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• . ■ -
. - LRCE STAMPS.
EENHT J. CROCKER VAX.UES ONE HUN
DRED AT NEARLY $20,000.
Siairp collecting is by most persons asso
ciated with schoolboys, but the considerable
cun-.ter of stamp dealers throughout the coun
try ar" suppi rted by adult collectors, many of
whom ha.- j -: lerable means to devote to
their hobby. Such a collector is Henry J.
Cr'Jtker. the San Francisco capitalist. Mr.
Crocker may be remembered by Eastern news
paper readers as Laving- offered some years ago
to fcuy all the wine trrap-s raised in California
for seven years. Mr. Crocker is a man In middle
_' and i-s kept busy looking after his nu
merous Investments, but his chief diversion Is
tie accumulation of rare postage stamps. For
ten or - o ~- n years he has been known to
stamp dealer: thr ughout the world as a good
customer for scarce items i:i tl.olr line. To a
srii-ll sela tion of his philatelic treasures has
keen award 1 the first prize offered by the
Pi...*:-l- - ;'"; '" ■••■>' of New-York fcr the rarest
group of one hundred cancelled stamps shown
by any collector at its December 'meeting in
Vr. Crocker valu:»« the exhibit of one bun
dred stamps he pent here at $19,915. His
rar^Ft and consequently most valuable single
rump is the _■*' cent label issued in 1M.~»
by :he St. Louis Pos'c-mce. before there
were any regular United States stamps. For
pinny years only four copies of this stamp were
known to be En existence, but several years ago
about twenty more came to light. .Mr. Crocker
considers his specimen worth $2,300, but con
servative ieali rs say this is. too high an esti
mate. The five cer.t and 10 cent St. Loui?
BLarr.T.s of the same series are valued at $-'-7.<)
and $200 "■ >i • ■ lively, and those valuatii ns are
c»arvr the market prices. The Brattleboro
Pcf::;.:.s:- :■ '..-.■ stamp, i-alued at $000, and
th" label bearing a facsimile of .7;ii::'-s M. Eu
chani!:.': sigr!atur< as postmaster at Baltimore,
are also =i ar •■ :• .. ■■-• of the da: s when L'm le
Sa::i ha : • - : f his o^ ::.
The Ha 1 ' y" si .::.• s. so called
becaus* they were : ■ 1 .• i ex . isively by
missi - . es, v.-hcso presence :n Hawaii started
!:■ j - Lamps the: Lre among the rarest in
l*iv W J L . .*. _1 -. -^ .. .* I —. *. .*. v I -i. .L J .. v..* LUiiU --
i! : ■.:: • • A: . • . opy of the
61 rzra.s sold : La' London for, $l,l«J0.
The vertical halves of the ! ■• 10 rappen
Ewlss stamp, issued by the Cam n f Gene = a
lb-lij '■'■ ■ - :■ :: • :.:: - used separately as S%"€
raj>j«a values The £rsJ stamps of the Reunion
Isla^cs, French possessions in the Indian Ocean
Off S£a£agas< ar. are on their original enveloj es
in Mr. Crocker's exhil it, a condition greatly :n-
HOW TH3 PRINTING IS DON'B.
F. m Th-z- Ixrad n .n>tve.
The government of this country is literally
throwing money away. Yesterday I b-r\-im«- for
the norn ur. ard< at si imp c< Hector, and offered
a sovereign :" r -.• f the :.■■ : red penny .••:a:r.r;-s
which ar- to b". issued to the public in a few
weeks. The offer was scornfully refused. As
*!•??->. de :^ Rue bave already printed some
thing like five hundred millions of the new
stamp, ar; are turning them out at the rate of
fiv« or ?ix millions a day, w.h:':^ the Chancellor
of the Exchequer is at his w:ts" end for cash, a
■ircpirr -j.r: :::::.. ■:: _; : ; alcuiation will be sufficient
to show the criminal folly of failing to realize
the stock at present values, ir.stc-ad of waiting
for th* 1;..--, ita .•■ .-: :~r.p.
However, although not allowed to purchase, I
was permltt< -1 to l • k at a whole sheet of th»
w stamps, with King Edward's portrait. In a
bright ml y carmine ink. repeated two hundre ;
axe Dirty times. The portrait has been executed
Srtaaa design by Mr. Emil Fuchs, Lhe sculptor,
A- lj * ** *a... i^ r ; -m*-!::; •-r~ * - r -I . went to Osb< me
ati r the d-ath of Queen Victoria tO make a
cast of her majesty's face. The new stamp
shows the profile of the King, which has a dig
nia-'i, somewhat severe, and stately expression.
It is the reigning monarch, and not the "first
teatleman in Europe," that is here depicted.
The picture :.<■ natural, grows on one, and is
likely to be popular. The slight baldness of the
crown of his majesty's head is indicated, and
the rn'j«tar-h<» strongly marked. The features
*re thrown inui f-.-o'.? relief by being- inclosed
Sfl^a deeply shaded ova!. ......... the
left, like that of the late Queen in the present
stamps. On the coinage it is customary to re
**rs<» the profile with each n'-w sovereign; but
ob a stamp, if the face turned to the right, it
would be looking off the letter, stamps being
usually placed at the ri^ht hand top corner.
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT.
King Edward Is far too courteoas to turn his
back on the addressee in that way.
On the left side of the oval is a curved branch
of bay leaves, with berries. I was assured that
the branch was buy—it mi^ht have been privet
for anything I kne-v. To the right is a branrh
of oak, the peculiarly shaped leaves b>Mn--r easily
recognized. Above the oval is an imperial crown.
surmounted by cross ... and on either
side of this — forming an arch broken by the
crown — are two curved labels, with the words,
and Revenue," in white letters. A
straight tablet below the oval shows the Value
of the stamp, also in white letters. The designs
of the sase green half -penny stamp, the red
penny one and the blue twopence half-penny
are the same, except for the values named on
the label at the bottom.
The change from the lavender of the present
penny stamp to the r^d of the new <>n'- la to
brins? this country into line with the other coun
tries of the Postal Union. The Postal Conven
tion decided some years ago that L'reen, red and
blue should be the color of the three principal
stamps in use. Ensrlarsd is the last country to
conform to the regulation as regards its penny
stamp. The corresponding French t<-n centime
stamp, and the German ten pft-nnis. are rr-d.
The Canadian two-cent has >» j en changed from
pun to red. and the Indian on^ anna from
plum color to red. The United States have also
the regulation color? of green for one cent, red
for two cents, and blue for five cents. The blue
of the five-cent American stamp is a rich, deep
ultramarine, quite unlike the turquoise of the
French 25 centime.
RARE STAMPS IN THE COLLECTION OF HENRY J. CROCKER, OF
■ : • • :..
The eng - Limited
W* . I--'
HAWAII. MOLDAVIA. Value *■»«•«• cancrllei REUNION IST VNT'C
V^ue $I.<»K> each. Value ; *■'■"> can. i. Value $4«n «. Bch . teciuse on original envelope
TELEPHONY IS LONDON.
THE POSTOFFICE SYSTEM READT FOR
London is in a fair way to enjoy as good a
telephone service as New-York. For many years
that fk-id has been occupied by l private cor
poration, the National Telephone Company. But
a little over throe yeara ago the Postofflce De
partment, which controls the telegraphs, decided
to organize a local telephone system. This ha 3
now been completed, and was expected to begin
■n ork with the new year.
In a number of respects the new equipment
will be sui orior to the pld. All street wires are
curri- •'. through un'V-rirroun-l ducts. Instead of
overh< ■::■!. The switchboards of the National
company were so fixed that the subscriber was
obliged to ring in order to attract the attention
of an operator. The postuißce telephone* ex
chanpr-s are provided with automatic signals.
Thar is to say. the subscriber merely has to lift
his telephone f."->m its forked r<-st to si;rr.ify that
he wants -to talk. In these and other respects
the metropolis of the New World has been better
off than that o: the IHd World for years. Still,
the National company ha= now adopted the new
style of switchboard ar.d is as well equipped
as it.-- rival.
In or.<» particular, however, London may pos
sibly outdo New-York. Owing perhaps to the
Ehoestring shape of the region served, the com
pany which operates in the boroughs of Man
hattan and The Bronx has no less than fifteen
separate exchanges, and takes care of only abi in
$,'*«> "stations" at its biggest exchange, that in
Cortlandt-rit. The principal exchange of the
new London system in the business centre of the
City is designed to take care of 1~>«*) lines with
one switchboard. Still, this concentration does
not indicate that a larger number of people enjoy
the benen . ol telephony. It was recently the
boast of .the company which serves Manhattan
and The Bronx that it had as many subscribers
ii;t;..MN'i as L< • I r \ and Par:.-- put together, ar.^i
! in proportion to the poj ulat ■ n of the districts
involved it is not unlikely tnat its patrons out
numl • r those of the two foreign capitals men
tioned fully three to one.
For a long time the people of London were
troubled to know what they would do when
two rival systems were in operation in the same
territory. But the postofllce authorities have
agreed to make connections between the Na
tional company's subscribers and their c.vn.
| Hence it will not te necessary for a business
man in the British metropolis to put in wires
connecting v.ith both, and thus incur extra ex
| pense. On the otner hand, the old company
: makes some concessions In its rates, putting
them on the same level with the government.
Just what the new .service will cost is not al
together ck-~r, although the official schedule is
now made public. As In America, a distinction
i will be made between subscribers who have un
limited service and can use their wires as often
as they like and those whose bills are based
on the number of times they call up some one
else. For the first kind of service a man will
ostensibly pay iSS (£l7) a year for a single
wire. But if he has several instruments or
branch lines they will cost him only $70 (£l4) j
The "message rate" subscriber pays ?2." in a
lump sum, to begin with, for the privilege of !
connection with any other exchange inside the
county of London. Outside the county is looked
up. nas ••Ion? distance.* 1 And for that class of
communication the exp.-npe is $20 in addition to
the local charg-e. Th<\se figures, though, rep
resent only th.; annual rental of instruments.
For actual service one must pay two cent* each
time he calls up anybody inside the county, and
four cents for every outside message. And in
order that the authorities shall be guaranteed
a sufiii.i.-nt amount of business the message
rate subscriber must stand a minimum yearly
charge of $7 50 (thirl shillings). Of course, if
his rates exceed that total so much the bvtu-r '•
for th . government.
These prices are for subscribers livir.s within
two miles of an exchange. Where the distance
is greater there is an additional charge of $0 |
or more for each extra quarter of a mile.
It is asserted that the postofllce exchange has
adopted a meter to record the number of calls
by each "message rate" subscriber.
The London papers which supply these par- ;
ticulars do not indicate how many of the new
BALTIMORE POSTMASTER r- .; , -- v.
a value $;.:...
minor . re read . Bnl
when all of the National company's exchanges
are connected with the big switchboard it will
prcbaLily not be regarded necessary to push
work on the government system rapidly.
TO Bn HEAD OF KiNfl EDWARD AND SUIT
Ilavinp: settled on a title which is pleasing to
himself and most of his subjects. King Edward
VII has been givinjr his attention to th<» coins
of the realm. He has decided that it is about
time that the people have the pleasure of seeing
his face every time they buy a paper or pay a
bill, and the coinage has been ordered. 15>>th
gold and bronze coins will boar the King's head,
with this inscription: "Edwardus \'U. Dei <;ra:
Brit: Omn: Rex Fid: Def: Ini: Imp." The
gold coins, of which there ar" to t«? four denom
inations — L7j piece, £2 pie<~e. sovereigns and half
sovereigns— will bear on the reverse the image of
St. Geor'^", armed, sitting on horseback, attack-
Ing the dragon with .i sword, and a brok n spear
upon the ground. <~>n the bronze coins the re
verse Impression will show the figure of Britan
nia seated on a rock surrounded by the sea, her
right hand holding a shit-ld which rests against
the rock, while in ter left hand she grasps a
The LT> and £2 pi<^<-s are not entirely new In
England, although they have never be*-n in gen
eral u?<». As recently as Queen Victoria's Jubi
lee they were issued, and a further coinage was
mad.- in \W>. Henry VIII introduced double
sover'-ipns when he came to the throne, but
whether they were generally used is op>n to
doubt. Since this date, however, the coinage has
borne the portrait of the reigning monarch. K;::^
Edward sat some •.::::•• nz> '.< r a celebrated
artist, who made the painting from which the
effigy Is taken. The English arc pleased jl\ th<
continuance of the Victorian practice of emj ' ■ -
ing the St. George device, and that Britannia i.s
still to rule the waves and act as a reminder of
the great s«_-a p< wer on which the security of the
it tl I
1a r ■
. . . lent 1
. : '
; • ;
: • '
... . ■_
' tho meeting the pas) - of the
.. ".' Mi
. ion • « i:.' ■
. ng; <3<>\vn
.:... I you 1
. : •.. . ... . . ,; them."
THK PEERAGE IN FICTION.
I INVARIABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME
OF THE NOBILITY.
"When I go back to England in the spring,"
said the lnn,T <-xiiatr:ateil one, '"I shall be pre
sented." Perceiving what she interpreted a.? a
sne-r en the face of her American friend she
went on: "Oh, perhaps you think I haven't
■ fri-!ids to present me. Well, I've lots of 'em,
| even if I am a nobody ever in this untilltd
"Not at aii." sai-1 the Ar.-u-rimn. politely. "It
i Is not a question of birih, l»r<-fdins or beauty.
You are intended to a.i..rn the highest circle?, I
am sure. But I happen to know that to be
presented you must wear three ostrich feathers
in your iiair: there's only one in your best hit
and you'll never save the money to buy two
"That's so," mused the English girl. "Perlxapa
I can burrow Aunt Ellen's. Do you always have
to ear three feathers at court?"
"I don't know," said her friend, "but if Aunt
Ellen hasn't a coronet she will have to wear
■ . It's oni
• • i I should al
. . .
"No', of course r«.t. Y-i: never ■!:■!. Now. the
ladles this "r ihat are a more numerous tri»>«;
but it is safe t') say that if a woman is going
to be "rapid 1 she is married to a l<>rd. It is
always t ti- - lords, of course, v.).., :.-..• by their
wits, so there - -■ •.. • ittie • v use for the ladies
Ti not s hard ■ . ■ ".i rule a - the oth< rs.
but It Is -•■ nerally a -.-.'■■ < ■ •• to make all rath, r
naught) and attractive women the wives of
lords. l'-.i:' :;••- wives are rather pleasant a::d
middle a£< 1. There are :i"t so many "f thes«\
however, for It's .- I ..- easy to raise your char
acters to ■■:• :••■•:. •■-?■■ :i< to leave them unhappy
common< rs, and it takes well with the ! '.■ ii '.
'Smart w< men.' If not Lady Somebody, are plain
Mrs. Anything Untitled people :r. a eociety
novel have to be -.in.irt, of course, or they can't
litatl ■ '
:■ ■ •
•'I am rT"in^ some day," paid the American,
"to look for duchesses. I will have my duchess.
yince they are all so unconventional. I have
reason to believe that the duchess in "Alice in
Wonderland' was drawn from life. I am going
over to look for her."
/V TIE LIKE 01
Prom The PI
Nell— Ma '■ •
Belle ' ' I
on lh< ! trip in order Uia.t he iiuiiht e*