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tax«id Th« Ford bill merely extended the defini
tion to include those rights as real estate, so
that they would be taxed. It was a crude at
tempt to" embody in th« tax law an idea which
was not at all new. It had been preached *t
Bryan meetings for years. Ford's bill was one
of 'the many anti-corporation bills on the legis
lative calendar, all - introduced in the spirit oi
Bryanism. The session was long, lasting until
about the end of April. Some attention was at
tracted to Ford's bill, because the belief was
prevalent that these corporations were making
large profits in which the municipalities should
hive larger share. But the bill was not at that
time well understood, and no serious thought of
passing it arose until near the end of the ses
CONFERENCE CALLED BY GOVERNOR.
One day in April Governor Roosevelt railed a
conference to consider the many pending tax
lulls. All present, including Governor Roosevelt.
cum to the conclusion that the tax law ought
to be amended, especially with reference to cor
porations having: great privileges, but that notli 1
ins: ought to be done except considerately and
with understanding of the effect. It was de
cided to suspend bills on the subject until the
next session, to which a commission should re
port. At almost the last day of the session,
without any notice of change of plan, the Gov
ernor called upon the legislature by special mes
sage to pa.-> the Ford bill. Under our constitu
tional provision giving the Governor power to
Kill without vetoing all bills coining to him
within the lav:t ten legislative days, the power
of the Governor over the legislature at the end
of the session i:- almost supreme. If he is. will
ing to us.' that power he can pass or defeat al
most any measure. At that time several hun
dred bills were in his hands over which his
power of life and death was absolute. Many of
these were local bills for which members had
struggled through a long Aiid wearisome ses
sion. When the Governor, in effect, ordered the
legislature to pass the Ford bill, the Senate and
Assembly only registered his will. The bill
passed into his hands and be had thirty days in
which to consider it.
A protest naturally wont up from every cor
poration affected. It was claimed that the
sudden action of the Governor was an interfer
ence with the usual right of interested parties
to be heard. The companies also complained of
(ha bill in several substantial particulars. It
'wa.« said by the New-York City corporations
that the local political conditions in that city
w«ie such that the Ford bill would be intoler
i «ble. As it provided no principle of valuing
street franchises, they could be valued by local
assessors, according to their will, and their will
■would be Croker's will, which would always be
measured by the corporation's willingness and
ability to respond to Mi demands. Many of the
companies complained also that the Ford bill
• retained no provision to equalize the burdens
of those companies which were already paying
annual percentages for their privileges with
those that were paying nothing. This omission
Mould amount to double taxation upon some
•.ompanies. At the hearing before Governor
"Roosevelt, he admitted the justice of these
oomplaints. and recalled the legislature into
extra session to amend the bill in these and
••Dine other particulars. He recommended that
the power of assessment be taken from the
local assessors and placed in the State Board,
that amounts paid by corporations to munici
palities for their privileges under their con
, tracts, should be deducted from their fran
• «-hise tax and. also, that the rights and tangible
I property in the streets be taxed together by the
I Slate board as '"special franchises." Governor
I Roosevelt sent this recommendation to the extra
1 session while he still held the thirty day bills.
and he stated that he would sign the original
Ford bill if the legislature failed to pass the
amended bill. The amended bill passed
ENFORCEMENT OF TF" LAW.
The large corporations then generally recog
nized UK advisability of meeting public opinion
and paying more lor their privileges. If the law
bar" been enforced reasonably and conserva
tively a large increase of taxes might have been
«htained from the companies without resist
ance. The tax cculd probably have been in
creased ea< h year without inviting attack upon
th.- law. But, naturally, the Governor wanted
his law to appear important, and when the first
valuations of ih^ rights were announced, in the
spring of ISOQL they were such as to astonish
rv«i the trust buster* of that day. The assess
ment of the right of the Metropolitan system
was fixed si over $32,000.000, imposing a tax
of nearly SI.'JW.COQ, a public appropriation of
■host one-fifth of its average net earnings for
th«» previous three years.
The companies were all heavily assessed. No
principle of equality seemed to have been ob
served by the State commissioners. The cor-
IMrattatis applied to the commissioners for in
formation as to the evidence and methods by
which the -\aluaiions had been made, and the
<-ommissioners arbitrarily refused to give •■■■ny
Information. It became at once apparent that
no true valuations had been made, and that the
valuations were all guesses. In the course of
about three months the commissioners had made
win* forty-seven hundred valuations, without
having any knowledge of the properties and
■without having visited them. Properties that
«">.peris . ovid not have approximately valued in
<rtays the commissioners had valued in a minute.
Further consideration failed to bring forth any
reasonable method of valuing an intangible
right to use a street, separated from all the
ether rights and property of a corporation. No
lawyer or business man has ever suggested r«ny
lexical and sensible method of making such
valuations. The commissioners themselves,
•when examined in the proceedings afterward in
s=tHut*d. admitted that their work was based
on none of the principles usually applicable in
The corporations were righf in objecting to
such assessments and in attacking the validity
of a. law which had been passed a** this was.
and 'which exposed their property to such enoi
xnou? arbitrary exactions. In th<* proceedings
against the law. counsel for the companies
raised these 'principal objections:
First— That the Special Franchise Tax law is
*inrcn?iitutional. in that it undertakes to trans-
Per to State authorities the function of assess
ing property, a function which, under Article X.
Section -, could only bo exercised by assessors
locally elected or appointed.
Second — That the assessments* were invalid
T>*causr of th' methods, or lack of methods,
r.dopted by the commissioners in making them.
Third- the commissioners had assessed
the separate franchises of each corporation to
gether. Instead of observing the requirement to
•iRt-ess each franchise separately.
Fourth — That the law was violatlve of the
constitutional prohibition against the impair.
Tn^nt cf the obligation of contract?.
Fifth— the assessments were confessedly
• i full values, whereas other real property in
New York City was valued at not to exceed 67
s>er cent of full value.
The officers of all corporations interested, so
fur as 1 know, will approve and acquiesce in
Forae statute taxing their property and rights
justly, equally and with reasonable certainty,
but I doubt whether th* courts will ever uphold
•ny law unless it includes these element?, nor
do I believe that the people of the State will
imdevs«tandingly approve any Ford law.
ALMOST A MILLION FOR CITY.
A .-ompmTiF Fupgested by Corporation Counsel
BJfsas i- <xi>' ■■"•> Vj recover for the city almost
3i/«yt/iOO frcm the Manhattan Elevated road for
tax arrearages for five yean?. The company -has
«pprovt<l the compromise, and yesterday was in
formed ••' Hie terms of the proposed settlement.
Prior to i* 1 * the eonu»any was taxe<j on a basis of
gg.apHMO real estate and t16.5M/»C)0 personalty. The
persons! assessment was contested In the courts,
*n<3 the succeeding five ><>*!•: Increased the problem
The original decision Of the Court of Appeals
f-upta.in'-S an assessment of »,>*>,«» on personalty.
which was regarded as a victory for the city. The
Tax Department in ISM increased the real estate
assessment f. kCisMM. and reduced tit- personal
t»x lo iljhmMl The company then raised a. pro
test against lac real OFtate assessment. From IS"
i.. IST?, when the franchise tax became, a law, the
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The cure of child weakness is
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Children like Scott's Emulsion
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Perfectly harmless yet power
im for good.
Send for MM BBS* ■■'
scott * BOW7<E. Chemise. ♦■» i%sn m X. T.
city declared the entire elevated road valuation
was 5H6 000<W, but the Corporation Counsel saw
the figures worn excessive The company finally
apre»vJ to liquidate it* Indebtedness to th.; city by
paying a tax on an accumulated valuation for live
years of $32,800.00). ignoring the tax on personalty.
* The Corporation Counsel suggested that payment
be made on a basis of J20.000.009 a year, or an ac
cumulation of tw.<»\m for five years.
"The Manhattan company now agrees to this
offer;*' said Mr. Rives yesterday 1 was. \er>
doubtful If the cltv could have sustained its claims.
It was the most difficult litigation I have ever had
to deal with The cltv benefit* by the compromise.
It rets tax averages for the live years previous to
the passage of the franchise tax law.
WILL APPEAL TAX LAW DECISION.
Attorney General Said to Contemplate Con
IBT TELEC;nArU TO tarn tiuulnk..]
\lbany. Jan. *.— The action of the Appellate Di
vision of the Supreme Court in declaring unconsti
tutional the special franchise tax law of 1593 was a
prominent subject of talk among the State officers,
members of the legislature and lawyers of Albany.
Those who approve of th.- law still hope that the
courts will affirm Its validity, and expressed the
belief that even if the courts do sustain the con
tention of the lawyers of the corporations that the
State Board of Tax Commissioners cannot legally
assess the special franchises there will be enough
left of the act to give the local assessors power to
assess this kind of property.
Attorney General Cur.neen. it is believed, will
appeal to the Court of Appeals from the decision
of the Appellate Division, although be would not
Ftate to-day what course he should adopt, nor ex
press any opinion.
Kx-Scnator David B. HIM. who has been the
most prominent counsel of the corporations op
posing In the courts the execution or tjie law upon
the ground of It? alleged uneonstitutionality, de
clined to say a •word for publication about the de
cision. Mr. Hill In political speeches has criticised
the provision of the franchise tax law giving the
State Board of Ta:c Commissioners th<- power to
which reference has been made, and he dwelt upon
the necessity of defending "home rule" rights.
The question is already under consideration what
steps must be taken If the franchise tax law is
unconstitutional to restore money paid to various
localities by the corporations whose property was
taxed under it.
Many corporations in the Western part of the
State paid the taxes on their special franchises
under an agreement with Attorney General Davies
that the money should B4 restored to them If the
law should be declared to be unconstitutional. The
State Board of Tax Commissioners In their report
last year said:
"Approximately in 1900. J1.021,937 23 in State, county,
town, city and village taxes was paid into local
treasuries upon the valuations found by this board
for that year upon special franchises. '
Only ?16,^32T: of this sum was paid by the Great
er New- York corporations. The gigantic New- York
corporations are contesting the constitutionality of
the law. But some large amounts were paid in the
interior of the State. Thus in Albany County there
was paid £5,937 94. in Erie County $HT.?C4 .4 inMon
roe County $56,27t>, in Oneida County $30,067. in
onondaga County ?7S, 113 75, and in West<*ester
County $r«.703 61. ' _
It Is" hoped by the friends of tho Franchise Tax
law that the State Board of Tax Commissioners
having been swept aside by this decision of the
courts the local assessors can now assess the spe
cial franchises and thus the corporations be com
iWl"d to pay the taxes' imposed upon their special
franchises "Ex-Senator Ford handed Judge I ark
,. -< r prevailing opinion to Senator Bracken for
examination, and the latter read the document.
Mr Brackett then said it seemed to him on natty
examination of the opinion that Judge Parker had
dwelt almost exclusively upon the question of the
right of th« State Board of Tax Commissioners to
assess the special franchises.
GROUT BLAMES CORPORATIONS.
Says They Were Responsible for Special
When Controller Grout yesterday heard of the
decision by the Appellate Division he said:
I think that the local assessors will get at once
to work assessing the value of local franchises, ana
I shall expect President Wells of the Tax Depart
ment and his subordinates to undertake this work.
The declaring Invalid of the clause providing the
method of levying the tax does not make the fran
chises free from assessment. The whole procedure,
i pon the part of the corporations has been scan
dalous. I do -not for one moment reflect upon the
position taken by the courts. But the parties inter
ested have had special legislation passed at a spe
cial session Hi Albany making the State Tax Board
the parties empowered to assess the franchises.
Then they went into the courts and fought the art
on the ground that the act tcok away an assessing
power that tfce local tax l>oar«ls should exert. Tins
course of conduct is well calculated to inspire a
leaning toward anarchy In the breast of even th«
average citizen, and. although the antagonists of
the franchise tax may think this conduct has been
keen and farslghted, in the end they will be r.nde
1 do not think the decision at Albany will affect
the actual assessing of franchises as real estate.
The law nrst declared that all franchises should be
taxed as real estate. It also provided how the tax
r-hould be collected. Had the law been declared un
constitutional in that the franchises were, not real
estate, it might have been different. I cannot tell
if it Trill be necessary to amend the original law
until I see the entire opinion. 1 do rot believe this
will affect the city tax rate this year, if 1 may be
allowed to form an opinion on my present informa
Lawyers who, as counsel for corporations own
ing franchises, were Interested in the Special
Franchise Tax law were asked about the effect
of the Supreme Court's decision yesterday. They
consideied it a notable victory for the com
panies which had contested the act. As to its
immediate effects, one said: "Those companies
which have paid their assessments under protest
will be able to recover the money now; those
which paid without protest cannot recover, and
the action of those which would not pay Is
Another said that this might reopen the entire
question of the taxation of franchises, although
the decision was rendered distinctly on the
point of home rule. That la, the decision that
the Ford bill was unconstitutional did not hinge
on the right to tax a franchise as a tangible
property; the. part considered unconstitutional
was the amendment to the original Ford law,
giving the power to assess these franchises to
the State Board of Tax Commissioners. After
considerable comment on the legislation which
considered a franchise or "goodwill" as tax
able real estate, this lawyer continued:
"Why. if the State Board of Tax Commis
sioners had power to tax franchises they would
have the power to come into this city and tax
our houses or personal property. Our local as
sessors would be shoved aside. It was just on
this point that the fight was made, and it was
on this point that the decision was rendered."
When asked what effect it would have on the
city, lie smiled and said that as the city had
never received any money from these assess
ments he thought it could continue to raise
money as it had done formerly. Then he ad
vanced a personal Idea that, as a solution of
the "great, lopsided tax problem," a commis
sion be appointed and paid well to discuss and
enact suitable measures. He added that prob
ably Governor Odell had some tax bills pre
pared now. but emphasized the limited time
which the legislature could give to such laws.
Tax Commissioner Strasbourger said that
the Tax Board had been expecting a decision
of this kind. "The assessors have been collect
ing material." he continued, "so that they would
be prepared to levy on franchises in the city and
Include these assessments in the general assess
ments for 1903. The assessments on franchises
amount to about ?200.000,000. We should sus
tain a severe blow if the court's decision in
validates the entire act. The tax rate would of
necessity be much higher. This would be
brought about because the approximate amount
of the assessment on franchises, as levied by the
State Board, was Included in the whole amount
upon which the low tax rate figured."
BOILER BURSTS, FIVE MEN KILLED.
London. Jan. 20.— A boiler explosion in Tapper's
Iron Works, at Bilj-ton. Stafford, this afternoon,
resulted In the killing of live persons and the lh-
Jurlng of twenty or thirty by steam and pieces of
flying metal. The explosion occurred while th«
chops were crowded with employes. The building
was completely wieck<*i. Several of the injured
per.-on;- are not expected to live.
FORCES TO RELIEVE PORT ACRE.
La Tiiz. Bolivia. Jan. M -The firm contingent,
numbering 350 men, for the relief of Port Acre and
the suparesalon of the revolution In the Acre dis
trict left here this morning. President Pando will
start later this week for Acre at the head of
another contingent of 3*o men.
SEW-YOhiV DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 21, 1903.
BRITAIN AND GERMANY.
THK ALLIANCE DISLIKED
American Tone Adopted— Marconi
Hampered — Underground Roads.
(Special to The New-York Tribune by French Cable.)
iCopyrisht; 1003: By The Tribune Association.)
London. Jan. 21. I a. . m.— English opin
ion respecting the Venezuelan affair is
kept under restraint mainly because the
American Journals have been good natured
and tolerant There would be a general
denunciation of the Balfour government for
allowing England to be harnessed with Ger
many if the American press were more
critical and outspoken in condemning the provo
cative course of the; German naval commanders
and objecting strenuously to the prolongation of
the blockade, when Mr. Bowen is fully armed
with authority to propose a settlement and to
offer an adequate guarantee. The untimely
warlike proceedings of the German martinets
when the Washington government is employ
its energies in promoting a satisfactory settle
ment are strongly disapproved here, and the
ministers without doubt are anxious to bring
the blockade to an end without delay, but are
hindered by their engagements with Germany.
It is not believed by well informed men here
that the Venezuelan affair was prearranged at
Washington. It is conceded that the State De
partment when consulted insisted upon having
pledge* that no territorial acquisitions werte in
tended, and subsequently exerted itself to pre
vent wanton attacks upon the fortifications and
towns. Mr. Balfour and Lord Lansdowne were
clearly imposed upon by the German Emperor
and duped into making a most unpopular alli
ance with a power which could not keep its
naval officers under restraint.
It is regarded as a happy augury for the
future of transatlantic wireless telegraphy that
the first messages transmitted by Marconi's sys
tem between England and America have been
greetings of international love and good will.
The British postal authorities, however, by the
attitude they arc adopting have made public
service impracticable for the present. Poldhu.
the English station of the Marconi company, is
fully two miles from the nearest village having
telegraphic communication, and the messages
between President Roosevelt and the King have
had to be carried this distance by a boy. The
postal authorities have b;en urged to allow
the Poldhu station to be joined with the tele
graph system of the country, but up to the
present they have refused to entertain the re
quest. The postofflce also has been asked to
give to the Marconi company facilities similar
to those accorded to the cable companies with
respect to the public being able to hand in mes
sages at any telegraph office in the United King
dom, and this request also has not yet been
The urderground transit question has been
reduced to a contest between the Central Lon
don and the Yerkes group. The Morgan in
terest has fallen out since the collapse of the
schtme for a through route from Hammersmith
to the City, and tho London County Council is
mainly interested in the development of surface
electric lines, and has intervened too late in the
underground problem. "Si?. Yerkes originally rep
resented an American syndicate in the purchas
ing of concessions, but he is now supported by
the powerful banking house of Speyer Brothers,
is closely associated with Mr. Perks and a
large group of British capitalists. The Central
London will oppose him at the next session of
Parliament by renewing its project for loop
line tubes from Shepherd's Bush to Hammer
smith, and thence through Kensington, Knights
bridge, Piccadilly and Charing Cross to the
Royal Exchange. This will be an elaborate
project, requiring authority from Parliament
and a long period for completion, as there are
no links in the chain under construction. Mr.
Yerkes's interest already has authority for and
is building: the Great Northern, Piccadilly an<i
Brompton Railway, from FTnabary Park to Earl's
Court, by way of Holborn. It will ask Parlia
ment for authority to construct a line from Phep
heid's Bush to Hammersmith and Sloane-si . by
way of Hammersmith and Knightsbridge roads.
A link between Sloane-st. and Piccadilly Cir< us
is already provided for, and the system will be
completed by a line from Charing Cross to the
Mansion Hcus<*. The objection naturally raised
is that the Yerkes combination will promise re
lief for Kensington and the Htrand. without in
tending to interfere with the normal traffic of
the District Railway; but, on the other hand, it
can justly claim pre-eminence as the only syn
dicate capable of working out underground
transit in a comprehensive way.
Canada was advertised most artistically yes
terday by a spirited realistic series of bioscope
pictures at the Palace Theatre. A large audi
ence was enabled to make a comfortable journey
from Liverpool to Victoria and enjoy glimpses
of the ocean, Quebec, Montreal, the *'Soo," Lak»:
Superior, Winnipeg, Fraser River, the scenexy
along UN Canadian Pacific Railway and Van
couver. Among the most animated spectacles
were pictures of buffalo on Lord Strathconas
estate, harvesting scenes in Manitoba, branding
wild colts on Bow Kiver. horse races by cow
boys, Indians, logging scenes on Bear Creek
and salmon spearing in mountain streams. It.
was a. most stirring show, well deserving of
Lmd Stratheona's patronage.
The result of the West Derby flection has sur
prised everybody. The Liberals did not antici
pate that the Conservative majority would ex
ceed 500, and the Conservatives in London
would have been satisfied if their candidate had
Just scraped in. As a matter of fact, he romped
home w ith a majority of 2,1i04. I. N. F.
Y. M. C. A. WORK IN ITALY.
RoiTiC, Jan. King Victor Emmanuel to-day
received In audience M. W. Clark, of New-York, of
the World's Students' Christian Federation, an
organization connected with the international com
mltte-: of the Young Men's Christian Association.
His majfbty was much Interested in the sletail*
which Mr. Clark furnished him of the work of the
aspneiation, and said: "Our people ought to >>c
better acquainted with your ijoort work. I had no
idea it had spread ao extensively In Italy."
Professor Clark Is the representative of James
Stokes, of New-York, and is following up the lat
tor's Young Men's Christian Association work in
Italy. Professor Clark, who Is well known In New-
York, has been connected with the Theological
School of the Methodist Church in Korn<-\ and "f
hito has boen working la the Levant under the
auspices of the World's Student*' Christian Fed
MRS. R. G. SHAW SEEKS A DIVORCE.
fBT TELEGItAPII 10 THE TRIBUNE.]
Richmond. Va., Jan. 20.— Daniel Harmon, on behalf
of Mrs. Nannie I^anghorno Shaw, yesterday filed
cult at Charlottcsvllle, Va.. for an absolute divorce
from her husband, Robert Gould Shaw, of Bos
ton. The ground stated In the memorandum
Is desertion. The announcement that the suit
had been filed caused no great surprise here, where
such a step on tho part of Mrs. Shaw had been ex
pected for pome time. In the early summer, when
Mir. Shaw came to her home in Albcmarli-, while
her husband went to Louisville, talk of a separa
tion began. Mr. Shaw is now in Europe, having
sailed more than a month ago.
Mrs. Sh.iw came to this city with her sisters for
the Richmond Christmas german. At the horse
show here last autumn Rhe won several ribbons In
the hunter and jumper classes with her bay mare
Queen Bee. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw have one child, a
daughter about a year nnd ■ half old. It lit not
known whether Mr*. Shaw will ask for the cuntody
of her child.
TO CLUE A « it 1. 1 1 IN o.MS II AY
Ttk* Laxattv* Dromo Quinine Tablets. Tbl» (Ignt
turt Jffjt A OB • vcr >' box « 29c -
WILL NOT PAY TAXES.
Americans in [sic of Pines Deft/
Havana. Jan. 20.— The Aim-ricaim residing in
the Isle of Pines deny the geiipml assumption of
the Cuban Government that th^ United States
has no special interest in the island and that
it is not likely to insist on the eventual owner
ship of it. In any event, they appear to be con
fident of having the support of the United
States, if necessary, in their resistance to be
ing governed and taxed by Cuban officials, pend
ing a settlement of the question of the owner
ship of the island. The matter ia expected to
receive important consideration In connection
with the settlement of the location of the coal
ing stations and other pending questions be
tween Cuba and the United States.
Recently the American residents of the island
as a body informed the Alcalde of the Isle of
Pines and the Cuban Government irf rhcir inten
tk n to resist by force if necessary the collection
of taxes or any assumption of authority over
the island by the Cuban Government. Tiie
taxes ar; now falling due, and every American
has pledged himself not to p?y them. The
Americans 1 contention is founded on the section
of the Pkitt amendment which expressly omits
the Isle of Pines from the Boundaries of Cuba
and leaves the title to it for future adjustment
Some three hundred Americans have, since the
war, made their homes in the Iplo of Pir.es, and
it is estimated that five hundred Americans have
interests in the island. The American portion
of the population is not of an adventurous char
acter, but is largely composed of people of
mature ycr.rs. who have engaged in the busi
ness of fruit raising. Their desire that the isl
and remain American is not purely sentimental,
since, «hey say, as a Cuban possession, it would
receive no more- than 20 per cent tariff prefer
ence, while as a territory of the United States
the islanders hope for free trade with America.
The government, while acknowledging that
the matter of the ownership of the island is
open, holds that it has de facto control over the
island for the time being at least, and that it
is therefore authorized to levy taxes and per
form other governmental functions. It is be
lieved that the United States will approve this
position against the protest of the American
residents, who refuse to pay taxes, although
they avail themselves of whatever protection
and privileges the present government supplies.
During the American military government of
Cuba the payment of taxes on the Isle of
Pines was not questioned, nor were such pay
ments opposed by the Cuban residents of the
island, who constituted a majority of the popu
lation. Cuban officials are inclined to believe
that the present anti-Cuban movement on the
island has been instigated by the land com
PANTHER'S ACTION APPROVED.
German Opinion Seems to Favor the Last
Berlin. Jan. 20.— The surprise expressed at
Washington that the German cruiser Panther
should try to enter Maracaibo harbor is not
understood here, where the operation is re
garded as v simple act of force consequent upon
the maintenance of an effective blockade. The
allied commanders, including th<» Italian anl
British, must, under the agreement, it Is pointed
out, have been consulted beforehand and have
jointly ordered the operation, which was left to
a German vessel to carry out, because that part
of the coast was assigned to the Germans, and
therefore the British and Italian commanders
share the responsibility equally with the Ger
man commander. Besides this, the view con
tinues to be held that the blockade must be
strictly enforced until the protocol is signed, cs
in no other way can President Castro be k^pt up
to a realization of the fact that the allies are in
earnest. It is considered that if the blockade is
allowed to languish the negotiations at Wash
ington will be prolonged.
The reason for the Panther* action suggested
litre is that it was to prevent trade with Co
tombifl through the vivcr port of Villanuzar and
by the Catatumbo and Zulia rivers, which en
ter into Lake Maracaibo. which has enabled
Venezuela partially to defeat the blockade.
Commodore Schedefs report of the bombard
ment of Fort San Carlos baa not yet been re
ceived here, because it was sent from Port-au-
Spain. Trinidad, involving considerable delay.
* STIR IN THE REICHSTAG.
Attempt to Discuss the Krupp Case Checked.
Berlin, Jan. 20.— There was a stormy seen* in tho
Reichstag to-day, following an attempt of Her"
Yollmar. Socialist, to raise a debate on the charges
brought against the late Herr Krupp and Emperor
William's telegrams and speeches on the subject.
The president of the House declined to permit the
discussion and the Socialists violently protested
against this ruling, asserting that he was violating
the rights of the Reichstag.
The ground on which the president refused to al
low the debate was that it was out of order to
discuss a private person while debating the budget.
The president interposed several times to prevent
Heir Vollmar from continuing his remarks. The
Socialists who reviled the president frequently re
ferred to him as "a miserable dog."
Herr Vollmar insisted he had the right to dis
cuss Emperor William's speeches on the Krupy
affair, but the president resolutely excluded any
such comments, deciding thai his majesty's expres
sions of opinion or sympathy following Hen
Krupp'a death belong to the Emperor's private
life. Herr Vollmar remarked that Emperor Will
iam's speeches were printed in tho official "Relchs
anzeiger." and that hence it could be assumed
that they belonged to public affairs, but the presi
dent overruled him.
Discussing foreign relations, Herr Vollmar said
the Socialists wanted to know why tho Venezuelan
ships had been sunk and why the Venezuelan
forts had been bombarded, adding: ■
TV*- want full information on all phases of tho
intermediation efforts since President Roosevelt's
refusal to arbitrate. We hope the government will
not repeat Napoleon's Mexican adventure.
APPEAL TO CHECK AMERICAN TRADE.
i Glasgow. Jan. 20.— At the annual meeting of the
Clyde Steamship Owners' Association here to-day
the. president, Mr. Mclntyre. invited the ship own
ers to Join in a protest against American shipping
being allowed to "continue enjoying the privileges
of the British Hag." Ho said that if the combina
tion is to be "run supported by gigantic American
railroads, not caring whether it won or lost on the
oversea trade," a situation arose which became a
matter for the counts? and the government to
flea! with, If the combination's competition be
came too strong, British ship owners might be
compelled to combine even th»'lr cargo carrying
trade. Freights had fallen to a minimum, and the
prospects were most gloomy. It was hardly pos
sible to sketch out a round voyage on which aJ
Freighter could pay expenses, and the. speaker
feared the tihic wan approaching when It would bo
difficult to find cargoes for steamers, and they
would have to bo laid up
MONEY VOTED FOR POOR OF BRITTANY.
Paris, J;m. 86.— The Chamber «'t Deputies to-day.
on the proposal of th<' Ptnanee Mtnist^r. M.
Kouvier. unanimously voted B credit of MMM la
aid the sufferers from the (allure of the sardine
BshertM <>f Brittany.
DUKE OF ORLEANS RESTORED TO FAVOR
London.' Jan. 20.— The Duke and Duchess of Or
leans visited King Edward and Queen Alexandra
at Buckingham Palace » hi: afternoon. Thin was
the Brat time they bad met since the rupture arts-
Ing from the duke's approval of the InsutUM
French caricatures of the late Queen Victoria, and
may be tnk^n an marking their majesties' final con
donation of the Incident.
AN EARTHQUAKE AT DAVOS PLATZ.
Zurich; Jan CO.— a sharp earthquake lasting fur
two ft : r<in<i'-' occurred at Davos Plata, the well
known health resort, yesterday afternoon.
AN INTRODUCTORY OFFER.
We think we can make shirts to-measure just as
£ood as anyone. We would like you to think so,
too and will make it well worth your while to
agree with us. As for the fabrics, even the most
matter-of-fact man will find something in the
elegant designs and exquisite color combinations
which will appeal to him. For one week we will
make the following shirts to your measure, of the
highest grade fabrics, many of which are ex
clusive, at Special Prices.
Fancy Stiff Bosom Shirts of the finest quality Scotch Madras.
Regular Price S3-50. At 52.75
Fancy or White Negligee Shirts of the finest quality Scotch
Madras or ChcViots. Regular Price $3-50. At $2.75
Fancy or White Plaited Shirts of the finest quality Scotch
Madras. Regular Price 54.00. At 53. 2 5
White Dress Shirts without cuffs.
Regular Price 52. 50. At $2.00
With attached cuffs. Regular Price $3-00. At $2 50
After Saturday regular prices will prevail.
£>afeo $c GJnmpany
SroaMmuj, 33b In 34tb &t«rl
Fifth Aye. Art Galleries,
366 sth Aye., near 34th St.
John A. Hoagland
By the Celebrated Masters of the American and European Schools
Will Be Sold by Auction
In the Grand Ball-Room of the
To-morrow (Thursday) Evening, at 8.30.
(The Grand Tier Boxes can be reserved on application in oflice of James P. Silo. Auc
tioneer. :>«6 Fifth A venae.)
The Collection will be on Exhibition until Thursday noon at the Fifth Avenue Galleries,
JAMES P. SILO, Auctioneer.
THE LAHN AGAIN AFLOAT.
Vessel Apparently Unhurt — Will Sail for
Gibraltar, Jan. 20.— The North German Lloyd
steamer Lahn. from Mediterranean ports for
New-York, which grounded on a sandbank off
Tumara, five mile^ east of the Rock of Gibraltar,
on Sunday morning', was floated at daybreak to
day. The L*thn afterward anchored in this har
bor, apparently undamaged. She is reshipping
her cargo and will sail to-morrow for Ne - »v-
Poultney Bigelow. on» of the passengers of the
Lahn. said there was no panic on board the
steamer when she grounded, thus contradicting
the statements of other passengers. Mr. Bige
low assorted that the majority of the passengers
who awoke Sunday morning near Gibniltar did
not know the ship was aground. It had been
very thick during the night, rainstorms obacur
ing the short- light*, while a strong current
and heavy wind swept One Lahn shoreward-
Captain Malchow wits on the bi idg?; through the
night. The United States cruiser Hartford and
the British Admiralty tug Energetic steamed up
soon after the vessel grounded and offered
assistance, which waa gratefully accepted.
TROOPS FIRE ON CONVICTS.
Two Killed and Several Injured in Attempt
Odessa. Jan. 20. About six hundred male and
female prisoners 'made an organized attempt
yesterday to break out of the local Jail. It was
only frustrated by the intervention of hastily
summoned troops, who fired on the convicts.
At a given signal those of the prisoners who
were not locked up released those who were In
the cells, and then they tried to force their way
out of the prison. Foiled in this attempt, the
convicts built barricades with bedding and
broken furniture and defied the guard?. Two
companies of infantry were summoned to the
prison to restore order, and the soldiers fired a
volley at the prisoners, killing a woman and a
man, and wounding: a number of others. The
action of the troops quickly ended the revolt.
IMITATION FURS SENT BACK.
Paris, Jan. — When Consul General Gowdy
was questioned to-day concerning the reports
from San Francisco that the effects of the late
Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Fair had been looted
in Paris, and that imitations had been substi
tuted for valuable furs and a pearl necklace, he
said that the effects of the Fairs had been sent
to the executors at San Francisco, who duly ac
knowledged the receipt of the jewelry as in
voiced, but informed the Consul General that the
furs, which were sent separately, had been tam
pered with, and pieces of an Inferior quality
substituted for the originals. After the death
of the Fair?, which occurred as a result of an
automobile accident in this country last Au
gust, the fur* were appraised at $1,000 by a re
sponsible dealer, who kept them in storage un
til they were shipped. Mr. Gowdy has asked
the executors at San Francisco to ship the fan
back to Paris, ami to .send with them the nec
essary affidavits. He has been informed that
the furs In question have been shipped back
here, but they have not yet >'••.•!! received. As
soon as they are received the Consul General
will have the matter investigated.
HOUSTON LINE BEGINS A SUIT.
London, Jan. 20.— According to the afternoon
newspapers here. H. P. Houston & Co.. owners of
lbs Houston Line of atssaaatst have begun a*
action against the Mrms comprising the South Afri
can Shipping Conference, alleging th.it the terms
of the hitter's contracts with shippers amount to
intimidation and boycott. The action arises from
Mm rivalry for the South African trade. R. P.
Houston & Co. refused to adhere to the conference
and allege that the firms In the combination intimi
dated shippers who patronise the Houston Line by
either refusing to carry their goods or l>y charging
exorbitant rates to >!■> so.
A MILD SENSATION.
The trim and beautiful Cadillac Runabout, on
exhibition at the Automobile Show at Madison
Square Garden, excites a vast amount of inter
est. Visitors are always attracted to it. It si
finely constructed on graceful llm-s. Is strong,
durable and reliable The price, $~T>»\ creates
a mild s*naa>tk>n. as it Ist away below th« "dollar
a pound" rate demanded by moat makers. The '
Cadillac weigh* 1.100 pounds. Th.- New-York
offices of the Company in nt i"'i West 38th !
LEMAIRE & ?
It is quality that ha* made the
name Lemaire famous. See that this
' name, spelled L-E-M-A-I-R-E (as
above), is on the end and around the
rye piece of every Opera and Field
Glass you buy : otherwise you will buy
; For sale by all responsiMo deuU-rs.
0. HAAS BROS. k^Ms.
345 stk At*.. Opp. Waldorf- Astoria.
sp«?cial oft-T for thU T.ee*. Tailor made suits to crier,
in a large variety of fin« cloths, silk lined throus"
£48.00, Worth $70.00.
Fancy tailor made gown* to order, usual cost j:^">.
.-an now b« secured for 5*5. Walking Suits to order, $\*.
worth $70. High class workmanship and perfect <•■■
'•The Queen of Table Waters.
Oooka and pnbiications.
AUTOMOBILE SHOW WEEK.
for mil the news an.i f»-.'-i r -- of th<? show read
AUTOMOBILE TOPICS DAILY.
On all news stands
The Net Sales of
more in December, I^o2,
than in December. IQOI.l Q Ol.
\ DVEimSEMENTS ami .ut»cril>uons tor To« Tn&ua*
Between 3Uth «ad STth «... ÜBtll » •;«**£ £/&««*
A<Jv«rti..-m«:H» will U. r-v«»v«d «i the f-.1^ .» "■» Dr«a^ .