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i talk: ox the subway
JAMES HENRY LEARNS of tiii: NEED
\nd history or kafid transit.
janies Henry had ' en watching the men at
■Mfclß the rapid transit subway. Turning to
ys grandfather, he asked:
•Wli'-n will this work be completed?"
-If the contractors succeed all aloig the line
s well as they hoped t<. when the contra
*~ re signed, the work shoold be completed in
•Isn't it strange that it took the people so
long to find out that New-York needed an
"They knew it years ago, and in ISCC an
underground railroad company was incorpo
rated, but no work was begun until IS7O, when a
•nnnel was stalled under Broadway from Mur
jay-st. to Warron-st_ People were sceptical about
the possibility of constructing an underground
road and wl.. n the tunnel was completed a dis
taiire of about two hundred feet the work was
MOTHER-OH. SIUJJEED! YOU NAUGHTY UTTLE GUIW. YOU KNOW YOU OUOUTNT TO SI.AI
MILDBED— VTHEHE OUGHT I TO SLAP HFX, THEN. SklUMMT?— <Tunch.
Eliandoned. A lew year? later a company was
formed to give N-v.-Y.Tk City rapid transit,
and many people at that time thought that a
tunnel would be built, but they were disap
pointed. Still, something had to be lone for the
people. The old stre-etears could not accommo
date the growing population. The 'something*
•was the elevated railroad, which was begun in
IST2, and completed from Battery Park to
Thirtieth-st. atone Greenwieh-st. and Ninth
ave. You know how the elevated system grew,
and for some year? the people of Xew-York
thought that this system, with the surface roads,
would be adequate. But New-York had not
Etopped growing:. There was still the necessity
for additional and quicker means of transporta
tion. A commission was appointed in IS9Q,
plans were made and approved, but still noth
ing •ne of»it-* ;
•Why not? If people knew that they needed
better tranpportation. why didn't they get itT'
"Because there were all sorts of objections,
and also because fume people thought that by
ertending the elevated system all demands could
be mrt. But mattvrs finally Bhaped themselves,
and on January 15, 1900. bids '■'■•'• examined.
£.nd two days later the contractors who are now
lv LLAVL 11O1IE IN Til£ aiOXiNI-NU—
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUrPHPIMENT.
doing the work were told to 'go ahead.' It was
no small contract. The cost of the work, as
agreed upon, was 535.000,000, and it was to take
the contractors four and a half years to finish
the work. On March 24. l'.KK*. the ceremony of
breaking pround for the work t< •< >k place at the
City Hall Park, but actual work did not begin
until two days later, at Bteecker and Crosby
"How many nun have bef-n employed on th<
There were only a few hundred when the
work was begun, but to-day there are fully ten
thousand men engaged on the subway."
"When th<- underground road is completed
will there be do more crowded cars and long
"For a while there will be relief, but if the
city continues to grow as it has, who can tell
what the needs of the future may be? When
Manhattan Island was sold by the Indians, in
1609. for $24 worth of beads :uid buttons, a
couple t.f wagons would have been enough to
carry all the people who did not walk, if there
h.:<J been roads, in IC3O the population had
to 300, ai ■! in the year IT' 1 " Mai hattan
Island had th< gr< at poj . S.OOU The
island is about thij t< en ... d a h If n .:■
and has : ' '
miles. ( >ver this area the j
: had 1" be transi ed from pla< c
to plax c. The ent< rpi ising I • .■■■■ i
■ s. ::: ■! many of these did :i
thriving s until borsecars becam< their
am] -lit.!--. Aft« r the borse< ars can
lines and th< •: trie ears, but all these, to
gether with th< elevated, were noi
r." <<. a hen I lie populatioi
3 r.i«t.i'MMi. -
"How many ;••;.' travel on Ihe i i
in N- » -York?*'
••In 1889, when the population was about
1 r.<*. .<"«'. th< : ■:- carried about 371,000.0(10
At the present tini-- the nun tx r
carried Is about a billion a year. Whal it will
be in ten years from now no person car I
'•When 11 Is completed, the tunnel will be • m
of the largest in the world, will it not?"
"My boy, you make th< sam< mistak<
people. It will not be a tunnel ;.t all, ex
cept at between Thirty-fourth and Fort; I
sis. and a few points on the upper end of the
A-M; AIUUVK IN SUNNS Ai'IUCA IN THt AJfTEBKUON -
island. There w!U be a tunnel under the Har
lem River also, and at one point, across Man
hattan Valley, the underground will be an ele
vated road. All the rest of the road will be
what is known among builders as an 'open cut,'
and the whole structure will be a subway, not a
tunnel. It will not be very deep, because it is
the intention of the builders to make the stair
ways leading to the stations as short as possi
ble. All along the line the roof of the subway
will be within four or five feet of the street
level, so that the stations will be within sixteen
or eighteen feet of the surface."
"You were telling me about the preat ele
vators by which passengers reach the under
ground cars in London. Will there be elevators
of that kind on our underground?"
"No. Our stations will be so near the surface
that there will be no necessity for elevators.
It will be a great day for New-York when
the first trains are run in the subway. Then
we shall realize what we have been dreaming
of for years: 'From the Battery to Harlem in
twenty minutes.' "
THE JUDGE 18 HARD AT WORK.
So many Jetters were received in the James
Henry competition for July that the jutlK^ has
not yet been able to reach a decision awarding
........ He will, no doubt, be able to make
hi* announcements next week.
The winner of the second prize in the James
H,nrj competitio! for Jun. was Miss Julia Ford
West Point, N. Y. rnfortunately her
. „ , ... | SS pe] ■■! in la I Sunday's edition.
A PRIZE OF $10 L\ GOLD.
TWO OTHER PHIZES OF BOOKS FOR
YOUNG HEADERS OF THE
Tin Trlltnn* «ill awanil
JlO lr. gold
As a First rriz<- ..A book
As a Sec. nd;l p rize '.".V.*. A ; ok
As a Third I'rize
To nuoli of it- ii«Vlc rfidffi ot n,Tr "I! 1 ; 1 ;
v-nrW ..1.1 an n.l in «l'«' lir«t. h.-cdii.l or lliir.l
„,.;« l.u.r about any t0,,1c »yblch Jame
llflir> «ill t,.lk "I'"" with hi" K r«...1f»t1.«-r
in Hie in. mill «'• AumiNt in tli«- I »«-|>!« «"l ni.'ii t
f ,r I.Vnl" Men and l.ittlo Wom.n i» I lie lll.ii
tm««-.l Sii'piilenient of Tbe Minilay Tril.ui...
Tln-ft- nr.- lli«- ptiDdilloiM of tlie cont*«tj
No letter can -\ ccci two hundred words.
A.I letters must be addressed to I'rize CompeU
fon. Little Men and Little Women, The Tribune,
All letters must reach this oflice before September
list not be more than flfte< n >•• ar»
Each letter must »•<• signed with th<- r,li name
■ .'-. of the writer.
warding ih.- prises dear writing win cotml
r r .i great deal with tb< |udge, and preference
. given to original ideaa over ■ r- I- titi.-n of
which have been expresjed »•> James Ji.i.ry
; each contest the editor*! decision will be final.
. .. ,j ;, tenter imo correapondence with un-
IS THE HAME OFFICE.
From The Boston Herald.
I - t office Boy— Who* the gentleman yon
aid "Hullo" to?
ond < >(ti< < Boy He's a chum of mine, we
i,. side one anot her.
First Office Boy <>n the saim job?
,! Office Boy Yea. He writes letters
and checks, an' I post 'em.
AS IT MAY UK S«>.\fK DAY.
UAVINU tutSUli AXU BUOT tfUUtt UUiS-
IN BUTTERFLY LAND.
THE SILVKR SPOT BUTTERFLY.
Life history— l. Caterpillar; 2, chrysalis; 3. but
Directions for coloring: Wings, body and anten
n£e, dark chocolate brown. Ech forewing bears
a band of ambfr yellow patches, and three smaller,
whitish yellow spots. On the under side of the
wing, the broad band of yellow is replaced by a
large silver-white spot. The daisies an- white
with yellow centres, the leaves are green, the
grasses are brown. The heading, In Butterfly
Land, may be colored in any way you choose.
The Silver Spot Butterfly belongs to the family
known as the larger skippers. All the skipper trite
are a connecting link between the butterflies and
moths. They have large, thick bodies, like the
latter, and the antenna?, instead of beiiiß knobbed,
are slightly thickened and hooked. The skippi rs
are usually small in size, the Silver being one
of the largest It can readily be recognized by the
large white spot on the under side of the wing.
Although somewhat clumsy in appearance, it is
very sturdy and active.
The Silver Spot caterpillar feeds upon a number ot
different plants of the pea family, but is especially
fond of locust leaves. It builds a curious tentlike
home for itself by cutting a rounded piece out of
a leaf, folding it over and binding it to another
leaf at intervals with silk, n cords, leaving tho
THE SILVER SPOT BUTTERFLY.
sides op-n. Sometimes it builds several Rddttlow
to this leafy home, and finally, when rc-nd; to
change to a chrysalis, Unes thia nesi wit
•■I wonder how the stars are i
And where they got the gold?"
Said Bob to bigs< r l r< ther Fr< d.
Now, Fred was five y< ars old.
And he wa i wise In man> W
I : . v. .
So now !■■ i' ;•' I■• litl l< \-
11. . brown ej ■ dark< r gri w.
"Why, don't you ki ■ « ," al :
"That «h< n Go mooi
ii. had ome shiny p:< c< s left.
And si h< cit th< m
Tj. Into tiny little ! Its.
To scatter tl rough the s k> ?
And that Is h< w the stars wen n
r l i.;it t\\ inkle up so h :h."
.// ST UETRIBI r/O.V.
Vr^.n The Philad< li hia Telegraph
Newspaper men marry once In a and,
of course, th< Ir i hildn n are bright" i
other ( hildren. < 'ne proud fath< r told a tale
of his youngster the other day that prov<
wee girl was just like the old-young man. in
wanting all that should come her way. ■My
little one," said he, "Is two years old now. but
baa clung t<. her bottle of milk. K< cently we ! -
gan to give her regular f I. We have a young
pup at the bouse, bo In explanation or the
change I led her out on the porch, and, ahowing
her the pet, said: "Tootsie, that baby <i"k'. Drink
y..ur milk now." She 'I"l not say anj
only stain}'. <l her foot ;>t it.
"The next morning my wife an«l I heard .i t»-r
..(,, racket and squealing. Thinking th<- baby
i ...i been run over <r burl herself. «•■ ran out.
In it..- corner of the porch was the poor little
dog his nose In the air. the tears streaming
fr.nn hi* eyes and howling with all bis punj
The baby stood over it with .i stirk in
l»r hand, and she was certainly using it. \\ hit
for whip i r doggie?* we demanded Teal my
milt; -. lisped. N<>t doggie— piggier
Prom The Washington Post
»Ha. ha, ha! l liir Cut While Tou w I
That noti( •• is absurd' Ha. ha!"
1 donM know about that." remarked tt" bar
ber reflectively. -This.- fellows waiting while
I'm cutting yours won't see anything a
SOU 11KTUUN 11L-MK ii* TlllS i:\ UNLNii.— (CliUiua.