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SUNDAY. DECEMBER 2fl. 15VU
7/7 F. XEWS THIS MORXTXG.
FOREIGN.— Lord Kitchener reports the casu
alties suffered by the British at Zeefonteln in
the defeat of Colonel Firman's column by De
"Wet as six officers and fifty men killed, eight
officers wounded and four missing; the rest of
the command, about 150 men. were taken pris
oners by the Boers, who effected a surprise of
the camp by climbing a precipice. ■■ - Senator
Chauncey M. Depew and Mles May Palmer were
married in Nice, religious ceremonies being
celebrated in the Catholic and American
churches there. The revolution in Venez
uela Is spreading; the rebels are awaiting th"
landing: of arms and ammunition from the fili
bustering steamer Ban Rtgh. == Severe fight
.:(. Is reported at different points in Colombia,
in which the government troops were said to be
victorious. == Fresh demonstrations in the
rtreets of Buenos Ayres were suprre?ped by the
police; It Is said that, owing to the warlike feel
ing at the Argentine capital, the negotiations
between Argentina and Chill have been seri
ously interrupted. = Denmark is expected
to hold the negotiations for the sale of Its West
Indian islands to th!.« country open until the
question has been submitted to a. plebiscite.
DOMESTIC— Schley and his counsel
held a long conference to consider taking legal
proceedings in behalf of the Admiral. == An
drew Carnegie has changed the form of his offer
of $10,000,000 for higher education to the gov
ernment, so that the gift will not be la Steel
Corporation bonds. - ■ - ■■- The battleship Mis
souri was launched at Newport News and
named by Miss. Marion Cockrell, of the State
from which it taV -.i its name; Secretary Long
made a speech C. fording appropriations for the
navy. — - '">.-• Cannon Ball express train on
the Be n and Maine Railroad was wrecked at
Nashua. N. 11.. and two men were killed. . ■ ■■
The American Economic and Historical asso
ciations continued their sessions In Washington.
ClTY.— Stocks were strong and active. =
The Board of Elections declared Perry Bel
mor.t the regular Democratic nominee for Con
gress in the Vllth District. = President-elect
Swanstrom of the Borough of Brooklyn an
nounced his appointments of a Commissioner of
Public Works and a Superintendent of Build -
Ings for that borou&h. :: — -— A. C. McNnlty,
leader of the Bryan Democratic League, was ap
pointed Deputy Commissioner of Correction.
■'. '■ The new Civil Service Commission elect
ed George McAneny, secretary of the board.
• ■■■ It we* learned that Julius M. Mayer
would probably be appointed justice of Special
Cessions to succeed Justice Jerome. • ■ - The
Queens County grand jury made a presentment
against the police for permitting gambling in
Queens Borough. — i- A southbound Broad
way electric car crashed into a crowded Madi
•on-st. horsecar at Duane-et., and three pas
sengers on the horsecar were injured, one seri
ously. . . - The report of the Commissioners of
Accounts showed that Charles M. Alden, the
missing acting Charities Department treasurer,
was over $3,000 short in his accounts. The
employes of the Finance Department gave a
silver service to Controller Coler. ■ ■ A. A.
Maginnis. a son-in-law of W. M. Tweed and a
prominent resident of New-Orleans, died at the
-Astoria. = Controller Coler finished
the hearing of charges against Colonel Gllon
and reserved his decision.
THE WEATHER.— Forecast for to-day: Rain.
The temperature yesterday: Highest. 4.1 de
grees; lowest. 34 degrees; average. 39 degrees.
THE VENEZUELAN CRISIS.
Troubles accumulate upon the head of Presi
dent Castro. His campaign against Colombia
fails, or at any rate does not succeed. He is
confronted with a formidable revolt In his own
land. He is, moreover, menaced with coercive
action on the part of various European powers
for the forcible collection of debts long due.
This last mentioned is the latest and most seri
ous of the Venezuelan autocrat's Involvements.
The claims of France, it Is said, may be ad-
Justed without trouble. But Germany is urgent
and menacing. Her warships are gathering
near Venezuelan ports, and she is evidently pre
paring a blockade if not an actual temporary
seizure of the latter until such time as the satis
faction of her claims shall be assured. Presi
dent Csstro maintains a defiant front, and may
be so infatuated as to try to resist German
fore* with force. It is pretty evident, however,
that his chief reliance is upon external succor.
He apparently hopes that the United States will
intervene for bis protection "under the Monroe
Doctrine," or that the large foreign commercial
interests at Venezuelan ports will serve as a
barrier against German aggression.
Such hopes are probably quite vain. The atti
tude of the United States is no doubt the de
cisive factor in the problem. If It does not in
tervene, do other country will. If it should in
terrene, no other would stand against it. At
present its intentions are not disclosed, but its
rery proper massing of a naval force in the
Caribbean superior to that of any other power
shows that It is fully awake to the situation, and
means to be prepared for anything that may
occur. Neither are Germany's intentions dis
closed, nor has the nature of the understanding
between Germany and the United States been
revealed. What is of supreme significance, how
ever, is th« fact— it seems to be a fact— that a
satisfactory understanding between these two
does exist. There is no reason to suppose that
the United States will stand in the way of a
proper satisfaction of whatever just claims Ger
many may have against Venezuela, and cer
tainly none to fear that Germany will pursue
measures offensive to the United States. Much
sensational stuff, of interested inspiration, has
been published about Germany's deep, dark and
desperate designs upon the shores of the Carib
bean ho?tile to the United States. But it should
be obvious to even the most superficial intelli
gence that to quarrel with the United States, or
to give this country just ground for complaint,
is; about the last thing In the world that Ger
many wants to do. It Is not a question of one
nation being . frnid of the other. ■ It Is a ques
tion of international ti«. of blood,' of commerce
and of Interests in general being too strong to
permit for .- moment anything like serious
As to the Monroe Doctrine, which Is Invoked
by some with more vociferation than discretion,
■ we cannot perceive that It Is in serious danger
of involvement. "That venerable and beneficent
instrument forbids the colonization forcibly,
through conquest, of course— of the American
V continents by any European power. It does not
appear that Germany has any thought of colo
nizing Venezuela. Also the doctrine forbids any
Interposition for the purpose of oppressing or
'of controlling the destinies of the American re
publics. But we cannot recall that the collec
tion of Just debts has been judicially or Judi
ciously declared to be oppression, or that the tem
porary blockade or occupation of a port has
been wisely deemed a control of the destinies of
the country- The Monroe Doctrine is a charter
of protection in the legitimate development of
Independent nationalities In the three Americas.
It i«= not and never was a charter of Interna
tional libertinism. It may properly be invoked
for protection against conquest. It is not to
be used as a screen for refractory and con
tumacious debtors. The fundamental ques
tion is, of course, whether the claims of
Germany are Just. It is to be assumed that the
United States Government has been amply as
sured upon that point. If they are just they
should be paid. The Monroe Doctrine grants
no exemption from liability for them. Nor does
President Castro commend himself to sympathy
in spending Venezuela's money in campaigns
against Colombia Instead of using it to pay the
The fatal runaway of a heavy express auto
mobile in Third-aye. on Friday night emphasizes
the frequently noted need not only of greater
care in the handling of these vehicles, but also
of much more study for their perfection before
they are universally adopted for use in our
streets. The abuse of their privileges by the
reckless automobile racers has convinced almost
every community which they frequent, both at
home and abroad, of the necessity of imposing
strict limits upon their speed, providing distinct
regulations for their conduct and requiring
proofs of competence to manage the machines.
We may expect In due time to see the persons
who think it smart to dash along roads at the
rate of fifty miles an hour, frightening horses
and running over pedestrians, reduced to order
by wholesome discipline. Tn France, which had
experience with the automobile terror before we
did. a recent regulation compels every automo
bile to carry nt front and rear in large figures,
illuminated at night, its identification number.
Thus it will always be possible to call a driver
who causes damage to account, even ff he does
run away from his victim.
The Third-aye. accident does not seem to have
been the result of Indifferent recklessness,
though it may have been due to incompetence
and bad judgment. The machine was appar
ently goinsr at a higher rate of speed than was
safe on a steep grade, and doubtless the driver
should have thought of the difficulty of stopping
quickly at such a place. If he had been more
cautious he might have stopped, or at least
given people a chance to pet out of his way,
even with the brakes failing to work properly.
The immediate cause of trouble, however, is
said to have been the failure of the brakes to
■work. This fact is of croat significance. We
have turned loose in our streets a power the
control of which we cannot guarantee to our
selves. The public has had the same experi
ence with almost every invention of the kind.
The power of the steam locomotive was
developed lons before adequate safeguards were
devised for its control. When the use of elec
tricity was not half understood we set it cours
ing in our streets and through our houses before
we knew how to manage it. and paid the pen
alty in countless fires and fatal accidents. The
desire for novelty and the demands of com
merce put forces into harness before they are
Bo with the automobile. Only a little time
ago the problem was to secure a machine that
would go at all. The advance in that direction
has been out of proportion to the mechanical
and le>ral provision for safety in its use. Just
as railroads and electric light wires have been
repulated, so must the. automobile be. It can
not be allowed to have ihe liberty permitted to
a horse and waeon \mder laws made for horse
and wagon conditions. These groat machines
are mnr» comparable to a railroad train than to
an old fashioned road vehicle, and should be
regulated accordingly. They should in all cases
be required to have expert managers, and be
equipped with appliances fully adequate to the
control under all circumstances of the energy
which they wield.
SOUTH AFRICA* EXTREMES.
The pendulum still swings. One day there is
an important British victory and the next there
is a brilliant and successful Boer raid. One
week the wily and truculent Kritsinger is capt
ured and John Bull relaxes somewhat the grim-
I ness of his frown, and the next week the in
! domitable De Wet "rushes" a British camp and
Ooni Paul chuckles. So it has been going on
for weary months, and so it may continue to go
on for months to come. Perhaps the swing of
the pendulum is more strenuous in the one di
rection than the other, and is growing more and
more bo. But at the present rate it threatens
to be a long time yet before the vibrations cease
I and the pendulum is still. There is at present
| no promise of anything better than that the
thing shall keep on swinging until by slow at
trition the propulsive force on the Boer side is
completely worn away.
There are also other extremes in the case.
The British Government is understood to have
declared that not a trace of independence shall
be left to the Boers, and that unconditional sur
j render is the only possible settlement of hostili
ties. Those, say the Boers, or the Boers' friends,
are harsh and extreme demands, and If the
British would only modify them a little the.
Boers would yield to them. Very well. But the
Boers, on their part, have -with equal positive
ness declared that nothing will satisfy them
short of absolute independence and the elimina
tion of the last traces of British- authority.
Those, say the British, are extreme demands,
which cannot be granted; but if the Boers would
modify them a little they might form a basis of
negotiations. But each side sticks to Its ex
treme demands, although it knows it is asking
more than the minimum which would satisfy
It, and is thus prolonging the murderous and
More, perhaps we should say. than what ought
to satisfy it. "Independence" is a word which
in this case needs definition. Strictly applied,
as some pro-Boers affect to interpret it, the Brit
ish demand is that the Boers shall have nothing
whatever to say about their own government,
but shall be ruled as slaves or prisoners. In
fact, the British mean no such thing. They
mean that there shall be no more Boer inde
pendence of the British Empire, and that the
two States shall henceforth be as much subject
to imperial control as any other British colo
nies; but they also mean that within the limits
of the empire the Boers shall enjoy self-govern
ment as other colonies do. Is it replied that in
such status there is no real independence? Ask
the Canadians or the Australians what they
think of it!
"Unconditional surrender" seems to the Boers
a harsh term. Literally interpreted It Is; though
more than once within our memory it was the,
favorite war cry of this nation, and was inexo
rably demanded of and exacted from our own
brethren. But here men knew well what it
would mean—humane and generous treatment
of the vanquished. It must be equally well un
derstood that it has a similar meaning in South
! Africa. No rational man supposes that the Brit
t ish mean to exercise any unusual or atrocious
| measures upon the Boers after the latter have
j yielded. To what extent assurances upon that
.point should be proffer*! by the British may be
a questionable point. Their cause will be nil
I the stronger the more the world realizes-and
NEW-YORK DAILY TKtB^NB, SUNDAY. DECEMBER 29. 1901.
realize*! that the Boers realize— the humane
moderation of their purpo- s. But lacking any
additional assurances, the Boers will scarcely
commend their cause to the judicious by pre
tending to fear some hideous and unmention
able fate 1n case they yield. From a cisatlan
tic point of view it seems that the disastrous
experience of M. Hotin with his Panama Canal
might profitably be considered in South Africa.
If instead of both clinging to the most they can
demand the belligerents were to come down to
the least they would accept, they would prob
ably find themselves agreeing upon terms of
GEXERAL ROE DSMAWDB IMPROVEMEXT.
The annual report of th" major general com
manding the National Guard of New-York con
tains much valuable information, and shows
ihat General Roe Is not blind to the defects
whi-ii exist \v the State soldiery nor averse to
making them known to the public. While he
praises the Guardsmen for attention to mili
tary duties, he points to the fact that in the
•"zealous endeavor to advance to higher work
"attention to details is in too many organiza
tions not so particular and continuous as it
"should be." Or. in other words, matters of
detail have in many instances been allowed to
be slipshod to the detriment of discipline.
Wrangles and disputes among officers have
injured recruiting, and one of the results has
been that The attendance at drills iv one body
fell off until squads masqueraded as companies.
One organization had become so reduced in
numbers and so conspicuous on account of its
internal troubles that its disbandment was seri
ously discussed at Albany. But "influence"
was brought to bear, and the regiment, -with a
"brilliant future behind it." was allowed to
remain. The commanding officer undoubtedly
had a similarly constituted body in mind when
he said that "it is due to the good organizations
that poor ones be disbanded."
General Koe stamps the officer as lacking in
proper instruction and in the primary principles
of military duty who airs his imaginary wrongs
in the public press. It is well known that he
lias done much toward putting, an end to this
abuse, and he now calls upon the remaining
brigade commanders to eradicate the harmful
The candor with which them matters are djs
cussed will have a salutary effect upon the Na
tional Guard. If the warnings are not heeded
no personal or political influence should stand
in the wny of eliminating the element which
casts discredit upon the State's soldiery.
Turkey, unlike the bird that bears its name,
takes no stock in Christmas as a religious and
social festival, and does not hung up its hose in
expectancy of gifts after the manner of the
western nations. But it gets one this year in
the shape of a howl from Macedonia, overrun
with cutthroats and robbers of home produc
tion, demanding sonic form of relief.
The council of other countries think that
Turkey is the suitable instrument to effect
pacification there, and are anxious to have her
tackle the job. which she seems not unwilling
to do. She may find it as soft a Christmas
pudding as she found the whipping of Greece a
few years ago. Anyhow, the turbulent and dis
orderly Macedonian needs a Mtiind thrashing,
and If the Turk administers it it should count
to him for righteousness and bring him the re
ward of the world's approbation, a guerdon he
does not often get or deserve.
LITERATURE TH IDOL
In looking back over the year that is now
dying the reader finds much that is interesting,
if little that is really memorable to recall. The
death of the Queen produced a flood of elegies,
but nothing wholly worthy of the eveut was
published. Indeed, poetry cannot be said to
have flourished in the last twelve months. The
best things written have been, after all, of a
minor character. Lovers of literary discussion,
of pure criticism, have had. on the other hand,
some good work put before them. Mr. J. Chur
ton Collins brought out in March his volume en
titled "Ephemera Critlca." and the vigorous on
slaught which he made In that book upon log
rolling, mediocrity, flat incompetence and divers
other afflictions of contemporary literature hurt
the feelings of some individuals, but on the
whole did something to dear the air and to ad
vance the cause of honest thinking and clear
writing. Another good book of essays was pub
lished by Mr. Herbert Paul. In London, and a
third has only just appeared In New-York from
the pen of Mr. W. C. Brownell.
In biographical literature the year has been
rich. It has witnessed the publication of Mr.
Rnshlrigh Holt Whites "Life of Gilbert White
of Selborne." of Mr. Andrew Lang's "The Mys
tery of Mary Stuart," of Mr. Balfours "Life of
Robert Louis Stevenson." of "The Letters of
John Richard Green." which through Mr. Leslie
Stephens's admirable editing has the signifi
cance of a biographies I work; of Mr. Fea's
"King Monmouth," of Mr. Thompson's "Eugene
Field," of Mr. Taunton's "Thomas Wolsey." of
Mr. Scudder's "James Russell Lowell, "' and of
more Interesting bocks, Indeed, than it Is possi
ble to name in this place. We have also seen
the completion this year of "The Dictionary of
National Biography," and. alas! the death has
nlso been recorded of Mr. George Smith, the
founder and publisher of that indispensable
work of reference. Other matters having a per
sonal significance might bo mentioned, such as
the excommunication of Count Tolstoy by the
authorities of the Greek Church and the contro
versy precipitated around the name of Robert
Louis Stevenson by Mr. Henley's recent essay
on Mr. Balfour's biography of the novelist hut
into the domain of personalia it is perhaps
| scarcely worth while to enter.
Fiction, of course, has been rampant, and we
refrain from signalizing any of the innumerable
novel* and short stories which have appeared
upon the horizon. The list would be too long,
for It would Include in addition to several works
of exceptional interest a remarkable number of
books possessing merit. One of the salient liter
ary phenomena of the day is the high average
of excellence attained by novelists of the second
class. If there have been few brilliant stories
published since December 81; 1000, there have
been at least a score which It has been a pleas
ure to read. Two crazes have been responsible
i for some good work and for more bad. The suc
cess of "An Fnglish Woman's Love Letters"— a
book that may have its readers still, but long
! since ceased to get itself raved about- set un
j numbered writers to work along epistolary lines,
and boredom at one time threatened to envelop
the reading world. The popularity of the his
torical romance has likewise resulted in the in
fliction upon us of a vast amount of twaddle.
But there have always beeu new novels In the
perusal of which the horrorc of the letter writ
ers and the historical romancers could happily
be forgotten. ■'-? ... '-.^
One point in bo>k production and In "riodl
eal literature should especially be noted; illus
tration has reached a high standard in both de
partments, and this may hp »nid not only with
reference to the work of the nr'iets employed,
but where reproductive pneSMM are concerned.
The development of the latter hns been extraos>
din:irtly gratifying, resulting In th* publication
of an enormous quantity of pood miscellaneous
illustrations, and especially in the production of
n *rrent number of works of art history and of
tint-..! which would not have bee n half so inter
esting if the camera and the processes aforesaid
had not enabled authors and publishers to ac
complish things scarcely dreamed of a few short
years ago. The improvement observed between
the covers of books has been hardly more re
markable than that secured In the pages of
magazines and newspapers. Altogether the year
leaves pleasant memories.
With nearly $3,000.000 000 worth of property
destroyed by fire In the United States during
the last quarter of p century, the n^d of an
lncreasei supply of fireproof building material
and more stringent la^vs enforcing its use would
apprar to be In order
It is now practically assured that within a
few years trolley lines will carry passengers be
tween New-York and "Washington, between
New- York and Boston and between New- York
and Buffalo without chnnge of oars, and at an
av^raee speed of at least twenty miles an hour
and at moderate fares. What a nation of trav
ellers within their own borders Americans
James R. Keene's American stable is likely to
achieve lofty honors, rich prizes and ample fam^
in England and France, as well as in America,
next year. His colors WfO be carried by a re
markable collection of racehorses of the highest
Reports which are coming in from Mvaral
States whi^h maintain game departments Indi
cate that the death rate among deer and also
among hunters has been exceptionally high tn
1901. Many deer were shot, and several hunt
ers also. Our game laws are well enforced.
There Is no danger that the antlered stags will
be exterminated, but the ranks of the hunters
will surely be decimated unless careless bearers
of lonp range rifles use their weapons with more
De Voe'i ' blizzerd." which didn't come, may
give him the "ager" when It does, but it will
take c heavy shake to spill th<* bad spelling and
bad prophecy out of him.
Women '•an manage dog shows and Innumer
able other enterprises as well as men or better.
The success of the recent exhibition given by
the Ladles" Kennel Association of America In
Madison Square Garden displayed convincingly
the executive ability and capacity of the fair sex
In the direction and control of difficult under
It will be a matter for Investigation whether
the recent polire promotions have not shovAli*><s
a load of senundre.Hsm on the. new administra
tion by way of paying off some of Tammany's
corrupt debts. If so, n way ousht to be, and
probably will be, found to cast the unwelcome
burden overboard. Tammany goes out as It
came In. In a general blaze of rascality, and Its
police promotions are natuially enough In keep.
ing with the rest of its valedictory performances.
The bicycle has n past. Its past at least is
secure But the automobile, the airship and
the underwater vessel have a future, every one
New-York Is not so merciful to the motormT,
on the platforms of the streetcars as some
other American communities are now. We have
here no ordinances requiring the companies to
provide sh- Ht for the m»n who suffer hard
ships fro-n exposure In winter storms. Some
other places have such ordinances. This great
city outht to be no laggard in humanity.
Rryan> one-horse press has not power enough
to let loose all his verbiage, and he !s going on
a lecture tour more to turn a nimble sixpence
than to convert the public to his political vl*w*.
that tune on his well worn fiddle being played
out some time ago.
Ah Sin his been creeping over the Canadian
borders in such numbers that places of detention
in the northern part of the I'nlted States ar*
gravely overcrowded. To the cunning Celestial
this is a Promised Lar.d of milk ar.d h^ney. and
he will risk almost everything to pass the
barriers. But we have enough of him already.
777 K TALK OF THE DAT.
Bologna has been having a sensation In the ru
mor that its great leaning tower, the pride of the
city. la weakening, and may fall. This ha» caused
so large an Influx of visitors that It Is said tha
hotelkeepers may not be wholly guiltless In re«
gard to the rumor. The city has two of these
square towers, the Aslnelll. which Is $15 feet high,
and was erected in 1109. and Its rival, th« Garl
senda. which was built one year later, and was
originally much higher, and Is rendered peculiar by
Its decided Inclination to one side. It is now only
IS feet high, the width of one side Is 23 feet.
the walls at the base are 6 feet « Inches thick,
while higher up they are 4 feet 9 Inches. Its
origin is somewhat obscure, but It was certain
ly intended to outdo the Asinelli. and both
were for retreat In troublous times. Some say the.
original Intention was to mako It lean, but others
contend that either tho ground has settled or there
was a defect in the engineering. This unique relic
was so little thought of by one of Its later posses
tors tl.at It was sold in 1166 for 220 lire, something
lesa than Sit.
A correspondent sends us a little story of his
Infant son. HIS mother was telling Tommy about
th ■ apple and the Garden of Eden, when the child.
wh'» resided In the country and ha>l a lively recol
lection of windfalls, remarked: "But, mummy, it
would no: have mattered so much, would It, If sh«
had picked one tiff the ground?"— (London Lite.
Out of th« 11,241 livings In the. Church of England
1.491. that Is to say more than M per cent, are of
less value than £100 a year; nearly half of the en
tire number— 4H per rent, to be almost exact-are
under £200. and only 1.469 aro worth more than £-t(*>.
It Is a little surprising to find that Incomes In tlr*
northern province are considerably better than In
tho southern— in th> former the averare value is
I*7l, in the latter £234. The only dloees<-s In whi'-h
the average exceeds £.';00 are London. Rochester.
Liverpool. Manchester and Durham. The poorest
dioceses are the four in Wales. Hereford and
Sodor and Man. In these the average clerical In
come Is below £200.
Artist— Yes. that is a portrait of Colonel Blue
cork. But don't touch: He isn't dry.
Visitor--Thnfe U Is the flr?t time I
ever saw the colonel when he wasn't dry—(Phila
A Philadelphia man thought he would be more
successful than his wife in securing servants. So
he cut out a number of advertisements from the
"situations wanttd" eoluian at a newspaper. and
starfd out in a cab to visit the various addresses.
The first place lie stopped at terns in froni d a lit
tle house in r. narrow street, from which a cook
had advertised. He taw her and was favorably
Impressed. "I am looking for a go.-»d cook," ho
said. "Sure, an' don't Ol know It!*' exclaimed the
cook. "Ol only left your house yesMiday!" Ho
made a hasty and undignified retreat, and decided
to allow his wife to continue in her direction of the
Stranger— An.l don't your congregation consider
it a sin to tell a He?
Kentucky Parson— lt depends on the lie. stranger.
We don't consider it any great harm for a man
to make out he has been bitten by a (make in a
prohibition district— (Philadelphia Record.
"How entire," remarks "The London Globe," "is
the confidence of the native Indian in the govern
ment may be gathered from the following anecdote,
which comes from Lahore. A tiger had escaped
from the Zoological Gardens, and Us keeper,
hoping to lute it back, followed it. When all other
inducements had failed, he lifted up his voice and
solemnly adjured it in the name of tho British
Government, to which it belonged, to come back to
Its cage. The tiger. It Is needless to add. obeyed at
An epigram— which was also In the nature of an
epitaph— as savage as the one we printed
yesterday was written by Mr. Swinburne- and pub
lished In a paper now itself defunct:
"He whose heart and soul and tongue
When above ground stunk and stung-
Now, less noisome than before,
Stinks here still, but stings no more."
About People and Social Incident*.
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
■Washington. Dec. 2% (Special) —President R^"
velt has spent two or th.-cc days of rest from offi
cial worries, having received only a few business
callers each day. Among th* visitor? in the fore
noon were the Secretary of War. Senators Mason
and Cullom. who talked about Illinois being rep
resented in the Cabinet, and Senator McEnery. of
Mrs. Roosevelt and h«r party will return to the
White House to-morrow evening.
A number of the officials and others attending
the seventeenth annual meeting of the \menvm
Historical Association called at the White Hou3e
to-day, among those present being Charles Francis
Adams, the president; Professor J. F. Jamison, of
Chicago. Professor Arthur Oilman, of Cambridge:
Wayne MacVeagh and Clarence B. Bowen. Presi
dent ReoerreK Is a member of the association, and
at one of the recent annual meetings he made an
address :ie regretted that ho would not be able
to do so to-day, and kept the delegation some time
di«eu?sinK literary and historical matters witn
them. The talk ranged from Dickens to Herod
otus, ana was thoroughly enjoyable to all
The President also "received a delegation from
the Federation of Graduate Clubs, which has been
in session in this city. There were about twent>
flve men and women 'n the party, and they were
received in the Cabinet Room The President was
In a happy mood, and responded with a series m
witty remarks as the members of the delegation,
pome of whom he kn?w. were presented _
About three hundred school teachers of New -lorK
and Brooklyn were at the White Hou«" to-day,
but were nit received by the President.
Secretary Root had a conference with the Presi
dent concerning the nrmy vacancies that are to be
filled when .;ongre.:s m-?:ts.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
Washington, Dec. 2S (Special).— Dr. Yon Holleben,
the German Ambassador, will give a dinner for the
staff of the embassy on Hew Year's Eve.
Lieutenant Comamrtder Yon Rebeur-Paschwltz. a
naval attache and acting military attach* of the
German ITiiwij. has rented a house in Nine-
Arthur Stewart Rallies, the new secretary of the
British Embni^y. who has i'lst assumed his offl
clal duties, has" decided to tent a house near the
H. O. Sq'ilers. serretary of the United States Le
gation at Pekine. and Mrs. Squiers have arrived
In town for the winter. Their Washington home
is \n 1 s?« Ms;se»i tmsss» Ms bits
NOTES OF SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
Washington. P<»c 2S (Special)— Christmas week
has been the gayest of the season. Dinner parti s
were the chiff entertainment, and few box parties
were given, except in the early part of the week.
More leaders In society have come to Washington.
new homes are beini? hurried to completion, debu
tantes all have made th"!r first bows and the first
cotillon and dance of the ?ea«on have been well
attended. Official and unofficial people are re
ceiving and calling almost as much as they do
when the 6eascn is on the wane. Washington life
is ready for the full starting signal at the White
House on January 3. when Miss Roosevelt has
her coming out party. Then, the prophets say, all
will pee the brightest soda! season In Washington
for many years. The ehope have not been de
serted by any means, as scores of people, young
and old. have been downtown to do their usual ex
changing after Christmas.
Dr. Hill. Assistant Secretary of State, stave a din
ner this evening for a number of the delegates to
the convention of the American Historical Asso
ciation. The guests were received by Mrs. Steele
and Miss Tarbell, and amons; these present
at the dinner were Senator Lodge. Professor
George P. Fisher, of Yale; Professor Herbert B.
Hurt, of Harvard; l~i nfusenr P. H. Jordan, of the
I'nlversity of Chicago; Professor A. Lawrence
Lowell. Captain A T. Mahan. Dr. Albert Shaw,
of New- York. Jiirr.e.i F. Rhode- and Mrs.
Urooks Adams, of Ko«ton; Professor Simon New
comb. Professor S P. LnnKl^y. Professor W. T.
Harris. Profj.ssnr Charles C Swisher. Dr. Charles
D. Waleett Professor XV. .' McOee, E. F. Hen
derson and Carroll D. Writfht. %
The Secretary nf War ami Mrs. Root gave a din
ner for General and Mrs. Corbin. Among the
guests were General and Mrs. Glllesple. Mrs. Bates.
General Crozier. Colonel Clarence Edwards. Colo
nel and Mrs. Randolph. Mr. aid Mrs. Wayne M*c-
Veagh. Mr. and Mrs. Kdward H. Wales. Mr. and
Mrs Churlfa F. A'lamp. Mr. ana Mrs. Fruncia G.
Newl&nde, Mr. and Mrs. Clover. Admiral Kenny
and Mlm Roof.
Mr- Root. Mrs. Knot, Mrs. Hitchcock and Mtss
WlUon will receive on New Year's I>a\
Mr?. W. W. Finley a dance at Raus'hers. on
Mondny night, for the young friends of her daugh
ter- the Jones-Cromwell wedding on Tuesday and
Mrs Hubbard's dance at Rauscher I*,1 *, for her grand
daurhter. Miss Grossman, are some of the social
affairs for the coming week. The New Year s
programme, including Miss Ede s tea and Mrs.
Henry F. Blounfs dance for her holiday guests,
will be followed on Thursday by teas at which
Mrs. Hill. Mrs Steele and Mrs. Langhorne will
be hostesses; the Gale ball, at the New Wlllard.
and the Cabinet dinner, at the White House The
White House ball on Friday next dwarfs all else
for that date. Mrs John TUeston Granger will
give a tea on Saturday.
New Tear's week will be relatively quiet from a
social point of view, owing to the absence of so
many people from town, suburban resorts ar.d
country seats being filled with gueets over the holi
days. New Year's balls will be given at thj
Tuxedo Club by the Richmond County Hunt Club,
and at Ardsley. while one hears on every side of
parties formed to see the old year out and the
new yt-ar In In the country.
Yet withal there will be plenty of entertainment
through the week for those who remain In town.
It will begin with Albert M. Ba«rby"a musical at
the Waldorf- Astoria to-morrow morning, at which
Mme. Ternlna will sins. To-morrow evening thero
will be the opera, Mrs Alfred Watrstaff's dance
for her daughter at her house In West Twenty
drst-st.. and a dance given by the organization
known as the Five Cotillons at Sherry's On Tues
day there will b? the marriage of Miss Margaret
<1. Mack, daughter of the lHt- Colo-iel Oscar G.
Mack, to Wiiilum Ogdeii Harrison, at the Church
of Ihe Tr;uisflguratli>n. a inoeting of Mrs. Chia
holm's DandrK Class) »nd nny number of supper
peiUee for the purpose of welcoming the new
Mrs. William Douglas Sloane'3 dinner dance con
stitutes the most Important feature of the social
programme for Thursday. It takes place at her
house In West Flfty-second-st.. the invitations be
ing limited to about one hundred. On Friday tber«
•will be the dinner party given by Mrs. I. Townsend
Burden at her house in East Twenty-sixth-st.. for
her youngest daughter, Gwendolyn, and it will be
followed by a dance.
Mrs. Frank Der.ham Harmon Rives a dance at
Pelmonlco's on the same night for her daughters,
and there will be another of the dances of the new
organisation known as the First Friday Cotillons
at Sherry'?. There will also be the opera. On Sat
urday night the Saturday Junior Cotillon will nave
a dance at Delinonico's, while Dr. and Mrs. Octa
vlus White will give a dance at their house in
Mudlsor.-avr. for their granddaughter. Elisabeth
daughter of Mr. and Mr*. LeJyard Stevens.
Then, tco, there will be meeting* of the Thurs
day Evening Club at the house of Mrs. William E.
Dodge; of the Whist Club on Wednesday, a: I l!ke
wise a me* tins of the Neighborhood Club. whi> h is
composed of many of the residents of Fifth-aye
and its vicinity l-e!ow Fourteen:h-st. They are the
old families who refuse to move uptown. "
By the end of the week all the New- Ye home
parties will have broken up and their members will
have returned to town, and from that time xorth
until Ash Wednesday th-*re win not be a sinsle
evening on which there will rot te several dances
besides dinner*, musicals, luncheon oarties a t
homes and every conceivable form of entertain
ment, without interruption. * n
At present there are many of the fashionable peo
ple In the country. ' William C. Whitney has a
large party at Aikcn. Th« members of this will
wait over fc« r the wedding of Mi*.* Butts and Dr.
Deas Murphy, which takes place there on January
2. Dr. and Mrs. W. Seward Webb are entertain
ing at Sh-lburne Farms, and have among their
guests Mr and Mrs. W. D. Sloane. Mr. and Mrs.
H. .M K. Twomhlv hive a house party at Florham.
They remain there until after the holidays M
and Mrs. Frederick Vanderbilt have a family party
at Hyde Park, at which Mr and Mrs. J. Lawrence
\an Alen are anior.g the guests Mrs. Pembroke
Jones has a numbei of people it her Southern home
in the 1 arohnas. and there has been much rumor
concerning the lavish scale on which the entertain
ment of the "C? rty awembled at William X Van
derbilt 3 Idle Hour is betes conducted.
Out at Meadow Brook, or Hempstead. or Roslyn—
it is all the same, n-uriv, with a few miles here and
there separating the many splendid country seats—
the Clarence Mackays are christening their new
home. Mr. and Mrs. Koxh.tll Kerne were expected
to Rive a house party, followed by a ball, but they
sailed yesterday for England. Mr and Mrs
Mackay will return 10 the city on January 2 and
will occupy their MadUon-ave. house.
Mrs, Charles C. Worthlngton 'win introduce her
daughter at a lares reception at Sherry's, on Jan
uary 17. This is also th« date arranged for 'the
ball to be given by the Columbia Juniors, which will
be a fashionable affair this winter. Mrs. Frederick
J. D» Peyster gives two receptions on January 1
and 23 at her house. No 35 East Stxty-ninta-st.
One of the most Important functions of th« week
will be the New Year's ball at Tuxedo. The club
has had all its rooms engaged and Colonel ar i
Mrs. John Jacob Astor have taken a cottage. Ex-
Governor and Mrs. Lev! P. Morton and the Mis*.,
Morton will go to Tuxedo on January 2. Mr and
Mrs. T. SuCern Taller. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Mu.irn«
and Mr. and George L. Rives are among those tilers
this Sunday. "
Calve, In "Carmen," will receive a warm welcome
to-morrow evening, although several of the proo.
inent boxholders will be absent owing to their pre s .
ence at country house parti*? Among tjjoM. how
ever, who will be present will be Mrs. Aster Mr.
Cornelius Vinderbilt. Miss Iselin. Mrs. "Wiuiinry-
Vander-bilt. Jr.. Mr. and Mrs Henry CleirsTlfr7
Elbridge T. Gerry, the Misses Gerry. Mrs. 'W'Mta*.,
Warren and Mrr. A. Lanfear N'orrie. 7
On New Year's Eve there will b© the annual
hunt ball at the Richmond Country Club. This i s
the great feature of the year on Staten Island am
this season it will be as brilliant as In winter*
gone by. "
Mr and Mr? Trenor L. Park will return to towa
on January 6. Mr. and Mrs. H. McK. Twombly ar»
to take a large party to Florida, arriving at Pala
Beach in the middle of January. They are to taka
the Flagler cottage. They will go in a special train.
Stowe Phelps, dancing with Mis» Marie Huntinu
ton. led the cotillon at the meeting of tho Saturday
Evening Dancing Class at Delmonico's last night
Among the figures was one known as the Charity
Figure, in which the favors were turned over by
the dancers for transmission to a charity In which.
Mrs. Philip Sands, who formerly managed the
ciass, is interested. The guests were received by
Mrs. Charles P. Huntingtcn. who has taken Mrs.
Sands's place as the leading spirit of the affair.
Mrs. James B. Trowbridge gave a dinner last
night at her house. in East Thirty-fourth-st.
Mr«. Stuyvesant Fish gives a large dinner party
to-night at her house, in East Seventy-eighth-st.
Mr and Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbllt have Issued
invitations for a dinner of seventy on January S.
which will be followed by dancing. There is no
truth In the announcement that Mrs. Vanderbilt li
to give a musical on that date.
Mr. and Mrs. Ellsha Dyer have Issued Invitations
for a dinner on January 14.
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Stevens have left •---
country place, at Westbury. and are spending th»
holidays at Baltimore. . *
— — "»•
The patronesses of the Columbia Junior Ball,
which will be held at Sherry's on January 17, will
comprise Mrs. W. Seward Webb. Mrs. E. H. Harrl
man. Mrs. Buchanan Wlnthrop. Mrs. Herbert Sat
terlee. Herman Le Roy Emmet. Mrs. George R
SchlefTelin. Mrs. William laelin and Mrs. W. Bayard
Albert Morris Bagby will have a second series of
musicals at the Waldorf-Astoria, beginning on Jan
uary 6. There will be four Mondays, and among
the artists who will sing will be Mmc Emma.
Eames and Signor Campanari. At his morale* to
morrow, the ll«th. the artists will be Mmc Ternlna
Mlm Martina Johnstone. the Swedish violinist, aad
Gregory Hart. ,
The. Federal Judicial officer who probably has th»
largest territorial jurisdiction Is Andrew J. BaWet.
United States Court Commissioner at Rampart
Precinct. Alaska. He covers over one hundred ■ I
fifty thousand square mile* In his district. His
functions are like those of Pooh Bah. He not only
has the regular duties of a court commissioner.
which are In themselves multifarious, but he acts
as Justice of the peace, jud^e of probate and re
corder of all the mining claims In his district.
"Another link with the past," says "The London
Chronicle," "is severed by the death of Mrs. Har
risen Alnsworth. the widow of the novelist, Tin
announcement comes almost with the shock w»
felt when, but little more than a year ago. w*
learned of the death of Mrs. Thackeray. Thack
eray had become a classic. Harrison Alnsworth to
this generation is practically unknown. But there
are few men of nftv who do not recall their boyijh
—and sometimes furtive— of those more or
less historical novels, of which 'Jack Sheppard' .
was perhaps the most daring and least historical.
Th*r.' are fewer •till who knew that Harrison"
Atr.sworth'B widow was still living quiet 2: '
Dr. Samuel Smiles, the author of the "Self-Help"
series and well known to American readers, cele
brated his ninetieth birthday last Monday. His
last published book. A Publisher and His Friends "
netted him $10,000, which he gave as a Christmas
gift to his four surviving sons and daughter.
"The Earl of Portsmouth, '" says "The London Ex
press." "owes his baptismal name of Newton to
the fact that his great-great-grandfather. Viscount
Lymlngton, married the niece and co-heiress of th*
famous Sir Isaac. There has been a pretty con
stant succession of 'Isaac Newtons* In the Wal
lop family since, but they have not notably in
herited the tastes of their distinguished ancestor
The present earl, however, has a turn for polemical
theology, and thoroughly understands the philoso
phy of a motor car. which he drives as expertly a3
any peer in England."
PEOPLE IN THE PUBLIC EYE.
There was something: rather exceptional in th»
encouragement given by Sir William Preece to S!g
nor Marconi, when the latter first arrived in Eng
land, his adopted home, in 1536. The young Italian
had only attained his majority at that time, and
was practically without friends. The experiments
which he had previously tried on his father's es
tate near Bologna had satisfied him that the prin
ciple Involved was sound, but the; were of a
rudimentary character. In order to develop the
system sufficiently to Interest capital, more elabo
, rate and costly tests were requisite. Sir William,
then at the head of the British telegraph service,
soon heard of the newcomer. But he had himself
been working for ten years on another Iwin
which dispensed with wires, and with a moderate
degree of success. Under the circumstances It
would have been only human to ignore Marconi, if
not to put obstacles !n his way. Instead, he offered
a helping hand, though he quickly discovered that
the new system was superior to his own. Before
the close of 1537 Marconi had shown that Hertz
waves would penetrate the solid masonry of city
buildings, and on an open plain like that of Sails
bury travel for miles. A year later comstunlca
tien was opened up between the mainland and the
East Goodwin Lightship, and also ::•■*-■: :•■*-■ ti»
Isle of Wight and Bournemouth, and early In liS*
the English Channel was c r »d. But it ts doubt
ful whether any of these - ntevements would have
been recorded so soon, it at all, had It not M*a
for Sir William Pr-ecer generosity.
One of Lord Foseberv^s characteristics Is a low
of exact knowledge. .Vhen he first became For
eign Minister. n:s familiar acquaintance with th«
personages and personal history of all the reliv- *
ing families of Europe, their ministers and other
functionaries, was found to be so minute that Ms
associates found him more convenient to consult *
than the "Almanach de Gotha." There is a story
that one of his first acts In the Foreign Office was
to send for Sir Edward Hertslet. chief of tb«
Treaty Department, aid ..>k .urn bluntly: What
Is <» protocol?" He knew, of course, what a prow
col is. but what be wanted was a scientific account
of it from the highest authority.
Horace Plunkett, the defeated Unionist candidate
for Parliament in the Galw.^y district which re
turned Colonel Artiur Lynch, la no strans«" ••
America Long before his present visit he was »
ranchman in Manitoba, where he is saM to hare
obtained a p-actical knowledge of cattle ralstaf
and to have made money m the course of bit -*"
perlence. Mr. Plunk»tt is an expert chess player;
the late William Stelnitz was his teacher.
A soldier »ho saw three years of service with
the 9th United States Infantry In the Philippine*
and China has returned home "a time expired
man." with several interesting stories of hard fight
ins In the Far East. One of them concerns Gen
era! Chaff***, r.nd exhibits that officer as th« posset
sor of a grim sense of humor not shared, appar
ently, by some of his brother officers. The story
goes that during that day of terrific anting be
fore the walla of Tlen-Tsln a private soldier asked -
his cfilcer where he should take up his position.
Receiving no reply, he asked .-. second time. "Oh.
I don't care v/here you go. Go to hell or Baa
Francisco!" the officer shouted. The soldier ■»- ■
luted and disappeared. M» >va3 .*->•■- no more by -
his comrades for three Ion? months They. tWn«
.lng he had been killed or captured, were aston- "
ished to see him turn tip one day three mon:..s
later. He was immediately arrested on '•"••« ciiarsa
•Of desertion mi summoned before a court martJfci. _
The soldier coolly called ip a score of witnesses*. •
i •who swore that they heard his officer order htm to
?o to hell or San Francisco. Ho pleaded that **
was forced to use his own discretion and c&oae
San Francisco, makii . the voyage in a hospital
ship The court martial sentenced him to t£r*»
months' Imprisonment When the Judgment *'*?.
shown to General ChifTse for approval he -isfcea \
for the evidence and read it carefully. - He tn«n
drew his pen through the sentence and ordered ta«
soldier bac.'; to his company for service.- "A man
who can obey orders like that ' he observed sen- .
tentious'] "is too '"-"I a soldier for' the I'nltea
States Army to lose for even taree mentha."