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TJtE SEW J'Ki:\CH STAMPS.
THEIR DEFIGXg REPRESENT Till' THIRD
REPUBLIC. AM» auk CONSID
Paris. IVcotnNr 1
Th* new French postage stamps will bo issued
tP-tDcrrc«. December 7. The new designs em
tTSt * «my denominaMun of postage stamp, of
***** thprc are fifteen altogether. M. Mouchoa
•catgsnd the stamps of 1, 2. 3. 4 and
* centimes, M. Joseph Wane designed those
cJ 3tL l?v 2t\ 25 and 30 centimes. M. Luc Olivier
Unas designed the stamps of 40 and *">(? con
tests and 1. 2 and 5 francs. The transforma-
Cos IB as* complete as mould be th. case in a
cJuaig* of regime, and affects not only tbo de
cora rut the color. Moreover, the stamps of
40 ccnthnes and of higher denominations are
twice the si*.» of the ordinary stamps
M. Mouceot, whose position corresponds to that
of Postmaster-General In the United States,
when asked the reason for the radical change
to the French postage stamps said that it
socmed to him indispensable that the third
French Republic should at last have stamps
bearing its own effigy. -You see," said M.
Mougeot, "when the Second Empire fell the dies
of the stamps of the Republic of IMS were used
for the stamps that were issued from ISTI to
ISTTk, In lS7."i M Buffet was Minister, and with
his extreme conservatism, and living in daily
hope that Marshal MacMahon would eventually
play the part of General Monk and give the
King his own again, he refused to commit the
PostaJ Department on the question of a perma
nent form of Government. Consequently, M.
DV^SIGXEJJ BY LUC OLIVIER MERSON.
Daffrt temporized and would not allow M. Sage,
ite artist, to draw any design for the Ivy;,
stumps that could be taken as an effigy of the
Third Republic. The design adopted by M. Buf
' : was the now familiar and decidedly com
monplace one of two allegorical figures—"Com
merce* and 'Peace* joining hands to rule the
world. This lS7r» Bap, of which there are six
teen denominations, will remain in use until
gradually replaced by the new stamps with the
cfT:sy of the Third Republic, which will be is
The tmenty-five centime (five cent) stamp is
the one which is used for foreign postage, and
i* consequently the most familiar French stamp
ar.road. By the terms of the International
Posta] Convection this stamp must be blue for
a'l nations of the Postal Union. The lsT' twen
n-fiven-five centime stamp is of a grayirh pink color.
The new twenty-five centime stamp is deep
blue. The design made by M. Mouihon, the
artist, who is also the engraver, represents the
ft male fisrure of the Third Republic seated and
wearing the Phrygian bonnet. The wand of
justice rests upon the /ight shoulder, and the
li ft hand supports a marble slab upon which is
DOHGKED HT fOHPI BLANC.
inscribed "Droits de I'Homme." At the bottom
of the stamp are tbe words "'Republique Fran
The fifteen centime postage stamp, used for
internal postage, is of a bright orange color in
ricad of the pale blue of the 1575 model. The
'.sign is the same as that of the twenty-five
( ruiinje stami . The forty centime stamp and
:r ; ;jse of higher denominations, designed by M
l.uc Olivier Merson and engraved by M. Th£
venin, are of double size. They represent the
Jis^re af the Third Republic wearing tbe Phry-
Foreign Photos, Carbons.
OLD ICXCLiISH I'Kt.VTS. MEZZOTINTS.
mRDom. * UOLIDAY CIF*S.
12 West 2Sth St GEORGE BUSSE.
XEW-YORK TRIBI-XE TLLICTRATErr Si I ii r LEMENT.
Plan bonnet. The heau of the treated figure is
bent forward ;.nd is supported by the right arm.
The attitude is that -of meditation. The left
hand rasps a sheathed glaive. To the left
there Is an olive tree, among the branches of
which s a shield, bearing the figures of the
value of the stamp.
The stamps or five centimes (one r. rit and cf
smaller denominations are designed by M Joseph
DESIGNED BT C, HOUCHON.
ved by M. Thomas. They re;.r-
sent a larp. female tigure of Liberty, with out
aprestd wings. The left hat i holds the mirror
of Truth and an olive branch. The outstretched
right hand grasps the scales of Justice. Toward
( the Wt ar- two wingfd cupids embracing each
I other, representing Fraternity. It is a s-me
what s.njriilar feature of the smaller denomina
tions of Fifth I'i.stage stamps that they in
clude stamps of 1, f, 3 an d 4 centimes
—that is to say, ( ,f the value, respectively,
lof one-fifth, two-fifths, three-fifihs And four-
I tiflhs of a c.nt. This enables legal tend -rs tS i
made of fraction* of a sou, or five centimes,
which nowadays is the piece <>f the smallest
value coined at the French Mint.
Tak.-n altogether, the French Postal Penait
ment may be < ..npratulated upon th. artistic
appea- ¦ new stamrs. the ;s:-u. of which
WitX BOSOtltnU a fresh landmark tor the Third
Bcpahttc, which, with all its faults and short
coiuuigs. hii> lifted longer than auy other regime
since the BoOfhOBS srorc swept away, in 171*1!.
C X. B.
A CONFEDERATE AIRSHIP.
THE ABTIfI AVIS. WHICH WAS TO DESTROY
From The Charleston News and Courier.
A few days ago a person who had been reading
an account of an experimental trip of Count
Zeppelin's air ship remarked that in a few more
years people will travel In the air instead of on
the solid earth. Iron and steel rails will lose
their value, because railroads will go out of use.
The new mode of travel will be more pleasant,
for there will be no dust, and, by rising higher,
as necessity may require, the happy traveller
may keep cool.
Travelling in the air by means of balloons Is
not cf very remote date. The first successful
experiments in this line were made in France
about I~N*', When the balloon sailed across the
Seine and a part of Parts, remaining in the air
tv« enty-five minutes. A balloon was used for
military observation at the battle of Fleurus,
fought in 17:«4
A great deal concerning aerostation can be
found in took* and newspapers, but there is one
experiment that seems to have escaped the no
tice of the curious.
In the winter of "!<••}- >:r. Genera] Robert E.
Lsc and his army were fending Petersburg.
Va. The troops were stretched out along the
lines perhpps at the rate of one to every one
McGowan's brigade held the works not far
from Battery 45 (or the Star Port), and near
where the great dam was built. One cold, raw
day the brigade was called out, without arms,
to hear a speech from a scientific personage who
was introduced as "Prr — r" Blank. The old
poldlen crowded around and took their seats on
the cold ground, and he unfolded his scheme for
demoralizing and driving away Grant's army.
He had fust invented an air ship.
In shape it was something like a bird, and for
that reason he had called it "Artis Avis." or
"The Bird of Art," which was the meaning of
the two Latin words. The frame was made of
hoop iron and wire. It was covered with white
oak splits. It was to be run by a one horse
power engine and one man to each bird would
be sufficient. The engine was to be in the body
of the bird and to furnish power for keeping the
wings in motion. A small door at the shoulder
was opened or closed to control the direction of
the Bird of Art. ' A door under the throat was
opened when it was decirable to descend and a
door on top of the neck when the operator
wished to go higher. There was machinery by
which the tail could be spread out or closed. In
the body of the bird there was room for a num
ber of shells, and the operator, by touching a
spring with his foot, could drop them upon the
enemy from a safe distance.
The "Professor" said that he had completed
one bird and made a test of its speed and how
it wculd work- He tied it to a fiat car. which
was coupled to a fast engine. It was attached
to the flat car with a long, strong rope. The
word was given, and the railroad engine started
off at great speed. The Bird of Art did the
same, and had no trouble in keeping up with th.
iron horse without pulling on the rope
The "Professor" concluded his remarks by
saying he needed a little more money to make
birds enough to destroy Grant's army, and asked
the old soldiers to contribute one dollar each to
the cause. Many of them did, and the "Pro
fessor" moved on and disappeared.
No doubt many of the survivors have forgot
ten this incident, but not long ago the writer
met John W. Butler, a commercial traveller, who
belonged to the l-»th S. C. V. in ISG4, and asked
"Did you ever hear of the Art Avis?"
He replied: "I certainly have beard of it, for
I gave a dollar to it."
li a Til c TRi bun t V
d -vMRT-DIRECTORy I
HnDirons, rafter*, Gnc- %6&:- r H. Graf, Manufacturer. Mil St.
ttlßlUlL'. JTUUj.I-. cM£? 4005 : andlthAve. Telephone 613-3* SL
Bit 5ch0015 & tuition: School of Applied Design for Women, . 200 W. 23./ St.
Hit lent lUorhl— Baldwin Bros. (Screens, Furniture), . . . 435 5/* Aye.
General jPajntCr: :- li'm.J. Shaw, 11G West 39/* St.. Hard Wood Finisher.
CXZ EJaOUerrCOtVpeS: — Restored to original beauty. $1. Rockxood, 1440 Broad' v
(Paintings <£ Iprints: — c - H. Kraushaar, Art Galleries. 260 Fifth Are.
(Oil Paintings, Water Colorings, Etchings, Engravings).
IDaihtituis& TUnrka nfarf-— /s/ " ; ' Adler & Schvartz, ... 373 5//r Air.
U-miumtp <\ LUOrRt? 01 ttru (Holiday Sr Wedding Gifts), j /
NOME'S QCKEIt RAILROAD.
IT WAS BUILT TO OPERATE THE WILD
From The Philadelphia Record.
One of the queerest railroads in the world
and probably the quickest built is that be
tween Nome City, Alaska, and Anvil. Anvil
Creek, the scene of the original discovery of
Cold.' lies four and one-half miles directly north
of Nome City. It is a slender stream six or
seven milts in length, rising in a divide 800 to
1.400 feet in elevation. Three miles from its
source it leaves th" hills and wends its way
through the tundra flats and enters Snake River
a few miles distant from its mouth, as the wild
goose tie*, but a whole days journey by canoe
or poling boat. The claim known as "Discov
ery," staked jointly by Erik C. Lindblom. a
sailor tailor; Jafet Lindeberg. a reindeer herder,
and Jafct iirynteson, a miner, lies at the point
where the creek enters the tundra. Above "Dis
covery" are thirteen claims, each l,.'!"_'u feet in
length by 000 feet in width.
Upward of $I,(ttNMMN» was taken out of Anvil.
Snow and Dexter creeks last summer, shallow
diggings making the work ot mining.compara
tively ( any. But this latter favorable circum
stance was so greatly offset by scarcity of water
for sluicinc in those portion* of the creeks where
the .Lane Interest* chiefly were that "The Wild
Goose Mining Company,*' as th.' Lane company
is called, derided to install a pumping plant for
pumping water from Snake River, the nearest
large stream with a constant flow, conducting
the water in pipe* from there to the heads of
Anvil and Dexter creeks.
To carry the 18-Inch steel pipe with dispatch a
railroad was resolved upon, so when the steamer
Charles D. Lane arrived at Nome on July 1!».
1900, with Lane himself on board, she had not
only a large pumping plant, but the equipment
of a complete trailroad. comprising locomotive.
cars, rails and even ties, for there was no wood
available, here except scattered driftwood along
the beach. . . - - ... .
Probably no railroad was ever built as rapidly
as this one. A gang of men was set to work.
Sixty-eight pine ties were hauled out' on the
tundra by horses), rail* for a three-foot gauge
followed the tics; cars were "launched" on the
part already built. The Snake River was
bridged on piling, and with marvellous rapidity
the track sped northward, regardless of the In
equalities of the surface of the tundra, without
grading or ballast. In four days trains were
running between Nome and Discovery claims.
Lai • wealth was made in California in min
ing, and fortune, apparently, has followed him
hither. Few "wild goose chases" for gold have
been as successful a* Lane's, as thousands her*
can testify to their sorrow. There was more
than the ordinary touch of humor, therefore, in
Lane's selection of a name for this company,
and even more ar>t .lid the title seem— after my
first ride on the "Wild Goose Railroad."
My journey over the road was eventful. "The
train does not leave till 4:4-"» o'clock 1 said Mr.
Livingston, the traffic agent, when I reached the
station. "Here's a souvenir to keep," said he,
after I had paid over $1 for the fare to Anvil
and received in return a little oblong J slip of
cardboard. On it was printed:
Wild Goose R. R. Co. Good for one passage
from Nome to Anvil, Ist class.
TOM T. LANE. Genl Man.
The ti< ket had been punched five times, and 1
noticed that onf corner had been dipped off. Mr.
Livings proceeded t<» explain: "We h:i<! only
a thousand of these printed. Mr. Lane si^n-d
the first lot. After they Wrre taken up Mr. P.r*-w
ster signed them and we passed them out asatn.
Next time I signed them. Next time there wasn't
any more room to siprn, so I clipped off a corner.
Next time l will clip off another corner. After
that I don't know what we'll do."
As the hour of departure drew near quite a
crowd had assembled. There were mini is in
rubber hoots. Esquimau water boots, or mukluks.
and high mint-rs' shoes and wearing 'slickers*'
or mackintoshes; some with packs and shovels;
three or four women of as many degrees of
respectability, and a few Walamut dogs,
with their owners. Presently a whistle was
heard up the track, and the train came puffing
in and came to a standstill alongside the sta
It consisted of a ridiculous little engine op*
ated by a sort of marine engine with cog pvar
on the shafts of the driving wheels (for the pur
pose evidently of securing power on the grades)
and two small flatcars. Upon the car next to
the engine two long benches were placed back
to back, and all who were entitled to "first class
passage" were told to get aboard.
We were soon on our way at the rate of five
miles an hour. In a few minutes Snake River.
a sluggish stream about seventy-five yards wide
was reached, and there we slowed down to cross
the bridge, which was provided with a "draw "
to allow boats to pass through. The reason for
Blowing down soon became obvious. The bridge
was so narrow that there was not over thre*
Inches of space between the timbers and the
sides of the car, and 1 learned that it was usual
for the train to stop so as to allow the conduc
tor to inspect the side* of the car for any lum
ber, or the feet of passengers, that -might be
projecting over so far as to be caught In th*
bridge. Luckily we squeezed through without
accident, and took th.- grade 01 the other side.
I thought for a while we would never reach
the top, but by much puffins we got tlier^, and
resumed schedule time. The track bad been
placed loosely on the tundra. It twisted first
this way and that, and her.- and there one rail
had sunk considerably lower than the other.
Consequently, with the unevenncss of the sur
face of the tundra, this train, running at the
fearful speed** above mentioned, ' pitched and
tossed more like a vessel at sea than a mere
riilmad. Cars jolted and squeaked, the engine
rolled and pitched, and we held, on tight in grim
apprehension of disaster.
In a little more than half an hcur we drew
in among a large collection «>f Unts of various
sizes, and tw« or three rough board shanties.
where the conductor called out, "Anvtt Click!"
and th" pass.i'tr.rs irot oft Another crowd took
their phujes, anJ in a few minutes, while the
new arrivals went in and had a drink at the
Discovery saloon, or started off up th.' creek
with their packs, the whistle blew again, anl
we were left for the night at Discovery Claim,
the northern terminus of the most northern rail
road in the world.
TUX DELTOJD WVBCLE.
IT lI.AY.S A l'l:".\|L\E.\T TART IN THE TAn,QK':»
BUSINESS. ' " * * %
From The Washington Star. •
"It is a rare thing." said the talking man, "to
find a merchant tailor who can get a 'perfect fit*
in the clothes he makes. So rare, in fact, that
I have sometimes thought that tailors, of all
artisans, knew least how to do their work right.
Yet the tailor, or the cutter, rather, is not al
ways to blame, for a perfectly cut garment may
be cfttn set askew by a careless maker, who by
a crooked seam or a. slight departure from the
line set for his needle may throw the Whole
thing out of plumb. Still, a good tailor ought
to know when a garment tits, and should either
be able to correct its unfitnesa or not let it leave
the shop. Speaking of the cutting part, I re
member an incident that occurred once at 1
invention of cutters held in Cincinnati. The
subject for discussion was the cutting and fitting
of garments, and a testy old Scotchman had
the floor. He said in effect that if a coat were
cut to set right upon the deltoid muscle the
wearer would always find it comfortable and
"In fact, said he, 'the deltoid muscle deter
mines the fit of a coat.*
" Will the gentleman state what and where
the deltoid muscle is?" asked a cutter on the
other side of the chamber.
"The Scotchman turned on him sharply.
" 'Sir.' he said, angrily, 'do you claim to be a
cutter and not know where the deltoid muscle
is located? Don't you know, sir. that a knowl
edge of the human anatomy la as important to
the tailor as it la to the surgeon? Do you •x
pect to cut a garment to tit an object whose
every line '.nd curve you d 1 not know? You
might as well try to tit a plug to a hole without
knowing the size of the hole. No. sir, the gentle
man will not state what and where the deltoid
muscle is. It is your duty. sir. to know the del
! Id muscle, not mine to instruct you.'
"The discussion ended th.re. simply because
there was nobody present to carry it on. fur I
don't believe a man in the place except the 1 Id
fell m knew anything about deltoid muscles.
I know I didn't, but as soon as I got to a dic
tionary I looked it up. Later I gave the mat
ter some study, and l found that the Scotchman
i:\tn. />// stays /V pekisg.
Peking correspendencs (>1 rhe London Stand
Nino-tenths of the shun** and houses in Peking
display a Has ot some .-"rt over the entrance,
end in many eases a notice written in some
Western language in addition. Sunn.- of these
notices i'i<- umusiiitr. (in>; man copies from
an ithcr, and in this way a whole street will
;. n .times liear th^ «n.rn«' Jetrend ov-*r ivu-h door,
la one street in ths sphere" is th»>
following, written on a square of white calico
in Chim Be ink:
"Pray officer exru'ese
here good people."
Several bouses display the following charm:
On y. ¦'. another "Belong Japan" appears; or
'•Leave this house safe, they are honest peo
rle. B." .
QVALIFIED TO SPEAK.
From The Indianapolis Press.
"You know- all abOUl hams, do you?" queried
the man that was getting iho worst of the
"Er— well," said the gentleman from the pack
ing house "I flatter myself I have canvassed
th»- subject pretty thoroughly."
J. H. JORDAN,
No. 1 East 34th St.,
Atlj:>in ; n!i I i.:h Avenue.
Electro Thermal. Vibratory Massage prevent and posi
tively cure ';.a:. Kh«>uraat.sr... SHaitca, Nervous Dl —
«-as«-s. Livr .... K.dnc Troubles. Constipation. Obesity.
ri..;le Complaint* Inflection invitt-d. Send for cirou-«
me. Vr. S^n:U Sui>U 41 West 33<1 Su, New- York. _