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•TALES OF THE QUAKERS AND THEIR
EARLY HARDSHIPS— CAPTAIN JOHN
UNDERBILL- BURIED TREASURE
AND A GHOST STORY.
Long before the village of Flushing became a
part of greater New-York the Quaker qualntness
of Us early days bad all but faded away. The act
of Incorporation which made the village lose Its
official Identity nearly completed the wiping out
process. Yet the fact that Quakerism obtained Its
first foothold among the English refugees who
came from Holland to found the place touches the
earlier traditions of Flushing with primness.
The old Quaker meeting house still stands in
Broadway, and is much the same as It was when
built, early in 1700. Meetings are still held there,
and the service differs only slightly from that
■which comforted the early Quakers when they met
at night In the Long Island forest or gathered by
Mealth in the house of a Friend. All these precau
tions were necessary, that the news of their
"doings" might not reach the cruel Dutch Gov
ernor of New-Amsterdam.
Slowly but surely the Quaker element Is falling
r>ehind. and the few that remain are rapidly losing
their distinctiveness by adopting the manners and
<lress of to-day. Still, it is possible to find genuine
©ldtime Friends in Flushing. If one can break
through the barriers of dignity and reserve with
•which these few have surrounded themselves the
result is well worth while. To be received by on«
of these old families, to converse with them, to
break bread at their plain tables, is like being
translated bodily into another ace and generation.
They are living in the past and of the past. They
treasure the traditions and manners of that by
pone age -with the greatest care, and they sorrow
at the curse of frivolity which has overcome S'»
many who once believed as they do.
The Quaker to whom the legend hunter had a
letter was not at home, having gone to the "wicked
city on affairs of crave importance."
"Thou art welcome to come In and warm thy
self.' said hi« wife , in soft voice, as she opened
the door of the old home still wider. "If there it.
anything 1 can tell thee which will serve thy need
thou hast but to command me."
The sitting room Into which the visitor was shown
■was dull and colorless, even to the "rag carpet"
■which covered the Boor. , The furniture was old
and in keeping with the agVljf the whole establish
ment. Tin- ahsence of books and newspapers was
striking. Here was a house at last Into which the
irrepressible historical novel had never pushed it-
Felf. A large Bible, badly worn, showed what they
A girl of eighteen or twenty sat by the fire In a
low chair and sewed on some garment which rho
was making out of gray cloth— the gray which the
Quakers love. She did not look up. though she was
a woman, and must have been curious about th
man who came In with her mother.
"This is our daughter. Priactlla." said she. In that
same quiet tone. "A stranger to see thy father "
she continued, turning to the girl. "Thou may
Priscllla raised her head, which was greeting
*>nough for a king, for she was of uncommon
but 3:b ut3: - Then she aross and bowed primly, saving
Thou art welcome." and the visitor had a suspi
cion that she wanted to smile, which would have
l>een a sad crime against the faith.
"We know nothing of newspaper*." the mother
paid when the visitor had explained the object of
his visit. "Our fathers did not have them, and we
cannot countenance new fangles. I can tell you
pome true stories of the days when Flushing was
young, but legends— a to legend* always true?"
"It hardly matters whether they are true or not "
Bald the visitor.
"And thou would print an untruth in thy paper'"
she exclaimed, holding up her little whlte'hands In
a gesture of horror.
"I'm afraid we have to sometimes." said the man.
but untrue legends have the dignity of antiquity
as their excuse."
"Xothlns can dignify an untruth." ««h«» said posi
tively. "What I tell you will he absolutely true."
"Thou hast never h«ard. I suppose, of the trials
rtt John Bowne. one of the first Flushing- Quakers,
and one of the most persecuted. He Joined our so
ciety when the meetlnps were held at night in the
preen wood and when !t was a continual trial to
be a professed Quaker. His wife, as fine a woman
£8 ever lived, brought him to The faith, and as soon
as he was converted he offered his house as a meet
ing place. The house still stands to-day, having
r>een preserved by th* mercy of God. on account of
the pood which was accompl}shjed by Its builder.
"The Dutch liked not the Friends, though we
minded our own bMfIMM then as we Ho now and
THE OLDEST HOUSE IN FLUSHING.
Built In 1661 by John Bourne, the Quaker hero, exiled by Governor Stuyvesant for his belief,
were quiet and unoffenslve. Governor Stuyvesant
heard that meetings were being held in Brother
Bowne'a house and summoned him to York.
They fined him a large sum of money, which Bowne
refused to pay, and for that they thrust him Into
a rile prison.
" 'Give up this Quaker folly and I will release
you. said the Governor. 'If you persist in It, I'll
exile you from the colony, send you to Holland on
the first ship that sails.'
"Bowne was strongly grounded in the faith and
■would not give In. They tore him away from
his beloved wife and children and shipped him to
Holland on the ship Gilded Fox. They said it
was for the welfare of the community, and to
crush as far as possible our sect because we would
not submit to their political magistrates and min
isters. He manifested his case before the officers
of the West Indian Company with great skill, and
they approved not of the Governor's action. Bowne
brought back a rebuke for Stuyvesant. the wicked
Governor, and after that the Quakers dwelled in
She bunted through an old portfolio for a few
minutes and four.d a paper wrinkled and yellow
"I will read thee what they wrote to him for
arresting and punishing this good man: 'Although
it is our desire that similar and other sectarians
be not found there, yet as the contrary seems to
the fact, we doubt very much whether rigorous
proceedings against them ought not to be discon
tinued; unless. Indeed, you intend to check and
destroy your population, which. In the youth of
your existence, ought rather to he encouraged by
every possible means. Wherefore it Is our opin
ion that some connivance is useful, and that at
least the consciences of men ought to remain free
and unshackled. Lot every one remain free as
long as he Is modest, moderate in his political con
duct, and as long as he does not offend others and
oppose th government. The maxim of modera
tion has always bee i the guide of our magistrates
in this city and the consequence has been that
people have flocked from every land to this asylum
STiluS ble*sed/ tePB "* We d ° Ubt nOt thai
" Af i' r hat w * v *»Jture<l to build a meetinghouse
and. by the grace of the Divine One. we have never
been molests. The venerable George Fox the
father of our faith, tame to Flushing in 1672 and
preached under two spreading oak trees opposite
th* Bown.- house. This grounded the faith of our
believers more firmly, and some of us have not
wavered to this day."
The Quaker mother arose, adjusted her drab
•haul carefully about her shoulders, and left the
ro-.m. saying that there were some duties to which
she must attend. The daughter put aside her work
and put on a smile. It was always hard for Quaker
maidens to be true to every restriction of the sect,
and to-day, when there are so few of them, and
other girl* are bo happily different, it la all but
•You are smiling. • remarked the visitor.
"So art thou." she said. "Why should I not smile?
Mother has gone, and there Is no longer need to
keep a. sober face."
"Can't you tell me a Quaker romance?" «he was
"Tell thee a Quaker romance! I did not know
we were allowed to have romances." And she put
on an air of mock gravity. Then she smiled and
continued: "I do remember one that happened a
lonp time ago. Shall l tell it to tneef"
"That will be just the tl
"I found i: the other day In the strangest sort <>r
place Whei >v think? in the records of
i>. Quaker Church. It happened before tho Revo
lution, and no one would have remembered it had
it not 1" ■•: srrltten down in the old book- There
was ,i pir! named Mary Halt, a pretty girl. 1 am
sure for once before the elder? had soolded her for
wearing ribbon and being present where fiddles
played and people danced. Doai thou not think her
awful? Weil, she loved ;: man. How silly that
pounds' Of course the loved a man. His name w.is
Ford William Ford and he lo V fd h. r But their
fathers did n^t like each other, and i.oih said that
the young folks should not marry. They tried to
get a Quaker minister to unite 'hem. t'Ut. of ••ours..
he refused, for marriage without th- consult of
one's parents Is a grievous sin.
"The Kirl was willing to do anything to get her
husband, and she did not care ir thry called her
before the meeting- The young man appealed to
his cousin, William Thorne. to find a way by which
they mljrht marry.
■ Wp wiil go o\er to Now -Ro.helle. where the
English parson will marry you." said Thome, whose
faith was not firmly grounded.
"He rawed 'hem in a small boat to New-Rochelle,
and they were married. The elders threw them
out of the meeting, but they did not care, and, em
bracing the new religion, lived in happiness ever
afterward Poor Thorne was the one who had to
suffer. They threatened to expel him from the
meeting, and he had to 'condemn' his action pub
licly and confess hi? sin before the whole congre
gation. I don - t believe thou could do that. It is
All of the early settlers of Flushing were not
Quakers, and in consequence there are traditions
of other sorts. There was Captain John Under
hill. the Indian fighter, for Instance. There are
legends In many towns which cluster around his
strenuous figure. At P.-lham they tell or his love
for Anne Hutchlnson, in Connecticut of his Indian
light*, and in Flushing there is the story of how
he learned to love his wife.
He married a daughter of Robert Field, and tra
dition says that for a time be did not treat h.-r
as good husbands tr-at their wive-: it was said
that be was Interested in other women and he
paid little attention to his wife's requests that he
be more faithful. The story goes that he was about
to start out one day on an expedition against the
Block Islander?. His wife helped him clean an.!
polish his weapons, and as he was ready to depart
brought out a helmet.
"John, I feel that something i* going to happen
FIRST FRIENDS' MEETING HOUSE ERECTED NEAR NEW YORK.
Built in Flushing, Long Island, more than two hundred years ago, :ind during the Revolution used as
a British hospital.
to you," she said, determinedly, "and I want you
to wear this helmet. It may save your life."
John laughed at her fears and said that he feared
no Indian alive. He did not want to bo bothered
with the helmet, but she Insisted so strongly that
he was finally persuaded to wear It. In the fight
which followed he received an arrow through his
coat and another struck his helmet, making a great
dent. It would surely have entered his skull had
he worn his usual headgear.
When he got home he addressed to his neighbors
this interesting bit rtt advice, which has been
handed down by several generations of Flushing
wives for the benefit of their husbands:
l-ft r.o man d>*pj<.,. the advice and counsel of
hie wlf«». though she be » woman. It were strange
to nature to think a man should be bound to fulfil
the humors of a wom^n, what arms he should
carry: but you know God will have it so, that a
woman should overcome a man. What with
nelllahs flattery, and with her mournful tears.
they must and will h*ve their desire."
Almost even' one in Flushing has heard that Cap.
tain Kirid. the hold, bad pirate, buried great treas
ure n«ur St. Ronan's Well, which is Just across
the causeway at Brtdge-st. Not so many have
heard how near a party <.t ruporstltlous negroes
came to securing this .vealth many years ago
An old negro dreamed about the treasure ihr<>«>
nights In succession, and taking several friends
into hia confidence they plumed to get tne treasure.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBI'XE. SUNDAY. JANUARY 5. 1002.
TYPICAL GROUP OF CONSUMPTIVE PATIENTS.
Taking the air at 10 degrees below zero on an Adirondack porch.
(Copyright, !y B. K. Stoddard. Glens Falle, N. T.)
A PATIKXT "WHO SKKMSS ON TltK SIRE
ROAD TO RECOVERY.
The spirit which came to the old man In his dream
told him all the precautions which must be taken
in order to secure the treasure, which was guarded,
M usual, by the ghost Of a pirate sailor, murdered
and buried on the spot This spirit at ntsht took
the form of a crow, and always sat on a certain
limb of a particular tree which stood near the well.
On approaching the spot one of I hern must locale
his limb . ami gate at it steadily all tli<- time th»
cithern were digging Although they would only be
able to make out the mitUm* of th«- lilnck crow
In the durkm-ss. the on,j appointed to watch must
not lose sivjht of it for an. lnstant or the. • • ii*ure
would disappear. aior.> ihiin :hii«. not ■ word
must In- spoken until the treasure was secured
The negroes learned those arul other details by
he-art ami jiro.-r.ili-,! to th>- s;x>t. The or.o tviio as
to watch located the shadow of the crow un>l not
• me.- <1H lv- take his e\ < h aw.ty. The oth«-rt< <!uk ii
large hole in the sana an.! were rewarded at \:if
When the spade of one of them struck the buried
treasure chest. It tuvc out a ghostly, hollow
ttoun'l which was too mu<h f.>r one of the. negroes.
"(in. pooil I.ur<l. save us. save us!" he shouted.
Then 'he devil came anil struck th m on their
heads with a heavy club. They Nil Insensible and
when they awoke the hole hail Oiled Itself up nn«i
the treasure was Just as much burled a* ever. The
negro who had shouted at once fell Into disfavor,
for the other negroes believed that tils carelessness
had lost them the fortune.
Flushing's haunted house is In the outskirts of
the town near Ireland Mill, and the spook whlci>
haunts the place is that oi a murdered wife. Many
years ago the house was occupied by Captain
Tuxido. a retired ship master, who came to Flush
ing with a pretty young wife. He was madly
Jealous of her. and she teased him by flirting with
the young men of the village. One night she teased
him beyond endurance, and hi: kin. her He
seized the body by the feel and dragged it down
the lon* flight of stairs which led from the second
etory. He put it in his buggy m. l drove away. Ac
cording to tradition neither the man nor the woman
was ever seen again.
Many persons who have passed the house at night
have told about the ghost. They say they can hear
the head of the murdered woman thumping from
step to step. Then all Is quiet until the noise of a
buggy driving away is heard The spook has never
been seen, but the noises are said to be frightful
enough to make superstitious persona follow other
MUST Flß^r SHOULDER A WIFLE,
CIVILIANS CA» NO UI.NGBK OBTAIN A OOsMIaBMOX
IX THE) TWELFTH RHUIMENT.
Colonel Dyer of the 12th Regiment has decided
that in the future no one from civil life can obtain
a commission in the regiment without first enlist
ing and shouldering a rifle as a private. Colonel
Dyer is of the opinion that this will greatly help
the officers in a more practical administration of
company affairs after receiving a commission.
Numerous applications for commissions from soci
ety men have been received, and those who care to
begin at the bottom rung of the ladder and work
their way up will be Riven the preference.
Adjutant General Henry will review the regiment
on Thursday evening:, January 16. Company D has
filed a protest against the awarding of the cup to
Company F for making the greater number of
points at the recent athletic games, and feeling
runs high. It Is declared that one member of
Company F was ineligible to compete and that the
cup has been unfairly awarded. Company X has
organized a glee club, with Lieutenant Daniels In
charge, and It iis proposed to give severar entertain
ments. The club Is composed of Sergeant rv""
Gulre. Sergeant C. Osborn. Sergeant J King sir'
geant B. Reynold*. Privates J McGulrf H Kltz
rerald and J. Nelson. Company F will hold a
"stag- party at th« armory on February 5 Th*« 2
promotions have been mad« In Company p-cor
potato Dougherty and Hottman to be BerVeants"
and Private Bender to be corporal. In ° Comuanv ll*
Private B. Grelr has been promoted to oorpof-i? lA
Company D. Privates Hart and Brennan have" en
listed in the army for service in the PhiliDplnes
MANY FIND IT IK THE ADIRONDACK
MOUNTAINS. WHERE THE PURE
AIR HEALS AND RESTORES.
"You are sick. To tell you the truth frankly, you
have consumption. Just the first stage of it, but
nevertheless consumption." This is what many a
man who has been struggling along under business
cares In the vain endeavor to throw off a cough
which, as the weather grows colder, racks him the
more violently, hears from his physician, whom he
has at last consulted.
The question then is where to go. The sick man
must get away from the damp air of the city, and,
as is the case with many, decides suddenly to go to
Colorado or California, and makes his preparations
for a long Journey, which in many cases precipi
tates death. But of recent years the high, dry air
cf the Adirondacks has come to be considered Just
us efficacious for patients suffering with incipient
tuberculosis as that of the Rockies, and stories of
wonderful cures have been brougnt back from
these northern woods. Sanatorium* founded on
private endowments and often supported by charity
have been built in various parts of the Adirondack
district, and now the State has decided to build a
public sanatorium at Raybrook, which will be for
the treatment of incipient tuberculosis.
Because of the overcrowding of the sanatorlums,
which are able to accommodate only a small frac
tion of the applicants for treatment, a great multi
tude of those suffering from this disease have
fought accommodations in hotels and boarding
bouses, ami many others who have means have
built homes of their own. Hundreds go up to the
woods who are bo far broken down by the cough
that they.are compelled for a year or more to sleep
out in tents, and it Is no uncommon occurrence for
a visitor to this district out hunting in the woods
">■■ run across a tent almost enveloped In a snow
bank, with its solitary tenant seated in the door
way breathing in the air which he hopes will re
build his wasteil lungs. For the last few yean so
many Invalids have gone to Baranac Lake, a village
on a branch of the New-York Central, and about
ten hours' ride from this city, thai from a little
hamlet of a few scattered houses it lihs grown to a
town of more than four thousand inhabitants, of
whom more than one-half have or have had con
It Is an Ordinary fciKh: at the st.t i..n of Saranac
I.jiko to s»e a j'utieM carrl< .i from the train on a
stretcher, and snbsjeqiisjnl inquiry will m the ma
jority of cases And the patient improved and on the
fair road to r.coveiy Such a palif-iu might have
.llrd batore rearhine; tho Rockies. One who visits
the village ror the first time will ue struck by the
f.u-t that he is, as it were, in a great hospital. The
whole village is a kind of open air sanatorium The
first effect on one's spirits is depressing. As a
traveller said who happened into town for a few
days on his way to New- York from TanaJa:
1 had no sooner left the train than half a dozen
drummers from as many hotels "surrounded me.
Each sought to pull me into the sleigh of his partic
ular hotel, and as I was about to follow one of the
drummers, he stopped and suddenly began to cough.
Just then the others coughed. My driver coughed
so frequently on the way to the hotel that I said
You ought to do something for your cold, and
not ride around in such a snowstorm as this."
"Do something?" was the answer. Tve done all
I can. I have broken up my home in New-York,
left my family there and come up liere. Been up
here now a year, and, as far as I can see, will
have to .stay another." ,
"Have you consumption?' 1 I asked, before I real
ized that such a question was unnecessary, as well
as indelicate. .
'That's it. That's what we ye all got up here.
We're all lungers up here."
"Lungers!" I said, with some surprise, at the
apparent unconcern with which the sick man spoke
of his disease. ,„ _ .
Yes. lungers." he replied, "and you will find
that we've all either had the 'co.i' and now have
to stay up here »o it will not come back on us. or
we are trying to throw it off for the first time.
By this time we had reached the hotel, and as I
stopped at the desk to register, ihe clerk was
shaken by a paroxysm of coughing.
"He's a lunger, too." whispered the driver as he
laid down my baggage. "Been up here only six
months He stays Indoors too much. He 11 never
get well If he don't take the air. the same as
that crowd 1» doing out there." With this the
driver pointed to a group of twenty or more people
out on the porch and huddled up (.gainst the
weather boards in a long line. The temperature
was 30 below zero, und the fine flakes of a snow
storm swept over the group so that their furs were
as white as the fur of polar bears. Some were re
clining at full length In steamer chairs. i»nd the
driver told me that they had Just come to the
woods. 'That end fellow was brought up to the
hotel on a stretcher." he added. I looked at the
man closely, and saw that he was scarcely twenty
year* old, and apparently in the best of health as
judged from the bright color of his cheeks. fhat
-olor is the worst sign." said theealrlver. when I
called his attention to It. 'That's a sign of fever,
and shows that the fell>w has hemorrhages.
All the "lungers" who were thus "taking the air
were heavily dressed in furs, with ihclr feet and
legs wrapped in thick woollen blankets. One of the
jrroup happened to leave his seat at this moment,
and 1 saw him take up three hot water bottles.
One he hnd ha. l for His feet, another for his hands
and the third hid been bolstered behind his back.
As t v :e patient came into the hotel with the three
water hags, he said to the clerk at the desk: "\\ ell.
• n out six hours to-day, so that I ye gut
two more for this evening."
"They si •>' oui «icht hovirs a day." said the dnv
er. "It's the air that <lo*s the work-air and food
I was in the town two days, and I «lo not think
that I snw more than h dozen people that were not
coughing The grocer i «>un»ed. the barber coughed,
at the eminent risk of cutting my face, the drug
gist coughed as h- tnarie up a prescription, and
when I addressed the sole policeman of th» town, to
find OUI if he ever made any arrests, he answered
me with a cough.
Many visitors to the Adirondacka In the winter
time, when those who have come up there for rec
reation have for the most part returned to the city.
wonder, as the traveller told of above, that there
can be any chance of recovery. In a community ap
parently so impregnated with the germs of the
disease Physicians, however, say that, with the
proper care, "there is no danger of contagion. Be
cause of this fact the village of Saranac Lake has
passed th»» nu.'st stringent sanitary laws, which
provide a severe fine for spitting on the sidewalks
or the floors of homes or public places.
Patients who have just arrived In the Aiiron
dacks are so invigorated by the dry mountain air
that they think they must take all the exercise
possible. The almost certain result is a hemorrhage.
That cases of incipient tuberculosis can be cured
by a winter tn the Adirondack* Is now conceded by
the most prominent physicians. A patient, how
ever, cannot expect to regain complete health In a
few months. Often two or three years are neces
sary, and hundreds are never able to leave the
mountains for a home near the seashore. Many
who otherwise might have lived to old age have
thousjrht themselves well enough to return to their
homes in this city only to be carried back to the
woods a second time to die.
yATWXAL GUARD REVIEWS.
LIBI. TENANT-GOVERNOR WOODRUFF TO INSPBCT
THE WORK OF THE NINTH REGIMENT
There will be three prominent military reviews
in this city this present week wh.ch will axcite con
siderable interest among the members of the Guard
.in.l their friend-;. The rlrst review U that of the
t>&th Regiment, to b* held .it it* armory to-morrow
nicht by Adjutant General Henry. This will be
.. Henry's tirst revi.w. nud there will be
presentations iurhiK the evening of lonjr service
medals .n i th" Adjutant General's Trophy, won
by the - H reedmoor last fall from
Company O of the 7th Regiment. The latter com
mand will he t>r«->triit during the r«vi«rw as the
guests of the &>ih.
The second review will be that of the Ist Battery.
Captain WendeU at its armory next Wednesday
r.iijht hy Krinmlier General George Moore Smith.
This review attracts a lar»;e number of military
men from th* ii;fr«-rent organizations. There will
be :i number of presentations .luring the evening.
and the military ceremonies will be followed by a
ball. The third review will oe neld In the 9th Re«l
m« Bt armory next Saturday evening, when Lieu-
Ten.int-i icivernor Woodruff will review. A dance
will follow t:ie military ceremonies.
" EUROPEANS AND TRAY]^
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Tribune, 149 Fleet Street, a convenient
place to leave their advertisements a^j
subscriptions for The Tribune.
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clans Hotel In the healthiest nd flaest
part of Home. Electric light la CTerr
room, licautiful Garden fall south. Uraae
Hall. \n» and moat perfect sanitary a*.
HIGH CLASS FRENCH RESTAURANT.
STEAM HEAT THROUGHOUT.
CAP MARTIN HOTEL
Is Now Open. MENTONE.
Those who Intend making a stay on the Rlvl»ra t;j
winter will find every modern comfort at this Hot*.
Patronized by th* best — situation 1* uni l laflsl
standing alone on the coast amonr P'ne Woods la It* o*l
rounds and within easy access of Monte Carlo and £•
Italian Riviera. Address X4.\'a-jER CAP t&XSTJi
KRAFTS GRAND HOTEL
Full Southern Exposure. Lars* Gardes.
HOTEL BEAU SITE,
LOVELY GARDENS. f* O #1 fl A C
PVLL SOUTH EXPOSURE. V/ tl II II W J«
Opposite Hall" Station. The Oely pj^f
Hotel In Genoa. Opened October. ism-
LIPFERT A FIOKOM. Proprietors. —
STANDING IN f>flftfl
BEAUTIFUL PRIVATE PARK. II UO>
LATE CONTINENTAL & R'DE LA. PATX-
Magnificent Panorama of the Arno and »<"•
rounding Hills. Large Winter Ojf«*«.
Q. KRAFT, Proprietor.^
THE SAVOY HOTEL
THE OM.\ MODKB.V HOTEL. EC
Florence, Hotel de la Vie.
Electricity. Steamheat, WintergaHei.
HOTEL DE LA VILLE.
I**.. Railway Tickets.
HOTELS IN GERMANY.
Frankfurt A / Main._
Gd Hotel de Rome
AUSTRIA AND SWITZERLAND
Vienna The H— : £ w
Located on ■», Fashionable^•«£;. r "•■
and the favorite resort • " .»*f ,*(*<••
«e.-t French Cuisine and choice