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BUILDING A MIGHTY RESERVOIR TO HOLD SIXTY-THREE BILLION GALLONS OF WATER HAS ITS PICTURESQUE SIDE.
IT WILL BE A LAKE.
WACHUSETT BASJX TO COV
ER U9S ACRES.
WITH A CAPACITY OF SIXTY-THREE
BILLION GALLONS— TO SUPPLY BOS
TON AND NEARBY TOWNS.
Riding from Worcester. Mast . to the town of
Clinton by electric cars, one passes, and, if inter
ested In big things, Steps at, the eastern Bide of
the great Waehusett Basin of the metropolitan
•rater sswSssa. the lars^st reservoir in the world
and one of the mart important works ever at
tempted by the commonwealth. Seven years ago
the work was bSgBM on this basin, which, when
completed, will contain >."»».0ti«) gallons of water
and will supply Boston and the towns within a ten
mile radius of the State House. To-day the en
gineers are beginning to look forward to the time
when the, water will fill the hollow of 4.195 acres,
and a splendid lake, eight and a half miles long
and two miles wide. will Luke the place of the bare,
dusty (round, where thousands of laborers and
hundred* of horses have been at work so long.
The Wachusett Basin is only part of the system
started years ago. though It is to be the larger
part, and it gets its name from the mountain which
is seen in the background as one rides from
Worcester to Clinton, and marks the western limit
of the watershed. Five years ago this was one of
the most thriving vail. in Central Massachusetts,
with fertile fields watered by the Nashua River
and Its tributary streams, and providing some of
the best farm land In all New-England. Old farm
houses were »catt«rred here and there, and sever-*!
pretty and bu.«y villages and large mills were
FmRS. KATHERINE C. TINGLEY'S THEOSOPHIC RAJA YOGA SCHOOL, AT POINT LOMA, CAL. WILL NOW I'NDEROO RIGID INVESTIGATION.
MRS. TIXGLEY'S SCHOOL.
BROUGHT BEFORE THE PUB
LIC BY DETEXTIOS OF
DIVERSE STATEMENTS OF THE WORK
AT THE RAT A YOGA" INSTITUTION'
AT SAN DIEGO. CAL.-HER
BRANCH OF THE
The Attacks which have been made on Mrs.
Katrerine Tlngley by various individuals and so
cieties have brought to public attention another
peculiar cult her form of Theosophy, by some
Pact followers and believers in the Theosophic
teachings ft Mrs Tingley have told on examina
tion some startling thine*, have talked about their
former priestess ac the I'irp'-: Mother." have
born* witness of a dog named Spots, in which
was said to be reincarnated the spirit of a dead
Theosophic leader, and have lifted the veil on
other practice*! which seem incredible.
On the Other hand, the present disciples of Mr*.
Tlngley. together with many prominent citizens
who have become interested in her teachings, have
rallied to h r support, and declare she is carrying
on a great educational work. They say in her de
fence that she tiaji raised money for a school
where children from all the different countries of
the world may lie taught all that Is best in history
and philosophy. Her pupils are also trained, they
»<•>. in many practical line« of work, such as draw-
Ing. Wood carving, stenography and telegraphy,
which might fit them for useful lives.
The controversy has now been carried up to Sec
retary Shaw of the Treasury Department at Wash
ington, and he is making a careful investigation of
the teaching* of Mrs. Tingley ajid her methods.
I'pon Secretary Shaw's decision, moreover, hangs
the fata of eleven <*üban children who have been
detained at Ellis Island, bound for Mrs. Tingleys
institution, called »>>• her the staja Yoga School,
and which ie situated at Point Loma, near San
Diego. Cal. Appeal was made to Secretary Shaw
after the special board of inquiry at Kills Island
had unanimously decided to rend the children back
The detention of these eleven children was first
Instigated by the Society for the Prevention <-,?
<"ruelty to Children, of this city. They were in
charge of Dr. Van Pelt, the woman superintendent
of the San Diego school, and arrived here the lat
ter part of last month. The society, however, had
la its possession the testimony of many individuals
who were formerly connected with Mrs. Tingleys
ecneet and her Theoeophic crusades, and began its
attack as soon as the children reached port.
According to Veraon M Davis, president of the
Society for the Prevention ot Cruelty to Children.
the people who are supplying Mrs. Tlngley with
TrttTT to carry out her Ideas will soon find out
last they are dupes, and then, withdrawing their
aid. will leave the poor children as public charges.
la the. oourse of the hearing before the comanls
eiea Mr. Da-vis brought out statements to the effect
that- Mrs. Tingley had not only established a
► choc!, bet a sort of paradise on *arth. where the
children were taught to rerard her as a superior
Aecordlsg to these statements, Mrs. Tlngley has
•t San Dlejrw a "Lotus Farm." where the one
hundred and flfty rhtldr«*n inhabitants are termed
"lyotos buds." Theme children have been brought
fir the most part from Cuba. The buildings of the
fare*. wMHi were *nld to be of handsome archl
eaetisM end expensive workmanship, have been
SWtM eniefly hy private buttons
Th<> whole society, of which Mrs. Tlngley is the
h»t!j. Is termed the Universal Brotherhood. With
in the brotherhood, however, there is an Inner
circle* called the Esotene Society of Tbsneopnj
AT WORK OV TIIF GREAT DAM OF THE WACIirSETT BASIN-
.^ituattii alv'iis the river bunks Now there is noth
ing but bare earth, with now and then tree crowned
hillocks, which will be islands soon. Surveyors"
marks stand like nonoßents, marking the death
<.f inewimiilllra Villages, factories, homes, groves
and fields, and ovrn the surface nf the ground, are
f,ut\e. that Boetoa and her neighbors may have
pure water and plenty of it. Nearly J30.000.<>30 has
bees) npeaaied since the work began, and before it
is laasned the cost of this o::l- tesenulr, with its
aqueduct, will not he less than |S\SBMsl
The basin oeeoples the broad valley of the Nashua
River an<l Hes partly in the towns of Boylston.
Wost Bnylston, Clinton and Sterling. The town of
West Boylston hue tieen the greatest sufferer from
the wholesale taking of land by the Commonwealth.
The village— the ■centre." as It Is called— lay In
the lower part of the. valley, a thriving factory
town, with pleasant streets and well built houses.
It has hern entirely destroyed, so that to-day there
is scarcely anything to mark the place. Mills",
churches, schools, residences have all been torn
down, and the ground on which they stood de
nuded of trees and stripped of all vegetable mat
ter to the depth of two feet. West Boylston was
one of the bM villages of Central Massachusetts,
and houses that ha<3 stood for centuries and from
WhOM roofs had gone men to four wars have been
de-tiollshcd, .:!!•! the people who were born there
and heard their grandparents tell stories of mus
ter iaj aa the common have been driven away to
■safe ;■« w home?. Among the last to go were two
old women, one eighty-seven and the other nlnety
ihree, whose parents and grandparents had lived
in the bouse from which they were driven. The
rtev. Joseph Warren Cross, the oldest living grad
uate of Harvard College, who tailed West Boylston
his home and preached In the Stone Congregational
Church in the village for more than fifty years, was
compelled to go away and to Rive up those things
he held most dear.
• iie.it and important as is the work and willing
ible to jiay as 1s fh. Stat.-. the people who
ha\. to give up their h"WI feel thru ther. :- :■.
form of peace as horrible ss war, and none ai
Only those who were considered fit by Mr*. Ting
ley .-.re admitted to these mysteries of mysteries.
Thus, her former bookkeeper told how he had been
admitted to the Esoteric Society of Theosophy.
while his wife was det.arred. Every MM joining
this Inner circle must give, up all secular ties.
Purple, according to this bookkeeper, was the
color of highest honor, and only Mrs. Ting- ley wore
purple. Thus she was colled by some the "Purple
Mother." Her gown was described as a Grecian
affair, loose and flowing. White ranked next, and
that of lovest rank was red. All of the Universal
Hrothcrhood are accustomed .<> go to "the Holy
Hill" to greet the sunrise. The Esoteric Society
of Tneosophy had still other rites, In which Mrs.
Tlnglt-y was the central and most mysterious fig
ure. These ceremonies are performed in what is
called the Temple of Isls.
According to some witnesses brought forward by
Mr. Davis, husbands and wives are often separated
by Mr.=. Tlngley. and their children taken from
them to be cared for at the Raja Yoga school.
Thus Henry J. Bonn, of Chicago, says that he
was compelled to get his children back by habeas
corpus proceedings, and found them when they
were apparently sttiplfied by drugs. Dr. Mary K.
Green, the grandmother of the chlllren, tells, fur
thermore, that the children of the "Lotus Farm"
sleep together in tents Thus twenty boys and
girls* sleep in a single tent, she says, where their
hands are tied together around their necks by a
fourteen-year-old girl, who goes around at night
from tent to tent. Mrs. Green added:
"My grandchildren were at the school six weeks.
My (laughter. Mrs. Bonn, was either crazed or
hypnotized by Mrs. Tlngley when she took them
there. Katherine Tlng'.ey Is regarded a high
priestess, and all her followers bow down and
worship her. The farm is fenced in. All gates
are guarded. Great secrecy prevails. Mrs. Ting
ley lives in sumptuous style from the subscrip
tions she receives. My grandchildren were half
starved when they were rescued, while my daugh
ter, who is their mother, had not bathed them or
eaten with them or ever put them to bed. Instead,
she used to march past them once a day, bare
foot and in a white robe, to greet the sunrise."
More grotesque than anything else which has
been said about the Point Loma scnool Is the story
of the favorite dog of Mrs. Tingley. It Is a King
Li T l** spaniel, and In cold weather wears a
blanket. Ills name is Spots, because, as one of the
former followers of the creed rather colloquially
L* P »T.*S Be iJ '"• could spot a Theosophist at
•«« ht - _, Th «panlel in "aid to have been given to
t T TIP* 1 by William Q. Judge. When Mr.
Judge died his spirit is raid to have entered Into
Spot*. Accordingly, the dog Is said to be regarded
a* an object of reverence at Point Loma. and Mrs
Tine-ley v once reported to have said of the spaniel:
rec\4^ hi. b^vi mm e J nf « '« " PlrU ' 8 '" Spots, di
recting thin movement
deflnr^nf^i ooll^.* 81 , wUh such statements is the
defence- of Mrs I 1""'*I 1 ""'* by Dr. Van Pelt, the su-
Fn£?n£?lnn B . C t of I,"* 1 " t^ 1001 - 8h « «■*»■ the school
International, where ln time It Is hoped to have
renr^entatives from every country. Such a com
minellng. ebo says., will firln* out-'ibrwaaer- Wea«
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 16. 1902.
lsfifd with the result of Boston's call for help.
In th.- town of Clinton it was found that St.
John's Catholic Cemetery lay below the level of the
water and would have to be moved. A piece of land
in another part of the town was taken and prepa
rations made to nave the bodies removed to the
new cemetery. Here the commission struck a snag
that came near delaying the work for months.
Two factions arose In the parishes represented la
the cemetery, and for some time there were Inter
nal bickerings and threats of litigation, untii the
Bishop of Sprlnsfield settled the matter. One side
wished the commission to take charge of the re
moval of the bodies, and the other Insisted that
the work of changing the grave* l>e done by the
parishes it was Snail) settled by a committee
being selected by the parishes to assist 'the com
mission. The work of removal began with the
work of excavation, and the workmen engaged in
clearing the. ground for the resei oit worked for
a time surrounded by monuments and tombstones.
Th« Wachuseti Basin lies In the broad part of
the Nashua Valley, between the hills of Princeton
and Rutland on one side and a range of hills run
ning north of Worcester on the other. At a point
in Clinton the valley narrows to a ravine of 1.250
feet, and it Is here that the dam which Is to hold
back the water is being built and la now Rearing
completion. The first stone was laid June ■■. 1901.
and to-day the masonry walls are about thirty
feet above ground. This dam Is to be of solid
masonry, twenty-eight feet thick at the bottom
and nineteen feet at the top. When completed It
will be .s4 feet from the be.l rock to the surface of
the water and Its top will be 3?ii feet above the
level of title water at Boston. Stone for Its con-
Biructlon is furnished by quarries In the immediate
vicinity, one BO near that material is carried by
cable conveyors directly to the work
From the dam an aqueduct will convey the wa
ter to the Budbui y Keservolr. eleven miles away,
through two nill.-s of tunnel, seven of covered ma
sonry anil three miles of open channel. The riud
bury reservoirs were constructed by th. city of
Boston In ! V 7* and are now part of the metropolitan
system and the property of the commonwealth.
The State Board of Health co-operatea with the
commission In looking ln'o tin- purity of th^
water furnished, and to this end the entire water
shed of 118.' sijuare miles has been surveyed,
and where necessary property has been taken and
CHILDREN OF THK RAJA YOGA .SCHOOL, READY FOB A SONG AFTER LESSONS ARE OVER.
and a higher type of manhood and womanhood."
•The education." she adds. "is laid out on the
broadest lines possible, and Mrs. Tlngley is satis
fled with nothing less than the best. The forcing
system does not exist, for the whole aim is to draw
out the child'! powers and possibilities. In his
tory, for instance, he Is taught to study the law
of cause and effect, the reason for the rise mid
fall of nations, and la not compelled to memorise
a mass of lifeless facts. Besides this, the children
are taught music, dramatic art. drawing, painting,
modelling, woodcarving, stenography, telegraphy,
according to their aptitudes. They also learn
botany, astronomy, geology and the other sciences.
The character Is also developed The child must
become self-reliant, earnest and capable of assum
As to the dog Spot* she says:
"1 would feel thai 1 was Insulting the Intelli
gence of the ordinary reader in taking the trouble
to deny the grotesque statements about a little
doif made by some of our maligners, were it not
that some regarded as intelligent have apparently
made these statements seriously. There is, to be
sure, a little dog at the Point named Spots— a great
pet with everybody, ami it is just possible that
Nome may have been heard to say in fun (for yen
very earnest people may relax Into baby talk)
that Spots is very wise, and knows a good The-
OSOpbiSl at sight, or that he knows all that is
being talked about, or that he is better than many
people. But l should be sorry for any one who
could not discriminate between fun and serious
ness. Spots can do that, but the further state
ments which have been made about him are the
results of imaginations which are. to say the least,
unnecessary, and as I said before, to the person
of average Intelligence it is unnecessary to deny
"Mr*. Tlngley holds that the beat moral and In
tellectual results cannot be obtained without a
sound physical basis, so It is considered a duty to
guard and Improve the children's health. I should
like to contradict the statement that they are ever
allowed to go out Improperly clothed But it must
be remembered that the climate of Southern Cali
fornia is very mild, and that it rarely rains there
The wonderful climate helps in this, but its effect
Is supplemented by careful attention to diet, by ap
propriate physical exercises and other means. Two
physicians at least are always on call. in case of
need '• .
Mrs. Tlngley was first married In 1867 to R. H
Cook. Some years later he was about to sue for
a divorce, when he was told she was dead Both
remarried While living in this city, at No 107
West Slxty-elfthth-st.. in 1892. Mrs." Tingley " ac
cording to Dr. H. H. Resethtn. who lived next door
was known as a masseuse and hypnotist.
BEST OF QTAUFICATIOXfi.
From The Yonkers Statesman.
"Yon have called in response to ..ur advertise
ment?" said the paient medicine man.
"'Yes. you want a man who can write your ad
vertisements. I believe?' paid the serious lookinr
"That's what we want. What experience have
"I've been a writer of flctloii lor. twelve „
mill privileges on the streams revoked. The ques
tion of the disposition of the sewage of the towns
of Clinton and Lancaster occupied much of the
attention of the board, and land was taken in Lan
caster and filter beds established and pipe lines
built, and now these two towns have as complete
ana as nearly perfect a system of sewage dispo
sition as any large city away from the coast. In
connection with this, It might be well to state
that a year ai?o the Metropolitan Water Board
was united with the Metropolitan Sewage Board,
the two commissions becoming one.
The relocation of Ihe iracks of the Central Mas
sachusetts Railroad was recently begun. Six miles
of this track is along the Nashua River, through
the centre of the basin, and when the water Is
let in. will he nearly one hundred feet below the
surface. ■ Half a dozen surveys were made for th*»
new line, and about three months ago work was
begun along the line of the. new location. Between
seven and .-iK'ht miles of track will be rebuilt,
partly by the Commonwealth and partly by the
Boston anil Maine Railroad. The new stations
will be made and one of the old ones abolished.
Of the highways that have been relocated and
rebuilt, son* were county roads, some owned by
towns and some were private roadways. The
new roads have all been constructed a< State
road«. carefully graded and macadamised, and
ha this one feature the region haa been much
benefited. Prettier drives than these will be when
the basin la rilled, can scarcely bo Imagined, with
wooded hills on one side and a broad clear lake
on the other.
In the town of Clinton it has been necessary to
build two huge dikes with cutoffs to deflect the
water of Btlllwater River and various streams and
ponds anil to form protecting division lines in the
reservoir Itself Roadways will be bum along the
top of these dlkea to form short cuts across the
As baa been already stated, the land to be flooded
Is beinc stripped of nil vegetation. Trees nave
been cut down and the stumps removed. Eirushland
he* been burned over and the debris taken away,
and from the whole area of the basin the soil to a
depth of two feet or more either has been removed
or is being removed, so as to leave little possibility
(or contamination by decaying organic matter. An
idea of the magnitude of this work alone can be
gained when It Is known that the. water surface of
the reservoir will be 4.195 scree, or fi.s«» square
miles. Not a tree, bush nor blade of grass is t < b*»
left to be covered by the water. For this part of
the work negroes have been generally employed,
with their accompaniment, mules. This Is the first
time this combination has been used to any extent
In Massachusetts. The larger part of the laborers
employed are Italians, however •
The Wachusett Reservoir, when flooded, will con
tain 0.QM.OO&.0OO gallons of water. Its shore line.
exclusive of islands. Is 35.40 miles. The watershed
covers an area of 118.3 square miles. In Its con
struction four churches, four schools, six mills and
*J4 dwellings have been destroyed, and 1,711 per
sons driven from their homes. Six and fifty-six
hundredth."* miles of railroad will be flooded and
19.21 miles of highway. This does not take Into
account the factories closed along the tributary
streams, or the changes necessary on account of
consequent!^ damage*. The property owners with
in the limits of the hasln have been reimbursed by
the St.it.- in full for their land, and also those
whose property has been actually taken for works
outside the basin Damages have been awarded
to Individuals throughout the. entire area of the
watershed, and the towns of Clinton, Boylston,
West Floylaton and Sterling nave been awarded
damage* "for Injury done to business and on ac
count of decreased tax value of property in the
ON THE PACIFIC CCMST.
RIDDING CALIFORNIA OF TRUSTS WILD
RKPORTB OF PLAGUE UNFOUNDED
MUCH BUSINESS ACTIVITY.
Sau Francisco, Nov. 11. -The decision of
Judge Morrow, <>f the United States Circuit
Court, Is regarded lure as practically putting
an end to tli" Ball Trust, which has advanced
prices from $4 to •'SIN a ton, and which offered
special contracts at $12 a ton. The aJßdavtts
from dealers who suffered from exactions of the
trust were so specific that Judge Morrow de
clared thai ;iii .he companies, except the lm
perlal Ball Company, were acting Illegally and in
restraint <>f trade. He therefore made. Urn tem
porary injunction against them permanent. The
result will he to free California and all the
country west Of the Mississippi from the bon
dage of the Federal Salt Company. It is under
stood that United States District Attorney Mar
shall Woodworth will soon proceed against the
Flour Trust, which has been more autocratic
than the Salt Trust, and has reaped much
According to federal reports, something over
two thousand people in Chinatown have died
from bubonic plague in the last three years, and
the National Convention of Boards of Health
censures the San Francisco Board of Health for
its failure to check the spread of the dangerous
disease. The simple facts are that there has
been no increase of disease In Chinatown, nor
have there been any cases of genuine bubonic
plague in San Francisco. Some of the ablest
bacteriologists in the country live here and
have examined the Chinese who. federal officers
said, died from plague, but in every case these
experts declared. the disease bore only a re
semblance to plague and was not contagious.'
Dr. S. . M. Mouser was employed as official bac
teriologist here for two years, yet he declares
that in that time not a single case showed the
that ha->;aa correct ia-that'ths disea£»;xieYet~
OUTLETS AND SPILLWAY OF THE GREAT WACHUSETT BASIN.
Besides Boston, the town* and cities included in
the metropolitan system are. Arlington. Chelsea.
Everett, Maiden. Medford. Newton. Qulncy, Som
ervllle. Hyde. Park. Melrose. Revere. W'atertown.
AVinthrop, Nahant and Swampscott. The cities of
Krookllne find Cambridge are within the ten mile
limit, but are not included In the system.
Big as the Wachusett Basin is and expensive a*
the work seems, thjs la only the beginning of a
series- of systems that will provide the cities of th*
entire State with pure water In time. As soon as
this basin H completed. It is Intended to be?in
work on another and a larger reservoir to supply
trie towns and cities in the central part of the
Stiit*>. and when that Is done the western portion
wi'l receive attention.
TOPTCS TN CHICAGO.
Chicago. Nov. 14. — Illinois RepobU an lend
ers are watching with more than close inter
est the struggle bow going on for the Speuk
ership Of the next House of Representatives.
At this distance from Washinifton and right in
the stronghold of the campaign h*»inar made by
Congressman C.itin-'ti. of Ike Danville district, it
looks like n favorable race tor "I'ncle Joe."
However, ther^ art- hints that the oa^esstissi to
Mr. Cannon will be conducted on peculiar lines.
involving tiu' straining of the position ac has s>
long held in the matter of appropriations of pub
lic moneys. It is at the coming session of Con
gress that the ordeal will be severest for 'L'ncie
Joe." Members who have been opposed by him
in previous sessions and are not committed to
the support of any candidate for the Speataership
wil! have the opportunity of their official lives
to bring Mr. Cannon to terms on the question of
appropriations for their -listricts. and, according
to reports from the national capital. they
won't do a thing " to "I'ncle Joe" if he is ob
durate and refuses to yield. Every vote is fig
ured on now to count for success or failure, and
therein lies the onward move or crushed am
bition of Mr. Cannon.
Close watchers at Washington declare it is
difficult for them to conjecture which will be the
hardest for the Danville statesman to give vp —
the appropriations he has so steadfastly denied
his colleagues or the votes that will elect him
Speaker of the House.
Surely it Is a dilemma for Mr. Cannon, but It
is a condition hugely enjoyed by the men to
whom he meted out disappointment. Be the
situation at Washington what it will, the Can
non boom is moving along at a rate that in
gratifying to the friends and supporters of the
Iliinoisan In the West and Middle West, where
became contagious in the Chinese quarter,
where all conditions were favorable to Us
spread. The whole trouble grew out of a false
diagnosis by a federal official, whose reports
were accepted by his superior officers in Wash
General Chaffee was warmly welcomed on
his return from Manila, but it is doubtful
whether the veteran enjoyed this hospitality.
At least one feature of it must have been bur
densome. The Merchants' Association on
Wednesday night gave a tine dinner for General
Chaffee. but the chief entertainment furnished
was .i discussion whether the Geary-st. cable
road franchise should revert to the city or
should be renewed. General Chaffee's interest
in this purely local topic could not have been
Heavy rains have fallen this week, bringing
the rainfall to date much above the average.
These rains have been well distributed, so that
they have done the utmost good to farmers.
stock growers and miners. The result has been
to give a great impetus to business in all parts
of the State, as nothing so stimulates activity
as the removal of fear of. a "dry winter." The
complaint everywhere is of the lack of labor to
carry out work both in the trades and in gen
eral farming. Much building is at a standstill
in this city because of failure to secure car
penters, masons and other mechanics, although
these artisans are receiving nearly double the
usual scale of wages. Carpenters are. getting
as high as $6 a day. bricklayers $8. and in
some cases plasterers have commanded $12 a
The number of persons who came to California
in September and October on cheap colonist
rates to investigate opportunities for settlement
in this State was 24,135 by the Southern Pacific
and probably 6,000 by the Santa F». although
the latter company had not yet complied re
real bacillus of bubonic plague. And the proof
turns. A large percentage of these people made
careful inquiries, and many bought land for
development and will remove to their,-ne^io^:ea
an active canvass Is being made among ac»
members of the House. On the latter the Can
non supporters are depending for the basis of
his strength. Among those who are conducting
the campaign for Cannon the claim Is made
that he has a lead of about seventy votes
pledged to him, which makes a formidable show,
ing when it is considered that it is still early
in the campaign and that it takes 104 votes to
make a majority in the House. In Congress
circles at Washington it is the opinion that the
estimate of seventy for Cannon is a little too
big, but it is conceded that he is in the lead.
By some It is claimed that the West is not
united in the support of the Illinois man. be
cause Hull, of lowa. Is not for Cannon, al
though he will be guided by the decision of the
majority of his delegation. Then, too. it is as
serted that Indiana is divided on the Speaker
ship question, though the party press in the
Hoosier State is generally for Cannon. With
the probabilities that the now wide open gam*
will become a complicated situation later on
when the contest is fairly on at the national
capital, when Congress meeta, the friends of
"Uncle Joe" Cannon are sanguine of success.
Cook County, of which Chicago Is the county
seat, haa an official regarding whom little is
known, except by the owners of vacant lots
ho pay taxes thereon. This otherwise obscure
place holder manages to break into the news
papers once a year, and it :'s thon that the gen
eral public becomes aware or is reminded of th»
existence of the "thistle detective." It is. when
he makes his annual report to the County Treas
urer, detailing the year's hunt for the Canadian
thistle in Cook County an J the efforts to rid
vacant lands of the pest. On his urging and
notification the owners of unimproved property
are moved to take steps to clear the premises
belonging to them of the thistles. The means of
doing 80 successfully are best known to tlw
"detective," who is an expert In his line, and for
his services the landowner is taxed a certain
sum in addition to a monetary penalty to the
County Treasurer M long as the nuisance ex
ists. So. in compelling some landowners to com
ply with the law as well as getting after those
who fail to do so. the "thistle detective"* man
ages to get a good thing out of his little county
Job. From the report just made to the Treas
urer it looks as if the thistle man will reap a biaj
harvest of dollars, as, according to his estimate,
there are some hundred thousand property
owners with whom he is in official communica
tion regarding the removal of the Canadian
this winter. Th« colonist experiment was d#
vised •■. K. O. McCormick. passenger traffic
manager of the Southern Pacific, and it has
proved a far greater success than the most san
Pajaro Valley apples are now being sent by
tralnloads across the country to -York for
shipment to London. The favorite apple for this
long shipment is the Newton pippin, which
reaches in this sheltered Monterey County val
ley a size- and flavor unequalled elsewhere on
The engagement of Dr. Jacques Loeb. biologist.
to become head of the new department of physi
ology in th. University of California, is an
evidence of th*> desire of this institution to git
the best men in their specialties. A new $25.
marine laboratory v -.'. be built at Berkeley with
funds provided by Rudolph Sprerk?ls With th*
abundant marine life of the Pacific to draw
from. Professor Loeb oqajfcl to ba in an MMI
position to carry out his researches.
ELECTRICITY IX MINES.
POWER BROUGHT TO THE COMSTOCE
LODE THIRTY MILES.
In few industries has electricity be»n utilise* ?•»
such advantage as in mining. Operations are th*"*
conducted, as a general thin.?, in a mountainous
region, where the cost of fuel Is exceptionally hl»h.
owing to the difficulties of transportation. If
power he taken from the adjacent streams and •>•
converted into electricity iv dynamos, it can l>*
transmitted economically for long distances and *P
grades that would be impassable to railways. One*
obtained, no matter from what source, power is
iie««l<»»l for many purposes in and near » mine.
Drills must be driven into the rock, watte* punned
out. ore hoisted anil ground, and other work dor.»
which calls for mechanical energy.
One of the best illustrations of tins modern prac
tice is furnished by the mines of the famous «'om-
Mock Lode, In Nevada. That vein of goM and
silver starts over at an angle •'' about 45 degrees
from ■ vertical plane. Shafts sunk at different
points la the neighborhood tapped it at deptta
varying from I.CCH> to MM feet. li> the ptrlod be
tween 1572 and Mi one single company took out
about 5150.0C0.0G0l The whole Ma I m yielded nearly
$aw.oOO.oflO. most of that amount beinjs produced In
the decade just Indicated. Owing to the exhalation
of the richer ores in ISS2 and to trouble in properly
draining the mines, work was abandoned on them,
and an accumulation of water permitted. Eventu
ally the Sutro Tunr.el. four and a half miles
long, opened up an outlet for much of this.
Within a few years mining has been resumed.
capitalists being satisfied with ores of lower va!u»
than those which created such a sensation more
than a Quarter of a century ago. These are be
lieved to be exceedingly abundant, and the mines
are now worked at a reasonable pront. ... '«!«
Some idea of the cost of power 'her* m fine ej»
days may be gathered from the fact that the or.
was carted fifteen mitts from mine to cn l -, ) *5?
that the latter was run by water brought to v
a flume forty miles in length. To-day P«*ski»
brought all the way to the mine from the TTCCmw
River, thirty miles off. At the generating »***><£
two 1.-tCO-horsepower water wheels of th* ttfrh?
type have been installed, and these drive ,^f, 9 *2 v?
dynamo*. The turbines are automatically g»v_
•rn«d. Merely for transmission^ over the «— ..
vcnlng country a pressure of r >*» » ?,i?«T»S
ployed. The current i* generated at 3» V »- »JjS
by "step-up" transformers ta the JSJ2J*"*. \^Y.
ana reduced at the mines by W^JSP-J^Sr",
formers to 430 volts. It Is at the latter P»««^ ;
that the various pumping. , hoisting and .air cot
pressing motors are run. So cheap is .the pe^?
thus supplied that work can be done far tioi
economically than ever before.
CORSSTALES AXD STRAW FOR FUEL.
From The Spring Republican. _
Kdward Atkinson never laHg/sr »— "f^tt
Kestlons tn regard to the pwi*W# fl o^".,,bj-ct ot
and he has now been heard x a".,fact«rers'
fuel Speaking before the 9 .^consider*-
AssocJatton a day or •««•!•; nd '7 t^w as fac
tion of the u»* of c< V2^i!lr o# Sird oak. •• «»W
might be Such a Sj* t _,s*,?g ye ' t
cbianer tban coal at 6') ceata a t-o-