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rS B SCABSDAI.K COURSE AT HARTS
DALE, X. V., AND SOME OF ITS AT
• j^rteh as has been the expenditure by Ameri
ca golf players in creating costly links, it Is
artful if there is any which combines more
rictorfsuueness and charm than that of the Scars
ale course, at Hart Male. N. Y. Situated within
an iron shot of the Hartadal* station, in one
d toe most delightful sections of Wostchester
Oaasty, the club enjoys a- unique position among
ft, many similar golf associations.
j t is not in any sense an aggressive club. It iMs)
jat belong to the Metropolitan Association; it holds
so open tournaments, and yet it counts among its
Platers *on.c of the delightful people who have
their country homes among the West
rioter hills, and in the life that centres about the
( & there is a simple charm that Is not often found
I .»s«*o-cMI-d popular golf clubs. James G. Connor
(V vice-president of the Fourth National Bank, of
th» city. Is one of the leading spirits In the organ
•Htlmi and is its president. A. B. Crane Is vice
pjesSflMit. J. W. Thayer secretary and H. F. Bal
XO ARTIFICIAL HAZARDS NEEDED.
Sot ion* ago the club assumed the dignity of
|B rtrhteen hole links, the original nine laid out
i r "Willie" Dunn being increased last spring by C.
I, W Fox. the resident professional. This was
fhortly after the time when Vardon gave his ex
tlMtioa there, and to-day Fox is able to point
,rt!!i MiBP pride to the changes wrought under
bl , «-»ter' ; 'l eye. Nature has dealt out her bless
fcpi lavishly in this part of Westchester. and
»!tb the graceful lake which lies so picturesquely
thToufh the course and the other natural advan
ttgf* offered by the rolling turf, no recourse has
l*«i had in any -way to artificial hazards. This
si's* lake, by the way. forms a capital skating
pond In winter, and when the Ice comes the mem
tetf take comfort In the idea of an alternative
ipert that will still keep them in the open air.
But go!f is -always the prime amusement, and
the course and clubhouse will remain open through
out the winter month*.
To* l« resident , professional, enjoying, a epsey
ftif* off the main building, where he "builds" the
nrJous clubs to suit the fancy of the golfing mem
tKj. He has already been in charge for two
jttre. and has recently signed a contract to re-
Bttr. until IMB. Fox is one of the North Ber
vick men. who emigrated to this country In 1894,
wber tew persons on this side of the water knew
vbat the word "golf" meant. His first charge
at at Meadow Brook. Long Island, where he
eajoyed quite a reputation as a crcenskeeper and
eJubmaker. Now, however, he has given himself
jseart and soul to the work at Hartsdale. and un
to the competent direction of Mr. Cannon Is
Baking a course that is pure to have its influence
Mi in succeeding seasons.
The entire property consists of two hundred'
acres though the links covers only about half of
this. The clubhouse is a modest structure of two
ftorles. with the restaurant, lounging room and
kitchen on the first floor and the locker rooms
»bore. There Is a fine large piazza extending al
most entirely around the building, from one por
tion of which may be -seen the incoming players
md particularly the home green. The yearly dues
for men are $3. and the initiation fee 110. Women
may enter without initiation fee, but must pay
yttrly dues of $15.
CAPITAL GOLFERS AMONG THEM.
Notwithstanding its modesty in local tourna
ment* Searsdale counts some capital golfers among
la members. C. C. Fleming is one of the best,
having a deft and accurate style and considerable
finish. C L. Smith is another who handles -his
dubs cleverly, and mention should be made also
of A. M. Crane, William Whitney. J. Brlte, J. W.
Carter, J. G. Cannon and W. H. Brewster.-
Nor are the women far behind in their own quiet
MB/. Mrs. N. P. Rogers is a member at Scarsdale.
though perhaps better known as a Plainfleld
golfer by reason of her success when entered from
the Hillside Tennis and Golf Club of that place.
Mrs. Rogers has made the nine hole course in 48.
Mrs. T. F. Burgess has a 58 to her credit, while
Mist AunllM Crane,- Mrs. C. L. Smith and Miss M..
Fieolsg can also put up a -good- game : -when the
occasion •warrants." The amateur 'record is held by
T. F. Mullaney as follows: ' '" ?
f>« 5 « 6 4 -. « « 6 7—51
la 8 6 5 7 4 3 6 5 4— 47— M
Ten strokes better than this is the professional
record held by Fox. The figures here are interesting
at showing the possibilities of the course from an
tat 5 6 4 3 9 0 4 5 6—43
!»•.¦ 6 6 4 « 5 5 « 4 4— 4s— «S
To understand the real merit of this card it should
be con.psred with the following summary of the
boles and bogie score:
Tardc 370 332 184 176 353 274 275 843 419
Hole*. 10 11 12 18 14 15 16 17 IS
Tarts 415 SKI 183 4&5 220 15H 318 207 173
AN IDEAL COURSE.
This is the course that has brought the member
ship up from 67 to 127 since last year. It is a
stretch of country to make a golfer's blood tingle
and to bring out the best that Is in him. Leaving
the- clubhouse piazza, a few steps carry him to the
frit green. Rolling turf leads to the hole, and a
straight drive over level turf to the second green,
a carry of 160 yards being necessary to clear the
brook. To reach the next hole the player has to
eras a small water hazard to an elevated green.
The stretch to the fourth hole is level, but Is
catted by a brook which menaces a topped br.ll.
Now a slight elevation is climbed and the drive
'•* cade across the lower part of the lake to the
'-th green, a topped ball being generally a lost
hill. The sixth hole Is situated on the «lde hill
tad brings th* player toward the woods. The bogie
* i, but the figure is seldom made.
Number 7 runs out of the woods in a straight line
•ad carries the player to a beautiful rocky tee.
from which the drive to the eighth hole Is made.
The ninth tee is situated on a high hill near the
¦*poCs and furnishes a charming view across the
njlta and dales toward Hartsdale. The tenth, one
« tbe longest hole*, brings the player back to the
••t* of the woods. This is one of the hardest holes
«t the course, as a topped ball is certain to land In
J»* brook. Back again to the eleventh green and
iron there across the lake near the bridge brings
Wai to the twelfth, which, though short. is by no
•aeans easy, the green being up a steep side hill.
NEARINO THE END.
Now comes the thirteenth, the longest hole on the
coarse. The next two are both short ones, however,
after which he faces the sixteenth, laid on a high
knoll, from which another charming view is had
«* the surrounding country. Playing down the
elope of this hill, he reaches the seventeenth, and
iron) her* comes the tee for the home hole, located
en a knoll high enough to overlook the railroad sta
ii on - and. though the distance is short, a brook
mutt be crowed, and It is a lucky golfer, indeed.
T^ ( n . ? Utnb to the Piazza above with Colonel
Bogle s Infallible figure of 80 for the course.
A VETERAN AMONG GOLF CLUBB.
THE BLA'-KHEATH ORGANIZATION SAID TO
BE THE OLDEST.
DM of the oldest golf clubs in the world is
a»M to be the Royal Blackheath Oolf Club, which
**s formed in l«*. and which was until quite
'•cent times one of the few golf clubs In England.
Orher golf clubs in the list of the oldest organisa
tions are the Honourable the Edinburgh Company
«t Golfer*, which dates back to 1744; the Royal
•n<J Ancient Oolf Club of St. Andrews, which
«'" formed in 1754. and the Royal Musselburgh
Gf ;lf nub. which was organised In 1774. The last
¦¦M sre Scottish club*.
According to many lovers of the game, there
w *r« up to 187» only about seventeen golf clubs
«ut«i<Je of g«y>tland. It is said that schoolboys
n <! young men in the neighborhood of Blackheath
y years ago regarded the golfers then on
c.«rkheath, with their red coats, as "old buffers "
*og were too old for cricket, and they looked
j** golf with something akin to contempt. In
the eves of all young people the men wtoo played
•M the raddles with red flags were curiosltlea.
"> Black heath now nearly *very person plays
rotr. aß <i there are oatd to be In England, Wales
•»<» Ireland W2 golf clubs.
AXXUAL POULTRY SHOW.
Entries for the twelfth annual exhibition by the
*->w-York Poultry, Pigeon and Pet Stock Asso
ciation will close with Secretary H. V. Crawford
« Montciair, N. J., on Tuesday, January i. The
°» will open In Madison Square Garden on
morning. January 23, and continue for
dd v yB d clo . B!t W on Saturday evening, January 26.
Ev^X ,, a lwa > rB welcomes the Poultry Show.
vo^T o<I lke th * "*** maA the pigeons are fa
tmm!sL,3}* r *»>Wt», cavles. cats, canaries and
t- thJ r« «t next month's show will be ehown
(ft* ii£f£. em IJ u* Jl « thui tlving much needed room
» ¦wwtijr ea Hit E eia floor of do amphitheatre.
EUBTLINQ FOR BUSINESS.
THE RACE OF COLLEGE ANNUAL MAN
AGERS FOR ADVERTISEMENTS.
'"I wonder If there is a college or preparatory
school In the land which docs not publish an
annual r asked the advertising manager of a large
M«w-York concern which uses tons of printer's Ink
every year in getting 'before the public. "That
youngster who Just went out Is the seventh to hunt
tiie up in the last. two weeks. They always come
about this time of the year, and few of them miss
us. although we have not carried a line of college
advertising tn years.
"The chaps are trying to become business man-
C. A. W. FOX.
The Scarßdale professional.
THE SCARSDALE LI
agers of the book which their class will publish in
their Junior year, and ha ,c to get advertisements
rpr the book published when they are sophomores.
They are out for the honor of the thine, and no
amount of time and labor is too great to give to the
work. They are usually young, terribly in earnest
and wonderfully lacking in their knowledge of busi
ness methods. They come in with their handsomely
covered volumes under their arms and start off
With a carefully memorizeu description of its al
leged advertising advantages. Each book is 'recog
nized by the college world as absolutely the best
ever published. 1 They tell you how loyal the
fellows are about patronizing the men who adver
tise in the college books In a way which is most
refreshing. I always have to give them the same
negative answer, \\V ;m very glad that you looked
us up, but our advertising accounts are closed for
the year and we will be unable to make any new
"Once in a while a fellow will show up with a
personal letter of introduction, and it is surprising
what influence and connections a college man can
work up through his classmates. 1 remember a
few years ago of the clever work done by the man
ager of ¦ Harvard publication. One of the younger
\ anderbilts wu« going there, and this schemer had
him elected to the Hoard as assistant business
manager. He then had cards printed on which
young Vanderbllt's name was very prominent. He
came on to the city and worked a score of banks
and business houses foi laige advertisements by
saying. 'Mr. \ anderbilt referred me to you.' It was
a clever scheme, but 1 don"t suppose the Vander
bilts would have liked the idea had they known of
THE DANISH WEST INDIES.
HOW THE QUESTION OF THEIR SALE TO
THE UNITED STATES IS REGARDED
IX THE ISLANDS.
From The Great Round World.
In our Issue of November 1. 1900, In the course of
an item regarding the projected Bale of the Danish
Went Indies to the United States, we said:
A curious feature of the affair is the attitude of
the Danish colonials themselves. A meeting of the
Colonial Council has been called at St. Croix to
protest formally to the Danish Government against
the sale of the islands 10 the United States. The,
colonial newspapers are printing the words, "Wo
do not wish to be sold."
This account was based on cable dispatches.
Through private sources of Information we are
now able to add a number of details which throw
further light on the attitude of the people of the
Islands toward the proposed transfer to the flag of
the United States.
The Colonial Council of St. Croix is made up of
eighteen members, of whom five are appointed by
the Crown and thirteen are elected by the vote of
the people. The chairman in Mr. A. J. Hlackwood,
an American. During the recent attempt to put
through the council a protest against the sale of
the islands he was absent from the islands, being
on a visit to the United States. His authority,
therefore, was temporarily vested in the vice
chairman, the Rev. H. Lawaetz, a Lutheran clergy
man at Chrlstiansted and a member of the Council
by appointment of the Crown. Mr. Lawaetz is
strongly opposed to any transfer of the islands.
His temporary succession to the chairmanship en
abled him to call for the purpose of protest a meet
ing of the Council, which doubtless would not have
been called had Mr. Blackwood been in authority.
The Council met, then, en October 29. By the
rules which govern its proceedings one-half of the
members on the islands constitute a quorum. At
the time of this meeting three of the eighteen
members were abroad, so that the quorum con
sisted of eight members. Twelve were present
when Mr. Lawaetz called the meeting to order.
Of these, seven were well understood to be op
posed to the sale, and five were In favor of it.
The five pro-sale members were the Editor of "The
St. Croix Avis," who Is also Inspector of schools
for the island; three Irish planters, who have lived
In the Islands from boyhood, and one native of
St. Crolx. of Irish parentage. The anti-sale mem
bers were the chairman, two native born Danes
and four colored men.
The following resolution w&h offered: "The Co
lonial Council of St. Croix begs most submissively
to express to Tour Majesty I the King of Denmark)
the wish that the islands may continue to remain
under the Danish Crown. We believe that we know
that the alienation to the United States is against
the wishes of the majority of the inhabitants." The
five pro-sale members protested that the meeting
was not qualified to express the wishes of all the
Inhabitants. Then they left the meeting, breaking
the quorum. The chairman, however, refused to
recognise the absence of the five, and passed the
resolution with seven votes. The pro-sale members
thereupon entered a formal protest, which the local
government forwarded to Denmark at the name
time with the resolution. The Danish Ministry Is
unlikely to place any faith In the resolution, ac
companied as It Is by a strong minority objection.
The colonial newspaper which printed the words
"We do not wish to be sold' is edited by a colored
man. backed by a Dane, who at present enjoys a
lucrative business monopoly.
The local Government at St. Croix appears to be
passive regarding the sale. Doubtless the question
may be resolved to the question of personal advan
tage or disadvantage which the change would bring
to Individual inhabitants. Men who are now filling
lucrative offices or controlling trade monopolies are
Mid to be opposed to a transfer; but others, while
they admit that the first result of a change of rule
would 'be business confusion, hold that the ultimate
benefit* would more than compensate for tempo
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 23. 1900.
REINDEER IN ALASKA.
THERE HAS BEEN NO ABNORMAL SICK
ETBBB AND DEATH AMONG HERDS
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: A friend has sent me the following clipping
from The Tribune:
Strangely enough, the experiment of sending
Lapland reindeer to Alaska In the care of experi
enced Lapland herders seems to have been a fail
ure and to have cost the Federal Treasury a con
siderable sum. without adequate return. Both the
deer and the Laps developed a deplorable tendency
KS AND SOME OF ITS CHARACTERISTIC HOLES.
to die off prematurely. One of the returning herd
masters says that the climr.te of that part of
Alaska to which the deer and their shepherds were
pent was no more rigorous 'han that of Lapland,
in which the animals and their Keepers alike thrive,
but for t.ome mysterious reason Alaska food and
Alaska conditions of weather wore deadly to most
of the two footed and four footed exiles. It Is a
I'uzzle. Who ca.i explain the causes of sickness
and death among the herds and their keepers?
The puzzle is easily solved, as there has been no
special "sickness and death among the herds and
their keepers." The Government has carried on two
reindeer enterprises in Alaska. Beginning with
1892. it has annually Introduced reindeer Into
Alaska from Siberia for breeding purposes. And in
the fall of 1897, when the country was startled by
reports thrt the miners who had rushed into the
Klondike were facing the rigors of an Arctic winter
with an insufficient food supply, the several cham
bers of commerce and newspapers on the Pacific
Coast made a general call on the Government for
action. Congress voted a sum of money to send
relief. The Secretary of War at once proceeded
to avail himself of every method that promised to
afford relief, with the hope that If the majority
of methods e-nployed failed at least one might
succeed. A large supply of provisions wai gathered
at Dyea. Alaska. Army pack mule trains were
sent from Wyoming to Alaska, and packers em
ployed. Managers of leading transportation com
panies engaged In the Alaska trade were sum
moned to Wushlneton and offered contracts for
the carrying of relief supplies Into the Yukon Val
Among the other plans the Government sent to
Lapland for a number of reindeer and trained Lap
drivers, for transporting food In midwinter to the
Buffering population. Flvo hundred and thirty-
eight reindeer were brought by the War Depart
ment from Lapland to Alaska. Their native moss
was brought with them In sufficient 'quantity to
last until they should reach the moss pasturage of
Alaska, which was known to be sixty miles dis
tant from the coast at Haines Mission, wIMTC thp
deer would be landed for their overland trip, pro
vided there was no unusual detention at Puget
Sound, where they would be changed from cars to
steamer, and on the coast of Alaska, where they
should be landed to be driven inland.
A combination of circumstances resulted in their
being detained nine days at Seattle and three weeks
at Haines Mission The result of this detention was
that between three hundred and four hundred of
the 538 deer were starved to death at Haines Mis
sion, and many of the others were so weakened
A VIETt OF THE HOME GREEN.
that they died after reaching the moss pasturage.
After acquiring sufficient strength the remaining
deer w»re started for the Central Yukon Valley, a
distance of a thousand miles through an unbroken
wUderness without a road or trail. Casualties of
tplvel, of wolves, and so on, caused r slight loss
In the number, leaving only 114 to reach their des
tination. Ninety-two of these have been turned over
to the Episcopal Mission, at the mouth of the
Tanana, in exchange for an equal number of deer
owned by the mission in another part of Alaska.
There Is no puzzle or mystery about It whatever.
The reindeer, like cattle, horses or other animals,
under the same circumstances, died of starvation.
Neither climate nor country had anything to do with
It. These deer were all geldings, trained to harness
and brought over exclusively for transportation pur
poses, and the need for them passed away before
their arrival at their destination.
GOLF IN THE LAST CENTURY.
Painted by L. F. Abbott, 1790.
(From The London Graphic.
The main reindeer enterprise of the Government
was begun as early as 1892, in the introduction
of domestic reindeer Into Alaska from Siberia for
breeding purposes. During the last eight years
997 reindeer have thus been brought into Alaska
by the Department of the Interior. The Increase
by birth of fawns In Alaska during these eight
years has been 3,342. Of this number there remain
at present In Alaska 3,323, including the ninety-two
remaining from the Lapland expedition. The rein
deer born In Alaska are much larger and heavier
than their parents born and raised in Siberia Th.
birth In Alaska of 3.342 fawns from the 997 brought
from Siberia and the Increase in ai«e and weight of
these fawns do not Indicate that the Alaska
climate and food disagree with the relnde.*
total number now In Alaska, 3.323. would have
been much larger but for the fact that In the
winter of 1567-'9B 448 were driven to Point Barrow,
seven hundred miles. In the Arctic winter night, to
rescue the Ice Imprisoned and starving «
at that point. And upon arriving there 160 .leer
were slaughtered and issued as rations. =avlng
thereby tho lives of hui;diecU ul men. Mwrjgver,
during the last eight years, others (males) have
been killed to supply the herders and their families
with fresh meat, a few have been killed by dogs
and wolves, a few have died from disease and
others have died from old age. i
The 3.323 reindeer are distributed in nine herds,
the chief of which are at Cape Prince of Wales, tha
Government station at Eaton and Point Barrow;
1.493 of these deer are now the personal property
of twenty Esqulmaus who have learned the care
and management of reindeer by five years' ap
prenticeship at the Government stations.
During the winter of 1899-1900 reindeer mall routes
were successfully maintained between Eaton and
Nome. Kotzebue Sound. St. Michael and N'ulato,
the aggregate number of miles travelled over a wild
and sub-Arctic country without roads being be
tween six thousand and seven thousand.
In IS9B sixty-three herders and their families,
making a total 113. were brought from Lapland
to Alaska. Before reaching Alaska one family of
four was returned to Lapland on account of sick
ness, This fall (1900) eleven men and their families,
making . a total of nineteen persons in all, who
came from Lapland In 1898, their term of service
having expired, returned to Lapland; three have
died during their sojourn in Alaska. This leaves
from eighty to eighty-six still In the country the
majority of whom upon the expiration of their
service with the Government went to the mines,
where one of them made $200,000 In one summer;
two others each made 155.000; four made $15,000 each,
and sixteen persons made from $1,000 to $20,000 each.
Some of these men have invested their surplus
earnings in farms In the States of Washington,
California and other parts of the «?*• • • *
One Is now the principal stockholder of the Nome
City waterworks. Certainly this does not look
either as If the Laps were all dead or all discour
aged. . Agents of the Interior Department have
since, the . beginning of the reindeer industry
been examining Alaska with regard to " its
capability of sustaining reindeer and find that
upon the basis allowed by the Norwegian Govern
ment of so many deer to the square mile Alaska
has pasturage sufficient for nine million head of
reindeer. SHELDON JACKSON.
• > * United States General Agent.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 20, 1900.
SIR ARTHUR SCIJ.IV IV.
MORE REMINISCENCES OF HIS PERSON
ALITY AND WORK.
From The Pall Mall Gazette.
F. R. Spark, the honorary secretary of the I-eeds
Musical Festival, has many stories to tell of Sir
Arthur Sullivan's connection with that great func
tion. A few were told in "The Leeds Mercury"
yesterriay. Here Is one: After "The Golden
Legend" Sir Arthur did not write anything for the
Leeds festivals. With the approach of each festival
he was asked to write a work for it, and he prom
ised to do so provided he could find a suitable
libretto. About a year before the last festival he
wrote to Mr. Spark, saying that he had found a
subject, and had already < dtten a considerable
portion of »he instrumental music of a cantata.
Mr. Snark came to London with the view of ob
taining further particulars of the work, only to be
surprised and somewhat ar.i:oyed to find that Sir
Arthur had changed his mind. He told Mr. Spark
that the further he went with the work the more
he found It shaped itself for the purposes of an
opera, and that he should very likely use it as such.
He did so; he converted the cantata into an opera,
and It was brought out at the Savoy under the title
of "The Beauty Stone." It was a failure, and con
sidering the circumstances that was perhaps hard
AN ADMIRER OF BACH.
Sir Arthur was a great admirer of Bach, and
especially of his mass In B minor. That was per
formed at Leeds in ISB6, and at the time of the
production of "The Golden Legend." The mass up
to that time had been regarded as an almost im
possible work, altho-igh it had been performed by
the Bach Society in London. Sir Arthur took great
pains with It; he wrote the organ part, and its
performance was quite a sensation. Mr. Spark
recalls an Incident in connection with it which
illustrates the effect which ambition had upon Sir
Arthur's physical condition. Sir Arthur was then
suffering from an attack of the painful malady
which ended his career, and was very ill. Mr.
Spark came to London to see him about the
arrangements for the festival, and conversation
turned on the mass. Sir Arthur was lying on his
couch scarcely able to raise himself on his elbow,
but he became quite animated in speaking of a par
ticular passage In the chorus— the Sanctus— saying
that he regarded it as the finest piece of music
extant. "I would willingly give all I have ever
written," he oeclared. "if I could produce a piece
of music like that." Weak though he was, so great
was his enthusiasm that he began to sing one
of the parts to show Mr. Spark how he felt It
should be rendered Continuing to sing passages,
he quite revived, the anticipation of a brilliant
performance of the mass seemed to put new life
into him, and he quickly recovered.
A BEAUTIFuL MELODY.
A composer's memory is proverbially treacherous.
On this head Sullivan told an amuslne story. His
best melodies, he said, frequently came while he
was trying to get sleep. One so persistently
haunted him that he got up and wrote it down.
Next day he played it over to a friend, who ad
mitted that he thought it one of the most beautiful
melodies ever composed, and always had thought
so. It was "The Power of Love" from "Satanella."
And Sullivan had certainly not heard It for some
thing like thirty years.
From The London News.
Sir Arthur Sullivan was an inventor as well as a
musician, a fact which seems to have been lost
sight of in the many articles written on his death.
In this less known character he appeared at the
Crystal Palace last year when the Article Club's
Exhibition was opened by the Duke and Duchess
of Connaught. Sir Arthur's exhibit was a means
of freeing runaway horses from the carriages be
hind them, and so securing the safety of the pas
sengers. He explained It to the Duke and Duchess,
who seemed much interested in it. They were
amused, too, but that was by a question (put by
an onlooker) whether, if the invention were In use,
it would not be possible for a horse to quit the
From The London Chronicle.
Sir Arthur Sullivan had remarkably calm and
sane relations with the press — for a composer. He
looked at criticisms very regularly, and he was
never made miserable by dispraise In one quarter
nor elated by praise In another. One critic, whose
word he considered, possesses a little collection of
letters, rare of their class. In which the composer
agrees with his critic's dispraises. For instance:
"You are quite right about the Roulette Song; but
I purDosely tried to hit the French cafe chantant
style (tout cc qu'il y a de plus canaille), and I fear
I have succeeded but too well." Similarly, with
"The Absent Minded Beggar," there was the con
fession of a frank appeal to popularity.
STEEL TIES TRIED.
EXPENSE AGAINST THEM. BUT ONE ROAD FINDS
From The Chicago Times-Herald.
Why are not steel ties used on American rail
roads? This question is often asked by hose not
initiated into the mysteries of railroad construction,
and it is commonly supposed that the reason lies
in the susceptibility of the metal to atmospheric
changes. This, however. Is not the fact. The most
important reason for their not being used is their
cost compared with wooden ties.
Prices, of course, vary with locality and circum
stances, but the fair average cost of a wooden tie
may be said to be 60 cents, while an average steel
tie as now constructed costs about $2 50. The wood
en tie under ordinary conditions will wear about
ten years, and its life may be extended far beyond
this period. The life of a steel tie is problematical,
but the majority of railroad engineers do not be
lieve it Is long enough to balance the increased
cost. At the same time, every engineer realizes the
fact that the time Is coming when the railroads of
the country will be driven to the use of steel ties
whether they so desire or not. The forests from
which ties come will not last forever, and many of
the roads are even now considering what to do In
view of the scarcity of tie timber. Knowing that
the age of the steel tie Is coming, several concerns
have for a long time been engaged in the manu
facture of steel ties aad in experimenting with
them. The tie that will be best adapted to general
use Is probably not yet made, although some manu
factures follow the European forms.
For some years roads all over the Continent have
been using steel ties with good results and accord
ingly manufacturers in this country are using the
foreign roads as arguments to induce American
roads to try the steel tie. 3ome engineers believe
too, that steel does not make as good a tie as
wood. With steel ties and rock ballast they say
passengers would think that they were riding on
a bed of solid cement on account of the absence
of resilient properties. They also believe that diffi
culty would be experienced in packing the dirt
about the steel ties securely enough to prevent the
trarks getting out of alignment. For about six
months the Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain
Railroad in Pennsylvania has been experimenting
with the use of steel ties. The tie in use there
resembles the "bowl" and "plate" tie largely in use
in India and South America, and the company
has been subjecting it to exceptionally heavy traffic.
The ties were laid on October 12. 1899. There are
forty-four of them, and the normal spacing Is
twenty-four inches from centre to centre, but the
actual spacing varies from sixteen to thirty Inches,
the ties having been put in where the wooden ties
were removed. Kach trough or rait bearer weighs
about twenty-five pounds and the tie bearer sixty
pounds. The rails are seventy pounders, and are
laid with suspended Joints spliced with four bolt
angle bars, and the track Is ballasted with slag.
¦net the ties were laid about 1.600.000 tons of
freight has passed over them, principally coal cars
of oOaiOO and 80.000 pounds capacity, hauled by 100
ton engine*. The officials claim that the steel ties
make a more durable track than wooden ties and
reduce the labor of irack maintenance by 44 per
cent. They also permit an Increase of S3 per cent
In the length of the sections. If these deductions
are correct it Is difficult to see why railroads In
general do not adopt the steel tie.
WHFKF. RE <!<>T THE SERVE.
From The Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"It will be necessary." said th* commander of the
forlorn hope, "for one of our number to step for
ward and expose himself In order to draw th*
"Let me have the Job," cried a private In th* r*ar
A moment later he stood out clear against the
sullen sky and fifty bullets spat about him.
••Forward!" shrieked the commander.
A half hour later, when the attacked position had
fallen and It waa all over, th* offleor beckoned to
"Where." he asked, "did you net th« wonderful
nerve to sUn>. out mere and make yourself a target
lor the bullets of those markamen?"
Thf private nmlled.
"For live years." h« answered. "1 was & guide In
the Maine woods."
TO SEEK THE NORTH POLE
CAPTAIN BEBXIER. A CANADIAN. HAS A
NEW PROJECT FOR ARCTIC
Captain J. Elzear Bernier, of Quebec, has Just
gained the support of Sir Clements Markham.
president of the Royal Geographical Society, far
his plan for a North Pole expedition. He hopes to
enlist the- British Government In his support-
Many of the Captain's voyages have been under
taken in the Icy regions of the North, and ho has
volunteered to undertake a voyage of discovery to
the pole by a new route and by aM of inventions
of his own for Ice travelling.
The attempts to reach the North Pol* have boa*
made by four routes— by the twj shores of tho
large arm cf the sea between Greenland and Franz
Josef's Land, and by Bearing and Smith's Straits.
The attempt to reach the pole by Behring Strait
was made by the ill fated Jeannette. which, im
prisoned in the Ice for two years, was finally
broken up north of the island of New-Siberia. Bits
of her were discovered later on the southeast coast
of Greenland. The wreckage, it is conjectured,
drifted northwest through the glacial ocean north
of Franz Josefs Land and close to the pole.
Captain Bernier will travel by the route taken by
the wreck of the Jeannette. By this route, in
stead of being in opposition to the current, as so
many explorers have been, the Captain hopes to bo
carried along and aided at all points of his journey
by It. The Captain says:
In the Polar Circle, from off the shores of Siberia,
the most frequent winds are from the east and
southeast, thus carrying the ice to the north and
northwest and drawing it against the shores of'
CAPTAIN J. E. BERNIER.
Franz Josefs Land. Spltzbergen and Greenland.
In the Polar Circle on the North American coast.
on the contrary, the wind blows from the west and
northwest, pushing the ice to the east and south
east, on the shores of North Greenland and Grtn
nell Land, where It accumulates from year to year
and forma those eternal masses, or "hummocks."
which Markham. who explored this part of th*
Polar Circle, says tower many feet above the mov
ing ice. If we draw a line from Behrlng Strait to
North Greenland we will divide the Polar basin
into two parts. The western part is formed of an
immense block of ice hearing upon the shore of
North America, which forms an Impassable barrier
to the pole. The eastern portion is formed by Ice
which has drifted from the ooast of Siberia and
Behring Strait, and pursues the course of the wind
When It approaches the pole it increases In thick
ness and volume, forming the "hummocks." which
Dr. Nansen found to be about thirty feet high.
These are no douat higher nearer th* pole.
It is well known that north of Franz Josefs
Land, for some distance, there is a deep tee
bearing sea of relatively warm temperature. This
much, at least. Nansen has made certain. Whether
this ice-bearing sea extends clear to the Pole, or
whether it is studded with islands like the waters
around Franz Josefs Land, and whether It Is
relatively as mild as the Spitsbergen west coast,
ere questions yet to be solved. Captain Bernier
believes that the polar basin is a frozen ocean,
over which his dogs and reindeer may make their
way on ice for the most part free of impediment.
He purposes to enter the Siberian side somewhera
near the Lena, or Bennett Island, and proceed
leisurely over the ice at the rate of four miles a
day. He will take with him 19 reindeer and a
rubber raft capable of carrying 18.000 pounds;
thirty sledges m.i.lc of aluminum and wood, and
folded away in the bottom of the raft, and food
enough to last two ar.»! a half years, though he
believes he will rrturn in eighteen months. The
me nbers of the expedition are to be the com
mander, one geological surveyor, six selected men
and one man to take charge of the dogs and rein
deer. Over thirty applications have been receive*!
from persons anxious to ioln the exploring party,
among whom is the son of Lieutenant Bury, of th*
Greely expedition. The captain's reputation as
a navigator adds to the possibility of his success;
Nansen thinks he m-iy HseetodL and Dr. Dawson.
of the Canadian Royal Survey and an authority
on Arctic affairs, vitws the prospect with muc'i
Captain Bernier is framed for hardship. He has
a record as a sea captain that is probably unique)
in maritime annals. Before he was eighteen ho
commanded a vessel sailing from Canada to Eng
land, and he has commanded forty-seven ships and
steamers sailing to all parts of the world. Ilia love
of the sea is an inheritance. His father waa a s*a>
captain for sixty years, and a number of his an
cestors have enviable seafaring records. Few men
In the United Staten or Canada are more thor
oughly posted on all questions relating to tho
Arctic, and many of his friends believe ne Is tho
man destined to add to our knowledge of that
fascinating but little known region which from
Mercator to Andre has occupied the thought of ao
many adventurous souls
THE HUXGARIAX PEASANT BALL.
Madison Square Garden will be an Hungarian vl!«
lage, with an election day scene and merriment, on
Friday evening. January 4. All the village build
ings will be represented, with the courthouse, tho
Jail, where lovers of the peasant girls must pay
their fines for kisses, and. after the f*te day acono
the guests at the ball may risk the chance of fine,
or imprisonment, the money forfeited for the low
making to ko to charity. Rehearsals for the dances
are now in progress under direction of the Commit
tee of the Hungarian Ball Association.
BE XEYER SAW HEFFELFIXGER PLAT.
YET HE KNEW SOMETHING ABOrT FOOTBAMW
j From The Philadelphia Post.
"Pudge" Heffelrtnger was one of the- most pops*
lar football players that Yale ever produced. A3
long as he played football he was an idol, and
received enough homage to turn a less level head
i than his proved to be. At present he la living?
; quietly at his home. In Minneapolis, and Is in
business with his father, a well known shoe manu
i facturer of that city. And one subject he seldom
I discusses is football.
This story Is told of a New-York girl who visited
; Minneapolis several years ago. At a dinner ah*
1 found herself seated by a big. broad shouldered
young man. whose name she had not caught. As) .
: he was big. looked muscular, and did not touch.,
' wine, she divined that athletics would be likely to
1 interest him.
"Do you play football?" she asked, accordingly.
"Not now." he answered, with some embarrass**
ment, apparently. She thought him shy.
"But you have played?" she queried, encourag
"Yes— some." he replied.
"You look as if you might play very well. Them
Western colleges turn out some very fine players,"
! she continued, a trifle patronizingly.
"Th© best in the world!" he responded, emphati
"Oh. hardly that! Of course, they don't compare,
with the Yale and Harvard players." She thought
It a trifle provincial of him to put his Western
colleges above Yale and Harvard. "Have you ever
seen one of the Yale-Harvard games?" the con
"Yes. I have seen Yale and Harvard play,"* h*
"I never miss a game if I can help It." th* girl
I rattled on. "but I don't enjoy them as 1 used to
! when Heftelnnger played. Did you ever sea bin
He looked thoughtful for a moment. "No," ho
"Well, you don't know what you've missed! If
you realty care for football you ought to see Hot*
"I'm afraid I never shall." said the young man,
"Evidently he's not a real football enthusiast, or
he'd show more interest In the subject," the girl
thought to herself, and was about to begin on some
other topic when a man across th* table accosted
the big. broad shouldered young man bestda her.
" 'Pudge.' " he said, "are you going to coach any
this winter for the Minnesota team?"
"No. not this year." answered the young man. A
premonitory shiver w*nt over the girt.
"Was It 'Pudge* he called you?* r she demanded
breathlessly of th* broad shouldered young man.
She recalled a vague memory that Heffelflnsir was
a Western man.
"Yes, It was 'Pudge.' ** he had to admit.
"And yojur other name?" she asked, her fa»» •
•'iUSeltlr.ser. 1 - was the apologetic rqplrfc