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AND . r:>rxi<s OF rHE m:vy-
IB DOBBS FKEKY.
nbere there is no censorship of the drama, and,
ur.d. r the circumstances, it. would be well if the
British Crown were to abandon the prerogative
will v. hi' h ii was invested in the eighteenth
century, and to authorize the government to sub
mit to the House a bill providing for the re
peal of the licensing a< of 1711.
Ob •!.. Continent of Europe the censorship of
th- drama is fully as unpopular as in England,
and the subject of just as mu<h popular resent
ii,.: t v d criticism. At Amsterdam a short time
airo Era:!" Atigier's exquisite play, "Gabrielle."
•uhith had obtained at I'aris the Monthyon
Prize '"for rirtue" from the French Academy,
■■a e«md*-mrK-d iy the Dutch censor as im
mor.tl. At Rome during the last administration
it the iaio Signor Crispi a play was prohibited
from further r<-pr*-s«-ntatk>n solely because it
hh.! giv^n offence to tbe sense of prudery of
Mine. Crispi, though it had received the en
thusiastic- and puMie approval of Queen Mar
(•erit In Paris Victor Hugo's "Hernani" and
ether masterpieces of the dramatic art were
prohibited throughout the eighteen years' reign
■T the third Xapoleon, while since his over
throw the government of the republic has seen
Ct to bar the production of "Tbermidor." by
Sardou; of •minal." by Zola, and of "J-a
Rile Enca/* Ly De GonccurL ,
TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT.
(Fbot«cniiba by courtesy of York & Sawyer, architects.)
How superfluous the action of the censor is was
strikingly demonstrated some time ago at Paris,
Ahcn, bis intervention having been invoked in
vain to prevent the production of a play, re
was had to the ordinary tribunals, which
at once proceeded to prohibit the piece. The
l ..!> dealt with the life of the most famous
French actress of the last i enturj Dcs lee and
represented her as falling :n love with Baron
<!• R< ozis, who w.is at the time an aide-de-camp
■ ;' the late Kii.K v- tor Emmanuel, and who
died as Italian Ambassador to the Court of St.
James. The familj of the baron took exception
to the role In which h< figured in the play, de
< taring that it was calculated to bring discred I
upon bis memory, and the Fren h courts imme
diately granted the application and forbad.- the
production of the drama, tli-ir action in the
matter having be« n indorsed bj the tribunals of
most other European countries in similar cases.
Indeed, the courts afford ample protection t
the living as well as to the dead from play*
calculated to bring them Into ridi< ule or <":;'
tempt. So drastic, in fact, h;is been th< i ■ t ; • 7
of the courts in this respect, especially in
France, that playwrights have plaintively petij
Honed that some period might be fixed by 1
on the lapse of which historical characters
might be portrayed in the drama without < x
posing the playwright and the theatrical m; Qi
ager to leg! i actioi • a th< part ol more or 1--1
n mob desc< ndants.
In Germany It is the Kaiser who acts as cen
sor cf !!;•■ stage. Not by statutory righi as In
England, but by means of administrative meas-j
ores— that is, through the poli< c he prevents
•1,. P n !.• tion of any drama that does noi meet
which he eonsid< rs likely t i cx
• ■ ■■ upon the theatre
. of Sudermann's plaj s are
still withheld Ei m pul i representation by or
ders of tiie Emperor, much to the resentment <>J
a goodly portion of his subjects, who coi
that they are thoroughly <jualifi< d to look after
their own morals and those of their families.
In fact, there is no doubt that William would
vastly enhance lii.s prestige and his popularity
were he to abandon his attempts to act as censor
of the stage, a self-imposed duty which he takes
bo seriously tl at it leads him not merely t<< su
pervise personally and direct rehearsals at the
court theatres of Berlin, Wiesbaden, etc, Lut
even to school the actors and actresses as to
the way in which they should play th< ir parts,
an occupation which is a sour..- of considerable
entertainment to his subjects at home and to his
many admirers abroad.
I suppose, however, this reductio ad absurdum
is inevitable where the crown acts as censor of
the drama. Every one will recall how, some
years ago, wh>-n a certain portly American foot
light favorite was disporting h<-rs<-]f at the "lai
ety Theatre, in London, the crown, in the person
of the Lord Chamberlain, intervened on the al
leged ground of propriety, and threatened to
withdraw the license for the production of the
piece in which she appeared unless she added a
scarf or sash to her somewhat scanty costume.
The length and the breadth of the scarf formed
the subject of important negotiation between
the late Mr. Ho'.lingshead, who was then man
ager of the theatre, and the Lord Chamberlain,
who represented in the matter the sovereign of
the British Empire, th< late Queen Victoria.
GROWTH OF ROMAN CATHOLICS.
•The entire population of the United States,"
snys Falvatore Cortesi, in "The Independent,*'
'which in 1790 was 0,929,214, has become nine
teen times as much to-day, but the Catholics
have multiplied three hundred times, as. while
they were then one-ninetieth part of the peo
ple, they have now risen to be somewhat less
than one-fifth. The largest centre of the Ro
ir.an Church La America Is the Archdiocese of
TYPE OF GIRLS' SEPARATE ROOM COTTAGE.
New-York, with an estimated Ca'holic popvla
tion of 1,200.000- that is to say, nearly one-tenih
of all ihe Catholics In the United States— while
its numbers surpass those of all the most
crowded centres of Italy, including Rome,
Naples or Milan; and -.nly the principal arch
dioceses In Europe, su h as Cologne, with 2,528,
000 people, and Vienna, with 1,900,000, go
"So the United States, with the addition of
the 6.500,000 Catholics in the Philippines, 1,000,
otto In Porto Ri< o, Guam and Hawaii, has
her Inhabitants over 20,000.000 Catholics, with
out taking into consideration ;h ■ 1.500.000 who
are |n Cuba. Therefore, she represents the
fourth Catholic power in the world as regards
population, and tbe first as regard the a
of mom y she pro* Ides to the head 1
,LV UNFORTUNATE FIGURE.
"Dearie, I didn't know that wheat could 1»
harvested in the winter time, and yet I Bee In
this newspaper something about the prl< •• ol
January wheat. When I was a Kin on tb>- farm
the wheat always npened In July or August,"
and her face wore a troubled look as she laid
down the paper in which she bad happened to
glance at the market reports while looking for
the society gossip.
"Wheat doesn't ripen in January now any
more thai; it did when we were young, my love,"
replied her husband. "The terms you refer to
do not mean that the wheat rip< ned In Jan
vary, but that it was sold for delivery in that
month. It was harvested in July, just as it
used to be, stored in elevators and kept for use
at some future time The supply thus accumu
lated is then sold to various bujers, some of
whom v ant it delivered in one month and oth
era in other months. Sales thus made an
called 'futures,' and form the basis of much of
the gambling that takes place on 'Change."
"How interesting! Now tell me what 'squeez
ing the shorts' means."
He mused a moment, and then realizing the
impossibility of properly explaining the term in
his limited time, said:
"You are much shorter than I, you l*n. w.
Well, when I put my arms, around you 1 "squeeze
a i-h'.rt,' see?"
"Oh, indeed. Well, if that's what you men do
on 'Change it accounts for your devotion to
And he realized that he had made a mistake.
TIIE OLD BObTON MUSEUM.
LAPT DAYS OP ONE OF THE MOST FA'
MOUS THEATRES OF THE COUNTRY.
There seems to be no longer any dnubt that
the old Boston Museum, one of the m< st famous
theatr-.s in America, will :^ K>n be a thin? of the
pa^t. Plans for a new office building to be
erected on the site have already been drawn up,
and though there is some talk of including a
theatre in this building, it is lit t lo more than
talk, so tho Bostonians feel; nor can any new
theatre take the place of the old Must urn, which
for more than half a century has been Boston's
mi: \i:\v uommtai bttlpino
; • 1 : i much of the tin:*
I the I rhest 1 las 5 stock ■• m
n gathered In this < ountry.
Th< ; ■• ' •• ■• - have still the comii g sea-
Bon in which to run t!.- theatre, and then it
will be onlj a memory.
There art; ' ■•■ ■ widflj different ways in which
.,. could wi ■■ of this playhouse "no the <■!>
vloua couns* '■' detailing its dramatic achieve
ments, mentioning the plays and players that
have appeared there and the ris<- of such men
and women as William Warren and Annie
Clarke In its stock company; the other, the
course most Bustoniana would follow in their
thoughts, of calling up some of the memories
that cluster about the place in the minds of
those who knew it from childhood, :t maj be,
or from their undergraduate days at Cambridge,
when to go to see Warren act was part of the
Harvard course. But. perhaps, if one could
combine both methods he would come nearest
to the spirit of the bouse, a bouse that bad as
distinct a personality of its own as any of the
landmarks in Boston.
Tbe collecting of bistorii data about the the
atre is never an easj ia.-k, but in the case ol
the Museum tin re is mu< h to be bad, even in
New-York, for Colonel T. Allston Brown, the
veteran booking agent, has a valuable record
of the house from its beginning. Tbe facts that
follow were gleaned from bis serapbook. "The
Boston Museum and Gallery of the Fine Arts"
was built m 1841. at Trtmuntand BromfieM sta,
and was, as its name Implies, a collection of
pi 1 : es and curiosities as much as a theatre.
Here Adelaide Phillips made her bow a* LiLU«
Couliuutd vii paif*- thirteen.