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UNEXPECTED DISCOVERY OF NERVES
AMONG LONDONERS-PROJECTS FOR
UNDERGROUND ELECTRIC LINES
-HOW THE COST OF THE
SOUTH AFRICAN war
WILL BE EQUALLED,
London, December 8.
The success of the new Twopenny Tube has
led to one singular result It is the discovery
that Londoners have nerves. The general Influ
ence of London fogs, blue, yellow and gray, has
been the promotion of habits of Insensibility to
everything that is disagreeable or unusual. The
Londoner has plumed himself upon being phleg
matic, and. unlike the excitable ? American,
virtually without nerves. Complaints are now
made by householders all the way from Shep
herd's Bush to the Mansion House of the vibra
tion caused by the constant running of trains
in the deep level tunnels. Letters are written
to the newspapers by residents along the route
describing the discomfort of Invalids, not from
the noise, but from the vibration underground.
and asserting that unless the evil be miti
gated some of the best residential dis
tricts west of Oxford-st. and along Hyde
Park will become uninhabitable and property
decline in value. The real estate agents have
been singing another song. They have been
putting up rentals in that residential district
and in the western suburbs served by the Cen
tral London Railway as the natural sequence
to the improvement in transit facilities. It is
difficult to forecast any practical method of
lessening the vibrations. The tunnels of the
new electric lines are at least fifty feet under
ground, and sometimes ninety feet, and the- ex
cavations in the main have been made in deep
beds of clay, which ought to deaden the sense
of vibratory motion. The tunnels are lined with
Iron in consequence of the fixed requirement of
an act of Parliament. It is possible that con
crete protection would diminish the oscillations.
In any event, indignant householders are rais
ing outcries for a thorough inquiry by the Board
Complaints are also recorded by the news
papers on another score. Old-fashioned, slow
going, leisurely passengers object strongly to
being hustled in and out of trains at stations.
In the District and Metropolitan railways, as
well as in omnibuses, they have been in the
habit of taking their time to finish a paragraph
in the newspaper before alighting, and they are
Irritated when they are ordered by the guards
to * Step lively!" and are fairly bundled out of a
car. When they are in the Twopenny Tube
they have no excuse tor not knowing where
they are. for the guards, in true American
style, briskly call out the name of the approach
ing station and slam the doors with a bang, in
order to emphasize the significance of the an
nouncement. When the train is reaching the
station outgoing 1 senders are expected to be
on their feet, working toward the door and bal
ancing themselves with the aid of the overhead
straps, and % minute suffices for clearing the
way for the incoming throng. The managers as
sert that, with the enormous pressure of traffic,
it is necessary to operate trains at 2*6 minutes'
headway at busy hours, and that the platform
must be cleared within two minutes. Staid, con
servative Londoners who are not responsible for
Che schedule are not influenced by these consid
• eration?. They inveigh against the introduction
Into the English metropolis of the mad whirl
end reckless energy of American life. In the
slang of the West End, the Twopenny Tube
"sets on their nerves." As a foreigner, who has
been out of Ameiica fur nearly six years, and
sometimes has a qualm of homesickness in Lon
don town, I may add that I have only to put a
ticket in the chopper and take a ride in the
Twopenny Tube in order to imagine that I am
once more in New-York.
The writers of complaining letters need to be
as lucid and eloquent as possible, for no time
is to be lost in protecting British nerves against
underground oscillations and the irritability
produced by hustling. The success of the Cen
tral London Railway has imparted a tremen
dous in.; '.ilr<- to the rapid transit' movement,
and there are scores of projects coming before
Parliament for the construction of new tun
rx-ls for electric lines. There are now three
electric railways in operation: The City and
South London, the Waterloo and City, and
the Central London. These lines have a total
mileage of eleven. They connect Clapham Com
mon through the old Booth Borough with the
Mansion House and Finsbury Pavement. Water
loo Station under Queen Victoria-st. with the
Mansion House, and Shepherd's Bush under
Oxford-Et. and Hoiborn with the Royal Ex
change. In addition to the railways open to
traffic th«>re are four undertakings either in
progress or about to be begun. These are (1)
the Baker-st. and Waterloo, which will run
under the Thames to Charing Cross, and thence
under Portland-:! to BaUer-st. with an exten
sion to Pa<ldington; <-• the Charing Cross, Eus
ton and Hampstcad. which will pass under
Tottenham Court Road, and for which nu
merous extensions are projected to Highgate,
Gofer's Green and Victoria; <3) the Great
Northern and City, from Finsbury Pavement
to Finsbury Park, and (4) the Brompton and
Pk cadilly. via Kensington. High and Hyde Park
Cornei T! < length of those four undertakings.
without the *>xU-nt=lor!S of the Hampstead line,
will be fift^on and throe-quarters miles.
Th* gem law under which these enterprises
are constructed is extremely liberal, the only re
quir*-mc-nts be in? the lining of the tunnels with
iron and provisions for cheap transit for work
ing people morning and evening. Almost any
company with adequate financial support can
pf-cure authorit> for cutting an underground
tube, in addition to the 20% miles now open for
traffic-, or in process of conft ruction, authority
has '.'. granted for an increased mileage of
18%. Both the Baker-st. and Waterloo and the
Central London are empowered to extend their
lines, and the City and South London can also
enlarge its system by branches to Brlxton and
Islington. Hardly has the new thoroughfare
Keen planned between Hoiborn and the Strand
before there is a project for undermining it with
a tunnel us an outlet for the Great Northern
system m**Lfor an electric line four miles long.
There is also a scheme for an electric railway of
the game length from Marble Arch to Crickle
wood, and the Metropolitan and District rail
ways are authorized to lay down a deep level
line from South Kensington to the Mansion
The lift of new projects is growing every day.
and it already includes thirteen extensions or
fresh undertakings with a mileage of 61%. If
these plans axe carried out and those already
mentioned are completed, London will have a
system of 107 miles of underground electric
railways and be fairly gridironed. These calcu
lations do not Include the old Metropolitan and
District lines, which are now adopting active
measures for the substitution of electricity for
steam and are increasing their capital with that
*nd in view. Some of the new projects compete
directly with undertakings already authorized.
*O'ong these are the City and West End, which
will be parallel to the Brompton and Piccadilly,
•nd the City and Northeast Suburban, which
*'1»1 compete with the Northeast London and
•»• faave an extension to Waltham Cross. Tin* I
Northeast London will be a continuous line from
the Mansion House via Cannon-st., the Monu
ment and Blshopsgate to Stoke Newington,
Stamford Hill and Walthamßtow. The new
projects also include a line from Buckingham
Palace Road through Victoria-st., the Embank
ment and Cannon-st. to Southwark and Peck
ham; a railway from Charjng Cross via Picca
dilly Circus. Park Lane and Kensington High to
Hammersmith; a tunnel from Fulham to Vlc
torla-st.. under King's Road, and various other
undertakings. All these projects will be left to
private companies, which will solve the problem
of Metropolitan transit without suggestion or
hindrance from the County Council, which has
been devoting its energies for several years to
municipal control and ownership of the anti
quated suburban tram lines. If there had been
a comprehensive scheme, with the local parlia-
A SHIFT GOING DOWN INTO THE 120-FOOT SHAFT AT ONE-HUNDRED-AND
WORK ON THE RAPID TRANSIT TUNNEL AT ONE-HUNDRED-AND-EIGHTY-FIRST-ST. AND ELEVENTH-AYE.
merit of the richest city in the world behind it,
better results would have been secured. A great
opportunity for a municipal underground elec
tric system under the control of the London
County Council has been lost. Possibly that
would have been regarded as a vagary of what
Lord Salisbury has described as megalomania.
The transformation which will be wrought by
the construction of this complex system of un
derground transit will be the most costly of the
constantly recurring changes which have
marked the history of London since Saxon and
Norman tin os. The estimate for the Great
Northern and City Electric Line is about
13.000,000 a mile for construction and equip
ment. The figures of the Waterloo and City are
lower, and those of the Central London higher,
the former having had the Southwestern Rail
way behind it in financing the undertaking.
The cost of construction and equipment may be
reduced by the dlrei-t application of American
methods on the Charing Cross, Euston and
Hampstead Line, hut with the average estimate
given above the expense of the various under
takings previously referred to will be Js"-1.
<kxmhk>. As tho Metropolitan and District rail
ways are not included in this rough estimate
and as various supplementary lines and exten
sions will certainly he required, it will be safe
to assuni" that the expense -of providing the
metropolis with <-omplete facilities for rapid
transit underground will exceed f500.000.000,
and may equal the cost of the war in South
Africa. It is not strange that American capi
talists, oven with their own engineers and equip
ment contrafctora behind them, are welcomed
with op^n hands. If the trunk railway lines
had f-f'mbinfd for working out this problem, or
if the London County Council had been as ener
getic and venturesome as the Corporation of
Manchester, the monoy would have been raised
at lowr rates, and the expense of the rapid
transit system would have been greatly reduced.
While rajiid transit will i>e costly, it will in
volve enormous irrroßPes of valuation, espe
cially in suburban property. Rentals have gone
up all along the line of the Central London, and
there Ins be B a speculative movement in the
outer suburbs, which have been brought into
elope tou<"h with oxford Street and the Mansion
House. The same results will follow the comple
tion of the railways now under construction.
The Balcer-st. district will revive, and Hamp
stead and other suburbs will have their little
"booms." So generally are these results antici
pated that Chelsea. Kensington, Hammersmith
ar.d scores of other centres of population are in
teresting themselves In rapid transit projects
as Indispensable to the maint^nano^s^of their
position in the metropolis and to an upward
movement in the values of property. When
every metropolitan borough, except possibly the
East End, with its forlorn and dismal areas, is
adequately served with transit facilities, the
relative values of property will remain much as
they are, except in remote suburbs. In this way
the history of London from the earliest times
will repeat itself. The City has always been
emptying itself outward from the centre, and
the suburbs have grown from the constant re
swarming of hives of population. The metropo
lis as a whole gains enormously In wealth by
the filling up of the circle within fifteen or
twenty miles of Charing Cross. There are no
nerves in the British pocketbook. The vibra
tions underground will not jar the sovereigns
and the sixpences in the till. Even the mad
rush of American hustling at the stations wili
be endured with philosophic composure when
the suburbs are flinging their tribute into the
I*l/ of Imperial London. L N. F.
HONEY REES AND PEACHES
A UNIQUE SUIT OF BROTHER AGAINST
BPOTHER BECAUSE OF THE IN
SECTS" FONDNESS FOR
GOFhen, N. T. Dec. 22 (Special).—
CHAPTER I. . £:
"Peach Tree" Utter took no ease
When he learned his brother's bees
Ate the peaches on his trees, . ¦
And caused them all to rot.
"By,", says he, "the Holy Qratl
I'll Kit upon the critters' trail .' . ¦
An' kltch a couple by the tall."
But, b'gosh. their tails were hot.
The motto of the Orange County farmer as he
delves down deep into earth's mysteries, tilling the
8011, • driving the cows home or harvesting the
crops, is that "there must always be a cause for a
reason." . When ' William H. Utter, of Amity, dis
covered that instead of ripe, luscious peaches from
his orchard of four thousand trees, he was produc
ing only small, half grown fruit, that rotted rapidly
and was totally unfit for market, he began to cogi
tate. He thought long and vainly. One day, knee
deep in June, he stood .out among the trees and
soliloquized. "The ways of mystery are strange,"
thought he. when suddenly . he . made a " discovery-
From somewhere flew a honey bee. It alighted
upon a peach in close proximity to the watcher,
and, standing upon its head, waved its hind legs in
the air. Then it flew away.- - Investigation . dis
closed the fact that the peach had been punctured.
Next day he watched again. The bee came back.
With it came several others, each of which punct
ured peaches, and the fruit rotted. From it ex
uded a sticky substance which hardened on the
branches, and ultimately forty-nine of his choicest
trees died. Forty rods away was the apiary of his
brother Jeffry, numbering several hundred hives.
William H. Utter at once "susplcioned" his broth
er's bees, but had no way of proving that they had
caused the damage.
CHAPTER 11. ,
Further yet than eye could see.
Dally o'er the verdant lea
Flew the busy little bee.
JlummlnK merrily Its son*.
•reach Tree" then experimented
Till he had a cage invented.
When his nature stern relented.
¦ And he chuckled, loud and long.
William H. Utter, who had been dubbed "Peach
Tree," lay awake nights sorely troubled. He knew
that in order to secure damages he must fix the
identity of the bees. At last he succeeded. With
the aid of an apparatus which consisted of a long
handled utensil such as housewives fasten a cloth
to and shake around in the bottom of pots and ket
tles, "Peach Tree" Utter made a trap. Armed with
his inventjon he sallied forth Into the orchard,
stealthily sneaked upon the bees as they sat at
ease upon his peaches and snared them. He took
the captives home and placed them in a box In
which flour had been sprinkled. After the bees
had become thoroughly dust coated Utter turned
them loose, and, with his son fc<sslde him, watched
them fly away. He swears they went straight to
the apiary of his brother Jeffry, 'who is designated
as "Honey Bee" Utter. "Peach Tree" r brought
suit against 'Honey Bee" before a nral Justice
and secured a verdict of $25. This somewhat pro
voked the brother "Honey Bee," who is said ordi
narily to be the meekest man since Moses, and his
appeal from the Judgment has been heard at
Jeffry Utter and his fellows
Claim the peached all had "yellows. "
E'en though William loudly bellows
That. b'gosh. it warn't so.
And all the country roundabout
Is twlxt a "holler and a shout,"
While they're waltln' to find out.
"Cause they're anxious fur to know.
The Beekeepers' Protective Association of the
United States took up "Honey Bee" Utter l » case
and spent much money to win. as an adverse
decision would establish a precedent detrimental
to beekeepers' Interests. It ' is the contention
of the experts that bees will not attack fruit
until it has begun to decay, and they also assert
that "Peach Tree" Utters orchard is afflicted with
"yellows." a disease common to peach trees. The
appellants had nearly forty witnesses, and among
the experts were Frank Benton. of Washington. As
sistant Entomologist of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, and •E. R. Root, of Medina,
Ohio, the root of the Beekeepers' Association.
Popular opinion was against "Peach Tree" and with
his brother. However, there were several who took
the respondent's view of the case. Said one:
I'm jes' nacherly inclined to 'bleeve ~. William
Henery is krect in his seclusions, 'cause I've
handled many a skip of bee*, myself, and when he
says as how they flew away toward Jeff's .place,
that settles it. When a bee starts to go hum he
Jes' buzzes right up inter the. air and lights out
stralghter'n an arrow from, the bow. You've heerd
boys at ball-play when some feller batted one hard
'nufif to go right through another .feller call it a
"bee-liner"? Well, that's Jes' where that 'spresalon
Is deprived from, 'cause a bee flies so straight
when he's Eoln* home. Many's the time when I
was a little rooster me and my paw- went into the
woods and burnt some salt and honey to make
bcea come nich, and when/they'd light «ut for hum
we always folly'd In the same dereckshun arvl
found many a good bee tree.
The farmers from many miles around gathered
to hear the trial of this suit, end beekeepers are
gathered here from all over the country, some com
ing even from New-Hampshire and North Carolina.
The star witnep;, for the defendant was Frank
Benton. He had spent thirty years studying bees,
and for that purpose spent four years In Austria,
four in Germany and several in Eastern countries
in pursuit of bee knowledge. He said that the
tongue of the bee was soft and pliable, and could
not puncture a peach. The inner tongue of the
bee is spoon shaped and covered with hair. It
cannot become rigid. It laps Its food, which is
called nectar, and Is fond of rotten peaches. Its
feelers are soft, and cannot pierce any substance
that offers the least resistance. They are supposed
ly the organs of touch and smell by which bees
recognize each other by the odor of thf body.
Sometimes thry will meet and wind their feelers
about each other. This is their method of shaking
This testimony knocked the bottom out of Will
iam H. Utters cause. After being out fifteen min
utes the Jury brought In a verdict of no cause of
action, which was a verdict for the bee keepers.
PICTURESQI'E SUBWAY WORK.
DRIVING DEEP SHAFTS THROUGH SOLID ROCK
FOR THE ELEVATORS.
Until recently the work on the Rapid Transit
subway has appeared to be little more than a
series of excavations; but now the construction
in several places is assuming definite form. In
lower Fourth-aye. and at Broadway and One
hundred-and-thirty-flfth-st. short sections of the
steelwork have been completed and inclosed.
On account of the great variety of natural con
ditions of the ground through which the subway
Is to pass, several different modes of construe-
tlon have been found necessary. The greater
part of the work will be done in an open cut,
many examples of which may at present be
seen; but at such places as Fourth-aye. and
Thlrty-fourth-st.. at the north end of Central
Park, where the eastern branch of the road
crosses to Lenox-ave., and at Broadway and
One-hundred-and-flfty-elghth-Bt. tunnels must
The best example of this kind of work may be
seen at the latter place. In the open cut at this
point the subway will he of the standard steel
construction for two tracks, which is the form
most common throughout the whole extent of
the road. Above this opening and for some dis
tance below it, where the nature of the rock per
mits tunnelling, the masonry arch construction
will be used.
Although the heading to the tunnel alone is
visible, the work has advanced rapidly, until at
present about three hundred feet of rock excava
tion has been made. As the surface of the ave
nue rises from One-hundred-and-flfty-eighth-st.,
the stations above, at One-hundred-and-slxty
nlnth-st. and One-hundred-and-eighty-ftrst-st.,
will have to be reached by elevators. The shafts
at these two points are well under way, and
when the requisite depth is reached, side head
ings will be driven both north and south until
the various parts are connected. The tunnel is
to extend as far as Hillside-aye., from which
place the cars will run on a viaduct to Kings
Work began yesterday in Central Park, at
West One-hundred-and-fourth-st., on the tunnel
that will cut across under the Park from that
point to One-hundred-and-tenth-st. and Lenox
SUNDAY SCHOOL OFFICIAL ACCUSED.
BYRON A. ROBINSON. OK HAMILTON GRANGE
CHrRPH. HET.n ON CHABOB OF FORGERY.
Byron A. Robinson, of No. EM West One-hundred
and-forty-ftrth-st.. the superintendent of the Ham
ilton Orange Baptist Sunday School, at One-hun
dred-and-forty-flfth-st. and Convt>nt-ave.. was held
in $5,001 bail by Magistrate Brann in the Harlem
Police Court yesterday morning on the charge of
forgery. The complainant wan Fr.ink Rollins, who
is in charge of the Annex Peter Cooper High
School, at One-hundred-.ind-seventy-third-st. and
Thlrd-ave.. and lives In the tame apartment house
with Robinson. The specific charge was the
forgery of what purported to be a certified check
for $1,275 hearing the alleged Indorsement of Au
gust Lindo & Co., of No 1 Broadway
When Robinson was arrested Friday night his
wife swooned and there war much excitement in
the house. Robinson, according to Rollins, wrote a
confession admitting that his representations had
been false ami sent it to Rollins's attorney. Mr.
Swan, of No. 35 Broadway.
ONLY one day more for buying Christmas
Gifts. If among; those who have de
ferred, you will find selection an easy
task at our establishment. Thousands of ar
ticles to choose from combining utility uith
beauty, the useful with the ornamental, with
the additional satisfaction of obtaining the
very best value for whatex er sum \ ou w Lsh to
expend, and the certainty that your choice
will be sure to please the recipient.
R. J. HORNER & CO.
:• urui rurr Makers Mn«l Importers,
61, 63, 65 West 23d Street
"Buy China and Glass Right*
RICH CUT GLASS.
STORE— AND WHY:
Partly because of the Nature of the Goods — Glass and China,
as we sell it, being both eminently Useful, and pre
eminently Artistic — making the Ideal Gift.
Partly because of the superb and absolutely unsurpassed
variety — from the pretty, inexpensive trifle, to the
magnificent Dinner Set of costly China, or the full
service of elaborately Cut Glass.
A vastly larger stock this year than ever,—
The Art Works of the world contributing
Their rarest, choicest, loveliest effects.
And once more, because Holiday Season, or any other
season, our original price policy,
46 14 Less Than Elsewhere,"
is always steadfastly in force, unless, as often happens,
reductions from established values are even greater,
as will be the case to-morrow.
So great were our plans for the Christmas and New
Year purchasing of 1900 that although our sales for this
year have far exceeded that of any previous year, our stock
is yet complete, and for those who have delayed purchasing
their Christmas gifts they will find here not odds and ends
but a full complete Christmas stock. Extra inducements
to early buyers such as the following:
? * A present always appreciated by a
C TF I N C man is a stein. We were fortunate in
J llillU. I j ust securing a late shipment at a
* * great reduction. $1.00 buys a very
handsome stein. From this price upward.
*- * We have about 50 Delft
ROYAL BONN Blue Royal Bonn Plaques.
r* \ r\ nrr The y o rdinaril >' sell from *
PLAQUES. upward. You take your
i choice of the entire lot at
FRENCH VASES, -[>;
20°' REDUCTION, j "f^2S
. ¦ * Ormolu
mounted vases and genuine imported
Teplitz busts and figures at a special reduc
tion of 20 per cent. Remember that this
reduction will be for Monday only. After^
Christmas the present prices will be main- 4
A useful present and
BRONZE one that is always ap
i nil or preciated is a good lamp.
LAfflri). We have recently had
<$ * mounted after our own
design some 25 or 30 very handsome bronze lamps. They are mounted
with appropriate shades, and instead of at the ordinary prices you take ,
your choice from the entire lot at $ 1 2. 00 complete.
Large Assortment of Other Lamps at Interesting Prices.
>, ? In all perhaps 50
THIN A china clocks. Some
ri nrvc in Dresden with
CLOLKb. raised flowers,
?- * others with hand
painted decoration. Many different
colors, shapes, sizes and styles. Some
moderately priced at $25.00. We will
place the entire line on sale Monday
and offer them to you at
*— • Next to cut glass perhaps comes
HOLD the P rett >' B old £ lass * The <* esi £ ns
uu of fruit and flowers are first cut in the
GLASS. & lass and tlien filled in with % oM '
L<» There are bon-bons in many shapes
and sizes, fruit or berry bowls, olive dishes, etc., from
STERLING MOUNTED CUT
GLASS CLARET JUGS.
We have just received the last lot of Sterling
silver mounted rich cut glass claret jugs. The
mountings are heavy and beautiful. There are
many different styles of cuttings and they are
moderately priced at $5.75, $10.00, $12 T
516.50, $IS.OO and $27.50.
Unusual preparations have been made for
Monday deliveries, and our customers can be sure
that all purchases made will be delivered before
OPEN HONDAY EVENING.
50-54 WEST 22D STREET.
DECEMBER 23, 1900.
•P 1» O 0 upwards.