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A LITTLK NKW AND MOKK OLD.
two FAUCES AND AN OPEItKTTA-THE FRENCH
COMPANY IN "HAMLET."
At the theatres Christmas week is a favorite
-time for lotting things alone. People are not
supposed to care much for plays in the holi
day? and this negative supposition on the part
of managers is due to sad but instructive ex
perience. When n?v. plays are tried in Christ
mas week, it Is usually because the trials, for
one reason or another, cannot well be postponed.
There will bo four new bills among the leading
JKFKKRSON* DE ANGELIS.
In "A Royal Rogue," Broadway Theatre.
theatres to-morrow night, and. though they are
not all extravagantly important, that is a fairly
The engagement of the French actors at the
Garden Theatre will end this week. The play
for the whole week will be "Hamlet," with
Sarah Bernhardt as Hamlet and M. Coquelin as
the First Grave Digger. After this week the com
pany will begin its tour, and it will return to
New-York for a farewell engagement in the
Jefferson De Angetls will reappear at the
Broadway Theatre to-morrow night in a new
operetta called A Royal Rogue." The book is
by Charles Klein, and the music is by W. T.
Francis. Mr. De Angelis has the assistance of a
company including several popular comic opera
Many announcements have been made of the
coming of George H. Broadhurat'fl new farce,
"The House That Jack Built," to the Madison
Square Theatre. It is coming to-morrow night.
The farce has made a considerable tour already
this sea-son, and has \»-en generally well re
ceived in the smaller cities. In the cast will be
Thomas A. Wise, Mrs. Annie Yeamans, Charles
Cherry, John Findlay, George H. Trader, Fred
W. Pet- -s. Harrison Armstrong, Hoy Fairchild,
Alexis Law Gisiko, Miss Brandon l'ouglas. Miss
Anita Bridj;«*r. Miss Grace Dudley and Miss Jen
"The Village Postmaster" will return to the
Fourteenth Street Theatre to-morrow night foi
a short engagement. Thf cast will be headed by
Archie lioyd, the most of the other members of
the company heir.- new. The performance of
to-morr..w night will be the l.lJUOth which the
play has hud. and BOUVecin will accordingly be
A new musical farce entitled "Miss I'rii it"
will be h"aid for the first time here at the Vic
toria Theatre on Christmas night. It is by
Gtorge V. Hobart. with music by John L.
Golden. The company presenting it is headed
by Miss Marie Dressier, who is well known as a
performer in musical farce, operetta and bur
Miss Mary Mannering hits drawn large audi
ences to Wallack's Theatre with her perform
ances of •Janice Meredith" since her opening
night, two weeks ago. The confident announce
ment is already made that she is likely to re
main there for several months. A report spread
last we> k that she was to give another play in
the course of her engagement was indignantly
denied by the management, and was offset with
the statement that she would probably play
"Janice Meredith" not only for the whole of this
Season, but for the whole of next season as well.
Miss Maude Adams will end her engagement in
"L'Aigl.'ii" at the Knickerbocker Theatre this
week. S!ie has had a long and prosperous stay.
She wiil be followed there next week by Miss
Ada Rehan. who will play the part of Nell Gwyn
in Paul Kestt-r's "Sweet Nell of Old Drury."
This play is wholly unrelated to the play on
the subject of Nell Gwyn which has already
been on the local stage for some time.
This other play. "Mistress Nell." still goes on
prosperously at the Savoy Theatre, with Miss
NKW-YOKK TKIIirXK ILLUSTRATED SUIM'LKMKXT.
Henrietta Crosman as Nell Gwyn. and still noth
ing is saiJ of the end of its run except that It is
James O'Neill will finish his engagement at
the Acad-my of Music with this week. He will
then take his present production of "Monte
Cristo" on a Ions: road tour, presenting the play
elsewhere exactly in the same manner with re
gard to scenery and cast as in New-York.
"The Sprightly Romance of Marsac" will be
acted for another week by Maclyn Arbuckle
and his company at the Theatre Republic, and
will then be followed by Miss Viola Allen in
"In the Palace of the King." Lorimer Stoddard's
dramatization of F. Marion Crawford's story.
Another change of bill will be made next week
at the Empire Theatre. John Drew wiil remain
there through this week in "Richard Carvel,"
and then the stock company of the theatre will
return to its own. The opening play of its sea
son, as is already known, will be "Mrs. Dane's
Defence." Charles Riehman will then appear
for the first time as the leading man of the
Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnetts play 'Little
Lord Fauntleroy" will be the attraction for this
week at the Murray Hill Theatre. The title
part will be played by Miss Nellie Prebble.
"Faust," which has been elaborately prepared,
will be the holiday attraction at the American
Theatre. Ralph Stuart will appear as Mephis
topheles and Miss Isabelle Evesson as Margue
rite. The usual Sunday evening concert will be
given at this house to-night.
Miss May Irwin continues to play "Madge
Smith, Attorney," at the Bijou Theatre. Miss
Irwin la3t week introduced a new song entitled
"Everything Is Lovely and the Goose Hangs
SCENE FROM THE FOURTH ACT OF "THE VILLAGE POSTMASTER.'
Fourteenth Street Theatre.
High," with words by George W. Arnold and
music by Theodore H. Northrup.
MULKB FOUND A lUVH DKI'OSiT.
Hrownstown (Ind.) correspondence of The Chi
The animal with the gazelle like eyes, the sar
donic smile and the wicked j»air of heels— the
mule — is responsible fur the trlpoll excitement
in Jackson County. The story of how the mule
once did good is an interesting one. A. H. Har
haugh, a farmer Irving near Prettown, seven
mile 3 north of here, recently hitched a team of
mules under a tree by the banks of Salt Creek.
The mules were attacked by flies, and in their
frantic efforts to drive them off they pawed up
the ground. When the farmer returned he found
a peculiar bluish dust enveloping the animals,
and on the ground was a heap of sand as tine as
flour. He became interested in the find, and M
sent a bottle of the sand to State Geologist
Blatchley, who soon sent back word that it was
tripoli, worth between $4 and $»"> a ton. Mr.
Harbaugh examined his own land and found that
great deposits were on his farm. His neighbors,
becoming interested, have done the same, and a
number of them have been fortunate enough to
find several small beds. The deposit on Har
baugh's farm is more than thirty-six inches
Tripoli is not easily fovnd, for at present there
are but three extensive beds in the United States.
The largest bed is in Newton County. Mo., and
another extensive bed is in West Virginia. The
people of Jackson County claim theirs is the
only deposit In this region of the country, but
this is wrong. In Perry County, near St. Mein
rad. there is a splendid deposit, but it is nearly
inaccessible. The beds of Jackson County, how
ever, are easily reached, for the Southern In
diana Railway is near by.
Tripoli is used mainly for the purpose of pol
ishing. It is rather hard, but it has not sufficient
grit to cut metal or glass surfaces. It is claimed
the Venetians were the first to use tripoli It to
often called "rotten stone.! but Its te< hr * u i
name comes from the word Tripoli, in which
country it was first obtain.-.!. Tripoli Is prm .1 -
pally a silica, and it Is formed from the shells
of microscopic organisms, accumulated in MMM
and at wide intervals drifted, forming I**"*
Another use in recent years has been found for
Tripoli. It was for some time used as an ab
sorbent in making high explosives *»•£»» »£
last few years gun cotton and other materials
have supplanted it Betide, this, trlpoll is used
in making soap, and it la claimed that delicate
ftVsn is not injured by contact with the sub
aooo ruF.wisr, avm rowss.
TKKRITOKIAI. LIMITS OK TDK Xl WIN ANT
From The New -Orleans Times- Democrat.
J. J. Amend, travelling representative of one of
the largest chewing gum manufacturing com
panies in the United States, y-sterday expressed
surprise that the establishment of a chewinj,
gum factory at this point is talked of.
It is true that much of the gum we use romes
*»y way of New-Orleans, in its raw stat-. from
the tropics." he said, "but I can see no other rea
son for putting up a factory here. I don't be
lieve sugar is any cheaper here than it is in the
North, and glucose is no ehsnptr, if as cheap.
Then this is a very poor market. locally, for
"The worst in the United States."
"Why Ls that?"
'I don't know the r*»a»oi«. but it is ;» fact.
nevertheless. Why. I know lots »f towns in
other parts of the country that us.- ten limn as
much chewing gum— yes. fifty times aa m"< h
as New-Orleans, and they are nor nearly as Mk
as this city, either. I've keen around to the drujr
stores since I have been in the city, and I find
that their sales are very lij,'ht. The first class
stores tell me that sometimes they don't have
a call for chewing gum more than once in two
or three days. They only keep one or two kinds
on hand, whereas in such stores in the North
and Kast a dozen different kinds will be kept
constantly for sale, and the demand is steady at
"Where is the best market for chewing gum in
the United States."
"All west and north of St. Louis. Lots of gum
is sold throughout Kansas. Nebraska, the Dako
tas and Minnesota. Kansas City is a great town
"How about Chicago?"
"« >h, Chicago is one of the greatest chewing
gum cities in the country- Chicago has gone
ahead of New-York in this respect. New-York
used to tie a greai town for it. and one couldn't
go anywhere in the city without seeing girls
working their jaws as if their lives depended on
it. But the caricaturists and the paragraphists
made such fun of the habit that a good many
of the girls stopped chewing and the sales fell
off very heavily. Boston was a pretty good
gum town at one time, but never so good as our
"As a rule the newer the city the better the
chewing s.-um trade in it. In an old city, like
New -Orleans, the people don't seem to take to
the habit at all. The French element here hurts
us, for the French are not gum chewers. The
Germans don't chew gum, either. In some of
the places where there are many Germans, as
in some of the cities of the Northwest, we sell
but little chewing gum. The young people like
it. but the old people won't let them use it. I
have seen many a boy spanked by his German
mother for using chewing gum."
"Do you export much of it?"
"only to England and Australia. None of the
European nations take kindly to chewing gum.
They won't have it at all In Germany, and there
is absolutely no sale for it in France, or in fact
anywhere on the Continent. England uses a
great deal, but they don't care much for a
variety of brands there."
"Do you think the chewing sum habit grows
on one like the cigarette or the opium habit?"
"Not to such an extent as those you. mention.
Now, take It In our factories. When we employ
new girls we tell them, to go ahead and chew
all the gum they want. The rtrs: r-A Uya •¦<
Jaw» are never at rest, but about the .nd of the
lirst week they don't ch»w quite so st- l.Jili
At the end o. two weeks they chew very modtfrf ;
ately. and after they have been In the factory
month they don't chew at aIL They arc cured.
and you couldn't hire an old hand to chew
YIY.S/..V M THE tiltr HTRKSM.
its crnn ! 1"«>N elkopean weather cheat,
From The London Standard.
Professor Nansen has made the following
statements with regard to th* results of the
experiments conducted during his last expedition
on the Michael Sara, which has lately returned
to Norway. The Gulf Stream, he says, is sub
ject to great changes, and very little is as yet
known as to its strength in winter. It was
much weaker on the Norwegian coast this year
than usually i* the case, and the temperature
was consequently lower. At the same time a
very warm summer has been experienced in the
west of Iceland, and the current that passes
there wan wanner this summer than usual. In
general, the warm water coming from the At
lantic into the northern regions this summer
appears to have had a different distribution than
MS usual one. This hi most important as re
gards th 4 climatic conditions on the coasts
which the stream passes.
It is generally admitted that the Gulf Stream
considerably affects the climate of the western
coast of Britain and Norway, of Iceland, and
possibly even of Spitsbergen. The effect Is
most marked in winter. While the harbors of
the Baltic; are icebound, those on the western
coast of Norway, even as far north as Ham
merfest. are always open to shipping. In Great
Britain the lines of equal temperature in Jan
uary run nearly north and south, instead of
almost east and west, as in July, so that any
one in Middlesbrough would find a warmer cli
mate in midwinter by going to Whitehaven than
by travelling due south to an equal distance.
This also is one of the reasons why Aberdeen
at that time is much warmer than Vienna. The
Bits eminent mathematician Dr. W. Hopkins
estimated that without the Gulf Stream the
mean annual temperature of Carnarvonshire
would be seven and a half degrees, that of the
north of Scotland fully twelve degrees, and that
of Iceland as much as twenty degrees lower than
From the Gulf of Mexico, where its waters
are raised to a warmth in winter of seventy
seven degrees F., and in summer up to eighty
three degrees F.. it issues like a huge river of
warmer water flowing over the vast mass of th»
cooler ocean beneath. As it issues from between
Florida and Cuba it is equivalent to a stream
about fifty miles broad and more than a hundred
fathoms deep, which is then flowing at a rate of
from three to four miles an hour. Gradually it
spreads out like a partly opened fan. the mow
eastern part losing itself in the Atlantic, the
western and stronger flowing steadily in a north
easterly direction, and fended off from the
American coast by the cold current which is re
turning southward from Arctic regions. Thus
it plays on Northwestern Europe like a stream
flowing from a hose, and the water which has
left the Gulf of Mexico in the hot summer
months probably comes near to the other side of
the Atlantic in the winter season. The amount
of heat which it transfers was estimated by the
late I>r. Croll as being equal to what is received
from the sun by ra her more than a million and
a half square miles at the equator.
This heat is slowly radiated by the *r a.J
layer of flowing water as it journeys fr>>m the
boiler in the Gulf of Mexico to the refrigerator
in Arctic seas. Hut IMMM Xansrr.? obse*<
vations suggest that tne current does net sl
ways follow precisely the same path. That, in
deed, is only to be expected. While its general
direction will be constant — for that depends on
great physical ca ises — minor variations are pos
sible. If, for instance, the southward flowing
Arctic currents be a little stronger than usual,
they will push the Gulf Stream rather more to
the east, and then Iceland will suffer. If the
observations were taken over a sufficiently wide
area of the North Atlantic, and for a long
enough time. :t might be possible to prophesy
the direction which the Gulf Stream would fol
low in its Journey across the Atlantic, and the
places on which it would have the greatest in
fluence at any particular time — in other words,
to foretell what kind of s> season the termer