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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 30, 1901, Image 31

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1901-06-30/ed-1/seq-31/

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boat and the prosaic, old fashioned canal boat.
The canal boat carries coal and grain, while the
Ice boat carries ice. They have everything else
in common — blunt noses, flat bottoms, bulging
tides, a little cabin at the stern and a general
effect much like a big, long l»ox. There was
a time when ice boats were expensive affairs,
with a large deck house and padded sides, which
were supposed to prevent melting. This style
of craft was abandoned on account of the cost.
The summer ice boats never come down the
Hudson alone. They have company of half a
dozen others of their kind, and are shown the
way by fussy little tugs. There are at least
thirty landing places for ice boats on the East
River and North Kiver •••-..'- At each land
ing place is a long platform, known to the trade
as an ice bridge. It is just the height of the
heavy ice wagons. The bluish white chunks are
lifted from the boats by steam or horse power
and slid (nun the ice bridge into the
wagons.
At 'A o'clock in the morning the first ice
wagons back up to the ice bridge, receive their
heavy loads, and go thundering away over the
cobblestones to supply the larger customers.
At '» o'clock the Sulk of the wagons appear, and
with much noise receive the loads, which will
be chopped into small piece* and delivered to
, (lie retail customers. The wagons return at in
tervals throughout the morning and afternoon.
If the weather is particularly hot. some Of them
.will not be through until 10 o'clock at night. If
the weather is cool, the iceman's day may end
at '.'• o'clock in the afternoon.
For the next three months the icemen will Ik
among the hardest worked individuals in the
city. They are a living contradiction to the
old saying. Isn't it nice to be an iceman?" That
may have been intended for the stockholders,
who receive the profits; but for the men who
deliver the iee — the real icemen— never! They
are poorly paid. too. Two men are assigned to
even' wagon, the driver getting $14 a week and
the helper (9. They have no labor union, and
the nine hour law does not apply in their case.
They get no pay for overtime. If the day is
m;\v-V(m:k tkusune illustrated supplemeni
SAGO I'M. MS.
t«Wteea hours long they have to grin and bear
it; if only eight, they get the advantage.
New-York uses a great deal of artificial ice
every summer. There are thirty icemaking
plants in oi>eration in this city, having a daily
output of from fifty to six hundred tons each.
Thus Ice enters to a certain extent into competi
tion with natural ice, and Is used for all pur
!">*¦¦.<. 'Will artificial toe ever supplant the
natural product 7" is a question which the stock
: rs b ice companies have asked many
times. Their wanaiTia comfort them in this
strain
¦Artificial ice is made in cans anil frozen
from all sides. The action of th" frost con
centrates the impurities in the centre of the
cake, and in many rases makes that ]M>rtion of
the cake worthless. Natural ice freezes from one
side and in one direction. Most of the Impuri
ties are forced out of the cake altogether. There
is no need of worry, for your dividend* are sure
lor a long time to come.""
/,•//</ \<. t /:'// M ill i H
Washington dispatch to Philadelphia Ledger.
The official report of the Governor of Guam
announces ihe Interesting and novel fact that
that othVial. wh'-n he goes abroad on his tours
of inspection, rides In state, not on a horse, bul
• m s bull. The Governor of Guam is Captain
Seaton Schio-der. one of the best known officers
in th- navy, and a most p .pillar society man.
Mis face ami figure at' most familiar in the rec
ollection of Washington society people as lead
it g in dancing events, and it is a sharp jog on
'heir fancy to Imagine him astri le a tiull while
performing his •>ili( ial duties. Nevertheless,
Captain Sehroeder reports that be has ridden
ill over the island looking over the abominably
muddy roads, inquiring Into the condition "f the
natives and the administration of the little
amount of government necessary to make every
body comfortable and happy. The people are
recovering from the effects of the cyclone, and
will soon have crops from which to derive a liv
ing. Th gift of thirty sack? of seed sweet po
tatoes from Hawaii is mentioned in the report
with • i>e<-ial thanks. No attempt has been
made > rebuild the town «.:' i'ago Pago, which
the storm destroyed: The inhabitants seem to
th nk it wiser to Imild a new town than to ¦-•lean
an ;.- old one.
THRASHHRS AT WORK. IN A KANSAS WHEAT FIELD.
CONSULS IN NEW-YORK.
TH!". l.oi'Al, I:i:i'I;KSKNTATIVKS i>F
OTHER NATIONS AM'
THEIR DUTIES.
"The post of consul-general at New-York is
the most desired in the entir msular service
of my government." said a genial foreigner who
is now consul-general at this i>ort. "To nearly
all South Americans In the consular service this
city appears in the same light. A consul who
makes a successful record in New-York general
ly stej.s int.) something mighty tine on his re
turn home."
If the consuls like Mew-York the city has no
reason to lie dissatisfied with the consuls, at
least with the number of them, for there are more
countries represented here than at any other
port in the United States. There are forty-one
or forty-two consult) in all twenty-three sent
out by republics and eighteen by monai 'hies
Th.' Orange Free State representative has not
yet made up his mind as to whether his duties
are ended. The Transvaal Is one of the few
republics which nave not a regular representa
tive at this port.
One hears little al>out New- York consu
compared to the foreign ministers at Washing
ton Yet the consul-generals rank closely aftei
their superiors at Washington in the importance
"i the duties they perform for their govern
ments, and they ate often called to the capital
to consult on Important affairs. For the most
part they will sHd'Tii speak about public o,ues
tions, leaving that delicate duty to the Wash
ington representative. While the legations at
Peking wei.- besieged by the Boxers a Bcore of
reporters called at the Chines.- consulate every
day. Every known pretext was used to gain
audience with Consul Chow Tsz Chi. but it
would have been as easy to see the old Empress
Dowager. At the beginning of the trouble he
announced that he would say absolutely not hint;
on the Chinese luestion, and the only phrase be
ever uttered in the presence of reporters was,
"1 have nothing to say."
There are few countries which a.-c rontei t
with simply sending a consul to this city. Greni
Britain, Germany, Franc, Russia and fitly
have consuls-genera!, consuls, vice-consuls and
chancellors, although the titles differ slightly in
several Instances. Several small tar away coun
tries are represented l>y Americans who ai ac
quainted with the countries. Corea, Siam and
Persia are examples. Hawaii was formerly rep
resented in this way. Every South and Central
American republic has from one to four i mi
sular representatives here, and most of then*
are kept busy.
The duties of a consul and his assistants and
the services pi "formed by the consulate aw
many and vari« ... They differ, too, with differ
int countries. For instance, much "f the busi
ness of the French, German and English con
sulates has to do with ships and shipping,
while the Chinese and Japanese consulates hava
never cleared a ship since they were created.
It is obvious thai the countries having i
number of citizens resident i:i this city would
have the busies) consulates. This fact makes
the Italian consulate in lower Broadway re
semble a barber shop, in thai its patrons i: a\e
to stand in a row and await a strenuous N< .-.t!"
from the cle.-ks. The Japanese consul is
interested in exports and imports, bul >•:..
bis government witli much valuable information
regarding developments in New-York along ev
ery line. Zadazuchi Uchida, who h.is I :i con
sul for four and a half years, has just return I
to Japan to take a more important post. His
successor will arrive in August. The coi sul
general of His Majesty the King of Spain, .! ¦ '¦
• i»' Navario y Lopez de Oyala, has been a busy
man since his arrival in the city, at the closes
••f the war. His chief aim has been to build '¦!>
the shattered commercial relations between the
two countries.
Most of the consulates ate in office bulldinsa
in lower Broadway o* In nearby streets, such a
Stat.-. Whit. hall. Worth. William and Wall ?ta
The Swiss consulate is the only one situated up
town, th,- othVe being at No. 18 West Seventy-
Brst-st. fhina Is the only government that
maintains a consular residence i:i this city, it
is at No. 280 West Seventy-flrst-st., and there
Chow Tss Chi entertains ill Chinese visitors (
prominence. Two nephews of I-i Hung Chai :
wi re the last visitors >if prominence to aeeepl
the hospitality of the i sulate.
At\> is l KIMiDOM Of WHE IT.
Till-: TSAR'S CUOI" Wli.'. REACH XINKTY Mll.l.lor;
BUSHELS
Wichita. Kin.. June Z'\ — The farmers of -. l i
Kansas wheat belt are g-tting ready to thrash
their vast wheat crop >f thfa year. !t is estimated
that the rrop will reach the : inety million bush ¦:
mark, which is ten million bushels short •: the
predictions at the earlier i>:irt of the s
Even as it is. the crop is th-- best ever rai^ 1 i i
the Sunflower State, last year reaching >ntj
seventy -i* million bushels, and the \-.ir !> f»n
fifty million bushels. This y-.tr ;n .re than ftva
million acres of land were town in wheat md
thousand extra men were Imported to
assist its harvesting the vast acreage. The in
come from this < ro|> of wheat will lie more ;ht:»
.v.-h >.i ii m m h m >. or $o4M t i every farmer in the Si ti •.
The wheat raised If placed . >ri a single railway
track reaching from Wichita to New-York would
All ••'. ¦¦!>• 'ar thereon
Next year even more land in Kansas will '¦¦
plant- d in wheat. It has come to :>a>s thai Kan
sas is tlie kingdom of wheat. Already the Stal ¦
leads all others In the production "f this c t ii.
Land that vas a few years ago given over to
Run flower patches Is now being turned into gl< w
ing fields it yeiiow grain. The cause of this
abundance of grain is that there is more rainfall
In Kansas than in former years This is caused,
it is sail by the weather men, by the fact that
more trees are being planted, and from i vast
prairie the State i-; rapidly becoming wrll clothed
with forests.
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