aharplv tfctn the Radical* would have wished, y
but the necessity for Liberal reunion is. too J
urgent for a revival of factional feeling. The ,
Liberal electors are concentrating whatever j
jealounies may be still rife among the leader^ ,
The process of solidification will be facilitated
when the Common? .djourn* and there is no
longer an opportunity for keeping * tally or
secessions from one wing to the other. j
The financier* are surprised by the sluggish- j
ness of the stock markets and the continued ,
weakness of all classes of South African shares. j
They consol* themselves w.th the reflection that
the apathy prevailing in London is preferable ;
"to the pessimism produced at Berlin and Frank- i
fort by the pubUcßtion of offlcitl reports of in
dustrial companies with records of enormous
depreciation nf assets. Tet even in Germany
there are compensations for the continued <i«>-
I ••--- t»n of domestic markets, for foreign trade,
which ha* been the chief resource of manufact
uring interests for two years, continues to
thrive. th»re being a marked Increase in volume
and values of exports and imports. The cotton
trade of Lancashire is suffering from the uncer
tainties of the supply of raw material, and the
federation of master spinners' associations »s
striving to curtail the production of yarn by a
common agreement. This policy was partially
successful in a previous emoreeiv-y and is now
r'-'ed on a larger scale. English combina
tions of this kinr: are less effective than the
German cartels, by which all important lndus
tiies are regulated.
The proposals of the Terk*s-Speyer Syndicate
for the electrification of the Metropolitan Dis
trict Railway are sharply criticised by the finan
cial Journals as unsettling and self-interested
and as involving deals against which investors
interests require full safeguards.
The Kinc is holding an investiture on his
yacht to-day. Rudyard Kipling is opening a.
rifle range at Sydenham. and a large party of
It dian and Colonial visitors is receiving the
hospitality of Warwick Castle. There will be a
large house party at the castle after the garden
fete. Lord Robbery. Sir John French. Winston
Churchill and George Wyndham being among
the guests. The nous? parties for Goodwood
have been less brilliant than had b*en ex
pected, and this week end will be a quiet one.
with few notable events. The stands in front
of private houses in Piccadilly have not been
re -erected, so the parties for viewing the pro-
I r— li li next week at Devonshire House and
other great residences will be small.
There is only one military wedding at the
West End. Miss Winnington's marriage to An
drew Fletcher, at St. Pauls. Knightsbridge, with
soldiers lining the central passage, bridesmaids
In gowns of embroidered net and big hats and
End. Miss Winningtons marriage to An- J
jri^Trhcr. a' St Pauls. Knightsbridge. with j
»rs linine th» central passage, bridesmaids
»wns of embroidered net and big hats and
four pages in Louis Quinze costume.
The autumnal congress"? promise to be un
usually interesting. At least a thousand dele
gates are expected at the Public Health Con
gress at Exeter, with many representatives of
the United States and France. The results of
the various tests of Dr. Koch's inoculation
th-ories proclaimed last year will be described.
The British Association and the Church Congress
also have attractive programmes. The most in
teresting feature of the well attended Nature
Study Conference at the Botanic Gardens was
Professor Mills's account of his own experi
ence in Yorkshire College, in which he depre
cated the use of a large amount of apparatus in ,
teaching, and deplored the number and variety |
cf examinations as stumbling blocks to the ac
quisition of real knowledge.
The results of the Baldwin expedition to the
Eilnations stumbling blocks to the ac- j
n of teal knowledge.
esults of the Baldwin expedition to the
.re considered meagre and disappointing j
by those who talked with him in London on the |
eve of his departure for Franz Josef Land and j
expected great things from his apparently well j
laid plans. i LN - F - i
GENERAL GALLIFFET'S INTERESTING
PARISIAN EXCITEMENT SUBSIDING-THE
IXTERESTNG TRIP OF EX-PREMIER
<Copjrißht; IJW2: Py The Tribune Association.)
♦Special to The New-York V-*bune by Fr«Kh Cable.*
Paris. Aug. 2.-General De Gallirfet's "Sou
venirs." which are being published in column
instalments three times a week in the "Gaulois"
and "Journal dcs Debats," continue to provide
material for midsummer conversation. Indeed,
wm* one is talking about them, especially the
incident which occurred when General Galliffet
vu a prisoner o f war at Ems in IS7O. He re
lates that the Prince of W'al«* sent his equerry
to him asking if he could be of any s ervlee. offer
ing to provide him with money or anything h«
General Galliffet thanked the Prince of Wales.
said he needed nothing but his liberty, and asked
the Fr;nc. if be could not persuade his brother
ir.-law, th* Crown Prince of Prussia, to release
him. he <Galliffet> being ready to give his word
of honor that ne. *■•■;:-; noi serve in any other
grade in the French army during the rest of the
■war except that of private soldier.
The Prince cf Wales wrote back t«>n days
afterward that he had ocmmunicated with the
Crevn Prinre and King William, and boh
"w»re deeply impressed with th<» soldierly spirit
thus manifested by you. and I hope in a few
'days you will be free and happy. Don't forget
that I am personally quite as responsibU for
your word of engagement .->.« you are. a responsi
bility that I gladly assumed at the King's own
Two days afterward, however, came the fol
lowing letter from the Prince of Wales: "Bad
luck. Tou can no longer count upon what I had
hoped to obtain for you. The King felt obliged
to consult Moltke, who said: 'Galllffet's request
s:ight be granted^ in any ordinary war, but I
now object to it because the French nation is in
euch a state of extraordinary nervous tension
and overexcitement that would only be increased
by Galllffet's act. His requsst does him great
honor, but in my opinion it should not under
present circumstances be granted.' This settled
the matter, and I am exceedingly eorry for you."
Another arousing revelation is given by Gen
eral Gailiffet in his recollections of Gambetta,
whom he u^ed to meet frequently at dinner at
the house of Mme. Juliette Adam. General Gal
llffe' relates that "n« evening in ISBO he asked
Gainbetta and Skobeleft to din* with with him
at a. eosey little dinner at the Caf£ Anglais.
His two guests watched each other very closely
and lite little. General GalliflTet was somewhat
mortified, because neither the statesman nor the
r.oldier deigned to do more"than toy with s su
perb Rouennais preyed duck, which afterwards
figured on the bill for <Vt franc* (or $12). Their
principal conversation was their contention as to
which of the two knew personally the grtatest
number of dangerous political conspirators.
They each cited a coupl* of dozen, and asked
him to be Judge in their dispute. He was
amazed to find what sort of persons they both
knew, but he wae unable to decide as to whether
Gambetta or Skobeleff had gained the prize.
Secretary Boot and Ambassador Porter have
had * most cordial welcome in Paris and are
feted right and left. Another incident illustrat
ing the pleasant relations between th» Amer
icans and the French occurred yesterday during
the distribution cf prizes of the College Janson
<ie Saiily, in the grand hall cf the Trocadero.
It was the delicate attention shown by Captain
■ Delarue,* delegate of the Minister of War, to a
Wem Point cadet. Paul Clark, who is spending
ay few. days Jn Paris. Next to the captain On the
platform the cadet sat and was in the full uni
form of the United States Military Academy.
■^•"hen the boys of the special class preparatory
to the St. Cyr French Military Academy were
called to. receive their pr'.2es. Cadet Clark was
-requested to award " them, which he did very
gracefully, complimenting the young men In
excellent French, while the whole audience ap
France continues to pay creat attention to
submarine vessel*. Gustave Zede has arrived at
Marseilles from Cette and entered the old port
of Marseilles completely ' submerged. The sub
marine Gnome has been launched at Rochefort.
Rear Admiral Fournier has issued a general
order, in course of which he states that the sub
marines Narval. Silure. Triton and Sireze ac
complished a remarkable feat by proceeding
from Cherbourg to Brest in rough weather with
Apart from priest ridden Brittany, where the
picturesque scenes of the entire rural popula
tion up in arms with scythes and pitchforks to
protect the good Sister recalls the days of the
wars of the Vendee, the excitement, especially in
Paris, has considerably subsided. During this
cool, bracing summer weather Parisians cannot
be expected to let a Sunday pass by without a
little family outing on the Place de la Concorde
and a brisk exchange of -epartee just to keep
up the Parisian reputation for effervescence. But
there is nothing at all serious in this so far as
Paris is concerned, for the majority of the citi
zens ask if the associations want to remain
in France why don't they comply with the laws,
which, after all. are net more stringent than is
required in the I'nlted States or England for
corporations or associations.
The demonstration of Frenchwomen like that
of the socialist counter df ionstration arranged
for Sunday is by no means dangerous. The
latter is mere'y a junketing holiday outing to
celebrate the anniversary of the death of
Etienne Dolet. the French scholar, who was
hanged and burned as a heretic August 3. 1540.
If the socialists meant real mischief they would
not hark rack 10 the beginning of the sixteenth
century to invoke a hero for their manifesta
The experiments mad- on the roads near Saint
Germain and Versailles with sprinkling crude
petroleum to prevent dust are highly successful
and will be largely extended to other routes
near Paris. Lyons, Nice and Marseilles to an
extent likely to increase th-» French demand for
American petroleum. There is also an increaesd
demand for American agricultural implements,
which r.re in greater favor than ever here Just
now, and the government's action in granting
the request made by New-Caledonia to import
foreign agriculturil implements free of duty
may perhaps be followed by similar action in
regard to other French colonies.
M. Waldeck-Rousseau seems quite a new
man after his Scandinavian trip in his friend
Gaston Menier's yacht Ariane. during which
f».7iV» miles were accomDlished in six weeks.
The *-x-Premier is now in robust health,
bronzed and rudfly in complexion. During the
voyage he painted eighteen land and sea scenes
In oil. drew fifteen crayon caricature portraits,
and finished six water color sketches, and wrote
a little one act comedy, which was acted on
board the yacht with great s-uccess. His gTeat
«st piscatorial feat was the capture of a twenty
*wo pound salmon.
M. Waldeck-Rousseau is reticent about the
political allusions indulged in during his long
chats with the German Emperor in the port of
Odde, but has confided to a few personal friends
that Kaiser Wilhelm spoke French with per
fection and fluency, the only criticism being
that Emperor William's accent was a trifle too
Parisian for strict academic requirements.
At the dinner given on the Hohcnzollern by
♦he Emperor to M. Waldeck-Rcusseau. the
names of all the dishes of the menu were in
•"Vie French language, the champagne was
French, and all the selections of music played
by th. Imperial band were by French com
posers. The talented and versatile Kaiser, as he
Is speken of by the ex-Premier, completely fas
cinated his guests by his intimate knowledge
of Paris and his bright and sparkling wit and
humor, far more Gallic than Teuton.
Emperor William quoted passages from the
latest plays of Lavedan and Capus. and his
dramatic criticism of the leading French play
writers and French actors and actresses was in
ever>* tvay as Parisian as those of Lasroumet
M. and Mme. Waldeck-Rousseau, now at their
country place Corbell, will soon start for Brit
tany, and intend visiting Guernsey early in Sep
tember. C" C. I. B.
VAT TOBE HAS A BAD FALL.
LONDON rOMCB RERME TO ASSIST IN HER
FKARCH FOR STRONG..
London. Aug. I.— May Tone this morninjr called In
the police to ask them to help her flnd Putnam
Bradlee Strong, but Scotland Yard declined to have,
anything to do w*th th» matter, as she had pre
ferred no charge against Strong. Miss Tohe then
made all arrangements to take the 2:30 train for
Paris, but abandoned the idea at the last moment.
Miss Tohe. on returning to her hotel this after
noon, tripped as she left her carriage and fell, badly
Injuring her knee. She was carried Into the hotel
and a physician was called. Notwithstanding the.
accident. Miss Yohe decided that she would start
for Paris to-night
RETOLrTIONISTZ MARCH TXG O.V CARACAS!.
PRESIDENT CASTRO VNDECinEn WHETHER TO
MAKE OR AWAIT ATTACK.
Washington. Aug. 2.— The State Department
has received a cable dispatch from Minister
Bowen. at Caracas, dated to-day, as follows:
The united revolutionary army now- supposed
to be about one hundred miles away. The Presi
dent has net announced whether he will make or
await attack. Probably nothing decisive will
take place for a week.
gfXTEEV KILLED IX RAILWAY WRECK.
Calcutta. Aujr. 2. — A mixed railway train was
wrecked near Merut yesterday. Sixteen natives
were killed and thirty natives and Europeans were
FtCTtM* OF ATfiTRALIAS EXPLOZIOX.
Sydney. K. P TV . Aug. 2.— The total number of
lives lost by the explosion at the Mount Kimbla
colliery. Wollongong. on Thursday, was 12fl.
MORE DISORDERS IX CEIXA.
Berlin. Aug. 2 —A dispatch from Tanton. China,
»«>•» that renewed disorders have occurred in Stf-
Chuen Frovince. with daily engagements between
the government troops and the rebels. Massacre?
of native Christians are reported in the province.
PRTXCEFS ROSPIGLIOSI HAS A DAUGHTER.
Rome. Aug. -The Princess Rosplftllosi. who was
Miss Marie Reid, o" Washington. D. C. gave birth
to-day to a daughter. Both mother and child are
well. There is considerable rejoicing among those
who have been opposed to the princess's marriage
at the fact that the child is not a boy.
WORK OF LIVE SATIXG COKGRESS.
Nantes. Aug 2.— The International life Saving
Congress, which finished its sessions here to-day,
recommends the establishment of an international
maritime bureau to formulate uniform maritime
regulations for all countries.
SMALLPOX RAGIXG IX BARBADOS.
Klr.jestnn, St. Vincent. Aug. 2.-Smallpox having
broken out in Barbados, all the other British West
Indian Island* have imposed a quarantine against
that c-Monv There have r>e<>n seventeen cases on
the ißland. all discovered within a. few days. Tho
sufferers have been strictly isolated. Owing to the
Island* proximity to St. Vincent, the inhabitants,
here fear the 4tee*M will reach Kingston.
TRY AOAIN. ■ f-ff
Miybe *rh»t you w»nte<j l«»t Pund.y you aid not f\ n
■r. th« "LUtle Al , of the People." Try a|»!n to-4«y
It may b« there.
tfETW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. AUGUST 3, 1902.
WHAT LONDON TALKS OF.
•London, August 2.
CORONATION tPREPARATIONS.-New prepar
ations for the coronation of King Edward, which
is to take place on August 9. are proceeding rather
mechanically. The erection of the familiar street
barriers, the cleaning and decorating of the
stands and the rehanging of decorations attract
slight attention. The outward preparations are M
old story, but public Interest in the actual pro
ceedings l« rekindled by official assurance that
the King is going on finely and 13 ready to bear
the fatigue of being crowned * week from to-day.
The publication of the official programme of the
procession shows no especial changes from the
original arrangements, but the ceremonies in
Westminster Abbey have been curtailed by the
omission of the Litany and sermon, and by the
recital of the Recognition once instead of ™ur
times. A new series of r?he*rsals has begun at
the Abbey, with dignified movements and reciuis.
and these are far more impressive than anj thing
connected with the street "Pectacle. The Clt>
Council of Westminster. In <" om PHance*ith tne
King's wishes; has voted that n° furt JV?J M e deco
diturea be incurred in replacing the
rations. The clubhouses which line a cons-ueram*
portion of the route, and most of the other a P" ll< J
InirK arp bflne redecorated; the (anadlan anil is
be?ng redr,Vsod with fr^sh «P*ctaen« ot J*&£Z
agricultural products and At Indian tin f e
I ' Jain e? R "sSfa% a^n .".ccadilly will be gorg e O «.
with illuminktions. many of which -Rill ai.o
displayed on Kitchener night, August X
THE LIBERAL VICTORY.-Calmer estimates of
the significance of. the unprecedented Liberal vic
tory In this week's Parliamentary election in Leeds
indicate .little real basis for the renewed hope
that the Liberals are gaining control of t he |Wj
ernment. The government has been lectured and
solemnly warned this week not only by its oppo
nentf tut also by some of its stanch journalistic
supporters; but the oppositions enthusiastic proph
ecies about, an early getting together of all
branches of the opposition were, pretty effectually
disposed of by Lord Rosebery'p dispassionate reit
eration that he has no Intention of «**n* 0 "'"^!!*
imperialistic platform and the *2"""> mßtm 8t " < l
contention of the Radicals that th AVtv ,LSe In
Hnquish home rule as a standard pa rt> issue, in
passionate desire for unity that exists imnng Lib
erals throughout the country, nor he passionate
df-sire to arrive at it with or without leaders
The paper scolds the Liberal leaders for their folly
In splitting hairs at a time when the government
s floundering in the labyrinths Of «»!««**« «P
Education bill and is "revealed to the country to
be without aim or policy. • .
AT THE THEATRES— Nearly all f.ie London
theatres are closed, but the few remaining open
ai>- raaptnc a rich harvest. The vacation will b«»
short, aa September will see all in full blast again.
Early prospects for the season or 190:-'<S are. full
of promise. "The Eternal City" will be produced
by Beerbohm Tree on September ». Tree has
selected the part of Bonelll. and Brandon Thomas
will appear as the Pope. The first fortnight of
September will see the opening of the season in
actual earnest, the. Duke of York? and th- St.
James's almost clashing with each other, with th
production of "The Story of the r.adsby*" at the
Duke of York's and "If I W«W King" at the St.
James's. Henry Arthur Jones's newest play is
scheduled for Wyndham'S. with Lena Ashwell in
the principal part. This part afterward will ,£
played in New- York by Margaret Anglln. tI The fate
of the Lveeum having been flnall> ,, s '"i£mit lt l , ,
probable 'that Sir Henry Irving will commit h s
interests in England to Charts Frohman. Th s
has not been definitely ttled as ye . but Plr
Henry's next appearance in London will bee |
at th> Duke of York's or the Phaftesbury-for .both
of which Mr. Frohman contracts. On boa^ the
steamship Pennsylvania now Hearing NjW-fOJ*
is a young American girl for whom musical ex
perts her? predict great thtnp'M a singer Aver
is Margaret Aver, daughter of Mrs. Herb-rt A>er
formerly of Chicago. She has been educated In
France and Germany, and this season her ender.
lnp of eighteenth century chansonettes has been
the feature of several smart musical entertaln
menta in raris. She refused an offer to make her
first appearance next season at the Op*ra Comlmje.
Paris, and returns to America to enter on her
musical career in her own country. Mme. Pattl
and Frau Coslma Warner beard her sing, ana
predict a great future for her.
POSTAL TELEGRAPH SUP.VICE.-The con
ressed inefficiency of the postoflV-e tele Kr aph ser
vice is revfalcd in a circular of Instruction to th"
efTect that a considerable percentage of th* three
thousand operators employed in the central offlce.
at London are. inexperienced and Inefficient, and
directing operators at outside offices to adapt their
rate of working to the capacity of the receivers in
the central oOce.. Aiißtc.i Chamberlain. Financlftl
Becretary of the Treamiry, endeavored to explain
the matter in the House of Common* on the. theory
that there must always be ma:iy recruits employed,
but older tele*r*ph«rß deny thin, ami polr.t out that
years of instruction were required formerly, while
now only throe months' preparation is exacted be
fore actual service It begun. The inefficiency. It Is
eaid. is rtiie wholly to new economies undertaken
in the department, since plenty of efficient em
ployes are available. It !s considered extraordinary
that in the entire telepniph service no typewriters
are used except a few in the foreign departments.
WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY.— a meeting <>f
the Anglo-American Telwaiaph Company yesterday
the chairman. Francis A. r>e\an. said nothing had
occurred, so far as h« knew, to alter the opinion
of the directors that, although wireless telegraphy
would carry a certain class of telegrams, such as
those between ships or between ships and the
Shore, there was no reason apparent why It would
compete in the class of telegrams sent by cable
companies In a conversation the other day with
I>ord Kelvin, the latter sal<l to Mr. Bevan: "I have
given careful oonsMcrmtion to this subject, and I
do not believe the shareholders of your company
need be alarmed at the prospect of wire-less teieß
RETAINING BLENHEIM.— There was an In
teresting ceremony at Windsor Ctttle to-«la>, wh< re
the Duke of Marlboroueh had forwarded a banner
to be placed over the bust of his famous ancestor,
John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlboroußh.
This ceremony Ik nceesttnr each year, and by
carrying it out the head o^ the Churchill family
retains p«ss«-ssion of Blenheim Palace, which was
granted by Parliament to the i;re;it military leader
FULLER AGAIN ACCUSED.
PAID TO HAVE TSED RED CROSS WAGONS
FOR PARRYING AMMUNITION.
London, Aug. 2— Surgeon Oeneral Hamilton,
before a meeting of the British Medical Asso
ciation at Manchester ye-sterday. definitely
charged that General Sir Redvers Buller, In the
Boer war of 18S1, "used army medical wagons
with the Red Cross thereon for taking ammuni
tion to the front, and armed the bearer com
panies, using them as escorts." The surgeon
general declared that his authority for the state
ment was the principal medical officer to whom
the orders were issued, and. he added that the
British could not complain of the Boers doing
what General Buller had done twenty years pre
RTEYN ARRIVES IN ENGLAND.
London. Aug. 2— Ex-President Steyn of the
Orange Fre«» State arrived at Southampton to
day with his family, on the steamship Caris
brooke Castle. He was met by Messrs. Fischer.
Wessels and D^s Bruyn, the former Boer dele
gates. H> will go to The Hague, where ex-
Presldent Krilger will go from Utrecht to meet
him on Monday.
Mr. Steyn was too ill to bear the journey to
London, although h special saloon carriage had
been attached to the regular boat train for him.
His physician would not allow him to be seen by
reporters, but Mr. Steyn sent word that he.
wished to express his thanks for the courtesies
extended to him by the British authorities since
the surrender, and for the care given him on
the voyage. He was removed on a stretcher to
the Dutch steamer Bntavler 111. which was
moored close to the Carisbrooke Castle. He will
be landed at the Hook of Holland and conveyed
In an ambulance to the cottage reserved fo r him
near The Hague.
DRIVES PHOTOGRAPHERS FROM COFRT.
IT IS SAID THAT THET WERE THERE IN TNTER
EBT, OF A LIQUOR FTBLICATION
fharles Reers. ■ saloonkeeper at No ■ Newark
avV. Jersey City, who on Tuesday was paroled
until Saturday by Police Justice Hoos on a charge
of selling liquor on Sunday, was yesterday h»ld by
Justice Hoos to await the action of the grand jury.
This case also governed similar charges against
John O'Brien. Patrick McArdle and Bossford &
GJenn. and all were paroled In custody of counsel.
O'Brien who is one of the Excise. Commissioners,
and who was appointed by Mayor. Fag»n at tea
request of th* Hudson County Liquor Dealers' As
sociation, gays the charges were prompted by po
A number of photographers were in court, ready
to take snapshots of the witnesses, but when Jus
tice Hoos learned that the pictures were Intended
for publication in a newspaper published in the
Interest of the iiquor dealers, he. expelled the pho
tographer? from the court.
KILLED IN CAR COLLISION.
CAB DRIVER FITRLED AGAINST PILLAR
-FARE. WHO SAYS HE WAS ROBBED.
TAKEN TO HOSPITAL.
A trolley car crossing Third-aye. and Twenty
third-st. last evening at a high rate of speed
struck a cab. Two persons were injured and
sev-eral so shaken up that they had to be at
tended tj ambulance surgeons. The cab driver,
a man named HUllard. was thrown fifteen feet
and struck his h<*ad against an elevated road
pillar, dying at Bellevue Hospita!.
The car was crossing Twenty-third-st. just as
the rah started across the tracks. The motor
man applied the brake, but it was too late, and
car and cab came together with a crash that
could be heard for blocks. There was intense
excitement in the car, and the passengers at
tempted to climb over the rail on the side near
the tracks. One woman fainted, and there
would probably have been more injured had not
cool heads assured all that there was no danger.
The driver of the cab had evidently seen that
he could not get over before the car. for he had
turned his cab slightly, as though he had tried
to run north before the car. He was picked up
Policeman Easton pent to Bellevue for two
Thomas Preston, of No. 210 Second-aye.., who
was In the cab, was about to alight when the
collision came. He was thrown forward and
Jammed between the wreck of the cab and the
forward part of th* <~ar. He. was found un
conscious, and sustained severe bruises and pos
sibly internal injuries. He was also taken to
the hospital. The ambulance surgeons had to
attend two or three of the passenger?, who were
suffering from shock.
After Preston had been restored to conscious
ness he said he had been robbed of $150 and a
|160 gold watch. Hie $100 diamond scarfpin
was half way out of his scarf. He did not know
who stole the money and watch. A woman's hat
and a pair of woman's shoes were found In the
cab. Preston made- no mention of a woman
Policeman Easton told the motorman ana
conductor. Christopher Holzen, of No. 1.1-2
Third-aye.. and Abraham Weisbann, of No. 144
East Eighty-fcurth-st.. that they were under
arrest. While he was looking after the injured
driver and passengers, he alleges, the motor
man and conductor jumped on their car and
DESIRES AMERICAN PRELA TE.
CAUSE OF THF, VATICAN'S DELAY TN AP
POINTING AN APOSTOLIC DELEGATE
Rom», Aug. 2— The delay In appointing a/
apostolic delegate to Manila is due to the desire
to please the Washington authorities by sending
an American prelate to the Philippines, and the
Vatican Is now awaiting letters from the United
States. The prelate who is thought likely to
accept is thoroughly adapted to the place.
Should the plan fall through the moat probable,
candidate is Monsignor Guldi. now in the office
of Cardinal Rampolla, the Papal Secretary of
NOT CONFIRMED IN WASHINGTON.
DECISION TO WITHDRAW SPANISH FRIARS
WOVLD BE GRATIFYING TO OFFICIALS.
Washington. Aug. 2.— The War Department
baa received no information to confirm the re
port from Rome that the Spanish friars In Ma
nila are to be removed, but It is said that such
a course would be in furtherance of the plan
Of Secretary Root, which was presented to the
Vatican by Governor Taft. It is also said that
If su.h action should be taken. It would greatly
simplify the negotiations which will be renewed
«t M.inila between the Church authorities and
the Philippine government.
TREATED AS ALIENS.
IMMIGRATION LAWS APPLY TO FILIPINOS
AND PORTO RIt'ANS
Washington. Aug 2.— '""ommlrsloner Oeneral Sar
itent of the Immigration Bureau, with the ap
proval of Secretary Shaw, has Issued a circular
prohibiting the comln* to the I'nlted States of
residents and native* of Porto Rico and the Philip
pines except after the same examination as Is
enforced against other alien Immigrants. The clr
cui.ir Is as follows'
To collector? oi cuftom*. immigrant inspectors.
Chinese Inspectors and other officers charged with
the administration o* the immigration and Chinese
I'nder the provisions of the acts of Congress ap
proved on April 12. IS<». and July 1. 1902. tho people,
of the island of Porto Rico and of the Philippine
Islands have been declared to be. citizens of those
islands, respectively, "and as such entitled to the
protection of the Inlted States."
You are therefore advised that the provisions of
the laws regulating immigration. including those
which prescribe payment of the h»ad tax. apply
to the residents and natives of Porto Rico and the
Philippine Islands, and. moreover, that the pro
visions of the laws relating to the exclusion of
Chinese apply to all of such persons as are of the
<"'hlnene race. The citizens and residents of the.
said islands, therefore, should be admitted to the
I'nlted States upon the same conditions and sub
ject to the. same examinations as are enforced
against people from countries over which the
inlted States claims no right of sovereignty what
VANDERBILTB SPEEDY ENGINE.
TRAIN MAKES FIVE MILES IN FOT"R MIX
trTCfl AND FIFTEEN SECONDS.
Railroad men were talking yesterday about a
record trip which the Mount Kisco special- made
on the Harlem Railroad on Friday night with the
new engine. No. 1,413. the special invention of Cor
nelius Vanderbilt. jr.
The run w.is the fastest ever made on the road.
The engine drew five cars, and made the run
between Pleasantville and Chappao.ua at. the rate
of a mile in 42 seconds. Between rnappaqua and
Mount Klseo. with many curves along the line and
coverlßS a distance of five miles, the train made
the run in 4 minuter 1"> seconds. The Vanderbllt
engine Is built after the style of the "hog."
FRANCE'S: SCHOOL POLICY.
MANY APPLICATIONS TO REOPEN INSTITU
Paris, Aug. 2.— Several Nationalist Deputies,
representing Paris, waited on the Premier, M.
Combes, to-day, to ascertain the government's
further attitude toward the religious schools.
M. Combes informed them that application for
authorization by the closed schools could not
suspend the action of the Associations law. and
that such schools would not be allowed to re
open until the Council of State had rendered de
cisions regarding these applications. They
might. however, reopen with lay staffs, and he
was considering means to expedite the consid
eration of applications by the Council of State.
The Premier said there were twelve thousand
euch applications awaiting attention.
The socialists have arranged an anti-clerical
demonstration for the Place Maubert. in the
Latin Quarter, to-morrow, and the clericals
also announce a meeting to protest against M
Combes's circular, to be held in a hall in the
Rue Danton. in the same quarter, a collision
Is feared, and the police intend to take exten
sive preventive measures.
The peasantry In Western Brittany continue
to puard the schools presided over by nuns, and
express I determination to prevent the dosing
A GOOD SALESMAN. ,
ml-nn »wake and ready for bueln«fs. is ■. "Utila Ad. of
the People." EwDloy" on«.
THE PHILIPPINE PROBLEM
QUESTION IS PRACTICALLY SETTLED.
SAYS DR. SCHTJRMAN.
GOVERNMENT WITH CONSENT OF THE GOV
ERNED 1 EBTABLISHED-.ACTION -OF THE -
PRESIDENT* AND CONGRESS PRAISED.
Chautauqua, N. V.. Aug. 2.— President Schurman
of Cornell University to-day delivered an address
on "The Philippine Problem" before the Chautau
qua. Assembly. He spoke in part as follows:
The Philippine question has passed into a new
stage, though the public seem unaware of it and
the newspapers have not noticed it. Certain mat
ters of groat interest in the. past have nowbe^n
definitely eliminated. It is Idle now to discuss, the
wisdom or the unwisdom of our acceptance of
Spain's cession of sovereignty over the archipul
ago. The fact of our sovereignty Is Indisputably
established, both by the force of treaty and the
force of arms. I «as one of those who advocated
l*avin,x the archipelago in the enfeebled grasp of
Spain, but the American people, who made war on
Spain for the emancipation of Cuba, would not
consent, co President McKinley felt, to leave the
Filipinos at the clos« of the war victims of the
same oppression. Sentiment and enthusiasm were
reinforced by jingoism, by optimism and by p'.on
teous ignorance. But what boots it to pursue the
matter further? Whether by will or not the Fili
pinos are ours. Th» destiny of the Filipinos is in
our hands, and great as our responsibility may be
to humanity and to Providence, our sovereignty
itself is absolutely unimpeachable. So. too. we
have no further concern with the government set
up by Aguinaldo. nor with Aguinaldo himself.
Both are jggijea of the past. Men - may dispute
whether that government represented the inhab
itants of the Philippines or not. It certainly did
not represent the Moros and heathen of the south
ern islands, and as far as I could make out In 183?.
it did not represent the majority of the Christian
Inhabitants of Luzon and the Visayas The Chris
tian Filipinos have undoubtedly heen drawn to
gether by three years of fighting against the -white
man. But that fighting has gone on independently
of Agulnaldo's Philippine Republic, whose brief
existence was entirely embraced within the- year
1899. And at that period as I have said, it ap
peared to be less a national than a local organ
ization. . : :•
Aguinaldo himself has on the one hand been
. branded as a brigane" and on the other, glorlfkd a3
a George Washington. The time has not yet come
impartially to appraise his character. Perhaps it
may appear hereafter, that he was an able and
honest and patriotic champion of national inde
pendence, who was not always scrupulous In the
choice of means for the attainment of his ends, and
who. besides, had his own full share of personal
ambition and love of place and power. Be that as
it may. he. is now a private citizen, and the. un
proven offences once Imputed to him are entitled to
the- generous oblivion with which the President's
proclamation of amnesty formally invests his offi
cial acts. In his own country he is likely to be
and remain a great influence in support of the ex
isting government. That any men or set of men
in this country should go on denouncing and de
faming; him seems to me the height of unwisdom,
to say nothing of its Injustice. Let the past be
forgotten. Let us think of Aguinaldo r»s an In
fluential Filipino who may help us to shape aright
the political destinies of his country.
THE ARMY'S GOOD NAME VINDICATED
There is another issue also, which now happily
belongs to the past. During the spring and early
summer the newspapers abounded in reports of
atrocities committed by American officers and
soldiers in the Philippines. History shows that
whenever the white race, and especially the Anglo-
Saxon branch of it, comes Into conflict with a
colored race, its bearing ia apt to be arrogant and
contemptuous, and it seldom falls to repay the
barbarities practised by the enemy with ferocious
cruelty. This tendency, inherent in the blood, was
fostered by the hardships of the Philippine cam
paign, the intolerable climate, the elusive tactics
and the atrocious practices of some of the insur
gents. The American army, as a whole clung to
its ancient discipline and maintained its untar
nished honor: but here and there an officer or a
private succumbed. The natural and proper course
for all good citizens under the circumstances was
to Insist that the guilty be punished, and the good
name of the army and of the nation vindicated
thereby, Unhappily, th" matter was discussed
with the heat and rancor of partisan politic*, and
for a time It threatened to be an issue, if not the
Issue. In the next Congress elections. But Pres
ident Roosevelt. &a commander in chief of th<»
army, decided that all the facts' should be for
warded to him. with no attempr to conceal any
thing or to spare anybody, and. after an exhaus
tive and Judicial investigation, he has executed the
moral Indignation the nation by the condign pun
ishment of the prinrioal offender. Nor has Gen
eral Chaffee fallen behind his . ommander in chief
In his revision of the findings of the courts martial
in Manila. The total result Is that the honor of
the nation Is satisfied, the good name of the army
vindicated and th»j watchfulness of the public re
wardol. while tUn charg» of cruelty on the part
of American officers against the Filipinos disappears
as a political Issue. Indeed, as by the President'
proclamation of July 4 military government is to
be replaced by civil government among all th«
< hrlstlan people nf the Philippine?, and the army
remains merely as an instrument of the. civil
power, the posaibilitv of n y recrudescence of these
exceptional Irregularities or cruelties is effectually
precluded. Not only have offenders been punished".
out the new jjovernment conditions render any
repetition of the offences practically impossible m
all Luzon and the Vlsayan Islands."
STATUS OF THE FILIPINOS.
Let the u>a.l past bury its dead. The Philippine
problem is no longer a question of the conduct
or tne army, or of a few men In th" army, lr Is
no longer a question of the character of Agulnaldo.
't Is no longer a question of the jurisdiction of the
Philippine republic of 1S»; It is no longer a ques
tion or the validity of American sovereignty over
the archipelago or of the wisdom of the policy of
assumlnsr it. These, all ..re Issues of the past. The i
pacification of the archipelago, the official an
nouncement of the termination of hostilities, the
ptoclamatlon of amnesty. and the substitution of
civil for military control, all bring us In sight of
war problems. At the heart of them all I think
you will find this question: Wh.it is to be th* po
litical status of the Inhabitants of the Phlllpptno
Islands? Or. mor» particularly, what is to be the
political status of the &500.Q00 civilized ani Chris
tianized Filipinos of Luzon and the Vl-<ayas?
The first Philippine Commission reported In 1599
that Agulnaldo did not represent the Philippine
people, but only a section of them: that th« ma
jority were either Indifferent to the question of
American sovereignty or accepted it. or acquiesced
in It. that men of education ud property, many !
of whom had discussed the matter with the com- I
mission, were peculiarly favorable to the Ameri- j
an cause; but that all Filipinos looked forward to I
eventual Independence after an jn .lertne<l period |
6f American tutelar* and training in the work of
government. For this training the commission be- I
lleves f. native legislative assembly the most efll- I
clent Instrument; and. as it seemed a just recogni
tion of popular rights, and as the Filipinos deeply
! desired it. we recommended that it be granted by
| Congress This recommendation was subsequently
I repeated by the second Philippine Commission, of
; which Judge Taft is the distinguished head.
The prolongation of military operations delayed
I the enactment of any political measures for *th«
I benefit of the Fllpllnos. But it was obvious at the
closo of 1901 that force had accomplished its work,
and that conditions in the islands demanded the
best efforts of statesmanship. I ventured, in a
I speech delivered In Boston in the month of Janu
i ary, to set forth the views which I had formed in
[ regard to a permanent and definitive policy toward
i the Christian Filipinos. They embrace (1) pacifica-
I tion. (2) a grant of civil rights. (3) a native lesis-
I lative assembly, whose members should be elected
on a property or educational qualification: (1) a
measure of home rule, to bo progressively increased
according to circumstances, and (S) independence
when the Filipinos desired and were reasonably fit
for independence. Since January the Philippine
question has been thoroughly discussed in Congress
and by the press. There have been many side Is
sues, but over them all has gradually loomed up
the pregnant question. Shall the Filipinos be gov
erned with tho consent of the governed? The
imperialists answered no. and they controlled the,
Senate: the. anti-Imperialists answered yea. and
they controlled the House. Thanks, as I believe,
to the liberal, farslghted spirit of President Roose
velt, who In his Arlington speech explicitly con
templated the possibility of ultimate Philippine In
dependence, the House., under the able leadership
of Mr. Cooper, prevailed over the Senate, and the
bill providing for a legislative assembly for the
Filipinos became the law of the land.
. WITH CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED.
If imperialism means government without the
consent of the governed and antl-lmperlallsm the
contrary, then it must be asserted that In the first
conflict of those forces over the government of the
Philippines the anti-imperialist* have won the day.
After 1904. when the new Philippine legislature
comes into existence, no bill can De enacted into
law In the Philippines without the consent of the
governed, duly given by their representative legis
lative assembly. Meantime, the act of Congress
creating that assembly secures to the Filipinos all
the civil rights specified in the bill of rights of
our own constitution »-xcept the right to carry
arms which is. at present, a prudent reservation)
and the right to trial by jury (which is foreign to
the laws and legal traditions and ideas of the
I certainly am satisfied with the action of the
President and Congress In regard to Philippine af
fairs. Everything T asked for the Filipinos In Ml
Boston speech of January last, which was severely
criticised by imperialists, has been granted to them
with tho exception of gradually increasing home
rule, culminating tn independence when the Fili
pinos desired and were fit for Independence, which
by the very terms of the proposition shows itself
a matter not for the present, but for the future
I have always attached the greatest importance i
to (he grant of a native legislative assembly. That !
organization gives the 6,500,000 Christian Filipinos of !
Luzon and the Visayaa an instrument for the ex
pression of the sentiments of their nation and for
the. control of their gdvernment. The fact that we
have established such a legislature refutes forever
the libellous talk of those Christianized and civil
ized Filipinos being comparable to Sioux or Apache
Indians. It recognizes them as a nation, like the
Cubans, the Venezuelans or the Chilian.'
No such legislature has. apart from Japan, ever
been granted to any Asiatic people. The Imperial
ists who wanted us to govern the Philippines as»
England governs India, or Holland governs Java
see Instead the American principle of the consent
of the governed embodied in our first organic law
f S J \£ hß r£ h w ? ines ' - Eve " lf th * second chamber
of the Philippine iature was entirely, Amer
ican—and I suppose it will not be— to 'aw can be
paused, no appropriation of public money made,
without the equal concurrence of. that legislative
assemblyof elected Filipinos. " .
I * b Sv t h at President. Roosevelt's attitude tow
ard the Philippine question. Indicated in his first
message to Congress and in his Arlington speech,
his punishment ot army officers who have been
proved f UUty of cruelty toward Filipinos, and his
constant support of a liberal and enlightened Phil
ippine policy in general, combined with the passaga
Girls 9 and Misses 9
sizes 6 to 12 years,
98c. and $1.15.
including 'white and striped
Madras in colors.
greatly reduced in price,
in fancy striped gingham—
Sizes 10 to 16 years,
60-62 West 23d St.
The "man of the hour" knows value* :
he comes to our Remnant Sale. t has
become historical and thousands of our
patrons wait for the event which takes
place but twice a year, — only in our dnil
We recall these remnants from our
agents and sell them at a uniform price
of, suit to order. $15: coats and resist
$11: trousers. $4: regardless of thar
former cost. We guarantee trimm :
and workmanship. It value is not more
than you have ever obtained, money
Broadway & 9th Street,
JBooka ans publications.
S— Save trouble; avoid
X• — m *-l ._ r failure Get t>r
T UL U V yon Hagen's book:
*■ *** *^ J He»di-3 Character
H1 from Handwriting.
2% *f*\ f\ — An aid to »bcc-s«
€X 1 H V* " At all booksellers.
«r by mall. si-00.
Writing ' "T?R£*..«-
AUTHORS' MSS. r*snlr<!d. NoveU. stories, poems, plays,
pub. aerially: also voL forir- fre« exam. PROMPT.
Box 15. .Trltnine. '. .- '
by Congress of the Philippine Civil Government .
bill, wifi ha^e the effect of eliminating the Philip
pines aa a political l»»ue for at least three or four
years. Even those who favor "ndependence cannot ,
raise the question Ml that native legislative as- "
sembly has voiced the sentiments of the Filipinos
i on the subject, and also demonstrated by wise and
prudent use of the legislative powers it enjoys that
it la fit to receive a larger grant of home rule.
As a friend and admirer of the Filipinos, many 0..
whom have honored me with their confidence. I bes
them, In the Interests of the further political devel
opment of their nation, not at the outset to rsak©
their legislative assembly an organ for fruitless
I agitation on the subject of independence, but rather
! with moderation and self-restraint so to exerei3e
' the functions delegated to them that the American
! people will deem them worttiy of a still larger
, grant of power. Of course the Filipinos will ha.ye . +
I the right to petition Congress, and I believe that
! the dominant forces, both in the archipelago and
in America, are working for their ultimate Inde
pendence (if they desire independence), but they
can hasten the coming of that day not so much by
petition and agitation (which, of course, are proper
I enough and may be necessary), as by soberly ad
, dressing themselves to the high task of partlcipat- '
i ing on equal terms with Americans in the general
i government of their archipelago. For one, I hava
! always made Increasing home rule and eventual
i independence 'onditional upon, first, the desires.
1 and secondly, the demonstrated capacities of 0M ;
I Filipinos, and it is my firm belief that the Amer
ican people will never concede those Ineffable bless- -
Ings in the absence of these reasonable conditions. A
DESTINY IN* THEIR OWN* HANDS.
We have planted government with the consent of '
the governed In Asia. The. Philippines are thus not '
a. colony, but an incipient sister commonwealth.
The colonizing natlona of Europe pooh pooh our »
experiment. Heav«-n grant it may be a case of • 3
liberty enlightening: the world! Certainly the grain
of mustard seed will grow. Certaisly the Filipinos
will in time insist that the principle of the con
sent of the governed receive a broader and fu >"
application. But I repeat that their destiny ia> no^
in their own hands Their friends In America can
do nothing but Support their -Sorts. The Filipinos
may. however, take confidence from the fact that
the promise and potency of every political good is "j
contained In that principle of the consent of the
g&verned which Las. germlnally at least, been ex
tended to t he'it.
Meantime, and till after the; inaugratian of that '
Philippine Assembly in 1901. the Philippines will dis
appear as an Issue from American polities.
What I have said of the 6,500.000 Christian and
civilized Filipinos of Luzon and tha Visayas does
not apply to the remaining population of the archi
pelago—the 1.500.000 of Mahometan fMoros) and
heathen tribes who inhabit Mindanao. Sulu. Basilan
and Palawan. A strong external sovereignty must
be exercised over these barbarous and savag* -
i tribes, of whom some fourscore are known and
' named. It is these people who may fairly be com
pared with the North American Indiana. And un
less we turned them over to some other stron.?
power, we should have to retain our sovereignty
over them, even If we conferred Independnce upon
th 6.500.a» Christian and civilized Filipinos of
Luzon, the Visayas and the coasts of Mindanao- I
may add that the circumstance that we have two
such distinct and almost contradictory problems m
the Philippines makes statements that are perfect
ly congruous appear to the uninitiated to be In
consistent and "wabbling." »>
Our army may have some trouble with the Moros
and heathen tribes of th* southern Islands. Arntr- '■ ■
lean prospectors and traders will desire t'-> press .
into the interior, and tha natives, apprehending tn# ,
loss of their lands, will have recourse to arms m
self-protection. Let our military authorities pro- **■
tect them against capitalistic exploitation, and cur
pressure upon them from the coast inward should -
b.» so gentle and so rradual as not to provoke nos- .
tility or awaken suspicion
THE FRIAR QUESTION.
Even among the Christian Filipinos of Luzon, ar.d
the Visayas there are still administrative ques- ■
tlons of no little difficulty to settle. The gravest Is
undoubtedly the problem of the friars, but I thiaK -j r -
its gravity has been somewhat exaggerated. I
favor— indeed. I was the first to recommend— tne
purchase by the government of their landed estatse
And I believe that purchase can now be effected
on a »atl«factory basis. But if the Vatican Is un- .
willing to withdraw the friars let them remain. ,t, t
Should the Filipinos resist their return to their for
mer parishes that ■« not a matter of any concern
to the civil authorities: with us church and stato ;
are absolutely separate. The friars woaM rr.ov* -
about at their own peril like any other aliens,
whether popular or unpopular Even If the negotto-
tors fail to agree on terms for the purchase ana ;
sale of the friars' lands, the result would bo less
hurtful to the government than to the religious
corporations, who would hay- infinite trouble in >*]
collecting their rents from unfriendly tenants -J*^
But this ts an administration qusstlon. wh:ch njsv : *•}
safely be. left to the ability and diplomacy of. Gov- j
errtor Taft I return to my point that practically
all fundamental Philippine questions (soart from
the supreme question of independence or St3.teP.oon>
have now been settled. The Filipinos wanted rell*- ■ ,
lous liberty personal freedom, freedom or »P— c»
and other, civil right*, a native legislative asseTn
b!y and territorial home rule. and these >• na\9 ■•. ._
been conceded to them by the Civil Government bia .;
recently signed by President Roosevelt. In the lon|
run. of course, the Filipinos must be given either . - -,
Statehood in the American Union or lnd*pen«nc» ■•.
—an independence which may be actual and op«n.
like that of Cuh*. or actual and nIM Ilk* that or
Canada. Bat till their native legislative assemb.y
is organized in 1904. and for a few years thfjetrter..-.
this scarcely be a practical issue, and for tr
mean time the Philippines will disappear as an IW-* .--,
!n American .politics.
xml | txt