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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 03, 1902, Image 21

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Hearth aßoudoir
QUAINT OLD HOUSES IN THE TOWN OF DEERFIELD.
SOME WAYS OF THE WORLD
WHAT THE SOCIAL ASPIRANT SHOULD
BRINGING UP THE
MODERN CHILD.
It would be a gTeat help to Bociety aspirants If
a social chart could be published showing those
who are on pleasure bent and who are desirous of
Epesding a pleasant summer. Irrespective of any de
ciding circumstances, what places are the most
desirable for the season's campaign. For no ap
parent reason, some places are frigid to newcomers,
others are temperate or indifferent, while others
again show delightful warmth In their cordial re
ception of desirable strangers. New people who are
desirous of entering: society are apt to establish
themselves at once in the most ultra-fashionable lo
calities, a Fifth-aye. house in "Millionaires' Row"
or a vina at Newport seeming: at first to them all
that 1c necessary in order to belong to the social
as well as actual neighborhood. This is a fatal
mistake, and one that Is often irretrievable, for a
verdict once passed by society Is not easily re
voked. A Newport youth whose people are much
In the swim met at some other resort a girl whom
he found charming, and who seemed a great belle
at the place they were in. One day. to his aston
ishment. Bhe epoke of Newport as her summer
home. "But that is my home too." he exclaimed.
"Yes I know." she answered, coloring with an
noyance. for she knew very well who he was. but
that he did not place her argued that she was com
pletv unknown. She was a beautiful girl, and
desirable in every way. her people simply having
mane the mlstakl of settling themselves lnan ex
clusive neighborhood without proper credentials
Very chilly indeed Is the atmosphere of Newport
to those who are not acclimated. The Indifference
the neglect and the consequent loneliness become
almost unbearable to gregarious souls, who f ull>
expected to be cordially received . How t) are the
T> "r sretting on?" asked one of their f»o-caiiea
friends? "Oh. I am afraid they are having a dreary
time poor things, and It is really very hard on
in 7 for I am one of the few people they Tknow. and
bother me to death. Unless they I have some
exceptional advantage, people who are on the
frlnee of society in >Cew-Tork can never hope to
become smart by going to Newport, and how fool-
Wh they are to "attempt it! At another place they
Slph ? become socially prominent among very nice
people, and have a beautiful time, while here they
remain nobodies."
TWO METHODS OF CHILD TRAINING.
"Mrs. A. and Mrs. Z. have such diametrically op
po«ite theories and methods In regard to the train-
Ing of their young daughters that I am rather
curious to see the result," remarked a mutual
'riend "The former keeps her children In strict
elusion. They take their meals In the school
room with the governess, and never dine with their
parents until they are sixteen, and even then are
not expected to take part in the general conversa
tion if there are guests, unless directly addressed.
They are happy little things, however, and in tne
own domain are not suppressed, but even there it
always reminds one cf the gayety and liveliness of
little' caged birds. I must acknowledge that as far
as the elders are concerned this system is a great
relief There Is no noise or nagging- of any kind;
the father can come home and tad an atmosphere
cf Quiet and peace. The children, prettily dressed
and on their best behavior, come to him after he
has had his comfortable dinner and is ready to en
lov their company. As I say. for the seniors of a
family such a training is perfect and cannot be
too highly commended- The only question is. Does
it develop the children as they should be developed?
Is euch suppression good for them in alter life, or
rather does it contribute to their future success In
the great -world outside of the narrow walk of their
hOin ; ? was told not to talk to older people until I
wsib eighteen, and then 1 was sent out to dinner
parties and told to make myself agreeable! said
Sne of these 'beautifully brought up' maidens
Plaintively, 'but I can't say a word' So in nine
ca«es out of ten she sits a wall flower, while ber
mother has the mortification of sestng tiitr type
that *he has always disapproved of score a dis-
U "ln c U o C ntra^isUnctlon to Mrs. A.. Mrs Z/h theory
is that children should be always made welcome
and she not only has them with her at all times at
home, but she takes them with her wherever she
goes The" are pretty and attractive and receive
rSt of attention. Will this be bad for them later
on. or will it develop them and give them con
fltence 12 the world s approval? Constituted as
the world Is nowadays. I very much fea r i that the
admirable disipline maintained In the A. s house
hold will prove a handicap, while the high splrus
and ready chatter fostered by Indulgent Mrs. Z.
WU insure the confidence that begets succees
■What a difference there is In the attraction of
those two girls- paid an older woman speaking
of a couple of debutantes, one a dignified maiaen
of the highest breeding, and the other a reg-ular lit
tle chatterbox, whose manners certainly lacked the
"form" of Vere de Vere. ,
"Yes Isn't there?" answered the man. quite mife
undere'tandlng her preference. "I cannot get on at
»i with Miss 8. She Is so dreadfully stiff, but
illas M. is no end of good eort:
ENTERTAINING AT NEWPORT.
"The lot of a Newport hostess who likes to enter
tain her old friends and has a conscience in re
gard to her obligations to her visitors is not alto
gether a happy one." said a matron. "At every
other place phe can Join her acquaintances, Intro
cuce her friend, and make the latter feel at home
at once, but to run the gantlet with a Ftranger
past the critical groups at the Casino is not alto
gether pleasant. Neither is it comfortable to Pit
alone with ones KTiest. feeling that it might be
awkward to try to make the latter feel at home
with the crowd or to understand and Join In with
the fashionable Jargon, which is almost as bad as
enother language to the uninitiated.
** 'How did you manage to get rid of the conun
drum r called out one of her intimates to a pretty
woman who was coming alone up the steps of the
£» 'And what is the conundrum, queri.-a
: the gVouf -Why. MoUto KnWtorbocker-s
BSSSHMTs i«er/ laughed the other. *bh« . I. here
on a long visit, and Molly Is nearly wild about it
as she has rot an idea what todo with her, and
the former gets offended t-vt ry time Mollj accepts
an invitation without her' .-»_ fm
"With the best will In the world it is rea Im
possible for people who live quietly to and ?he
their friends satisfactorily at w P°". and the
latter should realize this, and not 'J«l hurt Ift hey
are not invited for a i visit or. if the> » r « «""£:
tamed. to expect that Invitations «h° ul ? **?_ °2^\ n ? *°
for them to every function, or th jKi *!fth them
should give up ncr engagements to be with them
This is not Newport's way. Engagements are
made ho n l ahead, and guests are necessarib' so
carefully f>el*ct*d. th»t an unwritten code_ of social
laws unlike any other place has been adopted, the
gist of It b*-ing that a guest and k'^her neeS
fWrtly Independent beings, and that neither need l>e
particularly considerate of the otner.
WHEN UPHOLSTEKING.
To NM avers** woman upholsterin* seems as
difficult an undertaking a» a Job in carpentry, and
yet with the proper implements a chair can be cov
Marriage Invitations.
DEMPSEY & CARROLL, 22 West 23d St. N.Y.
ered and cushioned by an amateur aJmost as well
as by a professional, and many a good seat can be
saved for dally use that would otherwise be con
signed to the porrt t. To upholster a cushioned
chair about five springs will be required; these,
with upholsterer's twine and needles, can be
bought at any place where they sell upholsterer's
materials. Burlap and *tout canvas will also
be required. Chair springs, as «*ary one knows,
are simply strong wire spirals. These are se
curely attached at Intervals (one in the middle
and the four others around it) on a piece of burlap,
•which is nailed afterward to the bottom of the
chair, and the buriap then neatly covered with
canvas. This forms the bottom. Now turn the
chair upright, aid over the standing up springs
tack a second piece of burlap just tight enough to
prt^s the springs down a very little; this must be
done evenly to make a rounded, smooth surface;
then with "a needle and linen thread fasten each
spring in place. Next comes a smooth layer of
cotton or hair, which la spread evenly over the
burlap and is th- n covered with canvas. The
seat of the chair is now ready for th« outside
covering, which, of course, may be of any material
desired. Tufting is done with a long needle that
>-<>:n~s for the purpose. This is threaded with
twine, which if carried twice through the hair or
cotton with which the seat is stuffed and the out
side material, and securely knotted on the outside,
the knot being afterward hidden by a button,
which is also sewed on In the same way. with th*
knot this time on the reverse side. With the
proper materials, it Is easy to recover any chair,
as M 1.-= only necessary to see bow the old covering
is put on and copy th» process.
LESSONS I\ PHnTtKiRAPITT.
FOURTH IN A SERIES ON SUGGESTIONS FOR
TAKING GOOI» PICTURES.
One of the most important facts that should be
impressed upon the amateur la that she should not
try to photograph all outdoors at one--. The best
pictures, whether they be paintings, etchings or
photographs, axe composed of only a few ohjects.
Everybody knows, or should know, that a group of
thr«" "r four persons makes a more pieasing pict
ure than a group of twenty. There is more In it
more character, more detail and more expression.
Two or three cows in a picturesque pasture, with a
brook and a single tree, make a better picture than
a herd of cattle grazing on the edge of a wood. A
dog and a child in a natural pose can hardly be
made into a poor picture, if the lighting and ex
posure are good, but a dozen children and as ronny
dogs would be a difficult subject even for an ex
perienced photographer.
One who wants good pictures should strive to
avoid crowding. Get near enough to something to
make it the prominent feature of the photograph,
and let whatever else enters into the composition
be so situated as to be subordinated to this prin
cipal theme. One trouble -with most of the photo
graphs made by amateurs is that they contain too
much, and nothing Is prominent— nothing so pre
dominates over everything else as to afford per
spective and relief. Two trees in a foreground, one
so near as to fill the left end of the plate and the
other midway between the centre and the opposite
end. anfi three times as far from the camera, will
make a pretty picture, whatever else, provided it 1s
not a tree or trees, fills the remainder of the space
Three people in natural postures on the bank of a
stream, with the sky for a background ii they are
clad in dark clothing, or a clump of bushes if their
apparel be light colored, make a very attractive
picture, provided they are at one end of the plate,
and not staring at the camera. ]t is bead to place
them so that they are shown on at least two
thirds the height of the plate, and to have the
taller at the outside, the shorter in the centre and
the other on the inner side of the group, with a.
tree, a building, a flagstaff or some other tall ob
ject completely filling the height of the piste as a
background for the group, the stream and Its
distant shore showing lens than half as high at the
other end.
It is well to avoid monotony in composing a pict
ure. If there are three women in bathing COS
tumes they should be engaged In as many different
acts ■— ill IllU'll with bathing. One may l»e sitting
on the sand, another talking with the first and ar
ranging her cap, and the third wringing her skirt.
Two women, one In cycling costume, resting grace
fully on her whtel, and the other In characteristic
summer garb, with her open parasol forming the
background for her heaa and shoulders, the two In
th>- attitude of conversation, look weiL Care should
be exercised, however, to have them nearer one
fend of the plate, with a distant view of a low
lying field or distant wood at the other Avoid get
ting the prominent object in a picture exactly at
the centre. There Is no oth'-r place on the plate
where it will not be more pleasing. Portraits nre
exceptions to this excellent ruie, and there are a
few others. The highest part of a building should
be midway between one end and the centre of the
plate, if possible. By high' st part is meant not
necessarily tfu tallest, but that which will be tall
est in the photograph. If the camera is properly
cltuated this will bt% in most cas.-s. the nearer
corner. In the cane of a church it may l»e the nearer
corner, with the steeple a litii. to one side of the
bolder outline nearest the camera. On a beach It
should be a group of people, a building, a boat very
near the camera, or a building or pier. Whatever
it is it should be dark, and near enough almost to
fill the height of the plate, to afford both per
spective and relief.
ROYAL LINGUISTS.
A number of the women of the English royal
family excel as linguists, says an Bngjfsh period
led. Princess Christian and Princess Henry of
Battenberg speak French. Princess Charles can
converse in French, Qerman. Italian and r>.tnlsh,
and has some familiarity with modern Greek and
half a dozen other modern languages. Princess
Louise of Sc!il'*«=wl{T-Hol «te!n is also ut home In a
r. umb«-r of modern languages The Princess Of
Wales Is one of the best Italian scholars in the
ro>al circles, but none, of her descendants have
emulated the example of Victoria in studying
Hindofitanee.
SIXTEEN FEDERATION SCHOLARSHIPS.
South Carolina club women through their State
federation, have awarded sixteen scholarships In
various educational institutions of their State,
ranging from kindergarten training schools to col
leges.
A POLITE liFT POSITIVE YOVTH.
From The Washington Star.
'I should like to have an error corrected," pal.i
the sturdy youngster in the sailor puit who had
made his way to the city editor's desk.
"What is the trouble?"
"Whenever you makt any references to the dan
gers of a Fourth of July celebration you ap.:ak of
the small boy as getting the worst of It. There is
a man in our house— a near relative — who is so
much afraid I will hurt myself that he wants to
conduct the entire pyrotechnic display himself.
while I stand in the parlor and look through the
window. Last year he was obliged to wear a medi
cated mask for two weeks, owing to the fact that
his whiskers took fire. But the lesson has made
no impression on him. and I wish you would call
attention to the fact that a small boy is a great
deal more at home with fireworks than a near
sighted man with large, dry whiskers."
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNMT. AUGUST 3. **£.
HOUSEHOLD SUGGESTIONS.
HOT WEATHER CONCOCTIONS -WHERE
TO GATHER IRISH SEA MOSS
HOW TO COOL A ROOM.
It is a French fancy to cook spring lamb and
string beans together. Cut into small pieces of
about two and one-half pounds the forequarter of
a younsr lamb, and boil it for ten or fifteen minutes
while the beans are being prepared. String the
beans, citt each one In two lengthwise, and throw
KLT'E AND WHITE EMBROIDERY.
Reproduction of bedspread 150 years old for descendant of original owner.
them Into the pot with the meat. French cooks
often add a pinch of caraway. When the rn«-at and
beans are done remove them from th«- liquor and
thicken the >auce with a roux of butter r.nd flour.
FRUIT PAKDOWIHE&
The season for apple pandowdy Is approaching,
and the berry or peach sorts ar>- already lively.
The real pandowdy, made after a Rood old New-
Hampshire rule, is seasoned with molasses Instead
of sugar. When It Is done It resembles a big. un
couth sandwich, reeking with Juice. To make it
after thlH fashion put into a deep baking dish
slier. s of Juicy sour apples, cover them with inn
laases and seasoo them with a trace of salt, dabs
of butter ami cinnamon or nutmeg. Cover the dish
with a rich biscuit crust, and bake in a slow oven
until crust a::d apples are .lone. Then remove tho
crust without breaking It and put half the apples
on a plate. Place over them the crust, turned
bottom upward, and on It spread the rest of the
apples. S--rve with rich cream the skimmed kind,
if the dish Is to be worthy Its ancient and honor
able title. Brown susar may l»- used In place „f
irolaßSeH if It Is preferred. Peaches and all kinds
of berries an- suited to the process. The apples. If
they cook slowly, will turn ■ rich red. This is one
of the characteristics of the genuine pandowdy.
'Snider apple pie ' was the primitive tern lor the
pandowdy among early New-Englanders. and the
name has survived and Is still In use in pome parts
of the West. The title was taken from the utensil,
the spider, in which the pie was formerly made.
TO LOWER THE TKMI'ERATI'RK.
The temperature of an apartment may be lowered
by allowing the hathtnh to remain full of cold
water. Country housewives have lon* resorted to
this device to < 00l their houses, howls Oiled with
cold spring water being placed by them In the
different rooms.
A Mb howl of cold water for s Kick room is often
a relief during Intensely hot weather and an aid in
keeping the air pure. It should he changed two or
three times a day.
A wet sheet lump: In an open window will cool tho
air of a room In a short time.
IMCN'IC SAN'DV.'IcnKS.
Rolled watercress sandwiches, with a sprig of
the delicate green protruding from the ends of
each, are delightfully refreshing in appearance.
The cress for the filling may be chopped fine and
seasoned with French or mayonnaise dressing, or
It may be simply .spread on the butter.
TKA PIWCH.
Few beverages find readier favor during the hot
weather than tea punch. To make It, pour boll
ing lemonade, sweetened to taste, over the tea
leaves, and allow tb< liquid to stand until cold.
Then strain and serve in tall glasses with shaved
Ice and slices of lemon.
IN MAKING CHOCOLATE.
A muddler many people consider Indispensable to
the chocolate pot. If it Is to be used, a pot with a
hole In the cover for its handle is necessary. Just
before pouring each cupful, twirl the paddle a few
times to renew the froth.
PEACHES AND RICE.
A simple dish for th-- children's dessert, and one
which will usually b« like! hy their elders, con
sists of a thick layer of rice spread with neotions
of Juicy peaches or with berries. It is eaten with
cream and sugar.
SAUCE FOR PtTDDINGS.
Shaved maple sugar In sweet cream Is a sauce
liked by Central New-Yorkers for any » kind of
fruit pudding.
CODFISH OMELET,
Codfish omelet may be added to the list of sum
mer breakfast dishes. Shred a half cupful of salt
codfish, and cook It with a heaping cupful of po
tatoes cjt in pieces, until t ho potatoes are tender.
Drain the fish .md potatoes thoroughly and mash.
Add one tahlespoonful of butter, a little pepper and
beat hard and long Fold Into the fish and pota
toes the beaten yolks and whites of two eggs, and
fry the light creamy mixture in a spider or ome
let pan. When -a *brown crust has formed on the
bottom, turn like an omelet and serve The omelet
-*--ild bo spread about a half Inch thick <*n ti»« tx**>
DEERFIELD ARTS AXD CRAFTS
TYPICAL WORK AT RECENT EXHIBI
TION HELD BY CRAFTS WOMEN
OF THE QUAINT TOWN.
The Deerfield Arts and Crafts Society has just
held its third annual exhibition, with results much
too successful for the limited floor space at the
disposal of the society. Arts and crafts flourish to
such an extent at Deerfleld that new building ac
commodations must be forthcoming before an
other year. The blue and white embroidery which
first made the Deerfleld society known throughout
the country is now only a part of a large or
ganization. The exhibition this year Included the
embroidery, palm basket weaving, raffia basket
weaving, beaten metal work, photography, the old
fashioned netting, rug making, furniture making
and bookbinding. This Is a formidable list of in
dustries for a little Massachusetts village, nestling
among great hills a:id outwardly the quietest.
most old fashioned place Imaginable, undisturbed
by factory whistles or puffing engines.
There Is only one Deerfleld in America. The vil
lage Is unique, from two points of view. The place
itself Is quaint and old beyond description, and
the people are all skilled craftsmen almost all,
that Is. and it would he more correct to say crafts
women, for the men are farmers, for the most part.
Their wives are die members of the Arts and
Crafts Society, which has just held its exhibition.
The mantle of the Middle Ages seems to have fallen
on Deerfleld. in matters artistic. It is the sort of
place that would have filled the soul >>f Ruskin
with hope that even steam and factories and trusts
and such inartistic thills cannot take from the
world the spirit of craftsmanship and the ideal of
the dignity of m.-tnual lahor.
THE BLUE AND WHITE WORK.
Some few years ago. five or six. the women of
Deerfleld who did the famous Deerfield blue and
white work began to embroider in real earnest.
There, was a good deal of talk at the time about
the place of such industries in small towns, and
the experiment was watched with interest. Since
then the industries have grown to the long list
given above, and are still growing. Every one of
the things done, however, originated in Deerfleld.
Deerfleld women do th work, and now thai there is
a sort of organization of the workers. Deerfleld
women run it. The organisation was made not
much more than a year ago, and in no way inter
feres with the Independent spirit which is the chief
joy of the happy mortal who makes beautiful
things with the hands The officers serve without
salary, and the proceeds of each bit of work go. as
before, directly to the worker. Now, however, that
large orders are received It has been found hotter
In some .;i«es to pay the worker beforehand from
the society's money, and when the work Is fin
ished and the price paid. th<- worker receives
whatever Is over after repaying the society. To
have the Arts and Crafts Society turned Into a tight
organization or a "close corporation" would be to
kill the spirit which gave it l>irth. and it is the
last thing the members wish to dc.
The members of the society, pulling together,
made a great success of tl; ••ir exhibition week, and
had t.. annex one "f the Deerfleld houses to hold
the overflow of the exhibition hall. Th. blue and
white work, a* the oldest branch of the Industries,
deserves attention first To call the work blue
and white | s not altogether correct, for. while the
foundation is always white ami the predominat
ing color always blue, greens ar.' used In com
bination with It, and dull reds, too. The Deerfleld
workers have a advantage In the possession
of many pieces of old embroidery of fine design
and coloring. The spacious old bouses, many of
them from one hundred to one hundred and fifty
years old. hold many art treasures, and these are
duly venerated by the descendants of the good foik
who owned them originally.
QUAINT BED BET.
The piece de resistance this year, for Instance. In
the blue and while work, Is a bed set. copied from
one made In the eighteenth century for a descend
ant of the original owner A bed set consists of a
spread, with hanging to full over the .sides of the
bed to the floor and curtains to drape the sides of
a four post bedstead. The set. which costs, by
the way fcvm. whs exhibited In the old Miller
house biiilt more than one hundred years ago. The
room In which it was displayed, on th.' regulation
four post bed, was litted up an a Colonial bedroom.
with the belonging? of the house The furniture
was a!! old. a spinning wheel stood hy the flre and
a warming pan hung on the wall. Further wall
decorations were supplied by samplers. An odd
fact is that the bed set from which the one on
exhibition was copied has recently been burned
so that this piece of work Is all that remains of the
chef d'eeuvre of some Colonial matron.
The rugs made a great showing. The Deerfleld
rugs are simply glorified rag carpets. But how
transfigured: The aim and object of the old fash
ioned rag carpet worker was to crowd the great
est number of colors into the least possible space:
not so with the Deerfeld rug makers. Color
schemes of the most aesthetic kind are what they
seek, and what they find. The rugs show the soft
est shndfnes of delicate colors.
In basketwork Deerfleld has done much. The
women used formerly to pleat palm baskets of
white straw and did good work in it: indeed,
some pretty baskets were this year on exhibition.
But they soon branched out into raffia work. No-*
they produce baskets of curious shape and wonder
fully beautiful coloring. The designs are. for the
most part, made by the workers themselves, and
prizes were given this yrar for the he.«t.
BEATEN METAL WMRK.
The president of the society. Mrs. Wynne, is re
sponsible, with her co-worker. Miss Putnam, for
the beaten metal work. They exhibited some ex
quisite bits of jewelry, all fashioned with the Deer
field feeling for artistic perfection in every detail.
In furniture, the one department given over to men.
some copies of the best bits in Deerfleld w> re
shown, notably a bride chest. Imitated from one in
the Deerfield Museum.
Miss Ellen Starr, who comes from a De<=rfie!d
family, showed some of her bookbindings, not doSM
at Deerfield. but belonging by right in the exhibi
tion. The Misses Allen, who are well known as
photographers, showed a good deal of their work,
some of it types of country life, and some land
scapes. These artists use for their pictures of the
oldtlme customs Deerfield settings, and pose Deer
fleld women in old gowns found In Deerfteld attics.
Everything centres round the village. The
women have simply developed to the utmost the
opportunities around them. No sooner tild the
spirit of craftsmanship make its way into the vil
lage than it spread to every one. The village
blacksmith has the enthusiasm, like every one else.
He makes lanterns and ornaments for chests, not.
truly, from his own designs as yet. except in rare
Instances, but he follows f.iith/ully the patterns
drawn for him by his more artistic neighbors, and
he tries to draw his own, improving the while. He
frequently gives an artistic rinishing touch to de
signs set him.
"I made the top of this like a clover." he ex
plained once. "I was working at it, and I saw a
little clover outside my shop door, and I thought it
was* pretty enough to put into the design."
The dyer of the society contributes not a little
to the success of the work. She is also a Deerfleld
woman, and she uses vegetable dyes entirely.
Mrs. Henry, by an odd coincidence, if. Indeed, it is
a coincidence, numbers dyers among her ancestors,
and has discovered some of their dyebooks. The
colors she produces are exquisite, but some of
them cost her weeks of experimenting.
TO I.KARN SWEDISH WEAVING.
Picturesque figures at the exhibition were two
Swedish girls, who are teaching the Deerfleld peo
ple Swedish weaving. This is not. like the others,
entirely a lieerfleld production, but as the work
ers will be Deerfleld people, it Is not much of a
departure fr..m the rule that the industries should
be of home origin. It seems rather likely that
Deerfield will grow to be a sort of Mecca for
craftsmen, and that like will attract like. But the
village is determined not to be less Deerfieldlan for
that reason. Indeed, it would be hard for the
workers to lose any part of the village flavor.
With Memorial Hall to furnish them models, with
their own homes full ot objects of art handed down
to them from th-ir forefatners. It is not likely that
Deerfield people will ever become less individual.
Indeed, the Hon. George Sh-ldon. the untiring anti
quarian of the town, says that manual art began at
Deertleld in remote times, and as th- first example
of wood carving points to a door in the museum,
hacked with the tomahawks of the Indians, who
maue a hole and through It shot the unfortunates
within the house. Th> old door is the showpiece
of the museum, and Is certainly "carved."
But. to leave crafts for a moment, to a woman
the most Interesting thing among the antiquities of
Deerfleld is the little ragged shoe worn by a child
who was one of the captives taken to. and subse
quently returned from, Canada, after the massacre
of 1703-'< M. She wore this shoe on the march, and
she was only four years old.
One of the "first principles" of the organization
of Arts and Crafts is that the woman who makes
a rug a basket or a bit of blue and white work
shall If possible, make her own design. A goo.i
deal" of emphasis is laid on this point, and the re
sult Is that' artistic talent is being developed in all
quarters. Sometimes, especially when a new
scheme is started, the workers cannot do thus then
they are helped by those who are more skilled, but
this la discouraged as far as possible. and work
"Any one Is welcome to come up here ana worn
with us," said one of the prime workers in the so
cletv "We would a great deal rather have a work
er than a buyer." And indeed the most hospitable
welcome awaits any who journey along the Con
necticut and up the pleasant valley where the vil
lage lies.
LOTOS OF THE SIAMESE.
AN ANNUAL FESTIVAL OF LILIES-LEGENDS
IN WHICH THEY HAVE A PART.
Thousands of real and artificial lilies. bearing
cargoes of sugar, sweetmeats, rice. betel, tobacro
and Incense sticks, are annually floated on rhrers
and sea by the Siamese as offerings to water spir
its The lotos is the national flower of Slam and
Is interwoven In Its religion and poetry. In that
countr? both the white and pink varieties grow In
the greatest profusion.
On the way from Bangkok It is not unusual to
sail for miles through flooded fields covered with
the white flower. The royal lotos gardens of Ban*
kok are sev. ral miles from the Kings palace, but j
are reached by a drive over a good carriage r^d
or a pleasant row by ce»a! and river. A beautiful
palace and temple* are in the garden. The palace ,
It 18 said, is betas prepared as the future home of .
the heir apparent. During the visit of the Duke of j
Mecklenburg to the King ol Siam. he wag enter- j
tiin.-d her.' The lotos garaen i 3 one of the most
[.'rl.zy sites to the city, and hi a favorite pl'"ia I
r TV.ew VM-1.-1V of lotos, it is said, ha* recently :
betn tos»r It is larger than the pink »owe«and
Is pure white excepi f>r an Inner row of crimped ,
and fluted petals, which are tinged with sea green.
LJke theothers. the h.art of the new illy is golden.
but it has no fragrance.
The lotos is interwoven with every religious rite
and ceremony of the Siamese, and there are f-w
legends whl.h do not In some way have to do with
It When Bu-ldha. tor instance, appeared as a man
encircled bj a. halo of glory, the earth bloomed ,
spontaneously and In profusion with lotos flowers. ■
and now the Kreat teacher is usually represented j
as sitting in an open lotop.
At the, ceremonies attending the cremation of the |
drowned Queen of Siam. tridents, with triple t!p3 j
each crowned with the lotos, were carried in the .
Droce»lon Lotoa shaped cups and sprinklers are j
used for the royal bath in the hair cutting and I
coronation ceremonies. Even the King's cigars are j
rolled in the petals ot the tiower. which are gath- j
ered In "the royal garden and preserved with great '
care. ' {
RUG MAKING AT DEERFIELD.
GOOD CHEER.
Have you hart a kindness slsowsf
Pass it on.
"Twas not «rlv*n for you aloo*—
Pass M en.
L#t it travel down the years,
L*»t It wipe another's tears.
Till in htav»n th? deed appears—
J'a»« It on.
A PRAYER.
Give me. dear Lord, the sw-"t philosophy
That will enable me with friendly eye
To view the things that have no joys for me—
The ways of other men that pass me by.
[ would not frown at folly, solemn-wise.
And be content shrewdly to criticise.
|MHH£BfelimMßpHlMMHH^Jßp4[^BP9oH^vi^BHj^^S^^Hi^H
Give me the wide philosophy that finds
In each poor j°st and r>nti.- <«ornetMnz good;
Show me the tie that me to others hinds.
That makes men lovable, when understood.
Too long I've had »he narrower wish to be
Glad in the garb of cold austerity.
Give me a faith, just for each common day.
Not in vague things beyond my ken and care:
Let me believe that down lif 'S darkest way
The grln-e and dust hide something sweet and fair.
Let me find <=orr"»thins in each sordid scene
Of hidden good that Is. or mi-'hf have been.
— (Louis Dodge, in Youth's Companion,
NOTICE.
All letter* nml imrkasM .itfemle-" for the
T. S. S. nhonlil t.«- nel«lre««.>«e«l ■■> The Tribune
Sunnhlne N..«-l«-t:r. Trlhnnf Mull.line. New-
York City. If the ibarr n«!«lre»« I» carefully
obn^rv^*l romm fin i«*w tionA int^niiPii ror th©
T. S. S. «-||| h*> lew* likely to «n antray. The
Tribune Snnnhlnr Sn«-let> ha* no ronnm-tloi
with nn> other oritnni»HHon or publication
nsiiiß the m>ril "Siinsliinf -
A LITTLE SUNSHINER.
Mrs. May Wilkinson Mount relates the following
true story of a little Punshiner. and how she came
to have a Christmas tree all for herself:
"There In s little four-year-old Sunshlner who
takes a tender Interest in all the pleasant ttItWSS)
being done by her mother and big sister to help the
poor little elrl."» who are not as well off as she.
"Last Christmas it was explained to her. when
she offered to give some of her toys to the poor
children, that the beauty of giving to others lay hi
making some sacrifice for them— to give things
she wanted, and not thinsca she did not value. The
little one trotted off. and presently returned with
the toys which she loved most and which It cost
her baby heart an ache to part with, and offered
these to the store of things which were belnsr ac
cumulated for a Christmas tree that would delight
the little folks from the poverty stricken districts
of the city.
"Little Sylvia had never seen a Christmas tree, and
her eyes grew big and shining as she heard It dis
cussed and reasoned that It would surely be some
thing very beautiful: nor did It occur to the fam
ily to have a Christmas tree for the tiny girl. Two
days before Christmas, when all the boxes had be«n
sent off, she ate her dinner solemnly, and finally,
looking around tht table for sympathy, heaved a
deep sigh and said, wistfully: 'I wish I was a poor
little <irl.'
"It is needless to say that her mother and sister
hurried to the city, full of reproaches, and
gathered together the wherewithal to decorate a
tre,-> that would make their baby as happy as the
poor children whom she envied."
HARVEST.
The harvest time Is near.
The year delays not lons'.
And he waosowed with many a tear
Shall reap with many a song.
Forth to hi? toll he goes.
His seed with weeping leaves.
But he shall come at early dawn.
And bind his golden sheaves.
— <Blshop Coxe.
If one should give me a dish of s^n-i. and tell me>
there were particles of Iron In it. I might look for
them with my eyes, and search for them with my
clumsy fingers, and be unable to> detect them; but
let me take a magnet and sweep through it. and
how would it draw to itself the most invisible par
ticles, by the mere power si attraction! The un
thankful heart. like my finger In the sand, discovers
no mercies; but let the thankful heart sweep
through th<» day. as the mnsrnet finds the Iron. so
it will find fn every hour some heavenly blessings;
only the iron In God's sand is gold.— (Oliver Wendeil
Hiiimea.
PASSING ON CHEER.
Mrs. Albert Johnston has scattered hetpfnl sun
shine about her by giving fruit, vegetables and milk
to sick and needy members, and she still sends
cheer to Miss Yancey. In Virginia. Miss Laura M.
Avery. of North Carolina, is a new member of the
T. S. S. who knows how to sympathize with those
'•who are laid aside." as aha has been an Invalid
for several years. She brings cheer into her own
life by sending sunshine to others. She has added
the nam» of Mrs. Ewart. of Pasadena. CaL, to her
list of Sunshine correspondents. Mrs. A. Marsh, of
Manhattan, has passed on the designs of Mexican
drawn work to Mrs. Greene, as requested. Mrs. C.
F. Kllburn. of Newark. N. J.. after the return from
her wedding trip took up her dropped threads of
sunshine Just where she left off. She has written
letters and Sf-nt packages of sunshine to her former
correspondents In lowa. New-York and Virginia,
an.l cays she will try to comply with any request
for needed sunshine that they may make. "I enjoy
this work." she writes, -and dearly love to maka
the lives of these unfortunate people a little
brighter and happier." Mrs. Mary M. Austin, of
Fulton. N. V.. has pafd her annual duea to tha
T. S. S. by "passing on" groceries to one poor fam
ily and supplying some little girls of another family
with shoes and dresses. Thr..':«h her Interest and
sympathy other friends contributed clothing- to this
same family. Reading to one whose eyes are
affected and sending flowers to sickrooms are
among the good sunshine acts performed by Vw
Austin.
Al! nature speaks the attributes of God.
Whose vast domain of matter and of mind
Accords forever with His holy will.
All life Is an expression of His love.
All see.-nlng death Is birth to higher life.
All discord Is the fragment of a scale.
■Which, had man the power to comprehend •
"Would be replete with harmony divine.
—(Dr. Barlow. ,
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