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ACADEMY OF MUSlC— «:ls— Mont* OHM*
AMERICAN THEATRE— Faust.
BUOU — 6:2ft— Madge Smith.
BROADWAY THEATRE— £:IO— A Royal Rome.
CASINO—* : 15— Floi odor*. . _ «—
CRITERION THEATRE— *— The Gay Lord P a ™jL_.i_- n .
DALT'S THEATRE: — «:30— Lfidr Huntworth'a Experiment.
EDEN MUSEE— The World in Wax.
KMPIRB THRATRB— .<:2iV_RichariJ Can-el. ,-„.„
FOURTEENTH STREET THEATRE— Village
CARDEX THEATRE— HamIet.
CARRICK THEATKQ-«:l^ David Harura.
GRAND OPERA HOUSE — 6—6 — Old Homestead.
HARLEM OPERA HOUSJv— Zara.
HERALO SQUARE THEATRE— S:2O—Arilons...^^
IBVINO PLACE THEATRE-2^o-«chl»ewltchen-S—
Der Gross Kaufmann.
KElTH'S— Continooc* Performance. ....___
KNICKERBOCKER THEATRD-S— •L'Alglen.
KOSTER A RlAL'S— 2— B—
LYCEUM THEATRE— S:SO— A Koyal Family.
MADISON SQUARE THEATRE— S:2O— The Houi» That
irETROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE— 7:4S— Die Walltur^
HURRAY HILL THEA THE— 2-S—Ltttle Lord Fauntleroy.
KBW-TOHK THEATRE— S— The Giddy Throng.
PASTOR'S— Day and Night— Continuous Show.
PROCTOR'S— Continuous Performance.
REPCBLJC— B:2O— Th« Sprightly Romance of Jl»r«ac.
SAVOY— £:2O— NelL
VICTORIA— «:Sft—Mi»» Priant.
WALLACK'S THEATRE— is :30— Janice Meredith.
Jnbr* to Qiopcriiscmcnts.
Amusements JO 5-0 ! Foreclosure Sale* * *
Announcement* 10 5 For Sale.... •¦ » *
Autumn Resort* 4 6 Furnished Room* to
Backer* & Broker*.. 8 « Let • » 1
Bank Report* » 2 Help Wanted. » »
Board and 800m5... » * Instruction * J
Book* and PufcHca- Ltwt and F0und...... » *
«™« ? .1 Marriage* * Death... 7 5-4
Business Chances.... » 4 1 Ocean Steamer* * «-«
City Hotel* 4 6-« I Proposals ? JT?
Plviflena Notice* * 6|aallroad* » ""I
Dividend Notices 8 I : Savings Bank* » -
Domestic Situation* School Agencies * •»
Wanted 9 «-7 1 Special Notice*. 7 «
Prwmakln*- 9 4 S*urro*al«'s Notices... » -
Employment Aicen- Teacher* -••••"•;;•• *
cIV« ... 9 4 Tribune Subscription
Excursion* » 6 Hate* •¦- •• 7 «
Financial Election*.. 9 ITo Whom It May Con-
Financial Meetings.. 9 2 cern ••---•j « « 5
Financial . . 8 6 Work Wanted 9 5-7
MONDAY. DECEMBER 24. 1900.
THE NEWS THIS MORNING.
POREIGN.— Li Hung Chang expects to be able
to accept with Prince Ching to-day the joint
note of the foreign envoys containing the de
mand* of the Powers on China, an answer to
which la «r>ectfd on Thursday. === Lord
Kitchener reported to the War Office in London
on the military operations in South Africa, ex
pressing a belief that the invasion of Cape
Colony by the Boers had been checked; General
French defeated the Boers in the Magaiiesberg
Fans?, in the Transvaal, capturing Comir.andant
Kreuse \nd others. -.-. The Chilian Govern
ment has accepted tenders for f»ur hundred
freight cars from American manufacturers. -
Germany has protested to the Porte against the
payment to the Cramps before the amount owed
by Turkty v, Herr Krupp for naval guns has
been paid. ===== The Autonomist party was
launched in Manila at a meeting attended by
virtually all the loyal Filipino leaders in the
city Complaints of idleness and lack of
order* at the iron mills of Germany are more
frequent and vehement; there is a tone of pes
simism on the hoerses. The Czar and the
Ministers of State will not leave Livadia for St.
Petersburg until the middle of January.
The strike in Genoa over the closing of the
Bureau of Labor Unions came to an end. the
Govern nvnt yielding. - ¦ The population of
Beriin is 2,4ABuff7& Hoshi Toru, Minister of
Cninvankaiions in the Cabinet of Japan, has
DOMESTIC— The provisions of the proposed
Army bill, as set forth by Secretary Root, will
not increase the permanent force to one hundred
thousand men. but only to sixty thousand, with
a clause providing for the former number in an
emergency, but with no increase in officers. _
Reports of the civil administration of affairs in
the Philippines were made public, showing the
condition? of the currency tariff, immigration
and justice questions, and the practical auton
omy of Negroe. = An .rarest in the Cudahy
kidnapping case was made, but the "dark"
man taken into custody showed that, while he
tried to rent the house v. here the boy was kept,
he had nothing to do with the case. . The
men employed on the electric t-treet railroad in
Bcranton, Perm., struck, tying up the entire
Wyoming Valley. == The first blizzard of
the season was reported in the Northwest. ===
IHro i>< -rsons were drowned while skating on
the Susquehanna River. ===== A young man
died in Philadelphia as the result of a blow re
ceived in a boxing contest.
CITY —Asa Bird Gardiner, the ousted District
Attorney, announced that he would not contest
his removal; he had a conference with his staff,
and they decided to serve until their resigna
tions were requested; it was rumored that Chief
Devery would seek retirement in view of the
fact that be would probably be removed soon.
' A man crazed by fear shot two persons
in the street in Brooklyn. i Bishop Potter
and Seth Low addressed the West Side Branch
of the Toung Men's Christian Association.
THE WEATHER— Forecast for to-day: Rain,
colder in the afternoon. The temperature yes
terday: Highest, 52 degrees; lowest, 31; aver
RUSSIA'S RAKK U SIZE.
The latest Russian census estimate affords a
basis on which to reckon the rank, according to
population, of that country among the nations
of the wo.id. There has been a popular ten
dency to regard Russia as numerically far
superior to any other civilized Power, as indeed
a sort of Colossus overshadowing the remainder
of the world. Upon the face of it the recent j
census may give some color to that view. But
ai aly^is of Its details and comparison with the
censuses of other lands will materially modify it.
The census of nearly four years ago showed
the Russian Empire to contain about 129.000,000
pmmm. No censu* has been taken since, but a
computation ha* been made of the yearly excess
of Hrfha over deaths, and thus it is calculated
that the population has by this time risen to
13< "..000,000. That is a large number. But it
must be borne in mind that it includes a number j
of heterogeneous and in some cases semi-hostile j
«• lemems. There are, for example, some 9,000,000
Poles, who are almost literally pinned fast to
Russia with bayonets; and more than 6,000,000
Finns, who are being alienated in spirit with !
rapidity and success. There are nearly 6,000,000 i
Lithuanians and 11,000,000 Turks, and there are
MltyMt Jews who are held in seml-servitudo I
and Re mi -outlawry. These and other alien ele- j
ments are not commingled with the whole mass, j
but remain apart from it in distinct communi
ties. Deducting them, the real Russian popu
lation is found not to exceed about 86,000,000.
These latter figures exceed those of any other
civilized nation, but not by an altogether over
whelming majority. The population of Ger
many, which is practically homogeneous, is
about 55.000,000. If to this we add the 10,000,000
Gerniaus of Austria we have a race comparison
of fiT.,000,000 Germans to 66,000,000 Russians.
For political purpose* we may well add to the
Germans the 13,000,000 Magyars and others of
Hungary who are not only non-Slav bat also
anti-Slav, thus making a total of 78,000,000.
The Tnited Kingdom has a population of only
41,000,000. but if we add the British popula
tion of the Empire we have a total of about
62.00»».00<>. Finally, there is the United States,
with a substantially homogeneous population of
77,000,000, which conies not so far from Russia's
total of true Russians; and If we add together
tbe population of the United States and the
English speaking population of the British Em
pire we hay« an Anglo-Saxon race total of
129,000,000, far exceeding the Russian total and
approximating to tbe grand aggregate of the
whole heterogeneous Russian Empire.
Tb« rate of Increase is also to l>e considered.
In 1860 Russia had 75,000,000 inhabitants. The
Increase— lncluding all gained by conquest and
annexation— has thus been 61.000.000, or about
81 per cent. In forty years. That Is much more
than the growth of Germany, which has
bseß only about 52 per cent, or of the United
Kingdom, which has been ouly 41 per cent. But
white Russia has gained millions by annexation,
these otherß have lost millions by emigration!
A far different comparison is Hint made with
the United Stau*. Apart from what we have
gained by territorial expansion, the domestic
population of the United States has increased in
forty fmn from 32,000,000 to 77.000.000, or
MM than M 0 per com. It will therefore not
require many years for Urn Unitod States to
outstrip the population of Russia proper, and
inaeort its overtaking of the whole Russian
Empire is within ;\ measurable distance.
MR. GARDINER'S REMOVAL.
If District Attorney Gardiner had not by a
long series of outrageous acts proved his general
ui:!iii:. ?- to bold oiln-e the (Jovernor mighl BOS
sibly have shown some leniency in dealing with
Urn paHMrtfr offcr.ro which led to his sum
mary removal. With the whole community
pretty thoroughly impressed with the convic
tion that on general principles he ought to be
supplanted and some competent and faithful
prosecntor set to suppressing the intolerable
lawlessness of the city, it was quite impossible
for the Governor to look upon the District Attor
ney's conduct as a mere piece of indiscretion
and folly which might be excused with some
censure to a man of good record.
Counsel for Mr. Gardiner frankly admitted
the Indiscretion and folly of his utterances at
election time, and perhaps this plea, with
promises of amendment, might have secured
further probation for another man, but Mr.
Gardiner had already had his probation. He
was tried once before on charges which many
< bought warranted his removal, but the Gov
ernor gave him the benefit of the doubt which
Mr. Wilcox. who heard the testimony, thought
existed. Then he received ample warning to
mend his ways, and any man of good judgment
fit to hold the office of public prosecutor would
have profited by the experience and given no
further occasion for complaints. Mr. Gardiner,
however, with a fatuity and -wrongheadedness
all his own, seemed emboldened by his escape
to give free rein to his eccentricities and his
partisanship in the conduct of his office.
As the Governor says in his memorandum,
fraud or violence at the polls in this county is a
National concern, and the District Attorney's
open championship of men who were trying to
incite the mob to election riots here could not
be passed over lightly. Mr. Gardiner's previous
exhibitions of partisan and personal bias in
prosecutions made it Impossible to consider his
hindrance of the State officials who were trying
to secure an honest election, and his denuncia
tion of the measures taken to bring to order
Devery, for whom even Mr. Gardiner no longer
apologizes, as anything but deliberate attempts
to promote the programme of violence which
Mr. Croker in his interviews had advised. This
would be a serious offence against the public on
the part of a private citizen. Coming from an
officer whose business was to enforce law and
promote order. It was a violation of official obli
gations deserving severe punishment.
On removing Mr. Gardiner the Governor has
been well advised not to put a Republican in
his place. The appointment of Mr. Philbin fore
stalls all criticism of partisan bias in his action.
The new District Attorney has an excellent
reputation, and the people of this city hopefully
look for a thoroughgoing reform of the abuses
which have grown up in the District Attorney's
office, and for vigorous prosecution of the law
breakers who have been operating under Tam
CARS IN CROWDED STREETS.
Responsible officials in the greatest city of
modern times have declared that no franchises
for surface lines should be granted in the busiest
thoroughfares. It may be that they are right in
taking that position. The jamming and the
jostling in several of London's principal streets
are even worse than in the most closely packed
blocks in Manhattan. And yet those who are
familiar with the delays in moving up and down
Broadway in the years before cars began run
ning here remember that the obstructions and
the tedious waits were worse In the sixties, iv
the era of the stages, than, they are cow.
Broadway crossings at Fulton-st., at Cham
bers, at Fourteenth and other points are still so
dangerous that the patrolmen stationed there
have their hands full in the rush hours. So in
tense, indeed. Is the pressure of travel at those
congested spots that nervous and timid people
shrink wifh dread from crossing. When the
plan of laying tracks and handling cars In
Broadway was first suggested the opposition
was emphatic. Predictions were freely made
that the great business street would become
practically impassable if cars were added to
the vast number of other vehicles already in
use. Thirty years ago, in the days of the stages
and the old omnibuses, Broadway blockades
were a byword all over the United States. So
much trouble was encountered in crossing Ful
ton-st. at Broadway that an iron bridge was set
up above the thoroughfare, and it stood there
for a number of years. A. T. Stewart and other
well known merchants were bitterly opposed to
cars in Broadway, as they believed that every
vexation from which they had suffered would be
redoubled with the laying of tracks. But actual
experience proved that the prophets of evil were
mistake/h. Broadway is deplorably overcrowded
to-day. But vehicles of all kinds are not now
blocked for hours almost every day, as they
were in the old stage times. When the cable
breaks or gets out of order scores of cars may
stand still until repairs are made, but when the
cable is supplanted by electric power move
ment between the Battery and Central Park
will be swifter and more regular. Anyway, it
Is plain that the cars force the trucks and car
riages to keep to the right. Therefore the
Broadway travel is divided into two streams,
one flowing northward, the other to the lower
end of Manhattan.
Suppose that streetcars were put in the busiest
I streets in London! Might not the results bo
i similar? London may perhaps get some benefit
from the experience of this city.
GOING BACK TO QUEBEC.
There is a report that from 150,000 to 200,000
French Canadians are on the point of leaving
New-England and returning to Canada. It is
not at all surprising, at least to those who
have kept themselves familiar with the remark
able industrial and social movements of Canada
and New-England in recent years. The com
ing of the French Canadians into the United
States was a noteworthy migration, which al
most revolutionized conditions in some of the
New-England States. Those who saw it only on
the surface declared that it meant the Galliciz
ing and Catholicizing of the Puritan States, and
either the depopulation of Quebec or the annexa-
I tion of that province and indeed the whole
Dominion to the United State 6. Those dreams
should be by this time pretty thoroughly dis
pelled. If not, they surely will be when the re
: turn tide to Quebec gains full headway.
It has long been proverbial that Frenchmen
; make poor colonists. They are too fond of "La
Patrle" to wish to wander permanently from Its
borders. In this respect the French of Quebec
are even more French than those of France
They are indeed an almost unchanged survival
of the French of France before the Revolution
They are essentially living vi the early part of
the eighteenth century. Under the stress of
hard times at home, and under a Federal Gov
ernment with which they had no sympathy and
which had no sympathy with them. ¦
across the border by hundreds of thousands
They have worked here, and generally have
been prosperous. But they have never been at
home. They have felt themselves strangers in
NEW^ORK DAILY TRIBUTE. MONDXY. DBC^MBEB 24. 1900.
a ftxnaWß land. And now. with the restoration
of prosperous times in Canada am! tfci estab
lishment of a government which is not only in
full sympathy with them, but actually lias a
French Catholic Canadian at its bead, th.y
gladlj return to their old and ouly boOM.
There are two specific reasons worthy of pass
ing notice. One is that while French is the
popular and official language of Quebec It re
mains an alien tongue in Tew-England. The
other Is that while in Quebec the Roman Cath
olic Church is officially recognized and its
separate parochial schools are maintained by
public funds, no such conditions prevail in New-
England, and there is no hope of their ever be
ing established there. There are no stronger
influences than those of language and religion.
The French Canadians naturally prefer to re
turn to the land of their own tongue and faith,
and they prefer to keep that land under the
flag and in the empire which recognize and
protect that tongue and that faith, rather than
transfer it to a government which knows them
not and will know them not.
THE PLAGUE OF SIGNS.
Whether or not the Constitution follows the
flag, certainly the disfiguring sign painter does.
According to Mr. Arthur Reed Kimball, who
writes on "The Fight Against Advertising Dis
figurement" in "Scribner's Magazine" for Jan
uary, some of the most conspicuous marks of
American civilization in Cuba. Porto Rico, and
even the Philippines, are the ugly signboards of
manufacturers of tobacco and patent medicine.
In marked and rebuking contrast to our vulgar
izing commercialism is the present condition of
Hawaii, where no settler is allowed to bring
his field to the roadside, but must leave a border
of natural growth, and where a total dearth of
advertising signs on rocks and in conspicuous
places is enforced by law. It would seem that
if Hawaii, one of our Territories, was able to
enforce such a law. we In going into sestheti
cally unspoiled countries might take with us
the Hawaiian law, so far at least as to forbid
our own people to disfigure the lands they
The sign nuisance, however, is by no means
exclusively American. On the coast of Sweden
the great vertical cliffs rising out of the sea
which visitors go half way round the world to
see are being disfigured, as our Palisades have
been. London is even more disgracefully ugly
in the matter of signs than New- York, and Paris
is not far behind. The London omnibus is
covered inside and outside, and even the win
dows are stuck with posters till it is often im
possible to see through them. Mr. Kimball
recounts some English efforts to reach the nui
sance, which we have heretofore commented
upon. They are marked by the English habit
of dealing with a new abuse by legal fiction
and avoiding establishing new principles. Flash
light signs are suppressed on the ground that
they may scare horses and are a public danger,
and sky signs have been regulated under like
pretence. The real object of the lawmakers
in each case was aesthetic. Mr. Kimball reports
considerable progress on the Continent, particu
larly in Berlin, where a paternal police author
ity restricts general advertising signs to spe
cially prepared boards, and forbids signs on the
outsides or windows of omnibuses. In Brussels
prizes for beautiful signs have had great Influ
ence in banishing the large and ugly ones,
which are found to be less attractive to cus
tomers. Some hopeful legislation is also re
ported in American States.
For several years The Tribune has been advo
cating & tax on advertising signs which would
discourage their reckless and senseless duplica
tion and restrict their size. Mr. Kimball asks:
"Why should a hideous signboard escape when
"the useful bank check pays its two-cent tax?"
That remedy, however, does not at the present
time seem available by Federal law, though we
do not see why it might not be levied for
municipal benefit. An instrumentality nearer
at hand, for ridding rural scenery of its ugliness
is the village improvement society. Much, too,
could be accomplished In the cities by public
opinion. Here we have laws concerning signs
opposite parks which are not enforced. If the
officials could be aroused to action much might
be accomplished, and the city -would appreciate
the change and demand further laws to abate
the plague of posters. Business men at first
would be inclined to object to sign regulation,
but if equally enforced nobody would suffer
-from restrictions. Every advertiser would have
the same chance, and the public attention would
probably be gained the easier by fewer signs.
There is no sense in the present unmeasured
plastering of the country with posters. It is
simply a habit run wild. Each advertiser tries
to outdo some other, and if all were restricted
they would be as well off and the rest of the
world would be much better off. Success to
the advertising sign reformers, who, we are glad
to learn, are organizing in various cities!
MO\EY AND BUSINESS.
At this time the American people may be par
doned for emulating the Pharisee by giving
thanks that they are "not a* other men." Ca
bles from abroad tell of riotous strikes and con
flicts between labor and militia in which much
blood has been shed, while many mills and fac
tories are closed because of poor trade. On the
other hand, domestic conditions were never bet
ter. It will be a glad Christmas indeed for the
people. Socialism will not easily secure a foot
hold In a country where capital willingly shares
Its profit with labor, as is now being done more
than ever before. One large concern has given
its thousands of employes a gift equal to 5 per
cent of their annual wages, another distributes
5200,000, and it is the exception where generous
donations are not made. Weekly reports of for
eign trade at this port continue to Indicate an
other splendid Increase In this country's credits
abroad for the month of December, as the value
of merchandise imported thus far ia 17 per cent
less than a year ago. and exports make a much
The feature of the week, however, was the ex
citement in Wall Street. Sales of securities at
the Stock Exchange were about eight million
shares, exceeding all records in the aggregate,
although no single day's business was quite up
to the top point of November 12. Prices ad
vanced without a trace of reaction, despite
heavy profit taking, and many of the medium
priced stocks touched new records, while the
sixty most active railways averaged $83 60 a
Bhare at the close, a gain of over $2 for the week
and far above the highest point of recent years.
Earnings for the month thus far show a large
increase over previous years, and reports are
generally better than In recent months. Con
servative men are suggesting that the market
is in danger of getting topheavy. but nothing
checks the enthusiastic accumulation of stocks
Heretofore there was a noticeable discrimina
tion in favor of the railways, but industrials re
ceived their share of attention lapt week, and
the ten most active averaged a gain of $2 50
each, while the five leading gas and traction
stocks advanced $3 38 each. The most sensa
tional advance was in General Electric, and
American Sugar rose $14 75. Comparison with
the market a year ago is striking, as prices
were then at the bottom of a most disastrous
Money I. not exactly a drug on the market
but. considering the season and the activity both
In speculation and legitimate* business, rates are
remarkably easy. According to the averages of
the associated banks, loans again decreased in
the face of violently advancing stocks. Cash
gained, as was expected, in view of Government
disbursements in anticipation of January m .
terest. and also large pension distribution. An
Interesting feature of the financial situation is
the offering of money in the local market by
Kansas City and St. Paul banks. It is esti
mated that January disbursements here will
establish a new record at about $150,000,000.
This compares with $130,000,000 in July, the
previous hlsh month, and $125,000,000 in Janu
ary. 1900. Gold is received at San Francisco
from Australia and Alaska, and forwarde(f%aat,
while the only outgo from this city is a moder
ate movement to New-Orleans for handling
the rice crop. A year ago London was calling
on New-York for gold, and $15,000,000 was ex
ported in the last half of December. Foreign
exchange is now much nearer the gold Import
ing point, and the market exhibited signs of re
lief when the Bank of England failed to make
the expected advance in rate of discount.
Bank exchanges at the principal cities were
almost identical with those of the correspond
ing week last year in the aggregate. Although
there were decreases at only four cities, these
were sufficient to balance gains at the other
ten. While these figures would seem to indicate
that the volume of business transacted now is
practically the same as a year ago, it must be
remembered that there was great speculation
in the leading industries at this time in 1809,
and prices for iron and steel, wool, footwear
and many other products were absurdly inflat
ed, and large stocks were being recklessly ac
cumulated regardless of consumptive demand.
The present situation as to these lines is dif
Iron and steel works are running at full ca
pacity and unable to make prompt deliveries of
many shapes. Demand Is most urgent for
structural material and railway equipment, and
there will be fewer long vacations this holiday
season than usual. Prices are firmly sustained,
with scarcely a variation. There Is still no
ticed better trading at a few centres fan at
others, and some sections exhibit more confi
dence In the permanence of prosperity than
others. Boots and shoes are not sold at con
cessions, although leather and hides have met
with further reverses. Some concerns have or
ders to occupy their full force until April 1, al
though a few smaller makers are seeking con
tracts. Shipments from Boston for the week
were much' the largest of the season. Sales of
wool also reached the best point In many
months, and manufacturers received a fair num
ber of reorders for spring weights, though the
new heavyweight season is delayed. Rubber
footwear is dull, as buyers anticipate lower
Cotton fell to 10 cents and recovered to 10.31
en reports that there was a heavy short interest
in the local market which could not meet Its
contracts owing to light stocks available. Ar
rangements were made for a considerable ship
ment from the South to arrive on Wednesday,
which will be in ample time for December de
livery. Strength was also due in part to better
news from Manchester, and some encourage
ment from Southern mills. In order to main
tain prices at the present level it will be neces
sary to expand consumption, for more cotton
comes into sight than was expected, the total
from September 1 to December 21 aggregating
6,082,578 bales, against 5,520,403 last year, ac
cording to "The Financial Chropicle." Wheat
holds fairly steady, with a more liberal move
ment In both directions than for the same week
last year, but holiday dulness pervades the
speculative markets. Corn, however, refuses to
be anchored by the leading cereal, and made a
gain of two cents in spite of interior receipts
double those of the same week In 1899. Coffee
weakened until the lowest point of the year
was touched, owing to increased estimates of
the next crop in Brazil.
Some of our Tammany officials have their
hands at their ears and are listening with
dread for the howl of the wolf at the door.
When the president of the Rapid Transit Com
m.'sslon and the chief engineer, after thorough
Inspection of the present condition of the work
assure New-Yorkers that the underground trains
will be running before the new century is five
years old, every one Interested in the prosperity
of this metropolis feels a thrill of joyful antici
pation. Mr. Orr and Mr. Parsons never talk
idly. They are cautious in their statements.
With genuine rapid transit in full swing, this
city will be so transformed as to amaze the most
It is not known that the president of the
Health Board attributes the outbreak of small
pox to any vapors, odors or other emanations
from the asphalt pavements, though he probably
clings to his conviction that there may be more
in it than he suspects.
Telephone franchises In Russia were sold at
auction recently. The St. Petersburg local
government got the contract for the Czar"s fa
mous capital and will supply the service for
$27 50 for each subscriber. How much better
off the telephone users In benighted Russia will
be than the helpless victims of the telephone
monopoly in this metropolis! Here the service
is feeble, halting and confused, and the rates
are intolerably high. The incoming Legislature
ought to reduce the telephone tariff to reason
able figures, but it is not in the least likely to
do so, and everybody knows why.
The multiplication of accidents with automo
bile vehicles emphasizes the need of "other de
vices, other rules and customs." The new ma
chines are capital things so long as they keep
In their place and go right. Out of place or out
of control they are a menace and a horror.
State taxes in this city are not usually con
sidered as excessively burdensome in compari
son with the heavy load of municipal taxation,
and extensive sales of real estate in this vicinity
for the purpose of meeting the demands of the
treasury at Albany are not frequent. Many
people will be amazed to learn that no less than
$500,000 Is due the Stale on land in twenty
three counties, and the officials at the capital
are forced to resort to occasional sales at auc
tion in order to satisfy Just claims and to col
lect arrears. But there Is no danger of a lack
of funds at Albany which will cause financial
embarrassments. The Empire State is enor
mously rich, and its credit is sky high.
Dady's claim against Havana is likely to go
thundering down the aisles of time a good sec
ond to the case of Jarndyce vs. Jarndyce.
The recent local election at Long Branch re
sulted in the success of the element which is
opposed to the enforcement of the Sundays laws
and of the anti-gambling statute. In Saratoga
and in most of the summer resorts In the East
ern States the beat known temples of chance are
closed on the first day of the week, but in Mon
mouth County, on the New-Jersey coast, the
faro tables and roulette wheels in the so-called
"clubhouses" are held In readiness for all comers
on Sundays as at other times. It ia a deplorable
state of affairs. The voters of New -Jersey de
cided years ago that racetrack gambling should
cease in their State, and since 1893 every race
course betting ring between Cape May and Ho
boken has been deserted. Yet the gambling In
the faro banks at Long Branch throughout the
entire summer on every day of the seven In
each week is almost as conspicuous and offen
sive as it was formerly In the worst period of
the Leadville and Cripple Creek mining camps.
Paris has a municipal debt of $350,000,000.
nearly half that of all the cities of France,
twice as great as that of London, and one
third of the local debts of all England. K\ny
Parisian owes $100 more than every Lon
doner. In Paris government rnsts .?2. r > a head,
the highest rate in any eMf in the world. As an
offset, it claims to be the best governed, and.
while the contention may be disputed. It is cer
socond to none, affording an example of
administrative efficiency never surpassed in ths
urban history of any period. But Berlin Is not
far behind, and government there only costs $tt
a head, while in St. Petersburg the Job is done
in tolerable fashion at $2 50 a head. Paris will
have to revise its system of economics one of
these days If it expects to meet running expense*
and pay the interest on its huge and growing
block of securities.
The Prince of Wales recently had a pigeon house
built near Sandringham Caat!e, where carrier pig
eons are trained by experts. H« intends to put his
pigeon house at the disposal of the British navy.
The naval experiments with carrier pigeons have
hitherto been unsuccessful because the houses, situ
ated on the coast, were poorly organised.
Herbert Putnam says that libraries are growing
in number far more rapidly than are librarians.
He directs attention to the fact that whereas there
are now about eight thousand libraries In the coun
try, there are not more than five hundred or six
hundred especially trained librarians.
The Rev. Dr. Bernard M. Skulik. of La Salle. 111.,
who was pastor of a Catholic parish in Passaic.
tt. J., some years ago, has been decorated by the
Pope with the Order of the Holy Cross, given to
priests as a reward for distinguished service in
promoting the interests of the Church. In the last
ten years he has written forty pamphlets and two
large works in Polish. German, Italian. Slovak and
English. He has received five apostolic blessings
from Pope Leo XIII. In recognition of his literary
ability ho was made honorary chaplain of the
Basilica, at Loretto. on November 21. 1S»2: on Sep
tember 29, 1898, he was made honorary member, and
on November 4 of the same year corresponding
member and director of the Central Committee in
Rome, the commissary for America of the Anti-
Free Mason Society in Rome; on August 22. 1398.
he was made corresponding member of the Papal
Academy "Tlberlna"; on October 30. 1892. member
of the Papal Academy "Arcadia," and on December
23, 1898, a member of the Papal Academy "Immacu
John W. Ycrkes. Commissioner of Internal Reve
nue, says that before the recent election, when he
was a candidate for the Governorship of Kentucky,
one of his acquaintances among the mountaineers
insisted on calling him •Governor," and when
asked why replied that it was because after elec
tion he wouldn't have a chance to call him that.
When President Patton of Princeton was in Chi
cago this last week he said, in answer to a question
about his attitude toward revision: "It would
hardly be proper for me to give an opinion about
the revision of the Westminster Confession of
Faith, because it might be thought I was speaking
in some sense for the university. Princeton has
many interests and tle3 which are not Presby
terian, and I should not like to make it appear that
the university is in any way taking sides."
Bishop Sheepshank?, of Norwich, England, Is
telling a story against himself. He was walking
one day through a quiet and pleasant suburb of
Norwich, when his thoughts were interrupted by a
piping, pleading voice saying. '•Oh, please sir, will
you open this gate for me?" Looking down the
Bishop saw a little girl of about eight or nine, wtth
a cherubic face framed in sunny curls, and he
hastened to comply with the request. He held
back the gate for the little maiden to pass through
and when she thanked him with a smile he asked if
she was not big enough to open the garden gat©
herself. "Oh. yes, sir." she replied sweetly "but
you see the paint is wet. and I should have dirtied
CARNEGIE LIBRARY FOR TUSKEGEE.
Boston. Dec. 23.— Just before Booker T. Wash
ington left this city, where he has been raising
funds for the permanent endowment of the Tuake
gee School, he received a letter from Andrew Car
negie t£?-wl he , effect that the latter had decided to
fv* *20.<XX> for the erection of a library building
for Tuskegee Institute. The building will be erect
ed entirely by student labor.
FUNERAL OF MRS. W. P. FRTE.
Lewiston, Me.. Dec. 23— The funeral of Mrs. VT.
P. Frye. wife of United States Senator Frye. took
place this afternoon. The Rev. G. H. Howe, her
pastor, conducted the services. The attendance
was large and many messages of condolence were
received from friends in various parts of the coun
try- Many flowers came from Washington, Port
land and Bath, as well as from family friends tn
Lewiston and Auburn. The pallbearers were Dr
Bradford, Seth Wakefleld, Dr. Oaket. and Fjask
L. Dingley, all of Lewiston.
JAPANESE MINISTER RESIGNS.
Yokohama, Dpc. 23.— Hoshi Toru. Minister of Com
munications, and formerly Japanese Minister to the
United States, has resigned his portfolio In conse
quence of the persistent allegations of his implica
tion in financial scandals. He will be succeeded
by Mr. Hara. former Minister to Corea.
It is possible that the stability of the Ito Cabinet
will be affected.
PRINCE OSCAR OF SWEDEN BETTER.
Stockholm. Dec. 23.— The- condition of Prince
Oscar, Duke of Scanle, eldest son of the Crown
Prince of Sweden and Norway, who has been
seriously ill. Is now much improved.
THE TALK OF THE DAT.
The Zoological Gardens in The Bronx were planned
on generous lines and the management has proved
Itself to be broad minded and enterprising. It is
now reported that British Columbia is to be ran
sacked by competent agents, who will send to New-
York a fine collection of bears, cougars, lynxes,
mountain sheep, mountain goats and other wild
animals that may be trapped alive. Within a few
years New- York may have within its limits collec
tions to challenge comparison with those of London,
Paris and other famous cities.
He— Just hear how the newsboys holler! Isn't it
enough to drive one crazy? •
She— Why, Charles, are you sure It Is newsboys?
Really, it must be college boys giving their college
yell. I think it is just lovely.— (Boston Transcript.
An English correspondent tells this story: "Two
Alsatians among the German troops at Tien-Tsln
were in their tent, and an English soldier was
passing. Said one Alsatian to the other. 'Schang,
schynt d'sunn schun?' (John, Is the sun ahinins
yet?) and the other Alsatian replied. Ma! d'sunn
schynt schun lang.' (Yes. the sun has been shin
ing a long time.) The English soldier listened and
shook his head. "Wonderful coves, those Ger
mans!' he exclaimed. "Only been here a week, and
biowed if they ain't talking Chinese a'ready." "
Bacon— l understand a member of the Antl-Tm
periallst League had a bad fainting spell the other
Egbert— lndeed ?
"Yes; he heard hia wife was about to appear in
an Empire gown."— (Yonkers Statesman.
"The Wichita Eagle" recently printed the follow
ing item from the Chief of the Otoe Indians, which
is said to be the first correspondence ever sent to
a newspaper by a redskin: "Red Kock, O. T.—
Osage Indians came to Otoe tribe to Pipe dance
last week, the Otoes give 40 head of Horses. The
Osago are going to there home some this week.
Pawnee Indian having Gost dance all Last week."
Mamma— You have become very fond of Mr. Hug
gard in quite a short time.
Daughter— Why, mamma, what makes you think
Mamma— l overheard you telling him last night
that he was "too hateful for anything."—(Phila
Colonel Richard Malcolm Johnston tells a story
o? an eminent Georgian. Walter T. Colquitt. who
was a judge by day. a divine at night and a good
deal of a man all the time. While serving as a
Judge on the Chattahoochee Circuit. Colquitt was
returning one evening from church in company
with several members of the bar. "Well." said he,
"my experience to-day has been varied. I held
court In the forenoon, in the interval for dinner
made a political speech In the courthouse square,
held court in the afternoon, after adjourning
whipped a Whig who made insulting remarks in
my presence about my noon speech, and preached
Mr. Meddergrass— Old man Hocorn lets his antl
furrin sentiment get away with him on this here
I ilai m s Mhui
Mrs. Meddergrass— Do tell! Has he quit drinkin'
"Nope; but he has killed all his Shanghai
roosters."— (Baltimore American.
"At a card party." says "The Washington Capi
tal." "it was announced a dollar had been found.
Four women came forward to claim It. each de
claring that she had lost a silver dollar. Stranga
to say, tha lorfe dollar found was a paper one. And
yet they say women are not financiers!"
¦Jh.t Living Skeleton la blowing about hi* b»«<!e
to-be.' remarked the India Rubber Man; "h« says
she a not like other girls." '
"That's right," replied the Wild Man from
ANOTHER ROM>*EY EXHIBITION -
COLORS IN PALL MALL.
The Romney exhibition of last spring received
so large a measure of public patronage that tw
experiment has been repeated this winter at th«
Grafton Galleries The second collection \Z
eludes half a dozen or more of the works pr*.
viously exhibited; but it Is largely a sappj c .
mentary show, drawn from the private frUai*.
in England. These treasures of old time portrait
ure are not yet exhausted, for Mr. Barring^**
Nash, who had displayed zeal »nd intelligent
bringing these Romneys to light, promises a
third exhibition after Christmas. The second col
lection is not so large as the first one. but it in.
eludes seventy-eight works, and is varied, beta,
tlful and Interesting. Some of the best are ;- 0^
the private gallery of Mr. Tankerviile Cfcaab*-.
layne, M. P.. who owns the finest group of Ro a . ,
neys in England. There are examples of E^.
ney's early methods, when he was strongly lg.
fluenced by Italian painters. Among these is $»
beautiful portrait of Mrs. Verelst. now la tt»
possession of her great-grandson. Harry VereSat
.It is a truly classical work, fine in color and
graceful in pose. This portrait, like most of t»*
other works in the three galleries, has never
been exhibited before.
There are fewer portraits of the fascinating
Lady Hamilton than there were last spring, bat
there is a most Interesting group. Mr. P>rrepont
Morgan again allows th« public to admire tat
charming Emma as she reads a paper which pre
sumably records one of Nelson's victories, and
Mr. Tankerviile Chamberlayne produces anew the
lovely "Bacchante Leading a Goat." which was
once in the possession of Sir "William Hamilton.
The famous Bacchante once owned by ' sir
Joshua Reynolds, and repeatedly engraved, is
one of the gems of the collection. Another
charming study of Lady Hamilton is in the char
acter of Cassandra, with dreamy eyes, figure
finely posed and arms well rounded, and with
the blue scarf exquisitely painted. Mme. Le
Brun's portrait of Lady Hamilton is again ex.
hibited, but nobody except Romney could paint
his favorite model. Indeed, it is hard for the
visitor to this gallery to believe that any pair -
could rival Romney in painting women. He
seemed to fall in love with every woman who sat
for a portrait ar.d to bring out the best that was
In her in pose, feature or expression. His devo
tion to the sex never failed, for even in his
latest works, such as the portraits of Mrs. Teet
wyche, Miss Margaret Durham and Mrs. Trench.
! he succeeded in investing wo*nen with ai! the
resources of dignity, high breeding, beauty and
grace. One of the most beautiful faces in the col
i lection is the portrait of Mrs. Robert Trotter in
a blue hat, which has always been a public
Romney could paint men solidly and wen. An
excellent example of his work i 3 the portrait of
David Hartley, in which there is nobility of
character befitting the son of a philosopher. A
more famous portrait is that of John vresley.
which has been engraved many times for the
adornment of the walls of Methodist households.
Possibly it is a weaker face than John Wesley's
was in life, but the piety, benevolence and
sweetness of nature which characterized him are
clearly revealed. One of Romney's most elabo
rate works is "Newton Discovering the Prism."
which Is owned by Mr. Tankerviile Chamber
layne. The philosopher's face, painted from a
cast taken after death, is remarkable for dig
nity and serenity. The prism held in his hand
casts the refracted rays upon a screen behind
! the table at which ho is seated, and two young
women are interested spectators of the scientific
di3eovery. The group 13 well lighted from the
side, and is painted with animation and spirit
in Romney's grandest style. The portrait of .*
Edward Nevinson has stately dignity, and .there
are other fine examples of Romney's strength
and dignity in painting the famous men of his
time. His heart, however, was not in his work
when men were sitting 1 for their portraits.
When young men ant boys were hi» subject's he
invariably made them soft and almost effem
inate. His portrait of the second Earl Grey,
afterward Prime Minister, presents the face of
a comely youth without promise of real strength
of character, and the portrait of the fifth Earl
of Essex is light, graceful and almost girlish In
beauty. Many of these portraits have faded,
but traces of the painter's supreme art in
posing the figures naturally and in painting the
faces with distinction of style are never absent.
The contrast between new and old time por
traiture is most marked when one goes from a
collection like that now seen at the New Gal
lery to these Romneys at the Grafton Gallery.
The artists of the day seem to be bent upon
painting clothes and reproducing fashion plates
rather than to be deeply concerned with pre
senting men and women at their best. So
much work is expended upon the accessories of
the portrait, the details of the costume, the
hangings and furniture, the screens and orna
ments and the toning of the background, that
no power Is left in reserve for the subject itself.
in its strength or nobility of character. its
grace cf pose or carriage, or the beauty and
subtle charm of face or expression. Romney
did not waste his resources upon accessories
which would distract attention from the sub
ject itself. Costume with him was always
subordinate to womanly grace and charm; yet
It was managed most artistically, the beauty of
the woman being enhanced by the simplest ef
fects of drapery and head dressing. His por
trait of Mrs. Jordan as the Romp in "A Country
Girl." lent by Viscount Faulkland. while less
vivid than other equally well known Romneys,
Is perfect in grace, simplicity and loveliness. Hi»
pair of "Serenas Reading" is potent in fascina
tion, and his portraits of Lady Forbes and Miss
Honora Sneyd are admirable for grace of cost
and lack of self-consciousness.
Romney's women never seem to know that
they are being painted, and. while their cos
tumes command admiration for picturesque ef
fect, they are apparently unconscious of betas
well dressed. In seeing a group of Romneys on
lookers are not Impressed with the fact that
they are witnessing styles and fashions of a
bygone period, but rather with the conviction
that he lived at a time when decoration la
costume was kept within proper limits and
when there was Inherent beauty in woman's
dress. . Romney never neglected the essential
principle of portraiture, which is study of char
acter from life. His portrait of the Countess
of Leven. with her son David, Is highly artistic
in the arrangement of draperies, the toning of
Ihe background and the management of light;
but spectators do not think of these things.
They only see the eagerness in the child's face
and the pride of the mother as she smiles
fondly, almost with an air of amusement, upon
The collection as a whole, while less repre
sentative than that of last spring, is perhaps
equally interesting, because it contains so many
works which have never been publicly exhibited.
The "Serena In the Boat of Apathy" la one of
these, a work of exceptional beauty even tor
Romney. "Italian Peasants Washing Lineal*
which was painted at Naples tor Lord Craven. *
lent by the Corporation Museum of Cardiff, *«»•
is an unusual example of the painter's art. The
popularity oft these Romney shows Is a good
sign. It may lead to a reaction against fashion
plate painting in the current art of portraiture.
The Royal Society of Painters in Water Col
ors has an unusually dull show this winter. Mr-
Melville, who ordinarily imparts a touch of U fe
to the well lighted walls In Pall Mall East by
his startling impressionist work, Is conspicuous
by his absence. Professor Hubert^Herkomer ha*