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OPKX ( . I KSKGIK'S GIFT
The First of His Libraries Formally
Given to the Public. .
The first of the Carnegie Bfeiartes. a handsome
liiiildiii*' at Nos. 222 and r-i Kast i.ty-ninth-st..
was aaeaai with appropriate u«— iaj yesterday
afternoon, fnhappily the presence of Andrew Car
negie at the services was prevented by the order
of his pajiatHaßi not to -..mur. out in the storm,
but Mr. Carnegie sent A letter of regret, and Dr.
John 5. Billing*, director of the New-York Public
Litiraiy. mad' a ipceieh for him
Bwush Pnataenl Cantor presided, and made an
address in uhk-h he mentioned the growth of cir
culating libniriw? In th- ity in ref>-nt years, and
declared that their consolidation under tht- au
spWs of the Public Library In buildings given by
Mr. Carnegie would accomplish great improve-
BUili in economy "and uniformity of management
and in increased \;j!i<ty of books.
•In Iniaaanjl dedicating this library to public
uses." Mr. <-a!,t<.r said, "as the first of this chain
of fret- i iilallaa libraries to be erected among
us, it la proper for n-.« n cxprwss. in behalf of
the people, oar high sens* of appreciation of the
splendid public Krvtoe rendert-d by Mr. Carnegie
and our thanks la thoee who have unselfishly la
bor od to .-.-rri awl Mb wish<«."
Arthur X Boetwick eaplateea that the new
liaaili^, aiiwH be the Yorkville branch, and said
that in naming Mhfr branches af the Public I^l
brary e««rta would be mad. tn retain old village
aaaaea. By such awana. he aala. local interest in
tiie libra might be fostered. «
Dr. BflltaKß told aboat Mr. Carneßi.""? method
of making Om people his partners in libraries, giv
ing the buildings while insisting on guarantees for
their maintenance, and said that form of. generosity
M not the kind that would pauj>erize people who
were belpea. He told again of his interview with
the kwaaaaatar abaol plaaa for giving libraries to
this city, and said he hrst presentodr toJlr/Q^
negfe astatement of the aeed of branch libraries in
Manhattan. -. .. ,-, T >nv
"When I made the -latemeni to hiiri. Dr. Wii
ines *aid. -ii. con-idered a monnent an.l said \\eii.
then, why not make it for the greater c!t> . in a
short tim"e the entire plan was "franced.
Pr Billing* closed by savins that children esp*»
riallv will grow U| under the influence of the circu
latlnr library, and in tifteen or twenty years the
♦•ffect of t!-e jrrcat system will l>e widely telt.
Lewis Cass Ledyard. one of the library trustees,
discussed the oon-M.lidaUon of the libraries. He
told of the nfedng of the Astor Library. tb.- L-nos
Library ana ih. Samuel £ T.ltfen fund under one
control. He said that «rith unanimity of P«r pose
and uniformity of management the. free eireu la .t
tnk libraries of the city will do an infinite am urn
of cood and efficient work, and .very indication is
that a few v. ars will [see this result accomplisb'.i.
.Among the men who attended the owning of the
IraUdin* were Frederick Stevens < "rporatl r.n
Counsel Rives. «-. \V. A- l.tr,n Alexander Man
land. ]■•'•-- H Catena, chairmnn of the local ho«l
..,, who was ihoiiHin-1 ' ■
the huildinp after the death of lamea Braara l>oru.
Its orii a three story and basement
The ::.w building is a three story « nd ba*enient
structure of lnaiana limestone, f o^y *> Inety
feet, having on its roof ■ .fourth « OI T for tne
ianitors use. which is not visible from the street.
Th.basern.nt contains the boiler, packing and
w/Vk SSSTthe* g?SSnd floor tte *^^*^|
■ reference room, the second floor tne
om and the third floor the reading
■ ■ :i - I " lUdins r i Of i- lh H^t"r
an- .roved fireproof construction. H Is »f r ' ur
fnroußhoui wi h both electricity and gas and ha*
a booklift operated i.v electricity. It has oaat. with
t- i RrnMtirn is to t" occupied by the cnatn.tm
:, fitaien Island Several of these will pro\ide for
.»; '-,.,■ Th. Bronx, at One-hundred-and-tor
tleth-st. and Alexander-aye.
NEGRO SHOT IN WHITE RESTAURANT.
Asheville N C. Dec. 13.— A shooting affray, fol
loVed by ■ nrimber of arrests, oecarre« to-day in
the centre of the business section of Asheville.
Two immil walked into a white restaurant and
were at once ordered to remove their hats. One
of tht negroes reached for his gun. whereupon the
proprietor and two irhrte patrons began "hooting.
One of the negroes was shot four tnaes, not, how
FOUND MUCH "MOONSHINE" WHISKEY.
Charleston. S. C. Dec. 13.-A atcn from
QmßSNawa. S. C says that a party of revenue offi
cers returned to this city to-day from the Dark
Cornor pail of this county, where they destroyed
thre« large illicit distilleries and 45.000 gallons of
beer, four fermenters, Uajlt galiors of liquor and
five gallons of low wines. The üßcai travelled
seventy miles on horseback throughout the moun
tains. N" arrests were made
Mr. Hdvanl $ihubarth and Mrs. H. C.
Allington, Whom the Doctor Said
Had Incurable Consumption,
Permanently Cured by
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey.
Qentsoaca.: I have used eight bottles of your
Pur* Malt Whiskey. I would not have been
here to-day only for your wonderful medicine.
I have us.-d all kinds of cough syrups and been
under the care of doctors. I have had three se
vere attacks of grip and pneumonia, which left
me with a bad cough and weak lungs and heart.
I am «!7 years old. It has toned up my system
and stopped the hemorrhages. I cough but very
ttttle. I only regret I did not know of your
whisk-y before. I cannot express what it has
done [ r me. I beg to remain.
MRS. H. C. ALLIXGTOX,
Nashua, n H.. Sept. il, IMS.
Dear BStb: I ricked up one of your circulars
and after reading it through went out and
bought a bottle of your whiskey, which helped
me right away. lam now on my fourth bottle,
using it for aw ' rajlrii incurable consumption, and
I feel like a new man. 1 Think that if I had
known of your whiskey when I was- at home In
Chicago 1 would have never come out here for
my health. ED. SCHUBARTH.
IGOb Market St.. Denver. March 18, 1902.
There are thousand^ of cases just like that
af Mr. Schubarth and Mrs. Allington, where the
patients thought they had incurable consump
tion until their doctors prescribed Duffy's Pure
Malt Whiskey. Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey is
absolutely pure, and possesses more curative
power than all other medicines. It contains no
fusel oil. so common in other whiskeys, and
•which is a dangerous ingredient in whiskey,
aaajeeasßl . for ih<- diseased system, when the
poiscn takes effect.
Duffy Pure Malt Whiskey not only drives out
consumption:, gerras and heals the lungs, but it
builds up rjfew. tissue and' renovates the entire
system. 11 aids. digestion, "stimulates and en
riches the- bloQd, -tones up the heart, invigorates
and builds up tne body so that it will throw off
all <!i.Kaj?e. At the Medical Convention in Al
bany one of the leading doctors said he would
rather have Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey to cure
'•onFun.pLi-m. catarrh, aethma and diseases of
the throat and lungs. than all the quack medi
cines in the world, and the doctors present
agreed with him unanimously. Duffy's Pure Malt
Whiskey is good for old and. young. It" has car
ried the blessing of health to hundreds of thou-
Hunds of poor.suflerers. Many have tried to imi
tate t, and. unreliable dealers have been known
to try to sell t:.- customers some cheap substi
tute .because th»re .•.....- more profit in the sub
stitute. So we caution our patients to be care
ful and see that "Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey"
is on th- label, and that it is our own patent
••■■rl<. \vith.the.n>ime blown in the bottle. This
is the only -way Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey ia
sold.. If offered in bulk or in flasks it U a
fraud. •- ; ■ ; ■ -
The -nuine at all .druggists or grocers or
direct. -sl.(N> a -bottle ; It*ts the only whiskey
recognized by the iiov«rnin*iit as. a medicine.
Thie is">. guarantee.
A. valuable medioa! booklet rontaining Eymp
toros. and .-treatment of each disease and maitv
testtmoniala will be sent free to any reader of
this paper who will write Duffy Malt Whiskey
•»*«« Chester, N. Y. -••
DOCTOR HAS HIS WIFE ARRESTED
Couple Tell Conflicting Stories — Magistrate
Dr. Mia Mean W. Bbaw. a physician at No. IIS
Cedar-st.. had his wife Madeline a rre«ted on a court
'warrant granted by Magistrate Hogan. sitting In
the Tombs court yesterday, charged with disorderly
conduct. He alleged that Mrs. Shaw came to the
house on Friday afternoon, after, according to the
doctor, being away from him for two nights. He
alleged that she came to the door of the house
and asked admittance. He said he would not let
her la and that she smashed the glass panda in
the door, unlocked it and came Jn and smashed all
the glassware in the house. Dr. Shaw, who is a
aaaafl man. declared to Magistrate Hogan that he
w:is afraid of his wife. He referred to her con
stantly as "this woman."
Mn=. Shaw told a different story. She said that
she had married Wesley Southmead in 1592, believ
ing him to be a lieutenant in the regular army.
Bbc said he proved to be only a private, and in
1896 she procured a divorce from him. on the ground
of desertion, in Trenton. N. J. That was in June.
In August she married Dr. Shaw. She declared
that a year ago. after many quarrels with her hus
band, he procured the papers in her divorce suit
from Southmead. and through legal counsel estah
lisheu the fact that the divorce was not of rec
ord because it did not have the seal of the State
of New-Jersey. Southmead. according to Mrs.
Shaw, immediately applied for a divorce, alleging
that her relations with Dr. Shaw had been biga
mous, and the decree was granted to him. Two days
after the .lecree had been granted. Mrs. Bbaw sail
that she and the doctor went to tiobofcen and were
aaarrted In order to legitimatize th- ir five-year-old
daughter. She says that Dr. Shaw also suggested
that they go to Philadelphia and be married once
more in order to make the union secure.
In court yesterday Mrs. Shaw displayed to the
magistrate a black eye. which, sh<- said, she had
received by * blow from th<> list of her husband In
the quarrel on Friday afternoon. She declared that
ahe had been home with her mother In Brooklyn
for two days, «nj that she telephon-<i to lr.r hus
baad to send over her rubbers and Storm coat when
the snow came on. She says he refused. She said
that she went home to No. IIS Cedar-st. and. ad
mittance being refused her. she got in as best she j
could. She said that Pottoeman Rohrlg. of the
Churoh-st. station, was in the doctor's otlu-e at
the time; that her hushaiid refused to dress her
hand, which had been cut by th» glass of the door, \
and that R"hriK was unwilling to arresl her when
her husband asked that she be arrested.
"I'm afraid to live with this woman." said Dr. I
Shaw to Magistrate Etogan. "and I want to know
whether l can occupy the house for which I pay
"This woman, your wife." said Magistrate Hogan.
"is discharK^d. ami 1 advise you to live amicably
with her or else se*-k some other remedy."
SAYS IT IS FOR GOOD OF THE PUBLIC.
West Tenth-st. Track Would Save 33,000
Transfers a Day. It Is Asserted.
The application of the Metropolitan Street Rnil
•w.-iy "'omjiany for a franchise to use the short block
in 'West Tenth-st., between Sixth and Greenwich
ayes.. for a single track to connect the downtown
track of th" electrical line in Sixth-aye. with the
crosstown track in West Tenth-st.. running from
Greenwich-aye. to the ("hristopher-st. ferry, h:iß
been before the city authorities for .several years.
The company has connected the erUHIIIOWII line in
Christopher-st. with the up track In Sixth-aye., and
the motive power of the crosstown line hns been
changed to electricity, but the company will never
be able to run through cars between the shopping
district in Slxth-ave. and the Christopher-st. ferry
unless the track can be laid in the short block
north of the Jefferson Market court !n Tenth-St
"The Board of Ksiimate and Apportionment
wants JlZoO" for right of way past th^ Jefferson
Market court," a representative of the company
said, "when ail the other property owners in the
htoefe have given consents -free, and th*re is a
legal question if the fity can demand such a fee in
addition to the other franchise charges it demands.
The company has given freely to the city the right
of way for the subway under its tunnel in l'ark
avc. and has given its consent to disturbances of
its traffic in other parts of the subway, yet the city
refuses to give right of way for a connection which
would benefit the city more than the company. At
the present time 33.000 people are turned on the
street from the company's cars and receive
transfers daily at Sixth-aye. and Kitrhth-st. They
are people who travel net ween the Christopher-st.
ferry and the shopping district in Sixth-aye. All
those people could ride without change of cars if
the tracks In We-u Tenth-st. and Slxth-av-. could
"The city is a corporation for the benefit of th«
people in ft The rai'road corporation runs cars
for th« people to ride In. Both corporations should
agree in making travel between congested points
a? rapid, easy and safe iv. possible. The railroad
company would not increase its revenue to any ap
preciable extent by running through can down
Sixth-aye. «nd over to the ferry. It collects far^s
now from all the people who travel on the cars.
The people, however. w»'.ild bo saved the trouble
of changing cars and could save some time on each
trip. The people should not blame the company If
the city refuses to let It make the connection In
"UNIONS MUST SCALE UP"— MOSELY.
He Says They Should Not Eepress Ambition
— Sails for England.
Alfred Mosely. who came to this country from
England some weeks ago at the head of a com
mission to study the industrial system of this
c< untry. sailed for Liverpool yesterday afternoon
on the Conard line steamship Cmhrla. Messrs.
Dyson. Madison and Wilkinson of the commission
s;. : lfd with him. Mr. Mosely said before he sailed
that the mission of the commission had been suc
cessful. He also declared:
1 never had any trouble with any of the delegates
who came here "with me. S-ich a story waa pub
lished, but it was false and was denied. The men
who accompan'ed me will each make out ti report
unhodvinc his views. These reports will be for
warded to me and with mine will be published by
the r<ress and in pamphlet form for the use of
v i rkers. It has been said that one of the troubles
with labor unions, and one which has retarded
th<- commercial of ogress of England, is that the
employer must pay the unskilled man the same
wages that he pays the skilled worker. This, to
som>> extent, Is true, and is one of the things that
mujt be adjusted. Labor unions are beginning to
roderatand this and aie taking measures to remedy
Another difficulty Is that the English employer
ekes not setm to have enougb ronfidence In his
rren. In England a man Is employed to do a
rtain line of work. If he is a man of brains
and can see how the work con be done quicker
and bet'er and should make a suggestion he la at
or.cc "sat upon."
There is the same tendency In the unions. A
man is supposed to be able to do a certain line of
■work. If he seeks to get ahead there Is a tendency
to keep him down to the level of the worker who Is
not so skilled or who does not popsess the. same
amount of brain power. Th<- labor unions must
tegin to scale up and not bcale dov-i.
A SECOND PETER THE HERMIT.
Young Artist. Led by Vision, Seeks to Pur
[BT TEI.EGRArH TO THK TltllU'Nß. ]
Greenwich, Conn.. Dec. 13.— Arthur Smedley
Greene. a young designer, of this city, is agitating
a movement to purchase Palestine and transform
it into a Christian republic. Mr. Greene has spent
most of his time in recent years In the study of th<»
life of Christ.
Recently, he says, he had a vision, in which he
saw the land of Palestine stretched out before him,
like a roll. Suddenly the scene changed, and he be
held Peter the Hermit leading troops of crusaders.
Mr. Greene adds that as the vision vanished he
heard a voice calling upon him to redeem the land
from the Turks.
The young designer then made a flag, which he
says Is an exact reproduction of one he saw in his
dream, and with this banner he proposes to go
from city to city asking for contributions. He Is
now organizing a society, which is to have charge
of the funds he expects to raise. Letters are being
sent to the heads of the differ ?nt governments of
the world asking for their co-operation. Mr.
Greene will make a special effort to obtain an In
terview with President Roosevelt. The flag of the
Palestine Republic, of which this artist dreams. Is
of Xararene blue, with a cross, a crown and two
WARNING FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Iville E. Stone, general manager of The As
sociated Press, has Issued the following warning:
An organization called the Newspaper Artists'
cit^mSr' a tV No 3 East Fourteenth-at.. In this
cit>. under the management of C. \V Parker
claims to have hs a part of Its' exhibition commit
tee certain persons connected with The Associated
Press Association. I desire to say that s The As£
sociated Press has no. relation to thl" affair ■ nrfrt
that th« use of the name is dlrtlnctly mtelSidin"
l " Of *"* 11 '" •"■«••»«»«*•»« »t.. bnr«lß iirlo*..
Tnat n ■nhy people ron.uli (lio.r "Littte Ad*
vt the reople." - , .......
NEW- YORK DMLY TRIBUNE. ST'XDAY. DECEMBER 14. 1902.
TnE FIRST CARNEGIE LIBRARY OPE*
Borough President Cantor and Arthur K. Bostwick, chief librarian of the circulating d^rtmrnt of
the New-York Public Library, on the platform.
HAYTIANS AND AMERICANS.
Why This Country's Influence Dominates
It Is known that at different times since the be
ginning of tive yet unfinished revolutionary troubles
In Hayti Mr. Powell, the United States Minister,
has exercised n peaceful influence, over the lighting
political parties, notably when lie escorted safely
several defeated revolutionists to a vessel off Fort
au-Prince. In this affair, as well as In some others,
when be played the role of a pacificator. Mr.
Powell was helped l>y the sympathetic and even
friendly sentiments which Haytlans have ever felt
toward the people of the United States and their
representatives In their country. It is well that this
condition of things, or rather of sentiment, should
be known br-tter than It is generally in these times,
when the, black republic, after having been cowed
by German gunc, may be threatened again in Its
national independence i>y some European power,
under the pretext of collecting some doubtful debts
by means of an indefinite provisional occupation of
Haytian headlands and custom houses.
It is evidently in expectation of the recurrence of
this transatlantic peril that a Haytian statesman,
writing under the pseudonym of •' Verax," has said:
It has always be<»n believed abroad that Am<rl
can public opinion is. in general, in favor of Jus
tice and truth, and it is for this reason that th/?
other nations of the New World hnve accustomed
, themselves to consider the development of Ameri
can power as signifying for them protection and
not a menace it is for this reason that the lion
roe Doctrine is considered in all I-Uln America not
only as a protesi against any Intervention by the
European nations in the affairs of the Sew world,
but especially as ■ real and etllcaclous pledge or
guarant« of independence of former colonies It is
for this reason finally lhat this doctrine has become
the object of an enthusiastic adhesion on tnc part
of the Othei American nations.
It cannot be said that this Is a mere individual
opinion, for the Haytian statesman who proclaimed
it belongs to the National party, which has been
t, r twelve years In power, and wh' '.i is still hold
ing power now, as represented by the Provisional
Government at Port-au-Prince. He continues. In
effect, that, without recalling minutely the *e r l< s
of struggles and lntricues which occurred during
many years in order to secure in llaytl th<> domi
nant influence of this or that European power, it
is sufficient to say that in th<-ee latter year* it
was possible, and .still is possible, f.,r the American
Government to acquire in Hayti a preponderating
Influence on the condition that this Influence shall
be really "same" (healthy) and honorable "for
both countries." But. he adds, the Haytian Repub
lic, one of the smallest nations in the world, In
habited by men belonging to a race lespised and
even detested by the great powers, has always been
obliged to maintain in regard to them the greatest
"menagements (discretion), and to surround their
official representatives with nn amount of respect
and oflicial deference which esteem did not always
accompany. Nobody disputes tho shameful abuses
employed by most of these men to become rl< by
mixing in the administrative or political jobs which
have so often caused blood to be shed In this un
fortunate little republic. ,
The Haytlans. having become "de facto inde
pendent since 188*. remained for twenty-one years
under the menace of an offensive return of their
former owner, while the whole world, waiting for
French permission, se. m<-d to Ignore their autono
mous existence. Finally. Frame recognized the
independence of Hayti. In 1835: recognition by the
l'nit.-i States was more than forty years later.
During those forty years the Held remained open at
Port-au-Prince to intrigues of all kind by British
and French diplomatic representatives, while the
United States kept in the country only commercial
agents, without prestige or authority. The struggle
for influence, during these forty years remained.
therefore, going on merely between the consuls of
France and England; the United States counted for
But when the United States recognised the sov
ereignty of the Haytian nation and established a.
legation at Port-au-Prince, "all men in Hayti en
dowed with intelligence and patriotism," says
• Wrax," 'saluted the event with joy. There was
a grand fete at Port-au-Prince and th<- city was
illuminated on the evening of the reception of the
news. These demonstrations of Joy were caused
also because the Haytlans recognized th<- Monroe
Doctrine, which they Interpreted 'in the sense of a
tacit alliance of the American nations in order
to repulse the pretensions of the ancient mother
States against the independence of their colonies.' "
Moreover, the opening of diplomatic relations be
tween the United States and Hayti was the conse
quence of the abolition of slavery In North Amer
ica. This great work, made possible by a gigantic
struggle in which thousands of American citizens
died to give freedom to the negroes, caused the
people of Hayti. through a natural sentiment of
race solidarity, to feel the same gratitude as that
felt by the emancipated Americans toward the
men who hrtd carried on the war in order to main
tain the American Union and to give freedom to
Everything worked together then to secure to
American diplomacy a preponderating influence
from its very appearance in the capital of Hayti.
And in the choice of its first representative at Port
au-Prince. Mr. Peck, the government of Washlng
tlon was fortunate. The republican simplicity and
the dignity of manner of the American Minister
won to him from the start the esteem and respect
of the people. Mr. Peck died too soon, unfortu
nately, leaving sincere mourning in Haytian so
ci£ t y
It'was evident to the diplomatic colleagues of Mr.
Peck that the legation of the United States -was
about to enjoy the most Important place in Hayti.
The Fame predominating influence was to he as
sumed in the republic of San Domingo, where the
Havtians had assisted to chase the Spaniards away,
thus pra-tising themselves the Monroe Doctrine
against a Kuropean power In favor of an American
Relating how the sailors of a United States naval
vessel had saved the Haytian sailors of the Vol
drogue, sunk by the Knglisn ship Bulldog the Hay
tian" writer mentioned above says: ' Since then dates
an especial sympathy of the inhabitants in favor of
the American* The manifestation of this sym
pathy has been . shown again in all the - events
which have occurred in the unhappy land of
OLDEST LIVING CONFEDERATE.
Columbia, S. C, Dec. 12 (Special).— lt has been
Impossible to determine positively who fired the
first or the last pun of the Civil War. The friends
of one and then another would put forward claims,
seemingly well supported. But as to who is the
oldest living Confederate there seems to be no
doubt, although that might seem to be a question
hard to determine.
Colonel Henry D. Capers, a brother of General
Ellison Capers, now Episcopal Bishop of South
Carolina, is the oldest living Confederate, and this
is shown by his commission. On February 18, IS6I,
Jeffi-rsou Davis was inaugurated as President pro
tern.. C. C Memminger. of South Carolina, waa
commfsslone'i Secretary of the Treasury, and Colo
nel I'aipers Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
The other members, of the, Cabinet were commis
sioned four days .ater. The commissions on Feb
ruary 18 were the first issued, and Cr-lonel Capers,
being the sole survl\or of those entering the Con
federate strvice that day. is the senior by com
mission of all Confederates.
Colonel Capers was born in Columbia nearly sev
enty years ago. but. ilke bis brother, the Bishop,
wnlks as straight as an Indian, and with a quick,
elastic step. In his home town he is active and
procraaaive-n baatneaa, being the secretary and
treasurer of an electric railway line, which he
helped to build.
, • SPK.VD MOSEY TO GET .' MOSEY.
| There in no lirtter and nurrr v»a> (linn liv
linfrHns nn nil irl isiiii.li I aui(in the "Llt-
J tfe Ads. of the People.™ " '_, ;.'; .' £'*,-' ''.
RECORD MONEY ORDER SHIPMENT.
Vessels Carry Unprecedented Cargoes of
A convincing proof of the prosperity of the
United States is on its way to many firesides
in Ireland, England. Scotland. France. Germany,
Sweden, Russia. Austria, Italy. Hungary and
all the other countries of Europe. It started
yesterday on the steamers Kronprinz Wtt
helm and Umbria, and consisted of $61G,61JMJ2
in money orders. There were 34.432 money or
ders. The amount of money which has been
sent to Europe this year is almost twice that
sent last year. Of the money shipped yesterday
for Christmas psesenta $312,501 went to Great
Britain, $119,824 to Germany. $56,231 to Swe
den, £37.412 to Italy. 131.626 to Austria. $27,478
to Hungary. $24,995 to Russia and smaller
sums to the other countries. In nearly every
case the amount sent was twice that sent last
year. It is said that never before in any post
office in the world has there been such a large
single shipment of money orders either in face
value or numbers.
There was a new record made also in tne
quantity of mail matter shipped. It exceeded
by many thousands of pounds that of any pre
vious shipment. The total number of bags
sent on the Umbria and the Kronprinz \\
was 3,196 of which th.- latter took 12.<.5.>. Tbis
is also a record, being th»> largest amount ever
dispatched on one ship. The Kronprinz was
delayed half an hour beyond her sailing time
in order to receive her consignment.
The Cymric, of the White Star Line, will bring
a lurge mail to this port this week. She has
on board 2.600 bags.
FEARS A SHORTAGE OF WATER.
City Club Urges Municipal Installation of
According to the pamphlet being Issued by the
City Club relative t.. th- wast- of water in this
city alnce ISSO the Imouni of water wed In Man
hattan and Th> Bronx has Increased at QM rate
of more thsn two and 6ne-haU times th« rate of
Inert*** In population, and if this, goes on in Icm
than on« y.-ar the city wJUI be confronted with a
shortage. Tb« pamphlst «ays in part:
In New-York City there I:- always * ateady mlni
mum now of water through the plpea at all hours.
•n.is regulai How. of course, musi be cauaea dj a
r.;'ular outlet «n.i it 1* nelf-«vWent that this ateady
minimum flr / is almost entlrjly the flow of wattr
Kolnc to w) .c. At all hours ol the toy or night. In
Brooklyn, v.ater is running to waste at the rat«
f fifty-eight gaUonii per -apita a day. whUe In
Manhattan It is running at the -rau »of.nlnety:flj*
■raJlonn. Of the approximately l-> 4 llon ». p»r
capita nominally consumed daily In New-Yori at
Last one-half is running to waste. A large propor
tion of the loss Is cauaed by faulty street con
n«tions.» defective plumbing In the Interior* of
houses and buildlnga; and another «*rge proportion
l.v the careless waste ot consumers. Thts results
In the railure to collect revenue for ■* the i water
used" One-half of the present water flow Is i«st
through defects In the distributive system and the
lack of proper oillcial inspection.
In .lanuarv. 18». J. James R. Crocs, C, E.. at the
Instance of the Merchahta' Association (MerchanUf
Association Report, p 131), placed metera in
twenty-five houses In Manhaaan. Ih- premises
selected represented a fair averusr of unmeu-red
Diemlßea in New-York City. Readings were taken
from theß<; meters regularly, and it was soon found
tl it in seven houses there was an ••xtraordlnnry
ccnsiimptlon of water. In three of theae houaea de ;
fecta In plumbing were dMcovered In the servants
a rt< ra and a larse amount of rater was (lowing
to waste without any one's knowledge; in another
•, saloonkeeper w;is deliberately maintaining a
Hteadv flow of 4,532 gallons per day in part of his
drainage system. The genera] result of metering
these seven premisea and calling f he attention uf
t*.. occupants to their plumbing was a reduction
of their appareni consumption >t water from 11.-71
uallotiH to 6.366 gallons per day- saving of 702
eallons uer house, In the twenty- five houses the
a\oraK« daily consumption, after the Installation
of meters waa 806 gallons 'per flay, or 6&66 gallons
ier head per day— a saving of 25.81 gallons p*-r head
ncr day without any reduction in the actual use
of water Mr. Croea very properly Bays:
"The only way 1-n which such waate aa thla can
be checked is "by the application of a meter to
every building In which water is used and a sys
tematic and sufficient inspectio:i -.r th° meter."
On this point the report further says:
Leak* outside of buildings are given attention
when the pavement sinks or n. street Is flooded. No
investigation Is made of i.lumbintr or consumption
within buildings. There is no general system of
meterln«f. and such meter service as is In use Is
badiv planned and worse -nlmlnlstered. Whatever
opular preiudlce there may be against the in
stallation of meters in private houses could easily
be removed by popular cusslon and knowledge
of the facts and by the etty's undertaking, as it
should, to install meters at Its own expense.
With John R. Freeman's report to Controller
Coler made March 23. 1900, and the records of in
crease in population kept by the Health Depart
ment, it Is shown that the population <:f Manhattan
and The Bronx this year Is 2.135.632. the percentage
of increase belnp 2.09. and that 288.000,000 gallons of
water have been consumed, the percentage of in
crease beln«r 5.11. It Is estimated that after the
comr-letlon of Cornell Dam tiie permanent yield of
v ater from Croton watershed and from the Bronx-
Byram watershed, will not exceed from two
hundred million to three hundred million Kallons
per day. and from these Bgarm It may be. seen that
If there be no chan«e In rate ot Increase in popu
lation and consumption per capita, the dally con
si mntlon at the closo of 1903 will exceed the dally
yield of thes» watersheds. This excess must be
drawn from Storage reservoirs. These reservoirs
■will sunnlv. It Is estimated, fr^im seventy to sev
enty-three billions of gallons, O r, say, Riiffiejprit to
hist from 210 to 252 days.
CATCHES BURGLAR ON ROOF.
After a Hunt of an Hour a Policeman Finds
Two burglars were captured early yesterday by
• the police of the Oak-st. station. Patrolman Har
dick, while standing at Peck Slip and Pearl-st.
shortly after 1 a. m.. heard the sound of breaking
Klass. and found that tho glass had been broken
out of Henry Dick's restaurant, at No. 15 Peck
Slip. Hardlck. who had approached the restau
rant on tiptoe, peered cautiously through the open
ing in the door and saw a man at the cash? register.
The policeman went away and summoned Patrol
men Sullivan, Murphy and Hay, who rushed into
the place. As soon as they appeared the burglar
rushed .to a window in the rear, and, unable to
open It. jumped through the glass, landing In the
yard ten feet below. He then climbed a lire escape
In the rear of an a.butting building in Water-st.
Hardick jumped through the window after him
and followed him up the fire escape. Hardick
searched for nearly an hour among the timber, sky
lights and other things before he found his man.
The burglar submitted to arrest without resistance.
At the station house he described himself as Will
iam Collins, twenty-six years old. pf No. 153
Cherry-st. • '.
Shortly after 4 a. m. Patrolman Cahill heard
the smashing of glass, and running toward the
barber shop No. 16 Catharine Slip he saw a man
with a brick in his hand stnndlng In front of the
door, the glass of which had been broken. The man
: ran as soon as he caught sight of the policeman.
but he waa caught after a short chase. The police
. say he belongs to the same gang that Collins be
.longs to. "-L- • 7
SAVE BEAR FROM MATER
Men Keep Others at Bay While They
After the New York Zoological Park had closed
on Friday night and it. was almost dark. Esau,
the largest and hardiest of the three sloth bears
in den No. ."> went to the swimming tank to get
% drink, and slipped into the water, which was
balf covered with broken Ice. The steps and
sides of the pool were covered with ice. Esau Is
a short-legged, clumsy animal, and the cold
water so completely paralyzed him that it
seemed he must drown.
Thomas F. Clarke, a foreman, passed near the
den and saw the befir feebly struggling in the
water. He shouted for assistance and Patrick
Teevan. John Toomey, keeper of the reptile
house, Dennis Noonan. Henry Mock and Dennis
Welch went to his aid. Clarke and three of
them rushed in. one man remained in charge
of the gate and another ran for scantling from
the newly erected bear dens, close by.
With clubs in their hands to compel obedi
ence, the men drove all of the bears not in the
sleeping dens to the rocks and kept them there,
interested spectators of the scene below. The
new and savage Himalayan black bear, just
received from the Afridi. was kept in its den.
While Teevan and Noonan kept the bears
back. Clarke and the others took two scantlings,
thrust their ends under the almost dead bear,
and, using the edge of the pool ;is a fulcrum,
lifted the animal clear of the yater. Ksau was
held .in the air for three or four minutes so that
the ice cold water might drain out of his hair
and increase his chance of surviving. Then he
was seized by the hind legs and dragged over
the edge of the pool to the concrete floor- of the
den. Ksau was so nearly dead that he made no
He was rolled over and over, thumped soundly
from head to foot, and finally began to revive.
The most risky part of the whole performance
was when the men. none of thorn acquainted
with the tempers of the bears, dragged Esau Into
the far corner of a sleeping den and placed him
on the straw. Had they run afoul of the savage
beast from the Afrldl. they would have had to
Ksau was saved, and no one was hurt. For
men who are mechanics ;inrl laborers and entire
ly unaccustomed to handling savage animals,
the rescue of Ksau was a courageous act. The
Zoological Society, through the director of th«
Park. Mr. Hornnday, has taken special notice
of ft in a complimentary letter to the men, ac
companied by a cash token of appreciation.
THREE CHILDREN BURNED TO DEATH.
Woman Returns to Tenement House to Find
Three colored children of one family were burned
to death in a plight fire, for which no cause Is ad
vance 1. at the tenement house No. 443 WVst Slx
On the fourth floor of this five story tenement
liousc lived Mr. and Mrs. Louis Smith and three
children, two, four and seven years old. Smith is
employed at the Morgan. Line pier, and started for
his business about 7 o'clock. Mrs. Smith, who does
lnundry work, went out about two hours later, to
collect some clothes, and left the three children in
one large bed in the front room. The children
A few minutes afterward James Hannon. who
keepa a llvry stable next door, el No. 441, dis
covered smoku coming out of th« windows of this
apartment. He ran into the house and inforrm-d
th- tenants. A tenant.who knew of the presence of
the three children in the house rush.-d to this
apartment, and. nti<iin« the door locked, broke It
in. Th»- rooms were filled with smoke, and the
draught of air fed the nre. which broke into fierce
flames. Firemen finally found the three children
In bed dead, having been suffocated and partly
burned' about the head. Captain Farley said th.
had undoubtedly been killed berore • the flrj was
discovered Th»> fire was easily extinßUlshea.
\IT« Sm th returned to the house won after th«
f.^ Ir v.as^xH., K u"shed. When U d that her three
children had been burned to ,'ath. she became
EVANGELIST SUES TOR LIBEL.
Mr. Tayior Says "The Christian Advocate"
Thm Tribune has rceatrad a card from the Rev.
R S. Taylor, evangelist, and for the last thirty
ymn a member in good standing In the Methodist
Episcopal Church, statin* that charges have been
Awarded to the New-York Kast M*^
»nd a libel mOt has been begun against The
Christian Advocate" for IWO article, which ap
paared in Its Issues of December 4 and 11 at
tacking Mr. Taylors character. ; _
The first is tntltled "Unholy •Holine-s. It
opens with an account of r campmeetlng where
Mr Taylor preached, taken from the "Zion s Hes
ald" of 'September 10. and says that Mr. Taylor "in
troduced rude, Insulting speech, coarse jest, ribald
song sly Innuendo; self-praise." and exhibited -a
censorious spirit." all connected with "a most
extraordinary claim of sanctity and oneness with
Christ." It alleges, further, that on a -Sunday
afternoon, as the multitude were gathering for
irorahip he sang a ribald negro campaign song"
and that when one of the pastors "entered his pro
taat against such an infamous travesty of worship
■md insult to decency," Mr. Taylor introduced an
Improvised caricature of the preacher. The
"Christian Advocate" goes on to say:
•This man Tavlor should not he employed by any
Methodist church. His lan uage is frequently low
•md vile and he has the power of infecting such
women as are naturally Inclined to hysterics and
such men as are Incapable of sound reasoning and
riPMirou-T of what may be called religious Intoxica
tion We loV sine.-- dassitied him with the type
common In all ages of the world who are a per
petual puzzle as to whether their sincerity snail be
'avert at the expen.-e of their Intellect, or their in
tellect at the expense of their sincerity.
One of th« evil effects produced by such ranters
Is that they draw QUIU an attendance for ■ while,
and turn the heads of undeveloped young ministers
who think it a good thing to imitate them. They
profess tho inspiration of the Holy Ghost, yet
abound in savage, vitriolic, vulgar talk which no
nensltive mother or self-respectlngr father would
want children to hear.
Mr Wesley had trouble with auch. and expelled
some from the society. With all their Irregularities
and uncertainties, there i« one thing they can be
relied upon to do. and that Is to tear a church to
pieces, leave scars on every hand, and makt^ It ex
cenaively difficult for pastors who have "zeal ac
cording to knowledge" to rebuild the places which
they have laid waste. .
In the next edition, however. "The Christian Ad
vocate" published a letter from Dr. J. \V. Katon
showing that Mr. Taylor was In good standing as
ordained deacon and elder. In view of this fact
"The Advocate" says:
Had m not supposed, from the disappearing of
his name from the General Minutes, ttiat he had
practically taken leave or the church, and was
operating in opposition to it or In competition with
It. our language. In some respects, would not have
been what it was.
But -if the statements specifically made In the
article in "Zion "s Herald" are correct, they would
more than justify the language we employed; and.
though ho be in regular standing, we could not
conscientiously retract their Jubstance.
For in our quotations we by no means included
all charged against his conduct at the Richmond
campmeetlng. with respect not to moral charac
ter, but to bitterness, censoriousness. Irreverence
THE ANNUAL FRENCH BALL.
The annual French ball, with its gorgeous decora
tions, gay ballet, big orchestra and thousands of
fantastically gowned guests, Is announced for Mon
day. January 12. at Madison Square Garden.
This year a floral festival Is promised as the prin
cipal feature. In addition there will be the ballet
of three hundred women in a number of special
dances. Schwab and D'Aquin will direct a com
bined orchestra and hand of one hundred and fifty
musicians for the promenade and dance music.
The Cercle i'ranc.ais de I' Harmonic under the au
spices of which the French ball Is held, devotes the
proceeds to a number of local charities.
LONGER ELEVATED TRAINS.
The Manhattan Railway Company is preparing
to run six-car trains on the Slxth-ave. line. By the
addition of one car to each train it is believed that
much of the congestion at rush hours on the line
will be prevented, particularly when six-car trains
are run to Fifty-elghth-st., as well as to One-hun
To provide for the increased length of tr:iins«, the
station platforms along the lino have been length
«ned. Several of the stations where there is great
The Financial World.
The market did not close very cheerfuifc» * »».
terday. !>:it the best opinion in the Street la that
the liquidation whteh has taken place is suffi
cient to avert serious trouble; and what more
has to be done, will he done quietly. The low
est prices of the week were made Friday morn
ing, and then came the usual vigorous rally.
which brought a rapid recovery of three to four
points. Here Its force was exhausted, and be
cause of this, the market did not respond yes
terday to a bank statement which was better
than had been expected. The idea, that th*ra
was disappointment at the showing it made is
erroneous. A bad one had been looked for, aod>
this one was fairly good; hence the failure of
the market to rally on it. but. on the contrary,
doing the opposite, and selling off, was a dla
Wall Street is experiencing the reverse proc
ess to that which was seen in the height of th»
boom. Then the whole country was buying*
stocks: no country town was too small to support
at least a bucket shop. Now the country is sell
ing. Boston has been badly hurt by losses in
coppers; Philadelphia has been skinned hy As
phalt and Lake Superior (the latter stock f°U
4."» points in three days); Detroit and all North
ern Ohio got laid out by trolley companies; and
so the list might be extended all over the coun
try. There has everywhere been some collapse
whi<h has seriously hurt the locality; ami a»
at one time the public appetite for seourttiea
seemed insatiable, so now the process of re
jection is going on. The turn was called nhea
the situation became one where it was 4 per
cent stocks and »» per cent money.
Relief will come when the return flow of
money to the reserve centres takes place. When
it does come, it will come back in a flood, ft
always has after a severe liquidation. The
bank reserves will fill up to overflowing, art<i
fill up fast. Money will seem to flow in from
But before this happens something els^ has t<>
happen. The country u-s a whole will haw to
fee! the pinch of tight money, and it will be
felt most severely at points where speculation—
in whatever form it may have manifesteri •
— has been the most active. l*p to this time, the
money pinch has not "neer- felt with any severity
outside the financial mIM -Mm York. It
always starts there. In a short while we shall
be hearing of rising rates through the West and
Southwest. Dispatches from various points al
ready tell of thi.-.
From city to town, from town to villac". rh<»
tightening process will ,-pread is now B]
ing— and the effects will be the same as ha«a
already appeared in the main centre, namely, a
decline in prices, a check to extensions.
tracting instead of a spreading out. the paying
off of old loans instead of the making of new.
When this has gone far enough money kceaoMS
cheap, because of the lessened call f<>r it. then
it pours back to the limit c«Htrea from all
This Is what we shall see. We have ft
every time before, and we shall see it again ivw.
because the conditions are similar.
Has. then, the prosperity of the country mm»
to an end? Not at all. Very far from if. But
extravagant speculation has come to an end.
The firms working capital has been tied up ir*
expanding business and new projects, and th«
new projects will have to wait until the finance*
of the concern can be got into healthier shape.
That is what pix months money at 6 per c-snU
in Wall Street mean*.
Mr. Hill is openly quoted as bearish on th^
situation. What he is now saying publicly h^
has been saying privately for weeks past— long
before there was any thought of trouble wltl^
that international nuisance, Venezuela. Ha la^
in his Chicago Interview, mad* to lay maii|
stress on this episode; but this "was probably
the twist the reporter gave. He had been talk.*
ing before about "mountains of ■wind," an 4
borrowings of more money than there was iaj
the world. Mr. Hiil is understood to have mad<4
his affairs snug during the summer months; »<■
h>- is able now to express hits mind freely — with,
BO great comfort to the fellow who has noC
made himself snug.
The Venezuela business did affect the market
the past week, but it was only aa the last straw
on the camel's back. If so many borrower*,
from the little- man who owed hundreds to the
big fellow who owed millions, had not been ner-»
vous over the sllmness of their* margins, the
affair would have made newspaper talk only.
As it was. it helped to precipitate an impending
liquidation which had to come, anyhow.
No incident of the liquidation so rixed .i*t^pt;on
as the enormous selling of the steel stocks, and
their fall to the lowest prices yet r--.or.lei.
The whole country seems interested in thesa
securities. Everywhere "the steels" are V;i"'.vn.
The preferred fell to 7!>. the common to 30; and
this while the first is paying 7 per cent, the com
mon 4, and the responsible officers of the com
pany assert that there is business ahead for
two years, at the present rate of .-amir*
People are asking if this be possible, with th»
stocks selling where they are: and quite natur
ally, rumors have spread that the dividend ori
the common will be passed. "How."' it is asked.
"could a stock paying 4 per cent sell down to "•>,
unless it was intended to pass the dividend?**
Whether it is intended to pass th dividend «>r.
not. we have no information; but this can be
affirmed that it Is possible for the stock t»
sell down to 30. while all that the officers of rhe
company say of its earnings be true, a-.i that
the dividends be earned and paid right aloajv
This is possible, for like things have occurred
before with exceptional stocks, and the stee'3
Let their enormous bulk be considered— "?«•
have to buy them by the ton to mm* th?m.~
was the comment of one who had tackled the
Job — the fact that this mountainous mass r?pre
sents a new corporation, a corporal ion aa gigan
tic that it has been doubted whether anything
on such a scale could be successfully conducted:
that the stocks have spread all over the country
speculatively: and consider the further fact that
the corporation is fighting in the courts nn
opposition to its plan to raise more money.—
and you have elements of depression r.aainst
which reports of earnings and actual payment of
dividends contend in vain.
la the liquidation over, is the question xvhtcßi
Wall Street is now asking. The signs point th*
other way. ITTHBERT MILL?.
traffic IMBTC been strengthened by extra support*
This is particularly the case with the stations a*
Fourteenth. Eighteenth. Twenty-third ar.l Thirty
third sts. At the last named statu n it has beet
found necessary to divide the arriving ami depart
ing passengers, the right hand stairway bflns used
only by those leaving tne station, and a man being
kept on duty at the bottom of the stairway to pre
vent people from trying to go up that way.
Baring, Magoun& Co.,
15 Wai! Street.
. NEW YORK.
LETTERS OF CREDIT^
English Consols bought and sold.
Aitonts and Attorneys for
BARIS6 BROTHKRS Jt CO.. Ltd., Londoa-
KIUDKK, I'EAUOUV Jb CO.. BoilOß- ; _•