VOlV 01 - LSI'" to * 20.138.
DEFINITE PANAMA OFFER
FRENCH PROPERTY CAN BE
HAD FOR $40,000,000.
ACTION TAKEN BY CANAL DIRECTORS
IN PARIS TO BE COMMUNICATED TO
THE EXITED STATES AT ONCE.
(Copyright; 1602: By The New- York Tribune.)
(3T CABLE TO THE TRIBUNE]
Paris, Jar.. 3.— lnformation from a most trust
worthy financial source enables me to state
$tt the board of directors of the Panama com
pany to-day definitely adopted one of the alter
nate solutions submitted by M. Bunau Varilla—
namely, to offer for sale the property and fran
chises of the Panama company at the price
rs mf(i by the Isthmian Commission. $40,000,000.
To-morrow a special meeting of the board will
be held to draw up cable instructions embodying
the above offer, which will be immediately
transmitted to the representative of the com
pany in Washington. This form of offer will be
officially communicated to the United States
Government Saturday evening or Monday morn-
Ing. C. I. B.
FRENCH BROUGHT TO TERMS.
POWERFUL INFLUENCES IN "WASHING
TON FAVORABLE TO PANAMA CANAL.
[ET TTTiMSJtTtT to the TT.IRU.VE.]
Washington, Jan. 3. — It was broadly intimated
to-day by a leading Republican Senator that the
present status of the canal question plainly re
veals for the first time what the real policy of
this government has been in dealing with the
matter. According to this authority, the Isth
mian Canal Commission has been fully im
pressed with the superior advantages of the
Panama route ever since its sphere of action was
enlarged so as to include the French scheme in
its surveys. Neither the members of the com
mission nor any other persons in authority have
given expression to this preference for the best
of business reasons, which was the desire to
bring the Frenchmen to terms. This having
"been virtually attained by the offer of the new
management of the French company to sell put
to the United States for $40,000,000. there is no
longer any reason why the purpose or wish of
the United States to utilize the Panama route
and the French experience should be concealed.
In view of the rapid change in the situation, it
is therefore probable that the most powerful
men in the Senate will boldly espouse the Pana
ma route when canal legislation reaches the
upper chamber of Congress.
INVESTIGATING THE FRENCH OFFER.
With the return of Senators of both parties
from their Christmas vacation at home the be
lief grows stronger that, as stated in The Trib
une's Washington correspondence a few days
ago. the offer of the French shareholders to sell
the Panama Canal to the United States for $40.
000,<W) will have to be carefully and seriously
considered before the Senate takes further def
inite action on the canal subject at this session.
"In fact, it is known that a powerful group of
Senators has already assured the president and
members of the Isthmian Canal Commission
thai the French proposition la being closely in
vestigated by them with the view of substitut
ing the Panama for the Nicaragua route in any
bill that may reach the Senate tils session.
As the Hepburn bill is almost certain to pass
The House within a month, Eince it is on the
calendar by unanimous consent as the special
order for next Tuesday, it Is obvious that this
measure will be held up In the Senate many
•weeks, and possibly months, before final action
is taken upon It. Its author. Mr. Hepburn, of
lowa, Is still averse to calm and deliberate con
sideration of the French proposition, continuing
to insist every time it is mentioned to him that
the Panama scheme is being vitalized at this
time for no other reason than to -serve the
veiled purposes of the enemies of all canal legis
lation. It is pertinent to call attention to the
fact that Mr. Hepburn has consulted very little
at any time with engineers or other members of
the Isthmian Canal Commission, who repeatedly
tare been over both the Nicaragua and Panama
mutes and who are intimately acquainted with
the merits of each. Nor has Senator Morgan
recently made any efforts to inform himself as
to the latest views and opinions of the experts
tent by Congrees to survey both routes and re
port on- them to Congress. Like Mr. Hepburn,
Senator Morgan's mind Is so set on the Nicar
agua route that he is quite as intolerant as the
lowa man on the subject of delaying definite ac
tion by Congress until a thoroughly complete
invertlgation of the whole matter can be made
in the new and favorable light thrown upon it
by the first definite offer the French people have
made to transfer their Panama interests to this
. country for a stated price in cosh. Senator
Morgan's old contention that the purchase of
the Panama Canal would put the French nation
into a sort of partnership In the enterprise with
th" United States Is flatly refuted by the facts
in the case, the most salient of which is that
the French offer row being prepared is for the
tale outright of all the interests of the French
men in the Panama Canal, which reduces it to
a. business proposition pure and simple and puts
the transaction upon the same scale as if any
tther number of French people would sell to
%is country any other property.
-V 0 TROUBLE WITH COLOMBIA FEARED.
Admiral Walker and other members of the
Canal Commission flout the claim of the blind
advocates of the Nicaragua route that the
United States cannot obtain from the Colombian
Government as favorable or better terms for the
- Panama Canal than those given to France when
. that enterprise was first organized. On this
Point there is no doubt at all in the minds of
B«cretary Hay and other Cabinet officers who
■ have given the subject attention, and assurances
have already been vouchsafed by responsible
representatives of the Colombian Government
that no trouble will be encountered by the
United States at Bogota whenever the necessary
; diplomatic negotiations are instituted. Under
the treaty with New-Granada (now Colombia)
* the United States is the sole guarantor of the
neutrality of the Panama Canal, so that when
the work of securing the requisite franchises Is
"•Run the two countries would have this old
convention as a favorable starting point. The
remainder of the task would be easy of accom
VIEWS OF ADMIRAL WALKER.
. Admiral John G. Walker, president of the
Isthmian Canal Commission, said to-day that,
** * he had no official or private Information
<* the subject, he believed the French share
aoUlerß were formulating In good faith a propo
«Uaa to Mil out their Interest in the Panama
t-Wial or $40,000,000. He intimated that had
ttt'nt, ? rtc * Hutin, until recently president and
■*•"•*; manager of the French Panama Canal.;
Cw? a ? kk * r in baling with the question when
• *ac last in Washington, an agreement for
< biitlnnetf on Xl K htt> p a( t.
MAKE FORTS OF COURTS.
OLD MAGISTRATES TO "REPEL
CONFLICT BETWEEN ELECTED AND AP
POINTED POLICE JUDGES DE
VELOPS NOVEL FEATURES.
War has been declared in Brooklyn between
the city magistrates, who, under a bill passed
by the legislature lest winter, went out of of
fice on December 31, and the men who under
that law were recently elected to succeed them.
The conflict was precipitated yesterday after
noon by a double ended decision of Justice
Marean. In which, while vacating- an Injunction
.which was obtained to restrain the new men
from taking office, he declared that their elec
tion was unconstitutional, and that the question
should be decided after proceedings by the At
torney General. This was taken to mean by the
sitting: magistrates that no successors had be^n
legally elected, and that, therefore, any attempt
to take possession of their courts would be an
illegal invasion. On the other hand, the magis
trates who have been elected declare that they
were duly chosen under a law on the statute
books to take possession of the courts on Janu
ary 1, and that it is their right and duty to do
so in the absence of any specific legal injunc
tion. They declare that if the law is unconsti
tutional, that question la still to be decided; and
that until it has been declared unconstitutional
they are the legal magistrates.
The courts which are seats of war are the
Gates-aye., over which Magistrate Furlong pre-
Bided; the Adams-st.. in which Magistrate
Dooley has been sitting: the Ewen-st., in which
Magistrate O'Reilly has held sway, and the Lee
ave. and Myrtle-aye, in which Magistrates Hig
ginbotham and Nautner have been sitting.
PREPARE FOR INVADERS.
As soon as the decision of Justice Marean was
announced yesterday afternoon, the old magis
trates decided to "hold the fort," and prepared
themselves to "repel Invaders." In every in
stance they sent word to their wives that they
would remain in the courtroom all 'night, and
asked for munitions of war in the way of quar
termaster's stores. As the sun was setting
strange sights were seen at the various courts.
Cots and blankets were being carried in. oil
stoves, baskets of bread and meat, and now end
then a case of bottles was seen eoing In at the
side doors. In every instance the magistrate!
had obtained special officers to guard them, and.
surrounded by a number of friends, were pre
pared to withstand the strongest assaults of the
At midnight last night one of the redoubts
had been taken. In another case the opposing
forces had patched up a truce, and warfare will
not be resumed again until this morning. In
the first instance Magistrate Kaurner, in the
Myrtle-aye. court, was surprised by Magistrate"
elect Devoy, who, by force of numbers and a
well planned strategy, executed a flank move
ment, and sealed the redoubts before Magistrate
TCaumer could sound the alarm. It was a criti
cal movement when the opposing forces faced
each other before the bench of justice.
"I demand possession of this court by right of
my election," declared Magistrate Devoy, "and
hereby call upon you to surrender.".
Magistrate Nauraer contended that he did not
recognize the legality of Mr. Devoy's election
and that he would refuse to surrender. Then he
eat down to the telephone and called up his
counsel, asking whether or not it would be ad
visable to attempt to eject the Invaders. It is
not known what reply he received, but after
carefully scanning the force of the enemy and
counting his own brigade he decided that It
might be as well to evacuate.
Over In the Ewen-st. court Magistrate-elect
Brennan, who Is a Democrat, advanced .upon
the stronghold of Magistrate O'Reilly. The two
are old Democratic friends, and. while nomi
nally retaining th" position of foes, "consented
to a conference. After much dlccusslon they
decided that it would be far better to sleep at
home in their comfortable beds than to put up
with such accommodations as the bare court- i
room could furnish. They therefore signed a j
truce, and each side withdrew his forces, with- ■
out relinquishing any of his claims or rights. ,
Both generals will be on hand with their forces !
this morning when the fight will be resumed.
Up in the Lee-aye. court Magistrate Hlggin- \
botham was making himself as comfortable as j
possible on an old broken down cot. The quar
termaster's department had failed at the critical
moment, and the magistrate was obliged to sub- j
sist for the night upon a bowlful of beans and a
few sandwiches which were carried through the
lines from a neighboring restaurant. He de
clared, however, that he thought he would re
tain sufficient strength to put up a good fight in
the morning, when it is expected that a formal
attempt to take the court will be made by i
Magistrate-elect Kramer. Magistrate-elect Wat
son had made all his preparations to take pos
session of the Gates-aye. court at 6 o'clock last
evening. Scouts which he sent out returned,
however, with the information- that Magistrate
Furlong was strongly Intrenched, and that it
would be useless to attempt a sally that night.
Mr. Watson therefore retired to his home to
make plans for an aggressive advance upon the
breastworks this morning.
NEW-YORK. SATURDAY. JANUARY 4. 1902.-SIXTEEN PAGES."tv»SE3MB*«.
J-*J\J^m K_'A .»*- -L X AiV.l I^kj. by Tlie Tribune AisoclaUoa.
NEW-JERSEY'S LEADING CANDIDATES FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR.
JOHN P. DRTDEX.
LOW WARNS OF BRIBERY PLOT.
SAYS TAMMANY LEADERS HAVE A SCHEME TO TRY TO
BUY OVER FUSION ALDERMEN.
MAYOR ORDERS LONGER DAT FOR CITY EMPLOYES.
Mayor Low issued a warning of a plot hatched by certain Tammany leaders
to attempt to bribe enough fusion Aldermen to give the Croker crowd control
of the hoard. One effect of the Mayor's timely action was that the Tammany
members of the board met last night and announced their abandonment of the
scheme to organize the board.
The Mayor issued orders that all city employe? were to work from 9 a. m.
to 5 p. m., instead of 0 a. m. to 4 p. m.. as at present.
A report by Mayor Van Wvck's Commissioners of Accounts attacking the
system of bookkeeping in the Tammany Park Department was made public, it
having been held back by Mayor Van Wyck.
Street Cleaning Commissioner Woodbury continued his inspection of his
The desperate attempts of certain downtown
Tammany leaders by the use of money to rob
the fusionlsts of the control of the Board of Al
dermen was brought officially to the notice of
Mayor Low yesterday afternoon by President
Fornes of the board and by Borougb President
Cantor. The Tribune was the first to tell, about
two weeks .->.«'>_ of the underhanded work by the
Tammany men to win over enough fusion Inde
pendent Democrats to enable the Democrats to
organize the board and appoint committees.
Mayor Low sent word to the newspaper men at
4 o'clock that he had an announcement to make,
He handed out copies of the following:
Pretty definite rumors have reached -.-no that
money la being used to Induce aldermen elected on
the fusion ticket to stay away from thr> rm'otlnr; of
the board for organization on Monday nt-xi, or, if
, ;>!-» .-<r.t. to vote: against th« fusion Id* Thl« Is p.
matin- of the utmost consequence, and I ask the
presH and the constituents of th« :iH»rmen who.-.
attitude Jb open to question to sea to. ii that th«
fruits of th.» fusion victory ar.- not tori h\ treach
ery, In my judgment, n>> alderman elected as a
fusion nM»rmnii ear fail to be present and to vote
with his colleague* •'•! the organisation of thr
board without expMlr.K himself to a suspicion of
bribery that few mm ran afford to face.
"I cannot at thi* time make any supplemental
statement on this subject," said Mr. Low. "The
statement covers all I have t« say."
• The effect of Mr. Low* warning was seen last
night when the Tammany aldermen, after a con
ference at the City Hall lasting an hour and a
half, decided that it was not the height of wis
dom to try to organize the new board with the
majority against them. They did not relish the
tenor of Mayor Low's statement. They inter
preted it as partly for their especial benefit.
Thirty-three aldermen were present. Messrs.
Owens, Metzcer and Oaffney were the absentees.
Alderman Moses Wafer occupied the chair, and
Mr. Marks was secretary. John T. McCall was
elected minority leader. Thomas Coakley will
be presented by the minority as a candidate for
sergeant at arms and John McGulre for as
Mayor Low's statement was read to Alderman
Timothy P. Sullivan*
"Did the Mayor say that? Well, thank God.
I'm not a fusion alderman! That's all I've got
to say to that," was Mr. Sullivan's comment.
"There's nothing In it," said "Big Tom" Foley.
"We haven't been counting on organizing the
board for several weeks. The fusionlsts have
got the most votes."
"If any one would know anything about that
ELECTRICIAN KILLED BY GAS.
WALTER P. BRIGGS. A NEPHEW OF H. F.
DIMOCK. LOSES HIS LIFE AT
SYDNEY. C. B.
Halifax. N. 3.. Jan. 3 (Special).— A college grad
uate and a young man of brilliant attainments was
Walter P. Brlggs. who was found dead this morn
ing outside of the gas door of a blast furnace of
the Dominion Iron and Steel Company, at Sydney.
When Mr. Briggs came to Sydney, a little over a
year ago, he was a fullfledged electrician, and as
such was engaged by the steel company. Early
last summer he expressed a desire to work at the
furnaces, donned a suit of overalls and began the
work of a common laborer amid the heat and the
dirt of the blast furnaces. A few months later he
was sent to Germany to secure skilled laborers for
the company. On his return he resumed work at
Mr. Brlggs was the only son of a. wealthy resident
of Wllliamscott, Conn., and his mother is a sister
of H. F. Dimock. of York/ who is a' director of
the Dominion Iron and Steel Company and a'
brother-in-law of the company's president, Henry
M. Whitney, and of William C. Whitney. It was
Brisss's desire to obtain by. manual labor a thor
ough knowledge of , the manufacture of iron and
steel. •• . ■ .; . - •■ • ■ ■..'•'.
The coroner's Jury brought in a verdict this after
noon to the effect that Brings came to his d*ath."by
being overcome by gas. ■ The body will be sent to
bribery story I guess I'd be the man." said
Aldermnn M^Call. "I keep pretty close track of
everything that Is r<>lnir on. and I haven't heard
anything about an attempt to corrupt fusion
Borough President Cantor says that no natter
what the Tammany m*n do they cannot rob
the fusionistS of the fruits of their victory.
"I have known for two or three weeks." said
Mr. Cantor, "that certain Tammany men were
trying to buy up enough fusionists and Repub
licans to organize the board and appoint the
standing committees. I don't believe that they
will be able to do it. Giving way under pressure
of money would disgrace a man forever in th.
eyes of the community.'- It "would In .a serious
matter if the Democrats Should be able to or
ganize the Board or Aldermei It would cripple
th.. administration of. Ma.vor Low materially.
The majority in the board can. if they choose,
of course, elect their own rice-president, and
if th>- Democrats should do this I suppose they
could Insist that he be th.- presiding 'officer, at
l>;isr until after the committees are made up.
"I do not apprehend that any of tin fusion
aldermen can be corrupted They are, so far
as I know them, men of character. The three
absentees, Messrs. Matbews, Lundy and Malone,
at the caucus last night accounted for them
serves in a mariner satisfactory to President
Pomes and the other, leaders. I have no doubt
that at the meeting of the board on Monday all
the fusionists will be on hand ready to vote,
the right way. The Tammany men would have
to net three of the fusionists away from us in
order to organise the board. There are seventy
nine members in the board, counting the five
borough presidents and the president of. the
board. Of these the fusionists have thirty-eight
aldermen, the president of the board and Bar
ough Presidents Swanstrom and Cromwell and
myself, making forty-two, as against thirty-five
Tammany aldermen and two borough presi
dents. Messrs. Cassidy and Haffen, making
thirty-seven all told. There Is no doubt what
ever that certain Tammany leaders are trying
to buy over some of our aldermen." ■
The fusion members will hold a conference
this afternoon at the City Hall to talk over the
organization of the board."
(For oth^r n*w« of th«« city government. Be* Page 2.>
THE COIRT'S RETI'RN TO PEKING.
DECORATING AND REFtTRBISriING THE
Peking. Jan. 3.— The foreign ministers have
generally decided to ignore the request, of the
court officials to keep their countrymen off the
streets during the court's re-entry into Peking.
The most extensive preparations are going on
to decorate and refurbish the city. Troops and
police are drilling daily, in order to perfect
themselves in the respective parts which they
will take in the ceremony.
The entry of the court into Pao-Ting-Fu to
day was marked b> a great ovation to their
THE HftfA \0 A\fHa<AX TREATY.
Madrid, Jan. 3.— The treaty of friendship be
twe«n Spain and the United States, having been
examined by the Cabinet, will now be submitted
to the Suprenv I'ounc;! of S'.i'^
IT COSTS NO MORE
To travel to 6t Louis and Cincinnati r>n »he Penn
sylvania Limited thin on any regular train, but It
is more delightful— Advt.
JOHN VT. GRTC r C,«:.
TO EASE BRIDGE CRUSH.
MORE TRAINS IN " NON RUSH "
CONNECTION MAY BE ARRANGED BE
TWEEN BRIDGE AND ELEVATED
TRAINS IN PARK ROW.
Gustrtv Lindenthal, the new Commissioner of
Bridges, said yesterday afternoon that he in
tended to make use of the power which he has
under the terms of the contract with the Brook
lyn Rapid Transit Company to compel the com
pany to run trains over the Brooklyn Bridge
according to the needs of the public outside of
"rush hours." "I find," he added, "that by the
contract made with the company in the previous
administration th^ eosapeJQF has the sole privi
lege of rOWlrtng th'» :>ri.l£p trains which formerly
were run by the bridge management. The Com
missioner of Bridges, however, has the right to
say if more or loss trains shall be run for the
public convenience or with safety to th" bridge.
In the rush hours the company runs as many
trains. I understand, as it can run with a head
way of forty-live seconds. With that headway
the esmpany runs trams of four cars each. The
switching facilities will noi permit of running
five car trains, an.l the Trains cannot be run
with safety wttn ■ headway less than forty-five
"In the rush hours, therefore, the company Is
doing as best possible to carry over th,> bridge
all the people who want to tro. The bridge Is
I overworked you inh-ht say. at th"'-- h.>-:rs. At
I other hour* th.* travel on the bridge is so com
i paratiYely small that some >f the bridge trains
arc n-irly empty. Between the rush hours and
the hour? of liit!>- travel, boweve.r, the company
diminishes th- number of -brills- trains, and
there ajre times v : • n there are not trains -tKMigh
foi the people. ! ■ ••: ■ :mt .: the Ua»
hattan end of the bri.i?,-.' and overcrowded trains
an hour or so before the rush begins. !f the
conn any had a sufficient Dumber of trains in
operation at such times the crush and over
crowding, could be avoided, and people would
be encouraged to so over the i > i- i • 1 tr • • before or
after the rush hours. In thai <aso traffic on the
■ <•• uid be equalised more, and some .>f the
crush anil overcrowding could be avoided. I
sh:>ll coi Ith Mr. Martin, the engines! of
the bridge, n::'l try to have a change of schedule
so as to provide more trains at times when they
: arc needed. I take such an Interest in this mat
' ter that I shall do my very beat to see that the
travelling public Is accommodated. "
Commissioner Ltodenthal heltevea, too, that he
can lessen some of the crash at the Manhattan
end of the bri'lpe in the evening rush hours by
arranging for a connection between the brldije
trains with the elevated tra:n* of the Manhat
tan railway la lark How. !ie is already at
work on a plan, "1 shall propose a terminal ar
rangemem v ith the Manhattan t-levated trains,"
he ,-a.ul yesterday. "There may be a le>ral ques
tion as to whether th«- Manhattan Railway Com
pany can be induce. l to work with the IVpart
nierit of Bridges, but 1 believe the demands of
the public require harmony of action. Thf* plan
submitted to Commissioner shea for elevated
railroad extensions of the bridge terminal did
not take into account the elevated road now in
Turk How, and I think the plan was incomplete ;
for that reason, it would not be in the public
Interest to have the crush on the elevated sta
tion at the bridge continue."
Mr. Undent hal said a plan for the solution of
the difficulty would b*» worked out under his
eyes, he believed. He expressed himself as in
favor of tunnels to Brooklyn to relieve the over
crowding on the bridge. "The fact i>." he con
tinued, "that there has not be*»n provision for
the enormous increase of population in Brook
lyn. The New Kast River Bridge should have
been planned and started sooner. A bridge
should not be worked to its fullest capacity as
the Brooklyn Bridge has been worked for years.
Th" tide of travel between Manhattan and
Brooklyn is increasing steadily and rapidly, and
by the time the New East River Bridge is ready
for use there will be- need for additional bridges
or tunnels between the two boroughs. The
rapid transit subway will relieve some of the
congestion of travel between Manhattan and
The Bronx, but it will serve to increase the ne
cessity for more traffic facilities between Man
hattan and Brooklyn. It will feed to the Brook
lyn Bridge a still larger traffic. I hope arrange
ments for an extension of the subway by tunnel
to Brooklyn will be made as early as possible
I would be in favor ot permitting and encourag
ing the building of tunnels by private enterprise
in order to relieve the congestion of travel be
tween Manhattan and Brooklyn. It would be
in the public interest to have private companies
construct tunnels and collect fares rather than
continue to impose discomfort upon thousands
who have to pass between the two boroughs
A WORD TO THE WISE.' '
Is sufficient when" the Pennsylvania Limited is men
tioned. It is the train of the Century, perfect in
appointment and speedy en route.— Advt.
PRICE THREE CENTS.
SUCCESSOR TO OMNSBAL SE
WELL TO BE CHOSI "X <<rQN.
JOHN W. GRIGGS AND JOHN F. DRYPEN'
THE LEADING CANDIDATES.
General Sewell's death baa created a cooptV
rated siiuation In New-Jersey polities. Because
of the fact that Senator Se-well lived in that
section of the State. South Jersey is claiming
the Senatorship as a matter of right. The advo
cates of that proposition also point out that
North Jersey, in the person of John Kean. has
the other Senatorship. Some of Senator Kean's
friends are inclined to take th*» South Jersey
view, because of a fear that the election of a
North Jersey man to succeed Senator Sewell
might interfere with Mr. Kean's prospects of
re-election three years hence. It seems to be
generally agree*!, however, that Senator Kean
will be re-elected, no matter what the result of
the present contest.
So far as can be learned, the great mass of
the people of New-Jersey are not srreatly moved
by the sectional plea. Wh.it concerns them
most is that the man chosen should be one In
every way fitted to maintain New-Jersey's repu
tation in Washington— an able, clean and un
yielding advocate of the best interests of the
State. Many possible candidates have been
mentioned, but the eligible list is certain to
narrow down pretty soon. For instance, David
Baird. of Camden. has been boomefl assiduously
by a number of devoted friends, but expert
political observers figure that Mr. Baird doesn't
care about doing anything beyond making a
demonstration of his undoubted power in the
lower end of the State. "Davy." as his fel
lowers affectionately call him, is in the lumber
business. He is a hastier.
Barker Gum mere has been spoken of among;
the possibilities, but it is not known whether
he has seriously contemplated making a real
fight for the vacant place in the Senate. If he
concludes to get into the arena he may be able
to enlist the aid of Baird.
Congressman John J. Gardner comes pretty
near to the Senatorial standard, from the public
point of view. He is one of the ablest members
of New-Jersey's delegation in Congress, but his
health has not been good for some years, and It
is extremely doubtful if he could be induced to>
assume the duties and obligations which the
Senatorship carries with it.
Edward C. Stokes, formerly State Senator,
and now Chancery Clerk, stands well in the
public regard, and If South Jersey is able to
establish its claim on the Senatorship there
would be general satisfaction at seeing the
honor fall to him.
To-day the men who stand oat conspicuously
as the leaders among those ambitious to fill the
vacant seat in the Senate are John W. Griggs
and John F. Dryden. Each measures up to the
CHOICE BY LEGISLATURE.
A GROUP OF SIX ASPIRANTS-AVOWED
CANDIDACY OF EX-ATTORNEY
Paterson, Jan. 3 (Special).— The matter of the
most vital importance, viewed from a State and
Federal standpoint, to come before the next
session of the legislature of New-Jersey, which
will begin en Tuesday. January' Ml will be the
election si a United States Senator to succeed
the late Senator Sewell. While the death of
GeSMTSj Sewell, because of the fatal nature of
his prolonged illness, hardly can be said to have
prr.-ipitated this :ssue upon the legislature and
the people, it has awakened an interest almost,
if not quite, unprecedented in the history of the
State. Beside It the vacancy caused by the
death of State Treasurer Swain and the several
important places to be filled by the lncoznin*
Governor sink momentarily into comparative
insignificance. Indeed, it may be said that so
absorbing had th» interest in the selec
tion of a United States Senator become that
other matters and issues were for the time being
Th* desire of the people generally and" of the
representative element of the Republican party
that the choice of a Senator should not fall below
tii« high standard set and maintained by Sen
ator BswsH Is parumount, as the responsibility
for the selection is fixed and on every hand d«
eiared by an unmistakable public sentiment.
None oth"r than a man of high character, com
manding ability and apr<ressive force will be
acceptable to or in l>r«d by the popular will.
The duty of the Republican legislature, there
fore, to the party and the people is so plain
that there can be no valid excuse for a mistake.
or any possible expedient of party escape front
an error in the discharge of this grave responsi
bility, nor Is there any reason why such a mis
take should be made.
THE GROUP OF ASPIRANTS.
Already six conspicuous Republicans have
been named as aspirants for United States Sen
ator, and others are waiting but hardly expect
ing to he called. The «ix are ex-United States
Attorney General John W. Grlggs. of Passaio
County; John F. Dryden. president of the Pru
dential Insurance Company of America, and 'a
citizen of Essex County; Edward C. Stokes,
chancery clerk from Cumberland County; David
Baird. a member of the State Board of Asses
sors, of Camden County, and Barker Gummere,
County Clerk of Mercer County. From this)
group the legislature should have no difficulty
in making such a selection as would meet all of
the requirements and exigencies which the office
of United States Senator entails, and one which
would be eminently satisfactory to the Republi
cans of the State. The disposition in any part
of the State to confine the determination of this
issue to a geographical limit is not without the
merit of local pride, but it Is in no sense pre
eminent. The matter is one of fitness, pure and
simple, and not one of environment. What is
wanted, and what, indeed, is necessary to the
welfare of the State, is the best ability, integ
rity and character that the State has to give.
It is the hole State, and not any one part of It.
that is to be represented in the highest delib
erative body in the land. It is so well remem
bered that it is scarcely necessary to recall the
fact that in the great State el New-York, where,
if anywhere, the question of locality should be
paramount, two United States Senators serving
at the same time were the residents of on 3e£
the smaller cities of that Commonwealth.
In fact, there is not now. and never has been,
any well established or ironbound precedent In
the matter of location for the selection of
United States Senators, nor has there ever been,
a time when State locality could worthily tike
precedence over representative fitness in an Is
sue in which the whole people were concerned.
In business the duty of selection is plain and im
perative, and there is no reason why. the condi
tions being the same, it should he otherwise in
politics in New-Jersey or elsewhere. These are
th* sentiments now being expressed by repre
sentative Republicans everywhere, and they are
in no sense made personally applicable to any
locality of the State. Between the candidates
themselves the contest has so far been one et
friendly political rivalry, and there is na indie*-
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