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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 23, 1900, Image 4

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NEWS OP TWO CAPITALS.
Continued from II ml I»«U«"
/ear, and there will be no lark of social gayety
In the country houses.
London has been filled with shoppers during
the week, and the Carlton and other restaurants
have presented brilliant shows every night; but
there Is a great outrush of traffic from even'
railway station to-day. London will find enter
tainment In pantomime and spectacle during the
holiday season, which opens to-night with a
gorgeous revival of 'Henry V at the Lyceum.
This will be followed by The Sleeping Beauty"
at the Drury Lane, where the tinsel glories of
Sir Augustus Harris's days will be thrown into
the shade. The pantomime will reign at many
suburban theatres, and there will be some not
able charitable entertainments, especially one di
rtied by Mrs. Kendal and Miss Esther Palllser
at St. James' Hall.
Mr. Maurice Hewlett has gone to Devonshire
for a holiday before completing the dramatiza
tion if "Richard Yea-and-Nay" for Mr. Beer
hohm Tree. Mr. J. M. Barrie has gone north
with plots for two new plays in his head. Mr.
Stephen Phillips is recruiting his health in the
f-üburbs. and the literary men, with few excep
tions, are outward bound.
The Christmas dinner at the Whltefrtars' Club
tas * delightful affair, with a good speech by
...r. Carruthers Oo«M. graceful pleasantries from
Mn ha", Whitelnjr. a handsome present for
s-ecn-tary Ppurgeon and the pinging of "Auld
Lung Pyre" by the guests in true Scottish style.
The artMka, headed by Sir Laurence Alma
•J adorns, are forming an association for business
pwpaata, hot sternly reject the Idea that it Is
<iih<: a trades union or an Industrial trust.
I. Iff. F.
PARIS
ART TREASURES OF THE DE LION'E FAM
ILY SAVED FROM FIRE.
THE MOST IMPORTANT O~ THE SPLENDID
, "OT.T.KrTTON AT BELCEIL INTACT—
M. CAM BON'S RETT-RN-THE
ATRICAL NOTES.
[Gerrrlsfct: UK* " v Th» N»w-Tork Tribunal
f!,T r WI .E TO TTTF 1 TWTKT-VF 1
Paris. Dec. 22.— The lest days of the eighteenth
and nineteenth centuries have been very event
ful on** for the princely house of Llgne. On
Friday. December •*•• IWW. Prince Louis Eugene
d«> Llgne. the great-grandfather of the present
prince, was left for dead on th* battlefield of
Hoheniinden. Prince Louis Eugene was then
th» pole male descendant of his family, which,
¦with his death, would have beccrre extinct. By
¦ lucky chance his life was saved through the
personal attention and solicitude of a young
fr*n»ral of the hostile army, afterward known
to fame as Michel Hay. On Friday. December
14. ipnn. th» Chateau d*> Belceil. one of the most
magnificent mediaeval castles In Europe, the
name of which for more than five hundred years
has been associated with the house of Ligne,
was destroyed by fire. All that remains stand-
Ing of the castle Is th* blackened masonry of its
outlying towers. The Prince de Ligne, his
mother, the Princess Dowager Marguerite de
Ligne. and his only child, the Princess Suzanne,
a young girl of fifteen, were living at Belceil
when the fire occurred. On Thursday evening
th« Princess Suzanne remarked to her father
that she smelled something burning, but no at
tention was paid to this. On Friday morning
the flamee, which had been smouldering in the
centre of the building, burst forth Into a blaze.
The cause of the fire was the defective flues of
the furnace. All the inhabitants of the little
village of Belceil. the firemen from Tourney and
th* neighboring towns, did all they could to sup
press the flames, and would have succeeded but
for the strong southeast wind. At present the
park of fifteen thousand acres, laid out by Le
Notre in 1711. is rigorously guarded by gen
darmes and soldiers. No one is allowed to ap
proach the ruins, where the Prince himself is
working night and day classifying objects
rescued from the fire, which are stored ln the
stables, the pavilions, the orangery and the hot
houses.
The Princess Dowager arrived in Paris on
Thursday, and, thanks to this lady's courtesy,
I am enabled to cable the welcome news that,
contrary to all reports hitherto published, the
pictures, bronzes, marbles and other works of
art. and most of the historical relics, including
presents and mementos from the Emperor
Charles V. from Philip 11. from Marie Antoi
nette and from Napoleon I have been saved. The
Princess said that this was due to the splendid
conduct and courageous efforts of the villagers j
of Belceil, who, like one great family, men,
women acd children, all turned out and worked !
¦with might and main. Among the pictures j
paved are the 125 family portraits, canvases by ,
Albrecht, DOrer, Holbein, Van Dyck, Rubens I
and Velaaaues. The superb Cranach, the value j
of which klone mas estimated by Insurance com
panies at 700.000 francs, Is Intact so also are j
the famous bronzes by Cellini, the faiences by j
Bernard Palissy, the ivory carvings by Duques- |
noy, the wooden spoon that belonged to Luther,
the autograph letter of St. Vincent de Paul, the
coral cabinet, a gift of Philip II; the sword of
P.ubT.E, and the glaive with which the Counts
Egmont and Horn were beheaded. The whole of
the valuable library and all the old manuscripts,
which form one of the most precious collections
of the sort In existence, have also been pre
served. The collection of firearms, the most
complete outside any national museum, was
saved. Not a single picture has been lost, and
only four have been damaged, these being paint
ings on mural panels representing the mission
of the Prince de Ligne on the occasion of the
coronation of Queen Victoria.
On the other hand, quantities of beautiful
furniture and tapestry of the sixteenth, seven
teenth and eighteenth centuries have been de
stroyed, together with rare collections of Saxe
and Sevres porcelain. The Princess Dowager
Fays that her son has decided to rebuild the
castle as nearly as possible so as to reproduce
what was destroyed. Eye-witnesses describe as
most pathetic the sight presented by the Prince,
pale with emotion, begrimed with smoke and
bleeding from contusions caused by falling
"77"
Influenza— Cold in the Head
Is an Inflammation of the lining membrane of
the. nose. Commences with tingling, itching and
dryne— of the nostrils, followed by a watery or
mucous discharge, frequent sneezing; dull pain
and eenee of weight In the forehead; increased
i secretion of tears; occasional chilliness, and
Fever.
If not arrested, the Catarrh spreads to the
throat and respiratory organs, attended with
Hoarseness. Sore Throat. Tickling Cough and
Oppressed Breathing.
Checked Circulation, the cause of nearly all
COM*, produces these symptoms; the use of "77"
Marts the blood tingling through the veins until
it reaches the extremities, when the feet warm
p aad the Cold Is broken. At an druggist*,
V*- . or by mjlii.
ruT _ pot f*n_i^T " **' Httm «*~^ m»«»*i or m
**««*• <*•' Cor. WillUm
MBtafa, standing amid the ruin* of the home
of hie race, and now and again venturing into
the fiajne? at the head of a devoted band of vil
lagers and firemen ivnd rescuing h> ancestral
rellce. The saving of these vast treasures of
art is an event of worldwide interest, and seems
almost as providential as the resuscitation a
hundred yearn ago on the battlefield of Hohen
! linden of the present Prinoe's gr^at-grandfather
and namesake, l»y which the extinction of this
BtaatftoM family was averted.
The Prince de Ligne. now in his forty-sixth
year, is a highly cultured man of literary tastes.
He has expressed hie Intention of devoting his
whole life, energy and resources to the recon
struction of Beloeil. a task in which he will have
the sympathy of all lovers of art throughout
Europe and America.
Zola's letter to President Loubet and the vio
lent attacks upon General Andre. Minister of
War. for his energetic arrest of Major Cuignet
cause no real agitation in the public mind, and
: anyth.ng approaching a revival of the Dreyfun
affair is considered by those in closest touch
with public sentiment here as entirely out of the
question. The real wish of the country la to
let bygones be bygones, and begin the nevr cen
tury with a clean slate.
The tact shown by the Cabinet in taking oc
casion to offer the Cross of the Legion of Honor
to Lieutenant Plmms. formerly Naval Attache
of the American Embassy here, is regarded as
a conclusive and satisfactory reply on the part
of the French Government to the absurd stories \
published a few weeks ag.» In Paris and Wash- |
ington about that officer's connection with al- |
leged attempts to obtain professional secrets In I
regard to the French artillery-
M. Jules Cambon, after several long conversa
tions with M. Delcasse, has decided to return
to his post at Washington, and. together with j
M. Bruwaert, French Consul-Gerer&l In New- ¦
York, and M. Louis Hermite, Attache of the j
French Embassy in Washington, sailed to-day j
on La Gascogne. M. Bruwaert, who is accom- !
panied by his wife, formerly Miss King, of Chi
cago, was received by President Loubet yes
terday previous to his departure.
Knrial activity among the Americans here dur
inr the holiday season, which Is now In full I
swing, has so far been confined to small but
elaborate dinners and luncheon* among inti
mate friends and cosey little theatre parties.
There is plenty of fun and gayety. but it does
not take the form of dances or balls. There
have been some admirable musical receptions
given by the Countess Rene de Coetlogan and
by Mr?. T>rake. and a number of agreeable teas
have been given by Mies Fanny Reed, Miss
Minnengerode, Mrs. Frederick Bridgeman, Mrs
Silvers. Mrs. Bodlngton. Mrs. Weeks, Mm. Getty,
Mrs. Cook, Mrs. de Oarmendla and Mrs. Saint
Amant.
The chief topics of conversation at these gos
slppy little 5 o'clock teas are the successes
of two extremely attractive and clever young
actresses, Mile. Jeann* Roily, at the Gymnase.
and Mile Yvonne Garrick, at the Odeon, who
both come as Interesting recruits to replace the
waning stars that have for so many years had It
all their own way on the Paris stage.
Another topic much discussed Is th* new golf
club, which is about to acquire a lease for
twenty-one years of the park of La Marche. In
which is a once fashionable steeplechase course,
and where the new elghteen-hole links will be
opened in January. Messrs. James Gordon Ben- j
nett. Henry Ridgeway and Carrick Riggs have
each subscribed $1,000 toward the new club,
which promises to be a great success. Dues will
be 250 francs for playing members and 100 i
francs for non-playing members; temporary j
players may secure privileges for 25 francs a j
week. La Marche la on the Versailles road, five j
miles west of Paris, and within two hundred
yards of the Vaucresson station.
Among the Americans who have left Paris for
Cannes are Mr. and Mrs. George Scott, Mrs.
Scott Grant Bnd Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Chad wick.
Seven new plays have been brought out since
Monday. Among these It Is gratifying to record
the successful production at the Odeon of a
bright and amusing three act comedy by Alex
ander Bisson and Berr de Turrique, admirably
acted by Henri Meyer and Mile. Yvonne Gar
rick, and suitable for any ears and eyes. The '
raison d'etre of the title, "Le Chateau His
torlque," is capitally set forth in the very first
scene. A crowd of tourists, Americans . and
others, are being escorted around an old house i
by a liveried servant, who explains that the ;
chateau was formerly the abode of Jean Jacques
Rousseau and exhibits a number of relics,
among them the pen with which the philosopher j
wrote "Le Contrat Social." The lackey sells the j
relic for 20 francs to an enthusiastic visitor, the |
pen being forthwith replaced by another, the j
sixty-seventh. The historical house has come |
into the possession of an industrious tradesman,
Colombln by name, who is proud to show his
new acquisition to all comers, especially as the !
fees given to the servants make it possible to
dispense with the payment of wages. The elder i
of Colombin's daughters, Marguerite, although
married, has fallen in love with a symbolist poet
whom she has never «een, but ¦whose works she
has read. The husband, In order to punish his
wife, persuades an Intimate college friend, one
Barrols, who is not known to any of the family,
to Impersonate the poet and act so as to dis
gust Marguerite by his boorish behavior. This
idea -will remind playgoers of "David Garrick,"
made so popular by Mr. Wyndham, which was
Itself taken from a French piece. Marguerite
is completely cured of her infatuation and
throws her arms about her husband's neck.
Here the play might end but for new complica
tions which occur In the way of Barrols and
Genevieve, a younger sister of Marguerite, be
} coming devoted to each other. This leads to a
marriage, but before this result is reached there
Is a network of ingeniously combined substitu
tions and incidents conceived in Brlsson's hap
piest vein, which hold the audience's attention
until the curtain falls. "Le Chateau Historique"
is likely to have a long run. Mile. Yvonne Gar
rick. who secured the first prize for comedy last
spring at the Conservatoire, fulfils expectations
and has developed into a most attractive In
genue.
The Theatre dcs Bouffes Parisiens has brought
: out an old fashioned opera bouffe in three acts
j by Pradels and Ruboteau, with music by Marius
' Lambert, called "Le Rol Dagobert." It has a
moderate success.
"L'Autre France," a spectacular drama- based
upon the Algerian outbreak in 1871, written by
Pierre Decourcelle and Hugues Le Rout, is of
the "Michael Strogoff" type. It is well received
and will amuse students during the Christmas
holidays.
"Le Petit Chaperon Rouge." a spectacular
fairy tale of Little Red Riding Hood in Parisian
tinsel, by Ernest Blum, Paul Ferrier and Pierre
Decourcelle. with Mile. Mariette Sully in the
principal part, was successfully brought out to
night at the Ch&telet, amusing features being
a ballet in which the dancers are attired as but
terflies, grasshoppers, caterpillars and . bumble
bees, and another ballet In which, they all ap
pear as lace fans.
Besides the plays already mentioned there is
a profusion of new one act pieces at the popular
little theatres of Montmartre, which are becom
i Ing more in vogue than ever, some very clever,
' but all of them naughty and intended solely for
experienced eyes and ears. A witty and grace
ful little one-act vaudeville called "Le Refuge."
by George Berr. of the Comedie Franchise, was
brought out at a fete given on Thursday by the
Automobile Club In its beautiful theatre, which
seats five hundred persons and is the prettiest
•Mil* de spectacle" of it* kind In Paris, and made
a good Impression. It will be acted frequently
during the season in fashionable private theat
ricals, it was well played by Mile. rliny and
George Berr. both of tho Theatre Francois. '
an
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBCXE. Si'XDAV, DECEMBER 23, 1000.
BOER ALARM SUBSIDING.
RAIDKRS APPEAR TO BE DOING NO
SERIOUS DAMAGE.
INCIDENTS OF METROPOLITAN' LIFE—
VIVAL. OF "HENRY V" AT THE LYCEUM.
[Ooprrlrht; 1900: By Th« New-York Tribunal
[BT riBl.E TO THE TRIBUNE.]
London. Dec. 23. 6 a. m.— The situation in the
; Dutch territories is clearing slowly. The raid
! ing bands which have invaded Cape Colony have
not made any important captures or obtained
any considerable number of recruits, and will
probably be headed off speedily and forced to re
tire. They are operating: against pickets and
petty garrisons and are picking up horses, cloth-
Ing and miscellaneous supplies. The welcome
extended them by Dutch residents who have
property to lose is chilly. De Wet is reported in
the Ladybrand district with 1,000 men, and
Botha Is hovering about Standerton with a force
of equal strength. The operations of French and
Clements against Delarey are not described in
detail, but the Boers have apparently been scat
tered. A small Boer commando Is reported In
the Pietersburg district, and a larger one Is in
the neighborhood of Komatipoort. Small bands
of guerillas are in other sections of the veldt, but
they are without artillery and are incapable of
making a serious attack upon the line of com
munications. The Boer campaign, when ex
aggerated estimates of the strength of the forces
remaining in the field are corrected, is less
formidable than is ordinarily represented. The
mobility of the raiding columns prevents suc
cessful pursuit, but no permanent advantages
are derived even from such brilliant episodes as
those of Dewetedorp and Nooitgedacht. harass
ing and troublesome as are the tactics employed.
Hall Came, after a two days' visit to London,
started last night for Rome, where he will spend
his third winter in putting the finishing touches
on the new story on -which he has been working
a Ion? time. He takes with him three completed
versions of his novel, and says that, with good
luck, he hopes to finish a fourth during the win
ter. There will not be time for a fifth, as the
serial publication begins early In the year.
The marriage of Forbes Robertson with May
Gertrude Dermot. of Oakland, Cal.. better
known to playgoers as Gertrude Elliott, was a
quiet affair ln Hampstead. attended by relatives
and a few devoted friends. The bride and bride
groom will resume their stage engagements ln
the course of a few days.
The revival of "Henry V" at the Lyceum
Theatre last night was the most Important event
on that historic stage since Irving's last appear
ance as Dr. Primrose. It was witnessed by an
enthusiastic audience In a holiday mood, and
was greatly admired for splendor and scenic set
ting, the brilliance of the military spectacles,
especially the embarkation of the English army
at Southampton for France, and for the realism
of the tableaus. notably the Battle of Aglncourt,
ln which remarkable effects were produced by
Ingenious methods of lighting. The stage was
crowded with figures, and the military scenes
were enacted with exceptional animation and
fire. Lewis Waller had the voice, figure and
bearing requisite for a really fine impersonation
of Henry V, and he played the part with manly
earnestness, distinction of manner and breadth
of style. It was- good work, suited to the patri
otic temper of the times, and was heartily ap
plauded by the audience. "William Molllson was
a picturesque figure as Pistol, and his sonorous
voice rang through the theatre. E. M. Rotoson
and Alexander Calvert were effective as Fluel
len and Macmorris In the comic passages. Zeffle
Tilbury and Sarah Brooke were adequate as Isa
bel and Katharine and Lily Hanbury recited the
passages assigned to Chorus. The old play,
with its-strong appeal to the patriotic feeling of
Englishmen, went well and the delight of the
audience was unrestrained. I. N. F.
A RrrSTXSTEFN MUSEUM.
NOTES OF INTEREST FROM THE RUSSIAN
CAPITAL.
St. Petersburg. Dec. 10.— Pious hands have gath
ered together a number of souvenirs of Anton
Rubinstein and established the nucleus of a Rubin
stein museum at the St. Petersburg Conservatory.
In spite of stormy weather, two or three score of
faithful friends and worshippers accepted the Invi
tation to a private view yesterday. The articles, of
which there are now about two hundred and fifty
numbered ready for cataloguing, fill a small salon.
It Is believed that if other countries were ran
sacked there would be found equally as many and
as Interesting reminders of the great pianist. The
present collection appears to have been made al
most exclusively in this city. There were a multi
tude of silver wreaths, palms of oxydlzed silver
and of gold, golden wreaths, unnumbered presenta
tion ribbons, batons of Ivory, sliver and gold. The
walls are covered with engrossed addresses, por
traits and pictures of the houses where Rubinstein
lived and labored. Among the more personally in
teresting objects are the hat and the cane of his
last years, a cast of his right hand, and his famil
iar enamelled white grand piano. The most in
teresting picture is a photograph of the year 1852
The best bust is a life size marble figure made In
his old age. There Is also a marble bust of Helen
Pavloff. One of the most costly articles Is a com
plete writing table set In the celebrated gold
enamel ware of this city.
Joseph Constantlnovltch Notowltch. editor of the
Liberal newspaper "Novostl" and a popular author
celebrated his twenty-fifth anniversary as a lit
terateur yesterday. He is well known for his pop
ularization of Buckle's "History of Civilization In
England" and for several philosophical works In
recent years he has written a number of dramas.
M. Xotowitch received representatives of various
learned and literary societies. journals and news
papers in his home. In the evening there was a
rout at one of the clubs, where a literary and musi
cal programme was rendered.
As was recently stated. Governor-General Bob
rlkoff of Finland called upon the Popular Schools
Commissionof Finland to supply him with copies
of all textbooks on history and geography which
are used in the Finnish schools. Thl Commission
answered, according to articles now current In the
press, that it would be unlawful for It to use money
appropriated for school books in supplying anTpVr
son other . than those connected with the Schools
with such books. It gave him a list and Invited
him to buy them for himself. The Commission at
the same time protested warmly against a possi
ble attempt to unify Finnish and Russian Instruc
tion In these branches. , ¦
The St. Petersburg committee engaged in a war
fare against intemperance publishes statistics show
ing that 2.233.000 pereons visited Its fetes and en"
tertalnments in 1899. which was three i times as
many as in 1898 It is believed the figures Tor the
closing year will show a corresponding increase
I?l« con mUtee «*P«>ded 784.000 rubles? of which
f^efand safes?" COllected ln the fo ™ of entrance
A £?l Blan me «;chant has given 200,000 rubles to
establish a mechanical and technical school In a
email town In the Government of Twer
The city of Riga will 6 hortly imitate the capital
by Introducing popular lecture courses for the
Thf Southwest Russia railroads have hr>,,^v,»
7.000,000 pood of Cardiff coal at a kopecks a ppodp O od
equal to about $5 40 a ton. and 1.000.000 of Sllosian a
13 kopecks a pood. An English agent has engaged
•xi.cm.m pood of Russian Iron ores for export
The "Journal of Commerce and Industry" recom
mends capitalists to turn their attention to sugar
production ln Siberia. It regards this industry as
more remunerative than mining, and thinks all the
necessary conditions for success are to be found in
the Government of Yeniseisk, where one factory
was actually operated from ISBB to 1898 l * cl °ry
, A naphtha production company, with a capital of
19.000,000 rubles, Is being organised at Baku PI
The hast Chinese Railroad, the prolongation nf
the Siberian Railroad, has ordered six steam"™ f or
the Chines* coast trade. Two will be built at
Rostock, two at Trieste and the others at Orabow
near Stettin. Germany. They will be utilized nntli
the. railroad la completed ln the transportation of
material for Its construction. r
with a view to its introduction into Russia, the
Ministry of Public Instruction has ordered the pop
ular i schools to teach the metric system concur
rently with the national systems of weights and
REDUCED CONSERVATIVE M A.I OR 1
London. Dec. 22.— Worsley Taylor, a Conservative,
has been elected to represent th« Blackpool Divis
ion or Lancashire la UM IIou§» of Commons, la
succession to Sir Matthew White Ridley, who was
Home. Secretary In the late Ministry and who, ac
cording to Parliamentary usage, recently relin
quished his seat in the lower house on being ele
vated to the Peerage with the title • of Viscount
Ridley, who is also Boron Wensleydale. In this
election the Conservative majority was cut in two.
In the late general election Sir Matthew was unop
posed.
WHAT LONDON TALKS OF.
London, December 22. 1900.
ADMIRATION* FOR DE WKT.-General De We
would be by far the most acceptable Christina*
box to the average Englishman, though t
seems little likelihood of the wish being ¦«•¦«*¦¦
The desire for the suppression of this wonaerrui
Boer leader however, Is accompanied by senerou
admiration of his latest feat. "It would be un
worthy of the British name." says "The Times,
"to refuse the credit that is due a feat of arms
so brilliant a* the unexpected dash backward of
De Wet and his men through the British lines
Other papers take the same view, comparing the
ride to Springhaan's »k with the charge at
Balakiava, In fact, admiration for the extraor
dinary daring displayed by the Boers or i this i oc
casion almost predominates over the chagrin at
the failure of the British officers to cope with
their opponents. There Is springing up a Philo
sophic Indifference to the incapability of the gen
erals In South Africa. Reverses have become the
expected. Last Christmas society almost went
crazy over plum puddings and chocolate hampers
sent to the soldiers on the veldt. This year they
are not mentioned. In fact, the public Is unutter
ably weary of the long drawn out struggle, whose
only Interesting features are the sensational suc
cesses of De Wet. This in no way affects the
Government whose determination to fight it out
to the Mtter end is evident from its decision to
reinforce the already huge army in Soutn Africa.
Several members of the Cabinet, however, would
be heartily grateful were the Boer leaders to sue
for peace.
DIPLOMATIC QUESTIONS. — The Nicaragua
Canal still fails to arouse any really deep interest
here, as it is thoroughly understood that Great
Britain will take no action In the near future, and
the Chinese negotiations are regarded more ln the
light of a monotonous farce than a serious prob
lem, thanks to the misunderstandings which have
arisen between the Powers themselves. The only
quarter ln London where the performance is thor
oughly enjoyed is at the Chinese Lega ion. In
which Sir Chth-Chen-Lo-Feng-Luh. the Minister of
China, mourning in seclusion for his brother. Is
reported to be in a state of perpetual chuckle over
the attitude of Christendom.
AMERICAN COMMERCIAL RIVALRY— More
the question of the day Is America's commercial
rivalry, which throughout the week has been form-
Ing the basis for long analytical articles in "The
Express" and "The Daily Mall," written by en
gineering and other experts, which retail the re
sults of recent trips to the United States under
the headlines "Wake Up, England." "Why We
Arc Falling Behind." etc.. reiterating that the
English manufacturers lack Initiative and are ab
surd ln their conservatism, which is summed up
In the following paragraph ln one of the articles:
If the foregoing facts are unpalatable it is better
they should be known than that the nation should
continue to dream on In a fool's paradise until the
next cycle of bad trade, when we may find our
markets In the possession of others.
ANGLO-DUTCH BOUNDARY.— The announce
ment that the Netherlands does not consider Itself
bound by the Paris- Venezuela Commission decisions
regarding the Anglo-Dutch frontier Is not regarded
by the Foreign Office as being of any Importance
or as likely to form the basis for international
friction. The Dutch boundary Is a comparatively
minor matter on which the Colonial Office has been
engaged for some time. The Netherlands Ministers'
action is regarded as « step to ward off a con
tingency which, however. Great Britain has not
contemplated.
ARTISTS ORGANIZING— The artists are joining
the ranks of organized labor. Headed by Alma
Tadema. a group of well known ar lists. Including
Prinsep. Dlcksee. Stone and Fildea, are sending out
circulars to their brethren urging the formation of
a professional union on lines similar to those of the
Society of Authors. They hope to get seven hun
dred members to pay a guinea each. The espe
cial object of th<^ organization will be watching the
business interest* of struggling painters. "As It is
now," says Alma Tadema, "the successful painter
cares and troubles little about his less successful
brothers. But. given an association with common
interests, the young, unknown man has an In
finitely better chance of forwarding both his own
interests and those of his profession."
EDUCATORS PERTTTRBED.— The decision of the
Queen's Bench Court declaring it to be illegal for
the London School Board to spend the ratepayers'
money for teaching science and art at evening
classes for adults has created perturbation. Some
ninety thousand pupils are affected, and the. whole
of London's edncfttlonal system must be reversed
if the House of Lords upholds the verdict. "The
Speaker" declares It Is the most serious disaster
which has befallen education for some time.
Columns of comment appear on the subject in the
dailies. Other large cities are seriously concerned.
as they all have classes similar to those of Lon
don. The head masters of expensive schools ap
pear to approve of the decision, maintaining that
the School Board Is endangering the existence of
the secondary school?.
At a conference of the head masters of th« great
public schools this weak one of the speakers
severely arraigned the Irrational educational meth
ods the schols were forced to employ In order to
pass boys as officers Into the service. A military
correspondent of "The Pall Mall Gazette," criti
cising the Sandhurst and Woolwich methods, de
clares that the British authorities admit that West
Point is ln advance of anything In England. He de
scribes the democratic and severely competitive
system in vogue there, saying:
Education at West Point Is serious thoroughness
rather than an extension of attainments. Ita prin
ciple is controlling education together with the
knowledge of how to make use of it. Like all ex
ceptionally good education it is enormously costly,
perhaps the most expensive in tho world. But in
many ways it is said to be by far the best. An
exhaustive comparison of West Point with our own
military colleges, as educational mediums, is to the
disadvantage of our own institutions. The princi
pal industry in the United States Is education.
For years past the Americans have earnettly en
gaged ln the business of disseminating knowledge.
If Great Britain is to hold her own we must follow
In the footsteps of the great Republic or be content
with second place.
BRIDGE PROHIBITED.— A sensation has been
caused by one of the foremost London clubs pro
hibiting the game of bridge within the precincts of
the club. The committee declares this Is the only
course by which it can preserve harmony, disputes
having become so frequent over tha question of
rules. It is rumored that the quarrels have de
veloped blows. Bridge Is so new that Its varying
rules create endless differences of opinion, causing
more dissensions ln clubland than existed over Mr.
Gladstone at the time of the Home Rule bill dis
cussion, considering that bridge Is by far the most
popular card game of the day. It Is played exten
sively by royalty and In almost every country
house, generally for high stakes. The club's de
cision has come in for a lot of criticism.
HOLIDAYS IN ENGLAND.— There will be a
merry Christmas ln England, though, In conse
quence, London is already one of the dullest spots
ln the United Kingdom. The fashionable world
has incontinently deserted the metropolis and
sought refuge In the country places. There will
be such a round of house parties as has been un
known for several years. They wll! be accom
panied by the revival of the queer old customs
which a century ago made the season the occasion
for unrestrained merrymaking among rich and poor
alike. It would qeem that those who are able to
celebrate realize the necessity for distracting public
attention from the events In South Africa. At
Osborne the Queen will be surrounded by the Duke
and Duchess of York, the Princess or Battenberg
and by several of her grandchildren. At Sandrlng
ham the Prince of Wales will entertain the Duke
and Duchess of Fife and their children with royal
Christmas trees. Welbeck Abbey. Blenheim Palace.
Hatfleld House and all the stately homes of Eng
land's aristocracy are filling up with scores of
§vests prepared to make the most of yuletide.
alls, amateur theatricals and entertainments with
out end have been arranged, conspicuous among
which Is the old English custom of a dance in the
servants' hall. At the Duke of Devonshire's, Earl
Spencer's, the Marquis of Londonderry's and other
places of the nobility, Christmas Eve will be marked
by the strange spectacle of butlers dancing with
duchesnes, footmen with countesses and grooms
with the daughters of belted earls, while ladies'
maids, chambermaids and cooks will hang on to the
arms of Cabinet Ministers and other male heads of
Illustrious lines. The ancient practice of the land
owners enjoying the servants' quadrille has almost
lapsed, except in the case of a few famllie.= The
revival is. perhaps, no little due to the increasing
necessity for pampering the British servant. "The
Onlooker" says the householders now have to
study the comfort of their domestics as much as
their own. and quotes one country house where a
xci of roomp it> specially allotted in them for recrea
tion, comprising a ballroom, music room, library
mid billiard room, in which a marker i- k-pt for
the bervants' fcole use.
TILE TREATMENT OF NICHOLS.— In striking
contrast to this Is the treatment accorded M Ber
nard Nichols, th« American golfer, who defeated
the English crack. Peter Paxton. on Thursday.
Nichols, who Is of English birth, returned here
after having passed many years In America The
Touting Bee Golf Club compelled him to lunch In
the workshop, though th* club members ware glad
to face the December storm to witness his play.
Ni hols said:
Had 1 never r-een in Vmerica and wUllMßlfl l the
lavish kindness bestowed on Vardon and other Eng
lish Dlayers r might not have resented this treat
,t yon may be assured I will never remain
a England Ions;, an.i if H were not for meeting
Braid on San, May. who Is a personal ««>* J
n.ii ;.kiv on another English links. Tou may
depend on it. Vardon will not "main here tony
for l ta»w lM will be unable to stand this sort of
thing after the kindness he has received In the
urious thing about It all is that America
will soon outstrip England not only In golf playing.
hut i" the manufacture of golf equipment.
KM MAYBRICK.— Once again Mrs. Florence
Maybrick spends an unhappy Christmas In her
prison cell. .In spite of the various reports, her
chances of liberty are no brighter than last year.
Secretary Hay has forwarded to Mr. Choate sev
eral private letters, which will shortly be presented
to the new Home Secretary, Mr. Ritchie, in ac
cordance with the custom of approaching each new
occupant of that office, but The Associated Press
learns there is no possible chance of anything be
ing done so long as Lord Halsbury is Lord High
Chancellor. Were the Cabinet to discuss the mat
ter, as It did once before, it could only refer It to
the Crown's chief adviser. Lord Halsbury. who ap
parently made the Maybrick case the basis of a
feud with the late Lord Chief Justice. Baron Rut
sell of Killowen. and cherishes It just as bitterly
now as before Lord Russell's death. When a new
Chancellor Is appointed Mrs. Maybrick will have a
good chance of freedom. The Duchess of Bedford,
who Is reported to be especially interested In Mrs.
Maybrick. tells The Associated Press that she only
sees the prisoner In the course of her regular visits
to Aylesbury Prison, not especially In the Interest
of her case, and does not Intend to express any
opinion of her guilt or innocence.
TITLE FOR MRS. SMITH-BARRY.— Another
American woman Is likely to be soon elevated to
the British peerage, as Lord Salisbury Intends to
recognize the Right Hon. Arthur Hugh Smith-
Barry's services to his party by putting him ln the
House of Lords. Mr. Smith-Barry married the
widow of Arthur Post, of New-York, whose sister.
Mrs. Adalr. is also well known ln London society.
Others mentioned for a peerage include Henry
Cosmo Orme Bonsor, chairman of the Southeast
ern Railroad, and James Lowther. M. P. Lord
Salisbury has already created nearly ninety Peers.
If the present rate is kept up the Upper House will
soon he ln numerical superiority over the Commons.
CANADIAN INDEPENDENCE.— W. R. Hobbs.
h»ad of the recently formed Canadian furniture
combine, now ln London, has decided that the
Canadians have no need of the assistance or co
operation of English financiers, which was origi
nally projected. A significant fact, showing Can
ada's progress, is that sufficient funds are easily
obtainable there, while the new law. coming into
force January 1. in the United Kingdom Imposes
an almost prohibitory taxation on new corpora
tions.
THEATRICAL.-About forty pantomimes will be
produced In and around London during the holi
days, "Cinderella" being the most popular produc
tion, no fewer than nine versions being presented.
Nearly all the theatres are already doing a
crowded holiday business.
Phyllis Rankln had a roost cordial welcome on her
return to the English stage when she appeared in
"Florodora" at the Lyric Theatre on Thursday,
but she was manifestly nervous, and did not make
much of the part of Lady Holyrood.
Frohman's production of "Alice In Wonderland"
at the Vaudeville on Wednesday. w«th Ellallne
Terriss as Alice and Seymour Hicks as the Mad
Hatter, was not successful from the critics' point
of view.
"Mr. and Mrs. Daventry" continues to attract
fashionable audiences. The Prince of Wales wit
nessed the performance on Thursday.
FREEDOM OF UNIVERSITIES.— 'X of
two years ago," says "The Spectator," "the Ameri
cans were scandalized by the dismissal of President
Andrews of Brown University." and proceeds to
draw a long parallel with the case of Professor
Ross, of the California University. In so doing
"The Spectator" holds to the claim that moneyed
power endowing Institutions to control learning Is
entirely fatal to the very Idea of a university, re
marks that the wealth of the American universities
and the generosity of American public men are
splendid, says no doubt some of the donations in
volved loss of freedom, and adds:
A certain commercial atmosphere now envelops
some of the universities. We would rather see
Oxford and Cambridge poor and free than rich and
shackled. If a few trust millionaires are to have
their way economic truth cannot be reached in
some, at least, of the American universities. It
would, indeed, be a sad thing: were America, with
her free political -life, ; to permit any kind of intel
lectual tyranny to raise its head in her midst.
TRADE WITH MARINDUQUE FORBIDDEN.
GENERAL MACARTHTTR DECLARES THE PORT OF
AONO OPEN.
Washington. Dec 23. — A general order recently
Issued by General Mac Arthur, Military Governor of
the Philippines, says that "military conditions re
quiring it, the port of Boac. Island of Martnduque,
opened to the coasting trade on June 1, 1900, Is
closed to such trade, and all trade, of whatsoever
character with said Island Is, until further orders,
forbidden."
Another order declares the port of Agno. Province
of Zambale*. opened to the coasting trade, and de
tails Capialn Ross L. Bush, 25th Infantry, as In
spector of customs at that port.
TOWED EIGHT HUNDRED MILEB.
THE HADDON HALL. TAKEN INTO QT'EENSTOWN
BT THE SPRINGWEI-L.
Queenstown. Dec. 22.— The British steamer Had
don Hall. Captain Petersen. was towed Into the har
bor this morning, with her propeller gone, by the
British steaner Springwell. The Haddon Hall sailed
from Swansea for Baltimore on November 28, and
had been ln tow of the Springwell. which was
bound from Galveston for Bremen, since De
cember 15.
The Haddon Hall broke her shaft on December 7
In latitude 49 north and longitude 38 west during
terrific weather. She was helplessly tossed about
for two days. The Springwell appeared on Decem
ber 10, but the fury of the gale precluded towing
connection. Both steamers drifted before the gale
eastward for three days. When the weather mod
erated the Springwell sent a lifeboat and attached
hawsers. There were frequent partings but the
eight hundred miles of towage was finally accom
plished.
London. Dec. 22.— Two tugs are towing the White
Star Line steamer Cuflc. recently at anchor In dis
tress and abandoned by her crew off the Skerries,
to Liverpool. *
The steamer Somerhill. which towed the disabled
steamer Westernland to "West Bay near Wey
mouth, has lost her mainmast and 'has her hull
damaged, but she is proceeding. The Westernland
was towed to Southampton. v
INFLUENZA RAGES IN ST. PETERSBURG.
St. Petersburg. Dec. 22. -The Influenza epidemic
here is so severe that the mortality returns for
the last week have been the highest for a decade
The disease has swept the city, and every office ha^
vacant desks, and every private table has or has
had, vacant chairs. The whole city for blocks ha*
been swept from cellar to garret.
A meeting of physicians was summoned to discuss
remedies, but scarcely half a dozen responded to
the call the rest being overworked, or themselves
being victims of the malady. The weather is con
ducive to the spread of the disorder, being change
able, with snow and slush alternating.
INDEPENDENT CONSULS FOR NORWAY.
Chrlstlanla. Norway. Dec. 22.— The Assistant Sec
retary of State, Dribsen, is working out consular
regulations for an independent consular service
for Norway. The diplomatic service remains un
changed.
A CROWN PRINCE MIXES fit POLITICS.
Copenhagen. Dec. 22.— A great sensation has been
caused throughout Denmark by an article in the
Go-ernment organ. "Berlingske Tldende." writ
ten by Crown Prince Frederic, defending the
Prime Minister. H. de Sehested. from the attacks
of Count Frtjs. The action of the Crown Prince
in mixing ln party politics has made a bad im
pression.
RUSSIA WARXED AGAIXST 'GERMAXY.
St. Petersburg. Dec. Taking the unconfirmed
rumor that Germany and Turkey have signed a pearl
fisheries convention that in regard to the Persian
Gulf for its text, the "Xovoye Vremya" urges that
the Russian Government exercise eternal watchful
ness upon Germany's progress »nd designs In the
nearer Orient, declaring her Industrial and com
mercial activity is a cloak for political plans.
TO WORK SPITZUERGEX COAL MIXES.
Christlanla. Norway, Dec 22.— A company with a
capital of • 75.000 kroner is being organised at
Trondhjem for working the coal mines of Spits
be r&en.
GOLD MOVEMENT TO IXDIA.
London. Dec. It— According to "The Statist." it
lit likely that there will he a considerable outflow
of gold to India. Already some £200.000 has been
acquired in London for shipment there, a further
considerable sura is expected to be taken next week
financial
The Financial World.
This Christmas is likely to be remembered •,
the Street not only from Its own events, but I
| from the gratifying contrast they present with
I Christmas c year ago. The market was than la
the confusion and distress following- a 9>bJbj
this year, the confusion, what there Is of It, p».
suits from a volume of business almost s*ss»
taxing; the facilities of the Stock Exchange to da
it. Over one million shares of stock were dose
In the two hours of yesterday something wales)
entirely distances any previous record for tfcs
same day. And the special point of the tolas; hi ]
that the great bulk of this great business is don*
In leading railroad stocks, and is based on tin
increasing revenues of the roads, which promise
larger dividends on stocks already dividend pay.,
ers. and will promote non-dividend stocks to th»
dividend paying list; or it results from sea?
financial arrangements, or acquirement of va!*
uable properties, as in the case of the Norther*
Pacific and Erie companies.
- The announcement has been made, unofficially
that the purpose of the Northern Pacific man*
agement is to retire the outstanding preferred
stock, which may be done on any January Ist u;>
to 1917. The preferred stock is entitled to share
equally with the common stock after the latter
has received 4 per cent dividends, and It may b«
called at par. Part of the scheme involves ae*
arrangements m regard to the land grant. The
details of the scheme are not yet public prop
erty. With the preferred stork out of the way.
the common gets all surplus after the fixed
charges.
That a scheme to retire the preferred has loss)
been in the contemplation of the Northern Pa,
ciflc directors, has been well known in the high,
er financial circles of Wall Street, but not assy.
even among the well informed, supposed that
Mr. Morgan would, or could, press the scheme
such a quick conclusion. It was only two or
three weeks ago that a leading banker, speaking
of the proposal, added. "But this Is a two to
three years' work.**
In the case of the Erie, it may be said that
much of the late rapid rise in its securities, was
long overdue, for the earnings of the property
Justified it. The figures of these earnings save
been repeatedly shown, as evidence that the ¦».
curtties were cheap at their then market prices.
But so long as no big operator, or combination
them, started a movement, the Erie issues re-.
mained the deadest things on the list. The pob-
He waited for a leader, as it always does. Prob
ably the thing that delayed the buying of than*
was the threat to Erie*3 great coal traffic in
volved in the Pennsylvania Coal Company's pro*
jected line to Kingston. When this obstacle was
finally removed by the purchase of the coal com
pany's property, the way was cleared for tha
long delayed upward movement in Brie ssearU
ties.
It was said last week that the money was ha
the Erie preferred stocks. They have been Jump
ing since. The first preferred went up until it
reached near to 60. when it went back a llttl-j
and has near there when it went back llttl*
has hung there since. The simple proposi
tion about this stock is that it will soon pass on
to the dividend paying list, as a 4 per cent stock:
which means that it will sell between 70 and SO.
It may even sell higher, simply because It Is an
Eastern trunk line stock, which always has m
strong attraction for the investor.
In connection with this, one may note the sig
nificant advance in the Nickel Plate stocks.
which by Its extent seems to foreshadow sosssj
contemplated financial rearrangements la raspnf
to them.
In the granger group, the bis; bnytnx; of St,
Paul has attracted much attention. It is gener
ally credited to Hill interests. Mr. BiU la known
to have always had a great Idea of the futux* ofi
the St. Paul road; and one of the rumor* m cir
culation Is that much closer relations than Bar*
hitherto existed between the two companies*
win be established between the Si. ¥ttl anJ
Great Northern; more particularly in relation tcrj
the use of the St. Paul as the Chicago terminal
of the Northern.
An Immense business has been done in Santa
em Pacific and Southern Railroad common. Tha
former stock for a long time stuck between 43
and 43%: but In the past few days ft has move*
up a couple of points, with thousands of shar-.«
done at every eighth on the — Just as hap
pened in former movements in this 200 nitTHwa
stock. The buying of Southern common hi biff
blocks suggests the idea that very much of thm
buying must be of stock intended to be put
away in boxes, for a long pull. Large lots of?
Atchison preferred and common were bought in,
the same way when both stocks were down vary
low. and a dividend on either seemed a very re
mote possibility. In respect to Southern pre
ferred, sufficient has already been said la this
column to show that while the last dividend
paid on the stock was at the rate of 3 per cent,
the Investor who buys it will not have so very
long to sit on his Investment before he gets th»
full 5 per cent to which the stock is entitled.
In the Atchisons. the preferred has been slug
gish. It seems to have been left to take care of
Itself; or rather, to let its 5 per cent dividend
take care of it. The speculation Is running in
the common, and it is running pretty warm. Th»
explanation must be sought in the words of a.
leading director. "The whole thing," he said, **ia
just this— in the Spring It will simply be a ques
tion with us whether we declare a dividend off
1% or 2 per cent serai-annual on the stock."
Turning from the great railroads to the trac
tions, a characteristically wild movement has
taken place in Brooklyn Traction, on circum
stantial statements that Metropolitan interests
will be represented in the Board. The other
stocks in the group have made no such startling*
movements, merely swinging with the market.
There is much talk that the Industrials will
have to get their turn before the present bull
movement is over. A beginning has already been
made in Sugar, which must have taken th»
rather large short interest existing in the stock;
considerably by surprise. It is always danger
ous to be short of Sugar when the bear points on.
it come from the inside, which they did very
numerously a*coup!e of weeks ago. In the steel
stocks. Steel Wire remains the black sheep, as
usual. The disgusted remarks or the average
trader in respect to it. would not look well in,
print. As to Federal Steel, after hanging ap
parently heavy in the strongest kind of a mar
ket, it began yesterday to develop good buying,
and seemed fairly to have pulled on its bu!l
boots. It ought to. if the assurances of the di
rectors in respect to the January dividend an*
correct. They say that it will be 9 per cent in
a lump sum.
The money market has worked with an unex
pected degree of ease, and the bank statement
yesterday was most satisfactory. It may per
haps convey to the average reader an idea of th*
state of things in the country to-day, to note
that the Kansas City banks recently had 75
millions of deposits, against IS millions at th»
same time four years ago. One bank alone had
25 millions, or 7 millions more than all had to
gether at that time. This, a single Instance,
shows the growth of the country in this period. *
and helps to explain the markets we are having:.
•Don't go away with the idea that this bull
movement Is at top."" said a great operator yes
terday. "It isn't, by a long shot.'* >
CUTHBERT MILL*
and larger amounts during the first two or thr««
weeks of January. This outflow will somewhat
neutralize the effect of th* Inflow from the Ulterior
early In January. .
Silver has been freely offered at a lowering price.
at which India is again buying. Consequently th»
price has grown firmer. There are Indications that
India will be compelled to buy a larse quantity : - v.
month, probably sufficient to cola nearly. ....
crorea or rupee* _ A

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