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V OL LXn...N°- 20.481.
CCBAX TREATY SIGNED.
AGREEMENT AT HA VANA
Reciprocity Negotiaiibhs Concluded
by General Bliss.
Havana, Dec. 12.— definite treaty or com
mercial rw ift-.-city between Cuba and th? United
States was signed at 11 o'clock last night by
G?n»r?.l Ta.-ker H. Bliss and Secretaries Zaldo
»nd Mantes. It only lack« the signatures of
Secretary Hay and Belter Que^ada and th»: ap
proval ot the United -States and Cuban Senates
to make it mietatlve.
A!tti ' ; i c ' the Ir-;.t> provides for a. uniform
redaction •■■.? "_<• per cent from the present tariff
ffcsrpe* on Cuban products entering the United
js^j-f, si parallel list of products has been
fjsva up. '"■ which me reductions on each item
rneee by Cuba and th- Doited States, reflec
tively, are ret forth. It is impossible now to
jv;gfc<? any material changes in this line.
GOOD FOR BOTH NA TIONS
Cuba Receives Conccssia?iF> and
Grant* Preferential Rede*.
IBT Tr.LET.KArn TO THE TFTF' > EJ ]
Washington, D*>c 12. — Cuba undertakes to es
tlMif?l a tariff of maximum a.mS minimum
$ch£di!'-?F. an« 3 will enl*r into a formal treaty
trirh th« United States whereby, in «w:change for
£ reduction of -O per cent from the Dangley rates
pa all imports into the United States from
Cuba, all imports into Cuba from the Unit-5
■ States are to pay only the minimum Cuban
rates, while imports from all other countries t\Ul
pay the maximum rates.
This, in brief, is what is provided for In the
document which has been drawn up in Havana,
and which was signed last night by General
Tasker H Bliss, the special plenipotentiary of
th* United States, and the Cuban Secretary.
•While the text of this agreement has not yet been
received at the State Department, the instruc
tions under which General Bliss -was acting ire
F n clear that the officials have no doubt as to
the character of the document which he has
sicned. The agreement, in every essential par
ticular, i? exactly that which was exclusively
outlined In The Tribune of November 17. a. few
cay? after the departure of General Bliss for
Havana. The objections which the Cubans
urged to granting tariff concessions to the
VnlT°'3 on the ground that their reve
,nues could not stand any reductions of taxation,
have been overcome by the adoption of a lan
wnereoy the present tariff is taken as th* basis
for the minimum rates, while th- maximum
rat^s average one-half greater. The natural
mult will be that on such proportion of Cuban
imports as come from the United States the re
dipts will be the same as under the present
tariff, while on the imports which come from
Other countries the receipt? will be greater, thus
increasing the Cuban revenues, instead of dimin
ishing them. In some few cases, where it is
manifestly to the interests of the Cuban: con
*- Elinors to have articles admitted at lower rates
ot aW,, the minimum rates are reduced below
those in 'the present tariff, but in these cases it
Ip believed that Increased importations due to
the cheapening of the goods will more than
mak- up fT the reduction of duties, and the rev
enues will not cuff «r.
CI7BA TREATED GENEROUSLY.
Ac was pointed out In The Tribune on No
vember 17. the agreement which has been en
tered jnTo is most generous to Cuba. The
Cubans obtain a marKet for all the surplus
piquets of their island without surrendering
■ c-nt of revenue, white the United States sur
renders a large amount or revenue and ie com
srs—trl only by the opportunity to send goods
Into Cuba at lower rates than will be charged
CM ffOOfiS "f the same character from other
.countries. This will benefit American exporters
in two ways. The concessions In rates will nat
urally give them a much larger proportion of
ihe Cuban trade In articles produced in the
United States on the basis of the present trade
in such articles, but the imports of many arti
cles of American production which can be used
as subgtitutes for articles of foreign production
will bo greatly increased. The cotton and linen
schedules afford an illustration of this. At
present the Cubans Import more cotton goods
from Europe than from the United States. The
differential which the minimum tariff will give
the United States on cotton varies from 33 1-3
to 4»» per cent, and will naturally divert most
of the cotton trade of the Island to this country.
At present European linens are imported into
th* island. The maximum itself will increase
me duties on linen goodo from e^un tries other
than the United States from 00 to 100 per cent.
Th% effect Is pec ted to be that cottons from
the United States- will largely supplant Euro-
Dean linens in the Cuban market.
General Biles in his cable dispatch to Secre
tary Hay, sent from Havana at 10:48 o'clock
last nisht, simply t-ald "signed." without giving
any cl*w to the character of the document.
"While it is regarded as possible that he may
have concluded and signed a definitive treaty,
ready for submission by the President to the
Senate for ratification, for his credentials
empowered him to do so. it is strongly the offi
cial impression here that he referred merely to
the execution of the protocol which establishes
th« sew differential tariff rates, and which is
to servo as the basis for the definitive treaty,
th<« latter being a brief paper, simply providing
that the United States grants 20 per cent off
the existing tariff in return for the minimum
Cuban rates. The protocol, on the other hand.
Is an extended and comprehensive statement,
mtine forth in detail nil the tariff schedules
and the differential rates.
CHANGE OF INAUGURATION DAY.
The Project To Be Pressed with Great Vigor
lET TELECHAPH TO THE TKIBrNE.]
Washington. Deer. 1- — The project for chang
ing the date of the Inauguration will be pressed
with great vigor during the remainder of the
; .<-• session. The House Committee on Judi
ciary this morning agreed to make the joint
resolution proposing the amendment to the con
stitution changing the date of the Inauguration
*roa» March 4 to the last Tuesday in April a
tpecial order for Monday. The District Commis
sioners, the citizens* organizations and various
Persons interested In the change will present
tr*ir arguments at this time. A Ftrongly favor
£Ue r*Dort from the committee Is confidently
**P«:i«L • - *
SOFT COAL 'FOR THE SOUTH.
Plttsburg, D«c. i: (Special).— The coalboat stase
•' «'S»*r her* to-<3a> was the Hrst sine- last sum
fM-t: ten million bushels of coal will go out, reliev
«ff the f*jjiin« in th" South.
• "Mr. .vk\V "YORK CENTRAL' ANNOUNCES j
'hat th- :; l?. a.m. train. Known as the Exposition'
F J/»r will riot carry parscngf rs from New York
*?"-! r^erober 25 The Chicago Sleeping Car will
«/tcr*th*t dau leave New York on th' Midnight
;Expr ?ES at 12:10 except that on 'Sundays it will j
: i^., ve at jj 30 p m From -ilbany west th! 3 train .
s*lll carry passengers as heretofore.— Advt. . •
THE LATEST THOTOGRAPII OF PRKSIDENT CTPRIANO CASTRO.
COLONEL PARTRIDGE RESIGNS.
MAYOR LOW SAID TO FAVOR JOHN X FASTIS TO
HEAD POLICE DEPARTMENT.
Piper Alscj- Thought tn Have a Good Chant* — Commissioner Gives Poor
Health ax Remon for Retirement.
Police Commissioner John X. Partridge yester
day resigned his office on the ground of ill
health. Park Commissioner John E. Eustis.
Street Cleaning: Commissioner Woodnury. ex-
District Attorney Eugene A. Philbin. First Dep
uty Police Commissioner Enstein, Second Dep
uty Commissioner Piper. A very D. Andrews and
Captain Norton Ooddard «re talked of as Colo-,
no! Partridge's successor.
Captain Piper and Commissioner Woorinury
had a conference late in the afternoon at Major
Woodbury's office. Neither would talk about
the possibility that the Mayor would ask on*
of them to be Commissioner of Police, but some
of the officials in the Department or Street
Cleaning said they believed Commissioner
Woodbury wanted to stay in his present office,
where he could be expected to make a good
record, and that Captain Piper probably would
have his r>est recommendations for promotion
in the Police Department.
Mayor Low thinks that Commissioner Eustis
would sil^Ut fill the bill, it ip paid. Mr. Eustis
Is an Independent Republican, and a. prominent
member of the Citizens Union. The Mayor
yesterday sent for Park Commissioner Wlllcox.
and it Is underetood that Mr. Kuetls was taJkM
Of. Following the meeting or the Board of E?
timate and Apportionment, Mayor Low had a
prolonged chat with Borough President Haffon
of The Bronx.
"I have not elected Commissioner rartrldg^s
successor," said the Mayor. "His resignation
wan no surprise, to me. Between now and the
first of the year I shall endeavor to fill th<»
vacancy. There is nothing to be said to-night
about the new commissioner."
THE COMMISSIONER'S LETTER.
The first definite announcement that Colonel
Partridge was going to leave the department
came from him when, 011 reaching headquarters
in MulbTrv-Ft., he handed out the following
letter, under date of December 12, to Mayor
My Dear Sir; It non- lacks but a few days of
a year f=in^ you honored me by placing; Dl" at
the head of the Police Department. During the
whole of this period I have devoted my best
energy and ability, and all of my time, to the
improvement of the department, even to the
extent of foregoing the usual summer vacation,
and to neglecting personal affairs. "With what
success, the records of the department and an
mml reports for 11)02 will bear witness. A com
parison of the record of UMB with that or any
year since consolidation. I think, cannot but be
gratifying to the friends of your administration.
For the last fortnight I have been under a
physician's care. Though not seriously ill. I am
advised that a prompt and complete recovers
calls for more rest than I can get while per
forming the onerous duties of this office
[Therefore ask you to relieve me from further
responsibility and to accept this .ray res.gnat.on.
to tak» effect on January 1. lUIW.
Permit me to thank ycu for the hearty sup
port and many courtesies I have received at
your hands. Very tf £ pARTRIDGE .
Following the letter the Commissioner gave
out a general resum6 of the work done in the
year— the number of appointments, dismissals,
deaths the number on the force when he took
om< and now. and other routine matters.
WHAT PARTRIDGE HAS DONE.
The figures follow:
Total force Deeenib-r 31 7 ±™ -"^
Total force November •>«' "V v v V ' "72 IS
K»lirrmrnta - ' "" 32 N
BSS^jsi*g^;^i;:i::;::: *£ "™
TrifMland reprimands!^ ™. . --■- ~ m , )6;J
%M and dl.mi^d the We* » «
Tried and judgment i»9»rt«i :'": ' " ;;;;;; 1 14 l»
Tried and judsnx-nt rewned ••• JU IJB|
rename iav74t> is4,uk<
>rr?!'t« fcr blackmail 4 14
-•-:^^!n^iw:.::..- m = 73
When Commissioner Partridge «** first seen
yesterday morning he was aeked if he would
make any acknowledgment of the speech of the
Re, Thomas R. Slicer at the City Club on
Thursday night. The Commissinner then hand-
Thursday iilsh r - J ne * Jl " lir
ed out the letter of resignation, saying:
' "That letter will explain itself. It was made
up last night." "
WILL WAIT TILL HE GETS OUT.
Chief inspector Cortright was seen regarding
the resignation and was asked to make a state
ment ' He said: -- - - ■■
"? will do no talking now. I will do all my
- CARBONA- - . _ . . -
A ,. f ,,.,t,1y Non-lnfiamm-hl. FuHy jqu^ Benzine
for cl«anin« purposes. All druEExsts.--\a\i.
NEW- YORK. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1002. -SIXTEEN PAGBB.-^x h . < ?BgS. t -J2sa««.
talking when I set-out of the department."
Captain Walsh, of the West Thirfietli-rt. sta
tion, who was at Police Headquarters attend
ing the trial of one of his men. said:
"I never worked for a fairer man. I regret
his going. I think he was a gentleman, on the
level ail the time,**
Commissioner Partridge was seen just *8 he
was leaving th«> huiidinc at noon, and was asked
if he had anything further to say relative to
his letter of resignation to Mayor Lew.
' haven't anything more to say. I»<n't »hat
I save you this morning enough? I ran'tijjiv?
you news all tho J1m0.".. . - .. '■• <fc»*KfA>»'
Hero one of the reporters remarked that he
was sorry that th«» Commissioner had ro?i«;r.pd.
"I am glad you are porry," replied the Com
"Have you any idea who y>ur successor will
"Not thr remotest," was the answer. "No
more than the man in The moon."
"It BCemS to have been the plan of the Mayor
POLICE COMMISSIONER JOHN N. FARTIUDGK
Who resigned yesterday.
to promote. Would that look to you as if he
would promote Major Ebste-in to your posi
"I don't think I would discuss the Mayor's
action, even if I knew it."
"Have you discuseed with Mayor Low your
"I may have," the Commissioner said, fva-
"How long ago did you make up your mind
"I have been thinking seriously— not seriously,
but thinking ever since you fellows <the re
porters) have. been coming in here every morn
ing and asking me if I had resigned. But," he
added, "that didn't hurry me up any. I had
made up my mind not to resign until the end
of the year, and I don't know that I would*
have resigned now except that I have been
overworked and pulled down, and am in need
of rest. Indeed, I need a complete rest."
"Is that your only reason?" -one of the re
"No, but that is the impelling reason. A
gnat many people, who, l think, are Mayor
Low's supporters, think that there are better
men for the place, and, so far as I am con
cerned, I am going to give him a chance to put
the better man in."
"You don't wish to embarrass the administra l
tion?" was asked.
"I do not, not a particle— neither this ad
ministration, nor any future one which may rise
or fall on the success or ashes of this one."
A HARD PROBLEM TO SOLVE.
"You had a very hard problem. Commis
sioner?" was suggested.
■r know I have had. The reason I gave you
these figures without any comment will show
whether or not I was working. They speak for
The Commissioner had his coat and hat on
(Continued on Pane 2.» " '
THE 'APTAIX OF INDUSTRY
uses the Pennsylvania Special beeanse if takes liim
to Chicago in twenty hours. Every traveller gains
by its use.— Advt.
GENERAL NICOLAS ROI^AXDO.
Chipf of the Venezuelan revolution, to whom Castro
has offered the command of the government army.
IJv GUAYRA. WITH FORT ON THE HILJ..
Where Castro's troops are expected to meet the enemy.
TUNNEL FIGHT DECLARED WON.
COUNSEL FOR P. R. R. SATS THE FRANCHISE WILL
BE GRANTED TUESDAY.
1 Big Tim" Sullivan and C. F. Murphy. Fearful nf Political Results
in Ne.rt Campaign. Weaken.
i The Pennsylvania Railroad's brlfik battle for
' the privilege of tunnelling under Manhattan was
! declared won last night by Albert B. Boardman,
counsel for th" railroad,
■Rtp Tim" Hullivan and Charles F. Murphy,
fearful of the political results in the next may
; orally campaign if they should block the tun
nel enterprise longer, yesterday weakened, and
i the understanding all around now is that from
Una to fifteen Tammany votes will .be cast in
favor of the franchise next Tuesday afternoon.
. "We nave won our fight." said Mr. Board
man last night to a Tribune reporter. c "We have
, ill Si. nft£e9saj;y ..vote*, to Past the- franchise on
Tuesday next. I have too much respect for the
ability of the Tammany members of the Board
of Aldermen to believe that they really at any
time Intended to defeat the tunnel project, when
it means so much for the wellbeing of the city.
In my opinion, the franchise will be passed on
Tuesday, even If It is necessary tnai Messrs.
Sullivan «nd MeCall. two of the pronounced op
joncnt? of the mntrH'-t, should vote for it."
The interpretation of this is that the Penn
sylvania company is certain that enough Tam
many votes will be furnished to pass the con
tract without more ado, ami without any more
JMMlllg as the zealous friends of labor.
The Republican members of the board, almost
without exception, have taken the sensible view
that the terms of the franchise, while possibly
HOt all thai could be desired, are sufficiently
satisfactory to warrant the grant, rather than
to run.th« risk of haVillff no tunnel built. ■
The Tammany leaders, with characteristic du
plicity, have made a "grandetand" play in be
half of organized labor, while at the same time
a certain number of Tammany men in the board
have been willing to waive their personal opin
ions if suitable arrangements could be made.
Meanwhile there, has been a steady growth
of sentiment in favor of the tunnel project.
Sullivan and Murphy became aware of this.
and, with Visions O£ a Tammany Mayor mid
Board of Estimate in the future, there appeared
to them a. prospect of strengthening Tammany
by beinjr friendly to the Pennsylvania com
r.any. By giving ten or twelve votes for th«
franchise the Tammany loaders feel that they
-R-11l get a certain amount of credit for helping
It through, ftiid at tho samo time that they will
he able to point to the Tammany vote against
the franchise as proof that the rank and flic of
tho organization love labor with a large "L."
Both Murphy and Sullivan have been waiting
for months to .see what the Pennsylvania peo
ple were going to do. No advances were made.
The only reward for their solicitude, and inci
dentally for about ten Tammany votes. Is-the
prospect of being able to secure valuable pat
ronage during the building of the tunnel. They
haven't any definite promise of that, but Con
gressman Sullivan is long headed enough to
know . that with so much work going on a
nimble man like himself can get a lot of his
followers taken care of.
When Mr. Boardman was asked about the
published statement that his firm would re
ceive a large fee for services in securing the
franchise, he replied: "This firm is counsel for
the Pennsylvania. New-York, and Long Island
Railroad, which wants the franchise. Our ar
rangements are such that it will make nt» dif
ference to us financially whether the tnjnnei
franchise is passed or not."
"And just add." facetiously remarked Frank
If. Platt, who V.as with his partner at the time,
"that this firm is ready to make arrangement?;
-svlth any resp«>nsihl« corporation th.it ivanti to
advance . underground rapid transit hi this
Borough President Haffen of Th" Bronx said
yesterday he had not as yet made up his mind
how he was going to vote on Tuesday. "'We
are going to get ■ together between nov. and
Monday night and read over the contra-:!."
added Mr. Haffen. "and by Monday we will
know how to act in the best interests of the
ci;y." By "we" Mr. Haffen referred to him-'<?lf
and the Democratic aldermen from The Br.onx,
Heinschfeger. Goldwater, Leiter. Behrmann and
Alderman Wentz (Rep.), of Brooklyn, request
ed the newspaper men to take him off th-* list
of members supposed to be against the tu-m»;l
contract, and to keep him o'.-'. "I v* been in
favor of the franchise CVSf *mri I found that
we couldn't do any better." said Mr- Went*.
Alderman Mathews declared yesterday that
he had not said to any one how he would vote.
"I took Alderman Doull all-around Ms dis
trict and proved to him that the people owing
property were in favc^of me tunnel." .••■. lid P.
A. Geoghgan. a real estate d°aL-:\ yesterday.
"I proved to him that the only man who was
standing out against the , project was a . ms-n
WE CONNECT- WITH THEM ALL.
At Chicago. St. Louis, Cincinnati or Montreal the
New York Central -connects with every transconti
nental line of railway.— AdvL
wh» had a parcel to sell md demand-id 540.000
for it, 'while it was worth only .$15,000 at the
TO RESTS JIN ALDERMEN
Taxpayer's Suit To Be Brought To
—Mr. Botirti man's An
• ■ nouncement. . .
It was announced last night that a taxpayer's
action to restrain the Board of Aldermen from
granting: a franchise to the Pennsylvania, New
York and Long Island Company would be begun
to-day by a well known. "Wall Street firm. When
Albert B. Boardman was asked about the re
port he said:
"In order to have the action amount to any
thing the. taxpayer must chow that h-r is going
to be damaged. My clients stand ready to buy
any plot of ground that is touched in any way
by the projected tunnel route. In fact, we have
spent, first and last, more than £8.000.000 In
buying real estate in this city for tunnel and
station purposes. Any one with property on
the line of the proposed tunnel can sell bis
holding to us at an advance on the market
TAMMANY IGNORES LABOR CLAUSE.
Its Aldermen Approve a Franchise for An
I The discovery was made yesterday that the
Committee on Bridges and Tunnels of the Board
of Aldermen has reported favorably to the
board the application of the New-York and
Xew-Jertey Railroad's application for a fran
c-hiss, mid that the contract says nothing about
an eight hour law or the prevailing rate of
wages. Four Tammany — Jacob Leitner,
Frederick Brenner. John J. Haggerty and
Thomas F. M«-Caul — voted fur the franchise
without any protest, so far as known, against
th* 1 omission of the so-called labor clauses.
This tunnel company asks for the right to con
struct a double track tunnel from a point in
Jersey City to its Manhattan terminus in the
block • bounded by • Christopher. West Tenth,
Greenwich and Hudson .its. The franchise im
poses a charge of 30 cents a running foot for
each single track for the first ten year?, and
$1 a running foot for the next .fifteen- years.
The unanimous action of the committee indi
cates that, while the Republicans are consistent
in the granting of franchises, the Tammany men
are willing to waive the labor clauses when the
labor organizations are too busy to watch them
' The New-York and New-Jersey Railroad Com
pany's franchise is now on the table.
INJUNCTION AGAINST TUNNEL WORK.
Andrew Onderdonk, the sub-contractor who
has the construction of the tunnel in Brook
lyn and has started work in Joralemon-st.. was
Stopped yesterday from further work by an
injunction granted by Justice Maddox. in the
Supreme Court. Special Term. Brooklyn.
The injunction is a temporary one. and was
asked for by counsel representing the New- York
Dock Company, on the ground that the opera
tions would seriously interfere with the con
duct of the company's business. Affidavits pre
sented to Justice Maddox from the director? or
the. company alleged that the docks and ware
houses at Joralemon and Fiirman-?rs. would
be endangered if the contractor were permit
ted to construct the tunnel under them, and
that it would mean the taking of private prop
erty for public use without due process of law
and . without compensation.
Onderdonk is restrained by the injunction
from proceeding with the work of the tunnel
under the company's buildings, from entering
the private property of the plaintiff, and from
obstructing the" access* to the property and
buildings by means of excavations in Jorale
mon-st., from Furman-st. to th<*.East River.
MORE MULES FOR SOUTH AFRICA.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE TMBI'.VE.)
New-Orleans. Dec. 12.— The representatives of the
British Government in. New-Orleans officially an
nounced to-day. that mule shipments from this port
to South Africa will be resumed early in January-
A fleet of transports' ha." been ordered to New-
Orleans, and the shipments" will begin as soon as
the first vessel arrives. British agents have pur
chased (iwr «ne hundred thousand head of horaea
and mule?, which are being collected at Lathrop.
Mo., and other 1 supply stations, and the animals
will be brought to New-Orleans for shipment WIMSJ
the transports arrive. ■ The null's and horses will
he usot} in restocking- the Boer farm.- in the- Trans
vaal and MM Orange River Colony. A large force of
laborers has b<»»n put to work at Port t"halm*ttp. j
building stock p>-ns for the animals and placing i
the wharves in order for the transports. Ci~<;<-';
. A chronic, '■tearinit" Cough, can be so alleviated i
that it will be scarcely felt, while th# way Is being
paved for a. perfect cure with Dr. D. Jayne"a Ex- I
pectorant— Advt. ; - ■ • • . j
PRICE THREE CE>*TS.
FOR SINKIXG ' ESSELS.
'English TJiink a Peaceful Blockade
Will Be Useless.
■bteW la Th* New-Tort Tribune by Fr#n<-n cable.*
fCooTirht-.-iarrj. Hv TB« Trtßun* AwccUtion.*
London. Dec I.'!. la." m.— The. .Venezuela ll
question still holds* the field, many columns b#
ing devoted to it hi the morning Journals, and,
the smoking rooms of the clubs resounding with
desultory talk Hhotn it. Evidence* of dislike of
Of.rmany are apparent, both m print and con
versation, for th" destruction of three _ .vesrarl"
ny Commodore Schedtrr's orders Is sharply <on
dfmned'as unnpcfssary and inip^itie. and the
hope is expressed tna; Admiral Douglas will not
1" drawn by his colleague into entanglements
of a serious nature, but -,-.!!! be content with the
maintenance of a iracifi'- '■]■- -U.-* '«-'•
tup utility or tnat rnptnoa cr coercing .fcebf
States is questioned by gome of the awwt
writers f >r th*» press, and the futile results •€
the blockade of Crete in ISO" are cit>ed as an
illustration that nothing ;s e^tn^d by this hollow
expedient for the avoidance of the appearance
of" warfare. Many journals contend that war
has already begrun. since the seizure and destruc
tion of ships were hostile acts, and that a tl'^-'^
ade cannot be regarded as a pacific couirKaucr.
It Is also argued fcv other writers taat a bio< . k
ads of this Itind caa only apply i« Venezuelan
ship?, and that American and Frrnrh TS*3ffb.
.with the rights el neutral?, cannot !v ' stopped,
but must be permitted to land. Act-crdinc t<*
nrcccicnts ot the blockades of Formosa. an;l
Greece, ;, fan- years ago. th* Koctadr '"til be a
u«ele?? menace if neutral "hips arc allowed to
enter the port, and th? collection; of the custom*
on shore wilt h? impracticable without a larg*
military force prepared to disperse Venezuelan
soldiers, and without, moreover, assurance from
Caracas that a second cordon will not be estab
lished. Many writers are forced by the process
of exclusion to forecast a joint military march
to Caracas, and. while the Venezuelans ar» not
Eoers. the prospect is not an agreeable on?.'
The most encouraging feature of the Venez
uelan affair is th» fact that the action of* the
two powers is not sudden, but has . been tn
contemplation for fully twelve month?, and
that the State Department at Washington has
been consulted at every turn, and the precis
form of the operations has been. discussed
and prearranged. The three governments have
a corapkte understanding*, and all risks of vio
lation of the principles of the Monroe Doctrine
have been avoided. The moral force of this
compact would be groat if there were a re
sponsible government a* Caracas in place of a.
group of gamblers playing for high stake?. As
it is. the strength of the coalition ana the good
understanding among the powers are sources
of weakness. Money is demanded, and th»
Venezuelans know that, according to the prin
ciples of the Monroe Doctrine, territory cannot
be taken in exchange, and. consequently, that
coercion cannot be effectively enforced.
There were many expressions of relief last
nisi)*- over the announcement that President
Castro had asked the American fiovernm*nt to
submit the questions .at iaau« to arbitration.
Englishmen are in no mood for a new cam
paign In a mountainous" country, and American
intervention is considered the shortest way out
of a troublesome situation. Secretary Hay re
ceives many compliments on all sides for his
discretion in different latins between, the old
and new Venezuela questions, and in securing
a position where he tan suggest arbitration . as
a rational and necessary policy, after warninsf
the southern countries by his inaction that the
Monroe Doctrine is not a system of interna
tional bankruptcy by which debtors and de
faulters are relieved from all obligation to pay
Shrewd lawyers predict that the outcome- •>?
the naval demonstration Will be. the establish
ment of an arbitration commission to which
all claims. American and French, as toll as
English and German, win be submitted for <*
critical examination. The superiority or a
commission of this kln.l to a fleet under two
flags 36 3 collecting: agency for miS<"Mlan<»o.v»«
debts, good, bad and indifferent, is admit
by City men well versed in the methods of Soiun,
American finance, in which face values are de
ceptive and extortionate rates of interest ami
loans forced on taxpayer.-* arc common expedi
ents. Some of them will frankly admit that,
while the s?nera! efr<?ot of the Venezuelan af
rair will be a salutary warning that forei-u
creditors must not be cheated, and that honesty
is tho best policy for tropical America, the rol
lectlon of debts by naval demonstrations or
bombardments is a palilkCß "r^ n to sravo
abuse, especially ir the loans are forco^ bjr
speculative adventurers on umvillins nation?.
and a good share of the money new has
reached the capitals where th» loan* am au
thorized. I- *• **•
n:\EZCELA S OFFER.
tike Suggested $8,000,000 Loan—
Interest Guaranteed by Customs.
ALSO AN INTERNATIONAL BANK.
London, Dec 1- . —As a result of the announce
ment that Venezuela has asked United States
Minister Bowen to act as arbitrator in the con
troversy with Great Britain and Germany.
Senor Schotborgh. Venezuelan Consul here, to
night made a statement of the efforts of Venes
aela to adjust the claims against her. Sefior
Schotborgb. who is the only representative ,-•
Venezuela in London, has been acting in con
cert with President Castro's secret delegation.
-svhoae work in Rome. Paris. Amsterdam! and
London would form, in the event of arbitration,
an important part in Venezuela's cas». Sefior
XJicre being no longer any necessity •' ss I*crecy1 *-
crecy with regard to the methods adoptevl hy
Venezuela to effect a settlement >f all th.- for
eign claims against her. the follow ins facts <f£n,
tie published: About sis m»n»hs a50a 50 President
Castro sent special envoys to different European
cities to ascertain the state of feeling nt th» for
eign creditors of: Venezuela, and to try to- •.-•ach
a basis of agreement for the consolidation arid
unification of all Venezuela's foreign dcots. in
cluding the diplomatic claims. The envoy who
came to London was instructed to associate
himself with me. The other envoys were en
gaged '.n connection with other claim? against
Venezuela, especially those of Spain. Franc-? and
After considerable negotiating in London and
on the Continent, a tentative plan of settlement
was arrived at. Subsequently the firm of J.
& W. Selijrman & Co.. of New-York, and on?
of the leading French banking concerns prom
ised their aid. Tn brief, th« Plan was, as the
executive is Inspired by an earnest desire, of
coming to a final settlement with all Venezuela's
foreign creditors, for the consolidation of all
Venezuela's debts and the claims against her
into a unified loan. not exceeding ¥S,oitfV>xt.<t9
be known as the "Venezuelan JJrttn'**- 4 Per
Cent Loan of 1002." An international hank
under European control was to be established.
JUST TWENTY HOURS' JOUHNEV
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