DISTRESS IN PORTO RICO.
ALL PARTS OF THE ISLAND.
|BT TELSOKAPB TO TU TSIBTm.]
Jacksonville. Fla.. Dec. 22.— Dr. A. D. WlH
irmE. assistant surgeon. V. S. A., has arrived
at his home here from San Juan, having com
pleted a trip through Porto. Rleo. by order of
the Adjutant-<3#neral. to study the conditions of
the people. His report has been made to the
Adjutant-General. Department of Porto Rico.
p r . William* gave a copy of it to the press to
night It Is to the effect that the people on the
Island are now starving by hundreds, and that
immediate relief Is Imperative, it says in part:
At Lop Marias we began to nee the vanguard
of misers': In that small, squalid town there
is no medicaJ man. not even the native doctor.
and many were sick. A Mr. For«cuand, the
American school teacher there, wh.-> is intelli
gent, told me that many of the people, not only
of the country, but of the town, were in great
distress, many dying. When I asked him the
cause of *o much sickness and so many deaths,
he answered m-ithout hesitation. "For want of
food." Captain Watts left with this man two
cans of Army biscuits, for want of transporta
tion. A few days ago Mr. Foncuand sent a
mesenger to Mayaguez to beg me for medicines
for a sick family. He wrote me to get permis-
Bicn from Captain Watts to allow him to Issue
these biscuits to the starving children, and that
be would pay from his own pocket the price of
I rode in the country a few miles beyond
Utuado. where I saw laboring families that I
had known to be industrious people, even dur
ing the issuing of the "relief supplies," that were
actually in a condition of starvation. At Ad-
Juntas the conditions are appalling. Men,
•women and children, swollen. Moated, diseased
and emaciated, with pinched and haggard feat
ures, appeared weighted with the sorrows of
year*. the remembrance of which throws
jts ehadow over me even now. At Adjuntas
ihe steward of the hospital, a native, and. It is
said, a most estimable man, told me there were
fourteen patients and three nurses In the hos
pital. Th* municipal authorities allowed him
to draw every day $1 On municipal stamps) tax
ars md tobacco. That this was all the
allowance for subsistence and care of the four
teen patients, and owing to the condition of
tffairs he could only realize 50 cents for his f 1
ppttk of municipal revenue stamps. With the
turn of 5O certs thus raised, he bought the
K*r.ty food for hospital use. When I asked the
city physician at Adjuntas what was the cause
of put h a large death rate — fifty-two deaths and
four births in the week immediately preceding
our visit there — be said the death rate was about
the came every we?k. I asked him what were
the prevailing diseases. He said: "The prime
cau«e if the want of food; chronic starvation."
GJRL ESCAPES KIDNAPPING.
JTPcJE VREELAND, OF MORRISTOWN.
RESCUES HER— SHE FINALLY
Bertha Friedman, fifteen years old. a daughter
•f Andrew Friedman, of No. 252 East Third-st.,
who disappeared from her home on Monday. De
cember 3. and of whom no trace could be found
for several weeks, has reappeared, safe and
pound She joined her family at her home last
Thursday. To a Tribune reporter last night
lbs told the following story:
I left my home on December 3, after having
kaM a quarrel with my eister. I spent several
i*yp in New- York with some friends, and then
¦iecided to go to Morristown. N. J . where
I thought I might get work.
ihe train I met a woman who was ac
companied by two men. The three talked to me,
and I became afraid of them. When we reached
Kumnnit. N. J.. I asked the three whether the
m uas Morristown; they said it was. and I
=ot off the train. I at once found out that It
¦M not Morristown. bo. buying a ticket I quick-
H- jumped back on the train, when I was ae
ed to find the woman and her friends, who
b*d fotto* od me off the train.
pt into the siuoking car, and they fol
l«w*A me. They pushed me into a seat, and one
<->f the men flapped my face when I struggled.
Jud&e J B. Vreeland, of Morrlstown, who had
r>oti)C«d my plight, interfered and protected me.
At Morristown he telegraphed to my father, and
r>n me on a train for New- York.
I'nfortunately, Judtre Vreeland's message was
• delivered to my father in time to allow him
SM*I m° 1 did not pee him, and being afraid
i;o home. I went to a boarding house in
• -icpf-sr .. and latfr hunted for work. I found
•k. and was living quietly when the story of
disappearance get into the newspapers. The
sic wtih whom ! was living found out who
%s. and told my cousin. This cousin came
M and t'-ild me that my parents had forgiven
*¦ Bw running away, so I immediately came
/V AID OF HOSPITAL FUNDS.
Louis Stix, treasurer of the Dry Goods Auxiliary
of the Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association.
reports the following subscriptions from the trade,
received to date;
jEmes A. Hearn & 9one ;... .... $500
H. B. Claflin Company 200
< ¦iMrenoe Whitman *t Co lw
larkw. Wilder & C 0...... ijw
Wh«>l»rlght. Edredge & Co l'«
Ottlin & Co *£!
Amory. Brown & Co '»'
A. ii. Juilliard & Co l°o
Lae-i-ence <fc Co jy>
l'iibs. I Ivan &Co »'*>
M. C. D. Borflen JpO
LN-*nng. MllUken & Co 1W
V. H. L^r.eley J°"
?rr;'.th. Hogg & Gardner - 100
J. H. Lane & Co • '•*>
Joy Larson * Co H»
Frederick Eutterfleld & Co 100
F VJetor & Acheli* I™}
r^ulkner. }¦*«<¦& Co J""
BTUUan B*art & Bob I*)
PsssavaEt & Co J0"J 0 "
William lee'in & Co - 100
Arnold Print Works - IW>
3nmr% Talcott • JSJJ
M'^s Taylor & Co 100
O»;bfrmann. Ix»mm«Tich & Co - I<V)
< alhoun. Hobbins & Co 10"
.'air,fs H. Dunham *• Co }'"»
I. Van Volkenburgh & Co 100
Harding. Whitman & Co 10 /'
Th* Ppool Cotton Company 100
O. JaKe & r.rjkii-.. H
<'. A. AutTirsor.lt * Co - «#
trt-ffT. f-hramra & Vok«1 *'
AV-pg & Rufch *>
Or**tf &• CO ?J
Trc-pt £ Converse ••••
VrxxJw&ra. Baldwin & Co •*>
ToA-nM>Tjd & Yale BO
H. J. Llbr.y & Co ¦•
Hetlman & Co 60
Tpfft. UVller & Co «?
• rri* & Mitchell 25
Cnttpn. <-lift & Co - 2?
W«*<l & Brother 25
f. ¦ *• Blum 25
">rtnn*i, Winu * r o j»
«. Biuc.^ • •. «5
L*vl. Sotidh^imor &Co .-;¦.-::::::::::::: I
*i Krw*i. teor.s & Co 2*
B. Durand & Son« 2-*
•7 & Balant g
M. '«•• * Bon 10
f-rark ¦¦:¦¦,¦ M
Arnold . Bch<9 & Co 10
B. M. £haie« 4 ro'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 10
ItOBnEItH CRAPED ItY A POSSE.
Elgin, 111., I*-' 22 (Special).— Robbers blew open
the cafe of D H. Haeger here early this morning.
Sheriff Stead, hearing the explosion, started to in
vestigate. As he rounded a corner he was con
fronted by two huge revolvers. Instead of throw
ing up his hands he drew his revolver and rapid
Srir.g ensued, mm of the robbers being injured,
liut they managed to escape with $2,000 in money
&nd many valuable papers. A posse Is in pursuit.
\US> OEKTMCDS ELLIOTT MAMMISB.
' ¦»-'-. 22 -Forbes Robertson, the actor
manager, and Mies Gertrude Elliott, sister of Max
¦>n (Mrs Nat. Goodwin), were married this
¦a *t All Souls' Church. South Hampstead.
remony wm most quiet. There were no
Brt4cssasJis; but the bride was supported by Mrs.
- FWKy. the playwright. Norman Forbes
• • M man.
STYLED COLUMBIA MAS A BWIWDLEM
The police have been told that a man has been
falsely representing himself as a member of the
Columbia College Musical Society, and has been
collecting money which he gets for alleged adver
tising in what he calls a society programme. The
police are now on the lookout for him The com
plaint was made by Daniel XV. Armststd. of the
musical society, which gives a comic opera at Car
n««ie Hall In February
WIRE TAPPERS GET AWAY.
HAD ALMOST CONNECTED WITH TRI
VATE LINE TO CHICAGO WHEN
THE POLICE ARRIVED.
In the seizure of fl nP telepr,iph and wire tap
ping Instruments worth $700 in a room at No.
SiiT West Forty-fourth-st., yesterday afternoon.
the police think they just missed the rnpture of
a part of a Rang of wire tappers, who have also
been narrowly missed by the Chicago. Omaha
and St. Louis police. They found a letter which
leads them to believe the men intended tapping
the Chicago-New-Orleans Western Union wire
which runs along the elevated structure In
Ninth-aye.. just alongside the house. No arrests
were made. The West Forty-seventh-st. police
made the matter their special work all night.
Detectives Kammer and Lyons went to the
house late In the afternoon. A man named
Brown, according to Mrs. Rose Moore, the land
lady, had rented the fourth floor room and had
gone in there in the afternoon with a bundle
which she said she thought contained his effects.
The detectives entered the room, and found
seven fine telegraph instruments, a Hou.ider.
eight dry batteries, three wire tapping machines
such as are used by telegraphers in tapping
wires for breaks, and some wire. A wire led
from the room to the elevated structure in the
street The wire in the room was ready for
work, but the wire at the other end had not been
connected with the Chicago private wire. "The
police believe they frightened the men off in
time to prevent the tapping.
Another find was that of a white rope ?eailng
from the street to the window of the room. The
police are sure this was a signalling wire, urd
the one that beat them out of their game. They
are certain, they say, that the person or persons
In the room, when the police came around to the
house, were warned of their coming, and thr.t
escape was ma"de by way of the roof.
TWO XEW CASES OF SMALLPOX.
WOMAN AXD A MAN SENT T" NORTH
Two cases of smallpox were reported by the
Board of Health last night. They were those of
Jennie Claxton, twenty-eight years old, of No. 109
East Nlnety-fourth-st.. and R. A. Clark, twenty
years old, of No. 329 East ElghrPenth-st. In both
instances all the persons in the houses were vacci
nated and the patients removed to North Brother
INSURANCE CLERKS VACCINATED.
RICHARD A. MCURDY THE FIRST TO COM
PLY WITH HIS OWN ORDER.
It is understood that. In compliance with an in
direct intimation of the Board of Health, Richard
A. McCurdy, president of the Mutual Life In
surance Company of New- York, yesterday after
noon Issued an order requiring all the officers and
employes of that company at the head office to be
vaccinated. This order will affect between five
and six hundred people. Mr. McCurdy was the first
person to subject himself to the ordeal of his own
order, having been vaccinated yesterday after
James W. Alexander, president of the Equitable
Life, has also issued similar orders, and the same
are being carried Into effect. It Is also under
stood that at a conference between Mr. McCurdy
ii.nd Mr. Alexander, held yesterday, the expediency
of extending the order to all the metropolitan
agency forces of the two companies was discussed,
but after consideration it was found inexpedient
to di more than issue a general recommendation
to that effect, as it appeared impracticable to en
force the order in all cases.
MERCHANT BLAMES VACCINATORS.
SATS SALESROOM WAS TT7RNED INTO A
SLAUGHTER HOUSE NEEDLESSLY.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The statement printed In the newspapers
yesterday In reference to the vaccination of our
employes (Lyons & Chabot, One-hundred-and
llfUeth-st. and Thlrd-ave.) was Inaccurate and un
just. The vaccinating corps did not ask and were
not refused admission to our store for the purpose
of vaccinating the employes.
When I returned from luncheon on Friday I
found the second floor of our establishment, which
Is the handsomest and most Important sales floor
In the building, turned Into a slaughter house. The
doctors were in possession. Employes with bare,
bleeding arms were running hither and thither, and
our customers were hurrying out of the place hor
rified. I stopped It right there.
Upon hearing that there was smallpox in The
Bronx I had arranged with Dr. Byrne. Dr. Smith
and Dr. Davis to vaccinate all our employes at my
expense. Nevertheless, I told the men from the
Health Board that I would willingly let them do It
if they would go to the fifth floor, and I would send
the clerk 3up in groups. They were unreasonable
and arrogant. It was I who consulted the police.
They Informed me that the Board of Health was
supreme In such matters, and I then called up the
Department of Health headquarters. They evi
dently saw that the conduct of The Bronx repre
sentatives was outrageous, and stopped It.
Th<- vaccination did not go on in the store, as re
ported. It was done in the evening by the three
doctors whom I had engaged for that purpose.
Some of the *xtra holiday hands who were not
then present were later vaccinated by the Health
Department. I write you thus fully because since
the matter has teen referred to at all it Is Im
portant that the facts be correctly stated. Very
truly yours. L. J. CHABOT.
New-York. Dec. 22. 1900.
FnrTELLE SOOY TO RESIGX.
HB WANT? JOSEPH E. HALL TO FILL THE UK
EXPIRED TERM IX CONGRESS.
Boston. Dec. 22.— 1n a two column article rela
tive to the retirement of Charles A. Boutelle as
Congressman from the IV Maine District, "The
Aroostook Republican" prints a letter from the
Congressman's daughter. Miss Grace H. Boutelle,
In which she says:
In case of the successful enactment of certain
legislation now pending which will enable my
father to spend his necessarily long convalescence
in entire rest and freedom from care of any kind,
it is probable that he will sometime after the pass
age of the bill, resign his seat in Congress.
With this possibility In view, he wished me to
take the earliest opportunity to express to his
friends and constituents, whose splendid loyalty
and devotion have been the greatest factors In aid
ing his recovery, his earnest desire that Mr. Joseph
E. Hall should fill out the remainder of his unex
pirf-d term in case of such resignation. It is cer
tainly the prerogative of the district to make a
deliberate and unhampered choice of his possible
successor, but it Is my father's conviction and my
own. that we ought, in any case, to give our tes
timony to the entire capability of Mr. Hall for
filling such a position.
BROOKLYN RAPID TRAXSIT COSTROL.
A FTORT THAT METROPOLITAN INTEREPTS WILL
F.XTER THE DIRECTORATE.
Some interest was taken yesterday by Wall Street
In ft Story reaffirming the report that at the com
!ng annual meeting of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit
Company certain Metropolitan Street Railway in
terests would enter the Board of Directors of the
former corporation, the story going on to say that
Henry C. Payne, of Milwaukee, had made an expert
examination of the Rapid Transit company's plant
and accounts, and that upon his favorable report
the Metropolitan representatives had decided to
purchase for Anthony N. Brady and his associates,
at 125 enough additional stock to give them control
of the company. The stock, it was adrled, was
purchased hy the New-Yorkers as individuals.
MADNESS AXD THE FOREIGN LEGIOX.
Paris correspondence of The London Telegraph.
Do the men who enlist In the Foreign l>glon
erU-r It because they are mad. or do they be
come mad for the reason that they are serving- in
It' Bach is the odd question which Is gravely dis
cussed by a learned physician, who has been spe
cially studying the mental condition of typical
leglonaires at the asylum In the allier to which
they are admitted. He unhesitatingly pronounces
In favor of the theory that they are. as he terms It,
"born lunatics," a Judgment with which those
who know the sort of life that these men art con
demned to lead will not be likely to disagree. This
doe* not. of course, mean that every foreigner who
join* the legion Is a Tiadman, but it does imply that
the minds of many of these soldiers are unhinged.
The worthy doctor. Indeed, expresses the fear that
not a few of the men who have been shot for
cross breaches of discipline weri really not re
sponsible for their actions, and considers that they
ouebi to have been promptly removed to a lunatic
asylum Instead. We have heard a good deal of late
of the niutinjUF <-.>ndurt of troops of the Foreign
Legion on their way from Algeria to China, and this
?xplnnatWi of the mental condition of the average
member of the corps would appear to account In
some measure for this and other eccentricities
which have attracted wondering attention from
time to tin*.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. DECEMBER 23. 1900.
CARD SHARPS ON CAMPANIA. \\ GOVERNOR OF BENGOBT
WARNING POSTED, YET A GUILELESS
LAMB IS FLEECED.
The passengers on the steamer Campania, which
arrived here yesterday, said that several card
sharps crossed with them, but were unable to win
much money, as one of the sharps was recognized
by the steward of the smoking room as a man
who had worked the game befor3 on the steamer.
and a warning was posted. It was said that this
man went over on the last trip of the Teutonic,
and as Boon as that vessel reached Liverpool he
booked on the Campania, which was about to leave
port. The officers of the ship posted a notice In
the smoking room warning the passengers not to
play cards with those they did not know.
One of the passengers said that the effect of the
notice was that the men were chary of even mak
ing up pools on the time of the trip or on the day's
runs. On the night of the concert a young man
who had gone into the smoking room got Into a
game with these men, and In half an hour he
Mr. Graham, the purser of the Campania, when
asked about the stories, said that he knew nothing
of the matter, but admitted the posting of the
warning In the smoking room. He said that he
could not remember just how It read, but It was
the same notice that had b°en posted at different
times for twenty years.
CAMPANIA BEATS ST. LOt IS.
A BRUSH OF TWENTY-FOUR HOURS BB>
TWKEN THE TWO BIG LINERS.
The steamers Campania, of the Cunard Line, and
St. Louis, of the American Line, arrived here yes
terday, some hours earlier than they would have
done had they not sighted each other early
Wednesday -morning. They had a brush that lasted
for twenty-four hours. The more powerful engines
of the Campania finally pushed her ahead and she
reached this port four hours before the St. Louis.
Chief Engineer John Wall of the St. Louis said
regarding the sprint:
"It makes it mighty interesting for the pas
sengers, but extremely uncomfortable for the en
gineers. We shovelled In coal until the forward
bunkers were empty. We sighted the Campania
Just before daTvn nine miles to the northward of
us. It took her a good twenty-four hours to shake
Both steamers experienced gales the first two or
three days of the trip. The St. Louis suffered no
damage. The Campania was slightly damaged.
On December 17, the day after passing Daunt'a
Rock, the weather was unusually bad. In addition
to the trouble caused by a strong southwest gale,
the sea was confusing and dead ahead. The waves
broke over her forward and carried away a part
of the lower rail. and. on the port side, the heavy
glass of several of the port lights. The Campania
brought 2,039 sacks of mail.
Among the passengers on the St. Louis were
William Sage, who was bringing home the property
of his mother, Mrs. Abbey Sage Richardson, the
authoress and dramatist, who died two weeks ago
in Rome; Mrs. F. Wllmerding. daughter of General
B. F. Tracy, and F. Hagrjrerty E. Globensky and
Walter Clifford, who have been fighting In the
Strathcona Horse In South Africa.
MR. TORTER RACK FROM RUMANIA.
HE FAVORS EXTENDING COMMERCIAL
TREATIES WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Robert P. Porter was a passenger on the steamer
St. Louis, which arrived here yesterday. He had
been abroad since October on perr-onal business.
He acted as the chairman of the concert held on
the steamer. Mr. Torter said that he had spent
most of his time whlie abroad in Berlin and in
Rumania. The King of the latter country was a
business man, and was developing his country
along business lines.
"I am very much Interested in the treaties and
other questions before Congress," Mr. Porter said.
"We must extend our cemmercial relations with
foreign countries during the next four years. T\ c
certainly have the chance to do so."
Mr Pprtei 7 thought this country would make
some of the most important treaties of Its history
in President McKlnley's second term.
V "LLIAM BARNES,- JR., RETTRNS.
BACb FROM A PLEASURE TRIP IN EUROPE
AND WILL NOT TALK POLITICS.
Mr. and Mrs. William Barnes. Jr.. returned from
a pleasure trip in Europe on the steamer St. -Loula
yesterday. In speaking of the appointment of Mr.
Dunn as chairman of the State Committee Mr.
Barnes said: "I suppose he is about the best man
that could have been selected for the position."
When he was asked his oplnl^nr-as to who General
Greene's successor might b»~as chairman of the
Republican County Committee he said: "Mr. Ten
Eyck Is the man. He is undoubtedly the most able
and experienced man In the county."
Mr. Barnes declined to say any.hing about the
State Constabulary bill or the present reform move
ment In New- York City. "I have just returned."
he said, "and know nothing about what has trans
pired in my absence. I have been taking a com
plete rest, and all I can say for publication is that
the climate in Naples Is most delightful."
THE POPVLATIOX OF EXGLAXD.
CHANGES IX PROPORTION OF TOWN AND RURAL
From The London Telegraph.
• T A Weldon. F. C. A., read a paper at a meet
ing of the Royal Statistical Society yesterday bear
ing on the distribution of population in England
and Wales in 1891, as compared with 1801.
At the outset Mr. Weldon said that the condition
of things in 1801 was that, with the exception of
London there was no town with 100,000 inhabitants.
The metropolis had a population of 922.000. and
Manchester, the next largest town, about 91,432.
There were 112 towns outside of London with popu
lations descending from that figure to 000 and
amounting in all to ,400,762. but the bulk of the
country was thoroughly rural, say, over 34.000.000
acres inhabited by 4.721,252 persons, out of the total
population. 8,592,53t>. How striking the change since
then was shown in the fact that the ordinary den
sity of population in rural districts was, in 1801,
about 100 persons to the square mile; in 1831 it aver
aged 130 persons, and the rural population was only
5 534 000 persons, out of a tofiil population of 29,002,
625 Therefore, instead of being paramount, rural
interests were, in 1891, those of less than one-fifth
of the whole people.
As the proportion of town population was now
more than 64 per cent, against 36 per cent in 1801
the rural population had fallen from o3 down to 19
per cent. In 1801 the 10-vest proportion of rural
population in any division was 30 per cent, but ;n
1891 the minimum was 6 per cent, and five divisions
showed ratios not higher than 12 per cent. If. how
ever, the metropolis itself (with its belt of en
virons) could be separated from the rest of the
division the surrounding area, would not differ
widely in the constitution of Its population from
the adjacent divisions; 82 per cent of its area and
39 per cent of its population would be rural. Still,
statistics illustrated in an impressive manner the
transfer of political and industrial power which
had been gradually accomplished In less than a
century and should convince us that the England
of to-day was in many respects unlike the England
of earlier times, though active progress of popu
lation had been restricted to little more than four
millions of acres out of thirty-seven millions,
and therefore in a measure the face of the country
was little changed. The old outcry as to London
devouring the country, though It had much more
Justification now than it had In the time of Smol
lett, was seen to have been based on exagger^-
As regarded the more progressive places, there
appeared to have been latterly si slackening in the
rates of Increase of the older centres, such as
towns which in 1801 had not less than 2.000 In
habitants, but a fully sustained Increase in th?
populations of those rising places which had not
attained importance in 1801. In the latest decen
nium 18S1-'9l. the check to growing populations
was however, general. Dealing with rural dis
tricts it was shown how generally the phenomena
have 'resembled each other In all parts of the coun
try both as respects early Increase and later de
crease in the numbers of the people. An Interesting
feature of the paper was a number of carefully
compiled tables showing the relative increase of
typical English towns during the century. Of
these towns »he most marked progress was dis
played by Cardiff, which has sprung from 2.664 In
1801 to 141339 at the last census; Brighton, from
7662 to 142.129: Crewe, from 121 to 23.761; Middles
brough, from 581 to 76,135, and Barrow, from P54 to
BROUGHT TO BEABOS.
From The Memphis Scimitar. »
He was out walking with a young lady who had
a derided antij.nthy to cigarettes, but not being
aware of her prejudice he lighted one of the littl.j
rr.Us and bacttn smoking with great gusto, Inhaling
tne fumes dtcp into his lungs, and then blowing
great rings up at the moon, which gazed tran
quilly down on his folly.
Offended by his presumption, she said with d.in
"Do you know I can read fortunes in cigarette
"Indeed!" exclaimed the unsuspecting youth.
"Perhaps you'll condescend to read mine."
"Oh, certainly, if you wish it."
Then she gazed up in the air at the delicate blue
wreaths jf smoke. She hesitated, evidently puzzled
"I am undecided which of two things Is to befall
you," she admitted; "your fortune- Is not so easily
read as I fancied It would be."'
"What are the two things?"
"Why, 1 can't determine whether you are marked
out for lung disease or lunacy." was the answer.
"Cigarettes have such diverse effects on people- of
A moment later the cigarette lay glimmering in
the gutter, and the fortune teller wan listening to
her escort's embanassed apologies.
APPOINTMENTS BT THE PHILIPPINE CTVIL
-Manila, Dec 22.— The Philippine Commission
has appointed H. Phelps Whltmarsh Governor
and Otto Scherer Secretary of the Province of
Benguet. Mr. Whltmarsh has been here two
years, principally engaged as a newspaper cor
respondent, and has lived latterly at Bagulm.
which will be the seat of government, and Is the
central point of the region. Mr. Scherer is a
German who has lived twenty years in the
Philippines, five of which have been pMMd !n
the Province of Benguet, where for a long time
he was the only white man. He speaks the
native language and several European toaw
fluently, and Is Intimate with the Igorrotes.
The amended platform of the recently reor
ganized Autonomy party advocates that half
of the territorial Senators shall be elected and
half appointed by the Governor-General. The
latter shall also appoint the Judges, and the
municipal governments shall be similar to those
of the United States. The completed document,
It is expected, will be formally adop>d at a pri
vate meeting of the loyal Filipino leaders on
Sunday, and published in Manila on Monday.
The early passage of the Army bill will result
In the transportation of all volunteers and Regu
lars in transports without chartering other ves
sels, and without leaving the towns unprotected.
The order of sailing Is as follows: The 87th
Infantry. 11th Cavalry, 36th. 34th. 27th. 30th
and 26th Infantry-
Next will follow the 331. 22d. 29th» 35th. 28th,
.'list, 39th, 45th, 46th. 44th. 43d, 47th, 40th, 38th.
42d, 49th, 41st and 48th infantry.
If the regiments sail at an average of one a
week all will be transported by July next.
Thirty-nine priests, seventeen of them belong
ing in the Province of Bulacan, the strongest of
the Tagal provinces, have signed and forwarded
to the Philippine Commissipn a paper proffering
their submission and loyalty to Its authority.
adding that the promise is made voluntarily
and without mental reservation. Judge Taft has
replied, welcoming their assistance in the pacifi
cation of a people "over whom you will have so
great an influence."
A detachment of the 16th Infantry has capt
ured Bautlsta. the head of the Katlpunan So
ciety, in Northwestern Luzon.
A detachment of the 49th Infantry recently
attacked a barrio on the Cagayan River, in Isa
bella Province, drove out the Insurgents, killing
several of them, and captured a thousand rounds
of ammunition. The Americans also burned the
The latest reports from Hollo say that the
islands ct Panay and Cebu. since the rainy sea
son set in, are being rapidly cleared of the
enemy, and that in a few weeks the only oppo
sition encountered will be that offered by scat
tering ladrones. The 26th Infantry, in Panay,
and the 44th, in Ccbu, are conducting an active
ly aggressive campaign. The American casual
ties have recently teen slight.
The United States cruiser Brooklyn proceeded
for Subig Bay to-day with the Board appointed
to examine localities suitable for a naval sta
The monitor Monadnock has gone to Hong-
Kong to be docked and scraped.
Major Bell, the Provost Marshal, to-day in
structed all officers to obey literally General
McArthur's proclamation concerning persons
In Manila giving encouragement to the enemy.
It is universally believed that the rebel forces
are greatly thinned and scattered throughout
Luzon. Their ammunition supplies are being rap-
Idly cut off. and numbers of them are becoming
amlgos. Much Interest Is felt In the movements
of the reinforcements in Mindanao.
GOULDS MAKE CERISTMAZ GIFTS.
MISSION CHILDREN" ENTERTAINED WITH A TREE
AND A LUNCHEON.
Mrs. Howard Gould and her husband played
Santa Claus with about one hundred children yes
terday afternoon In Tuxedo Hall, Fifty-nlnth-st.
and Madlson-ave., where they gave away a lot of
gifts to the children from the mission and fur
nished them a luncheon and some music.
Mrs. Gould had some friends present, who helped
give the children a good time*, and there was a
big Christmas tree In a corner. The chlhlran were
taicen from missions in different parts of the city
in which Mr. and Mrs. Gould are Interested. The
tree had dolls and dresses and shoes, mittens,
watches and other things, which were brilliantly
shown by electric lights. The gifts were dis
tributed by Mr. and Mr 3. Gould and a luncheon
MAIXE'S BANKRUPT TOWNS.
CREDITORS SEIZING THE CITIZEN'S' PROP
ERTY FOR TOWN DEBTS.
Lewlston correspondence of The Boston Advertiser.
There 1b a little town of barren farms and
decayed industry down In Hancock County named
Otis. Just now the neghbors axe calling It Owe
'tls. Otis furnishes the champion hard times story
of the week.
It seems that Otis has been running In debt In
one way or another. Town orders were issued
upon which the holders were unable to realize.
Taxpayers were dilatory, and there was not much
tax revenue any way. Some of the holders of the
orders consulted lawyers, and the lawyers have
started after Otis in a fashion that makes that
town the most picturesque section in Maine Just
A Bangor attorney accumulated orders amount
ing to $190. and then secured judgment against the
town of Otis. The law is that in such a case the
party securing judgment against a town may levy
on the property of any inhabitant. It Isn't once
in a dog's age that such a step is ever resorted to —
but it has been done in the case of Otis.
A deputy sheriff rode over into the town armed
with the requisite papers. First he went to the
farm of First Selectman J. R. Grant. A pair of
his oxen were taken from the barn and driven
away. He had no horses, and therefore the oxen
were exempt, but if he had not let them go the
officer would have taken some cows.
So Selectman Grant was obliged to pucker his
lip and say nothing. Then the Sheriff kept on his
travels. Arden Young was compelled to stand and
behold three of his best cows driven away. J. O.
Jordan lost two, and George Jordan waved fare
well to a couple of faithful moolles. The officer
also took other property in other places in town.
When he reckoned he had collected samples
enough from the flocks of Otis to satisfy the judg
ment he drove the assorted herd out of town to
Amherst. There the plunder was sold at auction.
But the prices were ridiculously low. The entire
bunch brought only $150. The pair of oxen alone
were worth that.
Just as Roon as that action on the part of the
Bangor lawyer got noised about this week, other
creditors of the town commenced to swoop. The
latest advices were that about every cow and ox
in the town had been seized and driven oft*. The
supply ran short, and now the creditors are after
real estate. ... M *
Shi-riff Hooper has seized the sixty acre farm of
p l \y Hogg, and has advertised It for sale. No
man In the town considers that he himself Is worth
a cent Some creditor of the place can come along
at any minute and scoop In every bit of his prop
erty except the cook stove and his clothes.
Of course, the people who are thus held up at
the Dolnt of the legal bayonet have some redress.
They can bring action against the town and re
rover the real value of the property seized, regard
less of the price it brought at auction. And they
m'a'v recover interest at 12 per cent.
Rut thi* will b» like trying to lift one's self by
the boot strap!-. For it will be necessary for each
one bringing such action to levy on the goods of his
neighbor after he has secured judgment. He must
**l**> and sell other property to get his money.
' Therefore the chances appear to be that Otis
will find Itself in the hottest litigious squabble that
ever disrupted a Maine town— with each taxpayer
irralil.ine for his neighbor's property. This Is a
gW- of tag. you're it. that is mighty profitable for
the lawyers, but It comes high to those chiefly con-
It will be about like a man s"'ig himself over
and over again, with the fees piling up all the
AH things considered, Otis Isn't In a very cheer
ful frame of mind just now. The people are not
planning on many Christmas *rees
Dp to this time Somervtlle. in Lincoln County,
has been receiving all the advertising as the cham
pion bankrupt town in Maine. But Somerville has
not been subjected to any such raid as has been
visited on Otis. Somerville has been in a bankrupt
state for half a dozen years.
The people have become so snarled up and dis
couraged thkt they haven't paid any taxes for at
least five years. All the property in town has been
sold over and over again for taxes. The high
sheriff has been to town many times and attempted
to collect the county tax. The town fathers wearily
tell him to go ahead and find the money if he
can — they can t.
The town cannot get any school money from the
State, for Somervllle has given up paying Its
State tax. The teachers wen t work for there are
no taxes and therefore a town order doesn't amount
to anything. When the property has been ad
vertised for taxes and sold, the town, as a munici
pality bids In the property with much placidity
and the thing goes on as before.
Not an inch of progress Is made. Now no one
knows how the town stand; . the mlxup is so great.
If some man cared to own a whole town in Maine
he could get one cheap. If he bought up the tax
deeds of Somerville. It Is probable that most of
the people would let their property go without
SIMPSON, CRAWFORD k SIMPSON,
Builders Crowd Us!
A point in our re-building is now reached when this store, as it stands to
day, must shortly be razed to the ground. No postponement is possible. No way
of carrying present stocks is feasible. There is
NO ALTERNATIVE BUT SACRIFICE.
and we accept the inevitable. Monday we start closing out Holiday Broken
Lines: every odd lot goes in; up and down the whole store, this sacrifice holds
/ MEANS MUCH TO XMAS BUYERS,
who have only to run eyes down this column of Flotsam and Jetsam to see mar
vellous opportunities in the Gift Way — splendid presents at a fraction of value.
Men's' Fancy Suspenders-£~ tl w: those that ™ c C 3c ' ***
Unusual 5 bargains that explain themselves; farther detail Is superfluous.
MAn'c MprL-u,'Pflr- "5' 1.25 and 1.50 Scarf becomes • 038
iTien s iiecKwear Every 45c and 65c scarf Roes In at wm
At no other Christmas were such economies dreamed of. Best shapes, effects, colorings.
Initial Handkerchief e nf and part 3of poiml " llnes - im " *— for
Women's — 95c for box of 6. Men's — 1.25 for box of 6.
Children's Fur SetS — Variety of Fors— variety of reduced prices.
Golf CapeS— One assorted lot, good colors, nice tailoring. <way belo-w tuorih at .... . 5.00
Tr»«lo4 QJlxrn*"— Four lots now embrace every conceivable toilet essential, from Nan &*!!•• to
lUlltl Oliver Hair Brushes, and take 25 to 50 per cent off OC r Cfl r 1 Aft 15ft
last week's figures. New cut prices AUC, tJUC, I.VV, I.OU
SL~A\'a**\rnfa — Another lot holds Butter Dishes. Condensed Milk Holders and Fern 1 QQ
OllVerWare Dishes. Instead of 2.75 are '•-'
Qnin DS!I/\¥i--— embroidered, artistic and particularly handsome. 7. 80 to CQC
OOia rIIIOWS 12.00. old marking-new price «»"O
WnfLr RacL-otc —Fancy, plain and ribbon trimmed— sold heretofore 1 iO #•/} QQ
WOrK DaSKetS i.9S to 3.oS— in this sale 1.10 to £.!JO
WomAn'c Nprlupai"- An colored Chenille Boas get final dismissal 7QQ O7C
omen S r\eCKWear after thls fashion— were 4.68 to 15.00-now.. *•"© to 0.1
WAmoti'c Morl/noai'- overhauling: and "shake-up" among: Stocks a- Boas,
WOmen S ncLKWear jabots. Silk and Lace Scarfs, Barbes, etc,
A condensed schedule shows—
,-<">,• goods, 3QC— and 1.25 goods, 85c— 2.00 and 2.25 goods. 1.68
niamnnH IpTl/Alrv I PCC lA— Figure this out, reckon the saving on Kings. Bpooche*,
UianiOnU Jewelry L,C^b A> Earrings, Lockets and all such—
Diamond Rings, ordinarily 18.00, become 12.0U
Diamond Brooches. 30.00 before, now goat.. 20.00
Carry out the parallel and profit quickly by the sale.
The End of Books.
All This Great Collection to Disperse.
The Holiday Stock par excellence, whose short two months of life has
carried good reading into thousands of homes. Its bargains culminate to-morrow.
Peremptorily, unavoidably, the closing scenes begin, and every book of every
sort at every price receives a new marking that is bound to wind up the whole
great collection in shortest order. • " ">"" > "
Some of the Best Things Follow.
Every new 1.50 publication on the shelves— as "Boy," . "Master Christian,"* •'Redemp
tion of David Corson." "L'Alglon," "Janice Meredith." in illustrations— slaughtered to- HC\
morrow at '. • •••• /"C
Standard and Miscellaneous Books, taking In pretty much of everything of worth and note Tip
to 1.25, at one of three prices, on one of three bargain tables... 2fir» f\Qr>
Nelson's Teachers* Bibles, our 1.45 to 1.85 lines, at ..^:.\ ....1...J5C
"Webster's Indexed Encyclopaedia. Dictionary, fun sheep 2.90
Balzac— Saintsbury edition— l 6 volumes— leather 12.90
Nineteenth St. Sixth Avenue. Twentieth St.
NO MORE -DIME NOVELS."
INDIANS GONE. JAMES BROTHERS DEAD.
AND DETECTIVE STORIES
From The Chicago Tribune.
Twenty-five years ago the dime novel was credited
wim all the shortcomings of masculine youth The
boy who read them was considered booked for the
bad. But in these days, when th© cigarette, has
been made to shoulder the sins of misguided yoiuh,
the dime novel as a bogleman has disappeared
from *S once high place as a co™?"* WTuen»
among the yrung. And the reason for this 18 that
the dime novel Itself is as nearly extinct as th©
d< O th« light of trade of the "book manufacturer"
the reason for this is easy. The Indian has dis
appeared 0 "rom the warpath. The James boy, are
dead. The Toungers are In State prison for life.
The T woolly West Is a good deal safer than are
many of Chicago's residence streets after dark.
Always the book manufacturer has kept Just
behind 1 a news sensation. When Sitting Bull was
stand nearly all the time, and when Captain
Jack of the Modocs, was raising Cain and hair on
the Pacific Coast then the dime novel was In Its
heyday In the massacre of Custer and his band
stone age A boy cannot be fired with the ambi
tion to Kill cords of redskins when he knows that
moVof them are now wearing castoff Army over
coa» andTadlns Government rations for forty
rod whiskey. Most of the stages of the West have
degenerated Into the three seat spring wagon
driven by a farmer who sits on a pouch of United
States man and spits tobacco Juice over a front
wheel To hold up such a vehicle and make even
a mtlilon dollar haul would have no heroics in it.
The West has lost Its settings for the dime novel.
and having lost It the penny dreadful literature
has reverted to the East again and to the slums of
th WUh C the C passing of the dime novel a great "liter
ary" field, once followed and productive. Is now
waste Time was when men who wrote for the
dime novel publishers rode In carriages and had
valets If they wanted them. In the minimum of
time they turned out manuscripts that brought
nearly the maximum for hack work. But tev-day
a man with a thrilling, blood curdling story of the
u-«t could not sell it at any price. of Brookgn.
"Old Sleuth"-Harland P. Halaey of Brooklyn,
who died less than a year ago— left behind him
the nearest substitute for the dime novel. It costs
only half as much, however, and It deals largely
with the detective side of New-York life. Piles of
this man's manuscripts were left In the saf* of a
New-York publishing house, and every sixty days
one of his stories Is issued averaging close .to seven
ty-five thousand copies before the plates finally are
taken off the press. These stories of the 'Old
Sleuth" series deal with men who are marvels of
detective skill. They are capable of disguising
themselves until their mothers wpuldn t know
them, and they come out of tight places with an
easy confidence that sends little thrills up and
down the backbone of the reader. When they are
consulted in a great case they look for clews meas
ure all the surrounding things with a bit of tap*,
tell the complainant to keep "mum, and the next
thing he knows the villains are all In custody.
Of the books In paper covers printed "for the
trade "few of them are new. Before International
copyright was secured the publishers In the United
States grabbed every story as soon as It came from
the Press. Thousands of these books are now lying
in vaults In New-York, ready to be drawn upon at
some future time. When they are drawn a new
title and new covers will make them new books.
These books of two hundred or three hundred
pages can be furnished to the retailer at a little
" Some*of & old' weekly papers which ran from
three to five serial stories all the time are gold
mines to the bookmakers. They go back through
the files of these papers, most of them dead, and
reprint the old serials that served to amuse and
entertain another generation. Titles are always
changed and If necessary a little editing Is done to
bring the stories up to date. There is nothing to
pay for manuscripts, no royalties, anil the excess
over typography and paper is all profit.
The Spanish war made a field for some new.
cheap fiction, but It has been worked out. The sup
pression of "Sapho" on the stage made that book
Immensely in demand, It had been printed before
the copyright law was passed, and on* house in
New- York printed and sold one million copies of It
while tha sensation >«•,-.; It is dead stock lav.
When Kipling was so dangerously ill. more than a
year ago. his pirated works had an enormous sale*.
dropping off again as he grew better
Just now it is the regret of the book manufact
urer that there seems to be nothing on the '*?;«
¦which promises an awakening In th« trade a.ont
such lines. '
ALASKAJf TRIBES MAKE PEACE.
A BIG "POTLATCH" TO CELEBRATE TH2 RSCOX,
CIUATION OP THE WRANGKLS ANZ> EITKA3. •'
From The Seattle Post Intelligencer.
Skaguay, Aug. 16.-A congregation of Indian
tribes of Southeastern Alaska is to be held «
Kluckwan. on the Dalton trail, beginning the flwt
week in September. It will be a notableaffsir^s
only for the fact that great numbers of native^
will be present, but also for the underlying mottvm
of the gathering. It Is planned to make it tha oc
casion of the pacification of two warring tri§£
of the district, between which the bitterest enmter
and periodical feuds have existed for six TiiiiiTiMfl
years. They are the Wrangels and the SItSS
Kodowatt. chief of another tribe, residing ->
Kluckwan. and far from the home of elt&sr t£f
Wrangels or the Sitkas. has conceived the ld«^
bringing peace between the two opposing nnnnt«
It Is his Intention to hold a grand least, .or -%ol'
latch." which, in its most literal lnterDretmtC
means a gift making and pleasure creating ?
On such occasions the one giving the en*ertai£:
ment invites his friends and surroundta« tribtVT?*
gives to them many and valuable present: 3£
heartily does he enter into the work Toftea
everything he possesses, sometimes reachtaurtS
value of thousands of dollars, Is gi%naw»y tta
This celebration. Kodowatt says, is to fc© •*_
last of the kind. He has Issued lsvitatlo-s £> 22
Wrangels and the Sitkas to Join, and it is hlaTaS?
pose to unite them, after their long aU-natlon?iK
bonds of love and friendship, and hive the hatehSt
buried forever. To this end the old fellow *- -— a ~
Ing his energies. He declared that this Is to lL
the last great "potlatch." and that after it fC
Indians shall live as the white man, and peac'S
shall reign among the tribes. yeaca
J. M. Blankenburg. a business man of TTstnM
which Is not far from Kluckwan. brings thTiSS.
of the proposed "potlatch" and the Intended rec^
dilation of the tribes. He says: " —
"The trouble between the Wrangels and the Sit
kas began six hundred years ago at a hi* <v«i»
held by the Wrangels. The Sitkas had been in
vited and were present. The Wrangel* proceeded
to give their guests a jolly time. All lira an So
jubilant that a free-for-all fight resulted. lIrWZ
It was over only a few of the Sitkas had nsrs*T«
to tell the tale of how It happened. escaped
"Then the incensed Sitkas thirsted for the blood
of revenge, and they got it. Feuds resulted and
fights prevailed. At last the Sitkas showed
friendly spirit and Invited the Wrangels to visit
them. They foolishly accepted. *
'"The Sitkas opened the entertainment with most
gracious ostentation. They got their guests Into
a large building. The Sitkas went in also, bat as
the mirth Increased and good cheer gained control
the hosts began to slip out. Before the "Trans; el*
knew It the Sitkas were all out and had the door*
barred. Then the Sitkas set fire to the bulldinjr
and the Wrangels were cremated. That was, per
haps, one hundred years ago. but enough of th»
Wrangels had remained at home to prolong the>
feud and keep the fires of enmity burning. Kodo
watt has now undertaken to bring peace to hi*
THE EMPEROR'S COyTRIBVTIOX.
From The London News.
An exceptionally good story, which has the ad*
vantage of being true. Is now (our correspondent
tells us) circulating In Parliamentary quarters tn
Berlin. When the Emperor WlU!am Informed Herr
yon BUlow at Hombnrc that he was now Imperial
Chancellor. Herr yon Bulow naturally expressed hS
delight, and perhaps he really was delighted. Bat
all at once he seemed to be considering about Mas*
thins, and the Emperor, perceiving this. said}
"What Is the matter now. Bulow r' The latter
answered that he had just chanced to think of ha
¦m had nothing against the Chancellorship^
but a great deal against the Chancellor's Palace,
for, whilst her present home was a regular little)
jewel box. the great cleaning down In the Chan
cellor's Palace would not be completed before this)
time twelve months. "Give my greetings to th*
Countess." His Majesty replied jocularly, "and t«&
her I would contribute my part toward the clean
ing down." Herr yon Bulow may perhaps ha^ej
hoped that the Emperor would see that the palam
w*a thoroughly renovated. if so. he was its
taken. A few days later, a very oulky parcel was
left at the Countess yon Billow's by the Emperor*
orders. It contained a hundredweight of soap. the>
promised contribution toward the great cleaning
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