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MODERN PHILANTHROPY PROVIDES A NEW AND AGREEABLE LIFE WORK* FOR WOMEN OF ADVANCED EDUCATION AND REFINEMENT.
A PAY WITH THE POOR
WORK OF A CHARITY VISITOR
SEEK IX DETAIL.
jjEW OCCUPATION FOR WOMEX-QUALI
FIXATIONS requisite for suc
ceeding IN IT.
Organized charity In New-York City is grow
ing eld a- s th^«e felt who attended the twentieth
arr ; ver cary of the Charity Organization Bocie
tv in the assembly ball of the United Charities
23 U<](2i<-.pU <](2i<-.p last Monday evening. Mayor Low was
the principal s-peaker on the special subject,
--. Co-operation of the Society with the City
iutJiorltleß." Addresses were made by head?
cf various city departments with which the so
ciety iff In active co-operation.
Ma- details of the interesting development
of modern charity — a common sense charity
Trhirh d° ps not believe In "coins; it blind," and
to which til* 5 admonition not to let the left hand
kr.C w 'fcat tn " right doeth docs not apply — were
brought out. A " "- other things mentioned
■was the work of the charity visitor — a new ac
cupation for women. The educated woman who
roost work, be she college graduate or other
wise. pu ts a question which is not easily an
swered In these crowded days when s«he asks:
"Having: fitted myself to the best of my ability.
and fe<=linc capable, what work shall I under
The !ls: of suitable callings has Increased won
derfully eir.ee men began to recognize woman's
right and ability to do for herself, but the num
ber of women who want work, ho must, has
Increased in an even greater degree. There was
a time "when the women who had to face the
world turned to teaching. To-day there are
mere teachers than schools. Bo it is with (he
Tnsr.y other lines open to women. On th ac
count the discovery of a new calling is particu
The woman charity visitor has become a rec
ognized factor in the machinery of the Charity
Organization Society. Every one who applies
for assistance must stand a searching investi
gation, ar.d ■women visitors, are best fitted for
the work. It Is an occupation which requires
ir.uch ability, no end of activity, and which, in
this city, at least. Is ■worth $600 a year to the
woman who succeeds.
The euccess with which the visitors of the so
ciety have carried out their delicate tasks leads
the Tenement House Commission to advertise
for women Inspectors. This means another oc
cupation for New- York women. It can be
reached only through a Civil Service examina
tion, and the salary is *1.200 a year.
The working day of a charity visitor begins
at 9 o'clock, and if she has pood luck in her
rounds it is ended by 4:30. It surprises a novice
to see the amount of work that can be crowded
lr,to those hours, the extent of territory which
can fee covered, and the number of visits made.
It surprised a Tribune reporter who recently
spent a day with one of the visitors, and It tired
him out. though he Is not lacking in endurance.
And the little woman who made the visits, and
'-'" addition cross-examined a score of men and
■women — she appeared as fresh as she had been
en starting out. and would not admit the least
In the morning at 9 o'clock the visitors as
semble in the registration bureau at the head
quarters of the Charity Organization Society, in
East Twenty-second-st. The visitors sit about
a !ong table and v, oric up the reports of the vis
its made the day before. When they have
pvprythir.g in hand the report ■ dictated to a
THE SCHOOL GEOGRAPHIES MAY HAVE TO BE CHANGED IF CERTAIN VERMONT LEGISLATORS HAVE THEIR WAY.
PROPOSED REMOVAL FROM
MOXTPELIER TO BL'RLIXGTON
OBJECTION! TO THE PRESENT LOCA
TION—ADVANTAGES OF CITY
ON LAKE CHAMPLAIN.
Basttactm Vt.. Nov. 22 (Special).— When a bill
providing '-- the removal of the capital of Vermont
'r-rr. Montpelier to Burlington was introduced in
the State legislature a few days ago by the mem
ber trozn the ancient city of Vergenr.es it excited
Uttle comment, even among "' people of the cities
"Til 1 ? legislature must have its biennial joke."
saii the permanent resident? of sleepy Montpelier,
the capital city, which Is in a. veritable mountain
' Capital mine our waV exclaimed the people
of Burlington. "A good thing, but we're more in
terested in getting the Rutland Railroad shops and
otb«r industries." •
T'mi bill was Intrusted to a committee of one
ir.ernljer from ■ ■■-- county, and Ifontpelfer consid
ered the Joke over for this session. Not so the
c< remittee. They began to consider the question
of capital removal seriously, and to weigh with
care the advantages which Burangton had to offer.
Against Montpelier two serious arguments are
brought forward. The first and most important
Is the railroad conned i or rather the lack of
ih«-m. Vermont is a peculiar State regarding rail
roads. The Central Vermont Railroad cut* across
the State, missing mo«t of Be cities through which
It should pas>». As a result there are no end of
frn«i and branch roads, with the accompanying
Junction points, at which long waits fur train
connections are usually in order.
When Montpelier was made the capital it was
the geographical centre of the Stata. In those
days there were not enough railroads In the Green
Mountain country to count- for much. Subsequent
railroad building has failed to help the capital city.
As a result most of the State lawmakers are com
pelled to change cars twice when they go to the
The other objection to the present capital is one
rf cilmate. Montpelier is said to-be a healthful
plate for those who become .1 ma ted and live
th«re the year round. But for the poor lawmakers,
who are there only two months in every other year,
The climate hi most troublesome. The little town is
eltuated in a nest of mountains, one of which rises
up immediately behind the quaint old fashioned
State House. Fogey clouds hang low over the town
almost every day at this time of the year, and an
ur.healthful dampness prevails. Each session of the
legislature brings with it an epidemic of colds.
rrip and pneumonia. The victims are the legis
A f**- days after the committee was appointed by
the 2 xaiitr some one made an unofficial count of
Its members. The resjlt showed that the proposed
bill for the removal of the capital to Burlington
would probably pass the committee by a safe ma
jority It was a great surprise to the people of
Montpenar and it worried them, for outside of Its
official business the town of 6 000 persons has little
reascr. for being.
"This may not be such a joke after all." IBM
thns* whose mil are wrapped up in the cap
ital. ""We must be up and doing, or the first thin*
** know we will have to move over to Burlington."
Accordingly a committee of the business men
of the city was appointed to fight the bill. Its
first move was to send a representative to Dr.
%\Vbb. president at the Rutland Railroad. It
**-EE*d that he consider building a branch of the
Rutland Railroad across the State directly to
Montpflier. This would remove one at the prin
cipal rcajsonH for the change. At regards the
«ec/md objection, the climate, there was no one to
whom the commitiM cculd make an appeal, and
that will have to eland against the city.
. It «■ not likely UuU the capital will be moved
pnon BT'T PROUD.
a d An from Old
FtcnoErraphor. The Investigating agent ha? a
desk near by, and she is busily planning the
work of the day while the visitors are making
out their reports. They ro to her for their as
signments, five, six or seven cases brought to
the attention of the society in one way or an
other being the usual allotment.
After ten minutes' work with a street direc
tory the visitor has arranged her work. Then
•he reads any reports which may be on file re
garding the cases which are to be investigated.
The first case, for instance. Is thai of a family
which was assisted last winter and has again
become destitute. She must find the reason for
this backsliding, and whether or not there Is
real suffering. When she reaches the house she
asks why William, the son. Is not at work, how
the husband lost his job, what keeps him from
getting another, and dozens of other questions.
She leaves the mother in tears because she can
promise nothing other than the consideration
of the .-.is». The decision is made later by the
committee in charge of the charity.
The visitor next boards a Belt Line horsecar,
which winds In and out along the crooked river
front until she comes to a short street of tum
ble down tenements. The family to be visited
lives on the top floor. She knocks and pets no
answer. The door is open and she walks In.
The man and his wife, fully dressed, are lying
on the bed in their miserable single room.
"Heavens! they have starved to deal al
ready:" exclaims the reporter, who is expecting
something of the kind.
The charity visitor knows better There was
a hint at "drunkenness" In the previous chnrity
record of this particular pair. She shakes them
thoroughly and rouses them out of a whiskey
stupor. Then she reads them a temperance
lecture, laying down the law in a straight, hard
hitting way that hurts.
They ar^ sadly off .1
are crying. "I am a I ■- church!"
cries the woman, "won't you pray with 1
The charity visitor hesitates j-; = -
She Is a strict
transition ir.'u ways
strang-e to her. I
this year. The bill provides for a new capitol build
ing to cost 1400,000. half of which is to be raised
by the city of Burlington. It Is doubtful if Bur;
lington would ■■ willing to raise that amount. The
bu-iness men will provide a site, but they feel that
it would not be right to burden the taxpayers with
so larxe a building fund.
The bill as introduced provides for the transfer
of the capital and the erection of a State House
at a cost Of not more than SIOC.OOO. It authorizes
Burlington to issue interest bearing bonds to the
amount of $200,000, payable not more than twenty
five years from date. A board of commlssioners
6 even In number-appointed by the Governor is to
determine the site for the capital building, and
""■".iTS tt^sfme^ThHcr^ta o^ 'Jffect^n
■trucUc and -a» not be .submitted to a general
*<*&$ •, paj 1200.< erome t,..
. ,wIV, wI V [■ ;.li -.Mt"" < ! ".<- of the oldest • itiz<»n.< of
lh». rir rT,-ated the question asked by The
t r v,-,. •«♦■•«■ Burlington is -he capital now .a
everjthlng nut nara hott<>r ,* t urn for the same
the r .ame opfnlont > thou £ h he c«e« a llUle further,
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 23. 1902.
••' W \> CSED TO GOOD THINGS ONCE."
A I'harti it 3 tenement.
' -lie kneels <>n the dirty floor and
■ it h them.
The man gets up and splashes some water on
his burning head. "I will, go to work." he says,
and he takes his hat and goes out. "You have
saved us!" cries the thankful woman, now thor
oughly sobered. "Never ngain will I touch the
The charity visitor goes her way, conscious ot
well done. Her report may t^.i i. "Able
:• themselves, if they leave liquor
The next visit Is to a little rear tenement
fifteen or twenty hlorka away to see an old
[rish woman and her daughter. They are desti
tute and nearly starved, In the course of dili
gent questioning it appears that the old woman
has a nephew, a bricklayer, who makes • 4 a
day, and has no one to support but his wife
"And. Is there any reason why this nephew
should not come to your assistance in this
emergency?" asks the visitor, pointedly.
"Faith, an' you don't know his wife." answers
the old woman, with a glorious brogue. "An'
she iB so stingy that if a holy saint himsllf k!m
down from hiven above an' asked her for a
clnt she wouldn't give it to him."
There is nothing to do but hunt up the
nephew's wife. The visitor tells the story of the
extreme -i.-st ii t li tlont lon of the relatives, and the
wife fumes. "Won't you have your husband do
something for them?" asks the visitor.
"No!" the wife shouts, emphasizing it by
shaking a clinched fist. "We'll do nothing for
them. They're no good, them kind of relatives.
Do you know what you ought to do with them?
Take them down to the river and drown them."
She slams the door In the visitors face..
The next visit is what is known as a hospital
case, a crippled child needed a brace. The
mother tol<l the dispensary officer that she could
not pay Its cost, $15. The visitor is to Investi
gate this inability.
• iinjc to the ■-» '
rht | ■ dollars ••!> ih»-
THE VERMONT SENATE IN FRONT OF THE OLD CAPITOL BUILDING AT M ONTPELHTB.
They »!ll have to vote soon on transferring the Capitol I
Photograph by H*rrj E. c .
'"The capital is coming to Burlington some day.
and we will no I nave to give the State a $300,000
subsidy, either. I do not believe it will be moved
this year or at the next session of the legislature,
but sooner or later public opinion will demand a
chang I *.
'■Ji:?t now we are more interested In securing the
general shops of the Rutland Railroad. In a few
days I will receive a proposition from the president
of "the railroad setting forth the terms on which
the company will move its shops from Malone and
Rutland to Burlington. Tne railroad is ready to
put in a terminal plant costing taOO.OOO If suitable
arrangements can be made regarding the site. The
shops would mean an Increase in population of at
least five hurdred within a year. This is of more
importance to the city Just now than the removal
of the capital.
"The city has three bills before the legislature
which will undoubtedly be passed and which will
have considerable effect on Burlington's immedi
ate development. One bill provides for a public
Eark commission. It la strange, but true, that the.
irgest city on Lake Cham plain does not own a
foot of lake front. 1 forget: the city does own a
cemetery along th-» lake, but none of us want to
tv put there We do ne*><i a public park alonjt the
lake, and one of th- fir*; duties of the commission
will be to secure land for that purpose Another
bill provides for a public dock on the lake front,
and is of considerable importance. The third au
thorize* us to issue bond* for .he installation of
a city electric light plant.
••Burlington ha* always been known as an sdu
AN' EAST srDK FTAUAN FAMILY.
Five in "lie room, with neither food t
visitor is content with this under the circum
stances. She rejoices, not in the money saved
the hospital, but in the lesson of self-help which
she had taught.
The visitor feels that the next visit will come
to nothing. The number given is near th( dis
trict torn out for the approach of the new East
River bridge. It looked like a wrong address,
piven by one who did not want to be investi
gated. As it turns out, the house is just beyond
the section torn out. in the finest tenement on
the street. No Mrs. Qulnn. or whatever her
name was, Fives there according to the janitor
woman. The visitor cannot take her word for
It. Janitor women do not always know. There
is nothing for it but to go to the top floor and
ask at each door. The reporter waits in the
"That must have tired you?" he says.
"I don't mind the stairs," she answers, smil
ing. ■ Some days I climb as many as sixty
Another two room tenement In a tumbledown
house in Hamilton-st. is next. An old won of
eighty -odd years, whose face was so furrowed
and sunken as to be almost inhuman, lives there
with her son, a man of forty, who seems to be 1
unable to get work. • I
She owes six months' rent." says the janitor,
"and she'll be dispossessed next Monday just as
sure as anything, though th« landlord is the
kindest man in the street."
"What have you had to eat to-day?" th a
visitor asks, turning to the old woman, who is
crooning over a cracked cook ytove In which
smokes a lire of driftwood.
"The relic of a cup of coffee," she mutters, and
then an oath slips out of her toothless mouth.
She is penitent a second later. She strikes the
bed a rap with her stick, saying-, "An' I be^s His
pardon for taking His name that way."
This is a case of absolute want, and an emer
gency ration must be s»nt in at once. The vis
itor looks for a i hair The reporter pushes up
the remains of an old haircloth sofa. "We n»v»r
sit on stuffed furniture on these visits." she re
marks in an undertone Th" reason la evident
In a subsequent scurry of cockroaches. The
Janitor wipes off a wood»n chair and the visitor
Let us ><" a now. What shall we send you?"
she begins. "Some bread, a little tea. some
"I was used to good things once," is the mumb
led interruption from the oM woman. "Once,
long ago, when we were not starving and my i
hands could sow — do you know I was the best I
dressmaker in this part of town? — I made a '
brown silk dr-»ss for the rinhl wife of Mr. Van
Binder, him what was such a tine political party
man. Ami it pleased him so that he sent me !
three lioltles of wine, and some brandy, and
rational city, and a considerab?-? part of our IS.OOO
population is due to the excellent school system.
There was a time when this was the second inland
lumber market In the country. Shortage of supply
and improved transportation facilities have les
sened this Importance considerably. Much of the
lumber handled by Burlington firms no longer
passes through th? city, but Is shipped direct from
mills In the woods. We are gradually reaching out
in an industrial way. New factories are comin?
in. one of the latest being a large French dry plate
concern, which was attracted by our fine air and
'"It is due to no misconception of the honor which
would come to th - city that we are not carrying;
on a. strenuous campaign for the removal of the
capital. We are anxious to become the seat of
State government in name as well as in reality,
but at the present time other things <«m to be
of more importance."
It would he difficult to rind in all Vermont a finer
site for a capitol building than that which Burling
ton has to offer. Every one agrees that when the
- capital is moved the hill overlooking the city is
the place for the State House A site Just south of
the campus of the University of Vermont would be
the most available place. The build:n«r would face
Lake Champlain at Its widest point. Twelve mile*
across th.- lake are the rocky shores of New-York
State, with the tumbled Adirondack* In the back
ground. In tJie distance behind the site are the
-Green Mountains. more beautiful on distant view
than the Adirondack* with which they seem to
join forces further south. To the north one can
see well into Canada, almost to Montreal. In fact.
'•I V\'i.»N T NEED HELP I"
three liottles of Irish whiskey, and some bacon,
and soni* ham." She details these things slowly,
and v gleam comes into her tired eyes, and she
essays a smile, which is a terrible failure.
"Yes. I waa used to good things."
Then it comes out that she is a member of th<»
neighborhood church, and bad been for years.
"Won't your church help you?" asks the visitor.
"I would starve rather than ask them." she
answers. "Once, five years agro, when we had a
tight sp«H, I went to the church and asked
them and they didn't give me anything."
Th» charity visitor goes away and buys a few
things at the nearest grocery to tide the old
woman over the day. Then she calls upon the
priest In ■ barge, of the pariah. He promises to
look after the woman, and the case is closed for
It is not the most pleasant Ing in the world
to persuade an old woman whose life once ran
on very different lines to go to the Almshouse or
"the Island." as it is known in the tenements.
The last visit of the day involves such a task.
"You know that everything is lovely on the
island now." besina the visitor. "They would
take good care of you there. You would have
plenty of fine too a !>^<i to sl^fp on and plenty
of women to talk to. Why don't you go to the
At first the old woman will not bear of such a
thlii-r. Gradual she fins to weaken as the
visitor reiterates the advantages. A closing
argument Is. "The city owes you a living and
you ought to g'.'t what is coming to you."
That seems to strike home. "You are right,
my lady." she s.tys; "the town does owe me my
living. Didn't my husband, rest his soul, pay
tax^s for years and y^-ars?"
The woman who lives in a miserable room
across the hall promises to have her husband
take the old woman to the foot of East Twenty
slxth-st.. where she can get a boat for the
AJmshouse. She says she will give her enough
to eat until she is ready to go. Neighbors In
the poverty districts are kinder than most peo
ple believe. This one says in parting: "Thank
you. mum. for persuading her to go. It Is the
host thins: for her, but she would have cut up
dreadful If you hadn't tall her into it." And
another phase of the charity visitor's life is
Th» day's work is ended, and It had been an
average one. according to the visitor. There
had bee no "referred cases" — those which the
society is asked to investigate by some, one
who wants to help, if it is really needed. These
are th" most delicate to handle. The poor who
are too proud to apply to the Charity Society
for help ar»» too proud not to resent any inquiry
Into their affairs. Tact, an abundance of tact,
is the set-ret of success in referred i-as«; It
is riVeded in every case, along with much Judg
ment and no end of astuteness.
AFFAIRS IN PHILADELPHIA
PLANS FOR THE FORTHCOMING MAYOR
ALTY CAMPAIGN*— BOGUS ASPHALT
Philadelphia. Nov. 22 (Special).— "Bass" Durham
has returned from his pilgrimage to Florida, but.
for all that, he says the Republican workers are
just a* much in doubt as ever as to the name of the
man who ha* been "slated" by him and his friends
as the candidate for Mayor. 10 be elected next
It I? beyond the realm of doubt that Senator
Jnhn M. Scott can have the nomination if he will
take it but he persists in his refusal. It Is also
true 'nit Mr Durham and his lieutenants know
who the man will be if Scott cannot be induced
to reconsider his determination. Mr Durham is
playing ■ "foxy" same ,th Mayor Ashbrtdge.
and he and hi* frienda have decided to hold off
tne Mayoralty convention uniil after the middle of
The first thing for which the officers of th*
society look in select ing visitora is atrensth. A
weak woman cannot do the work. They wan:
women who can show sympathy— not the fool
:«h. crying-, sentimental kind, but the sympathy
tempered with common sense. Th^y "care not
for theorists, who. "as a rule, don't amount
to a row of pins." according to ore of the offi
cers. They tell of ore of the men visitors— lt
is necessary to have two men to rare for lodg
ing house cases anil the like— who had to fur
nish an emergency ration for an old woman.
Me sent a loaf of bread and a pound of tea,
Any on* can see what he lacked.
Most of the cases referred to the Charity Or
ganization Society com* from th« districts be
tween Thirty-fourth an.! Fifty-third fts.. on
the West Side, and Sixty-thlrd-st. to On«»-hun
are<l-and-aUteenth-at.. on the East S:>>. The
tower Baa« Mi hi rsdeft; ™r*d for by th*
in:ted Hebrew «'hariti<»s.
ON THE PACIFIC SLOPE,
San Francisco. Nov. 21.— The- discussion - v .
the admission of the Cuban children at New-
York has attracted attention to the Point Lcma
Institution at San Di^go. where Ohm children
were to be trained. Commissioner «arr<r re
port on Point Loma will be awaif.l with much
interest, as if seems impossible to g»t unpreju
diced opinion of Mrs. Tinsley's methods out of
San Diego. The worst thins that can be said
against the school at Point Loma is the admis
sion of Dr. Van Pelt, the superintendent, that
the pupils thrive on one-third of the food gen-
rally regarded as necessary for growing chil
dren. The h^rriinsr of children In t»nts 13 a'so
not healthful, although in San Diego it Is far
teag disastrous than it would be in a severer
i limate. All who have been inmates of the Point
I-oma Institution dwell on the servile adulation
of Mrs. Tingley which forms an important part
of the- school routine, and declare that this seri
ously affects the child's m I -respect.
The dedication of the Hearst Memorial Mining
Building at the University of California this
week was observed with much enthusiasm. #L
though the day was rainy and disagreeable. Mrs.
Hearst spoke briefly, declaring that the bulMins
was erecte.l in memory cf a practical miner.
who "measured men by th»ir truth and methods
by their honesty." W. p.. Hearst came from
New- York to aid in laying- the cornerstone. Presi
dent Wheeler delivered an eloquent address on
George Hearst and the wort which he did in
developing the mining industry on this coast.
The building will cost half a million, and trill
be filled with all appliances for work. The min
ing department of the University of California
is now regarded as one of the strongest In thsj
country, and the proof of its exceller.ee i 3 seen
in the large number of its graduates who hold
responsible positions in this country and abrcad,
and in the fact that a majority of each senior
class secure places as mining engineers befr>ra
Chinese of the better class, who are detained
here until their right to land can be fully proved,
will soon have no complaints to make over th»
character of the accommodations furnished to
them. Commissioner Sargent was angry when
he saw the utter lack of proper facilities for
handling the Oriental people. He declared taaC
the arrangements were unfit even for the low
est class of Chinese coolies, and that they wer«»
a disgrace to a great nation. He thought th«
steamship companies should be made to fur
nlah a detention house, as they- do at Balti
Chow-Yu-Kwan. acting Chines* Consul Gen
eral here, has Just returned from Honolulu,
where he compromised for $500,000 the claims
of his countrymen for losses through th« burn-
Ing of their houses to stamp out the bubonio
plague. These claims ran far above a million
dollars, but the amount allowed was liberal.
as most of the buildings destroyed were wooden
hovels. It Is believed Chow-Yu-Kwan. who la
bead of the powerful See Top Society, will suc
ceed Ho Vow as consul general.
January, refusing in a.ivar.ce to announce their
The only reason why they ar» willing to tali
Scott is because the Mayor wil! come into line for
| him. They are keeping their second chfl m saady
and postponing the convention b»cau3e they do noe
i propose- to give Mayor Ashbridge. in the expiring'
i days of his term, and others who may be '-■*-■;
|to him th» opportunity »•!■' a longer time wou!(8
. afford them to vent their possible chagrin In aa
attempt to smash the "slate." Durham and his.
' friends undoubtedly Jiave the control of tn* or
ganization, but they have- been nursing and jol
i lying the Mayor along, not on!y to us* htm for
j their own purposes where they can. but to pro
! test from dismissal city employes who are dis
i tlnctly Durham men. With the election of Mr.
! Ashbrtdge's successor less, than i month, distant
j from his nomination the bre*ak with AshbriiiJ*
, would rot be so serious. : - will corn* should
th% present Mayor become obstreperous for th<»
followers of Durham have been, ■ here and there.
era I Durham
throwing off the disguise, and. daily become cor*
I frequent the open declarations that with Jh» end
f ing- of his term Mayor Ashbridge will be relegated
to the realm of the has been* "
Unlike some other "bosses." "Boss" Durham Is
| not ashamed of that title. lie has told hi»
j friends in private that he expects soon to b» th»
I undoubted 'boas ■■' the Republican party in
j Philadelphia, but he aiio say-s that he is gojne
to be the heal "boss" that was ever known, and
that when he gets undisputed control he pro
pose* to givrt Philadelphia tne clean**: and best
government it has ever haJ in its history, and i.
cleaner and better one than that of any larjjs city
in the world. Ha says that there are just a* hon
est and uptight men in th* regular organisation
as live anywhere, but whfi are also practical lit
politics, and from Ihesi he proposes to select
candkiare* for responsible positions under tae»
, It is In line with this intention that his selection,
for Mayor has been rraiie. Senator Scott ■won'd
be an ideal candidate. In private as in public lif*
his name has ever beer. un=smirchetl. even throujfr*
the- carnival of bribery and legislative debauchery
two winters ago In Harrlsburg. It U undoubtedly
true also that in the matter of second choice Mr.
Durham and his fritnds are fixed in their determin
ation to have a candidate whose nomination will
do more than please the peopie whose chief inter
est, la politics and the spoils of office. Of course,
tr.ey have not selected <t man no: in thorough har
mony with the organization, but they have hopes
that their candidate will please a!! Republicans
who have r.o ulterior- motive in, favoring other
candidates. From his character and attainments
they have reason, to believe that he will as Mayor
be more than the representative of politician:*,
without being too impractical to give that class
Since the appointment of receivers for the As
phalt Trust, the bogus character of the competi
tion in street paving in this city, which na3 exited;
for years, has been disclosed. It has become
■ known that the plan now is to continue omy «i»
| company to do the actual work, although another
company will he maintained to preserve the com
petitive' feature of the bidding for municipal work,
the provision" for whica in tee speciScatior.s was
In order to reduce expenses the receivers. Henry
Tatnall and John M. Mack, found it necessary t»
' abandon twenty of the sixty-nine operating con
! cerns. Of those to be given up two were in this
• city— the Richardson & Ross Paving Company,
which will devote Itself to block pavir.s. and th«
' Alcatrax Company, which has been entirely aban
< doned. Of the remaining two in Phiiadelpp.la. tha
Vulcanite Company will do the work of pavins.
and the Pennsylvania company will be maintained;
' as a convenience when bid* are invited by tae
, municipal authorities.
The provisions In the citly specifications are par-
I ticularly rigid in declaring for competitive bidding-.
i It was a significant feature of the bids of the four
! companies named, however, that their bida tallied
so nearly that when the awards had been made i:
' was apparent In what proportion the work nad
I been distributed. For example, when Vulcanite re
ceived a contract at £ 25 a square yani. the bids of
' the other concerns read C 27. $2 2S and C 29. Whan
j the Pennsylvania company wa* successful at CIS
; the Vulcanite would have bid 12 2S. with the others
! trailing behind at IZ 29 and IK 30. No concern out
side of the Js3.ftO.oort trust was ever permitted tat
enter into the competition. Now it is expected f»
maintain the same condition of affairs by toe har
monious working of only two companies.