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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 05, 1902, Image 16

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TWELFTH NIGHT WHEN THE WISE MEN VISITED THE INFANT JESUS BRINGS HOLIDAY SEASON TO A CLOSE TO-MORROW.
EUROPEAN NOBLES WHO
CLAIM DIRECT DESCENT
FROM THESE MAGI.
To-morrow the Christmas festivities In every
Christian country of the world, save those where
the Russian calendar is still in force, will be
brought to a close with the celebration of what
is popularly known as Twelfth Night, or as
Wassail Eve, but which is officially and ecclesi
astically described as the Feast of the Epiphany.
It is regarded by the Christian Church as the
nnniversary of the visit of the three Mapi, or
Wise Men of the East, to the infant Saviour.
It is likewise looked upon as the anniversary of
the baptism of the founder of Christianity by
St. John the Baptist, and. according to pious
tradition, It is also the day on which Christ be
pan his miracles by changing water into wine
st ('ana.
It Is the climax of the Christmas merrymak
ing, a favorite day for the celebration of the
rite of baptism, and is observed at the various
courts of Europe, Roman Catholic, as well as
Protestant, with many strange and picturesque
customs, mainly destined to commemorate the
visit paid by the Mavri to the infant Christ at
Bethlehem. Legend rather than Scripture has
had the effect of causing these Wise Men of the
East to be regarded as kings, and just In the
same way that they are described as having
made to the Saviour offerings of frankincense,
gold and myrrh, so do several of the monarch*
of the present day make gifts of an analogous
character to the various churches and chapels In
which they habitually worship, and which, after
being received during divine service, are placed
by the officiating prelates on the altar until the
conclusion of the ceremony.
As late as the reign of King George 111 of
England the British sovereigns were wont to
make these offerings In person, and to proceed
with much pomp to the royal chapel at St.
James's for the purpose, attended by heralds,
pursuivants, the Knights of the Order of the
Garter, of the Thistle and of the Bath, and the
great dignitaries of the court, all arrayed, like
the King, in the full insignia of their rank.
But when George 111 became mentally afflicted
the practice was adopted of making these
Epiphany off- rings by deputy, and It continues
to the present day. The officials delegated for
the purpose are the chief of the Lord Chamber
lain's department, now General Sir Arthur Ellis,
and the gentlemen ushers in waiting, all being
in full uniform, and escorted by a squad of Yeo
men of the Guard, arrayed In their picturesque
mediaeval costumes and armed with old fash
ioned halberds. The offering is made in the
course of the communion service, when the offi
cials in question leave the royal pew which they
occupy for the occasion, march up to the altar,
and lay the silver gilt caskets containing the
money, the frankincense and the myrrh upon
the golden salver, which is then placed by the
Bishop of London, who, as dean of his majes
ty's chapels royal, is the officiating prelate,
upon the altar, and kept there during the re
mainder of tiBS service. The frankincense and
the myrrh, as tret! as the boxes in which they
are contained, and which bear the armorial de
vices of the sovereign, become the perquisites
of the divine? of the chapel royal, while the
money, amounting to one hundred golden
guineas, is divided among a hundred poor peo
ple, who attend for the purpose, and who have
been selected by the sub-almoner of the King.
It is related that throughout the reigns of
George IV and William IV. as well as in the
early years of the Victorian era. the hundred
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(inPWfoSS HE Reliable, well-informed members of the community are those who frequently consult their books of reference. I
f^/aS The Reliable, well-informed of these is of the community are those who frequently consult compressed, condensed, | j
The most comprehensive of these is the TRIBUNE ALMANAC. lt ls a compressed, condensed, I
£^ iyiv double-distilled, bird's-eye view of the year, besides containing all the statistical data that any reasonable man needs. \ ijj
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I everything in the way of needful and au- | * T-jU. fn *F& X $ and every purchaser whose opinion is t
x thontative information. In fact, it would *f 1* A A iJLr \JLJL jLC^ 4 + «,«^k , n «fk; M :ii 4* n j Vu : ? i '
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guineas reached neither the poor, nor even the
altar, and that, although hand»d hy the treas
urer of the royal household to the pen',
ushers for presentation along with the myrrh
and frankin<^nse. they were retained as per
quisites by the officials in question. Having
heard a rumor to this effect, the late Prince
Consort, one Epiphany Day, without any warn
ing appeared in the chapel royal, and just as
the gentlemen ushers were marching up to the
altar with th<' sovereign's gifts he stopped them,
examined the contents Of the three caskets
which they were hearing, and discovered, as he
had expected, that the one which was supposed
to hold the gold coins was empty. The dismis
sal of the three officials followed, and from that
time forth there lias been ii" more peculation
on the part of the gentlemen In waiting intrust
ed with the duty ,if making the royal offerings
on the Feast "f the Epiphany.
Analogous ceremonies take place at the courts
of Madrid, «-f Lisbon, of Vienna and of .Munich,
while Emperor William of Germany has insti
tuted something of the same kind at Berlin. At
St. Petersburg the Feast .if the Epiphany is sig
nalized by ;h<- blessing of the waters of the river
Neva by the clergy In the presence if the t'zur
and the entire Imperial court and great officers
of state. This Is done in commemoration of
Christ's baptism in the river .lonian by St. John,
and nothing is more extraordinary on these oc
casions th;in thi> manner In which religion
erased mujiks, or peasants, plunge stripped Into
the Icy waters •>! the Neva as Boon as the river
has been blessed, being convinced that this a< t
of immersion will bring them good fortune
throughout the ensuing twelve months, curi
ously enough, they never seem to reap any ill
effects from this bath, although the temperature
A??rmM.rmiin W. S. BEN- Acs'mbiyitian JOHN' K. iMuntlymia EDWIN S. Senator ET/>N T R. T?ROWT«f. Assemblyman ERNEST O. AB»»mbljrman STDWARQ Awembiymtn TEA'S r.tm- A>.»mh!tmiM ..MJAIt
NET. Manhattan. PATTON, Tonawanda. HANFXIRD. Wav^rlv. W'atertown. TREAT. W*edaport. M MARSON. Whitest NETT. Canandalßua. COOK. H;.mburt
(Photo Albany Art Union.) (Photo Albany Art Union.) (Photo Albany Art Union.) (Phpto Albany Art Union.) (Photo Albany Art Union.) (Ph».to Albany Art Union.) (Photo Albany Art .MM I
AssomNymsn 11. D. Ass*mb!ymnn UEOlinn W. Senator inns' RAINES, Anemblrman tTTAni.nS Senator FRANK W. tMMtor W. H C WTUKT, Senator !::i\VTN" C Assemblyman CIIARLJU
STEVENS. Maloac. DOUGHTY. Inwo<vl. Cannndalcua. H. KNIPP. Klmlrn. HIOOINH, O|f»n. ■ ■ k!i!. STEWART. Ithaca. S. AI'I.KK. New-York.
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JANUARY 5, 1002.
is usually several degrees helow zero, and diffi
culty is experienced in preventing the water
from freezing where the ic-e has been broken for
lemony. Indeed, so intense is the cold at
St. Petersburg at this time of the year that the
Emperor is worn to dispense at this ceremony
with the attendan«e of those of the dignitaries
of state whose health is frail, and to whom th?
lity of standing for an hour or more, part
of the time bareheaded, exposed to the Icy blasts
blowing across the frozen Neva would mean
certain d'-ath. But, with all that, it is a pict
uresque ceremony, tho gorgeousßess of the ec
clesiastical vestments of the Russian prelates
and clergy, the uniforms of the military men, of
the court officials, and of the dignitaries oi
state, the presence of large bodies of troops,
European a? well as oriental, all contributing to
make up a kaleidoscopic spectacle of almost bar
baric splendor.
It is on the Feast of the F.piphanv that one
of the military cadet uniforms worn by young
Kini,' Alfonso during the last twelve months will
be conveyed in a slate coach, with much mili
tary pomp and ceremony, from the royal palace
at Madrid to the mansion of the I>uk>- of Hijar.
who Is likewise Count of FUvadeo. Hundreds of
years ni\;o a King of Castile lost his way while
out hunting In th« district of Rivadeo. Accord-
Ing to another tradition, he had not merely lost
his way, hut was pursued by would-be assassins.
Knocking at the door of a cattleherd'i hovel,
he begged for shelter, from the fierce Btorm ac
cording to some, from his pursuers according to
others. Ignorant of his identity, the man gave
him not only shelter and food, but likewise his
i loth< b, thanks to which tin* King managed to
escape. On the morrow, when the monarch took
his departure, he offered his purse to the herds
man. who indignantly rejected it. replying, 'You
are not a true Castilian if you off«»r your host
a price for his hospitality. " So touched was the
King by this proud answer that he insisted on
bringing the man to Madrid, and. after having
begun by creating him Count of Rivadeo. pro
moted him to the dignity of I'uke of Hijar and
conferred upon him by decree the hereditary
and unirjue privilege of receiving a suit of the
clothes of the Spanish monarch for the time being
on every K^phany Day. In memory of having
surrendere^Bis own clothes to his King when
the latter BBght refuge in his hovel, drenched,
hungry, worn out with fatigue, lost, and in
danger of his life.
This prerogative ha«s been exercised by the
Counts of Rivadeo and by the Dukea of Hijar
throughout four or five centuries, and as ali
these royal suits of clothes thus presented year
by year have been carefully preserved th' 1 Riva
deo palace at Madrid contains what is probably
tho most interesting collection of fashions in
the world, the changes of mode being shown
without interruption as they succeeded one an
other, each article of dress possessing additional
historical valve from the fact that it had actu
ally been woris by the King who had pre«entdd
it to the Duke of Hijar and Count of Rivadeo
who was his contemporary.
In many countries Twelfth Night Is celebrated
by means of fancy dress balls, which may be
regarded as the modern survivals of the oldtime
"masques." Twelfth Night masques were ■
feature of almost every royal court of Europe in
the sixteenth, seventeenth and even eighteenth
centuries, and while we read of King Charles I
and George II of England spending large sums
on these entertainments, we also learn of how
the ill fated Mary Queen of Scots arrayed her
maid of honor. Mary Seton. in her royal robes
and insignia on Twelfth Night. lSfll at the
palace of Holyrood. owing to the fact that the
gold ring in the Twelfth Xight cake had fallen
to th? share of the young lady ln waiting In
stead of to her sovereign. It is always the per
son in whose slice of cake the gold ring is found
at Twelfth Xight festivals who is hailed as
King or Queen, as the case may be. by'all pres
ent, who pledge him or her with the old fash
ioned toast "Le Roy boit." or "La Reyne bolt."
Twelfth Night cakes constitute an indispensable
nature of Epiphany festivities to this day in
all European countries.
Inasmuch as the festival of the Epiphany is
more particularly designed to commemorate the
visit of the Three Wise Men of the East to the
infant Saviour at Bethlehem, it may be as well
to state that, according to universally accepted
legend and tradition, the names of these three
kings were Melchior, (Jaspard and Balthazar.
The barons of I'ngern, Sternberg, who have
branches in Russia as well as in Germany, claim
that they can trace back their descent in a direct
and unbroken line to Caspard. The French no
ble family of De Vogue (of which two members
belong to the French Academy) put forward
.similar pretensions with regard to Melchior. the
senior Of the Wise Men of the East, while the
ancient family of the Counts de fit ana, of
Provence, assort their ability to establish a
genealogical tree at the root of which is King
Balthazar.
There are many houses of the European aris
tocracy who claim lineage of this kind. Thus,
the princes of Orloff-Davidoff, of Russia, assert
that they are descended in a direct line from
King David, as do also King Edward and the
Kaiser, while the French Duke of r^»»- Mtimn
wishes people to believe that the founder '
his family was Levi. the son of Jacob. &B| ) £
possesses in his picture gallery an ancestau
painting in which the Virgin Mary is repress
ed as requesting one of the oldtime Duhilii.
Levis-Mirepoix to put on his hat. with the wot*l
"Pray remain covered, cousin."
EX-ATTACH*
THE DEATH OF A RECLUSE.
he SHOT A FRIEND ACCIDENTALLY Firrggji
YEARS AGO— WAS A MEMBER OF THE
OLD CMrai FAMILY.
James H. Cropsey. whs had for two years Hi i
the li:> of a recluse In his home In Bay TWrj
nlnth-st. Bensonhurst. died on Friday night*
pneumonia. Mr. Cropscy. wh<n a member of £«
Xew-Utrecht Rod and Gun Club fifteen years am
shot a friend while participating in a pigeon shoot
Fie whs overcome by grief, Y-r,,; his cngatenj«.
with the young woman he was :tto:t to marr» iS
went to live m Massachusetts, where he rem-tirS
until two years a«ro. MIB| I
He was ■ membf rof the eld Crosr*, fare! 1 * L
New-Utrecht, and distantly related in Xelilo" CrJ!
>.-> who was found <?ea-l in North I'aroHiuTat
cently. Mr. Crape? was fifty-four years old. •
WAXTS AIR COitPRESSEJC FOR til*.
THE THIRTEENTH REGIMENT WANTS TO USE IT 13
PRACTISING WITH S-IXCU P.IFLE.
Cotoaei David E. Aosten of the r.th Regimes*.
Brooklyn, has filed a requisition with Uajot Gen
eral Roe. commanding the Ncw-Tbrk National
Guard, asking for a: appropriation of JI.WS ta
steel the expense of equipping not only tfc« S-tei-h
gun now in the armory, hut .1 4-lnch pun «cd a
tS-ta.es mortar, with an eltcrrij dynamo, air cma
presser and ether appartoat
The S-inch gun has b^n sn op. ration in the ar
mnry for some time, and has met with creat sm-ress.
In the ex.wrlments a rubber proj«ctiie was dis.
charged from thy.- gun »>y mrar.s nf compressed air
:«.".ii sent throush a paper t;tr-?ct s< t uy at thi
further . nd ■•!" the drill hall.
COLUMBIA'S JVXWR BALL IT sfIERRTS..
Columbia's annual junior ball, in ai<l of university
athUtic-*. will be given at Shfrry's r>;» January K.
Some discussion regarding the possibility of hold
tag the dance in the Columbia gymnasittai was had.
but for reasons of suitability ant! convenience It
was decided to give the dan^e as usual at Sherry's
The receiving committee will consist of Mrs. Seth
Low. Mrs. Francis S. Ear.gs arsd Mrs. Nicholas
Murray Butler.
THE I'RIXT CLOTH MARKET.
Fall Rivrr. Mas*., Jan. 4 (Spfcia!).— Local broker*
report that the sales in the print cloth market thi»
w<ek amounted to 100.COO pieces. Xo sale of regu
lars has bin reported, and most of the goods sold
were narrow od»l<-. The trading in these goods has
been at a basis of three cents for regulars. Th»
week opened with :i fair demand, and manufactu
rers s'.ow Fe!!e.r. a . After Momiay the demand fell
off. It was unusual that there should have fceea
more than a casual inquiry in New Year's week.
Since New Year's Day the bidding has been .ight,"
and manufacturers have met it. There has beea
a moderate amount of trading in wile goods. Th«
bidding for these goods has slackened, and roami-.
facturers have shown a disposition to do a moder
ate business in th. m. Just at tbe olive of the wee\
buyer* began to show an awakening interest. Stock
taking is generally on iow. ar.<l until it is over
trading will probably be rather quiet. The buyers
hive not yet fully stocked up with goods for tha
spring" business, «r.<l a renewal of activity is to &•
expected. Just now, in the quiet market, manu
facturers are Inclined to a_-< opt current prices.
With a return of active de-narvl they will again b»
hei-lin^ off f.-r advances. The market »s about
cleared of all goods of standard make, and tba
production for two months ah»-ad is quit»> well en
gaged. The price of cotton is unsatisfactory, but
high cotton makes a strong markrt for cloth, and
mills are making money.
There has been a fa'.r amount of «el!inc for Marrli
delivery. The trading of the last ween has laea
for the" most part In contracts to run two or three
months. Prices are unchariseil from K*>t week, b*
ine three cents for > inch. ttf:x*4'*: » cents for 3S»
tn h StxCfs; 3» 4 cents for :?j ineb, nSxT2 s.

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