Newspaper Page Text
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I] ■■■■• .^ mu oid.
AS TO CHARTERS.
PARTICULAKLY THAT OF N'EW-YOKK
JAMES HENRY INDUCES HIS GRAND
FATHER TO TALK ABOUT Till: CITY
You are not to suppose because James Henry
did not know all about the new city governn* nt
that he knew nothing about the election. He
•was as anxious to see Tammany run out a.s any
on< more anx ova than s< ■::,.■. There were some
things in the Tammany ways of governing a
city which it is just as well for you and f.>r
James Henry not to know too much about But
there was one thing about i; which James Henry
understood very well. He felt the same interest
In a p iliceman th it most boys do, and he knew
that Bomehow things were going all wrong with
the policemen. He believed, too. that it would
be a koo.l thing f..r ti-.o policemen if Tammany
were made to stop Interfering.
Then, again, James Henry expects, when he
Is a few years older, to go to 'MumMa Trilver
sity. That makes him feel as If he owned Co
lumbia University already. Therefore, when the
president of Columbia University was elected
Mayor he took it a.s a personal compliment ir
he had not been elected James Henry would
have felt personally Insulted. It ia even be
lieved, though not proved, that James Henry
blew a born on eleel lon night.
But after reading the papers on th- .lay aftv-r
New i'ear'a and getting pretty well mlx-d up,
he bad to come to his grandfather. "Tell n.e
about the new city government." be
Tell j,.u what about it?" bis grandfather
a*k.-.1, pretending thai he didn't like I i be dis
turbed, but secretly joyful
"All about it."
111 " ' t «peei to nough," said bis
"Don't expect to Aren't you reeling w ::?••
"Why. If I Bhould begin to tell you about the
city government there Is the city charter, to
MASTKH HAT— A PITT I CAN'T CUT AT
*IIAT DEUUIHVUI. DUTCH CHEESE.
xnEW-YORK TRIBUTE ILLUSTRATED SUrrLEMENT.
begin with. I'M you ■
"No; what's that."
"The charter is the book of laws for t:
of New-York. It ia Lbly more than
twice as long as the .v .. . :.. it. makes
a book about as big as the direi toryi an-l *"
explain it to you, I suppose, would take at least
six more books as big. But perhaps we c.m find
out what n charter Is without tr>ing to know
• •very little thing about it. You see. the > Ity is so
big, and there are :■< many people crowded into
ir, and they live so differently from people in
the country, and a n i many of them live so
differently from each other, that the city needs
JAMKS liKNKYS GKANDFAT! I IOR.
come special laws besides the ordinary State
laws. So the State gives the city a special set
of laws of Its own, and that set of laws is the
charter. Smaller places — towns and villages — do
not need such special laws, and they can get
on without charters. Other collections of people
besides cities have charters from the State, too.
Large business companies have them, and clubs
have them, and schools and colleges."
"But what right," said James Henry, "has
the whole State to be giving laws to the city?
Why can't the people in the city just make their
"That is a very Interesting question," his
grandfather answered. "It takes us a long way
back. We don't trouble ourselves with kings
any more In this country, but we haven't got
away from all the old ways which came about
when there were Jiiings. In the old days the
sovereign— the power at the head of everything
—was a king. Now, although we have no kings,
we have still sovereigns. And our sovereign is
the State. The State is our ruler and gives us
our laws, Just as the king In old times was the
ruler and gave the laws, and does still In some
countries, where he actually rules himself or
somebody rules in his name. So it Is the State
which gives the city Its charter. Just as it gives
Its charter to a college which wants to teach
young men. or to a company which wants to
"Hut If the State Is the sovereign," said James
Henry, "what is the United States? I thought
the l're.sident was In the place of a king. Why
doesn't the United States give the city its char
"That Is another great Nig subject, and we
can't try to touch more than the edge of it.
The Pre . !• :it Is a much more powerful man in
many ways, than most kings, but he is not a
sovereign. The United States is a sovereign. It
Is eri';u r -h t-> s.y J'ist now that in pome things
the United States Is the sov< reign and In some
others the State is D.» sovereign. It l.s the
United States which makes war and deals with
foreign nations and collects duties; it is the
State which gives charters.
"We have a new charter now, you know
When New-York first became the great city
that it is they m;i.!<> the best charter they could
MX. JACK IN VOX BUT You CANI
for It But when they had tried It for a little
while and saw how It worked they thought that
they could improve it a little. There are a good
many changes which we needn't trouble our
selves about now. One change is that a new
Mayor is to be elected every two yars, instead
of every four years. Another is that there Is
no city Council any non The Board of Alder
men is likely to be quite enough I
with. Hut there la one little change which I
:ik.- parti* ularly. The n< m i ':.
number of local improvement districts and has
given them names which have belonged to New-
York fT l . There ar
names y, < ireenw i> h. • Hook,
Bowling Gr< i whli h make one think of
the "! i days in New-Amsterdam that was what.
the I • : 1 1 ■ h .:;!:. • New- York, j ■■ lv
such as jmj find in the Knickerbocker II
You nave not read th ■ Knl
New- York, ha\ j
"Well, I wouldn't yet. If 1 • you. I think
that you would find it rath I now. But
THE TWELFTH NIGHT WITCH.
read it in ten -r a dozen y.-ars. and it will »>•• as
juicy as two dozen oranges and twice
.:. Then you can read the city charter,
too, If you want t<>. But don"! hurry about it."
l /•/;///; of $5 ix gold.
TWO OTHER PRIZES OF BOOKS FOR YOI'NG
READERS OF THE TRIBUNE.
The 'I'rili ii no will a war di
As a First '"' «• $5 In cold
As a Second Prize .:.A book
As a Third Prize A b.*.k
to Meh of It a ><>un reader*, not mrr fifteen
"'"" ••* "« ".-iml In UM Hr»l. second mid
third beat letter* upon ,i, P |,,|,.«. which
Jiiin on Henry will talk about In thr««- rol
■aasM before next February. Tk*a« art* the
conditions of the couteati
No letter can exceed two hundred words.
-VI letters must be addressed to The F. !it,.r of
Little Men and Little Women, New-York Tribune
Park Row, x York city.
All hit, rs must reach this . ■;:,. ■ before February
The writers must not be more than fifteen years
Each letter must be signed with the full name and
address of the writer.
In awarding the prizes clear writing will count for
a great deal with the judges.
In each contest the editor's decision will be final
and ho cannot enter into correspondence with un
EXPLANATION: In the last Issue James Henry
talked about "Marconi and Wireless — -* n , .
In this Issue he talks about the city charter 'tV* 7 '
fore those -who wish to begin competing *f or t?
prizes at once may take either of these- a-biJT*
Next week James Henry will talk about sonaethtai
else; on January 13 and 26. still other BubJectaT*^
you don't like Marconi or the city charter as aV-if
ject. select any topic which James Henry talk
about on January 12. 13 or 26. The best letter ;£?
bring the first prize, the "second best- tae seeonJ
prizo and the "third best" the third prize. All uJ
ten must reach this office btfore February L
A TWELFTH NIGHT PAUTT,
SUGGESTIONS FOR AN ENJOYABLE OB
SERVANCE OF THIS IIOLIDAT.
Some folks say that Santa Claus has a lot to
do with Tvvt-lfth Night. For my part I don't be
lieve he does at all. You see. it comes Just
twelve days after Christmas, and the poor old
man certainly must be very tired and baa /*
rest up a little and Ret over the hard work h
has been doing for the past two weeks or so.
So I think he leaves everything to be done by
the elves, and that is the night when they cele
brate, and have the most beautiful times of a!l
the year. The witches, too, come la fcr a g'oJ
share of the fun. and perhaps if any one looked
very sharply he might see a few of these re
nowned oM ladies flying: around on their brooch
sticks high up in the cold air. The trouble wiQ
witches is that they fiy so very far from the
ground that our eyes are not strong enough U
see them. An then, a.^ain, of course, they never
really begin until 12 o'clock, and by that time,
surely, every one must be asleep!
Now, seeing that Twelfth Night, like Christ
ma?, comes but once a year, what could be jol
lier than to celebrate a little, just to show these
nice little elves and fairies that we really do be
lieve in them?
Of course, a Twelfth Night party is the very
thing, and the more people there are at it the
better. A "home" party is very Jolly, but "'-he
mot the merrier," you kn>>w. and this tarty
will entertain any number of people.
The first thins to do is to have a big tv.!c\
ami in the cake must be very cunningly hidJt-a
away a coin. Everybody cuts a slice, ani some
one will draw the coin.
If it is a pirl. she is "queen" for the rest of
the evening, and if a boy finds it. he is the
"king.** The king or queen thea chooses a
court, and every one familiar Witt fairy stories
must surely know of what t-?'^ consists. Firs*
if it id a king, he must have a queen, or a