory of the New-Haven road
by local trolley lines, and Is thought to have been
chosen as a means of fighting these In preference
to opposition In the Legislature*
CONGREftS TAKFs \ RECESS.
DEATHS OF MRS. FRYE AND REPRESENTA
TIVE WISE ANNOUNCER
Washington. Dec. 21.— N0 business was transacted
by the Senate to-day. The news of the death of
Mrs. William P. Frye. wife nf the President pro
tempore. was announced, and as a mark of respect
to her memory adjournment was taken unti Jan
uary 3. 190], Senator Fairbanks called the Senate
to order, and th«- chaplain, the Rev. Dr. Milburn.
in his prayer made an eloquent and sympathetic
reference to the death of Mrs. Frye. The secretary
then read a letter from Senator Frye apDolntlngr
Senator Fairbanks presiding offlc-r In his absence.
In the mean time a conference of Senators had
been held as to the order of husiness. The reading
of the journal was suspended, and at 12:05. on mo
tion of Mr. Hoar, the Senate adjourned until Jan
When the House met to-day there were less than
one hundred members on the floor. A majority
already had started for their homes to spend the
holiday recess. The chaplain in his prayer referred
tenderly to the deaths of -Mrs. Frye and Repre
sentative Wise, of Virginia. After the approval of
the journal some minor routine business was
transacted by unanimous consent. Bills were passed
to fix the times for holding ppssions of the District
and Circuit courts for the Eastern District of
Texas. The customary resolutions on the death of
Mr. Wise were adopted, and a committee of seven
teen members was appointed to attend the funeral.
Under thf concurrent resolution adopted a few
days ago, the adjournmeit was until January P>.
postal roi/.vr<?s?/oy.<? report.
CHARGES OF EXORBITANT RATL.ROAD
RATES NOT SUSTAINED.
Washington, Dec. 21.— The Postal Commission,
made up of members of the Senate and House of
Representatives, has nearly completed its labors
and probably will make its report to Congress by
January 10. Numerous statements having been
made of exorhitant sums charged the Government
for carriage of mails by the railroads and for use
of postal cars, etc. Congress committed to this
Commission the duty of making a thorough inves
tigation of rates paid railroads for mail transpor
tation. The Senators on the Commission are
Messrs. Wolcott. Allison. ChanJler and Martin, and
the Representatives are Messrs. Loud. Moody,
Catchings and Fleming. The investigation has
been in progress for the last two years and a
half, and has been exhausted in all branches. The
Commission has visited San Francisco, Chicago.
New-York, Buffalo, Detroit and Boston, taking the
testimony of railroad officials and of all others
who could shed light on the subject. Meetings were
held yesterday and to-day for the purpose of agree
ing on a report, tentative drafts of reports being
presented by members. No final agreement was
reached, and the Commission adjourned until Jan
uary 3, when it is expected that the work will be
so far along that a report can be made by the 10th.
It Is understood that the Commission is unani
n ous Ir. the view that the specification of exorbi
tant railroad mail carrying charges, amounting
to three or four times the fair value, have not
been sustained by the testimony. One of the speci
fications was that the cost of railway transporta
tion to the Government couli be cut 20 per cent
at once, and that Investigation would show that a
reduction of 75 per cent could be made, so that the
total annual cost to the Government would tie
about $8,0(KMX»0 instead of upward of $33,000.0u0. It
Is this specification which, it Is understood, the
Commission is unanimous in not sustaining. Its
members are not yet agreed, however, on the ques
tion as to whether there is any overcharge, and
this is the chief point yet to be decided. It is not
yet clear that the report will be unanimous on all
points. The question of the postal car rentals is
feeing treated as a part of the general subject, and
the report will Include this with the deductions on
carriage charges in general. The testimony will
cover several thousand pages, but the report will
be comparatively brief.
CLAIMS OF RAILWAY COLONIZERS THAT ONE
HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND OR
MORE WILL RECROSS THE BORDER.
Buffalo, Dec. 21.— A dispatch from Montreal says:
The population of the New-England States but
more particularly of Maine, threatens to be reduced
by 150.000 or 200,000. and that of the Province of
Quebec correspondingly increased early next spring,
by the return to their native province of thai many
French-Canadians who have during the last thirty
years crossed the border with the hope of bettering
Rene Dupont, colonization agent for the Quebec
and Lake St. Toh'n region, returned to-day from a
prolonged visit among his fellow count rymen. He
states that the utmost discontent prevails among
them in Maine, and that he has been asked to make
provision for their reception at the close of the
winter in the Lake St. John territory, where hun
dreds of thousands of acres of land lie idle for the
want of men to work it.
Of the 200,000 French-Canadians in the State of
Maine I believe 150,000 of them will come back early
in the spring. The town of Biddeford alone counts
12,000 of my countrymen in a total population of
15.000. Many of them have lost heavily of late
years, and this, coupled with the fact that the fac
tories, in which thousands of them were employed,
are running only half time, has caused them to
turn their eyes homeward.
There is another reason why the French-Cana
dians desire to leave Maine. The Roman Catholic
churches in several places of the State have denied
them the privilege of having priests of their own
tongue. The dispute has caused a bitter feeling be
tween the two races, and the matter has finally
been referred to Rome for adjustment.
Boston, Dec. 21.— The Quebec colonization move
ment, by which it is proposed to have a large per
centage of French-Canadians in New- England set
tle upon unoccupied land in Quebec, was launched
about three years ago, not long after the advent
to power in Canada of Sir Wilfrid Laurier. the Pre
mier, who is a French-speaking Canadian and a
resident of Quebec. While Sir Wilfrid dOM not
stand directly behind the movement, it is known
that it has his sympathy, as well as that of J.
Israel Tarte. the Canadian Minister of Public
Works and the second French-speaking membtr oi
importance in the Canadian Government. The re.il
promoters of the plan are members of the Pro
vincial Government of Quebec and the Lake St.
John Railroad. In lSf«8 Rene Dupont, the coloniza
tion agent, and others came to New-England and
held meetings in many of the mill towns populated
by French-Canadians. Special inducements were
offered all able bodied men with families to reiurn
and take up new land. The Quebec Government
guaranteed to assist all those financially who should
join the repatriation movement, and the land was
to be granted to settlers at a nominal cost.
LUSK GUILTY OF STEALIXG LETTERS.
WAP pr'PERINTENDEXT OF BRANCH G AND A
SPANISH WAR VETERAN
Robert J. Lusk. who was superintendent of Post
offlce Branch G in 1898 and a veteran of the Span
ish war. was found guilty in the United States Cir
cuit Court yesterday of stealing letters from the
mails. Judge Thomas remanded him for sentence.
From a boy in the Postofnce Lusk worked him
self up to be a superintendent. At the breaking
out of the Spanish-American War Lusk enlisted.
His wife was left in the protection of another man.
Two months after his enlistment Lusk returned.
The two men exchanged shots. The other man
was hit. Lusk was tried and discharged on a plea
Afterward Lusk was appointed a clerk in the
Postofflce branch uptown, where he committed the
offence of which he was found guilty.
JUSTICE BEFEMAX-S SUCCESSOR.
OOVERN'OR ROOSEVnT LTKEI-T TO MAKF AX
Alhary. Dec. 21.— Governor Roosevelt announced
to-day that he was likely tn appoint a successor to
the late Justice Henry R. Beekman to-morrow.
The friends of John Proctor Clarke said last night
that It all rested with Mr. Clarke whether or not he
was to receive the appointment to succeed the late
Justice Beekman. Mr. Clarke has for several days
refused to say anything on the subject. His friends
say that while Mr. Clarke had determined to fight
shy of political appointments for an indefinite
period and give his t;me to his law practice, which
Is said to have suffered from his devotion to politi
cal affairs in the last year, a judgment in this city
was too much of an honor to De refused. Mr.
Clarke, however, has given no s*gn that would in
dicate that the judgeship was "coming his way.'
GOLDBERG ER MUST STAY IS FMIBON.
Albany, Dec. 21.— Governor Roosevelt has refused.
It is said, to pardon Samuel Ooldberger, who last
December was sentenced to Sing Sing Prison for a
term of two years on a charge of colonizing in the
Interests of Tammany Hall in the VHlth Assembly
District of New- York City Assemblyman-elect
Adler and others petitioned the Governor to par
MRS. BRASSELL'S TKUWEM RELEASED.
Allenhurst. X .1 , Dec. 21 —The trunks belonging
to Mrs. Sarah Brassed, sister of Mrs. Sanger Pull
man, which was seised on October 4 by merchants
who were at that time creditors of Sanger Pullman,
In the belief that they belonged to him. have been
released and turned over to Mrs. Brassel. Nothing
belonging to Mr. Pullman was found and the
trunks were shipped to New- York last nigfcfc
.4 PORTO RICAX GRIEVANCE.
JUDGES OF THE BUPUDfI COURT STILL
PATPfG REVERENCE TO BtAVt
[BT TELEGRAPH TO THE TJIIBtTSE.]
Washington. Dec. 21.— Senator Foraker has in
troduced a bill reducing from a minimum of
$2,000 in value to $500 suit* of which the Fed
eral Court of Porto Rico can have original Juris
diction. Behind this action there is an interest
ing story which it Is thought explains the pres
en» confusion and annoyance in Porto Rico.
Senator Foraker will push his bill at this session
because of the pressing necessity for the change
his measure proposes. It Is obvious that no re
lief from the present situation in the island can
be obtained until a large class of cases which
are now in the exclusive jurisdiction of the In
sular Supreme Court are transferred to the Juris
diction of the Federal tribunal of the island.
Judge Louis Sulzbacher, the only American
member of the Supreme Court of Porto Rico,
which was established by the Foraker bill
passed at the last session of Congress, brought
to "Washington this week a complaint on which
the Ohio Senator, at the suggestion of the Ad
ministration, is now seeking to remedy by
amendatory legislation a situation on the island
which it was impossible for him to foresee when
h«* drafted his original code bill. Judge Sulz
bacher carried his grievance directly to the
President, and. at Mr. McKinley's request, laid
the matter elaborately before Senator Foraker
and the Committee on Pacific Islands and Porto
Rico, of which Mr. Foraker Is chairman.
Judge Sulzbacher declares that most of the
rulings and decisions of the Supreme Court of
Porto Rico — whose functions and whose rela
tions to the Federal judiciary were intended to
correspond to those of the State courts— are
farcical. The four other members of the court
are native Porto Ricana of acknowledged learn
ing in Spanish laws and customs, and of high
standing on the Island. The Foraker bill estab
lishing civil government for Porto Rico pre
scribed that four members of the court should
be citizens of the island, and that the fifth
should be a citizen of the United States. In
making the appointments the President was
scrupulously careful to get only the highest
ability available. Judge Sulzbacher, who is &
resident of Kansas City, Mo., had no strong po
litical backing, but was selected because of his
peculiar fitness. After practising for years in
the courts of New-Mexico and Arizona he went
to Madrid, and there took a special and thor
ough course in the Law University at the Span
ish capital in order to make himself more per
fectly familiar with Spanish laws and institu
tions, as well as the language.
THE AMERICAN JUDGE OVERRULED.
While the old Spanish code has not yet been
supplanted the President Instructed Judge Sulx
bacher and the other judges of the court to in
terpret as nearly as practicable the present laws
of the island in accord with the spirit of Ameri
can institutions. This is just what Judge Sulz
bacher says his distinguished associates on the
woolsack in Porto Rico stubbornly refuse to do.
Hf has argued and pleaded with them to no
avail. In nearly every important case thus far
tried by the court the American has been voted
down by the four ex-Spaniards. He declares
that they even go so far as frequently to refer
with respect to the past mandates or supposed
wishes of Her Gracious Majesty the Queen
Regent of Spain, and never once have they
taken account of the wishes of His Excellent
the President of the United States. Judge Sulz
bacher explains that this persistent deference on
the part of his associates to Spanish authority
and customs of the past not only resulted in in
justice to American citizens living in Porto Rico
but that it also is acting as a check on numerous
enterprises that would materially assist in the
commercial development of the island and the
establishment of closer and more cordial re
lations between Porto Ricans and Americans
He perceived that a quick and effective remedy
could be obtained by carrying hack to San Juan
a message from the President to the four native
judges admonishing them in plain terms to pay
less reverence to their former sovereign and
more respect to their new chief than has been
their wont thus far in their judicial career under
the Stars and Stripes. It appears, however that
Mr. MeKinley preferred the method embodied in
Senator Foraker's bill to take from the Insular
Supreme Court exclusive Jurisdiction of all cases
involving less than $2,000 of value. The remedy
suggested by Judge Sulzbacher savored too
much of "imperialism" to suit the President
It is confidently believed that when the For
aker amendment becomes effective things will
move along in Porto Rico better than has been
th» cas* up to the present time, and that a bet
ter quality of justice will be meted out to Amer
ican citizens and interests.
GIRL FORCES THIEF TO DISGORGE.
SHE WAS ONLY THIRTEEN TEARS OLD. BCT
CORNERED HIM WITH A REVOLVER.
Treatoa, X. J., Dec. 21 (Special).— The police to
day were asked to look for a robber who was
held up at the point of a pistol by Jennie Griffith.
thirteen years old. who lives near this city, in
The thi^f entered the house, and secured O2 ?5
frnm a strong box in the dining room. While he
was rifling drawers, Jennie who was the only
member of the family at home, and who had been
playing in the yard, went into the house, and the
man fled. In rumaging about he had found a re
volver, and laid it upon a table. The girl seized
it, and ran after him.
At her command he halted at a fence which
he was about to climb. She told him to give up his
plunder. The thief pulled out a dollar bill and
tried to make her think it was all he had taken, but
she saw more money in his pocket, and made him
give her two five dollar bills. She also forced
him to turn his pockets inside out. When she was
satisfied that she had reco\-ered the money she
told him to go.
WIDOW DREW THE WROXG PEXSIOX.
Watertown. N. T-. Dec. 21.— A peculiar pension
case has been brought to the attention of the Pen
sion Department by Attorney F. X. Fitch, of this
city. During the Civil War George Carpenter, son
of a physician at Massena. N. V.. fell in love with
a young woman, but his parents opposed their mar
riage. He went to sea and was absent several
years. Upon his return he married his old love and
told her he had been in the Army. He. drifted
around the counry. finally dying In a smallpox hos
pital in St. Louis in I*7?. Mrs. Carpenter applied
for a pension, which was granted, It being believed
that her husband had served in a Vermont regi
ment. It has now been discovered that the George
W. Carpenter whose pension Mrs. Carpenter dew
served in Company I of the 14th Maine Infantry.
The George W. Carpenter cf the Vermont regiment
has now made application for a pension himself.
GOYERXOR'S GUEST AT ITXCHEOX.
Albany. Dec. 21.— Colonel W. Carey Sanger had
luncheon with Governor Roosevelt to-day. Colonel
Sanger went abroad last winter, where he studied
the organization of the various foreign militia
systems, hnvinm been commissioned to so do by the
NRtional and State governments.
VIXSTRELS AT STXG ZIXG PRISOX.
George Thatcher has offered the services of him
self and his troupe to Warden Johnson of Sin«
Sing Prison for a special performance before the
convicts Christmas morning The Warden ha» ac
cepted the offer. The entire company of fifty will
take part In thts performance, which will begin at
9 a. m.
The F. & M.
On Draught at all Customer*.
Bottled at the Brewery
aaii delivered direct to Families. -
ruk At*., 30th t* Mat Su, FUw Y«rlu
is to a woman a serious. matter—
cially so when travelling. Every
woman Is delighted with the charming
• toilet arrangements provided by »he
Catsasa to St. Paul aal Mlaa^jolla: to '—'
Motnes. St. Josrsß «a* Kansas City. Tar
rail Infansatloa »pply to any railroad ageat.
eaH en or addresa E. x. JEXKIN3. GtT
PimiWjt Aim. Sl* Broadway. Xew Tork. or
F. H. LORD. General Passenger Agent.
Chicago Great Western Railway, Chicago.
Whiting M'f'g Co.
Broadway & ISthi St.
1. W«> manufacture solid stiver onlTt tail
of but one grade, that of Sterling- 025
1000 line; therefore the aboTe trade
mark I* it guarantee of quality 'as
Absolute an the Hal! Mark of England.
8. Purchasers secure an entire freedom from
false Impressions to which they it*
liable where solid silver and - plated
ware are made la the same factory*'
3. The question. ••!• It stiver, or Is It plated V*
Is never raised concernlns a grift bear
ins; this Crude-mark, as all wares •»
marked are solid sliver and solid silver
A new importation of
Rugs in popular sizes
SS3TO34I FOVKTH AVENVE
Bet. 24 tl- and 25th Sts.) New Tofk.
Among them a col
lection of rare Silk Rugs,
in beautiful colors, at
moderate prices, suit
The Latest Fads
\ Especially adapted for Christmas
Gifts are exhibited
\ to-day by
\ Bartens & Rice Go.,
j2& Fifth Avenue \
\ Mm* Waldorf-Astoria.
OPEN EVENINGS. -
% The Briarcliff Farms %
?: offers for the ?
J Christmas Holidays «
f SMilk. Cream and Batter, IT
2? Pare, Rich and Nourishing. J
Four gold medals awarded at Parts <fr
4: Exposition. . >
*( SEW YORK STORES: ¥
V .*>73 .Madtson Are.. .Vith St. 4
* 290 Amsterdam Aye.. 74th St. f
f*> JLiHix seventh Are.. 1234 St. ft
_^ I* » cm* tor
FREE ELECTRIC BELT OFFER
:- ...... W '•(*:» 2Jr SMEtWJA* M 3
<*!*&t&VVPj A*%M>at. IAL ta jour o»n home. «<.
JL,* -/•» ¦Jf_ I J t^s* : -iraish th? c*atits« &ad
th'ffKrwSWJiiirl^l 11 '"! n TTTtirT nrtrr iLtsa^.i
;SS*Ss^Z3CcS?^"!i t<ltm "lU..N t u-*nHic sun
tly* fgg, :1 ? jj '^j^L^f y" T rr *' if ro£ til 3 pap-*?
•s;^sSvJr e»»l|»»«ltl»»i™rm»t»*. C3STI
''W 1 AIMOST MOTHIdQ compared
wi;h most all <i:h»rtlT*tn' all. tun-. »»•» ..llln ihi
trie t».u. imMmih m<h M i«iii folL QUICK IMH (or
more th«a v^ilment-i. u\Ll tor tLUaerroa*
dlwaMO. wntwww aad disorders. For complain
•ratal toßSdeatlal catalogue, <mttu>^«at h4 ¦»>] to «».
SEARS, ROEBUCK iCO Chicago.
-*- . ¦