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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 23, 1900, Image 17

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BOILERS FOR THE NAVY.
THE AMERICAN TYPE ADOPTED BY
REAR-ADMIRAL MELVILLE MEETS "
WITH FOREIGN APPROVAL.
Washington. Dec. 22 (Special).— There is probably
no legislative body in the world whose membership
includes m> many eminent shipbuilders and engi
neers as the British Parliament, and these experts
have rendered the Empire a great service in care
fully scanning the navy estimates and studying the
report* submitted by the Lords of the Admiralty.
Projected naval legislation is therefore intelligently
criticised before being enacted into law. for every
thing relating to the navy possesses a facial in
tercut for the loyal Briton. It has been because such
practical and loyal technical experts have scrutl
r/.zed the navy estimates that the material of the
British Empire is so efficient, and when these men
declare that the boiler question U now th~ para
mount one in naval construction the subject may
be considered as one of Importance to every nation
that aspires to naval power.
The British navy has practically settled upon the
types of warship, armor, armament and machinery
best adapted for its purpose, but the *"battle of the
boilers" is still eoing on. For temporary purposes
the Admiralty policy has been to consider the Belle
ville boiler as the approved type f<jf large ships,
treating other types as experimental until they
have shown that they possess some distinct superi
ority. There are substantial advantages in adher
ing as far as possible to one type of boiler for all
ships. Artinerrs both in the "hips and at the yards
VconK 1 more exnei "i the management and repair
c' a boiler that is . common use. There can be
instability of the spare parts and acces
sories when an accident occurs. There are so
many advantages in havins an approved type that
it is the aim of fill naval administrations to settle
this question as quickly as possible. The decision
«f the Lord-- of the Admiralty to regard the Belle
ville boiler as the approved type for large ships
has been, however, in opposition to the judgment
,' the engineering members of Parliament. Their
protest, backed up by the great shipbuilders, has
been so earnest that the battle is still on. It Is
bec^ise these men believe that boiler supremacy
wi'.ibe the deciding factor in the next naval war
that they are insistent in their demands that the
Bellevllle boiler shall be driven from the British
warship*.
This battle of the boilers has also been going on
at Paris, Berlin. St. Petersburg and Washington.
Trtst the period has now been reached when, so far
as each individual nation is concerned, a choice
*rtll have to be decided upon. The requirements of
The navy are distinct from those of the mercantile
marine. Without going into technical details, it
need only be said that the cylindrical boiler has
had to give way on the warship to the water tube
type. The questions of weight, space occupied and
endurance have caused the change.
TWO GROUPS NEC ESS ART.
Much progress has been made toward a decision.
All naval Powers believe that there will be two
distinct groups for warship purposes. The first
group will have bent tubes, and will be peculiarly
adapted for mall and medium sized craft. There
wi'.l be another group capable of doing continuous
work, and this type will have straight tubes and
Vill be installed on the large cruisers and battle
ships. IBs naval administration will probably ever
E1 tempt to select a bent tube type of particular
design, and therefore the choice of the type will be
Jrft to the contractor. In the small craft the
•.mum power will only be required at Intervals
end for short periods, and this result . can \be se
cured from many designs. For the battleships and
cruisers, however, there are military as well as
professional reasons why an approved type should
t>e settled upon, since protracted work will be de
manded of these steam generators. The straight
tube will be a necessity for this boiler. This de
cision is based upon theory as well as experience.
In the United States Navy the development of
the water tube boiler has been conservative. Upon
Ws advent into the office of Engineer-In-Chief of
the Vavy. In ISSB, Admiral . Melville imme
diately began giving careful consideration to the
subje-t. for he clearly saw the trend of boiler de
t':- The development wan not so rapid as he
desire*!, but it was speedier than his confreres ap
prov&i. Three years from his induction into office
Admiral Melville had designed and a contract had
V*<»n made for m. battery of water tube boilers for
_ tli*> monitor Monterey. The Monterey was of over
four thousand tons displacement, and was the first
•warship of large size of any nation to be fitted
v.lth sufficient steam generators of the water tube
typo for cruising purposes. Before steaming for
Manila the Konterry had traversed the North and
Fouth Pacific, and her Ward boilers had been sub-
Jerted to all the tests of cruising conditions. The
performance of these boilers was highly satisfac
tory, but observation and experience showed that
for cruisers and battleships it would be necessary
to have water tube boilers of a type which could be
more easily repaired and which would stand more
men work. The experience with the Monterey
pave a decided impetus to the introduction of the
water rube boiler in all navies.
INDEPENDENT ACTION JUSTIFIED.
About this time it became, apparent to the. mari
time world that the United States was to
enter the race for naval strength. Engine and
fhip builders, run and armor manufacturers, as
wll as boiler makers, gave Increased considera
tion to the reeds of the Navy.
This was the period (about 1892) when many
conservative people believed that we should im
plicitly follow British practice In all naval affairs.
Fortunately for the Nation. Admiral Melville stood
like a rock against the introduction of the light
machinery that was being placed In English war
vessels, although urged to adopt It by practically
*-v<ry ether official at the, Navy Department.
' Then was the time al6o when he was urged to
introduce the Belle boilers. To have followed
this course would have resulted as disastrously
es the Installation of light weight machinery. His
rejection of the design was based on theoretic
»rroun«Js. and this objection has since been con
firmed by practical experience in the case of the
Knglish Na\-y, as well as in the ships of the mer
cantile marine.
The responsibility of giving a better boiler than
the Belleville to the American Navy then rested
with the Engineer-In-Chief. There were patri
otic reasons why a bteam generator of American
Cfplfm should be adopted, and there were profes
eiona.l and military advantages In developing a
type that was familiar to the boiler makers and
mechanics of our land. The Belleville had been
selected as the approved type by the French
Government because its manipulation was known
to thousands on shore. With such a boiler the
training of firemen for the Navy could In part j
be carried on ashore.
There were many excellent water tube boilers
•jeed or. chore. but the designers of these boilers
had not to take into consideration the question of
securing fresh water for them, nor were they
often limited as to height, floor space or weight.
Th*- Navy requirements in regard to height and
weight were particularly difficult to secure, and
for a time it looked as if success was .far distant.
Extended tests were made of various types of
boilers, and experts from the Navy Department
were «*nt to various parts of the country to se
cure additional data and information. By In
domitable will. Admiral Melville Installed in the
gunboat* Marietta and Annapolis straight tube
boilers of the distinct American type, which
had been successfully ' used throughout the coun
try in stationary installations. It is needless to '
say. however, that, while retaining: the essential
features of this type, he Insisted upon many of j
the detail* being changed to adapt them to Navy
purposes. On* of the ships was built on the At- {
lantic ana one on the Pacific Coast, and there
fore an excellent opportunity was provided for
testing the workmanship as well as the design !
of th« boilers. * .-. - f
ADVANTAGES OF AMERICAN DESIGN.
The Installation of the characteristic American |
boiler being a distinct success In vessels of the gun- j
boat type. Admiral Melville made preparation for '
installing It in the medium sized cruisers. ' Still j
proceeding with extreme conservatism, he designed !
the Fleam generators of the Chicago to be a com
tliaaiioit of the Scotch and water tube types. Seam- :
leas steel tub** of extra heavy gauge were de- \
manded of the contractor*, for experience had I
taught the Engineer-in-Chief of the lack of economy j
In trying to save weight In that direction. The j
Chicago's bcllere are even more successful than the j
Marietta's. *but as they are a development of the •
punboat class their superiority should not be a sur- I
prise. The same combination of Scotch and Ameri
can water tube types placed in the Chicago was
installed in the Atlanta, and excellent reports are
coming from that vessel.
Durinjr this progression extended tests have been
rr.-.iijf- of boilers of the same pattern installed In
vessels of the merchant marine. Admiral Melville
has sought everywhere for data, and he Is now
convince that be has found the type of boiler that ;
should be approved for the large cruisers and bat- i
tleships of the American Navy. In the adopted
boiler he Is convinced that be has found a superior
to the Belleville. No series of disasters it. arks its |
introduction into our service. He has favored this i
typ* because of simplicity of design. The parts re- i
quiring renewal are principally straight tubes, and j
these can be procured in any part of the world.
The repairs can easily be made by the ship crew.
Th*- part* subjected to pressure are entirely of
wrought m*tal.
Experience ha* shown that they possess a great
military advantage, dv*- to the rabidity with which
they can he constructed. Durtis the fipanlsb-
American War it became necessary to utilise the
light draurnt gunboats, and in less than two
souths uom the Ome tbo order was gl-.en tte old
cylindrical boilers of these vessels had been cut out,
. n «T ",, wat ! r -tube I boilers . had been I Installed f and
n~h £ nd the veS!! els were ready for service,
The. United - States is therefore about to solve the
holler question, and In securing a type of American
aeslpn the Navy is adopting one that can be relied
upon in time of emergency, for if war should come
there would be thousands from shore who would
"rain" manipulation after a brief period of
Noting the success of 'type approved by Kn
glneer-jn-Chief Meiville. the British Admiralty has
ordered for one of its own large armored cruisers
boilers of the same pattern. This is a great
triumph for America, for every studVnt of naval
affairs realizes how reluctantly the naval architects
and marine engineers of Great Britain are to follow
American practice, since they are apprehensive
that Mich action may be detrimental tOL the prestige
an w.,'J, cr .t sts °J thelr w own « reilt shipbuilding firms.
.-.i »•« the .. thoroughness that characterises the
• scientific attainments of the Germans, the Ad
miralty oflW at Berlin has been investigating the
boiler question for its navy. Recently there ap-
S?wiJ. , ' h * leadln * German marine periodical.
Schlffbau. a semi-official article, which sum-
m * r1 *«« 1_«1 _ « results of tests conducted at the Im
perial Experimental Station at Charlottenbur*.
This summary say* -the preference for the Belle
ville boiler in England has not at all been justified
from the experience had with it." In speaking of
the tests made with the typical United States
naval boiler the summary says: "Furthermore it
may be reasonably supposed that this system will
adapt Itself steadily to the constantly varying and
progressive requirements of the naval service be-
MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE FOR THE REVISION OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH CREED.
(From Harper's Weekly, by permission.)
J. E. PARSONS. TKB REV. DR. G. B. STEWART. THE REV. DR. W. M'KIBBBN. THE REV. E. A. FRASER.
D. R. NOYE9. B. W. C. HUMPHREY. >DR. W. H. ROEERT3. W. R. CRABBE. P. »..
THE REV. DX. D. W. FISCHER. THHJ REV. T>«. S. P. SPRECTIKR JUSTICE HARLAN. THE REV. S. J. XICHOLLS.
THE REV. I>R. HENRY VANDYKE EX-PRESIDENT HARRISON.
cause the boiler is composed of simple parts." As
the relative tests were made at the Imperial Ex
perimental Station, it is reasonable to presume that
the German navy will decide on the type developed
and approved by Rear-Admira! Melville for instal
lation in our service.
THE ORATOR AXD THE TOTES.
HISTORICAL EXAMPLES TO SHOW THAT
PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES INJURE
THEIR CHANCES BY SPEECH
' MAKING.
To the Editor of The Tribune. '
Sir: Now that the smoke' of the last campaign
| has cleared away, and the - bronchial ' tubes at
j least of Its orators are enjoying a rest from pro
! longed overstrain, - the question-naturally arises as
I to whether a. candidate's : chance of election is
more likely to be promoted than thwarted, if not
undone, by the average campaign orator, particular
ly when that orator is the candidate himself. Have
the Patrick Henrys or the George ' Washlngtons
come off oftenest as winners of the race? "Wash
ington spake little," wrote a delegate from a
Continental convention. "In action he is cool,
| like a bishop at his prayer?." When Patrick Henry
I "hissed through hi* clenched teeth," "Give me
liberty or give me death!" so carried away were his
hearers, we are told, that he could easily have led
them Into committing an act of violence; and had
| a nomination been pending i for a leader of "the
| rebels" Patrick Henry would have been chosen,
without question.
Impassioned eloquence— gift of speaking "ex
tempore, and that. with the power that sways and
| thrills— ls by many thought to be the Indispensable
qualification for any high office in the gift of the
people, not excepting - that of President of the
United States. Of Henry Clay, at the outset of his
career as a lawyer, ..- .ays his biographer, Carl
Schurz: "His success In- saving murderers from
the gallows did not benefit the tone and character
of Kentucky society." "Henry Clay," wrote a con
temporary when Clay was a candidate for the
Presidency, "can get more men to run after him to
hear him speak and lewer to vote for him than
any other man in the United ¦ States." Political
careers beginning in brilliant oratory have ended
so often, like Henry Clay's, in deieat that the
fen-id orator i* less * desirable as a Presidential
candidate than he was forty years ago. "No politi
cal orator." says Dr. McClure. "has ever succeeded
in reaching the Presidency" — statement fully
confirmed by the list of defeated candidates— a list
Including Daniel Webster (defeated . in getting a
nomination even). John C. Calhoun. Henry Clay.
Stephen A. Douglas. William H. Seward. James G.
Blalne, Rosco* Conkllng and many lesser lights.
Clearly, the reticent man. the guarded in speech, the
non-committal, even the colorless candidate, like
Franklin Pierce, has a far better chance for election
than the Impassioned orator. And how often the
defeated candidate may trace his defeat directly
to some daring flight of his -eloquence— to. the most
memorable speech of his public life!
! Old General Jackson was fortunate, it is said. in
his inability to speak at all when thorough y
aroused, for then he was sure to choke so seriously
that further utterance was impossible. '¦ -.:¦;.
Lincoln in his great debate with i Stephen A.
Douglas was thought by many to make fc( a
poor showing in expression, so homely did his
calm, philosophic reasoning appear In opposition to
the flerv thunderbolts hurled by the "Little Giant.
But Lincoln w*b elected for, the Presidency and
Douglas was not Fremont. If he did not figure as
an orator himself, became the inspiration of a flood
of eloquence, so romantic had been his career, but
the apathetic Buchanan came out anead, r.ever-
The Presidents of *?>e United States almost with
out exception have Veen fully equal to any demand
made upon them as public speakers. Lincoln and
Garfleld were exceptionally gifted in dignified and
adequate expression, no matter what the occasion.
"Cool as a bishop at his prayers" is applicable to
the public speaking of them all, from Washington
to McKinley. Many of their addresses— notably
that of Lincoln at Gettysburg-are models of con
cise and lofty expression and of supreme exalta
tion of feeling. .
Comparatively few of the candidates for the
Presidency took the stump to promote their own
cause; then, as a rule, It was only under, press of
circumstances, as In the case of old Gene* a Har
rison— oldest man wTio ever ran for th A office—
and who thought it was necessary that th* people
should see that he was not in his dotage, as the
opposition declared, for all that he was seventy.
General Harrison made very good campaign
speeches it is sard, and did much for his own elec
tion" but the physical strain was more than ho
could bear, and he barely survived his inaugura
tion. Lewis Cass did a good deal of apeechmak
ing in his campaign, and General Scott a great deal
more than his party' desired, his loquacity demand
ing the check of a watchful escort; and even then
he gave his opponents possibly as much aid as he
gave himself. Horace Greeley, who had never ;
been considered a great orator, surprised every
body by his genuine eloquence when he took the
stump, and even General Grant proved his success
as a campaign speaker when he became an advo
cate for the election of Garfleld.
Jefferson in writing from the second Continental
Convention «aid of Patrick Henry: "He captivated
us all by his bold and splendid eloquence; but when
general grievances were dropped ... he had the
good sense to perceive that his declamation hud no
weight at all In such an assembly of cool headed,
reflecting. Judicious men." Patrick , Henry no
doubt ¦ was a reader. of Addison, and had pondered
on what Addison had written of fine oratory gen
erally: "The fluent oratory, ready to speak on any
topic, is never .profound. - and I when once his
thought Is cold it will seldom repay examination
it was only a skyrocket." AH of which was sec
onded by Theodore Roosevelt when he said In this
last campaign: "When We come to dealing with
our social and industrial needs, remedies, rights
and wrong*, a ton of oratory is not worth an ounce
of hard headed, klndty common sen**."
JANE MARSH PARKER.
Detroit, Dec IS, IWO.
.NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, DECEMBER ii } :>. 1900.
rRESBYTFRI AS BEVISION COMMITTEE.
IT WILL. PROBABL.T FIND ITS TASK AN EX
TREMELY DIFFICULT ONE.
An important event in the religious world was the
meeting on December 4 in Washington of the com
mittee of the Presbyterian General Assembly to
consider recommendations from the various Pres
byteries for the revision of the Westminster Con
fession of Faith. The committee was composed of
the following members: The Rev. Drs. Charles A.
Dickey, of Philadelphia; Herrick Johnson, Chi
cago; Samuel J. Nleholls, St. Louis: Daniel W.
Fischer, Hanover College, Indiana; William Mc-
Klbben, Cincinnati; George B. Stewart, Auburn.
X. V.; Stephen W. Dana, Philadelphia; Samuel
P. Rpreoher. Cleveland, and Henry van Dyke,
Princeton University: ex-President Benjamin Har
rison. Associate Justice John M. Harlan. of
the I'nited States Supreme Court; Daniel R.
N'oyes. of St. Paul: E. W. C Humphrey, Louis
ville; William R. Crabbe. Dcs Moines; John E. Par
sons, New-York, and Elisha A. Fraser. Detroit. Dr.
William H. Roberts was secretary of the committee.
The returns of the votes of the Presbyteries as
presented to this committee indicated-
First— That there is no wish to abandon the
Westminster Confession, since only fifteen out of
232 Presbyteries desire a substitute creed.
Second— That a large number, 124 others out of
232, desire some supplementary or explanatory
statement of certain doctrines.
Third— That a large number desire no action or a
dismissal of the whole subject, 93 out of 232 being
ln< luded in this category.
Fourth— That the movement for revision has come
chiefly from ministers, and not from elders or mem
bers of the churches.
Those who are best qualified to form a judgment
do not believe that the committee will be able to
formulate a statement which will receive the requi
site two-thirds vote of the General Assembly next
May. In which case the Westminster Confession
will continue to be binding on the Church.
SUNDAY OPEXIXG OF LIBRARIES.
MR. PUTNAM AGAINST CLOSING THE LIBRA
RY OF CONGRESS.
Washington. Doc. Z1 (Special).— lt will cost $12,000
a year to open the Library of Congress to the public
on Sunday, but Senator McMillan's proposition to
that end has been emphatically approved by the
Senate committee having Jurisdiction, and the
amendment has been added to the current Legis
lative Appropriation bill, providing that the Library
shall be kept open from 2 until 10 p. m. on Sundays.
Librarian Putnam, to whom the advisability of the
Innovation on the score of desirability and practica
bility was referred, in his opinion furnished to
Congress was strongly affirmative on both ques
tions. He declares in the course of his statement:
At present the entire building is closed from 10
o'clock on Saturday evening until 9 o'clock on
Monday morning. No visitor may have the en
joyment and instruction of the art treasures with
in it- no reader may have the recreation and in
struction of the books. This Is a serious depriva
tion First to the ordinary residents of Washing
ton ' whose affairs preclude their use of the Li
brary on socular days; second, to the thousands of
men and women employed in the Government ser
vice who outside of their official hours, are study
ing to improve their education for more advanced
work and third, to visitors and students and in
vestigators from a distance, who find their oppor
tunity for the enjoyment of the building and the
use of its contents prohibited on the day of the
week on which they would be most attractive and
most convenient. .
For the maintenance of this Library and the
building there is this year expended (exclusive of
the copyright office and expenditures for perma
nent improvements) over $270,000. If the expendi
ture of $10,000 more would enable the Library to be
open on Sunday it would add one-sixth to its pres
ent availability at -an addition of but one-twenty
seventh of its cost of maintenance. Economically
therefore, it is an extravagance that this great
plant should be idle, its influence for good in abey
ance, during one-seventh of the year
Such considerations have now elsewhere verj gen
erally prevailed, so that there Is scarcely a munici
pal free library in the United States of any im
portance which is not now open on Sundaj. . in at
least its reference departments, and the
hours named above. There Is. so far as I know
no library which has attempted Sunday opening .
that has abandoned it. In every library where it
has been attempted the use on Sunday is larger
than during an equivalent period of any secular
day and it is a use deemed more fruitful. If the
inducement to open extends even to a library that
circulates books for home use. it must be still
stronger in a library which like the Library of
rongress, is to the general public a library of
reference merely, whose benefits cease when its
doors are closed.
From the general experience, from my own per
sonal experience in the conduct of two municipal
libraries opened on Sunday, and from considera
tion of the particular conditions here, I am there
fore strongly of the opinion that the Library of
Congress should be opened on Sunday.
In conclusion Mr. Putnam gives a list of some of
the more Important free libraries of the United
States which were kept open on Sunday as long
ago as 1892, and then reported their experience as
a decided success and adds:
Should the question be raised as to the character
of the reference use probable on SundajßsOt may be
suggestive that during the last year th9JK4.OOO vol
umes Issued to readers in the main reading room
were composed as follows: History-, science, the
useful arts economics and miscellaneous literature.
90 6 per cent; fiction, 9.4 p>?r cent. Of the 17% m vol
umes issued for home use (to members of Congress
and the other privileged classes), fiction. H,4 per
is I believe the common ejtnerience of libraries
that the reference use on Sunday is more serious
even than that on weekdays, for the reason, per
haps, that the larger proportion of the readers are
"The representative list of Sunday opening li
braries includes the Boston Public. Bridgeport Pub
1W- nrooklvn Young Men's Christian Associati.u.
Carnegie Free. Chicago Public. Cincinnati Public.
cfeJeland Free Public. Denver Public. Detroit Pub
lic Dululh Public. Fitchburg Public Hartford Li
hrirV Association. Los Angeles Public. Milwaukee
Publ'c Minneapolis Public. New-Haven Public.
New- York Free Circulating. New- York \oung
Men's Christian Association. Newark Free Public,
Omaha Public, Pawtucket Free Public. Peoria Pub
lic Providence Public, Sacramento Free Public.
8t Louis Public. St. Pau! Public- Salem Puhllp.
San Francisco Free. Sioux City Public. Toledo Pub
lic and Worcester Free.
SINTB HEGIMEST VEWB.
Colonel Morris. 9th Regiment, has Issued orders
suspending drills from next Tuesday until Janu
ary 7. The officers of the regiment will assemble
for Inspection on January 4. and after Inspection
will receive theoretical Instruction in the colonel's
quarters. T 1 nica! instruction for th* non
commissioned officers will begin on January II
During the last cold spell the north side of the
armory wae so cold that the company rooms were
barely habitable, although the officer*' corridor was i
well heated. i
CONNECTICUT TOPICS.
MANY NEW TROLLEY LINES PROJECTED.
FEW CHANGES IN THE CLERICAL FORCE
AT THE CAPITOL— PUBLIC RECORDS
POORLY PRESERVED.
Hartford. Conn.. Dec. 22 (Special).— As the time
for convening the Legislature draws near the pub
lication of proposed applications for new street
railway charters increases. Some of the proposed
lines will parallel steam roads and will be fought
by them. Others are parallel to street railway
lines already in existence. An. instance of the lat
ter class is the application of West Hartford capi
talists for a charter to build a line having this
city and West Hartford for its terminals. If the
charter should be granted it would aid a long
delayed land speculation in the south part of West
Hartford and would parallel a long section of the
old line within the city. Another line proposed is
through Bloomfle.ld. Tariff ville and Simsbury, to
connect with the present line This -would open
up a section entire]}, new to the trolley, and, al
though not largely inhabited, might bring a fair
return to a well managed line, especially in carry-
Ing freight. The Enfield and Longmeadow project
Is again to come before the Legislature, although
there is already a good line between the two
places, and the much talked of and really needed
connecting link of something over four miles be
tween South Windsor and Warehouse Point, which
would complete the line between this city and
Springfield, is under consideration by a new com
pany, the charter of the old company having ex
pired by limitation. A line is proposed from Bris
tol to Waterbury, another line from Plainville to
thi? city over a new route, and a line is contem
plated from Derby to Cheshire, with other con
nections.
The report of the Commission to investigate the
condition of public records in the State, of which
the Rev. Dr. Samuel Hart, of Middletown. is
chairman, makes public what has been known to
persons familiar with such records the fact that
they are kept in a most lamentable condition, with
out uniformity and often without any protection
from flre. In the investigation of the records of
town clerks it was found that many towns do not
have sufficient safe room for the accommodation
of documents or record books. Records were found
stored away in boxes, in sheds and in barns, and
some town clerks keep the record book in current
use In their own homes, where there is absolutely
no protection from flre. The condition of the pro
bate records is even worse. An archives depart
ment, to be established in the State Capitol build
ing, is suggested as a general depository of records
that may have passed into the "ancient" category,
and a record commission is suggested as a perma
nent feature of the State government.
The changes in the clerical force at the Capitol
consequent upon the new administration will bo
few. Adjutant-General Cole has appointed Colonel
Landers his assistant, and he will begin his sev
enth year as the chief clerk of the department.
Colonel Francis Parsons, who has been Assistant
v JOHN TRUMBULL ROBINSON.
Executive Secretary to Governor McLean of
Connecticut.
Quartermaster-General for the last two years, will
not remain longer in the office; being retired at ais
own ' request, his business Interests requiring his
attention. It Is probable that he will be succeeded
by Colonel Henry C. Morgan, who has * held - the
place at Intervals for many years. Chief Clerk
Mitchell of the Secretary of State's office will re
main, and thtre are only' a' few minor changes to
be made in the building. Governor-elect McLean
has appointed Executive Messenger Rood. to serve
again. He has been the messenger for all the Gov
ernors since the building of the present Capitol and
is a fixture no one in the State would like to see
disturbed. His duties are not clearly defined by
the title of the office, as he really is the keeper of
the records of the -Governor's -office. One of. the
most popular appointments > by. the Governor-elect
is that of John Trumbull Robinson to be his execu
tive secretary. • Mr. Robinson is a young lawyer of
this city and a graduate of Yale. . .-:•.'
The death of John Addison • Porter caused wide
regret In this city, which was his home before he
accepted the 'secretaryship Ito the President. Mr.
Porter had many friends In the city, and politically
he had- the support of Its delegations :on , two oc
casions' when he was a candidate for the Repub
lican nomination for Governor. - • • .
¦ The military surgeons of the State met in this
city on Wednesday and took .steps .toward the
formation of an ¦ organization. It . was voted to
apply to the Legislature for a charter.- and a com
mittee on constitution and other details; of organi
zation was appointed. Surgeon-General Calef and
Dr. John B. McCook were • appointed a committee
to take into consideration the formation of- a 1 hos
pital corps. ¦ !_; i .«-•¦.• \ --.'«.-.. - - ¦'¦ ¦¦¦
A dedication in the eastern part of' Tolland
County on Wednesday, was of- more than ordinary
Interest. Mrs. William. H. Teomans presented to
the town of Columbia a public hall, erected on the
green near, the church, to be used for all purposes
to which such a hall is adapted. It Is Intended as
a memorial to -her husband's family, which has
| been prominent in the affairs of tbe town fortbe
i last fifty years.. ¦ .• -„
THE FOXD DU LAC CEREMONY.
THE BISHOPS ¦ UPHELD BY j A STUDENT
OF THE . PRAYER BOOK - AND
ITS -RUBRICS.
To the Editor of ¦ The Tribune. : ' -
Sir: "A" Xew-York .Churchman," ; under date .of
December IS, j criticises In i your columns -the recent
episcopal consecration - at ; Fond • dv Lac, when
Bishop Weller • was ; set apart aa the coadjutor of
Bishop Graf ton. the venerable occupant of that see:
The critic aforesaid is possessed of just, that little
amount of knowledge which makes him dan
gerous to the caus* he represents— that of the ex
treme Protestant party, in /what is conventionally
styled the Episcopal Church in the United States of
America.
Passing over all bis obiter dicta as to the suita
bility of the "Anglo-Saxon ¦ face" to the vestments
to which he objects, and his assumption that "there
are not seven more bishops of the American Epis
copate who would lend themselves to such a ser
vice," let me traverse what may be considered the
important arguments (If arguments they can . be
called) which he addresses against It. First of
all. he accuses Bishop Graf ton and his six brethren
in : the episcopate of lawlessness in going against
the mandatory "commission of the Presiding Bish
op as representing the • Church in America." But
the Presiding Bishop no more represents the Church
in America than any other bishop of the Church.
He is only primus inter pares, and as such is
vested with a ' modified . ' primatlal authority,
in virtue of which he, in the name of the Church.
Is intrusted with a certain amount of Jurisdiction
in matters which concern merely what I may call
her temporal ¦ as opposed to her spiritual life.
That Is, he. 'ls ex offlcio to the Church what the
Vice-Bresldent of the United States is to the Sen
ate—merely the presiding officer in the House of
Bishops when the General Convention is in session,
and is, further, the fount of jurisdiction which
assigns a certain number of bishops in the Church
as conseerators of any new bishop, in whose elec
tion he has no more voice than those consecrators.
As to dictating what ceremonial is to be observed
In any diocese outside of his own, or outside of
that laid down by the Book of Common Prayer,
or defining what is of faith theologically—
being matters which concern the spiritual life of
the Church— he has no rights whatsoever. Even If
a bishop wilfully teaches heresy, or indulges in
what may seem to some idolatrous or superstitious
ceremonial, or if he falls short of observing that
prescribed by the Book of Common Prayer, the
presiding bishop has no authority to proceed"
against him of his own motion. All he can do as
Presiding Bishop is. if he is called upon to do so. to
Issue a commission to examine Into the alleged
charges, and then, if they seem to that commis
sion to demand such a course, he may take the
necessary steps to have the offender . tried, not
before himself, but by a commission granted to his
peers. ' . . =!¦;"*„
In the Fond dv Lac case the Presiding Bishop
evidently does not see any cause for proceeding
against the seven bishops who took part In the
consecration, and has contented himself with pub
licly announcing in the columns of the Church press
that the commission to. consecrate Dr. Weller was
issued on the understanding that the service used
should comprehend all that was prescribed In the
"Form for Ordaining or Consecrating a Bishop,"
as printed in the Book of Common Prayer. That
form was followed in Its integrity by Bishop Graf
ton and the other bishops who took part, in the
consecration. Not one jot or tittle was omitted
and all that th» rubrics demanded was obeyed to
the letter. So far, therefore. the. accusation, of
lawlessness falls to the ground. l
It Is a matter of complaint, however, that there
were unauthorized additions made to the service
the way of ceremonies not laid down in the Book
of Common Prayer. '.But until the bishops of the
Church and the clerical and lay delegates to the
ner t Conventio tne lawmaking body of the
nr n U h I £?t7,? eClar I *}* ¦ first, that omission is
prohibition and. second, that only in the Presiding
Bishop, and not the bishop of each diocese lies th?
power to authorize the use of certain services and
ceremonies In the various churches of the diocese.
It follows that each bishop may. when he sees fit!
?nJ£ l i? ed &Ti ? es - Prescribe the use of unaccus
tomed rites and services— always of course, pro
vided that for the ordinary public services of the
Church the order of the Book of Common Prayer
and its rubrics be strictly adhered to grayer
vi A « New- York Churchman's" wrath is evidently
chiefly stirred up by the use of vestments, etc such
as the bishops of other Catholic communions wear
He swears by the "magpie" costume as the "episco
pal habit" prescribed by the Book of Common
Prayer! I have all m life been a very close
student of the rubrics of that book and the canons
of the Church of England, and have yet to dis
cover that the words "rochet" and the "rest of the
episcopal habit refer to what was originally only
the outdoor dress- of our bishops Copes are of
__tlQn in the archbishop when crowning the kin*
or queen— the latter also wearing one— upon the
high court prelates when officiating In the chapels
royal at certain functions, and on all bishops, deans
and the ' celebrants at '¦ the Holy Communion in
cathedral churches and Westminster Abbey. That
all Anglican bishops use the mitre on their letter
paper and envelopes, on the panels of their car
riages, on their seals and on plate; that their
effigies after death carry it on their heads and
that the Bishop of London, many colonial
bishops of. the Church of England, and I
think, the majority of the Scottish bishops,
wear the mitre during ecclesiastical functions
prove not only that they are logically right, but
also that- they have the law on their side. If they
choose to revive Its use. Many of them also wear
the pectoral "cross." and even some Low Church
bishops are not averse to being presented with . a
pastoral staff or an episcopal ring. None of these
things are prohibited In the Prayer Book any more
than- the "magpie" costume is ' prescribed as the
one style of vesting :¦ to be worn by a bUhop in
church. ¦ E. R.
: New-York. Dec. 15, 1900. . . . .
THE CHURCH OF 1 ENGLAND FOLLOWED. ,
THE AMERICAN PRATER BOOK SO DIRECTS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you allow me to answer the letter of "A
New-York Churchman" on the recent -consecration
of the • Bishop ; Coadjutor of Fond dv Lac. Wla..
which appears In your paper of December 14? ? I
have no doubt he Is an Intelligent churchman, as
he. says he Is. but he Is not a well informed
churchman, or 'he never - would have written that
letter.
In 'The Form of Ordaining or Consecrating:, a
Bishop" the bishop-elect Is required to be "vested
with his rochet" when he Is presented to the Pre
siding Bishop for consecration. After the Presid
ing ¦ Bishop , has examined , him. the . bishop-elect is
required to "put on th* rest or the episcopal habit."
The ' rubric ) whjc£ so directs, • fete ' doa* * not : say
C. C SHAYNE
Reliable Furs.
ALASKA SEALSKIN
Jackets and Corns,
$200, $225, $250, $275;
$300 to $400 for the best.
TRIMMED MINK, CHINCHILLA.
HUDSON BAY OR RUS
SIAN SABLE,
prices according to quality.
Note.— l only sell the genuine Alaska sealskin.
London dressed and dyed, which I can recom
mend.
PERSIAN LAMB
Jackets and Coats,
$125 to 5250.
BROAD TAIL & BABY -LAMB..
Jackets and Coats,
$300 to $500.
Trimmed with Mink. Chinchilla or
Sable, prices according to quality.
HUDSON BAY SABLE,
Natural color, not blended or darkened
in any way,
MUFFS,
$35, $50, $75, 00,
$150 to $250.
BOAS AND NECK PIECES
to. match, with cluster of tails. .
Extra Large Muffs and Boas,
all at corresponding prices.
RUSSIAN SABLE,
MUFFS $150 to $1,250
BOAS $150 to $1,500
COLLARETTES, VICTORINES
AND MANTLES,
$200 to $7,750.
MINK MUFFS $15 to $75
BOAS AND COLLARS. .sls to $10
COLLARETTES $50 to $1 50
FUR CAPES,
MINK .\.. $75 to $250
SEALSKIN $1 50 to $750
ALASKA SABLE $75 to $200
PERSIAN LAMB $1 00 to $450
FIR-LINED CIRCULARS,
$25 to $100.
MEN'S FUR-LINED
OVERCOATS,
large assortment, all sizes, lined and
trimmed with genuine furs,
$75, $125, $175 up.
SLEIGH ROBES, COACHMEN'S
OUTFITS,
at the lowest possible prices. 1
Store Open Evenings Until New Year's.
C. C SHAYNE
MANUFACTURING FUR MERCHANT,
42d St., bet Broadway and Sixth Aye.
what that habit is. The American Prayer Bock
nowhere says what vestments any of th* ministers
shall wear In the services of the Church. It was
not necessary to do so because the statement had
been made in the preface of th* book that "this
Church is far from intending to depart front Mm
Church of England in any essential point af doc
trine, discipline or worship at further than local
circumstances require." This fundamental state
ment refers us to the use of the Church of Bna>
land for our direction In such matters. Whan w»
turn to the English Player Book to and what to
the episcopal habit authorised ir th* Church of
England we find this rubric at tb begmntaui at
Morning Prayer. "Here it is to be noted that such
ornaments of the Church and of th* iiilhbMsis
thereof, at all times of their ministration, shall ha
retained and be In use as were in this Church of
England by the authority of Parliament to th*
second year of the reign of Kirg Edward the
Sixth." The first Prayer Book at Edward VI.
which went Into use June », IMH und watch to
easily obtained, gives a - lear idea, of what was
the use of that time. At the end of that beak are
"certain notes for the mor» plain exptteattaa) aaMl
decent ministration of things contained in t K to
book." Armng them Is this direction about th*
episcopal habit: "Whensoever the bishop ahaß
celebrate the Holy Communion in the church *r
execute any other public ministration he shall aaie
upon him. beside his rochette. a surplice or alb«
and a cop* or vestment, and also his paatatal
staff In his hand or else borne or boiden h* hta
chaplain." We know from other sources that th*
mitre was also worn.
This Is what is meant by "th<? res. of the splseo
pal habit" Whether we like cones and mitres or
not. the bishops at Fond dv Lac have the law all
on their side, and every well Informed man *""^w
it. All that can be said for the "roch*t *tftft
chlmere and scan, sleeves and ruffle* and ail,'* to
that custom has given sanction to their use. hat
they are not according to the plainly written direc
tions of the Church.
If my brother churchman from New-York coedd
bring himself to look this matter up with an on
biassed mind, he would fln<» that that "class af
minds which are capable of arguing" as I bava
done are not so dishonest as he things.
New-Haven. Conn.. Dec. ft. 1900. Q. H. aY
A REMARKABLE PISTOL.
From The London Globe.
The Zurich correspondent of "The T aimaf*
writes that at a meeting of the Zurich Medical
Society on November 27 Professor Kroalaoß
demonstrated a self -loading pistol which la cre
ating- quite a stir In army circles. A man who
shot himself with this weapon was admitted to
the surgical clinic with a perforated skull and
died soon after. Th* necroscopy revealed a
moat extraordinary power of destruction la tkw
bullet, there being quite a network of flasuraa
In the skull, besides th* small wound of en
trance and exit The German army authoritlsa.
It la laid, intend to introduce this ilastiacUis
weapon Into th* army. Th* simplicity of .oad
.: .v - --. :. ¦ .¦ :.¦ tk - la : m n
minute. It seams a weapon a<! lapted
;¦-.-. .i ..!-¦.:¦¦• -.!-'.¦ ..- • „ ¦ ; ->
SUCCESS.
From The Washington Star.
"Dar is all kinds a«* desre.es o' success," saH
Uncle Eben. "Wit some folks it la amaasin'
fortunes ... countries an* *vf yuUlutos
U'e Jw.' ktepis* out o* Jail."
3

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