the affairs of the office Into shape for his suc
cessor, and he will be ready to turn the keys over
WORK FOR MR PHILBIN.
Among the Important prosecutions now on
the District Attorney** hands, which will meet
Mr. Philbin when he assumes office, are the
Moliaeux poisoning case, the Kennedy murder
case, the Grahams Polly case, the Zagouras and
the Hall murder cases. Besides these, there axe,
according to John F. Mclntyre. not many more
than three hundred minor cases. One of tn
ehtof things on Mr. Gardiner's record, to which
he bo often pointed with pride, was the if act
that he inherited about twenty-two hundred
case* from his rredecessor and reduced them to
¦Soot two hundred. Wholesale dismissals of
Indictments was one of the ways by which this
fin* record was achieved. /vw.mw
Assistant District Attorney Daniel O Relliy
said he felt sure no member of the staff would
endeavor to embarrass Mr. Philbin by resigning
before his successor had been chosen. tuny
forty Important cases were in process of prose
cution and- several hundred small cases were on
hand Mr. O'Reilly said those of the staff who
were to be retained even for a day would have
to be sworn in again, and he felt sure all would
be ready to be sworn in or hand over their
resignations, whichever Mr. Philbin might re-
PHILBIN WILL BE MODERATE.
DOES NOT MEAN TO REMOVE ANY ONE
WHO IS COMPETENT AND HONEST.
Eugene A. Philbin. who has been appointed by
Governor Roosevelt to succeed Asa Bird Gardi
ner as District Attorney, was seen at his home,
No. 833 West Seventy-seventa-st.. last night. He
said that he would resign at once from the State
Board of Charities, and would take charge of the
District Attorney's office as soon as he received
the official notification of bis appointment, which
be thought would reach him some time to-day.
If such is the case he will take charge of the
office on Wednesday morning.
Asked if he knew beforehand that he would be
chosen a* Mr. Gardiner's successor, Mr. Philbin
No. 1 had made no effort to get the appoint
ment, r.nfl It was entirely unexpected. I did have
reason to expect that I should be appointed as
the successor of Justice Beekman. So far as I
know, the appointment was made on the Gov
ernor's own motion, and not through any influ
ence that might have been brought to bear upon
him by my friends. To the best of my knowledge
the appointment is satisfactory to the Republi
14r. Philbin said that he heard of his appoint
ment on Saturday evening at the Manhattan
Club about an hour before the news was brought
to him by the reporters.
GOES INTO OFFICE UNPLEDGED.
Speaking of his attitude on matters of current
interest, he said:
I shall not make a clean sweep of the District-
Attorney's office, as reported. T shall remove no 1
man who is competent to fill the office he occu- j
pies and who is doing his duty. I have not been (
asked to give any pledges as to the patronage
of the office, and nothing has been said to me
with regard to removals. I am free to use my
own Judgment in this matter, and I shall cer
tainly remove no man who is capable and honest.
I have no fixed policy as to the excise violations
or as to the subjects which will occupy the
attention of the Committee of Fifteen. I shall
deal with each ca*e according to its merits and
according to the laws which are applicable to it.
The statement In one of the papers to the ef
fect that I am opposed to the liquor business is
without foundation. I appreciate tne fact that
the liquor business is authorized by law. It will
be my aim to be always accessible to the public
in the fullest sense of the word. It will not be
necessary for any citizen believing himself to be
entitled to the services of the District-Attorneys
ofPce to procure political or other influence be
fore seeking to avail himself of those sen-ices.
Speaking of Mr. Gardiner's removal. Mr. Phil
I cannot say anything as to the justice or the
injustice of his removal, for I am not familiar
with the details leading up to the Governor's
Later in the evening Mr. Philbin gave out the
following official statement through his law
partner, 8. Stanwood Menken:
Having learned only yesterday of my appoint
ment, I have, of course, haa no opportunity to
plan my course as District Attorney. I shall
qualify as soon as my resignation as Commis
sioner of Charitle6 is accepted and my ar point
re«nt rendered valid. I appreciate fully the seri
ous responsibilities of the work before me, and
I will give most earnest consideration to the
question of how best to perform the duties of
my office. Until ! have had sufficient time to
acquaint myself familiarly with present condi
tions, it will be impossible for me to formulate
any definite programme.
I go into office absolutely unpledged, and my
object will be to conduct it with an eye single
to the efficiency of the service and to exercise
the appointive power, so far as it shall be nec
essary to exercise that power, upon the same
principles that have regulated my employment
of clerks and counsel in my private practice.
LIKES M'INTYRE'S ATTITUDE
When Mr. Menken was informed of Mr. Mcln
tyre's attitude with regard to the resignation
of the staff, he 6aid he thought that Mr. Mcln
tyre was rii'ht in his view of the matter, and he
was more than glad to hear that Mr. Mclntyre
viewed the matter in that light, and this attitude
mould be much appreciated by Mr. Philbin.
He repeated that Mr. Philbin would not re
move any one who was competent and dis
charged hi* duties honestly.' that Mr. Philbin
had not yet given the matter of removals or
appointments any consideration except in the
F^'ection of a private secretary. He would ap
point as private secretary Mr. Stockridge. who
•» as private secretary to Justice Beekman.
Mr Philbin had been besieged by office seekers
a!! day Some of them had come in their own
behalf and others in the interest of friends, but
no promises had been made to any one. One
man bad called to see Mr. Menken during the
<iay to solicit his aid in securing an appoint
ment for himseJf. When he had been told that
the recommendation of his district leader and
other politicians would have no weight with Mr.
Philbin in making his appointments he could
hardly credit it. Mr. Menken had told him to
submit the briefs of cases which he had tried
and then to get recommendations from promi
nent and reliable men. not necessarily politi
cians, as to his moral character, and that would
ha all that would be necessary.
Mr. Menken said that Mr. Philbin accepted
the office at a great personal sacrifice, and that
he could not afford to retain it under any cir
cumstances for more than a year or two.
MOSS GIVES PHILBIN A HINT.
Frank Mem ea'd last night that while he was not
acquainted with the new District Attorney he
thought Mr. Philbin was entitled to the sympathy
of the public and to its faith. His first duty and
his greatest, in the opinion of Mr Moss, would be
to cut the many secret connections and hidden
are preferred by the discriminating buyer
who seeks a time-piece for accuracy, endu
rance and freedom from necessity of repairs.
W F u'\ RUby Jeweled - made in all sizes and
for all classes of service-over a third of a
century has proven their merits.
The World's Standard.
All jewelers sell Elgin Watches.
EL6IN NITIQNIL WATCH CO., . E , gifl( ,„.
¦wires which the criminal claeses have laid between
themselves and the District Attorney's office as It
now Is; and while he Mi accomplishing that In
tricate task Mr Moss thought he ought .not to be
bothered with request* to prosecute th form °
vice or that form of vice without any delay. Ac
cording to Mr. Moss's way of thinking Mr. PhilWn s
first and most important task should be i to clean
out the Augean stable which Mr. Gardiner has
left to him.
GOOD, SAYS MR. HEWITT.
THI-VKS GARDINER'S REMOVAL A SOURCE
OF SATISFACTION FROM EVERY
POINT OF VIEW.
"The removal of District Attorney Gardiner."
ex-Mayor Abran. S. Hewitt said to a Tribune
reporter last night, "cannot but be regarded
with satisfaction from whatever point of view
the situation is looked at. Governor Roosevelt
has acted with extreme wisdom. He does not
1 seem to have taken advantage of the oppor
i tunity that was presented to him to make par
tisan capital out of it. It is to be inferred, from
the fact that he appointed a Democrat to sue-
I ceed Mr. Gardiner, that he was not swayed by
partisan motives in taking the action that he
did. I think that the general feeling at election
time was that the officers of the law had be
haved very badly. Gardiner, Devery, the Mayor
and the Sheriff adopted altogether a false posi
tion at the time of the election, but, while the
Mayor and the Sheriff subsequently absolved
themselves, the District Attorney did not. He
had been so accustomed to do as he saw fit— he
probably remembered that the previous charges
brought against him had not brought about his
removal— that I suppose he felt he was safe no
matter what he did. From what I have been
able to gather of him, Mr. Gardiner has always
had an exaggerated opinion of his importance.
He has always called himself a constitutional
officer, contending that thereby he was above
"Public opinion will justify Mr. Gardiner's
removal, and in the new District Attorney the
city will have an officer who is in sympathy with
Replying to an inquiry as to what effect, in his
opinion, the change in the administration of the
District Attorney's office would have upon the
reform efforts which had been instituted, Mr.
"I should think that it was the first effective
step toward realizing such reform as is possible
in a city like New-York. But in this matter of
reform I would like to say that the people must
not expect too much. Much will have been ac
complished when this city is made a decent place
to live in. Vice cannot be got rid of until virtue
is substituted for it. That transformation will
prove a slow process. It will take centuries, in
fact, to bring it about. Improve conditions and
the population and the morality of the com- ]
munity will Improve.
'I cannot help saying that the police and that
department of the government which has to do
with criminal matters have been indifferent to
their duty, and apparently have been encourag
ing vice. That has produced a great reaction
in the public mind, and has led to what you
have described as the reform movement.
"It cannot be said that District Attorney Gar
diner's removal is a partisan move, because
Governor Roosevelt has been judicious enough
to appoint a Democrat to fill the vacancy. So
far as I can see, no political significance at
taches to the action of the Governor. It simply
typifies the determination of decent people to
have a decent city and a decent government.'
JUDGES NOT DISPOSED TO TALK.
GEORGE H. PUTNAM GLAD THE "UNHOLY
ALLIANCE WITH DEVERY" IS AT AN END.
Franklin Bartlett, who was counsel for Mr. Gardi
ner at the recent hearing in the Executive Chamber
at Albany, was very much perturbed yesterday
over a bonfire which some boys had started in a
lot adjoining his house. Mr. Bartlett spent a vig
orous quarter of an hour with a pair of buckets
in an attempt to put out the fire, but at last was
compelled to call a fire company.
Wiping the marks of Sunday toll from his fore
head he turned to the reporter and said:
"Talk? Why, I did all the talking necessary at
Albany yesterday. Further comments upon the
Governor's action would be poor taste on my part.
Besides, you know it is possible for a man to come
to grief by talking too freely with newspaper men."
Recorder Goff refused to comment upon the pass
ing of Gardiner or the advent of Mr. Philbin. So
did Judge McMahon. Judge Newberger was out
of the city yesterday. Judges Cowing and Foster
could not be found by a Tribune reporter.
George H. Putnam, foreman/ of the Grand Jury
of March, ISOG, which made a presentment against
Gardiner, said yesterday afternoon at his home, at
No. 245 West Seventy-fifth-st., that he was much
gratified at the recent action of Governor Roose
\fl l & J? c a PPOintment of Eugene A. Philbin as
Mr. Gardiner successor.
rh}n% h y %- now '" he saM ' " that there will be a
change in ta « management of the District Attor
ney s office. I believe that a capable leader will
o a £?fnJ if c the . ta ,ndard of the organization. Mr.
Gardiner has unduly favored Deverv for many
months. I Pointed out that irregularltv last
i,.r[. C c^ n Mr - F v aure ' foreman <> the November
jury, shared my belief that something should be
done at once to relieve the city of this unholy alli
ance. We could not emphasize our opinions at the
Thifn^ C ause the « as no way t0 enforce them.
Tiir next move will be to puncture the inflated and
overdeveloped conceit of the Chief of Police With
Devcry a private citizen, the large number of
policemen who are anxious to act honorably would
immediately respond to the standard set by a new
leader with finer sentiments of duty than our pres
ent Chief possesses. As it is, we have made a
step forward. For a year at least we shall have a
i e /? a Kt < l?. par K ie ?V hat will prosecute. I have no
doubt that the influence of our new District-Attor
ney will have a ealutary effect upon the Police
T,?r°,. hl U^£ aUre ' foreman of t he November Grand
Jury, which reported that there existed an unsatis
factory condition of affairs in the office of the Dis
trict Attorney, said yesterday that he did not wi<=h
to comment upon the removal of Mr. Gardiner.
PLATT SAYS HE WAS NOT CONSULTED.
SOME POLITICIANS THINK THE SENATOR
HAS BEEN TOO PRECIPITATE IN HIS
PROPHECY REGARDING DEVERY.
There were practically no politicians around Re
publican headquarters yesterday. Governor-elect
Odell. State Chairman Dunn. S. Fred Nixon
Senator Ellsworth and the others who gathered
there Saturday had all pone home for Christmas
Senator Platt was at the Fifth Avenue Hotel all
day. but he had little to add to what he said on
Saturday. In speaking of the appointment of Mr
Philbin as District Attorney he said:
"I know nothing about it. I was not consulted
and neither was the organization. I understood
however. th:U a Gold Standard Democrat was to
be appointed in case of Colonel Gardiner's re
moval. If Mr. Philbin transacts the business of the
ofllce faithfully and pr jßeeuter the cases before
him with vigor and courage he will satisfy the Re
publicans and the public generally."
Senator Platt was asked what he thought of
the appointment of John Proctor Clarke as Justice
Beekman'» successor. "I suppose." said the Sena
tor, "that the Governor felt he had a debt to pay
and that he paid it."
Republican politicians were discussing yesterday
JBW-YOBK DAISY TKlt;i MONDAY. DECEMBER 24. «W.
Senator Platfs statement that within thirty days
Chief Devery would be legislated out of office
Some of them said that the Senator had been a
little too precipitate. They recalled how he had
"backed and nlled" on the question of police legis
lation ever since It was first proponed, and they
asserted that he would have to amend this state
ment in the near future. They pointed out that
the Legislature did not meet until January l. The
first two weeks would be taken up with the ap
pointments of committees and other routine work,
and it would be fully two months before a bill
C °Some e politicans said frankly last night they be
lieved seme one was being "put to sleep. One
prominent Republican said: "Do you suppose that
if Thomas L. Hamilton is appointed a Police Com
missioner to succeed Jacob Hess there will be any
legislation- I think there is a good deal of bluffing
Tn!re n was some talk about chairmanship. of the
various committees but it was said that the sen
ators re-elected who heid important chairmanships
ftfjffi KcSTwui B? V CMS
leaders say there is no great hurry ana tnat in aue
time a man will be selected.
GARDINER'S STORMY RECORD.
' FROM HIS ELECTION TO HIS REMOVAL IT
HAS BEEN A SERIES OF FIGHT 3.
' The brief and inglorious career of Asa Bird
Gardiner in the District Attorney's office has been
at least a lively one. Even his nomination was a
big surprise. Croker apparently pitching upon him
for no reason at all except petulance when his pet
scheme to put Senator Thomas F. Grady in the
place was thwarted by a storm of protests from
within the Wigwam. Gardiner at once showed his
unfltness by attempting- on the stump to originate
a campaign slogan for the Tammany hordes. "To
: hell with reform!" he shouted at a mass meeting,
1 and was astonished when the words were made to
i do duty as a war cry against and not for his party.
No sooner had he taken office than his method of
administration aroused ridicule. He insisted upon
military style as far as possible, and provided him
self with an attendant whose duty It was to accom
pany him as he moved majestically from court
room to courtroom, calline "Make way for the
District Attorney!" whenever as many as two per
sons eot in his path at the same time. Mr
Gardiner soon got into a violent con . tr t ov^: i J i^
Recorder Goff, who had often been interrupted by
Gardiner's pompous entry. ,Jhe Recorder finally
declared that Gardiner should not enter his court
at the time when he was charging a Jury.
The Grand Jury of last March made a present
ment against him, so greatly did he Impinge upon
their rlcht« and the City Club formally charged
mm w7fh malfeasance u/offlce. This charge was
tried before a Commissioner appointed by the Gov
ernor, but was dismissed for lack of P™°f- ™»
•-iidTfitv seemed to increase after the failure or
the City Club to oust him. and this led him to use
the language about Chief Devery's indictment
which finally caused his expulsion in disgrace from
an office of whose dignity and importance he was
never tired of talking.
DEVERY MAY RETREAT.
SAID TO BE PLANNING TO ASK FOR RE
IN A PANIC.
Governor Roosevelt's action in removing District
Attorney Gardiner has thrown the keepers of gam
bling houses, poolrooms and other illegal resorts
Into such a panic as they have not experienced
since the Governor himself successfully waged war
upon them when he was at the head of the Police
Board. Whether or not it was due to the halting
policy of the District Attorney's office In the prep
aration of indictments against gambling and im
moral places, it is a fact that cannot be contro
verted that during Mr. Gardiner's administration
the violators of the law have had immunity from
punishment, while the raids upon their haunts and
confiscation of their paraphernalia were as rare
as a dado's egg.
While the Tammany Vice Committee in an ap
parent spasm of virtue insisted upon some of the
smaller, gambling houses, which lessened by com
petition - the revenues of the larger, being closed,
the rooms controlled by James Mahoney. Frank
Farrell and others, whose contributions to the
funds have been rich enough to insure protec
tion, have been allowed to operate without the
least molestation. The advent, however, of a Dis
trict Attorney like Mr. Philbin^- who promises
to enforce the laws, Is likely .to work a vast
change in the system that has hitherto been
permitted of open violations of the statutes.
It is in the power of the District Attorney to
compel the Police Department to do its duty—
to secure' the immediate indictment and pun
ishment of offenders against the laws which pro
hibit gambling and vice, and under the stimulus of
a District Attorney who neither fears nor is swayed
by Tammany Hall it is expected that the hitherto
defiant gamblers will deem it worth their while to
suspend business for the time being.
POLICE MEETING TO-DAY.
Acting Chief Cortright was not at Headquarters
yesterday, nor did any of the Commissioners visit
Mulberry Street. A meeting of the Board will be
held to-day, but whether any action will be taken
on the police situation or whether any promotions
to the vacant captaincies will be made is not
known Gossip is still rife regarding Devery's re
tirement. It is contended by many who presume to
have Inside information that he will never return
to Headquarters as Chief. Senator Platt has said
that Devery would be ousted as soon as the Re
publican measure for the appointment of a single
headed Commission is passed, but it is not thought
«m £. evei 2' iU walt for this development. It is
said that he has already written out his request
DO.V!D O .V!, men £', and that lt will be Presented to the
Board when his position becomes untenable
In view of the probability of Devery's" early
retreat into the peace of unofficial life, speculation
is being indulged as to his possible successor
Many name? are mentioned, among them being
Inspector Kane, who is said to have the backing
of John F. earroll, and Captain Titus, who 4s now
at the head of the Detective Bureau. It is said
that Captain Titus will be promoted, because, being
a Republican, he- will be put forward as a challenge
to the Republicans to legislate one of their own
party out of office.
Chief Devery was found last night by a Tribune
reporter, "taking the air," as he described it to
the Mazet Committee, at Twenty-eighth-st. and
Eighth-aye. The •Chief's corner." it is called, and
every night, no matter what the weather may
be. Devery can be found at this spot. Surrounded
by some half a dozen friends Devery was doing
sentinel duty outside Farrell's saloon. Incidentally
it may be remarked that inside the saloon, despite
the near presence of the Chief of the city's police
the law was being violated by the serving of
drinks to a barroom full of people.
CALISTHENIC INTERVIEW WITH DEVERY.
When The Tribune reporter accosted Chief Dev
ery and informed him that it would be a matter
of public interest to know how he regarded Dis
trict Attorney Gardiner's removal, the Chief closed
his mouth over a large cigar, thrust his hands into
the pockets of his overcoat, and looked vacantly
into the air. To every inquiry put to him the
Chief would respond only by a shake of the head.
Some shakes were more vigorous than others, but
the degrees of ebullition Into which he was thrown
by the various quest- ons put to him were best
emphasised by the number of puffs which he took
at his cigar while performing his head calisthenics.
The interview with him ran somewhat In this way:
"Chief, .vhat do you think of District Attorney
Gardiner s removal?"
at A th '' Nonchalant shake of the head; one puff
at the cigar.
"Rather portentous, is it not, so far as you are
Head shake, still nonchalant, but two puffs at
"How about the report that you will not return
Vigorous shakes: three puffs.
"It is reported that Commissioner Sexton is car
rying around in his pocket your written reauest
or retirement, which will be submitted to the
Board should conditions advise it."
Excited shakes; four puffs.
t "Have you anything to say 'appertaining to Me
youml™ las m wlekr : IOUChInB UP ° a> the rivals
Such erergy did the Chief display in shaking
his head, and with such force did he pull at hia
cigar that for a moment it really seemed as f he
would make use of his tongue, If only for invectiv*
But he restrained himself. "'
"Are you enjoying your vacation?"
Lugubrious shake; no puff at all.
STREET RAILWAYS OF PEXySTLVAyiA.
THEY KILLED ONE THOUSAND. FIVE HUNDRED
AND EIGIITT-TWO PERSONS IN ONE TEAR.
Harrlsburg. Perm.. Dec. 23.-The total Income of
the ninety-four street railway companies operating
in Pennsylvania during the fiscal year ended June
80 1900. was $24,447,181. The report of Chief Brown
or the State Bureau of Railways says the total
amount of capital stock outstanding of the oper-
S,v,Btr.ectS ,v, Btr . ect ra ' lwa V» of the year was $103,176 I*l
?tX V a *--" X paid In the year were 11.579,284 Of
the total number of operating companies there are
h»tLi we ? ty * that 'Pay dividends. The total Ala
rWfiwV"^ the year were »3.970.312. as against
J21.788.653 in ISS3; number of employes. 14.798; amount
paid to employes. t8.W3.58D, ami the total number of
en carried. £33.191.532. The total number of
Persons killed during the year was 1.552. ° r
WHAT ARMY BILL MEANS
NOT PROVIDING FOR PERMANENT FORCE
OF ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN.
VIEWS OF SECRETARY ROOT IN REGARD TO
STAFF AND LIKE OFFICERS. ;
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE TRIBUTE.]
Washington. Dec. 23.— When Congress re
sumes the consideration of Army legislation,
after the holidays, several matters that have
been obscured in the haste with which it was
attempted to perfect a law for a permanent in
crease of the force in the last three weeks will
be made clear, and perhaps the selfish greed of
several staff corps, which have proposed to con
tinue their domination of the service, will be
defeated. First of these and most Important
will be a -definite understanding of the exact
strength of the standing Regular Army, which
the President and his advisers have determined
on as essential for the needs of a larger coun
try, with augmented responsibilities, for pre
serving the peace wherever American sovereign
The elastic feature of the proposed Army, or
ganized on modern military lines, has led to con
fusion in the minds of legislators and officers.
fixing the erroneous Impression upon the public
mind that a permanent Army of one hundred
thousand men is contemplated, or a fourfold in
crease over the existing military establishment.
A more mischievous Idea could scarcely be
imagined. Its effect has been to magnify unduly
the proposition Into a radical departure from
the National policy hitherto pursued and to at
tract a number of interests which expect to
reap substantial profit by the exertion of "log
Secretary Root has at last laid great emphasis
before the Senate committee upon the fact that
the President proposes a permanent Army or
ganization for only sixty thousand men, officered
in proper ratio for that number alone. This con
templates less than double the existing strength,
with less than double the present number of
officers. The authorized permanent Regular
Army to-day aggregates 37.292. and its officers
number 2,556. of whdm 2,002 are in the line, and
these figures would continue after June 30 next
were no further legislation accomplished. The
Root Army bill called for a permanent force of
59.104 men and 3,722 officers, of whom 2,888 are
to be In the line.
NO MORE OFFICERS IN EMERGENCY.
* The clauses for expanding the enlisted strength
in case of National exigency to a maximum of
one hundred thousand enlisted men was never
intended to provoke a cause for any increase in
the number of officers in any branch of the ser
vice, but, on the contrary, the staff and line
commissions were to remain absolutely fixed at
3,722. whatever the strength of regiments might
be between the minimum and maximum limits.
This plan had been proposed to Congress a year
ago, and for a whole year it had been before
the Army and the public for criticism. In course
of the last summer it had been formally placed
by the Secretary of War before the officers of
the line and staff throughout the service and
their views invited in writing for presentation
In this connection the War Department in
formed all officers that lobbying before Congress
would not be permitted and that the regulations
on that subject would be enforced, the object
being to secure a bill that would have the sup
port of the entire Army. Line and staff officers
generally responded to the invitation, and the
bill as finally drawn for submission to Congress
conformed to a vast majority of the views ex
It 13 to be noted that the line, the bone and
sinew of the service, has kept its faith with the
Secretary, and has not attempted to tamper with
the legislation directly or indirectly. But the
House had no sooner begun consideration of the
bill than it was found that the staff, from its
stronghold in Washington, was exerting all its
powerful influence to Insure its continuance in
absolute control. Its trained members of the
"third house" industriously i.nd effectively cre
ated the falsa impression that the bill was for
an army of one hundred thousand, and that its
staff increases for such a force were preposter
ously insufficient. Th« supply departments,
whose Influences are more varied and potent
than others, were especially clamorous, and
when the bill passed the House with all the line
provisions unchanged, but the staff amended to
fit a greater army than was ever contemplated,
Secretary Root, by the President's direction, de
termined to enforce the regulations.
CIRCULAR SENT TO GENERALS.
Within three days after the House passed the
I'll and sent it to the Senate the following circu
lar v.as sent to the generals who are under the
immediate jurisdiction of Secretary Root:
War Department. Office of the Secretary.
Washington. December 10. 1900.
Circular. The attention of chiefs of Staff
Corps and departments is called to Paragraph
762, Army Regulations, which will be strictly
compiled with. .
All recommendations concerning legislation
will be considered as coming under the pro
visions of the* paragraph.
ELIHU ROOT, Secretary of War.
The paragraph referred to forbids subordi
nates from indiscriminate communications en
official subjects, and compels all officers to ad
dress other departments of the Government
through the channels of the War Department.
The order had its effect, for the Senate Commit
tee was enabled to consider the bill without im
portunities from interested officers, who were al
ready upon record officially. The salutary effect
of this "hands off" policy is shown to some ex
tent in the following table, showing the generals
and staff officers in the Root bill as recom
mended, the same in the House bill as passed
and finally in the Senate bill as reported:
Root House Senate
Mil. bill. bill.
Ll«utenant-O«neral« 1 1 1
Major-Oen«r»l8 J» 9 «
Brigadirr-Oenor.iU 13 13 15
Adjutant-Gen*r»ls 2* 28 23
Inspector-General* 17 17 li
Judge Advocate* 12 12 12
Quartermaster* ¦ 120 «>
Commissaries ¦*¦» •»•» •»*
Medical officer* 321 321 321
Volunteer medical officer* (50
majore. 150 captain*. 2 year*) — 200 200
Paymasters 4* 33 44
Engineers I«J> 1™ 160
Ordnance •« 71 <•
Signal officer* 2* 47 24
Volunteer signal officers (lieuten
ants. 2 years) 20 — 20
Record and pension 2-2
Veterinary Corps — 86 — -
Total* 833 1.135 1.003
Totals, without Volunteers 833 U35 833
JUSTICE TO THE LINE OFFICERS.
In his testimony before the Senate committee,
which has Just been printed. Secretary Root
showed that he was fully cognizant of the bale
ful Influences of staff domination, as appears
from the following extracts:
Early last summer a communication was sent to
the head of each staff and supply department ask
ing for suggestions as to the til. for the increase
of the Army, and those suggestion, were all sent
in: and after they came in I studied them, and It
seemed to me that every head of department or
corps, actuated by the most praiseworthy desire
to promote nis own department, was asking tor
more officers than he ought to have In proportion
to the Army which we propose; and we made up
a scheme for the officers in the different grades
In the supply department which was designed to
give them the number of officers that seemed to an
unprejudiced observer, looking at them all. as I
did, to be sufficient, arranged In the different
grades, so as to make the officers for the re
spective services adequate. The fighting men of
the Army are the men who have the hardships
and the dangers and the hard work, and It does
not seem to me that the) difference between the
staff and the line ought to be so disproportionate
that the small number of subordinate officers, the
small number of captains and lieutenants In the
staff, should have a greater number of field officers
to look forward to than the large number of cap
tains and lieutenant* In the line.
The captains and lieutenants of the line are away
In Cuba and Porto Rico, and In China and In th*
I'hlllODlnea. and In the 'Western posts, and they
For Mayor of New-York. j
First Choice ¦ — —
Voter's Name — —
Address _ — — — . . ¦¦ _
TRIBUNE POPULAR BALLOT.
Please cut out the ballot and forward it to The Tribune, naming both your first mi
second choice for the nomination for Mayor of New-York. Vote for anybody whom yn
may think fit and worthy. It makes no difference what his politics may be. To add inter
est to the plan, it is desired that each person shall select both a first and second choice. Tin
names and addresses of voters are asked as a guarantee of good faith and to insurt Taint
for the result of the voting as a true expression of public opinion, but the names will
not be published and will be treated as strictly confidential.
Address all ballots and nominations to
MAYORALTY CAMPAISN, Tritons Office, New-fort.
have nobody to speak for them, unless the War
Department speaks for them. The officers of the
staff are here, every one of them, in the city of
Washington, and they are ail pressing your com
mittee to give them more field officers for their pro
motion, and I want to speak for fairness for the
line. I want to say that in my judgment the offi
cers provided in the bill as it wa» seat to you.
which was introduced by Senator Hawley, and the
bill as It originally went into the House are suffi
cient for the army which we expect to have.
We do not any of us expect that for any con
siderable period an army of 100,000 men will be
maintained, and for an army of 60,000 men the pro
visions you made are certainly sufficient. Nor do I
think it is advisable to increase the officers of high
grade in the staff departments as the heads of
those departments have asked you to increase
them. All the heads of the staff departments are
gentlemen for whom I have the highest respect
and for whom I have warm They look
after the Interests of their officers. They are anx
ious to secure the greatest measure of promotion
for them possible; they are doing the duty of
friendship for them. But my observation has been
that the captains do a great deal more work than
the colonels, and if you make these staff depart
ments top heavy, with too great a number of offi
cers of high rank, you are not increasing their
ornciency, bur the contrary.
BUSINESS TOO GREAT FOR CXE HEAD.
The only trouble about these departments is
this: business is too enormous for any one
head of the War Department to follow it in its
details or even in many of its most important op
erations. Tne amount of business is so great that
the heads of staff corps and departments practi
cally have control, without the Secretary of War
knowing what they are doing.
These business operations are brought to the at
tention of the Department in the main only when
the head of the Department wants to shift the
responsibility when he thinks there may posslbly
be trouble in the future. The great masa of them
go on unless some particular attention is brought
to them, so that the business is being run not by
the President, as Commander in-Chief, not by the
Secretary of War. not by the General commanding
the Army, hut by ten separate, independent dis
connected and unrelated head 3. and they are all
irresponsible. When business is of such a mag
nitude that the one head cannot go into its de
tails and cannot know what is going on. there is
only one way to control it. and that is by having
the power to hoJd the men who do run it respon
sible, so that if they do not make it run right they
can be made to. That Is not so now.
When the Senators asked him about the Vet
erinary Corp- secretary Root declared that the
President was opposed to it; that he himself was
opposed to it; Lieutenant-General Miles opposed
it, as did General Ludington and General Mer
ri t. Yet it was stated in the House that all of
these were in favor of the new corps, and the
House committee, which was opposed to it.
was persuaded to let it pass, it being stated
that there was a general agreement of the mili
tary authorities in favor of it. Secretary Root
said on the measure.
I protest against it as being th» reversal of all
the principles of sound administration and an in
crease cf the evil that now oppresses the Ameri
can Army, which 13 an excess of multiple com
mand—too many bureaus and too much staff con
trol. I do not object to having competent veter
inarians: I do not object to their having rank
which will erable mem 10 take places in the head
quarters and be treated on a different basis from
the enlisted men; but I submit that the officer
who has charge of the horses of a regiment should
be under the command of the colonel of the regi
ment, and not an independent officer, receiving
constant instructions and communications from the
Secretary of War through the head of the bureau.
wh;ch will be superior to the control and the
directions and the discipline of the colonel of the
TWO SEATS TO BE FILLED BY LEGISLATURE
-WILL REGULAR REPUBLICAN'S
AND DEMOCRATS UNITE TO
Dover. Del . Dec 23 (Specials— As N is only on«
week before the Delaware Legislature meets there
is much speculation concerning the choice of United
States Senators. Many schemes have been sug
gested through the press of Delaware for the pur
pose of bringing about a satisfactory adjustment of
the problem. The Dclawarean," the oldest Demo
cratic semi-weekly in the State, owned and edited
by the Saulsburys. who have always been an im
portant factor In Delaware politics, in the issue of
yesterday has this to say editorially the Sena
tori:!! quest inn
Our Legislature will have the opportunity to ele,:t
two United States Senator? In the Legislature
there will b>\ we think, twenty-two Democrat*.
nearly as many Union Republicans and about ten or
twelve regular Republicans. The one supreme ob
ject of the Union Republicans will be to send Mr.
Addicks to the Senate, and they will leave nothing
undone to accomplish this object. To both the
Democrats and the regular Republicans the defeat
of Mr. Addicks is of paramount importance. Both
of these organizations are opposed to his election to
the Senate and to his control of the affairs of this
Granting that the defeat of Mr Addicks ts de
sired by the Democrats and regular Republicans,
the question recurs. Can it be accomplished" If in
more than one way, what way would b« the most
creditable to the members of the Legislature and
advantageous to the State and country? We believe
not only that his defeat is possible, but that his
election'is out of the question, unless brought about
by the blundering tactics or perfidious treachery of
thos* who pretend to oppose him There are two
possible ways of defeating Mr Addicks: one is the
repetition of the fiascos of 1835 and i<>9. the other
way ia for the Democrats and regular Republican*
to vote for the same candidates. "Whatever is done
we urge Democratic unity. By standing solidly to
gether they may defeat Mr. Addicks and render
their party signal service.
In view of the fact that there is a strong aentt
ment in favor of th«» above outlined action, a meet-
Household Art Goods. '
MANTELS, TILES, OPEN FIREPLACES. !
We otter an elegant and varied assortment of
Useful Holiday Gifts
at n\aiiu(aclurcr»' prices. j
of all styles, in BRASS and IRON.
Brass Wooil Holders, Bellows ami Brushes. In
fact, everything for the Chimney piece.
UNION SQUARE .North;.
IHJ1 H J kl. 17tU Stieet,
ing of all the Democratic members of the L*r.*
lature has been called for Wednesday by 3u>
Chairman Wizard Saulsbury to talk over the exist.
ins state of affairs as far as the Democrat* an
THEODORE XARBURG MAT BE A ViyiSTSt.
REPORTS AT BALTIMORE THAT HS IB TO IMTBI
THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE.
Baltimore. Dec. 2* (Special).— SUrbun;
one of the wealthiest and most prominent nofub
licans in Maryland, will, it is reported is political
circles, enter the diplomatic service. While Mr.
Marburg declines to discuss the matter forth*!
than to say that he has heard that his name hat
been mentioned, it is learned that United Stit-i
Senator McComas. one of his closest personal «ad
political friends, is urging his appointment to a
European mission. The leaders of the fou*
Money Democrats, who contributed largely to Its
publican success in this State in 1536 and again thli
year, are also advocating Mr. Marburg, wlis It
eminently qualified to represent the Government
He has an extensive acquaintance with European
affairs, and besides freouent visits to the Conti
nent he spent four years in study in European
universities. He is a scholar and litterateur am?
can speak all of the Continental languages. Bt
has taken a prominent part :r State and National
campaigns, but has never held any political offlce.
Mr. Marburg is one of the largest tobacco maati
facturers in the country ana a director in th«
American Tobacco Company. TVhiJe it is not
known to what Government Mr. Marburg may 0*
appointed, it is reported that he would like to go H
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The most popular American wtne
Pure, dry and perfect. Bouquet
unexcelled. Equal to the best im
ported, at one-hall" the prKe.
Then why pay twice as much frr
foreign labels? Order a case tor
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club and cafe. GOLD SEAL
is sold by all first -class |
URBANA WINE CO ,
Irbana, X. T.
Truly a Christmas gift that would
combine beauty with use is most appro
priate and acceptable. In our special
offering of these holiday pieces can be
found a graceful Louis XV desk, beauti
fully simple Chippendale toilet tables
and reproductions in quaint Colonial
-* t *•_ „ Incorporated *^
34th. Street. West
|*inut« from Broadway*
"Household" Tool Chest,
With Tools Fit to Use.
FOR SALE BY
130 A 132 W. 4MD A 135 W. 41 ST.
fl S II I
F. \V. BROWER, -n c
27 JOHN ST.. ~f<T JLJ O
New Yorlt - -j^£ O -*~
TO X Js~ WATCHES. -
CONDENSED PHOSPHOROUS WATER
Wi'.l core any case of Rheumatism In existence. It ***
move* th« cause. For Information apply to JOHN HOSM
Sal* Manufacturer, iitti *i*d Olive, it. Louis. 110.
go tDfiom 3. ittan Concern.
TO WHOSX IT MAT CONCCJUf.
1 -\ITED STATES OP AMERICA. Sootbern
District or Nsw York. i?.. Whereas * DM •*» 9*l
tlon ha* b*ea filed, in th« District Court of th» CaitM
States for the Southern Di*:rt.-t of N«w fork ea J-"
10. h. ISoO. by >*• aum Steamship Company. Ualtto.
ow.ier of th* Steamer ••Adul*.'* h«r entities, tack:*. •*••
for a limitation of Us liability for alt loa* I 1 ill"
damage, and Injury o*ua*d by tie i!a:i;n; »o4 aMadaa?
m«m of said veaaet on September 23ttu '.*•» *»*
whereas the petllloavr has transferred the »t*atn«*
**Adula." her tackle. Ac. and frelgut sending pursuit
to Section 4.2*4 o( the U. S. Havta* sutate». and Us*
order of the Court thereunder, to S*muet H. Lymaa. ??
truaUe, for the teneflt «f all parties whu may pro** **
be legally entitle! thereto. Now. therefore, la pu»»*;
of tfc* monition touted by tai.t Court, to me directed —
delivered. I da »•*£> cite all p«r*vm* cLalmlnc dim****
tor los i. destruction, d»ma««. or Injury occa*lone<i tv
the salts sUiktac and abandonment t» tile and ma.<» «*-• -
proof at their re«pe«iv« elaima before Thctna» xIIT — .
W. a United States Commissioner, at hi. oAce. In »*• •
Poit O«ce Buillint. In th» City •« Xew York » "
before the t»ta dar of January. M>\. at 11 A. M.; * 9< *
also i to appear Ulan «aid court on jVniiry IX W*
at 11 A. M.. and an*w«r aatd Mbet ... »tS«r
»He they will X defaulted and larred from - —
tiOa In the proceed* of «atd v <»»*!. •*»•- f—
Dated New Yo,k. October 10. 1000.
.v oorthis. Proctor* for retjaoaer. No. »
£ut« aueet. ?»«v York City. N. T.
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