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THE HUNDREDS OF LITTLE INMATES OF THE NEW-YORK JUVENILE ASYLUM WlL L '
A VILLAGE FOR CHILDREN.
COTTAGE SYSTEM OK CARINA FOR
JUVENILE WARDS ADOPTKI' 'N
On the hills back of Dobbs Ferry, overlooking
the Hudson, is being built a remarkable village,
with cottages, s.-mrols, a hospital, a church,
gymnasiums and recreation grounds. It is the
new home of the New-York Juvenile Asylum.
and as soon as the buildings of the n-w com
munity are completed this institution intends
to abandon its huge brick building at Amster
<j. , i; .... and One-hundred-and-seventy-sixth
8U11.1H.M5 Will' 11 Tin: -IIVKMI.K ASYU'M HAS OCCUPIED at \MSTKK-
I>AM-AVK. AM. «iXI-MiUXI»KKD-AXI»-SKVKXTV SIXTH ST. Folt NKAKM HAM-
Ft., which it has occupied for nearly half a cen
tury, and which the m i-xl growth <.f the city
northward ba< now made undesirable.
p.ut tli" removal of the asylum from One
bundred-and-seventy-sixth-st. to Dobba Ferry
is by no means one <«f situation alone. An en
tirely new system is to be established in the
training and education of the thousand or more
boys and who have been picked uj> from
the Btreets and alleys of the great city, with the
hope and purpose of making them useful <iti
zens. Jn lh.ir present home they have been
herded together in one great building. There
nearly one thousand sleep, study, work and play.
On entering the institution many of them
thought it was a jail, and even the kind treat
ment which they received in the years that
followed \\ as not enough to dissuade them from
fiji li a belief.
i:ut in tin- new hon •■ ;.t Dobbs Ferry, it is be
lieved Ly the men at the In -a<! >.f the institution,
there will be no jail horror haunting th<- minds
of the children. Instead of one great peniten
tiary building, there will be sixty cottages, each
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT.
TYPE OF BOYS' SEPARATE ROOM COTTAG
a little home in itself, presided over by a man
and his wife, called the house mother and the
house father. There will be boys' cottages and
girls 1 cottages, each large enough for twenty.
Each • r,tt:tK>- is to have its own dining room, sit-
Lihg : oom and bathr< om.
Although New-York State is behind some of
ne other Eastern States in adopting the cottage
system in the training of its juvenile wards, it
hi s sought to offset this slowness by the munifi
cence and scope of the Dobba Ferry Institution.
Por some time the plan of separating the chil
dren of such an asylum was regarded as an
. speriment. It was not until c< ttage farms had
been built and put into operation in Massa
, ;.,;,, tts, Coi w Hi ut, Washing!' . D. C, and
Pennsylvania that the new plan was believed
t.. be more tnan an exp< rim< nt and its prai tical
advantages were recognized.
Under the dire< tion of a new superintendent,
C. 1». Hilles, who had achieved especial success
at the Siat.- farm ai Lancaster, Ohio, the "cot
tage village" at Dobba Ferry was planned, -77
a< res of farm land were pun hased, and the old
city property was offered for sale. After man]
months <■! consultation and stud) on the pan
( .f Mr. Hilles and the directors, the plans as
submitted by the architects, York A.- Sawyer,
w.f.- accepted la^ t week, and actual work was
The Hudson farm, with its aggregation of
buildings, is to be the most compn hensive insti
tution of its kind in the United States. Within
an inclosure <>f -77 a< res there are t" be forty
cottages, accommodating eighl hundred boys;
twentj cottages f<T four hundred girls, three
buildings, which are termed tli<- administration
group, for the superlnti ndent and oilier officers;
a library and museum, and separate gym
nasiums, with lockera and Bwimming pools, for
(Photographs ty courtly • f v,.rk & Sawyer, architects.)
boys and giris. There are schools where the
younger children may study and the older ones
work at various tradt-s and vocation* su« h as
blacksmithing, tailoring, sboemaking, short
hand and telegraphy. A church occupies the
southern hill of the grounds--. The dining rooms
are supplied with food from a central kitchen,
in the cottages are also individual kitchens
where food may be reheated if necessary. The
whole group of seventy-five buildings will be
heated and furnished with water from central
The chang« of surroundings from the prison
like halls of th • pn sent building, in Amsterdam
aveii to the cottage life of the Dobbs Ferry
farm, although entailing a greater cost. will.
It is believed, nave a marked effei I on the after
the children. In. the beginning, these
waifs are brought to the asylum through the
..ourts and the Gerry society. Nearly all. even
it their early age, have committed a criminal
iffence. Because of their extreme youth— for all
...- between the ages of five and fifteen years —
ihey are not sent to Randall's Island with older
i nd more harden* d offenders, but k-;>t by them
selves. Ihe time was, however, when this city
imprisoned all its children with older a:;d hard
ened criminals, and as a result almost all finally
drifted into ways of crime. Later, when chil
dren were removed by themselves to Ran
island, they were cared for by adult paupers,
vagrants and even criminals, children under
two years old were cared for by women prison
era from th- city's workhouse.
With the establishment of the Xew-York Ju-
Asylum, in 1853, in its first home, at No.
100 Bank-st., whit h was a piom r in this work,
many of these abuses were corrected. Thirty
thousand children nave now passed through the
institution, of whom six thousand have s< I
homes In the Fur West. Many who hav<
miles away from their old playgrounds in the
and gutters of this city have dev< I
into men of hijjh standing. Hundreds corre
spond regularly with the head officials ol
: r home, ->ud some, imbued with gra'
for what has been dor..- for them, are •:
similar institutions in the states of their adop
tion. The asylum has a Chicago agency,
through which its children are sent to respect
al le homes .n;J into responsible hands.
The new home at Dobba Ferry, when com
plete, will cost about ?1.500,00D. Many of the
cottages art- oi remarkable elegance, and have
caused some to make the crui' ism that too
much money is being spent <>n such a class "f
i hildren. In replying to this objection Mr.
H i;it b oni •• said:
"There is good stuff in the gnat majority
of these children, and all that is necessary is to
bring it out. What is most essential in the
early as well as the later Hfe of a human b«-ing
is a borne. The « hild who plays in the gutter
away from all parental restraint and guidance
i.s absolutely without a home. The ihild in a
great institutional building; where he is one of
a thousand, making an exception, of course, of
the moral influence of bis teachers, is almost
without the true home influence. But in the
cottage, where twenty boys or girls five to
gether, there are a greater semblance of the
family, more native home associations and a
quicker response <>n the part of the child t"
moral influent es.
"Because <'f the fact that this city Is the land
ing place f"r thousands «>f foreign Immigrants,
it is inevitable that among them many are re
duced to tlie lowest verge of poverty, and tn-ir
children, taking to the street, become waifs,
l . ggars, scamps, rowdies anil, not a few, crim
inals. It is with this class that the New -York
Ju\ 'nil. > Asylum baa to deal, and, as far as pos
sible, develop them into good citizens."
The president of the board of directors Is
Mornay Williams, to whose interest in the in
stitution and efforts to enlarge its facilities is
due to a great degree the change from Aiiiatcr
duni-ave. to Dobbs Ferry.
GENERAL PI. AN «»F TIIK NEW Fl
V- »RK JUVEMLI i\
Cußlioard from paur M^rom
with the matter. Should he take ary unreason
ing dislike to a particular playwright it would
be within his power to bar aftsotaterj ll ■ man's
works from production on any stag in the
United Kingdom, and the unfortunate scribe
would have no redres*. Arbitrary powers such
as these are always in danger of at-usf, no mat
ter how excellent the intentions of those to
whom they arc intrusted. There is. for staaia.
no sovereign more humane a; d mure anxious to
deal kindly and liberally witl his people than
Kmperor Nicholas of Russia. Yet the tyranny
which the Muscovite officials ai>- enabled to
practise in his name by virtue of th>> autocratic
powers with which he is invested excirt the
indignation of the entire civilized world an'i
cause him to be held up to obloquy a? a irUt " !
despot. That the ordinary laws of the land, in
conjunction with the taste and disposition of tSe
playgoing public, are fuily sol tent to sa ' 1 "
guard public morality and to discourage Pa s
that are destined to bring private .-. i.\ i>luais
or public characters into ridicule and contempt
,is amply demonstrated here in the United State*
TTFB Of Ri.y