Newspaper Page Text
THE END OF THE CENTURY.
ANOTHER ATTEMPT TO MALE ITS TIME
OF CLOSING CLEAR
' SPREAD OF THE QUESTION TO DECADES
THE FALLIBILITY OF ENCYCLOPEDIAS.
Freeborn. Minn.. Dec. 19. 1900.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have Just read the article In The Triweek
ly Tribune of the 14th inst. about the new century
-when It begins. 1 read tne article through In
baas the writer would say something about the
decades-when they begin. I have been entangled
la some disputes about that, and I wanted to be
set rlcht. i haven't seen any authoritative state
ment on that topic. I have seen plenty of argu
merits defending the theory that the new century
begins January 1. 1901. All the arguments I have
Man have been on that side. These writers all
have an air of confidence that is very charming.
1 have read all I have seen on the subject with
Interest, because I want to be convinced, co as to
be with the majority. lam loth to feel that all the
learned men in the country are against me, or that
ay views differ from those of all learned people.
And I don't want to eet myself down as one who
Is too obtuse to understand reasons that are plain
to everyone else. The writer of. the article men
tioned above say* the question in regard to the be
ginning of the century is settled. The learned
mathematicians have settled it. Everybody of
learning and prominence has acquiesced in the set
tlement except the Emperor of Germany and the
president of Wellesley College. Well, when do the
decades begin? Is that question settled? If so,
how? Have we begun a new decade, or must we
wait till January 1, 1901? What years are com
prised In a decade? When We speak of the sixties.
for instance, do we mean the years between ISjO
and lfe.O. or the years between 1861 and 1871? And
the seventies, is that decade included between the
years IS7O and ISBO, or between the years 1871 and
18S1. and so on? It seems to an unlearned man
that It ought to be possible is^oma way to get rid
of that useless and perplexing figure 1 In our reck
oning and begin a new decade when We begin to
write new figures. And so of the centuries. From
ISM to 1900 should include a century, even and
square, and that without using the word inclusive.
That would be the natural, common-sense way to
do. To put on a 1 every time is unnatural and
Now I am not a learned man. I did attend a
school when I was a boy away up in on*» of those
steep hillsides in Vermont for a few terms. The
district is now almost depopulate, and the site of
the nchoolhouse could hardly be located accurately.
That is the highest school 1 ever attended in any
cense of the word. I Rot but little of that.
and that little was lone ago forgotten. So. when it
comes to learned things. I am not in it. I can un
derstand some arguments and some I can't. I can
understand how the hundredth dollar is needed to*
pay the $100 debt and how the nineteen hundredth
dollar would be needed to pay the $1,900 debt, but I
can't see why. if we are reckoning from the birth
of a person, the dates should not correspond with
the sge of that person. Assuming that Jesus Christ
was born January L at th- beginning of the Chris
tian era, and we have the right reckoning If He
had lived till January 1, 1900, He would have been
1900 years oid on that day He would have lived
His l&OOth year in ]«<*. That ide; has got stuck so
fast In my thick skull that I find it hard to get it
out. The ordinals are always one ahead of the nu
merals. Christ wasn't a year old when He was born.
I can't see why we should not reckon the years of
Hl* age Just as we do those of anybody else. When
I get to be one hundred years old I am going to say
so the very first day of that year. I am not going
to drag through another year before I can call it
that I am a century old. And when I get to be two
hundred years old I am going to say I have lived
two centuries on the very first day of that year.
At the age of 1900 I am going to declare that I have
lived my full nineteen centuries, and if I live a
day longer it shall count on the twentieth century
of my life. 1 am not going to feel that I am a year
behind time at every one of these centennial pe
riods. , _.
»*->w. the author of the article we are considering.
headed "La Fin de Siecle"— l don't know what in
Bam Hill that means— says there never was a year
0 nobody ever heard of anything happening in the
year 0. and that such an idea is an unaccountable
thing Well, perhaps, such an Idea is an absurdity,
but It peems to me it would be a mighty sight
handler to have euch a year than it is to try to
fret along without it. Then, if you are reckoning
time which Includes years before Christ with years
afterward you have straight work. For Instance.
If a child -was born in the year 5 B. C. and died the
same time of the year S A. D.. if you had a zero
year you could simply add the two dates together
and you would have the age of the child. If there
If no zero year there, then instead of the child I
being ten years old at death it would have been
only nine. If history has failed to recognize that
then history has made a mistake. It is just a little
off. Chambers's Encyclopaedia says that Augustus j
Caesar was born September 23. in the year «3 B. C. I
and that he died August 19, in the year 14 A. D.,
and that he was In the seventy-seventh year of his
age. If there Is a zero year at the commencement
cf the Christian era Chambers's Encyclopaedia is
right; if there Is no zero year then Chambers's
Encyclopaedia is wrong. Augustus Caesar was not
almost seventy-seven years old; he lacked a month
of being seventy-six years old.
la the old almanacs the hour between 12 and 1 ¦
was represented by an 0. • Half-past twelve was put
0:39. I asked my father once what sense there "was
in having an hour represented by a cipher. He
said it was because the first hour was not yet com
pleted. Why it should be any more absurd to have
a zero year than it is to have a zero hour I don't
•understand. My ideas may seem very foolish to the
learned, but there are a good many plain, blunt
men. tillers of the soil like myself, that think the
new century ought to begin with the new figures.
It would be lees confusing, and whatever the
scholars may say about our thlck-headedness we
think it would be more In accordance with good,
sound horse sense to have it bo. For one lam ex- 1
PLAN FOR SECTION OF DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SOUTH OF PENNSYLVANIA-AYE
AND NORTH OF B ST. B. W.
2SS2. y « •°I ry J )ur I mathemat > «ans find so much
aWkrukir In figuring it out that way. I assure you.
£U»7? "*J, I have all the deep and lasting
snhi!^ 1 tnlf! / , ma »«- that the Importance of
Uie subject demands Very truly yours
It is truly a comfort to get a letter like 'his It
Is plain, forward, candid, modest and
honest. The writer asks frankly for an explana
tion which he can understand, and it is a pleasure
to try to give him one. If he could see the letters
en this subject which have been received at this
office in the last week, the most of them stupid
and silly, some of them abusive and all of «hem
except his anonymous, he would blush for his side
ef the case. For he is himself obviously a gentle
man and a man of sense. And be is not so thick
headed as he makes himself out to be. as Is shown
to ceveral ways, m the .first place, he has written
* long letter which can be printed without correc.
won. and that is a. rare thing, even for an old
. and experienced newspaper writer. Then he has
discovered that In reckoning from B. C. to A D
fe/tt! necessary to subtract one from the cum of the
numbers, and. finally, he hM detected Chambers I
Encyclopa?dia in an error by no means obvious.
But of that by and by. The ¦>>«—! *•! ""«¦ lie
made to clarify every point which Mr. Fisk s.iyb is
obscure to him.
The decades begin with the years numbered so
and-so-and-1, and end with the years whose num
bers end in 0. To be sure of this, it is necessary
only to go back to the beginning. Just as with tne
centuries. The ftrnt year began (theoretically) Just
when Christ was born, and ended when He wns
one year old That was Christ's first year, the flret
year of his life, the first year of the Christian Era,
the first year of our Lord, the year 1. The next
year, beginning when He was one year old and
ending when He was two years old. was His second
year, the year 2. The first ten year* were the years
1 t S 4 6 6. 7 8. 9 and 10. That was the first
decade. There are ten years in It. Count them
If the year 10 were not counted in !t there «MN
be only nine, and they would not make a decade
The year 10 having been counted In the first decade.
It cannot be counted In the second. The second
decade began with the year 11, and it did not have
ten years in it. and was not a decade, till it had
included the year 20. And so on. If ever a decade
were counted as ending with a year whose num
ber ended in 9. then a year must have been
dropped out of some decade to mak» it come so.
This fact is not affected by the common expres
sion "In the sixties" or "in the seventies." These
expressions doubtless mean, respectively, the years
ONE OF THE TRANSVERSE ROADWAYS IN THE NEW WASHINGTON PARK PLANS.
from '60 to '69, including both, and the years from
•70 to '79, including both. But it is merely a loose
and conversational mode of speech, Ilk© many
another. It has no historic or mathematical sig
nificance, and has nothing to do with the question.
It must be borne in mind, however, that the word
•decade" means merely a period of ten years, re
gardless of when it begins or ends. The period
from July 4. 1876, to July 4. ISB6, is Just as much a
decade as any other period of ten years.
Mr. Fisk and others should also remember that
numbers and their relations are not the inventions
of men. A mathematician cannot help ten years
making ten any more than he can help 2 and 2
making 4. The mathematicians have merely dis
covered and learned many things about numbers;
they have not arranged and dictated those things.
Mr. Fisk thinks that it would be more convenient
and sensible for decades to end with the years
"79, '89, '99, etc., and for the century to end with
the year '99. That is a matter of opinion, and on
that subject Mr. Fisk has as much right to his
own opinion as the Astronomer Royal. But the
fact is that the decades and the centuries do not
so end. If all the mathematicians in the world
wanted to make the decades and the centuries end
in that way. they could not do it. To say that it
would be convenient for the century to end with
the year '99, and that, therefore, it does end with
the year '99, would be no more sensible than to
Bay that it would be convenient for men to have
eyes in the backs of their heads.
Mr. Fisk la mistaken when he says that, "as
suming that Jesus Christ was born on January 1,
at the beginning of the Christian Era, if He had
lived till January 1, 1900, He would have been 1900
years old that day." He would not, and Mr. Fisk
will see it. if he will count again, carefully. Ho
would have been 1599 years old on that day. Mr.
Fisk makes the mistake of supposing that the
number of the year means Christ's age. It does
not; it means the year of His life which Is passing
—the year of our Lord. Go back to what was said
a little while ago. The years of the Christian Bra
began to count from the birth of Christ. When
He was a year old one year had passed, and that
year which had passed was the year 1. When He
was ten years old ten years of the Christian Era
had passed, the last of them being the year 10.
When IKW years had passed and the year 1900 be
gan. H« was 1898 years old. Can anything be
plainer? Try it another way. How do we or
dinarily determine a mans age In a given year?
By sul.tra.ting the year of his birth from the
year in question do we not? Very well. Christ
is sappoMd to have been bom on January 1 in the
y«ar 1. How old was He on January 1' in the
year tffff Subtract 1 from 1900 and you have 1899
and that was His age. It is not to be believed that
Mr Fisk can fall to se« the point, when he looks
at It in these two ways.
The term 'fin de slecle." which troubles the
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. BTTITOAY. DECEMBER 28. 1900.
writer of this letter, Is one which has been heard,
a good deal in the last fifteen years or so. It
means "end of the century."
Now, as to the year 0. Mr. Flak feels that It
would bo a mighty sight handler to have such a
year." The answer to this is the same one which
has already been used. The question Is not whether
It would be handier, but whether there was such
a year. And there was not. Not in history, that
is. In the previous article In The Tribune ,to
which Mr. Flsk refers, It was not thought well to
confuse the reader with a long explanation of the
astronomical year 0, which has no significance in
the present discussion. But Mr. Fisk Is a man
who wants the whole truth, and It Is fair that he
should have it. Here, then, is a quotation from
the article on "Chronology" In the Encyclopedia
Astronomers denote the year which preceded the
first of our era by 0, and the year previous to that
by 1 B. C. but chronologers, in conformity \wtn
common notions, call the year preceding the era
1 B. C, the previous year 2 B. C, and so on.
But It will readily be seen that even If this year
0 were counted by historians, as it is not, it would
not affect the question of when the century ends,
because it comes before the Christian era begins
at all, and is not a part of it. History made no
mistake. The years were there, and history had
to count them as they were. The fact that astron
omers chose to count differently, for convenience
of making elaborate calculations, has no more to
do with the matter than the fact that certain
mariners count the day as beginning at noon, in
stead of at midnight, has to do with Mr. Fisks
time of going to bed.
"Chambers's Encyclopaedia" is wrong about the
age of Augustus Caesar, and Mr. Fisk is right. He
died in his seventy-sixth year, lacking a month, as
Mr. Fisk says, of being seventy-six years old. En
cyclopaedias are not infallible, as is shown by the
fact that the "Encyclopaedia Britannica" says that
Augustus Csesar died in his seventy-fifth year, thus
making a mistake of exactly the same size in the
opposite direction. The writer of the article in
Chambers's doubtless merely added sixty-three and
fourteen, carelessly forgetting what Mr. Fisk has
discovered, that it is necessary to subtract one
after doing that. What the writer of the article in
the Britannica could have been thinking of is diffi
cult to see. But the editors of Chambers's really
knew better than to reckon In that way, or some
of them did, as is shown by this extract from the
article in that work on "Chronology":
It is manifest that, since there is no 0 A. D. and
no 0 B. C, we must diminish the sum of the
nominal yearß B. C. and A. D. by unity to find the
interval. Thus the years between January 1, 753
B. C, and January 1, 1888 A. D.. are not 2,641, but
This is exactly the process which Mr. Fisk rightly
says is necessary in reckoning a period which is
partly B. C. and partly A. D. It is a pity that it
is so inconvenient, but it cannot be helped. There
are much more difficult things than this in mathe
matics which cannot be helped.
The manner of writing the time between mid
night and 1 o'clock in the almanacs as "0:30," for
half past 12, does not mean that that hour Is no
hour or is a zero hour. It is obviously the first
hour of the day. and when it ends it is 1 o'clock.
When the second hour ends it Is 2 o'clock, and so
on. The method of writing means that no hours
and so many minutes have passed since midnight.
There was also, perhaps, a feeling that it was
better to have different designations for midnight
and noon, the latter being marked "12."
Now. If It Is possible to make this whole subject
any clearer than It has been made. The Tribune
would be glad to do it, but it is not easy at the
moment to see how it could be explained more
THE OLD GUARD BALL.
OFFICERS AIM TO MAKE IT THE MOST NOTABLE
The Old Guard, ever youthful, is to give its an
nual ball and reception at the Metropolitan Opera
House on Thursday evening. January 24. The
major commanding and his staff of officers are
busy sending out invitations that are engraved
and ornamented with the American eagle carrying
In Its beak and talons the flag of the Guard.
The ball this year is to be more brilliant than
ever. The music will be by the two Old Guard
bands, consisting of two hundred pieces. The deco
rations of the opera house are to be beautiful and
unique. The drill will be very attractive, and the
great variety of uniforms will be one of the feat-
Airi S^. of "l c evenln X Boxes may be obtained at the
Old Guard armory. Forty-ninth-st. and Broadway
°T, JJ a a,. Captaln James F. Wenman's office. No. 12
FATHER AND SOW MEET HORRIBLE DEATH.
Philadelphia, Dec. 22.-Edward Clark, sixty-eight
years old. and his* son William, thirty-eight, both
of Camden. N. J.. met horrible deaths while at
work in this city to-diy. The men were black
smiths, employed by a firm of machinists In North
Seeond-st. The younger Clark shortly before 11
o'clock was seized with chills, and in an attempt
to get relief climbcl a ladder to the top of a large
boiler. In a few minutes his fellow workmen,
among whom was the lather, heard the noise of
The father, realizing his son's danger, mounted
the ladder to William's rescue. He missed his foot-
Ing and fell on a big cog wheel, and was ground
to pieces. Meanwhile the son was on the top of
the boiler, surrounded by escaping: steam, and the
workmen below were unable to give any assistance
until the steam in the boiler had spent its force
Young Clark was then dead, having been scalded
to death. The rafety ball of the boiler had dropped
off and allowed the forty pounds pressure of steam
in the boiler to escape. Both men left families. A
fourteen-year-old ton of William's witnessed the
death of his father nnd grandfather
THE PRI\T CLOTH MARKET.
Fall River. Mass., Deo. 22 (Special).— Brokers re
port that the sales In the local print cloth market
during the week amounted to less than seventy-five
thousand pieces, all odds. No regulars were dis
posed of during that time, as there was no demand
for them. Cotton goods, though less active than at
the same time last year, are none the less strong
In tone. Quiet trading, however, is expected at
this time of the year, and although advanced prices
are prospective on account of continued high prices
of cotton, buyers are purchasing In only small lots,
in the hope that hand to mouth trading will pre
vent a rise in the price, and keep their trade sup
plied. No attempt will be made to force an ad
vance by the Selling Committee until orders war
rant It and the new price can bo maintained
Mills are well sold ahead on wide goods, and no
concessions are being made In the price. Cloth
brokers here conversant with the situation believe
the buyers fall to realize the smallness of the
stock of cloth on hand, the comparatively small
sales of the last few months leading them to think
that If they continue buying from hand to mouth
for a while they may secure price concessions.
Manufacturers know of the excessive needs of buy.
ere. and, while prepared to nil the demand, will | n
f™. °TM°? d prices fo I their production. Prices fol
1. 7 T .hlrty-eight and one-half Inch. C 4 square Vv,
cents; 39 Inch VV C * by 72. ** cents, and regulars. Mby
n4n 4 m 3H th C o e u7bin a °cU b vi. at "'" ra * lk * 1 ls **
WASHINGTON'S BTG PAKK.
THE SECRETARY OF WAR APPROVES THE
PLANS FOR A MALL FROM CAPI
TOL TO MONUMENT.
For several years the citizens of Washington have
discussed the Improvement of the, park system of
that city, and much time has been devoted to de
vising -schemes by which a great park and boule
vard could be laid out which would Include , the
present detached groups of park land. These
groups Include the mall, the Smithsonian. Institu
tion grounds, the Agricultural grounds, the Wash
ington Monumen and the Potomac Park. The
most important part of this territory is the region
between the Capitol and the Washington Monu
ment. The War Department was authorized by
Congress last year to emplcy a landscape architect
to prepare and submit plans for the Improvement
of this territory,' these plans to be examined and.
if approved by the War Department, to be laid be
fore the Senate for its consideration. The plans
prepared by Samuel Parsons. Jr., "assisted by George
F. Pentecost, have been approved by the : Secretary
of War. and are now before the Senate Committee
on Affairs of the District of Columbia.
Mr. Parsons, in upeaklng of the project, said:
"The salient features of the design under consid
eration are the comprehensive way in which it iso
lates the park territory from the city and produces
the sensation of being among woods and meadows.
¦The plan solves the problem of the preservation
and enhancement of the effect of the vista between
the Capitol and the Washington Monument— an ob
ject which has always been coitsldersd desirable.
The roads are screened by embankments, so that,
the railroad, where it traverses the park, may be
protected with trees as much as possible.
"The park scheme embraces an area of about
four hundred and fifty acres, of which three hun
dred acres are already In park. When completed
the park win extend from the Monument to the
Capitol in one long, unbroken mall, and the only
buildings within its limits will he the Postofflce
and the group of buildings on the ground? of the
Smithsonian Institution." . ..
WORK OF THE PEOPLE'S INSTITUTE.
BY AFFORDING INSTRUCTION TO WAGE EARN
ERS. IT TRIES TO ADJUST SOCIAL
At the present time, when the conditions of city
life, and especially of the East Side, are being dis
cussed, it Is not amiss to call public attention to
the work that the People's Institute is striving to
do for the wage earners of this city. It is now
three years since the institute began Its work of
affording regular instruction in history and eco
nomics, and a forum for the discussion of questions
! of the day, so that the different parts of our society
might understand each other better. Representa
tive wage earners were invited to confer with men
of eminence and wealth In forming the organiza
tion, the result being that in March, 1898, the first
course of nineteen lectures and discussions was
opened. Durinsr the second year this number was
largely increased, and Sunday evening ethical
addresses were added. During the season which
ended last May there were 225 evenings devoted
to studying and discussing ethical, historical, pc-
Jitical and social question*. Three evenings in
the week were given to class work on the Univer
sity Extension plan. The number present at these
meetings was estimated at 125,000. almost entirely
wage earners. In addition to this work of public
Instruction and discussion, the institute has en
deavored to meet the educational and social needs
by founding a club. The People's Institute Club A
was founded in Feb.-uary with sixty members, to
furnish opportunity for the study of the problems
of the day and for social intercourse.
The institute has been supported from the first
by generous friends, but it needs greater and
more widely "extended help th&n it has hitherto re
The expenses of this institute last year were
over $10,000, the receipts being $6.353 13, and the
deficit being met by a balance in hand from the
previous year. For the due carrying out of its
work for this year a sum of at least $13,000 ought
to be raised.
WHAT LEE SAID OF OCR FLAG IX CUBA.
HE MEANT IT WOULD REMAIN UNTIL STABLE
GOVERNMENT IS ESTABLISHED.
Chicago, Dec. 22— A dispatch to "The Record"
from St. Louis says that General Fltzhugh Lee
made a speech on •'Cuba" before the members of
the Merchants' Exchange here yesterday which
caused much astonishment and Is creating a great
deal of speculation as to the deep significance
which an unguarded remark may have in regard to
the future of Cuba.
General Lee and staff and party arrived here
yesterday, and he was received on the floor of the
Exchange. When he responded to the address of
welcome he touched upon Cuba, reviewing the war,
the destruction of the Spanish fleet, the conquest
and surrender of the island and finally the evacu
ation of the Spanish troops. Then came the utter
ance which caused so much astonishment. He
"And now the Stars and Stripes float over Matan
zas, over El Caney, over Morro, over Havana, and
I'll tell you, on the quiet, that the flag is going to
St. Louis, Dec. 22.— General Fitzhugh Lee, com
mander of the Department of the Missouri, who Is
in the city as the guest of the New-England So-
ciety, said to-day In regard to a dispatch published
in a Chicago paper purporting to quote from his
speech made on the St. Louis Merchants' Ex
change yesterday. In which he was said to have
made the prediction that the American flag will
continue to float over the Island of Cuba:
"The meaning I Intended to convey was that the
American flag would float over Cuba until a stable
government shall be formed capable of protecting
life and property and giving confidence to capital.
The United States has promised the Cubans self
government, and will carry out Its promise. Upon
the Cubans will rest the responsibility of deter
mining whether that government shall be perma
nent or otherwise. 1 '
Under the escort of W. B. Homer, president, and
a committee from the New- England Society, of
St. Louis. General Lee and staff, with the women
of the party, to-day visited Jefferson Barracks,
the Regular Army post south of the city.
Tin: FHESCH COOKS' exhibit.
Having finished planning their masterpieces for
the holiday season, the French chefs of the big
restaurants and hotels of the city are now devoting
their energies to preparing lor the great culinary
exhibit which they make every year at Malison
Square Garden. This affair Is the annual mas
querade ball and carnival given by the Soclete Cull
naire Phllanthroplque. which comprises most ot the
French cooks of the city. It will be held at Madl-
Bon Square Garden on the afternoon' and Owning
or February 6. • *
URIC ACID or GOUT POISON
KCout, Rheumatic Gout,
Qumatism, Calculi, etc.
. Algernon S. Garnett, Surgeon (retired)
Navy, Resident Physician, Hot Springs,
: BUFFALO LITHIA WATER ,„„,
hybrid disease. 'Rheumatic Gout* (so-called), which is in contradisi
Rheumatoid Arthritis of Gar rod.
" I have had excellent results from this water in these affect ionsj»th in my owa
person and in the treatment of patients for whom I have prescribed it.
the remedial agent is its contained Alkalies and their solvent properties.
¦If ; • prophylactic as a ell as a remedy in Nephritic Colic anJ formtng
Cakuli, when due to a redundan v of Lithic Acid."
The late Dr. Wm. F. Carrington, Resident Physician, Hot Spring, Ark., Surgem
(retired) U S V, Si ' on Confederate States Navy:
" »~~»« , «, i ii?=^.-« Spring No. 2, has signally demonstrated its remedial
BUFFALO LITHIA ¥WTER, p owe7 in Gout, Rheumatic Gout, Rheumatism,
Uric Acid Grave!, and other maladies dependent upon the trie Acid Diathesis.
"It not only eliminates from the blood the deleterious agent before it crystal
lizes. but dissolves it in the form of Calculi, at least toa size that renders its passage
aionjr the ureters and urethra comparatively easy."
Qnrp . - i itufa u/iTMi Springs i and 2. have both shown adaptation so
BUFFALO LITHIA WATER, remarkable in LRIC ACID DIATHESIS that it
would be impossible to determine their relative value in these condition
many instances, however, in which a patient, deriving little or no benefit trom the
water of one Spring, finds relief in the water of the other Spring, and vice versa, which
would seem to indicate, unmistakably, some especial curative virtue in each water.
Dr. James Shelton, thirty years resident physician at the Springs, was decidedly of the
opinion tlu't in Acute Inflammatory Rheumati-m, Muscular Rheumatism, Subacute
Rheumatism, etc.. the water of Spring No. 1 possesses, as a general rule, the greater
curative power, and ga\e preference to this water in treating the-. u..e.v
Buffalo Lithia Water is for sale by Croccrs and p^^* B enerai! y-
Testimonials which de'y all imputation or questions, sent to any address.
PROPRIETOR, BUFFALO LITHIA SPRHGS, ViRGIHIA.
PETER COOPER HIGH SCHOOL
TO PROVIDE FOR THREE THOUSAND
PUPILS IN THE BOROUGH OF
The contract has been let for a new, handsome
and fully equipped high school to be erected on
the north side of East One-hundred-and-sixty-.-'ixth
st. in the block bounded by the old Boston Road on
the west and Jackson-aye. on the east. The build
ing is to provide for at least three thousand pupils,
of whom more than twenty-five hundred are now
enrolled under Dr. Edward J. Goodwin, the prin
cipal, in the prest nt quarters and annexes beyond
The site for this new building, which is to be
known as the Peter Cooper High 3chool, will £ive
it a prominence in the neighborhood and a front
age of 312 feet in East One-hundred-and-sixty-^ixth
st. A basement unde: half of the building forms
an additional story at the eastern end, and on the
Jackson-aye. side a sub-basement will be fitted for
the boilers and the coal supply. Above the base
ment will be five stories, which will provide sev
enty-one classrooms in all for school work, not in
cluding those that will be- used for stores, toilet,
lockers, for teachers and other necessary purposes
in modern structures.
There are to be twelve laboratories for chemical,
physiological, biological, physlographical and other
purposes, including three lecture rooms to be used
in connection with them. Independent of the lect
ure rooms, there are to be four large 9tudy halls,
one on each floor, and provision for a large library
on the second floor, with five other rooms assigned
for special purposes. As this Is a school for both
boys and girls, separate gymnasiums have been
provided, each with Its running track, shower bath.
locker rooms, doctor's examination rooms, etc. The
auditorium Is formed by a two story structure at
the rear, with entrances from the main building
and the adjoining streets. It will seat eighteen
hundred, and will be used on all public occasions,
as well as for the dally opening- exercises.
In the treatment of this building C. B. J. Snyder,
Superintendent of School Buildings, has selected
the English Collegiate Gothic as best adapted to
modern uses and construction. The exterior finish
is to be of gray brick, gray stone and gray terra
THE NEW PETER COOPER HIGH SCHOOL.
To be erected in East One-hundred-and-sixty-alxth-st., Bronx Borough.
cotta trln mlngs. A striking feature in the facade
is the large central tower, of rugged Norman as
pect, nearly fifty feet square and about one hun
dred and seventy feet hig*t. It is not merely for
appearance, but is to be utilized 10 carry up the
large wpjUllatlng shafts which conduct the ex
haustedsfr from the classrooms, and one of the
corner turrets will contain the boiler chimney,
which Mr. Snyder has disposed of artistically by
this device without marring the general contour or
beauty of the structure. The upper floors of the
tower he has also provided for use as laboratories
for the special work of the faculty, the need of
which. It was urged. U always felt, but haa rarely
been provided for.
The Peter Cooper High School when completed
will be the most complete and modern school
structure of The Bronx. The contract price of
the building is $469,383, and the contractor Is Louis
Wechaler The work. It Is expected, will begin
within a>few weeks, and the bultdlng will be com
pleted early In the spring of 1902.
I 1/ ILOYEB MADE HAPPY.
The many employes of Cowperthwalt * Sons, at
Chatham Square and also at One-hundred-and
twenty-flrst-st. and Thlrd-ave.. were generously re
membered yesterday, the rtrm presenting to each
employe, as it has done for several years oast.
a cash Christmas gift.
PREPARATIONS FOR THE FREWB BALL.
At Madison Bquare Garden on Tuesday January
8. will be He.Kt the- ball which the Ccrcl. Fr«n«att
Physicians at Hot Springs
use and prescribe
Books a nb publications.
ILL BOOKS 4T SWEEPING REDUCTIONS FROM
Open Evenings Until Christmas.
31 UNION SQUARE.
de l'Harmonie gives every year. TMi t.me it will
celebrate the birth of a century. The Cerele
Francais de I" Harmonic- has given carte blanche
to the decorators and programme makers, and ther
have taken full advantage of their opportunity.
Fanciuilli'3 71st Regiment Band will he there, two
hundred strong, and Max rVhwrih's orchestra has
been rehearsing new music for the occasion.
HVSBAXD DECEIVED AS TO BABY.
WIFE REPRESENTS CHILD AS HER OWN
AND HE FORSAKES H.LR.
When he appeared in the West Side Court yes
terday to explain the charge of abandonment mad*
against him by his wife. Joseph Goodhart. an ex
pressman, of No. 248 West Thirtteth-st.. told Magis
trate Mayo that on Monday last his wife had tried
to foist upon him a stranger's ehiM aa her own.
He had received a note while at work on Monday
stating that his wife had given birth to a child.
He had hurried home and had found his wife la
bed. the new baby beside her. Taking up the in
fant he had kissed it a great many times. Mrs.
Goodhart had said she did not need the services of
a midwife, but Goodhart had insisted. He had bor
rowed HO from his employer and engaged a raid
Mrs. Goodhart had refused to allow the raidwtf*
to wait upon her. Before she went away the latter
had a whispered consultation with Mr. Good hart*
In which she had confided to him that in her opinion
the baby looked rather old rbr a new born infant.
At last Goodhar*. had been convinced that some
thing was wrong. and he had accused his wife of
deceiving him. His wife had tearfully confessed
that the baby was no* hers, She had told him that
earlier In the day she had r.et a strange woman 13
Eighth-aye. who asked \i she wanted a baby. Th»
woman had given her the child and $2. 00 dhaH
then had left home and had said he would n««r
have anything more to do with his wife.
Magistrate Mayo gently reproved Mrs. Goodhaf*
for her conduct In the affair, and told ncr to_t»l*
the baby to Superintendent of Outdoor roor Blair,
giving her a card, of direction. Before she left «•*
court to do so she declared that she had had new
tog to eat. that bills were being presented and »a*
had no money with which to pay them. GoodMH
declined to live with her again.
Magistrate Mayo will decide to-morrow how awa»
money Goodhart shall give his wife for her,—!*
port. They have been married two years. O— »*
nart say* he earns only a small salary as an •*
IIESKEX DEPORTED TO RUSSIA.
Deputy United States Marsha! Bernhard ••••
Solomon Henken. who is charged with forgery **
Russia to the amount of 43.000 ruble*, to Sou ~\
Brooklyn .early yesterday and put him ••**
steamship Hekla. which sailed from Forty-nr*t-*Sj
at 7 a, m.. bound for Cop«nhasen. Hensen •**
arrested on bis arrival in this country.
.-,.... - . , ¦ . - . J