vrw!\«; DRESS ANT A TOTT.ET TOR A BRIDESMAID.
AX INTERESTING THRONG.
OPENING DAY AT THE ITALIAN INDUS
TRIAL SCHOOL YESTERDAY.
Charms against the ''evil eye" were worn by
rr.any of the -little folks present at • the opening
yesterday of the Italian industrial School of the
Children's Aid Society, No. 156 Leonard-st- The
string* of velvet ribbon or of horn beads put about
the tiny wrists to exorcise all harmful Influences
ere considered by some Italian women especially
Invaluable in America, where "evil eyes" are sup
posed to flourish more extensively than in other
countries. These occult warders are put on with
a little prayer, and if danger menaces or a sus
picious person approaches the wearer toys with
it, sending up. meanwhile, silent petitions for de
Between five hundred and six hundred children
were enrolled at the school yesterday. About a
hundred of the number had never attended the in
ptltutior before, and. according to requirement, par
. ent* or guardians, or their representatives, accom
panied them. Few of the grownups could Fpeak Eng
lish. Those who could were mainly former pupils
of the school, who. in turn, were bringing their
offspring for the advantages afforded there. About
them there was a conspicuous air of thrift and tidi
ness; in fact, the cleanliness of the crowd in gen
eral and the absence of the usual tenement house
odor were a matter of comment among the visitors
who were present.
Only those children were received who. for one
reason or another, were unfitted to cope with
students in the public schools. Some could not
speak English and others were destitute. Among
the number were newsboys who aid in the support
of widowed mothers and whose duties call them to
the street before the usual time of closing school.
To such a written, excuse Ib given, which passes
with the truant offlcers. and they are excused from
their classrooms an hour or so earlier than their
SOME MEAGRE INCOMES.
In most cases the mother, with a child In her
aims and pnother tugging at her skirts, accompa
r'ed the r-upi 1 " 10 " 06 ' but big sisters, brothers,
fathers, grandmothers, and even neighbors, were
in evidence. The interrogations made to each re
\<a]cd many interesting features of life in that
p:.rt of the city. ' In one family of six the father
«•: raa r> a week and pays $7 a mo.ith for rent. in
¦ family of eight the father earns $7 a week and
thf landlord receives $12 a month. In still
.(other, where there is an in:-ome of $11 a week.
Tlirre are seven people to be Bed and $!* a month is
!¦:! '.i for rent. A beautiful girl of fourteen brought
h«r younger sisier. She and a sixteen-year-old
i-is-ter together earn $;, ID a week by stringing beads.
und upon that cum the widowed mother and nine
children exist. It was explained that these meagre
r-ouroes ar? in most oases eked out by from one
!'• six lodgers who pay $1 a month for the privilege
of sharing the crowded apartments. .
HH O ct of those present were mountaineers from
tb« region of Naples, and occasional sparks of
•ectknai feud from the home country were seen.
One bright fnced girl, with a toss of her pretty
head, saia: "No. ma'am, I am not a Genoese. 1
knew "better," said Mrs. L. E. Weygandt.
the interpreter, herself an Italian. "She is a Nea
politan, who does nat recognize a Genoese as an
"There If of necessity, much irregularity In the
j.tie«dance of our children." said Mrs. E. K. Staats
principal of the school. They have, to stay out
w!,fn the mother has work: they are needed as In
terpreters when their parents, who cannot speak
English, are obliged to go for work to the shops.
Then, too, we have to keep track of the children,
to see that they are not kept at home to work. On.
l!'*le clrl. not more than four or five years old, was
found on one of our visits, sewing buttons on to
coats 'for h,-r mother. The child could not wear a
Thimble., and her little finger, with which she had
pushed the needle, was literally perforated. We
reported the case to the authorities.'
Truantry. too. due, perhaps, to hereditary in
stinct* consequent upon the life of former genera
tions in the open air. furnishes one of the prob
i"m». At least two hundred cases occur a month.
Giuseppe- llaif<»o. just out of. the Truant School.
was on hand yesterday. and. while he
ewalted his turn, slept peacefully standing against
DREAD TO BE CALLED DAGO."
Considering their Italian origin, strange names
were given. "Patsy" was a favorite, and there
were "Sullivan." "Jimmy" and the like. A young
ster who had given "Pau>y" as his name admitted
that Pasquale was his true cognomen, but that
with an American name he "gets a clear road"
and escapes the opprobrious "Dago"' from the other
boys of the street. •'Sullivan" is the American ren
dering of Salvatore. and "Jimmy" of Vincent.
On October 1 hot dinners for those in the
OChool who are in need will begin. Formerly the
children have been allowed to stand at high tables
while eating. The tables during the summer
have been lowered sad stools provided. During
the week a variety of soups and stews and boiled
beans are served. "Many of the children come to
school." paid Mrs. Staats. "after a breakfast of
nothing but coffee, with a little whiskey, or. as it
ie known by them, 'rosolio.* This is a sort of cor
dial, made, of alcohol and water, flavored with
Singer and sweetened with sugar, which is the
drink of the people of Southern Italy, and the ba
bies drink it as well as the grown folks."
American school methods call forth vigorous pro
tests occasionally from foreign parents. A mother
raid to Mrs. Weygandt one day. when she was vis
iting her: "Too teach the young ones to bless them
selves the Protestant way." The woman had seen
her little girl salute the flag as she had learned
to do It In school. Some of the people object to
Comfort in Hot Weather
Violet Water and
Violet Talc Powder
letting their daughters learn to write, lest they
use tbe accomplishment in writing letters to young
men. Calisthenics and drawing are both disap
proved, because they are "nothing but play." and
the children can get exercise enough at home. If
that is what is wanted.
The bathrooms of the building are being! Im
proved. They. too. cause uneasiness among cer
tain parents." who stoutly affirm that there is no
use in washing their children, and that such a
course will be the death of them.
All needy cases and absentees are visited by
Mrs. Weygandt. and such hely as Is possible Is
STRIKING FEATURES 1\ H \TS.
LORD & TAYLOR'S MILLINERY OPENING 19
A RICH DISPLAY OF AUTTMN STYLES.
Exquisite velvet brocade, decorated by hand,
fashioned dexterously into the loose crowns of new
fall hatp, was a strikingly novel feature of the
millinery opening at Lord & Taylor's, Broadway
and Twentieth-st., yesterday. Other brocades also
figured prominently, for this material is one of
the favorites for autumn.
One of these hats had a large, soft crown of
cream colored velvet brocade, with castor colored
velvet brim and handsome plume of the same
shade. Broad flat crowns and large hats of every
description were the rule. The novel idea of placing
on the right side the band which is beneath the
brim to set the hat up from the head is an at
tractive Innovation. The hat so trimmed had also
the broadest side of the brim on the right.
"We are using many flowers this season," said
one of the directors ot the department, "and espe
cially roses. Fur is most effective in some styles
of hat, and chiffon trimming on fur is one of the
A much admired hat of continental shape was
made entirely of sable fur. with a fold of chiffon
to match the shade of the fur. and with delicately
tinted lilacs decorating the side. The toques and
picturesque variations of the Gainsborough attract
ed considerable attention. Extremely smart, too,
were some of the black aDd white bats placed on
exhibition. The opening continues through to-day.
BAXTA FORTfSA FESTIVAL ENDS.
CLOSING SCENES TN THE CDLtJBRATION IN
HONOR OF THE ITALIAN MARTYR.
The Italian celebration in memory of Santa For
tuna, which began on Saturday In Ellzabeth-st., be
tween Prince anil Houston sts., came to a close
last night. The affair was conducted by the Sania
Fortuna Society, of which Frank Mauro, of No. 37
Stantoii-st., Is j. resident. Houses along Elizabeth
st. were profusely decorated with American and
Italian flags. In the middle of the block a chapel
was built on the sidewalk, where contributions were
received. Italians who had been delivered from sick
ness ,md who prayed for continued good liealth
left their offerings on a large tin plate. I^ast night
the plate was filled with bills of all denomination!!.
Two bra.se bunds, one In the street and another on
a huge stand, discoursed music. At 7 o'clock a pro
cession, led by both bands. marvh«U through Eliza
beth. Bayard. Mulberry and Mott t-ts., after which
there was an illumination and display of fireworks.
The crowning feature of the occasion was the
ascension of the angels. Two young men, dressed
in white, with huge wings attached to their shoul
ders, were hoisted in th«_- air by means of blocks
and falls. They remained suspended in midair for
some minutea. while the bands played, fireworks
were set off and tile crowd cheered.
Santa Fortuna. in whose honor the festivities
were given, was a martyr to Christianity, who
lived In the third century. She wa/s auout fifteen
years old and the daughter of a noble family. lr
bano. Governor of Palestrina, urged her to renounce
i'hrlstianity and marry his son. She refused and
was promptly r-.rndemned to death. As the story
toes, the executioners tried to burn her at the
stake, but :he flames had no effect. Next she
was pla .-d in an arena with a ferocious lion She
made a few signs to the beast, and, instead of at
tacking her. n turned Its attention to I'rbano
Diocleziami, the Emperor of Rome, was determined
that Santa Fortuna must die, but before he could
devise means of killing her she prayed that she be
delivered from her tormentors and taken to heaven
and died. She was buried In Home, but in 1790 the
Pope gave permission for the removal of her body
to Baucina, where it now rests. Since that time
the Italians have annually paid tribute to her
Wash japftniie'i ware with a sponge dampened
. -m water and dry it immediately with a soft
cloth. .cv. c v OB nr.i.lled with a woollen cloth will
remove obstinate spots.
in cleaning papier inache articles, use a sponge
moistened with cold water. They may be polished
with flour and a flannel cloth. j ;
Cold chicken may be used in a chicken souffle. it
will make m excellent luncheon dish. For two
cupfuls of finely chopped meat, make a white
gauce of one cupful of milk and a tablespoonful
each of butter and flour. Season the chicken with
Fait, pepper and chopped parsley -flavor the sauce
whUe cooking with a bit of hex-leaf Mix the two .
and when they have cooled somewhat, fold In —
Pliffly beaten whites of four eggs. -Turn Into it
bakns dish and bake for fifteen^ minutes iin a,
moderate oven. Upon removing from the oven.'
™rye at once In the- dish in which it Is made.
Stained brass may be cleaned with whiting and
mm"; . ;
Hprainy croquette* are delfcious for breakfast.
Soften on* cupful of cold cooked hominy with a
mtu hot milk. Add the beaten yolk lof in /*»
Bait the mixture to tutt. «t,d when It ii cold form
Into croquette* Ft> In d.« fat.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 10. 1901.
-. ¦ .
The Sand-man carries lint
Made of ravelled thistle down.
All powdered o'er with pollen
From drowsy popples blown.
And he cures all Baby's hurts—
With his sleepy, soothing hand, . ¦
As he rubs on his salve fresh from Dreamland.
And Slap-bang and Brulsy;
Come one. and come all.
And use of the salve of the Sand-man.
Just lay your little head !
In your own dear mamma's lap
And close the tear glued lashes
As If to take a nap:
Then listen for the Sand-man.
Crooning low a slumber song.
While he rubs on the salve fresh from Dreamland.
Come Whack-on-the-fo»-eht a<'.
And Slap-bang and Brulsy;
Come ore. and come all.
And use of the salve of the Sand-man.
—(Mary H. Flanner, In Good Housekeeping.
All letters anil pHcUuKeM Intended for the
T. S. S. ahould lie nddremipd to the Tribune
Siinnhlne Society,' Trlnoii,- ' lluiltl New-
If the above Hti<lre»» In ••nr«-full> ohttervea,
coininnnicii tiaiiH Intended for the 'I. S. S.
will be leMH likely In go uHtniy.
UfAlij BOYS ENJOY THEMSELVES.
The weather was so uncomfortably hot on Sat
urday that the president of the T. S. S. decided to
take another Snshine trolley party to Fort George.
There were fifty-two boys and six grownups. The
former were barefooted and had on old clothes,
but the party was one of the merriest yet taken
out. The boys sang and shouted as only boys can.
The usual games were played under the trees, but
the great event with them was the ice cream.
Some ate the cream so slowly that the president
said: "Why don't you hurry a little, boys?" One
barefooted urchin replied: "'Cos we want to make
It last a long time." Mrs. Burns will take out two
more small parties this week.
Mrs. Packard, superintendent of the "Little
Mothers' " Aid Association at Happy Day House,
will take a large Sunshine trolley party to Pelham
Bay Park this week. The party will be made up
of delicate girls and boys, some of them partial
cripples. They will enjoy a good meat dinner in
the middle of the dHy. and ice cream, and those
who are able to ko in bathing will be allowed to
Mrs. Brockett, of East Orange, N. J.. has sent
four boxes of flowers containing a great variety of
beauty. There were petunias, clove pinks, sweet
peas, queen's lace, heliotrope, nasturtiums, white
lilies and golden rod. A box of pink and white as
ters came from Canajoharie. N. V.. and a basket
of lovely autumn flowers from Louise Kraft, six
yearß old. of llonesdale. Perm. The usual contribu
tion of lovely flowers waa received from M. and P
Burns, of Merrick. Long Island: a box of blossoms
came from Miss M. R. Gold, of East Orange.
The poems sent by Miss Hattle P. Gray have
already appeared in the column, so they will be
passed on to one who is making a scrapbook col
Mrs. C. B. McLean of Mascotte, Lake County.
Fla.. Ib In poor health and orach depressed in
splrltß. She lives In a lonely place, with little to
divert her mind. So.ne cheery letters from North
ern members will help to brighten the way
The chairman of the Nlnety-ninth-st. playground
reports a box of lovely flowers received from Mrs.
William L. Gerrish. who Is spending the summer
at New-Canaan, Conn. This gift greatly delighted
the children. One little sick boy, wfco was brought
to the playiErround In a wheel chair just as the
flowers arrived, burled his face in the fragrant
ones given him as though they were the most
precious things In the world.
Mrs. Gerrinh has kindly offered to send flowers to
the sick members within any distance reached
quickly by special delivery.
Mrs. H. F. Clark, of Westboro, Mass., acknowl
edges the receipt of a package for the Richmond
(Va.> Industrial School box from Miss H. Llndsley,
of Washington; papers from Mrs. S. Bernstein
and other contributions without names. When
ever the members find some remnant of muslin
or any wash goods sufficient to make an apron,
waist, short skirt, etc., for little girls, will they
please forward the same to Mra. Clark, who will
make them up into garments before forwarding to
this colored school for little girls?
The noble deed, wrought often all unknown—
The suffering borne without complaint or moan —
The harsh word checked— the little kindness shown.
Are harp strings to "the sound that has no sound."
/V SHOPPI\<i FOR MEX.
MANY NEW AND ATTRACTIVE STYLES IN
NECKWEAR-NEGLIGEES FOR FALL.
Women who do shopping for their husbands
from time to time will find an attractive variety
in the line of neckwear. Green Is the color par
excellence for fashionable neckwear this season.
There has been a prejudice against It in the past,
but this has evidently disappeared, to judge from
the numberless shades and combinations in which
It figures. Russian green is the newest shade.
This combines well with other colors, being bright,
yet not startling-. One sees such odd fancies as
olive color used with navy blue, or hunter's green
and navy, and myrtle with purple. '
The turndown collars are somewhat lower now
than formerly, and have more space for the tie,
hence larger scarfs are admissible than have been
commonly worn. Bat wings are to be popular, and
the ends are frequently embroidered.
There is almost as much room for distinctive
taste in selecting men's hose us in women's these
days. Ribbed silk half hose, with lace openwork
between the ribs, are much In favor. Daisy blos
soms, of the tiniest kind, embroidered on silk hose
in white, re.d or gold are really strikingly pretty.
Then there are strlpings, horizontal or vertical, In
llsles and cashmeres, and quiet toned embroidered
effects. Black half hose, perfectly plain, are
chosen by many men for lounging wear with low
The golf gloves are usually made of gray or
white buckskin, with tan points arranged orna
mentally on the back, and tan dog- or deer skin
In the palms for greater durability. One large
horn button closes the glove on the upper part
of the wrist, and there are holes on the knuckles,
so that freedom of action Is secured for the hand
in playing. ,
Pajamas of striped Oxford cloth, of a white er
fect. and bound with a colored material, as blue
or red, are among other novelties, and of dress
ing robes there Is an unlimited choice. A material
of silk and linen* makes comfortable robes but most
fanciful of all are the expensive ones of English
foulard These run in color combinations pr red
and buff and buff figured hunter's green with blue.
The latest thing in colored shirts is a pale yel
low or corn color ground, with either black or
white stripes running up and down. Five P'^ts
are often made on each side of the centre of the
bosom. The full negligees delude lights «lght
Cheviots. with fancy stiff bosoms. P eatings «r«
much In evidence, both box and side pleats being
equally.: stylish. , Polka dots are- as P°!' v ' ar .***£
some meni as the. stripes are with others Mucn
ingenuity has been displayed by the different Blurt
makers in having their pleating* harmonize per
fectlj with the; pattern of the gooas.
/FALL LVD \\l\Tli: MODELS: ?
O. 'Haas Brothers. ladies' tailors and dress
makers at No, 345 Fifth-aye.. opposite the Waldorf-
Astoria Motel, offer to make to order until the
opening of ,ihe season $80 gowns for Ho and black
broadcloth>iits^or $55.. The. quality of .fabrics
winter models; is now on exhibition, „
FAT* work OF Republic Ay WOMI \
The \\..«. End* Woman's Republican Club, of
which Mrs W. H. Trafton-ls president, has Just
issued. Its proßramme for. the season Among Hie
subjects to be discussed, are , "/Political Issues of
,>,„ mm mi ten " "by* Miss Helen Varick Boswell;
•¦N>w Te^env-n< House Law," .Mrs. F. ¦' Mnrr.ll;
"Public Libraries." Mm. Jesse Larra bee, 'Dif
ferent Form, of Republican Governments." Mrs. J.
Edward Murray "Politic*] Education of the
Uuiei." Mra. John Wiss.
Hay. you had a kindness shown
T'hm It on.
'Twas not given for you alone —
Pass It on.
Let It travel down the year*.
Let It Trip* another's tears.
Till In heaven the deed appears—
Pau It on.
BROKERS LA V CORXERSTONE
SIMPI.K CUtmONIES AT THE NEW
STOCK BXCHANGI BriLDING.
A brief and simple programme wag carried out
ytsterday afternoon In the laying of the corner
stone of the new Stock Exchange Building, in
Broad-st. About three hundred members of the
Exchange had assembled on the temporary plat
form when at 4:30 o'clock Vice-Presldent Thomas,
acting in his capacity as chairman of the building
committee, began his historical address, at the
closa ji which he introduced President Rudolph
Keppler, who In his remarks dwelt upon the duties
and functions of the Stock Exchange, Its Intimate
relations to the public, the importance and neces
sity of its facilities to both the investing public
and the promoters of Industrial, financial end com
mercial enterprises, and the high sense of honor
characterizing the members of the Exchange In
their business dealings.
It was nearly 5 o'clock when President Keppler
finished speaking. Then the massive granite
cornerstone was slowly lowered upon its bed of
mortar, and President Keppler, striking It three
times with a sliver gavel handed to him by Mr
Wills, the contractor, declared the stone "firmly
and truly laid." The exercises closed with three
LAYING THE CORNERSTONE OF THE NEW-YORK STOCK EXCHANGE YESTERDAY.
cheers for the New-York Stock Exchange find its
About forty policemen in uniform were drawn
op In line In Broad-st.. near the site of the new
building, entrance to which waa restricted to mem
bers of the Exchange and newspaper men. On the
speakers' platform, which was just Inside the
fence on the Broad-st. side and was draped with
American •flags, stood, in addition to President
Keppler and Vice- President Thomas, a number of
members of the governing committee and veteran
board members, among them William Alexander
Smith, the oldest living member, who was admit
ted to the Exchange on December 17. 1544; Oswin
O'Brien, whose membership In the Exchange dates
from May S. hv'.H. and who was present when the
cornerstone of the Exchange building, just demol
ished, was laid, and Donald Mackay. of Yermllye
& Co.. one of the ex-presidents of the institution.
The cornerstone is a handsome blo<;k of granite,
of the usual size, and was especially ordered from
the Maine quarries. On the main side it bears the
date MCMI. It will form one side of the F-inja-d
st., or main entrance to the Exchange.
H. O. ARMOUR'S GENEROSITY,
THOMAS A. M'IXTYRE TELLS OF THE DEAD
MERCHANT'S FINE CHARACTERISTIC.
Members of the Produce Exchange had many
kind words yesterday for Herman Ossian Armour,
who died at Saratoga on Sunday. "He was one
of the old fashioned merchant princes of whom
we have none left here," said a banker. One ol Mi
Armour's most pronounced characteristics was his
tremendous energy. He never dropped a pla.ll of
any kind when once he. hat! decided that It was
worth pushing through to completion. Throughout
bin life he was a hard worker, although he did not
spend bo much time at his business as his brother
Philip. "He placed the utmost confidence upon his
judgment of men," said Thomas A. Mclntyre, of
Alclntyre & Marshall, In which tirm Mr. Armour
was v special purtner; and Mr. Melntyre added:
He seemed to know by intuition whether a man
coulU be trusted. When Mr. Armour believed in
any one he trusted that person implicitly. 11. araa
very liberal in this respect, and his life was a
happy one. because he was not constantly on the
lookout for deceit and underhand methods. He
waa sympathetic, cordial and wholeaouled. I never
knew a man who loved his friends so faithfully,
lie was one of our Hue old merchants, and can be
compared only to such men as David Dows, John
Flske and Jesse iloyt, with whom he was inti
mate. His discernment was unusually keen, and
rarely did his judgment err. H<* vas what we
call a "lifter" rather than a "wrecker. " 1 always
admired Mr. Armour for the qultt. unostentatious
way in which he gave to charity. Whenever a
member of the Exchange was In difficulty Mr.
Armour did more than his share to help him regain
his feet. Here Is a single instance: Twenty-five
years ago a man who handled some of the lighter
age business of the Erie Railroad found himself
in debt to the amount of $55,000. because of the
sudden disappearance of his associate. Calling on
the partner, who bravely went to work to reor
ganize the business. Mr. Armour said:
"Why don't you pay your debts'.'"
"I can't do it now; 1 shall when I can." was the
"But why can't you?" insisted Mr. Armour, In
his impulsive way. ,
"Because. I am practically without a cent."
"Well, if you don't settle with your creditors at
once 1 shall." Mr. Armour said.
The man objected strongly. be> ause of his ;:il
but not m.my hours after his interview wit. Ml
Armour he found that hi« debts b^tl been paM
That man died thirteen years ago worth half a
million dollars. Mr. Armour knew that the man
had »c elements of success in him. I know of
1 ¦th'-r penerous things which this whole
souled man did. but I am not sure that It would be
ritht to stieak of them now. I am acauainted with
perhaps 2".00i> men. and not one of them is as
great v man >s Mr. Armour was. He waa one of
!//,'>. \ 177 m \ / V COURT.
ARRAIGNED FOR DISORDERLY CONDUCT—
SENTENCE SUSPENDED WITH
Mrs. Carrie Nation, who was arrested at Coney-
Island on Saturday night for "hatchetlng" a cigar
case owned by Jacob Wallenstelnin Steeplechase
Park. was the centre of attraction In the Coney Isl
and police court yesterday morning. Patrolman
Ryder declared that Mrs. Nation had been making
herself obnoxious all of Saturday evening by pull-
Ing cigars and cigarettes from the mouths of men
and boys.' When she was arrested. Ryder testified,
she lay down on the walk, so that It was neces
sary to drag her part way to the station house.
'.'Didn't I tell you." snapped Mrs, Nation, "that
your breath srnellecl so strongly of beer th.it I
would not go with you?"
Ryder admitted the remark, but emphatically de
clared that Mrs. Nation's insinuations were false.
On the stand the prisoner said aha regarded It to
be her mission "to smash that which smashes man
kind." - :
The proprietor of the cigar stand upon which she
wreaked vengeance had. she said, been Insulting
toward her. This statement was corroborated.
Magistrate Voorhees suspended sentence. She was
an earnest but mistaken philanthropist, he, said.
but would be severely punished if she caused any
further disturbance. •• r' ¦ '
When Mrs. 'Nation was being placed in the prison
van on Sunday morning sli. struggled so vigorously
that handcuffs had to be placed upon her. She ad
mitted having called the van driver a "bent noaed.
Saturn faced, drunken devil." ,
SCHOOLS STILL LACK ROOM
SUPERINTENDENT MAXWELL THINKS
ENROLMENT WILL EXCEED SEATS
BY OVER FIFTY THOUSAND.
All the public schools In the borough* of Man
hattan and The Bronx were opened for the school
year yesterday. At the close of the last school
year there were only a few less than a quarter of
a million enrolled pupils In the public schools of
Manhattan and The Bronx, and the new pupils urn
expected to outnumber those who drop out by about
twelve thousand. Three new schools have been
opened, with a seating capacity of forty-four hun
dred, but as one of these takes the place of a con
demned building, the Increase In accommodations I?
really about three thousand, making the total num
ber of available seats In the two boroughs I*67, C*»)
Children were turned away from nearly ever:
schoolhouse In Manhattan and The Bronx, because
the new pupils are chiefly In the primary depart
ments, which are overflowing with' youngsters,
while there are many vacancies in the upper
grades. As rapidly as possible pupils will be
promoted, so as to fill up the higher grades a -:'.
make room for the youngsters In the primary rooms
and in the kindergartens, and it is expected that
when the annexes which have been rented In the
congested districts, but which are not yet ready for
use, have been opened and the new building at
Lewis and Houston sts.. is ready for occupancy,
the children will all be accommodated, at least In
part time classes.
Dr. W. L. Ettinger said there was much miscon
ception about the overcrowding of the schools. At
each school a list was kept of those who cou-ld not
be accommodated, and they were sent for when
there was room for them. Many who were turned
away went from school to school, thus getting
their names on two, three or even four lists, ami
swelling the apparent number of those who -had
been turned away. Many of those who were put In
part time classes also went to other schools and
tried to get In part time classes there, thus making
up a full day by attending one school In the morn-
Ing and another in the afternoon. All these things,
he pointed out. made the lack of school accommo
dations more apparent than real.
Superintendent Jasper, of the Manhattan and The
Bronx schools, said that there would tie no com
plete figures for a few days, but that he expected
an Increase ' of from twelve thousand to fifteen
thousand in the enrolment In Manhattan and The
Bronx, and that he was endeavoring- to have those
parents who could afford to pay carfare and Who
lived in the congested districts, to send their chil
dren to schools which were not so crowded, and tr>
thus make room in the Baal Side schools for those
who had to attend those schools.
Superintendent Maxwell expects that the enrol
ment la the great- r city will reach nearly half a
million. There are seats for 441.000 pupils.
ATTKNTtANCE IN BROOKLYN.
IT IS ESTIMATED AT TKN TH< v S* ND IN
EXCESS OF LAST YKAR
John H. Walsh. Acting Superintendent of Schools
fur the Borough of Brooklyn, in the absence of
Superintendent Ward, said last nieh". That he would
not be able to tell how many pupils had registered
at the 138 schools opened yesterday until he re
ceived the reports from the principals to-morrow.
He estimated, however, that one hundred and sixty
thousand boys and girls had enrolled. This is an
increase of about ten thousand over last year,
which Is due to the steady growth of the borough.
The highwater mark in attendance will not be
reached probably until October.
At every school yesterday the opening services
were marked by prayers for President M Kinley
and for his speedy return to health
Part time easma wii; • ¦ -. aJaai so ih.if every
ohiid will be able to ;*et some instx - ¦ sry day.
It is estimated th.v the full privileges of about
thirty thousand children will be curtailed In tht-<
way. Eighty more classrooms will be available in
about a month hy the completion of new s<-i - -
DEFENDING WATEM OFFICIALS.
COMMISSIONERS OF ACCOUNTS CRITICISE
WORK OF THE MERCHANTS
In a printed sixty-page report just made to
Mayor Van. Wyck of their examination of the books
and records and an audit of the receipts, amount
ing to $4.271.072 38. of the Bureau of Wr.ter Register
of the Department of Water Supply, boroughs of
Manhattan and The Bronx, for the fiscal year end- ]
Ing April 30. 1901. the Commissioners of Accounts
analyze the presentment of the November Grand
Jury on the Bureau of Water Register, and at
tempt to reconcile the statements made therein '
v/'lh the conditions as found by their examinations. ;
The Important point In the report is an adverse j
criticism of th«» Merchants' Association, because M
made an attack on the bureau system, alleging
laxness in keeping the books. The commissioners.
in proceeding to show that the presentment of the
grand Jury was based on a superficial examination
made by the Merchants' Association, say: i
From our Inquiry at the Bureau of Water Regis
ter, we rind that a' representative of the Merchants*
Association, claiming to be an accountant, called
at the bureau and looked at several of the books,
but n.ade no examination, his purpose. as he
claimed, being to enable him to estimate, how long
it would take to make an examination of the books
of the bureau. We also find that on the same day
this game party called at the office of the Depart
ment of Water Supply. Including the office of the
chief engineer, and i-> this representative of the
Merchants' Association made no examination of
tic books, having spent less thin two hours in the
entire department, we must assume that the refer- I
ences. contained in. the eighth paragraph of the.
grand Jury's presentment, 1 to a most unfortunate-
state of things, and In the Interview of the.secre- j
tary of •...• Merchants* • Association, to the ays- ;
tern of keeping the city's accounts, were Intended
to apply to the Bureau of Water Register.
' Th- commissioners then show, as a result of the
grand jury's presentment, that .1 joint committee
of the Chamber of Commerce and the Merchants*
• Association was appointed, for the purpose of go
ing over the books of the various departments, and
then lote thr following statement, said to have
been made by the secretary of the Merchants* As
Our investigation in connection with, the water
supply demonstrated to the men on the committee
that the system of kt-pping city accounts ha« be
come, so Involved and complicated that It was prac
tically Impossible for even an expert accountant
- ascertain how matters stood.
The commissioners deny this complication In th«
Having previously shown that we we- • enabled t«>
readily audit th«» receipts .of -the Bureau -of .Water
Register for the five years from May 1. IS?*, to May
1 l'^> amounting 10 $13.i24,«aR (16 and in so certify
to your honor and to trie Controller we were .
somewhat surprised at the sweeping charges con
tained In the presentment of the (rand Jury and '
in th« numerous Interview*.
ANSWER TO WAKEMAS'S CHARGES.
GEORGE BORGFKI.DT A " **AY THAT
TIIKIR -F-RA'T: KS WF.RK r.NT.Y A
cxKRicAL warn k
George Borjfeldt A Co. importers and commis
sion merchants, yesterday made awhile the corre
spondence between Appraiser Wakeman. tha Wm>
rotary ' 1 asury and the committee o* lm
orlow BOM asked that certain appointment* made
Appraiser be reconsidered. In am report.
dated Auaust ». Mr. Wakeman said that (>">r«e
¦ ¦¦, ¦¦¦¦'. .lt & <o. had heen entity of practices which
: give their signature" upon the petition »a>
. department no standing. Mr. Wakeman
snid that his reference to that arm waa baaed
upon the fact that it had entered cases c, r mm
. o> at Newport News without having paid
the necessary additions to the proper market value
required by a decision of the Board of United
In r^ply to the Appraiser's report to the Secre
tary off thl -asury. George Borgfeldt * Cat
• :>sued the following statement:
Tha frf SB as shown by th* records in our office.
. ' - • ¦ w - received on the Sorrento, arriving hora
on May 15. 1898. 342 packages of chi-a. toys. • -
"£, were billed to this port and entered hera
- : and lfl billed to Newport N«>w»,
I were duly entered. Th»- \-w-Vnrk.
entry consisted of twenty-nine Invoices, with a
dutiable value of $4,421. and on one of these In
voices, amounting to J2SO. Borgfeldt A Co. added to
make "market value" 2*, per cent, amounting to
$7 the duty on which was «» per cent, or $4 20.
This addition represented the J"A per cent discount
which one manufacturer, out of the twenty-etna.
Invoices, allowed them by reason of their '.arga
purchases, in excess of what was allowed other
buyers. Under the decisions of the Board of Gen
eral Appraisers, such extra discounts must be
added on entry, to make what is termed "market
value." On the Newport News entry, consisting of
ten Invoices, on one Invoice of twenty-four cases
appeared six cases of goods from the -:-.- uianu
facturer. of I value of $100. to which th" entry
clerk in error omitted to add the sum of 12 50. th«
duty on which amounted to $1 30. which was dis
covered by the Appraiser at Newport News, added
to the duties and paid.
What Mr. Wakeman characterizes as "practices'*
therefore resolves Itself into a single clerical error,
involving at the most but $1 50 of duties.
LXSPKrTOKs H \h'l> 11 "RhED.
SUCH MOUNTAINS OF BAGGAGE TO B3
EXAMINED THAT TO FINISH IT
QUICKLY IS IMPOSSIBLE.
These are the days when the Custom Hnas» In
spectors who examine the baggage of returning:
tourists work hard. It is estimated that more than,
one hundred thousand persons are on the other
side of the ocean preparing to come home within
a short time. Each steamer coming- to this port
is bringing- Its quota, and the number of pieces
of baggage that each passenger carries Is limited
usually only by the size of his purse or the num
ber of the feminine members of his family who
are with him. As a consequence the inspectors
have little rest.
Last Friday, for instance, the Auguste Victoria,
arrived with 494 passengers, w ; oeo baggage It was
necessary to examine, and the n w French steam
er. La Savole. brought 413. There were thirteen
other steamers of minor importance, but they
kept the inspectors so busy that they worked
steadily from early in the morning until after
midnight before the last piece of baggage was
finished and they could go to their homes and
snatch a few hours of sleep— not many hours.
however, for they were obliged to be on hand
early Saturday morning to meet th«» Bohemian.
which brought ninety-two passengers, with their
accompanying pieces of baggage.
Eleven steamers entered port on Saturday, amon;
which were, besides the Bohemian, the Bulgaria.
with 246 passengers; the Monterey, with 119 passen
gers; the Philadelphia, with »*» passengers; th«
Umbrla. with 595 passengers, and the Celtic, with
419 passengers. These are only the- big steamers,
which carry a number of passengers sufficiently
large to require the presence of a considerable
force of examiners. The others are not consid
ered, because their passenger lists are small, anil
the baggage doer not consume much time. j
Every available examiner has been called tato
service, and even these seem to be insufficient to
meet the heavy demand. Passengers who are In
a hurry should remember this, but few of the new
ones do. The travellers who have mad© many
trips abroad are the best tempered, because they
know from experience that all expedition is used]
to facilitate their departure from the piers. Im
patient ones are usually people who have never
before passed through the experience of having
their baggage examined, and who appear to think
that the government provides a force of inspectors
at each steamer pier equal to the number of i>a»
sengers carried on the vessel.
Colonel J.i in. Story is in charge of th«* force of
examiners on the piers. He me- every steamer
that comes into port trom a foreign country and
directs the attacks of the examiner.* on the hag;
gage. Nowadays he is not only worked lard, but
his .-> is bothered out of him. almost, by passon
grrs who think they should have extra accommo
da lions. It Is the usual thins for Colonel Story t»
be asked a score of times on each steamer's ar
rival to take an Inspector out of the line and
assign htm to examine the baggase of one pas
senger who is in a hurry. Of course. It Is lmpo»-'
slble for him to accommodate people in this way
and demoralize the service, as well ax rob other
passengers of their rights. but the hasty ones do
not think of that, and usu:.!l.\ go away from th«
colonel exasperated and feeling that they hay»
been treated shamefully.
As one of the examiners put it yesterday. ' The
word for the inspectors is work." Just now, and
for the passengers, 'patience.' '"
TO DOUBLE CAPACITY OF ELEVATOR.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company is making
improvements on Its immense grain elevator at
Thirl st Jersey City, which, when completed, win
double the capaclty.of th«* -.•.:-.» At present the
structure ha* a capacity of bushels ,
grain. The improvements will be complete*! by De
cember. ; . .
Unioa Sqaare. North. 2* 1. 17th Street.
We have imported a number of choice
FRENCH MARBLE fUNTELS,
FRENCH and ITALIAN
andirons; FIRE SCREENS,
OUR OWN FOUNDRIES AND S HOPS.
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